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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878997

ABSTRACT

On the basis of literatures and standards relating to Tibetan medicine, the varieties, origin, standards and efficacy of Saxifragaceae plant used in Tibetan medicine were summarized. According to the findings, 75 species(including varieties) in 8 genera of Saxifragaceae plants, involving 21 varieties, are used in Tibetan medicine. Among them, 9 commonly used varieties, namely Songdi, Sedi, Yajima, Aoledansaierbao, Jiansidawu, Saiguo, Katuer, Sangdi, Maoqinghong, are recorded in Chinese Pharmacopoeia, Ministry Standards for Tibetan Medicine, Tibetan Medicine Standards and other local standards, accounting for 42.9% of the total number of varieties. Tibetan names, Tibetan translation of Chinese names, as well as original plant of Tibetan medicine varieties are quite different in relevant Tibetan medicine standards and literatures, which resulted in common phenomena of synonym and homonym. The standards of most varieties only involve characters, and microscopic, physical and chemical identification, with low quality standards. Based on the results of the analysis, this paper suggests strengthening surveys on herbal textual research, resources and current utilization of Saxifragaceae plants used in Tibetan medicine, summarizing the varieties, establishing improved quality standards, and perfor-ming a comparative study on therapeutic material basis and biological activity of different original plants, in order to promote rational use of these medicinal plant resources, and ensuring the accuracy, safety, and effectiveness of clinical medication.


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Tibetan Traditional , Plants, Medicinal , Reference Standards , Saxifragaceae
2.
Braz. j. biol ; 79(4): 629-638, Nov. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001489

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Hepatocellular carcinoma is the most frequent primary malignancy of liver and accounts for as many as one million deaths worldwide in a year. Objectives The aim of the present study was to evaluate the anti-cancerous efficiency of Bergenia ciliata rhizome against diethylnitrosoamine induced hepatocarcinogenesis in Balb C mice. Methods One percent diethylnitrosoamine was prepared by using 99 ml of normal saline NaCl (0.9 percent) solution to which was added 1 ml of concentrated diethylnitrosoamine (DEN) solution (0.01 μg/μl). Extract of Bergenia ciliata was prepared by maceration technique. Mice were classified into four groups as follows: Group 1 a control group (N=7) received saline solution (3.5 μl/mg), group 2 (N=14) received diethylnitrosoamine (3.5 μl/mg) intraperitoneally once in a week for eight consecutive weeks, group 3 (N=7) received plant extract (150 mg/kg (Body weight)) once in a week, while group 4 (N=7) was given combination of diethylnitrosoamine (3.5 μl/mg) and plant extract (150 mg/kg (Body weight)). After eight weeks of DEN induction group 2 mice were divided into two subgroups containing seven mice each, subgroup 1 was sacrificed while subgroup 2 was treated with plant extract (150 mg/kg (Body weight)) once in a week for eight consecutive weeks. Results The model of DEN injected hepatocellular carcinomic (HCC) mice elicited significant decline in levels of albumin with concomitant significant elevations in tumor markers aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), alpha feto protein (AFP), gamma glutamyl transferase (Y-GT), 5 nucleotidase (5NT), glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH) and bilirubin. The intraperitoneal administration of B. ciliata as a protective agent, produced significant increase in albumin levels with significant decrease in the levels of tumor markers aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), alpha feto protein (AFP), gamma glutamyl transferase (Y-GT), 5 nucleotidase (5NT), glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH) and bilirubin. Conclusion Bergenia ciliata has potent antioxidant activity, radical scavenging capacity and anticancerous properties. Bergenia ciliata extracts may provide a basis for development of anti-cancerous drug.


Resumo Antecedentes O carcinoma hepatocelular é a neoplasia primária mais frequente do fígado e é responsável por até um milhão de mortes em todo o mundo em um ano. Objetivos O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar a eficiência anticancerígena do rizoma de Bergenia ciliata contra a hepatocarcinogênese induzida por dietilnitrosoamina em camundongos balb c. Métodos Um por cento de dietilnitrosoamina foi preparado usando 99 ml de solução salina normal (0,9 por cento) à qual foi adicionado 1 ml de solução concentrada de dietilnitrosoamina (DEN) (0,01 μg / μl). O extrato de Bergenia ciliata foi preparado pela técnica de maceração. Os ratos foram classificados em quatro grupos: Grupo 1 grupo controle (N = 7) recebeu solução salina (3,5 mL / mg), grupo 2 (N = 14) recebeu dietilnitrosoamina (3,5 mL / mg) por via intraperitoneal uma vez por semana para oito semanas consecutivas, o grupo 3 (N = 7) recebeu extrato vegetal (150 mg / kg (peso corporal)) uma vez por semana, enquanto o grupo 4 (N = 7) recebeu combinação de dietilnitrosoamina (3,5 μl / mg) e extrato (150 mg / kg (peso corporal). Após oito semanas do grupo de indução DEN 2 ratos foram divididos em dois subgrupos contendo sete ratos cada, subgrupo 1 foi sacrificado enquanto subgrupo 2 foi tratado com extrato vegetal (150 mg / kg)) uma vez por semana durante oito semanas consecutivas. Resultados O modelo de camundongos hepatocelulares carcinômicos (CHC) injetados com DEN provocou declínio significativo nos níveis de albumina com elevações significativas concomitantes nos marcadores tumorais: aspartato aminotransferase, alanina aminotransferase (ALT), lactato desidrogenase (LDH), proteína alfa feto (AFP), gama glutamiltransferase (Y-GT), 5 nucleotidase (5NT), glicose-6-fosfato ehidrogenase (G6PDH) e bilirrubina. A administração intraperitoneal de B. ciliata como agente protetor produziu um aumento significativo nos níveis de albumina com uma diminuição significativa nos níveis dos marcadores tumorais: aspartato aminotransferase, alanina aminotransferase (ALT), lactato desidrogenase (LDH), proteína alfa feto (AFP), gama glutamiltransferase (Y-GT), 5 nucleotidase (5NT), glicose-6-fosfato desidrogenase (G6PDH) e bilirrubina. Conclusão Bergenia ciliata possui atividade antioxidante potente, capacidade de eliminação de radicais livres e propriedades anticancerígenas. Extratos de Bergenia ciliata podem fornecer uma base para o desenvolvimento de drogas anti-cancerígenas.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/chemically induced , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Diethylnitrosamine/pharmacology , Liver Neoplasms/chemically induced , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Neoplasms, Experimental/chemically induced , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Saxifragaceae , Alkylating Agents/pharmacology , Mice, Inbred BALB C
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777517

ABSTRACT

Chrysosplenium nudicaule,Tibetan name " Yajima",is recorded as an effective medicine for the treatment of liver and gallbladder diseases by Tibetan Pharmacopoeia published in the past dynasties,but its traditional efficacy has not yet been investigated by means of modern pharmacological research methods. In this paper,the protective effect of extract of C. nudicaule(ECN) on liver injury in mice was observed by using the mice model of intrahepatic cholestasis(IC) induced by α-naphthyl isothiocyanate(ANIT) and the possible mechanism by which ECN work as the therapeutic agent was discussed. The results showed that the serum levels of AST,ALT,ALP,DBIL,TBIL and TBA of the model mice were notably reduced in dose-dependent manner(P<0. 01,P<0. 05). The activity of SOD and GSH-Px in the liver homogenate of mice was increased,while the content of MDA was decreased(P<0. 01,P<0. 05).Pathological examination of liver in mice showed that ECN could improve the pathological changes of liver tissue in mice. The mRNA expression level of genes related to bile acid metabolism were detected by RT-PCR and the results suggested that ECN could significantly increase the expression of genes such as BSEP,FXR and MRP2(P<0. 01,P<0. 05),meanwhile significantly reduce the expression of CYP7 A1(P<0. 01,P<0. 05). These results confirmed the protective effect of ECN on intrahepatic cholestasis-induced liver injury in mice,and indicated that the mechanism may be related to activating FXR and its target genes,reducing bile acid synthesis and increasing bile acid excretion. This study provides a modern pharmacological basis for the clinical application of Yajima in Tibetan medicine.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cholestasis, Intrahepatic , Drug Therapy , Liver , Medicine, Tibetan Traditional , Mice , Plant Preparations , Pharmacology , Saxifragaceae , Chemistry
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812558

ABSTRACT

Bergenin, isolated from the herb of Saxifrage stolonifera Curt. (Hu-Er-Cao) has hepatoprotective, anti-inflammatory, antitussive, and neuroprotective activities. The aim of the present study was to establish a simple, rapid, and sensitive RP-HPLC method for determination of bergenin in rat plasma and compare its oral pharmacokinetic behaviors in normal and CCl-induced hepatic injury rats. With norisoboldine as an internal standard, chromatographic separation was performed on a C analytical column with acetonitrile and water (11 : 89, V/V) containing 0.1% formic acid as the mobile phase. A good linearity was obtained over the range of 100-10 000 ng·mL. The lower limit of quantification was 50 ng·mL. The developed method was successfully applied to a study of the pharmacokinetic difference of bergenin (100 mg·kg) between normal and hepatic injury rats after oral administration. Marked alterations of pharmacokinetic parameters in hepatic injury rats were observed. Compared to normal rats, the AUC of bergenin in hepatic injury rats was elevated to 2.11-fold and C was increased by 130%, whereas CL value was only 55% of the normal rats, suggesting that the systemic exposure of bergenin was significantly increased under hepatic injury status.


Subject(s)
Animals , Benzopyrans , Pharmacokinetics , Carbon Tetrachloride , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury , Drug Therapy , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacokinetics , Humans , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Saxifragaceae , Chemistry , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Methods
5.
Natural Product Sciences ; : 154-161, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-49485

ABSTRACT

Phytochemical investigation on the leaves of Pileostegia viburnoides Hook.f.et Thoms led to the isolation of twenty-five compounds, and their structures were identified as n-dotriacontane (1), taraxeryl acetate (2), friedelin (3), epifriedelinol (4), canophyllal (5), stigmast-4-en-3-one (6), stigmasterol (7), (24R)-5A-stigmastane-3,6-dione (8), ursolic acid (9), pomolic acid (10), umbelliferone (11), 4-epifriedelin (12), n-octatriacontanol (13), β-amyrin (14), α-amyrin (15), taraxerol (16), nonadecanol (17), friedelane (18), arachic acid (19), protocatechuic acid (20), n-pentatriacontanol (21), hexadecanoic acid (22), vincosamide (23), daucosterol (24), and skimming (25), respectively. To our best knowledge, compounds 1, 2, 12, 13, 17 - 19 and 21-23 were new within Saxifragaceae family. Compounds 15, 16, and 20 were produced from this genus for the first time. Compounds 4, 14 and 25 were first obtained from species P. viburnoides and compounds 3, 5 - 11, and 24 were achieved from the leaves of P. viburnoides for the first time. Furthermore, the anti-neuroinflammatory activity of these isolates was evaluated.


Subject(s)
Coumarins , Humans , Palmitic Acid , Saxifragaceae , Stigmasterol , Triterpenes
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-299776

ABSTRACT

The research was carried out to establish HPLC fingerprints of Tibetan medicinal herb "Songdi" (Saxifraga umbellulata var. pectinata), and to provide reference for identification an quality control of it. It was performed on an Amethyst-C18-P (4.6 mm x 250 mm, 5 microm) column with the mobile phase of methanol-0.4% formic acid in a linear gradient mode at a flow rate of 1.0 mL x min(-1). The column temperature was 30 degrees C, and the detection wavelength was set at 254 nm. The software for chromatographic fingerprint was applied to analyse the pattern analysis, the common peaks and similarity. Cluster analysis was done based on the common peaks data of 33 samples from different plant species and sources by SPSS software. Ten common chromatographic peaks were identified by fingerprint, showing a low similarity in constituent and variety. Flavonoids and saponins were the principal components. The number and area of peaks were affected by the collection sources and method. The high similarity are showed by the samples derived from the same area with high accuracy and high purity. The method is so simple, exclusive, stable and high repeatable that it can provide reference for identification and quality assessment of "Songdi" (S. umbellulata var. pectinata).


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Tibetan Traditional , Quality Control , Saxifragaceae , Chemistry
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318619

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish a method of microscopic identification of Tibetan medicinal herb " Songdi" (Saxifraga umbellulata var. pectinata).</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The different characteristics and microscopic identification of 4 species of Songdi were compared, including the main variety (Saxifraga umbellulata var. pectinata ) and approximate varieties (S. unguiculata, S. przewalskii and S. tanguTi,) were studied and compared.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The botanical anatomy characteristics of Saxifraga umbellulata var. pectinata (including roots, stems, leaves, flowers, stalks and fruits) have been measured. The methods for powder identifications and transverse section of stems root and leaves of four species of Songdi were established.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Four species of Songdi can be identified by the growth pattern of basal leaves, type of hair, type of inflorescence, number of flowers, proportion of tissue structures in stem, form of pollen grains.</p>


Subject(s)
Medicine, Tibetan Traditional , Microscopy , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Cell Biology , Saxifragaceae , Chemistry , Cell Biology
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350667

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish an HPLC fingerprint of ethyl acetate extraction of Saxifraga stolonifera.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The HPLC analysis was performed on a Diamonsil C18 (4.6 mm x 250 mm, 5 microm) column with isocratic elution of acetonitrile-0.05% phosphoric acid at a flow rate of 1.0 mL x min(-1). The detection wavelength was set at 256 nm and the column temperature was set at 30 degrees C.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The HPLC fingerprint of ethyl acetate extraction of S. stolonifera has been established. There were fifteen common peaks, seven of which were identified by reference substances. The RSD of relative retention time was less than 3% in the precision and repeated tests. Eleven samples from different area can be distinguished from their fingerprints.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>This method is reasonable and reliable and can be used for quality control of S. stolonifera.</p>


Subject(s)
Acetates , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Quality Control , Saxifragaceae , Chemistry
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289417

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the growth index and physiological index of Tianquan Bergenia purpurascens under different shade conditions (100%, 80%, 60%, 40%, 20%), and investigate its adaptation mechanism to shade environment so that it can provide theoretical basis for cultivation and production.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The growth index such as the length, the width and the number of new leaves, and leaf area, fresh weight, dry weight and specific leaf weight of the samples which were collected from the beginning of March to late May under different shade conditions were measured. The physiological index including the contents of photosynthetic pigments, MDA, soluble sugar, soluble protein, proline and the activity of SOD were measured all together.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The growth and morphological index under light intensity 100%-60% were higher than those under light intensity 40%-20%. And except specific leaf weight, the growth and morphological index were significantly higher under light intensity 60% than those under the other shade conditions; The contents of Chla, Chlb, Chl (a + b) and Car under light intensity 100%-60% were higher than those under light intensity 40%-20%, while Chla/b was higher under light intensity 40%-20%; The activity of SOD, soluble sugar, soluble protein and proline contents were higher under light intensity 100%-60%, while MDA content was higher under light intensity 40%-20%. Chl(a+b) content, soluble sugar content and activity of SOD were the highest under light intensity 60%, but MDA content was the lowest.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Sixty percent irradiance treatment was the most favorable to the growth of Tianquan B. purpurascens; 100%-80% irradiance treatments were favorable to its growth; 40%-20% irradiance treatment was negative for its growth.</p>


Subject(s)
Chlorophyll , Metabolism , Light , Photosynthesis , Plant Extracts , Metabolism , Plant Leaves , Chemistry , Metabolism , Radiation Effects , Saxifragaceae , Chemistry , Metabolism , Radiation Effects
10.
International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology. 2010; 7 (4): 629-638
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-98566

ABSTRACT

Physiographic factors along with edaphic conditions play a crucial role in establishment of plant species throughout a region. Identification of the most effective factors is of high importance in sustainable management of a forest ecosystem. This study aims to investigate the relationships between understory vegetation and some environmental factors in natural forest ecosystems. This study has been carried out among the Fagetum orientalis communities of Ramsar Region, located in the north of Iran. For this purpose, 105 releves were sampled by a randomized- systematic method throughout the study area, using the Braun-Blanquet scale. Physiographic parameters such as elevation, as well as slope and orientation were measured. By identification of the herb-layer vegetation contained in each sampling, vegetation composition and cover abundance of species were separately identified. Then, the aforementioned properties of soil were entirely measured in the taken samples. Cluster analysis and detrended correspondence analysis have been applied to classify the site. Moreover, in order to determine the relation between species composition and environmental factors, canonical correspondence analysis was used. Results showed a significant relation between distribution of plant types and environmental factors. Eventually, environmental factors including slope, orientation, silt percent, pH, organic matter and soluble phosphorous were among the most effective factors in establishment of Hedera pastuchowii, Solanum kieseritzkii, Oplismenus undulatifolius, Sedum stoloniferum, Rubus hyrcanus and Saxifraga cymbalaria species


Subject(s)
Ecosystem , Environment , Plants , Hedera , Saxifragaceae , Solanum , Sedum
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328027

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To determine arbutin contents in different populations of Bergenia purpurascens in Yunnan province, for screening out the best resource and best part of B. purpurascens.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The SB-C18 column was used with methanol-water (15: 85) as the mobile phase, at the flow rate of 1 mL x min(-1) and column temperature of 30 degrees C, and 282 nm was selected as the detected wavelength.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>There were much significant differences in arbutin contents among various parts of the same B. population. The sequence of parts from high to low was lamina > petiole > root > rhizome. Arbutin contents in laminae of different B. populations were different at the most significant level and varied between 6.36% and 1.51%. Arbutin contents in rhizomes of different B. populations were also dignificantly different at varied between 1.72% and 0.40%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Lamina is the best part for extracting arbutin. B. population distributed in Laojunshan mountain in Lanping county is the best resource for arbutin exploitation in B. purpurascens.</p>


Subject(s)
Arbutin , China , Plant Extracts , Saxifragaceae , Chemistry
12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 742-746, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-354540

ABSTRACT

To study the chemical constituents of Saxifraga stolonifera (L.) Meeb., chromatographic techniques were applied to separate and purify the compounds, and their structures were confirmed on the basis of physicochemical properties and spectral data. Ten compounds were isolated and identified as 5-O-methylnorbergenin (1), 3, 4-dihydroxyallylbenzene-4-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (2), (7R, 8S)-4, 9, 9'-trihydroxyl-3-methoxyl-7, 8-dihydrobenzofuran-1'-propylneolignan-3'-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (3), quercetin-3-O-beta-D-xylopyranosyl-(1 --> 2)-beta-D-galactopyranoside (4), kaempferol-3-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranoside (5), (3S, 5R, 6R, 7E, 9R)-3, 5, 6, 9-tetrahydroxy-7-megastigmane (6), benzyl-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 --> 6)-beta-D-glucopyranoside (7), p-hydroxyacetophenone (8), pyrogallic acid (9) and p-hydroxyphenol (10). Compound 1 is a new compound. Compounds 2-10 were isolated from this plant for the first time.


Subject(s)
Acetophenones , Chemistry , Benzofurans , Chemistry , Benzopyrans , Chemistry , Glycosides , Chemistry , Molecular Structure , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Pyrogallol , Chemistry , Saxifragaceae , Chemistry
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-262221

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To develop a HPLC method for the determination of arbutin, bergenin and catechin in Chinese herb Bergenia, and to provide a scientific basis for evaluating the quality and reasonable utilization of the herb.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The HPLC analysis was achieved by using a C18 column and methanol-water as the mobile phase, with a flow rate of 1.0 mL min(-1), and detected by UV at 275 nm. The contents of arbutin, bergenin and catechin in the different parts of axial root, fibrous root and blade from Bergenia purpurascens and B. crassifolia.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The contents of arbutin, bergenin and catechin have a few difference in B. purpurascens and B. crassifolia, and varies significantly in the different part of axial root, fibrous root and blade from some species. The contents of bergenin are higher in axial root, fibrous root, and the content of arbutin is higher in blade.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>This HPLC method can be used to determine simultaneously the content of arbutin, bergenin and catechin, and can establish a foundation for scientific study and evaluating the quality of species in Bergenia.</p>


Subject(s)
Arbutin , Benzopyrans , Catechin , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Plant Components, Aerial , Chemistry , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Reproducibility of Results , Saxifragaceae , Chemistry
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246019

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effects of rhizoma Astilbes chinensis in abirritation, blood activation, cough relieving and sputum elimination.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The antalgic function of rhizoma A. chinensis was tested by hot-plate method and writhing reaction. The acute blood-stasis model rats were made by Injection of adrenaline hydrochloride along with stimulation by ice water. The effects of cough relieving and sputum elimination were observed by the ammonia water-induced tussive mice and excretion of phenol red in the airway of mice. The maximum tolerance dose of rhizoma A. chinensis was also determined during the acute toxicity test.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The data were analyzed for statistical significance by t-test, which shows that the decoction of rhizoma A. chinensis is significantly effective in reducing the frequency of licking behavior of mice on hot-plate and writhing response induced by acetic acid, improving the hemarheology of acute blood-stasis model rats, prolonging the latent period, reducing the frequency of cough induced byammonia, and in increasing the quantity of phenol red output from the trachea in mice. The result acute toxicity test shows that maximum tolerance dose of gastrogavage in mice was 400 g x kg(-1). Which was 666. 7 times of that clinically used for human.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Rhizoma A. chinensis has the effects of abirritation, blood activation, cough relieving and sputum elimination, and is safe in clinical application.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Antitussive Agents , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Blood Viscosity , Cough , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Expectorants , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred ICR , Pain Threshold , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Rhizome , Chemistry , Saxifragaceae , Chemistry
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272832

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the chemical constituents in rhizome of Astilbe chinensis.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The constituents were isolated with column chromatographies and the structures were identified by physicochemical properties and spectral analysis (UV, IR, MS, 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR and 2D-NMR).</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The structures were identified as bergenin (1), 11-O-galloylbergenin (2), 4-O-galloylbergenin (3), catechin (4), respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Compound 3 was isolated from Astilbe for the first time.</p>


Subject(s)
Benzopyrans , Chemistry , Catechin , Chemistry , Gallic Acid , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Rhizome , Chemistry , Saxifragaceae , Chemistry
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-271825

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To isolate and determine the chemical constituents from Astilbe chinensis.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Four compounds were isolated and purified by extraction and column chromatography on silica gel. The chemical structures were determined on the basis of physical-chemical evidence and extensive spectral analysis(HR-EIMS, EIMS, 13C-NMR, 1H-NMR, DEPT, 1H-1H-COSY, HMQC and HMBC).</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Their structures were elucidated as beta-sitosterol palmitate I, daucosterol II beta-sitosterol III and Bergenin IV, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Compound I and II were isolated from A. chinensis for the first time.</p>


Subject(s)
Plant Roots , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Saxifragaceae , Chemistry , Sitosterols , Chemistry
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