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1.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(4): 771-780, Jul.-Aug. 2021. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | ID: biblio-1285281

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to evaluate follicular growth and ovulatory rates in mares treated with an intravaginal progesterone device (P4) during the 10-day period, associated with the use of estradiol benzoate (EB). The results were compared during the transition period (ET) in the spring and the breeding season in the summer (ER). The variables were submitted to ANOVA (Tukey's test), considering P<0.05. No ovulation occurred during the permanence of the P4 implant in both experimental periods. The ovulatory rate in the ER was 100% (n = 8) and in the ET 62.5% (n = 5; P = 0.0547). Significant differences were observed (<0.001), in both periods, comparing follicular growth rates during the permanence of P4 device (ER: 1.33 ± 0.89mm/d; ET: 1.00 ± 0.81mm/d) to the period without P4 (ER: 3.63 ± 1.33 mm/d; ET: 3.31 ± 1.66 mm/d). The present study demonstrated applicability and efficiency of a hormonal protocol using P4 intravaginal device and EB for follicular control in mares, both during ET and ER.


O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a taxa de crescimento folicular e a taxa ovulatória em éguas tratadas com dispositivo intravaginal de progesterona (P4) durante o período de 10 dias, associado à utilização de benzoato de estradiol (BE). Os resultados foram comparados durante o período de transição (ET) da primavera com a época de reprodução no verão (ER). As variáveis foram submetidas à ANOVA (teste de Tukey), considerando-se P<0,05. Nenhuma ovulação ocorreu durante a permanência do dispositivo de P4 em ambos os períodos experimentais. A taxa ovulatória na ER foi de 100% (n = 8) e na ET, de 62,5% (n=5; P=0,0547). Diferença significativas (<0,001) foram observadas, em ambos os períodos experimentais, comparando as taxas de crescimento folicular durante a permanência da P4 (ER: 1,33 ± 0,89mm/d; ET: 1,00 ± 0,81mm/d) com o período sem P4 (ER: 3,63 ± 1,33mm/d; ET: 3,31 ± 1,66mm/d). O presente estudo demonstrou aplicabilidade e eficiência do protocolo hormonal utilizando dispositivo intravaginal de P4 e BE para controle folicular de éguas, tanto na ET quanto na ER.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Progesterone/administration & dosage , Benzoates , Estradiol , Horses/physiology , Ovulation , Seasons , Administration, Intravaginal , Analysis of Variance , Ovarian Follicle/physiology
2.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(3): 389-395, jun. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346474

ABSTRACT

Abstract Influenza infection is a latent public health problem, affecting millions of people throughout the world, which imposes high morbidity and economic burden on the region. In Argentina, influenza‐associ ated mortality is estimated at 6/100 000 person‐years, and is higher among men ≥ 65 years old. The knowledge of the baseline characteristics and outcomes of hospitalized patients is crucial for public health officials planning interventions to address local outbreaks. Thus, in this retrospective, single-center study, performed in a high-complexity university hospital, we aimed to analyze clinical characteristics, image findings, and laboratory variables of patients with laboratory-confirmed influenza requiring hospitalization in our hospital during 2019. Cases were confirmed by real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. One hundred and forty-three patients with influenza were hospitalized during the study period; 141 (98.6%) were infected with influenza virus type A, including 88 (61.5%) with the H1N1 subtype. The median age was 71 years (IQR 60- 82), 111 (77.6%) were older than 70 years, and 126 (88.1%) had at least one coexisting illness; 56 (39.1%) patients required intensive care unit, 16 (11.1%) invasive mechanical ventilation, and 6 (4.1%) died during hospitalization. In this study, in-hospital mortality was similar to that reported in previous series of non-pandemic influenza, even though the majority of the cases in this study were older than 70 years and had at least one coexisting illness.


Resumen La influenza es un problema latente de salud pública que afecta a millones de personas en todo el planeta e impone una alta morbilidad y carga económica para la región. En Argentina, la mortalidad asociada a la influenza se estima en 6/100 000 personas-año y es mayor entre los hombres mayores de 65 años. El conocimiento de las características clínicas y la evolución de los pacientes hospitalizados es fundamental para planificar el abordaje de los brotes locales. En este estudio retrospectivo, realizado en un hospital universitario de alta complejidad, nuestro objetivo fue analizar las características clínicas, los hallazgos de imágenes y las variables de laboratorio en 143 pacientes con influenza confirmada por laboratorio que requirieron hospitalización durante 2019. Los casos fueron confirmados mediante la reacción en cadena de la polimerasa con transcripción inversa en tiempo real. El 98.6% (n: 141) estaban infectados por influenza tipo A y 61.5% (n: 88) correspondía al subtipo H1N1. La mediana de edad fue 71 años (IQR 60-82), el 77.6% (n: 111) tenía más de 70 años y el 88.1% (n: 126) al menos una enfermedad coexistente. El 39.1% (n: 56) requirió internación en unidad de cuidados intensivos, el 11.1% (n: 16) ventilación mecánica invasiva y seis pacientes (4.1%) fallecieron durante la hospitalización. En este estudio, la mortalidad hospitalaria fue similar a la publicada en series previas de influenza no pandémica, aunque la mayoría de los pacientes eran mayores de 70 años y presentaban al menos una enfermedad coexistente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Influenza, Human/epidemiology , Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype , Argentina/epidemiology , Seasons , Retrospective Studies , Hospitalization
3.
Rev. bras. ativ. fís. saúde ; 26: 1-8, mar. 2021. tab, il
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151975

ABSTRACT

Este estudo analisou a variação sazonal das atividades físicas e dos comportamentos sedentários de uma amostra por conveniência de crianças e adolescentes, de uma escola pública no semiárido baiano (n = 462; 52,9% de meninos; 7-12 anos). Trata-se de um estudo longitudinal de um ano de seguimento. Atividades físicas e comportamentos sedentários foram relatados no questionário Consumo Alimentar e Atividade Física de Escolares (Web-CAAFE). As medidas repetidas foram realizadas no outono, inverno e primavera. Os desfechos avaliados foram: quantidade de atividades físicas diária (AFD) e de comportamentos sedentários (CS), frequências de atividades físicas leves (AFL), moderadas (AFM) e vigorosas (AFV ). Análises foram conduzidas via modelagem de equações de estimativa generalizada (GEE) (distribuição Poisson), com ajuste por temperatura ambiente e precipitação pluviométrica. Não houve variação sazonal estatisticamente significativa na AFD. No inverno, houve mais relatos de AFL (Coef² = 1,37; IC95%: 1,14-1,66) e de CS (Coef² = 1,16; IC95%: 1,05-1,29), enquanto AFV foram menos frequentes (Coef² = 0,83; IC95%: 0,71-0,97). AFV foram menos relatadas no outono (Coef² = 0,82; IC95%: 0,69-0,98). Sexo modificou o efeito das estações nas AFV, que entre meninos, ocorreram mais no outono (Coef² = 1,72 IC95%=1,16-2,56) e no inverno (Coef² = 1,84; IC95%: 1,26-2,69). Idade modificou efeito das estações sobre os CS. Durante o seguimento, houve mais CS na faixa etária 10-12 anos, porém, com diferença estatística significativa no outono e no início da primavera. O inverno favoreceu as AFL e os CS, mas restringiu as AFV, sobretudo entre meninas. Estudantes de 10-12 anos apresentaram mais CS, especialmente no outono e início da primavera


This one-year follow-up study analyzed the seasonal variation of physical activities and sedentary behaviors among children and adolescents, from public schools in the semiarid region of Bahia state (convenience sample, n = 462; 52.9% boys; 7-12 years). Physical activities and sedentary behaviors were reported in the Food Intake and Physical Activity of School Children Questionnaire ( WEB-CAAFE). Seasonal measure-ments were performed in fall, winter and spring. The outcomes were: daily amount of physical activities (DPA) and sedentary behaviors (SB), frequencies of light (LPA), moderate (MPA) and vigorous ( VPA) physical activities. The analyses were conducted via modeling of generalized estimation equations (GEE), with adjustment by temperature and rainfall. There was no statistically significant seasonal variation in DPA. During winter, there were more reports of LPA (Coef² = 1.37; 95%CI: 1.14-1.66) and SB (Coef² = 1.16; 95%CI: 1.05-1.29), while VPA was less frequent (Coef² = 0.83; 95%CI: 0.71-0.97). VPA occurred less in the fall (Coef² = 0.82; 95%CI: 0.69-0.98). Sex modified the effect of seasons on VPA: among boys, VPA occurred more frequently in the fall (Coef² = 1.72; 95%CI: 1.16-2.56) and winter (Coef² = 1.84; 95%CI: 1.26-2.69). Age modified the effect of the seasons on the SB: there were more SB in the 10-12 years age group, however, with a statistically significant difference only in the fall and early spring. LPA and SB increased during winter, but VPA decreased, especially among girls. Students aged 10-12 years had more SB in the fall and early spring


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Seasons , Child , Adolescent , Sedentary Behavior , Motor Activity
4.
J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis ; 27: e20200110, 2021. mapas, tab, graf
Article in English | ID: biblio-1279404

ABSTRACT

Background: Although scorpionism is recorded worldwide, some regions such as Iran present a higher incidence. Due to the great prevalence of scorpion stings in Khuzestan province, southwestern Iran, the present study examined the relationship between different climate parameters and the scorpion sting rate in this area from April 2010 to March 2015. Methods: In this cross-sectional descriptive-analytical study, we considered all scorpion sting cases recorded in the Department of Infectious Diseases, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences. Data were analyzed using statistics, frequency distribution and Pearson's correlation coefficient. Results: A total of 104,197 cases of scorpion stings was recorded from 2010 to 2015. The cumulative incidence of scorpion sting was 2.23%. The spatial distribution of scorpion stings showed that most cases occurred in the Dehdez district (4,504 scorpion stings/100,000 inhabitants) and the Masjed Soleyman county (4,069 scorpion stings/100,000 inhabitants). A significant association was found between climate factors (temperature, evaporation rate, sunshine duration, humidity, and precipitation) and the scorpion sting rate. An increase in rainfall and humidity coincided with a reduction in scorpion stings whereas an increase in temperature, evaporation, and sunshine duration was accompanied by a growth of scorpion stings. No significant correlation was found between wind velocity/direction and the incidence rate of stings. Moreover, the seasonal peak incidence of scorpion stings was recorded in summer (an average of 8,838 cases) and the lowest incidence was recorded during winter (an average of 1,286 cases). The annual trend of scorpion sting cases decreased during the period from 2010 to 2015. Conclusion: Climate variables can be a good index for predicting the incidence of scorpion stings in endemic regions. Since they occur mostly in the hot season, designing preventive measures in the counties and districts with a high incidence of scorpion stings such as Dehdez and Masjed Soleyman can minimize mortality and other burdens.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Seasons , Bites and Stings , Climate , Scorpion Stings
5.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 41: e06800, 2021. tab, graf, mapas
Article in English | ID: biblio-1279542

ABSTRACT

Diseases of the bovine digestive system make up an important group of diseases, often being responsible for significant economic losses in the livestock sector. The current work aimed to carry out a retrospective study of the diseases of the digestive system in cattle diagnosed at the "Clínica de Bovinos de Garanhuns", "Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco", from January 1999 to December 2018. In this period, a total of 9,343 cattle were admitted to the CBG-UFRPE, of which 2,238 (24.0%) were diagnosed with diseases of the digestive system. In two decades, the total number of cattle admitted annually by the institution almost doubled as well as the number of cases of digestive diseases. The diseases categorized as mechanical/motor were the most prevalent (33.6%), followed by fermentative (28.4%), gastroenteritis (16.0%), esophageal diseases (9.7%), and diseases of the oral cavity (4.5%). Lesions of the rectum and anus, congenital alterations, and other digestive diseases showed relative frequencies below 4%. Traumatic reticulitis and its sequelae (14.5%) are the most prevalent disorders, followed by simple indigestion (10.1%), esophageal and intestinal obstructive disorders (9.0%), non-specific gastroenteritis (8.6%), displaced abomasum (RDA and LDA) (5.5%), and frothy bloat, ruminal lactic acidosis, and impaction of the forestomach and abomasum, which represented approximately 5% each. In general, these diseases presented a lethality rate of 46.0%, with emphasis on mechanical/motor diseases with a lethality rate of 73.8%. In general, diseases were more prevalent in females, crossbreeds, aged over 24 months, and raised in a semi-intensive system. Diseases of the digestive system increased over the years studied, representing a considerable portion of the diseases that affect cattle raised in this region, which makes up the main milk basin in the State of Pernambuco, confirming its economic and social impact in the region.(AU)


As enfermidades do sistema digestório dos bovinos compõem importante grupo de doenças frequentemente responsáveis por perdas econômicas significativas no setor pecuário. Este trabalho teve por objetivo realizar um estudo retrospectivo das enfermidades do sistema digestório dos bovinos diagnosticadas na Clínica de Bovinos de Garanhuns, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, no período de janeiro de 1999 a dezembro de 2018. Neste período foi atendido um total de 9.343 bovinos dos quais 2.238 (24,0%) foram diagnosticados com enfermidades do sistema digestório. Em duas décadas, o número total de bovinos atendidos anualmente pela instituição quase dobrou, assim como o número de casos de doenças digestivas. As enfermidades categorizadas como de natureza mecânica/motora foram as mais prevalentes (33,6%), seguidas das fermentativas (28,4%), das gastroenterites (16,0%), das enfermidades esofágicas (9,7%) e das enfermidades da cavidade oral (4,5%). As lesões do reto e ânus, as alterações congênitas e outras enfermidades digestórias apresentaram frequências relativas inferiores a 4%. As reticulites traumáticas e suas sequelas (14,5%) destacaram-se como as doenças mais prevalentes, seguidas das indigestões simples (10,1%), dos transtornos obstrutivos esofágicos e intestinais (9,0%), das gastroenterites inespecíficas (8,6%), dos deslocamentos de abomaso (DAD e DAE) (5,5%) e do timpanismo espumoso, acidose láctica ruminal e compactações dos pré-estômagos e abomaso, que representaram aproximadamente 5% cada. No geral estas enfermidades apresentaram taxa de letalidade de 46,0%, com destaque para as enfermidades de natureza mecânica/motora cuja letalidade foi de 73,8%. De maneira geral as enfermidades foram mais prevalentes em fêmeas mestiças, com idade superior a 24 meses, criadas em sistema semi-intensivo. As enfermidades do sistema digestório, crescentes ao longo dos anos estudados, representaram parcela considerável das doenças que acometem os bovinos criados na região que compõe a principal bacia leiteira do Estado de Pernambuco, ratificando seu impacto econômico e social para a região.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Seasons , Retrospective Studies , Digestive System , Livestock , Gastroenteritis , Universities
6.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 41: e06725, 2021. graf
Article in English | ID: biblio-1279528

ABSTRACT

The morphology of the male reproductive tract of Tomodon dorsatus was described in the austral seasons of the year considering macroscopic and microscopic variables. For this purpose, 56 specimens from the herpetological collection of the "Instituto Butantan" were used. Fragments of the testes, kidneys and ductus deferens were collected and submitted to histological routine. The peak of the testicular volume was observed in the summer and the epithelium of the seminiferous tubules had higher height in the summer (p=0.001). The testes were active throughout the year, however, the spermiogenesis peaked in the summer. There were spermatozoa in the lumen of the ductus deferens in all seasons of the year. Renal length was higher in autumn (p=0.027), and renal width did not show a significant increase (p=0.237). The diameter and epithelial height of the sexual segment of the kidney (SSK) showed hypertrophy in winter and spring, coinciding with the mating period. Based on findings of this study, we can suggest that, at the population level, the reproductive cycle of T. dorsatus can be considered seasonal semi-synchronous, due to the peak of spermiogenic activity in the hot season, and discontinuous at the individual level.(AU)


A morfologia do trato reprodutivo do macho de Tomodon dorsatus foi descrita nas estações climáticas do ano com base em variáveis macroscópicas e microscópicas. Para isto, foram usados 56 espécimes oriundos da coleção herpetológica do Instituto Butantan. Fragmentos dos testículos, rins e ductos deferentes foram coletados e submetidos à rotina histológica. O volume testicular foi maior no verão e o epitélio dos túbulos seminíferos mostrou uma maior altura no verão (p=0.001). Os testículos estavam ativos durante todo o ano, contudo, a espermiogênese foi maior no verão. Espermatozoides foram encontrados no lúmen do ducto deferente em todas as estações do ano. O comprimento renal foi maior no outono (p=0.027), e a largura renal não mostrou um aumento significativo (p=0.237). O diâmetro e a altura epitelial do segmento sexual do rim (SSR) mostrou hipertrofia nas estações inverno e primavera, coincidindo com o período reprodutivo. Com base nestes resultados, pode-se sugerir que, em nível populacional, o ciclo reprodutivo de T. dorsatus possa ser considerado semi-sincrônico sazonal, devido à atividade espermiogênica na estação quente, e descontínuo em nível individual.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Seasons , Testis , Vas Deferens , Hypertrophy , Spermatogenesis , Bothrops , Reference Parameters
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878879

ABSTRACT

This paper established the identification technology of the main root origin of three-year-old spring Panax notoginseng aiming at providing theoretical basis for the protection and traceability of geographical indication products of P. notoginseng. Forty-four samples of three-year-old spring P. notoginseng from Guangxi Baise, Yunnan Wenshan, Yunnan new cultivating regions. The stable isotopic ratios of carbon, nitrogen, hydrogen and oxygen were determined by elemental analysis and stable isotope mass spectrometer. Combined with Duncan multiple comparative analysis, fisher discriminant analysis and sequential discriminant analysis, a origin discriminant model for the main root of three-year-old spring P. notoginseng was established for 3 production areas of P. notoginseng. The geographical climate and environment of three production areas of P. notoginseng are obviously different. From Guangxi Baise-Yunnan Wenshan-Yunnan new cultivating regions, the longitude, average annual temperature and annual precipitation gradually decrease, and the elevation and latitude are increasing. The results of multiple comparative analysis showed that there were significant or very signi-ficant differences in the δ~(13)C,δ~(15)N,δ~2H,δ~(18)O of the main roots of P. notoginseng in three regions. The results of fisher's discriminant analysis and sequential discriminant analysis showed that the correct discriminant rates of the main roots of P. notoginseng for three regions were 80.05%,76.47% and 90.91%, respectively, based on four stable isotope ratios, with an average of 84.09%. Using stable isotope fingerprint and chemometrics method, we can distinguish the origin of the main raw materials and products of P. notoginseng.


Subject(s)
China , Geography , Isotopes , Panax notoginseng , Seasons
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878737

ABSTRACT

De Winter syndrome,a special electrocardiogram of acute total occlusion or subtotal occlusion of left anterior descending coronary artery,is not common in clinical practice.It has been generally considered static,whereas the electrocardiogram changes dynamically in this case.We propose that de Winter pattern may indicate a thrombotic disease and can be roughly divided into two types according to whether the electrocardiogram changes dynamically.


Subject(s)
Coronary Angiography , Coronary Vessels , Electrocardiography , Humans , Seasons
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878325

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The relationship between outdoor temperature and blood pressure (BP) has been inconclusive. We analyzed data from a prospective cohort study in northwestern China to investigate the effect of outdoor temperature on BP and effect modification by season.@*Methods@#A total of 32,710 individuals who participated in both the baseline survey and the first follow-up in 2011-2015 were included in the study. A linear mixed-effect model and generalized additive mixed model (GAMM) were applied to estimate the association between outdoor temperature and BP after adjusting for confounding variables.@*Results@#The mean differences in systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) between summer and winter were 3.5 mmHg and 2.75 mmHg, respectively. After adjusting for individual characteristics, meteorological factors and air pollutants, a significant increase in SBP and DBP was observed for lag 06 day and lag 04 day, a 0.28 mmHg (95% @*Conclusions@#This study demonstrated a significant negative association between outdoor temperature and BP in a high-altitude environment of northwest China. Moreover, BP showed a significant seasonal variation. The association between BP and temperature differed by season and individuals' demographic characteristics (age, gender, BMI), unhealthy behaviors (smoking and alcohol consumption), and chronic disease status (CVDs, hypertension, and diabetes).


Subject(s)
Adult , Blood Pressure/physiology , China/epidemiology , Environmental Exposure/statistics & numerical data , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Seasons , Temperature
10.
Rev. CEFAC ; 23(4): e0721, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287881

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: to analyze the profile and risk factors of patients attended by speech therapists in a hospital service of physical and rehabilitation medicine (P&RM) of the public health system. Methods: a retrospective cohort study was carried out. The variables were summarized using frequencies, proportions, and measures of central tendency. Relative risks (RR) were estimated, using the incidence ratio (IC:95%) and the bilateral Fisher's exact test. A level of significance was considered p <0.05. Results: 23,365 speech therapy activities distributed in 8,416 sessions were carried out between September 2016 to September 2018, with patients admitted to a P&RM service. The activities focused people over 60 years in the areas of swallowing (28.6%) and cognition (11.7%). Age equal to or greater than 60 years was identified as a risk factor for admission, due to cerebrovascular disease of 1.36 (95% CI: 1.24-1.49; p = 0.001), and belonging to section B of the National Health Fund (FONASA), 1.37 (95% CI: 1.29-1.46, p = 0.001). The RR for respiratory pathology was greater in the winter period: 1.63 (95% CI: 1.50-1.76; p = 0.001). Conclusion: elderly and low-income people are more likely to need speech therapy rehabilitation in the context of P&RM service.


RESUMEN Objetivo: analizar el perfil y factores de riesgo de usuarios atendidos por fonoaudiólogos en un servicio hospitalario de medicina física y rehabilitación (SMFyR) de la red pública de salud. Métodos: se realizó un estudio de cohortes retrospectivo. Las variables fueron resumidas mediante frecuencias, proporciones y medidas de tendencia central. Los riesgos relativos (RR) se estimaron mediante razón de incidencias (IC:95%) y la prueba exacta de Fisher bilateral. Se consideró un nivel de significancia p<0,05. Resultados: 23.365 prestaciones fonoaudiológicas distribuidas en 8416 sesiones se realizaron entre los meses de septiembre de los años 2016 y 2018, en un SMFyR. Las prestaciones se concentraron en personas mayores de 60 años en las áreas de la deglución (28,6%) y cognición (11,7%). Se identificó como factor de riesgo para ingreso por enfermedad cerebrovascular la edad igual o superior a 60 años 1,36 (IC., 95%: 1,24-1,49; p = 0,001) y pertenecer al tramo B del fondo nacional de salud 1,37 (IC., 95%: 1,29-1,46; p =0,001). El RR por patología respiratoria fue mayor en el periodo invernal 1.63 (IC., 95%: 1,50-1,76; p= 0,001). Conclusión: las personas mayores y de bajos ingresos presentan mayor riesgo de requerir rehabilitación fonoaudiológica en el contexto de un SMFyR.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Speech Disorders/therapy , Speech Therapy/statistics & numerical data , Seasons , Socioeconomic Factors , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
11.
Cienc. tecnol. salud ; 8(1): 67-81, 2021. il 27 c
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIGCSA, DIGIUSAC | ID: biblio-1352959

ABSTRACT

Este documento presenta un análisis comparativo de los resultados de un modelo de simulación de clima, datos de reanálisis regionales y datos locales de precipitación y temperatura estacional de veintitrés estaciones me-teorológicas de Guatemala, para detectar señales de la habilidad del modelo a reproducir el clima estacional en un periodo de 3 años (1998-2000). La simulación se realizó con un modelo climático regional (MCR), para su reducción de escala dinámica, las condiciones de frontera se obtuvieron de los datos de reanálisis ERA-Interim. El modelo utilizado fue RegCM, versión 4, y se comparó con los datos de precipitación y temperatura de la Base de datos CRU a nivel regional centroamericano y a nivel nacional con tres instituciones que generan datos globales (CRU, TRMM y GPCP) y los datos locales. Los esquemas convectivos utilizados fueron el esquema de Grell sobre tierra y Emanuel sobre el océano, con 50 km de resolución espacial. Los ajustes realizados a las parametrizaciones generaron buen desempeño a nivel regional Centroamericano y a nivel Guatemala a pesar de perder habilidad en algunas regiones y meses. El modelo reproduce adecuadamente el comportamiento de la precipitación estacional en la mayor parte de la temporada lluviosa. Subestima la temperatura a nivel regional, pero a nivel Guatemala muestra buen ajuste. La comparación con los datos locales observados muestra que el modelo se ajusta para el periodo en estudio; pero, es necesario realizar más experimentos con distintas resoluciones espaciales y temporales y evaluar la persistencia del modelo.


This document presents the results of an analysis on the comparison of the results of a climate simulation model, regional reanalysis data and local data on precipitation and seasonal temperature from twenty-three meteoro-logical stations in Guatemala, to detect signs of the ability of the model to reproduce the seasonal climate over a period of 3 years (1998-2000). The simulation was performed with a regional climate model (RCM), for its dynamic scale reduction, the boundary conditions were obtained from the ERA-Interim reanalysis data. The model used was RegCM, version 4, and it was compared with the precipitation and temperature data from the CRU Database at the Central American regional level and at the national level with three institutions that generate global data (CRU, TRMM and GPCP) and local data. The convective schemes used were the scheme of Grell on land and Emanuel on the ocean, with 50 km of spatial resolution. The adjustments made to the settings generated good performance at the Central American regional level and at the Guatemala level, despite losing skill in some regions and months. The model adequately reproduces the behavior of seasonal precipitation in most of the rainy season. It underestimates the temperature at the regional level but at the Guatemala level it shows a good fit. The comparison with the observed local data shows that the model fits for the period under study, but it is necessary to carry out more experiments with different spatial and temporal resolutions and to evaluate the persistence of the model.


Subject(s)
Seasons , Temperature , Simulation Technique , Rain , Climate , Rainy Season
12.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 54: e05112020, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155570

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Envenomation remains a neglected public health problem in most tropical countries. Epidemiological studies on accidents caused by venomous animals are scarce in the Northeast region of Brazil, mainly in the state of Ceará. The present study aimed to describe the epidemiological features of envenomation cases involving venomous animals in the State of Ceará, Northeastern Brazil, from 2007 to 2019. METHODS: The online Notifiable Diseases Information System was consulted for data on all envenomation cases involving venomous terrestrial animals. Data collected were evaluated for the number of accidents/year, number of accidents/zoological group, antivenom therapy, zone of occurrence, sex, age-group distribution, and deaths. RESULTS: A total of 54,980 cases were recorded, with the highest incidence being that of scorpion stings (67.2%), predominantly in women (52.4%; odds ratio=3.6; 95% confidence interval=3.5-3.8), equally affecting people aged 10-19 years and 40-59 years (21.4%), in the urban areas (odds ratio=10.3; 95% confidence interval=9.9-10.8), especially in the rainy months. Snakebites (16.7%) had an incidence of 8.1/100,000 inhabitants, but the highest case-fatality rates were observed in bee stings (1.3%) and spider bites (0.5%). Regarding therapeutic variables, a small percentage of people had access to serotherapy (5.3%). CONCLUSIONS This study highlights the accidents caused by terrestrial venomous animals as a public health problem that must be monitored in Ceará. Thus, our findings suggest that preventive actions against scorpion and bee stings should be intensified during the months of higher incidence to improve public policies for patient care.


Subject(s)
Animals , Snake Bites/epidemiology , Scorpion Stings/epidemiology , Seasons , Venoms , Brazil/epidemiology , Accidents
13.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 19: eAO5472, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154095

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the association between climate changes in the macroregions in the state of São Paulo and testicular torsion treated cases. Methods: The cases were selected in the Brazilian Public Health Data System Database from January 2008 to November 2016. All surgical procedure records were identified by the Hospital Admission Authorization document. Two codes were selected to process the search: testicular torsion (surgical cure code) and acute scrotum (exploratory scrototomy code). The macroregions were grouped in five areas linked to climate characteristics by International Köppen Climate Classification. Results: A total of 2,351 cases of testicular torsion were registered in the period. For the areas B, C and E (testicular torsion n=2,130) there were statistical differences found in association of testicular torsion cases and decreased temperature (p=0.019, p=0.001 and p=0.006, respectively), however, in analyses for the areas A and D statistical differences were not observed (p=0.066 and p=0.494). Conclusion: Decrease in temperature was associated with testicular torsion in three macroregions of São Paulo. The findings support the theory of cold weather like a trigger in occurrence of testicular torsion in a tropical climate region.


RESUMO Objetivo: Analisar a associação entre mudanças climáticas nas macrorregiões do estado de São Paulo e os casos tratados com torção testicular registrados. Métodos: Os casos foram selecionados no Banco de Dados do Sistema de Dados de Saúde Pública do Brasil de janeiro de 2008 a novembro de 2016. Todos os registros de procedimentos cirúrgicos foram identificados pelo documento de Autorização de Internação Hospitalar. Dois códigos foram selecionados para processar a busca: torção testicular (código de cura cirúrgica) e escroto agudo (código de escrototomia exploratória). As macrorregiões foram agrupadas em cinco áreas ligadas às características climáticas pela Classificação Internacional de Clima Köppen. Resultados: Foram registrados 2.351 casos de torção testicular no período. Para as áreas B, C e E (torção testicular n=2.130), foram encontradas diferenças estatísticas na associação dos casos de torção testicular e diminuição da temperatura (p=0,019, p=0,001 e p=0,006, respectivamente), mas nas análises das áreas A e D não foram observadas diferenças estatísticas (p=0,066 e p=0,494). Conclusão: A diminuição da temperatura foi associada à torção testicular em três macrorregiões de São Paulo. Os resultados apoiam a teoria do clima frio como um gatilho para ocorrência de torção testicular em uma região de clima tropical.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Spermatic Cord Torsion/epidemiology , Climate Change , Scrotum/physiopathology , Seasons , Brazil/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies
14.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 64: e21190502, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285558

ABSTRACT

Abstract Climate is considered an important factor in the temporal and spatial distribution of vector-borne diseases. Dengue transmission involves many factors: although it is not yet fully understood, climate is a critical factor as it facilitates risk analysis of epidemics. This study analyzed the effect of seasonal factors and the relationship between climate variables and dengue risk in the municipality of Campo Grande, from 2008 to 2018. Generalized linear models with negative binomial and Poisson distribution were used. The most appropriate model was the one with "minimum temperature" and "precipitation", both lagged by one month, controlled by "year". In this model, a 1°C rise in the minimum temperature of one month led to an increase in dengue cases the following month, while a 10 mm increase in precipitation led to an increase in dengue cases the following month.


Subject(s)
Climate Change , Dengue/epidemiology , Temporal Distribution , Seasons , Binomial Distribution , Linear Models , Poisson Distribution
15.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(10): e11035, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285659

ABSTRACT

In this eight-year retrospective study, we evaluated the associations between climatic variations and the biological rhythms in plasma lipids and lipoproteins in a large population of Campinas, São Paulo state, Brazil, as well as temporal changes of outcomes of cardiovascular hospitalizations. Climatic variables were obtained at the Center for Meteorological and Climatic Research Applied to Agriculture (University of Campinas - Unicamp, Brazil). The plasma lipid databases surveyed were from 27,543 individuals who had their lipid profiles assessed at the state university referral hospital in Campinas (Unicamp). The frequency of hospitalizations was obtained from the Brazilian Public Health database (DATASUS). Temporal statistical analyses were performed using the methods Cosinor or Friedman (ARIMA) and the temporal series were compared by cross-correlation functions. In normolipidemic cases (n=11,892), significantly different rhythmicity was observed in low-density lipoprotein (LDL)- and high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol (C) both higher in winter and lower in summer. Dyslipidemia (n=15,651) increased the number and amplitude of lipid rhythms: LDL-C and HDL-C were higher in winter and lower in summer, and the opposite occurred with triglycerides. The number of hospitalizations showed maximum and minimum frequencies in winter and in summer, respectively. A coincident rhythmicity was observed of lower temperature and humidity rates with higher plasma LDL-C, and their temporal series were inversely cross-correlated. This study shows for the first time that variations of temperature, humidity, and daylight length were strongly associated with LDL-C and HDL-C seasonality, but moderately to lowly associated with rhythmicity of atherosclerotic outcomes. It also indicates unfavorable cardiovascular-related changes during wintertime.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Climate , Lipids/blood , Lipoproteins/blood , Periodicity , Seasons , Triglycerides/blood , Brazil/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Cholesterol, HDL/blood
16.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(10): 1431-1436, Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136143

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate seasonal variation of 25(OH)vitamin D [25(OH)D3] levels, and factors associated with it, in healthy adult men, who exercised outdoors for 50 min., at least twice a week, from 10AM to 4PM, in a Brazilian semitropical region. METHODS: Blood samples were collected at the end of each season for 25(OH)D3, measured by liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry. Ultraviolet irradiation was estimated by radiometer, calculating the daily photobiological response to vitamin D synthesis in human skin (D-VitD). The prevalence of 25(OH)D3 <20ng/mL changed with the seasons (p=0.000): 8.7% (n=6/69), 1.5% (n=1/66), 0 (n=0/64), and 21.7% (n=13/60), respectively, at the end of winter, spring, summer, and autumn. The prevalence, adjusted for multiple comparisons, was higher in winter than summer (p=0.026), and in autumn than spring (p=0.001) and summer (p=0.000). There were no associations of 25(OH) D3 levels with BMI (p=0.207), body fat (p=0.064), and phototype (p=0.485), in univariate analysis. It was associated with D-VitD in the 30 days before blood sampling (p=0.000), after adjustment to body fat. The prevalence of 25(OH)D3 <30ng/mL varied seasonally (p=0.000): 69.6% (n=48/69), 68.2% (n=45/66), 43.8% (n=28/64), and 88.4% (n=53/60), respectively, in winter, spring, summer, and autumn. CONCLUSIONS: In a Brazilian subtropical region, a seasonal variation in 25(OH)D3 was observed in healthy adult males, although they spent at least 50 min outdoors twice a week, wearing shorts and T-shirts. 25(OH)D3 <20ng/mL was 21.7% in autumn; D-vitD 30 days prior to blood sampling was the only factor independently associated with 25(OH)D3 levels.


RESUMO OBJETIVOS: Avaliar a sazonalidade da 25(OH)vitamina D3 [25(OH)D3] e fatores associados em homens adultos saudáveis, que se exercitavam ao ar livre pelo menos 50 min duas vezes por semana, das 10 às 16h, em uma região subtropical. MÉTODOS: Sangue foi colhido no fim das estações para medir 25(OH)D3, por cromatografia líquida em tandem com espectroscopia de massas. A radiação ultravioleta foi estimada por radiômetro, calculando diariamente a resposta fotobiológica para sintetizar vitamina D na pele humana (D-VitD). RESULTADOS: A prevalência de 25(OH)D3 <20ng/mL foi sazonal (p=0.000): 8.7% (n=6/69), 1.5% (n=1/66), 0% (n= 0/64), e 21.7% (n=13/60), respectivamente, no final do inverno, primavera, verão e outono. A prevalência, ajustada para comparações múltiplas, foi maior no inverno do que no verão (p=0.026) e no outono do que na primavera (p=0.001) e verão (p=0.000). A 25(OH)D3 não se associou com o índice de massa corporal (p=0.207), gordura corporal (p=0.064) ou fototipo (p=0.485), na análise univariada. Associou-se à D-VitD nos 30 dias antes da coleta de sangue (p=0.000), ajustada para gordura corporal. Houve sazonalidade na prevalência de 25(OH)D3 <30ng/mL (p=0.000): 69.6% (n=48/69), 68.2% (n=45/66), 43.8% (n=28/64), e 88.4% (n=53/60), respectivamente, no inverno, primavera, verão e outono. CONCLUSÕES: Em uma região subtropical, houve sazonalidade na 25(OH)D3 em homens adultos, saudáveis, embora se exercitassem ao ar livre pelo menos 50 minutos duas vezes por semana, usando shorts e camiseta. 25(OH)D3 <20ng/mL foi 21.7% no outono e a D-vitD 30 dias antes da coleta do sangue foi o único fator associado de modo independente à 25(OH)D3.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Vitamin D , Vitamin D Deficiency/epidemiology , Seasons , Vitamins , Brazil/epidemiology , Calcifediol , Dietary Supplements
17.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(5): 1173-1178, oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134420

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: This study evaluated the effect of resistance exercise training (RET) on body composition and muscle strength in 16 older women during summer holidays (70.5 ± 8.4 years old; Range 60-87). Exercise sessions were carried out for twelve weeks, two sessions per week, with 60 minutes of exercise per session. We measured body mass index (BMI), fat mass percentage (FM%, by bioimpedance) and grip strength with a dynamometer before and after the intervention. The participants showed a significant increase in BMI (p<0.05), FM% (p<0.001), and a significant gain in grip strength (p<0.05). The RET program could be an important strategy for improving strength for older women, but we would suggest combining it with other interventions, such as aerobic exercises with gradually increasing intensity and nutrition interventions, in order to maintain a steady weight during holiday periods.


RESUMEN: Este estudio evaluó el efecto del entrenamien- to con ejercicios de resistencia (EER) sobre la composición corpo- ral y la fuerza muscular en 16 mujeres adultas mayores durante las vacaciones de verano (70,5 ± 8,4 años; Rango 60-87). Las sesio- nes de ejercicio se llevaron a cabo durante doce semanas, dos ve- ces por semana, con 60 minutos de ejercicio por sesión. Se evaluó el índice de masa corporal (IMC), el porcentaje de masa grasa (% MG, por bioimpedancia) y la fuerza de presión con un dinamómetro manual antes y después de la intervención. Las participantes mos- traron un aumento significativo en el IMC (p< 0,05), % de MG (p<0,001) y un incremento significativo en la fuerza prensil (p <0,05). El programa de EER podría ser una estrategia importante para mejorar la fuerza de mujeres adultas mayores durante el periodo estival. El EER se sugiere combinarlo con otras variables, como ejercicios aeróbicos con intensidad gradualmente creciente y una intervención nutricional, para mantener un peso constante durante los períodos de vacaciones.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Body Composition , Hand Strength/physiology , Resistance Training/methods , Pressure , Seasons , Body Weight , Body Mass Index , Adiposity , Resistance Training , Holidays
18.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(5): 1434-1443, oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134460

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The objective of this present investigation was undertaken to study the testicular and epididymal biometrical characteristics in Algerian donkeys throughout the year according to age, body weight and seasonal changes. The study was conducted from February 2019 to January 2020. A total of 24 sexually mature donkeys (Equus asinus) were selected randomly. The testis and epididymis were collected after slaughter of donkeys and separated from the conjunctive and adherent tissues. The epididymis has been carefully removed at the testicular junction. In total, 10 biometric measures were selected and performed. Our results revealed that there are significant differences (P<0.05) between groups in most biometrics values. All biometric parameters varied throughout the year and were affected by the season. Significant differences of the GSI and SC values (P<0.05) were observed in different age groups and seasons. On the other hand, no significant differences were observed between the body weight categories of donkeys. The analysis of the correlation coefficients between the biometric values shows high positive correlations, ranged between 0.98 and 0.72 (P<0.001). There was a high positive correlation between age and all the parameters, ranged from 0.85 to 0.61 (P<0.001). However, there were low negative correlations between season and; testicular and epididymal biometrics. It is the first investigation that describes the male reproductive organs in donkeys of the Algerian race (Equus asinus), on the basis of biometric testicular and epididymal measurements. Our results showed that the essential differences were noted between some biometric parameters and the age, season and body weight of donkeys. In addition, the correlation coefficients were supported between biometric measurements and these factors. However, other approaches are necessary to undertake, such as histology of reproductive organs and hormone measurement, for a deeper understanding of the physiology of reproduction in donkeys.


RESUMEN: El objetivo de esta investigación fue estudiar las características biométricas testiculares y epididimarias en burros Argelinos durante todo el año de acuerdo con la edad, el peso corporal y los cambios estacionales. El estudio se realizó entre febrero de 2019 y enero de 2020. Se seleccionó al azar un total de 24 burros sexualmente maduros (Equus asinus). Los testículos y el epidídimo se recogieron después del sacrificio de los burros y se separaron de los tejidos conjuntivos y adherentes. El epidídimo se eliminó cuidadosamente en la unión testicular. En total, se seleccionaron y realizaron 10 medidas biométricas. Nuestros resultados revelaron que existen diferencias significativas (P <0,05) entre los grupos en la mayoría de los valores biométricos. Todos los parámetros biométricos variaron a lo largo del año y se vieron afectados por la temporada. Se observaron diferencias significativas de los valores de GSI y SC (P <0,05) en diferentes grupos de edad y estaciones. Por otra parte, no se observaron diferencias significativas entre las categorías de peso corporal de los burros. El análisis de los coeficientes de correlación entre los valores biométricos muestra altas correlaciones positivas, entre 0,98 y 0,72 (P <0,001). Hubo una alta correlación positiva entre la edad y todos los parámetros, que varió de 0,85 a 0,61 (P <0,001). Sin embargo, hubo bajas correlaciones negativas entre temporada y biometría testicular y epididimaria. Es la primera investigación que describe los órganos reproductores machos en burros de la raza Argelina (Equus asinus), sobre la base de mediciones biométricas testiculares y epididimarias. Nuestros resultados mostraron que se observaron las diferencias esenciales entre algunos parámetros biométricos y la edad, la estación y el peso corporal de los burros. Además, los coeficientes de correlación fueron compatibles entre las mediciones biométricas y estos factores. Sin embargo, son necesarios otros enfoques, como la histología de los órganos reproductivos y la medición de hormonas, para una mayor comprensión de la fisiología de la reproducción en burros.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Testis/anatomy & histology , Equidae/anatomy & histology , Epididymis/anatomy & histology , Seasons , Body Weight , Age Factors
19.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 79(5): 320-324, set.-out. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137991

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo: Traçar um perfil epidemiológico de pacientes com emergências oftalmológicas, e a prevalência de conjuntivites em duas estações do ano. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo, transversal, através de revisão de prontuários de pacientes do pronto-atendimento do Hospital de Olhos do Paraná, referente ao período de uma semana do primeiro mês do verão e do inverno. As idades, queixas principais e diagnósticos foram organizados em grupos. Resultados: Foram revisados 2086 prontuários. O sexo masculino abrangeu 51,9%. A média da idade foi de 38±21 anos. O grupo de conjuntivites se destacou, com 46,4% do total de diagnósticos. Conjuntivites infecciosas (virais e bacterianas) somam 57,1%, 46,7%, 57,6%, 59,3% e 54,7% do total de conjuntivites nos grupos etários de 0-9 anos, 10-19 anos, 20-39 anos, 40-59 anos e ≥60 anos, respectivamente. No verão, dentre as conjuntivites, as alérgicas foram as mais prevalentes (34,7%), seguido por virais (29,6%), bacterianas (27,2%) e não especificadas (8,5%). Já no inverno, tiveram maior prevalência as virais (35%), seguido pelas alérgicas (34,7%), bacterianas (21,7%) e não especificadas (8,6%). A conjuntivite foi responsável por 78,5% dos diagnósticos na 1a década de vida contra 26,4% a partir da 7a década. Os outros diagnósticos mais prevalentes foram hordéolo/calázio (9,59%), ceratite ou úlcera bacteriana (6,52%) e hiposfagma (5,51%). Conclusão: O grupo de conjuntivites, em especial as conjuntivites infecciosas, foram as doenças mais frequentes dentre todos os diagnósticos. O inverno trouxe maior prevalência de conjuntivites gerais. Em ambas as estações houveram mais casos de conjuntivites virais que bacterianas, mas as virais foram mais expressivas no inverno. A prevalência de conjuntivites alérgicas foi a mesma nas duas estações. A faixa etária mais acometida por conjuntivites gerais foi a de 0 a 9 anos de idade.


Abstract Purpose: To ascertain the main ophthalmological acute diseases and the prevalence of conjunctivitis in two seasons of the year. Methods: Retrospective study by reviewing medical records review of medical records for the one-week period of the first month of summer and winter of the emergency department of the Hospital de Olhos do Paraná, in summer and winter seasons. The ages, major complaints and diagnoses were organized into groups. Results: Of 2086 patients, conjunctivitis had 46.4% of diagnoses. Infective conjunctivitis (viral and bacterial) accounted for 57.1%, 46.7%, 57.6%, 59.3% and 54.7% of total conjunctivitis in the age groups of 0-9 years, 10-19 years, 20-39 years, 40-59 years and ≥60 years, respectively. In summer, the most prevalent type of conjunctivitis was allergic (34.7%), followed by viral (29.6%), bacterial (27.2%) and unspecified (8.5%). In the winter, the prevalence sequence was viral (35%), allergic (34.7%), bacterial (21.7%) and unspecified (8.6%). Furthermore, conjunctivitis was responsible for 78.5% of the diagnoses in the first decade of life versus 26.4% from the seventh decade. The other most prevalent diagnoses were hordeolum / chalazion (9.59%), keratitis or bacterial ulcer (6.52%) and hyposphagma (5.51%). Conclusion: The group of conjunctivitis had the higher prevalence among the diagnosis. The winter season had a higher prevalence of general conjunctivitis. Both seasons have more viral than bacterial cases, but viral cases were more expressive in the winter. Allergic conjunctivitis had the same prevalence in the analyzed seasons. The age group most affected by general conjunctivitis was 0 to 9 years of age.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Seasons , Medical Records , Conjunctivitis/diagnosis , Conjunctivitis/epidemiology , Emergency Medical Services , Eye Diseases/diagnosis , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies
20.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(4): 1137-1144, July-Aug. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | ID: biblio-1131517

ABSTRACT

Utilizaram-se quatro garanhões nos meses de janeiro, abril, julho e outubro de 2016, em dois protocolos, em que: GI (n=4; 5mL de solução salina, i.v.) e GII (n=4; 5000UI de hCG, i.v.) e subdividiram-se esses protocolos em ciclos (C1 e C2), seguindo o esquema crossover, sendo: CI=animais 1 (GI) e 2 (GII), avaliados nos dias D1, D3 e D5, e animais 3 (GI) e 4 (GII), em D2, D4 e D6; CII= animais 1 (GII) e 2 (GI), em D1, D3, D5, e animais 3 (GII) e 4 (GI), em D2, D4 e D6. Realizou-se o tratamento em D1 e D2 de cada ciclo e a ultrassonografia testicular no modo color Doppler e Doppler espectral, uma hora antes de cada coleta de sêmen e imediatamente após. Avaliou-se: número de reflexo de Flehmen, de montas sem ereção, início da monta, tempo de reação à ereção e total da monta e análises de qualidade seminal. Estatisticamente foram utilizados os testes de qui-quadrado e ANOVA. Não houve diferenças estatísticas (P>0,05) entre os parâmetros analisados. Concluiu-se que uma única dose de 5000UI de hCG em garanhões não causou alterações significativas nos parâmetros avaliados em diferentes estações do ano.(AU)


Four stallions were used in January, April, July and October 2016 in two protocols: GI (n=4; 5ml saline, iv) and GII (n=4; 5000 hCG, iv), and these protocols were subdivided into cycles (C1 and C2) following the cross over scheme, as follows: CI=animal 1 (GI) and 2 (GII) evaluated on days D1, D3 and D5 and animal 3 (GI) and 4 (GII) at D 2, D 4 and D 6; CII=animal 1 (GII) and 2 (GI) at D1, D3, D5 and animal 3 (GII) and 4 (GI) at D2, D4 and D6. Treatment was performed on D1 and D2 of each cycle and testicular ultrasound in color Doppler and spectral Doppler mode, one hour before each semen collection and immediately after. We evaluated: Flehmen's reflex number, mounts without erection, start of the mount, reaction time to erection and total mount and seminal quality analyzes. Statistically, the Chi-square and ANOVA tests were used. There were no statistical differences (P>0.05) between the analyzed parameters. It was concluded that a single dose of 5000IU hCG in stallions did not cause significant changes in the parameters evaluated in different seasons of the year.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Testis/diagnostic imaging , Chorionic Gonadotropin/administration & dosage , Horses/physiology , Seasons , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color/veterinary
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