Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 3.272
Filter
1.
Rev. psicanal ; 28(1): 1-18, Abril 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1252999

ABSTRACT

O presente trabalho parte da ideia de caracterizar o disruptivo no pensamento freudiano. Como ponto de partida, toma o trabalho de 1914, À guisa de introdução ao narcisismo, por reconhecer nele um momento primeiro de ruptura na teoria pulsional vigente: libido do Eu versus libido objetal. Durante o trajeto, sinaliza marcas desse processo e direciona-se para o disruptivo que se instala em termos metapsicológicos, com maior consistência, com o advento da pulsão de morte. A pulsão de destruição, como agente do disruptivo em sua relação com Eros, desenhará caminhos que permitem vislumbrar destinos tanáticos ou criativos. Com essa concepção metapsicológica como indicador, busca-se refletir a respeito da interação entre o disruptivo da pandemia viral e o disruptivo da virulência do racismo e seus desdobramentos criativos na efetivação, pelo coletivo da humanidade, de posturas antirracistas. Tal contexto alberga uma interrogação pontual: como a pandemia, em seu efeito disruptivo, está relacionada com a percepção em toda a sua sensorialidade, em grande escala, de norte a sul, daquilo que mantinha-se parcialmente silencioso e invisível, o racismo? (AU)


The present article begins from the idea of characterize the disruptive in the freudian's thoughts. Is takes as a starter point the work of 1914, On narcissism: an introduction, for recognize it as a first moment of rupture in the current drive theory: self libido versus object libido. In this path, it signals marks of this process and orientate to the disruptive that develops in metapsychological terms, with great consistency, with the advent of the death drive. The destruction drive, as a disruptive agent, in its relation with Eros, will draw paths that allow glimpse its tanatic fate or criative fate. From this metapsychological conception, as an indicator, seeks to reflect the interaction between the disruptive in the viral pandemic and the disruptive in the racism virulence, and its criatives developments in the effectuation of anti-racist postures, by the humanity collective. Context that holds an punctual interrogation: how the pandemic, with its disruptive effect, is related with the perception in all its sensoriality, in big scale, from north to south, with what was, in part, silence and inivisible: the racism? (AU)


El objetivo inicial del presente trabajo es caracterizar lo disruptivo en el pensamiento freudiano. Se toma como punto de partida el célebre texto de 1914 Introducción del narcisismo por reconocer en él un primer momento de ruptura en la teoría pulsional vigente hasta ese momento, que distinguía la libido del Yo y la libido de objeto. En ese recorrido, se irán señalando marcas de dicho proceso orientándose hacia lo disruptivo, que se instalará con mayor consistencia, en términos metapsicológicos, con el advenimiento de la pulsión de muerte. La pulsión de destrucción, como agente de lo disruptivo, en su relación con Eros, trazará caminos que permiten vislumbrar sus destinos tanáticos o creativos. Tomando esa concepción metapsicológica como indicador, busco reflejar la interacción entre lo disruptivo de la pandemia viral y lo disruptivo de la virulencia del racismo, así como sus desdoblamientos creativos en la adopción de posturas antirracistas por parte del colectivo humano. En este contexto se plantea una interrogación puntual: ¿cómo la pandemia, con su efecto disruptivo, está relacionada con la percepción en toda su sensorialidad, en gran escala, de norte a sur, de aquello que, en parte, se mantenía silencioso e invisible, el racismo?


Subject(s)
Pandemics/prevention & control , Racism/psychology , Rupture/psychology , Virulence , Drive , Narcissism
2.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(2): 388-394, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154447

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To describe penile fracture (PF) findings with non-sexual etiology in a referral emergency hospital, with emphasis on demographic data, clinical and intraoperative findings and long-term outcomes. Materials and Methods: Patients with PF of non-sexual cause operated at our institution from January 2014 to January 2019 were submitted to surgical treatment and monitored for at least three months after surgery. Etiology of trauma, epidemiological and clinical presentation data, time to intervention and operative findings were reviewed retrospectively. The evaluation of postoperative erectile function was carried out by filling out the International Index of Erection Function - 5 (IIEF-5). The tool used to assess urinary function was the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) questionnaire. Results: Of a total of 149 patients submitted to surgical treatment for PF, 18 (12%) reported non-sexual etiology. Twelve (66.6%) cases were due to penile manipulation through the act of bending the penis during morning erection, three (16.6%) when rolling over in bed with erect penis, one (5.5%) when embracing the wife during erection, one (5.5%) to laying on the partner with erect penis and the other (5.5%) when sitting on the toilet with an erection. Operative findings were unilateral corpus cavernosum injury in all cases. Only one (5.5%) patient had a partial urethral lesion. Follow-up time varied from 3 to 18 months (mean, 10.1 months). Three (16.6%) patients developed erectile dysfunction six months after surgery. However, all of them responded to treatment with IPDE-5 and reported improvement of erection, with no need for medication, on reevaluation after 18 months. One (5.5%) patient developed penile curvature < 30 degrees. Thirteen (72.2%) patients developed penile nodules. No patient presented voiding complaints during follow-up. Conclusions: PF is a rare urologic emergency, especially with the non-sexual etiology. However, PF should always be considered when the clinical presentation is suggestive, regardless of the etiology. Penile manipulation and roll over in bed were the most common non-sexual causes. These cases are related to low-energy traumas, usually leading to unilateral rupture of corpus cavernosum. Urethral involvement is uncommon but may be present. Early treatment has good long-term clinical outcome, especially when performed in specialized centers with extensive experience in FP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Penile Diseases , Penis/surgery , Referral and Consultation , Rupture/surgery , Penile Erection , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Hospitals
3.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(2): 366-371, 20210000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1247574

