Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 480
Filter
1.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(2): 363-364, March-Apr. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364954

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Reports in the literature describe lymphocele formation in up to half of patients following pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) (1) in robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP), with 1-2% requiring intervention (2). The advantage of surgical approach is permanent excision of the lymphocele capsule and fewer days with pelvic drains compared to percutaneous drainage. This study aims to describe the step-by-step surgical management of symptomatic lymphoceles using a less invasive robotic platform, the Da Vinci® Single Port (SP). Material and Methods: We describe the technique of lymphocelectomy and marsupialization with the Da Vinci® SP for symptomatic lymphocele. For this study, several treatment modalities for symptomatic lymphoceles were available, including percutaneous drainage, sclerosing agents, and surgical marsupialization. All the data for this study were obtained through the procedure via Da Vinci® SP. Results: Operative time for the case was 84 minutes. Blood loss was 25ml. No intra- or post- operative complications were reported. The patient had his drain removed in under 24 hours after surgery. The mean follow-up period was 7.7 months. There were no complications or lymphocele recurrence. Conclusion: Da Vinci® SP lymphocelectomy is safe and feasible with satisfactory outcomes. The SP enables definitive treatment of the lymphocele sac (3), reducing the number of days with abdominal drains and allows further decrease in surgical invasiveness with fewer incisions and better cosmesis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Robotics , Lymphocele/surgery , Lymphocele/etiology , Robotic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Prostatectomy/methods , Drainage/adverse effects , Drainage/methods , Lymph Node Excision/methods
2.
Rev. chil. neuropsicol. (En línea) ; 16(1): 11-16, ene. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362017

ABSTRACT

Las cardiopatías congénitas se consideran una de las anomalías que alteran la irrigación y el intercambio de oxigenación adecuado a las principales venas y arterias. Esto puede generar consecuencias en el desarrollo neurológico que se puede traducir en retraso psicomotor, déficits de aprendizaje, dificultades académicas y problemas de integración social. Para mejorar los trastornos cognitivos, se propone la habilitación cognitiva basada en los principios de mecánica y robótica de LEGO® Education. El objetivo de este estudio fue medir el efecto de un programa de intervención, basado en el uso de ensamblado y programación robótica con LEGO® Education, sobre las funciones frontales básicas como primera aproximación a un modelo propuesto en pacientes cardiópatas congénitos que han sido sometidos a cirugía cardiovascular. Se trató de un estudio de serie de casos, en el que finalizaron el tratamiento una niña y dos niños con cardiopatías congénitas con RACHS 2 y 3. Se aplicaron sub-escalas BANFE-2 y el cuestionario neuropsicológico de daño frontal antes y después del tratamiento; así como una escala para medir el nivel de ejecución por intervención, durante las ocho sesiones. Los resultados muestran en la escala BANFE2, cambios en las medias de las funciones frontales básicas, de daño leve-moderado y normal a normal alto, principalmente en memoria de trabajo y fluidez verbal. En esta primera aproximación, el método LEGO® Education mostró ser una buena herramienta para la habilitación neuropsicológica de estos pacientes.


Congenital heart diseases are considered to be an anomaly which alter the irrigation and the adequate exchange of oxygenation to the main veins and arteries. They can have neurodevelopmental consequences that could translate into psychomotor retardation, learning deficits, academic difficulties, and social integration problems. Cognitive empowerment based on the mechanics and robotics principles of LEGO® Education is proposed to improve cognitive disorders. In this study, the objective was to measure the effect of an intervention program, based on the use of assembly and robotic programming with LEGO® Education, upon basic frontal functions as a first approach to a proposed model in congenital heart disease patients who have undergone cardiovascular surgery. This was a case-series study, in which a girl and two boys with congenital heart disease with RACHS 2 and 3, completed the treatment. BANFE-2 subscales and the neuropsychological questionnaire of frontal damage were applied before and after the treatment; as well as a scale to measure the level of performance per intervention, through all the eight sessions. The BANFE-2 scale showed changes in the means of frontal functions, from mild-moderate damage and normal to high normal, mainly in working memory and verbal fluency. In this first approach, LEGO® Education method proved to be a useful tool for the neuropsychological empowerment of these patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Robotics , Cognition Disorders/rehabilitation , Heart Defects, Congenital/rehabilitation , Mechanics , Frontal Lobe/physiology , Learning
3.
Rev. SOBECC (Online) ; 27: 1-7, 01-01-2022.
Article in Portuguese, French | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1372995

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Descrever a construção e a implantação dos protocolos PEWS e NEWS na recuperação anestésica com recurso da automação robó-tica. Método: Relato de experiência sobre a construção e a implantação de protocolos de deterioração clínica na recuperação anestésica em um hospital filantrópico de grande porte localizado no município de São Paulo. O processo de trabalho envolveu a determinação dos protocolos, a construção das regras operacionais para o sistema, o desenvolvimento do sistema eletrônico e a implantação com treinamento da equipe assistencial. Resultados: Foi implantado o processo de deterioração clínica com os protocolos PEWS e NEWS de forma automatizada e sinalizado o acionamento por meio de um iconograma no painel da sala de recuperação pós-anestésica. Conclusão: A implantação dos protocolos foi concluída com sucesso; o uso da automação robótica pode simplificar os fluxos de trabalho e o tempo de coleta de sinais vitais para fornecer uma pontuação do escore. Protocolos de deterioração clínica auxiliam na tomada de decisão das enfermeiras da recuperação anestésica, desde que aplicados em conjunto com o julgamento clínico.


Objective: To describe the development and implementation of the PEWS and NEWS protocols in post-anesthesia recovery using robotic automation. Method: Experience report on the development and implementation of clinical deterioration protocols in post-anesthesia recovery in a large philanthropic hospital located in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. The work involved the determination of protocols, construction of operational rules for the system, development of the electronic system and implementation with training of the assistance team. Results: Prediction of clinical deterio-ration was implemented with the PEWS and NEWS protocols in an automated way, and activation was signaled through an iconogram in the panel of the post-anesthesia care unit. Conclusion: The implementation of the protocols was successfully completed; the use of robotic automation can simplify workflows and reduce the time to collect vital signs to provide a score. Clinical deterioration protocols help nurses' decision-making in anesthesia reco-very, as long as they are applied in conjunction with clinical judgment.


Objetivo: Describir la construcción e implementación de los protocolos PEWS y NEWS en recuperación anestésica utilizando automatiza-ción robótica. Método: Relato de experiencia sobre la construcción e implementación de protocolos de deterioro clínico en la recuperación anestésica en un gran hospital filantrópico de la ciudad de São Paulo. El proceso de trabajo implicó la determinación de protocolos, construcción de reglas de fun-cionamiento del sistema, desarrollo en sistema electrónico e implementación con capacitación del equipo de asistencia. Resultados: Signos de deterioro clínico utilizando los puntajes PEWS y NEWS, lo construimos de forma automatizada e identificamos mediante un signo compuesto por una iconogra-fía en el panel multiprofesional de la unidad, de forma visible para cualquier miembro del equipo. Conclusión: La implementación de los protocolos se completó con éxito, el uso de la automatización robótica puede simplificar los flujos de trabajo y el tiempo de recopilación de signos vitales para pro-porcionar una puntuación. Los protocolos de deterioro clínico auxilian la toma de decisiones del enfermero en la recuperación anestésica, siempre que sean aplicados en conjunto con el juicio clínico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Recovery Room , Anesthesia , Nurses , Powders , Automation , Robotics
4.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(6): 1272-1273, Nov.-Dec. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340035

