Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 1.634
Filter
1.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 44(1): 134-135, Jan.-Mar. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364887
2.
Rev. Méd. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 59(6): 579-584, 01-dic-2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357673

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el sarcoma fibromixoide de bajo grado (LGFMS) se considera un tumor de tejidos blandos raro, que tiene tendencia a surgir del tronco y de las extremidades inferiores, su localización en el área intraabdominal se considera poco común. Objetivo: describir un caso de LGFMS primario de colon transverso perforado con metástasis hepática. Caso clínico: describimos el caso de un paciente masculino de 57 años con dolor abdominal de inicio súbito; en la cirugía se encontró un tumor con absceso y perforación en el colon transverso que infiltraba hasta la raíz del mesenterio. Se realizó hemicolectomía izquierda extendida con colostomía de colon ascendente. Más tarde, en una exploración posoperatoria, se encontró que tenía enfermedad hepática metastásica. Conclusiones: este caso es único en términos de ubicación y presentación. Es un recordatorio del diagnóstico diferencial del dolor abdominal agudo. Hasta donde sabemos, es el primer caso de LGFMS del colon con metástasis hepática sincrónica.


Background: Low grade fibromyxoid sarcoma (LGFMS) is considered a rare soft tissue tumor and has a tendency to arise from deep soft tissue of the trunk and lower extremities, the intraabdominal area is considered a rare location. Objective: To describe the first case of a LGFMS arising from the transverse colon with liver metastasis Clinical case: We describe a 57-years-old male patient with abdominal pain of sudden onset; at surgery he was found to have an abscessed tumor in the transverse colon that infiltrated to mesentery root. An extended left hemicolectomy was performed with ascending colon colostomy. Later on, a postoperative scan he was found to have metastatic liver disease Conclusions: This case is unique in terms of the location and presentation. It's a reminder of differential diagnosis of acute abdominal pain. To our knowledge is the first case of a LGFMS of the colon with synchronous liver metastasis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Colonic Neoplasms , Intestinal Perforation , Neoplasm Metastasis , Sarcoma , Tertiary Healthcare , Colostomy , Abdominal Pain , Colectomy , Colon , Colon, Ascending , Liver Diseases
4.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(4): 419-424, July-Aug. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341178

ABSTRACT

Abstract Musculoskeletal sarcomas are rare diseases that require attention. They often present high degree of malignancy at diagnosis and, if underestimated, they can evolve aggressively locally and systemically. They present as soft tissues arcoma and bone sarcomas, with soft tissue being four to five times more common. Most soft tissue sarcomas occur in the extremities. The most common subtypes in children and adolescents are rhabdomyosarcoma and synovial sarcoma; in adults, undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma, liposarcoma, leiomyosarcoma, myxofibrosarcoma and synovial sarcoma; all with a high degree of histological malignancy. Many soft tissue sarcomas are confused with benign soft tissue tumors, 100 times more common, so they are resected without the necessary planning, resulting in amputation of a limb that could have been preserved. As in all cancers, the most important prognostic factor is metastatic disease. When it is present, the overall survival rate falls around 20 to 30%. Survival rates are generally similar between bone and soft tissue sarcomas. So soft tissue sarcomas, in addition to being more prevalent, are as aggressive as bones arcomas, deserving a lot of attention from orthopedic surgeons, who are often the first line of care of carriers of these tumors.


