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1.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(5): 989-996, Sept.-Oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286811

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The big data provided by Google Trends may reveal patterns in health information-seeking behavior on population from Brazil and United States (US). Our objective was to explore and compare patterns of stone disease online information-seeking behaviors in both nations. Materials and Methods: To compare Relative Search Volume (RSV) among different urologic key words we chose "US" and "Brazil" as country and "01/01/2009 - 31/12/2018" as time-range. The final selection included 12 key words in each language. We defined "ureteroscopy" as a reference and compared RSV against it for each term. RSV was adjusted by the reference and normalized in a scale from 0-100. Trend presence was evaluated by Mann Kendall Test and magnitude by Sen's Slope (SS) Estimator. Results: We found an upward trend (p <0.01) in most of the researched terms in both countries. Higher temporal trends were seen for "Kidney Stone" (SS=0.36), "Kidney Pain" (SS=0.39) and "Tamsulosin" (SS=0.21) in the US. Technical treatment terms had little search volumes and no increasing trend. "Kidney Stent" and "Double J" had a significant increase in search trend over time and had a relevant search volume overall in 2018. In Brazil, "Calculo Renal", "Colica Renal", "Dor no Rim" and "Pedra no Rim" had a significant increase in RSV (p <0.001). More common and popular terms as "Kidney Stent" and "Tamsulosin" were highly correlated with "Kidney Pain" and "Kidney Stone" in both countries. Conclusions: In the last decade, there was a significant increase in online search for medical information related to stone-disease. Population from both countries tend to look more for generic terms related to symptoms, the disease, medical management and kidney stent, than for technical treatment vocabulary.


Subject(s)
Humans , Kidney Calculi , Search Engine , United States/epidemiology , Ureteroscopy , Information Seeking Behavior , Language
2.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 60(3): e1117, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347393

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El plastrón apendicular es una tumoración inflamatoria constituida por el apéndice inflamado, vísceras adyacentes y epiplón mayor. Puede contener o no pus (absceso/flemón). Objetivo: Precisar si está indicada la apendicectomía de urgencia o de intervalo en los pacientes con plastrón y/o absceso apendicular sometidos a tratamiento no quirúrgico inicial. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión en las bases de datos bibliográficas Web of Science, PubMed, Medline y Lilacs, mediante el motor de búsqueda Google académico. Se seleccionaron 28 artículos en inglés y español; 20 (71,2 por ciento) correspondieron al quinquenio 2016-20 y el 96,4 por ciento de autores extranjeros. Desarrollo: El estándar actual es el tratamiento no quirúrgico inicial del plastrón y el drenaje percutáneo del absceso. La apendicectomía de intervalo tiene un beneficio mínimo y puede conducir a un aumento de los costos, estancia hospitalaria, antibioticoterapia intravenosa y de la morbilidad. Se debe realizar un seguimiento cuidadoso en enfermos con riesgo de enfermedad inflamatoria intestinal o cáncer de colon, sin importar qué opción se elija (operación de intervalo u observación). Conclusiones: La apendicectomía de urgencia no es recomendable porque el componente inflamatorio la hace técnicamente difícil, puede necesitar una colectomía y aumentar la morbilidad, aunque actualmente, la apendicectomía laparoscópica de urgencia puede ser más rentable y segura. La decisión posterior de la apendicectomía a intervalos sigue siendo discutible. El intervalo recomendado varía entre 6 y 8 semanas, tres y seis meses después de la normalización clínico humoral(AU)


Introduction: Appendiceal plastron is an inflammatory tumor made up of inflamed appendix, adjacent viscera and greater omentum. It may or may not contain pus (abscess/phlegmon). Objective: To specify whether emergency or interval appendectomy is indicated in patients with appendicular abscess and/or plastron who had undergone initial nonsurgical treatment. Methods: A review was carried out in the bibliographic databases Web of Science, PubMed, Medline and Lilacs, using the search engine Google Scholar. Twenty-eight articles were selected, in English and Spanish; twenty (71.2 percent) corresponded to the quinquennium 2016-20, while 96.4 percent were written by foreign authors. Development: The current standard is the initial nonsurgical treatment of the plastron and percutaneous drainage of the abscess. Interval appendectomy has minimal benefits and can lead to increased costs, hospital stay, intravenous antibiotic therapy and morbidity. Patients at risk for inflammatory bowel disease or colon cancer should be carefully followed up, regardless of which option is chosen (interval operation or observation). Conclusions: Emergency appendectomy is not recommended because the inflammatory component makes it technically difficult; it may require colectomy and increase morbidity, although currently, emergency laparoscopic appendectomy may be more profitable and safer. The subsequent decision for interval appendectomy remains debatable. The recommended interval varies from six to eight weeks, three and six months after clinical-humoral normalization(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Appendectomy/methods , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/epidemiology , Abscess/etiology , Emergencies , Databases, Bibliographic , Colectomy/methods , Search Engine/methods
3.
Rev. inf. cient ; 100(3): e3442, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289632

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: El creciente número de casos de COVID-19 a nivel mundial han dado paso al deterioro de la de salud mental y la investigación de nuevos tratamientos; esto ha dado lugar a una explosión de búsquedas en internet de palabras clave. Objetivo: En esta investigación se ha descrito el uso de Google Trends para medir las búsquedas en internet de términos asociados a la pandemia por COVID-19 en distintas regiones de Perú y su potencial para realizar investigaciones en salud. Método: Se midió la tendencia de búsquedas en internet del término "dioxido de cloro" en el período entre el 3 de junio al 3 de septiembre de 2020. Se utilizaron los datos de Google Trends sobre una fracción de las búsquedas de las palabras clave, y se analizaron los resultados de acuerdo con una ubicación geográfica dada y un período definido. Resultados: Se encontró que los países que presentaron mayor nivel de búsqueda para dicho término fueron Bolivia, Perú, Ecuador, Argentina y México. Se encontró correlación positiva alta entre el nivel de búsqueda en Argentina y el número de casos en este país, a comparación de Perú, Ecuador y México, donde la correlación fue positiva muy baja. En el caso de Bolivia, se presentó una correlación negativa muy baja. Google Trends podría, además, definir potencialmente el momento y la ubicación adecuada para practicar estrategias de comunicación de riesgos a las poblaciones afectadas. Conclusiones: Existe correlación entre en número de casos y las búsquedas de dióxido de cloro como medida médica contra la COVID-19.


ABSTRACT Introduction: The increasing worldwide number of cases of COVID-19 has led to the deterioration of mental health and researches of new treatments; this has resulted in an explosion of keyword searches on Internet. Objective: This research has described the use of Google Trends to measure the search queries in internet for terms associated with the COVID-19 pandemic in different regions of Peru as well as its potential to conduct research on health aspects. Method: It was measured the search trends in internet for the term "chlorine dioxide" in the period from June 3 to September 3, 2020. Google trends data were used on a fraction of the keyword searches, and the outcomes were analyzed according to the geographic location and defined period. Results: It was found a higher tendency of searching related terms in Bolivia, Perú, Ecuador, Argentina, and México. A high positive correlation was found between the level of search in Argentina and the number of COVID-19 cases in this country, unlike Peru, Ecuador and Mexico, where the correlation was very low. Instead, in Bolivia there was a very low negative correlation. Google Trends could also potentially define the appropriate time and location to practice risk communication strategies to affected populations. Conclusions: An appropriate risk communication could help to prevent the excessive information intakes, which often causes concern or panic in different populations.


RESUMO Introdução: O crescente número de casos de COVID-19 em todo o mundo tem dado lugar à deterioração da saúde mental e à investigação de novos tratamentos; Isso levou a uma explosão de pesquisas de palavras-chave na Internet. Objetivo: Esta pesquisa descreveu o uso do Google Trends para medir buscas na internet por termos associados à pandemia COVID-19 em diferentes regiões do Peru e seu potencial para a realização de pesquisas em saúde. Método: A tendência das pesquisas na internet do termo "dióxido de cloro" foi medida no período entre 3 de junho e 3 de setembro de 2020. Os dados do Google Trends foram usados ​​em uma fração das pesquisas pelas palavras-chave, e os resultados foram analisados ​​de acordo com uma determinada localização geográfica e um período definido. Resultados: Constatou-se que os países com maior nível de busca por esse termo foram Bolívia, Peru, Equador, Argentina e México. Foi encontrada uma alta correlação positiva entre o nível de pesquisa na Argentina e o número de casos neste país, em comparação com Peru, Equador e México, onde a correlação foi muito baixa positiva. No caso da Bolívia, houve uma correlação negativa muito baixa. O Google Trends também pode definir o momento e o local certos para praticar estratégias de comunicação de risco para as populações afetadas. Conclusões: Há correlação entre o número de casos e as pesquisas de dióxido de cloro como medida médica contra o COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Information Management , Chlorine Dioxide/prevention & control , Search Engine/methods , Internet Access , COVID-19/prevention & control , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Observational Study
4.
Educ. med. super ; 35(2): e2979, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1286234

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La creación del Movimiento de Alumnos Ayudantes "Frank País" fue una valiosa solución de la Revolución cubana al éxodo de profesores universitarios que tuvo lugar en los primeros años de la década de 1960. Este se fundó con el propósito de asegurar la formación de los futuros profesores, investigadores y especialistas, y satisfacer las exigencias del desarrollo de la salud pública cubana. Objetivo: Caracterizar el devenir histórico del Movimiento de Alumnos Ayudantes "Frank País" en el ámbito de la Educación Médica Superior. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio de revisión bibliográfica a través del motor de búsqueda Google Académico, en español e inglés, y sin límite de tiempo. Se emplearon los términos: "Alumnos Ayudantes", "Movimiento de Alumnos Ayudantes", "MAA", "medicina" y "ciencias médicas". Luego de aplicar criterios de inclusión/exclusión se seleccionaron 25 artículos científicos con suficiente calidad y actualidad. Conclusiones: Este Movimiento representa un encomiable logro de la Educación Superior revolucionaria cubana y es expresión, desde su génesis misma, del inmarcesible espíritu de nuestro pueblo de crecerse ante las dificultades y de la constante voluntad del Gobierno revolucionario de posicionar a la educación en un escaño prioritario. Constituye una herramienta formidable, pero insuficientemente empleada para la formación de profesionales del más alto nivel asistencial, docente e investigativo(AU)


Introduction: The creation of Frank País Student Teachers' Movement was a valuable solution of the Cuban Revolution to the exodus of university professors that took place in the early 1960s. It was founded with the purpose of ensuring the formation of future professors, researchers and specialists, as well as meeting the demands of the development of Cuban public health. Objective: To characterize the historical evolution of Frank País Student Teachers' Movement in the field of higher medical education. Methods: A bibliographic review study was carried out using the Google Scholar search engine, in Spanish and English, and without a time limit. The following terms were used: alumno ayudante [student teacher], movimiento de alumnos ayudantes [student teachers' movement], MAA (as it stands in Spanish), Medicina [Medicine] and ciencias médicas [medical sciences]. After applying inclusion and exclusion criteria, 25 scientific articles with sufficient quality and timeliness were finally selected. Conclusions: This Movement represents a formidable achievement of Cuban revolutionary higher education and is an expression, from its very genesis, of our people's unfading spirit to grow during times of difficulties, as well as the revolutionary government's constant will to give education a priority place. It is a formidable tool, but insufficiently used for the training of professionals of the highest level of care, teaching and research(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Education, Higher , Education, Medical/trends , Professional Training , Health Development/methods , Review Literature as Topic , Search Engine/methods
5.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 58(2): e3175, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289396

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La identificación de políticas públicas y estrategias en salud bucal, así como lo relacionado con sus propósitos, acciones y limitaciones, es un paso importante en la acción intersectorial en salud para alcanzar equidad. Objetivo: Describir las características principales de los documentos relacionados con planes, políticas y estrategias en salud bucal en Latinoamérica y el Caribe. Métodos: Estudio exploratorio mediante el análisis documental de fuentes secundarias de información disponibles en las páginas web de los ministerios de salud de 23 países, y rastreo sistemático en el buscador Google, sin restricción espacio-temporal. Se realizó análisis de contenido cuantitativo y cualitativo. Resultados: Se analizaron 85 documentos. Los países con mayor número de documentos relacionados con el tema propuesto fueron Colombia (n = 14), México (n = 8) y Panamá (n = 7). Una buena parte centran su atención en poblaciones específicas; por ejemplo: gestantes, comunidades vulnerables, escolares, maestros, entre otras. Tienen como propósito la disminución de factores de riesgo para las principales enfermedades bucales, desde enfoques relacionados con los determinantes sociales. El enfoque de género es más tímido y centra su atención en necesidades especiales de las mujeres en embarazo, parto y posparto. Los objetivos de la mayoría de los documentos analizados consistían en una atención integral sobre el estado de salud bucodental, mediante acciones de educación, promoción y actividades clínicas a la población, según sus necesidades. Conclusiones: Se encontró una representación importante de países que tienen documentos relacionados con programas y planes nacionales o locales y con indicadores que reflejan su cumplimiento. También existen guías prácticas de actuación. Aunque en el diseño y construcción de los documentos intervienen profesionales, sobre todo de la estomatología, falta la participación de otras áreas del conocimiento que ayudarían a lograr una visión más amplia hacia la determinación social de la salud(AU)


Introduction: The identification of public policies and strategies in oral health, as well as its purposes, actions and limitations is an important step in intersectoral action in health to achieve equity. Objective: To describe the main characteristics of the documents related to oral health plans, policies and strategies in Latin America en the Caribbean. Methods: An exploratory study was conducted by means of documentary analysis of secondary sources of information available on the websites of the ministries of health of 23 countries, and systematic search in the Google, without spatio-temporal restriction. Quantitative and qualitative content analysis was performed. Results: 85 documents were analyzed. The countries with the highest number of documents related to the research topic were Colombia (n = 14), Mexico (n = 8) and Panama (n = 7). A good part is focused on specific populations, such as pregnant women, socially vulnerable communities, school children, teachers, among others. Their purpose is to reduce risk factors for the main oral diseases, making important advances in approaches related to social determinants. However, the gender approach is more timid by focusing attention on the oral health special needs of women in pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum. The main objectives of most of the documents analyzed consisted of an integral attention on the state of oral health, applying education, promotion and clinical activities to the population, according to their needs. Conclusions: An important representation of countries with documents related to national or local programs and plans were found and they have indicators that reflect their compliance. Also practical action guides were described. Although many professionals, especially in dentistry, intervene in the design and construction of documents, the participation of other areas of knowledge is lacking, what will help to achieve a broader vision towards the social determination of health(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Public Policy , Health Programs and Plans , Oral Health/trends , Health Strategies , Public Health Dentistry/methods , Search Engine/methods , Latin America
6.
Medisur ; 19(1): 188-192,
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1180844

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Una gran parte de la búsqueda y consumo de información digital hoy depende de los motores de búsqueda. Muchos usuarios lo utilizan como el primer paso o punto de acceso para comenzar su consulta de información. Por ello, la optimización y al mismo tiempo la visibilidad en estos buscadores, pasa a ser asunto de prioridad para elaboradores o productores de recursos de información. La optimización para los motores de búsqueda (SEO, por sus siglas en inglés) se refiere al proceso por el cual una página web obtiene y mantiene posiciones notables en las páginas de resultados naturales de los buscadores, también llamados resultados orgánicos o algorítmicos. Este trabajo aborda la importancia que esto reviste para lograr una mejor visualización de la información que se genera en las revistas médicas y en el mundo de la documentación en general.


ABSTRACT A great part of the search and consumption of digital information today depends on search engines. Many users use it as the first step or access point to begin their information inquiry. For this reason, optimization and, at the same time, visibility in these search engines, becomes a matter of priority for developers or producers of information resources. Search engine optimization (SEO) refers to the process by which a web page obtains and maintains notable positions on the pages of natural search engine results, also called organic or algorithmic results. This work comprises the importance of this to achieve a better visualization of the information generated in medical journals and in the documentation world in general.


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodicals as Topic , Information Storage and Retrieval/methods , Search Engine/trends , Internet Access/trends , Evaluation Study
7.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 37(10): e00270720, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345613

ABSTRACT

Infodemiology has been widely used to assess epidemics. In light of the recent pandemic, we use Google Search data to explore online interest about COVID-19 and related topics in 20 countries of Latin America and the Caribbean. Data from Google Trends from December 12, 2019, to April 25, 2020, regarding COVID-19 and other related topics were retrieved and correlated with official data on COVID-19 cases and with national epidemiological indicators. The Latin American and Caribbean countries with the most interest for COVID-19 were Peru (100%) and Panama (98.39%). No correlation was found between this interest and national epidemiological indicators. The global and local response time were 20.2 ± 1.2 days and 16.7 ± 15 days, respectively. The duration of public attention was 64.8 ± 12.5 days. The most popular topics related to COVID-19 were: the country's situation (100 ± 0) and coronavirus symptoms (36.82 ± 16.16). Most countries showed a strong or moderated (r = 0.72) significant correlation between searches related to COVID-19 and daily new cases. In addition, the highest significant lag correlation was found on day 13.35 ± 5.76 (r = 0.79). Interest shown by Latin American and Caribbean countries for COVID-19 was high. The degree of online interest in a country does not clearly reflect the magnitude of their epidemiological indicators. The response time and the lag correlation were greater than in European and Asian countries. Less interest was found for preventive measures. Strong correlation between searches for COVID-19 and daily new cases suggests a predictive utility.


La infodemiología ha sido utilizada ampliamente para evaluar epidemias. A la luz de la pandemia reciente, usamos datos de Google Search para investigar el interés en línea sobre COVID-19 y temas relacionados en 20 países de Latinoamérica y el Caribe. Los datos se obtuvieron de Google Trends, desde el 12 de diciembre 2019 al 25 de abril de 2020, respecto a la COVID-19 y otros temas relacionados, y se correlacionaron con datos oficiales sobre casos de COVID-19, así como con indicadores nacionales epidemiológicos. Los países latinoamericanos y del Caribe con mayor interés en la COVID-19 fueron: Perú (100%) y Panamá (98,39%). No se encontró correlación entre este interés y los indicadores nacionales epidemiológicos. Los tiempos de respuesta global y local fueron 20,2 ± 1,2 días and 16,7 ± 15 días, respectivamente. La duración de la atención pública fue 64,8 ± 12,5 días. Los temas más populares relacionados con la COVID-19 fueron: la situación del país (100 ± 0) y síntomas de coronavirus (36,82 ± 16,16). La mayoría de los países mostraron una correlación significativa fuerte o moderada (r = 0,72) entre las búsquedas relacionadas con la COVID-19 y los nuevos casos diarios. Asimismo, se descubrió que la correlación de retraso significativa más alta se produjo el día 13,35 ± 5,76 (r = 0,79). El interés mostrado por países latinoamericanos y del Caribe sobre la COVID-19 fue alto. El grado de interés en línea en un país no refleja claramente la magnitud de sus indicadores epidemiológicos. El tiempo de respuesta y la correlación de retraso fueron mayores que en los países europeos y asiáticos. Se descubrió poco interés respecto a las medidas preventivas. Una fuerte correlación entre las búsquedas de COVID-19 y nuevos casos diarios sugiere una utilidad predictiva.


A infodemiologia tem sido largamente utilizada para avaliar as epidemias. À luz da mais recente pandemia, utilizamos dados da Google Search para explorar o interesse online sobre COVID-19 e temas correlatos em 20 países da América Latina e Caribe. Foram recuperados e correlacionados dados do Google Trends entre 12 de dezembro de 2019 e 25 de abril de 2020, sobre COVID-19 e temas relacionados, com dados oficiais sobre casos de COVID-19 e com indicadores epidemiológicos nacionais. Os países latino-americanos e caribenhos com maior interesse na COVID-19 foram Peru (100%) e Panamá (98.39%). Não foi encontrada correlação entre esse interesse e os indicadores epidemiológicos nacionais. Os tempos de resposta global e local foram de 20,2 ± 1,2 dias e 16,7 ± 15 dias, respectivamente. A duração da atenção do público foi de 64,8 ± 12,5 dias. Os temas mais populares relacionados à COVID-19 foram: a situação do respectivo país (100 ± 0) e os sintomas relacionados ao novo coronavírus (36,82 ± 16,16). A maioria dos países mostrou uma associação significativa forte ou moderada (r = 0,72) entre buscas relacionadas à COVID-19 e casos novos diários. Além disso, a correlação defasada significativa mais alta foi encontrada no dia 13,35 ± 5,76 (r = 0,79). Os países latino-americanos e caribenhos demonstraram forte interesse na COVID-19. O grau de interesse na internet em um país não reflete claramente a magnitude de seus indicadores epidemiológicos. O tempo de resposta e a correlação defasada foram maiores que nos países europeus e asiáticos. Houve pouco interesse em medidas preventivas. A correlação forte entre busca por COVID-19 e casos novos diários sugere utilidade preditiva.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19 , Brazil , Caribbean Region , Search Engine , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Latin America/epidemiology
8.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 19: eAO5969, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286304

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To assess Google Trends accuracy for epidemiological surveillance of dengue and yellow fever, and to compare the incidence of these diseases with the popularity of its terms in the state of São Paulo. Methods Retrospective cohort. Google Trends survey results were compared to the actual incidence of diseases, obtained from Centro de Vigilância Epidemiológica "Prof. Alexandre Vranjac", in São Paulo, Brazil, in periods between 2017 and 2019. The correlation was calculated by Pearson's coefficient and cross-correlation function. The accuracy was analyzed by sensitivity and specificity values. Results There was a statistically significant correlation between the variables studied for both diseases, Pearson coefficient of 0.91 for dengue and 0.86 for yellow fever. Correlation with up to 4 weeks of anticipation for time series was identified. Sensitivity was 87% and 90%, and specificity 69% and 78% for dengue and yellow fever, respectively. Conclusion The incidence of dengue and yellow fever in the State of São Paulo showed a strong correlation with the popularity of its terms measured by Google Trends in weekly periods. Google Trends tool provided early warning, with high sensitivity, for the detection of outbreaks of these diseases.


RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar a acurácia do Google Trends para vigilância epidemiológica de dengue e febre amarela e comparar a incidência dessas doenças com a popularidade de seus termos no estado de São Paulo. Métodos Coorte retrospectiva. Os resultados da pesquisa Google Trends foram comparados com a incidência real de doenças, obtida do Centro de Vigilância Epidemiológica "Prof. Alexandre Vranjac", do estado de São Paulo, nos períodos entre 2017 e 2019. A correlação foi calculada pelo coeficiente de Pearson e pela função de correlação cruzada. A acurácia foi analisada por valores de sensibilidade e especificidade. Resultados Houve correlação estatisticamente significante entre as variáveis estudadas para ambas as doenças, com coeficiente de Pearson de 0,91 para dengue e 0,86 para febre amarela. Foi identificada correlação com até 4 semanas de antecipação para séries temporais. A sensibilidade foi de 87% e 90% e a especificidade de 69% e 78% para dengue e febre amarela, respectivamente. Conclusão A incidência de dengue e febre amarela no estado de São Paulo apresentou forte correlação com a popularidade de seus termos medidos pelo Google Trends em períodos semanais. A ferramenta Google Trends forneceu alerta precoce, com alta sensibilidade, para a detecção de surtos dessas doenças.


Subject(s)
Humans , Yellow Fever/epidemiology , Dengue/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Disease Outbreaks , Retrospective Studies , Search Engine
9.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 25(12): 4939-4944, Dec. 2020. graf
Article in English, Portuguese | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1142726

ABSTRACT

Resumo A trajetória da Revista Ciência & Saúde Coletiva revela um crescente impacto e credibilidade da publicação, que expandiu sua periodicidade e se consolidou como referência na discussão, implementação e memória das políticas públicas e tendências na área de Saúde Coletiva. A opção pelo acesso universal e a difusão em meios digitais contribuiu para o aumento do alcance, tanto em mecanismo de busca quanto em redes sociais trazendo conhecimento científico a um público ampliado.


Abstract The trajectory of the Journal Ciência & Saúde Coletiva reveals a growing impact and credibility of the publication, which expanded its periodicity and consolidated itself as a benchmark in the discussion, implementation, and memory of Collective Health public policies and trends. Universal access and dissemination in digital media increased its outreach, both in search engines and social networks, bringing scientific knowledge to a broader audience.


Subject(s)
Humans , Public Health , Internet , Public Policy , Brazil , Search Engine , Social Networking
10.
Rev. cuba. enferm ; 36(4): e3491, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280301

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La enfermedad de Alzheimer es causa frecuente de demencia, esta tiene impacto social y económico para los pacientes, los sistemas de salud y las familias, lo cual provoca que los enfermos sean atendidos por familiares, amigos o vecinos, que no siempre son personas capacitadas y se les denomina cuidadores informales. Objetivo: Exponer la vinculación de la teoría de Kristen M. Swanson al cuidado del cuidador principal de pacientes con enfermedad de Alzheimer. Métodos: Revisión bibliográfica descriptiva para un análisis crítico reflexivo de contenido de artículos originales, artículos de revisión, libros de la especialidad y tesis de grado. Las palabras clave identificadas en DeCS y operadores booleanos utilizados fueron: "enfermedad de Alzheimer" OR "demencia" AND "cuidadores" AND "teoría de enfermería". La búsqueda fue realizada en las bases de datos SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online) y el motor de búsqueda Google académico, desde mayo hasta junio del 2019. Se consideró como criterio de inclusión los artículos publicados en idioma español e inglés y los disponibles a texto completo en las bases de datos seleccionadas. Se utilizó el diagrama de flujo (PRISMA) para contribuir a la formulación de la estrategia de búsqueda. Conclusiones: Se expuso la teoría de los cuidados de Kristen M. Swanson, representante de la escuela de la interacción, su vínculo en el cuidado del paciente con enfermedad de Alzheimer, así como su posible vinculación en otros contextos en los que se desempeña el personal de enfermería. Se constató la carencia en el contexto cubano de estudios sustentados en esta teoría(AU)


Introduction: Alzheimer's disease is frequent cause of dementia; this has a great social and economic impact for the patients, the health's systems and the families; that which causes that the sick persons are assisted by relatives, friends or neighbors that are not always qualified people and they are denominated informal caregivers. Objective: to present Kristen M. Swanson theory to the principal caregivers care of patient suffering from Alzheimer's disease. Methods: a descriptive bibliographic review was carried out for a critical reflexive analysis of the content of original and review articles, books of the specialty and grade thesis. The keywords identified in DeCS and Boolean operators used: "Alzheimer diseases" OR "dementia" AND "caregivers" AND "nursing theory" The search was carried out in the SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online) and the search motor academic Google database, from May until June of the 2019. It was considered as inclusion criteria articles published in Spanish and English language and, the available ones to complete text in the selected databases. The flow chart (PRISMA) was used to contribute to the formulation of the search strategy. Conclusions: the theory of caring of Kristen M. Swanson was presented, representative of the interaction school, its linking in the Alzheimer disease patient's care, as well as its possible link in other contexts in those that the nursing personnel works. It was confirmed the deficient in the Cuban context of studies sustained in this theory(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Stress, Psychological , Nursing Theory , Caregivers , Alzheimer Disease/epidemiology , Review Literature as Topic , Databases, Bibliographic , Search Engine/methods
11.
Rev. cuba. enferm ; 36(4): e3355, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280291

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La investigación peruana en enfermería atraviesa serias dificultades en cuestión de producción científica. Cambiar esta realidad implica trabajar desde la universidad, donde se espera que quienes asesoran trabajos de investigación puedan aportar. Objetivo: Identificar la frecuencia de publicación científica de asesores de tesis de enfermería de tres universidades del departamento de Puno, Perú. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo, transversal y observacional. Con una población de 66 asesores de tesis de: Universidad Nacional del Altiplano, Universidad Peruana Unión y Universidad Privada San Carlos; realizada entre abril y julio de 2019. Se utilizó una ficha de registro para levantar datos sociodemográficos y la publicación científica fue analizada mediante el buscador de Google Académico y la base de datos de Scopus. Se realizó un análisis descriptivo recurriendo a frecuencias y porcentajes absolutos. Resultados: El 60,61 por ciento de asesores de tesis contaba con grado de magister, 63,64 por ciento trabajaban en la misma universidad, 56,06 por ciento fueron nombrados y 37,88 por ciento tiene hasta 5 años de experiencia en la docencia universitaria. En cuanto a la publicación científica, un 16,67 por ciento publicó alguna vez en su vida y solo 6,06 por ciento en los últimos 3 años; de este grupo, 4 alcanzaron difundir en Scielo y 1 en Scopus. De las publicaciones, 10 son originales y 1 es de revisión. Ningún asesor(a) se encuentra registrado como investigador en el Renacyt de Concytec-Perú. Conclusión: La frecuencia de publicación de asesores de tesis de enfermería en 3 universidades de Puno, Perú, es baja y preocupante(AU)


Introduction: Peruvian nursing research is going through serious difficulties in terms of scientific production. Changing this reality implies working from the university, where those who advise research work are expected to contribute. Objective: To identify the frequency of scientific publication of nursing thesis advisors from 3 universities in the department of Puno, Peru. Methods: Descriptive, cross-sectional and observational study. With a population of 66 thesis advisers from: Universidad Nacional del Altiplano, Universidad Peruana Unión and Universidad Privada San Carlos; carried out between april - july 2019. A registration form was used to collect sociodemographic data and the scientific publication was analyzed using the Google Scholar search engine and the Scopus database. A descriptive analysis was performed using absolute frequencies and percentages. Ethical considerations were taken into account. Results: 60.61 percent of thesis advisors have a master's degree, 63.64 percent work at the same university, 56.06 percent are appointed and 37.88 percent have up to 5 years of experience in university teaching. Regarding scientific publication, 16.67 percent published sometime in their life and only 6.06 percent in the last 3 years; Of this group, 4 managed to spread in Scielo and 1 in Scopus. Of the publications, 10 are original and 1 is for review. No consultant is registered as a researcher at the Renacyt de Concytec-Perú. Conclusion: the frequency of publication of nursing thesis advisors in 3 universities in Puno, Peru, is low and worrying(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Nursing Research/methods , Scientific and Technical Publications , Faculty, Nursing , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Studies as Topic , Search Engine/methods
12.
Rev. cuba. endocrinol ; 31(3): e250, sept.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156399

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los medicamentos inhibidores del cotransportador sodio-glucosa actúan inhibiéndose de forma selectiva y reversible a nivel renal. A través de este mecanismo, reducen la reabsorción de glucosa, la cual pasa a excretarse por la orina y de esta forma, contribuyen a normalizar la glucemia. Objetivo: Describir la función de los inhibidores del cotransportador sodio-glucosa tipo 2 en el tratamiento de la diabetes mellitus. Métodos: Se utilizó como buscador de información científica a Google Académico, Google, Pubmed y SciELO. Se evaluaron artículos de revisión, de investigación y páginas Web, que en general, tenían menos de 10 años de publicados, en idioma español, portugués o inglés. Fueron excluidos los artículos que no cumplieron con estos requisitos. Esto permitió el estudio de 98 artículos, de los cuales 75 fueron referenciados. Conclusiones: La administración de los inhibidores del cotransportador sodio-glucosa induce cambios favorables en la hemoglobina glucosilada, el peso corporal y la presión arterial, además de presentar un bajo riesgo de hipoglucemia. Aunque constituyen un grupo farmacológico que puede ser utilizado como monoterapia, con mayor frecuencia son usados como coadyuvantes en el tratamiento de los pacientes con diabetes mellitus, que reciben tratamiento farmacológico con otros medicamentos normo o hipoglucemiantes y que no han alcanzado las metas de control. Se debe estar alerta ante la aparición de posibles efectos secundarios o reacciones adversas, para descontinuar el tratamiento y tomar las medidas correspondientes(AU)


Introduction: Sodium-glucose co-transporter inhibitors´ drugs (SGLT) work by selectively and reversiblely inhibiting at the renal level. Through this mechanism, they reduce glucose reabsorption, which is excreted through urine and thus contribute to normalizing blood glucose. Objective: Describe the role of sodium-glucose co-transporter inhibitors 2 in the treatment of diabetes mellitus. Methods: There were used as search engines for scientific information : Google Scholar, Google, Pubmed and SciELO. The keywords used were: Glyphozines, sodium-glucose co-transporter inhibitors, diabetes mellitus, treatment and weight loss. Review articles, research articles and web pages were assessed, which generally had less than 10 years of publication, and were in Spanish, Portuguese or English language. Items that did not meet these requirements were excluded. This allowed the study of 98 articles, of which 75 were referenced. Conclusions: Administration of sodium-glucose co-transporter inhibitors induces favorable changes in glycosylated haemoglobin, body weight and blood pressure, as well as a low risk of hypoglycaemia. Although they are a pharmacological group that can be used as monotherapy, they are mostly used as adjuvants in the treatment of patients with diabetes mellitus who receive drug treatment with other normo or hypoglycemic medications and who have not met control goals. It is important to be alert to possible side effects or adverse reactions to discontinue treatment and take appropriate action(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Diabetes Mellitus/drug therapy , Sodium-Glucose Transporter 2 Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Hypoglycemic Agents/therapeutic use , Review Literature as Topic , Search Engine/methods
13.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 25(11): 4237-4248, nov. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1133022

ABSTRACT

Resumo Trabalhadores do sexo tornam-se cada vez mais vulneráveis economicamente como resultado das medidas restritivas implementadas para responder à pandemia de coronavírus. Nesse sentido, o objetivo deste estudo é analisar o conteúdo dos websites e anúncios de prostituição sobre medidas relacionadas à pandemia por COVID-19. Trata-se de descrição do fluxo de visitas e análise de conteúdo das comunicações em websites que anunciam transações de sexo comercial. Realizou-se cálculo de variação percentual do número de visitas para três períodos compreendidos entre 02/2019 a 04/2020. Posteriormente, extraíram-se anúncios com os termos "corona", "pandemia" e "quarentena" em websites que oferecem mecanismo de busca. Para análise de conteúdo, utilizou-se o método de Bardin. Houve aumento no número de acessos nos websites de prostituição entre o ano de 2019 e 2020, seguido de queda com a advento da crise pandêmica por coronavírus. Dentre as medidas de proteção durante a pandemia, destacam-se as recomendações de saúde e o incentivo ao sexo virtual. Dentre 1.991.014 anúncios, 0,51% mencionam a crise por COVID-19 quanto ao descumprimento do distanciamento social, medidas de proteção e oferta de sexo on-line.


Abstract Sex workers become increasingly economically vulnerable due to the restrictive measures implemented to combat the coronavirus pandemic. In this respect, the scope of this study is to analyze the content of prostitution websites and advertisements regarding measures related to the COVID-19 pandemic. It involved a description of the visits and analysis of content of communications on websites that advertise commercial sex transactions. The percentage change in the number of visits for three periods from 02/2019 to 04/2020 was calculated. Subsequently, ads with the terms "corona," "pandemic" and "quarantine" on websites that offer search engines were extracted. The Bardin method was then used for content analysis. There was an increase in the number of visits to prostitution websites between 2019 and 2020, followed by a decrease with the advent of the coronavirus pandemic crisis. With regard to the protection measures during the pandemic, health recommendations and the incentive to engage in virtual sex are highlighted. Of the 1,991,014 advertisements, 0.51% mention the COVID-19 crisis regarding noncompliance with social distancing, protection measures and the offer of online sex.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Sex Work/statistics & numerical data , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Advertising/statistics & numerical data , Internet/statistics & numerical data , Pandemics/prevention & control , Betacoronavirus , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Portugal , Spain , Coronavirus Infections , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Advertising/methods , Advertising/trends , Search Engine/statistics & numerical data , France , Italy , Latin America
14.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 19(5): e3137, sept.-oct. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144696

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La validez de los métodos utilizados para localizar tesis publicadas en revistas científicas es incierta. Objetivo: Comparar la eficacia y eficiencia de diferentes métodos (incluida nuestra propuesta) para localizar tesis publicadas en revistas científicas indizadas. Material y Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo. Se identificaron cinco métodos ("A", "B", "C", "D", "E") utilizados para localizar tesis publicadas; además, elaboramos una propuesta (método "F"). Se pusieron a prueba los seis métodos y sus estrategias con cinco tesis ya publicadas. Se evaluó su eficacia mediante una relación (tesis publicadas localizadas/ total de tesis), su eficiencia (tesis localizadas/ [número de pruebas] x [total de tesis]) y posición relativa en la búsqueda (orden en que se localizó la tesis / total resultados de la búsqueda). Resultados: Los métodos con la mejor eficacia y eficiencia fueron: "F" (1 y 0,5) y "D" (1 y 0,5), seguidos del método "B" (0,8 y 0,2). Los métodos con menor eficacia y eficiencia fueron los métodos: "A" (0,6 y 0,15), "C" (0,6 y 0,12) y "E" (0,2 y 0,01). Además, la posición relativa para cada estrategia del método "F" fue menor a las estrategias del método "D". Conclusiones: La mayoría de métodos de búsqueda fueron poco eficaces y eficientes, siendo nuestra propuesta uno de los métodos más adecuados para localizar tesis publicadas en revistas científicas(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: The validity of the methods used to locate theses published in scientific journals is uncertain. Objective: To compare the effectiveness and efficiency of different methods (including our proposal) to locate theses published in indexed scientific journals. Material and Methods: A descriptive observational study was made. Five methods ("A", "B", "C", "D", "E") used to locate published theses were identified and our proposal was developed (method "F"). The six methods and their strategies were tested using five theses that have already been published. Effectiveness was evaluated through the analysis of the relationship between (published theses / total of theses), efficiency (published theses / [number of tests] x [total of theses]) and relative position of the search (order in which the thesis was located / total results from the search). Results: The most effective and efficient methods were: "F" (1 and 0.5) and "D" (1 and 0.5), followed by the "B" method (0.8 and 0.2). The methods with the lowest effectiveness and efficiency were: methods "A" (0.6 and 0.15), "C" (0.6 and 0.12) and "E" (0.2 and 0.01). In addition, the relative position for each strategy of the "F" method was lower than the strategies of the "D" method. Conclusions: The majority of search methods were less frequent and less efficient, being our proposal one of the most specific methods to locate theses published in scientific journals(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Bibliometrics , Periodical , Academic Dissertations as Topic , Education, Medical , Search Engine , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Observational Study
15.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 33(3): e888, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1139092

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La cirugía de catarata es uno de los procedimientos quirúrgicos más frecuentes de toda la medicina. El objetivo de la técnica es eliminar el cristalino opacificado y sustituirlo con lentes intraoculares para lograr una rehabilitación de la función visual. El cálculo preciso de la posición efectiva del lente es crítico para lograr un buen resultado refractivo. Esta es la única variable que no puede medirse en el preoperatorio y que debe predecirse, por lo que representa uno de los retos más grande para el cirujano de catarata, ya que puede influir ampliamente en el resultado visual del paciente. Investigaciones recientes proponen nuevos parámetros para la estimación de la posición efectiva del lente, que están relacionados con la geometría del cristalino. Se realizó una búsqueda con el objetivo de describir la importancia de una adecuada estimación de la posición efectiva del lente y para conocer las últimas fórmulas propuestas para el cálculo del lente. Se encontraron estudios de investigación recientes en varias partes del mundo que proponen nuevas fórmulas basadas en parámetros anatómicos del cristalino. Se utilizó la plataforma Infomed, específicamente la Biblioteca Virtual de Salud, con todos sus buscadores(AU)


ABSTRACT Cataract surgery is one the most common surgeries within medicine. The technique's objective is the removal of the natural lens of the eye that has developed an opacification, and its replacement with an intraocular lens to provide optimal visual acuity. An accurate assessment of the effective lens position is critical to achieve a good postoperative refractive outcome. This is the only variable that cannot be measured in the preoperative period and most be predicted, therefore it represents one of the greatest challenge for the cataract surgeon, since it can greatly influence the visual outcome of the patient. Recent research proposes new parameters of the estimation of the effective lens position that are related to the geometry of the lens. Research has been made in order describe the importance of an adequate estimation of the effective lens position and to learn more about the lastest formulas proposed for its calcutation. Many studies proposed new formulas based on lens geometry parameters. The Infomed platform, specifically the Virtual Health Library, was used with all its search engines(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgical Procedures, Operative/rehabilitation , Cataract/etiology , Forecasting , Lenses, Intraocular/adverse effects , Search Engine/methods
16.
Rev. cub. inf. cienc. salud ; 31(2): e1396, abr.-jun. 2020. tab, fig
Article in English | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1138851

ABSTRACT

The quality of an information retrieval system depends largely on the satisfaction degree of users with the results obtained when executing a query, so it is essential to design processes that store the preferences patterns of each of them and vary the way in which the results are shown taking into account the specific characteristics of each user. The objective of this article was to present an algorithm for calculating the relevance of the documents provided to users, which used the variables: the user's search profile, the category of the documents and the category of the query as parameters, to customize the results provided by the search engine to the users. In addition, it used as impulse factors the degree of predominance of a search category in the user's profile and the categories to which the document belongs. To validate the algorithm, precision and recall metrics were applied to check that the results obtained are relevant to users(AU)


La calidad de un sistema de recuperación de información depende en gran medida del grado de satisfacción de los usuarios en cuanto a los resultados obtenidos al realizar una consulta. Para obtener resultados de búsquedas relevantes es esencial diseñar procesos que almacenen los patrones de preferencias de cada usuario. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo presentar un algoritmo para el cálculo de la relevancia de los documentos brindados. El algoritmo utilizó como parámetros las siguientes variables: perfil de búsqueda del usuario, categoría de los documentos y categoría de la consulta para personalizar los resultados brindados mediante el motor de búsqueda. Además, utilizó como factores de impulso el grado de predominio de una categoría de búsqueda en el perfil del usuario y en las categorías a las que pertenece el documento. Para la validación del modelo se aplicaron las métricas de precisión y exhaustividad que permitieron comprobar que los resultados obtenidos son relevantes para los consumidores de la información(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Information Storage and Retrieval , Quality Management , Information , Search Engine
17.
Rev. cuba. endocrinol ; 31(1): e156, ene.-abr. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126458

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: El vocablo "diabulimia" resulta de la combinación de dos palabras, diabetes mellitus y bulimia. Una de las características de los pacientes afectados es la restricción deliberada de insulina, con el objetivo de controlar el peso corporal. Objetivo: Describir la definición y consenso actual acerca del término diabulimia. Métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda de la literatura relevante sobre el tema. Se utilizaron como buscadores de información científica a Pubmed y a Google Académico. Como criterios de elegibilidad, se evaluaron artículos de revisión, de investigación y páginas Web que, en general, tenían menos de 10 años de publicados, en idioma español, portugués e inglés, que hicieran referencia específicamente al tema de estudio, y que abordaran la temática a través de cualquier metodología de investigación (cuantitativa, cualitativa, investigación operativa, otras). Fueron excluidos los artículos que no cumplieron con estas condiciones. Esto permitió el estudio de 33 artículos, de los cuales 20 son referenciados en el presente artículo. Conclusiones: La descripción del vocablo diabulimia genera retos importantes. Existen diferentes definiciones, lo cual tiende a confundir a los pacientes e inclusive a los profesionales de la salud. En la actualidad, aun no se ha logrado consensar esta definición, por lo cual continuará siendo un término coloquial y no será reconocido oficialmente como una enfermedad. Reconocer la relevancia del tema y poder identificar indicadores de su presencia es importante, pues su padecimiento expone a los pacientes con diabetes mellitus a efectos deletéreos sobre su salud y calidad de vida(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: The term "diabulimia" results from the combination of two words: diabetes mellitus and bulimia. One of the characteristics of the patients affected is the deliberate restriction of insulin with the aim of controlling body weight. Objective: To describe the definition and current consensus on the term diabulimia. Methods: It was carried out a search of important literature on the subject. There were used as search engines of scientific information Pubmed and Google Scholar. As eligibility criteria, there were assessed review articles, research and web pages that, in general, were less than 10 years of been published, in Spanish, Portuguese and English languages, which would make specific reference to the studied topic, and that would address the issue through any research methodology (quantitative, qualitative, operations research, others). There were excluded the articles that did not comply with these conditions. This allowed the study of 33 articles, of which 20 are referenced in this article. Conclusions: The description of the term diabulimia generates significant challenges. There are different definitions, which tends to confuse patients and even health professionals. At present, it has not been possible to achieve a consensus on this definition that is why it will continue to be a slang term and will not be officially recognized as a disease. It is important to admit the relevance of diabulimia and to be able to identify indicators of its presence, since this condition exposes patients with diabetes mellitus to deleterious effects on their health and quality of life(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality of Life , Diabetes Mellitus/etiology , Diabulimia/epidemiology , Body Weight , Review Literature as Topic , Databases, Bibliographic , Search Engine
18.
Curitiba; s.n; 20191101. 68 p. ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1128020

ABSTRACT

Resumo: Introdução: No Brasil, a Sistematização da Assistência de Enfermagem (SAE) foi regulamentada para que os enfermeiros utilizem metodologias estruturadas teórica e cientificamente para planejar, organizar e sistematizar os cuidados. Esta dissertação compõe um projeto de pesquisa maior aprovado pelo acordo CAPES/COFEN - Edital 27/2016 e desenvolvido na linha de pesquisa Gerenciamento dos Serviços de Saúde e Enfermagem. Trata-se de um observatório virtual, partindo da premissa que este organiza informações, divulga estudos, apoia e monitora ações, aqui relacionadas à implementação da SAE no estado do Paraná. Objetivos: Elicitar os requisitos para um espaço virtual de apoio ao gerenciamento da SAE; e, criar um espaço web para o Observatório da SAE. Metodologia: Pesquisa de desenvolvimento tecnológico que fez uso do Método Ágil Scrum para a criação de um observatório virtual de apoio gerencial à implantação da Sistematização da Assistência de Enfermagem (SAE) em estabelecimentos de saúde. Com duas dimensões distintas, a do planejamento e a construção do projeto, o estudo foi realizado na Universidade Federal do Paraná, no período de agosto de 2018 a outubro de 2019. Resultados: No planejamento do Observatório, realizou-se a análise do objeto que compõe as bases de dados disponíveis na internet e envolve temas relacionados à disponibilização de sites com conceitos e informações sobre SAE, utilizando como fonte outros observatórios e sistemas de gerenciamento de conteúdo. Na construção do projeto, obteve-se uma lista de itens prioritários com a elicitação de três requisitos não-funcionais, que não estão especificamente relacionados com as especificidades do sistema: identificação do requisito, requisito não-funcional e suas priorizações. Nos nove requisitos funcionais elicitados, os diálogos estão relacionados com a maneira que o sistema deve operar, na qual se especificam as entradas e saídas do sistema e o relacionamento comportamental entre elas, assim como sua interação com o usuário. Produto: Desenvolveu-se o Site do Observatório de Enfermagem, disponível no endereço eletrônico . Considerações finais: A criação desse espaço virtual disponibiliza uma ferramenta para apoio gerencial a enfermeiros e gestores e espera-se que contribua para implementação da Sistematização da Assistência de Enfermagem no Estado do Paraná.


Abstract: In Brazil, the Sistematização da Assistência de Enfermagem (SAE), in English, Nursing Care Systematization, was regulated so nurses could use theoretically and scientifically structured methodologies to plan, organize and systematize care. This thesis is part of a larger research project approved by the CAPES / COFEN agreement - Public Notice 27/2016 and took the research line of Management of Nursing Services and Public Health. It refers to a virtual observatory, based on the premise of arrange information, spread studies, reinforce and track actions related to the SAE in the state of Paraná. This thesis has aim to evoke the requirements for a virtual space of support for the SAE and design a web space for the SAE Observatory. This technological development research used the Scrum Agile Method to design the virtual observatory, considering it would be assigned to give management support for the implementation of the Nursing Care Systematization in health facilities. The study was conducted at the Federal University of Parana, from August 2018 to October 2019. Throughout Observatory's arrangement and construction, a list of priority items was acquired by evoking three non-functional requirements, those were not accurately related to the system specificities: requirement identification, non-functional requirement and its priorities. In the nine elicited functional requisites, dialogues are related to the way the system should operate, specifying the system inputs and outputs and the behavioral link between them, as well as their interplay with the user. As a result, the SAE Observatory was developed and is available at < www.observatorioenfermagem.com.br>.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Practice Management , Search Engine , Health Observatory , Nursing Care
19.
Rev. cuba. enferm ; 35(3): e2746, jul.-set. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156415

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La ciencia de la enfermería, en su evolución hacia un enfoque que genera el nuevo conocimiento, se debate en la utilización de uno o múltiples paradigmas o la creación de un paradigma unificado en relación con los avances en la epistemología. En este sentido, la utilización del paradigma cualitativo y, específicamente, la aplicación de la Teoría Fundamentada en Datos como método de investigación constituirían una alternativa en la investigación de la enfermería cubana. Objetivo: Indagar en la Teoría Fundamentada en Datos como método de la investigación cualitativa que permite el fortalecimiento del significado de los fenómenos relacionados al cuidado profesional en la enfermería cubana como objeto social de la profesión. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica, se encontraron 23 documentos: tesis doctorales, de maestría, artículos originales y de revisión que abordaron o aplicaron estudios cualitativos, publicados entre 1996 y 2018. La búsqueda fue realizada en las bases de datos SciELO, EBSCO, Redalyc y el motor de búsqueda Google Académico, de abril a junio del 2018, por los navegadores Internet Explorer y Moxilla Firefox. Los descriptores utilizados en español e inglés fueron "Enfermería", "Enfermería/cuidados de enfermería", "Investigación en Enfermería", "Teoría Fundamentada", identificados a través del DECs y del MeSH con la utilización de operadores booleanos. Conclusiones: El empleo de la Teoría Fundamentada en Datos en investigaciones cualitativas desarrolladas por la enfermería cubana es poco abordado, su empleo conduciría al fortalecimiento del significado de los fenómenos relacionados al cuidado profesional en las disímiles áreas de actuación de la enfermería(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: The science of nursing, in its evolution towards an approach that generates new knowledge, debates itself within the use of one or multiple paradigms or the creation of a unified paradigm in relation to advances in epistemology. In this respect, the use of the qualitative paradigm and, specifically, the application of the theory grounded on data as a research method would constitute an alternative to investigation in Cuban nursing. Objective: To investigate the theory grounded on data as a qualitative research method that allows strengthening the meaning of the phenomena related to professional care in Cuban nursing as a social object of the profession. Methods: A literature review was carried out; 23 documents were found: doctoral dissertations and master's degrees thesis, original and reviews articles, which addressed or applied qualitative studies, published between 1996 and 2018. The search was conducted from April to June 2018 in the databases SciELO, EBSCO, Redalyc and Google Scholar. The descriptors used in Spanish and English were enfermería [nursing], enfermería/cuidados de enfermería [nursing/nursing cares], teoría fundamentada [grounded theory], identified through the DECs and the MeSH with the use of logical operators. Conclusions: The use of the theory grounded on data in qualitative research developed by Cuban nursing is poorly addressed, its use would lead to the strengthening of the phenomena related to professional care in the different areas of the nursing activity(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Nursing Research/methods , Grounded Theory , Nursing Care/methods , Review Literature as Topic , Databases, Bibliographic , Search Engine
20.
Rev. cuba. enferm ; 35(3): e2757, jul.-set. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156414

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: El desempeño profesional de enfermería es una categoría a tener en cuenta al evaluar la calidad del cuidado que se ofrece y el bienestar de los profesionales. Colombia, país con experiencia en la formación de estos profesionales, con ideas innovadoras, ofrece resultados de investigación en las que se indaga sobre el tema. Sin embargo, no se identifican pesquisas que revelen las regularidades en las concepciones y elementos que favorezcan una visión general en este contexto. Objetivo: Determinar la concepción general del desempeño profesional de enfermería en el contexto colombiano. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica sistemática de artículos originales y de revisión; de estudios cuantitativo y cualitativo. La estrategia de búsqueda adoptada fue la utilización de las palabras clave o descriptores en idioma español, conectados por intermedio del aperador booleano AND. Las palabras clave utilizadas fueron "desempeño"; "profesional"; "Enfermería". Se analizaron 95 artículos publicados entre 2013 y 2018, encontrados en base de datos SciELO, por contar con recursos completos de investigaciones. Se realizó análisis de contenido, se incluyó identificación de significados de formas repetitivas. Conclusiones: La sistematización de las investigaciones que abordan el desempeño profesional de enfermería en sus dimensiones favoreció la identificación de los elementos que sobresalen en la concepción general de esta categoría en el contexto colombiano, cada vez se suman más investigadores a indagar esta área, los problemas generales a los que se enfrentan los profesionales condicionan la necesidad de emprender nuevas investigaciones que fortalezcan el reconocimiento social(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: The nursing professional performance is a category to be considered for assessing the quality of care offered and the well-being of professionals. Colombia, a country with experience in the training of these professionals and with innovative ideas, offers outcomes derived from research that investigates the topic. However, no inquiries are identified that reveal the regularities in the conceptions and elements that favor an overview in this setting. Objective: To determine the general conception of the nursing professional performance in the Colombian setting. Methods: A systematic literature review of original and review articles was performed, together with quantitative and qualitative studies. The search strategy adopted was the use of keywords or descriptors in the Spanish language, connected by the logical operator AND. The keywords used were desempeño [performance]; profesional [professional]; enfermería [nursing]. We analyzed 95 articles published between 2013 and 2018, found in the database SciELO, in order to having full research resources. Content analysis was carried out, and identification of meanings in repetitive forms was included. Conclusions: The systematization of the investigations addressing the nursing professional performance in its dimensions favored the identification of the elements that stand out in the general conception of this category in the Colombian setting. More and more researchers are joining to investigate this area. The general problems that professionals face condition the need to undertake new research that strengthens social recognition(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Professional Practice , Quality of Health Care/trends , Nurse's Role , Review Literature as Topic , Search Engine/methods
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