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Acta cir. bras ; 39: e390824, 2024. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1533356


Purpose: This systematic review analyzed the clinical behavior and odds of malignancy of the palatal recurrent pleomorphic adenomas. Methods: Systematic review of patients with recurrent pleomorphic adenoma arising in the palate. Database search: MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science, Cochrane, EMBASE, Virtual Health Library, Google Scholar, and OpenGrey. A binomial logistic regression was performed to assess the odds of detecting recurrence five, 10 and 20 years after the treatment of primary tumor. Results: Thirteen studies (n = 18 patients) out of 336 were included. The recurrent pleomorphic adenoma in palate was more common in females (61.6%), average age was 49 years old (range 9-73 years old). Four patients progressed to malignant transformation. The odds ratio (OR) of detecting a recurrence at 10 (OR = 5.57; 95% confidence interval - 95%CI 1.13-27.52), and 20 years (OR = 18.78; 95%CI 3.18-110.84) after treatment of primary pleomorphic adenoma was significantly higher than at one-year follow-up. Conclusions: The recurrence of pleomorphic adenoma in palate remains a rare event of late occurrence. It mainly affects middle-aged female and carries a risk of malignant transformation. Although uncommon, patients with palatal pleomorphic adenoma should be warned about the possibility of recurrence or malignant transformation of tumor at advanced ages.

Palate , Salivary Glands , Adenoma, Pleomorphic , Neoplasms
Braz. j. oral sci ; 23: e243908, 2024. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1553393


Aim: To carry out a retrospective analysis of the frequency and severity of clinical signs of radioiodine (131I)-induced damage to the salivary glands in the early and long-term post-radiation periods, and identify risk factors for their occurrence in patients with differentiated thyroid carcinomas. Methods: A total of 330 patients underwent thyroidectomy with dissection of lymphatic nodes. One month after surgery, all the patients received radioiodine therapy. The dose and number of courses varied depending on the stage and morphological type of the tumor. In the late post-radiation period, the patients were surveyed with the use of a standard questionnaire, which allowed retrospective assessment of the nature and severity of symptoms of radiationinduced damage, as well as the time of their onset/subsidence. Results: Radiation-induced sialoadenitis of the salivary glands was observed in 51.2% of patients treated with 131I. The main symptoms included pain and discomfort in the salivary glands (51.2% of patients), swelling (48.8%), transient or permanent dry mouth (38%), and distortion of taste (38%). There were statistically significant correlations between the presence and severity of the main clinical symptoms of salivary gland irradiation. A significant relationship (r = 0.91, p < 0.001) was found between swelling of the salivary glands and the feeling of pain or discomfort, which was indicative of inflammation and retention of saliva. Conclusion: The main factors influencing the formation of chronic radiation-induced sialoadenitis and the severity of the inflammatory process included the tumor stage, the total dose of radiopharmaceuticals, and the duration following radioiodine therapy

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Radiotherapy , Salivary Glands , Xerostomia , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroidectomy , Lymph Nodes
Int. j. morphol ; 41(5): 1364-1371, oct. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521035


SUMMARY: The salivary glands in pathological conditions produce countless different clinical presentations, and due to their complex neuroanatomy, their pain symptoms vary widely. However, in the literature to date, few studies characterize salivary gland pain. The aim of this study was to conduct a literature review concerning the clinical characteristics of pain in various salivary gland pathologies. A literature review was done through a systematic search of scientific articles in the Web of Science (WoS), MEDLINE, Scopus, and Elton B. Stephens Company (EBSCO) databases. The free terms "salivary gland", "parotid gland", "submaxillary gland", "sublingual gland", and "pain" were used along with the Boolean operators OR and AND. The search yielded a total of 1896 articles, of which 60 fulfilled the inclusion criteria and were ultimately included in this review. It is described that pain is a nonspecific symptom of a glandular pathology and is characterized mainly by the location of the pain, which is correlated with the anatomical location of the affected salivary gland. Among the painful salivary gland pathologies, we found inflammatory disorders, including infections, obstructions, disorders secondary to hyposalivation; systemic autoimmune diseases; neoplasms, and neuropathic pain disorders. The diagnosis and management of salivary gland pain require knowledge of the causes and mechanisms of the pain, and it is to recognize the signs and symptoms of salivary gland disorders to be able to diagnose and treat them.

Las glándulas salivales en condiciones patológicas producen un sinfín de presentaciones clínicas diferentes, y debido a su compleja neuroanatomía generan variaciones en su sintomatología dolorosa. Sin embargo, en la literatura hasta ahora son escasos los estudios que caracterizan el dolor de glándulas salivales. El objetivo de este estudio fue realizar una revisión de la literatura respecto a las características clínicas del dolor en diversas patologías de glándulas salivales. Se realizó una revisión de la literatura, a través de la búsqueda sistemática de artículos científicos en las bases de datos Web of Science (WoS), MEDLINE, Scopus y Elton B. Stephens Company (EBSCO). A través de los términos libres: "salivary gland", "parotid gland", "submaxillary gland", "sublingual gland", "pain", junto con los operadores booleanos OR y AND. La búsqueda arrojó un total de 1896 artículos, de los cuales 60 cumplieron los criterios de inclusión y fueron finalmente incluidos en esta revisión. Se describe que el dolor es un síntoma poco específico para la patología glandular y está caracterizado principalmente por la localización del dolor, el cual se correlaciona con la ubicación anatómica de la glándula salival afectada. Dentro de las patologías dolorosas de glándulas salivales encontramos los trastornos inflamatorios, incluidas infecciones, obstrucciones, trastornos secundarios a hiposalivación; enfermedades sistémicas autoinmunes; neoplasias y trastornos de dolor neuropático. El diagnóstico y manejo del dolor de glándulas salivales requiere del conocimiento de las causas y mecanismos del dolor, siendo necesario reconocer los signos y síntomas de los trastornos de glándulas salivales para ser capaces de diagnosticarlos y tratarlos.

Humans , Salivary Gland Diseases/pathology , Salivary Glands/pathology , Facial Pain
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 83(2): 141-149, jun. 2023. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1515472


Introducción: La sialorrea es la pérdida involuntaria de saliva de la boca, ya sea debido a la producción excesiva de saliva o disminución de la frecuencia de deglución. Se habla de sialorrea patológica cuando persiste más allá de los 4 años de edad. Además de las implicaciones sociales, cambios de ropa frecuentes, puede provocar neumonías por aspiración y deshidratación. El manejo de la sialorrea requiere una evaluación completa con un enfoque de equipo multidisciplinario para el tratamiento, que incluye terapias no farmacológicas, farmacológicas y quirúrgicas. Objetivo: Presentar resultados quirúrgicos y farmacológicos en el tratamiento de sialorrea masiva. Material y Método: Se realizó revisión de historias clínicas de 7 pacientes portadores de sialorrea masiva. Todos los pacientes incluidos fueron refractarios a tratamiento médico. El diagnóstico fue obtenido por un equipo multidisciplinario. Se les realizó desfuncionalización quirúrgica y farmacológica de glándulas salivales. Se les aplicó Escala de Severidad (DSS) y escala de frecuencia (DFS), previo a cirugía y posterior a procedimiento hasta el año. Resultados: Mejoría clínica subjetiva posterior a desfuncionalización quirúrgica con disminución de DSS y DFS. Disminución promedio de baberos a 10/día. Conclusión: Los resultados obtenidos son buenos, si se consideran las escalas DSS, DFS y el número de baberos al día, que son mediciones tanto subjetivas y objetivas respectivamente.

Introduction: Massive Sialorrhea is the involuntary loss of saliva from the mouth, either due to excessive saliva production or decreased swallowing frequency. We speak of pathological sialorrhea when it persists beyond 4 years old. In addition to the social implications and frequent clothing changes. It can cause aspiration pneumonia and dehydration. Treatment for sialorrhea requires a comprehensive evaluation with a multidisciplinary team approach. Including non-pharmacological, pharmacological, and surgical therapies. Aim: Presentation of the results of surgical defunctionalization of the salivary glands plus injection of Botulinum Toxin in the treatment of massive sialorrhea. Material and Method: A review of the clinical records of 7 patients with massive sialorrhea was carried out. All included patients were refractory to medical treatment. The diagnosis was obtained by a multidisciplinary team. Surgical and pharmacological dysfunctionalization of salivary glands was performed. Severity Scale (DSS) and Frequency Scale (DFS) were applied before surgery and after the procedure up to a year. Results: Subjective clinical improvement after surgical defunctionalization with decreased SHD and DFS. Average decrease in bibs to 10/day. Conclusion: The evaluated strategy presented similar benefits with respect to the literature. The SHD and DFS scales and the number of bibs per day are both subjective and objective measurements, respectively, and allow the clinical improvement and quality of life of patients undergoing surgery to be evaluated individually.

Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Salivary Glands/surgery , Sialorrhea/surgery , Sialorrhea/drug therapy , Severity of Illness Index , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Treatment Outcome , Botulinum Toxins, Type A/therapeutic use
Mastology (Online) ; 332023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1433878


Breast cancer is a heterogeneous disease with various histological and molecular subtypes. Among them, salivary gland tumors are rare and can be divided into three groups: pure myoepithelial differentiation, pure epithelial differentiation and myoepithelial with mixed epithelial differentiation. In the last group, adenoid cystic carcinoma stands out, a rare entity with low malignant potential. It represents less than 0.1­3% of breast cancer cases and has the most frequent clinical presentation as a palpable mass. The diagnosis is confirmed by histology and immunohistochemistry. Classically, they are low-aggressive triple-negative tumors, with overall survival and specific cancer survival at five and ten years greater than 95%. However, there are rare reports of aggressive variants with a risk of distant metastasis and death. Treatment is based on surgical resection with margins. Lymphatic dissemination is rare, and there is no consensus regarding the indication of an axillary approach. Adjuvant radiotherapy is indicated in cases of conservative surgery and should be discussed in other cases. The benefit of chemotherapy remains uncertain, as most tumors are indolent. We report a case that required individualized decisions based on its peculiarities of presentation, diagnosed in an asymptomatic elderly patient during screening, in which mammography showed heterogeneous gross calcifications clustered covering 1.6 cm. Stereotacticguided vacuum-assisted biopsy was performed, and the area was marked with a clip. The anatomopathological examination led to a diagnosis of salivary gland-type carcinoma, triple-negative. The patient underwent segmental resection of the right breast and sentinel lymph node biopsy. The final anatomopathological result was similar to that of the biopsy, with an immunohistochemicalprofile of the adenoid cystic type and two sentinel lymph nodes free of neoplasia. Considering age and histological subtype, adjuvant therapy was not indicated. Follow-up for three years showed no evidence of disease

Humans , Female , Aged , Salivary Glands/pathology , Carcinoma/diagnosis , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms/diagnosis , Carcinoma/surgery , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms/surgery
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 149-156, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981106


OBJECTIVES@#This study aims to investigate the effects of tumor-stromal fibroblasts (TSFs) on the proliferation, invasion, and migration of salivary gland pleomorphic adenoma (SPA) cells in vitro.@*METHODS@#Salivary gland pleomorphic adenoma cells (SPACs), TSFs, and peri-tumorous normal fibroblasts (NFs) were obtained by tissue primary culture and identified by immunocytochemical staining. The conditioned medium was obtained from TSF and NF in logarithmic phase. SPACs were cultured by conditioned medium and treated by TSF (group TSF-SPAC) and NF (group NF-SPAC). SPACs were used as the control group. The proliferation, invasion, and migration of the three groups of cells were detected by MTT, transwell, and scratch assays, respectively. The expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the three groups was tested by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).@*RESULTS@#Immunocytochemical staining showed positive vimentin expression in NF and TSF. Results also indicated the weak positive expression of α-smooth muscle actin (SMA) and fibroblast activation protein (FAP) in TSFs and the negative expression of α-SMA and FAP in NFs. MTT assay showed that cell proliferation in the TSF-SPAC group was significantly different from that in the NF-SPAC and SPAC groups (P<0.05). Cell proliferation was not different between the NF-SPAC and SPAC groups (P>0.05). Transwell and scratch assays showed no difference in cell invasion and migration among the groups (P>0.05). ELISA showed that no significant difference in VEGF expression among the three groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#TSFs may be involved in SPA biological behavior by promoting the proliferation of SPACs but has no effect on the invasion and migration of SPACs in vitro. Hence, TSF may be a new therapeutic target in SPA treatment.

Humans , Adenoma, Pleomorphic/metabolism , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Culture Media, Conditioned/metabolism , Fibroblasts/metabolism , Salivary Glands/metabolism
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 18-18, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982474


Salivary gland (SG) dysfunction, due to radiotherapy, disease, or aging, is a clinical manifestation that has the potential to cause severe oral and/or systemic diseases and compromise quality of life. Currently, the standard-of-care for this condition remains palliative. A variety of approaches have been employed to restore saliva production, but they have largely failed due to damage to both secretory cells and the extracellular matrix (niche). Transplantation of allogeneic cells from healthy donors has been suggested as a potential solution, but no definitive population of SG stem cells, capable of regenerating the gland, has been identified. Alternatively, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are abundant, well characterized, and during SG development/homeostasis engage in signaling crosstalk with the SG epithelium. Further, the trans-differentiation potential of these cells and their ability to regenerate SG tissues have been demonstrated. However, recent findings suggest that the "immuno-privileged" status of allogeneic adult MSCs may not reflect their status post-transplantation. In contrast, autologous MSCs can be recovered from healthy tissues and do not present a challenge to the recipient's immune system. With recent advances in our ability to expand MSCs in vitro on tissue-specific matrices, autologous MSCs may offer a new therapeutic paradigm for restoration of SG function.

Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Quality of Life , Regeneration , Salivary Glands , Stem Cells
Rev. int. Coll. Odonto-Stomatol. Afr. Chir. Maxillo-Fac ; 30(3): 36-40, 2023. figures, tables
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1511288


Introduction : l'adénome pléomorphe est le type histologique le plus fréquemment observé des tumeurs bénignes des glandes salivaires accessoires (GSA). L'objectif de cette étude était de décrire les particularités épidémiologiques, diagnostiques et thérapeutiques des tumeurs bénignes des GSA. Matériel et méthodes : Il s'est agi d'une étude transversale à collecte rétrospective descriptive réalisée dans le service de Stomatologie et Chirurgie MaxilloFaciale du CHU de Bouaké, sur une période de 8 ans (1er Janvier 2015 au 31 Décembre 2022). Résultats : 18 dossiers de patients dont 12 femmes et 6 hommes, opérés pour une tumeur bénigne des GSA, ont été colligés. L'âge médian des patients était de 37 ans avec des extrêmes de 35 et 62 ans. Le siège de prédilection était le palais dans 12 cas, les lèvres dans 3 cas, la joue dans 2 cas et la langue dans 1 cas. La tomodensitométrie maxillo-faciale a été l'examen de choix pour l'orientation diagnostique. Le traitement a consisté en une exérèse en mono bloc sous anesthésie générale par voie endo buccale. L'examen anatomopathologique a confirmé le diagnostic d'un adénome pléomorphe dans tous les cas. Après un recul de 2 ans, aucune récidive n'a été observée. Discussion : L'adénome pléomorphe représente le type histologique le plus fréquent des tumeurs bénignes des GSA. Il atteint avec prédilection l'adulte jeune de sexe féminin et siège au palais. L'exérèse chirurgicale reste le traitement de choix.

Introduction: Pleomorphic adenoma is the most frequently observed histological type of benign tumour of the accessory salivary glands (ASG). The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiological, diagnostic and therapeutic features of ASGs. Material and methods: This was a retrospective descriptive study conducted in the Stomatology and Maxillofacial Surgery Department of the Bouaké University Hospital, over an 8-year period (January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2022). Results: A total of 18 patients (12 women and 6 men) underwent surgery for benign tumours of the GSA. The median age of the patients was 37 years, with extremes of 35 and 62 years. The preferred site was the palate in 12 cases, the lips in 3 cases, the cheek in 2 cases and the tongue in 1 case. Maxillofacial computed tomography has been the examination of choice for diagnostic orientation. Treatment consisted of single-block excision under general anaesthetic via the endo-buccal route. Pathological examination confirmed the diagnosis of a pleomorphic adenoma in all cases. After a 2-year follow-up, no recurrence was observed. Discussion: Pleomorphic adenoma is the most common histological type of benign tumour of the GSA. It prefers to affect young adult women and is located on the palate. Surgical excision remains the treatment of choice

Salivary Glands , Adenoma , Epidemiology , Diagnosis
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(4): 574-579, 20220906. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1396340


Introducción. La sialoendoscopia es un procedimiento cuya finalidad es visualizar los conductos salivales. Se utiliza como método diagnóstico y terapéutico de procesos inflamatorios, estenosis de los conductos y procesos obstructivos. Métodos. Describir los procedimientos realizados para el tratamiento de pacientes con patología inflamatoria y obstructiva de las glándulas salivales, de forma única con sialoendoscopia o con abordajes mixtos. Resultados. Un total de 24 pacientes fueron incluidos en el estudio, con edad promedio de 42 años, en su mayoría mujeres y compromiso submaxilar en 58,3 % y de parótida en 41,7 %. Respecto a la intervención, al 29,2 % de los sujetos se le realizó extracción de cálculos, al 29,2 % sialoplastia, al 25 % dilatación de conductos y al 37,5 % lavado de conductos en el mismo momento quirúrgico. Conclusión. La sialoendoscopia y el abordaje mixto es un procedimiento que puede garantizar el manejo de patologías obstructivas y estenosis de los conductos salivales, con buen pronóstico y resultados, preservando la glándula y evitando las complicaciones de la cirugía.

Introduction. Sialoendoscopy is a procedure which purpose is to visualise the salivary ducts. It is used as a diagnostic and therapeutic method for inflammatory and obstructive processes and duct stenosis. Methods. To describe the procedures performed for the management of patients with inflammatory and obstructive pathology of the salivary glands, only with sialoendoscopy or with mixed approaches. Results. A total of 24 patients were included in the study, with mean age of 42 years, mostly female, and 58.3% submaxillary involvement 41.7% parotid involvement. Regarding the intervention, 29.2% of the subjects underwent stone extraction, 29.2%, sialoplasty, 25% duct dilatation, and 37.5% duct lavage at the same surgical time. Conclusions. Sialoendoscopy and the mixed approach is a procedure that can guarantee the management of obstructive pathologies and stenosis of the salivary ducts with good prognosis and results, preserving the gland and avoiding the complications of surgery.

Humans , Salivary Gland Diseases , Salivary Glands , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Sialadenitis , Salivary Ducts , Endoscopy
Rev. argent. reumatolg. (En línea) ; 33(2): 83-89, abr. - jun. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1393394


Introducción: la enfermedad relacionada con IgG4 (ER-IgG4) es una afección inmunomediada, asociada con lesiones fibroinflamatorias que pueden ocurrir en casi cualquier órgano. Ante su sospecha clínica es fundamental realizar el examen histopatológico para excluir malignidad y otras enfermedades. El objetivo principal de este estudio fue describir los hallazgos histológicos de la biopsia de glándulas salivales labiales (GSL) en pacientes con diagnóstico de ER-IgG4 y, posteriormente, comparar estos hallazgos con la histología e inmunohistoquímica de la glándula salival mayor (GSM). Materiales y métodos: estudio retrospectivo, observacional y descriptivo sobre una cohorte de 40 pacientes con diagnóstico de ER-IgG4. Se incluyeron 26 pacientes con diagnóstico de ER-IgG4 que presentaron biopsias de GSL. Resultados: el 73% de la muestra tuvo un infiltrado linfoplasmocitario y el 11%, fibrosis con patrón no estoriforme. En ningún caso se halló arteritis obliterativa ni ninguna forma de flebitis. Al realizar la comparación con los hallazgos de las biopsias de GSM, no hubo significancia estadística. El 65% de los pacientes manifestó compromiso extraglandular y fueron los sistemas pancreato hepato biliar y las adenopatías los más afectados. Conclusiones: la biopsia incisional de glándula submandibular sería más útil y apropiada que la biopsia de GSL para un diagnóstico definitivo de ER-IgG4.

Introduction: IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is an immune-mediated condition associated with fibroinflammatory lesions that can occur in almost any anatomical site. Histopathological examination is essential when suspected to diagnose it to exclude malignancy and other diseases. The objective of this study was to describe the histological findings of the minor salivary gland biopsy (GSL) in patients diagnosed with IgG4-RD, and subsequently to correlate these findings with the histology and immunohistochemistry of the major salivary gland (GSM). Materials and methods: retrospective, observational and descriptive study on a cohort of 40 patients diagnosed with RD-IgG4. Twenty-six patients diagnosed with IgG4-RD who presented SLG biopsies were included. Results: the 73% of the samples presented a lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate and 11% of them fibrosis with a non-storiform pattern. In no case was obliterative arteritis or any form of phlebitis found. When comparing the findings of the GSM biopsies, there was no statistical significance. Sixty-five percent of the patients presented extraglandular involvement; the pancreato-hepato-biliary system and the adenopathies were the most affected. Conclusions: incisional biopsy of the submandibular gland would be more useful and appropriate than LSG for a definitive diagnosis of IgG4-RD.

Immunoglobulin G , Salivary Glands , Biopsy
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1422275


Abstract Objective: To evaluate the effect of different preparations of fluoride gels on the salivary pH of albino rats. Material and Methods: This experimental study consisted of 40 Albino rats randomly divided into four equal groups. Group A was the control group and received no intervention. Experimental group B received a topical application of 0.2% sodium fluoride gel. Experimental group C received topical application of stannous fluoride gel 0.4%. Experimental group D received topical application of APF gel (1.23% acidulated phosphate fluoride gel). The different preparations of the gels were applied once daily for 4 minutes on the occlusal surface of the right maxillary molars for 14 days. Salivary pH values were recorded immediately after the application of gels with the help of pH paper on day 1 and day 14. Results: There was a significant difference in the pH level of groups B, C and D after 14 days of fluoride application (p < 0.05). The non-parametric Kruskal Wallis test was applied for the comparison between the groups. Conclusion: This study concluded that all the fluoride gels after administration caused the acidic pH of saliva with the most acidic effect produced by APF gel (AU).

Animals , Rats , Rats, Inbred Strains , Salivary Glands , Sodium Fluoride , Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride/chemistry , Dental Caries , Statistics, Nonparametric
Int. j. morphol ; 40(2): 436-441, 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385616


RESUMEN: El pudú (Pudu puda), pertenece al orden Artiodactyla y a la familia Cervidae, corresponde al segundo cérvido más pequeño del mundo y es endémico de Chile y Argentina. Son herbívoros que se alimentan de hojas jóvenes y brotes de algunos árboles, arbustos, hierbas, frutos y flores. Esta especie está catalogada en estado Vulnerable, por lo que se prohíbe su caza y captura, esto debido a que su población ha disminuido sustancialmente a causa de la pérdida y fragmentación de la vegetación nativa, los incendios forestales, ataques de perros asilvestrados y caza furtiva. Existe escasa información científica anatómica de esta especie, y más aún referente a su morfología digestiva, por lo que se requieren estudios que aporten información específica de este cérvido. Se utilizaron dos cadáveres de pudú hembras adultas, los cuales fueron donados por el Servicio Agrícola y Ganadero (SAG) de Talca, Región del Maule, Chile. Dentro de los resultados, podemos indicar que la cavidad oral, glándulas salivares y esófago se asemejan a otros rumiantes domésticos, como también existen semejanzas con el venado de campo, sin embargo, existen diferencias como la forma y desarrollo de la glándula parótida; el conducto parotídeo pasa ventral al músculo masetero y se abre en una papila a nivel del tercer premolar superior; la glándula mandibular se divide en tres lobos; la glándula sublingual solo posee porción polistomática, las glándulas bucales dorsales poseen un menor tamaño que las bucales ventrales, la glándula bucal ventral es alargada y de forma compacta y se observa la presencia de una redondeada glándula bucal intermedia, poseen 11 crestas palatinas por lado en el paladar duro y además la papila incisiva se encuentra rodeando al pulvino dental. Esta información es relevante y corresponde a un aporte al conocimiento específico de esta especie, la cual es endémica, vulnerable y protegida.

SUMMARY: The pudu (Pudu puda), belongs to the Artiodactyla order and the Cervidae family, corresponding to the second smallest deer in the world and is endemic to Chile and Argentina. They are herbivores that feed on young leaves and shoots of certain trees, shrubs, herbs, fruits, and flowers. The status of is species is classified as Vulnerable; therefore, its hunting and capture is prohibited, this because its population has decreased substantially due to the loss and fragmentation of native vegetation, forest fires, attacks by feral dogs and poaching. There is little scientific anatomical information available on this species, and even more so regarding its digestive morphology, which is why studies are required to provide specific information on this deer. Two adult female pudu specimens were used, which were donated by the Agricultural and Livestock Service (SAG) of Talca, Maule Region, Chile. Among the results, we can indicate that the oral cavity, salivary glands and esophagus resemble other domestic ruminants; there are also similarities with the field deer, however, there are differences such as the shape and development of the parotid gland; the parotid duct passes ventral to the masseter muscle and opens into a papilla at the level of the upper third premolar; the mandibular gland is divided into three wolves; the sublingual gland only has a polystomatic portion, the dorsal buccal glands are smaller than the ventral buccal glands, the ventral buccal gland is elongated and compact and the presence of a rounded intermediate buccal gland is observed, it has 11 palatal ridges per side in the hard palate and also the incisive papilla is found surrounding the dental pulvino. This information is relevant and corresponds to a report on the specific knowledge of this species, which is endemic, vulnerable, and protected.

Animals , Salivary Glands/anatomy & histology , Deer , Esophagus/anatomy & histology , Mouth/anatomy & histology
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 20: eRC5724, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360392


ABSTRACT Mammary analogue secretory carcinoma is a rare neoplasm usually confused with other neoplasms in the salivary glands region. It has great similarity with the breast carcinoma. We report a case of a patient who presented with gingival submucosal bleeding and lesion, with the initial histopathological examination revealing salivary gland neoplasm of low crane. Computed tomography revealed the lesion near the tooth 27, with extension to the floor of the left maxillary sinus and to the palate mucosa. Resection of the infra-structure was performed, with a diagnosis of breast cancer secretory carcinoma in the minor salivary gland.

Humans , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/surgery , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Carcinoma/surgery , Carcinoma/diagnostic imaging , Mammary Analogue Secretory Carcinoma/diagnostic imaging , Salivary Glands , Salivary Glands, Minor/diagnostic imaging
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 13-17, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936106


Some kinds of chronic sialadenitis were recognized during the recent years. They have specific pathogenesis, clinical and histopathologic appearances, and require specific treatment. IgG4-related sialadenitis (IgG4-RS) is one of the immune-mediated diseases, characterized by tumefactive lesions. The incidence of IgG4-RS obviously increased during the past 30 years. The study on the potential relationship between occupational exposure to chemical substances and the incidence of IgG4-RS showed that subjects with occupational exposure to agents known to cause IgG4-RD had an increased risk for IgG4-RS. Surgical excision of involved SMG could not control the disease progression, which is not recommended for treatment of IgG4-RS. The combination of glucocorticoid and steroid-sparing agents is effective for treating IgG4-RS, and restores salivary gland function. Radioiodine induced sialadenitis (RAIS) is one of the common complications of postoperative adjuvant treatment of differentiated thyroid cancer by 131I. The incidence of the disease is related to radiation dosage. Clinically, the patients suffered from swelling and tenderness in the buccal or submandibular regions, especially during the mealtime. Imaging appearances are similar to those of chronic obstructive sialadenitis. Conservative managements, such as gland massage, sialagogues, are the mainstream methods in the treatment of RAIS. Sialendoscopy is feasible for RAIS, but not as effective as conventional obstructive sialadenitis (COS). Therefore the prevention of RAIS is crucial. Eosinophilic sialodochitis (ES) is a new type of chronic inflammatory disease of the salivary gland related to allergy. It has characteristics of swelling of multiple major salivary glands, strip-like gelatinous plugs discharged from the duct orifice of the gland, elevated level of serum IgE and eosinophils in peripheral blood, infiltration of eosinophils and IgE positive plasma cells in the tissues, allergic history, increased expression of allergy-related cytokines, such as IL-4, IL-5, IL-13, and eotaxin, which suggest allergic reactions as a potential pathogenesis of the disease. The clinical, laboratory, histological, and immunohistochemical characteristics of ES are significantly different from conventional obstructive sialadenitis (COS). Therefore, it is suitable to separate ES from COS. Conservative managements, such as self-maintenance therapy and anti- allergic modality are the choices of treatment for ES. Based on the results of our comprehensive studies a new classification of chronic sialadenitis is suggested.

Humans , Immunoglobulin G , Iodine Radioisotopes , Salivary Glands , Sialadenitis/etiology , Submandibular Gland
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 535-539, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935898


Salivary glands are important organs in the oral and maxillofacial region. Environment and genetic factors may cause salivary gland tumors or non-neoplastic diseases, but the mechanisms of those diseases are still unclear. One of the important reasons is the short of researching media and model. As a new technique and research model, organoids have been widely used in the research of various diseases. Organoid culture plays a bridging role between two-dimensional cell culture and living animal models, and it is also the most promising translational research model that could connect the clinical research to basic research. This review will discuss the recent development of organoid techniques in the culture of normal salivary glands and salivary gland tumors, also their applications and challenges in tissue engineering, etiological research, and tumor therapy.

Animals , Cell Culture Techniques , Organoids , Salivary Gland Neoplasms , Salivary Glands , Tissue Engineering
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 37(87): 47-53, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1551163


La exposición a hipoxia es considerada un estímulo estresante, por lo que el organismo desarrolla meca-nismos de aclimatación para asegurar la homeosta-sis. Si bien el efecto de la hipoxia sobre los distintos sistemas de tejidos y órganos ha sido bien documen-tado, el rol de los bajos niveles de O2 en la cavidad oral no ha recibido el mismo análisis. En este trabajo se revisaron los datos bibliográficos disponibles sobre el efecto de la hipoxia sobre el tejido periodontal, las glándulas salivales, la pulpa dental y el hueso mandi-bular y alveolar. De lo analizado en la bibliografía, re-sulta evidente que los bajos niveles de O2 aumentan el número de mediadores inflamatorios que inducen la progresión de la enfermedad periodontal y, a su vez, la inflamación establecida durante dicha enfermedad agrava aún más las condiciones de hipoxia tisular. Las glándulas salivales también se encuentran afectadas durante la exposición a hipoxia, disminuyendo la can-tidad de saliva secretada, observándose alteraciones ultraestructurales en el parénquima glandular. Por otra parte, se ha establecido que la hipoxia puede te-ner efectos deseados para el cultivo de células madre de la pulpa dental, lo cual resulta útil en el campo de la odontología reparativa y también para el movimien-to dental durante los tratamientos ortodónticos. En conclusión, para determinar los efectos de la hipoxia en la cavidad oral se debe analizar no sólo el tipo de tejido involucrado sino también las condiciones de hi-poxia a las cuales éste es sometido, así también como la duración de la exposición y la modalidad de hipoxia (AU)

Exposure to hypoxia is considered a stressful stimulus, therefore the organism develops acclimation mechanisms to try to ensure homeostasis. Although the effect of hypoxia on different tissues and organs has been very well documented, the role of low levels of O2 in the oral cavity has not received the same analysis. In this review, we analyzed the available bibliographic data concerning the effects of hypoxia on periodontal tissue, salivary glands, and dental pulp. The published evidence demonstrates that low O2 levels increase the number of inflammatory mediators that induce the progression of periodontal disease, and, in turn, the inflammation established during the progression of periodontitis aggravates tissue hypoxia conditions. Salivary glands are also affected during hypoxic exposure, decreasing salivary secretion, and leading to ultrastructural alterations in the glandular parenchyma. On the other hand, hypoxia could also be beneficial in some scenarios. It has been established that dental pulp cells grow better in culture under hypoxic conditions than they do in normoxia. Furthermore, mild hypoxia seems to stimulate periodontal ligament cells proliferation and matrix degradation, key events during for orthodontic treatments. In conclusion, to determine the effects of hypoxia in the oral cavity, it is necessary to analyze not only the type of tissue involved but also the hypoxic conditions to which it is subjected, as well as its duration and modality (AU)

Humans , Hypoxia/complications , Mouth Diseases/etiology , Salivary Glands/pathology , Periodontium/pathology , Dental Pulp/pathology , Homeostasis , Mandible/pathology
j.tunis.ORL chir. cerv.-fac ; 47(3): 41-46, 2022. tales, figures
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1392589


Objectif: Etudier les particularités cliniques des carcinomes adénoïdes kystiques des glandes salivaires accessoires et discuter les modalités thérapeutiques de ce type tumoral. Patients et méthodes: Il s'agit d'une étude rétrospective descriptive ayant colligé 11 patients présentant un carcinome adénoïde kystique (CAK) des glandes salivaires accessoires (GSA) pris en charge dans notre département sur une période de 20 ans. Résultats: L'âge moyen de nos patients était de 51 ans avec un sex ratio à 0,83. Le délai moyen de consultation était de 20 mois. Le site tumoral était: la cavité buccale dans 3 cas, le massif facial et le cavum dans 6 cas, la trachée et le larynx dans 2 cas. Les motifs de consultation étaient variables selon le site tumoral. L'extension péri neurale était objectivée dans 3 cas. Le traitement était chirurgical suivi de radiothérapie chez 5patients. Une radiothérapie exclusive a été indiquée chez 3 patients et une radio chimiothérapie concomitante dans 3 cas. Un recul moyen de 42 mois a pu être obtenu pour 10 patients. Une patiente a été perdue de vue. L'évolution était favorable avec absence de récidive locale chez 8 patients. Conclusion: Le traitement de référence reste une chirurgie d'exérèse large, suivie de radiothérapie adjuvante. L'imagerie est indispensable pour le bilan d'extension locorégional et à distance qui conditionne l'attitude thérapeutique

Humans , Salivary Glands , General Surgery , Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic , Accessory Nerve
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 21(4): 34-38, out.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1391275


Introdução: O adenoma pleomórfico (AP) é a neoplasia de glândula salivar mais comum e se apresenta como um aumento de superfície firme, indolor e com crescimento lento. O palato, a cavidade nasal e a nasofaringe são áreas em que se localizam muitas glândulas salivares menores, sendo o adenoma pleomórfico, o tumor benigno mais comum nessas glândulas. O AP pode acometer indivíduos em qualquer faixa etária, principalmente na terceira e quarta década de vida, com predominância pelo gênero feminino. O artigo objetiva relatar um caso clínico de adenoma pleomórfico em palato duro, comparando com dados presentes na literatura especializada em relação, especialmente, aos sítios acometidos e as formas de tratamentos existentes. Relato de caso: Paciente do sexo feminino, 34 anos, compareceu ao ambulatório do HU-Univasf com queixa de aumento de volume indolor em boca há 02 anos. Foi realizada uma biópsia incisional onde no exame histopatológico foi diagnosticado como Adenoma Pleomórfico. O tratamento eleito foi a excisão cirúrgica e uso de placa de polimetilmetacrilato no pós-operatório. Atualmente o paciente apresenta follow up de 02 anos e 05 meses, sem sinais de recidiva da lesão e sem queixas locais... (AU)

Introduction: Pleomorphic adenoma (PA) is a more common salivary gland neoplasia and presents as an increase in firm, painless and slow-growing surface. The palate, a nasal cavity and a nasopharynx, are areas that locate many minor salivary glands, being pleomorphic adenoma, the most com mon benign tumor in these glands. The PA can affect individuals in any age group, mainly in the third and fourth decade of life, with a predominance in a females. The article aims relates a clinical case of pleomorphic adeno ma on the hard palate, comparing it with the data present in the specialized literature in relation, especially, to the affected locations and the ways to ex isting treatments. Case Report: A 34 years old, female patient, showed up to the HU-Univasf outpatient clinic with a complaint of an increase in vol ume painless in the mouth for 2 years. An incisional biopsy was performed in which the histopathological examination was diagnosed as Pleomorphic Adenoma. The treatment chosen was surgical excision and use of polymeth ylmethacrylate plate. Currently, the patient has a follow-up of 02 years and 05 months, with no signs of recurrence of the lesion and no local complaints... (AU)

Introducción: El adenoma pleomórfico (AP) es la neoplasia de glándulas salivales más común y se presenta como un agrandamiento firme, indoloro y de crecimiento lento. El paladar, la cavidad nasal y la nasofaringe son áreas en las que se localizan muchas glándulas salivales menores, siendo el adenoma pleomórfico el tumor benigno más común en estas glándulas. La AF puede afectar a individuos de cualquier grupo de edad, especialmente en la tercera y cuarta década de la vida, con predominio del sexo femenino. El artículo tiene como objetivo reportar un caso clínico de adenoma pleomórfico en paladar duro, comparándolo con datos de la literatura especializada en relación, especialmente, con los sitios afectados y las formas de tratamiento existentes. Caso clínico: Paciente de sexo femenino de 34 años que acudió a la consulta externa de HU-Univasf quejándose de hinchazón bucal indolora durante 02 años. Se realizó biopsia incisional y el examen histopatológico se diagnosticó como adenoma pleomórfico. El tratamiento elegido fue la exéresis quirúrgica y el uso postoperatorio de placa de polimetilmetacrilato. Actualmente, el paciente tiene un período de seguimiento de 02 años y 05 meses, sin signos de recurrencia de la lesión y sin quejas locales... (AU)

Humans , Female , Adult , Salivary Glands, Minor/surgery , Nasopharynx , Adenoma, Pleomorphic , Palate, Hard , Nasal Cavity , Salivary Gland Diseases , Salivary Glands , Aftercare
Arch. health invest ; 10(7): 1184-1187, July 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | BBO, LILACS | ID: biblio-1344606


Introdução: Os sialólitos são lesões mineralizadas nas glândulas salivares que causam obstrução total ou parcial do ducto, acometendo comumente a glândula submandibular. Sua abordagem varia de pouco invasiva à cirúrgicas, a depender do número, localização e dimensões dos cálculos. Objetivo: Esse estudo teve como objetivo relatar um caso clínico raro de sialólito no ducto da glândula parótida tratado através da remoção cirúrgica. Relato De Caso: Paciente compareceu ao ambulatório com história de dor e edema em face com 2 meses de evolução, referindo piora da sintomatologia após alimentação. Ao exame físico apresentou edema endurecido em região pré-auricular esquerda e ausência de drenagem no ducto da parótida ipsilateral. Foi realizado uma radiografia de tecidos moles com filme periapical, que revelou imagem radiopaca circunscrita sugestiva de um sialólito no ducto da glândula parótida esquerda. Assim, foi realizada excisão cirúrgica do cálculo seguida do reestabelecimento da patência ductal através da instalação de cateter venoso. Paciente evoluiu bem e segue em acompanhamento sem recidiva dos sinais e sintomas. Considerações Finais: O presente estudo revela que o diagnóstico precoce da sialolitíase e a escolha do plano de tratamento adequado estão associados a um bom prognóstico, e o reestabelecimento da patência ductal, quando danificado, é imprescindível para o sucesso do tratamento(AU)

Introduction: Sialoliths are mineralized lesions in the salivary glands that cause total or partial obstruction of the duct, commonly affecting the submandibular gland. It ranges from less invasive to surgical approach, depending on the number, location and dimension of the calculi. Objective: This study aimed to report a rare clinical case of a sialolith in the parotid gland's duct treated by surgical removal. Case Report: The patient attended the outpatient clinic with a history of pain and edema in the face with 2 months of evolution, reporting worsening symptoms after feeding. On physical examination, he had hardened edema in the left preauricular region and no drainage in the ipsilateral parotid duct. Soft tissue radiography with a periapical film was performed, which revealed a circumscribed radiopaque image suggestive of a sialolith in the left parotid gland's duct. Thus, the calculus's surgical excision was performed, followed by the reestablishment of the ductal patency through the installation of a venous catheter. The patient evolved well and is being followed up without recurrence of signs and symptoms. Final Considerations: The present study reveals that the early diagnosis of sialolithiasis and the choice of the appropriate treatment plan are associated with a good prognosis, and the reestablishment of ductal patency, when damaged, is essential for the success of the treatment(AU)

Introducción: Os sialolitos son lesiones mineralizadas en las glándulas salivales que causan obstrucción total o parcial del conducto, afectando comúnmente a la glándula submandibular. Su abordaje varía desde poco invasivo hasta quirúrgico, dependiendo del número, ubicación y dimensiones de los cálculos. Objetivo: Este estudio tuvo como objetivo reportar un caso clínico raro de sialolito en el conducto de la glándula parótida tratado mediante extirpación quirúrgica. Reporte de Caso: Paciente acudió a consulta externa con antecedente de dolor y edema en el rostro de 2 meses de evolución, refiriendo empeoramiento de la sintomatología tras la alimentación. A la exploración física presentaba edema endurecido en región preauricular izquierda y ausencia de drenaje en conducto parotídeo ipsilateral. Se realizó una radiografía de partes blandas con placa periapical, que reveló una imagen radiopaca circunscrita sugestiva de un sialolito en el conducto de la glándula parótida izquierda. Así, se realizó la escisión quirúrgica del cálculo seguida del restablecimiento de la permeabilidad ductal mediante la instalación de un catéter venoso. El paciente evolucionó bien y se le está dando seguimiento sin recurrencia de signos y síntomas. Consideraciones Finales: El presente estudio revela que el diagnóstico precoz de la sialolitiasis y la elección del plan de tratamiento adecuado se asocian a un buen pronóstico, y el restablecimiento de la permeabilidad ductal, en caso de daño, es fundamental para el éxito del tratamiento(AU)

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Parotid Gland/surgery , Salivary Gland Calculi , Parotid Gland , Salivary Gland Diseases , Salivary Glands , Submandibular Gland , Salivary Gland Calculi/diagnosis , Salivary Gland Calculi/therapy