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1.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 31: e3831, Jan.-Dec. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1424046

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: to analyze the psychosocial impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic among Brazilian women from rural settlements. Method: this is a quantitative and longitudinal study conducted with 13 settled women. The data were collected between January 2020 and September 2021 using questionnaires on the perception of the social environment (quality of life, social support, self-efficacy), common mental disorder symptoms and sociodemographic aspects. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, cluster analysis and variance analysis. Results: intersecting vulnerability conditions were identified that possibly intensified the challenges arising from the pandemic. The Quality of Life physical domain fluctuated differently and inversely according to the mental disorder symptoms. As for the psychological domain, at the end of the segment, an increase over time was identified in the entire sample, as the women's perception was better than before the pandemic. Conclusion: worsening of the participants' physical health deserves to be highlighted and, probably, it can be related to the difficulty accessing health services in this period as well as to the fear of contamination. Despite this, the participants were emotionally resilient throughout the period, including signs of improvement in terms of psychological aspects, suggesting a possible effect of the community organization of the settlement.


Resumo Objetivo: analisar os impactos psicossociais da pandemia de COVID-19 entre mulheres brasileiras de assentamentos rurais. Método: trata-se de um estudo quantitativo longitudinal com 13 mulheres assentadas. Os dados foram coletados entre janeiro de 2020 e setembro de 2021 utilizando questionários sobre a percepção do ambiente social (qualidade de vida, apoio social, autoeficácia), sintomas de transtorno mental comum e aspectos sociodemográficos. Os dados foram analisados por meio de estatística descritiva, análise de agrupamento e de variância. Resultados: foram identificadas condições de vulnerabilidade interseccionadas que, possivelmente, exacerbaram os desafios decorrentes da pandemia. O domínio físico da qualidade de vida oscilou diferentemente e inversamente de acordo com os sintomas de transtorno mental. Quanto ao domínio psicológico, no final do segmento, identificou-se em toda a amostra um incremento ao longo do tempo, pois a percepção das mulheres estava melhor do que antes da pandemia. Conclusão: a piora na saúde física das participantes merece destaque e, provavelmente, pode estar relacionada à dificuldade de acesso aos serviços de saúde neste período bem como ao medo da contaminação. Apesar disso, as participantes apresentaram-se emocionalmente resilientes em todo o período, inclusive, com sinais de melhora em relação aos aspectos psicológicos, sugerindo um possível efeito da organização comunitária do assentamento.


Resumen Objetivo: analizar los impactos psicosociales de la pandemia de COVID-19 en mujeres brasileñas de asentamientos rurales. Método: se trata de un estudio longitudinal cuantitativo con 13 mujeres asentadas. Los datos se recolectaron entre enero de 2020 y septiembre de 2021 mediante cuestionarios sobre percepción del entorno social (calidad de vida, apoyo social, autoeficacia), síntomas de trastorno mental común y aspectos sociodemográficos. Los datos se analizaron mediante estadística descriptiva, análisis de conglomerados y análisis de varianza. Resultados: se identificaron condiciones de vulnerabilidad entrelazadas que posiblemente exacerbaron los desafíos impuestos por la pandemia. El dominio físico de la calidad de vida fluctuó de manera diferente e inversa de acuerdo a los síntomas del trastorno mental. En cuanto al dominio psicológico, al final del segmento, se identificó un aumento en el tiempo en toda la muestra, dado que la percepción de las mujeres era mejor que antes de la pandemia. Conclusión: hay que destacar el empeoramiento de la salud física de las participantes que, probablemente, puede estar relacionado con la dificultad para acceder a los servicios de salud durante ese período y el miedo al contagio. A pesar de eso, las participantes fueron resilientes emocionalmente durante todo el período e, inclusive, tuvieron signos de mejoría en los aspectos psicológicos, lo que sugiere un posible efecto de la organización comunitaria del asentamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Rural Population , Sickness Impact Profile , Psychosocial Impact , COVID-19/psychology , Social Vulnerability
2.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 121(2): e202202732, abr. 2023. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1418556

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La salud ambiental infantil es la rama de la pediatría que estudia la influencia del medioambiente en la salud y la enfermedad de los niños. Las exposiciones ambientales globales representan una seria amenaza para la salud, lo que justifica una mayor investigación y acción. Objetivo. Evaluar la salud ambiental de una muestra de niños que viven en áreas urbanas y rurales de la ciudad de Uruguaiana, Brasil. Población y métodos. Se incluyeron padres/tutores (n = 714) de niños atendidos en el Policlínico Infantil de la Ciudad de Uruguaiana de enero a octubre de 2021, que respondieron la anamnesis ambiental en pediatría (Sociedad Brasileña de Pediatría). Los datos obtenidos se analizaron según la residencia en zona urbana o rural, o el ingreso familiar. Resultados. Al comparar los habitantes de la zona urbana (n = 660) con los de la zona rural (n = 54), verificamos que entre los de la zona rural fue significativamente mayor la actividad con productos químicos (15 % vs. 32,7 %; p = 0,004), vivir cerca de plantación (7,5 % vs. 74,5 %; p <0,001) o con fuente de contaminación (4,8 % vs. 32,7 %; p <0,001), tener perro (62 % vs. 87,3 %; p <0,001), usar plaguicidas (0,6 % vs. 32,7 %; p <0,001) y exposición a contaminación química (2,6 % vs. 18,2 %; p <0,001). En el área urbana predominó la exposición al tránsito de vehículos cerca de la vivienda (85 % vs. 48,1 %; p <0,001), renta media inferior a 3 salarios mínimos (90 %) y baja escolaridad. Conclusión. Realizar la anamnesis ambiental es fundamental para la detección de amenazas ambientales presentes en los lugares donde los niños y adolescentes viven, aprenden, juegan y estudian.


