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1.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190248, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1056591

ABSTRACT

Abstract The evidence is inconclusive regarding the effect of periodontal treatment on glycemic control and systemic inflammation in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and periodontitis Objective: To evaluate the effect of scaling and root planing (SRP) on the metabolic control and systemic inflammation of patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). Methodology: A literature search was conducted using the MEDLINE database via PubMed and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, from their oldest records up to July 2018. Only randomized clinical trials (RCT) were considered eligible for evaluating the effect of periodontal treatment on markers of metabolic control [glycated hemoglobin (HbA1C)] and systemic inflammation [C-reactive protein (CRP)] in patients with T2D. The quality of the studies was evaluated using the Cochrane Collaboration risk assessment tool. Meta-analyses were performed for HbA1c and CRP using random effects models. The size of the overall intervention effect was estimated by calculating the weighted average of the differences in means (DM) between the groups in each study. Heterogeneity was assessed using the Q-statistic method (x2 and I²). The level of significance was established at p<0.05. Results: Nine RCT were included. SRP was effective in reducing HbA1c [DM=0.56 (0.36-0.75); p<0.01] and CRP [DM=1.89 (1.70-2.08); p<0.01]. No heterogeneity was detected (I2=0%, p>0.05). Conclusions: SRP has an impact on metabolic control and reduction of systemic inflammation of patients with T2D.


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodontitis/physiopathology , Periodontitis/therapy , Dental Scaling/methods , Root Planing/methods , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/physiopathology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/prevention & control , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Glycated Hemoglobin A/analysis , Treatment Outcome , Publication Bias
2.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4991, 01 Fevereiro 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-998272

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze osteopontin mRNA expression levels in subjects with periodontitis prior to (baseline) and 7, 14, and 28 days following scaling and root planing (SRP). Material and Methods: Gingival crevicular fluid was collected as clinical samples from four subjects with periodontitis (pocket depth, 4-5 mm) aged 35-54 years old as well as from three healthy subjects (controls). The osteopontin mRNA expression levels were measured by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Spearman's rank correlation between osteopontin levels in gingival crevicular fluid and the modified gingival index (MGI) was also performed. Results: The Wilcoxon signed-rank test showed no significant difference in osteopontin mRNA expression levels between baseline and 28 days following SRP (p=0.068). The Friedman test showed no significant difference in osteopontin mRNA expression levels between baseline and following SRP (7, 14, or 28 days) (p>0.05). Spearman's rank correlation showed no significant correlation between osteopontin mRNA expression levels and MGI (r=0.087; p=0.749). Conclusion: Following SRP of periodontal tissue, there was a decreasing trend in osteopontin mRNA expression; however, this finding was not statistically significant. Nevertheless, osteopontin can be used as a biomarker to monitor the healing process; however, further studies are required to clarify our results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Periodontitis , RNA, Messenger , Root Planing/methods , Osteopontin , Case-Control Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Indonesia
3.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180108, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-975873

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: This study aims to evaluate the clinical and biochemical (oxidative stress and pro-inflammatory mediators) effects of the gaseous ozone use accompanied by scaling and root planning (SRP) in periodontal treatment. Material and Methods: The study population consisted of 40 patients with chronic periodontitis (CP) randomly sorted into two groups of 20. The experimental group received SRP plus 3 watts gaseous ozone in two separate applications five days apart, whereas the control group received SRP plus placebo. Clinical periodontal parameters were assayed and saliva samples were taken before the initial and one month after the second treatment. Periodontal examination assessed plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), probing depth, and clinical attachment level (CAL). Total antioxidant status (TAS), total oxidant status (TOS), nitric oxide (NO), 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), myeloperoxidase (MPO), glutathione (GSH), malondialdehyde (MDA), and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β) levels were evaluated from saliva samples. Results: Changes following treatment in PI, GI, probing depth, and CAL scores were similar for both groups (p>0.05). Of note, TGF-β levels were observed to be higher in the treatment group than in controls (p<0.05). Changes in 8-OHdG, TAS, TOS, NO, MPO, GSH and MDA levels, however, were not significantly different between groups (p>0.05). Conclusion: The findings of this study indicate that SRP plus gaseous ozone versus SRP alone does not correlate to a significant improvement in periodontal recovery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Oxidants, Photochemical/therapeutic use , Ozone/therapeutic use , Root Planing/methods , Chronic Periodontitis/therapy , Saliva/chemistry , Time Factors , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Periodontal Index , Dental Plaque Index , Reproducibility of Results , Transforming Growth Factor beta/analysis , Treatment Outcome , Oxidants/antagonists & inhibitors , Peroxidase/analysis , Statistics, Nonparametric , Deoxyguanosine/analysis , Deoxyguanosine/analogs & derivatives , Chronic Periodontitis/pathology , Glutathione/analysis , Malondialdehyde/analysis , Middle Aged , Nitric Oxide/analysis , Antioxidants/analysis
4.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e055, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019595

ABSTRACT

Abstract Serum hepcidin levels may increase in response to infection and inflammation. The present study investigated the effect of nonsurgical periodontal therapy (NSPT) on levels of serum hepcidin, inflammatory markers, and iron markers. An interventional study was conducted on 67 patients (age 30-65 years) without other diseases, except for chronic periodontitis (CP). Patients were allocated to either CP or control groups. The CP group received supragingival and subgingival scaling and root planing procedures, whereas the control group received supragingival scaling. Probing depth (PD), bleeding on probing, clinical attachment level (CAL), visible plaque index (VPI), serum hepcidin and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), hematological markers, and iron markers were measured at baseline and at 90 days after NSPT. The CP group had statistically significant lower mean values for mean corpuscular volume (MCV) and mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH) (p ≤ 0.05). The control group had statistically significant reductions in hemoglobin, hematocrit, MCV, and MCH (p ≤ 0.05). Serum hepcidin, IL-6, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) levels were significantly decreased in both groups after NSPT. Periodontal markers were more markedly reduced in the CP group compared with the control group (p ≤ 0.05). These findings suggest that NSPT may reduce the serum levels of IL-6, hepcidin, and periodontal parameters.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Chronic Periodontitis/blood , Hepcidins/blood , Iron/blood , Reference Values , Time Factors , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Biomarkers/blood , Case-Control Studies , Dental Plaque Index , Interleukin-6/blood , Treatment Outcome , Root Planing/methods , Periodontal Attachment Loss/pathology , Periodontal Attachment Loss/blood , Statistics, Nonparametric , Chronic Periodontitis/pathology , Chronic Periodontitis/therapy , Gingiva/pathology , Middle Aged
5.
Braz. dent. j ; 29(3): 296-300, May-June 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951548

ABSTRACT

Abstract In the search for the ideal treatment of periodontal disease various non-surgical techniques should be considered. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of full-mouth scaling (FMS) by clinical and microbiological parameters. 670 individuals were evaluated with 230 subjects meeting the selection criteria and were divided into two groups; 115 subjects treated with FMS and 115 treated with weekly sessions of scaling and root planning (SRP). The patient population had a mean age of 51.67 years, with moderate chronic periodontitis. Subjects were evaluated prior to treatment (T1) and 90 days after execution of therapy (T2), with regards to: probing depth (PD), clinical attachment level (CAL), plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), and microbial detection for the presence of Porphyromonas gingivalis (P.g.) and Prevotella intermedia (P.i.) by culture method and confirmed by biochemical tests. Subjects treated in the FMS group also rinsed with 0.12% chlorhexidine mouthwash for seven days following treatment. The results were analyzed using statistical Student's t-test and chi-square test. No statistically significant differences were observed for PD and CAL between T1 and T2 in both groups. For GI and PI significant difference was observed between the groups. For the evaluated microbial parameters was observed reduction of P.g. and P.i., but only for P.g. with a significant reduction in both groups. The full mouth scaling technique with the methodology used in this study provided improved clinical conditions and reduction of P.g. in subjects with moderate periodontitis, optimizing the time spent in the therapeutic execution.


Resumo Na busca do tratamento ideal da doença periodontal varias são técnicas não-cirúrgicas que podem ser consideradas. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a eficácia da técnica de desinfecção total de boca (FMD, na sigla em Inglês) por parâmetros clínicos e microbiológicos. Foram avaliados 670 indivíduos com 230 indivíduos atendendo aos critérios de seleção e divididos em dois grupos; 115 indivíduos tratados com FMD e 115 tratados com sessões semanais de raspagem e alisamento corono radicular (SRP, na sigla em Inglês). A população avaliada tinha idade média de 51,67 anos, com periodontite crônica moderada. Os sujeitos foram avaliados antes do tratamento (T1) e 90 dias após a execução da terapia (T2), quanto à profundidade de sondagem (PS), nível de inserção clínica (NIC), índice de placa (IP), índice gengival (IG) e detecção microbiana da presença de Porphyromonas gingivalis (P.g.) e Prevotella intermedia (P.i.) por método de cultura e confirmada por testes bioquímicos. Os indivíduos tratados no grupo FMD também realizaram bochechos com clorexidina 0,12% durante sete dias após o tratamento. Os resultados foram analisados ​​utilizando o teste estatístico t de Student e o teste de qui-quadrado. Não foram observadas diferenças estatisticamente significativas para PS e NIC entre T1 e T2 em ambos os grupos. Para IG e IP observou-se diferença significativa entre os grupos. Para os parâmetros microbianos avaliados foi observada redução de P.g. e P.i., mas apenas para P.g. com uma redução significativa em ambos os grupos. A técnica FMD com a metodologia utilizada neste estudo proporcionou condições clínicas melhoradas e redução da P.g. Em indivíduos com periodontite moderada, otimizando o tempo gasto na execução terapêutica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Dental Scaling/methods , Chronic Periodontitis/therapy , Periodontal Pocket/therapy , Chlorhexidine/therapeutic use , Periodontal Index , Dental Plaque Index , Longitudinal Studies , Root Planing/methods , Periodontal Attachment Loss/therapy , Porphyromonas gingivalis/isolation & purification , Prevotella intermedia/isolation & purification , Dental Plaque/microbiology , Disinfectants/therapeutic use , Chronic Periodontitis/microbiology , Mouthwashes/therapeutic use
6.
J. appl. oral sci ; 25(2): 168-176, Mar.-Apr. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-841173

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The objective of this study was to evaluate the local effects of statins as adjuvants for treatment by scaling and root planing (SRP) of periodontal disease induced in rats. Material and Methods Ninety rats were used in the present experiment. Periodontal disease was induced in all animals using a cotton thread placed in the left first mandibular molar. After 7 days of induction, the bandage was removed and the animals were divided into three groups: 1) NT group (n=30), no treatment; 2) SRP group (n=30): SRP and irrigation with control gel; 3) S group (n=30) - SRP and irrigation with Simvastatin. Ten animals from each group were euthanized at 7, 15 and 30 days after treatment. Gingival biopsy specimens were processed to analyze the expression of matrix metalloproteinase 8 (MMP-8). The mandibles were removed and submitted to radiographic and laboratory processing for histometric analysis. Results The S group showed a significantly lower expression of MMP-8 compared to NT and SRP groups in all experimental periods. In the radiographic and histometric analyses between the groups, S group showed a significantly lower bone loss (BL) compared to NT and SRP groups in all experimental periods. Conclusions Within the limits of this study, it can be concluded that locally applied statin was effective as an adjuvant treatment for SRP in rats with induced periodontal disease.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Periodontitis/drug therapy , Root Planing/methods , Simvastatin/pharmacology , Bone Density Conservation Agents/pharmacology , Periodontitis/pathology , Time Factors , Biopsy , Reproducibility of Results , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Rats, Wistar , Matrix Metalloproteinase 8/analysis , Gingiva/drug effects , Gingiva/pathology , Mandible/pathology , Mandible/diagnostic imaging
7.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 31: e28, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839509

ABSTRACT

Abstract The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of the avocado/soybean unsaponifiables (ASU) on the treatment of induced periodontitis in rats. Periodontitis was induced in 84 rats via ligature placement around the second upper molar, which was removed after 7 days, and scaling and root planning (SRP) was performed at this time. Subsequently, the rats were randomly allocated to four groups with 21 animals each: One SRP group in which saline solution was administered (SS), and three groups in which ASU was administered (0.6 g/kg/day), beginning either 7 days before the induction of periodontitis (SRP/ASU-7), on the day of periodontitis induction (SRP/ASU0), or on the day of treatment (SRP/ASU+7). ASU and SS were administered daily by gavage until the sacrifice of the animals (7, 15, and 30 days after SRP). The % bone in the furcation area was evaluated by histomorphometry and micro-CT. The expression of proteins (TRAP, RANKL, and alkaline phosphatase) and mRNA (IL-1β, TNF-α, IL-6, RANKL, and alkaline phosphatase) were evaluated by immunohistochemistry and qPCR. The SRP/ASU+7 group presented a higher percentage of bone fill in the furcation area and higher expression of alkaline phosphatase than in the SRP group (at 7 and 30 days, respectively). The SRP/ASU0 and SRP/ASU+7 groups presented lower expression levels of RANKL mRNA than the SRP and SRP/ASU-7 groups at 15 days. ASU administration on the day of the SRP treatment of the ligature-induced periodontitis promoted subtle beneficial effects on periodontal repair following the treatment of induced periodontitis within the experimental period of 7 days.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Periodontitis/drug therapy , Soybeans/chemistry , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , Persea/chemistry , Periodontitis/etiology , Periodontitis/pathology , Reference Values , Time Factors , Immunohistochemistry , Random Allocation , Gene Expression , Reproducibility of Results , Interleukin-6/analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Treatment Outcome , Root Planing/methods , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Interleukin-1beta/analysis , RANK Ligand/analysis , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Tartrate-Resistant Acid Phosphatase/analysis
8.
Rev. ADM ; 73(6): 303-309, nov.-dic. 2016. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-869341

ABSTRACT

La terapia fotodinámica es considerada como un procedimiento no invasivo dentro de la práctica periodontal, reduciendo la morbilidad e incrementando la comodidad del paciente. Objetivo: el objetivo del presente estudio fue evaluar la eficacia clínica del uso de terapia fotodinámica como adyuvante al raspado y alisado radicular en periodontitis crónica. Material y métodos: se realizó un estudio comparativo, correlacional, aplicado a 20 pacientes con periodontitis crónica moderada-avanzada (pérdida de inserción clínica >- 6 mm) durante el raspado y alisado radicular no quirúrgico, con la adición de azul de metileno, donde se administró la terapia fotodinámica en dos sesiones, evaluando los parámetros clínicos (profundidad de bolsa, nivel de inserción clínico, índice de placa, sangrado al sondeo y recesión gingival). Resultados: tras cuatro semanas de evaluación postratamiento, no se observaron diferencias significativas en los parámetros clínicos entre el grupo experimental y control, aunque se encontró un mayor aumento de recesión gingival con el uso de la terapia fotodinámica (p=0,353). Conclusión: el uso de la terapia fotodinámica como adyuvante durante el raspado y alisado radicular convencional no proporciona beneficios adicionales al tratamiento periodontal convencional.


Photodynamic therapy is considered a non-invasiveprocedure in periodontal practice, one which reduces morbidity andincreases patient comfort. Objective: The aim of this study was toevaluate the clinical effi cacy of photodynamic therapy as an adjuvantto scaling and root planing in chronic periodontitis. Material andmethods: A comparative and correlational study was carried out on 20patients with moderate to advanced chronic periodontitis (attachmentloss ≥ 6 mm) during nonsurgical scaling and root planing, including theaddition of methylene blue. The photodynamic therapy was applied intwo sessions, during which the clinical parameters (pocket depth, clinicalattachment level, plaque index, bleeding on probing, and gingivalrecession) were assessed. Results: After four weeks of post-treatmentassessment, no signifi cant diff erences were found between the clinicalparameters of the experimental and control groups, although a greaterincrease in gingival recession was found when photodynamic therapywas used (p = 0.353). Conclusion: The use of photodynamic therapyas an adjuvant in conventional scaling and root planing provides noadditional benefi ts to conventional periodontal treatmen.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Root Planing/methods , Photochemotherapy/methods , Chronic Periodontitis/therapy , Dental Scaling/methods , Analysis of Variance , Methylene Blue/therapeutic use , Periodontal Pocket/diagnosis , Periodontal Index , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Treatment Outcome
9.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-794510

ABSTRACT

Objetivo El objetivo de este ensayo clínico aleatorizado, doble ciego, de brazos paralelos y controlado por placebo fue evaluar el efecto clínico del consumo de Lactobacillus rhamnosus SP1 en un polvo de disolución oral, adicional a la terapia periodontal no quirúrgica. Material y método Cuarenta y nueve sujetos fueron examinados para participar en este estudio. Veintiocho participantes sistémicamente sanos, con diagnóstico de periodontitis crónica, fueron reclutados y monitorizados clínicamente en el tiempo basal, 3 y 6 meses después de la terapia periodontal. Los parámetros clínicos registrados fueron presencia de placa, sangrado al sondaje, profundidad al sondaje y pérdida de inserción clínica. Todos recibieron terapia periodontal no quirúrgica, incluyendo pulido y alisado radicular (PAR), y fueron asignados aleatoriamente al grupo experimental (PAR + probiótico, n = 14) o control (PAR + placebo, n = 14). Luego de la última sesión de PAR debieron ingerir un sobre con polvo de disolución oral de Lactobacillus rhamnosus SP1 o placebo, una vez al día durante 3 meses. Resultados Ambos grupos mejoraron sus parámetros clínicos en todos los tiempos evaluados. Además, el grupo experimental redujo significativamente el porcentaje de sitios, dientes y número de participantes con profundidad al sondaje ≥ 5 mm entre el tiempo basal y los 6 meses postratamiento. Conclusiones La administración oral de L. rhamnosus SP1 asociado a la terapia periodontal genera similares mejorías en los parámetros clínicos comparado con solo usar terapia periodontal en el tratamiento de la periodontitis crónica en adultos.


Objective The aim of this double- blind, placebo- controlled parallel- arm, randomised clinical trial was to evaluate the clinical effects of a sachet of Lactobacillus rhamnosus SP1-containing probiotic as an adjunct to non-surgical therapy. Material and method Fourty- nine subjects were screened for their elegibility to participate in this study. Twenty-eight systemically healthy volunteers with chronic periodontitis were enrolled and monitored clinically at baseline, and at 3 and 6 months after therapy. Clinical parameters measured included plaque index, bleeding on probing, pocket probing depths (PPD), and clinical attachment loss. Patients received non-surgical therapy including scaling and root planing (SRP), and were randomly assigned to a test (SRP + probiotic, n = 14) or control (SRP + placebo, n = 14) group. The administration of a sachet of Lactobacillus rhamnosus SP1 probiotic once a day for 3 months commenced after the last session of SRP. Results Both test and control groups showed improvements in clinical parameters at all time points evaluated. Furthermore, at initial visits and after 6 months follow-up, the test group showed a statistically significant reduction in percentage of sites, teeth, and number of participants with PPD ≥ 5 mm. Conclusions The results of this trial indicate that oral administration of L. rhamnosus SP1 sachets during initial therapy resulted in similar clinical improvements compared to SRP alone.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Dental Scaling/methods , Root Planing/methods , Probiotics/therapeutic use , Lactobacillus rhamnosus , Chronic Periodontitis/therapy , Double-Blind Method , Administration, Oral , Follow-Up Studies , Combined Modality Therapy , Probiotics/administration & dosage
10.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 30(1): e41, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951957

ABSTRACT

Abstract Little is known about the factors that may be used in clinical practice to predict the therapeutic response of aggressive periodontitis patients. The aim of this study was to determine predictors of clinical outcomes after non-surgical treatment of aggressive periodontitis. A total of 24 patients (aged 13-26 years) received oral hygiene instructions, as well as subgingival scaling and root planing. Twelve subjects received systemic azithromycin at random. Clinical variables were assessed at baseline, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months. Baseline microbiological assessment was performed by checkerboard DNA-DNA hybridization. Multivariable models used generalized estimating equations. There were significant improvements in the entire sample in regard to pocket depth, clinical attachment level and bleeding on probing. Significant predictors of a reduction in mean pocket depth were: use of azithromycin, non-molar teeth, generalized disease and baseline pocket depth. Absence of plaque predicted a 0.22 mm higher attachment gain, whereas a baseline pocket depth ≥7 mm predicted a 1.36 mm higher attachment loss. Azithromycin, plaque, and baseline pocket depth were significant predictors of bleeding on probing. The concomitant presence of all three red complex species predicted a 0.78 mm higher attachment loss. It may be concluded that dental plaque, tooth type, disease extent, baseline pocket depth, and use of azithromycin were significant predictors of the clinical response to treatment for aggressive periodontitis in young individuals. Moreover, the presence of multiple periodontal pathogens may predict challenges in achieving a favorable outcome for aggressive periodontitis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Oral Hygiene/methods , Aggressive Periodontitis/therapy , Dental Scaling/methods , Root Planing/methods , Time Factors , Periodontium/microbiology , Periodontal Index , Multivariate Analysis , Treatment Outcome , Azithromycin/therapeutic use , Dental Plaque/microbiology , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
11.
Rev. ADM ; 72(6): 306-313, nov.-dic. 2015. tab, ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-786688

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La placa dentobacteriana es el principal factor etiológico en el desarrollo y progresión de la gingivitis. Comúnmente se han sugerido productos de cuidado oral como cremas dentales y/o enjuagues bucales como adyuvante en la terapia mecánica. Objetivo: Evaluar la eficacia del uso combinado de un dentífrico a base de Triclosán a 0.3 por ciento y copolímero PVM/MA a 2.0 por ciento (Colgate Total 12®) y enjuague bucal a base de cloruro de cetilpiridinio a 0.05 por ciento (Colgate Plax®) en pacientes con gingivitis marginal crónica después de una terapia de raspado y alisado radicular comparado con un grupo control. Material y métodos: Se realizó un ensayo clínico controlado, aleatorizado y doble ciego en 50 pacientes sanos con diagnóstico sistemático de gingivitis marginal crónica. Se dividieron en grupo A experimental y grupo B control. Se evaluó índice gingival de Lõe y Silness e índice de placa de Quigley Hein modifi cado por Turesky al inicio y al fi nal del estudio; el periodo de estudio fue de seis semanas. Al inicio se realizó a cada paciente tratamiento de raspado y alisado radicular y se le instruyó sobre el uso correcto de los productos. Al concluir la sexta semana se tomaron mediciones finales bajo las mismas condiciones que las iniciales...


Introduction:Dental plaque is considered to be the main etiological factor in the development and progression of gingivitis. Oral care products such as toothpaste and mouthwash have commonly been rec-ommended as an adjunct to mechanical periodontal therapy. Objective:To evaluate the effi cacy of using a dentifrice containing 0.3% triclosan and 2.0% PVM/MA copolymer (Colgate Total 12®) in combination with a 0.05% cetylpyridinium chloride mouthwash (Colgate Plax®) in patients with chronic marginal gingivitis following scaling and root-planing therapy compared to a control group. Material and methods:A randomized double-blind controlled clinical study was performed on 50 systemically healthy patients diagnosed with chronic marginal gingivitis. These were divided into two groups: A (experimental) and B (control). The Lõe and Silness gingival index and the Turesky modifi ca-tion of the Quigley-Hein plaque index were recorded at baseline and after 6 weeks (the duration of the study). Patients were treated with scaling and root-planning, and all received instructions on the proper use of the oral care products. Final measurements were taken at the end of the six-week assessment under the same conditions as those at the time of the baseline assessment...


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Female , Young Adult , Mouthwashes/therapeutic use , Root Planing/methods , Cetylpyridinium/therapeutic use , Dentifrices/therapeutic use , Gingivitis/drug therapy , Polymethyl Methacrylate/chemistry , Dental Scaling/methods , Triclosan/therapeutic use , Toothbrushing/methods , Dental Plaque Index , Double-Blind Method , Oral Hygiene/education , Periodontal Index , Dental Plaque/drug therapy , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Treatment Outcome
12.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 32(2): 233-238, abr.-jun. 2012. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-656832

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Pocos estudios han descrito la microbiota subgingival en mujeres embarazadas con preeclampsia leve. Objetivo. Identificar cambios periodontales y de la microbiota subgingival en mujeres embarazadas con preeclampsia, después del tratamiento periodontal. Materiales y métodos. En un análisis secundario de un ensayo clínico de asignación aleatoria, se estudiaron 57 pacientes con preeclampsia en el Hospital Universitario del Valle de Cali. Se asignaron al azar 31 al grupo de intervención periodontal (detartraje y alisado subgingival ultrasónico y manual) durante su embarazo y otras 26 al grupo control (profilaxis supragingival). Se determinaron los parámetros clínicos periodontales y la microbiota subgingival a la inclusión al estudio y en el posparto. Se evaluaron 8 bacterias periodontopáticas y 2 virus herpes por reacción en cadena de la polimerasa. Se usaron las pruebas de ji al cuadrado, test de McNemar o t de Student, con un nivel de significancia de p≤ Resultados. Los grupos fueron comparables en las variables clínicas y microbiológicas al inicio del estudio. El tratamiento periodontal redujo el promedio de la profundidad de bolsa en el grupo de intervención de 2,44±0,31 a 2,31±0,24 mm (p=0,000) y en el grupo control de 2,58±0,37 a 2,44±0,39 mm (p=0,000),y el índice de sangrado, de 16,4±1,5 a 7,9±0,7 % en el primero (p=0,000), y de 17,1±1,8 a 10±0,9 %, en el segundo (p=0,002). La frecuencia de detección de microorganismos no varió de manera significativa entre los grupos. Conclusión. El raspaje y alisado radicular, así como la profilaxis supragingival, redujeron de manera significativa la profundidad a la sonda y el índice de sangrado gingival. El tratamiento periodontal no fue más efectivo que la profilaxis para reducir los organismos periodontopáticos o los virus herpes.


Introduction. Few studies have described subgingival microbiota in pregnant women with mild preeclampsia. Objective. Clinical periodontal and subgingival microbiota changes were identified in pregnant women with mild preeclampsia after periodontal treatment. Materials and methods. In a secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial, 57 preeclamptic women were studied at Hospital Universitario del Valle in Cali, Colombia. Thirty one women were randomized to the periodontal intervention group (subgingival scaling and planing ultrasonic and manual) during pregnancy and 26 to the control group (supragingival prophylaxis). Periodontal clinical parameters and subgingival microbiota were characterized at the time of acceptance into the study and again at postpartum. Eight periodontopathic bacteria and 2 herpesviruses were assessed by polymerase chain reaction. Chi-square, McNemar or Student´s t tests were used, with a significance level of p≤0.05. Results. Both groups were comparable in the clinical and microbiological variables at baseline. Periodontal treatment reduced the average pocket depth in the intervention group from 2.4±0.3 to 2.3±0.2 mm (p<0.001) and in control group 2.6±0.4 to 2.44±0.4 mm, (p<0.001) and bleeding index 16.4±1.5% to 7.9±0.7% in the intervention group(p<0.001) and 17.1±1.8% to 10±0.9% in the control group (p=0.002). The frequency of detection of microorganisms did not differ significantly between groups. Conclusion. Scaling/root planning and supragingival prophylaxis significantly reduced the probing depth and gingival bleeding index. Periodontal treatment was not more effective than prophylaxis in reducing periodontopathic organisms or herpesvirus.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Dental Scaling , Metagenome , Pre-Eclampsia/microbiology , Root Planing , Bacteria/isolation & purification , Dental Polishing , Dental Scaling/methods , Gingival Hemorrhage/etiology , Gingivitis/complications , Gingivitis/microbiology , Gingivitis/prevention & control , Gingivitis/therapy , Gingivitis/virology , /isolation & purification , Oral Hygiene , Patient Education as Topic , Periodontal Pocket/microbiology , Periodontal Pocket/prevention & control , Periodontal Pocket/virology , Periodontitis/complications , Periodontitis/microbiology , Periodontitis/prevention & control , Periodontitis/therapy , Periodontitis/virology , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/microbiology , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/prevention & control , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/therapy , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/virology , Puerperal Disorders/microbiology , Puerperal Disorders/virology , Root Planing/methods , Severity of Illness Index , Simplexvirus/isolation & purification
13.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-140184

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives: Depressed chemotactic activity of polymorphoneutrophil (PMN) and monocyte (MN) appears to be one of the significant risk factors in the development of periodontal disease. Although bacteria are the primary etiologic factor in periodontal disease, the patient's host response is a determinant of disease susceptibility. Depressed chemotaxis of PMN and MN could lead to periodontal destruction by altering the host response i.e. impairment of the normal host response in neutralizing infection and alterations that result in destruction of the surrounding periodontal tissues. Materials and Methods: Thirty patients (10 healthy subjects, 10 chronic periodontitis, and 10 with aggressive periodontitis) participated in this study. Clinical parameters like plaque index, gingival index, probing pocket depth, and radiographic assessment were done. The peripheral blood PMNs and MNs were isolated from the patient and the chemotactic response was studied. Statistical analysis was performed using post-hoc Newman-Keul range test. Results: PMN and MN chemotaxis was found to be statistically significant (P<0.05) at baseline and three months after periodontal therapy in chronic and aggressive periodontitis group compared to healthy subjects. However on comparison between chronic and aggressive periodontitis group statistical significance was not found (P>0.05).Comparision between chronic periodontitis, aggressive periodontitis with healthy subjects, PMN and MN chemotaxis showed statistical significance (P<0.05) at baseline and three months after periodontal therapy, Whereas statistically there was no difference when chronic periodontitis was compared with aggressive periodontitis Interpretation and Conclusion: Depressed chemotaxis of PMN and MN results in increased periodontal destruction. In this study, depressed PMN and MN chemotaxis is seen in both aggressive periodontitis group and chronic periodontitis group and the response was altered although to a lesser degree after periodontal therapy in both groups indicating that effect of treatment does exist.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aggressive Periodontitis/blood , Aggressive Periodontitis/immunology , Aggressive Periodontitis/therapy , Alveolar Bone Loss/classification , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Case-Control Studies , Chemotaxis, Leukocyte/immunology , Chronic Periodontitis/blood , Chronic Periodontitis/immunology , Chronic Periodontitis/therapy , Dental Plaque Index , Dental Scaling/methods , Double-Blind Method , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Monocytes/immunology , Neutrophils/immunology , Occlusal Adjustment , Oral Hygiene , Periodontal Index , Periodontal Pocket/classification , Risk Factors , Root Planing/methods , Surgical Flaps , Tetracycline/therapeutic use
14.
Braz. dent. j ; 23(4): 428-432, 2012. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-658022

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the non-surgical periodontal treatment in reducing the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) levels of IL-18 from inflamed periodontal sites. Fourteen patients with periodontal disease were included, being 9 patients with chronic periodontitis (mean age: 48.8 SD ± 7.4 years) and 5 patients with gingivitis (mean age: 43.6 SD ± 11.8). The patients were divided in the following groups: gingivitis sites from periodontitis patients (sites GP), periodontitis sites from periodontitis patients (sites PP), and gingivitis sites from gingivitis patients (sites GG). Probing pocket depth (PPD), probing attachment level (AL), plaque index (PI) and gingival index (GI) were recorded, and gingival fluid samples were collected. The subjects received non-surgical treatment and were re-evaluated 30 days after treatment (day 30 AT). There was a significant reduction in PI in GG (1.0 ± 0.4 to 0.5 ± 0.2), GP (1.2 ± 0.3 to 0.5 ± 0.3), and in PP (1.3 ± 0.4 to 0.7 ± 0.3) 30 AT. There was also a significant reduction in the GI in GG (1.3 ± 0.3 to 0.7 ± 0.4). PPD reduced significantly in GG (2.4 ± 0.6 to 1.9 ± 0.1), and PP (6.7 ± 1.1 to 5.2 ± 0.9) 30 AT. When all the samples were analyzed together, there was a significant reduction in IL-18 (12.9 ± 7.2 to 10.0 ± 3.1). This study showed that non-surgical treatment was effective in reducing GCF levels of IL-18 from inflamed periodontal sites.


O objetivo desse estudo foi avaliar o efeito do tratamento periodontal não-cirúrgico sobre os níveis da IL-18 em sítios inflamados de pacientes com doença periodontal. Foram avaliados 14 pacientes com doença periodontal, sendo 9 pacientes com periodontite crônica generalizada (idade média: 48,8 DP ± 7,4 anos) e 5 pacientes com gengivite (idade média: 43,6 DP ± 11,8 anos). Os pacientes foram divididos nos seguintes grupos: sítios sem perda de inserção nos pacientes com periodontite (GP), sítios com perda de inserção nos pacientes com periodontite (PP) e sítios sem perda de inserção nos pacientes com gengivite (GG). Profundidade de bolsa (PB), nível de inserção (NI), índice de placa (IP) e índice gengival (IG) foram avaliados e amostras do fluido gengival foram coletadas. Os pacientes receberam terapia não-cirúrgica e foram reavaliados 30 dias após tratamento (AT). Houve uma redução significante no IP dos GG (1,0 ± 0,4 para 0,5 ± 0,2), GP (1,2 ± 0,3 para 0,5 ± 0,3) e PP (1,3 ± 0,4 para 0,7 ± 0,3) 30 AT. Também houve uma redução significante no IG do GG (1,3 ± 0,3 para 0,7 ± 0,4). A profundidade de bolsa reduziu no GG (2,4 ± 0,6 para 1,9 ± 0,1) e no PP (6,7 ± 1,1 para 5,2 ± 0,9) 30 AT. Quando todas as amostras foram analisadas juntas, houve uma redução significante do IL-18 (12,9 ± 7,2 para 10,0 ± 3,1). Esse estudo mostrou que a terapia periodontal não-cirúrgica é eficaz em reduzir os níveis de IL-18 no fluido gengival de sítios inflamados.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Middle Aged , Chronic Periodontitis/therapy , Gingival Crevicular Fluid/immunology , Gingivitis/therapy , /analysis , Chronic Periodontitis/immunology , Dental Plaque Index , Dental Scaling/methods , Follow-Up Studies , Gingivitis/immunology , Oral Hygiene/education , Periodontal Index , Periodontal Attachment Loss/immunology , Periodontal Attachment Loss/therapy , Periodontal Pocket/immunology , Periodontal Pocket/therapy , Root Planing/methods , Subgingival Curettage/methods
15.
Braz. dent. j ; 22(3): 185-192, 2011. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-595641

ABSTRACT

This study used scanning electron microscopy (SEM) to evaluate the morphology and adhesion of blood components on root surfaces instrumented by curettes, piezoelectric ultrasonic scaler and Er,Cr:YSGG laser. One hundred samples from 25 teeth were divided into 5 groups: 1) Curettes; 2) Piezoelectric ultrasonic scaler; 3) Curettes plus piezoelectric ultrasonic scaler; 4) Er,Cr:YSGG laser; 5) Curettes plus Er,Cr:YSGG laser. Ten samples from each group were used for analysis of root morphology and the other 10 were used for analysis of adhesion of blood components on root surface. The results were analyzed statistically by the Kruskall-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests with a significance level of 5 percent. The group treated with curettes showed smoother surfaces when compared to the groups were instrumented with piezoelectric ultrasonic scaler and the Er,Cr:YSGG laser. The surfaces instrumented with piezoelectric ultrasonic scaler and Er,Cr:YSGG laser, alone or in combination with hand scaling and root planing, did not differ significantly (p>0.05) among themselves. No statistically significant differences (p>0.05) among groups were found as to the adhesion of blood components on root surface. Ultrasonic instrumentation and Er,Cr:YSGG irradiation produced rougher root surfaces than the use of curettes, but there were no differences among treatments with respect to the adhesion of blood components.


Esse estudo utilizou microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV) para avaliar a morfologia e a adesão de elementos sanguíneos em superfícies radiculares instrumentadas com curetas, ultrassom piezoelétrico e laser de Er,Cr:YSGG. Foram utilizadas no presente estudo 100 amostras provenientes de 25 dentes que foram divididas em 5 grupos: 1) Raspagem manual com curetas; 2) Raspagem com ultrassom; 3) Associação instrumento manual e ultrassom; 4)Irradiação do laser de Er,Cr:YSGG;5)Associação raspagem manual com irradiação com laser de Er,Cr:YSGG. Dez amostras de cada grupo foram utilizadas para análise da morfologia e as outras 10 foram utilizadas para a análise de adesão de elementos sanguíneos. As eletromicrografias foram analisadas através dos escores de adesão de elementos sanguíneos e pelo índice de morfologia radicular e os resultados foram analisados estatisticamente através dos testes de Kruskall-Wallis e de Mann-Whitney com nível de significância de 5 por cento. O grupo que foi tratado com instrumentos manuais apresentou superfície mais lisa em relação aos grupos que foram instrumentados com ultrassom e com o laser de Er,Cr:YSGG. As superfícies instrumentadas com ultrassom e com o laser de Er,Cr:YSGG de forma isolada ou associada a raspagem manual não apresentaram diferenças estatísticas entre si (p>0,05). Não houve diferenças estatísticas entre os grupos em relação a adesão de elementos sanguíneos(p>0,05). A instrumentação ultrassônica e a irradiação com o laser de Er,Cr:YSGG produziram superfícies radiculares mais rugosas em relação a raspagem com curetas, porém não houve diferenças entre os tratamentos com relação à adesão de elementos sanguíneos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Cells/cytology , Dental Scaling/instrumentation , Root Planing/instrumentation , Tooth Root/ultrastructure , Cell Adhesion/physiology , Dental Scaling/methods , Dentin/radiation effects , Dentin/ultrastructure , Fibrin/radiation effects , Fibrin/ultrastructure , Low-Level Light Therapy/instrumentation , Lasers, Solid-State/therapeutic use , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Piezosurgery/instrumentation , Root Planing/methods , Smear Layer , Subgingival Curettage/instrumentation , Tooth Root/radiation effects
16.
Braz. dent. j ; 22(6): 479-485, 2011. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-622721

ABSTRACT

Although in vitro studies have shown encouraging results for root surface conditioning with demineralizing agents, in vivo studies have failed to show its benefits in periodontal healing. This can be attributed to several factors, among which, the hypermineralization of dental surface. Therefore, this in vitro study compared, using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), the effect of root surface conditioning with different conditioners (1% and 25% citric acid, 24% EDTA and 50 mg/mL tetracycline hydrochloride) in impacted teeth and in teeth that had their roots exposed to the oral environment. One trained examiner assessed the SEM micrographs using a root surface modification index. There was a tendency of more root surface modification in the group of impacted teeth, suggesting that the degree of root mineralization influences its chemical demineralization.


Apesar de estudos in vitro terem demonstrado resultados favoráveis ao condicionamento da superfície radicular com agentes desmineralizantes, estudos in vivo não mostraram seus benefícios na cicatrização periodontal. Isto pode ser atribuído a vários fatores, entre os quais, a hipermineralização da superfície dental. Portanto, este estudo in vitro comparou, usando microscopia eletrônica de varredura, o efeito do condicionamento da superfície radicular com diferentes condicionadores (1% e 25% de ácido cítrico, EDTA 24% e 50 mg/mL de cloridrato de tetraciclina) em dentes impactados e dentes que tinham suas raízes expostas ao meio bucal. Um examinador treinado avaliou as microscopias eletrônicas de varredura utilizando um índice de modificação da superfície radicular. Houve uma tendência de maior modificação da superfície radicular no grupo de dentes impactados, sugerindo que o grau de mineralização da raiz influencia a sua desmineralização química.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Middle Aged , Collagen/ultrastructure , Dentin/ultrastructure , Root Planing/methods , Smear Layer , Tooth Root/ultrastructure , Chelating Agents/therapeutic use , Citric Acid/administration & dosage , Citric Acid/therapeutic use , Collagen/drug effects , Dental Calculus/pathology , Dental Cementum/drug effects , Dental Cementum/ultrastructure , Dentin/drug effects , Edetic Acid/therapeutic use , Gingival Hemorrhage/pathology , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Periodontal Pocket/pathology , Tetracycline/therapeutic use , Tooth Root/drug effects , Tooth, Impacted/pathology
17.
Braz. dent. j ; 17(3): 213-218, 2006. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-442369

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of subgingival application of Carisolv™ gel as an adjunctive therapy to scaling and root planing (SRP) on calculus removal compared to conventional instrumentation. Forty-five teeth requiring extraction due to severe periodontal disease were randomized to the following treatments: 1) SRP alone; 2) placebo gel + SRP; 3) Carisolv™ gel + SRP. Either test or placebo gel was applied subgingivally for 1 min and then the root were instrumented until a smooth and calculus-free surface was achieved. Instrumentation time and the number of strokes required were recorded. After extraction, the efficacy of root surface instrumentation was measured by percentage of remaining calculus. There was no statistically significant difference (p>0.05) between the treatment groups regarding either time required for instrumentation or the percentage of residual calculus. The subgingival application of Carisolv™ gel prior to SRP did not provide any additional benefit to root instrumentation compared to scaling and root planing alone.


O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a efetividade da aplicação subgengival do gel Carisolv™ em associação aos procedimentos de raspagem e alisamento radicular (RAR) na remoção do cálculo dental aderido à superfície radicular, quando comparado à terapia periodontal mecânica convencional. Foram utilizados 45 dentes indicados para a exodontia devido à doença periodontal avançada, os quais foram divididos em três grupos de tratamento: 1) RAR apenas; 2) placebo + RAR; 3) Carisolv™ + RAR. O tempo despendido e o número de movimentos realizados para a instrumentação das superfícies radiculares foram avaliados durante o tratamento. Em seguida, os dentes foram extraídos e avaliados quanto ao percentual de cálculo residual, por meio de um sistema computadorizado de análise de imagens. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante (p>0,05) entre os grupos com relação ao tempo requerido para os diferentes tratamentos, assim como quanto ao percentual de cálculo residual. Os resultados indicaram que a aplicação do Carisolv™ não promoveu benefícios adicionais àqueles obtidos com a terapia mecânica convencional na remoção do cálculo subgengival.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Dental Scaling , Dental Calculus/drug therapy , Glutamic Acid/therapeutic use , Leucine/therapeutic use , Lysine/therapeutic use , Root Planing , Solvents/therapeutic use , Dental Calculus/therapy , Dental Scaling/instrumentation , Dental Scaling/methods , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Photography, Dental , Placebos , Root Planing/instrumentation , Root Planing/methods , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
18.
Braz. oral res ; 19(1): 41-46, Jan.-Mar. 2005. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-403733

ABSTRACT

Este estudo comparou, clinicamente, o efeito de raspagem e alisamento radicular por instrumentações manual e ultra-sônica no tratamento da periodontite crônica, após o controle de placa supragengival em 20 pacientes. Os parâmetros clínicos profundidade de sondagem (PS), nível de inserção clínica (NIC) e sangramento à sondagem (SS) foram avaliados por um examinador calibrado e cego. Os dentes experimentais foram alocados para uma das seguintes abordagens subgengivais, de acordo com a profundidade de sondagem: 1) manual, 2) manual associada à irrigação, 3) ultra-sônica, 4) ultra-sônica previamente à manual. O tempo usado nos procedimentos foi registrado. Avaliações foram feitas 30 e 90 dias após os tratamentos. Médias individuais de SS, PS e NIC foram analisadas pelo teste ANOVA de medidas repetidas (p < 0,05). Diferenças no tempo de instrumentação foram analisadas por meio do teste ANOVA para um critério de classificação (p < 0,05). Os resultados revelaram que os tratamentos produziram alterações significativas nos parâmetros clínicos sem diferenças estatisticamente significantes entre os quatro grupos. Observaram-se reduções no SS, que, nas faces proximais, variou de 67,21 a 79,17%, no início, para 45,75 a 51,54% no final. Também foram observadas reduções significativas na PS e no NIC em todos os grupos, tanto para faces livres quanto proximais: as médias da PS aos 90 dias reduziram entre 0,92 e 1,14 mm nas faces livres e entre 1,01 e 1,35 mm nas proximais, enquanto para NIC as reduções foram de 0,43 a 0,82 mm e 0,60 a 0,73 mm, para as faces livres e proximais respectivamente. A média do tempo operatório variou de 4,77 a 5,30 minutos. Pôde-se concluir que as quatro modalidades terapêuticas de instrumentação subgengival foram igualmente eficazes na melhora dos parâmetros clínicos estudados.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Dental Scaling/methods , Periodontitis/therapy , Root Planing/methods , Analysis of Variance , Chronic Disease , Dental Plaque/prevention & control , Dental Scaling/instrumentation , Root Planing/instrumentation , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome , Ultrasonic Therapy
19.
Rev. Fundac. Juan Jose Carraro ; 9(18): 9-11, jun. 2004.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-384896

ABSTRACT

La terapia periodontal de soporte tiene como objetivo la manutención de la salud de los tejidos dentales y del periodonto. Ella representa una medida preventiva para individuos que no presentan historia de problemas periodontales y una continuación de la terapia para el paciente con enfermedad periodontal. De este modo, logra optimizar los resultados de la terapia y prevenir la recurrencia de la enfermedad. Diversos estudios han sido conducidos para individualizar y adaptar la TPS al perfil y a las necesidades de cada paciente. Las evidencias disponibles indican que la enfermedad periodontal puede ser tratada y que el éxito a largo plazo del tratamiento será logrado cuando exista un programa de manutención con visitas frecuentes al profesional. Este trabajo discute los objetivos, procedimientos e intervalos de retorno a la terapia periodontal de soporte


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodontal Diseases , Root Planing/methods , Dental Calculus/prevention & control , Dental Calculus/therapy , Dental Plaque , Dental Prophylaxis , Dental Scaling , Oral Hygiene , Periodontitis , Ultrasonic Therapy
20.
Univ. odontol ; 22(50): 79-89, dic. 2002. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-348889

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: con este estudio in vitro se pretendió describir y comparar, por medio de microscopio electrónico de transmisión, los cambios ultraestructurales observados en fibroblastos cocultivados con fragmentos radiculares diferentemente tratados. Métodos: la muestra estuvo conformada por 9 dientes, obtenidos de pacientes con periodontitis crónica avanzada, indicados para exodoncia; se delimitó el área de la superficie radicular contaminada, haciendo una ranura con una fresa redonda de diamante de alta velocidad. La zona afectada fue raspada y alisada con cureta de Gracey 3/4 por 10 pases. Se realizó la separación de la corona del diente, la obtención de fragmentos y elección de los tres grupos RAR (raspaje y alisado radicular), RARA 1 (raspaje, alisado radicular y acondicionamiento con clorhidrato de tetraciclina por 1 minuto) y RARA 2 (raspaje, alisado radicular y acondicionamiento con clorhidrato de tetraciclina por 4 minutos) mediante método ciego. Se esterilizaron los fragmentos en autoclave y se realizó el procedimiento de topicación con tetraciclina 50 mg/ml en cabina de flujo laminar. Después se hizo el cocultivo, utilizando cultivos primarios de fibroblastos gingivales en cuarto pase, que fueron enfrentados a cada uno de los fragmentos diferentemente tratados en placas para cultivos de 6 pozos, agregando 3 ml de MEM con los fibroblastos en suspensión en una concentración de 3 x 104 cel/ml. Tan pronto se evidenció el crecimiento celular, por medio de microscopio invertido, los fragmentos radiculares fueron tomados y procesados para el análisis en microscopio electrónico de transmisión. Resultados: en cuanto al tamaño promedio de las mitocondrias, en el grupo RARA 4 fue donde mayor tamaño se presentó, seguido por el grupo RARA 1 y por último el grupo RAR. En cuanto a la densidad de las mitocondrias, aumentó en el grupo RARA 1 y en relación con RAR y RARA 4, y para RARA 4 aumentó en relación con RAR. En cuanto a la densidad del retículo endoplásmico rugoso, se determinó que disminuyó en el grupo RARA 1 y aumentó con relación a RARA 4, y para RARA 4 aumentó en relación con RAR. Conclusiones: esto podría sugerir que la eliminación del barrillo dentinario y la exposición de la matriz orgánica de la superficie radicular vía acondicionamiento radicular podría ser benéfico para la respuesta celular, debido a que el acondicionamiento mostró un mayor tamaño y densidad mitocondrial con respecto al raspaje y alisado radicular


Subject(s)
Fibroblasts , In Vitro Techniques , Periodontitis , Tooth Root , Administration, Topical , Root Planing/methods , Cell Culture Techniques , Culture Media , Dental Scaling , Microscopy, Electron/methods , Mitochondria , Molecular Biology , Tetracyclines
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