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El aneurisma aórtico abdominal roto, tiene una mortalidad del 80 % al 90 %. Para su reparación existe una técnica abierta y otra endovascular, las cuales tienen diferencias entre sus beneficios y complicaciones. El método de elección en la actualidad para la corrección de esta alteración anatómica es endovascular, sin embargo, no es el más usado, porque no se cuenta todo el tiempo con el equipo humano de cirugía vascular para su realización. Caso clínico. Ingresa a urgencias un paciente en estado de shock de origen desconocido, con dolor abdominal de 24 horas de evolución. Se realiza una tomografía con contraste que demuestra un aneurisma aórtico abdominal infrarrenal roto. Debido a que no se contaba con el equipo de cirugía vascular, es llevado de urgencia a una corrección abierta que duró 153 minutos, con un sangrado intraoperatorio de 1754 cc. Fue dado de alta a los 12 días postoperatorios sin ninguna complicación. Discusión. La reparación endovascular del aneurisma aórtico abdominal roto es la mejor elección, ya que muestra mayores beneficios en comparación con la reparación abierta, sin embargo, no es el más utilizado, porque se necesita de un personal bien entrenado en cirugía endovascular, por lo que, dentro de la formación de los cirujanos generales, se tiene que incluir el aprendizaje de las técnicas abiertas


Introduction. The ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm has a mortality of 80% to 90%. There is an open and an endovascular techniques for its repair, which have differences between their benefits and complications. The method of choice for the correction of this anatomical alteration is endovascular; however, it is not the most frequently used, mainly because the vascular surgical team is not available all the time to perform it.Clinical case. A patient in a state of shock of unknown origin was admitted to the emergency room, with abdominal pain of 24 hours of evolution. A contrast-enhanced CT scan demonstrated a ruptured infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm. Due to the lack of a vascular surgery team, the patient was rushed for an open surgery that lasted 153 minutes, with an intraoperative bleeding of 1754 cc. He was discharged 12 days after surgery without any complications.Discussion. Endovascular repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm is the best choice, since it shows greater benefits compared to open repair. However, it is not the most widely used because it requires well-trained personnel in endovascular surgery. Therefore, learning of open techniques must be included in the training of general surgeons


Subject(s)
Humans , Aortic Aneurysm , General Surgery , Aorta, Abdominal , Rupture , Endovascular Procedures
4.
Med. U.P.B ; 40(1): 77-81, 03/03/2021. Ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1177502

ABSTRACT

Los diferentes reportes de consumo de sustancias evidencian cómo el consumo de alcohol afecta diferentes órganos y sistemas; según el tiempo de presentación hay riesgos agudos y crónicos. Dentro de las complicaciones agudas gastrointestinales asociadas al consumo de alcohol está el síndrome de Boerhaave consistente en una ruptura esofágica espontánea. Es importante identificar este síndrome porque se relaciona con alta mortalidad debido a la amplia gama de signos y síntomas que produce, como vómito, disnea, taquipnea, taquicardia y dolor esternal, que pueden generar confusión con otras enfermedades como el tromboembolismo pulmonar. El objetivo de este reporte es pre-sentar el primer caso clínico en Colombia de un paciente con síndrome de Boerhaave como complicación del consumo de alcohol, ya que es importante que el personal de salud reconozca los factores de riesgo que lo desencadenan.


Numerous reports of substance use show how alcohol consumption affects different organs and systems; related risks can be acute and chronic, depending on the time of presentation. Among the acute gastrointestinal complications associated with alcohol consumption is Boerhaave syndrome, which consists of a spontaneous esophageal rupture. It is important to identify this pathology because it is associated with high mortality due to the wide range of signs and symptoms that it produces such as vomiting, dyspnea, tachypnea, tachycardia, and sternal pain, which can lead to confusion with other diseases like pulmonary thromboembolism and may therefore delay proper and timely diagnostic. The objective of this report is to present the first clinical case reported in Colombia of a patient who suffered from Boerhaave syndrome secondary to chronic alcohol consumption and to sensitize the health personnel about the importance of recognizing alcohol consumption as a risk factor for this complication.


Os diferentes relatos de uso de substâncias mostram como o consumo de álcool afeta diferentes órgãos e sistemas; dependendo da época de apresentação, existem riscos agudos e crônicos. Entre as complicações gastrointestinais agudas associadas ao con-sumo de álcool está a síndrome de Boerhaave, que consiste em uma ruptura esofágica espontânea. É importante identificar essa síndrome, pois está associada a alta mortalidade devido à ampla gama de sinais e sintomas que produz, como vômitos, dispneia, taquipneia, taquicardia e dor esternal, que podem levar à confusão com outras doenças, como tromboembolismo pulmonar. O objetivo deste relatório é apresentar o primeiro caso clínico na Colômbia de um paciente com síndrome de Boerhaave como uma complicação do consumo de álcool, pois é importante que o pessoal de saúde reconheça os fatores de risco que a desencadeiam.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alcohol Drinking , Pain , Pulmonary Embolism , Rupture , Tachycardia , Vomiting , Confusion , Ethanol
5.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(1): 24-30, Jan.-Feb. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288658

ABSTRACT

Abstract The present research aims to compare the outcomes from the combined reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and of the anterolateral ligament (ALL) with the standard isolated ACL reconstruction in patients with chronic ACL injury. To do so, a meta-analysis was carried out to determine whether the combined ACL and ALL reconstruction would lead to a significant improvement in knee function according to the International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC), the Lysholm test and KT-2000 evaluation scores and lower graft rupture rates in comparison with isolated reconstruction. To identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the combined ACL and ALL reconstruction with the isolated ACL reconstruction, papers published between 2010 and 2019 were searched in the MEDLINE, EMBASE, SPORTDiscus, LILACS and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases, following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) criteria. The stability of the knee joint is only marginally improved with the combined reconstruction of ACL and ALL, and both reconstruction techniques show functional results. The main outcomes sought were patient function and graft stability and rupture rates after ACL reconstruction. Out of the 421 studies identified, 6 were included in our meta-analysis. Study quality (internal validity) was assessed using the Cochrane risk-of-bias tool; in general, the studies included presented moderate-quality evidence. The graft rupture rate was higher in patients undergoing isolated ACL reconstruction (relative risk, 0.22; 95% confidence interval, 0.12 to 0.41; p < 0.00001).


