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1.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(5): 1243-1247, Sept.-Oct. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1345271

ABSTRACT

Salmonelose é uma doença causada por bactérias do gênero Salmonella, com importância para saúde pública e animal. Dentre os sorotipos hospedeiro-específicos, destaca-se o Gallinarum, que possui os biovares Gallinarum e Pullorum adaptados às aves e amplamente difundidos pelo mundo. Os dados sobre a ocorrência de Salmonella spp. em criações avícolas alternativas no Brasil são escassos. O objetivo deste estudo foi pesquisar a ocorrência de Salmonella spp. em galinhas coloniais encaminhadas para necropsia ao LRD/FV/UFPel. Foram realizadas análises histopatológicas, microbiológicas e moleculares das colônias bacterianas isoladas de 12 amostras de órgãos de galinhas domésticas dos municípios de Pelotas e Piratini, no Rio Grande do Sul. Na análise microbiológica, foram isoladas bactérias do gênero Salmonella sorotipo Gallinarum das 12 amostras, sendo 10/12 bioquimicamente compatíveis com biovar Gallinarum e 2/12 com biovar Pullorum. Na análise molecular PCR 11/12, 91,7% foram identificadas genotipicamente como Salmonella spp. O presente estudo demonstrou uma elevada frequência de isolamento de Salmonella Gallinarum biovar Gallinarum em aves sintomáticas criadas em regime extensivo. Além disso, os dados epidemiológicos das aves analisadas demonstram que a infecção por Salmonella Gallinarum nesses casos está associada ao contato com aves silvestres e falhas de manejo sanitário.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Salmonella/isolation & purification , Salmonella Infections, Animal/diagnosis , Salmonella Infections, Animal/epidemiology , Chickens
2.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(5): 1085-1093, Sept.-Oct. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1345255

ABSTRACT

The present study aimed at isolating and characterizing Salmonella spp. from chicken cuts marketed in Francisco Beltrão, PR, and verify the resistance profile of the isolates against antimicrobials used in human therapy. Samples of chicken cuts (n=40) were purchased from supermarkets and submitted to microbiological analysis for the detection of Salmonella spp. The suspected colonies underwent biochemical testing for the identification of enterobacteria. Four colonies were selected from each sample positive for Salmonella spp., totaling 28 isolates that were tested for antimicrobial sensitivity. Colonies that showed resistance to ceftriaxone were subjected to extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBL). Among the analyzed chicken samples, seven (17.5%) showed biochemical behavior characteristic of Salmonella spp. Among the 28 isolates, seventeen different resistance profiles were found, of which 46.42% (n=13) had a multi-resistance profile, and 21.4% (n=6) of the isolates had a phenotype for ESBL production. The strains of Salmonella spp. isolated from chicken cuts found in this study showed a high level of resistance to antimicrobials of different classes and of last generations, these data serve as a warning, as they put the human treatment of salmonellosis at risk.(AU)


A pesquisa objetivou isolar e caracterizar Salmonella spp., a partir de cortes de frangos comercializados na cidade de Francisco Beltrão - PR, bem como verificar o perfil de resistência dos isolados em relação aos antimicrobianos utilizados na terapêutica humana. Amostras de cortes de frango (n=40) foram adquiridas em supermercados e submetidas à análise microbiológica para detecção de Salmonella spp. As colônias suspeitas foram submetidas a provas bioquímicas para identificação de enterobactérias. Quatro colônias foram selecionadas de cada amostra positiva para Salmonella spp., totalizando 28 isolados, que foram testadas quanto à sensibilidade a antimicrobianos. As colônias que apresentaram resistência à ceftriaxona foram submetidas à pesquisa de betalactamases de espectro estendido (ESBL). Das amostras de frango analisadas, sete (17,5%) apresentaram comportamento bioquímico característico de Salmonella spp. Entre os 28 isolados, foram encontrados 17 perfis diferentes de resistência, tendo 46,42% (n=13) apresentado perfil de multirresistência e 21,4% (n=6) apresentado fenótipo para produção de ESBL. As cepas de Salmonella spp. isoladas de cortes de frango, encontradas neste estudo, apresentaram alto índice de resistência a antimicrobianos de diferentes classes e de últimas gerações. Esses dados servem de alerta, uma vez que coloca em risco o tratamento da salmonelose humana.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Poultry Products/microbiology , Salmonella/isolation & purification , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Salmonella Infections, Animal , Chickens/microbiology
3.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(4): 781-790, Jul.-Aug. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285278

ABSTRACT

The objective of the present study was to Standardize a Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) protocol for the authentication of bovine and buffalo milk, and to detect the presence of Salmonella spp. and Listeria monocytogenes. For this, the target DNA was extracted, mixed, and subjected to a PCR assay. Milk samples were defrauded and experimentally contaminated with microorganisms to assess the detection of target DNA at different times of cultivation, bacterial titers, and concentration of genetic material. In addition, the protocol was tested with DNA extracted directly from food, without a pre-enrichment step. The proposed quadruplex PCR showed good accuracy in identifying target DNA sequences. It was possible to simultaneously identify all DNA sequences at the time of inoculation (0h), when the samples were contaminated with 2 CFU/250mL and with 6h of culture when the initial inoculum was 1 CFU/250mL. It was also possible to directly detect DNA sequences from the food when it was inoculated with 3 CFU/mL bacteria. Thus, the proposed methodology showed satisfactory performance, optimization of the analysis time, and a potential for the detection of microorganisms at low titers, which can be used for the detection of fraud and contamination.


O objetivo do presente estudo foi padronizar um protocolo de reação em cadeia da polimerase (PCR) para a autenticação de leite bovino e bubalino e a detecção da presença de Salmonella spp. e Listeria monocytogenes. Para isso, o DNA-alvo foi extraído, misturado e submetido ao ensaio de PCR. Amostras de leite foram fraudadas e contaminadas experimentalmente com os micro-organismos, para se avaliar a detecção do DNA-alvo em diferentes tempos de cultivo, os títulos bacterianos e a concentração de material genético. Além disso, o protocolo foi testado com DNA extraído diretamente do alimento, sem a etapa de pré-enriquecimento. A PCR quadriplex proposta mostrou boa precisão na identificação de sequências de DNA-alvo. Foi possível identificar simultaneamente todas as sequências de DNA no momento da inoculação (0h), quando as amostras estavam contaminadas com 2 UFC/250mL, e com seis horas de cultura, quando o inóculo inicial foi de 1 UFC/250mL. Também foi possível detectar diretamente as sequências de DNA do alimento quando este foi inoculado com 3 UFC/mL de bactérias. Dessa forma, a metodologia proposta apresentou desempenho satisfatório, otimização do tempo de análise e potencial para detecção de micro-organismos em baixos títulos, podendo ser utilizada para detecção de fraude e contaminação.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Salmonella/isolation & purification , Buffaloes , Milk/microbiology , Fraud/prevention & control , Listeria monocytogenes/isolation & purification , Food Safety/methods , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary
4.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(2): 487-494, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1248939

