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Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 68(4): 586-591, Aug. 2010. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-555239


In the present study we investigated the effects of lipoic acid (LA) on acetylcholinesterase (AChE), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and Na+, K+-ATPase activities in rat hippocampus during seizures. Wistar rats were treated with 0.9 percent saline (i.p., control group), lipoic acid (20 mg/kg, i.p., LA group), pilocarpine (400 mg/kg, i.p., P400 group), and the association of pilocarpine (400 mg/kg, i.p.) plus LA (20 mg/kg, i.p.), 30 min before of administration of P400 (LA plus P400 group). After the treatments all groups were observed for 1 h. In P400 group, there was a significant increase in GPx activity as well as a decrease in AChE and Na+, K+-ATPase activities after seizures. In turn, LA plus P400 abolished the appearance of seizures and reversed the decreased in AChE and Na+, K+-ATPase activities produced by seizures, when compared to the P400 seizing group. The results from the present study demonstrate that preadministration of LA abolished seizure episodes induced by pilocarpine in rat, probably by increasing AChE and Na+, K+-ATPase activities in rat hippocampus.

No presente estudo nós investigamos os efeitos do ácido lipóico (AL) sobre as atividades da acetilcolinesterase (AChE), da glutationa peroxidase (GPx) e da Na+, K+-ATPase no hipocampo de ratos durante crises convulsivas. Ratos Wistar foram tratados com solução salina a 0,9 por cento (i.p., grupo controle), ácido lipóico (20 mg/kg, i.p., grupo AL), pilocarpina (400 mg/kg, i.p., grupo P400), e a associação de AL (20 mg/kg, i.p.) com a pilocarpina (400 mg/kg, i.p.), 30 min antes da administração de pilocarpina (grupo AL + P400). Após os tratamentos todos os grupos foram observados durante 1 h. No grupo P400, houve um aumento significativo na atividade da GPx, assim como uma diminuição das atividades da AChE e Na+, K+-ATPase. Por sua vez, o pré-tratamento com AL aboliu o aparecimento de convulsões e reverteu a diminuição das atividades da AChE e da Na+, K+-ATPase causadas pelas convulsões, quando comparada com o grupo P400 sozinho. Os resultados do estudo demonstram que o pré-tratamento com AL aboliu os episódios de convulsão induzido pela pilocarpina em ratos, provavelmente por meio do aumento das atividades das enzimas AChE e Na+, K+-ATPase no hipocampo de ratos.

Animals , Male , Rats , Acetylcholinesterase/metabolism , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Glutathione Peroxidase/metabolism , Hippocampus/enzymology , Seizures/enzymology , Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase/metabolism , Thioctic Acid/pharmacology , Hippocampus/drug effects , Pilocarpine , Rats, Wistar , Seizures/chemically induced
Indian J Pediatr ; 1989 Mar-Apr; 56(2): 267-72
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-84318


The clinical, biochemical and radiological features of spontaneously occurring hypoparathyroidism in 13 patients (mean age 9 years, range 4 months to 20 years) are highlighted. Nine patients presented with a history of generalised seizures and 2 were in acute hypocalcemic crisis at the time of admission. Ocular involvement (corneal opacities, cataract) was present in 3 patients and vitiligo in 1 patient. The serum calcium level was low (mean 5.46 mg/dl, range 5.0-7.2) and serum phosphorus level was high (mean 8.49 mg/dl, range 6-14 mg/dl) in all the patients. Six patients had elevated serum alkaline phosphatase (greater than 20 KAU). Radiological examination revealed osteopenia in 3 patients. Nine patients underwent a head CT scan; 5 had evidence of basal ganglia calcification. The findings of elevated serum alkaline phosphatase and osteopenia are at variance with existing literature and may possibly reflect pre-existing vitamin D deficiency.

Adolescent , Adult , Alkaline Phosphatase/blood , Basal Ganglia Diseases/enzymology , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/enzymology , Calcinosis/enzymology , Child , Female , Humans , Hypoparathyroidism/enzymology , India , Infant , Male , Seizures/enzymology