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1.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 45(1): 43-49, jan.-abr. 2024. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1553264

ABSTRACT

A periodontite é uma doença inflamatória crônica dos tecidos de sustentação e proteção dos dentes. Em dentes posteriores, a perda de inserção pode resultar em vários graus de dano à furca, que se refere à destruição dos tecidos de suporte de dentes multirradiculares caracterizada por reabsorção óssea e perda de inserção no espaço interarradicular. Independente do grau de envolvimento da furca, o tratamento periodontal básico (RAR) é a primeira opção para estabilizar a periodontite, contudo, em algumas situações é utilizada uma terapia cirúrgica periodontal bastante conhecida: a rizectomia ou amputação radicular. O objetivo do trabalho é relatar o caso de uma amputação radicular de um dente comprometido periodontalmente, a fim de se preservar o elemento dentário. O dente 27 foi diagnosticado com periodontite, o que ocasionou a lesão de furca grau III. O tratamento endodôntico foi realizado prévio ao procedimento cirúrgico, viabilizando a amputação da raiz disto-vestibular deste elemento. A partir do relato deste caso, se pode concluir que a amputação radicular é considerada um procedimento conservador, capaz de manter em função molares com histórico de periodontite associado ao envolvimento de lesões de furca(AU)


Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the supporting and protective tissues of the teeth. In posterior teeth, attachment loss can result in varying degrees of damage to the furcation, which refers to the destruction of the supporting tissues of multirooted teeth characterized by bone resorption and attachment loss in the interarticular space. Regardless of the degree of furcation involvement, basic periodontal treatment (RAR) is the first option to stabilize periodontitis; however, in some situations, a well-known periodontal surgical therapy is used: rhizectomy or root amputation. Rhizectomy is a treatment option for multirooted teeth. The technique preserves the crown and requires endodontic treatment of the affected tooth, preferably done before surgery(AU)


Subject(s)
Root Canal Therapy , Tooth Root
2.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 39(91): 9-18, 2024. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1554833

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La identificación por cotejo de regis-tros odontológicos representa una metodología científicamente consolidada. La estrategia más co-mún reside en la comparación de odontogramas impresos o digitalizados, aunque se ha cuestionado cierta subjetividad al asentar dicha información. Los recursos imagenológicos constituyen una evidencia más confiable y objetiva, reduciendo el sesgo iden-tificatorio. La obtención de radiografías post mor-tem (PM) reproduciendo en lo posible las técnicas que han generado las imágenes ante mortem (AM) recuperadas, otorga una eficaz modalidad compa-rativa, aumentando su valor probatorio. Materiales y Métodos: Se efectuó la comparación entre radio-grafías panorámicas y periapicales tomadas a 10 pacientes atendidos en un consultorio particular de la ciudad de Quilmes, Provincia de Buenos Aires, don-de se visualizaban tratamientos de endodoncia. Los registros de ambas técnicas de imágenes se realiza-ron sobre los mismos sujetos entre los años 2010 y 2022. Se cotejaron 11 radiografías periapicales y 10 panorámicas, procediéndose a la digitalización de la totalidad de la muestra. Se clasificaron las imágenes de cada persona conforme a la fecha de obtención de las mismas. A las más antiguas se las catalogó con el color verde, representando el material AM, mien-tras que las más recientes se marcaron en color rojo, constituyendo la información PM. Resultados: Teniendo en cuenta los criterios estipulados por la Junta Americana de Odontología Forense (ABFO) se identificaron positivamente 7 casos estudiados, 2 fueron catalogados como identificación posible, en tanto que 1 se clasificó como insuficiente. No se re-gistraron exclusiones. Conclusión: Los tratamientos endodónticos podrían suministrar información pon-derable en procesos de identificación humana en virtud de la escasa probabilidad de sufrir alteracio-nes morfológicas y estructurales por su estratégica localización intradentaria, otorgando posibilidades concretas de establecer la identidad categórica de sujetos desconocidos (AU)


Introduction: Identification by comparison of dental records represents a scientifically consolidated methodology. The most common strategy lies in the comparison of printed or digitised odontograms, although certain subjectivity has been questioned when recording said information. Imaging resources constitute more reliable and objective evidence, reducing identification bias. Obtaining post-mortem (PM) radiographs reproducing the techniques that have generated the recovered ante-mortem (AM) images, provides an effective comparative modality, increasing its evidentiary value. Materials and Methods: A comparison was made between panoramic and periapical radiographs taken to 10 patients treated in a private office in the city of Quilmes, Province of Buenos Aires, where endodontic treatments were visualized. The records of both imaging techniques were carried out on the same subjects between 2010 and 2022. 11 periapical and 10 panoramic radiographs were collected, and the entire sample was digitized. The images of each person were classified according to the date they were obtained. The oldest ones were cataloged with the color green, representing the AM material, while the most recent ones were marked in red, constituting the PM information. Results: Taking into account the criteria stipulated by the American Board of Forensic Odontology (ABFO), 7 cases studied were positively identified, 2 were classified as possible identification, while 1 was classified as insufficient. No exclusions were recorded. Conclusion: Endodontic treatments could provide valuable information in human identification processes due to the low probability of suffering morphological and structural alterations due to their strategic intradental location, providing concrete possibilities of establishing the categorical identity of unknown subjects (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Root Canal Therapy/statistics & numerical data , Radiography, Dental/methods , Radiography, Panoramic/methods , Tooth, Nonvital/diagnostic imaging , Societies, Dental/standards , Post and Core Technique/statistics & numerical data
3.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 111(3): 1111211, sept.-dic. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1554315

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: Identificar y determinar la prevalencia de cristales de colesterol (CRCo) en granulomas perirradiculares de origen endodóntico y el tipo de reacción que provocan en los tejidos circundantes. Material y métodos: Se estudiaron con microscopía óptica 75 preparados histológicos de archivo pertenecientes a lesiones perirradiculares humanas correspondientes a piezas dentarias que habían recibido un tratamiento endodóntico pre- vio y que, según los informes que acompañaban las muestras, habían sido obtenidas mediante una apicectomía. Del total, 68 muestras fueron diagnosticadas como granulomas, mientras que los 7 restantes se diagnosticaron como quistes inflamato- rios y fueron descartadas. Resultados: 39 granulomas pertenecían a pacientes de sexo femenino con presencia de CRCo en el 58,97% de los ca- sos. Los 29 granulomas restantes pertenecían al sexo mascu- lino y presentaron CRCo en un 41,37%. La mayor proporción de CRCo fue hallada en granulomas pertenecientes a pacien- tes mayores de 62 años. Los CRCo se observaron rodeados de macrófagos y células gigantes multinucleadas, provocando una reacción a cuerpo extraño. También se observaron células espumosas en áreas circundantes. Conclusiones: La presencia de CRCo en granulomas perirradiculares de origen endodóntico provoca una reacción a cuerpo extraño que puede interferir con el proceso de re- paración posendodóntico especialmente en pacientes de edad avanzada (AU)


Aim: Identify and determine the prevalence of cholester- ol crystals (CRCo) in periradicular granulomas of endodontic origin and the type of reaction they produce in the surround- ing tissues. Material and methods: 75 archival histological preparations were studied with optical microscopy. They be- longed to human periradicular lesions corresponding to teeth that had received a previous endodontic treatment and that, according to the reports accompanying the samples, had been obtained by an apicoectomy. Of the total, 68 samples were diagnosed as granulomas, while the remaining 7 were diag- nosed as inflammatory cysts and were discarded. Results: 39 granulomas corresponded to female patients in which the presence of CRCo was observed in 58.97% of the cases. The remaining 29 granulomas were from male patients and showed CRCo in 41.37% of the cases. The highest pro- portion of CRCo was found in patients over 62 years of age. The CRCo were surrounded by macrophages and multinucle- ated giant cells causing a foreign body reaction. Foam cells were also observed in the surrounding areas. Conclusions: The presence of CRCo in periradicular granulomas of endodontic origin could be a factor interfering with periapical healing after conventional endodontic thera- py, especially in elderly patients (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Periapical Granuloma/pathology , Root Canal Therapy/adverse effects , Foreign Bodies/etiology , Apicoectomy/methods , Biopsy/methods , Histological Techniques/methods , Age Factors
4.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 44(3): 35-40, set.-dez. 2023. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1553121

ABSTRACT

As perfurações endodônticas podem ocorrer patologicamente por lesão cariosa profunda, bem como durante o acesso ou na instrumentação dos canais radiculares, que em sua grande maioria estão relacionadas com a negligência ou desconhecimento das variações anatômicas internas do dente. O presente trabalho descreve um caso clínico de perfuração de furca, onde o tratamento inicial foi baseado na descontaminação e selamento da comunicação com uma técnica de inserção modificada do MTA. Após a anestesia, foi realizado o isolamento absoluto e remoção de tecido infectado presente na câmara pulpar. Feita a limpeza da perfuração utilizando soro fisiológico e modelagem do canal com o instrumento reciprocante, a obturação foi concebida com cone de guta percha e cimento biocerâmico. Em seguida, o MTA foi manipulado, de acordo com recomendações do fabricante usando água destilada na proporção 1:1 e inserido na canaleta de uma régua endodôntica com a espátula de inserção nº1. O material foi removido da canaleta e inserido na perfuração, finalizando o vedamento da mesma. Portanto, concluiu-se que o selamento da perfuração apresentou um resultado satisfatório, tanto clínico como radiográfico, destacado pela proservação de 5 meses, evidenciando discreta formação de trabeculado ósseo na região de furca(AU)


Endodontic perforations can occur pathologically due to a deep carious lesion, as well as during access or instrumentation of root canals, which are mostly related to negligence or ignorance of the internal anatomical variations of the tooth. The present work describes a clinical case of furcation perforation, where the initial treatment was based on decontamination and sealing of the communication with a modified MTA insertion technique. After anesthesia, absolute isolation and removal of infected tissue present in the pulp chamber was performed. After cleaning the perforation using saline solution and modeling the canal with the reciprocating instrument, the filling was designed with a gutta-percha cone and bioceramic cement. Then, the MTA was manipulated, according to the manufacturer's recommendations, using distilled water in a 1:1 ratio and inserted into the groove of an endodontic ruler with the #1 insertion spatula. The material was removed from the channel and inserted into the perforation, finishing its sealing. Therefore, it was concluded that the sealing of the perforation presented a satisfactory result, both clinical and radiographic, highlighted by the 5-month followup, evidencing a slight formation of bone trabeculate in the furcation region(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Root Canal Obturation , Biocompatible Materials , Furcation Defects , Dental Cements , Root Canal Therapy , Dental Pulp , Gutta-Percha
5.
RFO UPF ; 28(1)20230808. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1511056

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Mesmo com toda evolução tecnológica desses instrumentos, com o desenvolvimento das limas de liga de níquel-titanio (NiTi) e sistemas mecanizados, as fraturas podem ocorrer durante o preparo químico/mecânico. Existem três abordagens mais regulamente aplicadas para solucionar essa intercorrencia: tentativa de remoção do instrumento com ultrassom, tentativa de ultrapassálo (bypass) ou a obturação do segmento. Objetivo: Relatar um caso da técnica de bypass em instrumento fraturado no canal radicular. Descrição do caso: Paciente, sexo feminino, 47 anos, brasileira, sem condições sistêmicas associadas, foi encaminhada à clínica do Curso de Odontologia da UNIFENAS, Divinópolis, Minas Gerais, Brasil, para resolução de fratura de instrumento no canal mésio- vestibular do primeiro molar superior direito (16). Optou-se pelo tratamento pela técnica de bypass, que envolveu as seguintes etapas: anestesia, abertura, utilização de lima C-Pilot #08 para ultrapassar o instrumento fraturado, odontometria, escalonamento regressivo a partir da lima k#20, desinfecção com hipoclorito de sódio 5%, medicação com hidróxido de cálcio por 21 dias, agitação da substância irrigadora e obturação dos canais radiculares. Conclusão: O bypass ao instrumento é uma técnica conservadora, eficaz e uma solução adequada em casos de fratura de limas endodônticas dentro dos canais radiculares. Essa técnica visa preservar o máximo possível da estrutura dental original, evitando procedimentos mais invasivos.(AU)


Introduction: Even with all technological evolution of these instruments, with the development of nickel-titanium alloy (NiTi) files and mechanized systems, fractures can occur during chemical/mechanical preparation. There are three most commonly applie to resolve this complication: attempting to remove the instrument with ultrasound, attempting to bypass it, or obturating the segment. Objective: To report a case of bypass technique in fractured instrument in the root canal. Case description: A 47-year-old female patient from Brazil, with no associated systemic conditions, was referred to the clinic of the Dentistry Course at UNIFENAS, Divinópolis, Minas Gerais, Brazil, for resolution of an instrument fracture in the mesio-vestibular canal of the right upper first molar (16). Treatment was performed using the bypass technique, which involved the following steps: anesthesia, opening, use of a C-Pilot #08 file to bypass the fractured instrument, odontometry, regressive scaling from the k#20 file, disinfection with 5% sodium hypochlorite, medication with calcium hydroxide for 21 days, agitation of the irrigating substance and root canal filling. Conclusion: Instrument bypass is a conservative, effective technique and an adequate solution in cases of endodontic file fracture within root canals. This technique aims to preserve as much of the original tooth structure as possible, avoiding more invasive procedures.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Root Canal Therapy/instrumentation , Dental Instruments , Dental Pulp Cavity/diagnostic imaging , Equipment Failure , Titanium , Radiography, Dental , Treatment Outcome , Nickel
6.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 111(2): 1110801, mayo-ago. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1532251

ABSTRACT

Frente a la difusión en medios de comunicación de medias verdades con enunciados alarmantes y anticientíficos, este editorial busca revisar las bases científicas para determinar el comportamiento clínico. Así, el texto discurre por el concepto de infección focal desde su origen, yendo al encuentro de sus transformaciones conceptuales a través de los descubrimien- tos científicos, teniendo en cuenta las características emocio- nales propias de cada paciente como un todo y los peligros a los que se puede estar expuestos frente a las medias verdades (AU)


Facing the diffusion of alarming and anti-scientific state- ments in the media, this editorial seeks the scientific bases to determine the clinical behavior. Thus, the text runs through the concept of focal infection from its origin and across its conceptual transformations through scientific discoveries, by considering the emotional characteristics of each patient as a whole and the dangers to which they may be exposed in the face of half-truths (AU)


Subject(s)
Root Canal Therapy/methods , Focal Infection, Dental/complications , Focal Infection, Dental/therapy , Treatment Outcome , Dental Pulp Cavity/microbiology
7.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 44(2): 38-45, maio-ago. 2023. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1428055

ABSTRACT

É sabido que a cavidade oral é a porta de entrada para muitos microrganismos e que possui alguns gêneros de bactérias que quando se associam ou proliferam em excesso, com a falta de higienização correta, fatores ambientais e imunológicos podem causar danos em algumas partes dos dentes como no tecido pulpar e canais radiculares. Neste sentido, a endodontia tem sido capaz de tratar pessoas com problemas dentários em fases muito precoces como as medidas profiláticas até casos infeciosos que afetam a polpa dos dentes causando as lesões perirradiculares que são infecções causadas por microrganismos, Para tanto, é necessário que a odontologia ofereça transformações positivas por meio de técnicas que sejam mais previsíveis para os tratamentos. A literatura tem indicado o uso da laserterapia como técnica auxiliar para o tratamento endodôntico pelo seu potencial mínimo invasivo, preciso e eficaz em menor tempo de cura de patologias orais como as lesões perirradiculares. Este estudo pretendeu abordar a importância da laserterapia sobre as variáveis patológicas de pacientes com lesão perirradiculares. Para realiza-lo foi necessário buscar na literatura estudos que associem este tipo de tratamento e sua eficiência no tratamento desta patologia. Para realizar esta pesquisa foi necessário buscar dados na literatura que tratam sobre o tema para investigar o tempo indicado ao tratamento com a laserterapia bem como o estágio em que as lesões podem ser tratadas com auxílio deste método. Corroborando com o estudo apresentamos um caso clínico(AU)


It is known that the oral cavity is the gateway to many microorganisms and that it has some genera of bacteria that when they associate or proliferate in excess, with the lack of correct hygiene, environmental and immunological factors can cause damage in some parts of the teeth such as in pulp tissue and root canals. In this sense, endodontics has been able to treat people with dental problems at very early stages such as prophylactic measures to infectious cases that affect the pulp of teeth causing perirradicular lesions that are infections caused by microorganisms, therefore, it is necessary that dentistry offer positive transformations through techniques that are more predictable for treatments. The literature has indicated the use of laser therapy as an auxiliary technique for endodontic treatment for its minimal invasive, precise and effective potential in shorter time of cure of oral pathologies such as perirradicular lesions. This study aimed to address the importance of laser therapy on the pathological variables of patients with perirradicular lesions. To accomplish this, it was necessary to seek studies in the literature that associate this type of treatment and its efficiency in the treatment of this pathology. To carry out this research it was necessary to seek data in the literature that deal with the subject to investigate the time indicated for treatment with laser therapy as well as the stage at which lesions can be treated with the aid of this method. Corroborating the study, we present a clinical case(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Root Canal Therapy , Laser Therapy , Root Canal Filling Materials , Root Canal Preparation , Dental Pulp Cavity/injuries , Dental Pulp Diseases , Microbiota , Mouth/microbiology
8.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 44(1): 9-16, jan.-abr. 2023. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1427810

ABSTRACT

As lesões dentárias traumáticas são um problema de saúde pública mundial, dentre as quais a fratura dentária é a de maior ocorrência, envolvendo principalmente os dentes anteriores. A abordagem de grandes fraturas anteriores é um desafio para cirurgiões dentistas de qualquer nível pois, além da função, afetam diretamente a estética do paciente, fazendo-se necessário um planejamento que envolva diferentes especialidades na odontologia. Objetivo: Relatar um caso clínico de reabilitação funcional e estética de fratura dentária nos incisivos centrais superiores envolvendo tratamento endodôntico, instalação de pino de fibra de vidro e restauração direta em resina composta. Relato de Caso: O paciente de 17 anos sofreu fratura nos incisivos centrais superiores causada por uma queda de bicicleta. Devido à busca tardia por tratamento o elemento 21 foi diagnosticado com necrose pulpar e, portanto, foi submetido à tratamento endodôntico pela Técnica Crown Down e reabilitação com pino de fibra de vidro Splendor-SAP. Posteriormente, os elementos 11 e 21 foram restaurados com facetas diretas em resina composta pela técnica incremental. Conclusão: A reabilitação com instalação de pino de fibra de vidro associada à técnica de estratificação incremental em resina composta se mostra como uma boa opção para reabilitação estética pois permite dar forma anatômica ao dente com riqueza de detalhes na estratificação da dentina e esmalte, além de máxima preservação da estrutura dental. Os resultados obtidos reforçam o sucesso estético e funcional com significativo impacto na qualidade de vida do paciente(AU)


Traumatic dental injuries are a worldwide public health problem, among which dental fractures are the most frequent, mainly involving the anterior teeth. The approach of large anterior fractures is a challenge for dental surgeons of any level because, in addition to function, they directly affect the patient's esthetics, requiring a plan that involves different specialties in dentistry. Objective: Report a clinical case of functional and aesthetic rehabilitation of dental fractures in maxillary central incisors involving endodontic treatment, installation of a fiberglass post and direct restoration in composite resin. Case Report: The 17-year-old patient suffered a fracture in the upper central incisors caused by a fall from a bicycle. Due to the late search for treatment, element 21 was diagnosed with pulp necrosis and, therefore, underwent endodontic treatment using the Crown Down Technique and rehabilitation with a Splendor-SAP fiberglass pin. Later, elements 11 and 21 were restored with direct veneers in composite resin using the incremental technique. Conclusion: Rehabilitation with the installation of a fiberglass post associated with the incremental layering technique in composite resin is a good option for aesthetic rehabilitation as it allows the anatomical shape of the tooth with rich details in the layering of dentin and enamel, in addition to maximum preservation of the tooth structure. The results obtained reinforce the aesthetic and functional success with a significant impact on the patient's quality of life(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Tooth Injuries , Composite Resins , Dental Restoration, Permanent , Esthetics, Dental , Quality of Life , Root Canal Therapy , Dental Pulp Necrosis , Dental Veneers , Incisor
9.
Braz. dent. sci ; 26(4): 1-11, 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1523867

ABSTRACT

Foraminal enlargement has been recommended to optimize the disinfection of infected root canals, although some authors still claim that the foramen should be kept in its original shape and position. This study aimed to evaluate morphological alterations of apical foramen after foraminal enlargement through a systematic review. An electronic search was conducted until April 2022. Ex vivo studies evaluating influence of foraminal enlargement in the morphologic changes of apical foramen were included. Studies without a control group or available full text were excluded. Foraminal deformation and area increase were considered as primary outcomes. Risk-of-bias assessment was performed according to a modified Joanna Briggs Institute's Checklist. From 702 studies retrieved, five were eligible. Most studies used single-rooted teeth, and rotary systems for instrumentation ranging from ­ 2 mm to + 1 mm to the apex. All studies found increased major foramen deformation after foraminal enlargement. Among four studies that evaluated foraminal area, all found increased area after foraminal enlargement. Insufficient data for touched/untouched walls by instruments and dentinal microcrack formation was observed. A low risk of bias was found. Foraminal enlargement during root canal preparation seems to increase deformation and major apical foramen area. Future investigations with standardized methodologies are encouraged (AU)


A ampliação foraminal tem sido recomendada para otimizar a desinfecção de canais radiculares infectados, embora alguns autores ainda afirmem que o forame deve ser mantido em sua forma e posição originais. Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar alterações morfológicas do forame apical após ampliação foraminal por meio de uma revisão sistemática. Uma busca eletrônica foi realizada até abril de 2022. Foram incluídos estudos ex vivo que avaliaram a influência da ampliação foraminal nas alterações morfológicas do forame apical. Foram excluídos estudos sem grupo controle ou com texto completo indisponível. A deformação foraminal e o aumento da área foram considerados desfechos primários. A avaliação do risco de viés foi realizada de acordo com uma lista de verificação modificada do Instituto Joanna Briggs. Dos 702 registros recuperados, cinco foram elegíveis. A maioria dos estudos utilizou dentes unirradiculares e sistemas rotatórios para instrumentação, com comprimento de trabalho variando de ­ 2 mm a + 1 mm até o ápice. Todos os estudos encontraram aumento da deformação do forame maior após ampliação foraminal. Dos quatro estudos que avaliaram a área foraminal, todos encontraram aumento de área após alargamento foraminal. Foram observados dados insuficientes para paredes tocadas/intocadas pelos instrumentos e formação de microfissuras dentinárias. Um baixo risco de viés foi encontrado. A ampliação foraminal durante o preparo do canal radicular parece aumentar a deformação e a área do forame apical. Futuras investigações com metodologias padronizadas são incentivadas (AU)


Subject(s)
Root Canal Therapy , Root Canal Preparation , Tooth Apex , Endodontics
10.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 52: e20230024, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1522088

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O desenvolvimento de novas técnicas, tecnologias e materiais influenciam a prática clínica da endodontia e impactam consideravelmente a forma como o tratamento do canal radicular é realizado. Embora existam informações sobre as várias formas de tratamentos praticados por dentistas em outras cidades e/ou países, muito pouco se sabe sobre as endodontias realizadas em clínicas odontológicas na cidade de Porto Alegre/RS. Objetivo: Analisar a prática endodôntica realizada por dentistas nas clínicas odontológicas na cidade de Porto Alegre/RS, visando explorar as técnicas, materiais e equipamentos empregados durante o tratamento. Material e método: Foi aplicado um questionário online, por meio da Plataforma Google Forms, com vinte e seis questões abertas e fechadas aos dentistas que realizam tratamentos endodônticos em clínicas odontológicas. O questionário foi estruturado a fim de analisar os materiais, técnicas e equipamentos que estão presentes nos tratamentos endodônticos realizados pelos dentistas nas clínicas odontológicas aqui avaliadas. Os dados coletados nos questionários foram transferidos para uma planilha Excel®. A análise dos dados foi feita de duas formas: frequência absoluta e relativa para as questões fechadas, e descritiva para as questões abertas. Resultado: 15,57% das clínicas odontológicas registradas no CRO/RS participaram da presente pesquisa. Foi possível verificar que a maioria dos materiais e técnicas aplicadas no tratamento endodôntico são os mesmos recomendados pela literatura científica. Conclusão: Os protocolos clínicos em endodontia seguidos pelos participantes do presente estudo apresentam embasamento clínico e científico na literatura.


Introduction: The evolution of new techniques, technologies, and materials significantly influences the clinical practice of endodontics, thus profoundly impacting the approach to root canal treatments. While information about various treatment methods practiced by dentists in other cities or countries is available, there is a notable gap in our understanding of endodontic practices in the Porto Alegre city. Objective: The objective of this study is to analyze the endodontic practices employed by dentists in dental clinics located in Porto Alegre city. We aimed to explore the techniques, materials, and equipment routinely utilized during endodontic treatments. Material and method: An online questionnaire using the Google Forms platform was administered, consisting of twenty-six open and closed questions to dentists performing endodontic treatments in dental clinics. The questionnaire was structured to assess the materials, techniques, and equipment employed during endodontic procedures. Data collected from the questionnaires were recorded in an Excel® spreadsheet. Data analysis encompassed both absolute and relative frequency for closed questions and also a descriptive approach for open-ended questions. Results: Participation was obtained from 15.57% of dental clinics registered with CRO/RS. The findings indicated that the majority of materials and techniques applied in endodontic treatment could be aligned with recommendations found in the scientific literature. Conclusion: The clinical protocols observed by the participants in endodontic practice demonstrated a solid foundation in both clinical and scientific literature.


Subject(s)
Root Canal Therapy , Teaching , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Surveys and Questionnaires , Endodontists
11.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e233938, Jan.-Dec. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1519306

ABSTRACT

The study aimed to find the incidence and awareness of endodontic instrument separation and its management among dental house officers, postgraduate trainees, demonstrators, consultants, and general dentists. Methods: This online questionnaire-based cross-sectional study was conducted with the approval of the IRB in private and public dental hospitals and dental clinics in Punjab. The authors developed the survey tool, which comprises 24 closed-ended items regarding demographics, the incidence of file separation, and awareness about its management. The data were analyzed using IBM SPSS version 24. The Chi-Square Test was used to compare percentages of categorical variables. Results: Postgraduate trainees experienced the most instrument separations (43.6%), made the most retrieval attempts (49.2%), and experienced the most secondary errors during retrieval (52.1%) (p<0.001). Around four out of ten respondents always informed the patients (39.6%) and department (41.6%) about errors. Manual files (69.8%), stainless steel files (75.8%), and short files (60.4%) were more frequently separated, and the most frequent cause was older fatigue files (57.7%). Manual files were more frequently broken in public dental institutes (p=0.003). Two-thirds of the file separations (72.5%) occurred during cleaning and shaping in the apical third of molars (65.1%), especially in mesiolingual canal (56.4%). Bypass attempt was the most common in symptomatic teeth (47.7%). Conclusions: Preventive approaches such as limiting file reuse and constructing a glide path can reduce the occurrence of file separation. Operators should be familiar with the number of uses of the instrument before fatigue and should be trained through workshops and refresher courses


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Dental Instruments , Equipment Failure , Endodontists/statistics & numerical data , Pakistan , Root Canal Therapy/instrumentation , Incidence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
12.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e231400, Jan.-Dec. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1524336

ABSTRACT

Aim: This study aimed to assess the shaping ability of Reciproc Blue in the apical third and apical foramen of moderately curved canals at different working lengths (WLs), by micro-computed tomography. Methods: Thirty-six mesial roots (mesiobuccal and mesiolingual canals) were included, each with 2 separate root canals and independent apical foramina, according to type IV of Vertucci's classification of first and second mandibular molars. The canals were instrumented at three different WLs: G-1, 1mm short of the major apical foramen; G0, at the major apical foramen; G+1, 1mm beyond the major apical foramen. The groups were assessed for changes in root canal volume and untouched wall area in the apical third. Groups G0 and G+1 were also compared for percentage of untouched walls at the apical foramen. One-way ANOVA (post hoc Tukey test) and Student's t-test adopted a 5% level of significance. Results: Root canal volumes (mm3) in the apical third were 22.86±10.46, 44.48±24.91, and 55.71±21.32 in G-1, G0 and G+1, respectively. G-1 volume following instrumentation increased significantly less than that of G0 or G+1 (P>.05); G0 did not differ from G+1. The percentage of untouched wall area in the apical third did not differ among the three groups (P>.05). G0 and G+1 did not differ regarding untouched walls in the major apical foramem walls. Conclusion: Extending the WL from 1mm short of the apical foramen to a point at and beyond the WL increases the apical third volume without increasing the prepared area. Untouched surface areas of the apical foramen were not modified by instrumentation at or beyond the foramen


Subject(s)
Periapical Periodontitis , Root Canal Therapy , Tooth Apex , Dental Pulp Cavity , X-Ray Microtomography
13.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 38(90): 15-20, 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1553586

ABSTRACT

El diente evaginado (DE) es una anomalía del desa-rrollo que se define como un tubérculo o protube-rancia que se extiende desde la superficie oclusal del diente afectado. La fractura o desgaste de esta pro-longación, internamente compuesta por tejido pul-par, puede causar diversas enfermedades pulpares, como pulpitis, necrosis pulpar e incluso dar lugar a una periodontitis apical. En el presente caso clíni-co se muestra el tratamiento de DE en un segundo premolar superior izquierdo que presentaba como diagnóstico necrosis pulpar y absceso alveolar cró-nico. El tratamiento consistió en realizar la terapia endodóntica con técnica de apexificación empleando BiodentineTM (AU)


Dens evaginatus (DE) is a dental developmental defect defined as a tubercle or protuberance that extends from the occlusal surface of the affected tooth. Fracture or wear of this extension, internally composed of pulp tissue, can cause diverse pulp diseases, such as pulpitis, pulpal necrosis and it can even induce apical periodontitis.The following clinical case shows the treatment of DE in a maxillary left second premolar diagnosed with pulp necrosis and chronic alveolar abscess. The treatment of choice was endodontic therapy using BiodentineTM (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Root Canal Filling Materials , Root Canal Therapy/methods , Dental Pulp Necrosis/therapy , Dens in Dente/pathology , Argentina , Schools, Dental
14.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 38(90): 45-50, 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1554019

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: se presenta el caso clínico de sinusitis de origen endodóntico, conocida como síndrome en-doantral, haciendo énfasis en la dificultad de diag-nóstico con radiografía periapical y la importancia de la tomografía computarizada. Caso clínico: una mujer de 32 años, con antecedentes de apretamiento dental nocturno y sinusitis recurrente, fue remitida para evaluación endodóntica. El examen clínico reve-ló sensibilidad a la percusión y palpación en la unidad dental. La radiografía periapical no indicó lesión en el diente 16 y la prueba de sensibilidad pulpar fue ne-gativa, además, la tomografía computarizada reveló una extensa lesión periapical y comunicación entre la raíz del diente 16 y el seno maxilar, confirmada por la pérdida de la continuidad de la imagen hiperdensa en el suelo del seno, lo que llevó al tratamiento endo-dóntico. El control de la infección dental resolvió la sinusitis, resaltando la importancia del diagnóstico preciso y el tratamiento en casos de sinusitis odon-togénica. Conclusión: este caso destaca el valor de la tomografía computarizada como herramienta diag-nóstica crucial en contextos clínicos complejos (AU)


Objective: the clinical case of sinusitis of endodontic origin, known as endoantral syndrome, is presented, emphasizing the difficulty of diagnosis with periapical radiography and the importance of computed tomography. Clinical case: a 32-year-old woman, with a history of tooth clenching and recurrent sinusitis, was referred for endodontic evaluation. The clinical examination revealed sensitivity to percussion and palpation in the dental unit. The periapical radiograph did not indicate a lesion in tooth 16 and the pulp sensitivity test was negative, in addition, the computed tomography revealed an extensive periapical lesion and communication between the root of tooth 16 and the maxillary sinus, confirmed by the loss of continuity of the hyperdense image in the sine floor, which led to endodontic treatment. Dental infection control resolved sinusitis, highlighting the importance of accurate diagnosis and treatment in cases of odontogenic sinusitis. Conclusion: this case highlights the value of computerized tomography as a crucial diagnostic tool in complex clinical contexts (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Maxillary Sinusitis/etiology , Maxillary Sinusitis/diagnostic imaging , Dental Pulp Necrosis/complications , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/methods , Focal Infection, Dental/complications , Periapical Periodontitis/complications , Root Canal Therapy/methods
15.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 23: e220180, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1529135

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the effect of Photobiomodulation (PBM) on post-endodontic pain of mandibular molar teeth with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis. Material and Methods: In this clinical trial, mandibular molars with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis underwent primary endodontic treatment in 90 systemically healthy patients. After root canal treatment, the patients were randomly divided into two groups of PBM with diode laser at 940 nm wavelength and 200 mW output power and placebo (mock PBM therapy). Level of pain was recorded at 6, 12, 24, 48, and 72 hours postoperatively using a visual analog scale (VAS). The data were analyzed using the Mann-Whitney test and the Kruskal-Wallis test. Results: The results showed that post-endodontic pain at all time points was significantly lower in the PBM group compared with the placebo group. The pain score in the PBM group was significantly lower than the placebo group (p<0.05). However, this difference was not significant at 48 h (p=0.18) and 72 h (p=0.12) postoperatively. Also, the results showed that the mean pain score in males and females in the PBM group was significantly lower than in males and females in the placebo group. Conclusion: Photobiomodulation can effectively decrease post-endodontic pain in mandibular molar teeth with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Pulpitis/therapy , Root Canal Therapy , Toothache , Chi-Square Distribution , Surveys and Questionnaires , Statistics, Nonparametric , Low-Level Light Therapy/methods
16.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1431048

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the perception and self-confidence of Dental interns regarding endodontic treatment performed on patients. Material and Methods: A total of 111 dental interns from 5 different educational institutes of a state in South India participated in a questionnaire-based survey. The questionnaire consisted of 12 questions related to root canal procedures performed on patients. Analysis was done using SPSS version 17.0. Results: Sixty-five interns (59%) performed less than 10 root canal treatments on patients during the course of the internship. Twenty-eight interns (25% of the intern population) took up more than 10 root canal treatment cases, whereas only 18 interns (16%) did not perform the treatment on patients and answered the questionnaire based on their experience with extracted teeth model work. Only five interns out of 111 were 'Very confident' and 22 were 'Confident' in performing the root canal treatment. Conclusion: The present study indicates that the self-perceived confidence level among dental interns can affect their clinical performance. It also recommends additional hands-on workshops, problem-based learning and clinical guidance for the dental interns to become more confident with the root canal procedure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Therapy/psychology , Social Perception , Students, Dental/psychology , Trust/psychology , Endodontics , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Problem-Based Learning/methods
17.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 302-310, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971398

ABSTRACT

Palatal radicular groove is a developmental malformation of maxillary incisors, lateral incisors in particular, which often causes periodontal destruction. This paper reports a case of combined periodontal-endodontic lesions induced by palatal radicular groove, which was initially misdiagnosed as a simple periapical cyst. After root canal therapy and periapical cyst curettage, the course of disease was prolonged, resulting in the absence of buccal and maxillary bone plates in the affected tooth area. After the etiology was determined, the affected tooth was extracted and guide bone tissue regeneration was performed at the same time, followed by implantation and restoration at the later stage, leading to clinical cure. The palatal radicular groove is highly occult, and the clinical symptoms are not typical. If the abscess of the maxillary lateral incisor occurs repeatedly, and the abscess of the maxillary lateral incisor has not been cured after periodontal and root canal treatment, cone-beam computed tomographic and periodontal flap surgery should be considered.


Subject(s)
Humans , Incisor , Radicular Cyst , Abscess , Tooth Root/abnormalities , Root Canal Therapy , Maxilla , Cysts
18.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 114-119, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971282

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical application of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) among endodontic practitioners, and to analyze the indications and reasonability of CBCT in the diagnosis and treatment of pulpal and periapical diseases.@*METHODS@#The clinical data were collected from patients who visited the Department of Cariology and Endodontology, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology and underwent CBCT examination from January to December, 2021. The data with their complete clinical information (including clinical records, radiology request forms/reports, two-dimensional and three-dimensional imaging data) were included. Those who underwent CBCT examination for orthodontic or prosthodontics were excluded. The experience and training background of the endodontic specialists, the number of patients treated in the whole year, the objective and region of interest (ROI) of CBCT examination, technical parameters, such as machine type, field of view (FoV) and radiographic reports were collected and analyzed to evaluate the impact on diagnosis. Wilcoxon and Mann-Whitney tests were used to compare the distribution of CBCT ROI. Chi-squared test and pairwise comparison were used to compare the application of CBCT by endodontic specialists with different clinical experience (senior, middle and junior).@*RESULTS@#In 2021, a total of 3 308 CBCT scans were prescribed by 61 endodontic specialists who treated 34 952 patients throughout the year. 3 218 patients (male ∶female about 1 ∶2) amounting for 10% of the patients treated in the whole year who received CBCT scans with an median age of 35 years (28, 49). Around 98% CBCT examinations were performed after clinical examination and two-dimensional periapical radiographs were taken. The FoV of CBCT scanning less than 10 cm×10 cm accounted for 96% of the total number of the images. Among the 3 308 CBCT scans, 83% of the ROI were in posterior teeth, with a higher number of anterior teeth (Z=-2.278, P < 0.05). Maxillary and mandibular first molars accounted for 35% of the examined teeth. The objectives of CBCT scanning included three aspects: clarifying clinical diagnosis, guiding surgical and non-surgical endodontic treatment (including management of endodontic complications), and outcome assessment, accounting for 1 111 (34%), 1 745 (54%), 311 (10%), respectively. and the others 2%. In the diagnosis process, CBCT was mainly used for the diagnosis of chronic periapical periodontitis, root fracture, root resorption and dental trauma. In the study, 353 CBCT were used in the diagnosis of root fracture, with a positive diagnosis rate of 35% (125/353). 846 CBCT used to reveal the anatomy of the root canal system, of which 297 cases were used to find missed/extra canals after treatment failure, and 58% (171/297) were used to confirm the missed/extra canals. In the management of complications or errors, CBCT was mainly used to assist the diagnosis of perforation and to locate the separated instruments. In the study, 311 CBCT scans were used for outcome assessment, including 240 cases related to non-surgical treatment and 71 cases related to surgical endodontic treatment for follow-up or presence of clinical symptoms, and persistent lesions on 2D films. Among the 61 endodontic specialists who used CBCT, 23 (45%) were with senior experience, 15 (30%) with middle experience, and 23 (25%) with junior experience. The proportion of senior or junior experience prescribing CBCT examination was 10%, higher than that of middle experience (8%, χ12=39.4, χ22=29.1, P < 0.001). The application rate of chief endodontists was 18%, which was higher than that of associate chief endodontists (9%, χ12=139.4, P < 0.001). 31% (1 109/3 308) cases of diagnosis or treatment plans were changed after CBCT was taken.@*CONCLUSION@#Use of CBCT in endodontic practice could provide more clinical information, which is helpful for diagnosis, accurate treatment and prognosis evaluation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Prevalence , Root Canal Therapy/methods , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/methods , Tooth , Imaging, Three-Dimensional
19.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 92-97, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970761

ABSTRACT

It is a basic prerequisite for the successful completion of endodontic treatment to thoroughly understand the root canal space anatomy. With the development of dental devices in dentistry, the root canal morphology of the mandibular first premolars can be presented in more detail. Before conducting root canal therapy on the mandibular first premolar with complex root canal morphology, it should be necessary to evaluate the potential difficulties and risks for making an appropriate treatment plan. The present paper reviews the research progress on the diversities of root canal morphology in mandibular first premolars in recent years, and then makes technologic recommendations based on the morphology diversities.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Pulp Cavity/diagnostic imaging , Bicuspid/anatomy & histology , Mandible , Tooth Root/anatomy & histology , Root Canal Therapy
20.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 3-10, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970748

ABSTRACT

Epithelial root sheath plays a key role in guiding the development of tooth root. Any problems during its growth can lead to various forms of defects or abnormalities in the development of tooth root. Radicular invaginatus may occur when the epithelial root sheath excessively proliferates and infolds into the dental papilla. In terms of tissue origin and occurrence mechanism, the radicular dens invaginatus is similar to the coronal invaginatus which is led by the proliferation and infolding of enamel organ. However, there had been no consensus on the term and classification of this type of developmental abnormality as well as the relationships among the dens invaginatus, the radicular invaginatus and the palatogingival groove. From the role of epithelial root sheath during root development, the manifestations of root developmental defects and abnormalities will be analyzed. The pathogeny, classification, clinical characteristics of the radicular invaginatus, the relationship with the dens invaginatus and the impact on treatment were specially focused on.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Therapy , Dens in Dente/therapy
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