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Three-dimensional (3D) virtual models have recently gained consideration in the partial nephrectomy (PN) field as useful tools since they may potentially improve preoperative surgical planning and thus contributing to maximizing postoperative outcomes (1-5). The aim of the present study was to describe our first experience with 3D virtual models as preoperative guidance for robot-assisted PN. Materials and methods: Data of patients with renal mass amenable to robotic PN were prospectively collected at our Institution from January to April 2020. Using a dedicated web-based platform, abdominal CT-scan images were processed by M3DICS (Turin, Italy) and used to obtain 3D virtual models. 2D CT images and 3D models were separately assessed by two different highly experienced urologists to assess the PADUA score and risk category and to forecast the surgical strategy of the single cases, accordingly. Results: Overall, 30 patients were included in the study. Median tumor size was 4.3cm (range 1.3-11). Interestingly, 8 (26.4%) cases had their PADUA score downgraded when switching from 2D CT-scan to 3D virtual model assessment and 4 (13.4%) cases had also lowered their PADUA risk category. Moreover, preoperative off-clamp, selective clamping strategy and enucleation resection strategy increased from CT-scan to 3D evaluation. Conclusion: 3D virtual models are promising tools as they showed to offer a reliable assessment of surgical planning. However, the advantages offered by the 3D reconstruction appeared to be more evident as the complexity of the mass raises. These tools may ultimately increase tumor's selection for PN, particularly in highly complex renal masses. Disclosure of potential conflicts of interest: The authors declare they do not have conflict of interests. Informed consent: Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study. All the procedures were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and national research Committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.


Subject(s)
Humans , Robotics , Laparoscopy , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Nephrectomy
5.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(5): 1072-1073, Sept.-Oct. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286814

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: One of the most remarkable characteristics of urothelial carcinomas is multifocality. However, occurrence of synchronous bladder cancer and upper urinary tract urothelial cancer (UTUC) is exceptional. Minimally invasive approach for these synchronous tumors was just occasionally reported (1-4). The aim of this video article is to describe step-by-step the technique for simultaneous laparoscopic nephroureterectomy and robot-assisted anterior pelvic exenteration with intracorporeal ileal conduit urinary diversion (ICUD). Patients and methods: A 66-year-old female presented with synchronous BCG refractory non-muscle invasive bladder cancer and a right-side UTUC. She was a former smoker and had previously been submitted to multiple transurethral resections of bladder tumor, BCG and right distal ureterectomy with ureteral reimplant. We performed a simultaneous laparoscopic right nephroureterectomy and robot-assisted anterior pelvic exenteration with totally intracorporeal ICUD. Combination of robot-assisted and pure laparoscopic approaches was proposed focusing on optimization of total operative time (TOT). Results: Surgery was uneventful. TOT was of 330 minutes. Operative time for nephroureterectomy, anterior pelvic exenteration and ICUD were 48, 135, 87 minutes, respectively. Estimated blood loss was 150mL. Postoperative course was unremarkable and patient was discharged after 7 days. Histopathological evaluation showed a pT1 high grade urothelial carcinoma plus carcinoma in situ both in proximal right ureter and bladder, with negative margins. Twelve lymph nodes were excised, all of them negative. Conclusion: In our preliminary experience, totally minimally invasive simultaneous nephroureterectomy and cystectomy with intracorporeal ICUD is feasible. Pure laparoscopic approach to upper urinary tract may be a useful tactic to reduce total operative time.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pelvic Exenteration , Urinary Diversion , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/surgery , Robotics , Laparoscopy , Cystectomy , Nephroureterectomy
6.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(3): 446-456, 20210000. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254249

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El cáncer gástrico en nuestro país es una de las neoplasias más comunes y su diagnóstico generalmente se realiza en estadios avanzados. El objetivo de este estudio fue describir las características sociodemográficas y clínicas, la experiencia quirúrgica, y las complicaciones en los pacientes con cáncer gástrico.Métodos. Se presenta una serie de casos en la que se revisaron las historias clínicas de pacientes con diagnóstico histológico de adenocarcinoma gástrico, a quienes se les practicó gastrectomía mínimamente invasiva en el Instituto Nacional de Cancerología de Bogotá D.C., Colombia, entre enero de 2012 y diciembre de 2018.Resultados. Se realizó gastrectomía por laparoscopia convencional en 31 pacientes (75,6 %) y por laparoscopia asistida por robot en 10 pacientes (24,4 %). Los estadios clínicos fueron IA en 20 pacientes (48,7 %), IB en tres (7,3 %), IIA en nueve (21,9%), IIB en cinco (12,2 %) y IIIA en cuatro pacientes (9,7 %). Se realizaron 24 gastrectomías totales (58,5 %) y 17 distales (41,4 %). No hubo muertes intraoperatorias ni posoperatorias a 30 días. La disección ganglionar predominante fue D2 en el 92,6 % (n=38) de los casos. Se presentaron complicaciones posoperatorias en el 17,1 % (n=7).Discusión. La gastrectomía por cáncer gástrico realizada por vía laparoscópica convencional y la asistida por robot, parecen ser procedimientos seguros y factibles. La determinación de supervivencia libre de enfermedad y mortalidad asociada a cáncer será necesaria para establecer la seguridad oncológica de este tipo de procedimientos en nuestro medio


