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Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(5): 560-564, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042042


Abstract Introduction: Angiographically visible plaques in patent vein grafts are usually detected years after surgery. Our aim was to examine early plaque formation in vein grafts. Methods: Bypass angiography and intravascular ultrasonography (IVUS) examination were performed on 77 aortocoronary saphenous vein grafts (SVGs) implanted in 36 patients during the first 2 years after CABG. In each graft, a good quality 25 mm ultrasound image was analyzed. We measured: plaque area, lumen area, external elastic membrane (EEM) area, graft area and wall area. For the comparative assessment of SVGs, the index plaque area/EEM area was calculated. Data were analyzed for the following 4 time periods: I - 0-4 months (22 grafts), II - 5-8 months (23 grafts), III - 9-12 months (19 grafts) and IV - 13-16 months (13 grafts) after CABG. Student's t and Fisher-Snedecor tests were used for the purpose of statistical analysis in this retrospective study. Results: In period I, plaque formation (neointimal) was observed in 10 grafts (45%), with a mean plaque area of 1.59 mm., in 6 grafts (26%) in period II, with a mean plaque area of 1.03 mm. and in 15 grafts (71%) in period III, with a mean plaque area of 1.41 mm., and in all (100%) grafts in period IV, with mean plaque area of 2,3 mm.. Average index plaque area/EEM area in periods I, II, III and IV were 0.12, 0.08, 0.13 and 0.22. We have showed a significant plaque increase between periods II and IV(P=0.038). Conclusion: IVUS showed plaque in about 40% of venous grafts during the first year after CABG. Between 13-16 months plaque was visible in all studied grafts.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Saphenous Vein/transplantation , Coronary Artery Disease/etiology , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnostic imaging , Coronary Artery Bypass/adverse effects , Atherosclerosis/etiology , Atherosclerosis/diagnostic imaging , Time Factors , Retrospective Studies , Coronary Angiography/methods , Ultrasonography, Interventional/methods , Early Diagnosis
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(4): 480-483, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020495


Abstract The saphenous vein (SV) is the most commonly used conduit for coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) and the second conduit of choice in Brazil and many other countries. The radial artery (RA) is suggested, by some, to be superior to SV grafts, although its use in the USA declined over a 10 year period. The patency of SV grafts (SVG) is improved when the vein is harvested with minimal trauma using the no-touch (NT) technique. This improved performance is due to the preservation of the outer pedicle surrounding the SV and reduction in vascular damage that occurs when using conventional techniques (CT) of harvesting. While the patency of NT SVGs has been shown superior to the RA at 36 months in one study, data from the RADIAL trial suggests the RA to be the superior conduit. When additional data using NT SVG is included in this trial the difference in risk of graft occlusion between the RA and SV grafts dissipates with there no longer being a significant difference in patency between conduits. The importance of preserving SV structure and the impact of NT harvesting on conduit choice for CABG patients are discussed in this short review.

Humans , Saphenous Vein/transplantation , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Coronary Artery Bypass/methods , Radial Artery/transplantation , Vascular Patency , Brazil , Meta-Analysis as Topic , Treatment Failure
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(3): 297-304, Jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013476


Abstract Objectives: To investigate the association between clinical hematologic parameters and saphenous vein graft failure after on-pump coronary artery bypass surgery. Methods: A total of 1950 consecutive patients underwent isolated on-pump coronary artery surgery between November 2010 and February 2013. Of these, 284 patients met our inclusion criteria; their preoperative clinical hematological parameters were retrospectively obtained for this cohort study. And of them, 109 patients underwent conventional coronary angiography after graft failure was revealed by coronary computed tomography angiography. The primary endpoint was to catch at least one saphenous vein graft stenosis or occlusion following the coronary angiogram. We then analyzed risk factors for graft failure. In sequential or T grafts, each segment was analyzed as a separate graft. Results: In logistic regression analysis, older age, platelet distribution width, and diabetes mellitus were identified as independent predictors of saphenous vein graft failure (P<0.). In contrast, preserved ejection fraction value favored graft patency (P<0.001). Conclusion: Increased platelet distribution width is easily measurable and can be used as a simple and valuable marker in the prediction of saphenous vein graft failure.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Saphenous Vein/transplantation , Blood Platelets/physiology , Vascular Patency/physiology , Coronary Artery Bypass/adverse effects , Platelet Count , Reference Values , Saphenous Vein/physiopathology , Coronary Artery Disease/etiology , Echocardiography , Logistic Models , Coronary Artery Bypass/methods , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , ROC Curve , Age Factors , Coronary Angiography/methods , Treatment Failure , Statistics, Nonparametric , Hematologic Tests
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(3): 290-296, Jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013469


Abstract Objective: In this study, we aimed to examine the effects of amitriptyline, fluoxetine, tranylcypromine and venlafaxine on saphenous vein grafts in coronary artery bypass graft surgeries. Methods: 59 patients (40 males and 19 females; mean age 65.1 years, distribution: 45-84 years) who had coronary artery bypass graft surgery between February 2014 and May 2016 were included in the study. After the saphenous vein grafts with intact and denuded endothelium were precontracted with 3×10-6M phenylephrine, amitriptyline, fluoxetine and tranylcypromine were cumulatively added to isolated organ baths in the range of 10-11-3x10-5M, while venlafaxine was added in the range of 10-9-3×10-5M. Then, the antidepressant-induced relaxation responses were recorded isometrically. Results: While the relaxation response of amitriptyline at -6.42 (Log M) was 74.6%, the response at -6.32 (Log M) was 75.5%. While the relaxation response at -6.46 (Log M) of fluoxetine was 68.02%, the response at -6.02 (Log M) was 72.12%. While the relaxation response of tranylcypromine at -7.53 (Log M) was 61.13%, the response at -7.23 (Log M) was 65.53%. While the relaxation response of venlafaxine at -6.21 (Log M) was 29.98%, the response at -5.90 (Log M) was 32.96%. Conclusion: The maximum relaxation at minimum and maximum therapeutic concentrations was obtained with amitriptyline, fluoxetine and tranylcypromine, and the minimum relaxation was obtained with venlafaxine. The relaxation responses were independent of the endothelium.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Saphenous Vein/drug effects , Saphenous Vein/transplantation , Tranylcypromine/pharmacology , Fluoxetine/pharmacology , Amitriptyline/pharmacology , Antidepressive Agents/pharmacology , Reference Values , Vasodilation/drug effects , Endothelium, Vascular/drug effects , Coronary Artery Bypass/methods , Analysis of Variance , Transplants/drug effects , Venlafaxine Hydrochloride/pharmacology , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular/drug effects
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(1): 114-117, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-985245


Abstract Buerger's disease, vasculitis of small and medium-sized blood vessels, is a non-atherosclerotic and progressive occlusive condition which frequently involves the distal part of the limbs. The occlusion of coronary arteries in Buerger's disease is a rare condition; however, coronary artery dissection has not been reported previously. Therefore, this paper presents a 45-year-old man who developed coronary artery dissection associated with Buerger's disease. The patient was treated successfully with coronary artery bypass grafting with the left internal mammary artery to the left anterior descending artery, and saphenous vein graft to the right coronary artery.

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Thromboangiitis Obliterans/complications , Coronary Artery Disease/etiology , Coronary Occlusion/etiology , Saphenous Vein/transplantation , Thromboangiitis Obliterans/surgery , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnostic imaging , Coronary Artery Bypass/methods , Coronary Angiography/methods , Coronary Occlusion/surgery , Coronary Occlusion/diagnostic imaging , Computed Tomography Angiography/methods , Mammary Arteries/surgery
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(1): 98-100, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-985241


Abstract With more than 800,000 coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) operations annually worldwide and the saphenous vein being the most common conduit used, there is no question that improving saphenous vein graft patency is one of the most important tasks in CABG. This video describes the no-touch harvesting procedure of the saphenous vein on an 80-year old man with hypertension, hyperlipidemia and a previous myocardial infarction with percutaneous coronary intervention to the right coronary artery. He was complaining of exertional chest pain and was diagnosed with stable angina pectoris. The coronary angiography showed advanced three vessel disease with significant stenoses in the left anterior descending (LAD) artery, two marginal arteries (MAs) and the posterior descending artery (PDA), in addition to an occluded diagonal artery (DA). The patient received a triple sequential no-touch vein graft to the PDA and two MAs together with a double sequential no-touch vein graft to the DA and LAD. A vein graft was used to bypass the LAD due to the age of the patient and the low degree of stenosis in the LAD. The no-touch harvesting technique is described in detail in the film with complete narration. A follow-up of this patient was performed at three months both clinically and with a computed tomography angiography (CTA). No angina pectoris symptoms were reported by the patient and the wounds in the chest and lower limb were completely healed. The CTA showed patent no-touch saphenous vein grafts to all the distal anastomoses.

Humans , Male , Aged, 80 and over , Saphenous Vein/transplantation , Coronary Artery Bypass/methods , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Coronary Angiography/methods , Coronary Stenosis/surgery , Computed Tomography Angiography/methods
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 33(4): 317-322, July-Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-958422


Abstract Objective: To determine whether mean platelet volume (MPV), platelet distribution width (PDW), and platelet count could be used as determinants of mortality following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery and patency of saphenous vein grafts (SVG). Methods: The records of 128 patients who underwent emergency or elective coronary angiography after CABG surgery, and who died at an early stage were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were divided into three groups as early death, no SVG disease (SVGD), and SVGD group. MPV, PDW, and platelet count were evaluated at different times. Results: MPV was significantly higher in the stenotic group than in the nonstenotic group (9.7±1.8 fl and 8.2±0.9 fl, P<0.05). The postoperative MPV ratio was found to be higher in the stenotic group when compared to the preoperative period (9.6±1.8 fl and 7.8±0.9 fl, P<0.05). MPV values were also found to be higher in patients who died during the early stage than in surviving patients (9.4±1.9 fl and 8.0±1.0 fl, P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference regarding platelet count and PDW ratios between the early deaths group and surviving patients. An MPV value higher than 10.6 predicted SVGD with 85% sensitivity and 45% specificity; and an MPV higher than 7.9 predicted early death with 80% sensitivity and 68% specificity were observed. Conclusion: MPV may be a useful indicator for the prediction of SVGD and mortality following CABG surgery.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Saphenous Vein/transplantation , Coronary Artery Bypass/mortality , Mean Platelet Volume/methods , Graft Occlusion, Vascular/mortality , Graft Occlusion, Vascular/blood , Platelet Count/methods , Postoperative Period , Reference Values , Saphenous Vein/diagnostic imaging , Vascular Patency , Coronary Artery Bypass/adverse effects , Predictive Value of Tests , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , Coronary Angiography , Constriction, Pathologic , Preoperative Period , Graft Occlusion, Vascular/diagnosis , Graft Occlusion, Vascular/etiology
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 33(2): 189-193, Mar.-Apr. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, SES-SP | ID: biblio-958396


Abstract Introduction: The great saphenous vein is widely used as a graft in coronary artery bypass grafting surgery. Complications due to saphenous vein harvesting can be minimized when using ultrasonography mapping and marking. Objective: To analyze by clinical trial the use of vascular ultrasonography to map the saphenous vein in coronary artery bypass grafting to determine viability and dissection site. Methods: A total of 151 consecutive patients submitted to coronary artery bypass surgery with the use of the great saphenous vein as a graft were selected for this prospective study. They were divided into two groups: Group 1 - 84 patients were submitted to ultrasonographic mapping and marking of the saphenous vein; Group 2 - 67 patients had saphenous vein harvested without any previous study. Both groups were coupled with follow-up on the 1st, 5th and 30th postoperative days. Primary endpoints were need for incision of the contralateral leg and wound complications within 30 days. Results: Both legs had to be incised in 6 (8.95%) patients from Group 2 (P=0.0067). Wound complications occurred in 33 (23.4%) patients within 30 days, 21 (35%) from Group 2 e 12 (14.8%) from Group 1 (OR 3.095, 1.375-6.944, CI 95%, P=0.008). Within 30 days there were 4 (2.8%) deaths, all in Group 2 (P=0.036). Conclusion: The use of vascular ultrasonography for mapping of the great saphenous vein in coronary artery bypass surgery has properly identified and evaluated the saphenous vein, significantly reducing wound complications and unnecessary incisions. It would be advisable to use this noninvasive and easy to use method routinely in coronary artery bypass surgery.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Saphenous Vein/transplantation , Saphenous Vein/diagnostic imaging , Coronary Artery Bypass/methods , Ultrasonography, Doppler/methods , Tissue and Organ Harvesting/methods , Postoperative Complications , Surgical Wound Infection , Time Factors , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Ultrasonography, Doppler/adverse effects , Statistics, Nonparametric , Tissue and Organ Harvesting/adverse effects
Rev. chil. cir ; 70(5): 425-431, 2018. graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-978009


