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An. bras. dermatol ; 94(3): 313-319, May-June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011106


Abstract: Background: Actinic keratosis (AK) represents a risk of progression to squamous cell carcinoma. Ingenol mebutate gel is a novel therapeutic option for field-directed treatment. Objectives: To evaluate the safety, tolerability and patients' perspectives, related to the therapeutic success of managing AKs on the face and scalp with ingenol mebutate gel in Brazilian individuals. Methods: This was an observational, retrospective and descriptive study of 68 areas of actinic keratosis on the face and scalp treated with Ingenol mebutate gel involving a total of 37 patients. The drug was applied for three consecutive days on an area of of 25 cm2 and documentation was performed on baseline and days 4, 8, 15, 60 and 180. On day 4, the composite local skin reaction score was calculated. At the end, a questionnaire was applied to evaluate patients' perspectives about the treatment. Results: Adherence was 100%, no serious adverse events were recorded and the mean composite local skin reaction score (standard deviation) was 8.61±4.22. The treatment was considered optimum by 75.68% of the patients. Study limitations: Calculation of composite local skin reaction score performed only on the fourth day. Conclusions: Treatment with ingenol mebutate gel was considered safe and tolerable in Brazilian subjects. Patients had a maximum adherence rate and a great improvement in self-esteem. The results of this research reproduce the findings of the literature.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Dermatologic Agents/therapeutic use , Diterpenes/therapeutic use , Keratosis, Actinic/drug therapy , Gels/therapeutic use , Scalp Dermatoses/drug therapy , Administration, Cutaneous , Brazil , Surveys and Questionnaires , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Facial Dermatoses/drug therapy
An. bras. dermatol ; 92(1): 142-144, Jan.-Feb. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038244


ABSTRACT Daylight photodynamic therapy has been used in countries with high latitudes during the summer for actinic keratoses treatment with reports of similar efficacy to conventional photodynamic therapy. We evaluate its safety in 20 patients in the city of Fortaleza, a local with low latitude and high brightness. Sixteen patients did not report any discomfort due to the procedure. Daylight photodynamic therapy is an easy application method with great tolerability by the patient and has the possibility of being performed throughout the year in these regions. It can mean a promising tool in the control of skin cancer.

Humans , Photochemotherapy/methods , Scalp Dermatoses/drug therapy , Sunlight , Facial Dermatoses/drug therapy , Keratosis, Actinic/drug therapy , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome , Photosensitizing Agents/therapeutic use , Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation , Aminolevulinic Acid/analogs & derivatives , Aminolevulinic Acid/therapeutic use
An. bras. dermatol ; 91(2): 209-211, Mar.-Apr. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-781359


Abstract The scleroderma en coup de sabre is a variant of localized scleroderma that occurs preferentially in children. The disease progresses with a proliferative and inflammatory phase and later atrophy and residual deformity, which are treated with surgical techniques such as injectable fillers, transplanted or autologous fat grafting and resection of the lesion. Among the most widely used fillers is hyaluronic acid. However, there are limitations that motivate the search for alternatives, such as polymethylmethacrylate, a permanent filler that is biocompatible, non-toxic, non-mutagenic and immunologically inert. In order to illustrate its application, a case of scleroderma en coup de sabre in a 17-year-old patient, who was treated with polymethylmethacrylate with excellent aesthetic results, is reported.

Humans , Male , Adolescent , Scalp Dermatoses/drug therapy , Scleroderma, Localized/drug therapy , Antimutagenic Agents/therapeutic use , Polymethyl Methacrylate/therapeutic use , Scalp Dermatoses/pathology , Scleroderma, Localized/pathology , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Forehead
Rev. chil. dermatol ; 32(3): 153-155, 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-947742


La Pustulosis Erosiva del cuero cabelludo fue descrita por primera vez por Pye, Peachy y Burton en 1979, en mujeres mayores¹. De etiología y patogenia no del todo clara, se relaciona con exposición a trauma local. Se presenta como lesiones erosivas, costrosas y pustulosas de carácter estéril. Su cuadro histológico no es específico, por lo que el diagnóstico es de exclusión. Se han reportado múltiples tratamientos, pero los que han demostrado mejor resultado se basan en el uso de corticoides tópicos de alta potencia y retinoides orales. Presentamos un caso de pustulosis erosiva del cuero cabelludo en un paciente varón y una revisión de los principales aspectos clínicos e histopatológicos de esta enfermedad.

In 1979 Pye, Peachy and Burton described the Erosive Pustular Dermatosis of the scalp in elder women. The etiology and pathogenesis is still unknown; nonetheless, it is most commonly associated with the exposure to local trauma. The disease is manifested as sterile erosive, crusty and pustular lesions on the scalp. Its histological profile is unspecific; therefore, it is a diagnosis of exclusion. Multiple treatments have been reported, high-potency topical corticosteroids and oral retinoids have shown favorable response. Herein we present a case of an erosive pustular dermatosis of the scalp on a male patient and a review of the clinical and histological characteristics of this disease.

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Scalp Dermatoses/diagnosis , Scalp Dermatoses/drug therapy , Scalp Dermatoses/pathology , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Zinc Sulfate/therapeutic use
Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol ; 2015 May-Jun; 81(3): 275-278
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-158311


Scalp mucormycosis in children is extremely rare. We present a case of pediatric scalp mucormycosis caused by Rhizopus oryzae in a 9-year-old diabetic girl who was successfully diagnosed and treated with amphotericin B deoxycholate and wound debridement. At 3 months follow up, the patient was stable although she had lost her vision.

Diabetes Mellitus , Rhizopus oryzae , Amphotericin B/therapeutic use , Blindness , Child , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Mucormycosis/drug therapy , Mucormycosis/etiology , Rhizopus/classification , Rhizopus/pathogenicity , Scalp Dermatoses/drug therapy , Scalp Dermatoses/etiology
An. bras. dermatol ; 88(5): 796-798, out. 2013. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-689733


Erosive pustular dermatosis of the scalp is a rare inflammatory disorder of the scalp, affecting elderly patients after local trauma and leading to scarring or cicatricial alopecia. Case Report: An elderly female patient complained of painful pustules on the parietal region bilaterally with progressive enlargement and ulceration. A biopsy suggested erosive pustular dermatosis of the scalp and the patient was treated with prednisone 40 mg/day and 0.1% topical tacrolimus. After 10 weeks complete closure of the eroded areas was observed and a stable scarring alopecia developed.

A dermatose pustular erosiva do couro cabeludo é uma doença inflamatória rara do couro cabeludo, de ocorrência preferencial em pacientes idosos após trauma local e com evolução para alopecia cicatricial. O caso relatado é de uma paciente idosa feminina que iniciou com pústulas dolorosas em região parietal bilateral com aumento das lesões e exulceração local. Após o diagnóstico histológico de dermatose pustular erosiva do couro cabeludo, foi iniciada prednisona 40 mg/dia e tacrolimus 0,1% tópico. Após 10 semanas evoluiu com cicatrização completa das áreas erosadas e alopecia cicatricial.

Aged , Female , Humans , Glucocorticoids/administration & dosage , Immunosuppressive Agents/administration & dosage , Prednisone/administration & dosage , Scalp Dermatoses/drug therapy , Tacrolimus/administration & dosage , Administration, Cutaneous , Biopsy , Drug Therapy, Combination/methods , Scalp Dermatoses/pathology , Treatment Outcome
Rev. méd. Chile ; 141(4): 525-530, abr. 2013. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-680475


Pemphigus is an autoimmune bullous disease that involves skin and mucous membranes caused by autoantibodies against antigens on the surface of keratinocytes. We report a 30-year-old mole presenting with a five months history of pruriginous alopecic and crusted lesions in the scalp, that extended posteriorly to the trunk and limbs. Mucous membranes were not involved. A skin biopsy was performed, showing extensive loss of epidermis and acantholysis. Immuno fluorescence waspositivefor C3 and intercellular and epidermic IgG. With the presumptive diagnosis of pemphigus vulgaris (PV) without mucous involvement, thepatient was treated with prednisone, observing an excellent clinical response. There are only few cases published in the literature of PV without mucous involvement. Some authors refer to this subtype of PV as "Cutaneous pemphigus vulgaris".

Adult , Humans , Male , Pemphigus/pathology , Biopsy , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Pemphigus/drug therapy , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Scalp Dermatoses/drug therapy , Scalp Dermatoses/pathology
Rev. cuba. med. trop ; 63(3): 275-277, sep.-dic. 2011.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-615560


Introducción: en Cuba se reportaron altas frecuencias de pediculosis capitis desde finales de los años noventa, particularmente en algunos grupos de escolares y sus convivientes. Estos últimos se involucran en la cadena de transmisión de esos insectos y pueden desempeñar, en la actualidad, una función importante como reservorios del parásito. Objetivo: reportar la eficacia del tratamiento con añil cimarrón en una paciente infestada de Pediculus capitis. Métodos: se describe un caso de infestación persistente con pediculosis capitis en una paciente de 55 años de edad, tratada con solución de permetrina 1 por ciento y posteriormente con tintura de añil cimarrón 5 por ciento. Resultados: la identificación microscópica de adultos y estadios pre-adultos del parásito confirmaron la presencia de Pediculus capitis. El tratamiento del cabello con permetrina 1 por ciento no fue eficaz en 2 aplicaciones realizadas. Como alternativa de tratamiento, se aplicó tintura de añil 5 por ciento, lo que permitió disminuir la población de ectoparásitos adultos y logró eliminar la infestación después de una segunda aplicación, con la constante extracción de las liendres realizada por el personal paramédico encargado del caso. Conclusión: la aplicación de este procedimiento inocuo podría servir como alternativa terapéutica para esta afección.

Introduction: pediculosis capitis was very frequently reported in Cuba since the end of the 90's, particularly in some groups of school children and their relatives. The latter are involved in a chain of transmission of these insects and may play an important role at present as parasite reservoirs. Objective: to report on the efficacy of the treatment of one female patient suffering from Pediculus capitis by using 5 percent Indigofera suffruticosa Mill (añil cimarrón) tincture. Methods: a case of persistent infestation with pediculosis capitis was described in which a 55 years-old patient was firstly treated with 1 percent permethrin solution and later with 5 percent Indigofera suffruticosa Mill tincture. Results: the microscopic identification of adult parasites and pre-adult stages of the parasite confirmed the presence of pediculus capitis. The hair treatment with 1 percent permethrin was not effective after two applications. As an alternative, 5 percent Indigofera suffruticosa Mill tincture was used and then the population of adult ectoparasites was reduced and the infestation was eliminated after the second application, with the paramedical staff continuously taking the nits out from the patient's hair. Conclusion: the use of this innocuous method may become a therapeutic alternative to treat this illness.

Animals , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Indigofera , Lice Infestations/drug therapy , Pediculus , Phytotherapy , Plant Extracts/administration & dosage , Scalp Dermatoses/drug therapy
An. bras. dermatol ; 86(4,supl.1): 78-81, jul,-ago. 2011. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-604127


A histiocitose de células de Langerhans é representante de um raro grupo de síndromes histiocitárias, sendo caracterizada pela proliferação das células de Langerhans. Suas manifestações variam de lesão solitária a envolvimento multissistêmico, sendo o acometimento vulvar incomum. Segue-se o relato de caso refratário da doença limitada à pele, em mulher de 57 anos. A paciente apresentava história de pápulas eritematosas ulceradas em couro cabeludo, face, vulva, tronco e axila há seis anos. O diagnóstico da doença é difícil, sendo confirmado neste caso através de estudo imuno-histoquímico e se obteve resposta terapêutica e eficaz, com a administração de talidomida.

Langerhans cell histiocytosis is a member of a group of rare histiocytic syndromes and is characterized for the proliferation of histiocytes called Langerhans'cells. Its manifestations vary from a solitary injury to systemic involvement, and vulvar lesions are uncommon. We describe a refractory case of cutaneous limited disease in a 57-year-old woman. She presented with a 6-year history of an erythematous papular eruption of the scalp, face, vulva, trunk and axillae. The diagnosis is difficult and in this case it was confirmed through immunohistochemical study and clinical improvement was achieved with thalidomide.

Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell/drug therapy , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Skin Diseases/drug therapy , Thalidomide/therapeutic use , Vulvar Diseases/drug therapy , Facial Dermatoses/drug therapy , Facial Dermatoses/pathology , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell/pathology , Scalp Dermatoses/drug therapy , Scalp Dermatoses/pathology , Skin Diseases/pathology , Vulvar Diseases/pathology
Rev. cuba. med. trop ; 62(2): 119-124, Mayo-ago. 2010.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-584945


INTRODUCCIÓN: la automedicación y el uso de diversos productos como pediculicidas parece ser frecuente entre los convivientes para tratar de eliminar los piojos de la cabeza en los escolares. OBJETIVO: analizar el uso deliberado, por los convivientes con educandos de primaria, de diversos productos para controlar la pediculosis capitis en los niños. MÉTODOS: se realizó una encuesta por cuestionario e intercambio de opiniones con 896 convivientes con niños entre 5 y 10 años, que estudiaban en 19 escuelas urbanas y semiurbanas de primera enseñanza, de las provincias de las zonas occidental, central y oriental de Cuba, sobre los productos utilizados para controlar o eliminar los piojos de la cabeza. RESULTADOS: la población encuestada cita más de 40 productos. Entre las sustancias más reportadas se encuentra el alcohol, el DDT y el lindano, que fueron anteriormente rechazados por su toxicidad e ineficacia. Se reportan en uso productos empleados en la agricultura, la salud pública y la medicina veterinaria para el control de plagas; entre ellos, temephos, esteladón, malathion, parathión, baytex; también derivados del petróleo como el líquido de freno, keroseno y la gasolina. CONCLUSIÓN: en el trabajo se refieren numerosas sustancias tóxicas utilizadas en la terapéutica para el control de Pediculus capitis en niños, cuyo riesgo supera los beneficios esperados. Resulta bajo el porcentaje de personas que utilizan la extracción manual como único tratamiento, no obstante ser el método menos dañino y más eficaz.

INTRODUCTION: self-medication and use of several products as peliculicides seem to be common procedures for those persons living with schoolchildren, in order to eliminate head lice. OBJECTIVE: to analyze the deliberate use of several products by the people living with elementary school children, so as to control their pediculosis capitis. METHODS: a questionnaire- and exchange of opinion-based survey on the products used to control or eliminate head lice was administered to 896 people who lived with children aged 5 to 10 years. These children studied in 19 elementary schools in urban and suburban areas located in the western, central and eastern provinces of Cuba. RESULTS: the surveyed population mentioned more than 40 products. Among the most reported substances were alcohol, DDT and lindano which were previously rejected owing to their toxicity and ineffectiveness. There were also reports on products from agricultural, public health and veterinary medicine, including those devoted to plague control such as temephos, steladon, malathion, parathion, baytex; also oil derivatives like brake fluid, kerosene and gasoline. CONCLUSIONS: the paper mentioned a number of toxic substances used in treating Pediculus capitis in children, the risks of which outweighted the expected benefits. The percentage of persons who manually remove lice from the head as the only treatment is low; however, this is the less harmful and more effective method.

Animals , Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Lice Infestations/drug therapy , Pediculus , Scalp Dermatoses/drug therapy , Faculty , Parents , Schools , Surveys and Questionnaires
Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Säo Paulo ; 50(2): 121-122, Mar.-Apr. 2008. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-482226


To compare sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of self-diagnosis for head lice infestation with visual inspection, we conducted a study in an urban slum in Brazil. Individuals were asked about active head lice infestation (self-diagnosis); we performed visual inspection and thereafter wet combing (gold standard). Of the 175 individuals included, 77 (44 percent) had an active head lice infestation. For self-diagnosis, sensitivity (80.5 percent), specificity (91.8 percent), PPV (88.6 percent) and NPV (85.7 percent) were high. Sensitivity of visual inspection was 35.1 percent. Public health professionals can use self-diagnosis as a diagnostic tool, to estimate accurately prevalence of pediculosis in a community, and to monitor ongoing intervention strategies.

Foi conduzido um estudo em uma favela urbana no Brasil com o objetivo de comparar a sensibilidade, especificidade, valor preditivo positivo (VPP) e valor preditivo negativo (VPN) do auto-diagnóstico de pediculose com a inspeção visual. Dos 175 indivíduos incluídos, 77 (44 por cento) apresentavam pediculose. Para o auto-diagnóstico, a sensibilidade (80.5 por cento), a especificidade (91.8 por cento), o VPP (88.6 por cento) e o VPN (85.7 por cento) foram altos. A sensibilidade da inspeção visual foi 35.1 por cento. Profissionais de saúde podem utilizar o auto-diagnóstico como uma ferramenta diagnóstica para estimar de forma acurada a prevalência de pediculose em uma comunidade, como também para monitorar estratégias de controle da doença.

Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Animals , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , Lice Infestations/diagnosis , Poverty Areas , Self-Examination , Scalp Dermatoses/diagnosis , Antiparasitic Agents/therapeutic use , Ivermectin/therapeutic use , Lice Infestations/drug therapy , Pediculus , Sensitivity and Specificity , Scalp Dermatoses/drug therapy
Rev. chil. dermatol ; 23(4): 269-274, 2007.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-480500


La dermatitis seborreica del cuero cabelludo va desde una pitiriasis simple difusa a costras eritematoescamosas. La inflamación y el Pytirosporum ovale juegan un papel importante, por lo que los corticoides tópicos resultan en general exitosos. En el presente estudio se analizan la efectividad y seguridad del uso de clobetasol al 0,05 por ciento en formulación champú, aplicado durante 15 días, por 27 pacientes con dermatitis seborreica moderada o severa. La efectividad fue evaluada a través de analizar prurito, descamación y eritema. La seguridad se evaluó constatando irritación local, eritema y descamación en áreas vecinas. Esta formulación es altamente efectiva, con desaparición del prurito en 92 por ciento de los pacientes a los 15 días de tratamiento. Similar situación ocurre con la disminución del eritema. Respecto a seguridad, en un 4 por ciento de los pacientes advirtió irritación local.

Seborrheic dermatitis of the scalp can manifest itself as anything from a simple diffused pityriasis to erythematous plaques. In all of these, the degree of inflammation and the presence os Pityrosporum ovale play an important role. We present an analysis of the effectiveness and safety of clobetasol shampoo formulation, applied daily for 15 minutes during 15 days, in 27 patients suffering from moderate or severe seborrheic dermatitis. Effectiveness was evaluated through analyzed pruritus, scaling, and erythema. Safety was evaluated by verifying irritation in the area of application, erythema and scaling of surrounding areas. Results were highly effective: pruritus disappeared in 92 percent of patients after 15 days, and erythema decreased in similar terms. Only 4 percent of patients presented local irritation.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Clobetasol/therapeutic use , Dermatitis, Seborrheic/drug therapy , Scalp Dermatoses/drug therapy , Administration, Cutaneous , Clobetasol/administration & dosage , Erythema/drug therapy , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Hair Preparations , Molting , Patient Satisfaction , Pruritus/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome
J Indian Med Assoc ; 2000 Dec; 98(12): 810-1
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-98997


A postmarketing study was conducted on 236 patients from 23 centres suffering from moderate to severe dandruff with a combination of ketoconazole and zinc pyrithione (1%) for a duration of 4 weeks with 2 weeks further follow-up. Scoring of dandruff was done on a 0-10 scale for each of the 6 regions of scalp at each week up to 6 weeks. The results indicate that there was a consistent improvement in dandruff scores over the treatment period and a reduction of > 90% was seen for all areas of scalp individually as well as collectively as compared to baseline. The treatment also showed significant improvement in other signs and symptoms such as erythema and itching, with a highly favourable adverse event profile. The overall assessment for global improvement by investigators showed good-excellent results with high acceptability amongst the patient population for the treatment. A combination shampoo of ketoconazole (2%) and zinc pyrithione (1%) offers a safe and effective option in the treatment of dandruff.

Adolescent , Adult , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use , Female , Hair Preparations/chemistry , Humans , Ketoconazole/therapeutic use , Male , Middle Aged , Organometallic Compounds/therapeutic use , Pyridines/therapeutic use , Scalp Dermatoses/drug therapy , Zinc/therapeutic use