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1.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(3): 340-342, May-June 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1130888

ABSTRACT

Abstract Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disorder of unknown aetiology. Cutaneous involvement occurs in up to 30% of patients and skin findings are often the initial presenting symptom. The facial atrophic form of sarcoidosis without associated ulceration in adolescents has rarely been described in the literature. We report a case of 13-year-old male patient with a facial atrophic sarcoidosis who was successfully treated with the combination of prednisone and hydroxychloroquine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Sarcoidosis/drug therapy , Prednisone/administration & dosage , Facial Dermatoses/drug therapy , Hydroxychloroquine/administration & dosage , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/administration & dosage , Sarcoidosis/pathology , Biopsy , Treatment Outcome , Drug Therapy, Combination , Facial Dermatoses/pathology , Granuloma/pathology , Granuloma/drug therapy
2.
3.
Rev. chil. enferm. respir ; 36(1): 18-25, mar. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115458

ABSTRACT

Las enfermedades granulomatosas incluyen una amplia gama de enfermedades. Sin embargo, en la práctica clínica, muchos casos de enfermedad granulomatosa permanecen sin etiología después del examen histológico. Nuestro objetivo fue determinar, a partir de las biopsias de pulmón, pleura y ganglios linfáticos mediastínicos, en los que se informaron granulomas, las características clínicas y los diagnósticos de estos pacientes. Así también la mortalidad a un año de seguimiento. Metodología: Analizamos retrospectivamente biopsias de pulmón, pleura y/o ganglios linfáticos mediastínicos con granulomas de 75 pacientes del Instituto Nacional del Tórax (2012-2016), sus características clínicas y de laboratorio. La información se obtuvo de los registros médicos. Los datos de mortalidad se obtuvieron del registro civil. Resultados: Se determinó una etiología en todos los casos, excepto en 3 (4%). Los diagnósticos más frecuentes fueron tuberculosis (n = 37; 49%) y sarcoidosis (n = 18; 24%). Otras causas fueron silicosis (5,3%), vasculitis (4%) y neumonitis por hipersensibilidad (2,7%). Los pacientes con tuberculosis (TB) tenían parámetros inflamatorios más altos, como velocidad de eritrosedimentación y proteína C reactiva. Además, sólo se encontraron granulomas con necrosis caseosa en pacientes con tuberculosis. En cambio, los pacientes con sarcoidosis tenían lesiones cutáneas y una mayor frecuencia de linfadenopatías. Cuatro (5.3%) pacientes fallecieron a un año de seguimiento: dos debido a neumonía, uno por hipersensibilidad crónica y uno por TB. Conclusión: La tuberculosis y la sarcoidosis fueron las causas más frecuentes de granulomas respiratorios en este estudio retrospectivo. Se logró determinar una etiología en el 96% de los casos, considerando variables clínicas, de laboratorio e histopatológicas para un diagnóstico diferencial correcto.


Granulomatous diseases comprise a wide range of pathologies. However, in clinical practice, many pulmonary granulomas remain without etiology after the histologic examination. Our aim was to determine from the biopsies of the lung, pleura and mediastinal lymph nodes in which granulomas were reported, the clinical characteristics and diagnoses of the patients. Methodology: We analyzed retrospectively biopsies of the lung, pleura and mediastinal lymph nodes with granulomas from 75 patients handled at our institution (2012-2016), as well as their clinical and laboratory data. The information was obtained from medical records. A one-year mortality date was obtained from the civil registry. Main results: A cause was determined in all the cases, except in three of them (4%). The most frequent diagnoses were tuberculosis (n =37; 49%) and sarcoidosis (n =18; 24%). Other causes were silicosis (5.3%), vasculitis (4%) and hypersensitivity pneumonitis (2.7%). Patients with tuberculosis (TB) had higher inflammatory parameters such as erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein. Besides granulomas with caseous necrosis were only found in TB patients. Instead, patients with sarcoidosis had skin lesions and a higher frequency of lymphadenopathy. Four patients (5.3%) died in a one-year of follow-up: two of them because of pneumonia and the other two patients because of chronic hypersensitivity and TB respectively. Conclusion: Tuberculosis and sarcoidosis were the most common causes of respiratory granulomas in this retrospective study. A specific cause was determined in 96% of cases, considering clinical, laboratory and histopathological variables to do a right differential diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Granuloma/diagnosis , Granuloma/pathology , Lung Diseases/diagnosis , Lung Diseases/pathology , Sarcoidosis/diagnosis , Sarcoidosis/pathology , Tuberculosis/diagnosis , Tuberculosis/pathology , Biopsy , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Diagnosis, Differential
4.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(1): 57-62, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088735

