Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 2.383
Filter
1.
Ibom Medical Journal ; 17(1): 49-55, 2024. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1525504

ABSTRACT

Background:The emergence of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a highly contagious disease that causes viral respiratory illness, has changed the lifestyle of humans worldwide. Dental practitioners and patients are at high risk of infection during their routine practice due to their exposure to saliva, blood, and droplet production.Aim:To gain insight into the patient's viewpoint regarding the practice, altitude, and knowledge of COVID-19 and its transmission and cross-infection in dental clinics.Methods:This was cross­sectional analytic survey in dentistry during the COVID-19 pandemic. Aself-administered close-ended questionnaire consisting of 32 variables was distributed among the study participants. The data were analysed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 25. The level of significance was p ≤ 0.05. Results:The age of the participants varied from 20 - 58 years, with a mean age of 34.6 ±5. The majority (89.3%) felt COVID-19 was a highly contagious disease, while 50.0% of the respondents believed that the most common route of COVID-19 transmission in dentistry is through aerosols. The majority, 78.6%, recorded good knowledge of infection control following the COVID-19 outbreak. The number of married patients who had good knowledge of cross-infection control was 118, which was statistically significant.Conclusion:From the study, it is evident that the patients possess a good range of knowledge in both preventive and cross-infection protocols to follow during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, the same cannot be said about the practice


Subject(s)
Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
3.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 121(6): e202202893, dic. 2023. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1518725

ABSTRACT

El síndrome inflamatorio multisistémico pediátrico (MIS-C, por su sigla en inglés) es una enfermedad rara. Se desconoce si los niños que se recuperaron del MIS-C tienen riesgo de recurrencia de MIS-C cuando presentan reinfección por SARS-CoV-2. El objetivo de este estudio es describir los casos de dos niñas que se recuperaron del MIS-C y presentaron reinfección por SARS-CoV-2 sin recurrencia de MIS-C.


Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) is a rare condition. It is still unknown if children who have recovered from MIS-C are at a risk of recurrence of MIS-C when they are reinfected with SARS-CoV-2. In this study, we aimed to report 2 children who recovered from MIS-C and reinfected with SARS-CoV-2 without recurrence of MIS-C.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/complications , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome/diagnosis , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome/therapy
4.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 121(5): e202202908, oct. 2023. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1509498

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La pandemia por COVID-19 ha puesto de manifiesto la necesidad de pruebas diagnósticas rápidas. La prueba de referencia es la reacción en cadena de la polimerasa en tiempo real (RT-PCR). Requiere un equipo y personal capacitado, y su resultado puede llevar un tiempo de espera prolongado. El sistema BD Veritor® es el método rápido cromatográfico utilizado para la detección del antígeno del coronavirus de tipo 2 del síndrome respiratorio agudo grave, en individuos sintomáticos. El objetivo primario del siguiente trabajo es evaluar sensibilidad y especificidad del test de antígeno (TA) comparadas con la RT-PCR en población pediátrica. Población y métodos. Estudio prospectivo, de prueba diagnóstica. Se incluyó a todo menor de 17 años en los primeros 5 días de inicio de síntomas, que consultó desde julio de 2021 hasta febrero de 2022. Se calculó un mínimo de 300 muestras para lograr una precisión de ± 8,76 % y de ± 3,68 % para sensibilidad y especificidad respectivamente. Se analizaron en paralelo las muestras por ambas metodologías. Resultados. De 316 muestras pareadas, 33 fueron positivas por ambos métodos; 6 fueron positivas solo por RT-PCR. La especificidad del TA fue del 100 %; la sensibilidad, del 84,6 %, con un valor predictivo positivo y negativo del 100 % y del 98 % respectivamente. Conclusiones. El TA demostró ser útil en el diagnóstico de pacientes pediátricos con COVID-19 en los primeros 5 días de inicio de síntomas, aunque aquellos con TA negativo y alta sospecha clínica deberían confirmar su resultado con la RT-PCR.


Introduction. The COVID-19 pandemic has brought to light the need for rapid diagnostic tests. The gold standard test is reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). RT-PCR requires equipment and trained personnel, and results may take a long waiting time. The BD Veritor® System is a rapid chromatographic method used for the detection of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 antigen in symptomatic individuals. The primary objective of this study is to assess the sensitivity and specificity of the antigen test (AT) compared to the RT-PCR in the pediatric population. Population and methods. Prospective study with a diagnostic test. All children younger than 17 years in the first 5 days of symptom onset, who consulted between July 2021 and February 2022, were included. A minimum of 300 specimens was estimated to achieve an accuracy of ±8.76% and ±3.68% for sensitivity and specificity, respectively. Specimens were analyzed in parallel using both methodologies. Results. Of 316 paired samples, 33 were positive by both methods; 6 were positive only by RT-PCR. The specificity of the AT was 100%; sensitivity was 84.6%, with a positive and negative predictive value of 100% and 98%, respectively. Conclusions. The AT proved to be useful in the diagnosis of pediatric patients with COVID-19 in the first 5 days of symptom onset, although those with a negative AT and high clinical suspicion should confirm their result with a RT-PCR.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , COVID-19/diagnosis , Prospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reverse Transcription , Pandemics , COVID-19 Testing , SARS-CoV-2
6.
Rev. epidemiol. controle infecç ; 13(3): 150-157, jul.-set. 2023. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1531932

ABSTRACT

Background and objectives: to compare the clinical and sociodemographic aspects of individuals with SARS reported in the countryside of Rio Grande do Sul in 2020 and 2021. Methods: a cross-sectional study, from March 2020 to October 2021. Clinical and sociodemographic variables of individuals with SARS symptoms were analyzed, compared through descriptive, univariate analyses, according to the year of reporting. Results: a total of 4,710 cases of SARS were reported; 53.4% were SARS related to COVID-19 in 2020 and 87.5% in 2021 (p<0.001). Comparing 2020 and 2021, the sociodemographic profile changed in terms of age group, skin color and education (p<0.001). Regarding clinical aspects, there was a reduction in prevalence of pre-existing health conditions, except obesity, changes in reported signs and symptoms and reduction in hospital and Intensive Care Unit admissions. Conclusion: the changes in the profile may reflect the effect of the different variants and the start of immunization for SARS-CoV-2.(AU)


Justificativa e objetivos: comparar, entre os anos de 2020 e 2021, os aspectos clínicos e sociodemográficos dos indivíduos com Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave (SRAG) notificados em uma região de saúde do interior do Rio Grande do Sul. Métodos: estudo transversal descritivo, realizado de março de 2020 a outubro de 2021. Foram analisadas variáveis clínicas e sociodemográficas de indivíduos com sintomas de SRAG, comparadas através de análises descritivas, univariadas, conforme o ano de notificação. Resultados: foram notificados 4.710 casos com SRAG; 53,4% foram SRAG relacionados à COVID-19 em 2020 e, 87,5%, em 2021 (p<0,001). Comparando os anos 2020 e 2021, o perfil sociodemográfico modificou quanto faixa etária, cor da pele e escolaridade (p<0,001). Quanto aos aspectos clínicos, houve redução da prevalência de condições de saúde preexistente, exceto obesidade, alterações nos sinais e sintomas relatados e diminuição de internações hospitalares e na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva. Conclusão: as mudanças no perfil podem refletir o efeito das diferentes variantes e o início da imunização para SARS-CoV-2.(AU)


Justificación y objetivos: comparar los aspectos clínicos y sociodemográficos de individuos con SARS notificados en el interior de Rio Grande do Sul en los años 2020 y 2021. Métodos: estudio descriptivo transversal, realizado de marzo de 2020 a octubre de 2021. Se analizaron variables clínicas y sociodemográficas de individuos con síntomas de SARS, comparadas mediante análisis descriptivos univariados, según el año de notificación. Resultados: se notificaron 4.710 casos de SARS; el 53,4% fueron SARS relacionados con COVID-19 en 2020 y el 87,5% en 2021 (p<0,001). Comparando los años 2020 y 2021, el perfil sociodemográfico cambió en cuanto a grupo de edad, color de piel y escolaridad (p<0,001). En cuanto a los aspectos clínicos, hubo reducción en la prevalencia de condiciones de salud preexistentes, excepto obesidad, cambios en los signos y síntomas reportados y reducción en los ingresos hospitalarios y en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos. Conclusión: los cambios en el perfil pueden reflejar el efecto de las diferentes variantes y el inicio de la inmunización para el SARS-CoV-2.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19
7.
Prensa méd. argent ; 109(4): 169-176, 20230000. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1512379

ABSTRACT

Con la llegada de la pandemia por COVID-19 en el año 2020, múltiples diagnósticos y tratamientos de diversas enfermedades quedaron relegados por el impacto del síndrome respiratorio agudo causado por el nuevo coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) en los sistemas de salud. Teniendo en cuenta la coexistencia de la pandemia por el virus de inmunodeficiencia humana (VIH) y la provocada por el virus SARS-Cov-2, el objetivo del presente trabajo fue recolectar información de un Hospital de Enfermedades Infecciosas de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires y analizar cómo repercutió la pandemia por SARS-CoV-2 en el diagnóstico de las enfermedades que afectan a la población VIH positiva y, a su vez, comparar el estado clínico al ingreso y egreso de las pacientes en el período pre pandemia y durante la misma. Para esto se analizaron 100 epicrisis correspondientes a la sala 16 de internación de mujeres con complicaciones de la enfermedad VIH/SIDA que fueron asistidas en el período entre Enero del 2020 y Julio del 2021, y 74 epicrisis de pacientes internadas en ese mismo sitio en los siete meses previos. Se tuvieron en cuenta múltiples variables como el motivo de ingreso, conocimiento o no del diagnóstico de VIH, indicación de tratamiento antirretroviral y cumplimiento del mismo, antecedentes patológicos de las pacientes, presencia de enfermedades marcadoras de SIDA e infecciones de transmisión sexual, entre otras. Al comparar los datos entre pre-pandemia y pandemia se evidencia que esta última afectó a la población VIH positiva, en aspectos que van desde el retraso en el diagnóstico de la infección por el retrovirus, el inicio o reinicio de los tratamientos antirretrovirales y diferencias en los múltiples diagnósticos de egreso, incrementándose las consultas por trastornos respiratorios y neurológicos. A todo esto se añadieron las dificultades del personal médico para brindar una buena atención dado por el colapso del sistema sanitario que se hizo presente en dicho contexto. Por otra parte, destacar la importancia de la confección correcta y completa de las historias clínicas para lograr una mejor calidad de atención médica


With the arrival of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, many diagnoses and treatments of various diseases were relegated due to the impact of the acute respiratory syndrome caused by the novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) in health systems. Taking into account the coexistence of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) pandemic and that caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, the objective of this study was to collect information from an Infectious Disease Hospital in the City of Buenos Aires and analyze the impact of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic on the diagnosis of diseases that affect the HIV-positive population. Also, was compared the clinical status at admission and discharge of patients in the pre-pandemic period and during the same. For this, 100 epicrisis (clinical summaries) corresponding to 16 women who were hospitalized in the period between January 2020 and July 2021 were analyzed, and 74 epicrisis from patients hospitalized during the seven previous months. Multiple variables were considered, such as the reason for admission, whether or not there was knowledge of the HIV diagnosis, the presence of antiretroviral treatment and compliance with it, the patient's clinical history, the presence of marker AIDS diseases and sexually transmitted infections. When comparing the data between both periods, it can be clearly observed that the pandemic generated by SARS-CoV-2 affected the population with HIV, in aspects ranging from the delay in the diagnosis of the retroviral infection, the start or restart of antiretroviral treatments and differences in the multiple discharge diagnoses, especially those involvement the respiratory and the central nervous systems, that added new difficulties to the medical staff due to the saturation of the health system. The importance of the correct and complete preparation of medical records is highlighted in order to achieve better clinical care


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Opportunistic Infections/therapy , Sexually Transmitted Diseases/therapy , HIV/immunology , SARS-CoV-2/immunology , COVID-19/diagnosis
8.
RFO UPF ; 27(1)08 ago. 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1516333

ABSTRACT

A doença COVID-19, que se tornou uma pandemia em pouco espaço de tempo, apresenta uma ameaça grave para a saúde global. As condições bucais de pacientes com COVID-19 foram analisadas em vários estudos. Diante disso, observou-se que diversas manifestações bucais foram encontradas nesses pacientes. O objetivo deste trabalho foi realizar uma revisão de literatura sistemática sobre as manifestações bucais que podem estar associadas à doença COVID-19. A pesquisa foi realizada por meio de uma revisão sistemática nas bases de dados Bireme, PubMed e SciELO, no período de 30 de abril de 2021 a 11 de maio de 2023. A busca utilizou os descritores "COVID-19", "coronavirus" e "oral manifestations". Foram utilizados como critério de inclusão a presença do artigo completo disponível na íntegra e publicado nos anos de 2020 a 2023 e excluídos aqueles que não relatavam alguma manifestação da COVID-19 ou que não abordavam formas de tratamento. Foram incluídos 19 artigos. As informações foram compiladas de forma a compreender a importância de se investigar as manifestações orais em decorrência dessa doença, devido a sua importância internacional dadas às suas circunstâncias devastadoras. Concluiu-se que é notável a importância da anamnese e o exame intraoral para diagnosticar as manifestações orais nos pacientes sob suspeita ou confirmados com a COVID-19, e o diagnóstico precoce das alterações é fundamental para assegurar um suporte adequado ao paciente acometido. Mais estudos são necessários para comprovar a associação direta entre a COVID-19 e as manifestações orais relatadas.


COVID-19, which has become a pandemic in a short time, poses a serious threat to global health. The oral conditions of patients with COVID-19 have been analyzed in several studies. Therefore, it was observed that several manifestations were found in these patients. The objective of the work is to carry out a systematic literature review on the oral manifestations that may be associated with the disease COVID-19. The research was carried out through a systematic review in the databases Bireme, PubMed and SciELO, from April 30, 2021 o May 11, 2023. The search using the descriptors "COVID-19", "coronavirus" and "Oral manifestations". Inclusion criteria were the presence of the full article available in full and published in 2020 and 2023. Articles that did not report any manifestation of COVID-19 or those that did not address forms of treatment were excluded. 19 articles were included. The information was compiled in order to understand the importance of investigating oral manifestations as a result of this disease, due to its international importance given to its devastating entities. It was concluded that the importance of anamnesis and intraoral examination for the diagnosis of oral manifestations in patients suspected or confirmed with COVID-19 is remarkable, and the early diagnosis of alterations is essential to ensure adequate support for the affected patient. Further studies are needed to prove the direct association between COVID-19 and the reported oral manifestations.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19/complications , Mouth Diseases/virology , Early Diagnosis , Systematic Review , SARS-CoV-2 , Mouth Diseases/diagnosis
9.
Actual. SIDA. infectol ; 31(112): 98-103, 20230000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1451966

ABSTRACT

La mucormicosis es una infección causada por hongos oportunistas pertenecientes al orden de los mucorales. Desde la aparición de la pandemia por SARS-CoV-2 se han emitido alertas sobre el incremento en la presentación de esta infección. La presentación de mucormicosis traqueo-bronquial representa el 37% de la afectación pulmonar. A continuación, se desarrolla el caso clínico de una pa-ciente diabética con neumonía severa por SARS-CoV-2, con evolución desfavorable, quien es llevada a broncoscopia, encontrando pseudomembranas blanquecinas que obs-truían la luz del bronquio fuente izquierdo, confirmándose histopatológicamente la presencia de mucorales. Se realiza reporte del presente caso para reconocer la apa-rición de infecciones fúngicas en pacientes que presen-tan diabetes mal controlada e infección por SARS-CoV-2 que tienen una evolución tórpida. La presencia de seudo membranas blancas puede ser un signo de alarma para tener este tipo de infecciones dentro de las posibilidades diagnósticas


Mucormycosis is an infection caused by opportunistic fungi belonging to the order Mucorales. Since the SARS CoV 2 pandemic, warnings have been issued about the increase in the presentation of this infection. The presentation of tracheobronchial mucormycosis represents 37% of pulmonary involvement.We present the clinical case of a diabetic patient with severe pneumonia due to SARS VOC 2, with unfavorable evolution, who was taken to bronchoscopy and found whitish pseudomembranes obstructing the lumen of the left main bronchus, confirming histopathologically the presence of mucormycosis.A report of the present case is made to recognize the appearance of fungal infections in patients with poorly controlled diabetes and SARSe COV 2 infection, who have a torpid evolution. The presence of white pseudomembranes should be an alarm sign to have this type of infections within the diagnostic possibilities


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnosis , SARS-CoV-2/immunology , Mucormycosis/therapy
10.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 121(3): e202202767, jun. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1435635

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La pubertad se manifiesta inicialmente por la aparición de los caracteres sexuales secundarios, como consecuencia de cambios hormonales que progresivamente conducen a la madurez sexual completa. En Argentina y el mundo, la pandemia ocasionada por el coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 generó un confinamiento que pudo haber interferido en el inicio y tempo del desarrollo puberal. Objetivo. Describir la percepción de los endocrinólogos pediatras del país sobre las consultas por sospecha de pubertad precoz y/o pubertad de rápida progresión durante la pandemia. Materiales y métodos. Estudio descriptivo, observacional, transversal. Encuesta anónima a endocrinólogos pediatras pertenecientes a la Sociedad Argentina de Pediatría y/o a la Asociación de Endocrinología Pediátrica Argentina, en diciembre de 2021. Resultados. Respondieron la encuesta 83 de 144 endocrinólogos pediátricos (tasa de respuesta 58 %). Todos consideraron que aumentó la consulta por desarrollo precoz o temprano, ya sea en sus variantes telarca precoz (84 %), pubarca precoz (26 %) y/o pubertad precoz (95 %). El 99 % acuerda con que se ha dado en mayor medida en niñas. La totalidad de los encuestados también considera que aumentó el diagnóstico de pubertad precoz central. El 96,4 % considera que ha aumentado el número de pacientes tratados con análogos de GnRH. Conclusión. Nuestros resultados sobre la percepción de endocrinólogos pediatras coinciden con datos publicados en otras regiones sobre el aumento del diagnóstico de pubertad precoz durante la pandemia por COVID-19. Se reafirma la necesidad de generar registros nacionales de pubertad precoz central, difundir las evidencias para su detección y abordaje oportuno.


Introduction. Puberty is manifested initially by the onset of secondary sexual characteristics as a result of hormonal changes that progressively lead to complete sexual maturity. In Argentina and worldwide, the lockdown resulting from the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic may have interfered in the onset and timing of pubertal development. Objective. To describe the perception of pediatric endocrinologists in Argentina regarding consultations for suspected precocious and/or rapidly progressive puberty during the pandemic. Materials and methods. Descriptive, observational, cross-sectional study. Anonymous survey among pediatric endocrinologists members of the Sociedad Argentina de Pediatría and/or the Asociación de Endocrinología Pediátrica Argentina administered in December 2021. Results. Out of 144 pediatric endocrinologists, 83 completed the survey (rate of response: 58%). All of them considered that consultation for precocious or early puberty increased, either in terms of early thelarche (84%), early pubarche (26%), and/or precocious puberty (95%). Ninety-nine percent agreed that this has occurred to a greater extent in girls. All survey respondents also consider that the diagnosis of central precocious puberty has increased. In total, 96.4% of respondents consider that the number of patients treated with GnRH analogs has increased. Conclusion. Our results about the perception of pediatric endocrinologists are consistent with data published in other regions on the increase in the diagnosis of precocious puberty during the COVID-19 pandemic. We underscore the need to develop national registries of central precocious puberty, and to disseminate the evidence for a timely detection and management


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Puberty, Precocious/diagnosis , Puberty, Precocious/epidemiology , COVID-19/epidemiology , Communicable Disease Control , Cross-Sectional Studies , Pandemics , Endocrinologists , SARS-CoV-2
11.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 121(3): e202202757, jun. 2023. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1436138

ABSTRACT

Los niños cursan mayormente la infección por el virus SARS-CoV-2 en forma leve. Sin embargo, de forma muy infrecuente algunos pueden desarrollar una patología con marcada gravedad denominada síndrome inflamatorio multisistémico en niños relacionado temporalmente con COVID-19 (SIM-C). Dado su reciente surgimiento, aún hay aspectos de su fisiopatología que se desconocen. La posibilidad de recidiva en caso de reinfección o ante la vacunación contra SARS-CoV-2 son nuevos interrogantes a los que nos enfrentamos. Reportamos una serie de casos de 4 pacientes adolescentes que cursaron SIM-C y meses después han sido vacunados contra SARS-CoV-2 con plataformas ARN mensajero (ARNm) sin presentar recurrencia de la enfermedad ni efectos adversos cardiológicos


In most cases, children with SARS-CoV-2 have a mild infection. However, very rarely, some children may develop a severe disease called multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children temporally associated with COVID-19 (MIS-C). Given its recent emergence, some aspects of its pathophysiology are still unknown. The possibility of recurrence in case of reinfection or SARS-CoV-2 vaccination are new questions we are facing. Here we report a case series of 4 adolescent patients who developed MIS-C and, months later, received the SARS-CoV-2 vaccine with messenger RNA (mRNA) platforms without disease recurrence or cardiac adverse events.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , COVID-19 Vaccines/administration & dosage , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/prevention & control , Vaccination , SARS-CoV-2 , mRNA Vaccines/administration & dosage
12.
Rev. méd. hondur ; 91(1): 31-37, ene.-jun. 2023. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BIMENA | ID: biblio-1443347

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: La infección por el virus SARS- CoV-2 causa la enfermedad por coronavirus 2019 ( COVID-19). Objetivo: Caracterizar epidemiológicamente al paciente con COVID-19, Región Sanitaria Departamental de Francisco Morazán (RSDFM), Honduras, marzo 2020-enero 2021. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo retrospectivo. Incluyó n=11,401 usuarios a quienes se les realizó confirmación diagnóstica en la RSDFM. Se calculó incidencia general y mensual de COVID-19 como tasas por 10,000 habitantes, tasas de incidencia municipal (casos positivos/10,000) y tasa de letalidad (fallecidos/100 casos positivos). Resultados: Del total de 3,680 usuarios, el promedio de edad de los casos positivos fue 36.8 años (DS+/-17.9); sexo femenino 53.3% (1,962), procedencia Valle de Ángeles 20.4% (752). El nexo epidemiológico fue contacto con familiar o amigo positivo o fallecido por COVID-19 en 96.3% (3,544). La tasa general de incidencia fue 92.4/10,000. El municipio de Valle de Ángeles presentó la tasa de incidencia más elevada 366.1/10,000. La tasa de letalidad fue 1.8% (68/3680). Discusión: Los hallazgos de este estudio son compatibles con otros autores con respecto a las características epidemiológicas y sintomatología, identificando mayor riesgo de mortalidad en los individuos con edad ≥60 años (35/418 vs <60 años 32/3194; p=0.000, OR: 8.60, IC95%: 5.15-14.37), así como para el sexo masculino (48/1670 vs 20/1942; p=0.000, OR:2.79, IC95%: 1.61- 4.89). Los meses de mayor incidencia de casos en la RSDFM fueron los meses de junio a julio del 2020 y diciembre del 2020 a enero del 2021. Estudios de este tipo fortalecen el abordaje epidemiológico de las epidemias/pandemias...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/epidemiology , Coronavirus , COVID-19 Testing/methods
13.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 22(1): 12-17, jun 22, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1442751

ABSTRACT

Introdução: em março de 2020, a pandemia do SARS-CoV-2 foi declarada pela OMS, contabilizando mais de seis milhões de mortes e 600 milhões de casos confirmados. São necessários estudos para compreender a persistência dos sintomas após a infecção aguda, que podem se correlacionar com a gravidade inicial da doença. Objetivo: avaliar e comparar as características clínicas, espirométricas e radiológicas dos pacientes acometidos pela síndrome pós-COVID, estratificados conforme gravidade da infecção aguda pelo SARS-CoV-2. Metodologia: trata-se de estudo de corte transversal, realizado a partir de consultas ambulatoriais em amostra de conveniência. O estudo incluiu 232 pacientes, atendidos de novembro de 2020 a outubro de 2021. Os pacientes foram divididos em 2 grupos: com COVID-19, sem internamento em unidade de terapia intensiva; e com internamento em unidade de terapia intensiva. Resultados: foram avaliados 232 pacientes acometidos pela COVID-19, sendo 69,4% do sexo feminino; idade média de 50 ± 12,8 anos. As comorbidades mais frequentes foram hipertensão arterial sistêmica (44,0%) e diabetes mellitus (21,1%). Dos pacientes estudados, 45,7% foram internados durante a fase aguda da doença, sendo que cinquenta (21,6%) foram alocados em unidade de terapia intensiva (UTI). Em relação à espirometria, o padrão de distúrbio restritivo foi verificado apenas nos pacientes internados em UTI. Na tomografia de tórax, o padrão de pneumonia em organização foi associado a pacientes que precisaram de internamento em unidade de terapia intensiva. Conclusão: este estudo evidencia que o distúrbio ventilatório restritivo e a presença de pneumonia em organização tiveram associação com quadros iniciais mais graves.


Introduction: in March 2020, the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic was declared by the WHO, accounting for more than six million deaths and 600 million confirmed cases. Studies are required to understand the persistence of symptoms after acute infection, which may correlate with the initial severity of the disease. Objective: to evaluate and compare the clinical, spirometric and radiological characteristics of patients affected by the post-COVID syndrome, stratified according to the severity of the acute infection by SARS-CoV-2. Methodology: this is a cross-sectional study, carried out from outpatient consultations in a convenience sample. The study included 232 patients, seen from November 2020 to October 2021. Patients were divided into 2 groups: with COVID-19, without admission to an intensive care unit; and with admission to the intensive care unit. Results: 232 patients affected by COVID-19 were evaluated, 69.4% of whom were female; average age of 50 ± 12.8 years. The most common comorbidities were systemic arterial hypertension (44.0%) and diabetes mellitus (21.1%). Of the patients studied, 45.7% were hospitalized during the acute phase of the disease, and fifty (21.6%) were allocated to an intensive care unit (ICU). Regarding spirometry, the pattern of restrictive disorder was verified only in patients admitted to the ICU. On chest tomography, the pattern of organizing pneumonia was associated with patients who required admission to the intensive care unit. Conclusion: this study shows that restrictive ventilatory disorder and the presence of organizing pneumonia were associated with more severe initial conditions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , SARS-CoV-2 , Pneumonia , Spirometry , Tomography , Cross-Sectional Studies
14.
Rev. Asoc. Med. Bahía Blanca ; 33(1): 14-19, jun. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1436046

ABSTRACT

La pandemia de COVID-19 originada por el virus SARS-CoV-2 ha impactado en la atención profesional de los pacientes en la práctica odontológica. Se generan bioaerosoles por el odontólogo o por el propio paciente, que aumentan la posibilidad de diseminación del virus. Ante la urgente necesidad de establecer protocolos estrictos y efectivos de control de infecciones, decidimos investigar la efectividad de dos enjuagues bucales en la saliva de pacientes con diagnóstico positivo de SARS-CoV-2.


The COVID-19 pandemic caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus has impacted on the professional care of patients. In dentistry, the generation of bioaerosols generated by the dentist or by the patient himself increases the possibility of the spread of the virus. Given the urgent need to establish strict and effective infection control protocols, we decided to investigate the effectiveness of two mouthwashes in the saliva of positive patients.


Subject(s)
SARS-CoV-2 , Chlorhexidine , Dentistry , Hydrogen Peroxide
16.
Rev. Inst. Adolfo Lutz ; 82: e39152, maio 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, CONASS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP, SESSP-ACVSES, SESSP-IALPROD, SES-SP, SESSP-IALACERVO | ID: biblio-1509946

ABSTRACT

Formulações contendo álcool etílico 70% (p/p) podem ser classificadas como cosméticos, medicamentos ou saneantes, dependendo da apresentação e local de uso. Foram largamente empregadas como antisséptico na forma líquida e gel no combate à pandemia provocada pelo SARS-CoV-2. O presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a qualidade de 60 produtos em relação ao teor e rotulagem, destinados à higienização das mãos, superfícies e de uso hospitalar comercializadas em São Paulo. Realizou-se a avaliação do teor de álcool etílico por determinação direta em densímetro digital e comparação das informações da rotulagem com as da legislação de referência e com o rótulo aprovado pela Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária (ANVISA). Os resultados demonstraram que 48,3% das amostras apresentaram resultados inferiores aos limites regulatórios e às concentrações descritas no rótulo do produto para o teor de álcool etílico. Além disso, 5% apresentaram prazo de validade informado no rótulo acima de 180 dias, em desacordo com a RDC 350/20. Os níveis de insatisfatoriedade encontrados neste estudo indicam a necessidade de monitoramento da qualidade dos produtos disponíveis no mercado brasileiro com o propósito de apoiar as autoridades sanitárias nas atividades de fiscalização. (AU)


Formulations containing 70% ethyl alcohol (w/w) can be classified as cosmetics, medicines, or sanitizers depending on the presentation and place of use. These formulations were widely used as an antiseptic in the fight against the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, available in both liquid and gel forms. The present study aimed to assess the quality of 60 products, intended for hand and surface hygiene and hospital use, sold in São Paulo. The ethyl alcohol content was evaluated by direct determination using a digital densimeter, and the labeling information was compared with the reference legislation and the label approved by ANVISA (Brazil's National Health Surveillance Agency). The results showed that 48.3% of the products had ethyl alcohol content below the regulatory limits and concentrations specified on the product label. Additionally, 5% of the products had an expiration date on the label that exceeded 180 days, contrary to RDC 350/20 regulations. The levels of unsatisfactory products found in this study indicate the need for continuous monitoring of the quality of products available in the Brazilian market. Such monitoring is crucial to support health authorities in their inspection activities and ensure the efficacy and safety of antiseptic and disinfectant products used in the context of public health. (AU)


Subject(s)
Product Labeling , Hand Disinfection , Guidelines as Topic , Ethanol , SARS-CoV-2 , Anti-Infective Agents, Local , Pandemics
17.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 56(1): 25-31, 20230401.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1426661

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: Determinar la predisposición a recibir esta vacuna contra SARS-CoV-2. Materiales y métodos: Se aplicó un diseño observacional de corte transversal en la población adulta del Paraguay entre mayo y octubre 2022. se aplicó el cuestionario de Kotta et al previamente validado, el cual fue difundido por redes sociales. Resultados: Se incluyeron 303 encuestados, con edad media 34 ± 12 años y predominio del sexo femenino (64,0%). En la muestra, 51,8% padeció COVID-19 y 97,3% ya recibió al menos una dosis de la vacuna. Se detectó que 58,4% aceptada la vacuna, 17,8% vacilaba en recibirla y 23,7% la rechazaba. La aceptación fue más frecuente en los varones (p 0,05). Conclusión: En el momento epidemiológico de disponibilidad universal de la vacuna y habiendo aún sujetos afectados por COVID-19, el rechazo a la misma fue 23,7%.


Objectives: To determine the predisposition to receive this vaccine against SARS-CoV-2. Materials and methods: An observational cross-sectional design was applied in the adult population of Paraguay between May and October 2022. The previously validated questionnaire of Kotta et al was applied, which was disseminated through social networks. Results: 303 respondents were included, with a mean age of 34 ± 12 years and predominance of the female sex (64.0%). In the sample, 51.8% suffered from COVID-19 and 97.3% have already received at least one dose of the vaccine. It was detected that 58.4% accepted the vaccine, 17.8% hesitated to receive it and 23.7% rejected it. Acceptance was more frequent in males (p 0.05). Conclusion: At the epidemiological moment of universal availability of the vaccine and with subjects still affected by COVID-19, rejection of it was 23.7%.


Subject(s)
SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Vaccines , Surveys and Questionnaires , Dosage , Goals , Methods
18.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 56(1): 41-45, 20230401.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1426685

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El virus Sars-cov2 es el causante de una enfermedad respiratoria, cuyo grado de severidad es variable, de formas sintomáticas leves a graves. Debido a que no se ha encontrado un tratamiento eficaz para hacerle frente a esta patología, se ha puesto el foco en la prevención mediante vacunas. Una población objetivo de la primera y segunda fase de vacunación a nivel país, fue el personal de salud, por lo que se realiza una encuesta para determinar qué tipo de patologías de base presentan, rango etario predominante, si presentaron algún efecto adverso, y cuántas dosis de inmunización recibieron. Objetivos: Describir el porcentaje de vacunación contra Sars-cov2 en el personal de salud, las enfermedades de base, efectos adversos presentados y describir los motivos por el que se evita la vacunación. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, observacional y transversal mediante una encuesta en línea (Google Forms). En el cuestionario se registraron las siguientes variables: sexo, edad, profesión dentro del área de salud, departamento de residencia, enfermedad de base, dosis principales y de refuerzo recibidas, efectos adversos presentados, necesidad de atención médica posterior y razones por las que no se han aplicado todas las dosis. Resultados: La mayoría de los encuestados fueron parte del personal médico (85.4%), en su mayoría se encontraban entre los 20-29 años y los 40-49 años. El 48.6% no presenta patologías de base. El 96.3% de la población recibió 2 dosis de la vacuna para Sars-cov2. El 46.3% recibió 2 dosis de refuerzo. Discusión: La predisposición a completar el esquema fue más baja de lo esperado, siendo menor de la mitad. La predisposición para recibir la vacuna contra el COVID-19, en la población general fue de 52,02%. Cabe recalcar que el éxito de un programa de vacunación depende de la proporción de la población que desee vacunarse. Conclusión: La vacunación es un medio de prevención por lo que su promoción es un paso importante para evitar la enfermedad grave. Es necesario realizar una buena educación a toda la población sobre la eficacia, las dosis necesarias para obtener inmunidad, los efectos adversos y los motivos que deben retrasar la colocación de las dosis, porque, como se menciona anteriormente, el éxito de un programa de vacunación depende de la proporción de la población que desee vacunarse.


Introduction: The Sars-cov2 virus is the cause of a respiratory disease, whose degree of severity is variable, from mild to severe symptomatic forms. Since no effective treatment has been found to deal with this pathology, the focus has been on prevention through vaccination. A target population for the first and second phase of vaccination at the country level was health personnel. So a online survey is performed to determine what type of underlying pathologies they present, the age range predominance, the side effects displayed and how many doses they received. Objectives: Describe the percentage of vaccination against Sars-cov2 in health personnel, the underlying diseases, adverse effects and, to describe the reasons why vaccination is avoided. Materials and methods: A descriptive, observational and cross-sectional study is carried out using an online survey (Google Forms). The following variables were recorded in the questionnaire: sex, age, profession within the health area, department of residence, underlying disease, main and booster doses received, adverse effects presented, need for subsequent medical attention and reasons why they did not have been applied all the doses. Results: Most of the respondents were part of the medical staff (85.4%), the majority were between 20-29 years and 40-49 years. The 48.6% do not present basic pathologies. The 96.3% of the population received 2 doses of the Sars-cov2 vaccine. 46.3% received 2 booster doses. Discussion: The predisposition to complete the scheme was lower than expected, being less than a half. The predisposition to receive the COVID-19 vaccine in the general population was 52.02%. It should be emphasized that the success of a vaccination program depends on the proportion of the population that wishes to be vaccinated. Conclusion: Vaccination is a way of prevention, so its promotion is an important step to avoid a serious disease. It is necessary to give a good education to the entire population about the efficacy, the necessary doses to obtain immunity, the adverse effects and the reasons that should delay the doses, because, as mentioned above, the success of a vaccination program depends on the proportion of the population that wants to be vaccinated.


Subject(s)
Health Personnel , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Immunization , Vaccination , Occupational Groups
19.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 14: 1-5, mar. 20, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1433941

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: avaliar o processo de enfermagem agir politicamente de enfermeiros que atuam na ala SARS-CoV-2 dos Hospitais de Referência do Estado do Rio Grande do Norte. Métodos: estudo transversal, descritivo-exploratório, com abordagem quantitativa, realizado com 55 enfermeiros(as) de 11 hospitais de referência para SARS-CoV-2. Utilizou-se da técnica Snowball (bola de neve) e um formulário eletrônico online. Os dados foram analisados e interpretados por meio de estatística descritiva simples. Resultados: Dentre as questões respondidas pelos enfermeiros acerca de sua participação e atuação no referido processo, a "participação ativa nas tomadas de decisões referentes a pacientes com coronavírus no seu local de trabalho" foi a pergunta com mais respostas positivas, apresentando 61,1% de concordância. Quando questionados acerca da "satisfação da representação sindical da profissão durante a pandemia" a porcentagem de respostas negativas se sobressaiu, apresentando um valor de 62,5%. Em relação a valorização profissional, obteve-se 77,8% de respostas negativas, onde os participantes do estudo afirmam achar que com o fim da pandemia, a profissão não continuará sendo valorizada. Conclusão: mediante a escassez de estudos referentes a temática necessita-se de ações de pesquisas e publicações sobre o processo participar politicamente e a sua implementação na grade curricular de formação de novos profissionais. (AU)


Objective: to evaluate the nursing process acting politically of nurses working in the SARS-CoV-2 ward of the Reference Hospitals of the State of Rio Grande do Norte. Brazil. Methods: cross-sectional, descriptive exploratory study, with quantitative approach, with 55 nurses from 11 reference hospitals for SARS-CoV-2. Snowball technique and an online electronic form were used. Data were analyzed and interpreted using simple descriptive statistics. Results: among the questions answered by nurses about their participation and performance in this process, active 'participation in decision-making regarding patients with coronavirus in their workplace' was the question with the most positive answers, 61.1% agreement. When questioned about the satisfaction of the union representation of the profession during the pandemic, the percentage of negative answers stood out, with a value of 62.5%. In relation to the professional valorization, 77.8% of negative answers were obtained, where the participants of the study affirm that they think that with the end of the pandemic, the profession will not continue to be valued. Conclusion: due to the scarcity of studies on the theme, research and publications are needed on the process of political participation and its implementation in the curricula of training new professionals. (AU)


Objetivo: evaluar el proceso de acción política de los enfermeros que trabajan en los Hospitales de Referencia para el SARS-CoV-2 del Estado de Rio Grande do Norte (Brasil). Métodos: estudio transversal, descriptivo-exploratorio, de tipo cuantitativo, realizado con 55 enfermeros/as de 11 hospitales de referencia para el SARS-CoV-2. Se aplicó la técnica Snowball (bola de nieve) y un formulario electrónico en línea. Para el análisis de datos, se utilizó la estadística descriptiva simple. Resultados: entre las preguntas respondidas por los enfermeros sobre su 'participación y desempeño en ese proceso, la participación activa en la toma de decisiones sobre los pacientes con coronavirus en su lugar de trabajo' fue la pregunta con más respuestas positivas, con un 61,1% de consenso. Al ser preguntados por la satisfacción de la representación sindical de la profesión durante la pandemia, destaca el porcentaje de respuestas negativas, que presenta un valor del 62,5%. En relación a la valorización profesional, se obtuvo un 77,8% de respuestas negativas, donde los participantes del estudio afirmaron que creen que con el fin de la pandemia, la profesión no seguirá siendo valorada. Conclusión: mediante la escasez de estudios relacionados con el tema, es necesario realizar investigaciones y publicaciones sobre el proceso de participación política y su implementación en el grado de formación de nuevos profesionales. (AU)


Subject(s)
Nursing , Political Activism , SARS-CoV-2
20.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1435329

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el SARS-CoV-2 causa daño multiorgánico, con predilección al epitelio respiratorio. Los estudios de imagen en tórax han sido determinantes en muchas patologías y, durante la reciente pandemia, no fue excepción. En el seguimiento con tomografía de tórax post COVID-19 en varias series, se ha observado persistencia de lesiones al egreso y a lo largo de varios meses. El objetivo del trabajo fue describir los hallazgos tomográficos en pacientes con seguimiento hasta un año post egreso hospitalario por COVID-19 moderado-grave. Material y métodos: estudio retrospectivo, observacional, de pacientes hospitalizados por COVID-19 moderado-grave de marzo 2020 a marzo 2022 en el hospital del ISSSTE, Chiapas-México; con prueba RT-PCR SARS-CoV-2 positiva, TC de hospitalización y de seguimiento posterior al egreso (0-4 meses; 4-8 meses; 8-12 meses). Se utilizó la terminología de la sociedad Fleischner. Además, se evaluó la extensión por lóbulo afectado (>75%, 75-50%, 50-25%, <25%). Resultados: Se estudiaron 27 pacientes, 74% hombres, edad promedio 56 años. El patrón tomográfico predominante al ingreso fue el mixto con 56% y extensión pulmonar >75%; vidrio despulido 30% y 11% consolidación. Al cuarto y octavo mes el patrón mixto fue el más frecuente, al doceavo mes persistía en el 33% de los pacientes y en el 30% de los casos la tomografía fue normal. Conforme pasaron los meses, la extensión del daño fue limitándose. Conclusión: el seguimiento con tomografía en COVID-19 moderado-grave es indiscutible. Permite identificar con precisión el patrón tomográfico en los diferentes momentos de la enfermedad, optimizar el tratamiento y disminuir las secuelas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Pneumonia/diagnostic imaging , Tomography , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/diagnostic imaging , Aftercare , Diagnosis , Mexico
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL