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1.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 10(1): 1-7, feb. 24, 2021. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1282565

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the micro-push-out bond strength of a mineral-based root canal sealer, BioRoot RCS in canals prepared by K3XF rotary systems of two different tapers. Material and Methods: Eighty caries free maxillary central incisors were used in this study. The samples were allocated into 4 groups (n=20) according to the root canal sealer and taper of the rotary instruments. The samples were obturated using single cone obturation technique. From each root 1mm thick slices at coronal, middle and apical thirds were collected using hard tissue microtome under continuous water coolant. Push-out tests were done for these sections using a Universal testing machine (INSTRON 8801) at a crosshead speed of 1mm/min. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to compare the bond strengths within groups and Tukey's multiple post hoc analysis was used for pair-wise comparison of bond strengths. Results: AH Plus exhibited higher micro-push-out bond strength than BioRootRCS though they did not differ significantly (p>0.05). Preparation of root canals with 6% taper rotary instruments showed higher bond strength than 4% though they did not differ significantly (p>0.05). Conclusion: There was no significant difference between micro-push-out bond strength values of BioRoot RCS and AH Plus. The bond strength values were high in 6% taper canals than 4% canals though the difference was not significant statistically.


Objetivo: El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la fuerza de unión por micro-expulsión de un sellador de conductos radiculares de base mineral, BioRoot RCS, en conductos preparados por sistemas rotativos K3XF con dos conos diferentes. Material y Métodos: En este estudio se utilizaron 80 incisivos centrales superiores libres de caries. Las muestras se distribuyeron en cuatro grupos (n = 20) de acuerdo al sellador del conducto radicular y al cono de los instrumentos rotativos. Las muestras se obturaron mediante la técnica de obturación de un solo cono. De cada raíz se recogieron rodajas de 1 mm de grosor en los tercios coronal, medio y apical utilizando un micrótomo de tejido duro con refrigeración continua por agua. Posteriormente, se realizó una prueba de expulsión para estas secciones utilizando una máquina de prueba universal (INSTRON 8801) a una velocidad del cabezal transversal de 1mm/min. Se utilizó el análisis de varianza unidireccional (ANOVA) para comparar las resistencias de la unión dentro de los grupos y el análisis post hoc multiple de Tukey se utilizó para la comparación por pares de las resistencias de la unión. Resultados: AH Plus exhibió una fuerza de unión de micro-expulsión más alta que BioRootRCS, aunque no difirieron significativamente (p>0,05). La preparación de los conductos radiculares con instrumentos rotativos ahusados al 6% mostró una fuerza de unión superior al 4%, aunque no difirieron significativamente (p>0,05). Conclusión: No hubo diferencias significativas entre los valores de fuerza de unión de micro-expulsión de BioRoot RCS y AH Plus. Los valores de la fuerza de unión fueron más altos en canales cónicos al 6% que en canales al 4%, aunque la diferencia no fue significativa estadísticamente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Filling Materials , Root Canal Obturation/methods , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Flexural Strength , Resins, Synthetic , Analysis of Variance , Root Canal Preparation , Dental Pulp Cavity , Epoxy Resins/chemistry , Minerals
2.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 35(81): 25-32, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1178997

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Comparar la presencia de poros en los tres tercios del conducto radicular luego de la obturación con cementos biocerámicos. Se trataron endodónticamente 20 premolares inferiores unirradiculares, de anatomía oval. Los mismos fueron divididos en dos grupos y se obturaron con dos cementos biocerámicos diferentes. Todas las muestras fueron analizadas con microtomografía de rayos X para comparar la presencia de poros en los tres tercios radiculares, clasificando los mismos en internos, externos y combinados. En las 20 piezas dentarias obturadas y analizadas se encontraron poros. La cantidad de poros detectados no presentó diferencias significativas mediante análisis estadísticos cuantitativos ni cualitativos. Los poros se presentaron más frecuentemente en el tercio cervical, independientemente del cemento sellador. Ambos grupos presentan una buena adaptación a nivel apical, siendo esto imprescindible para la longevidad y éxito del tratamiento endodóntico (AU)


Subject(s)
Root Canal Filling Materials , Root Canal Obturation/methods , Root Canal Therapy/methods , Biocompatible Materials , Ceramics , X-Ray Microtomography , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Statistical Analysis , Dental Marginal Adaptation , Evaluation Studies as Topic
3.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 107(2): 42-48, abr.-jun. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1015526

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Evaluar radiográficamente, en dientes extraídos, el grado de homogeneidad y adaptación de las obturaciones endodónticas realizadas por alumnos de grado, comparando las técnicas de condensación lateral e híbrida. Materiales y métodos: Entre 2003 y 2017, los alumnos de tercer año de la Escuela de Odontología de la Universidad del Salvador / Asociación Odontológica Argentina realizaron 5.384 tratamientos endodónticos ex vivo empleando, para la obturación, las técnicas de condensación lateral e híbrida. En las radiografías posoperatorias, un docente especialista en endodoncia evaluó la homogeneidad y la adaptación de cada obturación para categorizarla como correcta o incorrecta. Para la comparación entre técnicas, dentro de cada año lectivo, se utilizó la prueba exacta de Fisher, y para el análisis porcentual de las observaciones, la prueba de Chi cuadrado. El nivel de significancia fue establecido en P<0,05. Resultados: Del total de 5.384 tratamientos, 4.970 (92,3%) mostraron obturaciones correctas. Con la técnica de condensación lateral, de los 1.741 tratamientos, 1.560 (89,6%) mostraron obturaciones correctas con la técnica híbrida, de los 3.643 tratamientos, 3.410 (93,6%) tuvieron obturaciones correctas. En función del tamaño total de las muestras, sumando todos los años, puede estimarse con 95% de confianza que la diferencia de obturaciones incorrectas entre ambas técnicas está entre el 2,3% y el 5,7%. Con la prueba del Chi cuadrado, se observa una diferencia significativa de obturaciones correctas a favor de la técnica híbrida (P<0,01) Conclusiones: La evaluación radiográfica de los tratamientos endodónticos realizados ex vivo por alumnos de pregrado mostró un alto porcentaje de obturaciones correctas. Así mismo, el empleo de la técnica híbrida dio, en general, mejores resultados de compactación de la masa del material obturador que la técnica de condensación lateral (AU)


Aim: To evaluate radiographically the degree of homogeneity and adaptation of endodontic obturations completed by undergraduate students in extracted teeth using lateral and hybrid condensation techniques. Materials and methods: Between 2003 and 2017, third year students of a the School of Dentistry of the Universidad del Salvador / Asociación Odontológica Argentina performed 5384 ex vivo endodontic treatments using lateral condensation and hybrid technique. In the postoperative radiographs, a specialist in endodontics assessed the homogeneity and adaptation of each obturation and categorize it as correct or incorrect. The data were submitted to statistical analysis to compare results obtained with the two techniques. Fisher and Chi-square tests were used and significance level was set at P<0.05. Results: Out of 5384 treatments, 4970 (92.3%) showed correct obturation. Within the 1741 treatments completed with the lateral condensation technique, 1560 (89.6%) were correct while within the 3634 where a hybrid technique was used, 3410 (93.6%) were correct. When the whole sample was considered (sum of treatment carried out during each of the academic years) a statistically significant difference (P<0.01) favoring the hybrid technique was found. The difference in incorrect cases can be estimated to be between 2.3% and 5.7% with 95% confidence. Conclusions: The radiographic evaluation completed by undergraduate students in extracted teeth showed a high percentage of correct fillings. The use of the hybrid technique showed, in general, better compaction of the obturation material than the lateral condensation technique (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Obturation/methods , Root Canal Therapy/methods , Root Canal Therapy/statistics & numerical data , Tooth, Nonvital/diagnostic imaging , Education, Predental , Argentina , Statistical Analysis , Dental Marginal Adaptation
4.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 13(1): 31-39, mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-990061

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar mediante la revisión de la literatura científica disponible cuál es el tipo de cemento sellador que proporciona mayor resistencia a la fractura en dientes tratados endodónticamente, los cementos a base de biocerámicos o los en base a resina epóxica. Se realizó una revisión sistemática de acuerdo a las bases de los estamentos de PRISMA, en las bases de datos Medline, SciELO, Trip Database, LILACS, Web of Science, Cochrane. Se realizó la búsqueda a 10 años y se incluyeron sólo estudios in vitro. Se encontraron 202 artículos, luego se eliminaron los artículos duplicados y se excluyeron los estudios no atingentes por título y resúmenes, quedando ocho artículos que se revisaron a texto completo. En esta etapa se excluyeron dos estudios. Un total seis estudios fueron incluidos en esta revisión. De estos, ninguno encontró diferencia significativas entre cementos selladores a base de biocerámicos y a base de resina epóxica, en cuanto a resistencia a la fractura de los dientes tratados endodónticamente. Sin embargo, en 4 estudios los valores más altos encontrados de resistencia a la fractura estuvieron dados por los selladores en base a resina epóxica. Los artículos seleccionados, teniendo en consideración las limitaciones propias de los estudios in vitro, concluyen que en cuanto a resistencia a la fractura no hay diferencias significativas entre el uso de cementos selladores a base de biocerámicos y cementos selladores a base de resina epóxica en la obturación radicular de dientes tratados endodónticamente.


ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to determine through the review of scientific literature, the type of sealer that provides the greatest resistance to fracture in endodontically treated teeth. Bioceramic sealer or epoxy resin based sealers were considered for this analysis. A systematic review was performed according to PRISMA, in the databases Medline, SciELO, Trip Database, LILACS, Web of Science, Cochrane. The search was carried out over the last 10 years, and only in vitro studies were included; 202 articles were found and subsequently, duplicate articles were eliminated, non-inferential studies by title and abstracts were excluded, leaving eight articles that were revised to full text. In this stage, two studies were excluded. In total, six studies were included in this review. Of these, none found significant difference between sealer cements based on bioceramics and based on epoxy resin, in terms of resistance to fracture of endodontically treated teeth. However, in 4 studies the highest found values of fracture resistance were given by sealers based on epoxy resin. Taking into account the limitations inherent to in vitro studies, this review concludes that in terms of fracture resistance, there are no significant differences between the use of sealer based on bioceramics and the based on epoxy resin in the root canal obturation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Filling Materials , Root Canal Obturation/methods , Tooth Fractures/prevention & control , Materials Testing , Ceramics , Composite Resins , Endodontics , Epoxy Resins
5.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 3902, 01 Fevereiro 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-997921

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the longevity of endodontic treatments and the survival of endodontic re-treatments performed in primary teeth. Material and Methods: The sample included endodontic treatments and re-treatments conducted in anterior and posterior primary teeth without sedation or general anesthesia among children attending a university dental service. Information collected retrospectively from clinical records was used for analyzing data. The Kaplan-Meier estimator test was used to analyze the longevity and survival of endodontic treatment and re-treatments, respectively. Results: A total of 73 patients with endodontic therapy in primary teeth were included in the study, and 116 teeth were analyzed. After one year, the longevity of endodontic treatments performed on primary teeth was 65.74% with an annual failure rate (AFR) of 34.2%. From 47 endodontic treatment failures, 14 teeth (29.8%) were endodontically re-treated. When the endodontic re-treatment was considered as survival, the longevity of treatments reached 68.06% with 31.9% of AFR after one year of follow-up. There was a significant increase in functional tooth retention in those patients that received an endodontic re-treatment (p<0.001). Retreatment provided an additional mean survival time of 8.3 months. Conclusion: Endodontic treatments performed in primary teeth presented a limited longevity. Endodontic re-treatment is a more conservative alternative for endodontically treated primary teeth that have failed and significantly increase tooth retention.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Pulpectomy/methods , Root Canal Obturation/methods , Root Canal Therapy/instrumentation , Tooth, Deciduous , Medical Records , Dental Health Services , Brazil , Survival Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric
6.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e049, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001594

ABSTRACT

Abstract: The aim of the present study was to assess the penetration capacity of two endodontic cements, Endosequence BC Sealer and AH Plus, in artificial lateral canals. Twenty-six two-rooted, maxillary first premolars were instrumented to size 40.06 using K3 files. In each root, six lateral canals of two diameters (0.06 and 0.10 mm) were created with a working length of 2, 4, and 6 mm. The specimens were randomly divided into two groups according to the endodontic cement to be used (Endosequence BC Sealer and AH Plus) and obturated by the single-cone technique. The specimens were imaged by digital periapical radiography and scores from 0 to 4 were attributed according to the degree of penetration by sealers into the lateral canals. Data were analyzed statistically by Kruskal-Wallis and Student-Newman-Keuls tests, and a significance level of p < 0.05 was adopted. No significant difference was observed between the two endodontic cements used to fill the simulated lateral canals (p > 0.05). The diameter of lateral canals only influenced the capacity of the Endosequence BC Sealer in filling the canals, and presented greater penetration in the lateral canals of diameter 0.10 mm (p < 0.05). We concluded that the bioceramic endodontic cement Endosequence BC Sealer presented similar ability as AH Plus to fill simulated lateral canals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Oxides/chemistry , Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry , Calcium Phosphates/chemistry , Ceramics/chemistry , Silicates/chemistry , Dental Pulp Cavity/drug effects , Epoxy Resins/chemistry , Reference Values , Root Canal Obturation/methods , Materials Testing , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Statistics, Nonparametric , Drug Combinations
7.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 7(8): 382-386, nov. 30, 2018. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1121119

ABSTRACT

Chronic pulpal inflammation and infection are the main predisposing factors for internal and external root resorption (IRR & ERR); however, merging of IRR and ERR is a rare lesion which rigorously alters the anatomy of root canals. this study reports a case of merged IRR and ERR in an asymptomatic maxillary left central incisor in a 33-year old caucasian woman that was managed by one-visit root canal therapy (RCT) using calcium-enriched mixture (CEM) cement. radiographic examination showed a short root with under-filled root canal obturation associated with ERR/IRR and an apical lesion. after thorough chemo-mechanical preparation, the root canal was obturated with CEM cement; one week later, the access cavity was permanently restored. clinical/radiographic examinations at 1-year follow-up revealed uneventful healing, reestablishment of lamina dura and stabilization of the resorptive defects. the treatment outcome demonstrates that one-visit RCT using CEM cement may be a viable treatment option in cases with merged external/internal root resorption. further clinical trials with a larger number of cases are suggested to document a higher level of evidence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Periapical Diseases/therapy , Root Canal Filling Materials/therapeutic use , Root Canal Therapy/methods , Root Canal Obturation/methods , Biocompatible Materials/therapeutic use , Calcium/therapeutic use , Dental Pulp Necrosis , Molar/pathology
8.
Dent. press endod ; 8(1): 71-77, Apr-Jun. 2018. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-883806

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: o objetivo desse estudo foi comparar três técnicas de inserção do cimento endodôntico em canais achatados. A técnica convencional, na qual o cimento é introduzido com o cone principal, foi comparada com dois grupos experimentais: lima Easy Clean em movimento reciprocante e inserto ultrassônico Irrisonic. Métodos: quarenta e cinco incisivos inferiores com anatomia do canal radicular achatada foram selecionados para o estudo. O canal radicular foi preparado até o instrumento Reciproc R40. Em seguida, as amostras foram divididas em três grupos (n = 15), de acordo com a técnica de colocação do cimento, e obturadas. Para obturação, em todos os grupos, foi utilizado o Touch'n Heat. Secções aos níveis de 2 e 4mm aquém do forame apical foram obtidas e examinadas em lupa estereoscópica com 40 vezes de magnificação. Na sequência, imagens foram obtidas com câmera digital e mensurou-se, com o software Axion Vision LE, a área total do canal radicular, áreas vazias e preenchidas com guta-percha e cimento. Resultados: aos níveis de 2 mm (p = 0,131) e 4 mm (p > 0,05) não existiram diferenças entre os grupos com relação às áreas vazias avaliadas. Áreas vazias foram comparadas, também, entre os níveis de 2 mm e 4 mm, e não houve diferença apresentada em qualquer grupo testado. (Easy Clean, p = 0,309; Cone Principal, p = 0,164; Irrisonic, p = 0,867). Conclusões: o inserto ultrassônico Irrisonic e a lima Easy Clean não obtiveram um melhor resultado de preenchimento do que a técnica convencional com o cone principal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Dental Cements , Endodontics , Incisor , Root Canal Filling Materials , Root Canal Obturation/methods
9.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 18(1): 4115, 15/01/2018. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-966913

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare lateral compaction obturation with carrier-based gutta-percha and downpack-backfill. Material and Methods: Ninety tooth with single root canal were prepared with rotary Protaper and divided into 3 groups: Group 1 obturated with lateral heated compaction (LHC), Group 2 with carrier-based gutta-percha (CP) and Group 3 with downpack-backfill (DB). The apical one-third adaptation was determined by examining the dye penetration between obturation material and root canal wall on the horizontal cut samples. The data received was analyzed using SPSS 17 software. Chi-square statistical test was done with level of significance (α) of 0.05. Results: The DB group had the highest amount of score of 0, followed by CP group and LHC group. The DB group had 28 samples (93.3%) with score of 0, which was the largest compared to the CP and LHC group. All groups had some score 2, and score 3 and 4 were only examined in the LHC group Adaptation of the apical one-third on DB group had the best result, followed by CP and LHC group (p>0.05). Conclusion: The adaptation of apical one-third by downpack-backfill was the best among the three groups, but there was no statistically significant difference among those groups.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Obturation/methods , Root Canal Therapy , In Vitro Techniques/methods , Endodontics/methods , Gutta-Percha , Chi-Square Distribution , Tooth Apex , Indonesia
10.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 18(1): 4088, 15/01/2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-980086

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluatethe influence of threedifferent instrumentation techniques on the incidence of postoperative pain after endodontic treatment.Material and Methods:Ninety permanent single rooted mandibular premolar with sign and symptoms of non-vital teethwere selected. Patients were randomly divided into three different groups according to the type of instrumentation:Group 1=Reciproc; Group 2=Twisted File incontinuousmotion and Group 3=WaveOne. Oburation was done with corresponding guttapercha points using zinc oxide eugenol sealer. The intensity of pain was recorded by the patient using visual analoguescale, after 2hr,6hr,12hr,48hr and 3days of completion of obturation.Data analysis was done using Wilcoxon signed-rankstest. The level of significance was set at 5%.Results:For Group 1 at 12 hours mean was 4.53 + 1.9 and median was 5. The mean value increased from 2 hours to 6 hours upto 12 hours and decreased after 48 hours till 3rd day. For Group 2 at 12 hours mean was 2.80 + 0.71 and median was 3.00. The mean value increased from 2 hours to 6 hours upto 12 hours and decreased after 48 hours till third day. For Group 3 at 12 hours mean was 4.77 + 1.81 and median was 5.00. Mean value increased from 2 hrupto 12 hr and decreased from 12 hours upto third day.At interval from 2-48 hours there is no significant difference seen between 3 groups and at 2 hours-3 days interval significant difference was seen in first group, but no significant results were seen between group 2 and group 3. There was no significant difference seen between all the groups at the interval of 6-12 hours (p>0.05). Conclusion:Pain score was less in case of Twisted File continuous motion technique while it was more in WaveOne and Reciproc technique (AU).


Subject(s)
Root Canal Obturation/methods , Root Canal Therapy/instrumentation , Bicuspid , Root Canal Preparation , Dental Instruments , Statistics, Nonparametric , Evaluation Study , India
11.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20160584, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-893731

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: The purpose of this study was to analyze the ability of multiple compounds to seal the dental tubules using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and micro-computed tomogra-phy (micro-CT). Material and Methods: Twenty-four single-root human mandibular premolars were selected and instrumented with nickel-titanium rotary file and the final file size was #40/06. They were then randomly allocated into 2 groups, and all samples were filled with single cone gutta-percha (#40/06) and one of the tested sealers (AH Plus and EndoSequence BC sealers). All specimens were scanned using micro-CT and then three from each group were randomly selected for SEM analysis. Results: According to SEM, both root canal sealers showed sufficient adaptation to dentin along the whole length of the root canal, though the coronal sections presented superior sealing than the apical sections. Micro porosity analyses revealed that the volume of closed pores and the surface of closed pores had the largest values in the coronal sections, followed by the middle and the apical sections for both sealants (p<0.05). However, no significant difference was observed for those two parameters between AH Plus and EndoSequence BC sealers in any of the three sections (p>0.05), whereas they were larger in the apical section when the AH Plus sealer was used. Conclusions: By using the single cone technique, neither EndoSequence or AH Plus pro-vides a porosity-free root canal filling. The EndoSequence BC sealer may have similar sealing abilities regarding the whole root canal as the AH Plus sealer. A better sealing effect could be obtained in the coronal and middle sections of a root canal than the apical part by using the tested sealers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Oxides/chemistry , Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry , Root Canal Obturation/methods , Tooth Root/drug effects , Calcium Phosphates/chemistry , Silicates/chemistry , Dentin/drug effects , Epoxy Resins/chemistry , Surface Properties , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Statistics, Nonparametric , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Dentin/ultrastructure , Drug Combinations , X-Ray Microtomography
12.
J. appl. oral sci ; 25(6): 641-649, Nov.-Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-893677

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was evaluate the influence of ultrasonic activation (UA) of AH Plus to improve canal and isthmus filing, and analyse the antimicrobial effect against Enterococcus faecalis within dentinal tubules. Material and Methods: Thirty mesial roots of mandibular first molars were selected and divided into 2 groups (n = 15): with and without UA of the sealer. Then the root canals were filled by using the single cone technique, and the specimens were sectioned at 2, 4 and 6 mm from the apex for stereomicroscope and confocal laser scanner microscopy (CLSM) analysis. In addition, 30 bovine incisors were contaminated with Enterococcus faecalis and divided into 3 groups (n = 10). The specimens were obturated by using the single cone technique with (G1) and without (G2) UA of the sealer and G3 as the control group. All were sectioned into 6 mm-long cylinders and stained with LIVE/DEAD to assess bacterial viability by CLSM. Results: The UA of the sealer significantly reduced the presence of unfilled areas in the canal and isthmus area in all sections (p<0.05), and there was a significant increase in sealer penetration in both canals and isthmuses (p<0.05). As regards gaps, a significant reduction was found at 2 and 6 mm in the isthmus area of the UA group (p<0.05). Moreover, UA of the sealer significantly reduced bacterial viability in the superficial dentine when compared with the other groups (p<0.05). Conclusion: Ultrasonic activation of the AH Plus sealer promoted a better quality of root canal filling and increased the intratubular penetration of sealer, especially in the isthmus area. Additionally, ultrasonic activation of the sealer increased the intradentinal antimicrobial action against Enterococcus faecalis, mainly in the superficial dentine of the root canal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Filling Materials/pharmacology , Root Canal Obturation/methods , Ultrasonics , Enterococcus faecalis/drug effects , Dental Pulp Cavity/microbiology , Epoxy Resins , Microscopy, Confocal
13.
J. appl. oral sci ; 25(4): 396-403, July-Aug. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-893636

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of photodynamic therapy (PDT) and non-thermal plasma (NTP) on adhesion and sealer penetration in root canals. Material and Methods Sixty single-rooted premolars were used. The teeth were prepared using a crown-down technique. NaOCl and EDTA were used for irrigation and smear layer removal, respectively. The root canals were divided into three groups: control, PDT, and NTP. After treatments, the roots were filled using gutta-percha and either AH Plus (AHP) or MTA Fillapex (MTAF) sealers. Samples were sectioned at 4, 8, and 12 mm from the apex (1-mm slices)and analyzed by the push-out bond strength test (adhesion) and confocal laser scanning microscopy (sealer penetration). Data were statistically evaluated using Kruskal-Wallis, Dunn's, and Spearman's tests. Results Regarding AHP, bond strength was similar in the NTP group and in the control group, but significantly lower in the PDT group. As to MTAF, both therapies showed lower values than the control group. In the confocal analysis of AHP, maximum and mean penetration, and penetrated area were statistically higher in the control group than in the PDT and NTP groups. Penetrated perimeter was similar among groups. Regarding MTAF, all parameters yielded better results in the NTP than in the control group. The PDT and control groups showed similar results except for penetrated area. Conclusion PDT and plasma therapy affected the adhesion and sealer penetration of root canals filled with AH Plus and MTA Fillapex and there is no positive correlation between adhesion and sealer penetration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Oxides/chemistry , Photochemotherapy/methods , Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry , Silicates/chemistry , Calcium Compounds/chemistry , Aluminum Compounds/chemistry , Dental Pulp Cavity/drug effects , Epoxy Resins/chemistry , Plasma Gases/chemistry , Reference Values , Root Canal Obturation/methods , Materials Testing , Reproducibility of Results , Dental Bonding/methods , Statistics, Nonparametric , Microscopy, Confocal , Drug Combinations
14.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 105(1): 3-8, mar. 2017. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-869386

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Evaluar ex vivo el sellado obtenido a nivel deconductos laterales simulados en piezas dentarias con conductosradiculares amplios, obturadas con ProRoot MTA, DensellMTA y gutapercha más AHPlus con termocompactación.Materiales y métodos: Se seleccionaron 45 incisivoscentrales superiores humanos extraídos con ápices maduros.Se realizaron las aperturas coronarias y se instrumentaron losconductos radiculares hasta la longitud de trabajo con limastipo K (Dentsply/Maillefer) y luego con fresas Largo #1, #2y #3 (Dentsply/Maillefer). Durante la preparación, los conductosradiculares se irrigaron con agua destilada. Luego, en35 de los 45 dientes se talló un conducto lateral simulado enla cara mesial, a aproximadamente 3 mm del ápice anatómico,empleando un instrumento Engine Reamer #15 (Dentsply/Maillefer). Las raíces de los 35 dientes fueron recubiertaspor una lámina de gomaespuma y envueltas con una cintade teflón, a fin de simular el ligamento periodontal. En estascondiciones, se dividieron los 45 dientes en cuatro grupos de10 especímenes cada uno y un grupo control de 5 especímenes.Grupo control: conducto radicular no obturado. Grupo1: conducto radicular obturado con ProRoot MTA (Dentsply/Maillefer). Grupo 2: conducto radicular obturado con MTACemento Reparador (Densell). Grupo 3: conducto radicularobturado con AHPlus (Dentsply De Trey) y conos de gutaperchacon la técnica híbrida empleando un Guttacondensor#45 (Dentsply/Maillefer). Grupo 4: comprende los 10 especímenesen los que no se habían tallado los conductos lateralessimulados. Se obturaron los conductos radiculares conel mismo procedimiento que el grupo 3, y posteriormente setallaron los conductos laterales simulados...


Aim: Ex vivo evaluation of the sealing obtained at thelevel of simulated lateral canals in teeth with wide root canals,filled with ProRoot MTA, Densell MTA and AHPlus withthermo-compacted gutta-percha.Materials and methods: Forty-five extracted maxillaryhuman central incisors with mature apices were selected.The canals were instrumented at the working length with Kfiles (Dentsply/Maillefer) and then using Largo burs #1, #2,and #3 (Dentsply/Maillefer). During the preparation, the rootcanals were irrigated with distilled water. Later, in 35 of the45 teeth, a simulated lateral canal was drilled in the mesialsurface of each sample at approximately 3 mm coronally tothe anatomic apex using an Engine Reamer #15 (Dentsply/Maillefer). The surfaces of these 35 teeth were wrapped upwith a thin layer of foam and covered with teflon tape to simulatethe periodontal ligament. The 45 teeth were divided intofour groups of 10 specimens each, and a control group of 5specimens. Control group: unfilled root canal. Group 1: rootcanal filled with ProRoot MTA (Dentsply/Maillefer). Group2: root canal filled with MTA Cemento Reparador (Densell).Group 3: root canal filled with AHPlus (Dentsply) and thehybrid technique using gutta-percha and Guttacondensor#45 (Dentsply/Maillefer). Group 4: this group includes the10 specimens in which the simulated lateral canals were notdrilled. The root canals were filled with the same procedureas group 3 and then the simulated lateral canals were drilled...


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology , Dental Leakage/diagnosis , Root Canal Filling Materials/classification , Root Canal Obturation/methods , Gutta-Percha/chemistry , Tooth Root/anatomy & histology , Statistical Analysis
15.
Dent. press endod ; 7(1): 14-19, Jan-Apr. 2017. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-846720

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: o objetivo deste relato de caso foi descrever o tratamento endodôntico de um primeiro pré-molar inferior com três canais. Relato do caso: paciente do sexo masculino, 54 anos de idade, procurou o serviço de emergência da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro com dor no dente #34. Ao exame clínico/radiográfico, observou-se cárie extensa. O teste de sensibilidade pulpar exibia resposta positiva e exacerbada, com ausência de sintomatologia periapical ao exame de palpação e percussão. Portanto, foi diagnosticado um quadro de pulpite irreversível. O paciente foi anestesiado, realizou-se o isolamento absoluto e a abertura coronária. O preparo mecânico foi realizado com a técnica manual crown-down, sendo o comprimento de trabalho estabelecido a 1 mm aquém do ápice radicular, nos três canais. O hipoclorito de sódio a 2,5% foi usado como solução irrigadora e, para remoção da smear layer, utilizou-se EDTA a 17%. A obturação dos canais radiculares foi realizada pela técnica híbrida de Tagger, utilizando-se o cimento Endofill e cones de guta-percha. A radiografia final exibiu a presença de três canais, um lingual e dois vestibulares, que se encontravam no início do terço apical. Observou-se, ainda, uma ramificação ligando os canais vestibulares (interconduto). Considerações finais: o conhecimento e o domínio da anatomia do canal são fatores chave para o sucesso do tratamento endodôntico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bicuspid/anatomy & histology , Endodontics , Root Canal Obturation/methods , Root Canal Therapy/methods
16.
Bauru; s.n; 2017. 118 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-879689

ABSTRACT

When endodontic treatment fails, an alternative could be root canal retreatment. During this procedure, all filling material should be removed to allow a new root canal preparation and new obturation of the root canal system. Bacteria are the main cause of endodontic treatment failure, and persistent infection may be related to microorganism ability to penetrate into dentinal tubules. Therefore, this requires the use of irrigating solutions with antimicrobial action and low toxicity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of instruments made of different alloys in root canal re-instrumentation during endodontic retreatment of lateral incisors with apical curvature, using computed microtomography and assessment of these samples by scanning electron microscopy after irrigant activation. Furthermore, the antimicrobial action of a root canal irrigant containing silver nanoparticles, 2% chlorhexidine and 2.5% sodium hypochlorite was evaluated against Enterococcus faecalis biofilm and dentin infected with this microorganism. Thirty extracted maxillary lateral incisors with apical curvature were selected. The teeth were instrumented, filled and divided into three different groups according to the protocol for removal of filling material: Group 1: re-instrumentation with Reciproc R25 instruments, Mtwo 40 and ProDesign Logic 50.01; Group 2: re-instrumentation with ProDesign R, ProDesign Logic 40 and ProDesign Logic 50.01; Group 3: re-instrumentation with Gates-Glidden drills and manual instruments K-file and Hedstroem files. For filling material removal analysis, the samples were scanned in a microtomograph device SkyScan 1174, for comparison of images taken before and after removing the root canal filling, and in each sample the volume was calculated at four levels (apical 1, apical 2, middle and cervical). These samples were split and analyzed by scanning electron microscopy to visualize filling material residues before and after irrigant activation with an ultrasonic device and with the EasyClean system used in continuous rotary motion. Statistical analyses were performed using Kruskal-Wallis, Friedman, Wilcoxon and Dunn tests. Furthermore, the minimum inhibitory concentration of an irrigating solution containing silver nanoparticles was determined against strains of Enterococcus faecalis, by using the microdilution method. Additionally, the antimicrobial activity of silver nanoparticle solution, 2% chlorhexidine and 2.5% sodium hypochlorite was tested against Enterococcus faecalis biofilm in vitro. For biofilm formation, bovine dentin blocks were placed in 24-well culture plates and Enterococcus faecalis biofilm was developed for 21 days. The dentin blocks were divided into 9 experimental groups of 5 blocks each, according to the irrigating solution used and the time in contact with the irrigant (5, 15 and 30 minutes). The samples were stained with Live/Dead reagent for analysis by confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). Finally, the antimicrobial action of these solutions was tested after dentinal tubules were contaminated with Enterococcus faecalis. Dentin tubes were made from bovine incisors, taken to a centrifuge and infected with Enterococcus faecalis. The dentin tubes were treated with silver nanoparticle solution, 2% chlorhexidine and 2.5% sodium hypochlorite, and analyzed by CLSM to assess the antimicrobial activity of these solutions against bacteria in the dentinal tubules. The results showed that residues of filling material were found after root canal reinstrumentation in all groups. No significant difference was observed in removal of filling material between the reciprocating instruments Reciproc and ProDesign R and between rotary instruments Mtwo 40 and ProDesign Logic 40. The ProDesign Logic 50/.01 instrument significantly improved the removal of filling material compared with the use of Reciproc and ProDesign R instruments. The apical levels presented greater amount of remnant filling material compared with middle and cervical levels. After canal reinstrumentation, the passive ultrasonic irrigation and irrigant agitation with EasyClean significantly improved the removal of residual filling material in all root canal thirds. There was no significant difference between the performance of ultrasonics and EasyClean regarding the removal of residual filling material, as well no significant difference was observed in the removal of these residues when comparing apical, middle and cervical thirds. Regarding the action of the irrigating solutions against Enterococcus faecalis, the minimum inhibitory concentration of silver nanoparticle solution capable of eliminating this microorganism in broth and agar plates was 94 ppm. After the irrigation of Enterococcus faecalis biofilm, the silver nanoparticle solution was significantly less effective in killing bacteria compared with chlorhexidine when used for time of contact of 5 minutes. The sodium hypochlorite solution presented antimicrobial activity significantly higher compared with the silver nanoparticle solution and chlorhexidine. This solution also presented higher ability to dissolve biofilm in all times tested, whereas the silver nanoparticle solution presented higher ability to dissolve biofilm compared with chlorhexidine in times of 5 and 15 minutes. In infected intratubular dentin with Enterococcus faecalis, the sodium hypochlorite solution presented significant higher effectiveness than the silver nanoparticle solutions and chlorhexidine, especially in middle third and deep areas of the root canal. When comparing the antimicrobial activity of these solutions in biofilm and infected intratubular dentin, it was shown that when the silver nanoparticle solution was used for shorter periods of time, it was more effective in intratubular dentin compared with biofilm. On the other hand, with longer time of 30 minutes, the number of viable bacteria was higher in intratubular dentin than in biofilm, which was also observed when using the sodium hypochlorite solution in this time of action. It was concluded that to increase the rate of success in endodontic retreatment, the combination of the use of reciprocating and rotary instruments in the removal of filling material, the agitation of irrigants and the use of antimicrobial agents could be used in an attempt to eliminate bacteria that resisted to endodontic treatment. (AU)


Em casos de insucesso do tratamento endodôntico, uma alternativa seria o retratamento do canal radicular. Durante este procedimento deve haver remoção de todo o material obturador para que seja realizada novo preparo biomecânico e nova obturação do sistema de canais radiculares. Bactérias são o principal fator etiológico em casos de fracasso da terapia endodôntica, e esta infecção persistente pode estar relacionada à capacidade dos microganismos em penetrar nos túbulos dentinários. Por este motivo é necessário o uso de soluções na irrigação do canal radicular com ação antimicrobiana e com boa tolerância tecidual. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o desempenho dos instrumentos de diferentes ligas metálicas na desobturação do canal radicular durante o retratamento endodôntico de incisivos laterais superiores com curvatura apical, por meio da microtomografia computadorizada e análise destas amostras no microscópio eletrônico de varredura após a ativação de irrigantes. Posteriormente foi avaliada a capacidade antimicrobiana de um irrigante do canal radicular contendo nanopartículas de prata, clorexidina a 2% e hipoclorito de sódio a 2,5% frente ao biofilme de Enterococcus faecalis e à dentina contaminada com este mesmo microrganismo. Foram selecionados trinta incisivos laterais superiores humanos extraídos que apresentavam curvatura apical. Os dentes foram instrumentados, obturados e divididos em três diferentes grupos de acordo com o protocolo de remoção do material obturador do canal radicular: no Grupo 1: a desobturação foi realizada com os instrumentos Reciproc R25, Mtwo 40 e ProDesign Logic 50.01; no Grupo 2: foram utilizados os instrumentos ProDesign R, ProDesign Logic 40 e ProDesign Logic 50.01; e no Grupo 3: a desobturação foi realizada com brocas de Gates-Glidden e instrumentos manuais tipo K e Hedstroem. Para a análise da remoção do material obturador, as amostras foram escaneadas em micrótomogafo SkyScan 1174 para que fossem comparadas as imagens antes e após a desobturação do canal radicular, e em cada amostra este volume foi calculado nos quatro níveis (apical 1, 2, médio e cervical). Estas amostras posteriormente foram clivadas e analisadas no microscópio eletrônico de varredura, para a visualização de resíduos de material obturador antes e após a ativação de irrigantes com o ultrassom e com o sistema EasyClean utilizado em rotação contínua. Para a análise estatística dos resultados foram utilizados os testes de Kruskal-Wallis, Friedman, Wilcoxon e Dunn. Posteriormente, foi determinada a concentração inibitória mínima de uma solução irrigadora do canal contendo nanopartículas de prata frente a cepas de Enterococcus faecalis, através do método de diluição em caldo. Em seguida, foi testada a atividade antimicrobiana das soluções de nanopartículas de prata, da clorexidina a 2% e do hipoclorito de sódio a 2,5% sobre o biofilme de Enterococcus faecalis in vitro. Para isso, foram utilizados blocos de dentina bovina colocados em placas de 24 poços e biofilme de Enterococcus faecalis foi formado durante 21 dias. Os blocos de dentina foram divididos em 9 grupos experimentais com 5 blocos cada um, em função dos irrigantes avaliados e do tempo de exposição à solução irrigadora (5, 10 e 15 minutos). As amostras foram coradas com corante Live/Dead para posterior análise no microscópio confocal de varredura a laser (MCVL). Por fim, foi testada a atividade antimicrobiana destas soluções irrigadoras após a contaminação de túbulos dentinários com Enterococcus faecalis. Foram confeccionados tubos de dentina a partir de incisivos bovinos que foram levados à centrífuga e contaminados com Enterococcus faecalis. Os tubos de dentina receberam tratamento com a solução de nanopartículas de prata, com clorexidina a 2% e com hipoclorito de sódio a 2,5%, e foram analisados no MCVL para avaliar a atividade antimicrobiana das soluções sobre bactérias presentes nos túbulos dentinários. Os resultados demonstraram que resíduos de material obturador foram encontrados após a desobturação do canal em todos os grupos. Não houve diferença significante na remoção de material obturador entre os instrumentos reciprocantes Reciproc e ProDesign R e entre os instrumentos rotatórios Mtwo 40 e ProDesign Logic 40. O instrumento ProDesign Logic 50/.01 melhorou significantemente a remoção de material obturador comparado com o uso dos instrumentos Reciproc e ProDesign R. Os níveis apicais apresentaram uma maior quantidade de material obturador remanescente comparados com os níveis médio e cervical. Após a desobturação do canal radicular, a irrigação ultrassônica passiva e agitação dos irrigantes com o EasyClean melhoraram significantemente a remoção de resíduos de material obturador em todos os terços do canal radicular. Não houve diferença significante no desempenho do ultrassom e do EasyClean em relação à remoção de resíduos de material obturador, assim como não foi observada diferença significante na remoção destes resíduos quando comparados terços apical, médio e cervical. No que diz respeito à ação das soluções irrigadoras sobre o Enterococcus faecalis, a concentração inibitória mínima da solução de nanopartículas de prata capaz de eliminar este microrganimo em meio de cultura e ágar foi de 94 ppm. Após a irrigação no biofilme de Enterococcus faecalis, a solução de nanopartículas de prata foi significantemente menos efetiva em matar bactérias comparada com a clorexidina quando utilizadas pelo tempo de 5 minutos. A solução de hipoclorito de sódio apresentou atividade antimicrobiana significantemente maior comparada com as soluções de nanopartículas de prata e clorexidina. Essa solução ainda apresentou maior capacidade de dissolução do biofilme em todos os tempos testados, enquanto que a solução de nanopartículas de prata apresentou maior capacidade de dissolver o biofilme comparada à clorexidina nos tempos de 5 e 15 minutos. Na dentina intratubular infectada com Enterococcus faecalis, a solução de hipoclorito de sódio apresentou efetividade significantemente maior que as soluções de nanopartículas de prata e clorexidina, principalmente no terço médio e na região profunda do canal radicular. Quando comparada a atividade antimicrobiana destas soluções no biofilme e na dentina intratubular infectada, verificou-se que quando a solução de nanopartículas de prata foi utilizada por um tempo mais curto, foi mais efetiva na dentina intratubular comparada com o biofilme. De maneira contrária, com tempo maior de 30 minutos, o número e bactérias viáveis foi maior na dentina intratubular do que no biofilme, o que ocorreu também com a solução de hipoclorito de sódio neste tempo de ação. Conclui-se que para se aumentar a chance de sucesso em tratamentos retratamentos endodônticos, a combinação do uso de instrumentos reciprocantes e rotatórios na desobturação do canal, agitação de irrigantes e uso de agentes com capacidade antimicrobiana podem ser utilizados na tentativa de se eliminar bactérias resistente ao tratamento endodôntico. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Chlorhexidine/pharmacology , Enterococcus faecalis/drug effects , Metal Nanoparticles/chemistry , Root Canal Irrigants/pharmacology , Root Canal Obturation/methods , Sodium Hypochlorite/pharmacology , Anti-Infective Agents/pharmacology , Biofilms/drug effects , Dental Pulp Cavity/microbiology , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Reproducibility of Results , Retreatment/methods , Root Canal Obturation/instrumentation , X-Ray Microtomography
17.
Bauru; s.n; 2017. 91 p. tab, ilust.
Thesis in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-878245

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of preparation, filling removal material, reinstrumentation and reobturation of root canals with different Ni-Ti alloys in endodontic retreatment. Firstly, the selection and pairing of mesial root canals of mandibular molars (n = 45) were performed by computerized micro-tomography (micro-CT). After pairing, the specimens were divided into three groups (n = 15), instrumented with the Mtwo® (up to file 25.06), ProDesign Logic (25.06) and ProDesign R (25.06) systems. After this, the specimens were scanned again for root canal deviation analysis at 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 mm from the apex and the volume increase of these root canals was evaluated through CTan Then, the root canals were filled with Endofill® with 0.1% rhodamine B and scanned in micro-CT once again. For the retreatment of the specimens, 3 groups were established according to the system used (Reciproc®, Hyflex® and ProDesign Duo Hybrid®). During the retreatment, the specimens were scanned in micro-CT in two more phases, after removal of filling material and after reinstrumentation of the root canals. All the images obtained previous and post-retreatment were compared to evaluate the capacity of removal filling material of each system through the volume of material remaining at 3mm in the apical third. Possible deviation of the root canal was assessed at 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 mm from the apex. In addition, the times of preparation, removal filling material and reinstrumentation of these files were also evaluated. After the removal filling material and reinstrumentation of the root canals, they were refilled with AH Plus with 0.1% fluorescein. The specimens were sectioned crosswise into 2 mm slices to be analyzed by a confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM) at 1, 3 and 5 mm from the apex, where the volume of material was evaluated through LAS X 3D and 2D software. The time of preparation, removal filling material and reinstrumentation of the root canals between the different systems was measured by a digital timer. The evaluation of canal volumetric increase and preparation time between Mtwo and ProDesign Logic systems were conducted using Student t-test analysis. Non-parametric Wilcoxon test was used to the intragroup comparison at the 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 mm levels and non-parametric Mann-Whitney test was used to the comparison between groups in the root canal transportation in all sections of the root canal. The intra-group comparison regarding the presence or absence of root canal deviation after removal of root canal filling material and re-instrumentation was submitted to the parametric T-paired statistical test, since it had a normal distribution. The working time with the different alloys used to removal filling material an reinstrumentation was analyzed through parametric ANOVA e Tukey statistical test. The analysis of the remaining material present in the root canals was performed with nonparametric Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn tests. For the intra-group comparison between the different slices (1, 3 and 5 mm), the data were submitted to nonparametric Friedman and Dunn tests. The level of significance was established at 5% in all analysis. After the initial preparation of the root canals, the ProDesign Logic system proved to be faster than Mtwo system, with statistical difference between them (P <0.05). There was no statistical difference in root canal deviation after initial preparation and after retreatment (P> 0.05). In addition, the groups did not present a significant statistical difference to the volume increase of the root canals after the initial preparation or to the volume of filling material remaining after the retreatment (P> 0.05). The Reciproc system proved to be the fastest system for the removal filling material and reinstrumentation of the root canals (P <0.05). The present study demonstrated that the Prodesign Logic and Mtwo systems presented similar capacity of preparation of mesial root canals. The Reciproc, Hyflex and ProDesign Duo Hybrid systems are similar in the removal of filling material, preserving the original root canal shape in endodontic retreatment. However, Reciproc was the fastest compared to the other groups.(AU)


O presente trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar os efeitos decorrentes do preparo inicial, desobturação, reinstrumentação e reobturação de canais radiculares com diferentes ligas de Ni-Ti em casos de retratamento endodôntico. Primeiramente, foi realizado a seleção e o pareamento da anatomia de canais mesiais de primeiros molares inferiores (n=45) através de micro-tomografia computadorizada (micro-CT). Após o pareamento dos espécimes, os mesmos foram divididos em três grupos (n =15), instrumentados com os sistemas Mtwo® (até a lima 25.06), ProDesign Logic (25.06) e ProDesign R (25.06) sendo escaneados novamente para análise de desvio do canal radicular a 2, 4, 6, 8 e 10 mm, além do aumento de volume desses canais, avaliados através do CTan. Em seguida, os canais radiculares foram obturados com o cimento Endofill® acrescido de 0,1% de rodamina B e escaneados em micro-CT mais uma vez. Para o retratamento dos espécimes, foram estabelecidos 3 grupos, de acordo com o sistema utilizado (Reciproc®, Hyflex® e ProDesign Duo Híbrido®). Durante o retratamento, os espécimes foram escaneados em micro-CT em mais duas etapas, após a desobturação e a após a reinstrumentação dos canais. Todas as imagens obtidas referentes ao pré e pós retratamento foram confrontadas com o intuito de avaliar a capacidade de remoção de material obturador de cada sistema através do volume de material remanescente nos 3 mm apicais, além de avaliar possíveis desvios dos canais a 2, 4, 6, 8 e 10 mm do ápice. Foram avaliados também, o tempo efetivo de preparo, desobturação e de reinstrumentação desses instrumentos. Após a desobturação e reinstrumentação dos canais, os mesmos foram reobturados com cimento AH Plus acrescido de 0,1% de fluoresceína. Os espécimes foram seccionados transversalmente em fatias de 2 mm para serem analisados em microscópio confocal de varredura a laser (MCVL) a 1, 3 e 5 mm do ápice, onde foi avaliado, através do software LAS X 3D e 2D, o volume de material obturador antigo. O tempo de preparo, desobturação e reinstrumentação dos canais entre os diferentes sistemas foi marcado através de um cronômetro digital. A análise do aumento volumétrico e tempo de preparo entre os sistemas Mtwo e ProDesign Logic foi feita através do teste estatístico Student t. Para a análise do desvio do canal radicular após o preparo inicial, o teste não-paramétrico Wilcoxon foi utilizado para a comparação intra-grupos nos níveis a 2, 4, 6, 8 e 10 mm do ápice, enquanto o teste não-paramétrico Mann-Whitney foi utilizado para comparação entre os grupos nos mesmos níveis. Para a análise do desvio do canal radicular após a desobturação e reinstrumentação dos canais, os dados foram submetidos ao teste paramétrico T-pareado. O tempo de desobturação e reinstrumentação com os diferentes sistemas foi analisado através do teste ANOVA e Tukey. Os dados referentes ao remanescente de material obturador foram analisados através dos testes não-paramétrico Kruskal-Wallis e Dunn. Para a comparação intra-grupos entre os diferentes níveis (1, 3 e 5 mm) foram utilizados os testes não-paramétricos Friedman e Dunn. O nível de significância foi estabelecido a 5% em todas as análises. Após o preparo inicial dos canais, o sistema ProDesign Logic demonstrou ser mais rápido que o sistema Mtwo, havendo diferença estatística entre eles (P < 0.05). Não houve diferença estatística quanto ao desvio do canal radicular tanto após o preparo inicial quanto após o retratamento (P > 0.05). Além disso, os grupos também não apresentaram diferença estatística significante quanto ao aumento do volume dos canais após o preparo inicial, nem em relação ao volume de remanescente de material obturador após o retratamento (P > 0.05). O sistema Reciproc demonstrou ser o mais rápido dentre os sistemas quanto à desobturação e reinstrumentação dos canais (P < 0.05). O presente trabalho demonstrou que os sistemas Prodesign Logic and Mtwo apresentaram capacidade similar de preparo dos canais mesiais de molares inferiores. Os sistemas Reciproc, Hyflex e ProDesign Duo Híbrido são parecidos quanto à remoção de material obturador, preservando o formato original do canal em casos de retratamentos entodônticos. Entretanto, Reciproc foi o mais rápido comparado aos outros grupos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Instruments , Nickel/chemistry , Retreatment/instrumentation , Root Canal Obturation/instrumentation , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Titanium/chemistry , Analysis of Variance , Dental Alloys/chemistry , Epoxy Resins/chemistry , Materials Testing , Reproducibility of Results , Retreatment/methods , Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry , Root Canal Obturation/methods , Root Canal Preparation/methods , Statistics, Nonparametric , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
18.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 31: e114, 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952083

ABSTRACT

Abstract: The aim of this study was to compare two irrigation techniques and four devices for endodontic sealer placement into the dentinal tubules. Ninety-nine single-rooted human teeth were instrumented and allocated to either the control (CO) (n=11) or experimental groups according to the irrigation method: syringe and NaveTip needle (NT) (n=44), and EndoActivator (EA) (n=44). These groups were subdivided according to sealer placement into K-File (KF), lentulo spiral (LS), Easy Clean (EC), and EndoActivator (EA) subgroups. Moreover, the distances of 5 mm and 2 mm from the apex were analyzed. The teeth were obturated with AH Plus and GuttaCore X3. Analyses were performed by scanning electron microscopy associated to cathodoluminescence. The percentage and maximum depth of sealer penetration were measured. Data were evaluated by three-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Games-Howell test (p<0.05). EA was superior to NT in percentage of sealer penetration. EC was significantly superior to EA (subgroup) for sealer penetration, and both improved the percentage of sealer penetration when compared to LS. Better sealer penetration was observed at the distance of 5 mm from the apex. Sealer penetration into the dentinal tubules was significantly improved by sonic irrigant activation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry , Root Canal Irrigants/chemistry , Root Canal Obturation/methods , Root Canal Preparation/methods , Dentin/drug effects , Therapeutic Irrigation/methods , Rhodamines , Root Canal Filling Materials/therapeutic use , Root Canal Irrigants/therapeutic use , Root Canal Obturation/instrumentation , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Microscopy, Confocal , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Dental Pulp Cavity/drug effects , Dental Pulp Cavity/ultrastructure , Dentin/ultrastructure , Epoxy Resins/therapeutic use , Epoxy Resins/chemistry , Therapeutic Irrigation/instrumentation
19.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 104(3): 95-101, jun.-sept. 2016. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-835487

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Evaluar comparativamente y ex vivo la adaptación del material de obturación a las paredes del conducto radicular, empleando dos técnicas de obturación endodóntica. Materiales y métodos. Material y métodos: se seleccionaron 20 raíces mesiales de molares inferiores, cuyos conductos radiculares fueron instrumentados, hasta la longitud de trabajo, con ProTaper Universal y divididos al azar en dos grupos iguales, de 20 espcímenes cada uno, obturados con las siguientes técnicas: grupo A, cono único de gutapercha y sellador; grupo B, GuttaCore y sellador. Las piezas dentarias obturadas fueron conservadas en estufa de cultivo a 37ºC y 100 por ciento de humedad durante 7 días. A continuación se realizaron cortes transversales en los tercios coronario, medio y apical de las raíces y se observaron con un microscopio óptico a X30. A los efectos de cuantificiar los resultados obtenidos, se dividieron los cortes de los conductos radiculares en cuatro cuadrantes y se estableció la siguiente categorización: 0, adaptación de la gutapercha a las paredes del conducto; 1. Adaptación del sellador a las paredes del conducto; 2. Presencia de vacíos en contacto con la pared del conducto. Los resultados fueron evaluados estadísticamente conla prueba no paramétrica de Mann-Whitney. Resultados: el grupo B (GuttaCore) mostró mayor adaptación de la gutapercha a las paredes del conducto radicular y menor cantidad de sellador endodóntico en la interfase material de obturación/pared dentinaria que el grupo A (cono único). Se observaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre los dos grupos evaluados (p<0,05). Conclusiones: el GuttaCore presentó muy buena distribución y adaptación de la gutapercha en el sistema del conducto radicular, con escasa cantidad de sellador en la interfase material de obturación/ pared dentinaria.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology , Gutta-Percha/chemistry , Root Canal Obturation/methods , Tooth Apex/anatomy & histology , Dental Marginal Adaptation , Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry , Statistical Analysis
20.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 104(3): 102-109, jun.-sept. 2016. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-835488

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Evaluar cuantitativamente el calibre y la conicidad de los conos de gutapercha Mtwo (VDW, Munich, Alemania). Materiales y métodos: se seleccionaron al azar 50 conos de gutapercha marca Mtwo (VDW, Munich, Alemania) entre 300, provenientes de 5 cajas de conos surtidos #25 .06, #30 .05, #35 .04, #40 .04 y #25 .07. Fueron descartados aquellos que visualmente tenían algún defecto. Los elegidos se separaron en grupos de 10, según el número. Se midió cada cono en el vértice y a 1 mm, 2 mm, 3 mm, 4 mm y 5 mm, con un especímetro centesimal modelo 7301 (Mitutoyo, Japón). Se realizaron 300 determinaciones, que fueron efectuadas por dos operadores. Cuando hubo diferencias, se repitieron las mediciones hasta hallar coincidencia. Los datos fueron registrados en una planilla de Excel (Microsoft Corporation, Estados Unidos) diseñada al efecto. El análisis estadístico se llevó a cabo con prueba de hipótesis de dos colas, contrastando la media con el valor teórico. Resultados: se hallaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas para los conos #25 .06, en la determinación a 2 mm. En cuanto al resto de las mediciones, no hubo diferencias significativas. Conclusión: de acuerdo a los resultados obtenidos sobre la muestra analizada, en general los conos de gutapercha Mtwo respetan las espcificaciones ISO de fabricación.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental High-Speed Equipment , Gutta-Percha/chemistry , Root Canal Filling Materials/analysis , Root Canal Obturation/instrumentation , Root Canal Obturation/methods , Reference Standards , Statistical Analysis , Surface Properties
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