Resumo O objetivo da presentepesquisa é comparar, por meio de uma metanálise, os resultados da reconstrução combinada do ligamento cruzado anterior (LCA) e do ligamento anterolateral (LLA), comparado com a reconstrução isolada padrão, em pacientes com lesão crônica do ligamento cruzado anterior. Buscando alcançar o objetivo da pesquisa, foi realizada uma meta-análise para determinar se a combinação da reconstrução combinada LCA e LLA levaria àmelhoria significativa da função do joelho, medida pelos escores de avaliação International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC), Lysholm, KT-2000 e menor taxa de ruptura do enxerto, em comparação com a reconstrução isolada. Para identificar ensaios clínicos randomizados (ECR) comparando a reconstrução combinada do LCA e LLA com a reconstrução isolada do LCA, foram pesquisados artigos publicados entre 2010 e 2019 nas bases MEDLINE, EMBASE, SPORTDiscus, LILACS e Cochrane Central RegisterofControlledTrials e seguiram os critérios de Itens de Relatórios Preferidos para Revisões Sistemáticas e Metanálises (PRISMA). A estabilidade da articulação do joelho é apenas marginalmente aprimorada com a reconstrução combinada de LCA e LLA, e ambas as técnicas de reconstrução mostram resultados funcionais. Os principais desfechos procurados foram a função do paciente e as taxas de estabilidade e ruptura do enxerto após a reconstrução do LCA. Dos 421 estudos identificados, 6estudos foram incluídos em nossa meta-análise. A qualidade do estudo (validade interna) foi avaliada usando o instrumento Cochrane risco-de-viés; em geral, foi encontrada uma qualidade moderada de evidências dos estudos incluídos. Os pacientes submetidos à reconstrução isolada do LCA mostraram maior taxa de ruptura do enxerto (RR 0,22; índice de confiança [IC]95%: 0,12-0,41; p< 0,00001).


Subject(s)
Rupture , Wounds and Injuries , Anterior Cruciate Ligament , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries , Knee Joint , Ligaments
6.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(1): 83-90, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288654

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To describe a new presentation of tears and retears of the rotator cuff, which we denominate captured rotator cuff (CRC). We also aim to evaluate it clinically and through images. Methods We assessed retrospectively 16 patients with intraoperative diagnosis of CRC between March 2005 and September 2017; by means of imaging (radiography and magnetic resonance imaging [MRI]) and functional scores (UCLA and Constant & Murley). In images we analyzed the evolution for rotator cuff arthropathy and presence of retears. Functionally, we compared the affected side with the contralateral side and extensive lesions with nonextensive. Results Five (31.25%) patients presented with rotator cuff arthropathy, and 10 (62.5%) with retears. Three (75%) patients with nonextensive lesions had good/excellent UCLA and Constant & Murley scores. In patients with extensive lesions, when the Constant & Murley score was evaluated, 6 (50%) presented good/excellent results, and in the UCLA score, 7 (58.3%). Comparing the affected side (Constant 74.72 points; UCLA 20 points) with the contralateral side (Constant 96.96 points; UCLA 25.63 points), there were worse functional results with statistical significance. Conclusion The diagnosis of CRC is suspected by characteristic findings on MRI and confirmed in arthroscopy. The affected shoulders present worse functional postoperative scores.


Resumo Objetivo Descrever uma nova apresentação de ruptura e rerruptura do manguito rotador (MR), a qual denominamos manguito capturado (MC). Objetivamos também avaliá-la clinicamente e por meio de imagens. Métodos Foram avaliados retrospectivamente 16 pacientes com diagnóstico intraoperatório de MC no período de março de 2005 a setembro de 2017; por meio de exames de imagem (radiografia e ressonância magnética [RM]) e escores funcionais (UCLA e Constant & Murley). Nas imagens, analisamos a evolução para artropatia do manguito rotador e presença de rerrupturas. Funcionalmente, comparamos o lado afetado com o contralateral e as lesões extensas com nãoextensas. Resultados Cinco (31,25%) pacientes evoluíram com artropatia do manguito rotador e 10 (62,5%) tiveram rerrupturas. Três (75%) pacientes com lesões não extensas tiveram UCLA e Constant & Murley bons/excelentes. Nos pacientes com lesões extensas, quando avaliado Constant & Murley, 6 (50%) apresentaram resultados bons/excelentes, e no escore UCLA, 7 (58,3%). Comparando o lado acometido (Constant 74,72 pontos; UCLA 20 pontos) com o contralateral (Constant 96,96 pontos; UCLA 25,63 pontos), houve pior resultado funcional com significância estatística. Conclusão O diagnóstico de MC é suspeitado por achados característicos na RM e confirmado na artroscopia. Os ombros acometidos apresentam piores escores funcionais pós-operatórios.


Subject(s)
Prognosis , Rupture , Shoulder , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Rotator Cuff , Shoulder Impingement Syndrome , Joint Diseases
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879459

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare biomechanical characteristic of different high-strength sutures and suture sites for repairing posterior root tear of the medial meniscus with modified Mason-Allen technique.@*METHODS@#Forty-eight specimen of medial meniscus of knee joint from fresh porcine (female, aged from 5 to 9 months with an average of 7 months) were chosen and established experimental model. The samples were divided into red zone fixation group and red-white zone fixation group according to suture sites, 24 in each group; and then were randomly divided into 3 subgroups which 8 in each group, and fixed with Ethibond suture, Ultrabraid suture and FiberWire suture, respectively. Biomechanical tests were performedon universal electromagnetic and mechanical testing machine. Each specimen was underwent 1 000 cyclic tests on the first time, then pull out test until failure. The maximum failure load, yield load, stiffness and displacement were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#All specimen were successfully completed biomechanical tests. The failure mode of Ethibond group was caused by suture fracture; 6 cases of Ultrabraid suture group was caused by suture fracture which belong to red zone fixation group, 10 cases were caused by suture pull out, which 2 cases belong to red zone fixation group, 8 cases belong to red-white zone fixation group;8 cases of FiberWire group was caused by suture pull-out. Biomechanical test showed that:(1)In terms of suture strength, comparison of the maximum failure load, yield load and stiffness showed that Ethibond suture group

Subject(s)
Animals , Biomechanical Phenomena , Female , Menisci, Tibial/surgery , Rupture/surgery , Suture Techniques , Sutures , Swine
8.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(6): 742-747, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156193

