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Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(3): 467-471, May-June 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388027


Abstract Objective To compare clinical data from the physical examination with arthroscopic findings in rotator cuff rupture. Methods A total of 177 patients submitted to arthroscopic treatment of rotator cuff rupture were selected, and arthroscopic findings were compared with physical examination. Results The impingement tests showed high sensitivity for rotator cuff rupture. Among the strength tests, the most sensitive was the Patte test (85.7%), and the one with the highest positive predictive value (PPV) was the Jobe test (95%). The Drop Sign test showed higher specificity and negative predictive value (NPV) (98.7 and 95.9%, respectively). Patients with a history of trauma were 3.5 times more likely to have a positive Lift Off test. Conclusion The impingement tests had high sensitivity for rotator cuff ruptures. The Jobe test showed similar sensitivity among patients who had partial or total supraspinal injury. For complete lesions of the subscapularis, The Lift Off and Belly Press tests showed high sensitivity and specificity.

Resumo Objetivo Comparar dados clínicos do exame físico com os achados artroscópicos na ruptura do manguito rotador. Métodos Foram selecionados 177 pacientes submetidos ao tratamento artroscópico de ruptura do manguito rotador e foram comparados os achados artroscópicos com o exame físico. Resultados Os testes irritativos de impacto apresentaram alta sensibilidade para ruptura do manguito rotador. Dentre os testes de força, o de maior sensibilidade foi o teste de Patte (85,7%) e o de maior valor preditivo positivo (VPP) foi o teste de Jobe (95%). O teste Drop Sign apresentou maior especificidade e valor preditivo negativo (VPN) (98,7 e 95,9%, respectivamente). Pacientes com história de trauma possuíam 3,5 vezes mais chances de apresentarem o teste Lift Off positivo. Conclusão Os testes irritativos tiveram alta sensibilidade para rupturas do manguito rotador. O teste de Jobe apresentou sensibilidade semelhante entre os pacientes que tinham lesão parcial ou total do supraespinhal. Para as lesões completas do subescapular, as testes Lift Off e Belly Press apresentaram alta sensibilidade e especificidade.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Physical Examination , Arthroscopy , Rupture , Rotator Cuff , Shoulder Injuries
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 37(2): 214-219, Jan.-June 2022. graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394952


Abstract Introduction: Typically, when esophageal perforation secondary to barotrauma is mentioned as the causal pathophysiological mechanism of perforation, the literature refers to spontaneous esophageal perforation or Boerhaave syndrome as an entity. It involves the longitudinal and transmural rupture of the esophagus (previously healthy) secondary to an abrupt increase in intraluminal esophageal pressure, frequently triggered during vomiting. However, in the medical literature, some reports list mechanisms of barotrauma other than this entity. Case report: A 64-year-old female patient with a history of surgically managed gastric adenocarcinoma (total gastrectomy and esophagoenteral anastomosis) presented with stenosis of the esophagojejunal anastomosis, which required an endoscopic dilatation protocol with a CRETM balloon. The third session of endoscopic dilation was held; in removing the endoscope, we identified a deep esophageal laceration with a 4 cm long perforation at the level of the middle esophagus (8 cm proximal to the dilated anastomosis), suspecting the mechanism of barotrauma as the causal agent. She required urgent transfer to the operating room, where we performed thoracoscopic esophagectomy, broad-spectrum empiric antimicrobial coverage, and enteral nutrition by advanced tube during in-hospital surveillance. The control esophagram at seven days showed a small leak over the anastomotic area, which was managed conservatively. Imaging control at 14 days showed a decrease in the size of the leak, with good evolution and tolerance to the oral route. The patient was later discharged.

Resumen Introducción: típicamente, cuando se menciona la perforación esofágica secundaria a barotrauma como el mecanismo fisiopatológico causal de la perforación, la literatura se refiere a la perforación esofágica espontánea o síndrome de Boerhaave como entidad, la cual hace referencia a la ruptura longitudinal y transmural del esófago (previamente sano) secundaria a un aumento abrupto de la presión intraluminal esofágica, que se desencadena frecuentemente durante el vómito. Sin embargo, en la literatura médica existen algunos reportes que mencionan otros mecanismos de barotrauma diferentes a esta entidad. Reporte de caso: se presenta el caso de una paciente de 64 años con antecedente de adenocarcinoma gástrico manejado quirúrgicamente (gastrectomía total y anastomosis esofagoenteral), quien presentaba estenosis de anastomosis esofagoyeyunal, que requirió un protocolo de dilatación endoscópica con balón CRETM. Se llevó a una tercera sesión de dilatación endoscópica, en la que durante la extracción del endoscopio se identificó una laceración esofágica profunda con perforación de 4 cm de longitud a nivel del esófago medio (8 cm proximal a anastomosis dilatada), y se sospechó del mecanismo de barotrauma como agente causal. Requirió traslado urgente a sala de cirugía, en la que se realizó esofagorrafia por toracoscopia, cubrimiento antimicrobiano empírico de amplio espectro y nutrición enteral por sonda avanzada durante la vigilancia intrahospitalaria. El esofagograma de control a los 7 días mostró una pequeña fuga sobre el área anastomótica, la cual se manejó de manera conservadora. El control imagenológico a los 14 días evidenció una disminución del tamaño de la fuga, con una evolución satisfactoria y tolerancia a la vía oral, y posteriormente se dio el egreso.