Resumo Os sarcomas musculoesqueléticos são doenças raras que exigem atenção. Frequentemente, apresentam alto grau de malignidade ao diagnóstico e se subestimados podem evoluir de forma agressiva local e sistemicamente. Apresentam-se como sarcoma de partes moles e sarcomas ósseos, sendo os de partes moles quatro a cinco vezes mais comuns. A maioria dos sarcomas de partes moles ocorre nos membros. Os subtipos mais comuns nas crianças e adolescentes são o rabdomiossarcoma e o sarcoma sinovial, nos adultos o sarcoma pleomórfico indiferenciado, lipossarcoma, leiomiossarcoma, mixofibrossarcoma e sarcoma sinovial; todos de alto grau de malignidade histológica. Muitos sarcomas de partes moles são confundidos com tumores benignos de partes moles, 100 vezes mais comuns, por isso são ressecados sem o planejamento necessário, acarretando em amputação de um membro que poderia ter sido preservado. Como em todos os cânceres, o fator prognóstico mais importante é a doença metastática. Na sua vigência, a taxa de sobrevida global cai em torno de 20 a 30%. As taxas de sobrevida no geral são parecidas entre os sarcomas ósseos e de partes moles, portanto o sarcoma de partes moles, além de mais prevalente, mostra-se tão agressivo quanto os sarcomas ósseos, por isso merece muita atenção dos ortopedistas que frequentemente são a primeira linha de atendimento dos portadores destes tumores.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sarcoma/diagnosis , Sarcoma/therapy , Sarcoma/epidemiology , Neoplasms, Bone Tissue , Early Detection of Cancer , Neoplasm Metastasis
5.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(4): 411-418, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341164

ABSTRACT

Abstract Bone and soft tissue sarcomas consist of a heterogeneous group of malignant tumors of mesenchymal origin that can affect patients from any age. The precise staging of these lesions determines the best therapeutic strategies and prognosis estimates. Two staging systems are the most frequently used: the system proposed by the University of Florida group, led by Dr. William F. Enneking (1980) and adopted by the Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS), and the system developed by the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) (1977), currently in its 8th edition (2017). This paper updates the reader on the staging of bone and soft tissue sarcomas affecting the musculoskeletal system.


Resumo Os sarcomas ósseos e das partes moles consistem em grupo heterogêneo de neoplasias malignas de origem mesenquimal que podem ocorrer em qualquer faixa etária. O estadiamento preciso destas lesões determina as melhores estratégias terapêuticas e estimativas de prognóstico. Dois sistemas de estadiamento são os mais frequentemente empregados no manejo destas neoplasias: o sistema proposto pelo grupo da Universidade da Flórida, liderado pelo Dr. William F. Enneking (1980), adotado pela Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS) e o sistema desenvolvido pela American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) (1977) que se encontra em sua 8a edição (2017). O presente artigo busca atualizar o leitor a respeito do estadiamento dos sarcomas ósseos e das partes moles que acometem o sistema musculoesquelético.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pathology, Surgical , Sarcoma , Diagnostic Imaging , Neoplasms, Bone Tissue , Neoplasm Staging , Neoplasms, Connective Tissue
6.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(2): 224-229, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251345

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present study aimed at analyzing the clinical, radiological and functional results of the reconstruction of the distal radius after tumor resection with a custom-made metal arthrodesis implant and compare them with other types of distal radius reconstruction, as presented in the literature. To our best knowledge, this is the first article describing this particular type of implant and patient functionality. Methods Functional outcomes of reconstruction of the distal radius were assessed in a series of 4 patients. Three of the patients having had resection of giant cell tumors (GCTs), one patient having had resection of osteosarcoma. Results There were no major implant-related complications like infection, nonunion or loosening. Two patients had to undergo further surgery for protruding metalwork. Overall function was good according to the Musculoskeletal Tumor Society MSTS and Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) scores. Conclusion The present study shows that custom-made metal arthrodesis implant benefits from the fact that it can be used as a salvage option when other treatments have failed, or it can be used as a primary option in cases in which there is limited bone stock after distal radius tumor resection.


Resumo Objetivo O presente estudo teve como objetivo analisar os resultados clínicos, radiológicos e funcionais da reconstrução do rádio distal após a ressecção do tumor com implante metálico personalizado de artrodese e compará-los com outros tipos de reconstrução do rádio distal, conforme apresentado na literatura. Pelo que conhecemos, este é o primeiro artigo descrevendo esse tipo particular de implante e funcionalidade no paciente. Métodos Os desfechos funcionais de reconstrução do rádio distal foram avaliados em uma série de 4 pacientes. Três dos pacientes tiveram ressecção de tumores de células gigantes (TCGs), sendo um paciente com ressecção de osteossarcoma. Resultados Não houve complicações relacionadas ao implante, como infecção, não sindicalidade ou afrouxamento. Dois pacientes tiveram que passar por uma nova cirurgia para a protusão da prótese metálica. A função geral foi boa de acordo com as pontuações da Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS) e Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH). Conclusão O estudo mostra que o implante metálico personalizado de artrodese se beneficia do fato de que pode ser usado como opção de salvamento quando outros tratamentos falharam, ou pode ser usado como opção primária nos casos em que há estoque ósseo limitado após a ressecção do tumor do rádio distal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Arthrodesis , Prostheses and Implants , Radius/surgery , Sarcoma , Wrist , Osteosarcoma , Giant Cell Tumors
7.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(2): 137-144, Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156096

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present study aims to evaluate the profile of endometrial carcinomas and uterine sarcomas attended in a Brazilian cancer center in the period from 2001 to 2016 and to analyze the impact of time elapsed fromsymptoms to diagnoses or treatment in cancer stage and survival. Methods This observational study with 1,190 cases evaluated the year of diagnosis, age-group, cancer stage and histological type. A subgroup of 185 women with endometrioid histology attended in the period from 2012 to 2017 was selected to assess information about initial symptoms, diagnosticmethods, overall survival, and to evaluate the influence of the time elapsed from symptoms to diagnosis and treatment on staging and survival. The statistics used were descriptive, trend test, and the Kaplan- Meier method, with p-values < 0.05 for significance. Results A total of 1,068 (89.7%) carcinomas (77.2% endometrioid and 22.8% nonendometrioid) and 122 (10.3%) sarcomas were analyzed, with an increasing trend in the period (p < 0.05). Histologies of non-endometrioid carcinomas, G3 endometrioid, and carcinosarcomas constituted 30% of the cases. Non-endometrioid carcinomas and sarcomas weremore frequently diagnosed in patients over 70 years of age and those on stage IV (p < 0.05). The endometrioid subgroup with 185 women reported 92% of abnormal uterine bleeding and 43% diagnosis after curettage. The average time elapsed between symptoms to diagnosis was 244 days, and between symptoms to treatment was 376 days, all without association with staging (p = 0.976) and survival (p = 0.160). Only 12% of the patients started treatment up to 60 days after diagnosis. Conclusion The number of uterine carcinoma and sarcoma cases increased over the period of 2001 to 2016. Aggressive histology comprised 30% of the patients and, for endometrioid carcinomas, the time elapsed between symptoms and diagnosis or treatment was long, although without association with staging or survival.


Resumo Objetivo O presente estudo avaliou o perfil dos carcinomas endometriais e sarcomas uterinos atendidos em um centro brasileiro de câncer no período de 2001 a 2016, e avaliou o impacto do tempo decorrido entre os sintomas até o diagnóstico ou tratamento no estadiamento e sobrevida pelo câncer. Métodos Estudo observacional com 1.190 casos que analisou o ano do diagnóstico, faixa etária, estágio e tipo histológico do câncer. Um subgrupo de 185 mulheres com histologia endometrioide e atendidas no período de 2012 a 2017 foi selecionado para avaliar informações sobre sintomas iniciais, métodos de diagnóstico, sobrevida global e para analisar a relação entre o tempo decorrido a partir dos sintomas até o diagnóstico e tratamento no estadiamento e sobrevida. Foram realizadas análises estatísticas descritiva, de tendência linear e de sobrevida pelo método de Kaplan-Meier, com valores de p < 0,05 para significância. Resultados Os casos estudados de acordo com a histologia foram 1.068 (89,7%) carcinomas (77,2% endometrioides e 22,8% não endometrioides) e 122 (10,3%) sarcomas, com tendência crescente no período (p < 0,05). Histologias de carcinomas não endometrioides, G3 endometrioides e carcinossarcomas consistiram em 30% dos casos. Carcinomas não endometrioides e sarcomas forammais frequentemente diagnosticados em pacientes acima de 70 anos de idade e em estágio IV (p < 0,05). O subgrupo com185 mulheres com carcinoma endometrioide apresentou 92% de sangramento uterino anormal e 43% de diagnóstico após curetagem. O tempo médio decorrido entre os sintomas e o diagnóstico foi de 244 dias e entre os sintomas e o tratamento, 376 dias, todos sem associação com estadiamento (p = 0,976) e sobrevida (p = 0,160). Apenas 12% das pacientes iniciaram o tratamento em até 60 dias após o diagnóstico. Conclusão O número de casos de carcinomas e sarcomas uterinos aumentaram no período de 2001 a 2016. A histologia agressiva compreendeu 30% dos pacientes e, no caso dos carcinomas endometrioides, o tempo decorrido entre os sintomas e o diagnóstico ou tratamento foi longo, embora sem associação com estadiamento ou sobrevida.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Sarcoma/diagnosis , Uterine Neoplasms/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Endometrioid/diagnosis , Sarcoma/surgery , Sarcoma/pathology , Time Factors , Uterine Neoplasms/surgery , Uterine Neoplasms/pathology , Brazil/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Carcinoma, Endometrioid/surgery , Carcinoma, Endometrioid/pathology , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2597-2602, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921209

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data can be fused to identify the tumor boundaries. This enables surgeons to set close but tumor-free surgical margins and excise the tumor more precisely. This study aimed to report our experience in performing computer navigation-aided joint-preserving resection and custom-made endoprosthesis reconstruction to treat bone sarcoma in the diaphysis and metaphysis of the femur and tibia.@*METHODS@#Between September 2008 and December 2015, 24 patients with bone sarcomas underwent surgical resection and joint-sparing reconstruction under image-guided computer navigation. The cohort comprised 16 males and eight females with a median age of 19.5 years (range: 12-48 years). The tumor location was the femoral diaphysis in three patients, distal femur in 19, and proximal tibia in two. The tumors were osteosarcoma (n = 15), chondrosarcoma (n = 3), Ewing sarcoma (n = 3), and other sarcomas (n = 3). We created a pre-operative plan for each patient using navigation system software and performed navigation-aided resection before reconstructing the defect with a custom-made prosthesis with extracortical plate fixation.@*RESULTS@#Pathological examination verified that all resected specimens had appropriate surgical margins. The median distance from the tumor resection margin to the joint was 30 mm (range: 13-80 mm). The median follow-up duration was 62.5 months (range: 24-134 months). Of the 24 patients, 21 remain disease free, one is alive with disease, and two died of the disease. One patient developed local recurrence. Complications requiring additional surgical procedures occurred in six patients, including one with wound hematoma, one with delayed wound healing, one with superficial infection, one with deep infection, and two with mechanical failure of the prosthesis. The mean Musculoskeletal Tumor Society score at the final follow-up was 91% (range: 80%-100%). The 5- and 10-year implant survival rates were 91.3% and 79.9%, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Computer navigation-aided joint-preserving resection and custom-made endoprosthesis reconstruction with extracortical plate fixation is a reliable surgical treatment option for bone sarcoma in the diaphysis and metaphysis of the femur and tibia.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Computers , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Osteosarcoma , Prostheses and Implants , Sarcoma , Young Adult
11.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2021288, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249005

ABSTRACT

Epithelioid inflammatory myofibroblastic sarcoma (EIMS) is a rare variant of the inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor. It has an aggressive clinical course and a high rate of recurrence. EIMS primarily affects children and young adults. Hereby, we report this entity in a 4-month-old infant who presented with an abdominal mass. Imaging studies revealed a large hypodense mesentery-based lesion involving the right half and mid-region of the abdomen. The mass with an attached segment of the small bowel was excised in toto. Grossly, a large encapsulated tumor was identified arising from the mesentery of the small bowel. The histological examination showed a tumor consisting of epithelioid to spindle cells loosely arranged in a myxoid background with numerous blood vessels and lymphoplasmacytic inflammatory infiltrate. On immunohistochemistry, the tumor cells showed positivity for ALK1 (nuclear), desmin, SMA, CD68, and focal positivity for CD30. A final diagnosis of EIMS of the small intestine was rendered. To the best of our knowledge, this case is the youngest reported case in literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant , Sarcoma , Intestinal Neoplasms/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Epithelioid Cells/pathology , Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase , Intestine, Small , Mesentery
12.
Clinics ; 76: e2324, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153955

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to contribute to the catalog of genetic mutations involved in the carcinogenic processes of uterine sarcomas (USs) and carcinosarcomas (UCSs), which may assist in the accurate diagnosis of, and selection of treatment regimens for, these conditions. METHODS: We performed gene-targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) of 409 cancer-related genes in 15 US (7 uterine leiomyosarcoma [ULMS], 7 endometrial stromal sarcoma [ESS], 1 adenosarcoma [ADS]), 5 UCS, and 3 uterine leiomyoma (ULM) samples. Quality, frequency, and functional filters were applied to select putative somatic variants. RESULTS: Among the 23 samples evaluated in this study, 42 loss-of-function (LOF) mutations and 111 missense mutations were detected, with a total of 153 mutations. Among them, 66 mutations were observed in the Catalogue of Somatic Mutations in Cancer (COSMIC) database. TP53 (48%), ATM (22%), and PIK3CA (17%) were the most frequently mutated genes. With respect to specific tumor subtypes, ESS showed mutations in the PDE4DIP, IGTA10, and DST genes, UCS exhibited mutations in ERBB4, and ULMS showed exclusive alterations in NOTCH2 and HER2. Mutations in the KMT2A gene were observed exclusively in ULM and ULMS. In silico pathway analyses demonstrated that many genes mutated in ULMS and ESS have functions associated with the cellular response to hypoxia and cellular response to peptide hormone stimulus. In UCS and ADS, genes with most alterations have functions associated with phosphatidylinositol kinase activity and glycerophospholipid metabolic process. CONCLUSION: This preliminary study observed pathogenic mutations in US and UCS samples. Further studies with a larger cohort and functional analyses will foster the development of a precision medicine-based approach for the treatment of US and UCS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Sarcoma/genetics , Uterine Neoplasms/genetics , Carcinosarcoma/genetics , Brazil , Mutation
13.
Rev. inf. cient ; 99(5): 487-493, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1139211

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Se presentó el caso de un paciente de 49 años de edad, que acudió a la consulta de Medicina Interna del Hospital General Docente "Dr. Agostinho Neto" por perder unas 20 libras de peso en dos meses y presentar heces fecales con aspecto aparente a "borra de café". El examen físico reveló desnutrición ligera y mucosas hipocoloreas. El ultrasonido abdominal mostró en hipocondrio y flanco izquierdo una imagen hipoecogénica heterogénea polilobulada que midió 68x61 mm con aspecto de paquete adenomegálico. En la tomografía computarizada de abdomen se identificó una imagen con densidad entre 33 y 57 UH, de 100 x 80 mm, polilobulada en topografía del yeyuno, que con el estudio contrastado realzó hasta 67 UH con aspecto tumoral. Se realizó resección quirúrgica del tumor con anastomosis termino-terminal. La biopsia informó fibroleiomiosarcoma. Se concluye que el estudio de las imágenes resulta útil para el diagnóstico de esta enfermedad.


ABSTRACT A 49-year-old patient presented to the internal medicine consultation office at the "Dr. Agostinho Neto" General teaching Hospital because of weight loss (20 pounds) and black stools in a period of 2 months before the evaluation. The physical examination revealed mild malnutrition and hypochlorous mucous membranes. The abdominal ultrasound image in the left hypochondrium showed a heterogeneous - polylobate - hypoechogenic mass measuring 68 x 61 mm with appearance of an adenomelagia. Computed tomography (CT) scan of the abdomen revealed an image with a density of 33 and 57 Hounsfield units (HU), measured 100 mm by 80 mm, polylobulated in jejunum topography, which with the contrasted study enhanced up to 67 UH with a tumor appearance. Surgical resection of the tumor with termino-terminal anastomosis was performed. Tumor biopsy diagnosed leiomyosarcoma. It was concluded that the study of the images was useful for the diagnosis of this disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Sarcoma/diagnostic imaging , Jejunal Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging
14.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 40(4): 284-288, Apr. 2020. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1135623

ABSTRACT

Canine soft tissue sarcomas (STS) comprise a heterogeneous group of malignancies that share similar histopathological features, a low to moderate recurrence rate and low metastatic potential. In human medicine, the expression of estrogen receptors (ER) and progesterone receptors (PR) in sarcomas has been studied to search for prognostic factors and new treatment targets. Similar studies have yet to be conducted in veterinary medicine. The objective of this study was therefore to investigate by immunohistochemistry (IHC) the ER and PR expression in a series of 80 cutaneous and subcutaneous sarcomas in dogs with histopathological features of peripheral nerve sheath tumor (PNST) and perivascular wall tumor (PWT). All cases were positive for PR and negative for ER. Tumors of high malignancy grade (grade III) exhibited higher PR expression than low-grade tumors (grade I). Tumors with mitotic activity greater than 9 mitotic figures/10 high power fields also exhibited higher PR expression. In addition, there was a positive correlation between cell proliferation (Ki67) and PR expression. Therefore, it is possible that progesterone plays a greater role than estrogen in the pathogenesis of these tumors. Future studies should explore the potential for selective progesterone receptor modulators as therapeutic agents in canine STS, as well as evaluating PR expression as a predictor of prognosis.(AU)


Sarcomas de tecidos moles (STM) caninos compreendem um grupo heterogêneo de neoplasias malignas, que apresentam alterações histopatológicas similares, baixa a moderada taxa de recorrência e baixo potencial metastático. Em medicina humana, a expressão de receptor para estrógeno (RE) e receptor para progesterona (RP) nos sarcomas tem sido estudada, visando a busca por fatores prognósticos e novos alvos para tratamentos. Na medicina veterinária, ainda não foram realizados estudos similares. O objetivo deste trabalho foi investigar por imuno-histoquímica a expressão de RE e RP em uma série de 80 sarcomas cutâneos e subcutâneos de cães, com características histopatológicas de tumor de bainha de nervo periférico e tumor de parede perivascular. Todos os casos foram positivos para RP e negativos para RE. Tumores de alto grau de malignidade (grau III) exibiram maior expressão deste receptor que os tumores de baixo grau (grau I). Tumores com atividade mitótica maior que 9 figuras mitóticas/10 campos de grande aumento também exibiram maior expressão do RP. Em adição, houve correlação positiva entre o índice de proliferação celular (Ki67) e a expressão de RP. Assim, é possível que a progesterona desempenhe maior papel que o estrógeno na patogênese desses tumores. Futuros trabalhos poderão explorar o potencial dos moduladores seletivos de RP como agente terapêutico em STM caninos, bem como avaliar a expressão de RP como preditiva de prognóstico.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Dogs , Sarcoma , Soft Tissue Neoplasms/veterinary , Receptors, Progesterone , Receptors, Estrogen
15.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(2): e162-e165, abr. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1100422

ABSTRACT

Los sarcomas de partes blandas en menores de 2 años son infrecuentes. Durante 2007-2017, 445 pacientes con sarcomas de partes blandas fueron tratados en nuestra Institución; 6 (el 0,5 %) eran menores de 2 años. Se analizaron los resultados clínicos y oncológicos en este grupo. La edad media de diagnóstico fue 15 meses. Cuatro eran varones y 2, mujeres. El seguimiento promedio fue 29 meses. El fibrosarcoma (n = 4) fue la variedad más frecuente. Cinco fueron tratados con cirugía de conservación del miembro; al restante se le realizó amputación. Todos realizaron tratamiento adyuvante con quimioterapia. La supervivencia a 24 meses fue del 100 %. Dos pacientes presentaron recidiva local; ambos casos, antes de los 24 meses.El tratamiento quirúrgico asociado a la quimioterapia impresiona ser la mejor opción terapéutica. La proporción de recurrencia local es alta para este grupo de pacientes luego de la cirugía de conservación del miembro.


Soft tissue sarcomas in children under 2 years of age are infrequent. During 2007-2017, a total of 445 patients diagnosed with soft tissue sarcomas were treated at our institution, 6 (0.5 %) were under 2 years. We analysed clinical and oncologic outcomes in this select group. The mean age of diagnosis was 15 months. Four patients were male and 2 female. The mean follow-up time was 29 months. Fibrosarcoma (n = 4) was the most frequent diagnosis. Five patients were treated with limb salvage surgery, and the remaining one had to undergo amputation. All patients received adjuvant treatment with chemotherapy. The 24-month survival rate was 100 %. Two patients presented a local recurrence before 24-months follow-up. Surgical treatment associated with chemotherapy seems to be the best therapeutic option. Local recurrence rate after limb salvage surgery is high for this group of patients


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Sarcoma/surgery , Drug Therapy , Rhabdomyosarcoma/surgery , Rhabdomyosarcoma/therapy , Sarcoma/radiotherapy , Sarcoma/therapy , Retrospective Studies
16.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 148(3): 327-335, mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115796

ABSTRACT

Background: Primary cardiac tumors have a low incidence, and their presentation form and clinical course are not well known. Aim: To describe the characteristics, treatment, follow up and survival of patients with primary cardiac tumors (PCT). Material and Methods: Review of all surgical procedures for PCT performed between 1984 and 2019 in a regional general hospital. The information was obtained from surgical protocols, surgical and pathology databases, medical records and registries of the Chilean National Identification Service. The clinical features of patients, immediate and long term outcomes are described. Results: Seventy-two surgical procedures for PCT were reviewed. Patients' age was 55 ± 15 years and 60% were women. The most common histological types were myxoma in 49 patients (68%), papillary fibroelastoma in 13 (18%) and sarcoma in 6 (8.3%). Forty-nine (68.1%) were symptomatic and all tumors were found on echocardiography. Fifty-one (71%) were in the left atrium, 10 (14%) in the aortic valve and eight (11%) in the right atrium. The surgical procedures were tumor resection in 48 patients (67%) and resection and repair with patch in 23 (32%). Mean postoperative stay was 6.6 ± 4.4 days, eight patients (11%) had complications and no patient died in the immediate postoperative period. Long term survival was higher in patients with benign PCT as compared with those with malignant tumors. Conclusions: Most PCTs in this group of patients were benign neoplasms and the most common tumors were myxomas. The main diagnostic method is echocardiography and the prognosis of surgical treatment is excellent when the tumors are benign. (Rev Med Chile 2020; 148: 327-335)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Heart Neoplasms , Sarcoma , Chile , Retrospective Studies , Myxoma
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876614

ABSTRACT

@#We report a case of a 33-years old, nulligravid, diagnosed with mullerian adenosarcoma with sarcomatous overgrowth (MASO), who presented with vaginal bleeding and recurrent endometrial polyp. MASO is a rare type of uterine sarcomas, it is a variant of adenosarcomas with poor prognosis. The index patient underwent primary surgical management with lymphadenectomy with a final stage of IC. Histologic diagnosis was Mulllerian adenosarcoma with sarcomatous overgrowth. A panel of immunostaining for estrogen receptors, progesterone receptors and CD 10 showed diffused positivity for the hormones with loss of CD 10 which is consistent with MASO. The rarity of MASO has a distinctive histologic features which merits meticulous sectioning as the clinical course and management vary. It has a poor prognosis due to its short and fast course of the disease.


Subject(s)
Adenosarcoma , Sarcoma , Uterine Neoplasms , Soft Tissue Neoplasms
19.
Rev. Investig. Salud. Univ. Boyacá ; 7(1): 161-171, 2020. ilust
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1178383

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Las neoplasias de corazón son patologías infrecuentes con tasas de incidencias en reportes de autopsias menores al 0.02 %. El 75 % de esos tumores son de comportamiento benigno y solo el 25 % restante se considera cáncer. Aunque se presentan en ambos sexos, la relación hombres mujeres es de 2.5:1 respectivamente. Presentación del caso. Reportamos el caso de un paciente de 41 años a quien se diagnosticó con un sarcoma primario de corazón, en atrio izquierdo, con inmunohistoquímica compatible con sarcoma indiferenciado con metástasis a miembros inferiores, que debutó con deterioro de la clase funcional y pérdida de peso involuntaria, lo cual lo llevó a consultar al médico. Discusión. Los sarcomas indiferenciados constituyen una patología poco frecuente en la literatura médica, encontrando solo unos pocos reportes de casos que comparten datos relacionados con el sitio de localización de la lesión y los síntomas clínicos de los pacientes. Sin embargo, aquí se pone de manifiesto un extraño caso de metástasis a miembros inferiores, el cual fue considerado luego de descartar la presencia de un foramen oval permeable o lesiones pulmonares que hicieran pensar en una secuencia de migración tumoral diferente. Conclusiones. Se trata de una patología compleja con pobre pronóstico a largo plazo, la cual requiere mayor investigación y tratamiento multifactorial con equipos multidisciplinarios para mejorar la calidad de vida de los pacientes.


Introduction. Neoplasms of the heart are infrequent pathologies with incidence rates in autopsy reports less than 0.02%. 75 % of these tumors are benign and only the remaining 25 % are considered cancerous. Although they occur in both sexes, the male to female ratio is 2.5: 1 respectively. Case report. We report the case of a 41-year-old patient who was diagnosed with a primary heart sarcoma, in the left atrium, with immunohistochemistry compatible with undifferentiated sarcoma with metastases to the lower limbs, who debuted with impairment of functional class and loss of involuntary weight which led him to consult the doctor. Discussion. Undifferentiated sarcomas constitute a rare pathology in the medical literature, finding only a few cases reports that share data, such as the location of the lesion and the clinical symptoms of the patients. However, this case reveals a strange case of metastasis to lower limbs, which was considered, after ruling out the presence of a patent foramen ovale or lung lesions that suggested a different tumor migration sequence. Conclusions. This is a complex pathology with a poor long-term prognosis that requires more re- search and multifactorial treatment with multidisciplinary teams to improve the quality of life of patients


Introdução. As neoplasias do coração são patologias pouco frequentes, com taxas de incidência em relatórios de autópsia inferiores a 0,02%. 75% desses tumores são benignos e apenas 25% restantes são considerados câncer. Embora ocorram em ambos os sexos, a proporção entre homens e mulheres é de 2,5: 1 respectivamente. Apresentação do caso. Relatamos o caso de um paciente de 41 anos de idade com diagnóstico de sarcoma primário do coração, no átrio esquerdo, com imuno-histoquímica compatível com sarcoma indiferenciado com metástase nos membros inferiores, que começou com deterioração da classe funcional e perda involuntária de peso, o que o levou a consultar o médico. Discussão. Os sarcomas indiferenciados constituem uma patologia rara na literatura médica, encontrando apenas alguns relatos de casos que compartilham dados relacionados ao local da localização da lesão e aos sintomas clínicos dos pacientes. No entanto, aqui é revelado um caso estranho de metástase nos membros inferiores, que foi considerado após descartar a presença de forame oval permeável ou lesões pulmonares que sugerem uma sequência de migração tumoral diferente. Conclusões. É uma patologia complexa, com mau prognóstico a longo prazo, que requer mais investigação e tratamento multifatorial com equipes multidisciplinares para melhorar a qualidade de vida dos pacientes.


Subject(s)
Sarcoma , Thoracic Surgery , Heart Failure , Mediastinal Neoplasms , Neoplasms
20.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 35(1): 118-122, 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115607

ABSTRACT

Resumen El cáncer gástrico, patología neoplásica de innegable importancia, corresponde en el 90 % de los casos a un adenocarcinoma. Dentro del 10 % restante, los linfomas y los tumores estromales gastrointestinales (Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor, GIST) constituyen la mayoría. Sin embargo, los sarcomas no GIST siguen siendo un diagnóstico diferencial posible para tener en cuenta y configuran una patología neoplásica de tratamiento fundamentalmente quirúrgico. En particular, el leiomiosarcoma representa menos del 1 % de los tumores malignos del estómago y la literatura disponible al respecto consiste en reportes de caso o serie de casos. Por su rareza, presentamos este caso clínico y revisamos la literatura relacionada.


Abstract Gastric cancer, a neoplastic pathology of undeniable importance, accounts for 90% of cases to adenocarcinoma. GIST lymphomas and gastrointestinal stromal tumors are the majority of the other 10%. However, non-GIST sarcomas remain a possible differential diagnosis to keep in mind and constitute a neoplastic pathology whose treatment is fundamentally surgical. Leiomyosarcoma represents less than 1% of malignant stomach tumors, and the available literature consists of case reports or case series. Because of its rarity, we present this clinical case and review the literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Sarcoma , Stomach Neoplasms , Adenocarcinoma , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors , Literature
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL