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1.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(9): e6864, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951754

ABSTRACT

The mortality of patients with mycotic aneurysms is high, especially in East Asia, and infection by Salmonella species is the most common. Our study aimed to improve prognosis of adult mycotic aneurysms with early diagnosis and accurate treatment. Four adult patients with mycotic aneurysm caused by Salmonella were included and analyzed by single-center retrospective analysis. Cases reported in the literature during the past 10 years were also summarized. The average age of the 4 male patients was 61.25 years, while that of the 53 cases reported in the literature was 65.13 years. Hypertension, diabetes, and atherosclerosis were common complications. Most patients presented fever and experienced pain at the corresponding position of the aneurysm. Laboratory examination found an increased number of white blood cells accompanied by an increase in inflammatory markers. Most aneurysms were found in the abdominal aorta, while the rupture of an aneurysm was the most common complication. The mortality rates were 21.43 and 7.14% after open surgery or endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) intervention, respectively. The recurrence rates of infection were 0 and 17.85% for both treatments, respectively. The mortality rate of mycotic aneurysm caused by Salmonella infection was high in middle-aged males with hypertension, diabetes, and atherosclerosis. The possibility of a Salmonella-infected aneurysm should be considered in these high-risk groups presenting chills, fever, chest, and back pain. Open surgery was superior to EVAR treatment in the clearance of infected foci and the reduction of postoperative recurrence. The recurrence of postoperative infection can be prevented by intravenous antibiotic therapy for 6 weeks post-surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Salmonella Infections/complications , Aneurysm, Infected/microbiology , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/microbiology , Salmonella/isolation & purification , Salmonella Infections/mortality , Salmonella Infections/diagnostic imaging , Aneurysm, Infected/mortality , Aneurysm, Infected/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Risk Factors , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/mortality , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/drug therapy , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/diagnostic imaging , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
3.
West Indian med. j ; 63(1): 94-97, Jan. 2014. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1045796

ABSTRACT

Nontyphoidal Salmonella infections often present with self-limited gastroenteritis. Extraintestinal focal infections are uncommon but have high mortality and morbidity. Urinary tract infection caused by nontyphoidal Salmonella is usually associated with structural abnormalities of the urinary tract. Nephrocalcinosis and nephrolithiasis are the major risk factors. Although primary hyperparathyroidism has been reported to increase the risk of nephrocalcinosis and nephrolithiasis, little is known about the association between hyperparathyroidism and Salmonella urinary tract infection. We report the case of a 37-year old man who had a history of primary hyperparathyroidism and bilateral nephrocalcinosis and who developed urinary tract infection. Salmonella Group D was isolated from his urine specimen. Salmonella should be considered as a possible causality organism in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism and nephrocalcinosis who develop urinary tract infection. These patients need to be aware of the potential risks associated with salmonellosis.


Las infecciones por Salmonella no tifoidea se presentan a menudo con gastroenteritis auto-limitada. Las infecciones extra-intestinales focales son poco frecuentes, pero tienen una alta mortalidad y morbilidad. La infección de las vías urinarias causada por la Salmonella no tifoidea se asocia generalmente a anomalías estructurales de las vías urinarias. La nefrocalcinosis y la nefrolitiasis son los principales factores de riesgo. Aunque se ha reportado que el hiperparatiroidismo primario aumenta el riesgo de la nefrocalcinosis y la nefrolitiasis, poco se sabe sobre la asociación entre el hiperparatiroidismo y la infección de las vías urinarias por Salmonella. Damos a conocer aquí el caso de un hombre de 37 años con una historia de hiperparatiroidismo primario y nefrocalcinosis bilateral, que desarrolló una infección de las vías urinarias. La Salmonella del grupo D fue aislada de su muestra de orina. La Salmonella se debe considerar como un posible organismo de causalidad en pacientes con hiperparatiroidismo primario y nefrocalcinosis que desarrollan infección del tracto urinario. Estos pacientes necesitan tomar conciencia de los riesgos potenciales asociados con la salmonellosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Salmonella Infections/complications , Urinary Tract Infections/complications , Hyperparathyroidism/complications , Nephrocalcinosis/complications , Salmonella Infections/diagnosis , Salmonella Infections/drug therapy , Urinary Tract Infections/diagnosis , Urinary Tract Infections/drug therapy , Ceftriaxone , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
4.
West Indian med. j ; 62(3): 270-272, Mar. 2013.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1045640

ABSTRACT

Antitumour necrosis factor (TNF) monoclonal antibodies have become an invaluable treatment against chronic inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, due to increased risk of opportunistic infections, patients receiving antiTNF therapy should be closely monitored for serious infections. Here, we describe a case of acute Salmonella enteritidis infection of a joint arthroplasty that previously was functioning well, in a patient receiving infliximab treatment for RA. After prolonged antimicrobial chemotherapy and interrupted infliximab treatment, reimplantation of a new prosthesis was successfully performed two years after Salmonella septic arthritis. Therefore, because of the possibility of extraintestinal salmonellosis, screening for fecal colonization could be advisable in patients undergoing antiTNF treatment. Moreover, we emphasize the importance of appropriate counselling of these patients concerning food hygiene.


Los anticuerpos monoclonales del factor de necrosis antitumoral (FNT) se han convertido en un valioso tratamiento contra las enfermedades inflamatorias crónicas como la artritis reumatoide (AR). Sin embargo, debido al mayor riesgo de infecciones oportunistas, los pacientes que reciben terapia antiFNT se deben se monitoreados muy de cerca con respecto a la posibilidad de infecciones serias. Aquí describimos un caso de infección aguda por Salmonella enteritidis de una artroplastia de articulación que anteriormente funcionaba bien, en un paciente que recibía tratamiento con infliximab por RA. Después de prolongadas quimioterapias antimicrobianas y tratamiento interrumpido con infliximab, se realizó exitosamente la reimplantación de una nueva prótesis, dos años después de la artritis séptica por Salmonella. Por lo tanto, debido a la posibilidad de una salmonelosis extraintestinal, podría ser aconsejable el tamizaje de la colonización fecal en pacientes sometidos a tratamiento antiFNT. Por otra parte, hacemos hincapié en la importancia de aconsejar apropiadamente a estos pacientes con respecto a la higiene de los alimentos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/drug therapy , Salmonella Infections/complications , Arthritis, Infectious/microbiology , Prosthesis-Related Infections/microbiology , Salmonella enterica , Immunocompromised Host , Antirheumatic Agents/therapeutic use , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Knee Prosthesis , Antibodies, Monoclonal/therapeutic use
5.
Indian J Med Microbiol ; 2012 Oct-Dec; 30(4): 474-476
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-144014

ABSTRACT

Recurrent bacterial meningitis in children is potentially life-threatening and induces psychological trauma to the patients through repeated hospitalization. Here we report a case of recurrent meningitis in a one month old baby. The CSF and blood culture grew Salmonella enteritidis. Injection ciprofloxacin and ceftriaxone were given for 3 weeks. Baby became symptomatically better and was afebrile at discharge. Twenty eight days after discharge baby got readmitted with complaints of fever and refusal of feeds. Blood and CSF culture again showed growth of Salmonella enteritidis. Physicians should be educated about the possibility of recurrence which may occur days or even weeks after apparent successful antibiotic treatment.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Female , Humans , India/epidemiology , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Meningitis, Bacterial/drug therapy , Meningitis, Bacterial/epidemiology , Recurrence , Salmonella enteritidis/drug effects , Salmonella enteritidis/pathogenicity , Salmonella Infections/complications , Salmonella Infections/drug therapy , Salmonella Infections/epidemiology
6.
Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences. 2011; 27 (1): 107-109
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-112882

ABSTRACT

Osteomyelitis is an important cause of morbidity and mortality among sickle cell patients. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and pattern of osteomyelitis among children with sickle cell disease at the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Port Harcourt, Nigeria. This was a retrospective review of all the medical records of sickle cell patients below the age of sixteen years who were admitted into the Paediatric ward of the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Port Harcourt from January 2003 to December 2007. Those with incomplete records were excluded. A total of 187 sickle cell patients were reviewed. Mean age of the study population was 6.95 +/- 4.23. There were more males [105] than females [82] giving a male female ratio of 1.3:1. Out of the 187 subjects with sickle cell anaemia 15 had osteomyelitis which accounted for a prevalence of 0.08%. Acute osteomyelitis accounted for 100% of cases. Klebsiela pneumonia was commonest organism isolated from blood culture 5 [33.3%]. Fever, leg swelling and bone pains were the commonest mode of presentation. The Tibia bone was commonly involved 8 [53.3%].The aetiological organisms were sensitive to ceftazidine and gentamycin in 55% of the positive blood cultures. The preponderance of Klebsiella pneumonia indicates a change in the previously accepted pattern of infection in which Salmonella species were considered to be the main causative organism


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Anemia, Sickle Cell/complications , Acute Disease , Klebsiella pneumoniae/pathogenicity , Salmonella Infections/complications , Osteomyelitis/etiology , Child , Osteomyelitis/microbiology , Hospitals, Teaching , Review Literature as Topic , Retrospective Studies , Bacterial Infections/drug therapy
7.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 472-474, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-114977

ABSTRACT

The clinical spectrum of infections caused by non-typhoid Salmonella spp. includes gastroenteritis, enteric fever, bacteremia, and extraintestinal localized complications, especially in immunocompromised hosts. Here we report a patient with severe aplastic anemia developing left iliopsoas abscess caused by non-typhoid Salmonella (NTS), which was successfully treated by prolonged antibiotic treatment and repeated debridement. Our data indicate that aplastic anemia is a risk factor for infection caused by NTS.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Aplastic/complications , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Psoas Abscess/etiology , Salmonella Infections/complications
8.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 128-130, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-71789

ABSTRACT

Non-typhoidal salmonellosis, which is increasing nowadays in Korea as well as in the developed countries, is manifested as enteritis in most cases, but it also encompasses bacteremia, intraabdominal infections, and bone, joint and soft tissue infections. These rare diseases are known to result from primary gastrointestinal infection and subsequent bacteremia with or without symptoms. We experienced a case of neck abscess caused by Salmonella serotype D, which is a rare but important differential diagnosis of neck abscess. We herein report it.


Subject(s)
Abscess/diagnosis , Aged , Female , Humans , Liver Cirrhosis , Neck/microbiology , Salmonella/physiology , Salmonella Infections/complications
9.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 42(4): 436-445, July-Aug. 2009. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-527187

ABSTRACT

A salmonelose septicêmica prolongada é uma entidade clinicamente individualizada caracterizada por febre prolongada com hepatoesplenomegalia que ocorre em indivíduos esquistossomóticos coinfectados com salmonelas. Os mecanismos imunopatogênicos são vários e dependem das peculiaridades das interações entre as salmonelas e várias espécies do gênero Schistosoma. As modificações ocasionadas no sistema imunitário pela infecção parasitária são responsáveis pela evolução do quadro da doença. Nesta revisão, analisamos a evolução do conhecimento sobre a entidade e discutimos os possíveis mecanismos imunofisiopatogênicos que concorrem para seu desenvolvimento.


Chronic septicemic salmonellosis is an individualized clinical entity characterized by prolonged fever with enlargement of the liver and spleen that occurs in Schistosoma-infected individuals who are coinfected with Salmonella. Several immunopathogenic mechanisms are involved, and they depend on the peculiarities of the interactions between Salmonella and various species of the genus Schistosoma. The modifications to the immune system that are caused by parasite infection are responsible for the evolution of the disease. In this review, we analyze the evolution of the knowledge on this entity and discuss the possible immuno-physiopathogenic mechanisms that contribute towards its development.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Salmonella Infections/immunology , Schistosomiasis/immunology , Sepsis/immunology , Chronic Disease , Salmonella Infections/complications , Schistosomiasis/complications , Sepsis/complications , Sepsis/microbiology
10.
Indian J Med Microbiol ; 2009 Jan-Mar; 27(1): 65-6
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-53898

ABSTRACT

Nontyphoidal salmonella species are thought to be potentially infectious to humans and many are documented to cause human diseases. We isolated S. Isangi from the blood of a 30-year-old man with complaints of diarrhoea, fever, and altered sensorium. The serotype of the isolate was confirmed at National Salmonella Centre (Vet.), Division of Bacteriology and Mycology, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izzatnagar, India. The isolate was not an extended spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) producer and the patient responded well to ceftriaxone. We reviewed the literature concerning infections caused by salmonella; however, did not find any report related to S. Isangi infection in human beings from India.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Bacteremia/diagnosis , Ceftriaxone/therapeutic use , Humans , India , Male , Neurotoxicity Syndromes/diagnosis , Salmonella Infections/complications , Salmonella enterica/drug effects , beta-Lactamases/biosynthesis
12.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-53483

ABSTRACT

Salmonella infection can cause an asymptomatic intestinal carrier state or clinical diseases such as enterocolitis presenting abdominal pain, fever, vomiting, or diarrhea. Salmonella usually invades Peyer's patch of terminal ileum or ascending colon. Sepsis is not common and acute renal failure secondary to rhabdomyolysis is rare. The causes of rhabdomyolysis are trauma, excessive exercise, alcohol, seizure, metabolic abnormality, and infection. Infections account for less than 5% of the reported causes of rhabdomyolysis and resulting acute renal failure. The mechanisms underlying rhabdomyolysis due to infection are direct muscle invasion, toxin production, and nonspecific effects that can occur with infections such as fever, dehydration, acidosis, and electrolyte imbalance. We report a case of sepsis and acute renal failure secondary to rhabdomyolysis associated with Salmonella infection.


Subject(s)
Colonoscopy , Enterocolitis/complications , Humans , Acute Kidney Injury/diagnosis , Male , Middle Aged , Rhabdomyolysis/diagnosis , Salmonella Infections/complications , Sepsis/diagnosis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
13.
Asian Pac J Allergy Immunol ; 2007 Dec; 25(4): 249-52
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-36994

ABSTRACT

We evaluated a boy who had multiple Salmonella septicemia, Aspergillus pneumonia and brain abscesses. His nitroblue tetrazolium (NBT) test was reportedly abnormal. The dihydrorhodamine (DHR) flow cytometry assay was compatible with typical X-linked chronic granulomatous disease (X-CGD). CYBB analysis revealed a novel complex mutation atggacg --> ttca in exon 12 (base pairs 1532-1538). As a result, 3 amino acids Tyr 511, Gly 512 and Arg 513 were deleted and replaced by 2 amino acids, Phe and Gln. The DHR and mutation analysis of his mother showed normal DHR pattern and no mutations in exon 12 of CYBB gene. In conclusion, any children with multiple Salmonella and Aspergillus infection should be suspected of CGD. NBT test, DHR assay and gene analysis are helpful toolsto confirm the diagnosis e v en i n the case of de novo mutation.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Amino Acid Substitution , Aspergillosis, Allergic Bronchopulmonary/complications , Granulomatous Disease, Chronic/complications , Humans , Infant , Male , Membrane Glycoproteins/genetics , NADPH Oxidases/genetics , Pneumonia/complications , Salmonella Infections/complications , Sepsis/complications , Sequence Deletion
15.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-44700

ABSTRACT

The authors describe the first case of Salmonella serogroup D gas-forming femoral osteomyelitis and pyomyositis in a 51-year-old man with non-Hodgkin lymphoma. The patient was successfully treated with surgical debridement as well as clindamycin plus ceftriaxone, and then switched to ciprofloxacin. However, he eventually died due to multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii pneumonia. In addition, five cases of Salmonella gas-forming pyomyositis in the literature were reviewed.


Subject(s)
Acinetobacter Infections , Ceftriaxone/therapeutic use , Ciprofloxacin/therapeutic use , Clindamycin/therapeutic use , Cross Infection , Fatal Outcome , Humans , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin/physiopathology , Male , Middle Aged , Osteomyelitis/drug therapy , Pyomyositis/drug therapy , Salmonella Infections/complications
16.
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 41(3): 379-383, jul.-sep. 2007. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-633021

ABSTRACT

Se evaluaron retrospectivamente las características clínicas de 59 pacientes con aislamientos extraintestinales de Salmonella enterica no Typhi y la resistencia antibiótica entre 1988 y 2004. En el 95% de los casos se conocieron las condiciones de base del huésped que consistieron en: enfermedad oncohematológica (15), lupus eritematoso sistémico (11), síndrome de inmuno deficiencia adquirida (10), pacientes internados en neonatología (8), colecistitis (4) y otras (7). Las formas clínicas halladas fueron: bacteriemias primarias (26), bacteriemias secundarias a gastroenteritis (15), artritis séptica (7), infección urinaria (12), infección intraabdominal (5), meningitis (1) y pericarditis (1). En 29 pacientes se aisló Salmonella enterica no Typhi en más de una localización. El 15,8% y el 21,0% de 59 aislamientos presentaron resistencia a cefalosporinas de 3ª generación y a ampicilina, respectivamente. Salmonella Agona causó un brote epidémico en la sala de cuidados intensivos de neonatología, aislándose de sangre en 5 pacientes y en uno también de LCR. Este serotipo fue multirresistente. Imipenem, trimetroprima-sulfometoxazol y ciprofloxacina fueron los antibióticos más activos (CIM 50: 0,5; 0,5 y 0,002 µg/mL, respectivamente).


The clinical and antimicrobial resistance of 59 patients with extraintestinal infection by nontyphi Salmonella was retrospectively evaluated from 1988 to 2004. In 95% of the patients there were underlying diseases, which included: oncohematologic disease (15), systemic lupus erythematosus (11), acquired immunodeficiency disease (AIDS) (10), patients of neonatal units (8), colecistitis (4), and other disorders (7). The clinical manifestation were primary bacteremias (26), bacteremias secondary to gastroenteritis (15), arthritis (7), urinary tract infections (12), abdominal infections (5), meningitis (1) and pericarditis (1). In 29 patients Salmonella enterica no Typhi was isolated in more than one site. Resistance to third generation cephalosporins was observed in 15,8 % of these isolates, and resistance to ampicillin in 21,0%. Salmonella Agona was isolated from an outbreak in neonatal ICU; the organism was recovered from blood samples of five neonates and in one patient also isolated from CSF. These isolates showed multiresistance. Imipenem, trimetoprim-sulfametoxazol and ciprofloxacin were the three most active antimicrobial agents (MIC 50: 0.5, 0.5 and 0.002 µg/mL, respectively).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Salmonella Infections/epidemiology , beta-Lactam Resistance , Salmonella Infections/complications , Salmonella Infections/microbiology , Salmonella Infections/urine , Salmonella Infections/blood , beta-Lactamases , Drug Resistance, Microbial , Salmonella enterica
17.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-32476

ABSTRACT

Malaria and concurrent bacteremia has been described in many reports, most of them with P. falciparum. Concurrent bacteremia with P. vivax infected patients is very rare. We reported 2 cases of salmonella bacteremia with P. vivax infection. Both patients presented with fever and the diagnosis of P. vivax was confirmed microscopically. The first patient presented with fever, jaundice, shock and renal failure which rarely occurs with P. vivax infection. The second patient had no clinical response after receiving standard antimalarial drugs. Hemoculture was positive for Salmonella spp in both cases. They recovered completely after appropriate antibiotics and antimalarial treatment.


Subject(s)
Adult , Animals , Female , Humans , Malaria, Vivax/complications , Male , Plasmodium vivax/drug effects , Salmonella/drug effects , Salmonella Infections/complications , Thailand
18.
J Indian Med Assoc ; 2006 Nov; 104(11): 646, 648
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-102208

ABSTRACT

A male patient of 10-year-old presented with fever, headache and vomiting for last few days. He was being treated with antimalarial drugs. On 14th day of illness he again showed rise of temperature. His blood culture showed growth of Salmonella typhi. He was treated with ceftriaxone and responded favourably. Here uncomplicated falciparum malaria developed a secondary infection with salmonella during hospital stay. This uncommon association was noted rather than a mere coincidence, which rarely reported in literature.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Antimalarials/therapeutic use , Ceftriaxone/therapeutic use , Child , Humans , Malaria, Falciparum/complications , Male , Salmonella Infections/complications , Salmonella typhi/drug effects , Sepsis/complications
19.
J. Health Sci. Inst ; 24(2): 95-101, abr.-jun. 2006. CD-ROM
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-873588

ABSTRACT

As enfermidades causadas por Salmonella spp e transmitidas por alimentos são consideradas um dos mais importantes problemas de Saúde Pública no mundo todo. O trato intestinal do homem e dos animais é o principal reservatório natural deste patógeno, sendo os alimentos de origem aviária importantes vias de transmissão. Os indivíduos suscetíveis podem se infectar, principalmente, através da ingestão de alimentos e água contaminados por fezes humanas ou de animais. Após a ingestão, as salmonelas passam através do estômago, se multiplicam, aderindo-se e penetrando as células epiteliais da região ileocecal, injuriando-as. Migram para a lâmina própria levando à resposta inflamatória mediada por liberação de prostaglandinas, que estimulam o AMP cíclico produzindo secreção ativa de fluidos, o que resulta em diarréia. Os sintomas incluem cólicas abdominais, náuseas, vômitos, diarréia, calafrios, febre e cefaléia. Para o diagnóstico, além dos sinais clínicos considera-se o período de incubação e os tipos de alimentos ingeridos. Em paralelo, realiza-se o cultivo para o isolamento do microrganismo e a determinação do(s) sorotipo(s) e/ou fagotipo(s). Com relação ao tratamento, as enterocolites causadas por Salmonella spp, de um modo geral, não necessitam de tratamento com antibiótico. Entretanto, no caso de complicações sistêmicas ou de febre tifóide (Salmonella typhi) a antibioticoterapia é recomendada. Devido à grande importância dessa enfermidade e o papel que o alimento tem na transmissão desta, ressalta-se como ferramenta fundamental para o seu controle, a educação sanitária da população e dos manipuladores de alimentos


Subject(s)
Food Contamination , Health Education , Salmonella Infections/complications , Food Storage , Salmonella Food Poisoning , Food Handling/methods
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