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of different periods of pre-slaughter fasting (F1: 2 to 24 hours and F2: 48 to 72 hours) on the counts of hygiene indicator microorganisms and the presence of Salmonella spp. in carcasses of bullfrogs. Two different stages of the slaughter process were analyzed: after bleeding (A) and after the final carcasses cleaning (B). Samples from each fasting period were analyzed to count hygiene indicator microorganisms (n=30) and Salmonella spp. (n=140). For aerobic mesophilic microorganisms, the variation in fasting periods caused a reduction of 0.69 log10 CFU / g (P<0.05) in F2 when compared to F1 at point B of the slaughter. Coliforms at 35º C and Escherichia coli showed no differences (P >0.05) between the fasting analyzed periods. Considering the presence of E. coli, it was observed that F2 resulted in a reduction of 30% (P<0.05) positivity on point B. For Salmonella spp., the results showed that F2 contributed to an 11.5% reduction in the presence of this bacteria at point B. (P<0.05). Therefore, it is concluded that 48 to 72 hours of pre-slaughter fasting resulted in a positive impact on the microbiological quality of bullfrog carcasses.(AU)


O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a influência de diferentes períodos de jejum pré-abate (F1: duas a 24 horas e F2: 48 a 72 horas) nas contagens de micro-organismos indicadores de higiene e na presença de Salmonella spp. em carcaças de rãs-touro. Foram analisadas duas etapas do processo de abate: após a sangria (A) e após a toalete final da carcaça (B). As amostras de cada período de jejum foram utilizadas para contagem de indicadores de higiene (n = 30) e Salmonella spp. (n = 140). Para aeróbios mesófilos, a variação no tempo de jejum causou uma redução de 0,69 log10 UFC/g (P<0,05) em F2 quando comparado a F1 na etapa B do abate. Os coliformes a 35ºC e Escherichia coli não apresentaram diferenças (P>0,05) entre os dois períodos de jejum analisados. Considerando a presença de E. coli, F2 resultou em uma redução de 30% (P<0,05) de positividade na etapa B. Para Salmonella spp., os resultados mostraram que F2 contribuiu para uma redução de 11,5% na presença desse micro-organismo na etapa B. Portanto, conclui-se que 48 a 72 horas de jejum pré-abate tiveram um impacto positivo na qualidade microbiológica das carcaças de rã-touro.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Rana catesbeiana/microbiology , Salmonella/isolation & purification , Food Hygiene , Escherichia coli/isolation & purification , Food Safety , Fasting , Animal Culling
5.
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1347975

ABSTRACT

Salmonellosis is a foodborne disease (FBD) that affects public health and can cause death in people. Many outbreaks of Salmonellosis have been reported due to the contamination of raw milk and dairy products with the pathogen. To determine the prevalence of Salmonella spp. in milk samples from four dairy herds in the Sabana of Bogotá in 2017, 112 milk samples were taken directly from the mammary gland during milking. All milk samples were cultured and tested to isolate and identify Salmonella spp. using microbiological and molecular methods. Salmonella spp. prevalence of milk samples was found to be 20.5% (n=23). The main Salmonella serovars isolated were S. Newport (60.87%), S.Typhimurium (17.4%), S. Virchow, S. Bredeney, and S. Anatum (4.3% each one of the serovars). However, it was not possible to determine the Salmonella serotype in two isolates. The prevalence of Salmonella spp. in milk has not been studied extensively in Colombia. The 20.5% in the prevalence might be due to fact that the sample was taken directly from the mammary gland allowing a better chance of isolation by avoiding the dilutional effect of mixed milk from different cows in the buckets. This also suggests that the infection of the udder could have occurred by hematogenous dissemination or by milking machine contamination. This study highlights the need to implement measures to prevent contamination and reduce the problem in the herds, which will result in milk and dairy products with high standards of innocuity and quality and decrease the risk of foodborne illness(AU)


A salmonelose é uma doença transmitida por alimentos que afeta a saúde pública e pode causar a morte de pessoas. Muitos surtos de salmonelose têm sido relatados devido à contaminação de leite cru e produtos lácteos com o patógeno. Para determinar a prevalência de Salmonella spp. em amostras de leite de quatro rebanhos leiteiros na Sabana de Bogotá em 2017, cento e doze amostras de leite foram colhidas diretamente da glândula mamária durante a ordenha. Todas as amostras de leite foram cultivadas para isolar e identificar Salmonella spp. usando métodos microbiológicos e moleculares. A prevalência de Salmonella spp. nas amostras de leite foi de 20,5% (n = 23). Os principais sorovares de Salmonellaidentificados foram S. Newport (60,87%), S. Typhimurium (17,4%), S. Virchow, S. Bredeney e S. Anatum (4,3% cada um dos sorovares). No entanto, não foram determinados os sorovares de dois isolados. A prevalência de Salmonella spp. no leite ainda não foi extensivamente estudada na Colômbia. Os 20,5% na prevalência podem ser devidos ao fato de a amostra ter sido colhida diretamente da glândula mamária, permitindo uma melhor chance de isolamento, evitando o efeito de diluição do leite misto de diferentes vacas nos baldes, o que pode indicar infecção do úbere pela disseminação hematogênica ou por contaminação da ordenhadeira. Este estudo destaca a necessidade da implementação de medidas destinadas a prevenir a contaminação e reduzir o problema nos rebanhos, resultando em leite e produtos lácteos com altos padrões de inocuidade e qualidade, diminuindo o risco de doenças de origem alimentar.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Salmonella/isolation & purification , Cattle/microbiology , Zoonoses , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Salmonella Infections
6.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 40(1): 29-38, Jan. 2020. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1091660

ABSTRACT

Salmonella Infantis is frequently associated with human infections worldwide and is transmitted by consumption of contaminated foods, particularly those of animal origin, especially the chicken meat. We aimed to evaluate virulence characteristics, antimicrobial resistance and the genetic similarity of 51 strains of S. Infantis isolated from samples of poultry origin. The strains were isolated from 2009 to 2010 in a company with full cycle of broiler's production in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. The antimicrobial susceptibility test was performed and, by PCR, we evaluated the presence of the genes lpfA (hem-adhesion), agfA (hem-biofilm) and sefA (hem-adhesion) and resistance genes to beta-lactams (blaTEM, blaSHV, bla CTX-M and blaAmpC ). The phylogenetic relationship was determined by RAPD-PCR method. Among the drugs tested, the highest percentages of resistance were to amoxicillin (35.3%) and to sulfonamide (15.7%). Eleven antimicrobial resistance patterns were identified (A1 to A11), none of them presented a multiresistance profile (> 3 antimicrobials classes). There was 100% of positivity for the agfA gene, 92.2% for the lpfA gene, and no strain presented the sefA gene. Most of the isolates showed similarities in virulence potential, since they were simultaneously positive for two studied genes, agfA and lpfA (92.2%, 47/51). Of the 18 (35.3%) strains resistant to antimicrobials of the β-lactam class, 10 (55.5%) were positive to blaAmpC gene, five (27.8%) for blaCTX-M , two (11.1%) to blaSHV and no strain presented the blaTEM gene. The phylogenetic evaluation has shown the presence of five clusters (A, B, C, D and E) with similarity greatSalmonella Infantis is frequently associated with human infections worldwide and is transmitted by consumption of contaminated foods, particularly those of animal origin, especially the chicken meat. We aimed to evaluate virulence characteristics, antimicrobial resistance and the genetic similarity of 51 strains of S. Infantis isolated from samples of poultry origin. The strains were isolated from 2009 to 2010 in a company with full cycle of broiler's production in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. The antimicrobial susceptibility test was performed and, by PCR, we evaluated the presence of the genes lpfA (hem-adhesion), agfA (hem-biofilm) and sefA (hem-adhesion) and resistance genes to beta-lactams (blaTEM, blaSHV, bla CTX-M and blaAmpC ). The phylogenetic relationship was determined by RAPD-PCR method. Among the drugs tested, the highest percentages of resistance were to amoxicillin (35.3%) and to sulfonamide (15.7%). Eleven antimicrobial resistance patterns were identified (A1 to A11), none of them presented a multiresistance profile (> 3 antimicrobials classes). There was 100% of positivity for the agfA gene, 92.2% for the lpfA gene, and no strain presented the sefA gene. Most of the isolates showed similarities in virulence potential, since they were simultaneously positive for two studied genes, agfA and lpfA (92.2%, 47/51). Of the 18 (35.3%) strains resistant to antimicrobials of the ß-lactam class, 10 (55.5%) were positive to blaAmpC gene, five (27.8%) for blaCTX-M , two (11.1%) to blaSHV and no strain presented the blaTEM gene. The phylogenetic evaluation has shown the presence of five clusters (A, B, C, D and E) with similarity greater than 80%, and three distinct strains which were not grouped in any cluster. Cluster B grouped 33 strains, all positive for lpfA and agfA genes, from both, the broiler farming facility and the slaughterhouse, persistent throughout all the study period. This cluster also grouped 18 strains clones with genetic similarity greater than 99%, all isolated in the slaughterhouse. The presence of virulence genes associated with persistent strains clones for a long period, warns to the possibility of S. Infantis to form biofilm, and should be constantly monitored in broilers' production chain, in order to know the profile of the strains that may contaminate the final product and evaluate the hazards that represents to public health.er than 80%, and three distinct strains which were not grouped in any cluster. Cluster B grouped 33 strains, all positive for lpfA and agfA genes, from both, the broiler farming facility and the slaughterhouse, persistent throughout all the study period. This cluster also grouped 18 strains clones with genetic similarity greater than 99%, all isolated in the slaughterhouse. The presence of virulence genes associated with persistent strains clones for a long period, warns to the possibility of S. Infantis to form biofilm, and should be constantly monitored in broilers' production chain, in order to know the profile of the strains that may contaminate the final product and evaluate the hazards that represents to public health.(AU)


Salmonella Infantis é frequentemente associada a infecções humanas no mundo todo sendo transmitida pelo consumo de alimentos contaminados, principalmente aqueles de origem animal, com destaque para a carne de frango. Objetivou-se avaliar características de virulência, resistência antimicrobiana e a similaridade genética de 51 estirpes de S. Infantis isoladas em amostras de origem avícola. As estirpes foram isoladas no período de 2009 a 2010 em uma empresa com ciclo completo de produção de frango de corte, localizada no estado de São Paulo, Brasil. Foi realizado o teste de susceptibilidade antimicrobiana e pela técnica de PCR, foi avaliada a presença dos genes lpfA (fímbria-adesão), agfA (fímbria-biofilme) e sefA (fímbria-adesão) e os genes de resistência aos beta-lactâmicos (bla TEM, blaSHV, blaCTX-M e blaAmpC ). A relação filogenética foi determinada pelo método de RAPD-PCR. Dentre as drogas testadas, os maiores percentuais de resistência foram para amoxacilina com 35,3% e sulfonamida com 15,7%. Onze perfis de resistência aos antimicrobianos foram identificados (A1 a A11), sendo que nenhum deles apresentou perfil de multirresistência (>3 classes de antimicrobianos). Houve 100% de positividade para o gene agfA, 92,2% para o gene lpfA e nenhuma estirpe apresentou o gene sefA. A maioria dos isolados apresentaram semelhanças no potencial de virulência, pois foram positivos simultaneamente para dois genes estudados, agfA e lpfA (92,2% - 47/51). Das 18 (35,3%) estirpes resistentes aos antimicrobianos da classe dos ß-lactâmicos, 10 (55,5%) foram positivas para o gene blaAmpC , cinco (27,8%) para blaCTX-M , duas (11,1%) para blaSHV e nenhuma estirpe apresentou o gene bla TEM . A avaliação filogenética demonstrou a presença de cinco clusters (A, B, C, D e E) com similaridade superior a 80%, e três estirpes distintas que não foram agrupadas em nenhum dos clusters. O cluster B agrupou 33 estirpes, todas positivas para os genes lpfA e agfA, provenientes tanto do aviário quanto do matadouro frigorífico, persistentes durante todo o período do estudo. Este cluster ainda agrupou 18 estirpes clones com similaridade genética superior a 99%, todas isoladas no matadouro frigorífico. A presença dos genes de virulência, associada à persistência das estirpes clones durante um longo período do estudo, alertam para a possibilidade de S. Infantis em formar biofilme, devendo ser constantemente monitorada na cadeia de produção avícola, especialmente no ambiente de abate, de forma a conhecer o perfil das estirpes que podem contaminar o produto final e assim avaliar os perigos que representam para a saúde pública.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Salmonella/isolation & purification , Salmonella/genetics , Salmonella/pathogenicity , Salmonella Infections, Animal , Drug Resistance, Microbial/genetics , Chickens/microbiology , beta-Lactams , Amoxicillin , Salmonella Infections
7.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 63: e20190759, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132246

ABSTRACT

Abstract Animal products are sources of microbiological contamination when the process has hygienic-sanitary control fails. Therefore, this work aims the evaluation of the pathogenic microorganisms presented in samples from the Brazil southern region of yogurt (N = 101), stretched curd cheese (N = 31), fresh sausage (N = 22) and processing water (N = 63). Analyses of coliforms at 45 °C, Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella sp. and Escherichia coli were performed. Analysis indicated processing water is an important contamination source to be monitored, because the majority of samples presented results above the regulation limits. Thermal treatment and fermentation such as stretched curd cheese and yogurt appeared to be more stable against contamination during processing. In this study, for coliforms at 45 °C, only one cheese sample and 12% of total yogurt samples exceeded the Brazilian legislation limit. None of sausage samples presented any contamination. On the other hand, values found in both processing water and dairy products indicated failures in application and monitoring of good manufactured practices.


Subject(s)
Animals , Water Microbiology , Yogurt/microbiology , Cheese/microbiology , Food Microbiology , Meat Products/microbiology , Salmonella/isolation & purification , Staphylococcus aureus/isolation & purification , Brazil , Escherichia coli/isolation & purification , Coliforms
8.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(5): 1488-1496, set.-out. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1038649

ABSTRACT

A ordem dos Passeriformes é uma das mais pressionadas pelas ações antrópicas, especialmente as relativas ao tráfico de animais, que, devido às más condições de manejo e higiênico-sanitárias, favorecem a infecção dos espécimes por patógenos virulentos e zoonóticos, como cepas de Escherichia coli e Salmonella spp., cujo isolamento em suabes cloacais, bem como a análise dos genes de virulência das cepas de E. coli foram objetivos do estudo. Para isso, 120 Passeriformes silvestres nativos, recebidos pelo Cetas/CE, foram avaliados individualmente. As cepas isoladas foram submetidas a teste de disco difusão para determinação da sensibilidade aos antimicrobianos. Em etapa posterior, foi realizada PCR para a detecção de oito genes de virulência dos principais patotipos diarreiogênicos de E. coli. Quanto aos resultados, nenhuma cepa de Salmonella spp. foi isolada, no entanto a ocorrência de E. coli foi de 40,8%. Foi observada elevada resistência, principalmente aos antimicrobianos tetraciclina, ampicilina e sulfazotrim, ocorrendo multirresistência em 42,8% das cepas. Pela análise molecular, foram diagnosticados quatro entre os nove genes pesquisados, com a identificação de EPEC típicas, EPEC atípicas, ETEC, EHEC e EAEC. Os resultados apontam para a importância de Passeriformes como possíveis disseminadores de zoonoses.(AU)


The order Passeriformes is one of the most pressured by anthropic actions, especially those related to animal trafficking. Due to poor sanitary and hygienic conditions, the infection of the specimens is favored by virulent and zoonotic pathogens such as strains of Escherichia coli and Salmonella spp., whose isolation in cloacal swabs as well as the analysis of the virulence genes of E. coli strains were the objectives of the study. For this, 120 native wild Passeriformes, received by CETAS/CE were individually evaluated. The isolated strains were submitted to diffusion disc test to determine sensitivity to antimicrobials. In a later stage, PCR was performed for the detection of eight virulence genes from the main E. coli diarrhoeagenic pathogens. Regarding the results, no strain of Salmonella spp. was isolated; however, the occurrence of E. coli was 40.8%. High resistance was observed, mainly to the antimicrobials Tetracycline, Ampicillin and Sulfazotrim, with multi-resistance in 42.8% of the strains. By molecular analysis, four of the nine genes were diagnosed, identifying typical EPEC, atypical EPEC, ETEC, EHEC and EAEC. The results point to the importance of Passeriformes as possible disseminators of zoonoses.(AU)


Subject(s)
Salmonella/isolation & purification , Salmonella/pathogenicity , Passeriformes/parasitology , Escherichia coli/isolation & purification , Escherichia coli/pathogenicity , Animals, Wild/parasitology
9.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 39(10): 816-822, Oct. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1056900

ABSTRACT

To determine Salmonella spp. prevalence/seroprevalence, antimicrobial resistance patterns and risk factor identification associated with its presence in Colombian swine farms. 504 samples (Faeces, swabs and environment samples) were obtained from 21 farms distributed in four geographical regions in Colombia. Salmonella spp. microbiological and molecular detection were determined by two Salmonella spp. MDS3M™ and MALDI-TOF MS assays, respectively. In addition, for serological evaluation 231 serum samples were analyzed employing ELISA Salmonella Pigtype®-Salmonella Ab (QUIAGEN®). Additionally, 41 isolates were tested for antimicrobial susceptibility using broth microdilution technique (Panel B1016-180 Beckman Coulter NC72®) and verified with WHONET 2016 software. Risk factors were assessed from a survey and analyzed for statistical significance by U Mann-Whitney test. An 8.9% prevalence (n=45) and 38.1% (n=88) seroprevalence were determined. All isolates presented 100% antimicrobial susceptibility against amikacin. However, resistance against penicillin, tetracycline, cefuroxime and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole was present in more than 50% of evaluated strains. Risk factors associated with Salmonella spp. presence were surface water use, rough-surfaced on floors, presence of hoppers as feeders and worker's boots. Bacteria were present in animals and environmental samples from evaluated farms. Animal contact and/or exposure with the microorganism were also evident in obtained serological response. Bacteria presence depended on management practices and infrastructure, likewise antibiotic use, supplemented in the diet may have induced an increase in Salmonella spp. antimicrobial resistance.(AU)


Para determinar Salmonellaspp. prevalência/soroprevalência, padrões de resistência antimicrobiana e identificação de fatores de risco associados à sua presença em granjas suínas colombianas. Foram obtidas 504 amostras (fezes, zaragatoas e amostras do ambiente) de 21 fazendas distribuídas em quatro regiões geográficas da Colômbia. Salmonella spp., a detecção microbiológica e molecular foi determinada por 2 Salmonella spp. Ensaios MDS3M™ e MALDI-TOF MS, respectivamente. Além disso, para avaliação sorológica, foram analisadas 231 amostras de soro empregando ELISA Salmonella Pigtype® - Salmonella Ab (QUIAGEN®). Além disso, 41 isolados foram testados quanto à suscetibilidade antimicrobiana usando a técnica de microdiluição em caldo (Painel B1016-180 Beckman Coulter NC72®) e verificados com o software WHONET 2016. Os fatores de risco foram avaliados em uma pesquisa e analisados quanto à significância estatística pelo teste U Mann-Whitney. Foram determinadas prevalências de 8,9% (n=45) e 38,1% (n=88). Todos os isolados apresentaram 100% de suscetibilidade antimicrobiana à amicacina. No entanto, resistência à penicilina, tetraciclina, cefuroxima e trimetoprim/sulfametoxazol estava presente em mais de 50% das cepas avaliadas. Fatores de risco associados à Salmonella spp., presença de uso de água de superfície, superfície áspera no chão, presença de tremonhas como alimentadores e botas de trabalho. Bactérias estavam presentes em animais e amostras ambientais de fazendas avaliadas. O contato animal e/ou a exposição ao microrganismo também foram evidentes na resposta sorológica obtida. A presença de bactérias dependia de práticas de manejo e infraestrutura, assim como o uso de antibióticos suplementados na dieta pode ter induzido um aumento de Salmonella spp. resistência antimicrobiana.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Salmonella/isolation & purification , Salmonella Infections/epidemiology , Colombia/epidemiology , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Sus scrofa/microbiology
10.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 39(8): 580-586, Aug. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1040726

ABSTRACT

Salmonellosis is a known cause of enteric disorders in calves. However, cases in the septicemic form may not present enteric lesions, which may lead the veterinary practitioner to not suspect salmonellosis, compromising the diagnosis. The current study describes the epidemiological, clinical, pathological and immunohistochemical aspects of septicemic salmonellosis in calves without enteric lesions. The protocols involving bovine material submitted to the Pathology Laboratory (LAP) of the "Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia" (FAMEZ) of the "Universidade Federal do Mato Grosso do Sul" (UFMS) from January 1995 to July 2018 were studied. Cases confirmed or suggestive of septicemic salmonellosis in calves without enteric manifestations were selected. Fragments of the liver, lung, and spleen embedded in paraffin were submitted to immunohistochemistry (IHC). Only cases in which there was positive marking on the IHC or culture isolation of Salmonella were included in this study. Of a total of 5,550 cattle examined in the period, ten presented septicemic salmonellosis without enteric lesions. Clinical signs included mucosal pallor, apathy, hyperthermia, and dyspnea. Only three calves presented diarrhea, and two were found dead before clinical changes were observed. The most common necropsy findings were hepatosplenomegaly; yellow, orange or brown discolored livers; pale mucous membranes; inflated and sometimes red lungs; fibrin or fluid within body cavities; and gallbladder filled with inspissated bile. Jaundice was observed in three calves that had a concomitant infection with Anaplasma sp. Microscopically, paratyphoid hepatic nodules and interstitial pneumonia were the most frequent manifestations, followed by thrombosis and bacterial colonies in the spleen, lung, liver, and brain. A strong positive marking was observed in IHC, predominantly in the lung and to a lesser extent in the liver. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) indicated the Dublin serotype as the causative agent in the samples of the four calves submitted to this procedure. In calves, the septicemic form was the major cause of death due to salmonellosis. Septicemic salmonellosis was usually not accompanied by diarrhea. The clinical signs of septicemia are nonspecific and of little assistance in the diagnosis. IHC has been shown to be efficient in the detection of the agent, mainly in the lung and especially in situations where it is not possible to perform bacterial culture.(AU)


A salmonelose é uma causa conhecida de distúrbios entéricos em bezerros. Porém, casos na forma septicêmica podem não apresentar manifestação entérica, o que leva o médico veterinário a não suspeitar de salmonelose, comprometendo o diagnóstico. Este estudo descreve os aspectos epidemiológicos, clínicos, patológicos e imuno-histoquímicos da salmonelose septicêmica em bezerros sem lesões entéricas. O estudo foi realizado a partir dos protocolos referentes a materiais de bovinos enviados para diagnóstico ao Laboratório de Anatomia Patológica (LAP) da Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia (FAMEZ) da Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul (UFMS) de janeiro de 1995 a julho de 2018. Foram selecionados os casos de bezerros confirmados ou sugestivos de salmonelose septicêmica sem lesões entéricas. Fragmentos de fígado, pulmão e baço embebidos em parafina foram submetidos ao exame de imuno-histoquímica (IHQ). Somente foram incluídos neste estudo casos em que houve marcação positiva na IHQ ou isolamento da bactéria em cultura. De um total de 5.550 bovinos examinados no período, dez apresentaram salmonelose septicêmica sem lesão entérica. Os sinais clínicos incluíram palidez de mucosas, apatia, hipertermia e dispneia. Apenas três bezerros apresentaram diarreia e dois foram encontrados mortos sem terem sido observadas alterações clínicas. Os achados mais frequentes de necropsia foram hepatoesplenomegalia, fígado amarelado, alaranjado ou acastanhado, palidez de mucosas, pulmões inflados e, por vezes, vermelhos, fibrina ou líquido nas cavidades do organismo e vesícula biliar repleta de bile grumosa. Icterícia foi observada em três bezerros que apresentavam infecção concomitante por Anaplasma sp. Microscopicamente, os nódulos paratifoides hepáticos e pneumonia intersticial foram as manifestações mais encontradas, seguidas por trombose e colônias bacterianas no baço, pulmão, fígado e encéfalo. Na IHQ, marcação fortemente positiva foi observada, predominantemente, no pulmão e, em menor intensidade, no fígado. A técnica de reação em cadeia de polimerase (PCR) tipificou o sorotipo Dublin como agente etiológico nas amostras dos quatro bezerros submetidos a este procedimento. Em bezerros, a forma septicêmica foi a principal responsável pelas mortes por salmonelose. Na maioria das vezes essa forma não estava acompanhada por diarreia. Os sinais clínicos da forma septicêmica são inespecíficos e de pouco auxílio no direcionamento do diagnóstico. A IHQ mostrou-se eficiente na detecção do agente principalmente no pulmão e especialmente nas situações em que não é possível a realização da cultura bacteriana.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Salmonella/isolation & purification , Salmonella Infections, Animal/pathology , Salmonella Infections, Animal/epidemiology , Sepsis/veterinary , Immunohistochemistry/veterinary
11.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(2): 687-695, mar.-abr. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1011277

ABSTRACT

O objetivo do presente trabalho foi desenvolver a carne de bijupirá defumada, assim como avaliar o rendimento, a qualidade bacteriológica, a composição centesimal e a aceitabilidade do produto. Análises microbiológicas de pesquisa de Salmonella sp. e contagens de Staphylococcus aureus, coliformes totais e Escherichia coli foram realizadas. Foi determinada a composição centesimal e realizado o teste de aceitação do produto. O rendimento médio da carne após a salga foi de 83,41%, com base no peso do charuto. A análise microbiológica da carne defumada apresentou-se positiva em apenas uma amostra para Staphylococcus aureus e negativa para as demais bactérias. O produto possui boa qualidade nutricional e alcançou 97% de aceitação para o aspecto global, atingindo média de 6,26 (± 0,99). A carne de bijupirá defumada obteve condições higiênico-sanitárias satisfatórias, boa qualidade nutricional, além de alto índice de aceitação sensorial, destacando-se os atributos textura e sabor. Evidenciou-se, assim, que esse tipo de processo pode ser realizado em escala artesanal ou industrial.(AU)


The objective of the study was to develop the smoked cobia meat and to evaluate the yield, the bacteriological quality, the centesimal composition, and the acceptability of the product. Microbiological analysis of Salmonella sp. and Staphylococcus aureus, total coliforms and Escherichia coli counts were performed. The centesimal composition was determined and the acceptance test was performed. The average yield of the product after salting was 83.41% based on the fish roll weight. The microbiological analysis of the smoked meat showed positive in only one sample for Staphylococcus aureus and negative for the other bacteria. The product has a good nutritional quality and was accepted obtaining 97% for the overall aspect, average of 6.26 (± 0.99). The smoked cobia meat obtained satisfactory hygienic-sanitary conditions, good nutritional quality, besides a high index of sensorial acceptance emphasizing the texture and flavor attributes. Smoked process can be easily carried out on an artisanal or industrial scale.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Salmonella/isolation & purification , Staphylococcus aureus/isolation & purification , Colimetry , Fish Products/microbiology , Fishes , Food Preservation
12.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(1): 24-33, 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-991369

ABSTRACT

Background: Salmonella Heidelberg (S. Heidelberg) causes gastroenteritis and sometimes bacteremia and endocarditis. In other countries, this serovar has multidrug resistance including extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) and AmpC (β-lactamases (AmpC), associated with the blaCMY-2 gene. In Chile, an outbreak by S. Heidelberg occurred in 2011, the phenotypic and genetic characteristics of Chilean strains are unknown. Aim: To determine the antimicrobial susceptibility, presence of plasmids and virulence factor genes in S. Heidelberg strains isolated in Chile over the period 2006-2011. Material and Methods: In sixty-one S. Heidelberg clinical and environmental strains collected by the Public Health Institute in Chile during 2006-2011, antimicrobial susceptibility, plasmids and virulence factor genes (invA, sifA, pefA, agfA, lpfA and, stkD) were studied. Results: S. Heidelberg had a high susceptibility to sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim, gentamicin, ceftriaxone, ceftiofur, chloramphenicol, amoxicillin-clavulanic acid and ampicillin. However, 52% had decreased susceptibility to ciprofloxacin and 33% resistance to tetracycline. ESBLs were detected in three strains isolated from blood cultures, environment and human feces. The latter strain was positive for AmpC and blaCMY-2 gene. Fifty three of 61 strains showed one to seven plasmids of 0.8 to approximately 30 kb. Most plasmids were small with sizes between 0.8 and 2 kb. All isolates were positive for all genes except pefA. Conclusions: S. Heidelberg isolated from Chilean samples was susceptible to first-line antimicrobials, except tetracycline and ciprofloxacin. The emergence of strains with ESBLs and AmpC should be a warning. The strains were homogeneous for virulence genes, but heterogeneous in their plasmids.


Subject(s)
Humans , Plasmids/isolation & purification , Salmonella/isolation & purification , Salmonella/drug effects , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Reference Values , Salmonella/genetics , Salmonella/pathogenicity , Time Factors , Virulence , DNA, Bacterial , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Chile , Electrophoresis, Gel, Pulsed-Field , Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial , Environmental Microbiology
13.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 49(3): 607-613, July-Sept. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951802

ABSTRACT

Abstract The effect of different modified atmosphere packaging regimes on the behavior of Salmonella spp. on minced meat was studied. Minced meat was experimentally contaminated with a Salmonella spp. cocktail (S. Enteritidis, S. Typhimurium, S. Infantis and S. Arizonae), packaged under vacuum or modified atmosphere with initial headspaces containing 20%O2/50%CO2/30%N2 and 20%O2/30%CO2/50%N2) and stored at 3 ± 1 °C for 12 days. Samples were analyzed for Salmonella spp., viable and lactic acid bacteria count every third day. Salmonella spp. counts decreased during storage in all packaging types, with reductions of about 1.5 log CFU/g. A significant difference (p < 0.01) was noted between Salmonella spp. counts in meat packaged in vacuum and modified atmospheres, although there was no significant difference in Salmonella spp. count between meat packaged in 50%CO2, and meat packaged in 30%CO2. At the end of the study, there were significant differences (p < 0.01; p < 0.05) in total viable and lactic acid bacterial counts between meat packaged in vacuum and modified atmosphere, and the lowest counts were noted in meat packaged in modified atmosphere with 50%CO2.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Salmonella/growth & development , Food Packaging/methods , Microbial Viability , Meat/microbiology , Salmonella/isolation & purification , Salmonella/genetics , Swine , Vacuum , Colony Count, Microbial , Food Packaging/instrumentation , Meat/analysis
14.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 38(7): 1278-1285, July 2018. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-976449

ABSTRACT

A presença de Salmonella spp. em produtos de origem avícola e seus subprodutos se mostra um grande desafio para a produção comercial. Dados de prevalência, dos sorotipos circulantes e do perfil de susceptibilidade antimicrobiana de cepas de Salmonella spp. no Estado do Rio de Janeiro são escassos. Portanto, objetivou-se detectar a presença Salmonella spp. em frangos vivos e carcaças em matadouros do Estados do Rio de Janeiro, identificar os sorotipos e avaliar a susceptibilidade antimicrobiana dessas cepas para fluoroquinolonas e betalactâmicos. Foram coletadas 60 amostras cloacais de frangos vivos e 60 amostras de carcaça de seis matadouros sob Inspeção Estadual (SIE). Os isolados foram sorotipificados e testados frente a oito antimicrobianos: enrofloxacina, ciprofloxacina, norfloxacina, cefalotina, ceftiofur, cefotaxima, amoxicilina/ácido clavulânico e ampicilina pelo método de difusão em disco. Os resultados mostraram uma prevalência de Salmonella spp. de 1,66% (1/60) em amostras de suabe de cloaca e de 26,66% (16/60) em carcaças. Em amostras de suabe de cloaca, somente o sorotipo Senftenberg (1,66%) foi isolado. No total, foram isolados sete sorotipos diferentes nas carcaças: Senftenberg (15%) o mais frequente, seguido por Mbandaka (8,3%), Schwarzengrund (3,3%), Cerro (3,3%), Ohio (3,3%), Minnesota (1,66%) e Tennessee (1,66%). Em relação à susceptibilidade antimicrobiana, 29 (87,87%) isolados foram sensíveis a todos os antimicrobianos testados e 4 (12,12%) isolados foram resistentes a pelo menos três antimicrobianos betalactâmicos ou mais. Não foi observada resistência às fluoroquinolonas. Os resultados encontrados demonstram uma prevalência de Salmonella spp. acima da esperada em matadouros do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, além da presença de vários sorotipos de Salmonella spp. A resistência encontrada para betalactâmicos alerta para a disseminação dessas cepas pela cadeia alimentar.(AU)


The presence of Salmonella spp. in poultry products and their by-products is a major challenge for commercial production. Data about the prevalence, the circulating serotypes and the antimicrobial susceptibility profile of Salmonella spp. strains in the State of Rio de Janeiro are scarce. Therefore, the aim of this study was to detect the presence of Salmonella spp. in live chickens and carcasses in slaughterhouses of the State of Rio de Janeiro, to identify the serotypes and to evaluate the antimicrobial susceptibility of these strains for fluoroquinolones and beta-lactams. Sixty cloacal swabs samples from broiler chickens and sixty samples of carcasses from six slaughterhouses under State Inspection were collected. The isolates were serotyped and resistance was tested to eight antimicrobials: enrofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, norfloxacin, cephalothin, ceftiofur, cefotaxime, amoxicillin/clavulanic acid and ampicillin by disc diffusion method. The results showed a prevalence of Salmonella spp. of 1.66% (1/60) in cloacal swabs samples and 26.66% (16/60) in carcasses. In cloacal swabs sample only Senftenberg (1.66%) serotype was isolated. In total, seven different serotypes were obtained from carcasses: Senftenberg (15%), followed by Mbandaka (8.3%), Schwarzengrund (3.3%), Cerro (3.3%), Ohio (3.3%), Minnesota (1.66%) and Tennessee (1.66%). Regarding antimicrobial susceptibility, 29 (87.87%) isolates were sensitive to all antimicrobials tested and 4 (12.12%) isolates were resistant to three or more beta-lactams antimicrobials. No susceptibility to fluoroquinolones was observed. These results showed a prevalence of Salmonella spp. higher than expected in slaughterhouses in the State of Rio de Janeiro, besides the presence of several serotypes of Salmonella spp. The resistance found for beta-lactams alerts to the spread of these strains through the food chain.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Poultry/microbiology , Salmonella/isolation & purification , Anti-Infective Agents/isolation & purification , Prevalence , Disease Susceptibility
15.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 49(2): 320-328, Apr.-June 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889239

ABSTRACT

Abstract Detection of Salmonella is very important to minimize the food safety risk. In this study, the recombinant PagC protein and PagC antibody were prepared and coupled with immunomagnetic beads (IMBs) to capture Salmonella cells from pork and milk samples. And then the SYBR Green qualitative PCR was developed to detect the pathogenic Salmonella. The results showed that the PagC polyclonal antiserum is of good specificity and the capture rate of 0.1 mg IMBs for Salmonella tended to be stable at the range of 70-74% corresponding to the concentrations between 101 and 104 CFU/mL. The method developed demonstrated high specificity for the positive Salmonella samples when compared to non-specific DNA samples, such as Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Yersinia enterocolitica, and Yersinia pseudotuberculosis. The limit of detection of this assay was 18 CFU/mL. Detection and quantitative enumeration of Salmonella in samples of pork or milk shows good recoveries of 54.34% and 52.07%. In conclusion, the polyclonal antibody of recombinant PagC protein is effective to capture Salmonella from detected samples. The developed pagC antibody IMBs-qPCR method showed efficiency, sensitivity and specificity for 30 Salmonella detection, enabling detection within 10 h, which is a promising rapid method to detect Salmonella in emergency.


Subject(s)
Animals , Salmonella/isolation & purification , Food Contamination , Immunomagnetic Separation/methods , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Food Microbiology/methods , Salmonella/genetics , Bacterial Proteins/immunology , Sensitivity and Specificity , Milk/microbiology , Meat/microbiology , Antibodies, Bacterial/immunology , Antibodies, Bacterial/metabolism
16.
Hig. aliment ; 32(278/279): 97-101, 30/04/2018.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-909985

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste trabalho foi verificar a existência de contaminação microbiológica de temakis de salmão cru, comercializados por restaurantes com entrega delivery e retirados no local. Foram analiasadas 18 amostras de temakis de 8 restaurantes e de formas distintas (4 com retirada no local e 4 com entrega delivery), em dois dias da semana. A temperatura foi aferida no momento da coleta. No laboratório, as amostras foram colocadas no caldo BHI (Brain Heart Infusion) e depois inoculadas no Ágar MacConkey; para verificação da presença de bactérias Gram-negativas, e no Ágar Padrão de Contagem (PCA), para determinação das Unidades Formadoras de Colônias (UFC/mL), a identificação das bactérias foi feita a partir dos testes propostos no Enterokit B. Todas as amostras apresentaram crescimento de bactérias Gram-negativas, com prevalência de Citrobacter freundii, Serratia marcescens e Proteus spp, e em uma amostra ocorreu o crescimento de Salmonella spp. Na maioria dos estabelecimentos, a temperatura dos produtos aferida no momento da coleta apresentou-se acima do preconizado pela legislação, sendo estas superiores na entrega de temakis por delivery. A contaminação dos temakis ocorreu tanto na entrega delivery quanto ao serem retirados no local, sendo que a temperatura de segurança, descrita na legislação vigente, não foi atendida, principalmente nos alimentos com entrega delivery.(AU)


The objective of this work was to verify the existence of microbiological contamination of raw salmon temakis, marketed by restaurants with delivery services and withdrawn on the spot. Eighteen samples were analyzed of 8 restaurants in different ways (4 with withdrawal on the spot, and 4 with delivery services), on two days of the week. The temperature was measured at the time of collection. In the laboratory, the samples were placed in BHI broth (Brain Heart Infusion), and then inoculated into MacConkey Agar; for the determination of the Colony Forming Units (CFU / mL), the identification of the bacteria was done from the tests proposed in Enterokit B. All samples showed growth of Gramnegative bacteria, with prevalence of Citrobacter freundii, Serratia marcescens and Proteus spp, and in one sample the growth of Salmonella spp. In most establishments, the temperature of the products measured at the time of collection was higher than that recommended by the legislation, being higher in the delivery of temakis delivery. The contamination of the temakis occurred both in the delivery delivery and when being removed in the place, and the temperature described in current legislation, was not met, especially in foods with delivery services.


Subject(s)
Animals , Salmon/microbiology , Food Contamination/analysis , Raw Foods/microbiology , Food Microbiology , Restaurants , Salmonella/isolation & purification , Temperature , Fishes , Food Handling , Foodborne Diseases , Food Supply/methods
18.
Hig. aliment ; 32(276/277): 80-84, fev. 27, 2018.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-883755

ABSTRACT

[{"text": "O objetivo desse estudo foi avaliar a qualidade microbiológica do caldo\r\nde cana comercializado por ambulantes e estabelecimentos formais em\r\nSalvador-Bahia e comparar com padrões sanitários vigentes na legislação.\r\nTrata-se de um estudo transversal, onde foram realizadas análises microbiológicas\r\npara determinação de coliformes totais, termotolerantes, Salmonella\r\nspp, e bolores e leveduras, e das condições higienicossanitárias dos locais de\r\ncomercialização do produto por meio da aplicação de uma lista de checagem.\r\nOs resultados obtidos foram comparados com os padrões sanitários determinados\r\npela legislação brasileira onde, tanto os estabelecimentos formais\r\nquanto os informais, apresentaram um nível considerável de contaminação,\r\ncom apenas uma amostra satisfatória. Pode-se verificar que o caldo de cana\r\nofertado, tanto pelo setor formal quanto pelo informal, estava impróprio para\r\nconsumo, pois a análise microbiológica mostrou que a maioria das amostras\r\napresentavam contaminação acima do limite aceitável da legislação, além da\r\npresença de micro-organismos indicadores de qualidade higienicassanitária\r\ninsatisfatória.(AU)", "_i": "pt"}]


Subject(s)
Humans , Food Contamination/analysis , Saccharum/microbiology , Street Food , Food Microbiology , Salmonella/isolation & purification , Coliforms , Checklist/statistics & numerical data , Food Handling
19.
Hig. aliment ; 32(276/277): 93-97, fev. 27, 2018.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-884005

ABSTRACT

[{"text": "O hábito de realizar refeições fora\r\ndo domicílio, expõe os consumidores\r\nao risco de contraírem doenças\r\nveiculadas por alimentos; tendo em\r\nvista tal situação, o presente estudo\r\nteve como objetivo desenvolver uma\r\nanálise microbiológica dos fast foods\r\nmais consumidos. Foram selecionados\r\ncinco amostras de cada alimento\r\ntotalizando 25, dentre estes estão coxinha,\r\ncachorro-quente, batata-frita,\r\npastel de forno e espetinho de carne,\r\ntodos estes alimentos colhidos em\r\nembalagens esterilizadas e encaminhadas\r\npara o laboratório de microbiologia\r\nda Universidade Potiguar,\r\nonde foram realizadas análises microbiológicas\r\npara Staphylococcus\r\ncoagulase positiva, coliformes totais\r\ne termotolerantes, e Salmonella sp.\r\nA metodologia empregada seguiu os\r\npadrões microbiológicos recomendados\r\npela resolução RDC nº 12 da\r\nAgência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária\r\nde acordo com as normas da\r\nAmerican Public Health Association.\r\nOs resultados obtidos mostraram que\r\n80% das coxinhas, 40% dos pastéis\r\nde forno, 60% das batatas-fritas e\r\n60% de cachorros-quentes, com exceção\r\ndo espetinho de carne, apresentaram\r\ncoliformes totais; quanto à\r\ncontagem de Staphylococcus aureus\r\ntodos superaram o limite máximo\r\ndeterminado pela legislação e todas\r\nas amostras apresentaram resultados\r\nnegativos para a pesquisa de Salmonella\r\nsp. Dessa forma, conclui-se que\r\nhá necessidade de aperfeiçoamento\r\nnos cuidados e nas condições de produção,\r\narmazenamento e comercialização\r\ndos alimentos analisados, bem\r\ncomo, há necessidade de inspeção\r\neficaz por parte dos órgãos de fiscalização.(AU)", "_i": "pt"}]


Subject(s)
Humans , Food Contamination/analysis , Street Food , Fast Foods/microbiology , Food Microbiology , Salmonella/isolation & purification , Food Samples , Coliforms , Food Handling
20.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(9): e6864, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951754

ABSTRACT

The mortality of patients with mycotic aneurysms is high, especially in East Asia, and infection by Salmonella species is the most common. Our study aimed to improve prognosis of adult mycotic aneurysms with early diagnosis and accurate treatment. Four adult patients with mycotic aneurysm caused by Salmonella were included and analyzed by single-center retrospective analysis. Cases reported in the literature during the past 10 years were also summarized. The average age of the 4 male patients was 61.25 years, while that of the 53 cases reported in the literature was 65.13 years. Hypertension, diabetes, and atherosclerosis were common complications. Most patients presented fever and experienced pain at the corresponding position of the aneurysm. Laboratory examination found an increased number of white blood cells accompanied by an increase in inflammatory markers. Most aneurysms were found in the abdominal aorta, while the rupture of an aneurysm was the most common complication. The mortality rates were 21.43 and 7.14% after open surgery or endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) intervention, respectively. The recurrence rates of infection were 0 and 17.85% for both treatments, respectively. The mortality rate of mycotic aneurysm caused by Salmonella infection was high in middle-aged males with hypertension, diabetes, and atherosclerosis. The possibility of a Salmonella-infected aneurysm should be considered in these high-risk groups presenting chills, fever, chest, and back pain. Open surgery was superior to EVAR treatment in the clearance of infected foci and the reduction of postoperative recurrence. The recurrence of postoperative infection can be prevented by intravenous antibiotic therapy for 6 weeks post-surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Salmonella Infections/complications , Aneurysm, Infected/microbiology , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/microbiology , Salmonella/isolation & purification , Salmonella Infections/mortality , Salmonella Infections/diagnostic imaging , Aneurysm, Infected/mortality , Aneurysm, Infected/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Risk Factors , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/mortality , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/drug therapy , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/diagnostic imaging , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
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