Introduction. In our country, gastric cancer is one of the most common neoplasms and its diagnosis is generally made in advanced stages. The objective of this study was to describe the sociodemographic and clinical characteristics, surgical experience, and complications in patients with gastric cancer. In our country, gastric cancer is one of the most common neoplasms and its diagnosis is generally made in advanced stages. The objective of this study was to describe the sociodemographic and clinical characteristics, surgical experience, and complications in patients with gastric cancer.Methods. A series of cases is presented in which the medical records of patients with a histological diagnosis of gastric adenocarcinoma, who underwent minimally invasive gastrectomy at the National Cancer Institute of Bogotá, Colombia, between January 2012 and December 2018. Results. Conventional laparoscopic gastrectomy was performed in 31 patients (75.6%) and by robot-assisted laparoscopy in 10 patients (24.4%). The clinical stages were IA in 20 patients (48.7%), IB in three (7.3%), IIA in nine (21.9%), IIB in five (12.2%), and IIIA in four patients (9.7%). Twenty-four total gastrectomies (58.5%) and 17 distal gastrectomies (41.4%) were performed. There were no intraoperative or postoperative deaths at 30 days. The predominant lymph node dissection was D2 in 92.6% (n = 38) of the cases. Postoperative complications occurred in 17.1% (n=7). Discussion. Gastrectomy due to gastric cancer, performed by conventional laparoscopic and robot-assisted approaches, appear to be safe and feasible procedures. The determination of disease-free survival and cancer-associated mortality will be necessary to establish the oncological safety of this type of procedure in our environment


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms , Laparoscopy , Gastrectomy , Robotics , Mortality , Intraoperative Complications
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888621

ABSTRACT

The robotic surgical system applied to gastrectomy is regarded as a safe technique which has similar short- and long-term outcomes compared to laparoscopic and open gastrectomy. With the iteration of anastomotic staplers and improvement of anastomotic skills, coupled with the flexible robot's rotatable device making the manual intracorporal anastomosis easier, gastrointestinal reconstruction after robotic gastrectomy has also started to move toward the era of complete intracorporal anastomosis. In order to further standardize the indications and operating points, the Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery Group of Surgical Branch of Chinese Medical Doctor Association, the Gastrointestinal Surgery Group of Surgery Branch of Chinese Medical Association, the Digestive Tract Cancer Committee of Chinese Research Hospital Association, and Cancer Gastroenterology Society of Chinese Anticancer Association jointly organized domestic experts in general surgery field to formulate the Chinese expert consensus on intracorporal digestive reconstruction after robotic gastrectomy (2021 edition). The definition of intracorporeal digestive reconstruction after robotic gastrectomy is that all surgical steps of digestive reconstruction are done totally in the abdominal cavity by robotic system or all steps mentioned above except jejunojejunal extracorporeal anastomosis. The digestive reconstructions mainly include Billroth I anastomosis, Billroth II anastomosis, Billroth II+ Braun anastomosis, Roux-en-Y anastomosis, Uncut Roux-en-Y anastomosis after distal gastrectomy; double-tract anastomosis, esophagogastric anastomosis by stapler or hand-sewn technique (double flap gastroesophagostomy) after proximal gastrectomy; FEEA method, π-type anastomosis, overlap method and modified procedures, Uncut Roux-en-Y anastomosis, Parisi's double-loop reconstruction after total gastrectomy. Compared with extracorporeal digestive reconstruction, intracorporeal digestive reconstruction operated by robotic system can minimize the surgical incision, reduce the risk of abdominal exposure and accelerate postoperative recovery, etc. Previous studies have demonstrated promising results. We believe that the publication of the consensus will guide surgeons to break through the technical barriers of intracorporeal digestive reconstruction after robotic gastrectomy, which will be more and more widespread with the gradual maturity of domestic robotic systems by bringing less medical costs.


