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Rev. Hosp. Clin. Univ. Chile ; 32(1): 60-68, 2021. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151945


It is described that salivary gland tumors account for up to 3-6% of head and neck tumors, 80% of these being located in the parotid gland. Broadly speaking, the smaller the gland, the greater the probability of malignancy. The most common clinical manifestation in tumor pathology is the appearance of a painless mass. Indicators of malignancy should be considered: chronic volume increase or rapid growth, facial paralysis, cranial nerve involvement, ulceration, and cervical lymphadenopathy. Ultrasonography should be the first imaging study, however, it provides limited information. MRI is the exam of choice for salivary gland tumors, whereas CT and PET-CT allow the study of local and remote invasion. FNA is controversial, it is not indicated for all patients, in parotid tumors a cytological examination is usually not necessary prior to surgery. Excisional biopsy is not recommended due to the risk of tumor seeding, neural damage, and salivary fistula. The goal of treatment in gland tumors is the removal of the glands, associated with lymph node dissection and adjuvant radiation therapy in indicated cases. The general practitioner must comprehensively address these pathologies to achieve a timely referral to the specialist. (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Salivary Gland Diseases/diagnosis , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/diagnosis , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/epidemiology , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(4): 653-657, dic. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134553


ABSTRACT: Pleomorphic adenoma (PA), also called benign mixed tumor, is the most common tumor of the salivary glands. About 70 % of these tumors occur in the parotid gland and an uncommon site are the minor salivary glands. The most common sites of PA of the minor salivary glands are the palate followed by lips and cheek. Other rare reported sites include the fauces, floor of the mouth, tongue, tonsil, pharynx, retromolar area and nasal cavity. Here we report a case of pleomorphic adenoma of minor salivary glands of the cheek in a 22-year-old male. The mass was removed by wide local excision with adequate margins, and the patient was followed for 1-year post operatively with no recurrence.

RESUMEN: El adenoma pleomórfico (AP), conocido también como tumor mixto benigno, es el tumor más común de las glándulas salivales. Alrededor del 70 % de estos tumores ocurren en la glándula parótida y con menor frecuencia en las otras glándulas salivales. Los lugares más comunes de AP en las glándulas salivales son el paladar, seguido de labios y mejillas. Otros sitios poco frecuentes reportados, incluyen las fauces, el piso de la boca, la lengua, las tonsilas palatinas, la faringe, el área retromolar y la cavidad nasal. En este estudio se presenta un caso de adenoma pleomórfico de las glándulas salivales menores de la mejilla en un hombre de 22 años. Se extirpó la masa mediante escisión local amplia con márgenes adecuados, con un seguimiento del paciente durante un año después de la operación sin recurrencia.

Humans , Male , Young Adult , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/surgery , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/diagnosis , Adenoma, Pleomorphic/surgery , Adenoma, Pleomorphic/diagnosis , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/pathology , Cheek , Follow-Up Studies
Autops. Case Rep ; 10(2): e2020156, Apr.-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131806


Hyalinizing clear cell carcinoma (HCCC), also known as clear cell carcinoma, not otherwise specified [CCC, (NOS)], is a rare minor salivary gland tumor characterized by proliferation of clear cells, organized in trabecular cords, or solid nests within loose to densely hyalinized stroma. It is considered a diagnosis of exclusion by the World Health Organization (WHO) because other salivary tumors may also have a clear cell component. Hence, there is a wide differential diagnosis. EWSR1-ATF1 gene rearrangements are fairly specific for this tumor, however, one of the recent studies have described its presence in clear cell odontogenic carcinoma (CCOC) one of its histologic mimickers. EWSR1 and CREM fusions have recently been described in these tumors but its importance is still not well described. Here we present a case of a 33-year-old woman who presented with a recurrent lesion of the soft palate. Her initial lesion was resected and diagnosed as low-grade myoepithelial tumor. Surgical margins at the time of initial resection were positive and the re-excision was recommended but the patient did not undergo surgery. Two years later, local recurrence at the same site was found and an excision was performed yielding negative margins. Histopathologic examination revealed features consistent with hyalinizing clear cell carcinoma. The patient remains disease free 1 year after the re-excision. The pathology, clinical characteristics, differential diagnosis and treatment of hyalinizing clear cell carcinoma are reviewed.

Humans , Female , Adult , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/diagnosis , Carcinoma , Pathology, Clinical , Diagnosis, Differential
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 20(4): 21-25, out.-dez. 2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1252653


Introdução: As neoplasias de glândulas salivares constituem um grupo de lesões, clínica e morfologicamente diferente, capaz de determinar importantes desafios diagnósticos e terapêuticos. Apresentar dois casos de tumores benignos de glândulas salivares menores, sendo um adenoma e outro mioepitelioma, discutindo o diagnóstico diferencial e a forma de tratamento em comparação com informações da literatura. Relato de caso: Pacientes do sexo feminino, com idades semelhantes, ambas se queixavam que após o uso de uma prótese mal adaptada notou-se o aparecimento de uma lesão assintomática no palato. Diante das características clínicas das lesões, as hipóteses de diagnóstico foram de tumor de glândula salivar menor e adenoma pleomórfico, respectivamente. Diante da ausência de sinais de malignidade, o tratamento proposto foi biópsia excisional com enucleação e curetagem. O diagnóstico histopatológico foi de Tumor de Glândula Salivar Menor (Mioepitelioma Plasmocitóide), e Adenoma Pleomórfico, respectivamente. A enucleação e curetagem se mostraram eficazes e sem sinais de recidiva. Considerações finais: Tanto o adenoma como o mioepitelioma se apresentam clinicamente semelhantes sendo o diagnóstico diferencial realizado através do histopatológico, porém o tratamento conservador de enucleação e curetagem pode ser aplicado em ambas... (AU)

Introduction: The neoplasms of salivary gland constitute a group of lesions clinically and morphologically different, which are able to determine important challenges in diagnostic and therapeutic.To report two cases of benign tumors of the minor salivary glands, adenoma and myoepithelioma. Also, discussing the differential diagnosis and its treatment in comparison with literature information. Case report: Two female patients, with similar ages, both complained about the appearance of an asymptomatic lesion on the palate after using a poorly adapted prosthesis. On the clinical characteristics of the lesions, the hypothetical diagnosis was of minor salivary gland tumor and pleomorphic adenoma, respectively. In the absence of signs of malignancy, the proposed treatment was excisional biopsy with enucleation and curettage. The histopathology diagnosis was begin tumor of minor salivary glands (myoepithelioma plasmacytoid), and pleomorphic adenoma, respectively. The enucleation and curettage were effective and there were no signs of recurrence. Final considerations: Both the adenoma and myoepithelioma are clinically similar and the differential diagnosis is performed by the histopathology exam, but conservative treatment such as enucleation and curettage can be applied to both... (AU)

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/diagnosis , Adenoma, Pleomorphic/diagnosis , Myoepithelioma/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential
Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci. (Online) ; 56(1): e149060, jun. 2019. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1008008


This report describes a 14-year-old Pit Bull dog presenting with a soft tissue swelling of 3-month progression in the right sublingual region. Histopathological analysis of the surgically resected specimen revealed large numbers of mature adipocytes and islets consisting of mucin-containing atrophic acini and dilated ducts surrounded by a thin fibrous capsule. Findings were consistent with sialolipoma of the sublingual salivary gland. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first case of sialolipoma affecting the sublingual salivary gland in dogs.(AU)

O presente relato descreve um cão Pit Bull, de 14 anos, com aumento de volume de consistência macia em região sublingual direita com evolução de 3 meses. Após excisão cirúrgica, a análise histopatológica revelou grande número de adipócitos maduros, tecido glandular composto por ductos dilatados e ácinos atróficos contendo mucina, circundados por fina cápsula fibrosa, achados compatíveis com sialolipoma da glândula salivar sublingual. Pelo conhecimento dos autores, este é o primeiro relato de sialolipoma acometendo glândula salivar sublingual em cão.(AU)

Animals , Dogs , Salivary Glands/abnormalities , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/diagnosis , Dogs/abnormalities
São Paulo; s.n; 2018. 64 p. ilust, tabelas, quadros.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, Inca | ID: biblio-1280885


Os tumores de glândulas salivares compreendem um grupo heterogêneo de lesões, apresentando diferentes características histológicas e comportamento clínico diverso. A grande variação no padrão histológico das lesões benignas de glândulas salivares muitas vezes é atribuída à presença de células mioepiteliais que apresentam padrões distintos em cada neoplasia: o mioepitelioma (M) é composto predominantemente por células mioepiteliais, o adenoma de células basais (ACB) é composto predominantemente por células epiteliais e o adenoma pleomórfico (AP) composto por variações de células mioepiteliais e epiteliais. O objetivo desse trabalho foi avaliar a expressão de um painel de proteínas do citoesqueleto (citoceratina 14 (CK14), vimentina, actina de músculo liso (AML), calponina e caldesmon), da matriz extracelular (colágeno) e proteína PLAG1, em neoplasias benignas das glândulas salivares por meio de técnica imunoistoquímica. Para tanto foram selecionadas 28 amostras de AP, 3 de M, 5 de ACB e 3 amostras de glândulas salivares histologicamente normais. A proteína CK14 foi predominantemente expressa no adenoma pleomórfico e adenoma de células basais. A AML foi expressa em todos os casos de adenoma pleomórfico e sua expressão foi menos frequente no adenoma de células basais e mioepitelioma. Caldesmon e vimentina foram expressas em todos os casos de AP, M e ACB. A proteína calponina foi expressa em todos os casos de mioepitelioma e adenoma de células basais e frequentemente positiva no adenoma pleomórfico. Colágeno tipo IV foi raramente expresso nos casos de adenoma pleomórfico e no adenoma de células basais. PLAG1 foi expressa na maioria dos tumores. Utilizando análise de clusterização hierárquica não foi possível classificar os diferentes tumores benignos de glândula salivar. A análise estatística demonstrou que a AML é mais expressa em adenoma pleomórfico e que existe uma associação entre a expressão das proteínas calponina e PLAG1. Nossos resultados sugerem que o mioepitelioma, adenoma pleomórfico e adenoma de células basais representam espectros histológicos de um mesmo tumor

Salivary gland tumors comprise a heterogeneous group of lesions, presenting different histological characteristics and diverse clinical behavior. The large variation in the histological pattern of benign lesions of the salivary glands is often attributed to the presence of myoepithelial cells presenting distinct patterns in each neoplasia: myoepithelioma is predominantly composed of myoepithelial cells, basal cell adenoma is composed predominantly of epithelial cells and pleomorphic adenoma composed of variations of myoepithelial and epithelial cells. The aim of this work was to determine a myoepithelial cell signature in benign salivary gland neoplasms using a panel of cytoskeleton proteins (cytokeratin, vimentin, smooth muscle actin, calponin and caldesmon), extracellular matrix protein (collagen) and PLAG1 protein by means of immunohistochemical technique. For this purpose 28 samples of pleomorphic adenoma, 3 of myoepithelioma, 5 of basal cell adenoma and 3 samples of histologically normal salivary glands were selected. CK14 protein was predominantly expressed in pleomorphic adenoma and basal cell adenoma. Smooth muscle actin was expressed in all cases of pleomorphic adenoma and its expression was less frequent in basal cell adenoma and myoepithelioma. Caldesmon and vimentin were expressed in all cases of pelomorphic adenoma, myoepithelioma and basal cell adenoma. Calponin protein was expressed in all cases of myoepithelioma and basal cell adenoma and frequently positive in pleomorphic adenoma. Type IV collagen was rarely expressed in cases of pleomorphic adenoma and basal cell adenoma. PLAG1 was expressed in the majority of the tumors. Using hierarchical clustering analysis it was not possible to classify the different benign tumors of the salivary gland. Statistical analysis demonstrated that smooth muscle actin is more expressed in pleomorphic adenoma and that there is an association between the expression of the calponin and PLAG1 proteins. Our results suggest that myoepithelioma, pleomorphic adenoma, and basal cell adenoma represent histological spectra of the same tumor

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/diagnosis , Immunohistochemistry , Adenoma, Pleomorphic , Myoepithelioma , Cytoskeletal Proteins , Retrospective Studies
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 11(2): 147-150, June 2017. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-893243


Pleomorphic adenoma is the most common benign neoplasm of salivary glands. Their common location is in parotid gland, however, a lower percentage of these tumors might occur in minor glands. The epidemiology of this tumor shows that adults are the most affected, with rare occurrence in children or adolescents. We present the case report of pleomorphic adenoma located on the palate of a 10 year old. Excisional biopsy of the lesion followed by histopathologic examination of the biopsy specimen revealed ductal structures surrounded by plasmacytoid mioepithelial cells within a myxoid stroma, the final diagnosis corresponded to Pleomorphic Adenoma. Early detection and excision of this lesion in children are important to minimize potential recurrences or malignant transformation.

El adenoma pleomorfo es la neoplasia benigna más común de las glándulas salivales. Su localización común está en glándula parótida, sin embargo, un bajo porcentaje de estos tumores puede ocurrir en glándulas menores. La epidemiología de este tumor muestra que los adultos son los más afectados, con rara ocurrencia en niños o adolescentes. Presentamos el caso de un adenoma pleomorfo localizado en el paladar de un niño de 10 años. La biopsia excisional de la lesión seguida de examen histopatológico de la muestra de biopsia reveló estructuras ductales rodeadas por células mioepiteliales plasmocitóides dentro de un estroma mixoide, siendo el diagnóstico final adenoma pleomorfo. La detección temprana y la excisión de esta lesión en los niños es importante para minimizar las recidivas potenciales o la transformación maligna.

Humans , Male , Child , Salivary Glands, Minor/pathology , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/diagnosis , Palatal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Adenoma, Pleomorphic/diagnosis , Periosteum/pathology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Palate, Hard/pathology , Mouth Mucosa/pathology
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 83(3): 276-284, May-June 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889263


Abstract Introduction: Salivary gland tumors (SGTs) are rare head and neck malignancies consisting of a spectrum of tumors with different biological behaviors. Objective: In this study we aimed to find out differential expression of microRNA profiles between benign and malignant SGTs. Methods: We investigated the possible role of 95 microRNAs in the 20 patients with salivary gland tumors with comparison of 17 patients without malignancy or salivary gland diseases. Sixteen of the tumors were benign (seven pleomorphic adenomas, nine Warthin tumors), four of them were malignant (two squamous cell carcinomas, one high grade mucoepidermoid carcinoma, one adenocarcinoma). Serum and saliva samples were collected from both patients and control group. Tissue samples of tumor masses were also collected from patient group. Results: Among studied microRNAs miR-21, miR-23a, miR-27a, miR-223, miR-125b, miR-126, miR-146a, miR-30e were down regulated in the benign group compared to control group in the serum samples (p-values are 0.04, 0.00005, 0.00005, 0.0022, 0.031, 0.00008, 0.044, and 0.0007, respectively). When tissue samples were studied miR-21, miR-31, miR-199a-5p, miR-146b, miR-345 were up-regulated in the malignant group compared to benign group (p values are 0.006, 0.02, 0.013, 0.013, 0.041, respectively). miR-30e showed statistically significant up-regulation in malignant tumor group's plasma samples compared to benign group (p = 0.034). There was no statistically significant difference in saliva samples between groups. Conclusion: Our results showed that different microRNAs may play role in salivary tumor pathogenesis according to biological behavior. Although there was no difference in saliva samples between groups, according to tissue and serum samples miR-21 and 30e may have an important role; since they were down-regulated in benign tumors whereas up-regulated in malignant ones.

Resumo Introdução: Os tumores da glândula salivar (TGS) são lesões malignas raras de cabeça e pescoçoque consistem em um espectro de tumores com diferentes comportamentos biológicos. Objetivo: Neste estudo, tivemos como objetivo identificar a expressão diferencial de perfis demicroRNA entre TGS benignos e malignos. Método: Investigamos a possível participação de 95 microRNA em 20 pacientes com tumoresde glândulas salivares comparados com 17 pacientes sem doença maligna ou doenças das glân-dulas salivares; 16 dos tumores eram benignos (sete adenomas pleomórficos, nove tumores deWarthin), quatro eram malignos (dois carcinomas espinocelulares, carcinoma mucoepidermoidede alto grau, um adenocarcinoma). As amostras de soro e saliva foram coletadas de pacien-tes e do grupo controle. Amostras de tecido dos tumores também foram colhidas do grupo depacientes com tumores. Resultados: Entre os microRNA estudados, miR-21, miR-23a, miR-27a, miR-223, miR-125b, miR-126, miR-146a, miR-30e foram infrarregulados no grupo benigno em comparação com o grupocontrole nas amostras do soro (os valores de p são 0,04, 0,00005, 0,00005, 0,0022, 0,031,0,00008, 0,044 e 0,0007, respectivamente). Quando as amostras de tecido foram estudadas,miR-21, o miR-31, o miR-199-5p, miR-146b, o miR-345 foram suprarregulados no grupo malignoem relação ao grupo benigno (valores de p são 0,006, 0,02, 0,013, 0,013, 0,041, respectiva-mente). O miR-30e apresentou suprarregulação estatisticamente significativa em amostras deplasma do grupo de tumor maligno em relação ao grupo benigno (p = 0,034). Não houve diferençaestatisticamente significativa em amostras de saliva entre os grupos. Conclusão: Nossos resultados mostraram que diferentes microRNA podem desempenhar umpapel na patogenia do tumor salivar de acordo com o comportamento biológico. Embora nãotenha havido diferença em amostras de saliva entre os grupos, de acordo com as amostras detecido e de soro, miR-21 e 30e podem ter um papel importante, já que foram infrarreguladosnos tumores benignos enquanto suprarregulados nos tumores malignos.

Humans , Male , Female , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/diagnosis , MicroRNAs/analysis , Saliva/chemistry , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/genetics , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Case-Control Studies , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/genetics , Prospective Studies
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 36(2): 44-49, jun. 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1147215


Objetivos: Determinar la tasa de resección quirúrgica completa en tumores seleccionados del Espacio parafaríngeo tratados por vía transoral o transnasal o por ambas. Diseño: descriptivo, retrospectivo. Materiales y métodos: Se incluyeron en este estudio los pacientes que tuvieron neoplasias localizadas en el espacio parafaríngeo y que fueron tratados con cirugía por vía transoral o transnasal. El abordaje transoral consistió en realizar una incisión con cauterio en la zona de mayor protrusión del tumor (pilar amigdalino y paladar), disección de la mucosa y del tumor de los planos profundos, traccionándolo hacia la cavidad oral. Para disecar el límite superior (rinofaringe) y lateral se utilizaron endoscopios que fueron introducidos por la incisión y por la cavidad nasal. El abordaje transnasal consistió en realizar una incisión en la pared lateral de la rinofaringe y disecar el tumor del plano profundo traccionándolo hacia el cavum. Resultados: Fueron tratados 3 pacientes por vía transoral y uno por vía endonasal por padecer tumores del espacio parafaríngeo. Tres tumores se originaron en glándulas salivales menores localizadas una en el espacio. Preestiloideo (1/3), otra en el espacio masticador (1/3) y otra en el sector superior del espacio preestiloideo (1/3). La histología dio como resultado dos adenoma pleomorfo y un carcinoma mucoepidermoide de bajo grado (1/3). (Está bien así? Qué es 1/3?). Una neoplasia se originó en el lóbulo profundo de la parótida y se extendió al espacio preestiloideo, su histología fue carcinoma mucoepidermoide de grado moderado. Conclusiones: La tasa de resección completa en pacientes con tumores del espacio parafaríngeo seleccionados tratados por vía transoral y endonasal fue del 100%. (AU)

Objectives: To determine the rate of complete surgical resection in parapharyngeal space selected tumors treated with transoral and / or transnasal approach. Design: Descriptive, retrospective. Materials and methods: Patients who had tumors localized in parapharyngealspace and who were treated with transoral or transnasal surgery. were included in this study. The transoral approach consisted in performing an incision with cautery in the area of greates tumor protrusion (tonsillar pillar and palate), dissection of the mucosa and tumor of the deep planes, pulling it into the oral cavity. To dissect the upper limit (nasopharynx) and lateral we used endoscopes that were inserted by the incision and the nasal cavity. The transnasal approach consisted in making an incision in the side wall of the nasopharynx and dissect the tumor of the deep plane pulling it towards the cavum. Results: Three patients were treated with transoral and one byendonasalapproacheswho had parapharyngeal space tumors. Three tumors originated in minor salivary glands located in prestyloidspace (1/3), masticator space (1/3) and upper sector of pree-styloid space (1/3). Histology was in two pleomorphic adenoma, and another onelow degree mucoepidermoid carcinoma (1/3). A neoplasm was originated in the deep lobe of the parotid gland and was extended to the prestyloid space, was a moderate degree of mucoepidermoid carcinoma. Conclusions: Complete resection rate in patients with selected parapharyngeal space tumors, treated by transorally and endonasal approach was 100%. (AU)

Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures/statistics & numerical data , Pharyngeal Neoplasms/surgery , Adenoma, Pleomorphic/surgery , Parapharyngeal Space/surgery , Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/surgery , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/diagnosis , Pharyngeal Neoplasms/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid/surgery , Carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid/diagnosis , Adenoma, Pleomorphic/diagnosis , Parapharyngeal Space/anatomy & histology , Parapharyngeal Space/pathology
Rev. chil. dermatol ; 32(1): 50-52, 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-916504


El tumor mixto cutáneo es una neoplasia se aparición inusual al que se ha denominado también siringoma condroide. Se reporta un caso de Tumor mixto benigno apocrino en una paciente de 63 años. Paciente mujer de 63 años, con lesión tumoral de un año de evolución en zona frontal, asintomática. La ecografía de partes blandas fue compatible con lesión quística y el estudio histológico mostró la presencia de una neoplasia mixta benigna epitelial estromal, correspondiente a un tumor mixto benigno apocrino. Los tumores mixtos benignos apocrinos son neoplasias poco frecuentes, localizadas en las glándulas sudoríparas. Se caracterizan por presentarse como un nódulo subcutáneo o intradérmico, solitario, que puede alcanzar hasta 3 cm. de diámetro. Son asintomáticos y de crecimiento lento. Su principal ubicación corresponde a la cabeza y cuello y predominan en pacientes de sexo masculino, de edad media. El diagnóstico de certeza es histopatológico, encontrándose a la microscopía un patrón epitelial compuesto por estructuras tubulares, ductales, túbulo-alveolares o áreas sólidas con diferenciación pilo-sebácea focal, en un estroma que puede ser mixoide o condroide Se presenta este caso por ser un tumor de baja frecuencia, cuyo diagnóstico es esencialmente histopatológico y cuya terapia resolutiva es la extirpación quirúrgica completa.

Apocrine mixed tumor of the skin: a diagnosis challenge to consider. Cutaneous mixed tumor is an uncommon, benign adnexal neoplasm arising from apocrine or eccrine glands of the dermis. Apocrine mixed tumors often exhibit decapitation secretion, a feature of apocrine epithelium, but they may exhibit a wide range of metaplastic changes and differentiation in the epithelial, the myoepithelial, and the stromal components. We present two clinical cases of Apocrine mixed tumour of the skin in two different patients who have seen in our Department.

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Skin Neoplasms/diagnosis , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/diagnosis , Neoplasms, Complex and Mixed/diagnosis , Apocrine Glands/pathology , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/pathology , Neoplasms, Complex and Mixed/pathology , Diagnosis, Differential
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 102(4): 176-179, oct.-dic. 2014. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-744940


Objetivo: presentar un caso clínico de adenoma pleomorfo de localización inusual en región retromolar. Caso clínico: se llevó a cabo el tratamiento quirúrgico de una tumoración indolora, firme, rosada, adyacente al tercer molar inferior derecho. Se efectuó exéresis de la tumoración, junto con la exodoncia de la pieza dentaria involucrada, para su posterior análisis anatomopatolólgico. Conclusiones: es necesario considerar la posibilidad de la existencia de este tipo de neoplasias en cualquier zona de la cavidad bucal que presente glándulas salivales menores, a fin de realizar el diagnóstico, tratamiento y seguimiento adecuados.

Humans , Adult , Female , Adenoma, Pleomorphic/surgery , Adenoma, Pleomorphic/diagnosis , Adenoma, Pleomorphic/pathology , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/diagnosis , Immunohistochemistry/methods , Oral Surgical Procedures/methods , Tooth Extraction
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-157591


Diagnosis of Salivary gland tumours is challenging, because of wide variation in differentiation and overlapping morphological features. Sometimes, the difficulty encountered in distinguishing between pleomorphic adenoma, adenoid cystic carcinoma and adenocarcinoma. The objective is to study the application of AgNOR pattern in differentiating benign and malignant tumours of the salivary glands on Fine needle aspirates and their correlation with histopathology. Material and method: Cytological material was obtained by FNAC from forty three patients of salivary gland tumours. MGG and Pap stained smears were prepared for cytological interpretation. Histopathological study was done on routine formalin fixed and Haematoxylin & Eosin stained sections. Smears and sections were stained with Silver colloid stain for study of AgNOR counting. Results: AgNOR in benign tumours were small, round, uniform and less in number (1.02-1.97) while in malignant tumours they were very large, irregular, haphazardly distributed with high counts (1.23-16). Conclusion: Present study shows that count as well as morphology of AgNOR dots was helpful in differentiating between benign and malignant tumours and their grading of malignancy .

Adult , Antigens, Nuclear/diagnosis , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Humans , Middle Aged , Neoplasms/classification , Neoplasms/diagnosis , Neoplasms/pathology , Nucleolus Organizer Region , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/diagnosis , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/pathology , Silver Staining
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 3(1): 46-49, mar. 2014. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-727827


Pleomorphic adenoma (PA) is the most common neoplasm encountered in major and minor salivary glands. Intraorally, it is most frequently developed in the palatal glands. Histologically, it is characterized by a diverse architecture comprised of epithelial stromal elements mixed with mucoid, myxoid, or chondroid fibrohyaline. A PA does not generally present gender bias and can occur at any age with the same clinical behavior. It is usually a round, slow-growing, painless tumor, which is firm upon palpation. We reported two cases of adult patients who were treated using transoral resection at San Juan de Dios Hospital in La Serena.

El Adenoma Pleomorfo es la neoplasia más común de las glándulas salivales mayores y menores. Intraoralmente las glándulas del paladar son las más afectadas. Histológicamente se caracteriza por una arquitectura variada que comprende elementos epiteliales mezclados con estroma mucoide, mixoide, fibrohialino o condroide, Los AP no suelen presentar predisposición por sexos, pudiendo aparecer a cualquier edad, con el mismo comportamiento clínico. Se presentan habitualmente como una tumoración redondeada de crecimiento lento, indolora y firme a la palpación. Presentamos dos casos de pacientes adultos, quienes fueron tratados mediante resección transoral en el hospital de la Serena.

Humans , Adult , Female , Aged , Adenoma, Pleomorphic/surgery , Adenoma, Pleomorphic/diagnosis , Palatal Neoplasms/surgery , Palatal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/surgery , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/diagnosis , Palate, Hard/pathology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
São Paulo; s.n; 2014. 80 p. ilus, tab. (BR).
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-758290


Os tumores de glândula salivar compreendem em torno de 2 a 6,5% dos tumores de cabeça e pescoço. Entre os tumores de glândula salivar, o adenoma pleomórfico é benigno e o mais comum. O carcinoma adenoide cístico e adenocarcinoma polimorfo de baixo grau encontram-se entre os mais frequentes malignos. Jab1 é uma de muitas proteínas que afetam diversos estágios da tumorigênese sendo importante na regulação variadas vias de sinalização e/ou proteínas como p27 e AP-1, a última composta por c-jun e c-fos, que são principalmente relacionadas com o ciclo celular e proliferação celular. O objetivo desse trabalho foi avaliar a expressão imuno-histoquímica das proteínas Jab1, p27, c-jun e c-fos no adenoma pleomórfico, adenocarcinoma polimorfo de baixo grau e carcinoma adenoide cístico das glândulas salivares. Foi realizada análise imuno-histoquímica semi-quantitativa das células marcadas nos tumores de glândula salivar e glândula salivar normal de acordo com o escore 0 (células sem expressão), 1(> 0 <= 5% de células marcadas), 2 (> 5 <= 50%) and 3 (> 50%). Para Jab1, c-jun e c-fos foi considerado apenas marcação nuclear e para p27, nuclear e citoplasmática, separadamente. Os resultados foram analisados utilizando-se os testes de Kruskal-Wallis, de Mann-Whitney, do Qui-quadrado e o teste de correlação de Spearman, cujo nível de significância foi de p<0,05 e processados com o auxílio do software GraphPad Prisma 5.0...

Salivary gland tumors comprise about 2 to 6.5% of the head and neck tumors. Among the salivary gland tumors, pleomorphic adenoma is the most common and benign tumor. Adenoid cystic carcinoma and polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma are the most frequent malignant tumors. Jab1 is one of many proteins which affects many stages of the tumorigenesis and regulates positively and negatively several pathways and/or proteins such as p27 and AP-1, the latter composed by c-jun and c-fos, which are mostly related to cell cycle and cell proliferation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the immunoexpression of the proteins Jab1, p27, c-jun and c-fos in pleomorphic adenoma, polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma and adenoid cystic carcinoma of the salivary glands. The semi-quantitative immunohistochemical analysis was performed in salivary gland tumors and in normal salivary gland according to the score 0 (no stained cells), 1 (> 0 <= 5% of stained cells), 2 (> 5 <= 50%) and 3 (> 50%)...

Humans , Adenocarcinoma/diagnosis , Adenoma, Pleomorphic/diagnosis , Carcinogenesis/ultrastructure , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/diagnosis
São Paulo; s.n; 2014. 99 p. ilus, tab. (BR).
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-867279


Apesar da incidência relativamente baixa, as neoplasias de glândulas salivares (NGSs) constituem um grupo de doenças caracterizado pela notável heterogeneidade em sua apresentação clínica, histológica e comportamento biológico, abrigando um fator de extrema relevância a despeito de seu prognóstico: a ocorrência de metástases, considerada a principal intercorrência relacionada à mortalidade em pacientes oncológicos. Neste estudo, analisamos as características clínicas e histopatológicas de pacientes diagnosticados com metástases à distância de carcinomas de glândulas salivares tratados no A.C. Camargo Cancer Center, São Paulo, no período de 1970 a 2010. Investigamos alterações fenotípicas entre os tumores primários e tumores metastáticos de glândulas salivares, a partir do estudo da caracterização do padrão de expressão de citoqueratinas, procurando identificar a associação entre a expressão destes antígenos a fatores de risco, ou não, ao potencial metastático à distância e sua importância prognóstica. A casuística total compreendeu 43 pacientes diagnosticados com metástase à distância, com a média de idade de 42.5 anos sendo a glândula parótida o órgão primário mais acometido, e os pulmões o sítio metastático mais incidente. O tipo histológico mais comumente relacionado à metástase foi o carcinoma adenoide cístico. A análise imunoistoquímica da expressão de citoqueratinas fora realizada em 10 neoplasias primárias e 10 metastáticas, as quais revelaram um padrão fenotípico similar no tumor primário e no tumor metastático, apresentando a evidenciação majoritária de células luminais de estruturas ductais. A perda de expressão dos marcadores em áreas tumorais periféricas, adjacentes ao parênquima pulmonar, corrobora a predição de alteração do citoesqueleto das células neoplásicas, possivelmente promovendo uma maior capacidade de migração das células neoplásicas.

Salivary gland neoplasms consist of a notorious group of malignancies best known for its clinical features, biological behavior and histological heterogeneity. An important facto related to prognosis is distant metastasis (uncommon in salivary gland tumors). Cytokeratins (CK) are important differentiation markers frequently used for diagnosis processes. Its employment may be useful to identify metastatic disease. In this study, a retrospective evaluation was performed on patients undergoing treatment for metastatic salivary glands tumors between 1970 and 2010, from A.C. Camargo Cancer Center, São Paulo, Brazil. Demographic data and histopathological specimens were obtained from the medical records. Investigation of the expression of cytokeratins in primary and metastatic salivary gland neoplasms was performed and correlated with their phenotypical patterns. Forty three eligible patients were obtained from the database. Parotid gland represented the primary tumor site most frequently related to metastasis. Lung was the most common metastatic site. Adenoid cystic carcinoma was the histological type more frequently associated to metastatic disease. Immunohistochemistry analysis was performed in 10 primary salivary gland tumors and 10 metastatic salivary gland neoplasms. CK expression patterns were similar in both primary and metastatic neoplams, except for the tumor periphery in close contact with lung parenchyma. Cytokeratins were absent in the invasive front of metastatic lesions, and this may be related to an increased capacity of tumor cells migration and proliferation.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Metastasis/physiopathology , Mouth Neoplasms/diagnosis , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/diagnosis , Pathology, Oral
Indian J Cancer ; 2013 Oct-Dec; 50(4): 361-366
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-154326


Salivary gland tumors are one of the most complex and relatively rare group of lesions encountered in oral pathology practice. Their complexity is attributed to heterogeneity of the cells of origin of these lesions. The problem is compounded by the ability of these cells to differentiate and modify into various morphological subtypes resulting in a myraid of histomorphological patterns. This also leads to a frequent overlap of microscopic features among various neoplasms and sometimes even between benign and malignant lesions causing significant diagnostic dilemma which sometimes may even not be resolved by immunohistochemical studies. Despite this the knowledge of histogenesis and morhogenetic concepts of salivary gland tumorigenesis greatly helps the pathologist in classifying these lesions as well as determining the prognosis. It will also help in development of newer strategies for differentiating these lesions and making an early diagnosis. The present article is aimed at reviewing and summarizing the current concepts regarding the histogenesis of salivary gland tumors and their relevance to routine diagnosis and classification of these lesions.

Humans , Morphogenesis/analysis , Morphogenesis/genetics , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/anatomy & histology , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/cytology , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/diagnosis , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/genetics , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/pathology
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-140152


The pleomorphic adenoma is the most common salivary gland tumor. A remarkable morphological diversity can exist from one tumor to the next. We present here a case of pleomorphic adenoma of minor salivary glands of the soft palate which had predominantly myoepithelial cells with minimal stroma, ductal cells, or tubular elements.

Adenoma, Pleomorphic/diagnosis , Adult , Biopsy, Needle/methods , Diagnosis, Differential , Humans , Male , Oral Ulcer/diagnosis , Palatal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Palate, Soft/pathology , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/diagnosis , Salivary Glands, Minor/pathology
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 48(1): 62-68, ene.-mar. 2011.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: lil-615098


El carcinoma mucoepidermoide es el más común de todos los tumores malignos de glándulas salivales, constituye el 30 por ciento de ellos. Aproximadamente la mitad de los casos (53 por ciento) ocurre en las glándulas salivales mayores. El 45 por ciento predomina en glándula parótida, el 7 por ciento en la submandibular y el 1 por ciento en la glándula sublingual. Este tumor se presenta con más frecuencia en el sexo femenino (3:2) y en la quinta década de la vida. Múltiples variantes, con diferentes rangos de diferenciación han sido descritas, se incluyen: la oncocítica, esclerosante, uniquística, sebácea, de células claras, células globosas de alto grado, células fusocelular y psamomatosa. El carcinoma mucoepidermoide variante oncocítica es un subtipo raro que puede mostrar prominentes cambios oncocíticos. Se reporta un caso de carcinoma mucoepidermoide variante oncocítica de alto grado histológico. El índice de Ki 67 fue del 5 por ciento, el tumor fue negativo para C-erb2 y presentó inmunorreactividad para E-caderina y Syndecan-1(AU)

The mucoepidermoid carcinoma is the commonest of all malignant tumors of salivary glands, accounting for the 30 percent of them. Approximately the half of cases (53 percent) occurs in the major salivary glands. The 45 percent has predominance in parotid gland, the 7 percent in the submandibular one, and the 1 percent in the sublingual gland one. This type of tumor is more frequent in female sex (3-2) and at fifth decade of life. Multiple variants with different ranks have been described including the oncocyte, sclerosant, unicystic, sebaceous, of clear cells, high degree spherical cells, fusocellular and psammomatous. The mucoepidermoid carcinoma, oncocyte variant, is an unusual subtype that may to shows significant oncocyte changes. Authors report a case of histological high degree mucoepidermoid carcinoma. The rate of Ki 67 was of 5 percent, the negative tumor for C-erb2 and had immunoreaction to E-caderine and Syndecan-1(AU)

Humans , Female , Adult , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/surgery , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid/surgery , Carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid/diagnosis