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Sarcoidosis is a multisystem disease of unknown cause that is characterized by the presence of granulomas in various organs. Cutaneous involvement is common and the reported incidence has varied from 9% to 37%. Studies on cutaneous sarcoidosis in Brazil are lacking. Objectives: To describe the clinical and epidemiological aspects of patients with cutaneous sarcoidosis diagnosed at the Department of Dermatology of the University of São Paulo, from May 1994 to March 2018. Methods: Clinical data of patients with confirmed cutaneous sarcoidosis were retrospectively reviewed and classified according to gender, ethnicity, age at diagnosis, cutaneous presentation, systemic involvement and treatment. Results: Cutaneous sarcoidosis was diagnosed in 72 patients with a female predominance (74%). The mean age at diagnosis was 49.6 years and most of the patients were white (61%). Papules and plaques were the most common lesions. Systemic sarcoidosis was detected in 81% of patients, affecting mainly the lungs and thoracic lymph nodes (97%). Typically, cutaneous lesions were the first manifestation (74%). Systemic therapy was necessary for 72% of patients; the dermatologist managed many of these cases. Oral glucocorticoids were the most commonly used systemic medication (92%). The mean number of systemic drugs used was 1.98 per patient. Limitations: Insufficient data in medical records. Conclusions: This series highlights the dermatologist role in recognizing and diagnosing cutaneous sarcoidosis, evaluating patients for systemic disease involvement and treating the skin manifestations. Cutaneous sarcoidosis was once considered exceedingly infrequent in Brazil in comparison to infectious granulomatous diseases; however, the present series seems to suggest that the disease is not so rare in this region.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Sarcoidosis/epidemiology , Skin Diseases/epidemiology , Tertiary Care Centers/statistics & numerical data , Sarcoidosis/pathology , Sarcoidosis/drug therapy , Skin Diseases/pathology , Skin Diseases/drug therapy , Administration, Cutaneous , Brazil/epidemiology , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Sex Distribution , Dermatologic Agents/therapeutic use , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Middle Aged
5.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(1): 15-25, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056363

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disease characterized by epithelioid noncaseating granulomas associated with clinical and radiologic findings. The cause of this disease is still uncertain. Sarcoidosis affects mostly lungs and lymph nodes and is not usually considered a urological disease, therefore, this etiology may be overlooked in several urological disorders, such as hypercalcemia, hypercalciuria and nephrolithiasis. It affects all races and genders. This review aims to describe the urological manifestations of sarcoidosis and to elucidate how the disease may affect the management of numerous urological conditions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sarcoidosis/pathology , Kidney Diseases/pathology , Sarcoidosis/diagnosis , Sarcoidosis/therapy , Biopsy , Chronic Disease , Hypercalciuria/diagnosis , Hypercalciuria/pathology , Hypercalcemia/diagnosis , Hypercalcemia/pathology , Kidney Diseases/diagnosis , Kidney Diseases/therapy
6.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(4): 470-472, July-Aug. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038288

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Paracoccidioidomycosis is a fungal infection that occurs in immunocompetent patients and are classified into two forms: the acute-subacute form, predominantly in young patients, and the chronic adult form that may present classic ulcerated lesions to rare sarcoid ones. We present the case of a boy whose infection began with sarcoid lesions but, after being mistakenly diagnosed with cutaneous sarcoidosis and treated (for three years) with prednisone, developed painful ulcerations throughout the body. After the correct diagnosis, with evidence of the fungus in histopathological and mycological examinations, the patient was properly treated with itraconazole for eight months and evolved with total remission of the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Paracoccidioidomycosis/etiology , Paracoccidioidomycosis/pathology , Glucocorticoids/adverse effects , Paracoccidioidomycosis/diagnosis , Paracoccidioidomycosis/drug therapy , Sarcoidosis/diagnosis , Sarcoidosis/pathology , Prednisone/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Itraconazole/therapeutic use , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use
8.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(1): 93-95, Jan.-Feb. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-983740

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) is a noninvasive imaging technique that allows visualization of the epidermis and papillary dermis with cellular-level resolution. Granulomatous reactions such as sarcoidosis could be assessed using RCM. The identification of bright beaded-like structures that could correspond to reticulin fibers overlying granulomas, in association with dermoscopy, may be a very useful approach in the diagnosis of sarcoidosis and for the differentiation of this granulomatous entity with superficial cutaneous metastasis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Sarcoidosis/diagnostic imaging , Skin Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Microscopy, Confocal/methods , Sarcoidosis/pathology , Skin Diseases/pathology , Biopsy , Dermoscopy/methods , Granuloma/pathology , Granuloma/diagnostic imaging
9.
J. bras. nefrol ; 40(3): 291-295, July-Sept. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975909

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Sarcoidosis is a systemic inflammatory disease of unknown etiology, characterized by the presence of non-caseating granulomas in several organs; renal impairment alone is a rare condition. When it affects the kidneys, the most prevalent manifestations are hypercalcemia and hypercalciuria. This paper aims to address the topic of renal sarcoidosis, by means of a case report, and reinstate the importance of histopathology in its diagnosis. Methods: The data came from an observational clinical study with a qualitative approach, through an interview with the renal sarcoidosis patient and data from her medical records. Case report: Patient D.M.S., 50 years old, Caucasian, presented with reddish eyes and body pains lasting for fifteen days as first manifestations of the disease. Upon kidney ultrasound scan, we found renal parenchymal nephropathy. Serial renal function and metabolic tests reported anemia and progressive urea and creatinine changes, as well as hypercalcemia and hypercalciuria, confirming acute kidney failure (AKF). A histopathological examination suggested the diagnosis, which was confirmed by clinical, laboratory and histopathological data. There was therapeutic resolution after steroid therapy. Discussion: The symptomatology of sarcoidosis is diverse and often non-specific. Renal manifestation, which usually occurs after organ involvement, is present in less than 5% of patients, and about 1% to 2% of these patients may develop AKF. Conclusions: The use of histopathology together with clinical and laboratory data to diagnose isolated renal sarcoidosis, rule out other etiologies and introduce early treatment is of paramount importance.


RESUMO Introdução: A sarcoidose é uma doença inflamatória sistêmica de etiologia desconhecida caracterizada pela presença de granulomas não caseosos em diversos órgãos, sendo raro o comprometimento puramente renal. Quando acomete os rins, as manifestações mais prevalentes são hipercalcemia e hipercalciúria. Este trabalho objetiva abordar o tema sarcoidose renal, por meio de relato de caso, e reafirmar a importância da histopatologia no diagnóstico. Métodos: Os dados foram obtidos por estudo clínico observacional com abordagem qualitativa, por meio de entrevista com a paciente portadora de sarcoidose renal e dados de seu prontuário médico. Relato de caso: Paciente D.M.S., 50 anos, caucasiana, apresentou como primeiras manifestações da doença olhos avermelhados e dores no corpo com duração de quinze dias. Em ultrassonografia renal, foi constatada nefropatia parenquimatosa renal bilateral. Testes seriados de função e metabolismo renal relataram anemia e alteração progressiva de ureia e creatinina, além de hipercalcemia e hipercalciúria, constatando quadro de insuficiência renal aguda (IRA). Foi indicado exame histopatológico que sugeriu o diagnóstico, confirmado pelos dados clínicos, laboratoriais e histopatológico somados. Houve resolução terapêutica após corticoterapia. Discussão: A sintomatologia da sarcoidose é diversificada e, muitas vezes, inespecífica. A manifestação renal, que ocorre geralmente após o acometimento de outros órgãos, está presente em menos de 5% dos pacientes, e cerca de 1% a 2% destes podem desenvolver IRA. Conclusões: É de suma importância o auxílio da histopatologia somada aos dados clínicos e laboratoriais para diagnóstico de sarcoidose renal isolada, exclusão de outras etiologias e introdução de terapêutica precoce.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Sarcoidosis/pathology , Kidney Diseases/pathology
10.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 50(2): 273-276, Mar.-Apr. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-842846

ABSTRACT

Abstract Clinical presentation of paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) can be diverse. Morphology and quantity of skin lesions depends on interactions between host immunity and fungus virulence. Diagnosis can be a challenge considering that this fungus has low virulence and some individuals have immunity to microorganism, which results in well-marked granulomas without visible microorganisms. We report herein a clinical presentation of sarcoid-like PCM, initially diagnosed as tuberculoid leprosy. This rare type of PCM is often mistaken for other types of chronic granulomatous diseases. Diagnosis was confirmed after 4 years when a special stain analysis helped in the identification of the specific etiologic agent.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Paracoccidioidomycosis/diagnosis , Sarcoidosis/diagnosis , Leprosy, Tuberculoid/diagnosis , Paracoccidioidomycosis/pathology , Paracoccidioidomycosis/drug therapy , Sarcoidosis/pathology , Diagnosis, Differential
12.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-842763

