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1.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 50(5): e5742, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839290

ABSTRACT

Cardiac remodeling is defined as changes in shape and function of the heart in response to aggression (pressure overload). The sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium ATPase cardiac isoform 2a (SERCA2a) is a known factor that influences function. A wide spectrum of studies report a decrease in SERCA2a in heart failure, but none evaluate it's the role in early isolated diastolic dysfunction in supravalvular aortic stenosis (AoS). Our hypothesis was that SERCA2a participates in such dysfunction. Thirty-day-old male Wistar rats (60-80 g) were divided into AoS and Sham groups, which were submitted to surgery with or without aorta clipping, respectively. After 6 weeks, the animals were submitted to echocardiogram and functional analysis by isolated papillary muscle (IPM) in basal condition, hypoxia, and SERCA2a blockage with cyclopiazonic acid at calcium concentrations of 0.5, 1.5, and 2.5 mM. Western-blot analyses were used for SERCA2a and phospholamban detection. Data analysis was carried out with Student's t-test and ANOVA. AoS enhanced left atrium and E and A wave ratio, with preserved ejection fraction. Basal condition in IPM showed similar increases in developed tension (DT) and resting tension (RT) in AoS, and hypoxia was similar between groups. After cyclopiazonic acid blockage, final DT was equally decreased and RT was similar between groups, but the speed of relaxation was decreased in the AoS group. Western-blot was uniform in all evaluations. The hypothesis was confirmed, since functional parameters regarding SERCA2a were changed in the AoS group.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Aortic Stenosis, Supravalvular/complications , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular/physiopathology , Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases/physiology , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/physiopathology , Aortic Stenosis, Supravalvular/metabolism , Calcium-Binding Proteins/analysis , Collagen/analysis , Diastole/physiology , Disease Models, Animal , Echocardiography , Heart Ventricles/pathology , Heart Ventricles/physiopathology , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular/etiology , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular/metabolism , Hypoxia/metabolism , Hypoxia/physiopathology , Indoles , Myocardial Contraction/physiology , Rats, Wistar , Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases/analysis , Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases/metabolism , Time Factors , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/etiology , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/metabolism , Ventricular Remodeling/physiology
2.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 106(1): 18-25, Jan. 2016. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-771049

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Although the beneficial effects of resistance training (RT) on the cardiovascular system are well established, few studies have investigated the effects of the chronic growth hormone (GH) administration on cardiac remodeling during an RT program. Objective: To evaluate the effects of GH on the morphological features of cardiac remodeling and Ca2+ transport gene expression in rats submitted to RT. Methods: Male Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups (n = 7 per group): control (CT), GH, RT and RT with GH (RTGH). The dose of GH was 0.2 IU/kg every other day for 30 days. The RT model used was the vertical jump in water (4 sets of 10 jumps, 3 bouts/wk) for 30 consecutive days. After the experimental period, the following variables were analyzed: final body weight (FBW), left ventricular weight (LVW), LVW/FBW ratio, cardiomyocyte cross-sectional area (CSA), collagen fraction, creatine kinase muscle-brain fraction (CK-MB) and gene expressions of SERCA2a, phospholamban (PLB) and ryanodine (RyR). Results: There was no significant (p > 0.05) difference among groups for FBW, LVW, LVW/FBW ratio, cardiomyocyte CSA, and SERCA2a, PLB and RyR gene expressions. The RT group showed a significant (p < 0.05) increase in collagen fraction compared to the other groups. Additionally, the trained groups (RT and RTGH) had greater CK-MB levels compared to the untrained groups (CT and GH). Conclusion: GH may attenuate the negative effects of RT on cardiac remodeling by counteracting the increased collagen synthesis, without affecting the gene expression that regulates cardiac Ca2+ transport.


Resumo Fundamento: Apesar de os efeitos benéficos do treinamento resistido (TR) sobre o sistema cardiovascular estarem bem estabelecidos, poucos estudos têm investigado os efeitos crônicos da administração de hormônio do crescimento (GH) sobre a remodelação cardíaca durante um programa de TR. Objetivo: avaliar os efeitos do GH sobre a remodelação cardíaca em suas características morfológicas e na expressão dos genes do trânsito de Ca2+ em ratos submetidos ao TR. Métodos: Ratos Wistar machos foram divididos em 4 grupos (n = 7 por grupo): controle (CT), GH, TR e TR com GH (TRGH). A dose de GH foi de 0,2 UI/kg, a cada dois dias, por 30 dias. O modelo de TR utilizado foi o salto vertical em água (4 séries de 10 saltos, 3 vezes/semana) durante 30 dias consecutivos. Após o período experimental, as seguintes variáveis foram analisadas: peso corporal final (PCF), peso do ventrículo esquerdo (PVE), razão PVE/PCF, área seccional de cardiomiócitos (ASC), fração de colágeno, creatina quinase fração músculo-cérebro (CK-MB) e expressão gênica de SERCA2a, fosfolambam (PLB) e rianodina (RyR). Resultados: Não houve diferença significativa (p > 0,05) entre os grupos para PCF, PVE, razão PVE/PCF, ASC, e expressão gênica de SERCA2a, PLB e RyR. O grupo TR mostrou um significativo aumento (p < 0,05) da fração de colágeno em comparação aos outros. Além disso, os grupos treinados (TR e TRGH) apresentaram maiores níveis de CK-MB em comparação aos não treinados (CT e GH). Conclusão: Esses resultados indicam que o GH pode atenuar os efeitos negativos do TR na remodelação cardíaca por contrabalançar o aumento da síntese de colágeno, sem afetar a expressão de genes que regulam o trânsito de Ca2+ cardíaco.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Growth Hormone/pharmacology , Resistance Training/methods , Ventricular Remodeling/drug effects , Body Weight , Calcium-Binding Proteins/analysis , Calcium/metabolism , Collagen/analysis , Collagen/drug effects , Creatine Kinase, BB Form/blood , Creatine Kinase, BB Form/drug effects , Gene Expression , Heart Ventricles/drug effects , Myocytes, Cardiac/drug effects , Organ Size , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Rats, Wistar , Ryanodine/analysis , Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases/analysis , Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases/drug effects , Time Factors , Ventricular Remodeling/genetics
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