Subject(s)
China , Consensus , Gastrectomy , Humans , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Robotics , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888223

ABSTRACT

In order to study the effect of light with different wavelengths on the motion behavior of carp robots, phototaxis experiment, anatomical experiment, light control experiment and speed measurement experiment were carried out in this study. Blue, green, yellow and red light with different wavelength were used to conduct phototaxis experiments on carp to observe their movement behavior. By dissecting the skull bones of the carp to determine the appropriate location to carry the light control device, we independently developed a light control carrying device which was suitable for any illumination intensity environment. The experiment of the light-controlled carp robots was carried out. The motion behavior of the carp robot was checked by using computer binocular stereo vision technology. The motion trajectory of the carp robot was tracked and obtained by applying kernel correlation filter (KCF) algorithm. The motion velocity of the carp robot at different wavelengths was calculated according to their motion trajectory. The results showed that carps' sensitivity to different light changed from strong to weak in the order of blue, red, yellow and green, so that using light with different wavelengths to control the speed of the carp robot has certain laws to follow. A new method to avoid brain damage in carp robots control can be provided in this study.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Animals , Carps , Motion , Phototaxis , Robotics
9.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 892-898, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922172

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To assess the feasibility and validity of the establishment of a modified channel for extraperitoneal robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RARP) through single incision.@*METHODS@#From November 2020 to January 2021, 35 cases of localized PCa were treated by extraperitoneal RARP through single incision in our center. All the operations were performed by the same surgeon, none via the multichannel port for the establishment of the channel. We recorded and analyzed the intra- and postoperative parameters, operation cost, complications, pathological findings and follow-up data.@*RESULTS@#All the operations were successfully completed, without conversion to open surgery or additional channels, or serious postoperative complications, the time for establishing the extraperitoneal space averaging 25.4 (20.0-45.0) min, the operation time 67.3 (35.0-125.0) min, intraoperative blood loss 75.5 (60.0-150.0) ml, time to first postoperative anal exhaust 26 (8-48) h, and postoperative hospital stay 7.89 (7-10) d. Postoperative pathology showed adenocarcinoma in all the cases, with Gleason score (GS) 3+3 in 9 (25.7%), GS 3+4 in 9 (25.7%), GS 4+3 in 8 (22.9%), and GS ≥ 8 in 9 (25.7%) of the cases, 23 (65.7%) in the

Subject(s)
Blood Loss, Surgical , Humans , Laparoscopy , Male , Prostatectomy , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Robotics
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922072

ABSTRACT

For cochlear implant training and robotic cochlear implant experiments, the design method of scalable scala tympani model was proposed. The mathematical model of the cochlea was used as the central curve of scala tympani channel. Referring to the clinical anatomy data, the contour of the scala tympani cross-section was approximated as an ellipse. The profile was placed along the central curve, and the angle was adjusted to determine the position and orientation of the profile in three dimensions such that the central curve passes through its center. The data was imported into Matlab to generate a three-dimensional mathematical model of scala tympani, which can be expanded by setting different scale factors. The virtual scala tympani model was generated in SolidWorks, and the 2:1 fully transparent scala tympani model were fabricated by 3D printing to replace the specimen for experiment.


Subject(s)
Cochlea/surgery , Cochlear Implantation , Cochlear Implants , Robotics , Scala Tympani/surgery
11.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 1003-1009, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921839

ABSTRACT

Bionic untethered micro-nano robots, due to their advantages of small size, low weight, large thrust-to-weight ratio, strong wireless mobility, high flexibility and high sensitivity, have very important application values in the fields of biomedicine, such as disease diagnosis, minimally invasive surgery, targeted therapy, etc. This review article systematically introduced the manufacturing methods and motion control, and discussed the biomedical applications of bionic untethered micro-nano robots. Finally, the article discussed the possible challenges for bionic untethered micro-nano robots in the future. In summary, this review described bionic untethered micro-nano robots and their potential applications in biomedical fields.


Subject(s)
Bionics , Equipment Design , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Motion , Robotics
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921538

ABSTRACT

The development of science and technology and the increasing demand of rehabilitation have driven the integration between artificial intelligence and rehabilitation medicine.In this study,statistical methods,document visualization tools,and other analysis methods were used in the Citespace software to analyze China's research status of artificial intelligence in the field of rehabilitation medicine with the key words of co-occurrence,emergence,and clustering.The relevant research hot spots were then classified and expounded.The results demonstrated that the current hot spots of artificial intelligence related to rehabilitation medicine included robots,brain-computer interfaces,human-computer interaction,and motor imagery.According to the clustering of key words and literature analysis,the five themes of artificial intelligence in rehabilitation medicine were determined as robot,brain-computer interface,intelligent rehabilitation training system,human-computer interaction,and assisted diagnosis and remote rehabilitation.Robotics and human-computer interaction would still be the research hot spots in the long future,and brain-computer interfaces,motor imagery,and remote rehabilitation would be new ones.This study analyzed the current hot spots,predicted the development trends,discussed the limitations,and proposed suggestions,aiming to provide reference for other scholars focusing on the application of artificial intelligence in rehabilitation medicine.


Subject(s)
Artificial Intelligence , China , Humans , Robotics
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879284

ABSTRACT

The real physical image of the affected limb, which is difficult to move in the traditional mirror training, can be realized easily by the rehabilitation robots. During this training, the affected limb is often in a passive state. However, with the gradual recovery of the movement ability, active mirror training becomes a better choice. Consequently, this paper took the self-developed shoulder joint rehabilitation robot with an adjustable structure as an experimental platform, and proposed a mirror training system completed by next four parts. First, the motion trajectory of the healthy limb was obtained by the Inertial Measurement Units (IMU). Then the variable universe fuzzy adaptive proportion differentiation (PD) control was adopted for inner loop, meanwhile, the muscle strength of the affected limb was estimated by the surface electromyography (sEMG). The compensation force for an assisted limb of outer loop was calculated. According to the experimental results, the control system can provide real-time assistance compensation according to the recovery of the affected limb, fully exert the training initiative of the affected limb, and make the affected limb achieve better rehabilitation training effect.


Subject(s)
Electromyography , Humans , Movement , Muscle Strength , Robotics , Shoulder Joint , Stroke Rehabilitation
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877626

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the therapeutic effect between rehabilitation robot rehabilitation training synchronizing acupuncture exercise therapy and simple acupuncture exercise therapy on lower limb function and life activity ability for postoperative patients with hip fracture.@*METHODS@#A total of 50 elderly postoperative patients with hip fracture were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, 25 cases in each group. Both groups were treated with acupuncture at hip three points of the affected side and lateral line 1 of vertex, anterior oblique parietotemporal line of the healthy side, hip three needles were retained for 30 min. The scalp acupuncture needles were continue retained, the observation group was given acupuncture exercise therapy to synchronize lower limb rehabilitation robot rehabilitation training, and the control group was given acupuncture exercise therapy. The two groups were treated once a day, 7 times as a course of treatment, and totally 4 courses were required. The Harris score, Barthel index score and quadriceps femoris isokinetic muscle strength indexes [peak torque (PT), average power (AP), flexor peak torque/extensor peak torque (F/E)] were compared between the two groups before and after treatment.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the Harris score, Barthel index score, PT and AP were higher than those before treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Rehabilitation robot rehabilitation training of lower limbs synchronizing acupuncture exercise therapy could enhance the hip joint activity function and quadriceps muscle group function of elderly postoperative patients with hip fracture, and effectively improve the lower limb function and life activity ability.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Aged , Exercise Therapy , Humans , Robotics , Stroke , Stroke Rehabilitation , Treatment Outcome
15.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 64(spe): e21210217, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285562

ABSTRACT

Abstract Robotic Process Automation (RPA) is one of the several important techniques currently available for companies in search of performance improvement. The step forward in RPA is its association with Artificial Intelligence for more skilled robots. This scenario is not different in Power Distribution Utilities, in which a multitude of complex processes must be executed over different data sources. Making such situation even more complex, these processes are frequently regulated and subject to audit by external bodies. However, an old question remains: what should be robotized and what should be done by humans? This paper aims at partially answering the question in the context of data analysis tasks used for making decisions in complex processes. The research development is conducted based on an Artificial Intelligence methodology incorporated into one software robot (RPA) which acquires data automatically, treats and analyzes these data, helping the human professional take decisions in the process. It is applied to a real case process that is important for validating the research. Four approaches are tested in the data analysis, but only two are really used. The robot analyzes a series of information from an energy consumption meter. The detection of possible behavior deviations in the meter data is made by comparison with its data series. The robot is capable of prioritizing the detected occurrences in the energy consumption data, indicating to the human operator the most critical situations that require attention. The association of Artificial Intelligence and RPA is viable and can really apport important benefits to the company and teams, valuing human work and bringing more efficiency to the processes.


Subject(s)
Robotics/methods , Artificial Intelligence , Energy Supply , Energy Consumption , Machine Learning
16.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20202798, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155368

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The term "robot" was concepted in the beginning of last century, coming originally from the Czech word "robota", meaning "labor". More recently, computer assistance and robotics based in the telepresence and virtual reality concept have been applied to surgical procedures. The application of robots in surgery dates approximately 35 years, experiencing significant growth in the last two decades fueled by the advent of advanced technologies. Despite its recent and brief status in surgery history, robotic technology has already proven its enhanced visualization, superior dexterity and precision during minimally invasive procedures. Currently, the worldwide diffused and predominant robot system used in surgery is Da Vinci by Intuitive Surgical, however robotic surgery evolution is far from over, with multiple potential competitors on the horizon pushing forward its paradigms. We aim to describe the history and evolution of robotic surgery in the last years as well as present its future perspectives.


RESUMO O termo "robô" foi concebido no início do século passado, derivado originalmente da palavra tcheca "robota", que significa "trabalho". Mais recentemente, a tecnologia de computação associada à robótica, baseada no conceito de telepresença e realidade virtual, têm sido aplicadas aos procedimentos cirúrgicos. A aplicação de robôs em cirurgia data de aproximadamente 35 anos, experimentando um crescimento significativo nas últimas duas décadas impulsionado pelo advento de novas tecnologias e seus resultados. Apesar de seu status breve comparado à longevidade da história da cirurgia, a tecnologia robótica já provou seus potenciais benefícios com visualização aprimorada, destreza superior e maior precisão durante procedimentos minimamente invasivos. Atualmente, a plataforma robótica mundialmente difundida e predominantemente usada em cirurgia é o modelo Da Vinci da empresa Intuitive Surgical, e a evolução desse novo conceito de cirurgia está longe de terminar, com inúmeros competidores potenciais no horizonte impulsionando a quebra de paradigmas. Nosso objetivo nesta revisão é descrever a história e evolução da cirurgia robótica nos últimos anos, bem como apresentar suas perspectivas futuras.


Subject(s)
Humans , History, 20th Century , History, 21st Century , Robotics/history , Robotic Surgical Procedures/history , Forecasting , Illusions
17.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 34(3): e1604, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355512

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: It is unclear if there is a natural transition from laparoscopic to robotic surgery with transfer of abilities. Aim: To measure the performance and learning of basic robotic tasks in a simulator of individuals with different surgical background. Methods: Three groups were tested for robotic dexterity: a) experts in laparoscopic surgery (n=6); b) experts in open surgery (n=6); and c) non-medical subjects (n=4). All individuals were aged between 40-50 years. Five repetitions of four different simulated tasks were performed: spatial vision, bimanual coordination, hand-foot-eye coordination and motor skill. Results: Experts in laparoscopic surgery performed similar to non-medical individuals and better than experts in open surgery in three out of four tasks. All groups improved performance with repetition. Conclusion: Experts in laparoscopic surgery performed better than other groups but almost equally to non-medical individuals. Experts in open surgery had worst results. All groups improved performance with repetition.


RESUMO Racional: É incerto se há transferência natural de habilidades da cirurgia laparoscópica para a robótica. Objetivo: Avaliar o desempenho e aprendizado de tarefas em plataforma robótica simulada em indivíduos com diferentes conhecimentos em cirurgia. Método: Três grupos de indivíduos foram testados quanto à habilidade robótica: a) especialistas em cirurgia laparoscópica (n=6); b) especialista em cirurgia convencional (n=6); e c) indivíduos não médicos. A idade variou em todo grupo entre 40-50 anos. Cinco repetições de quatro tarefas simuladas foram realizadas: visão espacial, coordenação bimanual, coordenação mão-pé-olho e destreza manual. Resultados: Especialistas em cirurgia laparoscópica tiveram desempenho semelhante aos indivíduos não médicos e melhor que os especialistas em cirurgia convencional em três das quatro tarefas. Todos os grupos melhoraram desempenho com repetições . Conclusão: Especialistas em cirurgia laparoscópica desempenharam melhor que os outros grupos, mas quase igualitariamente aos indivíduos não médicos. Especialista em cirurgia convencional apresentaram os piores resultados. Todos os grupos melhoraram com as repetições.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Robotics , Laparoscopy , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Task Performance and Analysis , Clinical Competence , Middle Aged
18.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(6): 990-993, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1144008

ABSTRACT

Abstract In developing countries, limited resources and low health budgets result in slow developments in the field of cardiac surgery. As a consequence, advances in surgery become a challenging process. In Colombia, most institutions do not have the capacity or infrastructure for minimally invasive and video-assisted cardiac surgery, let alone robotic assisted cardiac surgery (RACS). Despite the challenges, efforts to overcome these hurdles are critical for the future of cardiac surgery in low-income settings. Here we describe the first cases of robotic cardiac surgeries performed in Colombia.


Subject(s)
Robotic Surgical Procedures , Cardiac Surgical Procedures , Robotics , Colombia , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures
20.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(5): 871-872, Sept.-Oct. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134225

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: The conservative management of localized renal masses has been recently widened to cT2 tumors showing encouraging functional and oncological outcomes (1). This video aims to report the conservative management of a highly complex renal tumor treated with robotic pure enucleation in our center, specifically focusing on preoperative work-up, video-reported surgical steps and perioperative outcomes. Materials and Methods: A 63 year-old lady underwent CT scan revealing a single 75 x 68mm, mainly endophytic, right renal mass dislocating the vascular pedicle (cT3a). Two renal arteries and two veins were identified. PADUA, RENAL and simplified SPARE scores were 14a, 12a and 12 respectively. Since the contralateral kidney was hypotrophic, the indication for nephron-sparing approach was considered absolute. Preoperative surgical planning included the employment of 3D-virtual models (2). Results: Operative time was 150 minutes and warm ischemia time was 25 minutes. No major complication occurred. Histopathological analysis revealed a cromophobe renal cell carcinoma with extension to perirenal fat tissue (pT3a). Resection technique was classified as pure enucleation since Surface-Intermediate-Base (SIB) score was 0-0-0 (3, 4). At seven-months follow-up no signs of local or systemic recurrence were recorded. Postoperative CT-scan revealed optimal parenchymal volume preservation with last creatinine blood level of 1.16mg/dL. Conclusion: This video highlights how, in experienced hands, robotic partial nephrectomy represents a feasible, effective treatment option for surgical management of highly complex renal tumors. The employment of intraoperative ultrasonography and 3D-virtual models allowed to accurately tailor surgical approach, improving the perception of tumor anatomy and its vascularization and maximizing perioperative outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Nephrectomy/methods , Robotics , Treatment Outcome , Kidney Neoplasms/pathology , Middle Aged
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL