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1.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(3): 472-479, May-June 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388009

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the patients submitted to arthroscopic repair of the rotator cuff (RC), comparing the functional results, muscle strength, and pain obtained after single row (SR) and double row (DR) techniques. Methods Data were collected at the postoperative follow-up (minimum of 12 months) of 128 patients submitted to arthroscopic RC repair from 2011 to 2018. The clinical-functional variables were collected through the clinical examination, and the demographic, surgical and injury variables of the RC were collected from the electronic medical records. The results were compared between the SR and DR groups. Results The DR group showed higher anterior elevation strength when compared with the SR group (SF: 4.72 ± 2.73 kg versus DR: 5.90 ± 2.73 kg; p = 0.017). The other variables of muscle strength, Constant-Murley Score, University of California at Los Angeles Shoulder Rating Scale (UCLA), and pain, were similar. Performing the stratification by size, in the analysis of small and medium injuries, no differences were found between the groups. However, in the analysis of large and extensive injuries, patients submitted to DR presented superiority of both muscle lifting strength (SF: 3.98 ± 2.24 kg versus DR: 6.39 ± 2.73 kg) and Constant score (SF: 81 ± 10 versus DR: 88 ± 7). Conclusion The use of the DR technique in arthroscopic RC repair allowed higher levels of muscle strength for anterior shoulder elevation when compared with the SF technique. Data stratification in large and extensive injuries showed superiority of anterior shoulder elevation muscle strength and of the Constant score in patients submitted to DR.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar os pacientes submetidos ao reparo artroscópico do manguito rotador (MR), comparando-se os resultados funcionais, força muscular e dor obtidos após as técnicas de fileira simples (FS) e de fileira dupla (FD). Métodos Foram coletados os dados do seguimento pós-operatório (mínimo de 12 meses) de 128 pacientes submetidos ao reparo artroscópico do MR durante o período de 2011 a 2018. As variáveis clínico-funcionais foram coletadas por meio do exame clínico, e as variáveis demográficas, cirúrgicas e das lesões do MR a partir dos prontuários eletrônicos. Os resultados foram comparados entre os grupos FS e FD. Resultados O grupo FD demonstrou força de elevação anterior maior quando comparado ao grupo FS (FS: 4,72 ± 2,73 kg versus FD:5,90 ± 2,73 kg; p = 0,017). As demais variáveis de força muscular, Constant-Murley Score, University of California at Los Angeles Shoulder Rating Scale (UCLA, na sigla em inglês) e dor foram similares. Realizando-se a estratificação por tamanho, na análise das lesões pequenas e médias, não foram encontradas diferenças entre os grupos. Porém, na análise das lesões grandes e extensas, os pacientes submetidos à FD apresentaram superioridade tanto na força muscular de elevação (FS: 3,98 ± 2,24 kg versus FD: 6,39 ± 2,73 kg) quanto no escore Constant (FS: 81 ± 10 versus FD: 88 ± 7). Conclusão A utilização da técnica de FD no reparo artroscópico do MR possibilitou maiores níveis de força muscular para elevação anterior do ombro quando comparada à técnica de FS. A estratificação dos dados em lesões grandes e extensas evidenciou superioridade da força muscular de elevação anterior do ombro e do escore Constant nos pacientes submetidos à FD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Arthroscopy , Follow-Up Studies , Muscle Strength , Rotator Cuff Injuries
2.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(2): 237-243, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366035

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Instability or tears of the long head of the biceps tendon (LHBT) may be present in more than 35% of rotator cuff repairs (RCR). OBJECTIVE: To compare clinical results from patients undergoing arthroscopic RCR, according to the procedure performed at the LHBT. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective cohort study designed at the shoulder and elbow clinic of Instituto de Ortopedia e Traumatologia, Hospital das Clinicas, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: Functional results among patients were compared using the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) and University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) scales, according to the LHBT approach adopted: no procedure, tenotomy or tenodesis. RESULTS: We evaluated 306 shoulders (289 patients): 133 underwent no procedure at the LHBT, 77 tenotomy and 96 tenodesis. The ASES scale at 24 months showed no difference (P = 0.566) between the groups without LHBT procedure (median 90.0; interquartile range, IQR 29), tenotomy (median 90.0; IQR 32.1) or tenodesis (median 94.4; IQR 22.7); nor did the UCLA scale (median 33; IQR 7 versus median 31; IQR 8 versus median 33; IQR 5, respectively, P = 0.054). The groups differed in the preoperative functional assessment according to the ASES and UCLA scale, such that the tenodesis group started from higher values. However, there was no difference in pre and postoperative scores between the groups. CONCLUSION: Tenodesis or tenotomy of the LHBT, in the sample analyzed, did not influence the clinical results from RCR, as assessed using the ASES and UCLA scales.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tendon Injuries , Tenodesis/methods , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Arthroscopy , Brazil , Retrospective Studies , Rotator Cuff/surgery , Tenotomy/methods
3.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(1): 14-22, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365757

ABSTRACT

Abstract Much is discussed about the limits of the treatment of anterior shoulder instability by arthroscopy. The advance in understanding the biomechanical repercussions of bipolar lesions on shoulder stability, as well as in the identification of factors related to the higher risk of recurrence have helped us to define, more accurately, the limits of arthroscopic repair. We emphasize the importance of differentiation between glenoid bone loss due to erosion (GBLE) and glenoid edge fractures, because the prognosis of treatment differs between these forms of glenoid bone failure. In this context, we understand that there are three types of bone failure: a) bone Bankart (fracture); b) combined; and c) glenoid bone loss due to anterior erosion (GBLE), and we will address the suggested treatment options in each situation. Until recently, the choice of surgical method was basically made by the degree of bone involvement. With the evolution of knowledge, the biomechanics of bipolar lesions and the concept of glenoid track, the cutoff point of critical injury, has been altered with a downward trend. In addition to bone failures or losses, other variables were added and made the decision more complex, but a little more objective. The present update article aims to make a brief review of the anatomy with the main lesions found in instability; to address important details in arthroscopic surgical technique, especially in complex cases, and to bring current evidence on the issues of greatest divergence, seeking to guide the surgeon in decision making.