Introduction. Children's environmental health studies the influence of the environment on health and disease in children. Global environmental exposures pose a serious threat to health, warranting further research and action. Objective. To assess the environmental health of a sample of children living in urban and rural areas in Uruguaiana, Brazil. Population and methods. We included parents/legal guardians (n = 714) of children seen at Policlinica Infantil de Uruguaiana between January and October 2021, who completed the environmental history- taking in pediatrics (Brazilian Society of Pediatrics). Collected data were analyzed based on place of residence (urban or rural) or household income. Results. The comparison between inhabitants of the urban area (n = 660) and the rural area (n = 54) established that, among those living in the rural area, activity with chemical substances (15% versus 32.7%; p = 0.004), living near a plantation (7.5% versus 74.5%; p < 0.001) or near a source of contamination (4.8% versus 32.7%; p < 0.001), having a dog (62% versus 87.3%; p < 0.001), using pesticides (0.6% versus 32.7%; p < 0.001), and exposure to chemical contamination (2.6% versus 18.2%; p < 0.001) were significantly higher. In the urban area, exposure to vehicle traffic near the house (85% versus 48.1%; p < 0.001), an average income below 3 minimum wages (90%), and a low level of education predominated. Conclusion. Environmental history-taking is critical for the detection of environmental threats present in the areas where children and adolescents live, learn, play, and study


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Child , Rural Population , Environmental Exposure/adverse effects , Urban Population , Brazil , Pilot Projects , Dogs
3.
Rev. polis psique ; 12(3): 68-89, 2023-04-13.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1517515

ABSTRACT

Neste trabalho discute-se como os processos migratórios podem produzir efeitos psicossociais, de diferentes ordens, dimensões e com especificidades, quando se trata da relação entre rural e urbano. O objetivo é identificar relações entre os modos de vida dos jovens universitários e a migração rural-urbana na realidade brasileira. Com base qualitativa, foram realizadas 14 entrevistas semiestruturadas com jovens universitários, de comunidades rurais, integrantes da assistência estudantil de uma instituição pública de ensino superior. Os resultados apontaram que o modo de vida dos jovens universitários que vivenciam a migração rural-urbana está atravessado por inúmeros desafios, dentre os quais a pobreza. Apresentou-se dilemas provenientes da migração para os universitários viajantes, que refletem na mudança do modo de socialização, no distanciamento dos vínculos familiares e na mudança cultural. Concluiu-se que é importante pensar políticas de assistência estudantil que considerem a dimensão socioeconômica e subjetiva, favorecendo o acesso e a permanência do estudante na universidade. (AU)


In this work discusses how the migration processes can produce psychosocial effects of different orders and dimensions, with specificities, regarding the connection between rural and urban. The objective is to identify relations between ways of life of theyoung college students and the urban-rural migration, in the Brazilian reality. Using a qualitative basis of research, we performed 14 semi structured interviews with the young college students, from rural communities, members of the student aid of a public institution of higher education. The results showed that the way of life of the young college students who experienced rural-urban migration is filled with innumerous challenges, poverty being one of them. The migration of the traveling college studentspresented dilemmas, which reflect the shift in the means of socialization, distancing from family bonds and cultural change. It has been concluded that it is important to think student aid policies that consider the social economic and subjective dimension, enabling the access and permanence of the student in the university. (AU)


En este trabajo se analizacómo los procesos migratorios pueden producir efectos psicosociales de diferentes órdenesy dimensiones, con especificidades, en lo que respecta a la relación entre lo rural y lo urbano. El objetivo es identificar las relaciones entre las formas de vida de los jóvenes universitarios y la migración rural-urbana en la realidad brasileña. Sobre una base cualitativa, se realizaron 14 entrevistas semiestructuradas a estudiantes universitarios de comunidades rurales, integrantes de la asistencia estudiantil en una institución pública de educación superior. Los resultados mostraron que la forma de vida de los jóvenes universitarios que experimentan la migración del campo a la ciudad está atravesada por numerosos desafíos, incluida la pobreza. Se presentaron los dilemas derivados de la migración para los estudiantes universitarios itinerantes, que reflejan el cambio en la forma de socialización, el alejamiento de los lazos familiares y el cambio cultural. Se concluyó que es importante pensar en políticas de atención al estudiante que consideren la dimensión socioeconómica y subjetiva, favoreciendo el acceso y permanencia de los estudiantes en la universidad. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Students/psychology , Universities , Population Dynamics , Education , Life Style , Poverty/psychology , Public Policy , Rural Population , Qualitative Research
4.
Av. enferm ; 41(1): 98449, ene.2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1417391

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: estimar a prevalência e fatores associados ao uso do preservativo em população ribeirinha. Materiais e método: estudo transversal, analítico, realizado com 209 ribeirinhos do estado da Paraíba, Brasil, de junho a outubro de 2019. Os dados foram coletados por meio de entrevista individual e privativa com a utilização de um questionário estruturado com variáveis sociodemográficas e de comportamento sexual. As análises foram realizadas pela regressão de Poisson e estimadas as razões de prevalência. Análises bivariadas e múltiplas foram utilizadas para identificar associação entre as variáveis sociodemográficas e comportamentais com o uso do preservativo. Resultados: a prevalência estimada de uso do preservativo foi de 18,2% (IC: 95% 13,0-23,4). Ribeirinhos com idade maior que 40 anos apresentaram menor probabilidade de uso do preservativo (RP = 0,53; IC: 95% 0,34-0,83). Por sua vez, ribeirinhos com mais de oito anos de estudo apresentaram maior probabilidade de uso do preservativo (RP = 3,94; IC 95% 2,65-5,88).Conclusões: a prevalência do uso do preservativo entre os ribeirinhos foi baixa. Entretanto, indivíduos com maior escolaridade apresentaram maiores chances de uso. A prevenção combinada é uma alternativa para o controle das infecções transmissíveis, sendo o preservativo a principal medida de prevenção; portanto, compreender as singu-laridades da população ribeirinha e os fatores de risco para a boa adesão é imprescindível


Objetivo: estimar la prevalencia y los factores asociados al uso del preservativo en una población ribereña. Materiales y método: estudio transversal analítico, realizado con 209 habitantes ribereños del estado de Paraíba, Brasil, entre junio y octubre de 2019. Los datos fueron recolectados a través de entrevistas individuales y privadas mediante un cuestionario estructurado con variables socio-demográficas y de comportamiento sexual. Los análisis se realizaron utilizando la regresión de Poisson, estimando las razones de prevalencia. Se utilizaron análisis bivariados y múltiples para identificar la asociación entre las variables sociodemográficas y conductuales relacionadas con el uso del preservativo. Resultados: la prevalencia estimada del uso de preservativo fue de 18,2 % (IC = 95 % 13,0-23,4). Los habitantes ribereños mayores de 40 años reportaron una menor probabilidad de uso del condón (RP = 0,53; IC del 95 %: 0,34-0,83). Por otro lado, los individuos con más de 8 años de escolaridad fueron más propensos a utilizar preservativo (RP = 3,94; IC 95 %: 2,65-5,88). Conclusiones: la prevalencia del uso del preservativo entre la población estudiada fue baja. Sin embargo, aquellos individuos con mayor grado de escolaridad fueron más propensos a emplearlo. La prevención combinada es una alternativa para el control de las infecciones transmisibles, siendo el preservativo la principal medida preventiva. Por lo tanto, resulta fundamental conocer las singularidades de la población ribereña y los factores de riesgo para una buena adherencia.