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the influence of the supraspinal tear pattern on the pre- and postoperative functional evaluations. Methods A retrospective cohort study comparing patients with supraspinatus crescent-shaped tears versus L- or U-shaped tears. We included patients undergoing complete supraspinatus arthroscopic repair. We did not include patients with subscapularis or infraspinatus repair, those submitted to open surgery, or those in whom only partial repair was achieved. The clinical scales used were the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons Standardized Shoulder Assessment (ASES) and the Modified-University of California at Los Angeles Shoulder Rating Scale (UCLA), which were applied 1 week before and 24 months after the procedure. Results We analyzed 167 shoulders (from 163 patients). In the preoperative period, the ASES scale was significantly higher in the crescent-shaped pattern (43.5 ± 17.6 versus 37.7 ± 13.8; p = 0.034). The UCLA scale followed the same pattern (15.2 ± 4.6 versus 13.5 ± 3.6; p = 0.028). In the postoperative period, however, there was no significant difference. According to the ASES scale, crescent-shaped tears scored 83.7 ± 18.7 points, and L- or U-shaped tears scored 82.9 ± 20.1 (p = 0.887). The values were 30.9 ± 4.9 and 30.5 ± 5.6 (p = 0.773) respectively, by the UCLA scale. Conclusion Crescent-shaped and L- or U-shaped supraspinatus tears have similar postoperative functional results. In the preoperative period, the functional results are superior in crescent-shaped tears.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar a influência do padrão da rotura do supraespinal nas avaliações funcionais pré e pós-operatória. Métodos Estudo de coorte retrospectivo, comparando pacientes com rotura do supraespinal em crescente versus em L ou U. Incluímos pacientes submetidos ao reparo artroscópico completo do supraespinal. Não incluímos pacientes com reparo dos tendões do subescapular ou infraespinal, aqueles submetidos a cirurgia aberta, ou aqueles nos quais foi obtido apenas o reparo parcial. As escalas clínicas utilizadas foram The American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons Standardized Shoulder Assessment (ASES) e Modified-University of California at Los Angeles Shoulder Rating Scale (UCLA), aplicadas uma semana antes e 24 meses após o procedimento. Resultados Analisamos 167 ombros (de 163 pacientes). No pré-operatório, a escala da ASES demonstrou ser significativamente superior no padrão em crescente (43,5 ± 17,6 versus 37,7 ± 13,8; p = 0,034). A escala da UCLA teve o mesmo padrão (15,2 ± 4,6 versus 13,5 ± 3,6; p = 0,028). No pós-operatório, entretanto, não ocorreu diferença significativa. De acordo com a escala da ASES, roturas em crescente tiveram 83,7 ± 18,7 pontos, e as roturas em L ou U, 82,9 ± 20,1 (p = 0,887). Respectivamente, os valores foram de 30,9 ± 4,9 e 30,5 ± 5,6 (p = 0,773) pela escala da UCLA. Conclusão As roturas em crescente e em L ou U do supraespinal apresentam resultados funcionais pós-operatórios semelhantes. No pré-operatório, os resultados funcionais são superiores nas roturas em crescente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Postoperative Period , Arthroscopy , Rupture , Cohort Studies , Range of Motion, Articular , Rotator Cuff , Preoperative Period
9.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(5): 579-584, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144204

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives To analyze the functional outcomes in patients submitted to videoarthroscopic surgical treatment for compleat rotator cuff tears of the shoulder, with a minimum follow-up of 10 years. Methods A total of 63 patients (63 shoulders) underwent videoarthroscopic surgical repair for compleat rotator cuff tears with a minimum follow-up of 10 years. The postoperative functional outcomes of these patients were evaluated using the Constant and University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) scores. Results The functional evaluation revealed mean UCLA and Constant scores of 26 and 93 points, respectively. Ninety-one percent of the subjects had satisfactory Constant scores, whereas 62% presented satisfactory UCLA scores. Conclusion The arthroscopic repair of rotator cuff complete tear was effective even in the long term (minimum follow-up period of 10 years). The age of the patients before surgery, size of the lesion, the degree of fatty infiltration, and evaluation of muscle trophism are important predictors of prognosis.


Resumo Objetivo Analisar o resultado funcional dos pacientes submetidos ao tratamento cirúrgico videoartroscópico da ruptura completa do manguito rotador do ombro, com seguimento mínimo de 10 anos. Métodos Foram avaliados 63 pacientes (63 ombros) submetidos ao reparo cirúrgico videoartroscópico da ruptura completa do manguito rotador com seguimento mínimo de 10 anos. O resultado funcional no pós-operatório desses pacientes foi avaliado pelos escores de Constant e UCLA. Resultados Os valores médios foram de 26 pontos no escore UCLA e de 93 no escore de Constant. Para o escore de Constant, 91% foram considerados satisfatórios; e para o UCLA, 62% dos pacientes apresentaram escores satisfatórios. Conclusão O reparo artroscópico da ruptura completa do manguito rotador mostrou-se efetivo mesmo a longo prazo (seguimento mínimo de dez anos). A idade dos pacientes antes da cirurgia, o tamanho da lesão, o grau de infiltração gordurosa e a avaliação do trofismo muscular foram importantes preditores de prognóstico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Prognosis , Arthroscopy , Rupture , Shoulder , Wounds and Injuries , Rotator Cuff , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Evaluation Study , Rotator Cuff Injuries
10.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(4): 432-437, Jul.-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138055

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives To analyze the results of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with remnant-preserving versus remnant-resecting technique, concerning the return to pre-lesion activity level. Methods The present retrospective cohort study has assessed adults > 18 years old who underwent ACL anatomical reconstruction between 2010 and 2014. The main outcomes assessed were: level of physical activity (4-point scale), sports participation rate, ACL rerupture defined as documented lesion requiring revision surgery and the numeric pain scale rate (NPSR). Results A total of 83 individuals were included in the study, with a mean age of 31.8 years old and follow-up mean time of 4.2 years after the surgery. A total of 34 patients underwent ACL reconstruction with remnant-preserving technique, and 49 without remnant preservation. No statistically significant difference was found between groups in all outcomes assessed: level of physical activity before the lesion and after the surgery, ACL rerupture rates and postoperative pain level. Subgroup analysis has shown a statistically significant decrease in the activity level in both groups. The most practiced sport was football; 72% of patients in the remnant group have resumed football activity versus 52.6% of the control group. Conclusion Based in these findings, the comparison between ACL reconstruction with remnant preserving technique and remnant resecting technique has shown no differences concerning the return to prelesion activity level.


Resumo Objetivo Analisar os resultados da reconstrução do ligamento cruzado anterior (LCA) com preservação do remanescente, comparada à técnica convencional, no retorno do paciente ao nível de atividade física pré-lesão. Métodos Estudo transversal retrospectivo, que avaliou indivíduos adultos submetidos à reconstrução anatômica do LCA no período de 2010 a 2014. Os desfechos analisados foram: nível de atividade física, taxa retorno ao esporte, relesão do LCA definida como lesão documentada que necessite de nova reconstrução ligamentar, e dor pela escala numérica de dor (EVN). Resultados Foram incluídos 83 indivíduos com média de 31,8 anos de idade e seguimento médio de 4,2 anos após a cirurgia, 34 submetidos à reconstrução do LCA com preservação do remanescente, e 49 à convencional. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os grupos na frequência de atividade física pré-lesão e pós-operatória, na taxa de relesão do LCA reconstruído e na intensidade da dor no pós-operatório. Na análise intragrupos, houve uma queda estatisticamente significativa na frequência da prática de atividade física pós-operatória para ambos os grupos em comparação ao nível pré-lesão. O tipo de esporte mais praticado foi o futebol, onde 72% pacientes do grupo remanescente retornaram ao esporte comparado a 52,6% do grupo controle; porém, essa diferença não foi estatisticamente significante. Conclusão Não foi possível observar diferenças entre os pacientes submetidos às técnicas cirúrgicas de reconstrução LCA com e sem a preservação do remanescente em relação ao retorno ao esporte, frequência de atividade física e intensidade da dor. Estudos futuros prospectivos são necessários.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pain , Pain, Postoperative , Rupture , Sports , Exercise , Incidence , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Return to Sport , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries , Football
11.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(4): 463-469, Jul.-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138049

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate and compare subscapular muscle function among patients undergoing subscapular tenotomy (Group A) and lesser tuberosity osteotomy (Group B), in patients treated with total and partial anatomic shoulder arthroplasty for primary osteoarthrosis. Methods Retrospective study of patients with primary glenohumeral osteoarthrosis surgically undergoing total or partial anatomic shoulder prosthesis implant, evaluated by clinical examination, imaging exams, analogue pain scale and Constant and Murley functional score. A total of 28 patients were evaluated, totalizing a sample of 32 operated shoulders. The minimum follow-up was of 12 months (mean 47.45 months). Results Among patients submitted to subscapularis tendon tenotomy, 10 had an ultrasound with total rupture of its thickness (56%). All of the patients of the group B showed lesser tuberosity healing. There was no difference between groups comparing strength evaluated by Belly press and Bear hug tests as well as clinical outcome, through the Constant and Murley score. Conclusions We did not find differences between Groups A and B evidenciated by comparing strength in the Lift-off test, in the Belly press and Bear hug tests and through he Constant and Murley score.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar e comparar a função do músculo subescapular entre os grupos submetidos a tenotomia do subescapular (Grupo A) e osteotomia do tubérculo menor (Grupo B), em pacientes tratados por artroplastia anatômica total e parcial de ombros apresentando osteoartrose primária. Métodos Estudo retrospectivo de pacientes portadores de osteoartrose primária glenoumeral tratados cirurgicamente com prótese anatômica total ou parcial de ombro, avaliados por exame clínico, exames de imagens, escala visual analógica de dor e escore funcional de Constant e Murley. Foram avaliados 28 pacientes, totalizando uma amostra de 32 ombros operados. O seguimento mínimo foi de 12 meses (média 47,45 meses). Resultados Nos pacientes submetidos à tenotomia do tendão subescapular, dez obtiveram resultado ultrassonográfico com ruptura de sua espessura total (56%). A consolidação ocorreu em todos pacientes submetidos a osteotomia do tubérculo menor. Não houve diferença entre os grupos na comparação do teste Lift Off, da força nos testes Belly Press e Bear hug, e no escore de Constant e Murley. Conclusões Não encontramos diferença entre os grupos A e B na comparação do teste Lift Off, da força nos testes Belly Press e Bear hug, e no escore de Constant e Murley.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteoarthritis , Osteotomy , Arthroplasty , Prostheses and Implants , Rupture , Retrospective Studies , Rotator Cuff , Shoulder Prosthesis
12.
Rev. Eugenio Espejo ; 14(2): 71-82, jul. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1117287

ABSTRACT

El proyecto se realizó con el objetivo de describir la valoración de Enfermería por dominios según NANDA-Internacional, en gestantes con diagnóstico de RPM, ingresadas en el Servicio de Ginecología y Obstetricia del Hospital Provincial General Docente Riobamba, Ecuador, durante el periodo octubre 2018 - enero 2019. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, con enfoque cuantitativo, de corte transversal; cuya población de estudio quedó constituida por 61 individuos. Los datos fueron recolectados mediante la aplicación de una entrevista estructurada a cada paciente y de la revisión de documentos (historias clínicas). Se observaron 8 dominios alterados. El 63% de las mujeres participantes tuvo insuficientes controles prenatales. En el 78.7% de los partos se reportó líquido amniótico de aspecto claro. El 73.7% de las gestantes presentó antecedentes de infección. Las mayores afectaciones fueron en los dominios referidos a sexualidad/reproducción y promoción de la salud. La mayoría presentó RPM entre las 39 y 40.6 semanas y la FCF normal. Predominaron las madres adolescentes que declararon no planificar su embarazo.


This research was carried out in order to describe the assessment of Nursing by domains according to NANDA-International in pregnant women with a diagnosis of PROM admitted to the Gynecology and Obstetrics Service of the Provincial General Hospital of Riobamba-Ecuador, during the period October 2018 - January 2019. A cross-sectional and descriptive study was carried out with a quantitative approach; whose study population was made up of 61 individuals. The data were collected by applying a structured interview to each patient and reviewing documents (medical records). 8 altered domains were observed. 63% of the participating women had insufficient prenatal controls. Clear-looking amniotic fluid was reported in 78.7% of deliveries. 73.7% of pregnant women presented a history of infection. The greatest affectations were in the domains referring to sexuality / reproduction and health promotion. The majority presented PROM between 39 and 40.6 weeks and normal FHR. Adolescent mothers who declared not planning their pregnancy predominated.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Rupture , Nursing , Pregnant Women , Patients , Membranes , Obstetrics
13.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 35(2): 216-219, abr.-jun. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1126311

ABSTRACT

Resumen La hemorragia digestiva alta se define como el sangrado originado en el tracto digestivo superior, proximalmente al ángulo de Treitz, y constituye la urgencia gastroenterológica más importante. Tiene una incidencia que varía, según el área estudiada, entre 48 y 160 casos por 100 000 habitantes y año. Aunque puede ser causada por numerosas etiologías, no debemos olvidar aquellas menos comunes, ya que pueden condicionar una alta mortalidad, como es el caso de la rotura de un aneurisma de la arteria hepática. A continuación, mostramos un caso representativo.


Abstract Upper gastrointestinal bleeding is defined as bleeding originating in the upper digestive tract proximal to the Treitz angle and is the most important gastroenterological emergency. Its incidence varies, depending on the area studied, between 48 and 160 cases per 100,000 inhabitants per year. Although it can be caused by numerous etiologies, we must not forget the less common ones such as a ruptured hepatic artery aneurysm since they can condition high mortality. We present a representative case.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Rupture , Abdominal Pain , Gastrointestinal Tract , Hemorrhage , Hepatic Artery , Aneurysm
14.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(3): 329-338, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138020

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To identify the clinical, radiological, and arthroscopic correlation of long head of the biceps tendon injuries and their influence on pain when associated with rotator cuff injuries. Methods Between April and December 2013, 50 patients were evaluated, including 38 (76%) women and 12 (24%) men, with a mean age of 65.1 years old. The patients were operated by the Shoulder and Elbow Group, Discipline of Sports Medicine, Orthopedics and Traumatology Department, Universidade Federal de São Paulo. The subjects underwent repair of the rotator cuff lesion with clinical, radiological and/or arthroscopic evidence of involvement of the long head of the biceps tendon. Results An association between pain at palpation of the intertubercular groove of the humerus and high-grade partial lesions (partial rupture of the tendon affecting more than 50% of its structure) was observed at the arthroscopy (p = 0.003). There was also an association between the high-grade lesion of the long head of the biceps and injury to the supraspinatus muscle tendon (p < 0.05). For each centimeter of the supraspinatus muscle tendon injury, the patient presented a 1.7 higher probability of having a high-grade lesion at the long head of the biceps. Conclusion Pain at the anterior shoulder region during palpation of the intertubercular groove of the humerus may be related to high-grade lesions to the long head of the biceps. Rotator cuff injury and its size are risk factors for high-grade injuries to the long head of the biceps tendon.


Resumo Objetivo Identificar a correlação clínica, radiológica, e artroscópica das lesões do tendão da cabeça longa do bíceps e sua influência na dor do paciente quando associada às lesões do manguito rotador. Métodos Entre abril e dezembro de 2013, foram avaliados 50 pacientes, sendo 38 (76%) do sexo feminino e 12 (24%) do sexo masculino, com idade média de 65,1 anos. Os pacientes foram operados pelo Grupo de Ombro e Cotovelo da Disciplina de Medicina Esportiva do Departamento de Ortopedia e Traumatologia da Universidade Federal de São Paulo. Os indivíduos foram submetidos a reparo da lesão do manguito rotador com evidência clínica, radiológica e/ou artroscópica de acometimento do tendão da cabeça longa do bíceps. Resultados Observou-se associação entre dor à palpação do sulco intertubercular do úmero com lesão parcial de alto grau (ruptura parcial acometendo mais de 50% do tendão) na artroscopia (p = 0,003). Encontramos ainda uma associação entre a lesão de alto grau da cabeça longa do bíceps e a lesão do tendão do músculo supraespinal (p < 0,05), sendo que, para cada centímetro de lesão do tendão do músculo supraespinal, o paciente apresenta probabilidade 1,7 maior de ter uma lesão de alto grau da cabeça longa do bíceps. Conclusão A dor na região anterior do ombro à palpação do sulco intertubercular do úmero pode estar relacionada às lesões de alto grau da cabeça longa do bíceps. A lesão do manguito rotador e o seu tamanho são fatores de risco para lesão de alto grau do tendão da cabeça longa do bíceps.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Pain , Arthroscopy , Rupture , Tendon Injuries , Wounds and Injuries , Rotator Cuff , Elbow , Tendinopathy , Rotator Cuff Injuries
15.
Vínculo ; 17(1): 52-74, jan.-jun. 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1127521

ABSTRACT

As relações amorosas e a busca por um(a) parceiro(a) permeiam a vida dos sujeitos, ao longo de toda sua vida, interferindo de maneira direta em sua subjetividade. Contudo, mudanças sociais e culturais contemporâneas afetaram essas escolhas, alterando as prioridades dos sujeitos e provocando inúmeros rompimentos amorosos. Por essa razão, a presente pesquisa procurou investigar as concepções de jovens adultos solteiros, estudantes de uma universidade pública no município de Assis, os quais já vivenciaram alguma ruptura amorosa, e buscou apurar o que gerou o rompimento e como lidaram com isso. A coleta de dados foi feita por meio de entrevistas semidirigidas - gravadas e, posteriormente, transcritas. Os dados foram analisados, levando-se em consideração as regularidades e peculiaridades dos discursos, e a discussão e a interpretação dos dados foram realizadas de acordo com a teoria psicanalítica. Dessa forma, foi possível observar a prevalência de relacionamentos amorosos com pouco investimento afetivo, diante de um investimento narcísico exacerbado. Para a maioria dos jovens, permitir-se amar o outro significa assumir um risco maior, partindo do pressuposto de que isso pode gerar frustração e fugir da ideia de satisfação plena.


Loving relationships and the search for a partner permeate people's lives troughout their journey, interfering directly in its subjectivity. However, cultural and social changes that were caused by the postmodern age have affected those choices, shifting people's priorities and causing several loving ruptures. For this reason, the current paper intends to investigate the notion of single young adults who are college students of a public university in Assis, that have already been through any loving rupture. This project also intends looking to understand what has generated the rupture and how these students experienced that. The data collection was done through semi-structured interviews which was recorded and subsequently, transcribed. The data was analyzed considering the regularities and singularities of the speeches, and the data discussion and interpretation was done according to the psychoanalytic theory. Therefore, it was possible to observe the predominance of love relationships with low affective investment, against an extremely big narcissistic investiment. For most of the young, to allow yourself to love other person means to take a bigger risk, assuming that this can generate frustration and lose the ideia of full satisfaction.


Las relaciones amorosas y la búsqueda por un(a) compañero(a) permean la vida de las personas a lo largo de toda la vida, interfiriendo de manera directa en su subjetividad. Sin embargo, los cambios sociales y culturales contemporáneos afectaron estas elecciones, alterando las prioridades de las personas y provocando innumerables rompimientos amorosos. Por esa razón, la presente pesquisa buscó investigar las concepciones de jóvenes adultos solteros, estudiantes de una universidad pública en el municipio de Assis - São Paulo, que ya vivenciaron alguna ruptura amorosa, y buscó averiguar el motivo generó el rompimiento y cómo lidiaron con eso. La recolección de datos fue hecha por medio de entrevistas semidirigidas - grabadas y posteriormente transcriptas. Los datos fueron analizados teniendo en cuenta las regularidades y peculiaridades de los discursos, y la discusión e interpretación de los datos se realizaron de acuerdo con la teoría psicoanalítica. De esta forma, fue posible observar la prevalencia de relaciones amorosas con poca investidura afectiva, ante una investidura narcisista exacerbada. Para la mayoría de los jóvenes, permitirse amar al otro significa asumir un riesgo mayor, partiendo del supuesto de que esto puede generar frustración y huir de la idea de satisfacción plena.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Personal Satisfaction , Rupture , Single Person , Students , Divorce , Frustration , Interpersonal Relations , Love , Object Attachment
16.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 34(1): e219, ene.-jun. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1139113

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La ruptura espontánea del tendón de Aquiles es una afección frecuente en los pacientes jóvenes que practican deportes. Cuando no se realiza el diagnóstico inicial, pasa a ser una lesión crónica, donde su diagnóstico y tratamiento es aún más complejo. En la mayoría de estos casos son necesarios los injertos tendinosos. Objetivo: Demostrar la eficacia y resultados clínicos funcionales de la reparación quirúrgica de la ruptura crónica del tendón de Aquiles mediante transferencia del tendón peroneo lateral corto. Presentación del caso: Paciente masculino de 38 años de edad con antecedentes de una caída mientras practicaba deportes. Se constató ruptura crónica del tendón de Aquiles. Se realizó una cirugía a cielo abierto, con transferencia tendinosa del tendón peroneo lateral corto hacia el cabo distal del tendón de Aquiles. Se reforzó la plastia con el tendón del plantar delgado. Se colocó una inmovilización tipo bota para el tobillo con 30o de flexión plantar por seis semanas. Pasado este tiempo, se colocó una bota de marcha y comenzó la deambulación, así como la rehabilitación con apoyo parcial hasta cumplir tres meses. A los seis meses se incorporó a su vida normal con adecuada función del pie y el tobillo. Conclusiones: La reparación quirúrgica de la ruptura crónica del tendón de Aquiles mediante transferencia del tendón peroneo lateral corto constituye un método eficaz y ofrece buenos resultados clínicos y funcionales(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Spontaneous rupture of the Achilles tendon is a frequent condition in young patients who practice sports. When the initial diagnosis is not made, it becomes a chronic injury, consequently, diagnosis and treatment is even more complex. In most of these cases, tendon grafts are necessary. Objective: To demonstrate the efficacy and functional clinical results of the surgical repair of the chronic rupture of the Achilles tendon by transferring the short lateral peroneal tendon. Case report: We report the case of a 38-year-old male patient with a history of a fall while playing sports. A chronic rupture of the Achilles tendon was found. Open surgery was performed, the short lateral peroneal tendon was transferred to the distal end of the Achilles tendon. The plasty was reinforced with the thin plantar tendon. Ankle boot-type immobilization was placed with 30° plantar flexion for six weeks. After this time, the patient received a walker boot, ambulation and rehabilitation began. The latter started with partial support during three months. At six months this patient returned to his normal life with adequate foot and ankle function. Conclusions: Surgical repair of chronic Achilles tendon rupture by transferring the short lateral peroneal tendon is an effective method and offers good clinical and functional results(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Rupture/surgery , Achilles Tendon/injuries , Tendon Transfer/methods , Lateral Ligament, Ankle/transplantation
17.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(3): 409-416, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090599

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To report our experience over the past 20 years in the diagnosis and surgical treatment of penile fracture (PF). Materials and methods: Between January 1997 and January 2017, patients with clinical diagnosis of PF were admitted to our facility and retrospectively assessed. Medical records were reviewed for clinical presentation, etiology and operative findings. Postoperative complications, sexual and urinary function were evaluated. Results: Sexual trauma was the main etiological factor, responsible for 255 cases (88.5%): 110 (43.1%) occurred with the "doggy style" position, 103 (40.3%) with "man on top" position, 31 (12.1%) with the "woman on top" position and 11 (4.3%) in other sexual positions. The most common findings in the clinical presentation were hematoma, in all cases and detumescence in 238 (82.6%). Unilateral corpus cavernosum injuries were found in 199 (69%) patients and bilateral in 89 (31%) patients. Urethral injuries were observed in 54 (18.7%) cases. Nine (14.7%) patients developed erectile dysfunction and eight (13.1%) had penile curvature. Only two (3.7%) patients had complications after urethral reconstruction. Conclusions: PF has typical clinical presentation and no need for additional tests in most cases. Hematoma and immediate penile detumescence are the most common clinical findings. Sexual activity was the most common cause. The 'doggy style' and 'man-on-top' was the most common positions and generally associated with more severe lesions. Concomitant urethral injury should be considered in cases of highenergy trauma. Surgical reconstruction produces satisfactory results, however, it can lead to complications, such as erectile dysfunction and penile curvature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Penile Diseases , Erectile Dysfunction , Penis , Rupture , Retrospective Studies
18.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 27(2): 117-121, mar.-abr. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1138764

ABSTRACT

Resumen La ruptura de la vena cava inferior durante los procedimientos de intervencionismo percutáneo es una complicación infrecuente que se asocia con alta tasa de mortalidad aunque sea detectada a tiempo y se realice reparo quirúrgico, el cual es hoy el estándar de manejo. No existen hasta el momento casos reportados de manejo percutáneo de perforación de la vena cava durante procedimientos de electrofisiología. Se describe el caso de una paciente llevada a aislamiento eléctrico de venas pulmonares para el manejo de fibrilación auricular paroxística, en quien, durante el procedimiento, se produjo perforación accidental de la vena cava inferior con la sonda de ecocardiografía intracardiaca, la cual fue tratada exitosamente mediante el uso de un balón de alta distensibilidad con lo que se logró adecuada hemostasia sin necesidad de intervención quirúrgica. Se considera que el uso de un balón de alta distensibilidad puede ser una herramienta útil en el control del sangrado asociado a lesiones vasculares iatrogénicas, y que por consiguiente todo intervencionista debería tener presente.


Abstract Rupture of the inferior vena cava during percutaneous intervention procedures is an uncommon complication. It is associated with a high rate of mortality, even when it is detected at the time and the current standard management, surgical repair is performed. At present there are no cases reported of the percutaneous management of a vena cava perforation during electrophysiology procedures. The case is described of a patient subjected to electric ablation of pulmonary veins for the management of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. During the procedure there was an accidental rupture of the inferior vena cava with the echocardiography cardiac catheter. She was successfully treated using a high-compliance balloon, with adequate haemostasis being achieved without surgical intervention. The use of a high-compliance balloon is considered as a useful tool in the control of bleeding associated with iatrogenic vascular injuries, and for this reason all interventionist should be aware of it.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Pulmonary Veins/abnormalities , Rupture , Vena Cava, Inferior , Wounds and Injuries , Venae Cavae , Echocardiography , Electrophysiology , Vascular System Injuries
19.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(2): 198-202, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138012

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives The objective of the present study is to evaluate the intraobserver and interobserver reliability of the Albertoni classification for mallet finger. Evaluation of goniometer device application is also an objective. Methods A total of 10 lateral radiographs of patients with mallet finger were selected and measured by 60 orthopedic surgeons with and without the use of goniometer. Results The intra- and interobserver reliability coefficients found were high. With the use of a goniometer, the interobserver reliability coefficient was even higher, but without statistical relevance. Conclusion The Albertoni classification showed high intraobserver and interobserver reliability in assessing mallet finger lesions, and the goniometer is dispensable for this purpose.


Resumo Objetivos Quantificar o grau de concordância intra- e interobservador da classificação Albertoni e avaliar a importância do uso do goniômetro na diferenciação do grau da lesão. Métodos Foram selecionados 10 casos de dedo em martelo, os quais foram avaliados por 60 examinadores. Resultados A concordância interobservador sem o uso do goniômetro foi elevada. Com o uso do goniômetro, obteve-se um "kappa" ainda maior, porém sem relevância estatística. Conclusão A Classificação de Albertoni possui elevada concordância intra- e interobservador, e o uso do goniômetro se mostrou dispensável para classificar.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Rupture , Hand Deformities, Acquired/classification , Reproducibility of Results , Hammer Toe Syndrome , Finger Injuries , Orthopedic Surgeons
20.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(2): 191-197, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138007

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate 15 patients with ruptured distal biceps tendon submitted to reinsertion via a single, anterior and transverse approach using two anchors. They were submitted to a rehabilitation protocol and, within six months, to an evaluation of the range of motion and strength intensity during flexion and supination of the operated elbow. Methods The data were collected prospectively, and were analyzed through the Mann-Whitney test and the mixed-model test to evaluate the force between the operated and non-operated elbows. Results A total of 80% of the patients were men, 60% were injured on the dominant side, 46% were manual workers, and 73% led sedentary lifestyles. The use of anabolic steroids was reported by two patients. After the treatment, the patients recovered supination strength by 98% and flexion by 94%. According to the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) questionnaire, 73% of the patients presented the score expected of a normal population. Conclusion The single, anterior and transverse approach associated with tendon repair using anchors was esthetically satisfactory, with good strength recovery during flexion and supination, and no occurrence of heterotopic ossification.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar 15 pacientes com ruptura do tendão distal do bíceps submetidos a reinserção por meio de via única, anterior e transversa no antebraço com o uso de duas âncoras. Os pacientes foram submetidos a um protocolo de reabilitação e, ao término de seis meses, efetuou-se avaliação do arco de movimento do cotovelo operado e da intensidade de força durante a flexão e a supinação. Métodos Os dados foram coletados de maneira prospectiva, e foram analisados pelo teste de Mann-Whitney e pelo teste de modelos mistos para avaliar a força entre os cotovelos operado e não operado. Resultados Um total de 80% dos pacientes eram homens, 60% sofreram lesão do lado dominante, 46% eram trabalhadores braçais, e 73% não praticavam atividades físicas regularmente. O uso de anabolizante foi relatado por dois pacientes. Após o tratamento, os pacientes recuperaram 98% da força de supinação, e 94% da de flexão. De acordo com questionário de Disfunções do Braço, Ombro e Mão (Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand, DASH), 73% dos pacientes encontram-se dentro do esperado para uma população normal. Conclusão A via única, anterior e transversa associada ao reparo do tendão com o uso de âncoras apresentou-se esteticamente satisfatória, com boa recuperação da força durante a flexão e a supinação, não ocorrendo casos de ossificação heterotópica ou complicações graves.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Rehabilitation , Rupture , Surveys and Questionnaires , Range of Motion, Articular , Elbow , Forearm , Life Style , Occupational Groups , Hamstring Muscles
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL