Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 482
Filter
1.
Medicina (Ribeirão Preto) ; 54(1)jul, 2021. tab.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353699

ABSTRACT

RESUMO : Objetivo: Investigou-se a cobertura de exame citopatológico de colo uterino e fatores associados em mulheres entre 25 e 64 anos em município do sul do Brasil. Métodos: Estudo transversal, de base populacional, realizado na cidade de Rio Grande, RS. O desfecho, cobertura de exame citopatológico de colo uterino, foi definido como reali-zação do exame nos últimos três anos para mulheres de 25 a 64 anos, de acordo com a recomendação do Instituto Nacional do Câncer. A coleta de dados ocorreu em 2016. As variáveis independentes incluídas foram: faixa etária, cor da pele, estado civil, escolaridade, nível econômico, histórico gestacional, tabagismo, obesidade, posse de pla-no de saúde, consulta ao médico no último ano, cadastrado do domicílio em Unidade Básica de Saúde da Família e se havia recebido visita de agente de saúde no último ano. Resultados: Participaram 521 mulheres, com média de idade de 44,3 anos. A cobertura foi de 78,1% (IC95% 73,5 a 82,7). Após ajustes, evidenciou-se como fatores as-sociados ao desfecho: ser casada/viúva/separada/divorciada, não ser fumante, ter plano de saúde, ter consultado um médico no último ano e possuir domicílio cadastrado na Unidade Básica de Saúde da Família. Conclusãov: A cobertura de exame citopatológico de colo uterino mostrou-se próxima à meta do Ministério da Saúde, abrangendo oito em cada dez mulheres. Mulheres solteiras, fumantes, sem plano de saúde, que não costumam ir ao médico e cujo domicílio não está cadastrado em UBSF constituíram os grupos de risco para não realizarem o exame. (AU)


ABSTRACT: Objective: To determine the coverage of cervical cancer screening and its associated factors among women from southern Brazil aged 25 to 64 years. Methods: This was a cross-sectional population-based study conducted in the city of Rio Grande, RS. The outcome of interest consisted of a cytopathological examination of the uterine cer-vix in the previous three years in women aged 25 to 64 years, according to the criteria of the Brazilian National Cancer Institute. The data were collected in 2016, and the following independent variables were considered: age, skin color, marital status, schooling, socioeconomic status, gestational history, smoking habits, overweight, health insurance, having visited a physician or having been visited by a community health agent in the previous year, and household registered in a primary care facility (PCF) of the healthcare system. Results: This study included a total of 521 women, with a mean age of 44.3 years. The coverage of cervical cancer screening was 78.1% (95% CI: 73.5 to 82.7). The following characteristics were associated with the outcome: marital status, non-smoking habits, health insurance, having visited a physician in the previous year, and household registered in a PCF. Conclusion:The coverage of cervical cancer screening observed in our study (8 out of ten women) was close to the Brazilian Ministry of Health goals. Single women, smoking habits, no health insurance, having not visited a physician in the previous year, and not having their household registered in a PCF were considered risk factors. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Primary Health Care , Risk Groups , Mass Screening , Epidemiology , Women's Health , Secondary Prevention , Papanicolaou Test
2.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(3): 415-420, jun. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346478

ABSTRACT

Resumen La pandemia COVID-19 limitó el acceso de los pacientes post accidente cerebro vascular a los controles de seguimiento médico y a la rehabilitación, por lo cual decidimos incorporar herramientas tecnológicas gratuitas y accesibles para su continuación. Realizamos seguimiento remoto a 32 pacientes dados de alta en los primeros tres meses del período de aislamiento social preventivo obligatorio con el objetivo de continuar controles médicos, rehabilitación física y fonoaudiológica. El 100% adhirió al tratamiento médico y al auto-monitoreo de factores de riesgo; detectamos en forma temprana la interrupción de las terapias de rehabilita ción y mantuvimos la adherencia por medio de tele-rehabilitación. Los 32 pacientes mostraron disponibilidad para seguir con esta modalidad de atención, permitiendo continuar el seguimiento médico y supervisar la rehabilitación con la colaboración de las familias. Es una metodología accesible y de bajo costo que podría ser replicada y utilizada en instituciones de salud que traten enfermedades neurovasculares.


Abstract The COVID-19 pandemic resulted in limited access of post-stroke patients to their usual medical follow-up and rehabilitation. To continue these activities, we adopted a technology that is free and has universal access. We remotely followed 32 patients after discharge from the stroke unit during the mandatory lock-down. This allowed to continue with medical controls, physical therapy and speech pathology treatments. All patients fully complied with medical treatment and self-monitoring of vascular risk factors. Early discontinuation of rehabilitation therapies was identified and immediately compensated with tele-rehabilitation. All expressed their willingness to continue with this treatment modality. This strategy was successful to effectively continue medical follow-up and rehabilitation supervision with the collaboration of families, is an accessible and low-cost technology that could be replicated and used in health institutions that treat neurovascular diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Telemedicine , Stroke/prevention & control , Stroke Rehabilitation , COVID-19 , Communicable Disease Control , Secondary Prevention , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
3.
Rev. cuba. reumatol ; 23(1): e839, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280401

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La esclerosis sistémica es una enfermedad autoinmune del tejido conectivo donde ocurre inicialmente la vasculopatía y persiste durante toda la enfermedad. El índice de actividad revela un periodo crítico de la enfermedad. Objetivo: Evaluar la evolución clínica del índice de actividad de pacientes con esclerosis sistémica para determinar si el esquema terapéutico aplicado disminuye los síntomas de actividad sistémica. Métodos: Estudio cuasi experimental terapéutico de 31 pacientes atendidos en el Hospital Lucía Íñiguez Landín de Holguín que se dividieron en dos grupos según las etapas clínicas obtenidas del índice de desarrollo integral desde marzo del 2013 hasta marzo del 2016: el grupo A (etapas clínicas I y II) con 16 pacientes y el grupo B (etapas clínicas III y IV) con 15 pacientes. La evolución se evaluó según variables del instrumento al inicio, a los 6 y 12 meses de aplicado el esquema terapéutico. Se utilizó la prueba T o la prueba exacta de Fisher cuando los valores eran igual a 3 o menores. El cálculo de la media, análisis porcentual y la prueba de Wilcoxon se usaron para conocer la relación de variables en el tiempo. Resultados: El esquema terapéutico aplicado, previa validación, mejoró el índice de actividad de los pacientes de ambos grupos A y B (en etapas clínicas tempranas y tardías). Al evaluar el índice de actividad, en esta serie predominó la actividad moderada, tanto a los 6 como a los 12 meses durante el tratamiento médico. En ambos grupos la mejoría del índice de actividad fue significativa, tanto para la actividad moderada como para la intensa, más notable a partir de los 12 meses con p≤0,05 para el grupo A. Hubo baja susceptibilidad para la mejoría de los sistemas gastrointestinal y respiratorio, en el trascurso de la evaluación de este índice. Conclusiones: Se alcanzó mejoría en el índice de actividad de pacientes con esclerosis sistémica, con el esquema terapéutico aplicado, con estabilidad clínica y humoral desde las etapas iniciales de la enfermedad(AU)


Introduction: The systemic sclerosis is an autoimmune disease of the connective tissue where the vasculopathy happens initially and persist during all the disease. The immune component starts since the inflammatory process triggers off but he diminishes until you dwell on the evolutionary course and it is substituted for fibrosis, this ends pathogenic acquires great significance in the process. The index of activity reveals a critical period of the disease. Objective: Evaluating patients' clinical evolution of the index of activity with systemic sclerosis with the applied therapeutics. Methods: The study was quasi-experiences (or secondary prevention). In order to determine if the therapeutic applied scheme decreases symptomatology of its systemic activity. You started in March of the 2013 to March of the 2016, with duration of 24 months. They were 31 patients that split into two groups according to the clinical stages obtained of Comprehensive Development Index. In the group to (clinical stages I and II) 16 patients and in the group B (clinical stages III and IV) 15 patients. The evolution evaluated according to variables of the instrument of evaluation the start, to the six and 12 months itself of once the therapeutic scheme was applied. The T utilized the proof itself, or exact Fisher's proof when moral values were all the same or minor to three, the statistical significance determined in p≥ 0.05 itself. The calculation of the stocking, percentage analysis, and Wilcoxon's proof to know the relation of variables through the time. Results: The therapeutic applied scheme, previous validation, you improved the index of activity of the patients of both groups A and B that is in clinical premature and overdue stages. In the activity moderated for the group A statistical significance for system microvascular (0.023) and respiratory (0.025) to the six months, and to the 12 months' skin (0.023) and microvascular (0.006). For the intense activity significant improvement to the six months for muscleskelettic (0.005) and rheumatoid positive factor (0.008), to the 12 months' significant improvement for muscleskelettic (0.004); and examine of laboratory like erythrocyte sedimentation rate (0.008) circulating immune complexes (0.005), and rheumatoid factor (0.003). For the group B in the moderate activity significant improvement for respiratory system existed (0.014), and cardiovascular (0.020) that kept to the 12 months, added up its digestive system (0.008). Evident level improvement of skin (0.004), circulating immune complexes (0.008) and rheumatoid factor were caught up within the intense activity to the 12 months (0.014). Conclusions: Improvement in the index of activity of patients with systemic sclerosis, with the therapeutic scheme applied, with clinical stability and humoral from initial stages of the disease was caught up with(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Rheumatoid Factor , Scleroderma, Systemic/drug therapy , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Clinical Evolution , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Disease Susceptibility , Antigen-Antibody Complex , Secondary Prevention
4.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(1): 11-15, mar. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287235

ABSTRACT

Resumen La adherencia al tratamiento médico farmacológico en pacientes que cursaron una hospitalización por un síndrome coronario agudo (SCA) es deficiente. El objetivo primario fue demostrar que, mediante la utilización de una aplicación digital para smartphones, se incrementa por lo menos un 30% la adherencia al tratamiento, en relación al grupo control, en pacientes con SCA. Se realizó un estudio unicéntrico aleatorizado, controlado, con distribución 1:1, simple ciego, que comparó la utilización de una aplicación para smartphones (grupo intervención), frente a la indicación de tratamiento farmacológico por escrito (grupo control), en términos de adherencia médica farmacológica total, en 90 pacientes que cursaron internación por un SCA. La adherencia fue determinada mediante el Cuestionario de Adherencia a la Medicación de Morisky. El paciente se consideró como "totalmente adherente" de obtener un puntaje perfecto (8/8 puntos). El período de seguimiento fue de 90 días posterior al egreso hospitalario. La edad promedio fue 63 ± 9 años, con el 76% de sexo masculino. El objetivo primario ocurrió en 67.4% (31/46) del grupo intervención vs. 20.5% (9/44) del grupo control (p < 0.001). En pacientes que cursaron una hospitalización por SCA, la utilización de una aplicación digital para smartphones incrementó la adherencia al tratamiento médico farmacológico.


Abstract Adherence to cardiovascular medications following acute coronary syndrome hospitalization is generally poor. The primary outcome was to demonstrate that the use of a digital application for smartphones increases the adherence to pharmacological treatment by 30 % in relation to the group without intervention, in patients with an acute coronary syndrome with or without ST segment elevation. In this unicentric, single blinded, randomized controlled trial with 1:1 allocation we compared the use of a digital application for smartphones and written information as standard of care, for the adherence to pharmacological treatment in 90 patients admitted to the hospital with an acute coronary syndrome. Adherence to medical treatment was measured by Morisky Medication Adherence Scale. A patient is considered to have good adherence when score is perfect (8 points). The follow up period was 90 days after hospital discharge. The mean age of the population was 63 ± 9 and 76% were male. At 90 days, 67.4% (31/46) of patients using the smartphone application were adherent compared with 20.5% (9/44) of patients in the control group (p < 0.001). In patients with acute coronary syndrome, the use of a smartphone application increased the medication adherence compared with the standard of care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Acute Coronary Syndrome/drug therapy , Smartphone , Software , Medication Adherence , Secondary Prevention
5.
Evid. actual. práct. ambul ; 24(1): e002102, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1222362

ABSTRACT

El cáncer colorrectal presenta un problema para la salud pública a nivel mundial. En Argentina, se diagnostican aproximadamente 13.500 casos cada año. El tamizaje como medida de prevención secundaria es una medida beneficiosa para lograr un abordaje temprano con mejores resultados. Los dos métodos más utilizados para el tamizaje son la videocolonoscopía y la prueba de sangre oculta en materia fecal, sobre todo la de tipo inmunoquímico que con el paso de los años fue reemplazando a la prueba de guayaco por su mayor practicidad. El primero es un método invasivo y que requiere anestesia, mientras que el segundo no tiene un efecto adverso directo pero debe realizarse con una cadencia mayor. El objetivo de los autores de este artículo fue evaluar la evidencia sobre la sensibilidad y especificidad de ambos métodos, como también sus beneficios y daños a partir de la consulta de un paciente a su médico de familia. Ninguna prueba parecería ser inferior para el tamizaje de cáncer colorrectal en una población de riesgo promedio, y ambas pueden usarse en programas de rastreo. Sin embargo, no existen estudios que comparen ambos métodos de manera directa, y toda prueba inmunoquímica fecal positiva debe ser seguida de una colonoscopía. La elección de la prueba puede depender de los valores y preferencias de los pacientes. (AU)


Colorectal cancer presents a public health problem worldwide. In Argentina, approximately 13,500 cases appear each year. Screening as a secondary prevention measure is a beneficial measure to achieve an early approach with better results. The two most used methods for screening are video colonoscopy and faecal immunochemical test, the former being invasiveand requiring anaesthesia, while the latter does not have a direct adverse effect but must be performed at a higher rate. The objective of this article was to evaluate the evidence for the sensitivity and specificity of both methods, as well as their benefits and harms. No test would appear to be inferior for colorectal cancer screening in an average-risk population, and both can be used in screening programs. However, there are no studies comparing both methods directly, and any positive faecal immunochemical test should be evaluated with a colonoscopy. The choice of the test may depend on the values and preferences of the patients. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Colonic Neoplasms/prevention & control , Early Detection of Cancer/methods , Patient Participation , Mass Screening/methods , Meta-Analysis as Topic , Public Health , Sensitivity and Specificity , Colonoscopy/statistics & numerical data , Early Detection of Cancer/adverse effects , Secondary Prevention/methods , Patient Preference , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Occult Blood
6.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 216-226, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879636

ABSTRACT

In order to standardize the effective prevention, early screening and diagnosis of the population at risk of primary liver cancer, the Chinese Society of Hepatology and Chinese Medical Association organized the relevant domestic experts to formulate the "Consensus on Secondary Prevention of Primary Liver Cancer (2021 version)," based on the basic, clinical and preventive research progress, combined with the actual situation at home and abroad, so as to provide an important basis for the prevention, screening and early diagnosis of primary liver cancer in the population of chronic liver disease.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/prevention & control , Consensus , Gastroenterology , Humans , Liver Cirrhosis , Liver Neoplasms/prevention & control , Mass Screening , Secondary Prevention
7.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 28: e35054, jan.-dez. 2020.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1117622

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: avaliar a mobilidade do cliente com dermatose imunobolhosa antes e após aplicação do curativo com gaze vaselinada. Método: estudo quase experimental, interinstitucional, com clientes com dermatoses imunobolhosas hospitalizados em um hospital estadual e um hospital federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro e uma instituição do Mato Grosso do Sul. Utilizou-se a lógica fuzzy para classificar a mobilidade dos sujeitos antes, 24 horas após e uma semana após aplicação do curativo. A pesquisa foi aprovada pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa. Resultados: Incluídos 14 participantes, sendo nove com pênfigo vulgar, dois com pênfigo foliáceo e três com penfigóide bolhoso, entre 27 e 82 anos, predominando 11 mulheres. Após 24 horas, nenhum participante se considerou com baixa mobilidade, sete passaram a mobilidade média, e sete, alta, o que foi mantido uma semana após aplicação do curativo. Conclusão: constatou-se significativo aumento da mobilidade logo nas primeiras 24 horas após aplicação do curativo.


Objective: to assess the mobility of clients with immunobullous dermatoses, before and after applying vaseline gauze dressings. Method: in this quasi-experimental, interinstitutional study of inpatients with immunobullous dermatoses at a state hospital and a federal hospital in Rio de Janeiro State and an institution in Mato Grosso do Sul (Brazil), patient mobility before, 24 hours after, and one week after applying the dressing was classified using fuzzy logic. The study was approved by the research ethics committee. Results: 14 participants, nine with pemphigus vulgaris, two with pemphigus foliaceus, and three with bullous pemphigoid, aged between 27 and 82 years old, and predominantly (11) women. After 24 hours, none of the participants considered their mobility to be poor, seven began to be moderately mobile, and seven were highly mobile, and continued so one week after applying the dressing. Conclusion: mobility increased significant in the first 24 hours after applying the dressing.


Objetivo: evaluar la movilidad de clientes con dermatosis inmunobullosa, antes y después de la aplicación de apósitos de gasa con vaselina. Método: en este estudio cuasi-experimental, interinstitucional de pacientes hospitalizados con dermatosis inmunobullosa en un hospital estatal y un hospital federal en el estado de Río de Janeiro y una institución en Mato Grosso do Sul (Brazil), la movilidad del paciente antes, 24 horas después y una semana después la aplicación del apósito se clasificó mediante lógica difusa. El estudio fue aprobado por el comité de ética en investigación. Resultados: se incluyeron 14 participantes, nueve con pénfigo vulgar, dos con pénfigo foliáceo y tres con penfigoide ampolloso, con edades comprendidas entre 27 y 82 años, y predominantemente mujeres (n=11). Después de 24 horas, ninguno de los participantes consideró que su movilidad fuera pobre, siete comenzaron a ser moderadamente móviles y siete eran altamente móviles, y así continuaron una semana después de la aplicación del apósito. Conclusión: la movilidad aumentó significativamente en las primeras 24 horas después de la aplicación del apósitoconsideraba con baja movilidad, siete comenzaron a tener movilidad media y siete, alta, que se mantuvo una semana después de aplicar el apósito. Conclusión: hubo un aumento significativo en la movilidad en las primeras 24 horas después de aplicar el apósito.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Petrolatum/therapeutic use , Bandages , Skin Diseases, Vesiculobullous/therapy , Pemphigoid, Bullous/therapy , Pemphigus/therapy , Mobility Limitation , Brazil , Fuzzy Logic , Pressure Ulcer/prevention & control , Secondary Prevention , Non-Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Hospitals, Public , Inpatients , Nursing Care
8.
Invest. educ. enferm ; 38(3): [e05], Octubre 20 2020. Table 1, Table 2, Table 3
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1128918

ABSTRACT

Objective. To explore the relation between adherence to secondary prevention and factors that influence on said adherence in people with acute coronary syndrome, who underwent percutaneous coronary angioplasty in a clinic in Medellín. Methods. Cross-sectional study on a random sample of 128 volunteer patients. A questionnaire was used for sociodemographic variables, the "Scale to measure therapeutic adherence for patients with chronic diseases, based on explicit behaviors" by Trujano, Vega, and Nava and the "Instrument to evaluate adherence by patients according to influential cardiovascular risk factors" validated by Consuelo Ortiz. Results. Socioeconomic factors influenced in very low manner on the adherence to secondary prevention; factors related with the therapy did so moderately and patient factors influenced in low manner. No relation was found between the health provider factor and said adherence. Conclusion. Factors exist that influence in a lesser or higher measure on adherence to secondary prevention and which must be recognized in people with coronary angioplasty to design strategies to improve this aspect of self-care.


Objetivo. Explorar la relación entre la adherencia a la prevención secundaria y los factores que influyen en dicha adherencia en personas con Síndrome Coronario Agudo, a quienes se les realizó angioplastia coronaria percutánea en una clínica de Medellín. Métodos. Estudio de corte transversal en una muestra aleatoria de 128 pacientes voluntarios. Se utilizó un cuestionario para variables sociodemográficas, la "Escala para medir la adherencia terapéutica para pacientes con enfermedades crónicas, basada en comportamientos explícitos" de Trujano, Vega y Nava y el "Instrumento para evaluar la adherencia de los pacientes según factores influyentes de riesgo cardiovascular" validado por Consuelo Ortiz. Resultados. Los factores socioeconómicos influyeron de manera muy baja en la adherencia a la prevención secundaria, los factores relacionados con la terapia lo hicieron en forma moderada y los factores del paciente influyeron de manera baja. No se encontró relación entre el factor del proveedor de salud y dicha adherencia. Conclusión. Existen factores que influyen en menor o mayor medida en la adherencia a la prevención secundaria y que deben ser reconocidos en las personas con angioplastia coronaria para que se diseñen estrategias para el mejoramiento de este aspecto del autocuidado


Objetivo. Explorar a relação entre a adesão à prevenção secundária e os fatores que influenciam essa adesão em pessoas com Síndrome Coronariana Aguda, submetidas a angioplastia coronária percutânea em uma clínica de Medellín (Colômbia). Métodos. Estudo transversal em amostra aleatória de 128 pacientes voluntários. Foi utilizado um questionário para variáveis sócio-demográficas, a "Escala para medir a adesão terapêutica para pacientes com doenças crônicas, baseada em comportamentos explícitos" de Trujano, Vega e Nava, e o "Instrumento para avaliar a adesão do paciente de acordo com fatores de risco cardiovascular influenciadores" validado por Consuelo Ortiz. Resultados. Os fatores socioeconômicos tiveram uma influência muito baixa na adesão à prevenção secundária, os fatores relacionados à terapia tiveram uma influência moderada e os fatores do paciente tiveram uma influência baixa. Não foi encontrada relação entre o fator provedor de saúde e a referida adesão. Conclusão. Existem fatores que influenciam em menor ou maior grau a adesão à prevenção secundária e que devem ser reconhecidos em pessoas com angioplastia coronariana para que estratégias possam ser traçadas para melhorar esse aspecto do autocuidado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Self Care , Cross-Sectional Studies , Angioplasty , Acute Coronary Syndrome , Secondary Prevention , Treatment Adherence and Compliance
9.
Acta méd. colomb ; 45(3): 16-21, jul.-set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1130696

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: la osteoporosis es una enfermedad que se incrementa conforme nuestra población envejece; ésta se asocia a mayor riesgo de fracturas por fragilidad, conllevando a pérdida de la independencia, dolor crónico e incluso la muerte. Con el fin de evitar dichas complicaciones, es importante caracterizar la población con diagnóstico de fractura por fragilidad e identificar si se está realizando un adecuado tamizaje y abordaje del paciente con riesgo o diagnóstico de osteoporosis. Material y métodos: estudio prospectivo realizado en pacientes ingresados con fractura por fragilidad en un hospital de alta complejidad, en el periodo entre marzo-septiembre del 2018. Se realizó una caracterización según variables clínico-sociodemográficas y se aplicó criterios de tamización según diferentes guías con el fin de determinar si se está realizando un adecuado tamizaje y abordaje del paciente con fractura por fragilidad. Resultados: se identificaron 70 pacientes con fracturas por fragilidad, la edad promedio fue de 80.01 ± 10.73 años. Se encontró que 81.43% de los pacientes había sido evaluado por médico general, pero tan sólo 50% había sido educado sobre prevención de caídas. Además, el 97.14%, 95.71% y 90.0% de los pacientes cumplían criterios de tamización para osteoporosis según las guías NOF, ISCD y OSC respectivamente y sólo 11.43% habían sido tamizados. Conclusión: las fracturas por fragilidad son frecuentes en nuestro medio; sin embargo, los tiempos de atención e intervención son lentos y los esfuerzos en prevención tanto primaria como secundaria están siendo insuficientes.(Acta Med Colomb 2020; 45. DOI:https://doi.org/10.36104/amc.2020.1319).


Abstract Introduction: Osteoporosis is a disease which increases as our population ages. It is associated with a greater risk of fragility fractures, leading to a loss of independence, chronic pain and even death. In order to avoid these complications, it is important to describe the population diagnosed with fragility fractures and determine if patients at risk for or diagnosed with osteoporosis are being screened and managed appropriately. Materials and methods: A prospective study of patients hospitalized due to fragility fractures in a tertiary care hospital from March-September 2018. The patients were described according to clinical and sociodemographic variables, and screening criteria from various guidelines were applied to determine if patients with fragility fractures are being adequately screened and managed. Results: Seventy patients with fragility fractures were identified, with an average age of 80.01 ± 10.73 years. Of these, 81.43% had been seen by a general practitioner, but only 50% had been educated on fall prevention. In addition, 97.14%, 95.71% and 90.0% of these patients met the osteoporosis screening criteria according to the NOF, ISCD and OSC guidelines, respectively, and only 11.43% had been screened. Conclusion: Fragility fractures are common in our setting. However, turnaround times for care and intervention are long and both primary and secondary prevention efforts are currently insufficient.(Acta Med Colomb 2020; 45. DOI:https://doi.org/10.36104/amc.2020.1319).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Bone Density , Fractures, Bone , Primary Prevention , Densitometry , Secondary Prevention
10.
J. Health NPEPS ; 5(2): 75-88, set. 2020.
Article in Portuguese | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, BDENF, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1141201

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: sistematizar o conteúdo de um programa de intervenção psicoterapêutica de prevenção de suicídio em adolescentes com comportamento suicidário. Método: estudo de Delphi, com recurso a grupo de peritos, para validar o conteúdo do programa de intervenção psicoterapêutica proposto. Foram incuídos como peritos, enfermeiros especialistas em enfermagem de saúde mental e psiquiátrica, com título atribuído pela ordem dos enfermeiros e com experiência profissional, de pelo menos dois anos, com adolescentes com comportamento suicidário. O instrumento de recolha de dados, sob a forma de questionário, foi divulgado pela ordem dos enfermeiros. Aos peritos foi pedido que assinalassem a sua concordância com o conteúdo do programa através de uma escala tipo likert, em duas rondas. Resultados: o programa final, validado pelos peritos, tem a duração de 10 a 15 sessões, ajustadas consoantes à avaliação clínica e do contexto. A família participa na primeira e sétima sessão. A última sessão será de follow-up e a avaliação do programa é realizada no início, final e na sessão de followup. Conclusão: o programa de intervenção psicoterapêutica de prevenção de suicídio em adolescentes com comportamento suicidário obteve concordância dos peritos em todas as sessões, procedimentos e aspectos gerais.


Objective: to systematize the content of a psychotherapeutic intervention program to prevent suicide in adolescents with suicidal behavior. Method: Delphi study, using a group of experts, to validate the content of the proposed psychotherapeutic intervention program. Nurses specialized in mental health and psychiatric nursing, with a title attributed by the order of nurses and professional experience of at least two years, with adolescents with suicidal behavior were included as experts. The data collection instrument, in the form of a questionnaire, was released by the nurses' order. The experts were asked to indicate their agreement with the content of the program using a likert scale, in two rounds. Results: the final program, validated by the experts, lasts 10 to 15 sessions, adjusted according to clinical and contextual assessment. The family participates in the first and seventh session. The last session will be a follow-up and the program evaluation is carried out at the beginning, at the end and in the follow-up session. Conclusion: the suicide prevention psychotherapeutic intervention program for adolescents with suicidal behavior obtained agreement from the experts in all sessions, procedures and general aspects.


Objetivo: sistematizar el contenido de un programa de intervención psicoterapéutica para prevenir el suicidio en adolescentes con conducta suicida. Método: estudio Delphi, con un grupo de expertos, para validar el contenido del programa de intervención psicoterapéutico propuesto. Se incluyeron como expertos enfermeros especializados en salud mental y enfermería psiquiátrica, con título atribuido por orden de enfermeros y experiencia profesional de al menos dos años, con adolescentes con conducta suicida. El instrumento de recolección de datos, en forma de cuestionario, fue liberado por orden de las enfermeras. Se pidió a los expertos que indicaran su acuerdo con el contenido del programa mediante una escala Likert, en dos rondas. Resultados: el programa final, validado por los expertos, tiene una duración de 10 a 15 sesiones, ajustadas según valoración clínica y contextual. La familia participa en la primera y séptima sesión. La última sesión será de seguimiento y la evaluación del programa se realiza al inicio, final y en la sesión de seguimiento. Conclusión: el programa de intervención psicoterapéutica de prevención del suicidio para adolescentes con conducta suicida obtuvo el acuerdo de los expertos en todas las sesiones, procedimientos y aspectos generales.


Subject(s)
Suicide , Adolescent , Secondary Prevention , Crisis Intervention
11.
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 39(2): 114-121, ago. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138524

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: El cierre percutáneo del foramen oval permeable (FOP) se ha posicionado como el tratamiento de elección para la prevención secundaria de pacientes con infartos encefálicos (IE) criptogénicos asociados a FOP. OBJETIVO: Revisar los cierres de FOP realizados en nuestra institución, evaluando las características clínicas y del procedimiento, los resultados a mediano plazo luego del procedimiento y la tendencia en el número de intervenciones durante el período estudiado. MÉTODOS: Se incluyeron 101 pacientes consecutivos en que se realizó cierre de FOP, con una mediana de seguimiento de 4,6 años. Se analizaron las características basales de los pacientes, la indicación del cierre de FOP, el éxito del procedimiento y la presencia de shunt residual en ecocardiografía al año. Se realizó una encuesta telefónica estructurada a todos los pacientes, en la cual se preguntó por nuevo IE o crisis isquémica transitoria (CIT), otros eventos cardiovasculares y la presencia de sangrados. El seguimiento fue completado en el 95%. Se calculó el puntaje RoPE ("Risk of Paradoxical Embolism") el cual provee una estimación de la posibilidad de que ese IE se haya debido al FOP y del riesgo de repetir un nuevo IE en caso de no cerrar el FOP para cada paciente. RESULTADOS: La edad promedio fue de 49,1±13,7 años, con 53% mujeres. Sólo en 3 pacientes se diagnosticó una trombofilia. En 96 pacientes la indicación fue para prevención de embolía paradojal e IE (74% IE, 17% CIT y 4% embolía periférica), mientras que en 5% por síndrome de ortodeoxia/platipnea. El cierre de FOP fue exitoso en todos los pacientes. Shunt residual en ecocardiograma al año se observó en 5% - ninguno de estos pacientes presentó un nuevo evento encefálico durante el seguimiento. Se registraron 2 nuevos IE (4 IE por 1000 pacientes/año) y 1 nueva CIT (2 CIT por 1000 pacientes/año) en el seguimiento, con un promedio de presentación de 3,6 años post procedimiento. Esta tasa de eventos fue significativamente menor a lo predicho por el puntaje RoPE en nuestra cohorte. Se observó un marcado aumento en el número de procedimientos desde el año 2017 en adelante. CONCLUSIONES: En nuestra cohorte, el cierre de FOP fue un procedimiento exitoso y seguro. Se asoció a una baja tasa de nuevos eventos cerebrales, marcadamente menor a lo estimado por el puntaje de riesgo actualmente disponible (RoPE).


INTRODUCTION: The percutaneous closure of a patent foramen ovale (PFO) has been established as the preferred treatment for those with an ischemic stroke (IS) and associated PFO. AIMS: To review the PFO closure experience at our institution, characterizing the patients and procedures, mid-term results and the trend in the number of interventions during the study period. METHODS: One hundred and one consecutive patients undergoing PFO closure were included, with a median follow-up of 4.6 years. Baseline demographics, PFO closure indications, procedural success rates and residual shunt at 1-year were recorded. A telephonic survey was performed to complete follow-up, asking for new IS or transient ischemic attacks (TIA), other cardiovascular events and bleeding. Follow-up was completed by 95%. The RoPE score was calculated for each patient, providing an estimate of the chance a given IS being due to a PFO and the risk of a new event when the defect is not closed. RESULTS: Mean age was 49.1±13.7 years and 53% were females. Whereas the indication for PFO closure was paradoxical embolism in 96 patients (74% IS, 17% TIA and 4% peripheral embolism), in 5 it was for platypnea-orthodeoxia syndrome. All patients had a successful PFO closure procedure. Residual shunt at 1 year was found in 5% - yet, none of these patients experienced a new stroke during the study period. During follow-up there were 2 new IS (4 IS per 1,000 patients/year) and 1 new TIA (2 TIA per 1,000 patients/year), with a mean incidence time of 3.6 years after the procedure. This rate of new events was significantly lower than the one predicted by the RoPE score. From 2017 onwards, there was a marked increase in the number of procedures performed at our institution. CONCLUSION: In this cohort, PFO closure was a successful and safe procedure. It was associated to a low rate of new cerebral events during mid-term follow-up, markedly lower than the RoPE predicted rate.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Foramen Ovale, Patent/surgery , Septal Occluder Device , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Embolism, Paradoxical/prevention & control , Brain Infarction/prevention & control , Secondary Prevention
12.
Ter. psicol ; 38(1): 103-118, abr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115943

ABSTRACT

Resumen En diciembre de 2019, se informaron casos de neumonía potencialmente mortal en Wuhan, provincia de Hubei, China (COVID-19). Esta enfermedad se ha extendido rápidamente por todo el mundo con miles de casos confirmados y muertes, transformándose en pandemia y desafiado los sistemas de salud pública. No existe aún vacuna ni tratamiento científicamente probado, sin embargo, se ha identificado los comportamientos exactos que pueden evitar el contagio y propagación. El presente artículo sistematiza información disponible inicial sobre psicología y COVID-19. Se discute que gran parte del problema de la enfermedad se puede evitar cambiando los comportamientos de las personas y que la psicología puede ayudar a explicar, prevenir e intervenir para su solución. La psicología cuenta con evidencia científica disponible que explica todos estos fenómenos, evidencia que debe ser puesta en relieve por los mismos actores de las disciplinas a disposición de otras áreas del conocimiento y sobre todo para los tomadores de decisión.


Abstract In December 2019, highly lethal cases of pneumonia were reported in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China (COVID-19). This disease has spread rapidly around the world with thousands of confirmed cases and deaths, becoming a pandemic and challenging public health systems. There is no vaccine or scientifically proven treatment yet, but the exact behaviours that can prevent transmission and spread have been identified. This article systematizes initial available information on psychology and COVID-19. It is discussed that much of the problem of the disease can be avoided by changing people's behaviors and that psychology can help explain, prevent and intervene to solve it. Psychology has scientific evidence available that explains all these phenomena, evidence that should be highlighted by the same actors in the disciplines available to other areas of knowledge and especially for decision makers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/psychology , Psychology , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Coronavirus Infections/psychology , Primary Prevention , Behavioral Medicine , Public Health , Health Personnel/psychology , Crisis Intervention , Secondary Prevention , Tertiary Prevention , Pandemics
13.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 27(1): 1-3, ene.-feb. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1138746

ABSTRACT

La probabilidad de nuevos eventos cardiovasculares mayores (ECVM) en pacientes luego de un infarto agudo del miocardio depende de diferentes variables, como el tiempo que haya pasado después del primer evento, el escenario de presentación (síndrome coronario agudo con/sin elevación del ST) y los factores de riesgo asociados. Dichos eventos se han relacionado con la respuesta proinflamatoria persistente1, la actividad plaquetaria y la actividad de la trombina2. La llegada de medicamentos con actividad antitrombótica más potente y específica en puntos clave del proceso trombótico ha permitido evaluar su efecto en el escenario de la prevención secundaria antitrombótica intensiva luego del primer año de un infarto del miocardio3. En este tipo de prevención se han propuesto diferentes estrategias terapéuticas, entre ellas se ha extendiendo la doble terapia antiplaquetaria (DTA) (4, iniciando terapias antiplaquetarias adicionales5, o usando dosis bajas de anticoagulantes directos más aspirina6. Sin embargo, las características similares y, a su vez, heterogéneas en esta población, generan dudas de cuándo, en quiénes y cómo usar este tipo de terapia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Risk Factors , Myocardial Infarction , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Acute Coronary Syndrome , Secondary Prevention
15.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1099801

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analisar a efetividade do teste da International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF) para as prevenções primária e secundária relacionadas aos fatores de risco para a osteoporose. Métodos: Estudo transversal realizado no interior de São Paulo, Brasil, durante a Campanha de Prevenção à Osteoporose realizada em outubro de 2016. Participaram 400 pessoas, selecionadas aleatoriamente, entrevistadas de acordo com o teste de um minuto para risco de osteoporose da IOF. A análise estatística utilizou o teste de Kolmogorov-Smirnov, o teste qui-quadrado de Pearson, o Mann-Whitney e a análise multivariada para fatores de risco associados à osteoporose pelo modelo de regressão logística binária. Os resultados foram apresentados em odds ratio, com intervalo de confiança de 95%. Resultados: A amostra foi composta por 260 mulheres e 140 homens, com mediana de 57 anos, e 95% indicaram possuir algum fator de risco. As questões com maior índice de positividade indicaram que ambos os sexos estão expostos à baixa exposição ao sol, à baixa ingesta de alimentos ricos em vitamina D (p=0,140) e ao hábito de atividades físicas por tempo inferior a 30 min (p=0,657). O índice de massa corporal (IMC) menor que 19kg/m2 (p=0,336) indicou menor positividade. A regressão logística mostrou associação entre quatro fatores de risco (densitometria óssea, queda por fraqueza, mudança de altura após os 40 anos e sexo) e a população em estudo acima de 60 anos. Conclusão: O teste da IOF se mostrou uma ferramenta funcional na promoção da saúde e atenção primária, podendo trazer benefícios socioeconômicos.


Objective: To analyze the effectiveness of the International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF) test for primary and secondary prevention related to risk factors for osteoporosis. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study conducted in the interior of São Paulo, Brazil, during the Osteoporosis Prevention Campaign carried out in October 2016. 400 people, selected at random, interviewed according to the IOF one-minute osteoporosis risk test, participated. Statistical analysis used the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, Pearson's chi-square test, Mann-Whitney, and multivariate analysis for risk factors associated with osteoporosis using the binary logistic regression model. The results were presented in odds ratios, with a 95% confidence interval. Results: The sample consisted of 260 women and 140 men, with a median of 57 years, and 95% indicated having some risk factor. The questions with the highest positivity index indicated that both sexes are exposed to low exposure to the sun, low intake of foods rich in vitamin D (p=0.140), and the habit of physical activities for less than 30 min (p=0.657 ). The body mass index (BMI) less than 19 kg/m2 (p=0.336) indicated less positivity. Logistic regression showed an association between four risk factors (bone densitometry, fall due to weakness, change in height after 40 years and sex) and the study population over 60 years. Conclusion: The IOF test proved to be a functional tool in promoting health and primary care, and can bring socioeconomic benefits.


Objetivo: Analizar la efectividad de la prueba de la International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF) para las prevenciones primaria y secundaria relacionadas con los factores de riesgo para osteoporosis. Métodos: Estudio transversal realizado en una ciudad de São Paulo, Brasil, durante la Campaña de Prevención de Osteoporosis realizada en octubre de 2016. Participaron 400 personas que han sido elegidas de modo aleatorio y entrevistadas según la prueba de un minuto para riesgo de osteoporosis de la IOF. El análisis estadístico utilizó la prueba de Kolmogorov-Smirnov, la prueba de Chi-cuadrado de Pearson, la de Mann-Whitney y el análisis multivariado para los factores de riesgo asociados con la osteoporosis por el modelo de regresión logística binaria. Se ha presentado los resultados en odds ratio con intervalo de confianza del 95%. Resultados: La muestra fue de 260 mujeres y 140 hombres con mediana de la edad de 57 años y el 95% indicaron tener algún factor de riesgo. Las preguntas con mayor índice de positividad han indicado que ambos sexos tienen baja exposición solar, baja ingesta de alimentos con vitamina D (p=0,140) y la costumbre de actividades físicas de tiempo menor que 30 min (p=0,657). El índice de masa corporal (IMC) de menos de 19kg/m2 (p=0,336) ha indicado menor positividad. La regresión logística ha mostrado asociación entre cuatro factores de riesgo (densitometría ósea, caída causada por debilidad muscular, cambio de altura después de los 40 años y sexo) y la población del estudio con más de 60 años. Conclusión: La prueba de la IOF se presentó como una herramienta funcional para la promoción de la salud y atención primaria lo que puede llevar a beneficios socioeconómicos.


Subject(s)
Osteoporosis , Primary Prevention , Public Health , Risk Factors , Secondary Prevention
16.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(2): e9560, 2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055496

ABSTRACT

Our aim was to review the major contributions of studies conducted in different Latin American (LA) countries to the field of human papillomavirus (HPV) epidemiology, natural history, risk of disease, and prevention strategies, mainly in the uterine cervix. Although cytological screening is established in several countries in LA, incidence and mortality rates from cervical cancer (CC) are still extremely high. Finally, data from large cohort studies conducted in LA countries provided seminal data to propose primary and secondary prevention modalities: the HPV vaccine has been introduced in the national immunization programs of several LA countries and multiple screening experiences using HPV testing are under evaluation in the region.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Papillomaviridae , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/virology , Papillomavirus Infections/epidemiology , Papillomavirus Vaccines/administration & dosage , Primary Prevention , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/mortality , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/prevention & control , Mass Screening , Papillomavirus Infections/complications , Papillomavirus Infections/prevention & control , Secondary Prevention , Latin America/epidemiology
18.
MedUNAB ; 23(1): 62-71, 2020/03/30.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087832

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La ambliopía es un desorden visual originado durante el desarrollo cortical considerándose la causa de ceguera prevenible más frecuente. El diagnóstico y tratamiento temprano han demostrado ser efectivos; sin embargo, su detección es tardía debido, en parte, a falta de conocimiento. El objetivo del presente artículo es describir las percepciones sobre el conocimiento de médicos generales y pediatras en Bucaramanga acerca de la detección temprana de la ambliopía. Metodología. Se realizó un estudio cualitativo descriptivo de tipo exploratorio, utilizando como técnica entrevistas semi-estructuradas a 20 profesionales de la salud, para ello se usó el enfoque de Taylor y Bogdan. Resultados. Las entrevistas permitieron identificar dos categorías: falencias en el proceso de formación del pregrado y posgrado, y barreras de infraestructura para la realización de valoración visual; además de cuatro subcategorías entre las que se identifican conceptos erróneos sobre la ambliopía, falta de claridad sobre la edad oportuna para la realización de la valoración visual de primera vez, así como imaginarios errados relacionados con la valoración y remisión a servicios especializados de optometría y oftalmología. Discusión. El estudio permitió develar la falta de conocimientos de los profesionales de la salud y las distintas causas que contribuyen a esta problemática, así como la importancia del fortalecimiento de este tema en los currículos. Conclusión. Es necesario fortalecer el conocimiento de los médicos generales y pediatras con el fin de detectar precozmente los niños en riesgo de ambliopía y reducir la carga de la enfermedad. Cómo citar: Maldonado Rueda SJ, Marzal Guerra EE, Delgado-Serrano J, Cepeda-Bareño DF, Oviedo Cáceres MP. Percepciones sobre el conocimiento de la detección temprana de la ambliopía de médicos generales y pediatras de Bucaramanga. MedUNAB. 2020;23(1):62-71. doi:10.29375/01237047.3782


Introduction. Amblyopia is a visual disorder that arises during cortical development, and is considered the most frequent cause of preventable blindness. Early diagnosis and treatment have been demonstrated to be highly effective. However, it is often detected at a late stage, partly due to lack of knowledge. The purpose of this article is to describe the perceived knowledge of general practitioners and pediatricians in Bucaramanga on the early detection of amblyopia. Methodology. A descriptive, qualitative exploratory study was performed, by means of semistructured interviews of 20 healthcare professionals, using the approach suggested by Taylor and Bogdan. Results. The interview results found two types of issues: shortcomings in undergraduate and graduate training, lack of infrastructure to perform the visual assessment. It also detected four sub-categories, including incorrect concepts about amblyopia, lack of clarity about the right age to perform the first-time visual assessment, and erroneous beliefs about the assessment and referral to specialized optometry and ophthalmology services. Discussion. The study found gaps in knowledge by healthcare professionals as well as the different contributing factors to this problem, and indicates the importance of strengthening this subject in the curricula. Conclusion. It is necessary to strengthen knowledge among general practitioners and pediatricians to enable the early detection of children at risk of amblyopia and reduce the burden of this disease. Cómo citar: Maldonado Rueda SJ, Marzal Guerra EE, Delgado-Serrano J, Cepeda-Bareño DF, Oviedo Cáceres MP. Percepciones sobre el conocimiento de la detección temprana de la ambliopía de médicos generales y pediatras de Bucaramanga. MedUNAB. 2020;23(1):62-71. doi:10.29375/01237047.3782


Introdução. A ambliopia é um transtorno visual causado durante o desenvolvimento cortical, considerado a causa mais frequente de cegueira evitável. O diagnóstico e o tratamento precoce provaram ser eficazes; no entanto, sua detecção é tardia devido, em parte, à falta de conhecimento. O objetivo deste artigo é descrever as percepções sobre o conhecimento de médicos gerais e pediatras em Bucaramanga a respeito da detecção precoce da ambliopia. Métodos. Foi realizado um estudo descritivo, exploratório e qualitativo, utilizando entrevistas semiestruturadas com 20 profissionais de saúde, fazendo uso da abordagem de Taylor e Bogdan. Resultados. As entrevistas permitiram identificar duas categorias, falhas no processo de formação dos graduandos e pósgraduandos, barreiras de infraestrutura para realizar avaliação visual e quatro subcategorias, entre as quais estão: conceitos errôneos sobre a ambliopia, falta de clareza sobre a idade apropriada para realizar a primeira avaliação visual, bem como uma valoração errônea relacionada com a avaliação e encaminhamento para serviços especializados de optometria e oftalmologia. Discussão. O estudo revelou o desconhecimento dos profissionais da saúde e as diferentes causas que contribuem para esse problema, bem como a importância de fortalecer essa questão nos currículos. Conclusão. É necessário ampliar o conhecimento dos médicos gerais e pediatras na detecção precoce das crianças em risco de ambliopia e reduzir a carga da doença. Cómo citar: Maldonado Rueda SJ, Marzal Guerra EE, Delgado-Serrano J, Cepeda-Bareño DF, Oviedo Cáceres MP. Percepciones sobre el conocimiento de la detección temprana de la ambliopía de médicos generales y pediatras de Bucaramanga. MedUNAB. 2020;23(1):62-71. doi:10.29375/01237047.3782


Subject(s)
Amblyopia , Optometry , Pediatrics , Visual Acuity , Knowledge , Secondary Prevention
19.
Rev. méd. Minas Gerais ; 30(supl.4): S69-S76, 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1177181

ABSTRACT

Objetivo. Estratificar os pacientes de serviços ambulatoriais de cardiologia através do escore de Framingham, para subsidiar o planejamento de futuras intervenções. Métodos. Trata-se de um corte transversal realizado em serviços de cardiologia de centro público ambulatorial e consultório particular de cidade de médio porte de Minas Gerais. A amostragem foi aleatória, com 329 prontuários, de pacientes acima de 30 anos, com dados suficientes. Os dados foram utilizados para cálculo do risco cardiovascular dos pacientes a partir da aplicação do escore, com posterior processamento de dados em softwares estatísticos. Resultados. A idade dos participantes variou de 30 a 74 anos, 54,7% eram do sexo feminino e 74,8% foram atendidos no serviço público de saúde. Dentre os pacientes, 48% tinham valores de HDL inferiores a 45mg/ dL e 36,5% apresentaram LDL inferior a 100mg/dL. 22,5% dos pacientes eram tabagistas e 37,1% diabéticos. 46,2% dos pacientes tiveram valores sistólicos acima de 139mmHg e 61,7% tinham valores diastólicos abaixo de 85mmHg. Em 43,8% dos prontuários analisados o risco encontrado era baixo, em 36,5% era moderado, em 19,8% era alto. O risco médio da população foi de 13,4%. Conclusão. Na população estudada, a respeito dos fatores de risco cardiovascular que compõem o Escore de Framingham, destacam-se o DM, HAS, LDL-c e tabagismo como principais contribuintes da definição do risco. Os resultados encontrados a partir do estudo são importantes para o planejamento de futuras intervenções, principalmente na atenção primária a fim de prevenir o surgimento e implementar o controle de tais fatores. (AU)


Objectives. Stratify outpatient cardiology services patients through the Framingham score to assist the planning of future interventions. Methods. This is a cross-sectional study performed in cardiology services from an outpatient public center and a private clinic of a medium-sized city of Minas Gerais. The sampling was random, with 329 medical records, of patients over the age of 30 years, with sufficient data. The data were used to calculate the cardiovascular risk of patients through the application of the score, with subsequent data processing in statistical software. Results. The age of the participants ranged from 30 to 74 years, 54.7% were female and 74.8% were treated in the public health service. Among the patients, 48% had HDL-c values lower than 45mg/dL and 36.5% had LDL-c below 100mg/dL. 22.5% of the patients were smokers and 37.1% diabetics. 46.2% of the patients had systolic values greater or equal to 139mmHg and 61.7% had diastolic values less or equal to 85mmHg. In 43.8% of the analyzed medical records, the risk was found low, in 36.5% it was moderate, in 19.8% it was high. The average risk of the population was 13.4%. Conclusion. In the studied population, regarding the cardiovascular risk factors that compose the Framingham Score, DM, systemic arterial hypertension, LDL-c and smoking stand out as the main contributors to risk definition. The results found in the study are important for the planning of future interventions, especially in primary care in order to prevent the appearance and implement the control of such factors. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Primary Health Care , Cardiovascular Diseases , Primary Health Care/organization & administration , Cross-Sectional Studies , Secondary Prevention , Ambulatory Care
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810971

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Studies on the efficacy of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy for primary prevention in Asian patients are relatively lacking compared to those for secondary prevention. Also, it is important to stratify which patients will benefit from ICD therapy for primary prevention.METHODS: Of 483 consecutive patients who received new implantation of ICD in 9 centers in Korea, 305 patients with reduced left ventricular systolic function and/or documented ventricular fibrillation/tachycardia were enrolled and divided into primary (n = 167) and secondary prevention groups (n = 138).RESULTS: During mean follow-up duration of 2.6 ± 1.6 years, appropriate ICD therapy occurred in 78 patients (25.6%), and appropriate ICD shock and anti-tachycardia pacing occurred in 15.1% and 15.1% of patients, respectively. Appropriate ICD shock rate was not different between the two groups (primary 12% vs. secondary 18.8%, P = 0.118). However, appropriate ICD therapy rate including shock and anti-tachycardia pacing was significantly higher (primary 18% vs. secondary 34.8%, P = 0.001) in the secondary prevention group. Type of prevention and etiology, appropriate and inappropriate ICD shock did not affect all-cause death. High levels of N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide, New York Heart Association functional class, low levels of estimated glomerular filtration ratio, and body mass index were associated with death before appropriate ICD shock in the primary prevention group. When patients were categorized in 5 risk score groups according to the sum of values defined by each cut-off level, significant differences in death rate before appropriate ICD shock were observed among risk 0 (0%), 1 (3.6%), 2 (3%), 3 (26.5%), and 4 (40%) (P < 0.001).CONCLUSION: In this multicenter regional registry, the frequency of appropriate ICD therapy is not low in the primary prevention group. In addition, combination of poor prognostic factors of heart failure is useful in risk stratification of patients who are not benefiting from ICD therapy for primary prevention.


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Body Mass Index , Defibrillators, Implantable , Filtration , Follow-Up Studies , Heart , Heart Failure , Humans , Korea , Mortality , Primary Prevention , Risk Assessment , Secondary Prevention , Shock
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL