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San Salvador; MINSAL; ene. 05, 2022. 20 p.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1362233


Los presentes Lineamientos pretenden estandarizar el proceso de rotación interna del personal de enfermería en los hospitales del MINSAL, que permita un equilibrio entre las necesidades del usuario, el hospital y el personal de enfermería

These Guidelines aim to standardize the process of internal rotation of nursing staff in MINSAL hospitals, which allows a balance between the needs of the user, the hospital and the nursing staff

Rotation , Hospitals , Nursing Staff , Personnel Turnover , Health Services Needs and Demand
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879455


OBJECTIVE@#This study aimed to research whether anterior tibial crest is a reliable anatomical reference for rotational alignment of tibial component in TKA.@*METHODS@#The study included 122 patients who underwent computed tomography angiography (CTA) examination for unilateral lower extremity trauma with normal contralateral lower extremities, including 89 males and 33 females, with an average age of(51.4±16.4) years old(ranged 18 to 81 years old). Picture archiving and communication system (PACS) was used to mark 11 lines including the surgical epicondylar axis (SEA) connecting the most prominent points of the lateral epicondyle and the deepest point of the sulcus on the medial epicondyle of the femur, axis of medial border of patellar tendon (MEPT)connecting the middle of the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) and medial border of the patellar tendon at the level of a standard tibial cut from 8 mm distal of the lateral tibial joint surface, transverse axis of tibia (TAT) at the level of a standard tibial cut from 8 mm distal of the lateral tibial joint surface, Akagi line connecting the projected middle of the PCL and medial border of the patellar tendon at the tibial attachment, the axis of the medial 1/3 of patellar tendon(M1/3) connecting the projected middle of PCL and the medial 1/3 of the patellar tendon at the patellar tendon attachment level, Insall line connecting the projected middle of the PCL and the medial 1/3 of tibial tubercle, the axis of medial border of tibial tubercle (MBTT) connecting the projected middle of the PCL and medial border of tibial tubercle, as well as the axis of the proximal anterior tibial crest (PATC), axis 1 of the middle anterior tibial crest (MATC1), axis 2 of the middle anterior tibial crest (MATC2) and the axis of the distal anterior tibial crest (DATC) which were marked by connecting the 4 equidistant points on the sharp anterior tibial crest and the projected middle of the PCL. The angles between TAT and SEA as well as the angles between other axes and the perpendicular to SEA were measured. Pairwise differences among the 10 tibial axes were examined using One-Way ANOVA and paired @*RESULTS@#The angles between the axes of MEPT, Akagi line, M1/3, Insall line, MBTT, PATC, MATC1, MATC2, DATC and the perpendicular to SEA were (-1.6 ±4.5)° , (1.4 ±5.0)° , (10.2±5.1)°, (11.9±5.4)°, (3.6±4.8)°, (12.0±6.9)°, (7.2±8.6)°, (7.1±10.4)°, (6.6±13.5)°, respectively. The angle between TAT and SEA was (4.1±5.3)°. MEPT was external rotation compared to SEA. M1/3, Insall line and PATC were significantly greater than Akagi line, MBTT, TAT (@*CONCLUSION@#The middle tibial anterior crest can be used as a reference for rotational alignment of tibial component in TKA, and its reliability is better than Insall line, but worse than Akagi line, TAT and MBTT.

Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Female , Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Posterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Reproducibility of Results , Rotation , Tibia/surgery , Young Adult
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879260


The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction mostly relies on the experience of surgeons. To improve the effectiveness and adaptability of the tension after ACL reconstruction in knee joint rehabilitation, this paper establishes a lateral force measurement model with relaxation characteristics and designs an on-line stiffness measurement system of ACL. In this paper, we selected 20 sheep knee joints as experimental material for the knee joint stability test before the ACL reconstruction operation, which were divided into two groups for a comparative test of single-bundle ACL reconstruction through the anterolateral approach. The first group of surgeons carried out intraoperative detection with routine procedures. The second group used ACL on-line stiffness measurement system for intraoperative detection. After that, the above two groups were tested for postoperative stability. The study results show that the tension accuracy is (- 2.3 ± 0.04)%, and the displacement error is (1.5 ± 1.8)%. The forward stability, internal rotation stability, and external rotation stability of the two groups were better than those before operation (

Animals , Anterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Biomechanical Phenomena , Cadaver , Joint Instability/surgery , Knee Joint/surgery , Range of Motion, Articular , Rotation , Sheep
Coluna/Columna ; 19(4): 287-292, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133591


ABSTRACT Objective To present a new principle for correction of the sagittal plane of the spine through the convergent or divergent placement of monoaxial pedicle screws in this plane, associated with compression or distraction, to provide lordotizing or kyphotizing leverage force. Method A statistical mechanical study of twenty-eight fixations in synthetic spine segments was performed. In fifteen pieces, pedicle screws were applied to the ends of the segments with positioning convergent to the center of the fixation. They were attached to the straight rods and subjected to compression force. The other thirteen segments were fixed with pedicle screws in a direction divergent to the center of the fixation, attached to the straight rods, and subjected to distraction force. Results To create kyphosis in the 15 synthetic segments of the spine, the mean pre-fixation Cobb angle was - 0.7° and the mean post-fixation angle was +15°. To create lordosis in the 13 segments, the mean pre-fixation Cobb angle was +1° and the mean post-fixation angle was +18°. The difference was confirmed by statistical mechanical tests and considered significant. However, there is no relevant difference between the mean angles for lordosis and kyphosis formation. Conclusions It was concluded that the correction of the sagittal plane of the spine by applying the new instrumentation method is efficient. A statistical mechanical test confirmed that the difference in Cobb degrees between pre- and post-fixation of the synthetic spine segments was considered significant in the creation of both kyphosis and lordosis. Level of evidence II C; Statistical mechanical study of synthetic spine segments.

RESUMO Objetivo Apresentar um novo princípio para correção do plano sagital da coluna vertebral, posicionando os parafusos pediculares monoaxiais nesse plano de forma convergente ou divergente, associados à compressão ou distração, para proporcionar força em alavanca lordotizante ou cifotizante. Métodos Realizou-se um estudo de mecânica estatística de 28 fixações em segmentos de coluna sintética. Em quinze peças, foram aplicados parafusos pediculares monoaxiais nos extremos dos segmentos abordados com posicionamento no sentido convergente à fixação. Foram agregados às hastes retas e submetidos à força de compressão. Em outros treze segmentos, a fixação foi feita com parafusos pediculares monoaxiais, no sentido divergente ao centro da fixação, integrados às hastes retas e submetidos à força de distração. Resultados Para criar cifose nos 15 segmentos sintéticos da coluna vertebral, a média do ângulo de Cobb na pré-fixação foi de -0,7° e a média pós-fixação foi de +15°. Para cria lordose em 13 segmentos, a média do ângulo de Cobb na pré-fixação foi de +1° e a média pós-fixação foi de +18°. A diferença foi confirmada por testes de mecânica estatística e considerada significativa. Contudo, não existe diferença relevante entre os ângulos médio para formação da lordose e da cifose. Conclusões Conclui-se que a correção do plano sagital da coluna aplicando o novo método de instrumentação é eficiente. Confirmou-se com teste de mecânica estatística que a diferença em graus de Cobb entre o período pré e o pós-fixação dos segmentos de coluna sintética fixados foi considerada significativa, tanto na criação da cifose quanto da lordose. Nível de evidência II C; Estudo mecânico estatístico de segmentos de coluna sintética.

RESUMEN Objetivo Presentar un nuevo principio para corrección del plano sagital de la columna vertebral, posicionando los tornillos pediculares monoaxiales en ese plano de forma convergente o divergente, asociados a la compresión o distracción, para proporcionar fuerza en palanca lordotizante o cifosante. Métodos Se realizó un estudio de mecánica estadística de 28 fijaciones en segmentos de columna sintética. En quince piezas, fueron aplicados tornillos pediculares monoaxiales en los extremos de los segmentos abordados con posicionamiento en el sentido convergente a la fijación. Fueron agregados a las varillas rectas y sometidos a la fuerza de compresión. En otros trece segmentos, la fijación fue hecha con tornillos pediculares monoaxiales, en el sentido divergente del centro de la fijación, integrados a las varillas rectas y sometidos a la fuerza de distracción. Resultados Para crear cifosis en los 15 segmentos sintéticos de la columna vertebral, el promedio del ángulo de Cobb en la prefijación fue de -0,7° y el promedio de postfijación fue de +15°. Para crear lordosis en 13 segmentos, el promedio del ángulo de Cobb en la prefijación fue de +1° y el promedio de postfijación fue de +18°. La diferencia fue confirmada mediante tests de mecánica estadística y considerada significativa. Sin embargo, no existe diferencia relevante entre los ángulos promedios para la formación de lordosis y de cifosis. Conclusiones Se concluye que la corrección del plano sagital de la columna aplicando el nuevo método de instrumentación es eficiente. Se confirmó con test de mecánica estadística que la diferencia en los grados de Cobb entre el período de pre y postfijación de los segmentos de columna sintética fijados fue considerada significativa, tanto en la creación de cifosis como de la lordosis. Nivel de evidencia II C; Estudio mecánico estadístico de segmentos de columna sintética.

Humans , Lordosis , Rotation , Surgical Fixation Devices , Kyphosis
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(6): 722-727, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156204


Abstract Objective To evaluate the clinical and radiographic results as well as complications related to patients undergoing arthroscopic treatment of subspine hip impingement. Methods We retrospectively evaluated 25 patients (28 hips) who underwent arthroscopic treatment of subspine impingement between January 2012 and June 2018. The mean follow-up was 29.5 months, and the patients were evaluated clinically by using the Harris hip score modified by Byrd (MHHS), the non-arthritic hip score (NAHS), and in terms of internal rotation and hip flexion. In addition, the following items were evaluated by imaging exams: the center-edge (CE) acetabular angle, the Alpha angle, the presence of a sign of the posterior wall, the degree of arthrosis, the presence of heterotopic hip ossification, and the Hetsroni classification for subspine impingement. Results There was an average postoperative increase of 26.9 points for the MHHS, 25.4 for the NAHS (p < 0.0001), 10.5° in internal rotation (p < 0.0024), and 7.9° for hip flexion (p < 0.0001). As for the radiographic evaluation, an average reduction of 3.3° in the CE angle and of 31.6° for the Alpha angle (p < 0.0001). Eighteen cases (64.3%) were classified as grade 0 osteoarthritis of Tönnis, and 10 (35.7%) were classified as Tönnis grade 1. Two cases (7.1%) presented grade 1 ossification of Brooker. Most hips (n = 15, 53.6%) were classified as type II of Hetsroni et al. Conclusion In the present study, patients undergoing arthroscopic treatment with subspine impingement showed improvement in clinical aspects and radiographic patterns measured postoperatively, with an average follow-up of 29.5 months.

Resumo Objetivo Avaliar os resultados clínicos e radiográficos assim como as complicações relacionadas a pacientes submetidos ao tratamento artroscópico do impacto subespinhal do quadril. Métodos Foram avaliados retrospectivamente 25 pacientes (28 quadris) submetidos ao tratamento artroscópico de impacto subespinhal entre janeiro de 2012 e junho de 2018. O seguimento médio foi de 29,5 meses, e os pacientes foram avaliados clinicamente pelo Harris hip score modificado por Byrd (MHHS), o non-arthritic hip score (NAHS), e quanto à rotação interna e flexão do quadril. Além disso, foram avaliados por exames de imagem: o ângulo center-edge (CE) acetabular, o ângulo alfa, a presença de sinal da parede posterior, o grau de artrose, a presença de ossificação heterotópica do quadril e a classificação de Hetsroni para Impacto Subespinhal. Resultados Observou-se aumento médio pós-operatório de 26,9 pontos para o MHHS, 25,4 para o NAHS (p < 0,0001), 10,5° na rotação interna (p < 0,0024) e 7,9° para flexão do quadril (p < 0,0001). Quanto à avaliação radiográfica, observou-se redução média de 3,3° no ângulo CE e de 31,6° para o ângulo alfa (p < 0,0001). Foram classificados 18 casos (64,3%) como artrose grau 0 de Tönnis e 10 (35,7%) como Tönnis 1. Dois casos (7,1%) apresentaram ossificação grau 1 de Brooker. A maioria dos quadris (n = 15; 53,6%) foi classificada como tipo II de Hetsroni et al. Conclusão No presente estudo, os pacientes submetidos a tratamento artroscópico de impacto subespinhal apresentaram melhora nos aspectos clínicos e nos padrões radiográficos aferidos pós-operatoriamente, com seguimento médio de 29,5 meses.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Osteoarthritis , Osteogenesis , Arthroscopy , Rotation , Ossification, Heterotopic , Femoracetabular Impingement , Hip Joint
Rev. ADM ; 77(5): 261-266, sept.-oct. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1147137


Una de las consecuencias de la desprogramación neuromuscular es la rotación mandibular en sentido horario, evidenciando el punto prematuro de contacto y aumentando la dimensión vertical del paciente. En pacientes clase II con componente vertical, es un problema realizar este tipo de tratamiento, ya que por lo general este efecto de posterorrotación mandibular hace el perfil más convexo, y en algunos casos genera mordida abierta anterior, la cual se debe corregir posteriormente con el tratamiento de ortodoncia, cirugía o prótesis, lo que alarga el tiempo total de tratamiento por la necesidad de control vertical. El presente caso se trata de una mujer de 45 años de edad, dolicofacial, con tendencia a mordida abierta, mordida dual, sobremordida vertical y horizontal disminuidas, motivo de consulta dolor articular, el cual no le permite continuar con sus labores diarias, el tratamiento realizado fue desprogramación neuromuscular con un guarda oclusal inferior con el propósito de aliviar sintomatología articular y control vertical con microtornillos palatinos previo a tratamiento ortodóncico (AU)

One of the effects of the neuromuscular deprogramming treatment is the mandibular clockwise rotation, making the light premature occlusal contact more evident and increasing the patient vertical dimension. In Class II patients with vertical component is difficult to treat them due to profile worsening as an effect of the clockwise rotation creating in some patient's anterior open bite, this has to be corrected later in treatment with orthodontic intrusion, surgery or prosthodontic treatment, increasing the total time of treatment with the vertical control necessity. This case report is a 45 years old patient, dolichofacial, with anterior open bite tendency, dual bite, decreased overjet and overbite, her chief complaint was temporomandibular joint dysfunction which dont allow her to do her daily duties, the treatment for her was neuromuscular deprogramming splint for the temporomandibular joint pain, and vertical control with temporary anchorage devices (miniscrews) before the orthodontic treatment (AU)

Humans , Middle Aged , Vertical Dimension , Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome/therapy , Dental Implants , Open Bite/therapy , Rotation , Occlusal Splints , Neuromuscular Manifestations , Overbite/therapy , Mandible/physiology , Mexico
Dent. press endod ; 10(2): 42-47, maio-ago.2020. Tab, Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344547


Objetivo: O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar a influência da liga (NiTi convencional e M-Wire) e do movimento (reciprocante e rotação contínua) na resistência à fadiga cíclica. Métodos: Quinze limas Reciproc R25 (VDW GmbH, Munique, Alemanha) foram usadas em movimento reciprocante (MR), enquanto trinta limas Mtwo 25.07 (VDW GmbH, Munique, Alemanha) foram usadas em MR (n=15) ou em rotação contínua (RC) (n=15). Os instrumentos foram submetidos a ensaios dinâmicos movidos por motor elétrico, que permitiram reproduzir o movimento de pecking motion, a 300rpm de velocidade. Os instrumentos simularam a instrumentação de um canal radicular curvo com 40o e 5mm de raio de curvatura. A fratura dos instrumentos foi detectada por um sensor digital, e o tempo e o número de ciclos foram registrados. Os dados foram analisados estatisticamente pelos testes ANOVA e de Tukey (p<0,05). Resultados: Os instrumentos Reciproc R25 movidos por MR alcançaram número significativamente maior (p<0,05) de ciclos antes da fratura (1.777,68±334,2 ciclos), quando comparados aos instrumentos MT 25.07 movidos por MR (610,67±126,3 ciclos) ou RC (432,23±183,2 ciclos). Conclusões: O movimento reciprocante mostrou resistência à fadiga cíclica significativamente maior, e os instrumentos de NiTi M-Wire apresentaram maior resistência à fadiga cíclica do que os instrumentos rotatórios de NiTi convencional (AU).

Objective: The aim of present study was to evaluate the influence of alloy (conventional NiTi and M-Wire NiTi) and movement (reciprocating movement and continuous rotation) on resistance to cyclic fatigue. Methods: Fifteen Reciproc R25 files (VDW GmbH, Munich, Germany) were used in reciprocation motion (RM), while thirty MTwo 25/.07 files (VDW GmbH, Munich, Germany) were used either in RM (n=15) or in continuous rotation (CR) (n=15). The files were submitted to dynamic assays device moved by electric engine that allowed the reproduction of pecking motion under 300 rpm of speed. The files act simulating the instrumentation of a curved root canal with 40º and 5-mm of curvature radius. The fracture was detected by the device sensor and the time and number of cycles were obtained. Data were statistically analyzed by ANOVA and Tukeys tests (p<0.05). Results: The Reciproc R25 instruments moved by RM reached significantly higher number (p<0.05) of cycles before fracture (1777.68 ± 334.2 cycles) when compared with MTwo 25/.07 instruments moved by RM (610.67 ± 126.3 cycles) or CR (432.23 ± 183.2 cycles). Conclusions: The reciprocation motion showed significantly greater cyclic fatigue resistance and the M-Wire NiTi files showed higher cyclic fatigue resistance than conventional NiTi rotary files (AU).

Rotation , Dental Instruments , Endodontics , Fatigue
Dent. press endod ; 10(1): 49-53, Jan-Apr2020. Tab, Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344228


O objetivo do presente trabalho foi avaliar a influência da velocidade de rotação na resistência à fadiga cíclica do instrumento rotatório Logic 25.06 (LOG 25.06; Easy Equipamentos Odontológicos, Belo Horizonte, Brasil). Métodos: Foram utilizados 20 instrumentos rotatórios Logic 25.06 (n=10). O teste de fadiga cíclica foi realizado em um aparato com um canal artificial de aço inoxidável com ângulo de curvatura de 60° e raio de 5 mm. Os instrumentos foram utilizados a 950 e 550 rotações por minuto (RPM), sendo mensurados o tempo e o número de ciclos para a fratura. Os dados foram analisados estatisticamente por meio do teste t de Student, sendo selecionado um nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: O teste de fadiga cíclica demonstrou que a velocidade de 550 RPM promoveu um aumento significativo no tempo e no número de ciclos para a fratura dos instrumentos LOG 25.06 (p<0,05). Houve um aumento de 95,9% no tempo e de 27,25% do número de ciclos para a fratura. Conclusão: Os resultados desse estudo demonstraram que a velocidade de rotação possui uma influência significativa na resistência à fadiga cíclica dos instrumentos rotatório Logic 25.06. A velocidade de 550 RPM é uma velocidade mais segura, aumentando significativamente a resistência à fadiga cíclica (AU).

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of rotational speed on the cyclic fatigue resistance of Logic 25.06 rotary instruments (LOG 25.06; Easy Equipamentos Odontológicos, Belo Horizonte, Brazil). Methods: 20 Logic 25.06 instruments were used (n=20). The cyclic fatigue test was performed in an artificial canal made of stainless steel with 60° of curvature and 5 mm of radius. The instruments were activated 950 and 550 rotations per minute (RPM) until the fracture occurred. The time (in seconds) and the number of cycles to fracture (NCF) were measured. The data were statistically analyzed using One-way ANOVA and Tukey Test, the level significance used was 5 %. Results: the 550 RPM promoted a significantly higher time and NCF of LOG 25.06 in comparison with 950 RPM (P>0.05). The time increased in 95.9% and the NCF 27.25%. Conclusion: The results of this study showed that the rotational speed had a significant influence on the cyclic fatigue resistance of the Logic 25.06 rotary instruments. The 550 RPM rotational speed seems to be safer than 950 RPM, increasing the cyclic fatigue resistance of Logic 25.06 (AU).

Rotation , Dental Equipment , Endodontics , Analysis of Variance , Fatigue
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(2): 221-225, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138008


Abstract Objective To compare the medial and lateral rotations of the shoulders and the distances between the coracoid process and the cubital fossa of non-athletic individuals to those of elite squash players. Method The cross-sectional study was performed between March and August 2017. Male and female non-athletes (n = 628) were selected at the Orthopedic Emergency Service of our institution. The inclusion criteria were: age between 18 and 60 years, no physical disabilities or cognitive impairments and absence of pain in the upper limbs. Elite squash players (n = 30) of various nationalities were selected at an event held in our city. All of the athletes had practiced this sport under high performance requirements for > 10 years and/or 10.000 hours, and all were asymptomatic. Demographic and clinical data were collected through interviews, while physical examinations and shoulder assessments were performed by a single orthopedic practitioner. Results If compared with non-athletes, elite squash players presented significant (p < 0.001) mean losses of 23º34' in medial rotation and significant (p < 0.003) mean gains of 10º23' in lateral rotation of the dominant shoulders. There was a significant difference (p < 0.008) between non-athletes and athletes regarding the distance between the coracoid process and the cubital fossa in the dominant arm. Conclusion Intensive squash practice causes adaptive changes that trigger glenohumeral medial rotation deficit, accompanied by significant lateral rotation gain, and can generate pathogenic alterations in the shoulder.

Resumo Objetivo Comparar as rotações medial e lateral dos ombros e as distâncias entre o processo coracoide e a fossa cubital de indivíduos não atletas e de jogadores profissionais de squash. Método O estudo transversal foi realizado entre março e agosto de 2017. Não atletas do sexo feminino e masculino (n = 628) foram selecionados no Serviço de Emergência Ortopédica da nossa instituição. Os critérios de inclusão foram: idade entre 18 e 60 anos, ausência de deficiências físicas ou cognitivas e ausência de dor nos membros superiores. Jogadores profissionais de squash (n = 30) de várias nacionalidades foram selecionados em um evento realizado em nossa cidade. Todos os atletas praticavam seu esporte em alto nível há > 10 anos e/ou 10.000 horas, e todos eram assintomáticos. Os dados demográficos e clínicos foram coletados por entrevista, enquanto os exames físicos e de ombro foram realizados por um único consultor ortopédico. Resultados Em comparação com os não atletas, os jogadores profissionais de squash apresentaram perdas médias significativas (p < 0,001) de 23º34' na rotação interna e significativos (p < 0,003) ganhos médios de 10º23' na rotação externa dos ombros dominantes. Houve diferença significativa (p < 0,008) entre não atletas e atletas quanto à distância entre o processo coracoide e a fossa cubital no braço dominante. Conclusão A participação intensiva no squash provoca alterações adaptativas que dão origem ao déficit de rotação interna glenoumeral, acompanhadas de significativo ganho de rotação externa, e podem gerar alterações patogênicas no ombro.

Humans , Pain , Arm , Rotation , Shoulder Joint , Sports , Range of Motion, Articular , Upper Extremity , Athletes
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828208


The distal radioulnar joint is not only the main load-bearing joint in the wrist, but also the pivot of the rotation of the forearm. It is one of the most important and unique joints in the body. Maintaining the stability of the distal radioulnar joint is very important for our daily life. The tissue to stabilize the distal radioulnar joint includes bone structures and soft tissue structures. Although the contribution of soft tissue structures to its stability is far exceeding that of bone structures, the influence of abnormal bone structure on the distal radioulnar joint cannot be ignored. By reviewing the relevant literatures, this article divides the bone structural abnormalities into congenital and acquired bone structural abnormalities. The effects of congenital and acquiredbone structural abnormalities on the distal radioulnar joint stability are analysized and collated in this article, and its clinical symptoms, clinical grading, clinical treatments are also summerized. The problems of distal radioulnar joint instability in clinical practicing and its future researching directions are briefly described in order to provide some suggestions for future clinical applications.

Forearm , Humans , Joint Instability , Rotation , Ulna , Wrist , Wrist Joint
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 26(4): 218-221, jul.-ago. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1092929


Resumen El lipedema es un trastorno crónico que se caracteriza por una hiperplasia del tejido adiposo subcutáneo simétrico, deformante, asociado a hematomas y dolor, que afecta fundamentalmente a mujeres tras la pubertad, que suele ser familiar y tiene influencia hormonal. Sin tratamiento, el lipedema puede progresar a linfedema, y se ha asociado al aumento en la rigidez de la aorta. La mecánica rotacional del ventrículo izquierdo (VI) tiene un papel significativo en la circulación normal. En circunstancias normales, la base del VI rota en el sentido de las agujas del reloj, mientras que el ápex del VI rota en sentido contrario, provocando un movimiento como de retorcer una toalla llamado torsión del VI. En el presente caso, mediante ecocardiografía speckle-tracking tridimensional se reveló una torsión del VI demostrando un ápex VI en el sentido de las agujas del reloj y la rotación antihoraria de la base del VI en un paciente con características clínicas de lipedema.

Abstract Lipoedema is a chronic disorder that is characterised by a symmetric, deforming, hyperplasia of the subcutaneous adipose tissue, and is associated with haematomas and pain. It mainly affects women after puberty, is usually familial and is influence by hormones. Untreated, the lipoedema can progress to lymphoedema, and has been associated with the increase in aortic stiffness. The mechanical rotation of the left ventricle (LV) has an important role in normal circulation. In normal circumstances, the base of the LV rotates clockwise, while the LV apex rotates in the opposite direction, leading to a movement like wringing a towel, called LV twist. In the present case, using three-dimension speckle-tracking echocardiography, an LV twist is observed, showing an LV apex in the clockwise direction and the anti-clockwise rotation of the LV base in a patient with clinical characteristics of lipoedema.

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Echocardiography , Lipedema , Rotation , Heart Ventricles , Hyperplasia
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774157


This study proposed a method to calibrate tube focus spot and the center plane of rotation in computed tomography system. In the method, the tube was rotated to 0° and 180° respectively, and then one metal jig with symmetric windows A and B was scanned at each position under the tube cool and static condition. According to the geometry of tube focus spot, aperture center of the collimator and jig, the distance between tube focus spot and the center plane of rotation were calculated with the X ray transmittance data after denoising, mean value and normalization. To verify the practicability and validity of the method, the tube focus spot in a 16 slices CT system (Brivo CT385, GE, China) was calibrated, and the result after calibration was validated by scanning a polaroid film. The validation result showed that the deviation between tube focal spot and center plane of rotation was 0.02 mm and was in the error range within ± 0.1 mm. The results of this study showed that, as a simple and low-cost design, the method could be used for fast calibration between tube focus spot and the center plane of rotation.

Calibration , Rotation , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , X-Rays
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773885


OBJECTIVE@#The 3D model of lumbar spine was established by using Mimics software. To observe the applicability and needling parameters of lumbar vertebral kyphoplasty with unilateral puncture by backward rotation method using simulated puncture.@*METHODS@#Twenty-four patients (12 males and 12 females) with osteoporotic thoracic fracture in the first time and no signs of lumbar misalignment and bone destruction were scanned by spiral CT on the lumbar spine. The original DICOM file was modeled in 3D with Mimics software, and the vertebral bodies were separated. After being imported into 3-matic software, the posterior wall of the vertebral body was restrained for standardized measurement. A sketch perpendicular to the mid-section of the pedicle and the posterior wall of the vertebral body was drawn. The simulated puncture was performed on the sketch. The angle and distance parameters of the range of motion of the puncture needle were recorded, and the puncture needle was recorded at the top. The crossing points of the anterior, middle and posterior zones of the tangential line of the vertebral body were located at the high extraversion angle, and the results were compared and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#All the data in the left and right sides had no significantly differences(>0.05). Data of different segments in different gender were significantly differences(<0.05). The maximal extraversion angle in lumbar spine increased gradually from (33.41±1.31) degree to (56.53±4.71) degree in males, as same as in females from(28.58±2.55) to (53.86±2.68) degree. There was no crossing point in area A, 3.3% of males and 26.67% of females in area B, rest in area C. The distribution areas on gender showed statistically significance (<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Backward rotation method can theoretically meet the requirements of puncture point for vertebral compression fracture, especially for males and lower lumbar spine. The determination of the maximum inclination angle is of guiding significance to the backward rotation method.

Female , Fractures, Compression , Humans , Kyphoplasty , Lumbar Vertebrae , Male , Osteoporotic Fractures , Punctures , Rotation , Spinal Fractures , Thoracic Vertebrae , Treatment Outcome
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773859


OBJECTIVE@#Using the CT three-dimensional reconstruction to measure the activity degree of atlanto-occipital joint and the atlantoaxial joint in different directions and its coupling movement in healthy volunteers, and three dimensional motion range of the maximum rotation position of the upper cervical spine of cervical spondylosis patients, and to analyze the differences, verifing the reliability of the method at the meantime.@*METHODS@#From January 2014 to June 2015, 20 healthy adult subjects(healthy adult group), and 26 patients with cervieal spondylosis(cervical spondylosis group) were selected. In healthy adult group, there were 11 males and 9 females, aged from 22 to 26 years old with an average of (24.0±1.2) years, and in cervical spondylosis group, there were 24 males and 2 females, aged from 36 to 72 years old with an average of (52.8±8.6) years. Healthy adults underwent CT examination in neutral position, maximum right rotation, maximum right lateral bending, maximum flexion and extention, and cervical spondylosis patients underwent CT examination in neutral position, maximum right rotation. Then the software Mimics was used to reconstruct occiput (Oc), atlas(C1) and axial(C2) vertebral three-dimensional image. Three virtual non-collinear markers were positioned on prominent structures of foramen magnum, C1 and C2. The 3D spatial coordinates of these virtual anatomical markers entail the definition of an anatomical local coordinate system which represent the position and orientation of the bones. Segmental motions were calculated using Eulerian angle in three major planes, and the difference between cervical spondylosis group and healthy adult group were compared. Due to the inaccuracy in anatomical landmark idenrification, two groups were measured 3 times, and the reliability of the experimental metnod was verified by the intra-group correlation (intra-group ICC) and the inter-group correlation coefficient(inter-group ICC).@*RESULTS@#Reliability verification results:the intra-group ICC and inter-group ICC results were all above 0.90, and the measurement method had high reliability. Three-dimensional activity of the upper cervical spine in healthy adults:the atlanto-occipital joint had(-6.8±1.5)° coupled left lateral bending and (8.9±2.0)° coupled extension in the maximum right rotation position, and the motion of atlanto-occipital joint had low activity[maximum was(5.3±2.6)°] in the remaining 3 positions; the rotation of atlanto-axial joint was(37.9±5.1)°, accounting for 52.34% of the total cervical spine activity[(72.4±5.0)°] in the maximum right rotation position, and rotational motion was still prominent in the remaining three positions. The relative translations of the upper cervical spine in all direction were small. The average axial rotation angle [(62.0±3.4)] ° of the total cervical spine in cervical spondylosis group was significantly lower than that in the healthy adult group, but the mean axial rotation angles of the atlanto-occipital and the atlantoaxial joint were not significantly different from those of the healthy adults(>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The three-dimensional CT reconstruction method has high reliability, which can be applied to measure the movement of spine. The upper cervical spine contributed the most to the direction of rotation, and the movement in all directions are accompanied by coupled motion in the other direction. There was no significant difference in the rotation of the upper cervical spine between cervical spondylosis patients and normal subjects.

Adult , Aged , Atlanto-Axial Joint , Biomechanical Phenomena , Cervical Vertebrae , Female , Humans , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Male , Middle Aged , Range of Motion, Articular , Reproducibility of Results , Rotation , Spine , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Young Adult
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773832


OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of pelvic rotation in three-dimensional direction on the actual placement angle of acetabular prosthesis in total hip arthroplasty.@*METHODS@#Pelvic CT imaging data of normal adults were collected, and three-dimensional reconstruction of pelvic acetabulum was performed with computer software to simulate the rotation of the pelvis around X, Y and Z axes perpendicular to the sagittal, transverse and coronal planes of the human body. Radiographic inclination(RI) and radiographic anteversion (RA) of the acetabular cup were measured when the acetabular prosthesis was implanted at a standard angle. The correlation analysis was used to quantify the relationship between the rotation angle of each axis and the actual angle of acetabulum.@*RESULTS@#The pelvic rotation along the X-axis and Y-axis had little effect on the RA of the acetabulum, but had a great influence on the RI and showed a linear correlation. The regression equations were RA=0.682 4X+10.256(²=0.308 4) and RA=-0.714 1Y+10.424(²=0.999 8). The pelvic rotation along the Z-axis had little effect on the RA, but had a linear correlation with the RI, and the regression equation was RI=1.0Z+46(²=1.0).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The anteroposterior rotation of the pelvis or the longitudinal rotation along the body significantly affected the acetabular anteversion, but had little effect on the abduction angle. On the contrary, the left and right deviation of the pelvis on the coronal plane could significantly affect the acetabular anteversion angle, but did not affect its anteversion angle.

Acetabulum , Adult , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Hip Prosthesis , Humans , Pelvis , Rotation
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 120-124, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771644


Bosworth ankle fracture-dislocation is rare, known to be an irreducible type of ankle injury, with a high incidence of complication. We present two cases of even rarer variants of Bosworth ankle fracture-dislocation. The first case is a type of supination external rotation adduction, and the second case is a type of supination external rotation adduction. These types have not been described before. In both of the cases we failed to achieve close reduction, and therefore proceeded with emergency surgeries, with open reduction and internal fixation. Both of the cases were performed with a postero-lateral approach to reduce the dislocations, and fix the fractures successfully. Unfortunately in one of the cases, acute compartment syndrome developed post-surgically. However, both cases showed good functional outcomes.

Acute Disease , Ankle Fractures , General Surgery , Ankle Injuries , General Surgery , Compartment Syndromes , Fracture Dislocation , General Surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Methods , Humans , Male , Open Fracture Reduction , Methods , Postoperative Complications , Recovery of Function , Rotation , Supination , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776142


OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate clinical efficaly of intractable lateral epicondylitis by extracurricular arthroscopic operation based on pressure point.@*METHODS@#From October 2015 to September 2017, 19 patients with intractable lateral epicondylitis were treated with extraarticylar arthroscopic operation based in pressure point. Among patients, including 7 males and 12 females, aged from 33 to 62 years old with an average of(43.16±8.12) years old, The courses of conservative treatment ranged from 7 to 41 months, with an average of(15.47±7.08) months. Postoperative complications were observed, VAS score and Mayo score before and after operation at 3 months were observed and compared.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 6 to 26 months, with an average (17.16±5.25) months. No infection, skin necrosis and nerve injury occurred. No group weakness occurred within six months after operation. VAS score decreased from 4.42±1.17 before operation to 0.53±0.61 after operation at 3 months. Mago was improved from 62.63±7.88 before operation to 93.42±5.28 after operation at 3 months. According to Mayo score, 17 cases got excellent results, and 2 cases were good.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Intractable lateral epicondylitis by arthroscopic extracurricular operation based on pressure point, which deal with main extracurricular root cause, could anatomical level is understand easily, field of vision is good and diseased tissue is cleaned up thoroughly, and has obvious curative effect.

Adult , Arthroscopy , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Postoperative Complications , Rotation , Tennis Elbow , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776117


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the surgical technique and efficacy of large retractor assisted maintenance of proximal femoral nail antirotation(PFNA) in the treatment of femoral intertrochanteric fracture in the absence of a retractor.@*METHODS@#A total of 55 patients with intertrochanteric fractures treated with PFNA internal fixation were selected from April 2012 to December 2016 with a large retractor assisted in maintaining reduction, including 18 males and 37 females with an average age of 75.65 years old ranging from 47 to 90 years old; 31 cases were on the left side and 24 on the right side. All patients had preoperative ipsilateral hip pain, limited mobility, ipsilateral lower extremity extreme external rotation malformation or accompanied by shortening, and preoperative radiographs were clearly diagnosed intertrochanteric fractures. The operative time, intraoperative blood loss, and intraoperative fluoroscopy time were recorded. Postoperative hip function were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#The average operation time was 45.35 min, the average intraoperative blood loss was 117.64 ml and the mean intraoperative fluoroscopic time was 3.42 min. All the fractures were well restored. All patients were followed up from 12 to 24 months with an average of 16.43 months. All the intertrochanteric fractures were bone healed without hip varus deformity, and there were no complications such as internal fixation loosening and fracture. According to Harris hip function score criteria, the results were excellent in 40 cases, good in 8 cases, fair in 5 cases, poor in 2 cases.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Large retractor assisted in maintaining the use of PFNA under reposition can fix various types of femoral intertrochanteric fractures. It has simple requirements for surgical position, low equipment requirements, short operation time, less trauma, reliable fixation, and good postoperative recovery. The surgical procedure can be carried out in a primary hospital without a traction bed.

Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Nails , Female , Femoral Fractures , General Surgery , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Rotation , Treatment Outcome