Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 90
Filter
1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e246904, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1345524

ABSTRACT

Abstract Hyperhydricity is a serious physiological disorder and affects In vitro propagation of many plants and as well of Salvia santolinifolia. The donor material to initiate the in vitro culture was the callus taken from the in vitro shoots produced on Murashig and Skoogs (MS) medium at 4.0 mg/l BA. This callus formed numerous hyperhydric shoots on culturing upon the medium of the same composition. The aim was to systematically evaluate the effect of cytokinins (Benzyladnine (BA) and N6-(-2-isopentenyl) adenine (2iP), culture vessels magnitude, medium solidification, source of nitrogen and calcium chloride for the alleviation of hyperhydricity. In the tissue cultures of S. santolinifolia BA and 2iP induced severe hyperhydricity, when other factors i.e. culture vessels magnitude and a suitable concentration of agar, ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3), potassium nitrate (KNO3) & calcium chloride (CaCl2.2H2O) were not optimized. After 30 days' culture, we observed 83.82% hyperhydric shoots at increased level (1.5 mg/l 2iP) and 81.59% at decreased levels (1.0 mg/l 2iP). On the other hand, hyperhydricity percentage at decreased (0.4%) and at increased (0.8%) levels of agar were 72.37% and 39.08%, respectively. MS medium modification with NH4NO3 (412 mg/l), KNO3 (475 mg/l) and CaCl2.2H2O (880 mg/l) was found the best medium to reduced hyperhydricity (23.6%).


Resumo A hiperidricidade é um distúrbio fisiológico sério e afeta a propagação in vitro de muitas plantas e também da Salvia santolinifolia. O material doador para iniciar a cultura in vitro foi o calo retirado dos brotos in vitro produzidos em meio Murashig e Skoogs (MS) a 4,0 mg / l BA. Esse calo formou numerosos rebentos hiperídricos em cultura no meio da mesma composição. O objetivo foi avaliar sistematicamente o efeito das citocininas (Benziladnina (BA) e N6 - (- 2-isopentenil) adenina (2iP), magnitude dos vasos de cultura, solidificação do meio, fonte de nitrogênio e cloreto de cálcio para o alívio da hiperidricidade. culturas de tecidos de S. santolinifolia BA e 2iP induziram hiperidricidade severa, quando outros fatores, como magnitude dos vasos de cultura e uma concentração adequada de ágar, nitrato de amônio (NH4NO3), nitrato de potássio (KNO3) e cloreto de cálcio (CaCl2.2H2O), não foram otimizados. Após 30 dias de cultura, observamos 83,82% de brotos hiperídricos em níveis aumentados (1,5 mg / l 2iP) e 81,59% em níveis reduzidos (1,0 mg / l 2iP). Por outro lado, a porcentagem de hiperidricidade diminuiu (0,4%) e em níveis aumentados (0,8%) de ágar foram 72,37% e 39,08%, respectivamente. A modificação do meio MS com NH4NO3 (412 mg / l), KNO3 (475 mg / l) e CaCl2.2H2O (880 mg / l) foi encontrada melhor hiperidricidade média a reduzida (23,6%).


Subject(s)
Salvia , Plant Shoots , Culture Media
2.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e233547, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249284

ABSTRACT

Abstract Salvia hispanica cultivation is recent in Brazil and occurs in the off-season, when there is lower water availability in the soil. Water deficit is one of the abiotic factors that most limit germination for compromising the sequence of metabolic events that culminate with seedling emergence. Several attenuating substances have been used to mitigate the effects resulting from this stress and give higher tolerance to the species. Thus, the objective of this study was to evaluate the action of different agents as water stress attenuators in the germination and accumulation of organic compounds in S. hispanica seedlings. The treatments consisted of pre-soaking the seeds for 4 hours in salicylic acid (1 mM.L-1), gibberellic acid (0.4 mM.L-1), distilled water and control treatment (without soaking). The seeds were germinated at osmotic potentials of 0.0, -0.1, -0.2, -0.3 and -0.4 MPa, using PEG 6000 as an osmotic agent. The variables germination percentage, germination speed index, shoot and primary root lengths, total dry mass, proline, total soluble sugars and total free amino acids were analyzed. Salicylic acid and gibberellic acid led to the best results among the attenuators tested, increasing germination, length, dry mass and biochemical components of S. hispanica seedlings under water deficit. Therefore, salicylic and gibberellic acids are efficient in mitigating water stress in S. hispanica seeds up to the potential of -0.4 MPa.