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT This study reports two cases of chronic paracoccidioidomycosis with sarcoid-like cutaneous lesions. The patients began the treatment in 2013 at Hospital Universitário Clementino Fraga Filho (HUCFF) of the Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ). The first case (mild form) was treated with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (8 mg /kg per day, orally) for three months and, then, with half the dose for nine months; the second (moderate form), with itraconazole (200 mg per day, orally) for 12 months. We point out the rareness of the sarcoid-like cutaneous lesions and the differential diagnoses for other granulomatous diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Paracoccidioidomycosis/complications , Sarcoidosis/complications , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use , Chronic Disease , Itraconazole/therapeutic use , Paracoccidioidomycosis/drug therapy , Paracoccidioidomycosis/pathology , Sarcoidosis/pathology , Severity of Illness Index , Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole Drug Combination/therapeutic use
13.
An. bras. dermatol ; 92(5,supl.1): 138-141, 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887054

ABSTRACT

Abstract Numerous infectious, inflammatory and neoplastic complications secondary to tattoo placement have been reported in the literature. Within inflammatory complications sarcoidal granulomatous reactions have been described. We report two cases, a 55-year-old woman with yellowish infiltrated plaques on bilateral ciliary region, 16 years after the placement of a permanent tattoo in the eyebrows, and a 20-year-old tattoo artist who developed orange papules on 3 of his tattoos. Histopathology in both cases confirmed diagnosis of sarcoidal granulomatous reaction due to tattoo pigment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Tattooing/adverse effects , Dermatitis/etiology , Dermatitis/pathology , Granuloma/etiology , Granuloma/pathology , Sarcoidosis/etiology , Sarcoidosis/pathology , Dermis/pathology , Eyebrows
14.
An. bras. dermatol ; 91(2): 231-234, Mar.-Apr. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-781365

ABSTRACT

Abstract Sarcoidosis is a disease which still has uncertain etiology. Possible environmental causes are cited in the literature, like organic and inorganic particles and infectious agents. Recent studies have demonstrated the occurrence of sarcoidosis in patients with chronic C hepatitis; however, this association remains without statistical or causal evidence. In this report a case of sarcoidosis associated with chronic hepatitis C will be described, with subcutaneous lesions, considered rare, and good response to treatment with colchicine and prednisone. The hepatitis C virus was isolated in sarcoid tissue and the association between the two diseases will be discussed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Sarcoidosis/drug therapy , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Colchicine/therapeutic use , Hepatitis C, Chronic/drug therapy , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Sarcoidosis/etiology , Sarcoidosis/pathology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Treatment Outcome , Hepatitis C, Chronic/complications
15.
Rev. chil. reumatol ; 32(3): 89-96, 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-869820

ABSTRACT

La sarcoidosis es una enfermedad inflamatoria multisistémica, caracterizada por granulomas no caseificados, de etiología desconocida. Dentro de esta, el compromiso seroso es muy infrecuente. Entre los diagnósticos diferenciales a considerar se encuentran patologías neoplásicas, infecciosas e inflamatorias. El tratamiento de la sarcoidosis peritoneal depende del grado, actividad y extensión de la enfermedad. Se presenta el caso de una paciente de 45 años, que consulta por dolor pélvico y aumento de perímetro abdominal de tres meses de evolución.


Sarcoidosis is a multisystemic inflammatory disease characterized by calcified granulomas of unknown etiology. Within this, the serous commitment is rare. Among the differential diagnoses are considered neoplastic, infectious and inflammatory diseases. Treatment of peritoneal sarcoidosis depends on the degree, activity and extent of the disease. We present the case of a 45 years old patient who consulted for pelvic pain and increased abdominal girth of three months of evolution.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Peritoneal Diseases/pathology , Peritoneal Diseases , Sarcoidosis/pathology , Sarcoidosis , Diagnosis, Differential
16.
J. bras. pneumol ; 41(5): 410-414, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-764562

ABSTRACT

Objective: Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is a new method for the diagnosis and staging of lung disease, and its use is increasing worldwide. It has been used as a means of diagnosing lung cancer in its initial stages, and there are data supporting its use for the diagnosis of benign lung disease. The aim of this study was to share our experience with EBUS-TBNA and discuss its diagnostic value.Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the results related to 159 patients who underwent EBUS-TBNA at our pulmonary medicine clinic between 2010 and 2013. We recorded the location and size of lymph nodes seen during EBUS. Lymph nodes that appeared to be affected on EBUS were sampled at least twice. We recorded the diagnostic results of EBUS-TBNA and (for cases in which EBUS-TBNA yielded an inconclusive diagnosis) the final diagnoses after further investigation and follow-up.Results: We evaluated 159 patients, of whom 89 (56%) were male and 70 (44%) were female. The mean age was 54.6 ± 14.2 years among the male patients and 51.9 ± 11.3 years among the female patients. Of the 159 patients evaluated, 115 (84%) were correctly diagnosed by EBUS. The diagnostic accuracy of EBUS-TBNA was 83% for benign granulomatous diseases and 77% for malignant diseases.Conclusions: The diagnostic value of EBUS-TBNA is also high for benign pathologies, such as sarcoidosis and tuberculosis. In patients with mediastinal disorders, the use of EBUS-TBNA should be encouraged, primarily because it markedly reduces the need for mediastinoscopy.


Objetivo: Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA, punção aspirativa por agulha guiada por ultrassom endobrônquico) é um novo método para o diagnóstico e estadiamento das doenças pulmonares e seu uso está aumentando em todo o mundo. Ela tem sido utilizada como um método diagnóstico de câncer de pulmão em estágios iniciais, e há dados que apoiam sua utilização para o diagnóstico de doenças pulmonares benignas. O objetivo deste estudo foi compartilhar a nossa experiência com EBUS-TBNA e discutir seu valor diagnóstico.Métodos: Analisamos, retrospectivamente, os resultados relacionados a 159 pacientes submetidos a EBUS-TBNA em nossa clínica de medicina pulmonar entre 2010 e 2013. Registramos a localização e o tamanho dos linfonodos visualizados durante EBUS. Os linfonodos suspeitos durante o procedimento foram puncionados ao menos duas vezes. Foram registrados os resultados diagnósticos por EBUS-TBNA e, para os casos com diagnóstico indefinido após EBUS-TBNA, os diagnósticos finais após investigação aprofundada e acompanhamento.Resultados: Avaliamos 159 pacientes, dos quais 89 (56%) eram homens e 70 (44%) eram mulheres. As médias de idade foram de 54,6 ± 14,2 anos nos homens e de 51,9 ± 11,3 anos nas mulheres. Dos 159 pacientes avaliados, 115 (84%) foram diagnosticados corretamente por EBUS. A acurácia diagnóstica de EBUS-TBNA foi de 83% para doenças granulomatosas benignas e de 77% para doenças malignas.Conclusões: O valor diagnóstico de EBUS-TBNA também é alto para patologias benignas, como sarcoidose e tuberculose. Em pacientes com alterações no mediastino, o uso de EBUS-TBNA deve ser incentivado, principalmente devido à redução significativa da necessidade de mediastinoscopia.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Biopsy, Needle/methods , Endoscopic Ultrasound-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration/methods , Lung Diseases/pathology , Bronchoscopy/methods , Lung Diseases , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Neoplasm Staging , Reference Values , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Sarcoidosis/pathology
17.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 104(3): 209-217, 03/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-742784

ABSTRACT

Background: Patients with indeterminate form of Chagas disease/cardiac normality (ICD/CN) exhibited normal electrocardiograms and chest X-rays; however, more sophisticated tests detected some degree of morphological and functional changes in the heart. Objective: To assess the prevalence of systolic and diastolic dysfunction of the right ventricle (RV) in patients with ICD/CN. Methods: This was a case–control and prevalence study. Using Doppler two-dimensional echocardiography (2D), 92 patients were assessed and divided into two groups: group I (normal, n = 31) and group II (ICD/CN, n = 61). Results: The prevalence of RV systolic dysfunction in patients in groups I and II was as follows: fractional area change (0.0% versus 0.6%), mobility of the tricuspid annulus (0.0% versus 0.0%), and S-wave tissue Doppler (6.4% versus 26.0%, p = 0.016). The prevalence of global disorders such as the right myocardial performance index using tissue Doppler (16.1% versus 27.8%, p = 0.099) and pulsed Doppler (61.3% versus 68%, p = 0.141) and diastolic disorders such as abnormal relaxation (0.0% versus 6.0%), pseudonormal pattern (0.0% versus 0.0%), and restrictive pattern (0.0% versus 0.0%) was not statistically different between groups. Conclusion: The prevalence of RV systolic dysfunction was estimated to be 26% (S wave velocity compared with other variables), suggesting incipient changes in RV systolic function in the ICD/CN group. .


Fundamento: Pacientes com forma indeterminada da doença de Chagas/normalidade cardíaca (FIDC/NC) apresentam eletrocardiograma e raios X de tórax normais, porém, quando submetidos a exames mais sofisticados, são detectados alguns graus de alterações morfofuncionais do coração. Objetivo: Avaliar a prevalência de disfunção sistólica e diastólica do ventrículo direito (VD) em pacientes com FIDC/NC. Métodos: Estudo de caso-controle e prevalência. Foram avaliados 92 pacientes com Doppler ecocardiograma bidimensional (2D), divididos em dois grupos: grupo I (normal, n = 31) e grupo II (FIDC/NC, n = 61). Resultados: A prevalência da disfunção sistólica do VD em pacientes dos grupos I e II foi: mudança de área fracional (0,0% versus 0,6%), mobilidade do anel tricuspídeo (0,0% versus 0,0%) e onda S ao Doppler tecidual (6,4% versus 26,0%, com p = 0,016). As prevalências das disfunções globais – como índice de performance miocárdica direita ao Doppler tecidual (16,1% versus 27,8% com p = 0,099) e ao Doppler pulsado (61,3% versus 68% com p = 0,141) e diastólico, como alteração do relaxamento (0,0% versus 6,0%), padrão pseudonormal (0,0% versus 0,0%) e padrão restritivo (0,0% versus 0,0%) – não apresentaram significância estatística entre os grupos. Conclusão: A prevalência de disfunção sistólica do VD foi estimada em 26% (velocidade da onda S em comparação a outras variáveis), sugerindo alterações incipientes da função sistólica do VD no grupo FIDC/NC. .


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adenolymphoma , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/secondary , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Lymph Nodes , Lymphatic Metastasis , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Parotid Neoplasms , Sarcoidosis , Adenolymphoma/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Diagnosis, Differential , Head and Neck Neoplasms/pathology , Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted , Lymphatic Metastasis/pathology , Neck , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/pathology , Parotid Neoplasms/pathology , Sarcoidosis/pathology , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color
18.
An. bras. dermatol ; 89(4): 660-662, Jul-Aug/2014. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-715518

ABSTRACT

Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disease of unknown cause. The osteoarticular involvement in sarcoidosis is rare and is often associated with cutaneous and long-standing chronic multisystem disease. More common in black women, osseous sarcoidosis is difficult to diagnose, with an incidence of 3 to 13%. The most characteristic radiological clinical picture evidences rounded, well-defined cysts, with no periosteal reaction and without peripheral sclerosis. The small bones of hands and feet are the most frequently involved sites. This report aims to demonstrate a rare case of osteoarticular sarcoidosis with characteristic clinical presentation, and highlight the importance of detecting osteoarticular involvement in this pathology.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Granulomatous Disease, Chronic/pathology , Musculoskeletal Diseases/pathology , Sarcoidosis/pathology , Skin Diseases/pathology , Granulomatous Disease, Chronic , Hand Bones/pathology , Hand Bones , Musculoskeletal Diseases , Sarcoidosis , Skin Diseases , Telangiectasis/pathology
20.
An. bras. dermatol ; 88(6,supl.1): 197-199, Nov-Dec/2013. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-696796

ABSTRACT

The antagonists of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) are increasingly being used in the treatment of inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. Several adverse effects of these drugs have been reported, including the paradoxical development of sarcoidosis, especially with the use of etanercept. We present the first Brazilian case report of systemic sarcoidosis induced by etanercept and a literature review.


Os medicamentos antagonistas do fator de necrose tumoral alfa (TNF-α) estão sendo cada vez mais utilizados no tratamento de doenças inflamatórias e autoimunes. Efeitos adversos desses medicamentos vem sendo relatados, incluindo o desenvolvimento paradoxal de sarcoidose, principalmente com o uso do etanercepte. Apresentamos o primeiro relato de caso brasileiro de sarcoidose sistêmica induzida por etanercepte e uma revisão da literatura.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Antirheumatic Agents/adverse effects , Immunoglobulin G/adverse effects , Sarcoidosis/chemically induced , Skin Diseases/chemically induced , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/drug therapy , Brazil , Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor , Sarcoidosis/pathology , Skin Diseases/pathology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/antagonists & inhibitors
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