Resumo Muito se discute sobre os limites do tratamento da instabilidade anterior do ombro por artroscopia. O avanço no entendimento das repercussões biomecânicas das lesões bipolares sobre a estabilidade do ombro, bem como na identificação de fatores relacionados ao maior risco de recidiva têm nos ajudado a definir, de forma mais apurada, os limites do reparo por via artroscópica. Ressaltamos a importância de diferenciação entre perda óssea por erosão da glenoide (POAG) e fraturas da borda da glenoide, pois o prognóstico do tratamento diverge entre essas formas de falha óssea da glenoide. Neste contexto, entendemos que há três tipos de falha óssea: a) Bankart ósseo (fratura); b) combinada; e c) POAG, e abordaremos as opções de tratamento sugerido em cada situação. Até há pouco tempo, a escolha do método cirúrgico era norteada basicamente pelo grau de acometimento ósseo. Com a evolução do conhecimento, da biomecânica das lesões bipolares e do conceito do glenoid track (trilho da glenoide), o ponto de corte da lesão crítica, vem sendo alterado com tendência de queda. Além das falhas ou perdas ósseas, outras variáveis foram adicionadas e tornaram a decisão mais complexa, porém um pouco mais objetiva. O presente artigo de atualização tem como objetivo fazer uma breve revisão da anatomia com as principais lesões encontradas na instabilidade; abordar detalhes importantes na técnica cirúrgica artroscópica, em especial nos casos complexos, e trazer as evidências atuais sobre os assuntos de maior divergência, buscando guiar o cirurgião na tomada de decisão.


Subject(s)
Arthroscopy , Shoulder Dislocation , Shoulder Joint , Glenoid Cavity , Rotator Cuff Injuries , Shoulder Injuries
4.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 181-183, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928497

ABSTRACT

Arthroscopic superior capsular reconstruction is an innovative technique for the irreparable rotator cuff tears, but spontaneous pneumothorax after surgery is very rare. The present case was a 66-year-old female with irreparable rotator cuff tears of the right shoulder, treated with the arthroscopic shoulder superior capsular reconstruction. The general anesthesia and operation went smoothly, but the patient experienced stuffiness in the chest and shortness of breath after recovery from anesthesia. Thoracic CT scans showed spontaneous pneumothorax in the right side, which was successfully treated by the conservative treatments (oxygen therapy) according to multidisciplinary team. Prompt and accurate early-stage diagnosis is necessary in controlling postoperative complications and standardized treatment is the key to relieve the suffering. Spontaneous pneumothorax after arthroscopic shoulder surgery has been rarely reported in previous literatures.


Subject(s)
Aged , Arthroscopy/methods , Female , Humans , Pneumothorax/surgery , Range of Motion, Articular , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Shoulder , Shoulder Joint , Treatment Outcome
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928299

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation between serum vitamin D level and clinical outcomes after repair of rotator cuff tears.@*METHODS@#A total 122 patients who met the inclusion criteria and were followed up for 12 months from March 2018 to March 2020 were analyzed retrospectively, including 50 males and 72 females with an average age of(62.10±8.39) years old (ranged, 34 to 82 years old). All patients were divided into deficiency group(vitamin D<20 μg/L) and control group(vitamin D≥20 μg/L), including 62 cases in the deficiency group, with vitamin D (14.80±3.18) μg/L;60 cases in the control group, with vitamin D(25.17±5.64) μg/L. The two groups were compared in terms of age, gender, body mass index(BMI), tear size, degree of retraction, degree of fatty infiltration, injury factors, postoperative pain VAS score, postoperative shoulder joint function score, and re-tear rate. The age of all patients was divided into two categories:<60 years old and ≥60 years old;BMI was divided into <24 kg/m2 and ≥ 24 kg/m2;tear size was divided into ≤3 cm and >3 cm;retraction degree was divided into ≤2 cm and >2 cm;fat infiltration was divided into ≤2 grade and >2 grade;and the course of the disease was ≤3 months and >3 months. The correlation between Sugaya re-tear type and the variables listed above were analyzed and calculated.@*RESULTS@#There were no major complications such as joint infection, anchor withdrawal and revision surgery in any of the 122 patients who were followed up on. There were no statistical differences in age, gender, injury factor, BMI, tear size, degree of retraction, degree of fatty infiltration, and duration of disease between the two groups (P>0.05). The Constant-Murley scores, UCLA scores, and ASES scores of the two groups all improved considerably after surgery(P<0.05);however, there was no statistical differences in the postoperative shoulder function scores between the two groups (P>0.05). There was significant difference in VAS between the two groups 1 month and 3 months after operation, with vitamin D deficiency group scoring higher, and there was no significant differences 6 and 12 months after operation. Tear size(>3 cm), degree of retraction(>2 cm), degree of fatty infiltration(>2 degree) were all shown to be the independent risk factors for retear after surgery by Logistic regression analysis(P<0.05). The comparison between the two groups of patients using a 2×5 row list showed that the Sugaya classification of rotator cuff re-tear(grade Ⅰto Ⅴ) between the vitamin D deficiency group and the control group was statistically different(t=14.228, P=0.007). It was discovered that the Sugaya classification after surgery was statistically different between the two groups.@*CONCLUSION@#Vitamin D deficiency is not correlated with clinical function scores and re-tear rate, however it is associated with the early postoperative pain (1 and 3 months) and the quality of rotator cuff healing (Sugaya classification) after surgery.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroscopy , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Vitamin D
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928298

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the diagnostic value of 6 conventional physical examination tests for the diagnosis of supraspinatus tendon tears, and how well they could tell the difference between partial-and full-thickness tears.@*METHODS@#A total of 91 patients with different shoulder symptoms who received shoulder arthroscopic procedure were enrolled in the study from June 2017 to September 2020. The intraoperative findings were compared with the results of the preoperative physical examination of 6 clinical tests, including the Hug-up test, the Jobe test, the 0°abduction test, the drop arm test, the Neer test, and the Hawkins test, to determine the sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value, accuracy, positive and negative likelihood ratio of each test.@*RESULTS@#By arthroscopy, a total of 44 full-thickness tears, 34 partial-thickness tears, and 13 intact supraspinatus tendons were found in all 91 cases. The Hug-up and the Jobe tests significantly correlated with the intraoperative findings. The sensitivity of the Hug-up test, the Jobe test, the 0° abduction test, the drop arm test, the Neer test, and the Hawkins test was 0.90, 0.79, 0.64, 0.42, 0.49, 0.24 respectively;the specificity was 0.61, 0.69, 0.54, 0.38, 0.31, 0.77;the positive predictive value was 0.93, 0.94, 0.89, 0.80, 0.81, 0.86;the negative predictive value was 0.50, 0.36, 0.20, 0.10, 0.09, 0.14;the accuracy was 0.86, 0.78, 0.63, 0.42, 0.46, 0.32;the positive likelihood ratio was 2.30, 2.58, 1.39, 0.69, 0.71, 1.06;and the negative likelihood ratio was 0.16, 0.30, 0.67, 1.50, 1.65, 0.98.@*CONCLUSION@#The Jobe test and the Hug-up test are both effective at accurately diagnosing supraspinatus tendon tears, the Hug-up test detects supraspinatus tears with a high sensitivity, and similar specificity. The tests assessed in this study are not capable of distinguish between partial-and full thickness supraspinatus tendon tears.


Subject(s)
Arthroscopy , Humans , Physical Examination/methods , Rotator Cuff , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Tendons
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928297

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the MRI findings of os acromiale and to analyze the relationship between os acromiale and the supraspinatus and infraspinatus injury.@*METHODS@#From January 2010 to August 2020, 21 patients with os acromiale (os arcomiale group) were compared with 21 subjects with no evidence of os acromiale (no os arcomiale group). There were 14 males and 7 females in the os arcomiate group, aged from 29 to 77 years old, mean aged (55.5±11.5) years old. While in the control group, there were 10 males and 11 females in no os arcomiale group, aged from 31 to 70 years old, mean aged (51.1±10.0) years old. The os acromiales were classified as edematous os acromiale or non-edematous os acromiale based on whether the presence of marrow edema, and as displaced os acromiale or non-displaced os acromiale based on whether the presence of displacement of the os acromiale. The MRI features of os acromiale were analyzed. Statistical analyses were performed to identify the differences between the os arcomiale group and no os arcomiale group regarding rotator cuff tear, supraspinatus and infraspinatus injury. Differences in the supraspinatus and infraspinatus tear between the edematous and non-edematous os acromiale group, the displaced and non-displaced os acromiale group, the displaced os acromiale and no os arcomiale group were also assessed.@*RESULTS@#On MRI, all the 21 os acromiales appeared as a triangular or irregular bone fragment of the distal acromion, and forms a pseudo-acromioclavicular joint with the acromion. Eleven cases were edematous os acromiale, 11 cases were displaced os acromiale. In the os arcomiale group, 17 had supraspinatus tear, 1 had supraspinatus tendinitis, 11 had infraspinatus tear, and 4 had infraspinatus tendinitis. In the no os arcomiale group, 11 had supraspinatus tear, 2 had supraspinatus tendinitis, 5 had infraspinatus tear, and 1 had infraspinatus tendinitis. No statistically significant difference between the os arcomiale group and no os arcomiale group regarding the rotator cuff tear, supraspinatus and infraspinatus injury (P>0.05). In the 11 cases of edematous os arcomiale, 10 had supraspinatus tear and 7 had infraspinatus tear. In the 10 cases of non-edematous os acromiale, 7 had supraspinatus tear and 4 had infraspinatus tear. No statistically significant difference was noted between the edematous os acromiale and non-edematous os acromiale in terms of supraspinatus and infraspinatus tear (P>0.05). In the 11 cases of displaced os acromiale, 11 had supraspinatus tear and 9 had infraspinatus tear. In the 10 cases of non-displaced os acromiale, 6 had supraspinatus tear and 2 had infraspinatus tear. In the no os arcomiale group, 11 had supraspinatus tear and 5 had infraspinatus tear. There was a statistically significant increases in the prevalence of supraspinatus and infraspinatus tear in the displaced os acromiale group compared with non-displaced os acromiale group, the displaced os acromiale group and no os arcomiale group(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Shoulder MRI can very well depict os acromiale and can reveal associated abnormalities such as adjacent bone marrow edema, displaced deformity, and rotator cuff tear, and it can be used to assess the stability of the os acromiale. The presence of os acromiale may not increase the risk of supraspinatus and infraspinatus tear significantly. However, the presence of displaced os acromiale is at greater risk of supraspinatus and infraspinatus tear.


Subject(s)
Acromion/diagnostic imaging , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Rotator Cuff , Rotator Cuff Injuries/diagnostic imaging , Shoulder
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928295

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the effect of two different arthroscopic procedures, threading lasso fixation and full-thickness conversion, for repairing articular-sided partial-thickness supraspinatus tendon tear.@*METHODS@#From July 2015 to November 2018, 21 patients with articular-sided partial-thickness supraspinatus tendon tears underwent arthroscopic modified threading lasso fixation repair(group A). There were 12 males and 9 females in the group, with an average age of(53.2±6.4)years old. Twenty-four patients with articular-sided partial-thickness supraspinatus tendon tears received arthroscopic full-thickness conversion repair(group B). In this group, there were 14 males and 10 females, with an average age of (55.7±5.2) years old. The American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score and University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) shoulder score were used to evaluate preoperative and postoperative clinical function. MRI was used to examine the healing status of the reconstructed rotator cuff.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 20 to 27 months, with a mean of (23.7±3.1) months. In threading lasso fixation group, ASES score and UCLA score increased from 50.6±6.4 and 15.6±2.7 preoperatively to 87.3±5.2 and 31.6±2.4 postoperatively. In full-thickness conversion group, ASES score and UCLA score increased from 52.3±5.6 and 16.8±2.4 scores to 90.1±4.8 and 32.1±2.8. There were also no significant differences in ASES score and Constant score between the two groups before and after operation. There were no significant differences in rotator cuff healing between the two groups(χ2=2.374, P=0.128).@*CONCLUSION@#For the treatment of articular-sided partial-thickness supraspinatus tendon tears both arthroscopic repairs employing threading lasso fixation and full-thickness conversion could achieve satisfactory clinical results, and there are no significant differences in clinical outcomes between the two techniques. Arthroscopic repair with threading lasso fixation is a novel transtendinous procedure in which integrity of the tendon can be preserved.


Subject(s)
Arthroscopy/methods , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Rotator Cuff , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Shoulder/surgery , Tendons
9.
Singapore medical journal ; : 97-104, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927276

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#Shortening of the tendon and muscle is recognised as a strong predictor of surgical failure of supraspinatus tendon tears. Changes in muscle architecture following repair have not been thoroughly investigated. Hence, we aimed to compare the pre- and postoperative architecture of the supraspinatus.@*METHODS@#We recruited eight participants with full-thickness supraspinatus tears. Images of the supraspinatus were captured preoperatively (pre-op) and postoperatively at one month (post-op1), three months (post-op2) and six months (post-op3) in relaxed and contracted states (0º and 60º glenohumeral abduction). Fibre bundle length (FBL), pennation angle (PA) and muscle thickness were quantified. Self-reported function, and maximal isometric abduction and external rotation strengths were assessed.@*RESULTS@#The mean FBL increased from pre-op to post-op1 (p = 0.001) in the relaxed state and from pre-op to post-op2 (p = 0.002) in the contracted state. Decrease in FBL was observed from post-op2 to post-op3 in the relaxed state. The mean PA decreased from pre-op to post-op1 (p < 0.001) in the relaxed state, but increased from post-op2 to post-op3 in both relaxed (p = 0.006) and contracted (p = 0.004) states. At post-op3, external rotation (p = 0.009) and abduction (p = 0.005) strengths were greater than at post-op2. Overall function increased by 47.67% from pre-op to post-op3.@*CONCLUSION@#Lengthening of the supraspinatus occurs with surgery, altering the length-tension relationship of the muscle, which can compromise muscle function and lead to inferior surgical outcomes. These findings may guide clinicians to optimise loads, velocities and shoulder ranges for effective postoperative rehabilitation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rotator Cuff/surgery , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Shoulder/surgery , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Tendons
10.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 29(2): 71-74, 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1380194

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El objetivo de este trabajo es valorar los resultados funcionales, porcentaje de re-roturas y tiempo de reintegro laboral en pacientes con lesiones completas del manguito rotador (MR) reparadas artroscópicamente con fila simple.Materiales y métodos: se valoraron en forma retrospectiva ciento siete pacientes. Se incluyeron las lesiones completas tipo 1 y 2 de la clasificación Davidson y Burkhart, laborales, agudas. Se excluyeron lesiones parciales, masivas (mayores a 3 cm), evolucionadas más de seis meses, o que requirieron tratamientos adicionales. Se utilizaron para la valoración: Simple Shoulder Test (SST), Escala Visual Analógica (EVA), American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES). En los casos de re-rotura se compararon los resultados finales para ambos grupos mediante Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (QDASH).Resultados: con un seguimiento de 37.8 meses se obtuvieron los siguientes datos: scores SST 8.2 (68.8 ± 2.9%), EVA para valoración del dolor, el resultado fue 93.3% con dolor leve; ASES, la media fue 89%. Porcentaje de re-roturas: 7.5%. QDASH se diferenció en pacientes sin re-roturas 24.1 ± 2.4% y en los casos con re-rotura, 60.2 ± 4.1%. La media de tiempo al reintegro laboral fue de 7.5 ± 0.3 meses. Conclusión: consideramos que la técnica fila simple es una opción válida que nos permite obtener buenos resultados funcionales en lesiones seleccionadas, agudas, móviles de hasta 3 cm, incluso en pacientes con compensación laboral


Introduction: The objective of this study is to assess the functional results, the percentage of re-tears and the time to return to work, in patients with complete tears of the rotator cuff arthroscopically repaired using simple row suture.Materials and methods: one hundred and seven patients were retrospectively evaluated. Complete acute tears types 1 and 2 of the Davidson and Burkhart classification, in workers, were included. Partial, massive tears (greater than 3 cm), evolving for more than six months, or requiring additional treatments, were excluded. The following scores were used for the assessment of results: the Simple Shoulder Test (SST), the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) and the scale of the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons Society (ASES).Results: with a follow-up of 37.8 months, the following results were obtained: SST scores was 8.2 (68.8 ± 2.9%), VAS used for pain assessment was 93.3%, and the mean ASES was 89%. The percentage of re-tears was 7.5%. The QDASH differed in patients without re-rupture 27 ± 2.5% from the cases of re-rupture 60.2 ± 4.1%. Conclusion: we considered that the single row suture technique performed arthroscopically is a valid option that allows to obtain good functional results in selected acute rotator cuff injuries of up to 3 cm in worker population


Subject(s)
Adult , Middle Aged , Arthroscopy/methods , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Return to Work , Rotator Cuff Injuries
11.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(6): 726-732, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357144

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives To evaluate the clinical results of patients submitted to arthroscopic treatment of partial lesion of the articular part of the rotator cuff by transtendon suture techniques and after completing the lesion and to compare the postoperative recovery time of the two techniques. Method Retrospective study based on the identification of all cases with partial lesion of the articular part of the rotator cuff submitted to arthroscopic treatment from October 1999 to December 2016 at the Shoulder and Elbow Group of our institution. Thirty-nine patients were included and divided intotwo groups: those who underwent the transtendon technique and those in whom the lesion was completed. The two groups were statistically similar. The respective medical records were analyzed as well as the identification of the applied technique, the postoperative results, and the related complications. The functional evaluation was performed using the score of the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA). Results There was no statistically relevant difference between the groups, with a mean UCLA score of 32, and no difference in the time required for rehabilitation. Conclusion There was no difference between the clinical outcome of the patients, regardless of the technique used to repair the partial lesions of the articular part of the rotator cuff, with satisfactory results in 93% of the cases.


Resumo Objetivos Avaliar os resultados clínicos dos pacientes submetidos ao tratamento artroscópico da lesão parcial da porção articular do manguito rotador pelas técnicas de sutura transtendão e após completada a lesão e comparar o tempo de recuperação pósoperatório das duas técnicas. Método Estudo retrospectivo baseado na identificação de todos os casos com lesão parcial da porção articular do manguito rotador submetidos a tratamento artroscópico no período de outubro de 1999 a dezembro de 2016 pelo Grupo de Ombro e Cotovelo da nossa instituição. Foram incluídos 39 pacientes divididos em 2 grupos: os que foram submetidos à técnica transtendínea e os outros em que a lesão foi completada. Os dois grupos foram estatisticamente semelhantes. Foi realizada a análise dos respectivos prontuários, da identificação da técnica aplicada, dos resultados pós-operatórios e das complicações relacionadas. A avaliação funcional foi realizada através do escore da University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA). Resultados Não houve diferença estatisticamente relevante entre os grupos, com escore UCLA médio de 32, não havendo diferença também no tempo necessário para reabilitação. Conclusão Não houve diferença entre o resultado clínico dos pacientes, independente da técnica empregada para o reparo das lesões parciais da porção articular do manguito rotador com resultados satisfatórios em 93% dos casos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Medical Records , Retrospective Studies , Suture Techniques , Rotator Cuff Injuries
12.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 20(2): 327-332, set 29, 2021. fig
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354629

ABSTRACT

Introduction: curved and hooked acromia play a key role in shoulder impingement syndrome. Little is known about acromial type in the Brazilian population. Aim: To describe the acromial profile of Brazilian young adults; to evaluate its correlation with gender and handedness and the occurrence of symmetry between the genders. Methodology: forty acromia in 20 Brazilian adults of both genders, aged 21-25 years, were studied. The acromial type was classified through the Bigliani/Epstein method using radiographs in supraspinatus outlet view. Results: as there was no gender difference in occurrences of acromial type, we considered the male and female groups together. Thus, among the 20 right acromia, we found 5 type I (25%), 8 type II (40%) and 7 type III (35%). Among the 20 left acromia, we found 4 type I (20%), 11 type II (55%) and 5 type III (25%). The only left-handed volunteer (100%) presented acromial type III in both the right and the left shoulder. Among the 19 right-handed volunteers, 5 (26.3%) presented right acromion type I, 8 (42.1%) had type II and 6 (31.6%) had type III; for the left acromion, 4 (21.1%) presented type I, 11 (57.9%) had type II and 4 (21.1%) had type III. Acromial symmetry occurred in 60% of females and 70% of males. Conclusion: type II acromion was predominant, in both the right and the left shoulder in Brazilian young adults. There was no correlation between acromial type and gender. It was not possible to analyze the correlation between acromial type and handedness. Acromial type tended to be symmetrical in our sample.


Introdução: o acrômio curvo e gancho desempenham um papel fundamental na Síndrome do impacto do ombro. Pouco se sabe sobre o tipo acromial na população brasileira. Objetivo: descrever o perfil do tipo acromial em adultos jovens brasileiros e avaliar sua correlação com o gênero e a lateralidade e a ocorrência de simetria entre os sexos. Metodologia: foram estudados 40 acrômios de 20 adultos brasileiros, de ambos os sexos, com idade entre 21 e 25 anos. O tipo acromial foi classificado pelo método de Bigliani/ Epstein nas radiografias de perfil de escápula. Resultados: como não houve diferença na ocorrência do tipo acromial quanto ao gênero, consideramos os grupos masculino e feminino juntos. Assim, dos 20 acrômios direitos, foram encontrados 5 (25%) do tipo I, 8 (40%) do tipo II e 7 (35%) do tipo III, enquanto que dos 20 acrômios esquerdos, foram encontrados 4 (20%) tipo I, 11 (55%) tipo II e 5 (25%) tipo III. O único voluntário canhoto (100%) apresentou para o ombro direito e esquerdo o tipo acromial III. Dos 19 voluntários destros, 5 (26,3%) apresentavam acrômio direito tipo I, 8 (42,1%) tipo II e 6 (31,6%) tipo III; para o acrômio esquerdo, 4 (21,1%) apresentavam tipo I, 11 (57,9%) tipo II e 4 (21,1%) tipo III. A simetria acromial ocorreu nos grupos feminino (60%) e masculino (70%). Conclusão: o acrômio tipo II foi o mais predominante para os ombros direito e esquerdo em adultos jovens brasileiros. Não houve correlação entre o tipo de acromial e o gênero. Não foi possível analisar a correlação entre o tipo acromial e a lateralidade. O tipo acromial tende a ser simétrico em na amostra estudada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Scapula , Shoulder , Shoulder Impingement Syndrome , Shoulder Pain , Rotator Cuff Injuries , Gender Identity , Functional Laterality
13.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(3): 291-298, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288674

ABSTRACT

Abstract The present article broadly addresses the aspects that interfere with the healing process of the rotator cuff. Life habits, such as smoking and alcoholism, are considered, systemic factors such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and obesity, as well as local factors, among which are those related to the pre, peri, and postoperative periods. From an extensive literature review, with the citation of 60 scientific articles from both Western and Eastern literature, the authors intend to deepen the theme by bringing to medical practice conducts based on new established concepts.


Resumo O presente artigo aborda de forma ampla os aspectos que interferem no processo de cicatrização do manguito rotador. São considerados hábitos de vida como tabagismo e alcoolismo, fatores sistêmicos como diabetes mellitus, hipertensão arterial e obesidade bem como fatores locais, dentre os quais aqueles relacionados ao pré, per e pós operatório. A partir de uma extensa revisão da literatura, com a citação de 60 artigos científicos tanto da literatura ocidental como oriental, os autores pretendem aprofundar no tema trazendo para a prática médica condutas embasadas em novos conceitos estabelecidos.


Subject(s)
Postoperative Period , Wound Healing , Diabetes Mellitus , Alcoholism , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Rotator Cuff Injuries/diagnosis , Rotator Cuff Injuries/epidemiology , Obesity
14.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(3): 281-290, May-June 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288662

ABSTRACT

Abstract Massive irreparable posterosuperior rotator-cuff tears are debilitating lesions that usually require surgical treatment. Even though there is no consensus regarding the best surgical technique, tendinous transfers around the shoulder are the most commonly performed procedures. The latissimus dorsi tendon remains the most commonly used, but different modifications to the original technique have been shown to minimize complications and to improve functional results and satisfaction. Other techniques, such as the transfer of the lower trapezius tendon, are promising and should be considered, especially for patients with isolated loss of external rotation. The present paper is a literary review regarding tendon transfers for irreparable posterosuperior rotator-cuff tears.


Resumo As grandes lesões posterossuperiores irreparáveis do manguito rotador são debilitantes e, de modo geral, requerem tratamento cirúrgico. Embora não haja consenso sobre a melhor técnica cirúrgica, as transferências tendíneas no ombro são os procedimentos mais realizados. O tendão do grande dorsal continua a ser o mais utilizado, mas diferentes modificações na técnica original têm minimizado as complicações e melhorado os resultados funcionais e a satisfação com o procedimento. Outras técnicas, como a transferência do tendão do trapézio inferior, são promissoras e devem ser consideradas, principalmente em pacientes com perda isolada da rotação externa. Este artigo é uma revisão da literatura a respeito da transferência de tendões para tratamento das lesões posterossuperiores irreparáveis do manguito rotador.


Subject(s)
Humans , Shoulder , Tendon Transfer , Rotator Cuff Injuries
15.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 62(1): 19-26, mar. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342598

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO:Comparar el promedio de curva de presión de contacto y el porcentaje de presión de contacto residual final en la interfase tendón-huella de una reparación transósea (TO) realizada con nudos cruzados y una configuración Mason-Allen modificada (MAM). MÉTODOS: Se utilizaron ocho hombros de cordero para simular una rotura de manguito rotador. Se midió la presión con un sensor digital. Se registró la presión basal durante la aplicación de carga cíclica y al final de la intervención. Se compararon dos reparaciones: dos túneles TOs con nudos cruzados (TOCs) (n » 4) y dos puntos MAMs (n » 4) utilizando suturas MaxBraid #2 (Zimmer Biomet, Warsaw, IN, EEUU). Se realizaron 1.000 ciclos, con una frecuencia de 2 Hz y una carga de 30 N. Se utilizó el test de t de Student, y se consideraron significativos valores de p < 0,05. RESULTADOS: El promedio de curva de presión de contacto en las piezas que fueron reparadas con suturas TOCs fue de 86,01 8,43%, mientras que con MAM fue de 73,28 12,01% (p < 0,0004). El promedio del porcentaje residual al final del ciclado fue de 71,57% para suturas TOCs y de 51,19% para MAM (p < 0,05). CONCLUSION: La reparación TOC presenta mayor promedio de curva de presión de contacto y mayor porcentaje de presión de contacto residual final en la interfase tendón-huella que la reparación con sutura MAM luego de carga cíclica estandarizada, lo que podría traducirse en una mejor cicatrización del tendón. NIVEL DE EVIDENCIA: Estudio de ciencia básica.


OBJECTIVE: To compare the average contact pressure curve and the percentage of final residual contact pressure at the tendon-footprint interphase of a transosseous (TO) repair performed with crossover sutures or a modified Mason-Allen (MMA) configuration. METHODS: Eight lamb shoulders were used to simulate a rotator cuff tear. The pressure was measured with a digital sensor. The baseline pressure was recorded during the application of the cyclic load and at the end of the intervention. Two repairs were compared: 2 crossover TO (CTO) sutures (n » 4) and 2 MMA sutures MMA (n » 4), using MaxBraid #2 (Zimmer Biomet, Warsaw, IN, US) sutures. A thousand cycles were performed, with a frequency of 2 Hz and a 30-N load. The Student t-test was used, and significance was set at p < 0.05. RESULTS: The average contact pressure curve was of 86.01 8.43% for parts repaired with CTO sutures, and of 73.28 12.01% for those repaired with MMA sutures (p < 0.0004). The mean residual percentage at the end of cycling was of 71.57% for CTO sutures, and of 51.19% for MMA sutures (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The CTO repair shows a higher average contact pressure curve and a higher percentage of final residual contact pressure at the tendon-footprint interphase than the MMA suture repair after standardized cyclic loading, potentially resulting in improved tendon healing. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Basic Science Study.


Subject(s)
Animals , Pressure , Suture Techniques , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Arthroscopy , Tendon Injuries/surgery , Sheep , Shoulder Injuries/surgery
16.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(1): 56-61, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1252447

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El objetivo de este trabajo es evaluar el porcentaje de cicatrización y los resultados funcionales de una cohorte de pacientes sometidos a reparación artroscópica del tendón del supraespinoso mediante una técnica de doble fila transósea equivalente. Materiales y métodos: durante el período de enero de 2015 a diciembre de 2017, se realizó una reparación artroscópica del supraespinoso a cuarenta y ocho pacientes utilizando una técnica transósea equivalente, todas por el mismo cirujano; al cuarto mes de evolución, se evaluó la tasa de cicatrización del tendón mediante ecografía. Los resultados funcionales se analizaron mediante la escala de Constant-Murley (CS), valoración subjetiva del hombro (SSV) y la escala visual análoga (EVA) para objetivar el dolor. Para el análisis estadístico se utilizó t test para muestras pareadas. Población sometida a compensación laboral.Resultados: el seguimiento ecográfico objetivó una tasa de re-ruptura del 6%. El promedio de incremento en la escala de Constant-Murley fue de 55 puntos, del SSV de 55%, de flexión anterior 32° y de rotación externa de 13°. La escala visual análoga tuvo un descenso de 6 puntos. Todos estos cambios fueron estadísticamente significativos (p < 0.05). Conclusión: la reparación del tendón del supraespinoso, mediante una técnica transósea equivalente mejora los resultados clínicos y funcionales de los pacientes, objetivados con los índices de Constant-Murley y SSV. En nuestra serie obtuvimos una tasa de cicatrización en el 94% de los pacientes. Tipo de estudio: Serie de casos. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: the objective of this work was to evaluate the healing rate and functional results in a retrospective cohort of patients undergoing arthroscopic repair of the supraspinatus tendon, using a double row transosseous equivalent technique. Materials and methods: during the period from January 2015 to December 2017, an arthroscopic repair of the supraspinatus was performed on forty-eight patients, using a transosseous technique, by the same surgeon. We evaluated the healing rate by an ultrasound exam at the fourth month of evolution. Functional results were evaluated using the Constant-Murley scale (CS), subjective shoulder assessment (SSV) and the visual analog scale (VAS) to objectify the pain. For the statistical analysis, t-tests were used for paired samples. This cohort of patients is subject to workers compensation. Results: the ultrasound follow-up showed a 6% re-rupture rate. The average increase in the Constant scale was 55 points, the SSV had a mean increase of 55% and the VAS score decrease 6 points. All these changes were statistically significant (p < 0.05).Conclusions: the supraspinatus tendon repair, using an equivalent transosseous technique, improves the clinical and functional results of patients, objectified with the Constant-Murley and SSV scores. In our series we obtained a healing rate on 94% of the patients. Type study: Case Series. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Middle Aged , Arthroscopy/methods , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Rotator Cuff/surgery , Rotator Cuff Injuries , Workers' Compensation
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921904

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effect of arthroscopic meniscus tear strapping suture by rotator cuff suture threader.@*METHODS@#Forty patients with meniscus tear injury admitted from July 2015 to May 2019, including 27 males and 13 females, aged from 20 to 55 years old with an average of (36.0±1.4) years old. Menisci laceration was sutured with rotator cuff suture thread under arthroscopy. Postoperative complication was observed, Lysholm knee joint score before and after operation at 12 months were used to evaluate clinical effects, visual analogue scale (VAS) and range of knee flexion and extension were applied to evaluate recovery of pain and function.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 12 to 15 months with an average of (12.6±0.7) months.No complication such as joint effusion, suture failure occurred. Two patients occurred mild pain after activity without clinical physical abnormality, and 1 patient manifested moderate pain with joint space tenderness, the other rest without abnormal. Lysholm knee joint score was increased from (49.55±1.21) preoperatively to (98.95±0.42) at 12 months after operation, VAS score decreased from (5.18±0.78)preoperatively to (1.03±0.77) at 12 months after operation, and range of knee joint flexion and extension activity increased from (50.63±9.20)°preoperatively to (130.38±4.99)°after operation, and there were statistical differences in Lysholm knee joint score, VAS and range of knee joint flexion and extension activity (@*CONCLUSION@#Arthroscopic strapping suture by rotator cuff suture threading device applies to most meniscus injuries, including medial meniscus posterior horn tears, lateral meniscus body tears and lateral meniscus posterior horn tears. This technique meets the need of full-internal meniscus suture without specialmeniscus suture, and has advantages of convenient operation, less complications and good postoperative function.


Subject(s)
Adult , Arthroscopy , Female , Humans , Male , Menisci, Tibial/surgery , Middle Aged , Rotator Cuff , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Suture Techniques , Sutures/adverse effects , Tibial Meniscus Injuries/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888312

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare and analyze the mechanical differences between single-row suture anchor fixation for repairing rotator cuff injuries and double-row suture bridges for repairing rotator cuff injuries from a biomechanical perspective.@*METHODS@#The CT scan data of healthy adult shoulder joint were imported into Mimics, Geomagics and Hypermesh to carry out reverse reconstruction of two repair models, material assignment and mesh division, and the tearing of supraspinatus muscle was designed. After treatments, the load and boundary conditions were applied to the shoulder joint in ABAQUS software. The shoulder joint was fixed with four working conditions including flexion 15 °, flexion 30 °, internal rotation 15 ° and internal rotation 30 ° after anchor fixationand repair. The stress changes of the upper rotator cuff muscle and the anchor with thread were compared under these four conditions.@*RESULTS@#Under the two flexion conditions, the stress of the supraspinatus in the double row suture bridge fixation model was 8.3% and 12% less than that in the single-row suture anchor fixation, respectively. Under the two internal rotation conditions, the stress of supraspinatus in the double row suture bridge fixation model was 47% and 48% less than that in the single row fixation repair model, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The "load sharing" effect between the two rows of four anchors makes the stress distribution more dispersed, increases the contact area between the supraspinatus muscle and the humerus, reduces the stress of the anchor, avoids the serious stress concentration phenomenon, and explains the advantages of the fixation method of the double row suture bridge from the biomechanical angle.


Subject(s)
Adult , Biomechanical Phenomena , Cadaver , Humans , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Suture Anchors , Suture Techniques , Sutures
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888303

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe and compare the clinical outcomes between arthroscopic modified Mason-Allen repair and suture-bridge repair for medium-size rotator cuff tears.@*METHODS@#From January 2017 to January 2018, 22 patients with medium-size rotator cuff tears underwent arthroscopic modified Mason-Allen repair. There were 9 males and 13 females with an average age of (57.14±10.26) years. From February 2018 to January 2019, 20 patients with medium-size rotator cuff tears underwent arthroscopic suture-bridge repair. There were 6 males and 14 females with an average age of (57.75±7.57) years. The preoperative and postoperative clinical function was assessed by American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) and Constant score system. The healing status of repaired rotator cuff was assessed using MRI.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 24 to 33 months, with a mean of (26.38±2.29) months. In modified Mason-Allen group, AS###ES score and Constant score increased from (45.22±7.58) and (58.72±9.26) preoperatively to (96.89±3.49) and (93.18± 3.20) postoperatively. In suture-bridge group, ASES score and Constant score increased from(47.33±7.50) and (60.05±11.76) scores to (97.58±3.43) and (93.85±3.15). There were no significant differences in ASES score and Constant score between the two groups before and after operation. There were no significant differences in rotator cuff healing between the two groups.@*CONCLUSION@#Both arthroscopic modified Mason-Allen and suture-bridge repair for treatment of medium-size rotator cuff tears could obtain good clinical outcomes, and there were no significant differences in clinical outcomes between the two techniques.


Subject(s)
Aged , Arthroscopy , Female , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Rotator Cuff/surgery , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Suture Techniques , Sutures , Treatment Outcome
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880677

ABSTRACT

Rotator cuff injuries are the most common cause of shoulder pain and dysfunction. Ideal animal shoulder models should have similar shoulder anatomy and function as human, and are able to replicate the microenvironment change after tendon injury. At present, a variety of animal models including rat, mouse, rabbit, sheep, canine, bovine, and primate have been used to study the mechanism of rotator cuff injury, effects of different repair techniques, and factors affecting tendon to bone healing. Although large animal models are more anatomically similar to humans, small animal models are more convenient in revealing the biological mechanism of rotator cuff injury and healing. Choosing appropriate animal models based on research objectives and establishing new small animal models play a critical role in revealing the mechanism of rotator cuff diseases and developing novel treating strategies.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Disease Models, Animal , Dogs , Mice , Rabbits , Rats , Rotator Cuff , Rotator Cuff Injuries , Sheep , Tendon Injuries , Wound Healing
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