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1.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 28: e35054, jan.-dez. 2020.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1117622

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: avaliar a mobilidade do cliente com dermatose imunobolhosa antes e após aplicação do curativo com gaze vaselinada. Método: estudo quase experimental, interinstitucional, com clientes com dermatoses imunobolhosas hospitalizados em um hospital estadual e um hospital federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro e uma instituição do Mato Grosso do Sul. Utilizou-se a lógica fuzzy para classificar a mobilidade dos sujeitos antes, 24 horas após e uma semana após aplicação do curativo. A pesquisa foi aprovada pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa. Resultados: Incluídos 14 participantes, sendo nove com pênfigo vulgar, dois com pênfigo foliáceo e três com penfigóide bolhoso, entre 27 e 82 anos, predominando 11 mulheres. Após 24 horas, nenhum participante se considerou com baixa mobilidade, sete passaram a mobilidade média, e sete, alta, o que foi mantido uma semana após aplicação do curativo. Conclusão: constatou-se significativo aumento da mobilidade logo nas primeiras 24 horas após aplicação do curativo.


Objective: to assess the mobility of clients with immunobullous dermatoses, before and after applying vaseline gauze dressings. Method: in this quasi-experimental, interinstitutional study of inpatients with immunobullous dermatoses at a state hospital and a federal hospital in Rio de Janeiro State and an institution in Mato Grosso do Sul (Brazil), patient mobility before, 24 hours after, and one week after applying the dressing was classified using fuzzy logic. The study was approved by the research ethics committee. Results: 14 participants, nine with pemphigus vulgaris, two with pemphigus foliaceus, and three with bullous pemphigoid, aged between 27 and 82 years old, and predominantly (11) women. After 24 hours, none of the participants considered their mobility to be poor, seven began to be moderately mobile, and seven were highly mobile, and continued so one week after applying the dressing. Conclusion: mobility increased significant in the first 24 hours after applying the dressing.


Objetivo: evaluar la movilidad de clientes con dermatosis inmunobullosa, antes y después de la aplicación de apósitos de gasa con vaselina. Método: en este estudio cuasi-experimental, interinstitucional de pacientes hospitalizados con dermatosis inmunobullosa en un hospital estatal y un hospital federal en el estado de Río de Janeiro y una institución en Mato Grosso do Sul (Brazil), la movilidad del paciente antes, 24 horas después y una semana después la aplicación del apósito se clasificó mediante lógica difusa. El estudio fue aprobado por el comité de ética en investigación. Resultados: se incluyeron 14 participantes, nueve con pénfigo vulgar, dos con pénfigo foliáceo y tres con penfigoide ampolloso, con edades comprendidas entre 27 y 82 años, y predominantemente mujeres (n=11). Después de 24 horas, ninguno de los participantes consideró que su movilidad fuera pobre, siete comenzaron a ser moderadamente móviles y siete eran altamente móviles, y así continuaron una semana después de la aplicación del apósito. Conclusión: la movilidad aumentó significativamente en las primeras 24 horas después de la aplicación del apósitoconsideraba con baja movilidad, siete comenzaron a tener movilidad media y siete, alta, que se mantuvo una semana después de aplicar el apósito. Conclusión: hubo un aumento significativo en la movilidad en las primeras 24 horas después de aplicar el apósito.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Petrolatum/therapeutic use , Bandages , Skin Diseases, Vesiculobullous/therapy , Pemphigoid, Bullous/therapy , Pemphigus/therapy , Mobility Limitation , Brazil , Fuzzy Logic , Pressure Ulcer/prevention & control , Secondary Prevention , Non-Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Hospitals, Public , Inpatients , Nursing Care
2.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1099801

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analisar a efetividade do teste da International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF) para as prevenções primária e secundária relacionadas aos fatores de risco para a osteoporose. Métodos: Estudo transversal realizado no interior de São Paulo, Brasil, durante a Campanha de Prevenção à Osteoporose realizada em outubro de 2016. Participaram 400 pessoas, selecionadas aleatoriamente, entrevistadas de acordo com o teste de um minuto para risco de osteoporose da IOF. A análise estatística utilizou o teste de Kolmogorov-Smirnov, o teste qui-quadrado de Pearson, o Mann-Whitney e a análise multivariada para fatores de risco associados à osteoporose pelo modelo de regressão logística binária. Os resultados foram apresentados em odds ratio, com intervalo de confiança de 95%. Resultados: A amostra foi composta por 260 mulheres e 140 homens, com mediana de 57 anos, e 95% indicaram possuir algum fator de risco. As questões com maior índice de positividade indicaram que ambos os sexos estão expostos à baixa exposição ao sol, à baixa ingesta de alimentos ricos em vitamina D (p=0,140) e ao hábito de atividades físicas por tempo inferior a 30 min (p=0,657). O índice de massa corporal (IMC) menor que 19kg/m2 (p=0,336) indicou menor positividade. A regressão logística mostrou associação entre quatro fatores de risco (densitometria óssea, queda por fraqueza, mudança de altura após os 40 anos e sexo) e a população em estudo acima de 60 anos. Conclusão: O teste da IOF se mostrou uma ferramenta funcional na promoção da saúde e atenção primária, podendo trazer benefícios socioeconômicos.


Objective: To analyze the effectiveness of the International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF) test for primary and secondary prevention related to risk factors for osteoporosis. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study conducted in the interior of São Paulo, Brazil, during the Osteoporosis Prevention Campaign carried out in October 2016. 400 people, selected at random, interviewed according to the IOF one-minute osteoporosis risk test, participated. Statistical analysis used the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, Pearson's chi-square test, Mann-Whitney, and multivariate analysis for risk factors associated with osteoporosis using the binary logistic regression model. The results were presented in odds ratios, with a 95% confidence interval. Results: The sample consisted of 260 women and 140 men, with a median of 57 years, and 95% indicated having some risk factor. The questions with the highest positivity index indicated that both sexes are exposed to low exposure to the sun, low intake of foods rich in vitamin D (p=0.140), and the habit of physical activities for less than 30 min (p=0.657 ). The body mass index (BMI) less than 19 kg/m2 (p=0.336) indicated less positivity. Logistic regression showed an association between four risk factors (bone densitometry, fall due to weakness, change in height after 40 years and sex) and the study population over 60 years. Conclusion: The IOF test proved to be a functional tool in promoting health and primary care, and can bring socioeconomic benefits.


Objetivo: Analizar la efectividad de la prueba de la International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF) para las prevenciones primaria y secundaria relacionadas con los factores de riesgo para osteoporosis. Métodos: Estudio transversal realizado en una ciudad de São Paulo, Brasil, durante la Campaña de Prevención de Osteoporosis realizada en octubre de 2016. Participaron 400 personas que han sido elegidas de modo aleatorio y entrevistadas según la prueba de un minuto para riesgo de osteoporosis de la IOF. El análisis estadístico utilizó la prueba de Kolmogorov-Smirnov, la prueba de Chi-cuadrado de Pearson, la de Mann-Whitney y el análisis multivariado para los factores de riesgo asociados con la osteoporosis por el modelo de regresión logística binaria. Se ha presentado los resultados en odds ratio con intervalo de confianza del 95%. Resultados: La muestra fue de 260 mujeres y 140 hombres con mediana de la edad de 57 años y el 95% indicaron tener algún factor de riesgo. Las preguntas con mayor índice de positividad han indicado que ambos sexos tienen baja exposición solar, baja ingesta de alimentos con vitamina D (p=0,140) y la costumbre de actividades físicas de tiempo menor que 30 min (p=0,657). El índice de masa corporal (IMC) de menos de 19kg/m2 (p=0,336) ha indicado menor positividad. La regresión logística ha mostrado asociación entre cuatro factores de riesgo (densitometría ósea, caída causada por debilidad muscular, cambio de altura después de los 40 años y sexo) y la población del estudio con más de 60 años. Conclusión: La prueba de la IOF se presentó como una herramienta funcional para la promoción de la salud y atención primaria lo que puede llevar a beneficios socioeconómicos.


Subject(s)
Osteoporosis , Primary Prevention , Public Health , Risk Factors , Secondary Prevention
3.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-810971

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Studies on the efficacy of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy for primary prevention in Asian patients are relatively lacking compared to those for secondary prevention. Also, it is important to stratify which patients will benefit from ICD therapy for primary prevention.METHODS: Of 483 consecutive patients who received new implantation of ICD in 9 centers in Korea, 305 patients with reduced left ventricular systolic function and/or documented ventricular fibrillation/tachycardia were enrolled and divided into primary (n = 167) and secondary prevention groups (n = 138).RESULTS: During mean follow-up duration of 2.6 ± 1.6 years, appropriate ICD therapy occurred in 78 patients (25.6%), and appropriate ICD shock and anti-tachycardia pacing occurred in 15.1% and 15.1% of patients, respectively. Appropriate ICD shock rate was not different between the two groups (primary 12% vs. secondary 18.8%, P = 0.118). However, appropriate ICD therapy rate including shock and anti-tachycardia pacing was significantly higher (primary 18% vs. secondary 34.8%, P = 0.001) in the secondary prevention group. Type of prevention and etiology, appropriate and inappropriate ICD shock did not affect all-cause death. High levels of N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide, New York Heart Association functional class, low levels of estimated glomerular filtration ratio, and body mass index were associated with death before appropriate ICD shock in the primary prevention group. When patients were categorized in 5 risk score groups according to the sum of values defined by each cut-off level, significant differences in death rate before appropriate ICD shock were observed among risk 0 (0%), 1 (3.6%), 2 (3%), 3 (26.5%), and 4 (40%) (P < 0.001).CONCLUSION: In this multicenter regional registry, the frequency of appropriate ICD therapy is not low in the primary prevention group. In addition, combination of poor prognostic factors of heart failure is useful in risk stratification of patients who are not benefiting from ICD therapy for primary prevention.


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Body Mass Index , Defibrillators, Implantable , Filtration , Follow-Up Studies , Heart , Heart Failure , Humans , Korea , Mortality , Primary Prevention , Risk Assessment , Secondary Prevention , Shock
4.
MedUNAB ; 23(1): 62-71, 2020/03/30.
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1087832

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La ambliopía es un desorden visual originado durante el desarrollo cortical considerándose la causa de ceguera prevenible más frecuente. El diagnóstico y tratamiento temprano han demostrado ser efectivos; sin embargo, su detección es tardía debido, en parte, a falta de conocimiento. El objetivo del presente artículo es describir las percepciones sobre el conocimiento de médicos generales y pediatras en Bucaramanga acerca de la detección temprana de la ambliopía. Metodología. Se realizó un estudio cualitativo descriptivo de tipo exploratorio, utilizando como técnica entrevistas semi-estructuradas a 20 profesionales de la salud, para ello se usó el enfoque de Taylor y Bogdan. Resultados. Las entrevistas permitieron identificar dos categorías: falencias en el proceso de formación del pregrado y posgrado, y barreras de infraestructura para la realización de valoración visual; además de cuatro subcategorías entre las que se identifican conceptos erróneos sobre la ambliopía, falta de claridad sobre la edad oportuna para la realización de la valoración visual de primera vez, así como imaginarios errados relacionados con la valoración y remisión a servicios especializados de optometría y oftalmología. Discusión. El estudio permitió develar la falta de conocimientos de los profesionales de la salud y las distintas causas que contribuyen a esta problemática, así como la importancia del fortalecimiento de este tema en los currículos. Conclusión. Es necesario fortalecer el conocimiento de los médicos generales y pediatras con el fin de detectar precozmente los niños en riesgo de ambliopía y reducir la carga de la enfermedad. Cómo citar: Maldonado Rueda SJ, Marzal Guerra EE, Delgado-Serrano J, Cepeda-Bareño DF, Oviedo Cáceres MP. Percepciones sobre el conocimiento de la detección temprana de la ambliopía de médicos generales y pediatras de Bucaramanga. MedUNAB. 2020;23(1):62-71. doi:10.29375/01237047.3782


Introduction. Amblyopia is a visual disorder that arises during cortical development, and is considered the most frequent cause of preventable blindness. Early diagnosis and treatment have been demonstrated to be highly effective. However, it is often detected at a late stage, partly due to lack of knowledge. The purpose of this article is to describe the perceived knowledge of general practitioners and pediatricians in Bucaramanga on the early detection of amblyopia. Methodology. A descriptive, qualitative exploratory study was performed, by means of semistructured interviews of 20 healthcare professionals, using the approach suggested by Taylor and Bogdan. Results. The interview results found two types of issues: shortcomings in undergraduate and graduate training, lack of infrastructure to perform the visual assessment. It also detected four sub-categories, including incorrect concepts about amblyopia, lack of clarity about the right age to perform the first-time visual assessment, and erroneous beliefs about the assessment and referral to specialized optometry and ophthalmology services. Discussion. The study found gaps in knowledge by healthcare professionals as well as the different contributing factors to this problem, and indicates the importance of strengthening this subject in the curricula. Conclusion. It is necessary to strengthen knowledge among general practitioners and pediatricians to enable the early detection of children at risk of amblyopia and reduce the burden of this disease. Cómo citar: Maldonado Rueda SJ, Marzal Guerra EE, Delgado-Serrano J, Cepeda-Bareño DF, Oviedo Cáceres MP. Percepciones sobre el conocimiento de la detección temprana de la ambliopía de médicos generales y pediatras de Bucaramanga. MedUNAB. 2020;23(1):62-71. doi:10.29375/01237047.3782


Introdução. A ambliopia é um transtorno visual causado durante o desenvolvimento cortical, considerado a causa mais frequente de cegueira evitável. O diagnóstico e o tratamento precoce provaram ser eficazes; no entanto, sua detecção é tardia devido, em parte, à falta de conhecimento. O objetivo deste artigo é descrever as percepções sobre o conhecimento de médicos gerais e pediatras em Bucaramanga a respeito da detecção precoce da ambliopia. Métodos. Foi realizado um estudo descritivo, exploratório e qualitativo, utilizando entrevistas semiestruturadas com 20 profissionais de saúde, fazendo uso da abordagem de Taylor e Bogdan. Resultados. As entrevistas permitiram identificar duas categorias, falhas no processo de formação dos graduandos e pósgraduandos, barreiras de infraestrutura para realizar avaliação visual e quatro subcategorias, entre as quais estão: conceitos errôneos sobre a ambliopia, falta de clareza sobre a idade apropriada para realizar a primeira avaliação visual, bem como uma valoração errônea relacionada com a avaliação e encaminhamento para serviços especializados de optometria e oftalmologia. Discussão. O estudo revelou o desconhecimento dos profissionais da saúde e as diferentes causas que contribuem para esse problema, bem como a importância de fortalecer essa questão nos currículos. Conclusão. É necessário ampliar o conhecimento dos médicos gerais e pediatras na detecção precoce das crianças em risco de ambliopia e reduzir a carga da doença. Cómo citar: Maldonado Rueda SJ, Marzal Guerra EE, Delgado-Serrano J, Cepeda-Bareño DF, Oviedo Cáceres MP. Percepciones sobre el conocimiento de la detección temprana de la ambliopía de médicos generales y pediatras de Bucaramanga. MedUNAB. 2020;23(1):62-71. doi:10.29375/01237047.3782


Subject(s)
Amblyopia , Optometry , Pediatrics , Visual Acuity , Knowledge , Secondary Prevention
5.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 41(6): 499-510, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1055341

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the efficacy and safety of paliperidone palmitate 3-monthly (PP3M) in Latin American patients with schizophrenia vs. rest-of-world (ROW). Methods: We analyzed data from two multinational, double-blind (DB), randomized, controlled phase 3 studies including patients with schizophrenia (DSM-IV-TR) previously stabilized on PP1M/PP3M (open-label [OL] phase). Patients were randomized to PP3M or PP1M (noninferiority study A) and PP3M or placebo (study B) in DB phase. The subgroup analysis included Latin American (Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Mexico) patients. Primary efficacy endpoints were relapse-free rates (study A) and time-to-relapse (study B). Results: In study A, 63/71 (88.7%) and in study B 38/43 (88.4%) Latin American patients completed the DB phase. In study A, relapse-free percentage was similar in Latin America (PP3M: 97%, PP1M: 100%) and ROW (PP3M: 91%, PP1M: 89%). In study B, median time-to-relapse was not estimable in the Latin American subgroup for either placebo or PP3M groups, nor for the ROW PP3M group; the median time-to-relapse in the ROW placebo group was 395 days. Caregiver burden improved in patients switching from oral antipsychotics (OL baseline) to PP3M/PP1M in DB phase (Involvement Evaluation Questionnaire score mean ± SD change, -9.4±15.16; p < 0.001). Treatment emergent adverse events with PP3M during DB phase were similar in Latin America (study A: 24/34 [70.6%]; study B: 15/21 [71.4%]) and ROW (study A: 318/470 [67.7%]; study B: 84/139 [60.4%]) subgroups. Conclusion: PP3M was efficacious and showed no new safety concerns in patients with schizophrenia from Latin America, corroborating ROW findings. Clinical trial registration: NCT01515423, NCT01529515


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Schizophrenia/drug therapy , Antipsychotic Agents/administration & dosage , Paliperidone Palmitate/administration & dosage , Recurrence , Time Factors , Placebo Effect , Double-Blind Method , Surveys and Questionnaires , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Secondary Prevention , Latin America , Middle Aged
6.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 11(5): 1194-1201, out.-dez. 2019. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1022257

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analisar o conhecimento de cuidadores de pacientes com câncer gástrico, identificar os principais fatores de risco em cuidadores e propor ações de educação em saúde junto aos cuidadores sobre o câncer gástrico. Método: Estudo descritivo do tipo qualitativo. A coleta de dados foi realizada por meio da entrevista semiestruturada com cuidadores de pacientes com câncer gástrico. A análise dos dados deu-se por meio da análise de conteúdo de Bardin. Resultados: Os entrevistados possuíam conhecimento insuficiente sobre a prevenção do câncer gástrico, levando a aquisição de hábitos não saudáveis, que comprometem a saúde. Conclusão: É necessário a implementação de ações educativas em todos os níveis de atenção a saúde e cabe aos profissionais a difusão de conhecimentos sobre o assunto e aos usuários a mudança de comportamentos que gerem saúde e o abandono de hábitos que contribuam para a aquisição de doenças


Objective: The study's purpose has been to scrutinize the knowledge of caregivers of patients bearing gastric cancer, to identify the main risk factors in caregivers and to propose actions of health education among caregivers regarding the gastric cancer. Methods: It is a descriptive study with a qualitative approach. Data collection was carried out through a semi-structured interview with caregivers of patients with gastric cancer. Data analysis was performed according to Bardin's perspective. Results: The interviewees had insufficient knowledge about the prevention of gastric cancer, then leading to unhealthy habits that compromise their health. Conclusion: It is necessary to implement educational engagement at all levels of health care, furthermore, it is the responsibility of professionals to disseminate knowledge about the subject, as well as it is up to users to choose behaviors that produce health rather than habits that lead to illnesses


Objetivo: Analizar el conocimiento de cuidadores de pacientes con cáncer gástrico, identificar los principales factores de riesgo en cuidadores y proponer acciones de educación en salud junto a los cuidadores sobre el cáncer gástrico. Método: Estudio descriptivo del tipo cualitativo. La recolección de datos fue realizada por medio de la entrevista semiestructurada con cuidadores de pacientes con cáncer gástrico. El análisis de los datos se dio a través del análisis de contenido de Bardin. Resultados: Los entrevistados poseían conocimiento insuficiente sobre la prevención del cáncer gástrico, llevando la adquisición de hábitos no saludables, que comprometen la salud. Conclusión: Es necesario la implementación de acciones educativas en todos los niveles de atención a la salud y corresponde a los profesionales la difusión de conocimientos sobre el tema y los usuarios el cambio de comportamientos que generan salud y el abandono de hábitos que contribuyan a la adquisición de enfermedades


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Stomach Neoplasms , Caregivers/education , Secondary Prevention/education , Brazil , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Health Education
7.
Medicina (Ribeiräo Preto) ; 52(2)abr.-jun., 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1025093

ABSTRACT

Modelo do estudo: este foi um estudo ecológico transversal e descritivo. Objetivo do estudo: conhecer os determinantes sociais de saúde associados com a prevenção secundária do câncer do colo do útero no período de 2010 a 2014. Metodologia: a unidade amostral foi os 62 municípios do estado do Amazonas. Os dados secundários utilizados foram do Sistema de Informação do Câncer do Colo do Útero (SISCOLO), do Sistema de Informação da Atenção Básica (SIAB), do Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE) e do Atlas de Desenvolvimento Humano do Brasil. Resultados: baixa cobertura do exame Preventivo do câncer do colo do útero para mulheres de 25 a 64 anos, sendo a faixa etária com menor adesão ao rastreio, a de 60 a 64 anos. A média de analfabetismo feminino na idade de 25 anos ou mais, no Estado, foi de 25,01%, e este indicador apresentou correlação com a baixa cobertura do exame Preventivo para o câncer do colo do útero em todos os anos. A pouca cobertura da Estratégia Saúde da Família também se associou a baixa adesão ao rastreio. Além disso, a Proporção de Municípios com Amostras Insatisfatórias dos exames citopatológicos apresentou-se acima da meta preconizada pelo Ministério da Saúde. Conclusão: estratégias de promoção da saúde voltadas a adesão ao rastreio devem considerar o nível de escolaridade das mulheres e o fortalecimento da Atenção Primária à Saúde pautada no rastreio não oportunístico; estas devem ser uma das prioridades das políticas públicas nos municípios do Estado.(AU)


Study design: This was a cross-sectional and ecological descriptive study. Study objective: Knowing the social determinants of health associated with the secondary prevention of cervical cancer from 2010 to 2014. Methods: The sample included the 62 counties of the state of Amazonas, and secondary data were used from the Cervical Cancer Information System, the Primary Care Information System, the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics and the Atlas of Human Development of Brazil. Results: Low coverage of the preventive exam for cervical cancer for women aged 25 to 64 years was found. Also, the age group with the lowest adherence to screening was 60 to 64 years old. The average illiteracy rate among women aged 25 years and over, in the state, was 25.01%, and this indicator correlated with the low coverage of the preventive exam for cervical cancer every year. The low coverage of the Family Health Strategy was also as-sociated with low adherence to screening. The proportion of counties with unsatisfactory samples from the cytopathological examinations was above the goal recommended by the Ministry of Health. Conclusion: Health promotion strategies regarding adherence to screening should consider women's level of education, and the reinforcement of Primary Health Care based on non-opportunistic screening should be one of the priorities of public policies in the counties of the state. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Secondary Prevention , Social Determinants of Health
8.
Rev. Soc. Cardiol. Estado de Säo Paulo ; 29(2): 160-166, abr.-jun. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1009499

ABSTRACT

A prevenção da fibrilação atrial (FA) envolve uma abordagem individualizada, multidisciplinar e integrada do paciente, que vai além da arritmia per se. Por se tratar de uma arritmia multifatorial e com fisiopatologia complexa, os pacientes com FA devem ser avaliados em sua integralidade, que inclui aspectos eletrocardiográficos, eletrofisiológicos, medidas comportamentais e otimização de tratamento de doenças crônicas, como hipertensão arterial e insuficiência cardíaca. Neste artigo descrevere-mos as principais intervenções estudadas na literatura com benefício na prevenção da fibrilação atrial


AF (atrial fibrillation) prevention involves an ndividualized, multidisciplinary and integrated approach taken by the patient, which emcompasses more than just arrhy- thmima per se. Because it is a multifactorial arrhythmia with complex physiopathology, patients with AF should undergo a complete assessment, including electrocardiographic and electrophysiological aspects, behavioral measures and optimization of the treatment of chronic diseases, such as hypertension and heart failure. In this article we describe the main interventions studied in literature that are beneficial in the prevention of atrial fibrillation


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Atrial Fibrillation/prevention & control , Anti-Arrhythmia Agents/therapeutic use , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/therapy , Sleep Wake Disorders/complications , Sleep Wake Disorders/diagnosis , Tobacco Use Disorder , Comorbidity , Risk Factors , Diabetes Mellitus , Secondary Prevention/methods , Heart Failure , Hypertension , Obesity
9.
Rev. enferm. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 27(2): 73-79, Abr-Jun 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1015112

ABSTRACT

Introducción: según la incidencia que presenta el indicador Prevención de infecciones de vías urinarias, 80% de estas son ocasionadas en las unidades de salud por el uso de una sonda vesical. Con la finalidad de disminuir este problema, se implementó el indicador de calidad de los servicios de enfermería. Objetivo: identificar el cumplimiento de los criterios del indicador Prevención de infecciones de vías urinarias en pacientes con sonda vesical instalada en una unidad de tercer nivel. Métodos: estudio observacional, descriptivo, prospectivo, transversal del tipo sistemas de salud, en el que participaron 74 pacientes, en el periodo de septiembre a octubre del 2017, con un muestreo por conveniencia mediante observación al personal de enfermería que atiende pacientes con sonda vesical instalada durante el periodo de recolección de datos en los turnos matutino y vespertino, con el formato de sistema INDICAS (F1-PIVUPSVI/12). Se hizo el análisis mediante estadística descriptiva. Resultados: en relación con el nivel del cumplimiento del indicador Prevención de infecciones de vías urinarias en pacientes con sonda vesical instalada, este arrojó un 89.1% en rojo (66), equivalente a 70% o menos, y 18.9% en amarillo (8), que equivale al nivel del cumplimiento en un rango que va de 71 a 90%. Conclusiones: de acuerdo con datos estadísticos, se encuentra el indicador en rojo, con base en el sistema INDICAS de la Secretaría de Salud.


Introduction: According to the incidence showed by the Prevention of urinary tract infections in patients with a bladder catheter indicator, 80% of these infections is caused by the use of a bladder catheter. In order to reduce this problem, it was implemented the nursing service quality indicator. Objective: To identify compliance with the criteria of the indicator Prevention of urinary tract infections in patients with a bladder catheter in a third level unit. Methods: Observational, descriptive, prospective, cross-sectional, health systems sort of study, which included 74 patients from September to October of 2017, with a convenience sample by observation to the nursing staff that takes care of patients with bladder catheter installed during the period of data collection in the morning and afternoon shifts with INDICAS system format (F1-PIVUPSVI/12). Analysis was performed with descriptive statistics. Results: The level of compliance with the Prevention of urinary tract infections in patients with a bladder catheter indicator resulted in 89.1% in red (66), equivalent to 70% or less, and 18.9% in yellow (8), equivalent to a level of compliance ranging from 71 to 90%. Conclusions: According to statistical data, the indicator is in red, based on the Secretaría de Salud (Health Secretary) INDICAS system.


Subject(s)
Humans , Preventive Health Services , Urinary Tract Infections , Administration, Intravesical , Cross Infection , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Data Collection , Prospective Studies , Health Status Indicators , Probe , Federal Government , Secondary Prevention , Observational Study , Hospitals, Special , Nursing Staff , Mexico
10.
Rev. Soc. Cardiol. Estado de Säo Paulo ; 29(2): 133-136, abr.-jun. 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), SES-SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1009419

ABSTRACT

As doenças cardiovasculares, principalmente as decorrentes de casos de acidente vascular cerebral e infarto agudo do miocárdio, têm importante impacto na mortalidade global e nas internações hospitalares em todo o mundo. A despeito do vasto conhecimento dos diversos fatores de risco implicados na gênese da doença cardiovascular, o número de eventos ainda se mantém elevado e a instituição de medidas de prevenção primária e secundária são essenciais e complementares. Nos últimos anos, importantes avanços no campo do tratamento farmacológico de aterosclerose e insuficiência cardíaca, predominantemente em decorrência de cardiopatia isquêmica, foram publicados e seus principais resultados são destacados no presente artigo


Cardiovascular diseases, particularly those arising from cases of stroke and acute myocardial infarction, have a significant impact on global mortality and hospital admissions around the world. Despite the vast knowledge of the various risk factors involved in the genesis of cardiovascular disease, the number of events remains high and institution of primary and secondary prevention measures is essential and complementary. In recent years, important advances in the field of pharmacological treatment of atherosclerosis and heart failure, particularly those arising from ischemic heart disease, have been published. The main results are highlighted in this article


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Secondary Prevention/methods , Therapeutics/methods , Risk Factors , Diabetes Mellitus , Atherosclerosis , Canagliflozin/therapeutic use , Rivaroxaban/therapeutic use , Valsartan/therapeutic use , Heart Failure , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Motor Activity
11.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-766611

ABSTRACT

Rapid aging, economic development, lifestyle westernization, hygiene improvement, and scientific development have contributed for the epidemiologic changes of gastric cancer. This study aimed to review the descriptive epidemiology, risk factors, and prevention of gastric cancer in Korea. Age-standardized incidence and mortality of gastric cancer have decreased and showed age effect and cohort effect. Annual percent change in the incidence of gastric cancer has been prominent in recent years. Major risk factor of gastric cancer is Helicobacter pylori infection. Although H. pylori infection was associated with only non-cardia gastric cancer in meta-analysis, H. pylori infection was associated with both non-cardia and cardia gastric cancer in Asian studies. The estimated population attributable fraction of H. pylori regarding gastric cancer incidence was about 76% in Korean. Cigarette smoking and alcohol drinking was associated with gastric cancer regardless of cardia and non-cardia gastric cancer. Cigarette smoking was estimated to be responsible for 28% of gastric cancer incidence in men and 2% in women. Obesity was risk factor for cardia gastric cancer but not non-cardia gastric cancer. This discrepancy between cardia and non-cardia gastric cancer was consistently shown in epidemiologic studies in Korea. Salt intake was also well-known risk factor of gastric cancer and prevalence of high sodium intake more than 2,000mg in Korean was 81.5%. For primary prevention of gastric cancer, eradication of H. pylori and life-style modification including no smoking, no alcohol drinking, weight control, and low sodium intake are important. Gastric endoscopy is recommended for secondary prevention of gastric cancer.


Subject(s)
Aging , Alcohol Drinking , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Cardia , Cohort Effect , Economic Development , Endoscopy , Epidemiologic Studies , Epidemiology , Female , Helicobacter pylori , Humans , Hygiene , Incidence , Korea , Life Style , Male , Mortality , Obesity , Prevalence , Primary Prevention , Risk Factors , Secondary Prevention , Smoke , Smoking , Sodium , Stomach Neoplasms
12.
Rev Rene (Online) ; 20(1): e40765, jan.-dez. 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-997319

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: comparar conhecimento e atitude de mulheres em relação à detecção precoce do câncer de mama, antes e após aplicação de intervenção educativa. Métodos: estudo quase-experimental, realizado com 91 mulheres. Através da aplicação de intervenção educativa, as mulheres foram divididas em quatro grupos de educação em saúde. O material educativo utilizado foi um folder informativo sobre detecção precoce do câncer de mama, associado à técnica de entrevista motivacional breve. Resultados: a intervenção educativa associada à entrevista motivacional breve promoveu aumento da adequação do conhecimento (p=0,001) e da atitude (p=0,007). Conclusão: a intervenção educativa foi capaz de elevar o percentual de adequabilidade do conhecimento e da atitude de mulheres em relação à detecção precoce do câncer de mama. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast Neoplasms , Attitude , Knowledge , Secondary Prevention , Motivational Interviewing
13.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 27: e3072, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-985655

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to identify the occurrence of warning signs and changes in vital signs in individuals who experienced in-hospital cardiorespiratory arrest and correlate them with the occurrence of this event. Method: this is a retrospective, analytical and quantitative study that included 218 medical records of patients who suffered in-hospital cardiorespiratory arrest and identified warning signs and alterations in vital signs. Mean, standard deviation, median, minimum and maximum values were calculated for the continuous variables, and frequency and percentage for the categorical variables. We compared the age and occurrence of cardiorespiratory arrest with the occurrence of warning signs using the Chi-Square Test and the Mann Whitney non-parametric test (p-value < 0.05). Results: 62.1% of the patients presented signs and symptoms of shock, 44.9% of neurological alteration, 40.4% of malaise, 15.2% presented signs suggestive of acute coronary syndrome, and 25.9% presented mental confusion. In the last measurement of vital signs before cardiorespiratory arrest, the majority of patients had altered abnormal (32.6%) and severely abnormal (23.9%) heart rate, and abnormal (37.1%) and severely abnormal (27.0%) respiratory rate. Conclusion: the warning signs identified were: shock, neurological signs, malaise and acute coronary syndrome. The prevalent changes in vital signs were: heart rate, respiratory rate and O2 saturation. Patients with severely abnormal systolic blood pressure were not discharged and those with abnormal respiratory rate did not survive 6 months after cardiorespiratory arrest.


RESUMO Objetivo: identificar ocorrência dos sinais de alerta e alterações nos sinais vitais em indivíduos com parada cardiorrespiratória intra-hospitalar e correlacioná-los à ocorrência desse evento. Método: estudo retrospectivo, analítico e quantitativo que incluiu 218 prontuários de pacientes que sofreram parada cardiorrespiratória intra-hospitalar e identificados sinais de alerta e alterações nos sinais vitais. Para variáveis contínuas, calculou-se média, desvio padrão, mediana, mínimo e máximo; para as categóricas, frequência e percentual. Comparou-se a idade e ocorrência de parada cardiorrespiratória com ocorrência de sinais de alerta pelo Teste Qui-Quadrado e Teste não paramétrico de MannWhitney (p-valor<0,05). Resultados: 62,1% dos pacientes apresentaram sinais e sintomas de choque, 44,9% neurológicos, 40,4% mal-estar, 15,2% sugestivos de síndrome coronariana aguda e 25,9% confusão mental. Na última mensuração dos sinais vitais antes da parada cardiorrespiratória, a maioria apresentou frequência cardíaca alterada, anormal (32,6%) e severamente anormal (23,9%), frequência respiratória anormal (37,1%) e severamente anormal (27,0%). Conclusão: identificou-se como sinais de alerta: sinais de choque, neurológicos, mal-estar e síndrome coronariana aguda. Alterações nos sinais vitais prevalentes foram: frequência cardíaca, respiratória e saturação de O2. Pacientes com pressão arterial sistólica severamente anormal não receberam alta e aqueles com frequência respiratória anormal não sobreviveram em 6 meses após a parada cardiorrespiratória.


RESUMEN Objetivo: identificar la presencia de señales de alerta y alteraciones en los signos vitales en individuos con parada cardiorrespiratoria intrahospitalaria y correlacionarlos a la ocurrencia de ese evento. Método: estudio retrospectivo, analítico y cuantitativo que incluyó 218 prontuarios de pacientes que sufrieron paro cardiorrespiratorio intrahospitalario e identificados signos de alerta y alteraciones en los signos vitales. Para variables continuas, se calculó la media, desviación estándar, mediana, mínima y máxima; para las categóricas, se calculó la frecuencia y el porcentaje. Se comparó la edad y ocurrencia de parada cardiorrespiratoria con ocurrencia de señales de alerta por el Test Chi-cuadrado y Test no paramétrico de MannWhitney (p-valor <0,05). Resultados: 62,1% de los pacientes presentaron signos y síntomas de shock, 44,9% neurológicos, 40,4% malestar, 15,2% sugestivos de síndrome coronario agudo y 25,9% confusión mental. En la última medición de los signos vitales antes de la parada cardiorrespiratoria, la mayoría presentó frecuencia cardiaca alterada, anormal (32,6%) y severamente anormal (23,9%), frecuencia respiratoria anormal (37,1%) y severamente anormal (27,0%). Conclusión: como signos de alerta se identificaron: signos de shock, neurológicos, malestar y síndrome coronario agudo. Los cambios en los signos vitales prevalentes fueron: frecuencia cardíaca, respiratoria y saturación de O2. Los pacientes con presión arterial sistólica severamente anormal no recibieron alta y aquellos con frecuencia respiratoria anormal no sobrevivieron en 6 meses después de la parada cardiorrespiratoria.


Subject(s)
Humans , Emergency Nursing/organization & administration , Hospital Care/organization & administration , Secondary Prevention/organization & administration , Vital Signs , Heart Arrest
14.
Gastroenterol. latinoam ; 30(supl.1): S31-S34, 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1116311

ABSTRACT

The management of Inflammatory Bowel Disease has progressed over the years largely due to better therapeutic options. These current management is guided by the primary goal in achieving clinical and endoscopic remission (deep remission), thus improving the quality of life of patients. In order to achieve these objectives however, there are risks associated which must always be considered. It is important to recognize that IBD patients are at risk of infection and neoplastic lesions for the natural history of the disease or the therapies that we used. Prevention of possible complications must be carried out. Options in therapeutic management not only include pharmacological therapy, but also include an adequate nutritional setting and an optimal correction of nutritional deficits. These alternative nutritional strategies can and should be considered as an effective therapeutic strategy aimed at improving the quality of life of IBD patients.


El manejo de la enfermedad inflamatoria intestinal ha progresado con el paso de los años dado a mayores opciones terapéuticas. El manejo actual se guía por objetivos para lograr remisión clínica y endoscópica (remisión profunda) mejorando así la calidad de vida de estos pacientes. Sin embargo, para lograr estos objetivos, se debe considerar siempre los riesgos asociados a las nuevas terapias. Es importante reconocer que los pacientes con EII son personas en riesgo tanto de infecciones como de lesiones neoplásicas por la historia natural de la enfermedad y/o por las terapias utilizadas, por lo tanto, la prevención de posibles complicaciones debe ser realizada en forma periódica. Por otro parte, el manejo terapéutico, no solo incluye la terapia farmacológica, sino también una adecuada optimización nutricional y una adecuada corrección de los déficit nutricionales secundarios. En este mismo sentido terapias alternativas, pueden ser consideradas como estrategia terapéuticas complementarias destinadas a mejorar la calidad de vida de estos pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/prevention & control , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/etiology , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/prevention & control , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/complications , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/therapy , Immunization , Diet Therapy , Secondary Prevention , Neoplasms/etiology , Neoplasms/prevention & control
15.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-765669

ABSTRACT

Aspirin has been used for decades for the primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The effect of aspirin in secondary prevention is well-known but is still debatable for primary prevention. Despite the controversy, aspirin is believed to have a beneficial effect in primary prevention and has been widely used. However, whether the doubts concerning the wide use of aspirin are correct has resulted in the publication of data from several large clinical trials recently. There are several clinical guidelines from various international organizations on the use of aspirin for the primary prevention of CVD, and they offer some conflicting recommendations. A reduction in the overall incidence of CVD with the development of modern prevention therapies has weakened the impact of aspirin in primary prevention. Large randomized clinical trials have found decreased or no difference in CVD events but a significant increase in the risk of bleeding. Taking aspirin for the primary prevention of CVD is no longer recommended, especially for patients who have a low to moderate risk. An assessment of the balance between the benefits and risks of aspirin use should be considered.


Subject(s)
Aspirin , Cardiovascular Diseases , Hemorrhage , Humans , Incidence , Primary Prevention , Publications , Risk Assessment , Secondary Prevention
16.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-765667

ABSTRACT

Dyslipidemia, highly elevated, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, is a major cardiovascular risk factor. Statins have been proven to effectively reduce the risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) and are recommended as a first-line therapy for the primary and secondary prevention of ASCVD. However, statins may not be sufficient in decreasing LDL cholesterol levels and pose a significant on-treatment residual risk of major cardiovascular events (i.e., residual cholesterol risk) according to meta-analyses of statin trials. Current guidelines for cholesterol management to achieve additional LDL cholesterol reduction and reduce ASCVD risk recommend two hyperlipidemic agents besides statins. Use of ezetimibe, a cholesterol absorption inhibitor, leads to additional LCL cholesterol reduction and decreased ASCVD risk, when added to statin therapy, without raising significant safety concerns. Furthermore, in combination with a mild-to-moderate statin intensity, ezetimibe is used in situations of statin-associated adverse effects such as myalgia and the combination therapy is relatively safer. Monoclonal antibody of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9), alirocumab, and evolocumab, have been approved to lower LDL cholesterol level. While there are drawbacks to the use of PCSK9 inhibitors, including high cost and adverse events such as injection site reaction, they significantly decreased serum LDL cholesterol levels and thereby ASCVD risks when added to maximally tolerated statin therapy.


Subject(s)
Absorption , Cardiovascular Diseases , Cholesterol , Cholesterol, LDL , Dyslipidemias , Ezetimibe , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors , Lipoproteins , Myalgia , Proprotein Convertases , Risk Factors , Secondary Prevention
17.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-759835

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Although the number of medical institutions running a smoking cessation clinic is on the rise, there remains a paucity of research on the long- and short-term success rates of smoking cessation programs, as well as on smoking relapse rates, before and after project implementation. This study assessed the general characteristics of patients visiting the smoking cessation clinic, success rate of smoking cessation in the short term, and risks of relapse. METHODS: Medical records from March 2015 to April 2017 were analyzed and telephone surveys were conducted with 151 smokers who visited a hospital smoking cessation clinic from March 2015 to April 2017. RESULTS: Of the 139 smokers who were eligible for follow-up, 22 (15.8%) failed to quit smoking initially. The clinic's 6-month success rate of smoking cessation was 64.83%. Those with higher medication compliance had a lower risk of primary failure (odds ratio, 0.056; 95% confidence interval, 0.005–0.609), whereas those with higher age (hazard ratio [HR], 0.128; P=0.0252) and a greater number of visits to the clinic (HR, 0.274; P=0.0124) had a lower risk of relapsing. CONCLUSION: The risk of primary failure to quit was higher with low medication compliance, and that of relapsing was higher with lower age and fewer number of clinic visits. Various evaluation and analysis methods can be carried out in the future based on the accumulated data for maintenance of smoking cessation and relapse prevention.


Subject(s)
Ambulatory Care , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Medical Records , Medication Adherence , Recurrence , Running , Secondary Prevention , Smoke , Smoking Cessation , Smoking , Telephone , Varenicline
18.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 1066-1111, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-759405

ABSTRACT

Though clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) for cardiac rehabilitation (CR) are an effective and widely used treatment method worldwide, they are as yet not widely accepted in Korea. Given that cardiovascular (CV) disease is the second leading cause of death in Korea, it is urgent that CR programs be developed. In 2008, the Government of Korea implemented CR programs at 11 university hospitals as part of its Regional Cardio-Cerebrovascular Center Project, and 3 additional medical facilities will be added in 2019. In addition, owing to the promotion of CR nationwide and the introduction of CR insurance benefits, 40 medical institutions nationwide have begun CR programs even as a growing number of medical institutions are preparing to offer CR. The purpose of this research was to develop evidence-based CPGs to support CR implementation in Korea. This study is based on an analysis of CPGs elsewhere in the world, an extensive literature search, a systematic analysis of multiple randomized control trials, and a CPG management, development, and assessment committee comprised of thirty-three authors—primarily rehabilitation specialists, cardiologists, and thoracic surgeons in 21 university hospitals and 2 general hospitals. Twelve consultants, primarily rehabilitation, sports medicine, and preventive medicine specialists, CPG experts, nurses, physical therapists, clinical nutritionists, and library and information experts participated in the research and development of these CPGs. After the draft guidelines were developed, 3 rounds of public hearings were held with staff members from relevant academic societies and stakeholders, after which the guidelines were further reviewed and modified. CR involves a more cost-effective use of healthcare resources relative to that of general treatments, and the exercise component of CR lowers CV mortality and readmission rates, regardless of the type of coronary heart disease and type and setting of CR. Individualized CR programs should be considered together with various factors, including differences in heart function and lifestyle, and doing so will boost participation and adherence with the CR program, ultimately meeting the final goals of the program, namely reducing the recurrence of myocardial infarction and mortality rates.


Subject(s)
Acute Coronary Syndrome , Cause of Death , Consultants , Coronary Disease , Delivery of Health Care , Heart , Hospitals, General , Hospitals, University , Humans , Insurance Benefits , Korea , Life Style , Methods , Mortality , Myocardial Infarction , Nutritionists , Physical Therapists , Preventive Medicine , Recurrence , Rehabilitation , Secondary Prevention , Specialization , Sports Medicine , Surgeons
19.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-762635

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Though clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) for cardiac rehabilitation (CR) are an effective and widely used treatment method worldwide, they are as yet not widely accepted in Korea. Given that cardiovascular disease is the second leading cause of death in Korea, it is urgent that CR programs be developed. In 2008, the Government of Korea implemented CR programs at 11 university hospitals as part of its Regional Cardio-Cerebrovascular Center Project, and three additional medical facilities will be added in 2019. In addition, owing to the promotion of CR nationwide and the introduction of CR insurance benefits, 40 medical institutions nationwide have begun CR programs even as a growing number of medical institutions are preparing to offer CR. The purpose of this research was to develop evidence-based CPGs to support CR implementation in Korea. METHODS: This study is based on an analysis of CPGs elsewhere in the world, an extensive literature search, a systematic analysis of multiple randomized control trials, and a CPG management, development, and assessment committee comprised of 33 authors—primarily rehabilitation specialists, cardiologists, and thoracic surgeons in 21 university hospitals and two general hospitals. Twelve consultants, primarily rehabilitation, sports medicine, and preventive medicine specialists, CPG experts, nurses, physical therapists, clinical nutritionists, and library and information experts participated in the research and development of these CPGs. After the draft guidelines were developed, three rounds of public hearings were held with staff members from relevant academic societies and stakeholders, after which the guidelines were further reviewed and modified. PRINCIPAL CONCLUSIONS: CR involves a more cost-effective use of healthcare resources relative to that of general treatments, and the exercise component of CR lowers cardiovascular mortality and readmission rates, regardless of the type of coronary heart disease and type and setting of CR. Individualized CR programs should be considered together with various factors, including differences in heart function and lifestyle, and doing so will boost participation and adherence with the CR program, ultimately meeting the final goals of the program, namely reducing the recurrence of myocardial infarction and mortality rates.


Subject(s)
Acute Coronary Syndrome , Cardiovascular Diseases , Cause of Death , Consultants , Coronary Disease , Delivery of Health Care , Heart , Hospitals, General , Hospitals, University , Humans , Insurance Benefits , Korea , Life Style , Methods , Mortality , Myocardial Infarction , Nutritionists , Physical Therapists , Preventive Medicine , Recurrence , Rehabilitation , Secondary Prevention , Specialization , Sports Medicine , Surgeons
20.
Journal of Korean Diabetes ; : 233-238, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-786603

ABSTRACT

Tight control of dyslipidemia and hypertension in elderly diabetic patients aged 65 years or older are considered to be very important for the secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease and control of severe diseases associated with macrovascular complications. In addition, in elderly diabetes with risk factors for cardiovascular disease, it is important to control all of the accompanying risk factors together to accomplish the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease. In elderly diabetic patients, thorough control of blood glucose level by itself prevents macrovascular complications. However, it is recommended to perform tight blood glucose control along with other risk factors in consideration of the function and life of the patient. In particular, insulin resistance progresses before the onset of diabetes mellitus and other risk factors for cardiovascular disease. It is important to suppress and prevent the progression of macrovascular complications.


Subject(s)
Aged , Blood Glucose , Cardiovascular Diseases , Diabetes Mellitus , Dyslipidemias , Humans , Hypertension , Insulin Resistance , Primary Prevention , Risk Factors , Secondary Prevention
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