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2.
Repert. med. cir ; 30(1): 43-47, 2021. tab.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1284478

ABSTRACT

Introducción: los cristaloides son medicamentos usados en pacientes críticamente enfermos, con resultados ambiguos cuando se utilizan soluciones balanceadas versus solución salina normal. Objetivo: conocer si existen diferencias al usar solución salina 0.9% vs. lactato de Ringer en pacientes críticamente enfermos con sepsis y choque séptico o hipovolémico, en cuanto a mortalidad, lesión renal aguda y tiempo de estancia hospitalaria. Métodos: estudio observacional de tipo cohorte retrospectiva en mayores de 18 años con diagnóstico de sepsis, choque séptico o hipovolémico. Se excluyeron aquellos con enfermedad renal crónica en diálisis, las hospitalizadas por ginecología/obstetricia y aquellos con diagnóstico de muerte encefálica o donantes de órganos. Se evaluaron los desenlaces primarios de mortalidad, lesión renal aguda y estancia hospitalaria. Resultados y discusión: se incluyeron 314 pacientes, 158 en el grupo expuesto a solución salina al 0.9% y 156 con lactato de Ringer. Se presentó lesión renal aguda en 22.7% con solución salina y 25.8% con lactato de Ringer (OR 1.18 IC 95%:0.7-2). La mortalidad con solución salina fue de 49%, y en lactato 49% (OR 1.01 IC 95%:0.63-1.63). Los factores de riesgo identificados para mortalidad fueron uso de soporte vasopresor (OR 35 IC 95% 12-83) y lesión renal aguda (1.3 IC 95% 1.01-1.69). Conclusiones: en el paciente críticamente enfermo con sepsis, choque séptico o hipovolémico el uso desolución salina 0.9% no representa diferencias al compararlo con lactato de Ringer en cuanto a mortalidad, lesión renal aguda o estancia hospitalaria. La elección de un cristaloide debe ser individualizada, teniendo en cuenta las comorbilidades, la presencia de hipercloremia o hiperpotasemia.


Objective: crystalloids are drugs used in critically ill patients, with ambiguous results when balanced solutions versus normal saline solution (NS) are used. The objective of this study is to determine if there are differences when NS (0.9%) vs. lactated Ringer ́s (LR) solution are given to critically ill patients in sepsis or septic or hypovolemic shock, in terms of mortality, acute renal injury and length of hospital stay. Methods: a retrospective observational cohort study in patients over 18 years old with sepsis or septic or hypovolemic shock. Patients with chronic renal disease on dialysis, those hospitalized by gynecology/obstetrics and those diagnosed with brain death or organ donors were excluded. The primary mortality outcomes, acute renal injury and hospital stay were evaluated. Results: 314 patients were included, 158 in the NS group and 156 in the LR group. Acute renal injury occurred in 22.7% in the NS group and 25.8% in the LR group (OR 1.18 IC 95%:0.7-2). Mortality rate was 49% in the NS group and 49% in the LR group (OR 1.01 95%: CI 0.63-1.63). Mortality risk factors included the use of vasopressor support (OR 35 95% CI 12-83) and acute renal injury (1.3 95% CI 1.01-1.69). Conclusions: no difference was found with the use of NS in critically ill patients with sepsis or septic or hypovolemic shock when compared with LR in terms of mortality, acute renal injury or hospital stay. The choice of which crystalloid to administer should be individualized, based on the comorbidities and the presence of hyperchloremia or hyperkalemia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Shock/therapy , Sepsis/therapy , Ringer's Lactate/therapeutic use , Saline Solution/therapeutic use , Shock/mortality , Shock, Septic/mortality , Shock, Septic/therapy , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Sepsis/mortality , Acute Kidney Injury/chemically induced , Ringer's Lactate/adverse effects , Saline Solution/adverse effects , Length of Stay
3.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 40(1): 8-11, Jan.-Mar. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090847

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Peritoneal antibiotic or normal saline lavage is seen to be beneficial in order to reduce the pain or infection risk through laparoscopic surgeries. It can also be applied for laparoscopic colectomy surgeries. In this study, we have compared the effects of antibiotic solution lavage (gentamycin-clindamycin) with normal saline lavage in patients undergoing laparoscopic colectomy surgery. Method In this double-blind Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT), 40 patients undergoing laparoscopic colectomy surgery were divided into antibiotic and normal saline lavage groups (20 patients in each group). Post-operational pain, need for painkiller, white blood cells count, C-reactive protein level, duration of hospitalization and wound infection were compared in 30 days between the groups. Results Antibiotic lavage group had significantly less pain than the normal saline group (p < 0.05) through 3, 6, 12 and 24 h after surgery. C-reactive protein level, white blood cells count, painkiller use, and hospitalization duration were significantly lower in antibiotic group. However, there was no difference regarding wound or intra-abdominal infection between the both groups. Conclusion Using gentamicin-clindamycin peritonea lavage helps patients undergoing laparoscopic colectomy surgery in pain reduction, need for painkillers and hospitalization duration.


Resumo Introdução A lavagem peritoneal com antibiótico ou com soro fisiológico normal é benéfica para reduzir o risco de dor ou de infecção durante cirurgias laparoscópicas, além de poder ser aplicada também em colectomias laparoscópicas. Neste estudo, comparamos os efeitos da lavagem com solução antibiótica (gentamicina-clindamicina) e da lavagem com solução salina normal em pacientes submetidos à colectomia laparoscópica. Método Neste Ensaio Clínico Randomizado (ECR), controlado e duplo-cego, 40 pacientes submetidos à colectomia laparoscópica foram divididos em dois grupos (20 pacientes em cada grupo) para receberem antibiótico ou solução salina normal. Dor pós-operatória, necessidade de analgésico, contagem de leucócitos, nível de proteína C-reativa, tempo de internação e infecção da ferida foram comparados entre os grupos em 30 dias. Resultados De forma significativa, o Grupo Antibiótico apresentou menos dor que o Grupo Salina Normal (p < 0,05) em 3, 6, 12 e 24 horas após a cirurgia. O nível de proteína C-reativa, a contagem de leucócitos, o uso de analgésicos e o tempo de internação foram significativamente menores no Grupo Antibiótico. Porém, não houve diferença em relação à infecção da ferida ou intra-abdominal entre os dois grupos. Conclusão O uso da lavagem peritoneal com gentamicina-clindamicina ajuda a reduzir a dor, a necessidade de analgésicos e o tempo de internação de pacientes submetidos à colectomia laparoscópica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Surgical Wound Infection/drug therapy , Peritoneal Lavage , Laparoscopy , Colectomy/methods , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Clindamycin/therapeutic use , Gentamicins/therapeutic use , Double-Blind Method , Saline Solution/therapeutic use , Length of Stay
5.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 84(4): 336-341, dic. 2019. []
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1057058

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La fascitis plantar, descrita, por primera vez, por Plettner, es la causa más común de dolor en el talón. Su etiología continúa en estudio, participan factores anatómicos, como el acortamiento de la flexión plantar, y relacionados con el aumento de peso. Si bien no se ha publicado cuál es el mejor tratamiento para este cuadro, se recomienda el tratamiento conservador temprano. El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar tres métodos de tratamiento de la fascitis plantar. Materiales y Métodos: Entre marzo de 2016 y marzo de 2017, se trató a 90 pacientes con fascitis plantar, quienes fueron divididos en tres grupos, según el tratamiento recibido: grupo A o de control, ejercicios de elongación de la fascia plantar; grupo B, infiltración corticoanestésica y ejercicios de elongación de la fascia plantar, y grupo C, infiltración con solución salina y ejercicios de elongación de la fascia plantar. Resultados: Se mencionan los resultados comparativos sobre la base de la edad, el lado afectado, las enfermedades previas, la forma del pie, las cirugías previas del pie, el dolor posinfiltración, la escala analógica visual: grupo A: 0,73; grupo B: 1,03, grupo C: 2,7 y el tiempo hasta el retorno a la actividad previa: grupo A: 19.1 días, grupo B: 12.63 días, grupo C: 15.12 días. Conclusiones: Nuestro estudio demuestra que los tres tratamientos para la fascitis plantar son eficaces. La recuperación fue más rápida en los pacientes tratados con infiltración corticoanestésica, con un bajo número de complicaciones, pero sin diferencias a largo plazo. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Objective: Plantar fasciitis, first described by Plettner, is the most common cause of heel pain. The pathophysiology of this condition is still being studied, but it involves both anatomical factors-such as shortening of plantar flexion-and factors related to weight gain. Although literature is not conclusive on the best treatment strategy, early conservative management is recommended. The objective of this study was to compare three treatment regimens for plantar fasciitis. Materials and Methods: Ninety patients with plantar fasciitis were treated between March 2016 and March 2017. They were divided into 3 groups based on the treatment received. Group A (the control group) was managed with plantar fasciitis stretches; Group B was managed with steroid injections and plantar fasciitis stretches; and Group C was managed with saline injections and plantar fasciitis stretches. Results: Results of the comparative study were as follows (reported based on age, affected side, underlying conditions, foot shape, previous foot surgeries, post-injection pain, and visual analog scale scoring): Group A - 0.73, Group B - 1.03, Group C - 2.7. Regarding the time elapsed until patients were able to resume previous activities, results were as follows: Group A - 19.1 days, Group B - 12.63 days, Group C - 15.12 days. Conclusions: Our study showed the effectiveness of the three treatment regimens used. A shorter time to recovery and a lower complication rate were observed in patients treated with steroid injections, but no long-term differences were detected. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Heel/pathology , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Fasciitis, Plantar/therapy , Exercise , Treatment Outcome , Saline Solution/therapeutic use
6.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e021, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001593

ABSTRACT

Abstract: This study investigated the effectiveness of XP-Endo Finisher (XPF) associated with XP-Endo Shaper (XPS) or Reciproc Blue (RB) files in reducing bacterial load in oval-shaped root canals (RC) during chemomechanical preparation (CMP) using 0.9% saline solution (NaCl) or 2.5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl). Eighty mandibular incisors with single oval-shaped RC were contaminated with Enterococcus faecalis. The teeth were randomly assigned to eight experimental groups (n = 10) according to the CMP, as follows: G1: XPS, G2: XPS + XPF, G3: RB, and G4: RB + XPF. CMP was performed with NaCl or NaOCl. The reduction of bacterial load was assessed by colony-forming unit count before (S1) and after (S2) CMP. Data normality was verified by using Shapiro-Wilk test. ANOVA, Tukey's test, and Bonferroni post-hoc test were used at a 5% significance level. Culturable bacteria were present in all S1 samples (p>0.05). All instrumentation techniques were effective in reducing bacterial load, irrespective of the irrigating solution (p < 0.05). With the use of NaCl, RB was more effective than XPS (p = 0.035). With the use of NaOCl, XPS and RB presented similar effectiveness (p = 0.779). XPF enhanced the bacterial reduction of both systems tested (p < 0.05). The use of NaOCl improved the CMP, irrespective of the instrumentation technique used (p < 0.05). In conclusion, XPS and RB files are effective in reducing bacterial levels in oval-shaped RC. The use of XPF as a method of agitation of the irrigating solution improved the cleaning efficiency of both file systems tested. Mechanical preparation performed with saline solution decreased culturable bacteria from the root canal, but antimicrobial substances such as NaOCl should be used to achieve a significantly better disinfection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Dental Instruments , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology , Bacterial Load , Sodium Hypochlorite/therapeutic use , Materials Testing , Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections , Enterococcus faecalis/isolation & purification , Dental Pulp Cavity/microbiology , Disinfectants/therapeutic use , Saline Solution/therapeutic use , Incisor
7.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180030, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002410

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: To evaluate the effect of calcium hydroxide (CH) associated with two different vehicles as a capping material for pulp tissue in primary molars, compared with mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA). Methodology: Forty-five primary mandibular molars with dental caries were treated by conventional pulpotomy using one of the following materials: MTA only (MTA group), CH with saline (CH+saline group) and CH with polyethylene glycol (CH+PEG group) (15 teeth/group). Clinical and periapical radiographic examinations of the pulpotomized teeth were performed 3, 6, and 12 months after treatment. Data were tested by chi-squared analysis and a multiple comparison post-test. Results: The MTA group showed both clinical and radiographic treatment success in 14/14 teeth (100%), at all follow-up appointments. By clinical evaluation, no teeth in the CH+saline and CH+PEG groups had signs of mobility, fistula, swelling or inflammation of the surrounding gingival tissue. However, in the CH+saline group, radiographic analysis detected internal resorption in up to 9/15 teeth (67%), and inter-radicular bone resorption and furcation radiolucency in up to 5/15 teeth (36%), from 3 to 12 months of follow-up. In the CH+PEG group, 2/11 teeth (18%) had internal resorption and 1/11 teeth (9%) presented bone resorption and furcation radiolucency at all follow-up appointments. Conclusion: CH with PEG performed better than CH with saline as capping material for pulpotomy of primary teeth. However, both combinations yielded clinical and radiographic results inferior to those of MTA alone.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Oxides/therapeutic use , Pulpotomy/methods , Tooth, Deciduous/surgery , Calcium Hydroxide/therapeutic use , Silicates/therapeutic use , Calcium Compounds/therapeutic use , Aluminum Compounds/therapeutic use , Pulp Capping and Pulpectomy Agents/therapeutic use , Time Factors , Tooth, Deciduous/diagnostic imaging , Calcium Hydroxide/chemistry , Radiography, Dental , Prospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Drug Combinations , Pulp Capping and Pulpectomy Agents/chemistry , Saline Solution/therapeutic use , Saline Solution/chemistry
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