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1.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 111(2): 1110871, mayo-ago. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1537147

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de esta comunicación es describir y analizar el sistema BlueShaper para la preparación quirúrgica mecaniza- da de los conductos radiculares. El sistema dispone de un set básico de 4 limas: Z1, Z2, Z3 y Z4, con un D0 de 0,14 mm, 0,17 mm, 0,19 mm y 0,25 mm respectivamente y conicidad variable que oscila entre el 2 y 10 %. La lima Z1 posee una aleación Pink, que le confiere mayor resistencia a la torsión y una gran capacidad de corte. Las limas Z2, Z3 y Z4 presentan una aleación Blue que aumenta la resistencia a la fatiga cíclica e incrementa su flexibilidad. Para conductos radiculares más amplios se incluyen, además, las limas Z5, Z6 y Z7. La empresa comer- cializa conos de gutapercha BlueShaper que se corresponden con las limas Z3, Z4, Z5, Z6 y Z7. El sistema de limas mul- tialeación Blue Shaper podría considerarse como un nuevo aporte clínico para la preparación mecánica de los conductos radiculares (AU)


The aim of this communication was to describe and analyze the BlueShaper system for the mechanized surgical preparation of root canals. The system has a basic set of 4 files: Z1, Z2, Z3 and Z4, with 0.14 mm, 0.17 mm, 0.19 mm and 0.25 mm DO respective- ly, and variable conicity ranging between 2 and 10 %. Z1 file has a Pink alloy, which gives it greater resistance to torsion and great cutting capacity. The Z2, Z3 and Z4 files feature a Blue alloy that increases resistance to cyclic fatigue and increases their flexibility. For larger root canals, the Z5, Z6 and Z7 files are also included. The company supplies specific BlueShaper ́s gutta-percha cones for Z3, Z4, Z5, Z6 and Z7 files. The BlueShaper multialloy file system could be consid- ered as a new clinical contribution for the mechanical prepa- ration of root canals (AU)


Subject(s)
Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Dental Alloys , Dental Instruments , Rotation , Thermodynamics , Torsion, Mechanical
2.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1507024

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the efficacy of 5% Glycolic Acid (GA), 17% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) and 7% maleic acid (MA), in removing the smear layer (SL). Material and Methods: For the experiment, forty single-rooted human teeth were selected. To perform the chemo‑mechanical preparation, the root canals were instrumented to an apical size of #30, along with simultaneous irrigation of 2.5% NaOCl. The samples were allotted to the experimental groups based on the final irrigating solution (n=10): (1) The GA group: 05%, (2) the EDTA group: 17%, (3) the MA group: 7%, and (4) the control group: Distilled water. The teeth were evaluated for the presence or absence of SL using SEM. Results: Comparing the 5% GA, 7% MA and 17% EDTA groups, no statistically significant differences were found at the coronal and middle thirds (p>0.05). However, in the apical third, MA had greater efficacy than EDTA (p=0.002) and GA (p=0.041), with a significant difference in the SL removal, while there was no significant difference between the latter (p=0.148). Conclusion: Thus, it was concluded that 7% maleic acid as a final irrigating solution is more efficacious than 17% EDTA and 5% glycolic acid in eliminating the smear layer from the apical portion of the root canal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Smear Layer , Edetic Acid/chemistry , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Dental Pulp Cavity , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning/instrumentation , Chi-Square Distribution , Statistics, Nonparametric
3.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e233938, Jan.-Dec. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1519306

ABSTRACT

The study aimed to find the incidence and awareness of endodontic instrument separation and its management among dental house officers, postgraduate trainees, demonstrators, consultants, and general dentists. Methods: This online questionnaire-based cross-sectional study was conducted with the approval of the IRB in private and public dental hospitals and dental clinics in Punjab. The authors developed the survey tool, which comprises 24 closed-ended items regarding demographics, the incidence of file separation, and awareness about its management. The data were analyzed using IBM SPSS version 24. The Chi-Square Test was used to compare percentages of categorical variables. Results: Postgraduate trainees experienced the most instrument separations (43.6%), made the most retrieval attempts (49.2%), and experienced the most secondary errors during retrieval (52.1%) (p<0.001). Around four out of ten respondents always informed the patients (39.6%) and department (41.6%) about errors. Manual files (69.8%), stainless steel files (75.8%), and short files (60.4%) were more frequently separated, and the most frequent cause was older fatigue files (57.7%). Manual files were more frequently broken in public dental institutes (p=0.003). Two-thirds of the file separations (72.5%) occurred during cleaning and shaping in the apical third of molars (65.1%), especially in mesiolingual canal (56.4%). Bypass attempt was the most common in symptomatic teeth (47.7%). Conclusions: Preventive approaches such as limiting file reuse and constructing a glide path can reduce the occurrence of file separation. Operators should be familiar with the number of uses of the instrument before fatigue and should be trained through workshops and refresher courses


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Dental Instruments , Equipment Failure , Endodontists/statistics & numerical data , Pakistan , Root Canal Therapy/instrumentation , Incidence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
4.
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2022. 95 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1554296

ABSTRACT

O conceito de Endodontia Minimamente Invasiva é amplo, e envolve não só a realização de acessos, mas também o uso de instrumentos com conicidades reduzidas ou geometrias inovadoras. Buscando avaliar se as estratégias minimamente invasivas adotadas apresentam vantagens frente aos tratamentos tradicionais, a presente tese foi dividida em três estudos. O estudo 1 avaliou a preservação da dentina perirradicular e o alargamento da porção apical dos canais de molares inferiores com instrumentos TruNatomy e ProTaper Gold. Para isso, vinte molares inferiores foram microtomografados, pareados e distribuídos em 2 grupos. No grupo ProTaper Gold, os canais mesial e distal foram preparados até os instrumentos F2 e F3, respectivamente, enquanto no grupo TruNatomy, os canais mesial e distal foram ampliados até os instrumentos prime e medium, respectivamente. Após um novo escaneamento, os parâmetros de instrumentação foram calculados. Os dados foram analisados pelos testes de Mann-Whitney, T Student e escalonamento multidimensional não-métrico. Não foram encontradas diferenças entre os grupos em relação à área não preparada e redução de espessura de dentina. O grupo ProTaper Gold removeu mais dentina que o TruNatomy no terço coronal das raízes mesiais. O estudo 2 avaliou a formação de microtrincas dentinárias em molares inferiores acessados de forma ultraconservadora (UltraAC), instrumentados com Reciproc e XP-Endo Shaper. Quarenta molares inferiores foram microtomografados, pareados e distribuídos em 4 grupos de acordo com o tipo de cavidade de acesso e protocolo do sistema de instrumentação: tradicional/Reciproc; tradicional/XP-endo Shaper; UltraAC/Reciproc e UltraAC/XP-endo Shaper. Após os preparos dos canais, os dentes foram escaneados novamente e as imagens transversais das raízes mesiais e distais, do nível da furca ao ápice foram avaliadas com o objetivo de identificar a presença de microtrincas dentinárias. Em todos os grupos, as microtrincas verificadas nas imagens pós-operatórias já estavam presentes no exame pré-operatório. O estudo 3 avaliou a influência de instrumentos com o mesmo diâmetro de ponta e diferentes conicidades no percentual de área não preparada e volume de dentina removida após o preparo dos canais mesiovestibular e distovestibular de molares superiores com ou sem o canal mesiovestibular 2 (MV2). Vinte e dois molares superiores foram selecionados, microtomografados, pareados e classificados em dois grupos, de acordo com a anatomia das raízes: dentes com MV2 e dentes sem MV2. Após o acesso, os canais radiculares foram preparados com instrumentos 25/.01, 25/.03, 25/.05, 25/.06 e 25/.08v. Os dentes foram submetidos a novos escaneamentos por micro-CT após preparo com cada instrumento descrito anteriormente. Os dados foram analisados usando o Modelo linear generalizado misto e aproximação de Kenward-Roger para testes Wald F. Em dentes com e sem canais MV2, a porcentagem de área não preparada apresentou uma diminuição significativa ao longo do tratamento após cada instrumento utilizado e a porcentagem de dentina removida apresentou um aumento significativo ao longo do tratamento. Com base nos estudos, concluiu-se que as estratégias minimamente invasivas adotadas não apresentaram vantagens frente aos tratamentos tradicionais(AU)


The concept of Minimally Invasive Endodontics is broad, and involves not only the realization of accesses, but also the use of instruments with reduced tapers or innovative geometries. Seeking to assess whether the minimally invasive strategies adopted have advantages over traditional treatments, this thesis was divided into three studies. Study 1 evaluated the preservation of periradicular dentin and enlargement of the apical portion of the mandibular molar canals prepared with TruNatomy and ProTaper Gold instruments. For this, twenty lower molars were microtomography, paired and divided into 2 groups. In the ProTaper Gold group, the mesial and distal canals were prepared up to the F2 and F3 instruments, respectively, while in the TruNatomy group, the mesial and distal canals were prepared up to the prime and medium instruments, respectively. After a new scan, the instrumentation parameters were calculated. Data were analyzed by Mann-Whitney, T Student and non-metric multidimensional scaling tests. No differences were found between groups regarding unprepared area and dentin thickness reduction. The ProTaper Gold group removed more dentin than TruNatomy in the coronal third of the mesial roots. Study 2 evaluated the formation of dentinal microcracks in mandibular molars accessed by ultraconservative cavites (UltraAC), instrumented with Reciproc and XP-Endo Shaper. Forty lower molars were microtomography, paired and divided into 4 groups according to the type of access cavity and instrumentation system protocol: traditional/Reciproc; traditional/XP-endo Shaper; UltraAC/Reciproc and UltraAC/XP-endo Shaper. After the root canal preparations, the teeth were scanned again and the transverse images of the mesial and distal roots, from the furcation level to the apex, were evaluated in order to identify the presence of dentinal microcracks. In all groups, the microcracks seen in the postoperative images were already present in the preoperative examination. Study 3 evaluated the influence of instruments with the same tip diameter and different tapers on the percentage of unprepared area and volume of dentin removed after preparation of the mesiobuccal and distobuccal canals of maxillary molars with or without the mesiobuccal canal 2 (MV2). Twenty-two maxillary molars were selected, microtomography, paired and classified into two groups, according to root anatomy: teeth with MV2 and teeth without MV2. After access, the root canals were prepared with instruments 25/.01, 25/.03, 25/.05, 25/.06 and 25/.08v. The teeth were rescanned by micro-CT after preparation with each instrument described above. Data were analyzed using the Generalized Linear Mixed Model and Kenward-Roger approximation for Wald F tests. In teeth with and without MV2 canals, the percentage of unprepared area showed a significant decrease throughout the treatment after each instrument used and the percentage of removed dentin showed a significant increase during treatment. Based on the studies, it was concluded that the minimally invasive strategies adopted did not present advantages over traditional treatments(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Root Canal Preparation/methods , X-Ray Microtomography , Molar/diagnostic imaging , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Dental Pulp Cavity
5.
Dent. press endod ; 11(3): 52-57, Sept-Dec.2021. Tab, Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1379356

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar a influência do pré-alargamento coronário na resistência à fadiga cíclica de dois instrumentos reciprocantes tratados termicamente. Métodos: 20 instrumentos Reciproc Blue (R25 Blue) e 20 instrumentos X1 Blue (X1) foram utilizados para instrumentar blocos de resina simulando um molar superior com três canais radiculares. Os dentes foram divididos em quatro grupos (n=10), de acordo com o instrumento e com a técnica de instrumentação utilizada: grupos R25 e X1 - instrumentação com R25 Blue (25/0.08) ou X1 Blue (25/0.06), respectivamente, sem alargamento prévio; e grupos R25 ou X1 + pré-alargamento cervical - pré-alargamento com os instrumentos ProTaper Universal SX e S1 antes da instrumentação com R25 Blue ou X1. Os instrumentos foram testados com relação à fadiga cíclica utilizando-se um canal simulado de aço inoxidável com ângulo de curvatura de 86 graus e raio de curvatura de 6 mm. Os instrumentos foram acionados utilizando-se o movimento "RECIPROC ALL" do motor endodôntico (VDW) e o tempo de instrumentação até a fratura do instrumento foi contabilizado. Os resultados foram analisados pelo teste t de Student (p<0,05). Resultados: Os instrumentos X1 apresentaram maior resistência à fadiga cíclica do que R25 Blue em ambas as condições testadas (p<0,05). Não houve diferença entre os grupos com e sem pré-alargamento coronário para os instrumentos R25 Blue e X1 (p>0,05). Conclusão: O instrumento X1 Blue apresentou maior resistência à fadiga cíclica do que o Reciproc Blue. O pré-alargamento coronário não foi capaz de aumentar a resistência à fratura por fadiga cíclica dos instrumentos testados (AU).


Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of cervical pre-flaring on the cyclic fatigue resistance of two heat-treated reciprocating instruments. Methods: 20 Reciproc Blue (R25 Blue) instruments e 20 X1 Blue File (X1) were used to instrument resin blocks simulating an upper molar with 3 root canals. The specimens were divided into four groups (n=10) according the instrument and type of instrumentation used: R25 and X1 groups: root canal preparation with R25 Blue (25/0.08) ou X1 Blue (25/0.06), without cervical pre-flaring; R25 or X1 + cervical pre-flaring- pre-flaring with ProTaper Universal SX e S1 before instrumentation with R25 Blue or X1 blue. After instrumentation the instruments were tested for cyclic fatigue using a simulated stainless steel root canal with 86 degree bending angle and 6 mm bending radius. The instruments were triggered using the "RECIPROC ALL" motion of a reciprocating endodontic motor (VDW) and the instrumentation time until instrument fracture was accounted. Results were analyzed by Students t-test (p<0.05). Results: Statistical analysis showed that the X1 Blue showed higher resistance to cyclic fatigue than the R25 Blue under both conditions tested (p<0.05). There were no differences between the groups with and without coronary pre-flaring for the R25 Blue and X1 Blue (p<0.05). Conclusion: X1 Blue showed higher resistance to cyclic fatigue than the R25 Blue. The cervical pre-flaring did not increased the resistance to cyclic fatigue fracture of the tested instruments (AU)


Subject(s)
Stainless Steel , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Flexural Strength , Hot Temperature , Simulation Exercise , Fatigue
6.
Dent. press endod ; 11(3): 87-93, Sept-Dec.2021. Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1380050

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O alargamento do forame refere-se ao alargamento mecânico intencional do forame para reduzir a carga bacteriana em uma área afetada frequentemente por infecções endodônticas além do limite da constrição apical. Objetivo: O objetivo do presente relato de caso é apresentar a técnica de alargamento do forame de um dente com lesão periapical extensa, como complemento do tratamento endodôntico e alternativa precoce à microcirurgia periapical. Métodos: É apresentado o caso de um incisivo lateral superior endodonticamente tratado, com uma extensa lesão periapical associada. Devido à história clínica e radiográfica, tempo decorrido desde o tratamento endodôntico inicial e alta probabilidade de áreas de reabsorção apical com biofilme extrarradicular, o retratamento endodôntico com alargamento do forame foi indicado como primeira opção, adiando a indicação de cirurgia endodôntica de acordo com a evolução. Resultados: Na avaliação de acompanhamento de dois anos, por exame de imagem, observou-se evolução clínica favorável ao retratamento, com aumento total da densidade óssea. O procedimento cirúrgico endodôntico complementar foi descartado. Conclusão: O alargamento do forame é uma alternativa complementar viável em casos de periodontite apical de longa duração com suspeita de biofilme no nível do forame. Pode ser considerado uma opção antes da indicação de retratamento endodôntico cirúrgico (AU).


Introduction: Foraminal enlargement refers to intentional mechanical enlargement of the foramen to reduce the bacterial load in an area frequently affected by endodontic infections beyond the limits of the apical constriction. The objective of this case report is to present the foraminal enlargement technique of a tooth with an extensive periapical lesion as a complement in the endodontic treatment and an early alternative to periapical microsurgery. Materials and methods: The case is presented of an endodontically treated upper lateral incisor with an extensive associated periapical lesion. Due to the clinical and radiographic history, the time elapsed since the initial endodontic treatment, and the high probability of areas of apical resorption with extra-radicular biofilm, endodontic retreatment with foraminal enlargement was indicated as the first option, postponing the indication for endodontic surgery according to evolution. Results: In the follow-up appointment at 2 years, a favorable clinical imaging evolution of retreatment was observed, with a total increase in bone density. The complementary endodontic surgical procedure was discarded. Conclusion: Foraminal enlargement is a viable complementary alternative in cases of long-term apical periodontitis with suspicion of biofilm at the foramen level. It can be considered an option before the indication of surgical endodontic retreatment (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Periapical Periodontitis , Wound Healing , Bacterial Load , Apicoectomy , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Retreatment
7.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 109(2): 81-85, ago. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348364

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Comparar el tiempo empleado por los instrumen- tos TruNatomy Medium y ProTaper Next X3 para penetrar hasta la longitud de trabajo la masa de obturaciones realizadas con Gut- taCore Primary y sellador en conductos curvos simulados. Materiales y métodos: Se prepararon 20 conductos curvos simulados con instrumentos rotatorios WaveOne Gold Primary y se obturaron con GuttaCore Primary y AH Plus. Las muestras fueron divididas en dos grupos de 10 cada uno. Grupo 1: El material de obturación fue penetrado hasta la lon- gitud de trabajo con instrumentos TruNatomy Medium. Gru- po 2: El material de obturación fue penetrado hasta la longitud de trabajo con instrumentos ProTaper Next X3. Se registraron los tiempos de penetración requeridos para cada grupo y los valores obtenidos fueron analizados mediante la prueba t de Student. Resultados: Los instrumentos ProTaper Next X3 pe- netraron la masa del material de obturación más rápidamente que los instrumentos TruNatomy MediumTM. Las diferencias observadas entre ambos instrumentos fueron estadísticamente significativas (P <0.01). Conclusión: Si bien los instrumentos ProTaper Next X3 y TruNatomy MediumTM penetraron la masa de Gutta- Core Primary de manera eficiente, ProTaper Next X3 penetró hasta la longitud de trabajo más rápidamente (AU)


Aim: Compare the time required by the instruments TruNatomy Medium and ProTaper Next X3 to penetrate up to the working length the mass of fillings made with GuttaCore Primary and sealant in simulated curved canals. Materials and methods: The simulated canals of 20 EndoTraining Blocks were prepared with WaveOne Gold Pri- mary and obturated with GuttaCore Primary and AH Plus. The sample was divided into two groups of 10 each. Group 1: The sealing material was penetrated up to working length with TruNatomy Medium. Group 2: The sealing material was penetrated up to working length with ProTaper Next X3. The penetration time was recorded in each group and the obtained values were statistically analyzed with the Student's t test. Results: ProTaper Next X3 instruments penetrated the sealing material mass faster than TruNatomy Medium. Statis- tically significant differences were observed between the two instruments (P <0.01). Conclusion: While the ProTaper Next X3 and TruNat- omy Medium penetrated the GuttaCore mass to the working length efficiently, the ProTaper Next X3 did it in less time (AU)


Subject(s)
Root Canal Filling Materials , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Retreatment , Gutta-Percha , Time Factors , Dental High-Speed Equipment , Dental Instruments , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology
8.
RFO UPF ; 26(2): 206-212, 20210808. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1443776

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: avaliar a sujidade de limas rotatórias e reciprocantes após instrumentação e procedimentos de limpeza pré-esterilização. Materiais e métodos: 24 limas rotatórias e as 24 limas reciprocantes foram divididas, aleatoriamente, em dois grandes grupos. No primeiro grupo, as 12 limas rotatórias e as 12 limas reciprocantes foram divididas, aleatoriamente, em seis subgrupos (SG): SG1 (controle negativo 1/n=1) ­ 1 lima rotatória não submetida à instrumentação; SG2 (controle negativo 2/n=1) ­ 1 lima reciprocante não submetida à instrumentação; SG3 (controle positivo 1/n=1) ­ 1 lima rotatória submetida à instrumentação e não submetida a qualquer protocolo de limpeza; SG4 (controle positivo 2/n=1) ­ 1 lima reciprocante submetida à instrumentação e não submetida a qualquer protocolo de limpeza; SG5 (grupo teste/n=10) ­ 10 limas rotatórias submetidas à instrumentação e submetidas ao protocolo de lavagem manual; SG6 (grupo teste/ n=10) ­ 10 limas reciprocantes submetidas à instrumentação e submetidas ao protocolo de lavagem manual. No segundo grupo, as 12 limas rotatórias e as 12 limas reciprocantes foram divididas, aleatoriamente, nos mesmos subgrupos, substituindo, nos subgrupos 5 e 6, a lavagem manual pela lavagem em cuba ultrassônica. A análise do nível de sujidade foi realizada por microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV), sendo os dados submetidos ao teste de Kruskal-Wallis, com nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: a menor média de sujidade entre os grupos experimentais foi encontrada no SG5 do G1, sem diferença significante em relação aos demais grupos testados (p>0,05). Conclusão: conclui-se que os protocolos de limpeza testados não foram completamente efetivos para a remoção de sujidade das limas endodônticas.(AU)


Objective: to evaluate the dirt of rotary and reciprocating files after instrumentation and pre- -sterilization cleaning procedures. Materials and Methods: 24 rotary files and the 24 reciprocating files were randomly divided into two groups. In the 1st group, 12 rotary files and 12 reciprocating files were randomly divided into six subgroups (SG): SG1 (negative control 1/n=1) ­ 1 rotary file not subjected to instrumentation; SG2 (negative control 2/n=1) ­ 1 reciprocating file not subjected to instrumentation; SG3 (positive control 1/n=1) ­ 1 rotary file submitted to instrumentation and not submitted to any cleaning protocol; SG4 (positive control 2/n=1) ­ 1 reciprocating file submitted to instrumentation and not submitted to any cleaning protocol; SG5 (test group/n=10) ­ 10 rotary files submitted to instrumentation and submitted to the manual cleaning protocol; SG6 (test group/n=10) ­ 10 reciprocating files submitted to instrumentation and submitted to the manual cleaning protocol. In the 2nd group, the 12 rotary files and the 12 reciprocating files were randomly divided into the same subgroups, substituting, in subgroups 5 and 6, manual with ultrasonic bath cleaning. The analysis of dirt levels was performed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), being the data submitted to the Kruskal-Wallis test, with a significance level of 5%. Results: the lowest average of dirt between the experimental groups was found in SG5 of G1, with no significant difference when compared to the other groups (p>0.05). Conclusion: it could be concluded that the cleaning protocols were not completely effective in removing dirt from endodontic files.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Sterilization/methods , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Dental Instruments , Reference Values , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Random Allocation , Equipment Contamination , Statistics, Nonparametric , Root Canal Preparation/methods
9.
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2021. 77 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | BBO, LILACS | ID: biblio-1525808

ABSTRACT

As cavidades de acesso dominaram a recente discussão sobre a Endodontia minimamente invasiva (EMI). No entanto, a rotulagem da EMI é mais ampla, envolvendo o uso de instrumentos com conicidades reduzidas ou geometrias inovadoras que permitam a remoção mínima de dentina. Além disso, aprimoramentos metodológicos têm sido sugeridos para mimetizar condições clínicas. Buscando responder algumas questões acerca da EMI, a presente tese é dividida em dois estudos. O estudo 1 avaliou a influência do acesso ultraconservador (UltraAC) na instrumentação, na qualidade da obturação e na capacidade máxima de carga para fratura em molares inferiores após o preparo do canal com o sistema XP-endo Shaper (XP) ou Reciproc (RC) em condições clínicas simuladas. Para isso, quarenta molares inferiores foram microtomografados e pareados em quatro grupos (n = 10), de acordo com o acesso e a instrumentação: TradAC/RC, TradAC/XP, UltraAC/RC e UltraAC/XP. Os dentes foram reescaneados e os parâmetros da instrumentação e obturação foram analisados. Os dentes foram restaurados e submetidos à ciclagem termomecânica e à capacidade máxima de carga para a fratura. O teste ANOVA foi usado para a análise estatística (P < 0,05). Os grupos TradAC apresentaram menor porcentagem (%) de área não preparada do que os grupos UltraAC (P < 0,05). O grupo UltraAC/XP apresentou a menor % de dentina removida (P < 0,05). A % de debris foi menor nos grupos UltraAC/XP e TradAC/XP do que no UltraAC/RC e TradAC/RC (P < 0,05). Os grupos UltraAC demonstraram maior % de espaços vazios e de material obturador na câmara pulpar (P < 0,05). Não houve diferença na capacidade máxima de carga para a fratura entre os grupos (P > 0,05). O estudo 2 avaliou o uso de instrumentos com conicidade reduzida - Bassi Logic ,03 (BL), com diferentes designs (XP) e como grupo de comparação o sistem Reciproc, na eficácia da instrumentação dos canais em condições clínicas simuladas. Vinte e quatro molares foram microtomografados, acessados de forma tradicional e divididos em três grupos (n = 8), de acordo com o preparo: BL, XP e RC. Nos grupos BL e RC, os canais mesiais foram instrumentados com 25/,03 ou R25 e o canal distal com 25/,03 e 40/,03 ou R25 e R40, respectivamente. No grupo XP, o mesmo instrumento foi utilizado em todos os canais (30/,04). Após o preparo, os dentes foram reescaneados e a % de área não preparada e de dentina removida foram avaliadas separadamente para os canais mesiais e distal. Os dados foram analisados com os testes ANOVA e de Tukey (P < 0,05). Verificou-se que o grupo BL apresentou maior % de área não preparada para ambos os canais em relação aos grupos XP e RC (P < 0,05). No entanto, não houve diferença na % de dentina removida entre os grupos (P > 0,05). Com base nos estudos, conclui-se que as estratégias minimamente invasivas adotadas no acesso e na instrumentação foram desvantajosas frente a tratamentos tradicionais, não justificando o seu uso(AU)


Access cavities have dominated the recent discussion on minimally invasive Endodontics (EMI). However, the issue of MIE is broader than access cavities, such as the use of instruments with reduced taper or innovative geometries that allow minimal dentin removal. Furthermore, methodological improvements have been suggested to mimic clinical conditions. Seeking to answer some questions about EMI, this thesis is divided into two studies. The first study evaluated the influence of ultraconservative access (UltraAC) on canal shaping, filling ability and maximum load capacity for fracture of mandibular molars after root canal preparation with XP-endo Shaper (XP) or Reciproc (RC), under simulated clinical conditions. Thus, forty mandibular molars were scanned and paired into four groups (n = 10), according to access and instrumentation protocol: TradAC/RC, TradAC/XP, UltraAC/RC and UltraAC/XP. Teeth were rescanned and the instrumentation and filling parameters were analyzed. The teeth were restored and submitted to thermomechanical cycling and maximum load capacity for the fracture. ANOVA test was used for statistical analysis (P < 0.05). The TradAC groups had a lower percentage (%) of unprepared area than the UltraAC groups (P < 0.05). The UltraAC/XP group had the lowest % of dentin removed (P < 0.05). The % of debris was lower in the UltraAC/XP and TradAC/XP groups than in the UltraAC/RC and TradAC/RC groups (P < 0.05). The highest % of voids and filling material in the pulp chamber was observed in the UltraAC groups (P < 0.05). There was no difference in the maximum load capacity for the fracture between the groups (P > 0.05). The second study evaluated the use of a reduced taper endodontic instrument system - Bassi Logic .03 taper (BL), expandable heat-treated system (XP) and, as comparison, the Reciproc system, on the ability to shape canals under simulated clinical conditions. For that, twenty-four mandibular molars were scanned and divided into three groups (n = 8), according to root canal instrumentation system: BL, XP and RC. In the BL and RC groups, the mesial canals were instrumented with 25/.03 or R25 and the distal canal with 25/.03 and 40/.03 or R25 and R40, respectively. In the XP group, the same instrument was used in all root canals (30/.04). After preparation, the teeth were rescanned and the % of unprepared area and dentin removed were evaluated separately for the mesial and distal canals. Data were analyzed using ANOVA and Tukey tests (P < 0.05). It was found that the BL group had a higher % of unprepared area for both root canals compared to the XP and RC groups (P < 0.05). However, there was no difference in the % of dentin removed between groups (P > 0.05). Based on the studies, it is concluded that there is no justification for the use of EMI since in general, UltraAC did not promote advantages over TradAC and the use of instruments with reduced taper resulted in a larger unprepared area, which could possibly influence the cleaning of the root canal system (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Root Canal Preparation/methods , Flexural Strength , X-Ray Microtomography , Molar
10.
Arq. odontol ; 57: 199-207, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1348086

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Comparar o aumento percentual da área da secção reta transversal de canais radiculares, no nível de 3 mm aquém do ápice radicular, após instrumentação com dois sistemas de instrumento único. Métodos: Dezenove primeiros molares inferiores extraídos tiveram as raízes mesiais seccionadas no nível de 3 mm aquém do ápice radicular, sendo os 2 milímetros finais de cada raiz removidos e descartados, para proceder a mensuração da área pré-operatória, através de estereomicroscopia. As raízes foram instrumentadas com os sistemas SAF e Reciproc R25.08 e procedeu-se nova mensuração para comparação do aumento percentual da área. O aumento percentual da área da secção reta transversal foi comparado e analisado estatisticamente pelo teste t de Student. O nível de significância foi estabelecido em 5% (p < 0,05). Resultados: O aumento percentual da área dos canais foi significativamente maior para o grupo Reciproc (p = 0,001) em comparação com o grupo SAF. Os canais instrumentados com o sistema SAF tiveram sua área aumentada em média 53,5%, enquanto que nos instrumentados com o sistema Reciproc a média foi 154,5%. Conclusão: O sistema Reciproc proporcionou um aumento percentual da área da secção reta transversal dos canais radiculares, no nível dos 3 mm apicais, 3 vezes maior que o sistema SAF.


Aim: To compare the percentage increase in the cross-sectional area of root canals, at the level of 3 mm from the root apex after instrumentation with two single instrument systems. Methods: The roots of 19 extracted mandibular first molars were sectioned 3 mm short of the apex level, with the final 2 millimeters of each root removed and discarded in order to enable the preoperative area to be measured by stereomicroscopy. Subsequently, the roots were instrumented with the SAF and Reciproc 25/.08 systems, alternating the technique used per canal from root to root, and a new measurement was performed. After, the percentage increase in area was calculated considering the values of the original and the final area. The Student'st-test was applied to the results, with a level of significance set at 5%. Results: The percentage increase in area of the root canals was significantly higher for the Reciproc (p = 0.001) when compared to the SAF group. In the canals instrumented with the SAF system, the mean increase in area was 53.5%, while in those using the Reciproc system, it was 154.5%. Conclusion:The Reciproc system produced a 3-fold higher percentage increase in the cross-sectional area of the root canals at the level of 3 mm from the root apex than did the SAF system.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Root/surgery , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Dental Pulp Cavity/surgery , Dental Instruments
11.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1180870

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To compare the effect of Maleic acid and Irritrol (combination of Chlorhexidine & Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid) irrigation on the sealing ability of Biodentine when used as root-end filling material. Material and Methods: Thirty single-rooted human premolars were subjected to standardized root canal instrumentation and were irrigated with 2.5% Sodium Hypochlorite (NaOCl) after each instrument change. Apical root resections were done by removing 3 mm of the apex at a 90° angle to the long axis of the root with a diamond bur. The root end cavity preparation was done using ultrasonic tips at a low power setting under water coolant. They were randomly divided into 3 groups (n=10). Group 1 was irrigated with 7% Maleic acid, Group 2 was irrigated with Irritrol, and Group 3 was irrigated with 0.9% Saline (Control). Then, the root end cavities of all the samples were restored with Biodentine and were subjected to leakage analysis using a glucose filtration test. The mean values for each group were calculated and the obtained data was statistically analysed using ANOVA with post-hoc Tukey's test, ANOVA with post-hoc Games-Howell test and repeated measures ANOVA with post-hoc Bonferroni test. Results: The specimens irrigated with Irritrol showed least microleakage as compared to 7% Maleic acid and 0.9% Saline. Conclusion: A regimen involving irrigation of the root-end cavity with Irritrol followed by root-end filling with Biodentine can improve the apical seal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acids , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Dental Materials , Dental Pulp Cavity , Bicuspid , Radiography, Dental/instrumentation , Analysis of Variance , India
12.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1351219

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine in vitro the frequency, shape, type, diameter, and patency of accessory canals in the primary molars pulp chamber floor. Material and Methods: Sixteen healthy primary molars were evaluated by micro-computed tomography and scanning electron microscopy. Descriptive analyses of the frequency, shape (round, oval, or irregular), type (blind, true, or hidden), patency and diameter of the accessory canals were performed. Results: Half of the teeth presented accessory canals, 62.5% of which were located in the upper molars and 37.5% in the lower molars. The most frequent shape was irregular. In three-dimensional analysis, blind accessory canals (12.5%) and with patency (18.7%) of the teeth were observed. The average accessory canal diameter was 51.97 µm (± 26.03 µm). Conclusion: Upper molars showed a higher frequency of accessory canals with larger diameters. The irregular shape was the most frequent. 18.7% of accessory channels showed patency.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , In Vitro Techniques/methods , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning/instrumentation , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , X-Ray Microtomography/instrumentation , Molar , Brazil/epidemiology , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology
13.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 108(3): 153-156, dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1147976

ABSTRACT

La alta incidencia de fracturas dentarias producidas a distancia del tratamiento endodóntico ha llevado a desarrollar cambios en los procedimientos operatorios, con el objeto de conservar la mayor cantidad de estructura dentaria durante la terapia de conductos radiculares. En relación con esta idea, el sistema TruNatomy trabaja sobre el concepto de endodoncia mínimamente invasiva. Una zona altamente sensible a ser considerada es el área pericervical, delimitada 4 mm por encima y 4 mm por debajo de la cresta ósea. El objetivo del presente informe es analizar las propiedades y las características técnicas del sistema de instrumentación Tru- Natomy y los cambios conceptuales que su utilización implica (AU)


The high incidence of dental fractures in the long-term after endodontic treatment has led to analyzed how to change the endodontic procedures to preserve the dental structure during root canal therapy. The TruNatomy system was developed based on the concept of Minimally Invasive Endodontics. A highly sensitive zone to be considered is the pericervical area, restricted to 4 mm above and 4 mm below the bone crest. The objective of this report is to analyze the properties and technical characteristics of the TruNatomy instrumentation system and the changes in the concepts in the clinical treatment procedures as a result of its use (AU)


Subject(s)
Tooth Fractures/prevention & control , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Dental Instruments , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Tooth Cervix
14.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 108(2): 52-56, mayo-ago. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1121121

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Evaluar radiográficamente 162 tratamientos endodónticos realizados ex vivo en premolares inferiores y superiores humanos mediante el empleo del sistema ProTaper Next por parte de alumnos de grado de una cátedra de endodoncia de una universidad argentina. Materiales y métodos: Se evaluaron 162 tratamientos endodónticos realizados ex vivo durante los años 2017, 2018 y 2019 (54 por cohorte) en premolares inferiores y superiores humanos por alumnos de grado de la cátedra de Endodoncia I de la Escuela de Odontología de la Universidad del Salvador / Asociación Odontológica Argentina. Para la instrumentación fue empleado el sistema ProTaper Next. La muestra se tomó de forma aleatoria. En un programa de presentación de computadora se incluyeron las radiografías periapicales pre- y posoperatoria para su evaluación. Un evaluador externo analizó las imágenes radiográficas de los tratamientos y los categorizó como correctos o incorrectos teniendo en cuenta tres requisitos excluyentes: la conformación de la preparación quirúrgica, el límite apical y la homogeneidad de la obturación. Para el análisis estadístico, se utilizó la frecuencia relativa (intervalo de confianza 95%) y la prueba de chi-cuadrado. Resultados: La evaluación radiográfica de los tratamientos endodónticos realizados mostró un número considerable de tratamientos correctos. Los resultados para cada cohorte (años 2017, 2018 y 2019) fueron del 96,3% (87,2- 99,5%), el 94,4% (84,6-98,8%) y el 98,2% (90,1-99,9%) respectivamente. El porcentaje global de tratamientos correctos fue del 96,3% (92,1-98,6%). La diferencia entre las cohortes no fue estadísticamente significativa (P>0,05). Conclusión: El empleo del sistema ProTaper Next por parte de estudiantes de grado evaluados mostró resultados radiográficamente satisfactorios en la instrumentación ex vivo de conductos radiculares de premolares inferiores y superiores humanos (AU)


Aim: To evaluate radiographically, 162 endodontic treatments performed ex vivo by three cohorts of students from a school of dentistry in Argentina, using ProTaper Next rotatory system in mandibular and maxillary human premolars. Materials and methods: 162 mandibular and maxillary human premolars received endodontic treatment by undergraduate students from the Department of Endodontics I of the School of Dentistry USAL/AOA. The treatments were performed ex vivo during the academic years 2017, 2018 and 2019 (54 teeth were chosen for each cohort) using the rotatory system ProTaper Next. The samples were taken randomly. Pre and postoperative radiographs were included in a computer presentation program for its evaluation. An external examiner analysed the radiographic images by the shape of the preparation, the apical limit, and the homogeneity of the obturation, considering the treatments well obturated (correct) or ill obturated (incorrect). To be considered correct the case had to meet all the requirements. The statistic calculations used in this study were: relative frequency (confidence interval 95%) and the chi-square test. Results: The radiographic evaluation showed a considerable number of endodontic treatments correctly done using ProTaper Next system. The percentages for each cohort were 96.3% (87.2-99.5%), 94.4% (84.6-98.8%) y 98.2% (90.1-99.9%) for years 2017, 2018 y 2019 respectively. Global percentage of correctly endodontic treatments was 96.3% (92.1-98.6%). The difference between the cohorts was not statistically significant (P>0.05). Conclusion: The use of ProTaper Next by the dental students evaluated showed satisfactory results in the ex vivo instrumentation of mandibular and maxillary human premolar root canals (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Root Canal Therapy/statistics & numerical data , Students, Dental , Dental High-Speed Equipment , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Education, Predental/methods , Educational Measurement , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Bicuspid , Chi-Square Distribution , Treatment Outcome
15.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(1): 109-116, mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056509

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Paredes sin instrumentar y con material obturador endodóntico residual pueden elevar la posibilidad de la falla adhesiva de postes de fibroresina. Las fresas de desobturación y conformación del espacio protésico poseen una sección circular, lo que dificulta una adecuada preparación y limpieza de las paredes de los conductos ovales. El objetivo del presente estudio fue evaluar la capacidad de limpieza ultrasónica del espacio protésico y cómo ésta influyó en la resistencia a la tracción de postes de fibroresina en conductos ovales. Se utilizaron 30 premolares con conducto ovalado divididos aleatoriamente en 3 grupos de estudio (n=10), siendo: grupo A: preparación rotatoria con complemento ultrasónico, grupo B: preparación rotatoria y grupo C: grupo control. Postes de fibra de vidrio fueron cementados y luego de 7 días se realizaron cortes de un milímetro de grosor del tercio cervical y medio de cada muestra y se evaluó microscópicamente el área de gutapercha remanente y área efectiva de adhesión. Estos fueron sometidos a una prueba de push out evaluando la resistencia adhesiva de los postes. Finalmente fueron observados microscópicamente para analizar tipo de falla. Los resultados se analizaron mediante el test de ANOVA, Bonferroni, Kruskal-Wallis y Mann Whitney (p < 0.05), registrando diferencias estadísticamente significativas en la resistencia a tracción, área de gutapercha remanente y área disponible para la adhesión; además de una relación directa entre gutapercha remanente y menor resistencia a la tracción. Conclusiones: La preparación ultrasónica del espacio protésico aumenta la resistencia a la tracción de postes de fibroresinas cementados en conductos ovalados.


ABSTRACT: Untouched canal walls with residual filling materials can increase the probability of adhesive failure of fiber posts. The drills used for desobturation and conformation of the prosthetic space, has a circular cross section, which does not allow a proper preparation and cleaning of oval-shaped canal walls. The objective of the study was to evaluate the ultrasonic cleaning of the prosthetic space and how this influences the adhesive strength of fiber posts in oval-shaped canals. Thirty (30) oval-shaped canal premolars were randomly divided into 3 groups (n = 10): Group A: rotary desobturation with ultrasonic complement, group B: rotary desobturation without ultrasonic complement and group C: control group. Fiberglass posts were cemented; after 7 days, one-millimeter slices were performed, one of the cervical and another from the middle third of the root. The slices were analyzed under an optical microscope to evaluate remaining gutta percha and effective adhesion area. Samples were subjected to a push-out test to evaluate bond strength of the fiber resin posts. Finally, samples were evaluated microscopically to analyze the type of failure. The results were analyzed using ANOVA, Bonferroni, KruskalWallis and Mann Whitney test (p < 0.05), recording statistically significant differences in bond strength, remaining gutta-percha area and clean walls for adhesion; In addition, to a direct relationship between remaining gutta percha and lower adhesive strength, the ultrasonic preparation of the prosthetic space increases bond strength of fiber posts in oval canals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteotomy/methods , Ultrasonics , Post and Core Technique , Dental Bonding , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Specimen Handling , In Vitro Techniques , Analysis of Variance , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Root Canal Preparation/methods
16.
Rev. bras. odontol ; 77(1): 1-4, jan. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1119610

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a quantidade de debris extruídos apicalmente após o preparo do canal com o WaveOne Gold e o uso suplementar do instrumento XP-Endo Finisher. Material e Métodos: Quarenta pré-molares humanos com canal único foram selecionados e divididos em dois grupos (n = 20): preparo com instrumento WaveOne Gold e preparo com instrumento WaveOne Gold + XP-Endo Finisher. Os canais radiculares foram instrumentados seguindo as instruções do fabricante e a água destilada foi usada como irrigante. Debris extruídos apicalmente durante a instrumentação foram coletados em tubos Eppendorf pesados previamente em balança analítico. O peso dos detritos extruídos foi estabelecido subtraindo-se o peso pré-instrumentação e pós-instrumentação dos tubos Eppendorf para cada grupo. Resultados: Os dados foram analisados pelos testes de Shapiro-Wilk e Mann-Whitney, com nível de significância de 5%. Não houve diferença significativa entre os grupos (p = 0,66) em relação à quantidade debris extruídos apicalmente. Conclusão: A presença de debris extruídos apicalmente ocorreu nos dois grupos; no entanto, o uso adicional do instrumento XP-Endo Finisher não contribuiu para o aumento significativo da extrusão apical de detritos quando comparado ao uso isolado do instrumento WaveOne Gold.


Objective: the aim of this study was to evaluate the amount of apically extruded debris after the preparation with WaveOne Gold and additional use of XP-Endo Finisher file. Material and Methods: Forty human one-rooted premolars were selected and divided into two groups (n=20): WaveOne Gold and WaveOne Gold and XP-Endo finisher. Subsequently, the root canals were instrumented following the manufacturer's instructions and distilled water was used as irrigant. Apically extruded debris during instrumentation was collected into pre-weighed Eppendorf tubes. The weight of the dry extruded debris was established by subtracting the pre-instrumentation and postinstrumentation weight of the Eppendorf tubes for each group. Results: The data were analyzed using Shapiro-Wilk and Mann-Whitney tests, with significant level of 5%. There was no significant difference between groups (p=0.66) in relation to apically extruded debris. Conclusion: apically extruded debris occurred in both groups; however, the additional use of the XP-Endo Finisher instrument did not contribute to the significant increase of apical extrusion of debris when compared to the isolated use of WaveOne Gold


Subject(s)
Root Canal Irrigants , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Dental Pulp Cavity
17.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135540

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To assess the antibacterial and smear layer removal ability of Trigonella foenum, Syzygium cumini, Terminalia chebula seed extracts against E. faecalis dentinal biofilm. Material and Methods: Agar well diffusion, micro broth dilution assay and time-kill curve assay were performed to determine the antibacterial activity. The ability of the herbal extracts to remove the smear layer on the root canal surface was assessed by scanning electron microscopy. Results: Antibacterial activity was observed for the extracts of S. cumini and T. chebula on E. faecalis dentinal biofilm and its planktonic counterparts. The smear layer was efficiently removed by the seed extracts of T. chebula alone. Seed extracts of T. foenum neither possessed antibacterial effect nor smear layer removal ability. Conclusion: The extracts of T. chebula seeds may replace conventional irrigant due to its antibacterial properties and smear layer removing the ability. The extracts of S. cumini may be used as an intracanal medicament as it exhibited a bactericidal effect against the E. faecalis dentinal biofilm following 18 hours of incubation.


Subject(s)
Microscopy, Electron, Scanning/instrumentation , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Syzygium/microbiology , Plant Preparations/therapeutic use , Endodontics , Statistics, Nonparametric , Biofilms , Agar , India/epidemiology , Anti-Bacterial Agents
18.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e039, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1100935

ABSTRACT

Abstract To compare the shaping ability of different single-file systems in the preparation of mesial curved canals of mandibular molars using micro-CT technology. Fifteen mesial roots of mandibular molars with two independent and curved canals (n = 30) were selected, scanned at a resolution of 26.7 μm anatomically matched, and distributed into three groups (n = 10), according to the preparation system: WaveOne 25.08, Reciproc 25.08, and OneShape 25.06. A final micro-CT scanning was performed, data sets were registered with their respective counterparts, and compared regarding the three-dimensional (volume, surface area, and structure model index - SMI) and two-dimensional (perimeter, area, roundness, major and minor diameters) parameters, as well as, canal transportation, using ANOVA and post hoc Tukey tests (α = 5%). Overall, no difference was observed between groups regarding area, perimeter, volume, surface area, and canal transportation (p > 0.05). Within group, no canal transportation was significantly higherobserved in the apical third (0.10 ± 0.05 mm) compared to coronal (0.08±0.040 mm) and middle (0.07 ± 0.03 mm) thirds (p < 0.05). Structure model index (SMI) was statistically higher after preparation with OneShape instrument (0.36 ± 0.26) compared to other systems (p < 0.05). Within the parameters of this study, similar shaping ability was observed in the preparation of mesial curved root canals of mandibular molars with Reciproc, OneShape and WaveOne systems.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology , Dental Pulp Cavity/diagnostic imaging , Reference Values , Materials Testing , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dental Instruments , Equipment Design , X-Ray Microtomography/methods , Molar/anatomy & histology
19.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 13(4): 392-397, dic. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056474

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: The objective of this study is to discuss and analyze whether extrusion of endodontic material constitutes avoidable intercurrence, discussing the clinical, ethical and legal implications. Patient LSR, 31 years old, female, attended a dental consultation complaining of pain in the second left maxillary premolar (tooth 25). Radiographically, a single root canal and thickening of the periodontal ligament associated with extravasation of 8 mm of gutta percha to the maxillary sinus were observed. The first endodontic session aimed to performing the desobturation, root canal preparation and intracanal medication placement. The root canal obturation was performed in the second session. Was carried out an apical surgery that removed 2 mm from the root apex and also performed the covered with a collagen membrane. A 22 months follow-up revealed a tooth function, absence of painful symptomatology or infection, and radiographically normal periodontal ligament and bone neoformation. The second single-root premolar is the type of premolar with less distance with the floor of the maxillary sinus. In this case, the extrusion of the obturator material occurred due to the superinstrumentation of the root canal associated with the proximity of the root with the membrane of the maxillary sinus. From the ethical and legal point of view, the patient has the right to be informed about any intercurrences that may arise during or after the treatment, and the informed consent form is essencial. This document will allow the patient to make a decision about performing an endodontic treatment in which the risk of an accident or complication is imminent or that treatment failure is already expected. It is important that professionals make appropriate diagnosis and treatment plan for each case, since this conduct may avoid clinical intercurrences. In addition, if the intercurrences occur, the patient should be advised of how to proceed.


RESUMEN: El objetivo de este estudio fue discutir y analizar si la extrusión de material endodóntico constituye una intercurrencia evitable, discutiendo las implicaciones clínicas, éticas y legales. Paciente LSR, de 31 años de edad, mujer, asistió a una consulta dental quejándose de dolor en el segundo premolar maxilar izquierdo (diente 25). Radiográficamente, se observó un solo conducto radicular y engrosamiento del ligamento periodontal asociado con la extravasación de 8 mm de gutapercha al seno maxilar. La primera sesión de endodoncia tuvo como objetivo realizar la desobturación, la preparación del conducto radicular y la colocación de medicación intracanal. La obturación del conducto radicular se realizó en la segunda sesión. Se llevó a cabo una cirugía apical que extrajo 2 mm del ápice de la raíz y también se realizó el recubrimiento con una membrana de colágeno. Un seguimiento de 22 meses reveló función dental, ausencia de sintomatología dolorosa o infección y ligamento periodontal radiográficamente normal y neoformación ósea. El segundo premolar de una sola raíz es el tipo de premolar con menos distancia con el piso del seno maxilar. En este caso, la extrusión del material obturador se produjo debido a la superinstrumentación del conducto radicular asociada con la proximidad de la raíz con la membrana del seno maxilar. Desde el punto de vista ético y legal, el paciente tiene derecho a ser informado acerca de cualquier inter-ocurrencia que pueda surgir durante o después del tratamiento, y el formulario de consentimiento informado es esencial. Este documento le permitirá al paciente tomar una decisión sobre la realización de un tratamiento de endodoncia en el que el riesgo de un accidente o complicación sea inminente o de que ya se espera un fracaso del tratamiento. Es importante que los profesionales realicen un diagnóstico y un plan de tratamiento adecuados para cada caso, ya que esta conducta puede evitar las intercurrencias clínicas. Además, si se producen intercurrencias, se debe informar al paciente sobre cómo proceder.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Root Canal Irrigants/administration & dosage , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Tooth Apex , Extravasation of Diagnostic and Therapeutic Materials , Therapeutic Irrigation/instrumentation , Maxillary Sinus/diagnostic imaging , Apicoectomy , Surgery, Oral/methods , Radiography, Dental/methods , Maxillary Sinus/physiology
20.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 13(4): 493-496, dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056490

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: The present study evaluated the presence of apical deviation and tapering in preparations performed with the use of the automated handpieces with continuous motion, the K3 Endo system (Group 1) and instrumentation manually with Protaper (Group 2). 30 simulated roots were divided into two groups and prepared according each technique. The alteration caused by root canal preparation was analyzed by radiographs obtained on a radiographic desk fabricated for the study. The results (X2), demonstrated that the K3 Endo produced a smaller incidence of apical deviation and Protaper produced a greater tapering of the root canals.


RESUMEN: El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar la presencia de desviación y conicidad adecuada apical con el uso del sistema de instrumentación de movimiento continuo K3 Endo (Grupo 1) respecto a la instrumentación manual realizada con Limas Protaper (Grupo 2). Treinta canales curvos simulados fueron divididos aleatoriamente en dos grupos e instrumentados por los diferentes sistemas. La alteración causada por la preparación de los canales fue analizada en radiografías obtenidas, en placas ad hoc. Los resultados (X2) demostraron que el K3. Endo produjo una menor incidencia de desviación apical y Protaper produjo una mayor conicidad de los canales radiculares.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Preparation/methods , X-Ray Microtomography/methods , ROC Curve , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Dental Instruments
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