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1.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 54(3): 119-128, Dec. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352967

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La sarcoidosis es una enfermedad inflamatoria, granulomatosa de etiología desconocida. Puede afectar cualquier órgano siendo la afectación pulmonar la más frecuente. La piel se compromete en aproximadamente 30% de los casos, pudiendo ser inicial o único. La sarcoidosis es muy rara en el Paraguay. Objetivos: Realizar una revisión de los casos de sarcoidosis observados en el Servicio de Dermatología del Hospital Nacional en el periodo 2010-2020; determinando sus características demográficas, clínicas, laboratoriales y evolutivas. Materiales y métodos: Estudio retrospectivo, descriptivo y observacional. Resultados: Se diagnosticaron 5 casos, todas mujeres de raza blanca, con edades que oscilaban de 41 a 63 años. Las formas clínicas fueron papulosa en 3 casos, en placa 1 y mixta 1. Las lesiones cutáneas eran asintomáticas y estaban ubicadas preferentemente en rostro (4 casos). El compromiso sistémico se objetivó en las primeras consultas en 2 casos (pulmonar, ocular y ganglionar en 1 y del aparato lagrimal en otro). En todos los casos el diagnóstico se fundamentó en la correlación clínico-histológica, con el hallazgo de los granulomas sarcoides. Todos recibieron clobetasol tópico, 3 pacientes ciclos de prednisona y 2 hidroxicloroquina. La evolución fue favorable en 3 casos y 2 no volvieron a sus controles. Conclusión: La sarcoidosis con manifestaciones cutáneas es rara en nuestro Servicio, pero representa un desafío diagnóstico, que debe ser oportuno para diferenciarla de otras patologías más prevalentes en nuestro medio


Introduction: Sarcoidosis is an inflammatory, granulomatous disease of unknown etiology. It can affect any organ, lung involvement being the most frequent. The skin is compromised in approximately 30% of the cases, and can be initial or unique. Sarcoidosis is very rare in Paraguay. Objectives: To carry out a review of the sarcoidosis cases observed in the Dermatology Service of the National Hospital in the period 2010-2020; determining their demographic, clinical, laboratory and evolutionary characteristics. Materials and methods: Retrospective, descriptive and observational study. Results: 5 cases were diagnosed; all white women; with ages ranging from 41 to 63 years. The clinical forms were papular in 3 cases, in plate 1 and mixed 1. The skin lesions were asymptomatic and were preferably located on the face (4 cases). Systemic involvement was observed in the first consultations in 2 cases (pulmonary, ocular and lymph node in 1 and the lacrimal apparatus in another). In all cases the diagnosis was based on the clinical-histological correlation, with the finding of sarcoid granulomas. All received topical clobetasol, 3 patients received prednisone cycles and 2 hydroxychloroquine. The evolution was favorable in 3 cases and 2 did not return to their controls. Conclusion: Sarcoidosis with skin manifestations is rare in our Service, but it represents a diagnostic challenge that must be timely to differentiate it from other more prevalent pathologies in our setting


Subject(s)
Sarcoidosis , Pathology , Skin , Demography , Disease , Dermatology , Diagnosis , Laboratories
2.
Rev. cuba. med ; 60(2): e1361, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280358

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La sarcoidosis es un desorden multisistémico de causa desconocida. El curso de la enfermedad es variable, puede ser asintomático con resolución espontánea o progresar con fallo orgánico llegando incluso a la muerte. Objetivo: Describir el protocolo diagnóstico ante la sospecha de sarcoidosis. Presentación del caso: Se presenta un caso clínico con varios síntomas y signos aparentemente no relacionados entre sí, en el que se implementa un algoritmo descrito en la literatura foránea. Conclusiones: La interdisciplinariedad fue necesaria para el correcto manejo de este caso, en la cual los internistas como moderadores fueron fundamentales pues permitió una visión integral del enfermo(AU)


Introduction: Sarcoidosis is a multisystemic disorder of unknown cause. The course of the disease is variable, it can be asymptomatic with spontaneous resolution or progress with organ failure, even death. Objective: To describe the diagnostic protocol for suspected sarcoidosis. Case report: A clinical case is report here with several apparently unrelated symptoms and signs, in which an algorithm described in foreign literature is implemented. Conclusions: Interdisciplinarity was necessary for the correct management of this case, in which internists as moderators were fundamental because it allowed a comprehensive vision of the patient(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Sarcoidosis/diagnosis , Sarcoidosis/etiology , Biopsy/methods
3.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(3): 462-466, jun. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346486

ABSTRACT

Abstract PTH-independent hypercalcemia due to granulomatous disease is well-documented and sarcoidosis is the most characteristic disease, although there are others. We describe a case of sarcoid-like granulomatous myositis. An 87-year-old man was referred with tetraparesis and hypercalcemia (albumin-corrected calcium of 13.4 mg/dl) following a trip to the Caribbean. The evaluation showed a suppressed PTH, 25-hydroxy vitamin D of 7.5 ng/ml, 18F-FDG PET/CT showed markedly increased uptake in intercostal, back, shoulder, but tock and thigh muscles and a deltoid biopsy confirmed extensive granulomatous myositis. He was prescribed glucocorticoids which resulted in normalized plasma calcium levels and complete recovery from tetraparesis. Sarcoid-like granulomatous myositis should be incorporated into the differential diagnosis of PTH-independent hypercalcemia, especially in the absence of clinical features of sarcoidosis and with special emphasis on the use of 18F-FDG PET/CT to ensure a correct approach.


Resumen La hipercalcemia PTH-independiente asociada a enfermedades granulomatosas está bien documentada y la sarcoidosis es la enfermedad más característica, a pesar de que existen otras. Des cribimos un caso de miositis granulomatosa simil-sarcoidea. Un hombre de 87 años consultó por tetraparesia e hipercalcemia (calcio corregido por albúmina 13.4 mg/dl) luego de un viaje al Caribe. La evaluación mostró una PTH suprimida, 25-hidroxivitamina D 7.5 ng/ml, 18F-FDG PET/CT mostró marcado aumento de captación a nivel de musculatura intercostal, dorsal, deltoidea, glúteos y muslos. Una biopsia deltoidea confirmó una miositis granulomatosa extensa. Se prescribieron glucocorticoides, resultando en normalización del calcio plasmático y completa recuperación de la tetraparesia. La miositis granulomatosa simil-sarcoidea debe ser incorporada den tro del diagnóstico diferencial de la hipercalcemia PTH-independiente, especialmente en ausencia de hallazgos clínicos de sarcoidosis y con especial énfasis en el uso de 18F-FDG PET/CT para su correcta aproximación.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged, 80 and over , Sarcoidosis/complications , Sarcoidosis/diagnosis , Hypercalcemia/diagnosis , Hypercalcemia/etiology , Myositis/complications , Myositis/diagnosis , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Granuloma/complications , Granuloma/diagnosis
4.
J. bras. pneumol ; 47(2): e20200055, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1180801

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Evaluation of enlarged mediastinal lymph nodes is crucial for patient management. Malignant lymphoma and sarcoidosis are often difficult to differentiate. Our objective was to determine the diagnostic accuracy of MRI for differentiating between sarcoidosis and malignant lymphoma. Methods: This was a retrospective study involving 47 patients who underwent chest MRI and were diagnosed with one of the diseases between 2017 and 2019. T1, T2, and diffusion-weighted signal intensity were measured. Apparent diffusion coefficients (ADCs) and T2 ratios were calculated. The diagnostic performance of MRI was determined by ROC analysis. Results: Mean T2 ratio was significantly lower in the sarcoidosis group than in the lymphoma group (p = 0.009). The T2-ratio cutoff value that best differentiated between lymphoma-related and sarcoidosis-related enlarged lymph nodes was 7.1, with a sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and accuracy of 58.3%, 95.6%, 76.5%, 93.3%, and 68.7%, respectively. The mean ADC was significantly lower in the lymphoma group than in the sarcoidosis group (p = 0.002). The ADC cutoff value that best differentiated between lymphoma-related and sarcoidosis-related enlarged lymph nodes was 1.205, with a sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accuracy of 87.5%, 82.6%, 85.1%, 84.0% and 86.3%, respectively. No significant differences were found between the two groups regarding T1 signal intensity, T2 signal intensity, and lymph node diameter. Conclusions: MRI parameters such as ADC, diffusion, and T2 ratio can be useful in the differentiation between sarcoidosis and lymphoma in the evaluation of enlarged lymph nodes.


RESUMO Objetivo: A avaliação de linfonodomegalias mediastinais é crucial para o manejo dos pacientes. O linfoma maligno e a sarcoidose costumam ser difíceis de diferenciar. Nosso objetivo foi determinar a precisão diagnóstica da RMN para diferenciar sarcoidose de linfoma maligno. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo com 47 pacientes submetidos a RMN de tórax e diagnosticados com uma das doenças entre 2017 e 2019. Foi medida a intensidade do sinal em T1, T2 e difusão. Foram calculados o coeficiente de difusão aparente (ADC, do inglês apparent diffusion coefficient) e a razão T2. O desempenho diagnóstico da RMN foi determinado pela análise da curva ROC. Resultados: A média da razão T2 foi significativamente menor no grupo sarcoidose que no grupo linfoma (p = 0,009). A razão T2 = 7,1 foi o melhor valor de corte para diferenciar linfonodomegalias relacionadas com linfoma daquelas relacionadas com sarcoidose, com sensibilidade, especificidade, valor preditivo positivo, valor preditivo negativo e precisão de 58,3%, 95,6%, 76,5%, 93,3% e 68,7%, respectivamente. A média do ADC foi significativamente menor no grupo linfoma que no grupo sarcoidose (p = 0,002). O ADC = 1,205 foi o melhor valor de corte para diferenciar linfonodomegalias relacionadas com linfoma daquelas relacionadas com sarcoidose, com sensibilidade, especificidade, valor preditivo positivo, valor preditivo negativo e precisão de 87,5%, 82,6%, 85,1%, 84,0% e 86,3%, respectivamente. Não houve diferença significativa entre os grupos quanto à intensidade do sinal em T1, intensidade do sinal em T2 e diâmetro dos linfonodos. Conclusões: Parâmetros de RMN como ADC, difusão e razão T2 podem ser úteis na diferenciação entre sarcoidose e linfoma na avaliação de linfonodomegalias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sarcoidosis/diagnostic imaging , Lymphoma/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Lymph Nodes/diagnostic imaging , Lymphatic Metastasis
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878698

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the differences of energy spectrum CT between small cell lung cancer(SCLC)with mediastinal lymph node metastasis and mediastinal sarcoidosis.Methods Twenty-five SCLC patients with mediastinal lymph node metastasis(SCLC group)and 26 patients with mediastinal sarcoidosis(sarcoidosis group)confirmed by bronchoscopy and biopsy in Tangshan People's Hospital from January 2018 to June 2019 were selected as the research objects.The CT value,iodine concentration,water concentration and energy spectrum curve slope under different single energy levels were compared between SCLC group and sarcoidosis group.Results The single-energy CT values of 40-80 keV segments in the arterial phase of the SCLC group were significantly higher than those in the sarcoidosis group(all P 0.05).The single-energy CT values of 40-90 keV segments in venous phase of the SCLC group were significantly higher than those of the sarcoidosis group(all P 0.05).The concentrations of iodine in the arterial phase and venous phase of the SCLC group were(11.56±4.06)μg/cm


Subject(s)
Humans , Lung Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Lymph Nodes , Lymphatic Metastasis , Sarcoidosis/diagnostic imaging , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
7.
Rev. colomb. reumatol ; 27(4): 298-302, oct.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1289334

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La combinación de sarcoidosis y linfoma (síndrome sarcoidosis-linfoma) es una asociación poco frecuente pero reconocida en el ámbito clínico. Algunas manifestaciones pueden ser comunes entre estas entidades, por lo que es un reto para el clínico diferenciar cada enfermedad por separado o si coexisten en un mismo individuo. En este último escenario, ni las manifestaciones clínicas ni los parámetros de laboratorio son específicos, por lo que es necesario un análisis minucioso de cada caso, apoyado de laboratorios, imágenes e histopatología para llegar a un diagnóstico certero. Se presentan 2 casos de síndrome sarcoidosis-linfoma y se analizan los aspectos clave en el diagnóstico de esta forma clínica.


ABSTRACT The combination of sarcoidosis and lymphoma (sarcoidosis-lymphoma syndrome) is a rare but recognised clinical condition. Some manifestations may be common among these conditions, making it a challenge for the clinician to differentiate each disease separately, or if they coexist in the same individual. In this latter scenario, neither the clinical manifestations nor the laboratory parameters are specific, so a meticulous analysis of each case is necessary, supported by laboratory and imaging tests, and histopathology in order to obtain an accurate diagnosis. Two cases of sarcoidosis-lymphoma syndrome are presented, and an analysis is presented on the key aspects in the diagnosis of this clinical condition.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Sarcoidosis , Lymphoma , Signs and Symptoms , Syndrome , Disease , Diagnosis , Reference Parameters
8.
Iatreia ; 33(4): 370-376, oct.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143089

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Antecedentes: la sarcoidosis es una de las reacciones cutáneas asociadas con los tatuajes. Lo más frecuente es que se presente una afección sistémica; dentro de ésta, el compromiso por uveítis y las reacciones sarcoidales asociadas a los tatuajes han sido poco descritas. Caso clínico: hombre de 27 años con cuadro clínico de seis meses de evolución constituido por malestar general, fiebre subjetiva, escalofríos, mialgias, artralgias, tos con expectoración hemoptoica y edema en los miembros inferiores. Se encontró ojo izquierdo rojo, disminución de la agudeza visual y pápulas que infiltraban uno de los tatuajes que se había realizado seis meses antes en el brazo derecho y antebrazo izquierdo. Conclusión: la sarcoidosis asociada a los tatuajes es una condición que requiere de un alto índice de sospecha; donde la infiltración del tatuaje debe hacer pensar al clínico en el diagnóstico para realizar la búsqueda activa del daño orgánico visceral, mucho más en un paciente con uveítis que puede llevar a la ceguera. Aunque inusual, existe esta triple asociación: tatuaje, sarcoidosis sistémica y panuveítis.


SUMMARY Background: One of the cutaneous reactions associated with tattoos is sarcoidosis and the most frequent presentation is systemic involvement; within this, the manifestation of uveitis and sarcoidal reactions associated with tattoos is little described. Clinical case: A 27-year-old man with a clinical picture of six months of evolution consisting of general malaise, subjective fever, chills, myalgias, arthralgias, cough with hemoptysis, edema in lower limbs, and in whom red eye, diminution of visual acuity, and papules that infiltrated one of the tattoos that were placed, six months earlier, on the right arm and left forearm, were found. Conclusion: Sarcoidosis associated with tattooing is a disease that requires a high index of suspicion, where its infiltration should make the clinician suspect the disease and make an active search for systemic involvement, especially in a patient with a uveal compromise that can lead to blindness. It must keep in mind that, although rare, this triple association is possible (tattoo, systemic sarcoidosis, and panuveitis).


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Sarcoidosis , Tattooing , Visual Acuity , Panuveitis
9.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(8): 1018-1020, Aug. 2020. graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136339

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY Sarcoidosis is a multisystemic noncaseating granulomatous disease that rarely affects the gastrointestinal system. The initial diagnosis of sarcoidosis with gallbladder/gallbladder-associated lymph node involvement is a very rare condition in the literature. Herein, we aimed to report a case of newly diagnosed sarcoidosis with lymph node involvement associated with the gallbladder.


RESUMO A sarcoidose é uma doença granulomatosa multissistêmica não-caseosa que raramente afeta o sistema gastrointestinal. O diagnóstico inicial de sarcoidose com envolvimento de linfonodo da vesícula biliar ou associado à vesícula biliar é muito raro na literatura. Aqui, o nosso objetivo foi relatar um caso de sarcoidose recém-diagnosticado com envolvimento de linfonodos associados à vesícula biliar.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cholelithiasis/etiology , Sarcoidosis/complications , Rare Diseases
10.
Rev. argent. reumatolg. (En línea) ; 31(2): 45-50, jun. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1143932

ABSTRACT

El síndrome sarcoidosis-linfoma es una entidad clínica a la cual se puede llegar de distintas formas a su diagnóstico. Algunas de las mismas suelen ser atípicas. Para estos casos complejos, la tomografía por emisión de positrones (PET) combinado con un escáner de tomografía computarizada de rayos X (CT), (PET-CT) es definitorio para llegar posteriormente a la biopsia. Se presenta un caso clínico de nuestro grupo que da lugar a la revisión/puesta al día correspondiente.


Sarcoidosis-lymphoma syndrome is a clinical entity that can be diagnosed in different ways. Some of them are atypical. For these complex cases, positron emission tomography (PET) combined with an X-ray computed tomography (CT) scanner (PET-CT) is definitive for subsequent biopsy. A clinical case of our group is presented, which leads to the corresponding revision/update.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sarcoidosis , Biopsy , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Lymphoma
11.
12.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(3): 340-342, May-June 2020. graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1130888

ABSTRACT

Abstract Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disorder of unknown aetiology. Cutaneous involvement occurs in up to 30% of patients and skin findings are often the initial presenting symptom. The facial atrophic form of sarcoidosis without associated ulceration in adolescents has rarely been described in the literature. We report a case of 13-year-old male patient with a facial atrophic sarcoidosis who was successfully treated with the combination of prednisone and hydroxychloroquine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Sarcoidosis/drug therapy , Prednisone/administration & dosage , Facial Dermatoses/drug therapy , Hydroxychloroquine/administration & dosage , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/administration & dosage , Sarcoidosis/pathology , Biopsy , Treatment Outcome , Drug Therapy, Combination , Facial Dermatoses/pathology , Granuloma/pathology , Granuloma/drug therapy
13.
Rev. chil. enferm. respir ; 36(1): 18-25, mar. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115458

ABSTRACT

Las enfermedades granulomatosas incluyen una amplia gama de enfermedades. Sin embargo, en la práctica clínica, muchos casos de enfermedad granulomatosa permanecen sin etiología después del examen histológico. Nuestro objetivo fue determinar, a partir de las biopsias de pulmón, pleura y ganglios linfáticos mediastínicos, en los que se informaron granulomas, las características clínicas y los diagnósticos de estos pacientes. Así también la mortalidad a un año de seguimiento. Metodología: Analizamos retrospectivamente biopsias de pulmón, pleura y/o ganglios linfáticos mediastínicos con granulomas de 75 pacientes del Instituto Nacional del Tórax (2012-2016), sus características clínicas y de laboratorio. La información se obtuvo de los registros médicos. Los datos de mortalidad se obtuvieron del registro civil. Resultados: Se determinó una etiología en todos los casos, excepto en 3 (4%). Los diagnósticos más frecuentes fueron tuberculosis (n = 37; 49%) y sarcoidosis (n = 18; 24%). Otras causas fueron silicosis (5,3%), vasculitis (4%) y neumonitis por hipersensibilidad (2,7%). Los pacientes con tuberculosis (TB) tenían parámetros inflamatorios más altos, como velocidad de eritrosedimentación y proteína C reactiva. Además, sólo se encontraron granulomas con necrosis caseosa en pacientes con tuberculosis. En cambio, los pacientes con sarcoidosis tenían lesiones cutáneas y una mayor frecuencia de linfadenopatías. Cuatro (5.3%) pacientes fallecieron a un año de seguimiento: dos debido a neumonía, uno por hipersensibilidad crónica y uno por TB. Conclusión: La tuberculosis y la sarcoidosis fueron las causas más frecuentes de granulomas respiratorios en este estudio retrospectivo. Se logró determinar una etiología en el 96% de los casos, considerando variables clínicas, de laboratorio e histopatológicas para un diagnóstico diferencial correcto.


Granulomatous diseases comprise a wide range of pathologies. However, in clinical practice, many pulmonary granulomas remain without etiology after the histologic examination. Our aim was to determine from the biopsies of the lung, pleura and mediastinal lymph nodes in which granulomas were reported, the clinical characteristics and diagnoses of the patients. Methodology: We analyzed retrospectively biopsies of the lung, pleura and mediastinal lymph nodes with granulomas from 75 patients handled at our institution (2012-2016), as well as their clinical and laboratory data. The information was obtained from medical records. A one-year mortality date was obtained from the civil registry. Main results: A cause was determined in all the cases, except in three of them (4%). The most frequent diagnoses were tuberculosis (n =37; 49%) and sarcoidosis (n =18; 24%). Other causes were silicosis (5.3%), vasculitis (4%) and hypersensitivity pneumonitis (2.7%). Patients with tuberculosis (TB) had higher inflammatory parameters such as erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein. Besides granulomas with caseous necrosis were only found in TB patients. Instead, patients with sarcoidosis had skin lesions and a higher frequency of lymphadenopathy. Four patients (5.3%) died in a one-year of follow-up: two of them because of pneumonia and the other two patients because of chronic hypersensitivity and TB respectively. Conclusion: Tuberculosis and sarcoidosis were the most common causes of respiratory granulomas in this retrospective study. A specific cause was determined in 96% of cases, considering clinical, laboratory and histopathological variables to do a right differential diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Granuloma/diagnosis , Granuloma/pathology , Lung Diseases/diagnosis , Lung Diseases/pathology , Sarcoidosis/diagnosis , Sarcoidosis/pathology , Tuberculosis/diagnosis , Tuberculosis/pathology , Biopsy , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Diagnosis, Differential
14.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(1): 57-62, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088735

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Sarcoidosis is a multisystem disease of unknown cause that is characterized by the presence of granulomas in various organs. Cutaneous involvement is common and the reported incidence has varied from 9% to 37%. Studies on cutaneous sarcoidosis in Brazil are lacking. Objectives: To describe the clinical and epidemiological aspects of patients with cutaneous sarcoidosis diagnosed at the Department of Dermatology of the University of São Paulo, from May 1994 to March 2018. Methods: Clinical data of patients with confirmed cutaneous sarcoidosis were retrospectively reviewed and classified according to gender, ethnicity, age at diagnosis, cutaneous presentation, systemic involvement and treatment. Results: Cutaneous sarcoidosis was diagnosed in 72 patients with a female predominance (74%). The mean age at diagnosis was 49.6 years and most of the patients were white (61%). Papules and plaques were the most common lesions. Systemic sarcoidosis was detected in 81% of patients, affecting mainly the lungs and thoracic lymph nodes (97%). Typically, cutaneous lesions were the first manifestation (74%). Systemic therapy was necessary for 72% of patients; the dermatologist managed many of these cases. Oral glucocorticoids were the most commonly used systemic medication (92%). The mean number of systemic drugs used was 1.98 per patient. Limitations: Insufficient data in medical records. Conclusions: This series highlights the dermatologist role in recognizing and diagnosing cutaneous sarcoidosis, evaluating patients for systemic disease involvement and treating the skin manifestations. Cutaneous sarcoidosis was once considered exceedingly infrequent in Brazil in comparison to infectious granulomatous diseases; however, the present series seems to suggest that the disease is not so rare in this region.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Sarcoidosis/epidemiology , Skin Diseases/epidemiology , Tertiary Care Centers/statistics & numerical data , Sarcoidosis/pathology , Sarcoidosis/drug therapy , Skin Diseases/pathology , Skin Diseases/drug therapy , Administration, Cutaneous , Brazil/epidemiology , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Sex Distribution , Dermatologic Agents/therapeutic use , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Middle Aged
15.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(1): 15-25, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056363

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disease characterized by epithelioid noncaseating granulomas associated with clinical and radiologic findings. The cause of this disease is still uncertain. Sarcoidosis affects mostly lungs and lymph nodes and is not usually considered a urological disease, therefore, this etiology may be overlooked in several urological disorders, such as hypercalcemia, hypercalciuria and nephrolithiasis. It affects all races and genders. This review aims to describe the urological manifestations of sarcoidosis and to elucidate how the disease may affect the management of numerous urological conditions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sarcoidosis/pathology , Kidney Diseases/pathology , Sarcoidosis/diagnosis , Sarcoidosis/therapy , Biopsy , Chronic Disease , Hypercalciuria/diagnosis , Hypercalciuria/pathology , Hypercalcemia/diagnosis , Hypercalcemia/pathology , Kidney Diseases/diagnosis , Kidney Diseases/therapy
16.
Rev. cuba. reumatol ; 22(supl.1): e860, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280392

ABSTRACT

La sarcoidosis es una enfermedad granulomatosa no caseificante, multisistémica, de causa desconocida, que compromete el pulmón y los ganglios linfáticos mediastinales entre el 90-95 por ciento de los casos. También puede afectar otros órganos como las glándulas salivales, piel, ojos, hígado, bazo, corazón, huesos y sistema nervioso central. El compromiso torácico representa la principal causa de morbilidad con unas 10/100 000 personas al año y mortalidad. Nuestro estudio tuvo como objetivo presentar a un paciente de 45 años de edad atendido por tener manifestaciones clínicas, paraclínicas y radiográficas que permitieron establecer, sin confirmar mediante estudio histológico, el diagnóstico de una forma aguda de sarcoidosis. Su forma clínica de expresión coincidió con el síndrome de Löfgren con ensanchamiento mediastinal bilateral por linfoadenopatía hiliar, síndrome febril, eritema nudoso y artritis aguda en miembros inferiores, que desarrollan entre un 20-30 por ciento de los pacientes con sarcoidosis. Se le realizó una tomografía por emisión de positrones, cuyos resultados ofrecieron elementos diagnósticos propios de un proceso inflamatorio pulmonar alejado de las características propias de una neoplasia maligna. Después de una profunda evaluación del riesgo-beneficio, se impuso tratamiento inmunosupresor con esteroides a dosis elevadas y seguimiento estrecho. Observamos una evolución muy positiva e inmediata desde el punto de vista clínico y radiográfico. Luego de varias semanas de tratamiento se apreciaron los cambios con marcada mejoría hasta pasados 3 meses que constatamos prácticamente una casi desaparición de las imágenes radiográficas(AU)


Sarcoidosis is a multisystemic, non-caseating granulomatous disease of unknown cause that involves the lung and the mediastinal lymph nodes in between 90 percent and 95 percent of cases. It can also affect other organs, such as the salivary glands, skin, eyes, liver, spleen, heart, bones, and central nervous system. Thoracic involvement represents the main cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with this entity, which occurs in about 10 / 100,000 people a year. Our study aimed to present a 45-year-old patient treated for presenting clinical, paraclinical and radiological manifestations that allow the diagnosis of an acute form of sarcoidosis to be established without confirming by histological study. Its clinical form of expression showed the presence of Löfgren's syndrome with bilateral mediastinal widening due to hilar lymphadenopathy, febrile syndrome, erythema nodosum, and acute arthritis in the lower limbs, which 20-30 percent of patients with sarcoidosis develop. A positron emission tomography scan was performed and its results offered us diagnostic elements typical of a pulmonary inflammatory process far from the characteristics of a malignant neoplastic process(AU)


Subject(s)
Sarcoidosis/diagnosis , Renal Replacement Therapy/methods , Lymphadenopathy
17.
Autops. Case Rep ; 10(4): e2020238, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131842

ABSTRACT

Giant cell myocarditis (GCM) is a rare and rapidly fatal cardiovascular condition most often seen in young adults. It is characterized microscopically by myocardial necrosis with multinucleated giant cells in the absence of well-defined granulomas. This disorder has typically been attributed to manifest as heart failure, but in some individuals, GCM may present as sudden cardiac death. Herein, we present a fatal case of GCM in a 36-year-old male with a history of autoimmune disorders. The decedent presented to the emergency room due to vomiting and was treated for nausea due to suspected dehydration. He was discharged that night and found dead on his bathroom floor the following day. Postmortem examination revealed psoriasis and granulomatous lesions in the lungs consistent with sarcoidosis, further supporting circumstantial evidence existing between GCM and autoimmune disorders. Additionally, this case provides an opportunity to distinguish GCM from the distinct clinical entity of cardiac sarcoidosis (CS), especially in the setting of systemic sarcoidosis. We hope to raise awareness of this rare disease process and its potential to cause sudden cardiac death so that it may be considered in a differential diagnosis as immunosuppression and early cardiac transplantation largely determine the prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Sarcoidosis/complications , Giant Cells/pathology , Myocarditis/complications , Autoimmune Diseases/complications , Autopsy , Death, Sudden, Cardiac , Rare Diseases , Diagnosis, Differential
18.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(10): 1308-1314, oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058598

ABSTRACT

Sarcoidosis is a multisystemic disease of variable course that mainly affects thoracic lymph nodes and lung parenchyma. However, any organ can be involved. There is no single test for the definitive diagnosis or a precise method to evaluate the course of the disease. PET/CT is not included in the standard workup for sarcoidosis, but it may assess the inflammatory activity, detect extrapulmonary disease such as cardiac involvement and evaluate the response to treatment. It is important to be aware of the optimal timing to request a PET/CT in sarcoidosis and which patients would benefit with this procedure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sarcoidosis/diagnostic imaging , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography/methods , Sarcoidosis/drug therapy , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Radiography, Thoracic/methods , Lymphadenopathy/diagnostic imaging
19.
Insuf. card ; 14(4): 162-165, Octubre-Diciembre 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1053230

ABSTRACT

La sarcoidosis es una enfermedad inflamatoria crónica que posee una amplia variabilidad de presentaciones clínicas. El compromiso cardíaco de esta patología oscila en el orden del 5%, pudiendo variar desde anormalidades en la conducción hasta la falla cardíaca. Existe poco conocimiento sobre los beneficios de su tratamiento y no hay datos que evalúen la reducción de la mortalidad a largo plazo, por lo que genera este tipo de pacientes un gran desafío para el profesional. A continuación presentamos el caso de un masculino de 37 años con taquicardia ventricular como debut cardiológico de una sarcoidosis.


Subject(s)
Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Sarcoidosis , Heart Failure
20.
Iatreia ; 32(3): 191-203, Jul-Set. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039999

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La sarcoidosis es una enfermedad granulomatosa sistémica de etiología desconocida. Esta puede afectar a pacientes de todas las latitudes y edades, siendo más frecuente entre la tercera y cuarta década de la vida con un segundo pico alrededor de los 50 años en las poblaciones escandinava y japonesa. Es más frecuente en mujeres y grave en la población afrodescendiente. Los antígenos que inician esta respuesta granulomatosa son desconocidos, pero se presume que son aerotransportados por la alta frecuencia de compromiso pulmonar en esta enfermedad. Su presentación clínica abarca una amplia gama de manifestaciones, desde formas agudas y limitadas hasta el compromiso crónico con daño orgánico progresivo y muerte. Su diagnóstico se basa en la existencia de los granulomas no caseificantes en los tejidos, con la exclusión de otras enfermedades, entre ellas infección por micobacterias.


SUMMARY Sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatous disease of unknown etiology. It affects patients from all the latitudes and ages, being more frequent between the third and the fourth decades of life and with a second peak around the sixth decade of age in the Japanese and Scandinavian population. It's more common in women, and it has a more severe course in Afro-descendant population. The antigens that start the granulomatous response are unknown, but presumed that be airborne antigens, because of the high frequency of pulmonary involvement. Its clinical presentation is variable, ranging from acute self-limited presentation to chronic disease with progressive organ damage and death. Its diagnosis relies upon the demonstration of noncaseating granulomas in the affected tissue and the exclusion of other conditions including mycobacteria infections.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sarcoidosis
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