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1.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(1): 136-143, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365747

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the functional outcome of patients who underwent partial arthroscopic repair of massive rotator cuff tears. Methods Retrospective case series evaluating patients with massive rotator cuff tears who underwent partial arthroscopic repair. The primary outcome was the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons Standardized Shoulder Assessment Form (ASES) at 24 months. The secondary outcomes were the Modified-University of California at Los Angeles Shoulder Rating Scale (UCLA), and the following subdomains: satisfaction, active forward flexion and strength of forward flexion subdomains. Results We evaluated 33 patients. The ASES scale evolved from 39.7 ± 19.6 to 77.6 ± 17.4 (p< 0.001). The UCLA scale evolved from 13.3 ± 5.5 to 27.9 ± 5.6 (p< 0.001). The satisfaction rate was 97%. The number of patients with active forward flexion > 150° increased from 12 (36.4%) to 25 (75.8%) (p= 0.002). The number of patients with normal or good strength of forward flexion increased from 9 (27.3%) to 22 (66.7%) (p = 0.015). Conclusion Partial repair of irreparable rotator cuff tears leads to significant improvement according to the ASES and UCLA scales.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar o resultado funcional de pacientes submetidos ao reparo parcial por via artroscópica de roturas extensas do manguito rotador. Métodos Série de casos retrospectiva, avaliando pacientes com roturas extensas do manguito rotador submetidos ao reparo parcial por via artroscópica. O desfecho primário foi a escala American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons Standardized Shoulder Assessment Form (ASES, na sigla em inglês) aos 24 meses. Foram desfechos secundários a escala Modified-University of California at Los Angeles Shoulder Rating Scale (UCLA, na sigla em inglês), e seus subdomínios satisfação, flexão anterior ativa e força de flexão anterior ativa. Resultados Avaliamos 33 pacientes. A escala da ASES evoluiu de 39,7 ± 19,6 para 77,6 ± 17,4 (p< 0,001). A escala da UCLA evoluiu de 13,3 ± 5,5 para 27,9 ± 5,6 (p< 0,001). A taxa de satisfação foi de 97%. O número de pacientes com flexão anterior ativa > 150° passou de 12 (36,4%) para 25 (75,8%) (p= 0,002). O número de pacientes com força de flexão anterior ativa normal ou boa passou de 9 (27,3%) para 22 (66,7%) (p= 0,015). Conclusão O reparo parcial nas roturas irreparáveis do manguito rotador leva a melhora significativa de acordo com as escalas da ASES e UCLA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Arthroscopy , Evaluation of Results of Therapeutic Interventions , Rotator Cuff/surgery , Shoulder Injuries
2.
Rev. Assoc. Méd. Rio Gd. do Sul ; 65(3): 01022105, Jul-Set 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1370032

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Introdução: As lesões de manguito rotador são uma das principais causas de incapacitação da prática de exercícios físicos e de ausência no trabalho. A população acometida por essa patologia apresenta diferentes perfis. Exames de imagem são recursos de elevada relevância no diagnóstico dessas lesões, sendo a ressonância magnética extensamente utilizada como ferramenta diagnóstica, por ser capaz de detectar com eficiência características morfológicas da ruptura do tendão. Este estudo teve como objetivo estimar a prevalência e as características das lesões de manguito rotador em exames de ressonância magnética de ombro realizados em uma clínica ortopédica. Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo observacional com delineamento transversal, que analisou 292 laudos de ressonância magnética de ombro de pacientes com idade entre 18 e 65 anos, realizados entre julho de 2016 e junho de 2017. O nível de significância estabelecido foi de 5% (p < 0,05). Resultados. Observou-se prevalência de 91,1% de lesões de manguito rotador nos laudos analisados, sendo o supraespinhal acometido em 89,7% destes. A média de idade dos pacientes com lesão de manguito rotador foi superior à dos pacientes sem lesão. Alterações degenerativas acromioclaviculares, presença de líquido na bursa e tendinopatia da cabe- ça longa do bíceps apresentaram correlação com as lesões de manguito. Conclusão: Concluiu-se que as lesões do manguito rotador apresentaram alta prevalência, em especial as do músculo supraespinhal. Envelhecimento e achados associados nos laudos de imagem tiveram correlação com o surgimento dos diferentes tipos de lesão do manguito. PALAVRA-CHAVE: Manguito rotador, tendinopatia, imagem por ressonância magnética


ABSTRACT Introduction: Rotator cuff injuries are one of the main causes of disability from physical exercise and absence from work. The population affected by this pathology has different profiles. Imaging scans are highly relevant resources in the diagnosis of these injuries, and magnetic resonance is extensively used as a diagnostic tool, as it is capable of efficiently detecting morphological characteristics of tendon rupture. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and characteristics of rotator cuff injuries in MRI scans of the shoulder performed in an orthopedic clinic. Methods: An observational, cross-sectional study was carried out, which analyzed 292 shoulder MRI reports of patients aged between 18 and 65 years, carried out between July 2016 and June 2017. The level of significance established was 5% (p < 0.05). Results. There was a prevalence of 91.1% of rotator cuff injuries in the analyzed reports, with the supraspinatus being affected in 89.7% of these. The mean age of patients with rotator cuff injuries was higher than that of patients without injuries. Acromioclavicular degenerative changes, presence of fluid in the bursa, and tendinopathy of the long head of the biceps correlated with cuff injuries. Conclusion: It was concluded that rotator cuff injuries had a high prevalence, especially those of the supraspinatus muscle. Aging and associated findings in the imaging reports were correlated with the appearance of different types of cuff injuries. KEYWORDS: Rotator cuff, tendinopathy, magnetic resonance imaging


Subject(s)
Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Rotator Cuff , Tendinopathy
3.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(4): 497-503, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341165

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The objective of the present study was to determine whether there is fatty infiltration (FI) of the biceps brachii muscle mass after tenotomy or tenodesis for the treatment of tendon injuries in the long head of the biceps and to establish a relationship between FI with changes in the length of muscle fibers. Methods Clinical and imaging analysis of 2 groups of patients (biceps tenodesis [16 patients] and biceps tenotomy [15 patients]). In both groups, we compared the findings on the contralateral side of each patient (control group). All patients had undergone unilateral biceps tenodesis or tenotomy, with postoperative follow-up of > 1 year. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed on both arms of each patient following a specific protocol. Strength of elbow flexion was measured with a manual dynamometer, and the results were subjected to statistical analysis. Results The mean postoperative period before the MRI was 5 years, and no case of FI was observed in the anterior compartment of either arm of the evaluated patients. Seven patients had moderate or severe deformity in the operated arm. We found no significant relationship between arm deformity (p = 0.077), flexion strength percentage (p = 0.07) or pain on palpation of the bicipital groove (p = 0.103). Conclusion None of the evaluated patients had evidence of FI in the muscle mass of the anterior arm compartment after the procedures. It was not possible to establish a correlation between the discrepancy of the biceps muscle length measured by MRI and the presence of FI in the anterior compartment of the arm.


Resumo Objetivo O objetivo do presente estudo foi determinar a existência de infiltração gordurosa (IG) na massa muscular do bíceps braquial após a tenotomia ou tenodese para tratamento de lesão no tendão da cabeça longa do bíceps e estabelecer uma relação entre a IG e alterações no comprimento das fibras musculares. Métodos Análise clínica e de imagens de 2 grupos de pacientes (submetidos à tenodese do bíceps [16 indivíduos] ou tenotomia do bíceps [15 indivíduos]). Nos dois grupos, os achados foram comparados àqueles do lado contralateral de cada indivíduo (grupo controle). Todos os pacientes foram submetidos à tenodese ou tenotomia unilateral do bíceps, com acompanhamento pós-operatório > 1 ano. Exames de ressonância magnética (RM) foram realizados em ambos os braços de cada paciente de acordo com um protocolo específico. A força de flexão do cotovelo foi medida com dinamômetro manual e os resultados foram submetidos à análise estatística. Resultados O período pós-operatório médio antes da realização da RM foi de 5 anos, e nenhum caso de IG foi observado no compartimento anterior de ambos os braços dos pacientes avaliados. Sete pacientes apresentaram deformidade moderada ou grave no braço operado. Não houve relação significativa entre deformidade do braço (p = 0,077), percentual de força de flexão (p = 0,07) ou dor à palpação do sulco bicipital (p = 0,103). Conclusão Nenhum dos pacientes avaliados apresentou evidência de IG na massa muscular do compartimento anterior do braço após os procedimentos. Não foi possível estabelecer uma correlação entre a discrepância do comprimento do músculo bíceps, medido à RM, e a presença de IG no compartimento anterior do braço.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rotator Cuff , Tenodesis , Tenotomy , Hamstring Muscles
4.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(4): 485-489, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341181

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the methodological quality of systematic reviews for the surgical and nonsurgical treatment of individuals with rotator cuff syndrome; to compare, through the Assessing the methodological quality of systematic reviews (AMSTAR) instrument, the quality of studies found in the Cochrane Library, PubMed (Publisher Medline), EMBASE andQinsightdatabases. Methods This is a descriptive and comparative cross-sectional study, in which two independent authors analyzed, through the AMSTAR instrument, the methodological quality of Cochrane and non-Cochrane systematic reviews on the treatment of individuals diagnosed with rotator cuff syndrome. Results A total of 76 systematic reviews were evaluated by the AMSTAR instrument. The overall mean score was 6.1 (±2.1) and the mean per database was 9.1 (±0.9) for the Cochrane reviews and 5.7 (±1.8) for the non-Cochrane reviews. The lowest-scoring item of AMSTAR was 11, related to the display of the conflict of interests of the publication. In a comparative analysis of the final variable score, there was a statistical difference between the Cochrane and non-Cochrane studies. Conclusion According to the present study, systematic reviews using the Cochrane methodology have a better methodological quality compared to non-Cochrane studies on the treatment of rotator cuff dysfunctions.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar a qualidade metodológica das revisões sistemáticas para tratamento cirúrgico e não cirúrgico de indivíduos com síndrome do manguito rotador; comparar, através do instrumento Assessingthemethodologicalqualityofsystematic reviews(AMSTAR, na sigla em inglês), a qualidade dos estudos encontrados nas bases de dados Cochrane Library, PubMed (Publisher Medline), EMBASE e Qinsight. Métodos Trata-se de um estudo transversal descritivo e comparativo, em que dois autores independentes analisaram, por meio do instrumento AMSTAR, a qualidade metodológica das revisões sistemáticas Cochrane e nãoCochrane sobre tratamento de indivíduos com diagnóstico de síndrome do manguito rotador. Resultados 76 revisões sistemáticas foram avaliadas pelo instrumento AMSTAR. O escore médio geral foi de 6,1(±2,1) e a média por base de dados foi 9,1(±0,9) para as revisões Cochrane e 5,7(±1,8) para as não Cochrane. O item de menor pontuação do AMSTAR foi 11, relacionada à exibição dos conflitos de interesse da publicação. Em uma análise comparativa do escore da variável final, houve uma diferença estatística entre os estudos Cochrane e nãoCochrane. Conclusão De acordo com o presenteestudo, revisões sistemáticas utilizando a metodologia Cochrane têm uma melhor qualidade metodológica em comparação com estudos nãoCochrane sobre o tratamento de disfunções do manguito rotador.


Subject(s)
Rotator Cuff/surgery , Methodology , Systematic Review
5.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(1): 103-106, mar. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287248

ABSTRACT

Resumen La incidencia de Tb osteoarticular es mucho menor que la pulmonar, representando 1-2% de los casos de Tuberculosis (Tb) y el 10% de los casos de Tb extrapulmonar, por lo que usualmente no es considerada para el diagnóstico diferencial de pacientes con enfermedad articular. Su diagnóstico es difícil y se basa en hallazgos clínicos, radiológicos, bacteriológicos e histológicos. Las lesiones extrapulmonares son paucibacilares y las muestras, en la mayoría de los casos, difíciles de obtener, por lo que el diagnóstico a menudo es simplemente presuntivo. La tuberculosis articular en etapas tempranas, presenta manifestaciones clínicas e imagenológicas inespecíficas. Esto puede facilitar la progresión de la enfermedad local, generando lesiones osteoarticulares graves y, finalmente, la destrucción articular. Se presenta el caso de una paciente de 60 años, intervenida quirúrgicamente por presentar manifestaciones clínicas e imagenológicas compatibles con una ruptura del manguito rotador, y cuya evolución tórpida posoperatoria, llevó al diagnóstico bacteriológico de tuberculosis de húmero proximal.


Abstract The incidence of osteoarticular TB is much lower than that of the lung, representing 1-2% of TB cases and 10% of extrapulmonary TB cases, so it is often not considered for the differential diagnosis of patients with joint disease. Its diagnosis is difficult and is based on clinical, radiological, bacteriological and histological findings. Extrapulmonary lesions are paucibacillary and specimens, in most cases, difficult to obtain, so the diagnosis is often simply presumptive. Joint tuberculosis in early stages presents nonspecific clinical and imaging manifestations. This can lead to the progression of the local disease, generating severe osteoarticular lesions and, finally, joint destruction. We present the case of a 60-year-old patient who underwent surgery due to clinical and imaging manifestations compatible with a rotator cuff tear, and whose torpid postoperative evolution led to the bacteriological diagnosis of proximal humerus tuberculosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Tuberculosis , Humerus , Diagnostic Imaging , Rotator Cuff
6.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(1): 83-90, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288654

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To describe a new presentation of tears and retears of the rotator cuff, which we denominate captured rotator cuff (CRC). We also aim to evaluate it clinically and through images. Methods We assessed retrospectively 16 patients with intraoperative diagnosis of CRC between March 2005 and September 2017; by means of imaging (radiography and magnetic resonance imaging [MRI]) and functional scores (UCLA and Constant & Murley). In images we analyzed the evolution for rotator cuff arthropathy and presence of retears. Functionally, we compared the affected side with the contralateral side and extensive lesions with nonextensive. Results Five (31.25%) patients presented with rotator cuff arthropathy, and 10 (62.5%) with retears. Three (75%) patients with nonextensive lesions had good/excellent UCLA and Constant & Murley scores. In patients with extensive lesions, when the Constant & Murley score was evaluated, 6 (50%) presented good/excellent results, and in the UCLA score, 7 (58.3%). Comparing the affected side (Constant 74.72 points; UCLA 20 points) with the contralateral side (Constant 96.96 points; UCLA 25.63 points), there were worse functional results with statistical significance. Conclusion The diagnosis of CRC is suspected by characteristic findings on MRI and confirmed in arthroscopy. The affected shoulders present worse functional postoperative scores.


Resumo Objetivo Descrever uma nova apresentação de ruptura e rerruptura do manguito rotador (MR), a qual denominamos manguito capturado (MC). Objetivamos também avaliá-la clinicamente e por meio de imagens. Métodos Foram avaliados retrospectivamente 16 pacientes com diagnóstico intraoperatório de MC no período de março de 2005 a setembro de 2017; por meio de exames de imagem (radiografia e ressonância magnética [RM]) e escores funcionais (UCLA e Constant & Murley). Nas imagens, analisamos a evolução para artropatia do manguito rotador e presença de rerrupturas. Funcionalmente, comparamos o lado afetado com o contralateral e as lesões extensas com nãoextensas. Resultados Cinco (31,25%) pacientes evoluíram com artropatia do manguito rotador e 10 (62,5%) tiveram rerrupturas. Três (75%) pacientes com lesões não extensas tiveram UCLA e Constant & Murley bons/excelentes. Nos pacientes com lesões extensas, quando avaliado Constant & Murley, 6 (50%) apresentaram resultados bons/excelentes, e no escore UCLA, 7 (58,3%). Comparando o lado acometido (Constant 74,72 pontos; UCLA 20 pontos) com o contralateral (Constant 96,96 pontos; UCLA 25,63 pontos), houve pior resultado funcional com significância estatística. Conclusão O diagnóstico de MC é suspeitado por achados característicos na RM e confirmado na artroscopia. Os ombros acometidos apresentam piores escores funcionais pós-operatórios.


Subject(s)
Prognosis , Rupture , Shoulder , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Rotator Cuff , Shoulder Impingement Syndrome , Joint Diseases
7.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(1): 78-82, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288653

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the feasibility of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to obtain the critical shoulder angle (CSA) comparing the results obtained through radiography and MRI, and assess the learning curves. Methods In total, 15 patients were evaluated in a blinded and randomized way. The CSA was measured and compared among groups and subgroups. Results The mean angles measured through the radiographic images were of 34.61 ± 0.67 and the mean angles obtained through the MRI scans were of 33.85 ± 0.53 (p = 0.29). No significant differences have been found among the groups. The linear regression presented a progressive learning curve among the subgroups, from fellow in shoulder surgery to shoulder specialist and radiologist. Conclusion There was no statistically significant difference in the X-rays and MRI assessments. The MRI seems to have its efficacy associated with more experienced evaluators. Data dispersion was smaller for the MRI data regardless of the experience of the evaluator.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar a confiabilidade da obtenção do ângulo crítico do ombro (ACO) na ressonância magnética (RM) comparada com esse mesmo ângulo obtido por meio de radiografias, e avaliar a curva de aprendizado do método. Métodos As imagens de radiografias e RMs de 15 pacientes foram avaliadas prospectivamente de forma cega e randômica. O ACO foi medido e comparado entre os grupos e subgrupos. Resultados A média dos ACOs nas imagens de radiografia foi de 34,61º ± 0,67, e, na RM, 33,85º ± 0,53 (p = 0,29). Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa. Houve curva de aprendizado progressiva na regressão linear entre os subgrupos, de especializando em ombro a especialista e radiologista. Conclusão Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa entre o ACO por imagens de radiografia e RM. O método da RM parece ter sua eficiência associada a avaliadores mais experientes. Independente da experiência do avaliador, a variabilidade dos dados foi menor nas avaliações por RM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Shoulder Joint , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Radiography , Double-Blind Method , Reproducibility of Results , Rotator Cuff , Learning Curve
8.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(2): 282-286, Feb. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287821

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the effect of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), ultrasound (US), and pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) combination with TENS and US therapy alone in patients with supraspinatus tear. METHODS: Forty patients were included in this study. The patients were randomly divided into two groups as follows: PEMF (n=20) and Sham (n=20) groups. PEMF was applied to the first group at a frequency of 50 Hz, 25 G intensity, and 20 min/session. The device was turned off while PEMF was applied to the second group. Diathermy (US) and electrotherapy (TENS) were applied to both groups for 10 sessions. Numerical Rating Scale (NRS), University of California-Los Angeles (UCLA) Shoulder Scale, and Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI) were used as outcome measures. RESULTS: In both groups, there was a significant improvement in the NRS, UCLA Shoulder Scale, and SPADI scores after treatment compared with pretreatment (p<0.05). In the comparison of the difference between the pretreatment and posttreatment measurement values between the groups, no significant difference was found between PEMF and Sham groups according to the NRS (p=0.165), UCLA Shoulder Scale (p=0.141), and SPADI (p=0.839) scores. CONCLUSIONS: In our study, a combination of PEMF therapy with conventional physical therapy modalities was not found to be superior to the conventional therapy alone, and adding it to the routine treatment of symptomatic supraspinatus tear would not provide any additional benefit.


Subject(s)
Humans , Electric Stimulation Therapy , Magnetic Field Therapy , Treatment Outcome , Rotator Cuff , Shoulder Pain/therapy , Electromagnetic Fields
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888303

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe and compare the clinical outcomes between arthroscopic modified Mason-Allen repair and suture-bridge repair for medium-size rotator cuff tears.@*METHODS@#From January 2017 to January 2018, 22 patients with medium-size rotator cuff tears underwent arthroscopic modified Mason-Allen repair. There were 9 males and 13 females with an average age of (57.14±10.26) years. From February 2018 to January 2019, 20 patients with medium-size rotator cuff tears underwent arthroscopic suture-bridge repair. There were 6 males and 14 females with an average age of (57.75±7.57) years. The preoperative and postoperative clinical function was assessed by American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) and Constant score system. The healing status of repaired rotator cuff was assessed using MRI.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 24 to 33 months, with a mean of (26.38±2.29) months. In modified Mason-Allen group, AS###ES score and Constant score increased from (45.22±7.58) and (58.72±9.26) preoperatively to (96.89±3.49) and (93.18± 3.20) postoperatively. In suture-bridge group, ASES score and Constant score increased from(47.33±7.50) and (60.05±11.76) scores to (97.58±3.43) and (93.85±3.15). There were no significant differences in ASES score and Constant score between the two groups before and after operation. There were no significant differences in rotator cuff healing between the two groups.@*CONCLUSION@#Both arthroscopic modified Mason-Allen and suture-bridge repair for treatment of medium-size rotator cuff tears could obtain good clinical outcomes, and there were no significant differences in clinical outcomes between the two techniques.


Subject(s)
Aged , Arthroscopy , Female , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Rotator Cuff/surgery , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Suture Techniques , Sutures , Treatment Outcome
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921904

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effect of arthroscopic meniscus tear strapping suture by rotator cuff suture threader.@*METHODS@#Forty patients with meniscus tear injury admitted from July 2015 to May 2019, including 27 males and 13 females, aged from 20 to 55 years old with an average of (36.0±1.4) years old. Menisci laceration was sutured with rotator cuff suture thread under arthroscopy. Postoperative complication was observed, Lysholm knee joint score before and after operation at 12 months were used to evaluate clinical effects, visual analogue scale (VAS) and range of knee flexion and extension were applied to evaluate recovery of pain and function.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 12 to 15 months with an average of (12.6±0.7) months.No complication such as joint effusion, suture failure occurred. Two patients occurred mild pain after activity without clinical physical abnormality, and 1 patient manifested moderate pain with joint space tenderness, the other rest without abnormal. Lysholm knee joint score was increased from (49.55±1.21) preoperatively to (98.95±0.42) at 12 months after operation, VAS score decreased from (5.18±0.78)preoperatively to (1.03±0.77) at 12 months after operation, and range of knee joint flexion and extension activity increased from (50.63±9.20)°preoperatively to (130.38±4.99)°after operation, and there were statistical differences in Lysholm knee joint score, VAS and range of knee joint flexion and extension activity (@*CONCLUSION@#Arthroscopic strapping suture by rotator cuff suture threading device applies to most meniscus injuries, including medial meniscus posterior horn tears, lateral meniscus body tears and lateral meniscus posterior horn tears. This technique meets the need of full-internal meniscus suture without specialmeniscus suture, and has advantages of convenient operation, less complications and good postoperative function.


Subject(s)
Adult , Arthroscopy , Female , Humans , Male , Menisci, Tibial/surgery , Middle Aged , Rotator Cuff , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Suture Techniques , Sutures/adverse effects , Tibial Meniscus Injuries/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880677

ABSTRACT

Rotator cuff injuries are the most common cause of shoulder pain and dysfunction. Ideal animal shoulder models should have similar shoulder anatomy and function as human, and are able to replicate the microenvironment change after tendon injury. At present, a variety of animal models including rat, mouse, rabbit, sheep, canine, bovine, and primate have been used to study the mechanism of rotator cuff injury, effects of different repair techniques, and factors affecting tendon to bone healing. Although large animal models are more anatomically similar to humans, small animal models are more convenient in revealing the biological mechanism of rotator cuff injury and healing. Choosing appropriate animal models based on research objectives and establishing new small animal models play a critical role in revealing the mechanism of rotator cuff diseases and developing novel treating strategies.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Disease Models, Animal , Dogs , Mice , Rabbits , Rats , Rotator Cuff , Rotator Cuff Injuries , Sheep , Tendon Injuries , Wound Healing
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879393

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical application of 1.5 T MRI in acute rotator interval injury.@*METHODS@#Totally 160 patients with acute rotator cuff tear by clinical diagnosis were retrospectively analyzed by MRI examination and arthroscopy from March 2016 to February 2019, including 122 males and 38 females, aged from 22 to 71 years old with an average of (42.35±3.48) years old. Based on the results of arthroscopy as the gold standard, the shape and signal changes of rotator cuff, rotator interval, peripheral bursa, bone and soft tissue were observed by MRI on axial, oblique coronal and oblique sagittal imagese.@*RESULTS@#The direct MRI signs of acute rotator interval injury displayed thickening, diminution, distortion, interruption of the coracohumeral ligament and superior glenohumeral ligament complex with highsignal intensity on fat-suppression by proton weighted sequence. The indirect MRI signs displayed rotator cuff, peripheral bone and soft tissue injury. The consistency of the results between the two methods was quite satisfactory (Kappa=0.85), and the concordance rate of the two methods has statistically significant (@*CONCLUSION@#MRI could clearly display acute rotator interval, and could accurately diagnose acute rotator interval injury, which provide more accurate imaging basis for clinical diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Arthroscopy , Female , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Rotator Cuff/diagnostic imaging , Rotator Cuff Injuries/diagnostic imaging , Young Adult
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879390

ABSTRACT

Shoulder arthroscopic as a conventional method usually is applied to repair rotator cuff tears. In clinical, plenty single-row, double-row and transosseous tunnels suture technique are performed, but the ideal suture technique for rotator cuff repair is not found. Compared with single-row, double-row has better strength in biomechanics property. As the two best suture technique among the single-row, massive cuff stitch and modified Mason-Allen suture have the strongest biomechanics property. Clinical trials indicate that double-row could improve healing rates, but there are no significant difference in clinical outcome functional scores. Transosseous tunnel techniques possess a better bio-mechanic property, which could improve regional micro-environment and induce tendon-bone healing. Transosseous tunnel techniques are better for small to media size rotator cuff tears and osteoporosis patient. The author suggest that optimal rotator cuff repair technique should performed according to skill of performer and individual of patient by analysing bio-mechanic properties, clinical outcome, operative complexity and patient situation. The technique should follow simple opertaion, rapid, less trauma, stable fixation and utility to perform.


Subject(s)
Arthroscopy , Humans , Rotator Cuff/surgery , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Suture Anchors , Suture Techniques , Sutures
14.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353989

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Comunicar los resultados y las complicaciones a corto plazo de la artropatía del manguito rotador tratada con artroplastia invertida lateralizada en pacientes >60 años. Materiales y Métodos: Se identificaron retrospectivamente las artropatías del manguito rotador tratadas con prótesis invertida lateralizada entre 2015 y 2019. Criterios de inclusión: edad >60 años, adecuada función deltoidea y seguimiento mínimo de 24 meses. Antes de la cirugía y después, se registraron el rango de movilidad activa, y los puntajes de Constant-Murley y de la escala analógica visual para dolor. En las radiografías, se determinaron los grados de artrosis glenohumeral, de muescas escapulares y de aflojamiento de la prótesis. Se documentaron las complicaciones, la satisfacción con el procedimiento y la supervivencia del implante. Resultados: La serie incluyó 40 hombros operados en 38 pacientes (edad promedio 72 años, rango 61-91), con un seguimiento promedio de 25 meses. La elevación anterior aumentó de 82,63° a 136,71° (p <0,001); la rotación externa, de 16,59° a 32,11° (p <0,001) y la rotación interna, de L5 a L3 (p <0,001). El puntaje de Constant-Murley ascendió de 28,25 a 69,97 (p <0,001) y el de dolor disminuyó de 8,34 precirugía a 1,26 poscirugía (p <0,001). La tasa de complicaciones fue del 12,5% y la supervivencia del implante, del 97,4%. Conclusiones: La artroplastia invertida lateralizada es una excelente alternativa quirúrgica para la artropatía del manguito rotador en pacientes >60 años, los resultados son satisfactorios, la tasa de complicaciones es aceptable y la supervivencia del implante es del 97,4%. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Background: The purpose of this study is to show the short-term results and complications in a series of patients >60 who underwent a reverse arthroplasty for the treatment of rotator cuff arthropathy in a high complexity hospital. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively analyzed our Service's database to identify patients with rotator cuff arthropathy who had undergone a reverse shoulder arthroplasty between 2015 and 2019. Inclusion criteria: 60 years of age or older, functional deltoid, at least one year of follow-up. The range of motion was measured pre and postoperatively in flexion, external rotation, and internal rotation, as well as Constant score and visual analog scale for pain. The grade of arthritis, scapular notching, and prosthetic loosening was radiographically assessed. We identified complications, satisfaction, and prosthesis survivorship. Results: Forty shoulders in 38 patients of 72 years of age on average (61-91) underwent reverse shoulder arthroplasty, with 25 months of follow-up. Flexion increased from 82.86° to 136.71° (p<0.001), external rotation went from 16.59° to 32.11° (p<0.001), and internal rotation from L5 to L3 (p<0.001). Constant score rose from 28.25 to 69.97 (p<0.001) and visual analog scale for pain decreased from 8.34 to 1.26 (p<0.001). The complication rate was 12.5% and a 97.4% prosthesis survivorship was registered. Conclusions: We believe that reverse shoulder arthroplasty represents an excellent option in the treatment of rotator cuff arthropathy in patients older than 60 in view of the satisfactory functional outcomes with an acceptable complication rate. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Aged , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Rotator Cuff , Rotator Cuff Tear Arthropathy , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Shoulder
15.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(4): 265-271, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1352931

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Si bien la acromioplastia es uno de los procedimientos más realizados por los cirujanos de hombro, numerosas publicaciones recientes han cuestionado su eficacia. El objetivo del siguiente estudio fue investigar las tendencias actuales en la utilización de la acromioplastia entre cirujanos de hombro de Latinoamérica.Materiales y métodos: se diseñó un cuestionario mediante Google Forms, con quince preguntas para recolectar información sobre la utilización de la acromioplastia en la práctica cotidiana. En total se convocaron sesenta y cinco cirujanos de dieciséis países de Latinoamérica. La modalidad de las respuestas fue de opción múltiple y anónimas.Resultados: la tasa de respuestas fue del 100% (65/65). La edad promedio de los encuestados fue de cuarenta y siete años (rango 32-68). El 84% de los cirujanos respondió que utiliza la acromioplastia asociada a las reparaciones del manguito rotador (MR) y de estos el 91% la realiza en forma artroscópica. Las ventajas de la acromioplastia referidas con mayor frecuencia fueron que mejora el campo operatorio (55%) y que descomprime el MR (48%) y la desventaja más citada fue la inestabilidad anterosuperior de hombro (46%). La forma más frecuente para determinar la cantidad de acromion a resecar fue la experiencia personal del cirujano (42%). El 67% de los cirujanos libera el ligamento coracoacromial cuando realiza la acromioplastia y el 57% expresó realizar la resección de la clavícula distal asociada a la descompresión. El 56.5% de los cirujanos no efectúa nunca coracoplastia al reparar el subescapular. En cuanto a la etiopatogenia de las rupturas del manguito rotador, el 55% dijo que las causas de las rupturas son intrínsecas (degenerativas).Conclusión: existe una alta variabilidad en la indicación y en la técnica quirúrgica utilizada para realizar la acromioplastia entre los cirujanos de hombro de Latinoamérica. No hay acuerdo entre las ventajas y desventajas ni en las contraindicaciones del procedimiento. A cincuenta años de la teoría de Neer, solo el 1.5% de los encuestados considera como principal productor de patología del MR la compresión extrínseca de los tendones. Finalmente, algunos de los argumentos referidos por los participantes para justificar la utilización de la acromioplastia no se ajustan a los preceptos propuestos por Neer sino a causas tales como liberar factores de crecimiento o mejorar la visión en el campo operatorio.Identificar los aspectos de mayor controversia y desacuerdo sirven de base para investigaciones futuras que permitan consensos que guíen la práctica diaria según el mejor nivel de evidencia disponible.


Introduction: Although acromioplasty is one of the procedures most performed by shoulder surgeons, numerous recent publications have questioned its efficacy. The objective of the following study was to investigate current trends in the use of acromioplasty among shoulder surgeons in Latin America. Materials and methods: a questionnaire was designed with the Google Forms methodology, with fifteen questions to collect information on the use of acromioplasty in daily practice. In total, sixty-five surgeons from sixteen Latin American countries were summoned. The modality of the answers was multiple choice and anonymous. Results: the response rate was 100% (65/65). The average age of the respondents was forty-seven years (range 32-68 years). Eighty four percent of surgeons responded that they use acromioplasty associated with rotator cuff (RC) repairs and of these 91% perform it arthroscopically. The most frequently reported advantages of acromioplasty were that it improves the operative field (55%) and that it decompresses the RC (48%), and the disadvantage most often referred was anterosuperior shoulder instability (46%). The most frequent way to determine the amount of acromion to resect was the personal experience of the surgeon (42%). Sixty seven percent of surgeons release the coracoacromial ligament when performing acromioplasty and 57% referred to perform decompression associated with the distal clavicle resection. Fifty six percent of surgeons never perform coracoplasty when repairing the subscapularis. Regarding the etiopathogenesis of rotator cuff tears, 55% reported that the causes of the tears are intrinsic (degenerative).Conclusion: there is a high variability in the indication and in the surgical technique used to perform acromioplasty among shoulder surgeons in Latin America. There is no agreement between the advantages and disadvantages or the contraindications of the procedure. Fifty years after Neer's theory, only 1.5% of those surveyed consider extrinsic tendon compression as the main etiology of RC pathology. Finally, some of the arguments referred to by the participants to justify the use of acromioplasty do not conform to the precepts proposed by Neer, but rather to causes such as releasing growth factors or improving visibility in the operative field.Identifying the aspects of greatest controversy and disagreement serve as the basis for future research that allows consensus to guide daily practice according to the best level of available evidence.


Subject(s)
Shoulder , Acromion , Surveys and Questionnaires , Rotator Cuff , Orthopedic Surgeons/statistics & numerical data
16.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(1): 56-61, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1252447

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El objetivo de este trabajo es evaluar el porcentaje de cicatrización y los resultados funcionales de una cohorte de pacientes sometidos a reparación artroscópica del tendón del supraespinoso mediante una técnica de doble fila transósea equivalente. Materiales y métodos: durante el período de enero de 2015 a diciembre de 2017, se realizó una reparación artroscópica del supraespinoso a cuarenta y ocho pacientes utilizando una técnica transósea equivalente, todas por el mismo cirujano; al cuarto mes de evolución, se evaluó la tasa de cicatrización del tendón mediante ecografía. Los resultados funcionales se analizaron mediante la escala de Constant-Murley (CS), valoración subjetiva del hombro (SSV) y la escala visual análoga (EVA) para objetivar el dolor. Para el análisis estadístico se utilizó t test para muestras pareadas. Población sometida a compensación laboral.Resultados: el seguimiento ecográfico objetivó una tasa de re-ruptura del 6%. El promedio de incremento en la escala de Constant-Murley fue de 55 puntos, del SSV de 55%, de flexión anterior 32° y de rotación externa de 13°. La escala visual análoga tuvo un descenso de 6 puntos. Todos estos cambios fueron estadísticamente significativos (p < 0.05). Conclusión: la reparación del tendón del supraespinoso, mediante una técnica transósea equivalente mejora los resultados clínicos y funcionales de los pacientes, objetivados con los índices de Constant-Murley y SSV. En nuestra serie obtuvimos una tasa de cicatrización en el 94% de los pacientes. Tipo de estudio: Serie de casos. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: the objective of this work was to evaluate the healing rate and functional results in a retrospective cohort of patients undergoing arthroscopic repair of the supraspinatus tendon, using a double row transosseous equivalent technique. Materials and methods: during the period from January 2015 to December 2017, an arthroscopic repair of the supraspinatus was performed on forty-eight patients, using a transosseous technique, by the same surgeon. We evaluated the healing rate by an ultrasound exam at the fourth month of evolution. Functional results were evaluated using the Constant-Murley scale (CS), subjective shoulder assessment (SSV) and the visual analog scale (VAS) to objectify the pain. For the statistical analysis, t-tests were used for paired samples. This cohort of patients is subject to workers compensation. Results: the ultrasound follow-up showed a 6% re-rupture rate. The average increase in the Constant scale was 55 points, the SSV had a mean increase of 55% and the VAS score decrease 6 points. All these changes were statistically significant (p < 0.05).Conclusions: the supraspinatus tendon repair, using an equivalent transosseous technique, improves the clinical and functional results of patients, objectified with the Constant-Murley and SSV scores. In our series we obtained a healing rate on 94% of the patients. Type study: Case Series. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Middle Aged , Arthroscopy/methods , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Rotator Cuff/surgery , Rotator Cuff Injuries , Workers' Compensation
17.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(6): 742-747, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156193

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the influence of the supraspinal tear pattern on the pre- and postoperative functional evaluations. Methods A retrospective cohort study comparing patients with supraspinatus crescent-shaped tears versus L- or U-shaped tears. We included patients undergoing complete supraspinatus arthroscopic repair. We did not include patients with subscapularis or infraspinatus repair, those submitted to open surgery, or those in whom only partial repair was achieved. The clinical scales used were the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons Standardized Shoulder Assessment (ASES) and the Modified-University of California at Los Angeles Shoulder Rating Scale (UCLA), which were applied 1 week before and 24 months after the procedure. Results We analyzed 167 shoulders (from 163 patients). In the preoperative period, the ASES scale was significantly higher in the crescent-shaped pattern (43.5 ± 17.6 versus 37.7 ± 13.8; p = 0.034). The UCLA scale followed the same pattern (15.2 ± 4.6 versus 13.5 ± 3.6; p = 0.028). In the postoperative period, however, there was no significant difference. According to the ASES scale, crescent-shaped tears scored 83.7 ± 18.7 points, and L- or U-shaped tears scored 82.9 ± 20.1 (p = 0.887). The values were 30.9 ± 4.9 and 30.5 ± 5.6 (p = 0.773) respectively, by the UCLA scale. Conclusion Crescent-shaped and L- or U-shaped supraspinatus tears have similar postoperative functional results. In the preoperative period, the functional results are superior in crescent-shaped tears.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar a influência do padrão da rotura do supraespinal nas avaliações funcionais pré e pós-operatória. Métodos Estudo de coorte retrospectivo, comparando pacientes com rotura do supraespinal em crescente versus em L ou U. Incluímos pacientes submetidos ao reparo artroscópico completo do supraespinal. Não incluímos pacientes com reparo dos tendões do subescapular ou infraespinal, aqueles submetidos a cirurgia aberta, ou aqueles nos quais foi obtido apenas o reparo parcial. As escalas clínicas utilizadas foram The American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons Standardized Shoulder Assessment (ASES) e Modified-University of California at Los Angeles Shoulder Rating Scale (UCLA), aplicadas uma semana antes e 24 meses após o procedimento. Resultados Analisamos 167 ombros (de 163 pacientes). No pré-operatório, a escala da ASES demonstrou ser significativamente superior no padrão em crescente (43,5 ± 17,6 versus 37,7 ± 13,8; p = 0,034). A escala da UCLA teve o mesmo padrão (15,2 ± 4,6 versus 13,5 ± 3,6; p = 0,028). No pós-operatório, entretanto, não ocorreu diferença significativa. De acordo com a escala da ASES, roturas em crescente tiveram 83,7 ± 18,7 pontos, e as roturas em L ou U, 82,9 ± 20,1 (p = 0,887). Respectivamente, os valores foram de 30,9 ± 4,9 e 30,5 ± 5,6 (p = 0,773) pela escala da UCLA. Conclusão As roturas em crescente e em L ou U do supraespinal apresentam resultados funcionais pós-operatórios semelhantes. No pré-operatório, os resultados funcionais são superiores nas roturas em crescente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Postoperative Period , Arthroscopy , Rupture , Cohort Studies , Range of Motion, Articular , Rotator Cuff , Preoperative Period
18.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(6): 787-795, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156189

ABSTRACT

Abstract Evaluate the results of a series of 28 cases of high obstetric paralysis treated with the Sever-L'Episcopo technique modified by Hoffer, between 2003 and 2016. Children (mean age, four years and seven months) with adduction contracture and internal rotation of the shoulder without secondary bone deformities (Mallet class II) underwent lengthening of the pectoralis major muscle and tenotomy of the subscapularis muscle associated with transfer of the latissimus dorsi and teres major muscle to the infraspinatus muscle, moving to the function of external rotators and elevators. The mean follow-up was three years and 10 months. At the end of the study, 24 patients achieved excellent functional assessment scores, mainly of the abduction and external rotation, passing from Mallet class II to class IV. Four patients still demonstrated some degree of global movement limitation, passing from class II to class III. Regardless of the final functional gain, all patients were able to perform tasks that were previously difficult. The data from this study suggest that Hoffer's surgery is an effective method in the treatment of the sequelae of high obstetric paralysis without secondary bone deformities.


Resumo Avaliar os resultados de uma série de 28 casos de paralisia obstétrica alta tratadas com a técnica Sever-L'Episcopo modificada por Hoffer, entre 2003 e 2016. As crianças (idade média, quatro anos e sete meses) com contratura em adução e rotação interna do ombro sem deformidades ósseas secundárias (Mallet classe II) foram submetidas ao alongamento do músculo peitoral e tenotomia do músculo subescapular associada à transferência do latissimus dorsi e músculo redondo maior para o músculo infraespinhal, movendo-se para a função de rotadores externos e elevadores. O seguimento médio foi de 3 anos e 10 meses. Ao final do estudo, 24 pacientes obtiveram excelentes escores de avaliação funcional, principalmente de abdução e rotação externa, passando de Mallet classe II para classe IV. Quatro pacientes ainda demonstraram algum grau de limitação de movimento global, passando da classe II para a classe III. Independentemente do ganho funcional final, todos os pacientes foram capazes de realizar tarefas que antes eram difíceis. Os dados deste estudo sugerem que a cirurgia de Hoffer é um método eficaz no tratamento das sequelas de paralisia obstétrica alta sem deformidades ósseas secundárias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Paralysis, Obstetric , Pectoralis Muscles , Shoulder , Congenital Abnormalities , Rotator Cuff , Contracture , Tenotomy , Superficial Back Muscles , Movement , Muscles
19.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(5): 537-542, Sept.-Oct. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144207

ABSTRACT

Abstract The influence of genetic inheritance has been increasingly investigated in shoulder disorders, such as rotator cuff injury, instability and frozen shoulder. Although the initial findings are enlightening, it is necessary to progressively build a database of genetic markers to catalog genomic profiles that, later, may contribute for predicting the risk of the disease, as well as to the development of better diagnostic and treatment tools. The present article seeks to update what is evidence of genetic studies in the literature for these diseases, from polymorphism analyses, expression of candidate genes in tissues and broad genomic association studies (GWAS). However, it is necessary to point out that there is great difficulty in replicating and using the findings, mainly due to the lack of statistical power, the high rate of false-positive results and the large number of variables involved.


Resumo A influência da herança genética tem sido cada vez mais investigada nas afecções do ombro, como a lesão do manguito rotador, instabilidade e ombro congelado. Ainda que os achados iniciais sejam pouco esclarecedores, é necessário construir progressivamente um banco de marcadores genéticos para catalogar perfis genômicos que, mais adiante, poderão contribuir para a previsão do risco da doença, desenvolvimento de melhores ferramentas de diagnóstico e tratamento. O presente artigo busca atualizar o que há de evidências de estudos genéticos na literatura para essas doenças, desde análises de polimorfismos, expressão de genes candidatos em tecidos e estudos de associação genômica ampla (GWAS, na sigla em inglês). Porém, é necessário apontar que existe grande dificuldade na replicação e utilização dos achados, principalmente em razão da falta de poder estatístico, da alta taxa de resultados falso-positivos e da grande quantidade de variáveis envolvidas.


Subject(s)
Polymorphism, Genetic , Shoulder , Wounds and Injuries , Bursitis , Genetic Markers , Gene Expression , Incidence , Rotator Cuff , Heredity , Diagnosis , False Positive Reactions , Rotator Cuff Injuries
20.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(5): 579-584, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144204

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives To analyze the functional outcomes in patients submitted to videoarthroscopic surgical treatment for compleat rotator cuff tears of the shoulder, with a minimum follow-up of 10 years. Methods A total of 63 patients (63 shoulders) underwent videoarthroscopic surgical repair for compleat rotator cuff tears with a minimum follow-up of 10 years. The postoperative functional outcomes of these patients were evaluated using the Constant and University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) scores. Results The functional evaluation revealed mean UCLA and Constant scores of 26 and 93 points, respectively. Ninety-one percent of the subjects had satisfactory Constant scores, whereas 62% presented satisfactory UCLA scores. Conclusion The arthroscopic repair of rotator cuff complete tear was effective even in the long term (minimum follow-up period of 10 years). The age of the patients before surgery, size of the lesion, the degree of fatty infiltration, and evaluation of muscle trophism are important predictors of prognosis.


Resumo Objetivo Analisar o resultado funcional dos pacientes submetidos ao tratamento cirúrgico videoartroscópico da ruptura completa do manguito rotador do ombro, com seguimento mínimo de 10 anos. Métodos Foram avaliados 63 pacientes (63 ombros) submetidos ao reparo cirúrgico videoartroscópico da ruptura completa do manguito rotador com seguimento mínimo de 10 anos. O resultado funcional no pós-operatório desses pacientes foi avaliado pelos escores de Constant e UCLA. Resultados Os valores médios foram de 26 pontos no escore UCLA e de 93 no escore de Constant. Para o escore de Constant, 91% foram considerados satisfatórios; e para o UCLA, 62% dos pacientes apresentaram escores satisfatórios. Conclusão O reparo artroscópico da ruptura completa do manguito rotador mostrou-se efetivo mesmo a longo prazo (seguimento mínimo de dez anos). A idade dos pacientes antes da cirurgia, o tamanho da lesão, o grau de infiltração gordurosa e a avaliação do trofismo muscular foram importantes preditores de prognóstico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Prognosis , Arthroscopy , Rupture , Shoulder , Wounds and Injuries , Rotator Cuff , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Evaluation Study , Rotator Cuff Injuries
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