Resumo O cultivo da Salvia hispanica é recente no Brasil e se dá no período de entressafra, quando há menor disponibilidade hídrica no solo. O déficit hídrico é um dos fatores abióticos que mais limitam a germinação por comprometer a sequência de eventos metabólicos que culminam com a emergência da plântula. Diversas substâncias atenuadoras têm sido empregadas com a finalidade de mitigar os efeitos resultantes desse estresse e conferir maior tolerância às espécies. Desse modo, objetivou-se avaliar a ação de diferentes agentes como atenuadores do estresse hídrico na germinação e acúmulo de compostos orgânicos em plântulas de S. hispanica. Os tratamentos consistiram na pré-embebição das sementes durante 4 horas em ácido salicílico (1 mM.L-1), ácido giberélico (0,4 mM.L-1), água destilada e o tratamento controle (sem embebição). As sementes foram germinadas sob os potenciais osmóticos 0,0, -0,1, -0,2, -0,3 e -0,4 MPa, utilizando PEG 6000 como agente osmótico. Analisaram-se as variáveis porcentagem de germinação, índice de velocidade de germinação, comprimento da parte aérea e da raiz primária, massa seca total, prolina, açúcares solúveis totais e aminoácidos livres totais. O ácido salicílico e o ácido giberélico apresentaram os melhores resultados, dentre os atenuadores testados, incrementando a germinação, o comprimento, a massa seca e os componentes bioquímicos de plântulas de S. hispanica sob déficit hídrico. Logo, os ácidos salicílico e giberélico são eficientes na mitigação do estresse hídrico em sementes de S. hispanica até o potencial -0,4 MPa.


Subject(s)
Salvia , Dehydration , Seeds , Stress, Physiological , Brazil , Water , Germination , Seedlings
3.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e239539, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278501

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of the present study was to determine and compare the fatty acids, lipid soluble vitamins, sterols, phenolics, and antioxidant capacities of three endemic Salvia L. taxa (S. euphratica var. Montbret & Aucher ex Bentham leiocalycina (Rech. Fil.) Hedge, S. euphratica var. Montbret & Aucher ex Bentham euphratica (Rech. Fil.) Hedge and S. pseudoeuphratica Rech.Fil.) and to evaluate these results systematically. The fatty acid compositions were determined by using gas chromatography, while the lipid soluble vitamins, sterols, and phenolics were determined by using HPLC. Also, the antioxidant capacities of three Salvia taxa were measured in vitro. Palmitic acid was found as major saturated fatty acid while oleic acid, linoleic acid, α-linolenic acid, and erucic acid were found as major unsaturated fatty acids in the present study. It was found that S. euphratica var. euphratica had lower palmitic acid (8.94 ± 0.71%), total saturated fatty acid (19.16 ± 0.15%), and higher unsaturated fatty acid content (82.08 ± 0.52%) than other studied taxa. Furthermore, it was shown that S. euphratica var. euphratica had different 18.3/18:2 (0.36) unsaturated/saturated fatty acid (4.28) ratios. However, this study demonstrated that Salvia taxa had low lipid soluble vitamins, sterol contents. On the other hand, it was shown that Salvia taxa had similar catechin (509.2 ± 4.21 µg/g and 552.2 ± 9.21 µg/g) and vanillic acid amounts (351.2 ± 2.17 µg/g and 396.8 ± 4.1 µg/g) in this study. And also, it was found that Salvia taxa had high rosmarinic acid content while S. euphratica var. leiocalycina had the highest rosmarinic acid content (1480 ± 7.57 µg/g). On the other hand, it was shown that the two ferulic acid contents of S. euphratica varieties were higher (1175 ±/5.21 µgmg-1740.2 ± 4.82 µg/mg) than the ferulic acid content of S. pseudoeuphratica of which was the lowest (19.2 ± 0.97 µg/mg). The present results suggested that the biochemical results guided the morphological studies, and Salvia taxa have a potent antioxidant capacity.


Resumo O objetivo do presente estudo foi determinar e comparar os ácidos graxos, vitaminas lipossolúveis, esteróis, fenóis e capacidades antioxidantes de três espécies endêmicas de Salvia L. (S. euphratica var. Montbret & Aucher ex Bentham leiocalycina (Rech. Fil.) Hedge, S. euphratica var. Montbret & Aucher ex Bentham euphratica (Rech. Fil.) Hedge e S. pseudoeuphratica Rech.Fil.) e avaliar esses resultados sistematicamente. As composições de ácidos graxos foram determinadas por cromatografia gasosa, enquanto as vitaminas lipossolúveis, esteróis e fenóis foram determinadas por HPLC. Além disso, as capacidades antioxidantes das três espécies de Salvia foram medidas in vitro. O ácido palmítico foi encontrado como ácido graxo saturado principal, enquanto o ácido oleico, ácido linoleico, ácido α-linolênico e ácido erúcico foram encontrados como principais ácidos graxos insaturados no presente estudo. Verificou-se que S. euphratica var. euphratica tem menor teor de ácido palmítico (8.94 ± 0.71%) e ácido graxo saturado total (19.16 ± 0.15%) e maior teor de ácidos graxos insaturados (82.08 ± 0.52%) do que as outras espécies estudadas. Além disso, foi demonstrado que a S. euphratica var. euphratica apresentou diferentes proporções 18:3/18:2 (0.36) de ácidos graxos insaturados/saturados (4.28). No entanto, este estudo demonstrou que o gênero Salvia tinha baixo teor de vitaminas lipossolúveis e baixo conteúdo de esteróis. Por outro lado, foi demonstrado que as espécies do gênero Salvia contém quantidades de catequinas (509.2 ± 4,21 µg/mg-552.2 ± 9.21 µg/mg) e ácido vanílico semelhantes (351.2 ± 2.17 µg/mg 396,8 ± 4,1 µg/mg). Descobriu-se também que o gênero Salvia tinha alto conteúdo de ácido rosmarínico enquanto a espécie S. euphratica var. leiocalycina apresentou o maior teor desse ácido (1.480 ± 7.57 µg/g). Por outro lado, foi demonstrado que os teores de ácido ferúlico da espécie S. eupratica foram maiores (1.175 ± 5.21 µg/mg-1740.2 ± 4.82 µg/mg) do que o conteúdo de ácido ferúlico da espécie S. pseudoeuphratica dos quais foi o mais baixo (19.2 ± 0.97 µg/mg). Os resultados atuais sugerem que os resultados bioquímicos orientaram os estudos morfológicos e as espécies de Salvia têm uma potente capacidade antioxidante.


Subject(s)
Salvia , Turkey , Plant Extracts , Fatty Acids , Antioxidants
4.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 63: e20190702, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132183

ABSTRACT

Abstract Texture is an important parameter which influences on the quality and acceptability of yoghurts. The utilize of stabilizers in yoghurt manufacturing has become a prevalent application to improve the textural properties of yoghurts. In this context, guar gum obtained from Cyamopsis tetragonolobus is generally used as a natural stabilizer for its thickening and gelling properties. Accordingly, this study evaluated the use of chia seed mucilage as an alternative to guar gum to improve the textural properties of yoghurt. This study focused on the effect of using chia seed mucilage (CSM) and guar gum (GG) at 1, 2, and 3% concentrations on the textural and microstructural characteristics of yoghurts. The results of fortifications with CSM and GG on the physicochemical, sensory, and antioxidative properties of yoghurts were also evaluated. Compared to GG, CSM provided higher antioxidant activity which improved with increasing concentrations of CSM. An enhancement was observed in textural properties of yoghurts containing CSM and GG, but CSM concentrations up to 2% gave better effect on firmness. Besides, the microstructure of yoghurt was enhanced depending on the increase in CSM and GG amounts. No negative effect was determined on the sensory properties of the samples by CSM and GG additions. The results showed that CSM can be used in set-type yoghurt production as an alternative stabilizer by improving firmness and consistency and reducing syneresis. Furthermore, its use is suitable for industrial yoghurt production with regards to sensorial properties.


Subject(s)
Seeds , Sensation , Yogurt/analysis , Salvia , Plant Mucilage , Food Technology , Antioxidants/analysis , Cyamopsis
5.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 63: e20190351, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132165

ABSTRACT

Abstract Each year, the consumption of vegetable oils increases gradually. Some oils, such as chia, sesame, and quinoa, are consumed due to the nutritional properties and health promoters that have been recognized in their components. Based on this premise, the present study aimed to characterize chia (Salvia hispanica), sesame (Sesamum inducum), and quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) oils, in order to enable their applications in the development of new food products. Chia oil presented higher degradation, as it stood out with higher amounts of free fatty acids (4.46%) and peroxide value (18.35 meq/kg). It is an oil that is rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids (75.47%), and, consequently, with high refractive index (1,475) and iodine value (192.86 g/100 g). Quinoa oil stood out for its higher oxidative stability (17.55 h) and higher amount of phenolic compounds (190.84 mg/100 g). Sesame and quinoa oils showed no significant difference for carotenoids, but sesame oil had higher content of total tocopherols (656.50 mg/kg). Thus, the oils can be used in technological processes and/ or in the formulation of new food products, in order to their increase the nutritional value.


Subject(s)
Plant Oils/chemistry , Sesame Oil/chemistry , Chenopodium quinoa/chemistry , Salvia/chemistry
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828052

ABSTRACT

Salvia miltiorrhiza(Sm) and Salvia castanea f. tomentosa(Sc) hairy roots were used as experimental materials to study the effects of six different carbon sources, galactose, fructose, lactose, glucose, arabinose and sucrose(control), on fresh weight, dry weight, contents and yields of salvianolic acids and tanshinones. The results showed that galactose was most beneficial to the growth of two kinds of hairy roots, while lactose and arabinose were not conducive to their growth. As for Sm hairy roots, fructose significantly promoted the accumulation of salvianolic acid B, and the content increased by 5.801 times and 10.151 times compared with the control group, respectively. Glucose significantly promoted the accumulation of salvianolic acids. The content and yield of rosmarinic acid were 7.674 times and 9.260 times of that of the control group, and the content and yield of salvianolic acid B were 5.532 times and 6.675 times of the control group. For the hairy roots of Sc, galactose significantly increased the content and yield of rosmarinic acid, reaching 7.820 times and 9.944 times of the control group, respectively. Fructose promoted the increase of the content and yield of cryptotanshinone, reaching 9.242 times and 6.609 times of the control group, respectively. The study confirmed the optimal carbon source for the hairy root culture of Sm and Sc, and provided theoretical guidance for large-scale production of Sm drug-derived components and the utilization of Sc.


