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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878808

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to clarify the microbial diversity, dominant species and the change of community structures in the fermentation of Liushenqu(Massa Medicata Fermentata), and explore the material foundation of its pharmacodynamics effect. On the basis of standardizing the fermentation process, Massa Medicata Fermentata was prepared by screening and optimizing the recipes and the standard formula issued by the Ministry. The community structure and growth process of fungi and bacteria in the samples at five time points(0, 17, 41, 48, 65 h) in the fermentation process of Massa Medicata Fermentata were analyzed by using isolation and culture of eight different media and high-throughput DNA sequencing technology. The results indicated that the samples of the two recipes pre-sented high microbial diversity at the initial fermentation stage, with Aspergillus spp. as the dominant species. As the fermentation process goes forward, Saccharomycopsis fibuligera and Rhizopus oryzae soon became dominant species from 17 h after fermentation commencement point to the fermentation end, while the other species were inhibited at a lower level from 17 h. The species diversity of bacteria in the initial fermentation samples was also high, and Enterobacter was the dominant species. Enterobacter cloacae, Pediococcus pentosaceus and Cronobacter sakazakii became dominant bacterial species 17 h after fermentation commencement, while the species diversity was decreased. Our results will be a scientific basis for promoting the fermentation process of Massa Medicata Fermentata by using pure microbial cultures.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Fermentation , Fungi/genetics , Microbiota , Saccharomycopsis
2.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 41(2): 404-410, Apr.-June 2010. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-545349

ABSTRACT

Our investigation of integrated biological control (IBC) started with an assay testing activity of the predacious yeast Saccharomycopsis crataegensis UFMG-DC19.2 against Penicillium digitatum LCP 4354, a very aggressive fungus that causes postharvest decay in oranges. Under unfavourable environmental conditions, the yeast showed a high potential for control (39.9 percent disease severity reduction) of this fungus. This result was decisive for the next step, in which S. crataegensis was tested in association with sodium bicarbonate salt, a generally regarded as safe (GRAS) substance. The yeast was able to survive at different concentrations of the salt (1 percent, 2 percent and 5 percent), and continued to grow for a week at the wound site, remaining viable at high population for 14 days on the fruit surface. The yeast alone reduced the severity of decay by 41.7 percent and sodium bicarbonate alone reduced severity of decay by 19.8 percent, whereas the application of both led to a delay in the development of symptoms from 2 to 10 days. Ingredients of the formulations were not aggressive to fruits since no lesions were produced in control experiments.


Subject(s)
Citrus sinensis , Fermentation , Food Contamination , Yeasts/growth & development , Pest Control, Biological , Penicillium/growth & development , Saccharomycopsis/growth & development , Agricultural Cultivation , Food Samples , Methods , Methods
3.
Rev. Inst. Adolfo Lutz ; 67(3): 177-182, set.-dez. 2008. tab
Article in Portuguese | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP, SESSP-CTDPROD, SES-SP, SESSP-IALPROD, SES-SP | ID: lil-512684

ABSTRACT

As aflatoxinas constituem o grupo de metabólitos secundários produzidos principalmente pelos Aspergillus flavus, A. parasiticus e A. nomius. Foi investigado o efeito isolado das leveduras Saccharomycopsis schoenii e S. crataegensis na produção de aflatoxinas B1 e G1 em amendoim, cultivar IAC Caiapó. As amostras de amendoim in natura e previamente autoclavadas foram inoculadas com A. parasiticus (1,6 x106 esporos.mL-1) e cultura das leveduras (1,6 x 108 células.mL-1), seguido de incubação a 25ºC durante sete dias. Foram realizados dois experimentos: no primeiro o fungo filamentoso e as leveduras foram inoculados simultaneamente. No segundo, a levedura foi inoculada 3 h antes da adição de fungo filamentoso. A quantificação das aflatoxinas foi executada por cromatografia em camada delgada. A produção das aflatoxinas B1 e G1 foi reduzida na presença das leveduras. A porcentagem de redução da concentração das aflatoxinas foi maior quando a suspensão do fungo foi adicionada 3 h após a inoculação da suspensão de leveduras. O decréscimo da concentração de aflatoxina B1 atingiu 89,3% e 82,6%, respectivamente na presença de S.schoenii e de S crataegensis. Os níveis de aflatoxina G1 foram reduzidos em 91,2% na presença de S.schoenii e em 93,2% quando S.crataegensis foi inoculada.


Subject(s)
Aflatoxins , Arachis , Aspergillus , Saccharomycopsis
4.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 39(1): 85-90, Jan.-Mar. 2008. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-480681

ABSTRACT

In this study we evaluated the ability of Saccharomycopsis schoenii Nadson and Krassiln (UWO-PS 80-91) as biocontrol agent against plant pathogenic filamentous fungi P. expansum Link (UFMG 01-2002), P. italicum Wehmer (LCP 61.1199), and P. digitatum (Pers.: Fr.) (LCP 984263, LCP 68175 and LCP 4354). S. schoenii was able to reduce disease severity in oranges inoculated with all fungi. Among the phytopathogens, P. digitatum LCP4354 was the most virulent whereas P. digitatum LCP 68175 was the most susceptible to predation. The yeast was able to survive for 21 days on the fruit surface and did not produce lesions on oranges. Production of antagonistic substances by S. schoenii was not detected using standard techniques. Our results point to the potential use of S. schoenii to control postharvest phytopathogens in fruits.


Este estudo avaliou a capacidade de levedura Saccharomycopsis schoenii Nadson & Krassiln (UWO-PS 80-91) em controlar o crescimento dos fungos fitopatogênicos Penicillium expansum Link (UFMG 01-2002), P. italicum Wehmer (LCP 61.1199), e P. digitatum (Pers.: Fr.) (LCP 984263, LCP 68175 e LCP 4354). S. schoenii reduziu a severidade da doença em laranjas inoculadas com todos os fitopatógenos testados. Entre estes fitopatógenos, P. digitatum LCP4354 apresentou a maior virulência enquanto que P. digitatum LCP 68175 foi o mais suscetível à predação. A levedura foi capaz de permanecer viável, sem produzir lesões na superfície dos frutos por 21 dias. Outra característica desejável observada foi a ausência de produção de substâncias antagonistas. Sendo assim, este trabalho evidência o potencial de utilização da levedura S. schoenii em protocolos de controle biológico de doenças pós-colheita em laranjas.


Subject(s)
Citrus sinensis , Pest Control, Biological , Penicillium/growth & development , Penicillium/isolation & purification , Saccharomycopsis/growth & development , Saccharomycopsis/isolation & purification , Chemical Compounds , Methods , Virulence
5.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 837-843, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-342828

ABSTRACT

Saccharomycopsis fibuligera possesses high alpha-amylase and glucoamylase activities that enable it to utilize raw starch as a carbon source. A expression cassette containing the promoter sequence of 3-phosphogylycerate kinase gene (PGK1p), the alpha factor signal sequence from Saccharomyces cerevisiae and the alpha-amylase coding sequence of S. fibuligera was constructed. The alpha-amylase expression cassette was inserted in the ILV2 locus of industrial brewer's yeast strain YSF-5 encoding alpha-acetolactate synthase (AHAS) by homologous recombination. The transformed yeast strain was selected on the media with starch as the sole carbon source and verified by PCR. The transformant exhibited secretive alpha-amylase activity, low AHAS activity and reduced diacetyl production. Effects of temperature, pH, and metal ions on the activity of the alpha-amylase expressed by the transformant were examined. The fermentation performance of host strain YSF-5 and the transformant was also examined.


Subject(s)
Beer , Microbiology , Diacetyl , Metabolism , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 , Genetics , Recombinant Proteins , Genetics , Recombination, Genetic , Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Genetics , Metabolism , Saccharomycopsis , Genetics , alpha-Amylases , Genetics , Metabolism
6.
Indian J Biochem Biophys ; 2006 Oct; 43(5): 289-94
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-27074

ABSTRACT

Mutant A11, a mutant of Saccharomycopsis fibuligera Sdu with low acid and neutral trehalase was found to accumulate over 18% (w/w) trehalose from starch in its cells. In this study, trehalose-6-phosphate synthase (Tps1) was purified to homogeneity from this mutant, with a 30-fold increase in the specific enzyme activity, as compared to the concentrated cell-free extract, from initial cells. The molecular mass of the purified enzyme as determined by SDS-PAGE was 66 kDa. The optimum pH and temperature of the purified enzyme were 6.6 and 37 degrees C, respectively. The enzyme was activated by Ca2+, K+ and Mg2+, with K+ showing the highest activation at 35 mM. On the other hand, Mn2+, Cu2+, Fe3+, Hg2+ and Co2+ inhibited the enzyme. The enzyme was also strongly inhibited by protease inhibitors such as iodoacetic acid, EDTA and PMSF.


Subject(s)
Cell-Free System , Chromatography, Gel , Chromatography, Ion Exchange , Edetic Acid/chemistry , Glucosyltransferases/chemistry , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Iodoacetic Acid/chemistry , Ions , Mutation , Protease Inhibitors/pharmacology , Saccharomycopsis/enzymology , Temperature , Trehalose/chemistry
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