Resumen Introducción: Prolongar la permeabilidad de los injertos utilizados en bypass coronario es un desafío constante. Objetivo: Comparar anatomofuncionalmente venas safenas humanas (VSH) extraídas con técnica convencional (TC) vs técnica "no-touch" (NT). Material y Método: Estudio experimental. Se diseccionó VSH con TC y NT en el pabellón de cirugía cardiaca del Hospital Regional de Antofagasta. Las muestras de VSH fueron seccionadas en anillos de 3 mm y conservados en cámaras de órganos aislados con solución Ringer-Krebs. Para evaluar la vasomotilidad se administró norepinefrina (10-6M), papaverina (10-4M), acetilcolina (10-6M) y nitroprusiato de sodio (10-5M). Un segmento de las muestras fue fijado en formalina al 10%, procesado con técnica histológica y analizado bajo microscopía óptica. Las muestras fueron teñidas con hematoxilina-eosina, Verhoeff y orceína. El análisis estadístico fue realizado mediante el software Prism Graphad. Resultados: Reactividad vascular: La vasoconstricción inducida por noradrenalina fue significativamente superior en anillos del grupo NT vs TC (p < 0,0001). La vasodilatación producida por papaverina y acetilcolina fue superior en el grupo NT (p < 0,004) y (p < 0,0003), respectivamente. Estudio morfométrico: El grupo NT presentó túnica muscular (0,755 vs 0,680 mm), adventicia (0,5600 vs 0,4663 mm) y pared total (1,344 vs 0,962 mm) más gruesa que el grupo TC. No hubo diferencias significativas respecto el número de vasa vasorum. Conclusión: El grupo NT responde significativamente mejor a estímulos vasoconstrictores y vasodilatadores. Los resultados se asocian con las diferencias morfométricas.

Introduction: Prolonging of the grafts permeability used in coronary bypass is a constant challenge. Objective: To compare anatomical and functional human saphenous veins (VSH) extracted "No touch" (NT) technique vs conventional technique (TC). Materials and Methods: Experimental study. VSH dissected with CT and NT in the Regional Hospital of Antofagasta cardiac surgery ward. VSH samples were sectioned into 3 mm rings and preserved in isolated organs chambers with Krebs-Ringer solution. To evaluate the vasomotor activity, norepinephrine (10-6M), papaverine (10-4M), acetylcholine (10-6M) and sodium nitroprusside (10-5M) was administered. A segment of samples was fixed in 10% formalin, processed and histological analyzed under light microscopy technique with hematoxylin-eosin, Verhoeff and orceína. Statistical analysis was performed using the Prism software Graphad. Results: Vascular Reactivity: norepinephrine-induced vasoconstriction was significantly higher in the group rings NT vs TC (p < 0.0001). Vasodilation was higher with papaverine and acetylcholine in the NT group (p < 0.004) and (p < 0.0003), respectively. Morphometric study: The NT group presented muscularis (0.755 vs 0.680 mm), adventitious (0.5600 vs 0.4663 mm), and total wall (1.344 vs 0.962 mm) thicker than the TC group. No significant differences in vasa vasorum number identified. Conclusion: The NT group vasoconstrictor and vasodilator responds significantly better. Results correlate with morphometric differences.

Humans , Saphenous Vein/drug effects , Saphenous Vein/transplantation , Tissue and Organ Harvesting/methods , Vasoconstriction/drug effects , Vasoconstrictor Agents/pharmacology , Vasodilation/drug effects , Vasodilator Agents/pharmacology , In Vitro Techniques , Coronary Artery Bypass
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 63(6): 488-491, June 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-896359


Summary We describe the case of a male patient, aged 76 years, referred for cardiac investigation due to retrosternal chest pain and dyspnea. He had a history of acute myocardial infarction and angioplasties in the last 30 years, including a saphenous vein coronary artery bypass grafting (SVCABG). Echocardiogram showed hypoechoic oval formation near the right ventricle, suggesting a pericardial cyst. Computed angiotomography revealed a predominantly fusiform and thrombosed aneurysmal dilation of the SVCABG to the right coronary artery. SVCABG aneurysms are very rare and potentially fatal. They usually appear in the late postoperative period, and patients are often asymptomatic. On radiography, it is frequently presented as enlargement of the mediastinum, with echocardiography, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging being very useful for diagnosis. Coronary angiography is the gold standard to detect these cases. Our report illustrates a rare situation arising late from a relatively common surgery. Due to its severity, proper recognition in the routine assessment of patients with a similar history is essential.