Subject(s)
Carbon , Plant Roots , Salvia , Salvia miltiorrhiza
7.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 37: 1-10, Jan. 2019. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1048922

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Chia seeds are gaining increasing interest among food producers and consumers because of their prohealth properties. RESULTS: The aim of this work was to evaluate the potential of chia seeds to act as acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) inhibitors. The highest inhibitory activity against AChE and BChE was observed for colored seed ethanol extracts. A positive correlation was found between the presence of quercetin and isoquercetin as well as protocatechuic, hydroxybenzoic, and coumaric acids and the activity of extracts as AChE and BChE inhibitors. It has also been shown that grain fragmentation affects the increase in the activity of seeds against cholinesterases (ChE). Furthermore, seeds have been shown to be a source of substances that inhibit microbial growth. CONCLUSIONS: It was found that the chia seed extracts are rich in polyphenols and inhibit the activity of ChEs; therefore, their use can be considered in further research in the field of treatment and prevention of neurodegenerative diseases.


Subject(s)
Seeds/chemistry , Butyrylcholinesterase , Cholinesterase Inhibitors , Salvia/chemistry , Anti-Infective Agents/metabolism , In Vitro Techniques , Flavonols/analysis , Phenolic Compounds/analysis , Polyphenols/analysis , Food Additives
8.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 35(6): 1829-1838, nov./dec. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1049133

ABSTRACT

Salvia hispanica seedlings have stood out for their potentialities in nutrients for agri-food industries. Nevertheless, studies related to this species are still scarce, especially with respect to agronomic factors that enable its propagation and development. Hence, this study aimed to evaluate germination, vigor and osmotic adjustment of S. hispanica seeds and seedlings subjected to water and thermal stress. The experimental design was completely randomized, with treatments arranged in factorial scheme, corresponding to five levels of polyethylene glycol (PEG 6000) (0.0; -0.1; -0.2; -0.3 and -0.4 MPa) and five temperatures (20, 25, 30 and 20-30 °C), with four replicates of 50 seeds in each treatment. Germination test was set on blotter paper, moistened with PEG 6000 solutions at the previously mentioned potentials, under 8-h photoperiod. The following variables were analyzed: germination, germination speed index, seedling shoot length, seedling root length, seedling dry matter and contents of chlorophyll, carotenoids, amino acids, proline and sugars. Polyethylene glycol levels of -0.4 MPa at all temperatures and -0.3 MPa at 30 °C and 20-30 °C enable germination and vigor of S. hispanica seedlings. S. hispanica seedlings are able to perform osmotic adjustment under water stress conditions up to the level of -0.3 MPa, when grown from seeds germinated at temperatures of up to 25 ºC.


As sementes de S. hispanica têm se destacado pela sua potencialidade em nutrientes para as indústrias agroalimentares. No entanto, ainda são escassas as pesquisas relacionadas a esta espécie, principalmente no tocante aos fatores agronômicos que viabilizem a sua propagação e desenvolvimento. Com isso, objetivou-se verificar a germinação, vigor e ajustamento osmótico de sementes e plântulas de S. hispanicasubmetidas aos estresses hídrico e térmico. O delineamento experimental foi o inteiramente casualizado, com tratamentos distribuídos em esquema fatorial, correspondente a cinco níveis de polietileno glicol (PEG 6000) (0,0; -0,1; -0,2; -0,3 e -0,4 MPa) e quatro temperaturas (20, 25, 30 e 20-30 °C), com quatro repetições de 50 sementes para cada tratamento. Para isso, instalou-se o teste de germinação em substrato mata-borrão, umedecidos com soluções de PEG 6000 nos potenciais mencionados, sob fotoperíodo de 8 horas de luz. As variáveis analisadas foram germinação, índice de velocidade de germinação, comprimento de parte aérea e das raízes das plântulas, massa seca de plântulas, teores de clorofila e carotenoides, aminoácidos, prolina e açúcares. O nível de polietilenoglicol de -0,4 MPa para todas as temperaturas estudadas, e -0,3 MPa nas temperaturas de 30 °C e 20-30 °C inviabilizam a germinação e o vigor das plântulas de S. hispanica. As plântulas de S. hispanica são capazes de realizar ajuste osmótico sob condições de estresse hídrico até os níveis de -0,3 MPa, quando provenientes de sementes germinadas em temperaturas de até 25 ºC.


Subject(s)
Polyethylene Glycols , Germination , Heat-Shock Response , Salvia , Dehydration , Stress, Physiological
9.
Rev. Nutr. (Online) ; 32: e180249, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041312

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective The chia seed, an ancient pseudocereal, is rich in omega-3 fatty acids and polyphenols, and has been suggested to possess several health benefits. Although it has gained popularity among nutritionists, little is known about the systemic effects of chia and their interactions. Hence, hepatorenal indicators and plasma vitamin concentrations in chia-supplemented aluminum-exposed rats were investigated. Methods Wistar albino rats were either fed on a chia-rich- or standard-diet for 21 days and exposed to aluminum. Liver function tests (Alanine Aminotransferase, Aspartate Aminotransferase, Alkaline Phosphatase, Lactate Dehydrogenase), kidney function tests (Urea Nitrogen, Creatinine), and vitamin B12 and folic acid measurements were performed by using an automated analyzer. Results Aluminum exposure had no influence on renal function, as did chia supplementation. However, liver function was disturbed with the exposure to Aluminum and chia was of no use against it. Surprisingly, it was found that the animals fed on a chia-rich diet displayed higher concentrations of vitamin B12 which was not the case for folic acid. Conclusion It was deduced that a chia-rich diet has no effect on the renal function and is not able to reverse aluminum-induced hepatotoxicity; however, it may be of benefit against vitamin B12 insufficiency and thus, it may offer a novel treatment option which is particularly important in the vegan diet.


RESUMO Objetivo A semente de chia, um antigo pseudocereal, é rica em ácidos graxos ômega-3 e polifenóis e tem sido sugerida como tendo vários benefícios para a saúde. Embora tenha ganhado popularidade entre os nutricionistas, na verdade, pouco se sabe sobre os efeitos e interações sistêmicas da chia. Assim, investigamos os indicadores hepatorrenais e as concentrações plasmáticas de vitamina em ratos expostos ao alumínio suplementados com chia. Métodos Ratos albinos Wistar foram alimentados com dieta rica em chia ou padrão por 21 dias e expostos ao alumínio. Testes de função hepática (Alanina Aminotransferase, Aspartato Aminotransferase, Fosfatase Alcalina, Lactato Desidrogenase), testes de função renal (ácido úrico, Creatinina) e medições de vitamina B12 e ácido fólico realizada usando um analisador automático. Resultados A exposição ao alumínio não influenciou a função renal, assim como a suplementação de chia. No entanto, a função hepática foi perturbada com a exposição e a chia foi inútil contra ela. Surpreendentemente, descobrimos que os animais que se alimentavam de uma dieta rica em chia apresentavam concentrações mais elevadas de vitamina B12, o que não era o caso do ácido fólico. Conclusão Deduzimos que a dieta rica em chia não tem efeito sobre a função renal e não é capaz de reverter a hepatotoxicidade induzida pelo alumínio; no entanto, pode ser benéfico contra a insuficiência de vitamina B12 e, portanto, pode oferecer uma nova opção de tratamento que é particularmente importante na dieta vegana.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Salvia , Diet, Vegetarian , Food, Fortified , Rats, Wistar , Aluminum , Folic Acid , Kidney Function Tests , Liver Function Tests
10.
Dominguezia ; 34(2): 53-58, 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | MTYCI, LILACS, MTYCI | ID: biblio-1005065

ABSTRACT

Salvia hispanica L. (Labiateae), comúnmente conocida como "chía", es una especie herbácea anual cuyo cultivo está ampliamente extendido por América del Sur. Es utilizada como cultivo industrial y para la ela-boración de alimentos funcionales por su contenido en proteínas, antioxidantes, fibras y lípidos esenciales. El aceite de sus semillas contiene la mayor proporción (68 %) de omega-3 que cualquier fuente vegetal conocida. El objetivo de este trabajo fue establecer cultivos in vitro de "chía" y analizar la influencia de diferentes reguladores de crecimiento sobre la inducción de callos, sobre el crecimiento de estos y sobre su contenido de ácidos grasos. Se iniciaron cultivos de callos in vitro a partir de explantos de tallos sin nudos y de hojas de plántulas axénicas de 20 días de edad, utilizando 3 tratamientos de reguladores de crecimiento diferentes. El medio Murashige & Skoog modificado (MSRT) con el agregado de ácido 2,4-diclorofenoxia-cético (2,4-D) a una concentración de 2,25 µM y un fotoperíodo de 16 horas fueron las condiciones óptimas para la inducción de callos. Para el mantenimiento de los callos el tratamiento más adecuado resultó ser bencilaminopurina (BAP) a una concentración de 1 µM. La cinética de crecimiento se caracterizó por un período de latencia hasta el día 20 de cultivo, seguido de un período de crecimiento exponencial entre los días 20 y 54. El tratamiento con 2,4-D (2,25 µM) mostró la más alta velocidad específica de crecimiento (0,22 ± 0,01 /día), el tiempo de duplicación más bajo (31,51 ± 1,00 día) y la mayor biomasa máxima (1,46 ± 0,01 g PF). El contenido de ácidos grasos en los callos de "chía" fue 0,83 % en promedio de todos los tratamientos después de 6 meses en cultivo y no mostró variaciones significativas (0,2 % - 0,3 %) entre los tratamientos aplicados (p < 0,05). (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Salvia/growth & development , Argentina , Botany/methods
11.
Singapore medical journal ; : 230-239, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687487

ABSTRACT

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM)-based herbal therapies have gained increasing popularity worldwide, raising concerns of its efficacy, safety profile and potential interactions with Western medications. Antithrombotic agents are among the most common prescription drugs involved in herb-drug interactions, and this article focused on aspirin, one of the most widely used antiplatelet agents worldwide. We discussed herbs that have potential interactions by exploring Western and TCM approaches to thrombotic events. Common TCM indications for these herbs were also highlighted, including possible scenarios of their concurrent usage with aspirin. With greater awareness and understanding of potential herb-drug interactions, TCM and Western physicians may collaborate more closely to identify, treat and, most importantly, prevent adverse drug events.


Subject(s)
Aspirin , Therapeutic Uses , Carthamus , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Herb-Drug Interactions , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Panax , Physicians , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors , Therapeutic Uses , Salvia , Thrombosis , Drug Therapy
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-51181

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Several studies have reported that consumption of Salvia Hispanica L.,commonly known as chia seed, may exert beneficial effects on health outcomes. The main purpose of this study was to examine the influence of chia seed consumption as a mid-morning snack on short-term satiety. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Subjects (n = 24) were tested using a randomized, cross-over design consisting of three mid-morning snacks. Yogurt with no chia seed, yogurt with 7 g chia seed, and yogurt with 14 g chia seed were given to subjects on different test days. After subjects were asked to report visual analog scale (VAS) scores on sensory outcomes, ad libitum lunch was served, and energy intake of individuals was measured. RESULTS: VAS scores indicated that participants reported significantly lower scores for hunger (P = 0.033), prospective food consumption (P = 0.031), amounts of food that could be consumed (P = 0.017), desire for sugary foods (P = 0.015), and higher scores for satiety (P = 0.031) on the test days with 7 g and 14 g chia seed. Energy intake of individuals during ad libitum lunch was significantly lower when they consumed yogurt with 7 g or 14 g chia seed (P = 0.037). CONCLUSIONS: The study demonstrated that chia seed consumption as a mid-morning snack may induce short-term satiety in healthy individuals.


Subject(s)
Cross-Over Studies , Eating , Energy Intake , Hunger , Lunch , Obesity , Prospective Studies , Salvia , Satiety Response , Snacks , Visual Analog Scale , Yogurt
13.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 47(1): 96-101, Jan.-Mar. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-775130

ABSTRACT

Abstract One bioactive compound, identified as alternariol 9-methyl ether, was isolated from the crude extract of the endophytic fungus Alternaria sp. Samif01 residing in the roots of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge. Alternariol 9-methyl ether was active against bacteria with minimum inhibitory concentration values ranging from 25 to 75 µg/mL and median inhibitory concentration (IC50) values ranging from 16.00 to 38.27 µg/mL. The IC50 value of alternariol 9-methyl ether against spore germination of Magnaporthe oryzae was 87.18 µg/mL. Alternariol 9-methyl ether also showed antinematodal activity against Bursaphelenchus xylophilus and Caenorhabditis elegans with IC50 values of 98.17 µg/mL and 74.62 µg/mL, respectively. This work is the first report on alternariol 9-methyl ether and its biological activities from the endophytic fungus Alternaria sp. Samif01 derived from S. miltiorrhiza Bunge. The results indicate the potential of Alternaria sp. Samif01 as a source of alternariol 9-methyl ether and also support that alternariol 9-methyl ether is a natural compound with high potential bioactivity against microorganisms.


Subject(s)
Animals , Alternaria/chemistry , Anti-Infective Agents/isolation & purification , Endophytes/chemistry , Lactones/isolation & purification , Alternaria/isolation & purification , Anti-Infective Agents/metabolism , Bacteria/drug effects , Endophytes/isolation & purification , Lactones/metabolism , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Magnaporthe/drug effects , Nematoda/drug effects , Plant Roots/microbiology , Salvia/microbiology
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-201375

ABSTRACT

Shuangdan oral liquid (SDO) containing radix Salviae miltiorrhizae (Chinese name Danshen) and cortex moutan (Chinese name Mudanpi) is a traditional Chinese medicine using for treating vascular diseases. Danshensu (DSS) is a main effective monomer composition derived from radix Salviae miltiorrhizae and paeonol (Pae) from cortex moutan. Although the two herbs are widely used in traditional Chinese medicine, the pharmacological functions of their active compositions were not reported. Therefore, the research of DSS and Pae in mechanisms and pharmacodynamics interaction can provide scientific evidence to support clinical application. The diabetic nephropathy (DN) rats which were induced by streptozotocin (STZ) were treated with SDO, DSS, Pae, and DSS+Pae for eight weeks. The positive effects on DN animal models were investigated by detection of physiological and biochemical indexes and oxidative stress markers, within five treatments: SDO, DSS, Pae, DSS+Pae and insulin group. Compared with the model group, the DSS+Pae group improved the renal function, blood lipid metabolism and blood viscosity, increased the vitality of T-SOD or T-AOC and decreased the level of MDA or NO after the treatment. The study was successfully showed that the DSS+Pae group could delay the process of DN, especially in the renal injury part of histopathology changes. Our results suggest that the co-administration of DSS and Pae significantly may play a protective role in DN rats through decreasing the oxidative stress and improving the blood lipid metabolism mechanisms.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Viscosity , Diabetic Nephropathies , Insulin , Lipid Metabolism , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Models, Animal , Oxidative Stress , Rats , Salvia , Streptozocin , Vascular Diseases
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-71446

ABSTRACT

Consumption of high doses of ethanol can lead to amnesia, which often manifests as a blackout. These blackouts experienced by ethanol consumers may be a major cause of the social problems associated with excess ethanol consumption. However, there is currently no established treatment for preventing these ethanol-induced blackouts. In this study, we tested the ethanol extract of the roots of Salvia miltiorrhiza (SM) for its ability to mitigate ethanol-induced behavioral and synaptic deficits. To test behavioral deficits, an object recognition test was conducted in mouse. In this test, ethanol (1 g/kg, i.p.) impaired object recognition memory, but SM (200 mg/kg) prevented this impairment. To evaluate synaptic deficits, NMDA receptor-mediated excitatory postsynaptic potential (EPSP) and long-term potentiation (LTP) in the mouse hippocampal slices were tested, as they are known to be vulnerable to ethanol and are associated with ethanol-induced amnesia. SM (10 and 100 μg/ml) significantly ameliorated ethanol-induced long-term potentiation and NMDA receptor-mediated EPSP deficits in the hippocampal slices. Therefore, these results suggest that SM prevents ethanol-induced amnesia by protecting the hippocampus from NMDA receptor-mediated synaptic transmission and synaptic plasticity deficits induced by ethanol.


Subject(s)
Amnesia , Animals , Ethanol , Excitatory Postsynaptic Potentials , Hippocampus , Long-Term Potentiation , Memory , Mice , N-Methylaspartate , Neuronal Plasticity , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Salvia , Social Problems , Synaptic Transmission
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337977

ABSTRACT

The genus Salvia in the family Lamiaceae with nearly 1 000 species, is widespread in temperate and tropical regions around the world. Many species of genus Salvia are important medicinal plants with a long history of which Danshen (the dried roots and rhizomes of S. miltiorrhiza) is one of the most popular herbal traditional medicines in Asian countries. The chemical constituents from Salvia plants mainly contain sesquiterpenoids, diterpenoids, triterpenoids, steroids and polyphenols etc, which exhibit antibacterial, antidermatophytic, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antineoplastic, antiplatelet aggregation activities and so on. In this article, the development of new constituents and their biological activities of Salvia genus in the past five years were reviewed and summarized for its further development and utilization.


Subject(s)
Diterpenes , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Salvia , Chemistry , Sesquiterpenes , Triterpenes
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237916

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of magnesium sulfate, Nifedipine Tablet (NT) combined Salvia Injection (SI) on endothelin-1 (ET-1), nitric oxide (NO), thromboxane A2(TXA2), prostacyclin I2(PG2), and hemorheology of preeclampsia patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 704 preeclampsia patients were randomly assigned to the treatment group and the control group, 352 cases in each group. All patients were treated with magnesium sulfate combined NT (on the first day: slow intravenous injection of magnesium sulfate 5 g + intravenous dripping of magnesium sulfate injection 10 g + oral administration of NT 30 mg; on the second and third day, intravenous dripping of magnesium sulfate injection 10 g + oral administration of NT 30 mg), while those in the treatment group were dripped with SI additionally at 20 mL per day for 3 consecutive days. Before and after treatment plasma levels of endothelin-1 (ET-1), nitric oxide (NO), TXA2, PGi2, and hemorheology indicators [such as high blood viscosity (HBV), low blood viscosity (LBV), plasma viscosity (PV), erythrocyte rigidity index (ERI), fibrinogen (FIB)] of two groups were detected.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the same group before treatment, serum levels of ET-1, TXA2, HBV, LBV, PV, ERI, and FIB decreased in the two groups after treatment (P <0. 05), but levels of NO and PG2 increased (P <0. 05). Compared with the control group in the same period, levels of ET-1, TXA2, HBV, LBV, PV, ERI, and FIB decreased in the treatment group after treatment (P <0. 05), but levels of NO and PGI2 increased (P <0. 05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Magnesium sulfate, NT combined SI could effectively regulate the balance of ET-1/NO and TXA2/PGI2, and improve hemorheology of preeclampsia patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Drug Therapy, Combination , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Endothelin-1 , Metabolism , Epoprostenol , Metabolism , Female , Hemorheology , Humans , Injections , Magnesium Sulfate , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Nifedipine , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Nitric Oxide , Metabolism , Pre-Eclampsia , Drug Therapy , Pregnancy , Salvia , Tablets , Thromboxane A2 , Metabolism
18.
Arequipa; s.n; 2015. 92 p. tab.
Thesis in Spanish | MTYCI, LILACS, MTYCI | ID: biblio-946838

ABSTRACT

En el presente trabajo de investigación se determinó el efecto cardioprotector del consumo del extracto acuoso de la semilla de la Chía Salvia hispánica sobre el colesterol total en Rattus novergicus variedad Wistar con hipercolesterolemia inducida experimentalmente Arequipa-2015. Para lo cual se emplearon 40 unidades experimentales Rattus norvergicus variedad Wistar en los cuales se realizó la determinación basal del colesterol total y colesterol de alta densidad (C-HDL), por el método enzimático. Luego se indujo a hipercolesterolemia durante 15 días para volver a determinar el colesterol total y C-HDL el día 15. Se dividió en 5 grupos de 8 unidades cada uno y se le administro extracto acuoso de savia hispánica, en diferentes dosis de acuerdo al grupo de tratamiento durante 30 días por vía orogastrica: 1; 1.5y 2 g/kg de peso de extracto acuoso en el tratamiento 1; 2 y 3 respectivamente, en el tratamiento control y el tratamiento blanco se administró su dieta habitual, a los 30 y 45 días finalizando así el tratamiento. Con los resultados obtenidos se determinó el efecto cardioprotector con el Índice de Castelli. Los resultados obtenidos en el presente estudio se nota que el tratamiento 1(1.0g. de extracto acuoso), tratamiento 2(1.5g. de extracto acuoso) presenta mayor efectividad en mejorar los niveles de colesterol total (CT) a los 30 y 45 días frente a los otros tratamientos. En relación a los valores de C-HDL se obtuvieron valores similares a los 30 días y 45 días por los tratamientos 1 ,2 y 3. En relación al Índice de Castelli a los 30 días se nota que los tratamientos 1 y 2 presentan riesgo bajo y el tratamiento 3 nos indica un riesgo moderado, a los 45 días los tratamientos 1,2 y 3 presenta un índice de Castelli de riesgo moderado. De acuerdo a los resultados obtenidos demuestran que los tratamientos 1 y 2 a los 30 días puede ser considerado como una alternativa en el manejo de hipercolesterolemia para disminuir los niveles de colesterol total y HDL-C.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Plant Extracts , Cardiotonic Agents , Salvia , Peru , Models, Animal , Hypercholesterolemia
19.
Rev. bras. plantas med ; 17(4,supl.1): 774-781, 2015. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-770362

ABSTRACT

RESUMO As úlceras pépticas são decorrentes de um desequilíbrio entre os agentes agressores endógenos, exógenos e agentes protetores. Neste estudo avaliou-se a atividade antiulcerogênica in vivo para o extrato aquoso de Salviaofficinalis (EAS). Após os tratamentos (n = 6; v.o) com o controle (C) água; pantoprazol (30 mg/kg) e EAS (100, 250 e 400 mg/kg, respectivamente) os ratos receberam uma solução de HCl 0,3 M em etanol 60% (v.o) e realizaram-se avaliações morfológicas dos estômagos por meio de uma tabela de escores de lesão (ANOVA; one way e Tukey). EAS (400 mg/kg) apresentou atividade antiulcerogênica (31,47%) semelhante ao pantoprazol (33,83%) em comparação (p<0,0001) com o grupo C. A análise fitoquímica por cromatografia líquida de alta eficiência revelou uma elevada concentração de ácido rosmarínico (3,53%) para EAS. Os flavonoides (0,25%) e os fenóis totais (309,0 EAG) foram quantificados por espectrofotometria de UV/Vis. EAS e ácido rosmarínico apresentaram elevadas atividades antioxidantes por DPPH (Concentração Efetiva 50%-CE50 9,2 e 0,7 mg/mL, respectivamente) justificando pelo menos em parte, o efeito antiulcerogênico do extrato.


ABSTRACT Peptic ulcers are caused by an unbalance among endogenous, exogenous damaging agents and protective agents. In this study we evaluated the in vivo antiulcerogenic activity for the aqueous extract of Salvia officinalis (EAS). After treatments (n = 6; v.o) with control (C) water; pantoprazole (30 mg/kg) and EAS (100, 250 and 400 mg/kg, respectively) the rats received a 0.3 M HCl solution in ethanol 60% (v.o) and it were performed morphological evaluations of the stomachs through the use of a table of injury scores (ANOVA, one way and Tukey). The EAS (400 mg/kg) showed an antiulcerogenic activity (32.53%). Similar to the pantoprazole (29.91%), in comparison with (p<0.0001) the group C. The phytochemical analysis through high performance liquid chromatography revealed high acid rosmarinic (3.53%) for the EAS. The flavonoids (0.25%) and the total phenolics (GAE 309.0) were quantified by spectrophotometry UV/Vis. The EAS and the rosmarinic acid exhibited elevated antioxidant activities by DPPH (Effective Concentration 50% -EC50 9.2 and 0.7 mg/mL, respectively,) at least partially explaining the antiulcerogenic effect of the extract.


Subject(s)
Plant Extracts/analysis , Salvia/metabolism , Ulcer/complications , Antioxidants/classification , Polyphenols/pharmacokinetics
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-274251

ABSTRACT

Salvia divinorum is a psychoactive botanical plant that is increasingly used for the 'legal' highs that it can produce. It is readily available for purchase on the Internet, and most abusers are unaware of the toxicity and abuse potential associated with its use. As the use of novel compounds among abusers is not uncommon, physicians need to increase their awareness and recognition of these new substances. Herein, we report a case of an acute presentation of Salvia intoxication.


Subject(s)
Adult , Fear , Hallucinations , Humans , Male , Plants, Medicinal , Toxicity , Salvia , Toxicity , Substance-Related Disorders , Diagnosis
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL