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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e242089, 2022. tab
Article in English | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285597

ABSTRACT

Abstract The study reveals the prevalence of a potential rodent-borne zoonotic helminth species, Hymenolepis diminuta in commensal rodents caught from irrigated and rain-fed areas of Swat, Pakistan. Three hundred and fifty rodents (269 rats and 81 mice) trapped during vegetative, flowering/fruiting and mature/harvesting stages of crops were studied from 2011-2013. Hymenolepisdiminuta eggs were identified on the basis of their shape, size, colour and markings on the surface of the egg shell and three pairs of embryonic hook-lets. Overall prevalence of H. diminuta was 3.14% (n=11/350). The highest prevalence 3.49% (n=5/143) of H. diminuta was noted at harvesting stages of the crops whereas the lowest 2.59% (n=2/77) during vegetative stage. Infection was higher in males 3.25% (n=7/215) than females 2.96% (n=4/135). Adult rodents were highly infected while no sub-adult was found infected. Infection was higher in mice 3.70% (3/81) than rats 2.69% (8/269) while no significance (p=1.0000:0.1250 to 32.00 CI). Rats and mice appears to show the most suitable reservoirs by hosting H. diminuta a zoonotic helminth. The presence of these rodents in all possible habitats can act as a main channel of transferring parasites through various habitats and can pose a hazard to humans in the area.


Resumo O estudo revela a prevalência de uma espécie potencial de helmintos zoonóticos transmitidos por roedores, Hymenolepis diminuta, em roedores comensais capturados em áreas irrigadas e alimentadas pela chuva de Swat, Paquistão. Trezentos e cinquenta roedores (269 ratos e 81 camundongos) presos durante os estágios vegetativo, floração/frutificação e maturidade/colheita das safras foram estudados de 2011-2013. Ovos de Hymenolepisdiminuta foram identificados com base em sua forma, tamanho, cor e marcações na superfície da casca do ovo e três pares de anzóis embrionários. A prevalência geral de H. diminuta foi de 3,14% (n = 11/350). A maior prevalência 3,49% (n = 5/143) de H. diminuta foi observada na fase de colheita das lavouras, enquanto a menor 2,59% (n = 2/77) durante a fase vegetativa. A infecção foi maior nos homens 3,25% (n = 7/215) do que nas mulheres 2,96% (n = 4/135). Roedores adultos foram altamente infectados, enquanto nenhum subadulto foi encontrado infectado. A infecção foi maior em camundongos 3,70% (3/81) do que em ratos 2,69% (8/269), embora sem significância (p = 1,0000: 0,1250 a 32,00 CI). Ratos e camundongos parecem mostrar os reservatórios mais adequados hospedando H. diminuta um helmintos zoonótico. A presença desses roedores em todos os habitats possíveis pode atuar como um canal principal de transferência de parasitas através de vários habitats e pode representar um perigo para os humanos na área.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rabbits , Rats , Rodent Diseases/epidemiology , Hymenolepis diminuta , Helminthiasis, Animal , Helminths , Muridae
2.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e238735, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153486

ABSTRACT

Abstract Using wire mesh live traps distribution pattern of the Rattus rattus and Mus musculus in different shops of three districts of Malakand region, Pakistan were recorded from September 2014 to October 2015. Over all 103 rodents (Rattus rattus 86 and Mus musculus 17) were caught during in 0.04 trap success (2448 trap nights). Regression of daily captures on cumulative captures revealed an estimate of 103 rodents from all the sampled structures with an average of 3.55 rodents per shop. R. rattus; 83.4% of captures were numerically dominant in almost all types of shops sampled, and were significantly different than Mus musculus; 16.5% of captures. Both species were found together in some shops while they were mostly trapped from the separate shops. Male rodents outnumbered the females.


Resumo Usando o padrão de distribuição de armadilhas vivas de malha de arame do Rattus rattus e Mus musculus em diferentes lojas de três distritos da região de Malakand, o Paquistão foi registrado de setembro de 2014 a outubro de 2015. No total, 103 roedores (Rattus rattus 86 e Mus musculus 17) foram pegos durante em 0,04 armadilha de sucesso (2448 noites de armadilha). A regressão das capturas diárias em capturas cumulativas revelou uma estimativa de 103 roedores de todas as estruturas amostradas, com uma média de 3,55 roedores por loja. R. rattus; 83,4% das capturas foram numericamente dominantes em quase todos os tipos de lojas da amostra e foram significativamente diferentes do Mus musculus; 16,5% das capturas. Ambas as espécies foram encontradas juntas em algumas lojas, enquanto estavam na maior parte presas em lojas separadas. Os roedores machos eram mais numerosos do que as fêmeas.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Rabbits , Rats , Rodent Diseases/epidemiology , Rodentia , Pakistan , Specimen Handling , Symbiosis
3.
Rev. bras. parasitol. vet ; 29(1): e014319, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058013

ABSTRACT

Abstract The role of rodents as reservoirs of helminths of public health importance is not well known. The zoonotic potential of Syphacia spp. has been confirmed; therefore, the study aimed to estimate the occurrence of oxyurid nematodes in small rodents from pet shops and breeding clubs in Slovakia. Fecal samples of 586 pet rodents kept in 133 cages were collected between 2016 and 2018 and examined by Faust´s flotation method. Four species of oxyurid nematodes, Syphacia muris, S. obvelata, Aspiculuris tetraptera and Paraspidodera uncinata were detected. A. tetraptera was found in the faecal samples of all rodent species included in this survey. The number of positive boxes varied from 5.4% in hamsters to 70.0% with mice. The prevalence of Syphacia muris was highest in Mongolian gerbils where up to 75.0% boxes were positive; S. obvelata was found in 26.7% of boxes with mice, 25.0% of boxes with Mongolian gerbils and 3.2% of boxes with rats. The high prevalence of Syphacia spp. in all animal species points out the infection risk for humans. Animals offered for sale are often in close contact with human beings; therefore they should be regularly tested for parasites and then effectively dewormed.


Resumo O papel dos roedores como reservatórios de helmintos de importância para a saúde pública não é bem conhecido. O potencial zoonótico de Syphacia spp. foi confirmado; portanto, o estudo teve como objetivo estimar a ocorrência de nematóides oxiurídeos em pequenos roedores de pet shops e clubes de reprodução na Eslováquia. Amostras fecais de 586 roedores mantidos em 133 gaiolas foram coletadas entre 2016 e 2018 e examinadas pelo método de flotação de Faust. Foram detectadas quatro espécies de nematódeos oxiurídeos, Syphacia muris, S. obvelata, Aspiculuris tetraptera e Paraspidodera uncinata, A. tetraptera foi encontrado nas amostras fecais de todas as espécies de roedores incluídas nesta pesquisa. O número de gaiolas positivas variou de 5,4% em hamsters a 70,0% em camundongos. A prevalência de Syphacia muris foi maior nos gerbilos da Mongólia, onde até 75,0% das gaiolas foram positivas; S. obvelata foi encontrada em 26,7% das gaiolas com camundongos, 25,0% das gaiolas com gerbilos da Mongólia e 3,2% das gaiolas com ratos. A alta prevalência de Syphacia spp. em todas as espécies animais aponta o risco de infecção para os seres humanos. Animais oferecidos para venda estão frequentemente em contato próximo com seres humanos; portanto, eles devem ser regularmente testados quanto a parasitas e, então, efetivamente desparasitados.


Subject(s)
Animals , Oxyuriasis/veterinary , Oxyuroidea/isolation & purification , Rodent Diseases/parasitology , Feces/parasitology , Pets/parasitology , Neglected Diseases/veterinary , Oxyuriasis/diagnosis , Oxyuriasis/epidemiology , Oxyuroidea/classification , Rats/parasitology , Rodent Diseases/diagnosis , Rodent Diseases/epidemiology , Prevalence , Gerbillinae/parasitology , Cricetinae/parasitology , Slovakia/epidemiology , Pets/classification , Neglected Diseases/diagnosis , Neglected Diseases/epidemiology , Guinea Pigs/parasitology , Mice/parasitology
4.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 18(2): 298-307, mar.-abr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1014170

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La meningoencefalitis eosinofílica producida por Angiostrongylus cantonensis (Chen, 1935), es una zoonosis emergente presente en Cuba. En el país existen escasos estudios de prevalencia de infección en los hospederos definitivos, que puedan determinar sitios de riesgo para el establecimiento de medidas efectivas en la prevención de la enfermedad. Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia de infección por A. cantonensis en una población natural de R. rattus, su relación con la estructura poblacional y la época del año en una finca que pertenece al Programa de la Agricultura Urbana y Suburbana de Cuba. Material y Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo en el municipio La Lisa, La Habana. Se hicieron capturas de roedores mensuales durante los períodos lluvioso y poco lluvioso. Se examinaron las arterias pulmonares de los roedores capturados en búsqueda de parásitos adultos. El índice parasitológico de prevalencia fue calculado y comparadas las frecuencias entre los períodos del año y la edad ecológica. Resultados: Se capturaron 63 roedores identificados como Rattus rattus, de ellos 46,03 por ciento estuvo infectado con A. cantonensis, con un incremento de la infección en los individuos adultos (59,46 por ciento) y en el período lluvioso (55,88 por ciento). Conclusiones: Se demuestra por primera vez en Cuba la infección de A. cantonensis en R. rattus. La presencia de individuos adultos, la alta abundancia de roedores y la temporada lluviosa son los factores que incidieron en una mayor infección de A. cantonensis, y que aumentan la probabilidad de transmisión a los hospederos intermediarios y, por ende, el riesgo de transmisión al humano(AU)


Introduction: Eosinophilic meningitis caused by Angiostrongylus cantonensis (Chen, 1935) is an emergent zoonosis present in Cuba. In the country, few studies about the prevalence of infection in definitive hosts, which can determine risk sites for the establishment of effective measures to prevent the disease, have not been carried out so far. Objective: To determine the prevalence of infection with Angiostrongylus cantonensis in a natural population of Rattus rattus, its relationship with the population structure, and the season of the year in an urban farm field belonging to the Programme of Urban and Suburban Agriculture of Cuba. Material and Methods: A descriptive study was conducted in La Lisa Municipality, Havana, Cuba. The rats were collected monthly during the rainy and dry seasons. The pulmonary arteries of the captured rodents were examined for adult worms. The prevalence of parasitological indices was calculated. The frequencies of infection were compared between the seasons of the year and ecological ages. Results: A total of 63 rodents identified as Rattus rattus were captured. Of the total of individuals captured, 46.03 percent were infected with A. cantonensis, with an increase of infection in adult individuals (59.46 percent) and during the rainy season (55.88 percent). Conclusions: The infection of A. cantonensis in its definitive host R. rattus, and its circulation in the study area in the analyzed period was demonstrated for the first time in Cuba. The presence of adult rats, the high quantity of rodents and the rainy season were the factors that contributed to a greater infection of A. cantonensis, which increase the probability of transmission to intermediate hosts, and consequently, the risk of transmission to humans(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Female , Rodent Diseases/epidemiology , Angiostrongylus cantonensis/pathogenicity , Meningoencephalitis/complications , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Hydroponics/ethics
5.
Rev. bras. parasitol. vet ; 25(3): 348-352, July-Sept. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-795082

ABSTRACT

Abstract This work involved a serological investigation of tick-borne pathogens in opossums in eight municipalities of the state of São Paulo, Brazil. Serum samples from 109 opossums (91 Didelphis aurita and 18 Didelphis albiventris) were tested to detect antibodies to Rickettsia rickettsii (Taiaçu strain, 1:64 cut-off) and Ehrlichia canis (São Paulo strain, 1:40 cut-off), by indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA); and against Borrelia burgdorferi (strain G39/40) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The presence of antibodies to anti-R. rickettsii, anti-E. canis and anti-B. burgdorferi was detected in 32 (29.35%), 16 (14.67%) and 30 (27.52%) opossums, respectively. Opossum endpoint titers ranged from 64 to 1,024 for R. rickettsii, from 40 to 160 for E. canis, and from 400 to >51,200 for B. burgdorferi. These serological results suggest that opossums have been exposed to Rickettsia spp., Ehrlichia spp., and B. burgdorferi-related agents in the state of São Paulo. Our study underscores the need for further research about these agents in this study area, in view of the occurrence of Spotted Fever and Baggio-Yoshinari Syndrome disease in humans in the state of São Paulo, Brazil.


Resumo O presente estudo investigou evidência sorológica de agentes transmitidos por carrapatos em gambás em oito municípios do Estado de São Paulo, Brasil. Amostras de soro de 109 gambás (91 Didelphis aurita e 18 Didelphis albiventris) foram testadas para detecção de anticorpos contra Rickettsia rickettsii (cepa Taiaçu, ponto de corte 1:64) Ehrlichia canis (cepa São Paulo, ponto de corte 1:40), pela reação de imunofluorescência indireta (RIFI); e contra Borrelia burgdorferi (cepa G39/40) pelo teste imunoenzimático (ELISA). A presença de anticorpos anti-R. rickettsii, anti-E. canis e anti-B. burgdorferi foi detectada em 32 (29,35%), 16 (14,67%) e 30 (27,52%) gambás, respectivamente. Os títulos finais variaram de 64 a 1.024 para R. rickettsii, de 40 a 160 para E. canis, e de 400 a >51.200 para B. burgdorferi. Esses resultados sugerem que os gambás foram expostos a agentes relacionados à Rickettsia spp., Ehrlichia spp., e B. burgdorferi no Estado de São Paulo. Neste estudo salienta a necessidade de novas pesquisas sobre esses agentes nessas áreas de trabalho, devido à ocorrência da Febre Maculosa e da Síndrome Baggio-Yoshinari em humanos no Estado de São Paulo, Brasil.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rodent Diseases/microbiology , Rodent Diseases/epidemiology , Didelphis/microbiology , Antibodies, Bacterial/blood , Rodent Diseases/diagnosis , Ticks , Bacterial Infections/diagnosis , Bacterial Infections/epidemiology , Brazil , Didelphis/immunology , Didelphis/blood
6.
Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Säo Paulo ; 57(1): 39-46, Jan-Feb/2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-736366

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Hepatic capillariosis, caused by Capillaria hepatica (Calodium hepaticum) (Bancroft, 1893), Travassos, 1915 (Nematoda, Trichinelloidea, Capillariidae), is a common zoonosis in rodents but is rare in humans. Seventy-two cases in humans have been reported worldwide since the first case was described by MACARTHUR in 192417,27. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of Capillaria hepatica in humans and rodents in an urban area of Porto Velho, the capital of Rondônia, in Brazil. Methods: After conducting a census of the area, 490 residents were randomly selected, and, after signing a term of consent, provided blood samples that were screened for anti-Capillaria hepatica antibodies. Simultaneously, rats were captured to assess the prevalence of this parasite in rodents by histopathological examination in liver sections. Results: A prevalence of 1.8% was found among residents who had specific antibodies at a dilution of 1:150, indicating exposure to parasite eggs; 0.8% of the subjects also had positive titers at a dilution of 1:400, indicating true infection. The prevalence in rats was 2%. Conclusions: The prevalence of infection with this parasite among humans and rats was low. While the prevalence encountered among humans was within the limits reported in the literature, the prevalence among rodents was much lower.


Introdução: Capilaríase hepática é causada pela Capillaria hepatica (syn. Calodium hepaticum) (Bancroft, 1893), Travassos, 1915 (Nematoda, Trichinelloidea, Capillariidae), sendo uma zoonose comum entre roedores, porém rara em humanos. Setenta e dois casos humanos foram relatados na literatura mundial desde o primeiro caso descrito por MACARTHUR em 192417,27. O objetivo desse estudo é determinar a prevalência da Capillaria hepatica em humanos e roedores de área urbana da cidade de Porto Velho, capital de Rondônia, Brasil. Método: Após realizar um censo da área, 490 moradores foram aleatoriamente selecionados e assinaram termo de consentimento, foram colhidas amostras de sangue para testar anticorpos anti-Capillaria hepatica. Simultaneamente, ratos foram capturados para determinação da prevalência deste parasita através do exame histopatológico em cortes de fígado. Resultados: Foi encontrada entre humanos prevalência de 1,8% de positividade para anticorpos específicos em diluição de 1:150, indicando exposição aos ovos do parasito; 0,8% desses também deram testes positivos quando seus soros sofreram diluição de 1:400, indicando infecção verdadeira. Nos ratos, a prevalência foi de 2%. Conclusão: A prevalência encontrada para o parasito entre homens e roedores foi baixa. Enquanto a prevalência encontrada entre humanos esteve dentro dos limites encontrados na literatura, a prevalência entre roedores foi bem menor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Rats , Capillaria/immunology , Disease Reservoirs , Enoplida Infections/epidemiology , Liver Diseases, Parasitic/epidemiology , Rodent Diseases/parasitology , Brazil/epidemiology , Enoplida Infections/diagnosis , Liver Diseases, Parasitic/diagnosis , Liver Diseases, Parasitic/parasitology , Prevalence , Rodent Diseases/epidemiology
7.
Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Säo Paulo ; 56(5): 455-457, Sep-Oct/2014. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-722334

ABSTRACT

The nematode Calodium hepaticum (syn. Capillaria hepatica) is a zoonotic helminth found mainly infecting rats. It was studied the prevalence of C. hepaticum infection in Rattus norvegicus in an urban area of Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), with low urban planning and sanitation. The presence of C. hepaticum was identified through visible yellowish-white lesions in liver tissue and histological analyses. The total prevalence of infection was 45%, with no significant differences between sex and age. The presence of infected rodents near the peridomestic area poses substantial risk to human health.


O nematóide Calodium hepaticum (sin. Capillaria hepatica) é um helminto zoonótico encontrado infectando principalmente ratos. A prevalência da infecção de C. hepaticum em Rattus norvegicus foi investigada em área urbana do Rio de Janeiro (Brasil) com baixo planejamento e saneamento. A presença de C. hepaticum foi identificada através da presença de lesões macroscópicas caracterizadas por manchas extensas de coloração branco-amarelada difusa por toda superfície do tecido do fígado e através de análise histológica. A prevalência total da infecção foi de 45% sem diferença significativa entre o sexo e idade. A presença de roedores infectados próximos do peridomicílio representa um risco substancial para a saúde humana.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Male , Capillaria/isolation & purification , Enoplida Infections/veterinary , Liver Diseases, Parasitic/veterinary , Rats/parasitology , Rodent Diseases/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Cities/epidemiology , Disease Reservoirs , Enoplida Infections/epidemiology , Liver Diseases, Parasitic/epidemiology , Liver/parasitology , Liver/pathology
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-207960

ABSTRACT

Toxoplasma 3 main clonal lineages are designated as type I, II, and III; however, atypical and mixed genotypes were also reported. This study was conducted for detection of Toxoplasma gondii genotypes in rats (Rattus rattus) in Riyadh region, Saudi Arabia. PCR test on T. gondii B1 gene was conducted on ELISA IgM positive samples for confirmation of the infection. However, genetic analysis of the SAG2 locus was performed to determine T. gondii genotypes using PCR-RFLP technique. PCR test on T. gondii B1gene showed that 22 (81.5%) out of the 27 ELISA IgM positive samples have T. gondii DNA. Genotypic analysis shows that, of the total 22 PCR positive samples, only 13 (59.1%) were of type II, 7 (31.8%) were of type III, and 2 (9.1%) were of an unknown genotype. It is obvious that the prevalence of both type II and III is high in rats. No reports have been available on T. gondii genotypes among rats in Riyadh region, and only little is known about its seroprevalence in rats. Future studies on T. gondii genotypes in rats using multi-locus markers is needed in Riyadh region, Saudi Arabia for better understanding of T. gondii pathogenesis and treatment in humans and animals.


Subject(s)
Animals , Genotype , Genotyping Techniques , Molecular Epidemiology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length , Prevalence , Rats , Rodent Diseases/epidemiology , Saudi Arabia/epidemiology , Toxoplasma/classification , Toxoplasmosis, Animal/epidemiology
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-70338

ABSTRACT

The present study was performed to know the infection status of intestinal helminths in a most common species of field mice, Apodemus agrarius, from 2 southern regions of Korea. Total 133 and 103 mice were collected by the mouse trap in Hapcheon-gun, Gyeongsangnam-do and Gurye-gun, Jeollanam-do, respectively, from July 2005 to June 2006. The small intestine of each mouse was resected and longitudinally opened with a pair of scissors. The intestinal contents were washed with 0.85% saline until the supernatant became clear. Helminths were collected with naked eyes or under a stereomicroscope from the sediment of the intestinal content. More than 11 species of helminths (4 nematode spp., 5 trematode spp., and 2 cestode spp.) were recovered. Among these, heligmosomoid nematodes (97.5%) was the most highly and heavily infected species. As the members of trematodes, Plagiorchis muris, Brachylaima sp., Echinostoma hortense, Echinostoma cinetorchis, and unidentified echinostome larvae were found in the small intestines of 35 (14.8%), 12 (5.1%), 6 (2.5%), 1 (0.4%), and 1 (0.4%) mice respectively. Two species of tapeworms, Hymenolepis nana and Hymenolepis diminuta were also detected in 79 (33.5%) and 21 (8.9%) mice, respectively. Conclusively, heligmosomoid nematodes were the most prevalent (dominant) species among more than 11 helminth species detected, and Brachylaima sp. fluke is newly added in the list of intestinal trematodes in Korea.


Subject(s)
Animals , Helminthiasis/epidemiology , Helminths/classification , Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/epidemiology , Korea/epidemiology , Murinae/parasitology , Prevalence , Rodent Diseases/epidemiology
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-7391

ABSTRACT

Surveys on helminthic fauna of the nutria, Myocastor coypus, have seldom been performed in the Republic of Korea. In the present study, we describe Strongyloides myopotami (Secernentea: Strongyloididae) recovered from the small intestine of feral nutrias. Total 10 adult nutrias were captured in a wetland area in Gimhae-si (City), Gyeongsangnam-do (Province) in April 2013. They were transported to our laboratory, euthanized with ether, and necropsied. About 1,300 nematode specimens were recovered from 10 nutrias, and some of them were morphologically observed by light and scanning electron microscopies. They were 3.7-4.7 (4.0+/-0.36) mm in length, 0.03-0.04 (0.033) mm in width. The worm dimension and other morphological characters, including prominent lips of the vulva, blunted conical tail, straight type of the ovary, and 8-chambered stoma, were all consistent with S. myopotami. This nematode fauna is reported for the first time in Korea.


Subject(s)
Animals , Republic of Korea/epidemiology , Rodent Diseases/epidemiology , Rodentia , Strongyloides/isolation & purification , Strongyloidiasis/epidemiology
11.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 33(supl.1): 179-184, set. 2013. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-695808

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Leptospirosis is a bacterial disease transmitted directly or indirectly from animals to humans that may result in severe hemorrhagic, hepatic/renal and pulmonary disease. There are 20 known Leptospira species and hundreds of serovars, some of which belong to different species. It is essential to identify pathogenic Leptospira serovars and their potential reservoirs to prepare adequate control strategies. Objective: To characterize the Leptospira serovars isolated from rodents, dogs, pigs and water samples in Colombia. Materials and methods: Leptospira organisms were isolated and cultured, and pathogenic strains were identified using a polymerase chain-reaction (PCR). Leptospira DNA and Salmonella Braenderup H9812 (molecular weight standard) DNA were cleaved using NotI and subjected to pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). The PFGE patterns were analyzed based on bacterial strain-typing criteria and Dice coefficients (DCs) between these isolates and over 200 Leptospira organisms isolated from other parts of the world. Results: All of the isolates were pathogenic strains, and five were genetically characterized. The P275 (84% DC) and P282 (95% DC) pig isolates were related to the Leptospira interrogans Pomona serovar; the I15 (DC: 100%) rat isolate was identical to the Leptospira interrogans Icterohameorrhagiae or Copenhageni serovars, while the C67 (64% DC) dog and A42 (60% DC) water isolates were not related (< 73.7% DC) to any of the 200 reference serovars; the closest serovars were the Leptospira noguchii Nicaragua and Orleans serovars, respectively. Conclusion: This was the first molecular characterization of Colombian Leptospira spp isolates; these isolates will be used to develop a Colombian diagnostic panel.


Introducción. La leptospirosis es una infección bacteriana transmitida directa o indirectamente de animales a humanos, la cual puede resultar en una enfermedad hemorrágica grave, hepática o renal y pulmonar. Hay 20 especies de Leptospira conocidas y cientos de serovariedades, algunas de las cuales pertenecen a diferentes especies. Es esencial identificar las serovariedades patógenas y sus reservorios potenciales para enfocar estrategias de control. Objetivo. Caracterizar las serovariedades de Leptospira aisladas de muestras de roedores, perros, cerdos y agua en Colombia. Materiales y métodos. Las cepas de leptospiras aisladas fueron identificadas como patógenas usando la reacción en cadena de la polimerasa (PRC). Sus ADN y el ADN de Salmonella Braenderup H9812 (marcador de peso molecular) fueron cortados con NotI y corridos en electroforesis de campo pulsado. Los patrones de la ECP se analizaron con base en los criterios de tipificación para cepas bacterianas y el coeficiente de Dice, cuando se compararon con 200 cepas aisladas en otras partes del mundo. Los perfiles de ADN con un coeficiente de Dice entre 73,7 % y 100 % se consideraron pertenecientes a la misma especie. Resultados. Todos los aislamientos fueron cepas patógenas y cinco se caracterizaron genéticamente. El aislamiento P275 (coeficiente de Dice: 84 %) y el P282 (coeficiente de Dice: 95 %) de cerdos, se relacionaron con Leptospira interrogans de serovariedad Pomona; el aislamiento de rata (I15) fue indistinguible de Leptospira interrogans de serovariedades Icterohaemorrhagiae o Copenhageni (coeficiente de Dice: 100 %), mientras que los aislamientos de perro (C67) y agua (A42) no se relacionaron (coeficiente de Dice <73,7 %) con ninguna de las 200 cepas de referencia; las más cercanas fueron Leptospira noguchii de serovariedades Nicaragua (coeficiente de Dice: 63 %) y Orleans (coeficiente de Dice: 60 %). Conclusiones. Esta fue la primera caracterización molecular de serotipos de aislamientos colombianos, los cuales serían los primeros miembros de un panel diagnóstico colombiano.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Humans , Rats , Disease Reservoirs/microbiology , Leptospira/classification , Water Microbiology , Colombia/epidemiology , DNA, Bacterial/genetics , Dog Diseases/epidemiology , Dog Diseases/microbiology , Electrophoresis, Gel, Pulsed-Field , Endemic Diseases , Kidney/microbiology , Leptospira/genetics , Leptospira/isolation & purification , Leptospirosis/epidemiology , Leptospirosis/transmission , Leptospirosis/veterinary , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length , Rodent Diseases/epidemiology , Rodent Diseases/microbiology , Serogroup , Serotyping/methods , Swine Diseases/epidemiology , Swine Diseases/microbiology , Swine/microbiology , Urine/microbiology
12.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 108(4): 399-407, jun. 2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-678295

ABSTRACT

A serological survey of Toxoplasma gondii was conducted on 766 domestic and peridomestic rodents from 46 trapping sites throughout the city of Niamey, Niger. A low seroprevalence was found over the whole town with only 1.96% of the rodents found seropositive. However, differences between species were important, ranging from less than 2% in truly commensal Mastomys natalensis, Rattus rattus and Mus musculus, while garden-associated Arvicanthis niloticus displayed 9.1% of seropositive individuals. This is in line with previous studies on tropical rodents - that we reviewed here - which altogether show that Toxoplasma seroprevalence in rodent is highly variable, depending on many factors such as locality and/or species. Moreover, although we were not able to decipher statistically between habitat or species effect, such a contrast between Nile grass rats and the other rodent species points towards a potentially important role of environmental toxoplasmic infection. This would deserve to be further scrutinised since intra-city irrigated cultures are extending in Niamey, thus potentially increasing Toxoplasma circulation in this yet semi-arid region. As far as we are aware of, our study is one of the rare surveys of its kind performed in Sub-Saharan Africa and the first one ever conducted in the Sahel.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Male , Rats , Antibodies, Protozoan/blood , Rodent Diseases/epidemiology , Toxoplasma/immunology , Toxoplasmosis, Animal/epidemiology , Niger/epidemiology , Rodentia , Rodent Diseases/diagnosis , Seroepidemiologic Studies , Toxoplasmosis, Animal/diagnosis , Urban Population
13.
Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Säo Paulo ; 55(3): 155-158, May-Jun/2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-674689

ABSTRACT

We conducted a serological survey to determine the presence of hantavirus infection in rodents in Uberlândia, Minas Gerais as well as to identify and characterize associated factors. Rodents were captured using Sherman live-capture traps set in rural and peri-urban environments. A total of 611 rodents were captured. There was a higher trap success in peri-urban areas (26.3%) and a higher prevalence of antibodies among rodents captured in rural areas (2.9%). Necromys lasiurus was the most common species (42.2%) and the more frequently infected (4.6%). One Calomys tener (1/141; 0.7%) and one Calomys sp. (1/14; 7.1%) were also positive for the hantavirus infection. In N. lasiurus, antibody prevalence correlated with population density (p < 0.01), age class (p = 0.003) and presence of scars (p = 0.02). The data confirm that horizontal transmission is the main mechanism that maintains the virus in nature. The higher seropositivity in N. lasiurus is consistent with genetic studies that associate this species with an Araraquara virus reservoir; the seropositivity of C. tener and Calomys sp. may indicate the occurrence of spillover infection or the presence of other circulating hantaviruses.


Realizamos um estudo transversal para identificar a presença de infecção por hantavírus em roedores em Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, e também para identificar e caracterizar fatores associados. Roedores foram capturados usando armadilhas do tipo Sherman em ambientes rural e periurbano. Um total de 611 roedores foi capturado. Houve maior sucesso de captura na área periurbana (26,3%) e maior prevalência de anticorpos entre os roedores capturados na área rural (2,9%). Necromys lasiurus foi a espécie mais encontrada (42,2%) e a mais frequentemente infectada (4,6%). Um Calomys tener (1/141; 0.7%) e um Calomys sp. (1/14; 7.1%) foram também positivos. Os dados obtidos mostram que em N. lasiurus, a prevalência de anticorpos está relacionada à densidade populacional (p < 0.01), a classe de idade (p = 0.003) e a presença de cicatrizes (p = 0.02), confirmando que a transmissão horizontal é o principal mecanismo que mantém o vírus na natureza. A maior positividade em N. lasiurus é consistente com estudos genéticos que permitem associar esta espécie como reservatório do vírus Araraquara; a soropositividade de C. tener e Calomys sp. pode indicar a ocorrência de "spillover infection" ou a presença de outros hantavírus circulantes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Male , Pregnancy , Antibodies, Viral/blood , Disease Reservoirs/virology , Hantavirus Infections/veterinary , Hantavirus/immunology , Rodent Diseases/virology , Rodentia/virology , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Disease Reservoirs/classification , Hantavirus Infections/epidemiology , Hantavirus Infections/transmission , Population Density , Rodent Diseases/epidemiology , Rodent Diseases/transmission , Rodentia/classification , Seroepidemiologic Studies
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-155347

ABSTRACT

To determine geographical patterns of natural parasite infections among wild rodents, a total of 46 wild rodents from 3 different localities in northern Gangwon-do (Province), Korea were examined for intestinal parasite infections. Along with nematodes such as hookworms and Syphacia spp., Plagiorchis muris (2 specimens) (Trematoda) were collected from striped field mice, Apodemus agrarius. In a Korean wood mouse, Apodemus peninsulae, the overall nematode infections were similar to A. agrarius, but an adult worm of Echinostoma hortense (Trematoda) was collected. In addition, 2 species of cestodes, i.e., Hymenolepis nana and Hymenolepis diminuta, were collected from A. agrarius. Through this survey, A. agrarius and A. peninsule were confirmed as the natural definite hosts for zoonotic intestinal helminths, i.e., P. muris, E. hortense, H. nana, and H. diminuta, in northern Gangwon-do, Korea. Considering increased leisure activities around these areas, seasonal and further comprehensive surveys on wild rodents seem to be needed to prevent zoonotic parasite infections.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cestoda/isolation & purification , Cestode Infections/epidemiology , Geography , Humans , Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/epidemiology , Murinae , Nematoda/isolation & purification , Nematode Infections/epidemiology , Parasitic Diseases, Animal/epidemiology , Republic of Korea/epidemiology , Rodent Diseases/epidemiology , Trematoda/isolation & purification , Trematode Infections/epidemiology , Zoonoses
15.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 32(4): 510-518, oct.-dic. 2012. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-669098

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Rattus norvegicus cumple un papel epidemiológico en el mantenimiento y dispersión de agentes zoonóticos bacterianos, virales y parasitarios de interés en salud pública. La presencia de infección por helmintos en especies Rattus cercanas a poblaciones expuestas en condiciones ambientales propicias, puede convertirse en un factor de riesgo de transmisión. Objetivo. Reportar la frecuencia de infección con Capillaria hepatica y formas larvarias de Taenia taeniaeformis en ratas silvestres (R. norvegicus) capturadas en una zona urbana de Medellín. Materiales y métodos. Se capturaron 254 ejemplares de R. norvegicus. Los hígados de 54 ejemplares que presentaron lesión hepática macroscópica durante la necropsia, fueron examinados por histopatología convencional. Resultados. La frecuencia de infección por C. hepatica fue de 20,1 % (51/254). Seis hígados fueron también positivos para larvas de T. taeniaeformis con una frecuencia de 2,4 % (6/254). Los hígados infestados con C. hepatica exhibían parásitos en el estadio adulto o juvenil y huevos ovalados con opérculos bipolares, asociados con hepatitis granulomatosa leve a moderada multifocal y acompañada por infiltrado leucocitario. Se observaron lesiones granulomatosas en resolución y fibrosis residual o calcificada que contenía huevos. Donde se encontraron cisticercos de T. taeniaeformis, el hallazgo más frecuente fueron quistes hepáticos que contenían larvas, y lesiones inflamatorias y fibróticas. Conclusión. Estos resultados indican que helmintos de potencial zoonótico circulan en R. norvegicus de ambientes urbanos. Debe investigarse la verdadera distribución de estos parásitos, para determinar el riesgo potencial que corren las poblaciones animales y humanas expuestas a adquirir este tipo de infecciones.


Introduction. Rattus norvegicus, the Norway rat, plays a pivotal role in the maintenance and spread of several zoonotic bacterial, viral and parasitic pathogens of public health interest. The presence of helminthic infections near susceptible human populations can, under appropriate environmental conditions, become a risk factor for their transmission. Objective. Frequencies of infection were reported for Capillaria hepatica and larval forms of Taenia taeniaeformis in wild rats (R. norvegicus) captured in an urban area. Materials and methods. Two hundred and fifty-four adult specimens of R. norvegicus were collected in an urban zone of Medellín, Colombia. The livers of 54 specimens that showed macroscopic hepatic lesions during necropsy were examined by conventional histopathology. Results. The frequency of infestation with C. hepatica was 20.1% (51/254). Six livers (2.4%) were also positive for larvae of T. taeniaeformis. Livers infested with C. hepatica exhibited adult or juvenile parasites and oval eggs with bipolar opercula, and were associated with mild to moderate multifocal granulomatous hepatitis with leucocyte infiltrate. Granulomatous lesions and calcified residual fibroses were found with eggs but without adult parasites. Those animals with cysticerci of T. taeniaeformis showed a high frequency of hepatic cysts containing larvae as well as inflammed and fibrotic lesions. Conclusion. Zoonotic helminths circulate at high frequency in R. norvegicus that occur in urban environments. Further research about the distribution of these parasites will determine the level of health threat they present for susceptible human and domestic animal populations.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Male , Animals, Wild/parasitology , Capillaria/isolation & purification , Disease Reservoirs , Enoplida Infections/veterinary , Hepatitis, Animal/epidemiology , Liver/parasitology , Rats/parasitology , Rodent Diseases/epidemiology , Taenia/isolation & purification , Taeniasis/veterinary , Capillaria/growth & development , Colombia/epidemiology , Cysts/parasitology , Cysts/veterinary , Enoplida Infections/epidemiology , Enoplida Infections/parasitology , Enoplida Infections/transmission , Granuloma/parasitology , Granuloma/veterinary , Hepatitis, Animal/parasitology , Larva , Ovum , Rodent Diseases/parasitology , Taenia/growth & development , Taeniasis/epidemiology , Taeniasis/parasitology , Taeniasis/transmission , Urban Health , Zoonoses
16.
Rev. salud pública ; 14(5): 755-764, Sept.-Oct. 2012. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-703392

ABSTRACT

Objetivo Determinar la frecuencia de anticuerpos específicos a hantavirus en roedores del municipio de San Marcos, departamento de Sucre. Métodos Se capturaron 144 roedores con trampas Sherman® en áreas urbanas y rurales del municipio de San Marcos, desde diciembre de 2007 hasta julio de 2009. Los anticuerpos Ig G específicos contra el Virus Sin Nombre (VSN) fueron detectados en muestras de plasma mediante ELISA indirecto. Resultados La seroprevalencia de anticuerpos contra hantavirus fue del 8,3 % (12/144 capturas). Los porcentajes de seropositividad específicos por especie variaron entre 6,8 % (3/44, Zygodontomys brevicauda) y 50 % (1/2, Neacomys spinosus). No se encontró diferencia estadística en la seroprevalencia con respecto al área de muestreo, sexo y etapa reproductiva (p>0,05); sin embargo, hubo un mayor número de machos adultos seropositivos. Conclusiones Se evidenció por primera vez seropositividad a hantavirus en roedores de la subfamilia Murinae en Colombia. La detección de anticuerpos contra el virus refuerza la hipótesis que sugiere la circulación de al menos un hantavirus en roedores del norte colombiano.


Objective The main goal of this research was to determine the frequency of hantavirus-specific antibodies in rodents from the municipality of San Marcos in the Sucre department of Colombia. Methods 144 rodents were captured in San Marcos' urban and rural areas using Sherman traps between December 2007 and July 2009. "Virus sin Nombre" (SNV)-specific antibodies were detected in plasma samples by an indirect ELISA immunoassay. Results An 8.3 % (12/144) seroprevalence rate was found. Specific seropositivity rates ranged from 6.8 % (3/44, Zygodontomysbrevicauda) to 50 % (1/2, Neacomysspinosus). No significant differences were found in seroprevalence according to capture area, gender and/or reproductive stage (p>0.05); however, there were more seropositive adult males. Conclusion This is the first evidence of hanta virus seropositivity in rodents from the Murinae subfamily in Colombia. The presence of SNV antibodies in rodents in San Marcos supported the hypothesis that at least one hantavirusis circulating in rodents from northern Colombia.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Male , Antibodies, Viral/blood , Disease Reservoirs , Hantavirus Infections/veterinary , Hantavirus/immunology , Rodent Diseases/epidemiology , Rodentia/virology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Colombia/epidemiology , Hantavirus Infections/epidemiology , Murinae/virology , Rural Health , Rodent Diseases/virology , Seroepidemiologic Studies , Species Specificity , Sigmodontinae/virology , Urban Health
17.
Rev. salud pública ; 12(6): 990-999, dic. 2010. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-602847

ABSTRACT

Objetivo Determinar la frecuencia de anticuerpos dirigidos contra especies de Leptospira patógenas en reservorios naturales, con el propósito de establecer evidencia de su papel potencial en la dispersión ambiental de Leptospira y por consiguiente su actuación como agente diseminador de la infección tanto al humano como a otras especies susceptibles. Materiales y métodos El muestreo se llevó a cabo en la Plaza Minorista durante el periodo comprendido entre agosto de 2006 y abril de 2007, en el cual se capturaron 254 roedores Rattus norvegicus. Se obtuvo sangre de estos por punción cardiaca y el suero resultante se procesó con la prueba de Microaglutinación. Resultados El análisis serológico para verificar las serovariedades circulantes de Leptospira spp, dio como resultado que 64 roedores (25,2 por ciento, 95 por ciento CI=19,5-30,1) tuvieron títulos positivos para al menos una de las 11 serovariedades probadas. Conclusiones Los datos muestran que no solo la serovariedad Icterohaemorrhagiae está asociada con esta especie reservoria; también lo están otras serovariedades como Grippothyphosa y Canícola. El estudio permitió determinar la frecuencia de anticuerpos contra especies patógenas de Leptospira para reservorios procedentes de una zona urbana colombiana. Estos datos son relevantes para las entidades de salud pública por constituir la base para la implementación de campañas de control adecuadas para esta zona del país y como modelo de otros estudios similares en otras ciudades colombianas.


Objective Assessing the frequency of antibodies directed against pathogenic Leptospira species found in natural reservoirs for establishing evidence of their potential role in the environmental dispersion of Leptospira and consequent dissemination of the infection to humans as well as to other susceptible species. Material and methods A survey was carried out in the Plaza Minorista from August 2006 to April 2007 in which 254 rats (Rattusnorvegicus) were captured. Blood was obtained from these rodents by cardiac puncture and the resulting serum was used for microagglutination tests. Results Serological analysis for verifying Leptospira spp circulating serovars resulted in 64 rodents (25.2 percent;19.5-30.1 95 percentCI) having positive antibody titres for at least 11 of the serovars tested. Conclusions Frequency data regarding the antibodies so detected showed that the Icterohaemorrhagiae serovar was not the only one possibly associated with this reservoir species, but also with others such as the Grippothyphosa and Canícolaserovars. The study determined the frequency of antibodies against pathogenic Leptospira species for reservoirs from an urban area in Colombia. This data is relevant for public health authorities and might constitute the basis for implementing appropriate control campaigns for this area of the country and, likewise, this work could serve as a model for similar studies in other Colombian cities.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Antibodies, Bacterial/blood , Disease Reservoirs , Leptospira/immunology , Leptospirosis/veterinary , Rats/microbiology , Rodent Diseases/epidemiology , Zoonoses/epidemiology , Colombia/epidemiology , Disease Reservoirs/microbiology , Leptospirosis/blood , Leptospirosis/epidemiology , Rodentia , Rodent Diseases/blood , Seroepidemiologic Studies , Urban Population
18.
Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology. 2010; 40 (1): 107-117
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-113035

ABSTRACT

A preliminary survey of domestic rodent borne diseases and their fleas was carried out in ten centers of Menofiya [Quesna, Shebeen El-Kom, Berka El-Saabe, El-Bagour, El-Shohada, Tala, Menoff, Searth El-Lian, Ashmon and El-Sadat] Governorate, Egypt. Rodent index [number of rodent / trap] and percentage frequency of different rodent species were recorded in spring [2009]. The main species was Norway rat, Rattus norvegicus, the grey-bellied rat, R. rattus alexandrinus, the white- bellied rat, R. rattus frugivorus and the house mouse, Mus musculus. Searth El-Lian center showed the highest existing rodent- index, while Quesna center showed the lowest existing rodent-index. The Norway rat, R. norvegicus showed higher frequency at Shebeen El-Kom, Berka El-Saabe, El-Baguur, Searth El-Lian and El-Sadat. R. rattus alexandrinus showed higher frequency at Tala center, while Rattus rattus frugivorus showed higher frequency at El-Shohada, Menoff and Ashmon. M. masculus showed the lower frequency at all centers. The common flea species attacking rodents at all centers were: the oriental rat flea, Xenopsylla cheopis, the mouse flea, Lyptopsylla segnis and the dog flea, Ctenocephalides canis. The flea index [number of flea/rodent] at Searth El-Lian was the highest, while Shebeen El- Kom showed the lowest index. The oriental rat flea, X. cheopis was the highest frequency distribution for all domestic rodent species studied while, the dog flea, C.s Canis was the lowest. The adult rodents showed the higher frequency with fleas than juveniles


Subject(s)
Animals, Laboratory , Siphonaptera , Rodent Diseases/epidemiology , Health Education
19.
J Biosci ; 2008 Nov; 33(4): 495-504
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-110715

ABSTRACT

The emerging viral diseases haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) and hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (HCPS) are a cause of global concern as they are increasingly reported from newer regions of the world. The hantavirus species causing HFRS include Hantaan virus,Seoul virus, Puumala virus, and Dobrava-Belgrade virus while Sin Nombre virus was responsible for the 1993 outbreak of HCPS in the Four Corners Region of the US. Humans are accidental hosts and get infected by aerosols generated from contaminated urine,feces and saliva of infected rodents. Rodents are the natural hosts of these viruses and develop persistent infection. Human to human infections are rare and the evolution of the virus depends largely on that of the rodent host. The first hantavirus isolate to be cultured, Thottapalayam virus,is the only indigenous isolate from India,isolated from an insectivore in 1964 in Vellore, South India. Research on hantaviruses in India has been slow but steady since 2005. Serological investigation of patients with pyrexic illness revealed presence of anti-hantavirus IgM antibodies in 14.7% of them. The seropositivity of hantavirus infections in the general population is about 4% and people who live and work in close proximity with rodents have a greater risk of acquiring hantavirus infections. Molecular and serological evidence of hantavirus infections in rodents and man has also been documented in this country. The present review on hantaviruses is to increase awareness of these emerging pathogens and the threats they pose to the public health system.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biological Warfare Agents , Communicable Diseases, Emerging/epidemiology , Disease Outbreaks/prevention & control , Hantavirus/genetics , Hantavirus Infections/epidemiology , Humans , India/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Rodent Diseases/epidemiology
20.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 68(5): 373-379, sep.-oct. 2008. mapas, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-633571

ABSTRACT

In Río Negro Province, Argentina, human cases of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) appeared in the region of subantartic forests. The Andes virus (ANDV) has been identified in the region both in Oligoryzomys longicaudatus rodents and in humans, with the main transmission being from rodents to humans but also showing the possibility of human to human transmission. Between 1996 and 2004, in 40 campaigns, 29.960 night-traps for capturing live rodents were set up. Blood samples were obtained from the rodents and processed using enzyme immunoassay with recombinant antigens made from ANDV. A total of 1767 rodents were captured, with a capture success of 5.9% and an antibody prevalence of 2.1%. Important differences were observed among the species captured from Andes and Steppe regions. Seropositive Oligoryzomys longicaudatus, Abrotrix olivaceus, Abrotrix xanhtothinus and Loxodontomus microtus were captured. During the 1993-2004 period, 40 HPS cases were registered.


En la Provincia de Río Negro, Argentina, se presentaron casos humanos de síndrome pulmonar por hantavirus (SPH) en la región de los bosques subantárticos. El virus Andes (AND) fue identificado en la región, tanto en el roedor Oligoryzomys longicaudatus como en seres humanos, demostrándose la transmisión principalmente del roedor al hombre y la posibilidad de la transmisión de persona a persona. Para ello, se procedió a la colocación de 29.960 trampas para captura viva de roedores, tipo Sherman, en 40 operativos efectuados desde 1996 hasta 2004. Se obtuvieron muestras de sangre de los roedores, las que fueron procesadas mediante enzimoinmunoensayo con antígenos recombinantes elaborados a partir de virus AND. Fueron capturados 1767 roedores, con un éxito de trampeo del 5.9% y una prevalencia de anticuerpos contra hantavirus del 2.1%. Se observaron importantes diferencias en las especies capturadas en cada una de las regiones. Se capturaron O. longicaudatus, Abrothrix olivaceus y Abrothrix xanhtothinus y Loxodontomys microtus seropositivos. Se registraron 40 casos humanos en el período 1993-2004.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Male , Antibodies, Viral/blood , Disease Outbreaks , Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome/epidemiology , Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome/veterinary , Hantavirus/immunology , Rodent Diseases/epidemiology , Argentina/epidemiology , Disease Reservoirs , Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome/mortality , Rodent Diseases/blood , Rodent Diseases/virology , Rodentia/virology
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