Resumo Descrevemos o caso de paciente do sexo masculino, 76 anos, em avaliação cardiológica em razão de dor torácica retroesternal e dispneia. Antecedente de infartos agudos do miocárdio e angioplastias nos últimos 30 anos, incluindo um bypass aortocoronário de veia safena (BACVS) ou "ponte de safena". Em ecocardiograma, observou-se formação ovalada alongada hipoecoica junto ao ventrículo direito, podendo sugerir um cisto pericárdico. Angiotomografia computadorizada do tórax evidenciou uma dilatação aneurismática predominantemente fusiforme e trombosada de "ponte de safena" para artéria coronária direita. Aneurismas de BACVS são raríssimos e potencialmente fatais. Geralmente, surgem em um período tardio pós-cirúrgico, sendo seus portadores muitas vezes assintomáticos. Na radiografia, frequentemente se apresentam como alargamento do mediastino, sendo a ecocardiografia, a tomografia computadorizada e a ressonância magnética muito úteis no diagnóstico. A angiografia coronariana é o padrão-ouro na detecção. Este relato ilustra uma situação rara decorrente tardiamente de uma cirurgia relativamente comum, e por causa de sua gravidade torna-se essencial o seu reconhecimento na rotina de avaliação de pacientes com antecedentes semelhantes.

Humans , Male , Aged , Saphenous Vein/diagnostic imaging , Coronary Artery Bypass/adverse effects , Venous Thrombosis/diagnostic imaging , Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Saphenous Vein/transplantation , Venous Thrombosis/etiology , Aneurysm/etiology
Rev. chil. cir ; 68(2): 170-172, abr. 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-784848


Aim: To present a true aneurysm in childhood, an uncommon pathology, even more those who affect the popliteal artery. case report: We present the case of a boy 3 years old with a true aneurysm with popliteal location. conclusion: Because of its possible complications, the treatment is surgery.

Objetivo: Presentar un caso de aneurisma verdadero en niños, patología poco frecuente, más aún aquellos que afectan a la arteria poplítea. caso clínico: Se presenta el caso de un niño de 3 años con un aneurisma verdadero de localización poplítea. conclusión: Debido a sus posibles complicaciones, el tratamiento es quirúrgico.

Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Popliteal Artery/surgery , Popliteal Artery/pathology , Aneurysm/surgery , Aneurysm/pathology , Saphenous Vein/transplantation
Rev. chil. cir ; 67(2): 195-198, abr. 2015. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-745082


Introduction: True incidence of renal artery aneurysms is unknown but it has been estimated to be around 1 percent. They are usually asymptomatic and diagnosed through imaging studies done for other medical reasons. Those that are more than 2 cm in diameter or any aneurysm in pregnant women should be treated because of an elevated risk of rupture. We present a case of a man with a complex 2.5 cm renal artery aneurysm, successfully treated with ex vivo repair and reimplantation by a multidisciplinary team.

Introducción: La incidencia real de los aneurismas de arteria renal es desconocida, pero se ha estimado en aproximadamente un 1 por ciento. Normalmente los pacientes son asintomáticos y su diagnóstico es habitualmente un hallazgo de estudios de imágenes solicitados por otras causas. El riesgo principal de los aneurismas mayores de 2 cm de diámetro o aquellos en mujeres embarazadas es la rotura. Caso clínico: Presentamos el caso de un hombre con diagnóstico de aneurisma complejo de arteria renal izquierda, que fue sometido a reparación exitosa.

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aneurysm/surgery , Renal Artery/surgery , Laparoscopy , Nephrectomy/methods , Transplantation, Autologous/methods , Angiography , Aneurysm , Renal Artery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Saphenous Vein/transplantation
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 29(4): 543-551, Oct-Dec/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-741726


Objective: This study aims to present the graft pathology at the time of harvest and its impact on long-term survival. Methods: The remnants of the bypass grafts from 66 consecutive patients with coronary artery disease receiving a coronary artery bypass grafting were investigated pathologically, and pertinent predictive risk factors and survival were analyzed. Results: Medial degenerative changes with or without intimal proliferation were present in 36.8%, 37.8% and 35.6% of left internal mammary artery (IMA), radial artery and saphenous vein grafts. There were 2 (3.0%) hospital deaths and 9 (14.1%) late deaths. Multinomial logistic regression revealed left IMA pathological changes, dyslipidemia, history of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty/stent deployment and Y-graft were significant predictive risk factors negatively influencing the patients’ long-term survival. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis revealed that the long-term survival of patients with left IMA pathological changes were significantly reduced compared with those without (74.1% vs. 91.4%, P=0.002); whereas no differences were noted in long-term survivals between patients with and without pathological changes of the radial arterial or saphenous vein grafts. Conclusion: Pathological changes may be seen in the bypass graft at the time of harvest. The subtle ultrastructural modifications and the expressions of vascular tone regulators might be responsible for late graft patency. The pathological changes of the left IMA at the time of harvest rather than those of the radial artery or saphenous vein graft affect significantly longterm survival. Non-traumatic maneuver of left IMA harvest, well-controlled dyslipidemia and avoidance of using composite grafts can be helpful in maintaining the architecture of the grafts. .

Objetivo: Este estudo tem como objetivo apresentar a patologia do enxerto no momento da coleta e do impacto na sobrevida a longo prazo. Métodos: Os remanescentes de pontes de safena de 66 pacientes consecutivos com doença arterial coronária que receberam uma cirurgia de revascularização coronariana foram investigados patologicamente, e os fatores de risco preditivos e a sobrevivência foram analisados. Resultados: Alterações degenerativas da artéria medial, com ou sem proliferação da íntima estavam presentes em 36,8%, 37,8% e 35,6% de pontes da artéria torácica interna esquerda (ATIE), artéria radial e veia safena. Houve dois (3,0%) óbitos hospitalares e nove (14,1%) óbitos tardios. A regressão logística multinomial revelou que alterações patológicas na ATIE, dislipidemia, história de angioplastia/stent implantação coronariana transluminal percutânea e Y-enxerto foram significativos fatores de risco preditivos que influenciam negativamente a sobrevivência a longo prazo dos pacientes. Análise de sobrevida de Kaplan- Meier revelou que a sobrevivência a longo prazo de pacientes com alterações patológicas da ATIE foi significativamente reduzida em comparação com aqueles sem (74,1% vs. 91,4%, P=0,002), considerando que não foram observadas diferenças na sobrevivência de longo prazo entre pacientes com e sem alterações patológicas dos enxertos da artéria radial ou de veia safena. Conclusão: As alterações patológicas podem se desenvolver na revascularização no momento da coleta. As modificações ultraestruturais sutis e as expressões de reguladores do tônus vascular podem ser responsáveis pela patência tardia do enxerto. As alterações patológicas da ATIE no momento da coleta, em vez do enxerto da artéria radial ou da veia safena, podem afetar significativamente a sobrevida de longo prazo. Manobra não traumática da ATIE na coleta, bom controle da dislipidemia e para evitar uso de enxertos compostos pode ser útil na manutenção da arquitetura dos enxertos. .

Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Coronary Artery Bypass/mortality , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Mammary Arteries/pathology , Radial Artery/pathology , Saphenous Vein/pathology , Tissue and Organ Harvesting , Coronary Artery Bypass/methods , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Mammary Arteries/transplantation , Predictive Value of Tests , Risk Factors , Radial Artery/transplantation , Saphenous Vein/transplantation , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome , Vascular Patency
Journal of the Saudi Heart Association. 2013; 25 (4): 247-254
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-132930


Coronary artery bypass grafting [CABG] was first used in the late 1960s. This revolutionary procedure created hope among ischemic heart disease patients. Multiple conduits are used and the golden standard is the left internal mammary artery to the left anterior descending artery. Although all approaches were advocated by doctors, the use of saphenous vein grafts became the leading approach used by the majority of cardiac surgeons in the 1970s. The radial artery graft was introduced at the same time but was not as prevalent due to complications. It was reintroduced into clinical practice in 1989. The procedure was not well received initially but it has since shown superiority in patency as well as long-term survival after CABG. This review provides a summary of characteristics, technical features and patency rates of the radial artery graft in comparison with venous conduits. Current studies and research into radial artery grafts and saphenous vein grafts for CABG are explored. However, more studies are required to verify the various findings of the positive effects of coronary artery bypass grafting with the help of radial arteries on mortality and long-lasting patency.

Humans , Saphenous Vein/transplantation , Radial Artery/transplantation , Tissue and Organ Harvesting
Heart Views. 2012; 13 (1): 19-21
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-131280


Percutaneous coronary intervention of grafts vessel is more challenging due to a higher incidence of periprocedural distal micro-emobilization and myocardial infarction. Percutaneous coronary intervention current guidelines advocate usage of distal embolic protection devices, especially in patients with a large thrombus burden, undergoing percutaneous intervention for vein graft disease. We present a 75-year-old man with acute coronary syndrome who had saphenous vein graft thrombus. This patient was treated successfully by manual aspiration of graft thrombus using a microvena catheter. There is yet no best available therapeutic options for patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention of saphenous vein graft lesions

Humans , Male , Saphenous Vein/transplantation , Myocardial Infarction , Thrombosis , Acute Coronary Syndrome/surgery , Acute Coronary Syndrome/therapy , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary/adverse effects
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 26(2): 291-293, abr.-jun. 2011. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-597751


An emergency operation for access related acute critical limb ischemia with signs of infection is described. Inguinal femoral reconstruction was performed with a bifurcated graft constructed from the ipsilateral saphenous vein.

Uma operação de emergência relacionada à isquemia aguda com sinais de infecção é descrita. Reconstrução femoral inguinal foi realizada com um enxerto bifurcado feito a partir da veia safena ipsilateral.

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Femoral Artery/surgery , Ischemia/surgery , Leg/blood supply , Popliteal Artery/surgery , Saphenous Vein/transplantation , Acute Disease , Emergencies , Femoral Artery , Iliac Artery/surgery , Medical Illustration
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 57(2): 187-193, mar.-abr. 2011. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-584071


OBJETIVO: Avaliar a prevalência de estenose hemodinamicamente significativa na revascularização infrainguinal realizada com a veia safena magna reversa. MÉTODOS: No período compreendido entre março de 2008 e março de 2009, foram realizadas 56 revascularizações infrainguinais com a veia safena magna reversa em 56 pacientes, dos quais 32 foram avaliados com ultrassonografia vascular no 30º dia de pós- operatório. Foi analisada a prevalência de estenoses significativas nos enxertos e sua relação com as características clínico-cirúrgicas dos pacientes. Os parâmetros avaliados foram a localização das estenoses ao longo do enxerto, fatores de risco associados e a relação existente entre a ultrassonografia vascular e o índice tornozelo-braço no diagnóstico de estenoses. RESULTADOS: Houve prevalência de 48,4 por cento de estenoses significativas nos enxertos avaliados, com 19,4 por cento de estenoses graves e 29 por cento de estenoses leve a moderada. Não foram encontradas associações significativas entre sexo, diabetes mellitus, hipertensão arterial, hipercolesterolemia, diâmetro do enxerto, localização da anastomose distal, composição do enxerto e a constatação de estenoses significativas. Observou-se fraca correlação entre os métodos no diagnóstico das estenoses em geral (K = 0,30; IC95 por cento 0,232-0,473; p = 0,018), mas razoável concordância no diagnóstico das estenoses graves (K = 0,75; IC95 por cento 0,655-0,811; p = 0,0001). CONCLUSÃO: Este estudo demonstrou elevada prevalência de estenoses no 30º dia do pós-operatório, com localização predominante na metade proximal do enxerto. O índice tornozelo-braço e a ultrassonografia vascular apresentaram concordância, sobretudo no diagnóstico das estenoses graves, mas o índice tornozelo-braço, isoladamente, mostrou-se insuficiente na vigilância dos enxertos de veia safena magna reversa.

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of hemodynamically significant infrainguinal bypasses stenosis using reverse great saphenous vein graft. METHODS: From March of 2008 to March of 2009, 56 infrainguinal bypasses were performed with reverse great saphenous vein graft in 56 patients. On the 30th post-operative day, 32 out of 56 patients were submitted to vascular ultrasonography. The prevalence of significant graft stenosis was determined. In addition, the diagnosis of stenosis was related to the clinical and surgical characteristics of the patients. The variables analyzed at the moment of diagnosis were the localization of the graft stenosis, the risk factors associated with stenosis and the association of vascular ultrasonography findings with ankle brachial pressure index (ABI). RESULTS: The overall prevalence of significant graft stenosis was 48.4 percent. Out of the total number of observed stenosis, 19.4 percent were considered severe, and 29 percent mild or moderate. There was no significant association between the presence of significant stenosis and the following variables: gender, diabetes, hypertension, smoking, hipercholesterolemia, graft diameter, site of the distal anastomosis, and graft composition. There was a weak agreement between ABI and vascular ultrasonography in detecting stenosis in general (K = 0.30; CL95 percent 0.232 - 0.473; p = 0.018). However, there was a substantial agreement in detecting severe stenosis (K = 0.75; CL95 percent 0.655 - 0.811; p = 0.0001). CONCLUSION: There was a high prevalence of stenosis on the 30th post-operative day, mostly localized in the proximal half of the vein graft. There was no significant association of stenosis with clinical and surgical factors analyzed. ABI and vascular ultrasonography had weak agreement with the diagnosis of stenosis in general and an important agreement for the diagnosis of severe stenosis.

Female , Humans , Male , Constriction, Pathologic/etiology , Graft Occlusion, Vascular/epidemiology , Saphenous Vein/transplantation , Ankle Brachial Index , Arteries , Constriction, Pathologic/epidemiology , Constriction, Pathologic , Graft Occlusion, Vascular/etiology , Graft Occlusion, Vascular , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Saphenous Vein , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Duplex
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 25(2): 218-223, abr.-jun. 2010. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-555868


OBJETIVO: Comparar a perviedade da artéria radial e veia safena em pacientes com retorno dos sintomas após cirurgia de revascularização do miocárdio (CRVM). MÉTODOS: Estudo retrospectivo. No período de janeiro de 1998 a dezembro de 2005, foram realizadas 469 CRVMs com o uso da artéria radial dentre os enxertos, no Hospital Vera Cruz, em Belo Horizonte/MG. Destes, 94 pacientes apresentaram alterações isquêmicas no pós-operatório recente ou tardio e foram reestudados com cineangiocoronariografia. Os enxertos foram divididos em três grupos: artéria torácica interna (ATI), artéria radial (AR) e veia safena (VS), e foram estratificados segundo a gravidade das lesões: sem lesão grave (<70 por cento), obstrução grave (70 por cento a 99 por cento) e oclusão. RESULTADOS: Nos 94 pacientes reestudados, foram utilizados 86 enxertos de ATI, 94 de AR e 111 de VS. Dos 86 enxertos de ATI, 73 (84,88 por cento) se encontravam sem lesões graves; dos 94 enxertos de AR eram 55 (58,51 por cento) e dos 111 enxertos de VS, 73 (65,76 por cento) estavam livre de lesões graves. Houve diferença estatística (P= 0,001) entre os enxertos de AR e VS com maior perviedade da VS. As mulheres apresentaram pior resultado quanto à perviedade da AR (65,7 por cento e 40,7 por cento) com P= 0,006. Quanto à artéria coronária revascularizada, houve diferença entre os enxertos usados para artéria coronária direita, com melhor resultado da VS (P= 0,036). CONCLUSÃO: A AR mostrou-se com pior resultado que a VS como segundo enxerto na CRVM, principalmente em mulheres e quando anastomosada na coronária direita.

OBJECTIVE: To compare the radial artery and saphenous vein's patency in patients with recurrence of symptoms in a coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS: Retrospective study. From January 1998 to December 2005, 469 CABGs were performed using the radial artery as a graft, in Vera Cruz Hospital in Belo Horizonte/ MG. Among the patients who underwent those surgeries, 94 presented ischemic changes in early or late postoperative period, which led them to be re-evaluated by coronary angiography. The grafts were divided in three groups: internal thoracic artery (ITA), radial artery (RA) and saphenous vein (SV), and they were stratified according to the severity of injury: uninjured or patent (< 70 percent), severe obstruction (70 to 99 percent) and occlusion. RESULTS: For the 94 patients in the study, 86 grafts of ITA, 94 of RA and 111 of SV were used. For the 86 ITA grafts, 73 (84.88 percent) were found patent. For the 94 RA grafts, 55 (58.51 percent) were found patent, and for the 111 SV grafts, 73 (65.76 percent) were uninjured. A statistically significant difference (P= 0.001) was found between RA and SV grafts, with a higher patency found for VS graft. For the RA grafts, women presented a worse result concerning the RA patency (65.7 percent and 40.7 percent), with P = 0.006. Concerning coronary revascularization, a statistically significant difference was found only for the grafts used for the right coronary, with a better result for the SV (P = 0.036). CONCLUSION: Radial artery (RA) presented worse results when compared to Saphenous vein (SV) as a second graft in a CABG, especially in women who were anastomosed in the right coronary artery.

Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Coronary Artery Bypass/methods , Coronary Restenosis , Graft Occlusion, Vascular , Radial Artery , Saphenous Vein , Epidemiologic Methods , Radial Artery/transplantation , Saphenous Vein/transplantation , Treatment Outcome , Vascular Patency/physiology