Objective: To estimate the prevalence and factors associated with condom use in a riverside population. Materials and method: Cross-sectional and analytical study with 209 riverside inhabitants in the state of Paraíba, Brazil, from June to October 2019. Data were collected through individual and private interviews using a structured questionnaire with sociodemographic and sexual behavior-related variables. Analysis was conducted using Poisson regression. Prevalence ratios were estimated. Bivariate and multiple analyzes were used to identify the association between sociodemographic and behavioral variables with condom use. Results: The estimated prevalence of condom use was 18.2% (95% CI: 13.0-23.4). Riverside people over 40 years were less likely to use condoms (PR = 0.53; 95% ci: 0.34-0.83). On the other hand, individuals with more than 8 years of schooling were more likely to use condoms (PR = 3.94; 95% CI: 2.65-5.88). Conclusions: The prevalence of condom use among participants was low. However, individuals with higher education attainment were more likely to use it. Combined prevention is an alternative to control communicable infections, with condoms being the main prevention measure. Consequently, understanding the singularities of similar populations and the risk factors for good adherence to condom use is essential.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rural Population , Contraceptive Devices , Vulnerable Populations , Sexual Health , Health Risk Behaviors
5.
Afr. j. infect. dis. (Online) ; 17(2): 1-8, 2023. tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1426660

ABSTRACT

Background:The COVID-19 pandemic and its vaccine have been met with varying perceptions that may have both negative and positive effects on the willingness to uptake the COVID-19 vaccine. The study is set to determine the perception and willingness of the household heads to the uptake of COVID-19 vaccine in a rural community in Southwestern, Nigeria.Materials and Methods:A cross-sectional study was carried out among 409 household heads selected through a multistage sampling technique. The instrument of data collection was a semi-structured interviewer-administered questionnaireusing the Health Belief model constructs. Data were analyzed with IBM SPSS version 21.0 and Pearson's Chi-square test was used to determine the association between perception and willingness to uptake vaccine. P<0.05 was taken as significant at 95% confidence interval.Results:The majority of the unvaccinated respondents in the study were not willing to take the COVID-19 vaccine (60.1%). There was a poor perception of the susceptibility/severity of unvaccinated respondents to COVID-19 infection and a poor perception of the benefit/barrier to the uptake of the COVID-19vaccine. Perception of susceptibility and severity of COVID-19 infection were statistically related to the willingness to uptake the COVID-19vaccine.Conclusion:There should be an increase in awareness campaigns to change the perception of people positively to COVID-19 infection and uptake of the COVID-19vaccine.


Subject(s)
Rural Population , Awareness , Therapeutics , Family Characteristics , COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19 , Pandemics
6.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 736-740, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985466

ABSTRACT

This study analyzed the anemia status and change trend of 219 835 pregnant women in eight provinces from 2016 to 2020 in the Maternal and Newborn Health Monitoring Program(MNHMP). The results showed that from 2016 to 2020, the anemia rate of pregnant women in eight provinces was 41.27%, and the rates of mild, moderate and severe anemia were 28.56%, 12.59% and 0.12% respectively; the anemia rates in eastern, central and western regions were 41.87%, 36.09% and 44.63% respectively, and the anemia rates in urban and rural areas were 39.87% and 42.23%. From 2016 to 2020, the anemia rate of pregnant women decreased from 44.93% to 38.22%, with an average annual decline of 3.86% (95%CI:-5.84%, -1.85%). The anemia rate among pregnant women of the eastern region (AAPC=-6.16%, 95%CI:-9.79%, -2.38%) fell faster than that among pregnant women of the central region (AAPC=0.71%, 95%CI:-6.59%, 8.57%) and western region (AAPC=-1.53%, 95%CI:-5.19%, 2.28%). From 2016 to 2020, the moderate anemia rate in pregnant women decreased from 14.98% to 10.74%, with an average annual decline of 8.72% (95%CI:-12.90%, -4.34%), with a statistically significant difference (P<0.05); AAPC for mild and severe anemia in pregnant women was 1.56% (95%CI: 3.44%, 0.36%) and 18.86% (95%CI: 39.88%, 9.52%), respectively, without statistically significant difference (P>0.05).


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Pregnant Women , Prevalence , Anemia/epidemiology , China/epidemiology , Family , Rural Population
7.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1037-1045, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985630

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the health examination rate and its changing trend in adults in China from 2010 to 2018, identify the main factors affecting the health examination rate and provide data support for decision making of health intervention. Methods: Data from China Chronic Disease and Risk Factor Surveillance in 2010, 2013, 2015 and 2018 were used. After complex weighting of the data, the rates of health examination, its changing trends and reasons for receiving health examination in adults were analyzed. Average annual percent change (AAPC) was used to describe the changing trend. Anderson model was used as the analysis framework. Multivariate logistic regression model was used to identify the influencing factors for the health examination rate. Results: From 2010 to 2018, the health examination rate in adults increased from 28.2% (95%CI: 24.8%-31.6%) to 41.0% (95%CI: 38.9%-43.1%, P for trend <0.001), the AAPC was 5.47%, the annual average increase was more obvious in those with lower education level and lower income level and in those living in rural area and in western China. In 2018, people received health examination mainly due to providing without charge by community (36.7%) and working unit (28.5%). The results of multivariate analysis showed that being women, age ≥45 years, education level of junior high school or above, living in urban areas, medical insurance, annual income ≥24 000 RMB, suffering from multiple chronic diseases, non-smoking, drinking, adequate physical activity were positive factors for receiving health examination. Conclusion: The rate of health examination in adults increased in China during 2010-2018, and the main reason for receiving health examination is free of charge.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Female , Middle Aged , Male , Rural Population , Risk Factors , China/epidemiology , Schools , Chronic Disease
8.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 382-389, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981277

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the overall level,distribution characteristics,and differences in household fine particulate matter (PM2.5) pollution caused by fuel burning in urban and rural areas in China. Methods The relevant articles published from 1991 to 2021 were retrieved and included in this study.The data including the average concentration of household PM2.5 and urban and rural areas were extracted,and the stoves and fuel types were reclassified.The average concentration of PM2.5 in different areas was calculated and analyzed by nonparametric test. Results The average household PM2.5 concentration in China was (178.81±249.91) μg/m3.The mean household PM2.5 concentration was higher in rural areas than in urban areas[(206.08±279.40) μg/m3 vs. (110.63±131.16) μg/m3;Z=-5.45,P<0.001] and higher in northern areas than in southern areas[(224.27±301.66) μg/m3 vs.(130.11±140.61) μg/m3;Z=-2.38,P=0.017].The north-south difference in household PM2.5 concentration was more significant in rural areas than in urban areas[(324.19±367.94) μg/m3 vs.(141.20±151.05) μg/m3,χ2=-5.06,P<0.001].The PM2.5 pollution level showed differences between urban and rural households using different fuel types (χ2=92.85,P<0.001),stove types (χ2=74.42,P<0.001),and whether they were heating (Z=-4.43,P<0.001).Specifically,rural households mainly used solid fuels (manure,charcoal,coal) and traditional or improved stoves,while urban households mainly used clean fuels (gas) and clean stoves.The PM2.5 concentrations in heated households were higher than those in non-heated households in both rural and urban areas (Z=-4.43,P<0.001). Conclusions The household PM2.5 pollution caused by fuel combustion in China remains a high level.The PM2.5 concentration shows a significant difference between urban and rural households,and the PM2.5 pollution is more serious in rural households.The difference in the household PM2.5 concentration between urban and rural areas is more significant in northern China.PM2.5 pollution in the households using solid fuel,traditional stoves,and heating is serious,and thus targeted measures should be taken to control PM2.5 pollution in these households.


Subject(s)
Humans , Particulate Matter/analysis , Air Pollution, Indoor/analysis , Cooking , Environmental Exposure/analysis , China , Rural Population
9.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 193-199, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981252

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the current situation and explore the influencing factors of delay in seeking medical treatment for common symptoms of residents in the rural areas of Sichuan province. Methods In July 2019,multi-stage random sampling was carried out in Zigong city,Sichuan province,and the data were collected by face-to-face questionnaire interview.The residents who had lived at hometown for more than half a year in the past year and had seen a doctor in the most recent month were surveyed.Logistic regression was adopted to predict the influencing factors of delay in seeking medical treatment. Results A total of 342 subjects were enrolled,and the incidence of delay in seeking medical treatment was 13.45%(46/342).Compared with the young and middle-aged(<65 years)people,the elderly(≥65 years)people were more likely to have delay in seeking medical treatment (OR=2.187,95%CI=1.074-4.457,P=0.031).The rural residents who gave higher score of the overall quality of township health centers were less likely to have delay in seeking medical treatment (OR=0.854,95%CI=0.735-0.992,P=0.039). Conclusions The occurrence of delay in seeking medical treatment for common symptoms of rural residents in Sichuan province is low.Age and the overall quality evaluation of township health centers affect the occurrence of delay in medical treatment among the rural residents in Sichuan province.Efforts should be made to improve the awareness of disease prevention among the elderly in rural areas.The investment in health resources in township health centers should be increased to strengthen the introduction and training of talents.These measures can improve the health services in township health centers,guide residents to make timely use of health resources,and reduce the occurrence of delay in seeking medical treatment.


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Aged , Humans , Surveys and Questionnaires , Logistic Models , Rural Population , China/epidemiology
10.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 13-23, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980375

ABSTRACT

Background@#In 2020, Barangay Calumpang, a 2nd class municipality in Nagcarlan, Laguna recorded the highest prevalence of undernutrition among children under five years of age out of the 52 barangays.@*Objectives@#This study was undertaken to describe the factors possibly causing undernutrition among children under five years of age in Barangay Calumpang and provide key recommendations to improve their nutritional status.@*Methods@#The study used a descriptive research design wherein secondary data from the 2020 Barangay Management Information System (BMIS) and Operation Timbang (OPT) 2021 was merged to extract the children's data. The Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) was used for the principal component analysis (PCA) and creation of the wealth index. The children’s nutrition situation and profile were also cross-tabulated.@*Results@#We included 28 children. Undernutrition was more prevalent in boys than girls. Most of the children had improved water sources, sanitation facilities, and waste disposal methods. The wealth index showed that half of the subjects were in the lower quintiles, and all were partially immunized. The most prevalent forms of undernutrition were severe underweight (36%) and severe stunting (39%). Other forms of undernutrition were also present in the barangay, such as underweight (14%) and severe wasting (14%). There was also a prevalence of 11% for both stunting and wasting.@*Conclusion@#Undernutrition was more frequent in boys, lower quintile households (stunting), and partially immunized children. Conducting gender-targeted nutrition programs, developing nutrition-focused livelihood programs, increasing awareness on the advantages of immunization, and promoting proper infant and child feeding practices were some of the recommendations given to improve the nutritional status of children under five.


Subject(s)
Rural Population , Philippines
11.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 52-57, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969843

ABSTRACT

The participants in this study were 20-49 years old rural childbearing age people who received the National Free Preconception Health Examination Project (NFPHEP) in Yunnan Province during 2013 to 2019. The proportion of ABO and RhD blood groups among different ethnic groups and different areas were calculated. The proportion of 2 748 131 participants with blood group A phenotype was highest (32.60%), followed by O (30.60%), B (27.33%) and AB (9.47%). In the RhD blood system, the proportion of the RhD positivity (RhD+) and RhD negativity (RhD-) group were 99.29% and 0.71% respectively. The proportions blood groups were significantly different among ethnic groups and areas (all P<0.001). Among 18 ethnic groups with more than 3 000 participants, Yao (42.75%), Bouyei (40.58%) and Dai (40.37%) ethnic groups had higher proportion of blood group O phenotype than other ethnic groups. Wa ethnic groups had highest proportion of the A (40.15%) and AB phenotypes (11.23%). Miao ethnic group (34.70%) and Lahu ethnic group (34.42%) had higher proportion of blood group B phenotype than other ethnic groups. Wa ethnic group had the highest proportion of RhD-group (1.88%). In all 16 prefectures of Yunnan, the proportion of blood group O phenotype was highest in Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture (40.27%). Baoshan city (36.39%), Lincang city (36.22%) and Dali Bai autonomous prefecture (36.06%) had higher proportion of blood group A phenotype than other regions. Diqing Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture (30.83%) and Qujing city (30.48%) had higher proportion of blood group B phenotype than other areas, while Zhaotong city had a highest proportion of blood group AB phenotype (11.19%). The proportion of RhD-group was highest in Honghe hani and Yi nationality autonomous prefecture(1.37%). The A RhD+(39.36%), A RhD-(0.78%), AB RhD+(11.03%), AB RhD-(0.20%) and O RhD-(0.48%) blood groups were higher proportion in Wa ethnic group than in other ethnic groups (P<0.001).


