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1.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(3): 397-403, May-June 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449814

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives This study evaluated the radiographic progressions of scoliotic curves higher than 40° in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). These subjects waited for the surgical procedure while elective surgeries were on hold during the COVID-19 pandemic. Inadditiontoradiographicprogressions, this studydescribed the quality of life of these patients. Methods This study is a retrospective cohort assessing 29 AIS patients with surgical indications registered in the Brazilian public healthcare service. We compared the scoliotic radiographic measurements in two moments: at the beginning of the interruption of elective surgeries due to the COVID-19 pandemic and when these procedures resumed. Results When comparing the radiographic measurements before and after the suspension of assessments for elective surgeries, we observed a significant increase in main curve angles ( p < 0.001), with variations ranging from 0 to 68° and a median valueof10°.Insecondary curves, weobserved anincreaseinangles fromthe proximal thoracic ( p < 0.001) and lumbar ( p = 0.001) regions. However, the increase in the main thoracic region was not significant ( p = 0.317). Conclusion The suspension of elective surgeries for AIS resulted in a significant increase in the radiographic values of patients' spine deformities. This increase harmed the quality of life of these subjects and their families.


Resumo Objetivos Neste estudo foram avaliadas as progressões radiográficas das curvas escolióticas, acima de 40 graus em pacientes com escoliose idiopática do adolescente (EIA). Os indivíduos analisados aguardavam o procedimento cirúrgico, em período de suspensão das cirurgias eletivas, durante a pandemia de covid-19. Além das progressões radiográficas, nestapesquisafoi descritaaqualidadedevidadestes pacientes. Métodos O artigo refere-se a um estudo de coorte retrospectivo, que avaliou 29 pacientes com EIA com indicação cirúrgica, todos cadastrados no serviço público de saúde brasileiro. As medidas radiográficas escolióticas dos pacientes foram comparadas em dois momentos: no início do período da interrupção de cirurgias eletivas, devido à pandemia de covid-19, e logo após a liberação destas. Resultados A partir da comparação das medidas radiográficas entre as avaliações pré e pós suspensão das cirurgias eletivas, observamos o aumento significativo dos valores angulares da curva principal (p < 0,001), com variações entre 0 e 68°, e mediana de 10°. Em relação às curvas secundárias, observamos um aumento dos valores angulares da região torácica proximal (p < 0,001) e lombar (p = 0,001). Entretanto, o aumento da região torácica principal não foi considerado significativo (p = 0,317). Conclusão A suspensão das cirurgias eletivas, para a correção da EIA resultou em um aumento significativo no valor radiográfico das deformidades das colunas dos pacientes, fator que promoveu um impacto negativo na qualidade de vida de pacientes e familiares.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Scoliosis/surgery , Unified Health System , Elective Surgical Procedures
2.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(1): 19-22, Jan.-Feb. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1441349

ABSTRACT

Abstract Surgical correction is an effective treatment for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) with deformities over 45°. In the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS, Sistema Único de Saúde), if the surgical procedure is indicated, the patients are placed on a waiting list and wait until the treatment can be performed. An extended waiting period can be harmful due to worsening symptoms and increased treatment costs. Additionally, it has negative effects on the mental health and quality of life of these patients. This paper is a systematic review protocol to answer the following question: "What is the impact of the delayed surgical correction of AIS considering costs and quality of life?" Collecting health status information is the first step to improve high complex public health actions. Future publications from this protocol may serve as a subsidy to point out potential priority criteria to enhance the global health of AIS patients and the management of Brazilian public health financial resources.


Resumo A correção cirúrgica é uma opção efetiva de tratamento para casos de Escoliose Idiopática do Adolescente (EIA) com curvas acima de 45°. No âmbito do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS), os pacientes avaliados nos centros de referência e com indicação cirúrgica são cadastrados em fila de espera até que o tratamento definitivo possa ser realizado. Um período de espera extenso pode ser prejudicial, do ponto de vista de piora dos sintomas e de aumento do custo de tratamento, além de gerar efeitos negativos na saúde mental e na qualidade de vida do paciente. O presente artigo trata-se do protocolo de uma revisão sistemática que buscará responder o questionamento: "Qual o impacto do tempo de espera para correção cirúrgica da EIA do ponto de vista de custo e qualidade de vida?." O aperfeiçoamento das ações de saúde pública, na esfera da alta complexidade, inicia-se com o levantamento de informações sobre a situação de saúde de determinada condição. Diante disso, as futuras publicações provenientes deste protocolo poderão servir como subsídio para apontar possíveis critérios de prioridade, com o intuito de promover melhoria tanto no âmbito da saúde global de portadores de EIA, quanto na gestão financeira da saúde pública brasileira.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Scoliosis/surgery , Spine/surgery , Unified Health System , Waiting Lists
3.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(6): 912-916, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535622

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives To analyze the lower limb strength in both untreated and surgically treated adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients and examine its correlation with the distance covered in a six-minute walking test (6MWT). Methods A total of 88 participants (n = 30 pre-surgery AIS patients, n = 30 postsurgical AIS patients, and n = 28 control) underwent a 6MWT and a muscle strength assessment. The lower limb strength was measured at the knee joint using the knee extension (KE) and knee flexion (KF) peak torque (PT) measurements. Results The control group covered a greater distance in the TC6 compared to both the pre-surgical (534 ± 67 m) and post-surgical (541 ± 69 m) groups, with a distance of 612 ± 70 m (p < 0.001). No differences were observed in KE PT (pre: 2.1 ± 0.63, post: 2.1 ± 0.7, control: 2.2 ± 0.7 Nm.kg-1, p = 0.67) or KF PT (pre: 1.0 ± 0.3, post: 1.1 ± 0.3, control: 1.1 ± 0.5 Nm.kg-1, p = 0.46). A moderate positive correlation was observed between KE PT and 6MWT distance (r = 0.53, p < 0.001), as well as a low positive correlation for KF PT (r = 0.37, p = 0.003) with 6MWT distance. Conclusion This study highlights the importance of lower limb maximal strength in the functionality of AIS patients. Our findings suggest that exercise programs aimed at enhancing lower limb strength, especially the KE, could improve the walking capacity of AIS patients. These results provide useful information for designing purposeful exercise programs for AIS patients with walking deficits.


Resumo Objetivos Analisar a força dos membros inferiores em pacientes com escoliose idiopática do adolescente (EIA) submetidos ou não ao tratamento cirúrgico e examinar sua correlação com a distância percorrida em um teste de caminhada de seis minutos (TC6). Métodos Um total de 88 participantes (n = 30 pacientes com EIA pré-operatório, n = 30 pacientes com EIA pós-operatório e n = 28 controles) foram submetidos ao 6MWT e à avaliação da força muscular. A força dos membros inferiores foi medida na articulação do joelho usando os valores de pico de torque (PT) de extensão do joelho (EJ) e flexão do joelho (FJ). Resultados O grupo controle percorreu uma distância maior no TC6 em comparação aos grupos pré-operatório (534 ± 67 m) e pós-operatório (541 ± 69 m), com distância de 612 ± 70 m (p < 0,001). Não foram observadas diferenças em PT EJ (pré: 2,1 ± 0,63, pós: 2,1 ±0,7, controle: 2,2±0,7 Nm.kg-1, p = 0,67) ou PT FJ (pré: 1,0±0,3, pós: 1,1 ±0,3, controle: 1,1 ±0,5 Nm.kg-1, p = 0,46). Houve uma correlação positiva moderada entre PT EJ e a distância do TC6 (r = 0,53, p<0,001), assim como uma correlação positiva baixa entre PT FJ (r = 0,37, p = 0,003) e a distância do TC6. Conclusão Este estudo destaca a importância da força máxima dos membros inferiores na funcionalidade de pacientes com EIA. Nossos achados sugerem que programas de exercícios destinados a aumentar a força dos membros inferiores, especialmente de EJ, podem melhorar a capacidade de caminhada de pacientes com EIA. Esses resultados fornecem informações úteis para o projeto de programas de exercícios intencionais para pacientes com EIA e déficits de marcha.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Outcome and Process Assessment, Health Care , Scoliosis/surgery , Exercise Test , Muscle Strength
4.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(6): 833-838, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535621

ABSTRACT

Abstract Idiopathic scoliosis is a three-dimensional spinal deformity with axial rotation and lateral inclination with an angle greater than 10º per the Cobb method. The approach to idiopathic scoliosis can be conservative or surgical, depending on the degree of angulation, musculoskeletal development, and age of the child or adolescent. It also depends on the functional impairment resulting from the condition. This study aimed to analyze the impact of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery in idiopathic scoliosis management. This systematic literature review followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) protocol, and its PROSPERO registration number is CRD42022351466. Studies queries occurred from August to September 2022 in the bibliographic databases MEDLINE, The Cochrane Library, and Web of Science. The video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery is a minimally invasive alternative to thoracotomy with significant evolution in recent years. Its main advantages include lower blood loss during the procedure, shorter hospital stays, and improved post-surgical esthetics. Authors mentioned its disadvantages as greater complexity and technological requirement, longer surgical time, and the need for careful selection of the patients per vertebral deviation degree. The use of analgesic and anti-inflammatory drugs was not significantly different between traditional procedures (thoracotomy) and thoracoscopic surgery.


Resumo A escoliose idiopática é caracterizada por um quadro de deformidade tridimensional da coluna vertebral com rotação axial e inclinação lateral com angulação maior que 10º segundo o Método de Cobb. Sua abordagem pode se dar de maneira conservadora ou cirúrgica, a depender do grau de angulação, desenvolvimento osteomuscular e idade da criança ou adolescente acometido, ou ainda, a depender do comprometimento funcional advindo da condição. O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar o impacto da videotoracoscopia na abordagem da escoliose idiopática. Trata-se de uma revisão sistemática de literatura, construída conforme protocolo Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) e registrada no PROSPERO sob número CRD42022351466. A busca por estudos foi realizada entre agosto de 2022 e setembro do mesmo ano, em bancos de dados bibliográficos incluindo MEDLINE, The Cochrane Library e Web of Science. A técnica é uma alternativa minimamente invasiva à toracotomia que apresentou grande evolução nos últimos anos. Destacam-se como principais vantagens a menor perda sanguínea durante procedimento, menor tempo de internação e melhora da estética pós-cirúrgica. Uma das desvantagens citadas pelos autores é a maior complexidade e exigência tecnológica, maior tempo cirúrgico e necessidade de seleção criteriosa dos pacientes, conforme graus de desvio vertebral. O uso de analgésicos e anti-inflamatórios não teve diferença significativa entre os procedimentos tradicionais (toracotomia) ou videotoracoscopia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Scoliosis/surgery , Thoracoscopy , Transanal Endoscopic Surgery
5.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(6): 905-911, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535616

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective This study aimed to identify risk factors for increased perioperative bleeding in scoliosis surgery. Methods This is a prospective cohort study including 30 patients with idiopathic scoliosis undergoing posterior instrumentation using the pedicle screw system at a university hospital. Results Intraoperative blood losses totaled 798.6 ± 340 mL (24.8% of blood volume). Nine subjects presented massive blood loss. On average, hemoglobin dropped by 3.7g/dL, and each patient received 1.4 blood bags. Postoperative blood loss was 693.4±331.1 mL, and the total number of days using a drain was 2.7±0.7. Intraoperatively, the following variables showed significant correlations (p<0.05) with increased bleeding: age, time from diagnosis to treatment, preoperative Cobb angle, amount of curve correction, number of instrumented and fixated levels, total number of screws, and the number of transfused bags. Postoperatively, the following variables had significant correlations (p < 0.05): age, preoperative Cobb angle, length of hospital stay, number of blood bags transfused, and number of levels fixated with screws. Conclusion The variables most contributing to blood loss were age, preoperative Cobb angle, number of blood bags transfused, and number of levels fixated with a screw. Therefore, patients may benefit from surgical treatment while younger and


Resumo Objetivo O objetivo deste estudo é identificar os fatores de risco para o aumento de sangramento perioperatório em cirurgias para tratamento de escoliose. Métodos Estudo de coorte prospectivo incluindo 30 pacientes com escoliose idiopática submetidos à instrumentação posterior com o uso do sistema de parafusos pediculares em um hospital universitário. Resultados As perdas sanguíneas intraoperatórias totalizaram 798,6 ml ±340 ml (24,8% do volume sanguíneo). Houve perda maciça de sangue em 9 pacientes. Em média, a hemoglobina caiu 3,7 g/dl e foram transfundidas 1,4 bolsas de sangue por paciente. A perda sanguínea pós-operatória foi de 693,4 ml ± 331,1ml, e o total de dias utilizando dreno foi 2,7 ± 0,7. No intraoperatório, as seguintes variáveis apresentaram correlações significativas (p < 0,05) com o aumento do sangramento: idade, intervalo entre diagnóstico e tratamento, Cobb pré-operatório, quantidade de correção da curva, número de níveis instrumentados e fixados, número total de parafusos e o número de bolsas transfundidas. No pós-operatório, as seguintes variáveis apresentaram relação (p<0,05): idade, Cobb pré-operatório, tempo de internação, quantidade de bolsas de sangue transfundidas e o número de níveis fixados com parafuso. Conclusão As variáveis que mais contribuíram para a perda sanguínea foram idade, Cobb pré-operatório, quantidade de bolsas de sangue transfundidas e número de níveis fixados com parafuso. Portanto, os pacientes podem se beneficiar do tratamento cirúrgico


Subject(s)
Humans , Scoliosis/surgery , Spinal Fusion , Blood Loss, Surgical , Hemorrhage
6.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 283-291, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986850

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To characterize the paraspinal muscles of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients, and to further explore its etiology.@*METHODS@#Clinical records and paraspinal muscle biopsies at the apex vertebra region during posterior scoliosis correction surgery of 18 AIS were collected from November 2018 to August 2019. Following standardized processing of fresh muscle tissue biopsy, serial sections with conventional hematoxylin-eosin (HE) and histochemical and immunohistochemical (IHC) with antibody Dystrophin-1 (R-domain), Dystrophin-2 (C-terminal), Dystrophin-3 (N-terminal), Dystrophin-total, Myosin (fast), major histocompatibility complex 1 (MHC-1), CD4, CD8, CD20, and CD68 staining were obtained. Biopsy samples were grouped according to the subjects' median Cobb angle (Cobb angle ≥ 55° as severe AIS group and Cobb angle < 55° as mild AIS group) and Nash-Moe's classification respectively, and the corresponding pathological changes were compared between the groups statistically.@*RESULTS@#Among the 18 AIS patients, 8 were in the severe AIS group (Cobb angle ≥55°) and 10 in the mild AIS group (Cobb angle < 55°). Both severe and mild AIS groups presented various of atrophy and degeneration of paraspinal muscles, varying degrees and staining patterns of immune-expression of Dystrophin-3 loss, especially Dystrophin-2 loss in severe AIS group with significant differences, as well as among the Nash-Moe classification subgroups. Besides, infiltration of CD4+ and CD8+ cells in the paraspinal muscles and tendons was observed in all the patients while CD20+ cells were null. The expression of MHC-1 on myolemma was present in some muscle fibers.@*CONCLUSION@#The histologic of paraspinal muscle biopsy in AIS had similar characteristic changes, the expression of Dystrophin protein was significantly reduced and correlated with the severity of scoliosis, suggesting that Dystrophin protein dysfunctions might contribute to the development of scoliosis. Meanwhile, the inflammatory changes of AIS were mainly manifested by T cell infiltration, and there seemed to be a certain correlation between inflammatory cell infiltration, MHC-1 expression and abnormal expression of Dystrophin. Further research along the lines of this result may open up new ideas for the diagnosis of scoliosis and the treatment of paraspinal myopathy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Scoliosis/surgery , Paraspinal Muscles/pathology , Dystrophin , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/pathology , Kyphosis/pathology , Biopsy
7.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 700-705, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981655

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effectiveness of a new point contact pedicle navigation template (referred to as "new navigation template" for simplicity) in assisting screw implantation in scoliosis correction surgery.@*METHODS@#Twenty-five patients with scoliosis, who met the selection criteria between February 2020 and February 2023, were selected as the trial group. During the scoliosis correction surgery, the three-dimensional printed new navigation template was used to assist in screw implantation. Fifty patients who had undergone screw implantation with traditional free-hand implantation technique between February 2019 and February 2023 were matched according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria as the control group. There was no significant difference between the two groups ( P>0.05) in terms of gender, age, disease duration, Cobb angle on the coronal plane of the main curve, Cobb angle at the Bending position of the main curve, the position of the apical vertebrae of the main curve, and the number of vertebrae with the pedicle diameter lower than 50%/75% of the national average, and the number of patients whose apical vertebrae rotation exceeded 40°. The number of fused vertebrae, the number of pedicle screws, the time of pedicle screw implantation, implant bleeding, fluoroscopy frequency, and manual diversion frequency were compared between the two groups. The occurrence of implant complications was observed. Based on the X-ray films at 2 weeks after operation, the pedicle screw grading was recorded, the accuracy of the implant and the main curvature correction rate were calculated.@*RESULTS@#Both groups successfully completed the surgeries. Among them, the trial group implanted 267 screws and fused 177 vertebrae; the control group implanted 523 screws and fused 358 vertebrae. There was no significant difference between the two groups ( P>0.05) in terms of the number of fused vertebrae, the number of pedicle screws, the pedicle screw grading and accuracy, and the main curvature correction rate. However, the time of pedicle screw implantation, implant bleeding, fluoroscopy frequency, and manual diversion frequency were significantly lower in trial group than in control group ( P<0.05). There was no complications related to screws implantation during or after operation in the two groups.@*CONCLUSION@#The new navigation template is suitable for all kinds of deformed vertebral lamina and articular process, which not only improves the accuracy of screw implantation, but also reduces the difficulty of operation, shortens the operation time, and reduces intraoperative bleeding.


Subject(s)
Humans , Orthopedic Procedures , Pedicle Screws , Retrospective Studies , Scoliosis/surgery , Spinal Fusion/methods , Spine , Surgery, Computer-Assisted/methods
8.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 303-312, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981543

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effects of postoperative fusion implantation on the mesoscopic biomechanical properties of vertebrae and bone tissue osteogenesis in idiopathic scoliosis, a macroscopic finite element model of the postoperative fusion device was developed, and a mesoscopic model of the bone unit was developed using the Saint Venant sub-model approach. To simulate human physiological conditions, the differences in biomechanical properties between macroscopic cortical bone and mesoscopic bone units under the same boundary conditions were studied, and the effects of fusion implantation on bone tissue growth at the mesoscopic scale were analyzed. The results showed that the stresses in the mesoscopic structure of the lumbar spine increased compared to the macroscopic structure, and the mesoscopic stress in this case is 2.606 to 5.958 times of the macroscopic stress; the stresses in the upper bone unit of the fusion device were greater than those in the lower part; the average stresses in the upper vertebral body end surfaces were ranked in the order of right, left, posterior and anterior; the stresses in the lower vertebral body were ranked in the order of left, posterior, right and anterior; and rotation was the condition with the greatest stress value in the bone unit. It is hypothesized that bone tissue osteogenesis is better on the upper face of the fusion than on the lower face, and that bone tissue growth rate on the upper face is in the order of right, left, posterior, and anterior; while on the lower face, it is in the order of left, posterior, right, and anterior; and that patients' constant rotational movements after surgery is conducive to bone growth. The results of the study may provide a theoretical basis for the design of surgical protocols and optimization of fusion devices for idiopathic scoliosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Scoliosis/surgery , Spinal Fusion/methods , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Osteogenesis , Biomechanical Phenomena/physiology , Finite Element Analysis
9.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 33-37, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928262

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of Chinese massage on the rehabilitation of scoliosis patients undergoing 3D printing orthopedics.@*METHODS@#A retrospective selection of 262 patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis(AIS) who underwent 3D printing technology orthopedics admitted to the Department of Orthopedics in our hospital from January 2013 to January 2019 were selected for clinical research. According to the rehabilitation treatment methods adopted by the patients after the operation, the patients were divided into control group and observation group, there were 131 cases in each group. The observation group was treated with traditional Chinese acupuncture and massage after operation, and the control group was treated with conventional rehabilitation. The torso rotation angle and the maximum Cobb angle before and after intervention were measured and compared between two groups, Oswestry Disability Index(ODI) was used for functional evaluation, and the visual analogue scale(VAS) was used to evaluate the changes in pain before and after rehabilitation intervention.@*RESULTS@#After the intervention, the trunk rotation angle and maximum Cobb angle of the observation group were significantly better than those of the control group, the VAS score of the observation group was significantly lower than that of the control group, ODI in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#After scoliosis patients undergo preoperative 3D printing correction, the scientific and reasonable implementation of TCM acupuncture and massage can effectively improve the patient's vertebral rotation angle, maximum Cobb angle, and improve the patient's spinal function.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Massage , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Orthopedic Procedures , Orthopedics , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Retrospective Studies , Scoliosis/surgery , Spinal Fusion , Treatment Outcome
10.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 69-78, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935582

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the role of minimally invasive crenel lateral lumbar interbody fusion (CLIF) in the decision of fusion level in posterior correction for severe adult degenerative scoliosis. Methods: This is a prospective study.Patients with level Ⅴ and Ⅵ of Lenke-Silva classification who were treated at Department of Orthopedics,the Second Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University from June 2016 to March 2019 were included.First,the enrolled patients completed the preoperative clinical and imaging examination,the Lenke-Silva classification was evaluated,the surgical segments in first-stage CLIF was determined and the fusion segments required for single-stage posterior correction was predicted.After the first-stage CLIF,patients received reassessment of Lenke-Silva classification and global coronal and sagittal balance.Patients were divided into two groups:the effective group (level of Lenke-Silva classification decreased) and the ineffective group (level of Lenke-Silva classification unchanged).Second-stage posterior surgery was performed based on the results of reassessments.The fusion segment,Cobb angle,parameters of global coronal and sagittal plane,visual analogue pain score (VAS) and Oswestry disability index (ODI) were compared between the two groups preoperatively,after first-stage CLIF,second-stage posterior fixation and at the final follow-up.The potential factors associated with the decrease of the level of Lenke-Silva classification were recorded and compared between the two groups.Independent sample t test,repeated measure analysis of variance,rank sum test,χ2 test or Fisher exact method were used to compare the difference among groups. Results: Fifty-four patients were enrolled,including 8 males and 46 females,aged (68.8±5.8) years (range:56 to 77 years).Preoperatively,26 patients were classified as level Ⅴ by Lenke-Silva classification,28 cases were grade Ⅵ.CLIF was performed in 194 segments,with 114 segments(58.8%) receiving anterior column realignment (ACR) and 15 segments(7.7%) using hyperlordotic cages.After first-stage CLIF,22 patients with level Ⅴ and 10 patients with Ⅵ of Lenke-Silva classification decreased and were classified into effective group.The level of the remaining 4 patients with level Ⅴ and 18 patients with grade Ⅵ unchanged and were classified into ineffective group.Preoperatively,the apical vertebrae was below L1 in all 32 patients of effective group and 18 (81.8%,18/22) patients of ineffective group.The difference was statistically significant (P=0.023).There were 7 (31.8%,7/22) patients had continuous osteophyte in front of the intervertebral space in ineffective group,while none patient had continuous osteophyte in front of the intervertebral space in effective group,and the difference was statistically significant (P=0.001).In first-stage CLIF,more intraoperative ACR(71.2% vs.39.5%,χ²=20.660,P<0.01)and hyperlordotic cage (12.7% vs.0,P=0.001) were used in the effective group,while there was less severe cage subsidence after the operation (5.9% vs.15.8%,χ²=4.793,P=0.029) in effective group.After first-stage CLIF,there was no difference in the Cobb angle between the two groups.While,lumbar lordosis (LL) in effective group (34.0±8.3)° was greater than that of the ineffective group (25.5±9.7)° (t=3.478,P=0.001),and the difference between the pelvic incidence (PI) and LL in effective group (15.7±4.6)°was significantly smaller than ineffective group(20.0±10.8)° (t=-2.129,P=0.038).The posterior fusion levels was less,the rate of fusion to thoracic spine region and the actual fusion segment was less than that of single-stage posterior correction in effective group (all P<0.01).All patients were follow-up for 24 to 45 months.There was no significant difference in radiological and clinical results between the two groups after first-,second-stage surgery and at the final follow-up (all P>0.05). Conclusions: First-stage CLIF decreased the Lenke-Silva classification of some patients with severe degenerative scoliosis.Combined with the reassessment of Lenke-Silva classification and global coronal and sagittal plane,it helps to accurately determine the fusion segment.Decrease of Lenke-Silva classification is associated with the preoperative level of apical vertebrae,continuous osteophytes in front of the intervertebral space,intraoperative use of ACR and hyperlordotic cage and the degree of cage subsidence postoperatively.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Animals , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Scoliosis/surgery , Spinal Fusion , Treatment Outcome
11.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(4): 523-527, July-Aug. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341167

ABSTRACT

Abstract Vascular compression of the third part of the duodenum by the superior mesenteric artery results in an unusual occlusion of the duodenal transit known as superior mesenteric artery syndrome. This syndrome can occur after surgeries to correct spinal deformities in a rate ranging from 0.5% to 4.7%. It results from a positional alteration of the artery emergency point due to a change in trunk length after surgery. It is associated with risk factors such as low body mass index and weight loss. Patients usually present with intestinal occlusion, abdominal pain, nausea, bilious vomiting, and early satiety. Superior mesenteric artery syndrome must be recognized early to institute an adequate treatment, which can be clinical (with gastric tube for decompression and nutritional support) or require a surgical procedure. Secondary complications related to superior mesenteric artery syndrome include delayed surgical and nutritional recovery, healing problems, and prolonged hospitalization. The present study aims to report a case of superior mesenteric artery syndrome in a patient with neuromuscular scoliosis secondary to a transverse myelitis who underwent surgical treatment for spinal deformity correction.


Resumo A compressão vascular da terceira parte do duodeno pela artéria mesentérica superior resulta no desenvolvimento de uma condição incomum de oclusão do trânsito duodenal conhecida como síndrome da artéria mesentérica superior. Este fenômeno pode acontecer após cirurgias de correção de deformidades da coluna, e sua taxa de ocorrência é de 0,5 a 4,7% dos casos. Isso ocorre em virtude da alteração do posicionamento do ponto de emergência da artéria, decorrente da mudança do comprimento do tronco após a cirurgia, e está associado a fatores de risco, como baixo índice de massa corpórea e perda ponderal. Os pacientes costumam se apresentar com um quadro de oclusão intestinal, com dor abdominal, náusea, vômito bilioso e saciedade precoce. O reconhecimento desta condição é importante para instituir o tratamento adequado, que varia do tratamento clínico, com sondagem e descompressão gástrica associados a suporte nutricional; à necessidade de abordagem cirúrgica. Complicações secundárias relacionadas à síndrome da artéria mesentérica superior incluem: recuperação cirúrgica e nutricional retardadas, problemas com a cicatrização e hospitalização prolongada. O objetivo do presente estudo é relatar um caso de síndrome da artéria mesentérica superior, ocorrido em um paciente com escoliose neuromuscular secundária a sequela de mielite transversa, submetido ao tratamento cirúrgico da deformidade da coluna.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Scoliosis/surgery , Spinal Fusion , Superior Mesenteric Artery Syndrome/complications , Intestinal Obstruction
12.
Rev Chil Anest ; 50(4): 605-608, 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1526321

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Erector spinae plane block (ESPB) is a recently described technique (2016); its use as continuous analgesia with an intrafascial catheter in anterior scoliosis surgery for pediatric patients in intensive care unit (ICU) has not been reported in the literature. OBJECTIVE: To describe the use of an intrafascial catheter in the erector spinae for continuous infusion and patient-controlled analgesia as a postoperative analgesic technique in anterior scoliosis surgery. CLINICAL CASE: 15-year-old patient weighing 34 kg, diagnosed with scoliosis with 110° Cobb angle in the context of neurofibromatosis, subjected to anterior corrective surgery with continuous analgesia and patient-controlled analgesia through an intrafascial catheter in the erector spinae. CONCLUSIONS: The use of continuous intrafascial analgesia and patient-controlled analgesia in the erector spinae provided adequate analgesic control in the postoperative period of corrective anterior scoliosis surgery in a pediatric patient in ICU.


INTRODUCCIÓN: El bloqueo del plano del erector de la espina (ESPB) es una técnica de reciente descripción (2016). Su uso como analgesia continua con catéter intrafascial en cirugía de escoliosis por vía anterior para pacientes pediátricos en unidad de cuidados intensivos (UCI) no ha sido reportado en la literatura. OBJETIVO: Describir el uso del catéter intrafascial del erector de la espina como técnica analgésica posoperatoria en cirugía de escoliosis vía anterior con analgesia en infusión continua y controlada por el paciente. CASO CLÍNICO: Paciente de 15 años, peso 34 kg, con diagnóstico de escoliosis con ángulo de Cobb 110° en el contexto de neurofibromatosis, sometido a cirugía correctiva vía anterior con analgesia continua y controlada por el paciente mediante catéter intrafascial en erector de la espina en UCI. CONCLUSIONES: El uso de analgesia intrafascial continua y controlada por el paciente por catéter en el erector de la espina resulta en un adecuado control analgésico posoperatorio de cirugía correctiva de escoliosis via anterior en un paciente pediátrico en UCI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Scoliosis/surgery , Analgesia, Epidural/methods , Analgesia, Patient-Controlled , Nerve Block/methods , Pain Management/methods , Paraspinal Muscles , Analgesics/administration & dosage
13.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 928-923, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921920

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effect of degenerative scoliosis on the difficulty and efficacy of minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion(MIS-TLIF) in the treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis.@*METHODS@#From September 2016 to September 2019, 52 patients with lumbar spinal stenosis treated by MIS-TLIF were retrospectively analyzed, including 16 males and 36 females, aged from 42 to 71(63.44±5.96) years old, the course of disease from 1.5 to 6.5 years, with an average of (3.69±1.10) years. All patients had lower extremity root pain or numbness, 41 patients had intermittent claudication. There were 31 cases of L@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 12 to 36 months, with an average of (19.58±5.33) months. The operation time and intraoperative bleeding in stenosis group were better than those in scoliosis group (@*CONCLUSION@#For patients with lumbar spinal stenosis undergoing MIS-TLIF, degenerative scoliosis can lead to prolonged operation time and increased bleeding. However, it has no significant effect on therelief of postoperative symptoms, postoperative complications and the recovery of lumbar function.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Retrospective Studies , Scoliosis/surgery , Spinal Fusion , Spinal Stenosis/surgery , Treatment Outcome
14.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(3): 209-214, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137184

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives: The study assessed the role of acute hemodilution in the blood transfusion rate in patients submitted to surgical treatment of scoliosis. Methods: Retrospective observational study performed at Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo (HC-FMRP-USP). Medical charts of patients submitted to elective correction of scoliosis between January 1996 and December 2016 were analyzed. Variables assessed were: age, weight, sex, presence of comorbidities, data regarding anesthesia and surgery, lab data, adverse events and blood transfusion rate. The final sample consisted of 33 procedures performed by the same anesthesiologist and same surgeon, divided into two groups: Hemodilution Group (n = 16) and Control Group (n = 17). Indication of acute normovolemic hemodilution was determined by patient refusal of blood transfusion for religious reasons. Results: The sample was statistically homogeneous and the groups were compared in terms of the attributes analyzed. The volume of homologous blood used by the Hemodilution Group was significantly lower than the Control Group (p = 0.0016). The percentage of patients who required transfusion was 12.5% in the Hemodilution Group, while it was 70.69% (p = 0.0013) in the Control Group. Upon hospital discharge, mean values of hemoglobin and hematocrit between groups did not present significant differences (p = 0.0679; p = 0.1027, respectively). Conclusions: Acute normovolemic hemodilution, in scoliosis correction surgeries, reduces blood transfusion rates, meeting patient needs without increasing adverse events or infection rates.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos: Este estudo avaliou o papel da hemodiluição aguda na taxa de transfusão sanguínea em pacientes submetidos a tratamento cirúrgico de escoliose. Método: Estudo observacional retrospectivo realizado no Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo (HCFMRP/USP). Analisados prontuários de pacientes submetidos à correção de escoliose no período entre janeiro de 1996 a dezembro de 2016, em regime eletivo. As variáveis avaliadas foram: idade, peso, sexo, presença de doenças concomitantes, dados referentes à anestesia e à cirurgia, dados laboratoriais, eventos adversos e taxa de transfusão sanguínea. A amostra final foi composta por 33 procedimentos realizados pelo mesmo médico anestesiologista e pelo mesmo cirurgião, divididos em dois grupos: Grupo Hemodiluição (n = 16) e Grupo Controle (n = 17). A indicação de hemodiluição normovolêmica aguda foi determinada pela recusa à transfusão sanguínea pelos pacientes, por motivos religiosos. Resultados: A amostra foi estatisticamente homogênea e os grupos foram comparados considerando os atributos analisados. O volume de sangue homólogo utilizado pelo Grupo Hemodiluição foi significativamente menor que no Grupo Controle (p = 0,0016). A porcentagem de pacientes que necessitou transfusão foi de 12,5% no grupo Hemodiluição, enquanto no Grupo Controle foi de 70,69% (p = 0,0013). Na alta hospitalar, os valores médios de hemoglobina e hematócrito entre os grupos não apresentaram diferenças significantes (p = 0,0679; p = 0,1027, respectivamente). Conclusões: A hemodiluição normovolêmica aguda, em cirurgias para correção de escoliose, reduz a taxa de transfusão sanguínea, satisfazendo as necessidades dos pacientes sem aumentar as taxas de eventos adversos e de infecção.


Subject(s)
Scoliosis/surgery , Blood Transfusion/statistics & numerical data , Hemodilution/methods , Retrospective Studies
15.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(3): e342-e347, jun. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1117379

ABSTRACT

La escoliosis idiopática es la flexión y rotación anómala de los cuerpos vertebrales, que puede causar sintomatología respiratoria y alteración de función pulmonar. El síndrome de la espalda recta es una alteración caracterizada por una disminución del diámetro anteroposterior del tórax. Se presenta a una paciente de 13 años afectada de escoliosis idiopática que desarrolló disnea de esfuerzo progresiva, estridor inspiratorio y disminución importante de función pulmonar, secundaria a compresión extrínseca del bronquio principal derecho y tercio medio traqueal por cuerpos vertebrales torácicos. A su vez, tenía una disminución del diámetro anteroposterior del tórax, factor determinante en la aparición de los síntomas. Se intervino mediante fijación de vértebra torácica T3-T11, con posterior mejoría clínica y funcional respiratoria.La escoliosis asociada a alteración de función pulmonar y estridor debe hacer sospechar la existencia de compresión de la vía aérea, especialmente, en pacientes con reducción del diámetro anteroposterior del tóra


Idiopathic scoliosis is the abnormal flexion and rotation of the vertebral bodies, causing respiratory symptoms and altered pulmonary function. Straight back syndrome is a decreased in the anteroposterior diameter of the thorax. We present a 13-year-old patient with idiopathic scoliosis who developed progressive dyspnea, inspiratory stridor and a significant decrease in pulmonary function, because of extrinsic compression of the right main bronchus and the middle third of trachea by the thoracic vertebral bodies. She had also a decreased anteroposterior diameter of the thorax, being a determining factor in the appearance of symptoms. Surgery was performed by thoracic vertebra fixation T3 to T11, with subsequent clinical and functional respiratory improvement.Scoliosis associated with altered pulmonary function and stridor should make us suspect the existence of airway compression, especially in patients with reduction of the anteroposterior diameter of the thorax


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Scoliosis/surgery , Airway Obstruction , Congenital Abnormalities , Dyspnea
16.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eAO4831, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090046

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the impact of training in the Practical Life Room on patients experience during hospitalization. Methods Subjects submitted to orthopedic surgeries were randomized to two groups (Control and Intervention) in the postoperative period. The Control Group received only the printed guidelines regarding the postoperative period, and the Intervention Group received the printed guidelines and a demonstration and training session with a physical therapist, in an environment created to simulate a house and its rooms (living room, bedroom, kitchen, laundry and bathroom). The participants of both groups answered the questionnaire Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems on the day of discharge. Results Sixty-eight subjects were included in the study, 30 (44.1%) in the Control Group and 38 (55.9%) in the Intervention Group. The Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems questionnaire score showed no significant difference between the groups (p=0.496). Conclusion There was no influence of the proposed intervention on the results of the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems questionnaire, perhaps because of the limitation of the instrument or due to the fact it was employed when patients were still hospitalized. However, by reports from patients in the Intervention Group about felling better prepared and safer for performing daily activities, it is believed that patient education approaches through demonstration should be included as part of the process to prepare for discharge, whenever possible.


RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar o impacto do treinamento no Ambiente Vida Prática na experiência do paciente durante a internação. Métodos Pacientes em pós-operatório de cirurgias ortopédicas foram randomizados em dois grupos (Controle e Intervenção). O Grupo Controle recebeu orientações por escrito quanto ao pós-operatório, e o Grupo Intervenção recebeu adicionalmente uma sessão de demonstração e treinamento em um ambiente criado para simular uma casa e seus cômodos (sala, quarto, cozinha, lavanderia e banheiro) com profissional fisioterapeuta. Os participantes de ambos os grupos responderam o Questionário de Avaliação do Paciente Internado Relativo aos Sistemas e Prestadores de Cuidados de Saúde no dia da alta hospitalar. Resultados Foram analisados 68 indivíduos, sendo 30 (44,1%) do Grupo Controle e 38 (55,9%) do Grupo Intervenção. O escore do Questionário de Avaliação do Paciente Internado Relativo aos Sistemas e Prestadores de Cuidados de Saúde foi semelhante entre os dois grupos (p=0,496). Conclusão Não houve influência da intervenção proposta nos resultados do Questionário de Avaliação do Paciente Internado Relativo aos Sistemas e Prestadores de Cuidados de Saúde, talvez por limitação do instrumento ou por sua aplicação com o paciente ainda internado. Entretanto, por relatos dos pacientes do Grupo Intervenção sobre maior preparo e segurança para a execução das atividades do cotidiano, acredita-se que abordagens de educação do paciente por meio de demonstração devam ser inseridas como parte do processo de preparação para a alta, sempre que possível.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Activities of Daily Living , Patient Education as Topic/methods , Orthopedic Procedures/rehabilitation , Simulation Training/methods , Patient Discharge , Postoperative Period , Arthroplasty/rehabilitation , Scoliosis/surgery , Scoliosis/rehabilitation , Surveys and Questionnaires , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Patient Satisfaction , Statistics, Nonparametric , Hospitalization , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/surgery , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/rehabilitation
17.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 875-880, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942089

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical efficacy of short-term halo-pelvic traction (HPT) combined with surgery in the treatment of severe spinal deformities.@*METHODS@#In the study, 24 patients diagnosed as severe spinal deformity accepted the treatment of one-stage short-term HPT and two-stage surgery from January 2015 to May 2018 in our orthopedics department. 24 cases (9 males and 15 females) were retrospectively reviewed. The average age of the cohort was (28.8±10.0) years (12-48 years). The height, scoliosis angle, kyphosis angle, the height difference of shoulders, the height difference of crista iliaca, C7PL-CSVL and the perpendicular distance of S1 and the convex point of the patients were assessed at pre-traction, post-traction and post-surgery. The paired t test was used to analyze the difference among pre-traction, post-traction and post-surgery.@*RESULTS@#The average traction time of 24 cases was (2.5±1.1) weeks (1-5 weeks). The height of pre-traction and post-traction were (141.7±11.2) cm (116-167 cm) and (154.1±9.5) cm (136-176 cm) respectively, showing significant difference (P < 0.05), and the increased height was (12.4±4.6) cm (4-20 cm). The average scoliosis angle before traction was 104.9°±35.0°(25°-158°), and it was significantly decreased in post-traction[64.8°±21.0°(19°-92°)] and post-surgery[39.3°±17.0° (10°-70°)] (P < 0.05). The traction's coronal correction rate was 37.2%±10.9% (11.9%-51.2%) and the total coronal correction rate was 61.9%±12.6%(26.9%-79.0%). The average kyphosis angle before traction was 106.9°±29.2°(54°-163°), and it was significantly decreased in post-traction [63.1°±17.1°(32°-92°)] and post-surgery [39.0°±16.8°(10°-68°)](P < 0.05). The traction's sagittal correction rate was 40.0%±10.7%(16.7%-55.5%) and the total sagittal correction rate was 64.3%±10.7%(49.0%-87.5%). The average C7PL-CSVL before traction was (3.2±2.8) cm, and it was significantly decreased in post-traction [(2.5±2.5) cm] (P < 0.05). The perpendicular distance of S1 and the convex point before traction was (10.5±4.8) cm, and it was significantly decreased in post-traction[(8.4±3.5) cm] (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The one-stage short-term HPT combined with two-stage surgery is a safe and effective procedure for severe spinal deformities. The clinical efficacy is satisfactory and the complication is relatively less.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Kyphosis/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Scoliosis/surgery , Traction , Treatment Outcome
18.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 77(7): 470-477, July 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011362

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) has gained much attention in the last few years because of the approval of the first intrathecal treatment for this neurodegenerative disease. Latin America needs to develop the demographics of SMA, timely access to diagnosis, and appropriate following of the standards of care recommendations for patients. These are essential steps to guide health policies. Methods This was a descriptive study of a cohort of SMA patients from all over Chile. We analyzed the clinical, motor functional, and social data, as well as the care status of nutritional, respiratory and skeletal conditions. We also measured the SMN2 copy number in this population. Results We recruited 92 patients: 50 male; 23 SMA type-1, 36 SMA type-2 and 33 SMA type-3. The median age at genetic diagnosis was 5, 24 and 132 months. We evaluated the SMN2 copy number in 57 patients. The SMA type-1 patients were tracheostomized and fed by gastrostomy in a 69.6 % of cases, 65% of SMA type-2 patients received nocturnal noninvasive ventilation, and 37% of the whole cohort underwent scoliosis surgery. Conclusion Ventilatory care for SMA type-1 is still based mainly on tracheostomy. This Chilean cohort of SMA patients had timely access to genetic diagnosis, ventilatory assistance, nutritional support, and scoliosis surgery. In this series, SMA type-1 is underrepresented, probably due to restrictions in access to early diagnosis and the high and early mortality rate.


La Atrofia Muscular Espinal (AME) ha concitado mucha atención en los últimos 2 años debido a la aprobación del primer tratamiento intratecal para esta enfermedad neurodegenerativa. América Latina necesita desarrollar la demografía de AME, un acceso oportuno al diagnóstico y un seguimiento apropiado de los pacientes que incorporen los estándares de atención recomendados por expertos. Estos son pasos esenciales para orientar las futuras políticas de salud en esta enfermedad. Métodos Este es un estudio descriptivo de una cohorte de pacientes con AME de todo el país. Se analizaron los datos clínicos, motores, funcionales, sociales y el estado nutricional, respiratorio y esquelético de los pacientes. También medimos el número de copias del gen SMN2 en esta población. Resultados se reclutaron 92 pacientes, 50 varones; 23 AME tipo 1, 36 AME tipo 2 y 33 AME tipo 3. La edad media al diagnóstico genético fue de 5, 24 y 132 meses respectivamente. Evaluamos el número de copias de SMN2 en 57 pacientes. Un 69,6% de los pacientes con AME tipo 1 estaban traqueostomízados y gastrostomizados , un 65% de los pacientes con AME tipo 2 usaban ventilación nocturna no invasiva y el 37% de toda la cohorte presentaba una cirugía de escoliosis. Conclusión Esta cohorte chilena de pacientes con AME tuvo acceso oportuno al diagnóstico genético, asistencia ventilatoria, apoyo nutricional y cirugía de escoliosis, sin embargo, la atención ventilatoria para AME tipo 1 continúa aun basándose principalmente en la traqueostomía. En esta serie, AME tipo 1 está subrepresentada, probablemente debido a las restricciones en el acceso al diagnóstico temprano y la tasa de mortalidad alta y temprana.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Spinal Muscular Atrophies of Childhood/diagnosis , Neurodegenerative Diseases/diagnosis , Phenotype , Respiration, Artificial , Scoliosis/surgery , Socioeconomic Factors , Biopsy , Spinal Muscular Atrophies of Childhood/mortality , Spinal Muscular Atrophies of Childhood/therapy , Chile/epidemiology , Residence Characteristics , Prevalence , Cohort Studies , Neurodegenerative Diseases/mortality , Neurodegenerative Diseases/therapy , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Electromyography , Genotype
19.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 54(2): 140-148, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013710

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective This was a prospective controlled study with lumbar degenerative disc disease patients submitted to instrumented anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) combined with posterior stabilization. Methods A sample with 64 consecutive patients was operated by the same surgeons over 4 years. Half of the ALIFs occurred at 2 levels, 43.8% at 3 levels, and 6.25% at 1 level. Interbody cages with integrated screws, filled with bone matrix and bone morphogenetic protein 2, were used. Results Half of the patients had undergone previous lumbar spine surgeries, 75% presented with associated degenerative listhesis, and 62.5% had posterior lumbar compression disease. Approximately 56% of the sample had at least 1 risk factor for nonunion. The Oswestry index changed from 71.81 ± 7.22 at the preoperative assessment to 24.75 ± 7.82 at the final follow-up evaluation, while the visual analogue pain scale changed from 7.88 ± 0.70 to 2.44 ± 0.87 (p < 0.001). Clinical and functional improvements increased with the number of operated levels, proving the efficacy of multilevel ALIF, performed in 93.75% of the sample. The global complication rate was of 7.82%, with no major complications. No cases of nonunion were observed. Conclusion Instrumented ALIF combined with posterior stabilization is a successful option for uni- and multilevel degenerative disc disease of the L3 to S1 segments, even in the significant presence of risk factors for nonunion and of previous lumbar surgeries, assuring very satisfactory clinical-functional and radiographic outcomes with a low medium-term complication rate.


Resumo Objetivo Estudo prospectivo controlado em pacientes com discopatia degenerativa submetidos a artrodese intersomática lombar anterior instrumentada combinada com estabilização posterior. Métodos Amostra com64 pacientes consecutivos operados pelos mesmos cirurgiões ao longo de quatro anos. Metade das artrodeses intersomática lombar anterior foi efetuada emdois níveis, 43,8% emtrês níveis e 6,25% emumnível. Foramusadas caixas intersomáticas com parafusos integrados preenchidas com matriz óssea e proteína morfogenética óssea 2. Resultados Metade da amostra apresentava cirurgias prévias à coluna lombar, 75% listeses degenerativas associadas e 62,5% patologia compressiva posterior da coluna lombar. Aproximadamente 56% da amostra apresentavam pelo menos um fator de risco de não união da artrodese. O índice Oswestry passou de 71,81 ± 7,22 no pré-operatório para 24,75 ± 7,82 na avaliação no fimdo tempo de seguimento, enquanto a escala visual analógica da dor passou de 7,88 ± 0,70 para 2,44 ± 0,87 (p < 0,001). Amelhoria clínicofuncional foi crescente de acordo com a intervenção num número superior de níveis, o que comprova a eficácia da artrodese intersomática lombar anterior multinível, aplicada em 93,75% da amostra. Ataxa global de complicações foi de 7,82% e de complicaçõesmajor de 0%. Não se identificou qualquer caso de não união. Conclusão A artrodese intersomática lombar anterior instrumentada combinada com estabilização posterior é uma opção de sucesso na discopatia degenerativa uni ou multinível dos segmentos de L3 a S1, mesmo empresença significativa de fatores de


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Scoliosis/surgery , Spinal Fusion , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery
20.
Coluna/Columna ; 18(1): 14-16, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-984325

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the healing of the modified inverted "Y" incision in patients with scoliosis due to myelomeningocele. Methods: Retrospective study through medical records review of patients with myelomeningocele surgically treated with a modified inverted "Y" approach between January 2013 and December 2015. Results: We analyzed the medical records of six patients. Two patients progressed with skin complications in the immediate postoperative period and only one of them required surgical intervention for debridement and suturing. In another patient, it was necessary to perform two surgical reviews due to material failure without skin complications in these interventions. Conclusions: The modified inverted "Y" technique is a great alternative to traditional incision and inverted "Y" because it has good results in patients with spina bifida associated with poor skin conditions treated surgically for correction of spinal deformities. Level of Evidence IV; Case series.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a cicatrização da modificação da incisão em "Y" invertido em pacientes com escoliose decorrente de mielomeningocele. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo, mediante revisão de prontuários dos pacientes portadores de mielomeningocele, tratados cirurgicamente por um acesso cirúrgico modificado do "Y" invertido, entre janeiro de 2013 e dezembro de 2015. Resultados: Foram analisados os prontuários de seis pacientes. Dois pacientes evoluíram com complicações de pele no pós-operatório imediato, apenas em um deles foi necessária intervenção cirúrgica para debridamento e sutura. Em outro paciente foi necessário realizar duas revisões cirúrgicas, devido a quebra do material, sem ocorrer complicações de pele em todas as abordagens. Conclusão: A variação da técnica em "Y" invertido é uma ótima alternativa à incisão tradicional e ao "Y" invertido, por apresentar bons resultados em pacientes com espinha bífida associada às condições de pele ruins, tratados cirurgicamente para correção de deformidades da coluna vertebral. Nível de evidência IV; Série de casos.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Evaluar la cicatrización de la incisión en "Y" invertida modificada en pacientes con escoliosis derivada de mielomeningocele. Métodos: Estudio retrospectivo mediante revisión de registros médicos de pacientes con mielomeningocele tratados quirúrgicamente por acceso quirúrgico en "Y" invertida modificada entre enero de 2013 y diciembre de 2015. Resultados: Se analizaron los registros médicos de seis pacientes. Dos pacientes desarrollaron complicaciones de piel en el postoperatorio inmediato y sólo en uno de ellos fue necesaria intervención quirúrgica para desbridamiento y sutura. En otro paciente fue necesario realizar dos revisiones quirúrgicas debido al quiebre del material, sin que ocurrieran complicaciones cutáneas en esas intervenciones. Conclusiones: La técnica en "Y" invertida modificada es una excelente alternativa a la incisión tradicional y la "Y" invertida por demostrar buenos resultados en pacientes con espina bífida asociada a malas condiciones cutáneas tratados quirúrgicamente para corrección de deformidades de la columna vertebral. Nivel de evidencia IV; Serie de casos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgical Wound , Scoliosis/surgery , Scoliosis/etiology , Meningomyelocele
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