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1.
Neumol. pediátr. (En línea) ; 16(4): 172-176, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362265

ABSTRACT

El sarcoma sinovial primario de pulmón (SSPP) localizado en bronquio, es una entidad no reportada en la edad pediátrica. Se presenta el caso de un niño de siete años con antecedente de aparentes neumonías recurrentes derechas de siete meses de evolución; en la evaluación por neumología pediátrica se destaca en las radiografías de tórax, la presencia de atelectasias recurrentes en lóbulo medio e inferior derecho, por lo que se realiza broncoscopia, donde se observa una masa obstruyendo el 100% de la luz del bronquio fuente derecho y se sospecha tumor carcinoide. Se realiza extirpación de masa endobronquial con fines diagnósticos y terapéuticos, incluyendo resección segmentaria bronquial y anastomosis término-terminal. El respectivo análisis inmunohistoquímico muestra hallazgos sugestivos de sarcoma sinovial monofásico. Se descarta compromiso tumoral extrapulmonar, por lo que se diagnostica como tumor primario de bronquio. Se administraron 7 ciclos de quimioterapia y 31 sesiones de radioterapia. Actualmente en control, sin evidencia de metástasis, tumores residuales o recidivas.


Primary Synovial Sarcoma of Lung (PSSL) located in the bronchus is an unreported entity in pediatric age. We present the case of a 7-year-old child with a history of apparent recurrent right pneumonia of 7 months of evolution; in the evaluation by pediatric pulmonology, the presence of recurrent atelectasis in the middle and lower right lobe is highlighted on chest X-rays, so bronchoscopy is performed, where a mass is observed obstructing 100% of the right bronchus lumen and carcinoid tumor is suspected. Endobronchial mass resection is performed for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes, including bronchial segmental resection and termino-terminal anastomosis. The respective immunohistochemical analysis shows suggestive findings of monophasic synovial sarcoma. Extrapulmonary tumor involvement is ruled out, so it is diagnosed as a primary bronchial tumor. 7 cycles of chemotherapy and 31 sessions of radiation therapy are given. Currently in control, with no evidence of metastasis, residual tumors, or recurrence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Sarcoma, Synovial/surgery , Sarcoma, Synovial/diagnosis , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Lung Neoplasms/diagnosis , Bronchoscopy , Radiography, Thoracic , Sarcoma, Synovial/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/pathology
2.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eMD5223, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056059

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Computed tomography with multiple detectors and the advancement of processors improved rendered images and three-dimensional reconstructions in clinical practice. Traditional axial slices form non-intuitive images because they are seen in only one plane. The three-dimensional reconstructions can show structures details and diseases with complex anatomy in different perspectives. Cinematic rendering is a newly three-dimensional reconstruction technique, already approved for clinical use, which can produce realistic images from traditional computed tomography data. The algorithm used is based on light trajectory methods and the global lighting model, which simulate thousands of images from all possible directions. Thus, the technique shapes the physical propagation of light and generates a realistic three-dimensional image with depth, shadows and more anatomic details. It is a multidimensional rendering acquired through complex lighting effects. The aim of this article was to show the advance of three-dimensional technology with the cinematic rendering in images exams of the thoracic wall.


RESUMO A tomografia computadorizada com os múltiplos detectores e o avanço dos processadores melhoraram as imagens renderizadas e as reconstruções tridimensionais na prática clínica. Os cortes axiais tradicionais formam imagens não intuitivas, pois são vistas em apenas um plano. Já as reconstruções tridimensionais podem exibir detalhes anatômicos em diferentes perspectivas das estruturas e de doenças com anatomia complexa. A renderização cinematográfica é uma técnica de reconstrução tridimensional recentemente introduzida, já aprovada para uso clínico, que pode produzir imagens realistas a partir de dados tradicionais da tomografia computadorizada. O algoritmo usado é baseado em métodos de trajetória da luz e no modelo de iluminação global, os quais simulam milhares de imagens de todas as direções possíveis. Assim, a técnica molda a propagação física da luz e gera uma imagem tridimensional realista, com profundidade, sombras e mais detalhes da alteração anatômica. É uma renderização multidimensional adquirida por efeitos de iluminação complexos. O objetivo deste artigo foi mostrar o avanço da tecnologia tridimensional com a renderização cinematográfica nos dos exames de imagens da parede torácica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Thoracic Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/diagnostic imaging , Sarcoma, Synovial/diagnostic imaging , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Thoracic Wall/diagnostic imaging , Algorithms , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Sarcoma, Synovial/secondary , Middle Aged
4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1289-1295, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-688129

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Background</b>Development of innovative immunotherapy is imperative to improve the poor survival of the nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients. In this study, we evaluated the T cell response to melanoma-associated antigen (MAGE)-A1, MAGE-A3, or synovial sarcoma X-2 (SSX-2) in the peripheral blood of treatment-naive NPC patients. The relationship of responses among the three proteins and the human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-A types were analyzed to provide evidence of designing novel therapy.</p><p><b>Methods</b>Sixty-one NPC patients admitted into the Tumor Hospital affiliated to the Xinjiang Medical University between March 2015 and July 2016 were enrolled. Mononuclear cells were isolated from the peripheral blood before any treatment. HLA-A alleles were typed with Sanger sequence-based typing technique. The T cell response to the MAGE-A1, MAGE-A3, or SSX-2 was evaluated with the Enzyme-Linked ImmunoSpot assay. Mann-Whitney U-test was used to compare the T cell responses from different groups. Spearman's rank correlation was used to analyze the relationship of T cell responses.</p><p><b>Results</b>HLA-A*02:01, A*02:07, and A*24:02 were the three most frequent alleles (18.9%, 12.3%, and 11.5%, respectively) among the 22 detected alleles. 31.1%, 19.7%, and 16.4% of the patients displayed MAGE-A1, MAGE-A3, or SSX-2-specific T cell response, respectively. The magnitudes of response to the three proteins were 32.5, 38.0, and 28.7 SFC/10 peripheral blood mononuclear cells, respectively. The T cell response against the three proteins correlated with each other to different extent. The percentage of A*02:01 and A*24:02 carriers were significantly higher in patients responding to any of the three proteins compared to the nonresponders.</p><p><b>Conclusion</b>MAGE-A1, MAGE-A3, or SSX-2-specific T cell responses were detectable in a subgroup of NPC patients, the frequency and magnitude of which were correlated.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Alleles , Antigens, Neoplasm , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Carcinoma , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Female , HLA-A Antigens , Metabolism , Humans , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Metabolism , Male , Middle Aged , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Neoplasm Proteins , Metabolism , Sarcoma, Synovial , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Young Adult
5.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 880-884, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772349

ABSTRACT

Primary pulmonary synovial sarcoma is a rare pulmonary malignant tumor originated from primitive mesenchymal, which has short overall survival and poor prognosis. Related case reports are lacked at home and abroad. In recent years, the development of targeted therapy has brought remarkable benefits to cancer patients. Apatinib (Hengrui Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd, Jiangsu, People's Republic of China) is a small molecule vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR-2) inhibitor, which selectively inhibits VEGFR-2 and blocks the VEGF signal pathway, then strongly inhibiting the tumor angiogenesis. Apatinib has shown favorable therapeutic effect and acceptable toxicity on various tumors. Here we report a case of primary pulmonary synovial sarcoma with postoperative multiple metastases treated with apatinib, in order to provide a new considerable treatment.
.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Pathology , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Metastasis , Postoperative Period , Pyridines , Therapeutic Uses , Sarcoma, Synovial , Drug Therapy , Pathology , General Surgery
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357491

ABSTRACT

A case of primary pharynx synovial sarcoma was reported in this paper. A 15-year-old male patient experienced painless pharyngeal swelling that gradually proliferated for 1 month. Special examination showed an 8 cm × 4 cm × 3 cm tumor located in the left pharynx and the supratonsillar crypt. Imaging tests revealed an irregular mass on the left side of the oropharynx and an unclear boundary. Immunohistochemical examination yielded the following results: epithelial membrane antigen (+), cytokeratin (CK)19 (+), CD7(+), vimentin (+), CK10(-), E-cadherin (+), B-cell lymphoma-2 (-), CD2 (-), CD10 (-), CD138 (+), CD99 (+), leukocyte common antigen (+), and Ki-67 (20%+). This condition was pathologically diagnosed as primary pharynx synovial sarcoma.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Cadherins , Humans , Male , Pharynx , Sarcoma, Synovial , Vimentin
8.
Rev. colomb. radiol ; 28(4)2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-986529

ABSTRACT

El sarcoma sinovial representa entre el 2 al 10 % de todas las malignidades primarias de tejidos blandos, situándose en el cuarto lugar en frecuencia de los sarcomas de tejidos blandos. Es una neoplasia clasificada por la WHO (World Health Organization) bajo la categoría de tumores de diferenciación incierta, considerándose una malignidad entre intermedio y alto grado. El tratamiento estándar es la escisión quirúrgica, sin embargo, por su alta recurrencia y en los casos en que se asocia a metástasis o márgenes positivos después de la resección, se han planteado otros tratamientos como la quimio y radioterapia. La imaginología juega un papel importante en el diagnóstico, la estadificación y evaluación de la respuesta al tratamiento. Nuevas técnicas como el uso de difusión y mapas de ADC (Apparent Diffusion Coefficient, o coeficiente de difusión aparente) en resonancia magnética (RM) son útiles para evaluar las lesiones tumorales y la respuesta al tratamiento. En este artículo se presenta el caso de un paciente con un sarcoma sinovial monofásico, el diagnóstico por imágenes y evaluación del tratamiento mediante técnicas avanzadas de resonancia magnética como la difusión


Synovial sarcomas represent 2 to 10% of all the primary tissue malignancies and occupy the fourth place in the list of most common soft tissue sarcomas. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), this neoplasm is classified under the category of tumors of uncertain differentiation and is considered an intermediate to high-grade malignancy. Although the standard treatment is surgical excision, alternative treatments such as radiotherapy and chemotherapy have been proposed due to its high rate of recurrence in cases when it is associated with metastasis or positive resection margins. Imaging plays a key role in the diagnosis, staging and assessment of treatment of this disease. New techniques in Magnetic Resonance Imaging such as diffusion and Apparent Diffusion Coefficient (ADC) mapping are useful to further characterize these neoplastic lesions and to assess treatment response. In this article we present a patient with monophasic synovial sarcoma in which the use of these new imaging techniques was essential for the diagnosis and evaluation post-treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diagnostic Imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Sarcoma, Synovial
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-216541

ABSTRACT

Synovial sarcoma is a relatively common periarticular soft tissue malignancy, occurring mostly in the extremities of younger patients. Occasionally, diversity in its clinical features may lead to misdiagnosis and inappropriate management. The authors report herein a unique case of a patient who underwent a primary total knee arthroplasty to treat osteoarthritis. During the operation, a mass was discovered but was attributed to synovitis. Biopsy revealed a rare intra-articular synovial sarcoma. The patient underwent reoperation with wide excision and endoprosthesis placement and is disease-free at the 8-year follow-up.


Subject(s)
Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Biopsy , Diagnostic Errors , Extremities , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Knee , Osteoarthritis , Reoperation , Sarcoma , Sarcoma, Synovial , Synovitis
11.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-653823

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Synovial sarcoma is an uncommon malignant soft tissue tumor mostly prevalent in young adults. Previous studies analyzing the prognostic factors have been limited due to the inclusion of heterogenous cohorts of patients with nonextremity and recurrent tumors. The purpose of this study was to determine the independent prognostic factors for the treatment methods associated with local recurrence and metastasis of primary synovial sarcoma localized to the extremities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between April 1999 and June 2014, a total of 79 patients were diagnosed with synovial sarcoma, of which 73 underwent wide excision at Kosin University Gospel Hospital and were followed-up for 60 months (24-72 months). The analyzed prognostic factors were treatment methods for local recurrence and metastasis during the postoperative follow-up period. The Cox regression model was used for multivariate analysis. RESULTS: For local recurrence according to the treatment methods, 9 recurrences occurred in 9 surgical treatments, 8 in 20 chemotherapy added surgical treatments, 13 in 20 radiotherapy added surgical treatments, and 4 in 24 chemotherapy with radiotherapy added surgical treatments. For metastasis according to the treatment methods, 9, 5, 12, and 2 metastases occurred respectively. Chemotherapy had statistical significance in multivariate analysis (p<0.0001). CONCLUSION: Adjuvant chemotherapy can be useful for the treatment of synovial sarcoma.


Subject(s)
Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Cohort Studies , Drug Therapy , Extremities , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Radiotherapy , Recurrence , Sarcoma, Synovial , Survival Rate , Young Adult
12.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-652310

ABSTRACT

Synovial sarcoma in head and neck is an extremely rare cancer. Symptoms may occur depending on the location of tumor. Synovial sarcoma is divided into two main phenotypes-biphasic and monophasic. Surgical excision including optimal resection margin is generally recommended as a standard treatment of synovial sarcoma, if the tumor is resectable. Standard adjuvant therapy of synovial sarcoma has not been established yet. Recently, we have experienced a case of recurrent synovial sarcoma in pyriform sinus without regional or distant metastasis after initial resection of tumor. We successfully performed endoscopic excision of recurred tumor and obtained clear resection margin. We followed up the patient without any adjuvant therapy for 2 years. We report this rare case with literature review.


Subject(s)
Endoscopy , Head , Humans , Hypopharyngeal Neoplasms , Neck , Neoplasm Metastasis , Pyriform Sinus , Sarcoma, Synovial
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-749667

ABSTRACT

Synovial sarcoma is a rare tumour found in soft tissue; it is a mesenchymal spindle cell tumour that is not related to the synovial membrane. This tumour has a low incidence, and the most frequent place of occurrence is the lower extremities in young adults. Synovial sarcoma of the head and neck accounts for 3%-5% of sarcomas in this anatomical region. The tumor in the nasal cavity is less than 1%. The treatment of choice for synovial sarcoma of the head and neck is complete surgical excision of the tumour mass followed by adjuvant radiotherapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nasal Cavity , Pathology , Nose Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Radiotherapy , General Surgery , Paranasal Sinuses , Pathology , Radiotherapy, Adjuvant , Sarcoma, Synovial , Diagnosis , Radiotherapy , General Surgery
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759223

ABSTRACT

A calcification mass was incidentally found in the soft tissue of a patient who had a history of trauma to the extremity during examination. The patient had no symptom. The pathological analysis of the mass revealed it was an early-phase synovial sarcoma (SS). The diagnosis was made before the onset of symptoms and proper surgical intervention was performed. Therefore, in case of a <1 cm lesion clinically suspicious of myositis ossificans, SS should be taken into consideration as a possible diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Diagnosis , Extremities , Femur , Humans , Myositis Ossificans , Myositis , Sarcoma, Synovial
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-25158

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study assessed the efficacy of pulmonary metastasectomy for synovial sarcoma in adult patients. METHODS: Fifty patients, diagnosed with pulmonary metastasis from June 1990 to August 2010, were reviewed retrospectively. Twenty-eight patients underwent complete pulmonary metastasectomy, and their survival was evaluated. Age, sex, time to metastatic progression, laterality, number of tumors, size of largest nodule, and number of metastasectomies were analyzed as potential prognostic factors. RESULTS: In all, 29 patients underwent at least one pulmonary metastasectomy, and 51 resections were performed. One intraoperative mortality occurred, and the 5-year survival rate was 58.4%. Bilateral metastases and early metastatic progression were associated with poor survival in multivariate analyses. CONCLUSION: Surgical resection can be a good option for treating pulmonary metastasis in patients with synovial sarcoma. Repeated resection was feasible with low mortality and morbidity.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Metastasectomy , Mortality , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Metastasis , Retrospective Studies , Sarcoma , Sarcoma, Synovial , Survival Rate
16.
Rev. chil. cir ; 67(5): 527-530, oct. 2015. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-762627

ABSTRACT

Background: Synovial sarcoma is a soft tissue tumor with a high degree of local and metastatic invasion. Case report: We report a 26 years old smoker woman with a history of a synovial tumor excised from the right thigh, who required a hip prosthesis for a pathological fracture due to metastases. Two years after, a lung metastasis in the left upper lobe was excised and treated with chemo and radiotherapy. Two years later a new lung nodule was found and excised. Pathology confirmed that they were metastases of the primary tumor. Three months after this last excision, the patient is asymptomatic.


Introducción: El sinoviosarcoma es una neoplasia de partes blandas con alto grado de invasión local y producción de metástasis. Caso clínico: Mujer de 26 años con 2 episodios secuenciales de metástasis pulmonar a lo largo de 6 años posterior al tratamiento del tumor primario. Patología de tratamiento muy complejo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Female , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Lung Neoplasms/secondary , Soft Tissue Neoplasms/pathology , Sarcoma, Synovial/surgery , Sarcoma, Synovial/secondary , Thigh
17.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-162103

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Contrary to its name, synovial sarcoma does not arise from the synovial membrane but from multi-potent stem cells and can present in any part of the body. Very few cases of vulval synovial sarcoma have been reported in the literature; we report on such a presentation. Th ese tumors can present as painless lumps, which must be completely excised to give the best prognosis. Th erefore the diagnosis of synovial sarcoma should always be kept in mind in the management of vulval masses, especially in young patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Female , Humans , Multipotent Stem Cells/diagnosis , Multipotent Stem Cells/therapy , Prognosis , Sarcoma, Synovial/diagnosis , Sarcoma, Synovial/epidemiology , Sarcoma, Synovial/radiotherapy , Vulva/pathology , Vulva/therapy
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-747763

ABSTRACT

Synovial sarcoma is a malignant soft tissue with unknown origin. Although head and neck region is the second common site of involvement, rare cases have been reported in Para nasal sinus and larynx. We presented two cases of synovial sarcoma, one of which arised from maxillary sinus and the other from laryx, and re- view the literature to sum up the diagnosis and treatment strategies. The conclusion is that synovial sarcoma in the head and neck still raises diagnostic and therapeutic issues. Surgical excision with wide margins is essential and necessary, usually associated radiotherapy. The effect of chemotherapy remains to explored.


Subject(s)
Head and Neck Neoplasms , Pathology , Humans , Larynx , Maxillary Sinus , Paranasal Sinuses , Sarcoma, Synovial , Pathology
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-651486

ABSTRACT

Soft tissue tumors are classified into benign and malignant on the basis of the patient's age, medical history, physical examination, pathological and radiologic examination. We have to caution against misdiagnosis of malignant tumor which can delay the treatment time. Lipoma, schwannoma, hemangioma, and ganglion cysts are common benign tumors, usually of small size and are often located in the superficial layer. Although it may be suspected as a benign tumor, performing contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance maging is preferably advantageous. Liposarcoma and undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma, the most common malignant soft tissue tumors, usually occur after middle age; rhabdomyosarcoma is usually presented in children and synovial sarcoma often occurs at a younger age. The magnetic resonance (MR) signal intensity of lipoma shows uniformity with subcutaneous fat, sarcoma should be suspected if it has a contrast-enhanced and non-fat-suppressed part. The MR signals of ganglion cysts show homogeneous and same signal intensity with joint fluid and urine, while the liquid containing sarcoma, like synovial sarcoma, is characterized by heterogeneous signal intensity and contrast enhancement. If surgery is performed, an incision should be made in the longitudinal direction of the limb and the excised tumor should be sent for pathology analysis. When the macroscopic finding of the tumor during surgery is different from the expected diagnosis, the operation should cease with biopsy only or the small superficial tumor can be excised widely if possible. The transfer should be considered unless you can be sure of a benign tumor in hands and feet of children. When diagnosed as malignant tumors, patients should be provided with sufficient information that can lead them to a musculoskeletal tumor specialist.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Child , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Errors , Extremities , Foot , Ganglion Cysts , Hand , Hemangioma , Humans , Joints , Lipoma , Liposarcoma , Middle Aged , Neurilemmoma , Pathology , Physical Examination , Rhabdomyosarcoma , Sarcoma , Sarcoma, Synovial , Specialization , Subcutaneous Fat
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-69212

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: We aimed to describe the clinical characteristics and outcomes of unplanned excisions of synovial sarcomas. METHODS: In total, 90 patients with synovial sarcomas in the extremities were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were divided into unplanned excision (n = 38) and planned excision (n = 52) groups. The average follow-up period was 6 years. The clinicopathological characteristics and oncologic outcomes were compared. RESULTS: The unplanned excision group showed longer duration of symptoms before diagnosis (p = 0.023), smaller lesion dimensions (p = 0.001), superficial location (p = 0.049), and predilection in the upper extremities (p = 0.037). Synovial sarcomas were most commonly misdiagnosed as neurogenic tumors (56%) in the upper extremities or as cystic masses (47%) in the lower extremities. Oncological outcomes, including disease-specific survival, metastasis-free survival, or local recurrence were not significantly different between the 2 groups (p = 0.159, p = 0.444, and p = 0.335, respectively). Repeated unplanned excision (p = 0.012) and delayed re-excision (p = 0.038) were significant risk factors for local recurrence in the unplanned excision group. CONCLUSIONS: Synovial sarcomas treated with unplanned excision had distinct characteristics. These findings are important for developing diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for synovial sarcoma.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Sarcoma, Synovial/diagnosis , Soft Tissue Neoplasms/diagnosis , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
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