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Adenocarcinoma , Lacerations , Esophageal Perforation , Esophagus , Patients , Rupture , Barotrauma , Gastrectomy
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928259


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect of scar tissue suture at the broken end of Achilles tendon after gastrocnemius aponeurosis release in the treatment of chronic Achilles tendon rupture.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 17 patients with old achilles tendon rupture treated from January 2017 to December 2019 were analyzed retrospectively, including 15 males and 2 females, aged 26 to 53 years with an average of (35.2±11.6) years old, and the time from injury to operation was 37 to 92 days with an average of (49.3±13.3) days. Myerson's classification included 6 cases of typeⅡ and 11 cases of typeⅢ. The defect of the broken end of Achilles tendon was 2 to 5 cm with an average of(4.1±1.5) cm after partial scar tissue was removed. All patients were treated with gastrocnemius aponeurosis, appropriate excision of scar tissue at the broken end of Achilles tendon and direct suture. The continuity and healing of Achilles tendon were evaluated by color Doppler ultrasound 3 months after operation. The ankle plantar flexor strength was measured by ankle plantar flexor strength tester before operation and 1 year after operation. American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society ankle hindfoot score (AOFAS) and Achilles tendon rupture score were used before operation and 1 year after operation Achilles tendon total fracture score (ATRS) was used to evaluate the clinical rehabilitation of Achilles tendon rupture.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 12 to 18 months with an average of(13.6±1.8) months. The surgical incision healed in stageⅠ. Color Doppler ultrasound showed good continuity of Achilles tendon, local Achilles tendon slightly thickened and irregular fiber direction. The ankle plantar flexor force (92.2±3.9) N at 1 year after operation was significantly higher than that before operation (29.5±4.2) N (P<0.05);One year after operation, the AOFAS(91.20±3.30) was significantly higher than that before operation (42.20±4.40)(P<0.05);the ATRS (90.70±3.00) was significantly higher than that before operation(40.00±2.90)(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The gastrocnemius aponeurosis release combined with scar suture of Achilles tendon end is an effective technique for the treatment of chronic Achilles tendon rupture, avoid injury to hallux flexor longus or flexor digitorum longus, with the plantar flexor muscle strength of the ankle was recovered well, is an effective method to treat chronic Achilles tendon rupture.

Achilles Tendon/surgery , Adult , Aponeurosis , Cicatrix , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Rupture/surgery , Sutures , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928258


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect of modified medial J-shaped incision of Achilles tendon combined with fascia lata transplantation in the treatment of Kuwada typeⅡand Ⅲ Achilles tendon defects.@*METHODS@#From January 2016 to August 2018, the clinical data of 15 patients with KuwadaⅡand Ⅲ Achilles tendon defects treated with modified J-shaped approach with autologous fascia lata transplantation were retrospectively analyzed, including 14 males and 1 female, with an average age of 31.7 years old ranging from 24 to 43. There were 9 cases of KuwadaⅡdefect and 6 cases of KuwadaⅢ defect. Postoperative observations were made for incision complications, and the Arner-Lindholm scoring standard was used to evaluate the function of the affected foot at the last follow-up.@*RESULTS@#All 15 cases were followed up from 3 to 16 months with an average of 9.2 months. No skin necrosis or infection occurred after operation, and no Achilles tendon rupture occurred again. According to the Arner-Lindholm scoring standard, 13 cases were excellent, 2 cases were good.@*CONCLUSION@#Modified medial J-shaped incision is a satisfactory approach for repairing Achilles tendon defects. It is helpful to prevent postoperative incision complications, which double-strengthen the Achilles tendon strength, so that patients can perform early rehabilitation and functional exercises with satisfactory clinical results.

Achilles Tendon/surgery , Adult , Fascia Lata , Female , Humans , Male , Retrospective Studies , Rupture , Treatment Outcome
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928257


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the morphological, histological and ultrastructural changes of acute closed rupture of Achilles tendon, in order to clarify the pathological basis of the injury and to explore the significance.@*METHODS@#From January 2015 to January 2019, 35 patients with acute Achilles tendon rupture who underwent the minimally invasive Achilles tendon suture technique were retrospectively analyzed. Among these patients, 12 cases in acute open Achilles tendon rupture group included 10 males and 2 females, with an average age of (35.1±9.7) years old ranging from 19 to 50, and the time from injury to operation was 2 to 8 hours with an average of(5.6±1.8);23 cases in acute closed Achilles tendon rupture group included 21 males and 2 females, with an average age of (35.5±6.6) years old ranging from 18 to 50, and the time from injury to operation was 3 to 15 hours with an average of (7.5±3.1). The gross appearance and imaging findings of the broken end of Achilles tendon tissue in the two groups were compared by naked eye observation and foot and ankle MRI at 4 to 6 hours before operation. HE staining, scanning and fluoroscopic electron microscopy, immunohistochemistry(Sirius red staining) were performed on the intraoperative Achilles tendon tissue specimens at 1 to 2 days after operation, the collagen fiber degeneration and local fat infiltration, collagen fiber shape, cell morphology and function, and the distribution of typeⅠand type Ⅲ collagen fibers in Achilles tendon were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the acute open Achilles tendon rupture group, the acute closed Achilles tendon rupture group had poor elasticity, hard texture, moderate edema, irregular shape of Achilles tendon broken end, horsetail shape, and more calcification around the broken end. HE staining results:the collagen fibers in the Achilles tendon of the acute open Achilles tendon rupture group were arranged irregularly, with hyaline degeneration and fat infiltration;The results of electron microscopy showed that collagen arranged disorderly and fibroblasts atrophied in the acute closed Achilles tendon rupture group. Immunohistochemical(Sirius staining) results:the proportion of collagenⅠin the acute open Achilles tendon rupture group and the acute closed Achilles tendon rupture group was(91.12±4.34)% and(54.71±17.78)% respectively, and the proportion of collagen Ⅲ was (8.88±4.34)% and (45.29±17.78)% respectively. The content of collagenⅠin the acute closed Achilles tendon rupture group was lower than that in the acute open Achilles tendon rupture group, and the content of collagen Ⅲ in the acute closed Achilles tendon rupture group was higher than that in the acute open Achilles tendon rupture group(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The morphology, histology and ultrastructure of the acute closed ruptured Achilles tendon are significantly altered compared with the normal Achilles tendon. The original fine and orderly spatial structure cannot be maintained, part of collagen Ⅰ is replaced by collagen Ⅲ, and the toughness and strength of the tendon tissue decreased, which may be the feature of degeneration of the Achilles tendon and an important pathological basis for closed Achilles tendon rupture.

Achilles Tendon/surgery , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Retrospective Studies , Rupture/surgery , Suture Techniques , Tendon Injuries/surgery , Treatment Outcome
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 35: eAPE03427, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1402912


Resumo Objetivo Desvelar as implicações para os homens do afastamento pai-filho(a) em decorrência de medida protetiva por violência conjugal. Métodos Estudo descritivo exploratório, abordagem qualitativa, desenvolvido com nove homens que respondiam a processo judicial por violência conjugal junto às 1ª e 2ª Varas de Justiça pela Paz em Casa de Salvador, Bahia, Brasil. A pesquisa ocorreu por meio da entrevista semiestruturada, tendo seu conteúdo gravado, transcrito e, em seguida, submetido à validação pelos homens. Os dados foram sistematizados com base nos passos preconizados pela análise de conteúdo temática categorial. Resultados O estudo revela que o afastamento pai-filho em decorrência da medida protetiva de urgência suscita no rompimento do vínculo paterno, fomentando o desenvolvimento de problemas psicoemocionais, como ansiedade, depressão e ideação suicida, muitas vezes somatizados e expressos desde cefaleia até condições que necessitam de cuidados hospitalares. Conclusão O comprometimento do exercício da paternidade viola também o direito de crianças e adolescentes ao convívio com a figura paterna. Deste modo, há grande necessidade de que a Política Nacional de Atenção Integral à Saúde dos Homens contemple uma gestão que priorize ações preventivas para a violência, assim como desempenhe acompanhamento psicossocial aos homens.

Resumen Objetivo Revelar el impacto en los hombres del distanciamiento padre-hijo(a) como consecuencia de medidas protectoras por violencia conyugal. Métodos Estudio descriptivo exploratorio, enfoque cualitativo, llevado a cabo con nueve hombres que respondían a juicio por violencia conyugal en el 1º y 2º Juzgado de Justicia por la Paz en Casa de Salvador, estado de Bahia, Brasil. La investigación se realizó a través de encuesta semiestructurada, con grabación y transcripción del contenido, y luego sometido a su validación por los hombres. Los datos fueron sistematizados con base en los pasos preconizados por el análisis de contenido temático de la categoría. Resultados El estudio revela que el distanciamiento padre-hijo como consecuencia de medidas protectoras de urgencia provoca la ruptura del vínculo paterno y fomenta el desarrollo de problemas psicoemocionales, como ansiedad, depresión e ideación suicida, muchas veces somatizados y expresados desde una cefalea hasta condiciones que necesitan cuidados hospitalarios. Conclusión El comprometimiento del ejercicio de la paternidad también viola el derecho de niños y adolescentes a convivir con la figura paterna. De este modo, hay una gran necesidad de que la Política Nacional de Atención Integral a la Salud de los Hombres contemple una gestión que establezca prioridades en acciones preventivas contra la violencia, así como también realice un seguimiento psicosocial de los hombres.

Abstract Objective To unveil the implications for men of father-son estrangement as a result of a protective measure for conjugal violence. Methods This is an exploratory descriptive study, with a qualitative approach, developed with nine men who were responding to a lawsuit for conjugal violence at the 1st and 2nd Courts of Justice of the Peace in Casa de Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. The research took place through a semi-structured interview, with its content recorded, transcribed and then submitted for validation by the men. Data were systematized based on the steps recommended by the categorical thematic content analysis. Results The study reveals that the father-son estrangement as a result of an emergency protective measure causes paternal bond rupture, promoting the development of psycho-emotional problems, such as anxiety, depression and suicidal ideation, often somatized and expressed from headache to conditions that require hospital care. Conclusion The commitment to the exercise of paternity also violates the right of children and adolescents to live with their father figure. Thus, there is a great need for the Brazilian National Policy for Comprehensive Care for Men's Health to include a management that prioritizes preventive actions against violence as well as providing psychosocial support to men.

Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Parent-Child Relations , Paternity , Security Measures , Masculinity , Intimate Partner Violence , Family Separation , Gender Role , Rupture , Violence , Nuclear Family , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Evaluation Studies as Topic
J. vasc. bras ; 21: e20190001, 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365069


Resumo A artéria femoral profunda, devido às suas características anatômicas, se encontra protegida da maioria dos traumatismos vasculares. Relatamos um caso de pseudoaneurisma de ramo perfurante da artéria femoral profunda, associado à fístula arteriovenosa, secundário a rotura completa do músculo vasto medial em paciente jogador de futebol. A ressonância magnética demonstrou lesão muscular associada a pseudoaneurisma, e a angiotomografia confirmou a presença de pseudoaneurisma associado a fístula arteriovenosa de ramo da artéria femoral profunda. Foi realizado tratamento endovascular da fístula através da embolização com micromolas fibradas e drenagem cirúrgica do hematoma muscular. O paciente evoluiu bem, sem queixas clínicas no 30º dia de pós-operatório e também após 1 ano.

Abstract Due to its anatomical characteristics, the deep femoral artery is protected from most vascular injuries. We report a case of a soccer player with pseudoaneurysm of a perforating branch of the deep femoral artery, associated with an arteriovenous fistula and secondary to complete rupture of the vastus medialis muscle. Magnetic resonance imaging showed muscle damage associated with a pseudoaneurysm and angiotomography confirmed the presence of a pseudoaneurysm associated with a deep arteriovenous fistula of a branch of the deep femoral artery. Endovascular treatment of the fistula was performed by embolization with fibrous microcoils and surgical drainage of the muscle hematoma. The patient recovered well, was free from clinical complaints on the 30th postoperative day and also after 1 year.

Humans , Male , Adult , Arteriovenous Fistula/therapy , Aneurysm, False , Quadriceps Muscle/injuries , Femoral Artery/injuries , Rupture , Angiography , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Ultrasonography, Doppler , Embolization, Therapeutic , Femoral Artery/diagnostic imaging , Endovascular Procedures
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1392490


Las roturas irreparables del manguito rotador son lesiones graves que pueden conllevar consecuencias drásticas en la calidad de vida de los pacientes. Pese a que su reparación es compleja y la tasa de re-rotura es alta, el intento de reparación se justifica por la ausencia de alternativas poco agresivas o paliativas. Cuando no se consigue una reparación, la alternativa es la transferencia tendinosa, la reconstrucción capsular superior o incluso la prótesis invertida de hombro. Por tanto, en muchos casos de cirugía primaria, se debe intentar la reparación artroscópica con el fin de "salvar" el manguito rotador gravemente lesionado. El objetivo de este artículo es resumir algunas de las técnicas artroscópicas para conseguir una reparación de roturas "irreparables" del manguito rotador. Nivel de Evidencia: V Opinión de expertos

Irreparable rotator cuff tears are major injuries that can drastically affect the quality of life of the patients. Despite the complexity of the procedure and the high rates of re-tear, surgical repair is justified due to the lack of less aggressive and palliative alternatives. If a repair is not achieved, surgical alternatives are considered including tendon transfer, superior capsular reconstruction, or even reverse shoulder arthroplasty. Accordingly, arthroscopic repair must be performed in order to save the severely injured rotator cuff. The aim of this study is to summarize some of the arthroscopic techniques for repairing the so-called irreparable rotator cuff tears. Level of Evidence: V. Expert opinion

Arthroscopy , Rupture , Shoulder Joint/injuries , Rotator Cuff Injuries
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 29(3): 115-120, 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1396317


Cuando se presentan pacientes con ruptura bilateral del ligamento cruzado anterior y requieren cirugía reconstructiva, se puede optar por procedimientos de reconstrucción unilateral a la vez. Este tipo de abordaje terapéutico ha sido descripto en la literatura, sin embargo, existe muy poca evidencia acerca de la reconstrucción simultánea o secuencial de ambas rodillas en el mismo acto quirúrgico. En este trabajo se presenta un caso de reconstrucción secuencial en el mismo acto quirúrgico, con un solo tiempo anestésico, realizado por un solo equipo quirúrgico en un paciente con ruptura bilateral de ligamento cruzado anterior. Además, se desarrolla una actualización del tema y se compara este procedimiento con aquellos efectuados en dos actos quirúrgicos, desde el punto de vista económico, clínico y funcional, el plan de fisioterapia adoptado y los resultados a mediano plazo mediante la escala de Lysholm. Tipo de Estudio: Reporte de caso y actualización. Nivel de Evidencia: IV

When we face a patient with bilateral anterior cruciate ligament rupture and requires a ligament reconstruction, we can suggest a unilateral reconstruction procedure. This type of surgical management has been described in the literature; however, very scant evidence is published about simultaneous or sequential ACL reconstruction at one stage procedure.This paper presents a case report of a sequential ACL reconstruction made in a one-stage surgical procedure for the same surgical team in a patient with bilateral ACL rupture. A revision of the literature is made, a comparison with those made in two separate procedures is also reported, from a clinical, functional, and economic view, the rehabilitation program and the medium-term outcome by the score of Lysholm. Type of study: Case report and literature review. Level of Evidence: IV

Adult , Rupture , Anterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction
Rev. psicanal ; 28(1): 103-120, Abril 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1252999


O presente trabalho parte da ideia de caracterizar o disruptivo no pensamento freudiano. Como ponto de partida, toma o trabalho de 1914, À guisa de introdução ao narcisismo, por reconhecer nele um momento primeiro de ruptura na teoria pulsional vigente: libido do Eu versus libido objetal. Durante o trajeto, sinaliza marcas desse processo e direciona-se para o disruptivo que se instala em termos metapsicológicos, com maior consistência, com o advento da pulsão de morte. A pulsão de destruição, como agente do disruptivo em sua relação com Eros, desenhará caminhos que permitem vislumbrar destinos tanáticos ou criativos. Com essa concepção metapsicológica como indicador, busca-se refletir a respeito da interação entre o disruptivo da pandemia viral e o disruptivo da virulência do racismo e seus desdobramentos criativos na efetivação, pelo coletivo da humanidade, de posturas antirracistas. Tal contexto alberga uma interrogação pontual: como a pandemia, em seu efeito disruptivo, está relacionada com a percepção em toda a sua sensorialidade, em grande escala, de norte a sul, daquilo que mantinha-se parcialmente silencioso e invisível, o racismo? (AU)

The present article begins from the idea of characterize the disruptive in the freudian's thoughts. Is takes as a starter point the work of 1914, On narcissism: an introduction, for recognize it as a first moment of rupture in the current drive theory: self libido versus object libido. In this path, it signals marks of this process and orientate to the disruptive that develops in metapsychological terms, with great consistency, with the advent of the death drive. The destruction drive, as a disruptive agent, in its relation with Eros, will draw paths that allow glimpse its tanatic fate or criative fate. From this metapsychological conception, as an indicator, seeks to reflect the interaction between the disruptive in the viral pandemic and the disruptive in the racism virulence, and its criatives developments in the effectuation of anti-racist postures, by the humanity collective. Context that holds an punctual interrogation: how the pandemic, with its disruptive effect, is related with the perception in all its sensoriality, in big scale, from north to south, with what was, in part, silence and inivisible: the racism? (AU)

El objetivo inicial del presente trabajo es caracterizar lo disruptivo en el pensamiento freudiano. Se toma como punto de partida el célebre texto de 1914 Introducción del narcisismo por reconocer en él un primer momento de ruptura en la teoría pulsional vigente hasta ese momento, que distinguía la libido del Yo y la libido de objeto. En ese recorrido, se irán señalando marcas de dicho proceso orientándose hacia lo disruptivo, que se instalará con mayor consistencia, en términos metapsicológicos, con el advenimiento de la pulsión de muerte. La pulsión de destrucción, como agente de lo disruptivo, en su relación con Eros, trazará caminos que permiten vislumbrar sus destinos tanáticos o creativos. Tomando esa concepción metapsicológica como indicador, busco reflejar la interacción entre lo disruptivo de la pandemia viral y lo disruptivo de la virulencia del racismo, así como sus desdoblamientos creativos en la adopción de posturas antirracistas por parte del colectivo humano. En este contexto se plantea una interrogación puntual: ¿cómo la pandemia, con su efecto disruptivo, está relacionada con la percepción en toda su sensorialidad, en gran escala, de norte a sur, de aquello que, en parte, se mantenía silencioso e invisible, el racismo?

Pandemics/prevention & control , Racism/psychology , Rupture/psychology , Virulence , Drive , Narcissism
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 28(2): 81-85, abr./jun. 2021. il.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1367208


Relata-se o caso de uma felina, sem raça definida, de oito meses de idade e 3,6 kg, com queixa de impotência funcional completa do membro pélvico esquerdo após trauma. A paciente apresentava aumento de volume em região do joelho, dor à palpação e instabilidade patelar. O diagnóstico de ruptura do ligamento patelar foi realizado com base nos resultados do exame ortopédico, juntamente com exame radiográfico e ultrassonográfico do joelho. O método utilizado para reparo da lesão foi a sutura em oito com fio de tetrafluorcabono associado à sutura interrompida simples para aproximação das bordas do ligamento. Durante a reavaliação de trinta dias pós-operatório, a paciente já apresentava melhora significativa, com atividade funcional completa do membro e ausência de dor.

We report the case of an eight-month-old, 3.6 kg, crossbred feline, complaining of complete functional impotence of the left pelvic limb after trauma. The patient presented swelling in the knee region, pain on palpation and patellar instability. The diagnosis of patellar ligament rupture was based on the results of the orthopedic examination, together with radiographic and ultrasound examinations of the knee. The method used to repair the lesion was eight-point suture with tetrafluorocabono thread associated with simple interrupted suture for approximation of the ligament edges. During the thirty-day postoperative reassessment, the patient already presented significant improvement, with complete functional activity of the limb. and absence of pain.

Animals , Cats , Rupture/veterinary , Cats/surgery , Patellar Ligament/surgery , Surgery, Veterinary/methods , Suture Techniques/veterinary , Knee/surgery
Med. U.P.B ; 40(1): 77-81, 03/03/2021. Ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1177502


Los diferentes reportes de consumo de sustancias evidencian cómo el consumo de alcohol afecta diferentes órganos y sistemas; según el tiempo de presentación hay riesgos agudos y crónicos. Dentro de las complicaciones agudas gastrointestinales asociadas al consumo de alcohol está el síndrome de Boerhaave consistente en una ruptura esofágica espontánea. Es importante identificar este síndrome porque se relaciona con alta mortalidad debido a la amplia gama de signos y síntomas que produce, como vómito, disnea, taquipnea, taquicardia y dolor esternal, que pueden generar confusión con otras enfermedades como el tromboembolismo pulmonar. El objetivo de este reporte es pre-sentar el primer caso clínico en Colombia de un paciente con síndrome de Boerhaave como complicación del consumo de alcohol, ya que es importante que el personal de salud reconozca los factores de riesgo que lo desencadenan.

Numerous reports of substance use show how alcohol consumption affects different organs and systems; related risks can be acute and chronic, depending on the time of presentation. Among the acute gastrointestinal complications associated with alcohol consumption is Boerhaave syndrome, which consists of a spontaneous esophageal rupture. It is important to identify this pathology because it is associated with high mortality due to the wide range of signs and symptoms that it produces such as vomiting, dyspnea, tachypnea, tachycardia, and sternal pain, which can lead to confusion with other diseases like pulmonary thromboembolism and may therefore delay proper and timely diagnostic. The objective of this report is to present the first clinical case reported in Colombia of a patient who suffered from Boerhaave syndrome secondary to chronic alcohol consumption and to sensitize the health personnel about the importance of recognizing alcohol consumption as a risk factor for this complication.

Os diferentes relatos de uso de substâncias mostram como o consumo de álcool afeta diferentes órgãos e sistemas; dependendo da época de apresentação, existem riscos agudos e crônicos. Entre as complicações gastrointestinais agudas associadas ao con-sumo de álcool está a síndrome de Boerhaave, que consiste em uma ruptura esofágica espontânea. É importante identificar essa síndrome, pois está associada a alta mortalidade devido à ampla gama de sinais e sintomas que produz, como vômitos, dispneia, taquipneia, taquicardia e dor esternal, que podem levar à confusão com outras doenças, como tromboembolismo pulmonar. O objetivo deste relatório é apresentar o primeiro caso clínico na Colômbia de um paciente com síndrome de Boerhaave como uma complicação do consumo de álcool, pois é importante que o pessoal de saúde reconheça os fatores de risco que a desencadeiam.

Humans , Alcohol Drinking , Pain , Pulmonary Embolism , Rupture , Tachycardia , Vomiting , Confusion , Ethanol
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(2): 388-394, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154447


ABSTRACT Purpose: To describe penile fracture (PF) findings with non-sexual etiology in a referral emergency hospital, with emphasis on demographic data, clinical and intraoperative findings and long-term outcomes. Materials and Methods: Patients with PF of non-sexual cause operated at our institution from January 2014 to January 2019 were submitted to surgical treatment and monitored for at least three months after surgery. Etiology of trauma, epidemiological and clinical presentation data, time to intervention and operative findings were reviewed retrospectively. The evaluation of postoperative erectile function was carried out by filling out the International Index of Erection Function - 5 (IIEF-5). The tool used to assess urinary function was the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) questionnaire. Results: Of a total of 149 patients submitted to surgical treatment for PF, 18 (12%) reported non-sexual etiology. Twelve (66.6%) cases were due to penile manipulation through the act of bending the penis during morning erection, three (16.6%) when rolling over in bed with erect penis, one (5.5%) when embracing the wife during erection, one (5.5%) to laying on the partner with erect penis and the other (5.5%) when sitting on the toilet with an erection. Operative findings were unilateral corpus cavernosum injury in all cases. Only one (5.5%) patient had a partial urethral lesion. Follow-up time varied from 3 to 18 months (mean, 10.1 months). Three (16.6%) patients developed erectile dysfunction six months after surgery. However, all of them responded to treatment with IPDE-5 and reported improvement of erection, with no need for medication, on reevaluation after 18 months. One (5.5%) patient developed penile curvature < 30 degrees. Thirteen (72.2%) patients developed penile nodules. No patient presented voiding complaints during follow-up. Conclusions: PF is a rare urologic emergency, especially with the non-sexual etiology. However, PF should always be considered when the clinical presentation is suggestive, regardless of the etiology. Penile manipulation and roll over in bed were the most common non-sexual causes. These cases are related to low-energy traumas, usually leading to unilateral rupture of corpus cavernosum. Urethral involvement is uncommon but may be present. Early treatment has good long-term clinical outcome, especially when performed in specialized centers with extensive experience in FP.

Humans , Male , Penile Diseases , Penis/surgery , Referral and Consultation , Rupture/surgery , Penile Erection , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Hospitals
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(2): 366-371, 20210000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1247574


Introducción. El aneurisma aórtico abdominal roto, tiene una mortalidad del 80 % al 90 %. Para su reparación existe una técnica abierta y otra endovascular, las cuales tienen diferencias entre sus beneficios y complicaciones. El método de elección en la actualidad para la corrección de esta alteración anatómica es endovascular, sin embargo, no es el más usado, porque no se cuenta todo el tiempo con el equipo humano de cirugía vascular para su realización. Caso clínico. Ingresa a urgencias un paciente en estado de shock de origen desconocido, con dolor abdominal de 24 horas de evolución. Se realiza una tomografía con contraste que demuestra un aneurisma aórtico abdominal infrarrenal roto. Debido a que no se contaba con el equipo de cirugía vascular, es llevado de urgencia a una corrección abierta que duró 153 minutos, con un sangrado intraoperatorio de 1754 cc. Fue dado de alta a los 12 días postoperatorios sin ninguna complicación. Discusión. La reparación endovascular del aneurisma aórtico abdominal roto es la mejor elección, ya que muestra mayores beneficios en comparación con la reparación abierta, sin embargo, no es el más utilizado, porque se necesita de un personal bien entrenado en cirugía endovascular, por lo que, dentro de la formación de los cirujanos generales, se tiene que incluir el aprendizaje de las técnicas abiertas

Introduction. The ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm has a mortality of 80% to 90%. There is an open and an endovascular techniques for its repair, which have differences between their benefits and complications. The method of choice for the correction of this anatomical alteration is endovascular; however, it is not the most frequently used, mainly because the vascular surgical team is not available all the time to perform it.Clinical case. A patient in a state of shock of unknown origin was admitted to the emergency room, with abdominal pain of 24 hours of evolution. A contrast-enhanced CT scan demonstrated a ruptured infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm. Due to the lack of a vascular surgery team, the patient was rushed for an open surgery that lasted 153 minutes, with an intraoperative bleeding of 1754 cc. He was discharged 12 days after surgery without any complications.Discussion. Endovascular repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm is the best choice, since it shows greater benefits compared to open repair. However, it is not the most widely used because it requires well-trained personnel in endovascular surgery. Therefore, learning of open techniques must be included in the training of general surgeons

Humans , Aortic Aneurysm , General Surgery , Aorta, Abdominal , Rupture , Endovascular Procedures
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(1): 24-30, Jan.-Feb. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288658


Abstract The present research aims to compare the outcomes from the combined reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and of the anterolateral ligament (ALL) with the standard isolated ACL reconstruction in patients with chronic ACL injury. To do so, a meta-analysis was carried out to determine whether the combined ACL and ALL reconstruction would lead to a significant improvement in knee function according to the International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC), the Lysholm test and KT-2000 evaluation scores and lower graft rupture rates in comparison with isolated reconstruction. To identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the combined ACL and ALL reconstruction with the isolated ACL reconstruction, papers published between 2010 and 2019 were searched in the MEDLINE, EMBASE, SPORTDiscus, LILACS and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases, following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) criteria. The stability of the knee joint is only marginally improved with the combined reconstruction of ACL and ALL, and both reconstruction techniques show functional results. The main outcomes sought were patient function and graft stability and rupture rates after ACL reconstruction. Out of the 421 studies identified, 6 were included in our meta-analysis. Study quality (internal validity) was assessed using the Cochrane risk-of-bias tool; in general, the studies included presented moderate-quality evidence. The graft rupture rate was higher in patients undergoing isolated ACL reconstruction (relative risk, 0.22; 95% confidence interval, 0.12 to 0.41; p < 0.00001).

Resumo O objetivo da presentepesquisa é comparar, por meio de uma metanálise, os resultados da reconstrução combinada do ligamento cruzado anterior (LCA) e do ligamento anterolateral (LLA), comparado com a reconstrução isolada padrão, em pacientes com lesão crônica do ligamento cruzado anterior. Buscando alcançar o objetivo da pesquisa, foi realizada uma meta-análise para determinar se a combinação da reconstrução combinada LCA e LLA levaria àmelhoria significativa da função do joelho, medida pelos escores de avaliação International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC), Lysholm, KT-2000 e menor taxa de ruptura do enxerto, em comparação com a reconstrução isolada. Para identificar ensaios clínicos randomizados (ECR) comparando a reconstrução combinada do LCA e LLA com a reconstrução isolada do LCA, foram pesquisados artigos publicados entre 2010 e 2019 nas bases MEDLINE, EMBASE, SPORTDiscus, LILACS e Cochrane Central RegisterofControlledTrials e seguiram os critérios de Itens de Relatórios Preferidos para Revisões Sistemáticas e Metanálises (PRISMA). A estabilidade da articulação do joelho é apenas marginalmente aprimorada com a reconstrução combinada de LCA e LLA, e ambas as técnicas de reconstrução mostram resultados funcionais. Os principais desfechos procurados foram a função do paciente e as taxas de estabilidade e ruptura do enxerto após a reconstrução do LCA. Dos 421 estudos identificados, 6estudos foram incluídos em nossa meta-análise. A qualidade do estudo (validade interna) foi avaliada usando o instrumento Cochrane risco-de-viés; em geral, foi encontrada uma qualidade moderada de evidências dos estudos incluídos. Os pacientes submetidos à reconstrução isolada do LCA mostraram maior taxa de ruptura do enxerto (RR 0,22; índice de confiança [IC]95%: 0,12-0,41; p< 0,00001).

Rupture , Wounds and Injuries , Anterior Cruciate Ligament , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries , Knee Joint , Ligaments
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(1): 83-90, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288654


Abstract Objective To describe a new presentation of tears and retears of the rotator cuff, which we denominate captured rotator cuff (CRC). We also aim to evaluate it clinically and through images. Methods We assessed retrospectively 16 patients with intraoperative diagnosis of CRC between March 2005 and September 2017; by means of imaging (radiography and magnetic resonance imaging [MRI]) and functional scores (UCLA and Constant & Murley). In images we analyzed the evolution for rotator cuff arthropathy and presence of retears. Functionally, we compared the affected side with the contralateral side and extensive lesions with nonextensive. Results Five (31.25%) patients presented with rotator cuff arthropathy, and 10 (62.5%) with retears. Three (75%) patients with nonextensive lesions had good/excellent UCLA and Constant & Murley scores. In patients with extensive lesions, when the Constant & Murley score was evaluated, 6 (50%) presented good/excellent results, and in the UCLA score, 7 (58.3%). Comparing the affected side (Constant 74.72 points; UCLA 20 points) with the contralateral side (Constant 96.96 points; UCLA 25.63 points), there were worse functional results with statistical significance. Conclusion The diagnosis of CRC is suspected by characteristic findings on MRI and confirmed in arthroscopy. The affected shoulders present worse functional postoperative scores.

Resumo Objetivo Descrever uma nova apresentação de ruptura e rerruptura do manguito rotador (MR), a qual denominamos manguito capturado (MC). Objetivamos também avaliá-la clinicamente e por meio de imagens. Métodos Foram avaliados retrospectivamente 16 pacientes com diagnóstico intraoperatório de MC no período de março de 2005 a setembro de 2017; por meio de exames de imagem (radiografia e ressonância magnética [RM]) e escores funcionais (UCLA e Constant & Murley). Nas imagens, analisamos a evolução para artropatia do manguito rotador e presença de rerrupturas. Funcionalmente, comparamos o lado afetado com o contralateral e as lesões extensas com nãoextensas. Resultados Cinco (31,25%) pacientes evoluíram com artropatia do manguito rotador e 10 (62,5%) tiveram rerrupturas. Três (75%) pacientes com lesões não extensas tiveram UCLA e Constant & Murley bons/excelentes. Nos pacientes com lesões extensas, quando avaliado Constant & Murley, 6 (50%) apresentaram resultados bons/excelentes, e no escore UCLA, 7 (58,3%). Comparando o lado acometido (Constant 74,72 pontos; UCLA 20 pontos) com o contralateral (Constant 96,96 pontos; UCLA 25,63 pontos), houve pior resultado funcional com significância estatística. Conclusão O diagnóstico de MC é suspeitado por achados característicos na RM e confirmado na artroscopia. Os ombros acometidos apresentam piores escores funcionais pós-operatórios.

Prognosis , Rupture , Shoulder , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Rotator Cuff , Shoulder Impingement Syndrome , Joint Diseases
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942267


OBJECTIVE@#To measure the electroencephalography (EEG) of the patients with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture when performing joint position perception movement task, to compare the differences between the ACL rupture side and the unaffected side, to identify the EEG change in the power spectrum caused by the ACL rupture, and to provide evidence for the diagnosis, treatment and rehabi-litation for ACL injury as well as knee instability.@*METHODS@#Sixteen male patients, selected from the Department of Sports Medicine, Peking University Third Hospital from November 2014 to April 2015, with only ACL rupture on one side used isokinetic muscle strength testing equipment were enrolled in the study to perform unilateral active knee joint positional movement and passive knee joint positional movement tasks. EEG was recorded to compare between the affected and unaffected limb of ACL rupture patients when doing single leg movement tasks, including passive knee joint position test and active knee joint position sensation test. The target position of the active knee joint position movement task and the passive knee joint position movement task was 30 degrees of knee flexion.@*RESULTS@#During the passive knee joint position test, there was no significant difference in EEG power spectrum of Delta[F (1, 15)=0.003, P=0.957, ηP2 =0.001], Theta[F (1, 15)=0.002, P=0.962, ηP2 < 0.001], Alpha[F (1, 15)=0.002, P=0.966, ηP2 =0.001], Beta[F (1, 15)=0.008, P=0.929, ηP2 =0.001] at Fz, Cz, and Pz between the affected and unaffected limbs in the ACL patients. During the active knee joint position movement task, the EEG power spectrum of Delta, Theta, Alpha, Beta at Fz and Cz location, on the affected side was significant higher than on the unaffected side.@*CONCLUSION@#This study compared the differences between the ACL rupture side and the unaffected side during active knee position movement task and passive knee position movement task, and identifyied the EEG changes in the power spectrum caused by the ACL rupture, It was found that the central changes caused by unilateral ACL rupture still existed during contralateral (unaffected) side movement. The EEG power spectrum of the affected side during active exercise was significantly higher than that of the unaffected side This study provides new electrophysiological evidence for the study of ACL injury.

Anterior Cruciate Ligament , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries , Electroencephalography , Humans , Knee Joint , Male , Perception , Rupture
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879459


OBJECTIVE@#To compare biomechanical characteristic of different high-strength sutures and suture sites for repairing posterior root tear of the medial meniscus with modified Mason-Allen technique.@*METHODS@#Forty-eight specimen of medial meniscus of knee joint from fresh porcine (female, aged from 5 to 9 months with an average of 7 months) were chosen and established experimental model. The samples were divided into red zone fixation group and red-white zone fixation group according to suture sites, 24 in each group; and then were randomly divided into 3 subgroups which 8 in each group, and fixed with Ethibond suture, Ultrabraid suture and FiberWire suture, respectively. Biomechanical tests were performedon universal electromagnetic and mechanical testing machine. Each specimen was underwent 1 000 cyclic tests on the first time, then pull out test until failure. The maximum failure load, yield load, stiffness and displacement were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#All specimen were successfully completed biomechanical tests. The failure mode of Ethibond group was caused by suture fracture; 6 cases of Ultrabraid suture group was caused by suture fracture which belong to red zone fixation group, 10 cases were caused by suture pull out, which 2 cases belong to red zone fixation group, 8 cases belong to red-white zone fixation group;8 cases of FiberWire group was caused by suture pull-out. Biomechanical test showed that:(1)In terms of suture strength, comparison of the maximum failure load, yield load and stiffness showed that Ethibond suture group

Animals , Biomechanical Phenomena , Female , Menisci, Tibial/surgery , Rupture/surgery , Suture Techniques , Sutures , Swine
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353934


Introducción: La indicación de realizar una osteosíntesis con un clavo endomedular retrógrado en las fracturas de fémur se ha incrementado en los últimos años y, con ello, la cantidad de complicaciones. Se describen tres técnicas quirúrgicas para el manejo del fragmento proximal de la osteosíntesis endomedular rota. Desde marzo de 2001 hasta enero de 2019, se realizaron 321 osteosíntesis con clavos endomedulares retrógrados de fémur en nuestra institución. La tasa de rotura del implante asociada a una seudoartrosis fue del 0,9%. Se realizaron técnicas mínimamente invasivas para la extracción del implante, preservando las partes blandas. Se logró la reosteosíntesis definitiva con la consiguiente consolidación en un tiempo medio de 140 días. Conclusiones: Las técnicas utilizadas fueron simples, seguras, mínimamente invasivas y muy reproducibles. Nivel de Evidencia: IV

background: The indication for osteosynthesis with a retrograde intramedullary nail in femur fractures has increased in recent years and with it, the number of complications. Three surgical techniques are described for the management of the proximal fragment of the broken intramedullary osteosynthesis. From March 2001 to January 2019, 321 osteosyntheses with retrograde femoral intramedullary nails were performed at our institution. The implant rupture rate associated with nonunion was 0.9%. Minimally invasive techniques were performed to remove the implant, preserving the soft tissues. Definitive reosteosynthesis was achieved with the consequent consolidation in an average time of 140 days. Conclusions: The techniques used were simple, safe, minimally invasive, and reproducible. Level of Evidence: IV

Adolescent , Middle Aged , Aged , Rupture , Bone Nails/adverse effects , Device Removal , Femoral Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/adverse effects
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353935


La presencia de elementos extraños dentro del canal raquídeo es infrecuente y no hay claro consenso respecto de su tratamiento. Las publicaciones sobre fragmentos de proyectil de arma de fuego intracanal recomiendan la exéresis de los fragmentos ante la posibilidad de migración, sobre todo, cuando están en una zona próxima al cono medular. Se debería proceder del mismo modo ante una aguja dentro del canal espinal. Presentamos a una paciente con dolor radicular invalidante provocado por un fragmento de aguja dentro del canal espinal luego de una cesárea. Nivel de Evidencia: IV

The presence of foreign elements within the spinal canal is rare and there is no clear consensus regarding its treatment. The publications on intracanal firearm projectile fragments recommend exeresis of the fragments due to the possibility of migration, especially when they are in an area close to the medullary cone. The same procedure should be applied to a needle inside the spinal canal. We present a patient with disabling radicular pain caused by a needle fragment within the spinal canal after cesarean section. Level of Evidence: IV

Adult , Rupture , Spinal Diseases , Spinal Puncture , Cesarean Section/adverse effects , Anesthesia, Epidural/adverse effects , Needles/adverse effects