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ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 31(1): e1352, 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-949203


ABSTRACT Background: Intracellular calcium overload is known to be a precipitating factor of pancreatic cell injury in acute pancreatitis (AP). Intracellular calcium homeostasis depends of Plasmatic Membrane Calcium ATPase (PMCA), Sarcoplasmic Endothelial Reticulum Calcium ATPase 2 (SERCA 2) and the Sodium Calcium Exchanger (NCX1). The antioxidant melatonin (Mel) and Trisulfate Disaccharide (TD) that accelerates NCX1 action could reduce the cell damage determined by the AP. Aim: To evaluate m-RNA expressions of SERCA2 and NCX1 in acute pancreatitis induced by sodium taurocholate in Wistar rats pre-treated with melatonin and/or TD. Methods: Wistar rats were divided in groups: 1) without AP; 2) AP without pre-treatment; 3) AP and Melatonin; 4) AP and TD; 5) AP and Melatonin associated to TD. Pancreatic tissue samples were collected for detection of SERCA2 and NCX1 m-R NA levels by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Results: Increased m-RNA expression of SERCA2 in the melatonin treated group, without increase of m-RNA expression of the NCX1. The TD did not affect levels of SERCA2 and NCX1 m-RNA expressions. The combined melatonin and TD treatment reduced the m-RNA expression of SERCA2. Conclusions: The effect of melatonin is restricted to increased m-RNA expression of SERCA2. Although TD does not affect gene expression, its action in accelerating calcium exchanger function can explain the slightest expression of SERCA2 m-RNA when associated with Melatonin, perhaps by a joint action of drugs with different and but possibly complementary mechanisms.

RESUMO Racional: A lesão celular da pancreatite aguda (PA) envolve sobrecarga de cálcio, regulada pela atividade da Cálcio ATPase de membrana (PMCA), Cálcio ATPase do Retículo (SERCA2) e pelo Trocador Sódio Cálcio (NCX1). A melatonina (antioxidante) e o Dissacarídeo Trissulfatado (acelerador do NCX1) poderiam reduzir a lesão celular na PA. Objetivo: Avaliar a expressão do RNAm da SERCA2 e NCX1 em modelo animal de pancreatite aguda tratados com melatonina e/ou dissacarídeo trissulfatado (DT). Método: Ratos Wistar foram divididos em grupos: 1) sem pancreatite aguda; 2) com pancreatite aguda por taurocolato; 3) PA e Melatonina; 4) PA e DT; 5) PA e Melatonina com DT. Amostras de tecido foram colhidas para detecção dos níveis de RNAm da SERCA2 e NCX1 por PCR. Resultados: Houve aumento da expressão do RNAm da SERCA2 no grupo com PA tratados com Melatonina, porém sem aumento de expressão do NCX1. O DT não afetou os níveis de SERCA2 e NCX1. O tratamento conjunto com Melatonina e DT diminuiu a expressão da SERCA2. Conclusões: O efeito da Melatonina é restrito ao aumento da expressão da SERCA2. O DT não tem ação na expressão gênica, porém sua ação na aceleração do trocador na retirada do cálcio pode explicar a menor expressão da SERCA2 quando associado à Melatonina, pela ação conjunta de drogas com mecanismos diferentes e possivelmente complementares.

Animals , Male , Rats , Pancreatitis/genetics , RNA, Messenger/biosynthesis , Sodium-Calcium Exchanger/genetics , Cytoprotection/genetics , Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases/genetics , Pancreatitis/chemically induced , Taurocholic Acid/administration & dosage , Acute Disease , Rats, Wistar , Disaccharides/pharmacology , Disease Models, Animal , Melatonin/pharmacology
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 60(6): 582-586, Nov.-Dec. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-827786


ABSTRACT Objective The current study was aimed at analyzing sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ ATPase (Serca2) and ryanodine receptor type 2 (Ryr2) gene expression in rats subjected to surgery that induced HF and were subsequently treated with T4 using physiological doses. Materials and methods HF was induced in 18 male Wistar rats by clipping the ascending thoracic aorta to generate aortic stenosis (HFS group), while the control group (9-sham) underwent thoracotomy. After 21 weeks, the HFS group was subdivided into two subgroups. One group (9 Wistar rats) with HF received 1.0 µg of T4/100 g of body weight for five consecutive days (HFS/T4); the other group (9 Wistar rats) received isotonic saline solution (HFS/S). The animals were sacrificed after this treatment and examined for signs of HF. Samples from the left ventricles of these animals were analyzed by RT-qPCR for the expression of Serca2 and Ryr2 genes. Results Rats with HF developed euthyroid sick syndrome (ESS) and treatment with T4 restored the T3 values to the Sham level and increased Serca2 and Ryr2 gene expression, thereby demonstrating a possible benefit of T4 treatment for heart function in ESS associated with HF. Conclusion The T4 treatment can potentially normalize the levels of T3 as well elevated Serca2 and Ryr2 gene expression in the myocardium in heart failure rats with euthyroid sick syndrome.

Animals , Male , Thyroxine/administration & dosage , Euthyroid Sick Syndromes/drug therapy , Ryanodine Receptor Calcium Release Channel/drug effects , Aortic Valve Stenosis/complications , Thyroxine/therapeutic use , Triiodothyronine/drug effects , Euthyroid Sick Syndromes/complications , Euthyroid Sick Syndromes/genetics , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Gene Expression/drug effects , Rats, Wistar , Ryanodine Receptor Calcium Release Channel/genetics , Models, Animal , Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases/drug effects , Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases/genetics , Heart Failure/complications
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 41(7): 615-620, July 2008. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-489520


Obesity is a complex multifactorial disorder that is often associated with cardiovascular diseases. Research on experimental models has suggested that cardiac dysfunction in obesity might be related to alterations in myocardial intracellular calcium (Ca2+) handling. However, information about the expression of Ca2+-related genes that lead to this abnormality is scarce. We evaluated the effects of obesity induced by a high-fat diet in the expression of Ca2+-related genes, focusing the L-type Ca2+ channel (Cacna1c), sarcolemmal Na+/Ca2+ exchanger (NCX), sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ ATPase (SERCA2a), ryanodine receptor (RyR2), and phospholamban (PLB) mRNA in rat myocardium. Male 30-day-old Wistar rats were fed a standard (control) or high-fat diet (obese) for 15 weeks. Obesity was defined as increased percent of body fat in carcass. The mRNA expression of Ca2+-related genes in the left ventricle was measured by RT-PCR. Compared with control rats, the obese rats had increased percent of body fat, area under the curve for glucose, and leptin and insulin plasma concentrations. Obesity also caused an increase in the levels of SERCA2a, RyR2 and PLB mRNA (P < 0.05) but did not modify the mRNA levels of Cacna1c and NCX. These findings show that obesity induced by high-fat diet causes cardiac upregulation of Ca2+ transport_related genes in the sarcoplasmic reticulum.

Animals , Male , Rats , Calcium Channels/genetics , Calcium-Binding Proteins/genetics , Calcium-Transporting ATPases/genetics , Myocardium/metabolism , Obesity/metabolism , Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases/genetics , Sodium-Calcium Exchanger/genetics , Calcium Channels/metabolism , Calcium-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Calcium-Transporting ATPases/metabolism , Homeostasis , Myocardium/chemistry , Obesity/genetics , Rats, Wistar , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger , Sarcolemma/chemistry , Sarcolemma/metabolism , Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases/metabolism , Sodium-Calcium Exchanger/metabolism , Up-Regulation
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 311-321, 2008.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-30669


PURPOSE: The sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase (SERCA), encoded by ATP2A2, is an essential component for G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR)-dependent Ca(2+) signaling. However, whether the changes in Ca(2+) signaling and Ca(2+) signaling proteins in parotid acinar cells are affected by a partial loss of SERCA2 are not known. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In SERCA2(+/-) mouse parotid gland acinar cells, Ca(2+) signaling, expression levels of Ca(2+) signaling proteins, and amylase secretion were investigated. RESULTS: SERCA2(+/-) mice showed decreased SERCA2 expression and an upregulation of the plasma membrane Ca(2+) ATPase. A partial loss of SERCA2 changed the expression level of 1, 4, 5-tris-inositolphosphate receptors (IP(3)Rs), but the localization and activities of IP3Rs were not altered. In SERCA2(+/-) mice, muscarinic stimulation resulted in greater amylase release, and the expression of synaptotagmin was increased compared to wild type mice. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that a partial loss of SERCA2 affects the expression and activity of Ca(2+) signaling proteins in the parotid gland acini, however, overall Ca(2+) signaling is unchanged.

Amylases/metabolism , Animals , Blotting, Western , Calcium/metabolism , Calcium Signaling/drug effects , Carbachol/pharmacology , Immunohistochemistry , Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate Receptors/metabolism , Mice , Mice, Knockout , Parotid Gland/metabolism , Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases/genetics , Signal Transduction/drug effects
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 40(10): 1323-1332, Oct. 2007. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-461368


The expression of sarcoplasmic reticulum SERCA1a Ca2+-ATPase wild-type and D351E mutants was optimized in yeast under the control of a galactose promoter. Fully active wild-type enzyme was recovered in yeast microsomal membrane fractions in sufficient amounts to permit a rapid and practical assay of ATP hydrolysis and phosphoenzyme formation from ATP or Pi. Mutant and wild-type Ca2+-ATPase were assayed for phosphorylation by Pi under conditions that are known to facilitate this reaction in the wild-type enzyme, including pH 6.0 or 7.0 at 25°C in the presence of dimethylsulfoxide. Although glutamyl (E) and aspartyl (D) residue side chains differ by only one methylene group, no phosphoenzyme could be detected in the D351E mutant, even upon the addition of 40 percent dimethylsulfoxide and 1 mM 32Pi in the presence of 10 mM EGTA and 5 mM MgCl2. These results show that in the D351E mutant, increasing hydrophobicity of the site with inorganic solvent was not a sufficient factor for the required abstraction of water in the reaction of E351 with Pi to form a glutamylphosphate (P-E351) phosphoenzyme moiety. Mutation D351E may disrupt the proposed alignment of the reactive water molecule with the aspartylphosphate (P-D351) moiety in the phosphorylation site, which may be an essential alignment both in the forward reaction (hydrolysis of aspartylphosphate) and in the reverse reaction (abstraction of water upon formation of an aspartylphosphate intermediate).

Animals , Rabbits , Mutation/genetics , Phosphates/metabolism , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genetics , Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases/genetics , Sarcoplasmic Reticulum/enzymology , Gene Expression Regulation, Fungal , Genetic Vectors , Phosphorylation , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolism , Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases/metabolism
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 40(1): 27-31, Jan. 2007. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-439677


We have shown that myocardial dysfunction induced by food restriction is related to calcium handling. Although cardiac function is depressed in food-restricted animals, there is limited information about the molecular mechanisms that lead to this abnormality. The present study evaluated the effects of food restriction on calcium cycling, focusing on sarcoplasmic Ca2+-ATPase (SERCA2), phospholamban (PLB), and ryanodine channel (RYR2) mRNA expressions in rat myocardium. Male Wistar-Kyoto rats, 60 days old, were submitted to ad libitum feeding (control rats) or 50 percent diet restriction for 90 days. The levels of left ventricle SERCA2, PLB, and RYR2 were measured using semi-quantitative RT-PCR. Body and ventricular weights were reduced in 50 percent food-restricted animals. RYR2 mRNA was significantly decreased in the left ventricle of the food-restricted group (control = 5.92 ± 0.48 vs food-restricted group = 4.84 ± 0.33, P < 0.01). The levels of SERCA2 and PLB mRNA were similar between groups (control = 8.38 ± 0.44 vs food-restricted group = 7.96 ± 0.45, and control = 1.52 ± 0.06 vs food-restricted group = 1.53 ± 0.10, respectively). Down-regulation of RYR2 mRNA expressions suggests that chronic food restriction promotes abnormalities in sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ release.

Animals , Male , Rats , Calcium-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Down-Regulation/physiology , Food Deprivation/physiology , Ryanodine Receptor Calcium Release Channel/metabolism , Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases/metabolism , Calcium-Binding Proteins/genetics , Down-Regulation/genetics , Rats, Inbred WKY , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Ryanodine Receptor Calcium Release Channel/genetics , Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases/genetics