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Blood Group Antigens , China , Ethnicity , Rural Population
12.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 212-220, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969827

ABSTRACT

Objective: Data for 2016 from cancer registries were used to estimate cancer incidence and mortality in China in 2016. Methods: According to the quality control process of the National Central Cancer Registry, the data from 683 cancer registries submitted by each province were evaluated, and the data of 487 cancer registries were qualified and included in the final analysis. Age-specific incidence and mortality rates were calculated by area (urban/rural), sex, age and cancer site, combined with national population data to estimate cancer incidence and mortality in China in 2016. Chinese population census in 2000 and Segi's population were used for age-standardized incidence and mortality rates. Results: Total population covered by 487 cancer registries was 381 565 422 (192 628 370 in urban and 188 937 052 in rural areas). The percentages of morphologically verified (MV%) and death certificate-only cases (DCO%) accounted for 68.31% and 1.40%, respectively, and the mortality to incidence ratio was 0.61. It was estimated about 4 064 000 new cases occurred in China in 2016, with the crude incidence rate being 293.91/100 000 (the rates of males and females were 315.52/100 000 and 271.23/100 000), age-standardized incidence rates by Chinese standard population (ASIRC) and by world standard population (ASIRW) were 190.76/100 000 and 186.46/100 000, with the cumulative incidence rate (0-74 years old) being 21.42%. The crude incidence and ASIRC were 314.74/100 000 and 196.38/100 000 in urban areas, whereas in rural areas, they were 265.90/100 000 and 182.21/100 000, respectively. It was estimated about 2 413 500 cancer deaths occurred in China in 2016, the crude mortality rate was 174.55/100 000 (216.16/100 000 in males and 130.88/100 000 in females), the age-standardized mortality rates by Chinese standard population (ASMRC) and by world standard population (ASMRW) were 106.00/100 000 and 105.19/100 000, and the cumulative mortality rate (0-74 years old) was 11.85%. The crude mortality and ASMRC were 180.31/100 000 and 104.44/100 000 in urban areas, whereas in rural areas, they were 166.81/100 000 and 108.01/100 000, respectively. The most common cancer cases include lung, colorectal, stomach, liver and female breast cancers. The top five cancers accounted for about 57.27% of all cancer cases. The most common cancer deaths included lung, liver, stomach, colorectal and esophageal cancers. The top five cancers accounted for about 69.25% of all cancer deaths. Conclusions: The burden of cancer shows a continuous increasing trend in China. Regional and gender differences in cancer burden are obvious. The cancer patterns still show the coexistence of cancer patterns in developed countries and developing countries. The situation of cancer prevention and control is still serious in China.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Urban Population , Breast Neoplasms , Esophageal Neoplasms , Rural Population , China/epidemiology , Registries , Incidence , Colorectal Neoplasms
14.
j. public health epidemiol. (jphe) ; 15(2): 39-49, 2023. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1427877

ABSTRACT

Toxoplasma gondii is an obligatory intracellular parasite that causes a zoonotic disease capable of infecting nearly all warm-blooded hosts, including humans. However, reports on the molecular prevalence of T. gondii in humans are rare in Gabon. The present study aimed to evaluate the serological and molecular prevalence of T. gondii among apparently healthy rural populations in four regions of Gabon. This study included six hundred blood samples from the Interdisciplinary Center for Medical Research (CIRMF) bank, including 300 women and 300 men living in 111 villages. Blood samples were screened using enzyme-linked fluorescent assay (ELFA), while buffy coat samples were analyzed using PCR analyses. Of the 600 samples screened, 548 (91.3%) showed IgG antibodies against T. gondii; 11 (2%) had both IgG and IgM. Among the 548 positive samples, 155 (28%) had higher IgG titers (>300 UI/ml), and 49 of them (31.6%) were detected with T. gondii DNA. The present findings on human toxoplasmosis in Gabon suggest that at an older age, reactivation of old infections seems more frequent than new infections, as indicated by the presence of T. gondii using PCR among elevated IgG subjects without IgM. Further studies should be performed to identify the genotypes of T. gondii that infect humans in Gabon.


Subject(s)
Humans , Toxoplasma , Toxoplasmosis, Congenital , Rural Population , Humans , Prevalence
15.
Rev. enferm. UFSM ; 13: 41, 2023.
Article in English, Spanish, Portuguese | BDENF, LILACS | ID: biblio-1517435

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: mensurar a produção científica sobre a saúde da população ribeirinha no território brasileiro. Método: estudo bibliométrico, com dados coletados em março e abril/2023, utilizando diferentes bases, via Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde, PubMed, Portal de Periódicos da Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior e biblioteca científica online. Foram elaboradas estratégias de busca com descritores e palavras-chave. Realizou-se análise estatística descritiva, e aplicaram-se as leis bibliométricas de Bradford, Lotka e Zipf. Resultados: a amostra foi constituída por 35 documentos, predominando artigos originais quantitativos, publicados em inglês e português, nos anos de 2019 a 2022. Por seus números de publicação, foram destacados cinco autores e quatro instituições brasileiras. Identificaram-se quatro periódicos mais influentes, quatro palavras-chave mais representativas e os principais termos utilizados na redação dos objetivos dos estudos selecionados. Conclusão: evidenciou-se que a produção científica aumentou nos últimos anos, mas é necessário robustecer o volume de estudos sobre o tema.


Objective: to measure scientific production on the riverside population's health in Brazilian territory. Method: a bibliometric study, with data collected in March and April 2023, using different databases, via the Virtual Health Library, PubMed, Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel Journal Portal and the online scientific library. Search strategies were developed with descriptors and keywords. Descriptive statistical analysis was performed, and Bradford's, Lotka's and Zipf's bibliometric laws were applied. Results: the sample consisted of 35 documents, predominantly quantitative original articles, published in English and Portuguese, in from 2019 to 2022. Due to their publication numbers, five authors and four Brazilian institutions were highlighted. Four most influential journals, four most representative keywords and the main terms used in writing the objectives of selected studies were identified. Conclusion: it was evident that scientific production has increased in recent years, but it is necessary to strengthen the volume of studies on the topic.


Objetivo: medir la producción científica sobre la salud de la población ribereña en territorio brasileño. Método: estudio bibliométrico, con datos recolectados en marzo y abril de 2023, utilizando diferentes bases de datos, a través de la Biblioteca Virtual en Salud, PubMed, Portal de Revistas de la Coordinación de Perfeccionamiento del Personal de Educación Superior y la biblioteca científica en línea. Se desarrollaron estrategias de búsqueda con descriptores y palabras clave. Se realizó análisis estadístico descriptivo y se aplicaron las leyes bibliométricas de Bradford, Lotka y Zipf. Resultados: la muestra estuvo compuesta por 35 documentos, predominantemente artículos originales cuantitativos, publicados en inglés y portugués, en los años 2019 a 2022. Por su número de publicaciones, se destacaron cinco autores y cuatro instituciones brasileñas. Se identificaron cuatro revistas más influyentes, cuatro palabras clave más representativas y los principales términos utilizados en la redacción de los objetivos de los estudios seleccionados. Conclusión: se evidenció que la producción científica ha aumentado en los últimos años, pero es necesario fortalecer el volumen de estudios sobre el tema.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rural Population , Brazil , Bibliometrics , Health , Scientific Publication Indicators
16.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e243813, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1431124

ABSTRACT

Este estudo propõe analisar as relações e os processos de subjetivação de mulheres quebradeiras de coco babaçu decorrentes das intervenções de políticas desenvolvimentistas em seus territórios de vida e reverberações no Movimento Interestadual de Quebradeiras de Coco Babaçu (MIQCB). Sob a perspectiva ético-estético-política da Cartografia, acompanhamos as narrativas das histórias de vida de 24 mulheres, suas atividades cotidianas e eventos do MIQCB, também analisamos os documentos das políticas. Entendemos que, ao passo que tais políticas de desenvolvimento rural contribuem para a melhoria das condições de vida, em termos materiais e simbólicos, elas também produzem ressonâncias relacionadas ao modo de subjetivação do tipo "empresário de si", que agenciam seus modos de viver, de produzir e de se relacionar consigo e com os outros na lógica capitalista neoliberal. A resistência às capturas neoliberais também estão presentes ao ampliarem as mobilizações coletivas do próprio movimento, articulando com outros na produção de um "comum".(AU)


This study proposes to analyze the relations and the processes of subjectivation of babassu coconut-breaker women arising from developmental policy interventions in their territories of life and reverberations in the Babassu Coconut-breaker Interstate Movement (MIQCB). From the ethical-aesthetic-political perspective of Cartography, we followed the narratives of the life stories of 24 women, their daily activities and promoted events by MIQCB, we also analyzed the policy documents. We understand that while these policies of rural development contribute to improve the living conditions, in material and symbolic terms, they also produce resonances related to the "self-entrepreneur" mode of subjectivation, which has been handling their ways of living, producing, and relating to themselves and others in the neoliberal capitalist logic. Resistance to neoliberal captures is also present as they expand the collective mobilizations of the movement itself, articulating with others, in the production of a "common."(AU)


Este estudio tiene como objetivo analizar los procesos de subjetivación de las mujeres que rompen coco babaçu que surgen de las intervenciones de las políticas de desarrollo en sus territorios de vida y las reverberaciones en el Movimiento Interestadual de las Mujeres que Rompen Coco Babaçu (MIQCB). Desde la perspectiva ético-estético-política de la Cartografía, seguimos las narraciones de las historias de vida de 24 mujeres, sus actividades diarias y eventos del MIQCB, y también analizamos los documentos de las políticas. Si bien estas políticas han contribuido a mejorar las condiciones de vida de las mujeres, en términos materiales y simbólicos, también han producido resonancias del modo de subjetivación "autoempresarial", que ha agenciado sus formas de vivir, producir y relacionarse consigo mismas y con los demás en la lógica capitalista neoliberal. La resistencia a las capturas neoliberales también está presente cuando amplían las movilizaciones colectivas del propio movimiento, articulándose con otros en la producción de un "común".(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Growth and Development , Economics , Government , Politics , Poverty , Psychology , Psychology, Social , Public Policy , Retirement , Rural Population , Social Desirability , Social Justice , Social Problems , Social Sciences , Soil , Women's Rights , Wood , Health Policy, Planning and Management , Socioeconomic Planning , Social Control Policies , Legislation, Environmental , Brazil , Water , Exercise , Ethnicity , Economic Development , Agricultural Cultivation , Poverty Areas , Land Use , Rural Areas , Forests , Organizations , Environmental Health , Conflict of Interest , Workload , Family Planning Policy , Entrepreneurship , Agrochemicals , Interview , Collective Bargaining , Commerce , Crops, Agricultural , Environmental Management , Natural Resources Exploitation , Natural Resources , Renewable Resources , Natural Reservations , Flora , Conservation of Natural Resources , Cultural Diversity , Nature , Feminism , Extraction and Processing Industry , Natural Resources Management , Rural Economy , Capitalism , State , Public Power , Biodiversity , Agriculture , Efficiency , Environment , Environment and Public Health , Health Sciences, Technology, and Innovation Management , Projects , Job Market , Health Surveillance of Products , Control and Sanitary Supervision of Foods and Beverages , Foods Containing Coconut , Machinery , Sustainable Agriculture , Non-Renewable Resources , Agribusiness , Environmental Communication , Femininity , Environmental Policy , Small Business , Ethnic Violence , Sociological Factors , Food , Work-Life Balance , Political Activism , Stakeholder Participation , Socioeconomic Rights , Occupied Territories , Sustainable Development , Social Programs , Indigenous Peoples , Right to Work , Empowerment , Social Inclusion , Gender Equity , Gender Role , Social Vulnerability , Environmental Responsability , Socio-Environmental Responsibility , Diversity, Equity, Inclusion , Working Conditions , Wildlife Trade , Health Services Needs and Demand , Housing , Human Activities , Human Rights , Labor Unions , Life Change Events , Anthropology , Mining , Occupational Groups
17.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 27(3): 1512-1527, 2023.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1426460

ABSTRACT

Rocky Mountain spotted fever is a tick-borne rickettsiosis. The main clinical signs and symptoms are fever, severe headache, rashes and myalgia. It is considered difficult to diagnose and underreported. The study aims to descriptively analyze the epidemiology of cases of Rocky Mountain spotted fever in Brazil from 2010 to 2021. This is a retrospective cohort study that statisticall analyzes the cases of spotted fever in Brazil between 2010 and 2020 through data obtained by the Information System of Notifiable Diseases. The proportions of spotted fever cases were calculated according to: sex, age, race/color, infection environment and evolution. There are 1967 cases were confirmed. The regions with the most cases were the Southeast (n%=72.24) and the South (n%=24). However, there are 4 deaths in the south while the lethality coefficient from the southeast is 47.78%. The most affected age group was 40-59 years old (n%=34.87), and 20-39 years old (n%=28.98). 71.17% of the cases are male. As for color/race, 60% of the cases are in whites. As for the infection environment, 35.23% are at home, 15.3% are at work, 26.13% are leisure places. The prevalence in males and the predominant age group 20-59 years can be linked to work activity, which leaves hem more exposed to ticks. The high numbers in adulthood can also be related to ecotourism. The lethality of the disease differs between the South and Southeast regions. One explanation for this phenomenon would be the different etiological agents, R. rickettsi, predominant in the Southeast, generating more severe clinical conditions.


A febre maculosa é uma riquetsiose transmitida por carrapatos. Os principais sinais e sintomas clínicos são febre, cefaleia intensa, erupções cutâneas e mialgia. É considerada de difícil diagnóstico e subnotificada. O estudo visa analisar descritivamente a epidemiologia dos casos de febre maculosa do Brasil no período de 2010 até 2021. Trata-se de um estudo de coorte retrospectivo que analisa estatisticamente os casos de febre maculosa no Brasil entre 2010 e 2020 por meio de dados obtidos pelo Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação. As proporções de casos de febre maculosa foram calculadas segundo: sexo, idade, raça/cor, ambiente de infecção e evolução. Foram confirmados 1967 casos. As regiões com mais casos foram Sudeste (n%= 72,24) e Sul (n%= 24). No entanto, há 4 óbitos no Sul enquanto o coeficiente de letalidade do Sudeste é de 47,78%. A faixa etária mais acometida foi de 40 a 59 anos (n%= 34,87) e de 20 a 39 anos (n%= 28,98). 71,17% dos casos são do sexo masculino. Quanto à cor/raça, 60% dos casos são de brancos. Quanto ao ambiente de contágio, 35,23% são em casa, 15,3% são no trabalho, 26,13% são locais de lazer. A prevalência no sexo masculino e a faixa etária predominante de 20 a 59 anos pode estar ligada à atividade laboral, que os deixa mais expostos aos carrapatos. Os altos números na idade adulta também podem estar relacionados ao ecoturismo. A letalidade da doença difere entre as regiões Sul e Sudeste, sendo que uma explicação para esse fenômeno seriam os diferentes agentes etiológicos,


La fiebre maculosa es una rickettsiosis transmitida por garrapatas. Los principales signos y síntomas clínicos son fiebre, cefalea intensa, erupciones cutáneas y mialgias. Se considera difícil de diagnosticar y poco notificada. El estudio tiene como objetivo analizar descriptivamente la epidemiología de los casos de fiebre manchada en Brasil en el período de 2010 a 2021. Se trata de un estudio de cohortes retrospectivo que analiza estadísticamente los casos de fiebre manchada en Brasil entre 2010 y 2020 a través de datos obtenidos del Sistema de Información de Agraves de Notificación. Se calcularon las proporciones de casos de fiebre manchada según: sexo, edad, raza/color, ambiente de infección y evolución. Se confirmaron 1967 casos. Las regiones con más casos fueron el Sudeste (n%= 72,24) y el Sur (n%= 24). Sin embargo, hubo 4 muertes en el Sur, mientras que el coeficiente de letalidad en el Sureste fue del 47,78%. El grupo de edad más afectado fue el de 40 a 59 años (n%= 34,87) y el de 20 a 39 años (n%= 28,98). El 71,17% de los casos eran varones. En cuanto al color/raza, el 60% de los casos son de raza blanca. En cuanto al entorno de la infección, el 35,23% se produce en el domicilio, el 15,3% en el trabajo y el 26,13% en lugares de ocio. La prevalencia en los hombres y el grupo de edad predominante de 20 a 59 años pueden estar relacionados con la actividad laboral, que los deja más expuestos a las garrapatas. El elevado número en la edad adulta también puede estar relacionado con el ecoturismo. La letalidad de la enfermedad difiere entre las regiones Sur y Sudeste, y una explicación para este fenómeno serían los diferentes agentes etiológicos, R. rickettsi, predominante en la región Sudeste, generando cuadros clínicos más severos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever/transmission , Health Services Research/statistics & numerical data , Rural Population , Tick Infestations/parasitology , Brazil/epidemiology , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Health Information Systems/statistics & numerical data , Headache/complications
18.
MedUNAB ; 25(3): [487-491], 01-12-2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1436140

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El trauma abdominal penetrante causado por embestida de asta de toro representa menos del 3%. Son heridas que deben ser consideradas sucias, y la primera causa de muerte por este tipo de trauma es el shock hipovolémico. Presentación de caso. Se presenta el caso de un hombre de 60 años con trauma abdominal penetrante por asta de toro en flanco izquierdo e hipogastrio de 18x8 cm de extensión, con evisceración aguda traumática. Fue llevado a laparotomía exploratoria, donde no se evidenciaron lesiones de órganos sólidos ni de vísceras huecas. El paciente evolucionó sin complicaciones. Discusión. Las heridas por asta de toro dadas sus características son consideradas sucias y alcanzan hasta un 50% de infección. Dentro de su manejo inicial se deben incluir antibióticos y abordajes quirúrgicos, según cada caso. Conclusión. El trauma abdominal penetrante causado por embestida de asta de toro es un mecanismo poco frecuente; sin embargo, los cirujanos deben estar entrenados para tratar o no de manera quirúrgica a este tipo de pacientes.


Introduction. Penetrating abdominal trauma caused by bull horn ramming represents less than 3%. These are wounds that should be considered dirty, and the leading cause of death from this type of trauma is hypovolemic shock. Case Presentation. A 60-year-old man with penetrating abdominal trauma by bull horn in the left flank and hypogastrium, 18x8 cm in extension, with acute traumatic evisceration. He was taken to exploratory laparotomy, where no solid organ or hollow viscera lesions were evidenced. The patient evolved without complications. Discussion. Given their characteristics, bull horn wounds are considered dirty and have an infection rate of up to 50%. Initial management should include antibiotics and surgical approaches, according to each case. Conclusion. Penetrating abdominal trauma caused by bull horn ramming is an infrequent mechanism; however, surgeons must be trained to treat or not to treat this type of patient surgically.


Introdução. O trauma abdominal penetrante causado pelo impulso de chifre de touro representa menos de 3%. São feridas que devem ser consideradas sujas, e a principal causa de morte por esse tipo de trauma é o choque hipovolêmico. Apresentação do caso. Homem de 60 anos com trauma abdominal penetrante por chifre de touro no flanco esquerdo e hipogástrio, 18x8 cm de extensão, com evisceração traumática aguda. Foi encaminado para laparotomia exploratória, onde não foram encontradas lesões em órgãos sólidos ou vísceras ocas. A paciente evoluiu sem complicações. Discussão. Devido às suas características, as feridas de chifre de touro são consideradas sujas e atingem até 50% de infecção. Dentro de seu manejo inicial, antibióticos e abordagens cirúrgicas devem ser incluídos, de acordo com cada caso. Conclusão. Trauma abdominal penetrante causado pelo impulso de chifre de touro é um mecanismo raro; no entanto, os cirurgiões devem ser treinados para tratar esses tipos de pacientes cirurgicamente ou não.


Subject(s)
General Surgery , Multiple Trauma , Rural Population , Abdomen , Animals
19.
Rev. enferm. Cent.-Oeste Min ; 12: 4485, nov. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1434769

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: compreender a experiência de famílias rurais que têm a mãe/esposa sobrevivente de câncer de mama. Método: pesquisa qualitativa fundamentada no referencial teórico do Interacionismo Simbólico e metodológico da Teoria Fundamentada dos Dados. Participaram 41 membros de seis famílias rurais. Os dados foram produzidos mediante entrevista aberta com questões circulares e construção do genograma familiar, sendo analisados pelo Método Comparativo Constante. Resultados: o Modelo Teórico definiu-se por duas categorias centrais: reconhecendo-se como uma família vitoriosa e (não) acreditando na cura do câncer de mama, representando simbolicamente a trajetória da experiência das famílias rurais. Conclusão: a experiência pode ser descrita como um movimento constante, interativo e integrado que a família se reconhece como vitoriosa, que "ganha na loteria" ao ter a mãe/esposa considerada curada, mas "teme perder o prêmio" pela recidiva


Objective: understanding the experience of rural families who have the surviving mother/wife of breast cancer. Method: a qualitative research based on the theoretical basis of Symbolic and methodological interactionism of grounded data theory. Forty-one members of six rural families participated. The data were produced through an open interview with circular questions and the construction of the family genogram, being analyzed by the Constant Comparative Method. Results: the Theoretical Model was defined by two central categories: recognizing itself as a victorious family and (not) believing in the cure of breast cancer, symbolizing the trajectory of the experience of rural families. Conclusion: the experience can be described as a constant, interactive and integrated movement in which the family recognizes itself as victorious, which "wins the lottery" when the mother/wife is considered cured, but "fears losing the prize" due to relapse.


Objetivo: comprender la experiencia de las familias rurales que tienen la madre/esposa sobreviviente del cáncer de mama. Método: investigación cualitativa basada en el marco teórico del interaccionismo simbólico y metodológico de la teoría de datos fundamentada. Participaron cuarenta y un miembros de seis familias rurales. Los datos fueron producidos a través de una entrevista abierta con preguntas circulares y la construcción del genograma familiar, siendo analizados por el Método Comparativo Constante.Resultados: el Modelo Teórico fue definido por dos categorías centrales: reconocerse como una familia victoriosa y (no) creer enla cura del cáncer de mama, representando simbólicamente la trayectoria de la experiencia de las familias rurales. Conclusión: la experiencia puede describirse como un movimiento constante, interactivo e integrado en el que la familia se reconoce victoriosa, que "gana la lotería" cuando la madre/esposa se considera curada, pero "teme perder el premio" por la recidiva.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Rural Population , Breast Neoplasms , Family , Nursing , Survivorship
20.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 42(supl.2): 32-40, oct. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403611

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Rural food-producing communities are fundamental for the development of economic activities associated with sustainability and food security. However, despite the importance of rurality in Colombia, preventive strategies continue to be implemented homogeneously, without considering the dynamics of SARS-CoV-2 in rural food-producing communities. Objective: To model real areas in Colombia involving rural and urban populations that have intrinsic SARS-CoV-2 transmission dynamics. Characterize rural-urban interactions by means of a parameter that provides different scenarios and allows us to identify interactions capable of preventing SARS-CoV-2 transmission in rural food-producing communities. Materials and methods: The dynamics of SARS-CoV-2 infection was modeled in five case studies (Boyacá, Caquetá, Cundinamarca, Santander and Sucre) considering urban and rural areas and their interaction (connectivity) in the urban-rural interface. For this purpose, an epidemiological compartmental model considering a classification of individuals according to their economic activity and their epidemiological status was assessed. Results: Preventive measures focused on the urban-rural interface impact the number of deaths in rural areas. Hence, it is possible to assume that the dynamics of the disease in rural areas depend on the constant interaction with infected individuals from urban areas, which occurs due to the food production dynamics in the urban-rural interface. Conclusions: Preventive measures should focus on places of high transmissibility and risk for rural communities, such as the urban-rural interface. This work highlights the importance of national heterogeneous preventive measures and the protection of rural communities from the social and economic impacts of SARS-CoV-2.


Introducción. Las comunidades rurales productoras de alimentos son fundamentales para el desarrollo de actividades económicas asociadas a la sostenibilidad y la seguridad alimentaria. Sin embargo, a pesar de la importancia de la ruralidad en Colombia, las estrategias de prevención continúan siendo implementadas homogéneamente, sin considerar la dinámica del SARS-CoV-2 en estas comunidades. Objetivo. Modelar la dinámica del SARS-CoV-2 en poblaciones rurales colombianas. Se quiso caracterizar la interacción rural-urbana mediante un parámetro que proporciona diferentes contextos y permite identificar una interacción rural-urbana capaz de prevenir la transmisión del SARS-CoV-2 en comunidades rurales productoras de alimentos. Materiales y métodos. La dinámica de transmisión del SARS-CoV-2 se modeló en cinco estudios de caso (Boyacá, Caquetá, Cundinamarca, Santander y Sucre) considerando áreas urbanas y rurales, así como su interacción (conectividad) en la interfaz urbano-rural. Para ello, se empleó un modelo epidemiológico compartimental que considera una clasificación de los individuos según su actividad económica y su estado epidemiológico. Resultados. Las medidas preventivas enfocadas en la interfaz urbano-rural impactan el número de muertes en áreas rurales. Por lo tanto, es posible asumir que la dinámica de la enfermedad en las áreas rurales depende del contacto constante con los individuos infectados de las áreas urbanas, lo que ocurre debido a la dinámica de los sistemas de producción de alimentos en la interfaz urbano-rural. Conclusiones. Las medidas de prevención deben enfocarse en lugares con gran transmisibilidad y riesgo para las comunidades rurales, como la interfaz urbano-rural. En este trabajo se destaca la importancia de las medidas preventivas heterogéneas y la protección de las comunidades rurales contra los impactos sociales y económicos del SARS-CoV-2.


Subject(s)
Rural Population , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Communicable Disease Control , Colombia
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