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1.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 42(1): 54-62, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1055351

ABSTRACT

Objective: Although studies have shown an association between poor sleep and chronotype with psychiatric problems in young adults, few have focused on identifying multiple concomitant risk factors. Methods: We assessed depressive symptoms (Beck Depression Inventory [BDI]), circadian typology (Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire [MEQ]), sleep quality (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index [PSQI]), perceived stress (Perceived Stress Scale [PSS]), social rhythm (Social Rhythm Metrics [SRM]), and salivary cortisol (morning, evening and night, n=37) in 236 men (all 18 years old). Separate analyses were conducted to understand how each PSQI domain was associated with depressive symptoms. Results: Depressive symptoms were more prevalent in individuals with higher perceived stress (prevalence ratio [PR] = 6.429, p < 0.001), evening types (PR = 2.58, p < 0.001) and poor sleepers (PR = 1.808, p = 0.046). Multivariate modeling showed that these three variables were independently associated with depressive symptoms (all p < 0.05). The PSQI items subjective sleep quality and sleep disturbances were significantly more prevalent in individuals with depressive symptoms (PR = 2.210, p = 0.009 and PR = 2.198, p = 0.008). Lower levels of morning cortisol were significantly associated with higher depressive scores (r = -0.335; p = 0.043). Conclusion: It is important to evaluate multiple factors related to sleep and chronotype in youth depression studies, since this can provide important tools for comprehending and managing mental health problems.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Sleep Wake Disorders/psychology , Stress, Psychological/psychology , Hydrocortisone/analysis , Chronobiology Disorders/psychology , Depression/etiology , Military Personnel/psychology , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Reference Values , Saliva/metabolism , Sleep/physiology , Time Factors , Multivariate Analysis , Risk Factors , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Depression/metabolism , Self Report
2.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 42(1): 14-21, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1055366

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aimed to determine if personality disorder (PD) predicted functional outcomes in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). Methods: Data (n=71) from a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled 12-week trial assessing the efficacy of 200 mg/day adjunctive minocycline for MDD were examined. PD was measured using the Standardized Assessment of Personality Abbreviated Scale. Outcome measures included Clinical Global Impression - Improvement (CGI-I), Quality of Life Enjoyment and Satisfaction Questionnaire (Q-LES-Q), Social and Occupational Functioning Scale (SOFAS), and Range of Impaired Functioning (RIFT). Analysis of covariance was used to examine the impact of PD (dichotomized factor [≥ 3] or continuous measure) on the outcome measures-treatment group correlation. Results: PD was identified in 69% of the sample. After adjusting for age, sex, and baseline scores for each of the outcome measures, there was no significant difference between participants with and without PD on week 12 scores for any of the outcome measures (all p > 0.14). Conclusion: In this secondary analysis of a primary efficacy study, PD was a common comorbidity among those with MDD, but was not a significant predictor of functional outcomes. This study adds to the limited literature on PD in randomized controlled trials for MDD. Clinical trial registration: ACTRN12612000283875.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Personality Disorders/psychology , Depressive Disorder, Major/psychology , Depressive Disorder, Major/drug therapy , Minocycline/administration & dosage , Antidepressive Agents/administration & dosage , Personal Satisfaction , Personality Tests , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Quality of Life , Comorbidity , Placebo Effect , Double-Blind Method , Treatment Outcome , Self Report , Middle Aged
3.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-811450

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The main purpose of this study was to compare the relationships between physical activity (measured using an accelerometer vs. self-reported) and cardiovascular disease risk factors. Differences in accelerometry physical activity between 10-minute bouts and total bouts were also compared.METHODS: Data originated from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Logistic regression was used to predict cardiovascular disease risk from physical activity levels.RESULTS: Self-reported physical activity could not significantly predict the odds of having cardiovascular risk. However, the insufficiently active group classified according to the total-bout physical activity had significantly greater odds of having hypertension or prehypertension (odds ratio [OR], 1.35; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 1.00–1.82), diabetes mellitus (OR, 1.77; 95% CI, 1.01–3.19), and dyslipidemia (OR, 1.65; 95% CI, 1.17–2.36) than the highly active group. Regarding the 10-minute bout physical activity, the inactive group had significantly greater odds of having only hypertension or prehypertension (OR, 1.67; 95% CI, 1.02–2.76) than the highly active group.CONCLUSION: Total-bout physical activity measured using an accelerometer could significantly predict the cardiovascular disease risk compared to 10-minute bout physical activity. However, self-reported physical activity could not significantly predict the cardiovascular disease risk.


Subject(s)
Accelerometry , Cardiovascular Diseases , Diabetes Mellitus , Dyslipidemias , Hypertension , Korea , Logistic Models , Motor Activity , Nutrition Surveys , Prehypertension , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors , Self Report
4.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782064

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We aimed to determine the reliability and validity of a short form of the Korean Dementia Screening Questionnaire-Cognition (KDSQ-C) as a screening tool for cognitive dysfunction.METHODS: This study recruited 420 patients older than 65 years and their informants from 11 hospitals, and categorized the patients into normal cognition, mild cognitive impairment, and dementia subgroups. The KDSQ-C was completed separately by the patients and their informants. We abstracted three components of the KDSQ-C and combined these components into the following four subscales: KDSQ-C-I (items 1–5, memory domain), KDSQ-C-II (items 1–5 & 11–15, memory domain+activities of daily living), KDSQ-C-III (items 1–5 & 6–10, memory domain+other cognitive domains), and KDSQ-C-IV (items 6–10 & 11–15, other cognitive domains+activities of daily living). The reliability and validity were compared between these four subscales.RESULTS: A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis of questionnaire scores provided by the patients showed that the areas under the ROC curves (AUCs) for the KDSQ-C, KDSQC-I, and KDSQ-C-II for diagnosing dementia were 0.75, 0.72, and 0.76, respectively; the corresponding AUCs for informant-completed questionnaires were 0.92, 0.89, and 0.92, indicating good discriminability for dementia.CONCLUSIONS: A short form of the patient- and informant-rated versions of the KDSQ-C (KDSQ-C-II) is as capable as the 15-item KDSQ-C in screening for dementia.


Subject(s)
Area Under Curve , Cognition , Dementia , Humans , Mass Screening , Memory , Cognitive Dysfunction , Reproducibility of Results , ROC Curve , Self Report , Self-Assessment
5.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 28: e3300, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1115745

ABSTRACT

Objective: to assess the quality of life (QOL) of adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP) by self-report and by the caregiver's report, and to analyze the agreement between these reports. Method: cross-sectional study conducted with 101 adolescents with CP and 101 caregivers. Both answered the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL), module 4.0 - Generic (PedsQL 4.0) and module 3.0 - PC (PedsQL 3.0). Agreement between reports was analyzed using the Mann-Whitney test and the intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) (p<0.05). Results: the lowest scores were in physical health, school activities and fatigue in the self-report. The lowest scores were in physical health and daily activities, in the caregivers' report. Perceptions among adolescents and caregivers differed in physical health, movement and equilibrium, daily and school activities, with a lower score for caregivers in all of them. The agreement between the self-report and the caregivers' report was poor (ICC<0.44) and in both instruments, the caregivers' report was less optimistic. Conclusion: physical health is the most impaired domain of the QOL of adolescents with CP, both in the self-report and in the caregivers' report. However, there is poor agreement between these reports, emphasizing that the use of the caregivers' report should be cautious.


Objetivo: avaliar a qualidade de vida (QV) de adolescentes com paralisia cerebral (PC) pelo autorrelato e pelo relato do cuidador, e analisar a concordância entre estes relatos. Método: estudo transversal conduzido com 101 adolescentes com PC e 101 cuidadores. Ambos responderam o Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL), módulo 4.0 - Genérico (PedsQL 4.0) e módulo 3.0 - PC (PedsQL 3.0). A concordância entre os relatos foi analisada pelo teste de Mann-Whitney e pelo coeficiente de correlação intra classe (ICC) (p<0.05). Resultados: no autorrelato os menores escores foram em saúde física, atividades escolares e fadiga. No relato dos cuidadores as menores pontuações foram em saúde física e atividades cotidianas. As percepções entre adolescentes e cuidadores divergiram em saúde física, movimento e equilíbrio, atividades cotidianas e escolares, com menor escore dos cuidadores em todos eles. A concordância entre o autorrelato e o relato dos cuidadores foi pobre (ICC<0.44), e em ambos instrumentos o relato dos cuidadores foi menos otimista. Conclusão: a saúde física é o domínio mais prejudicado da QV de adolescentes com PC, tanto no autorrelato quanto no relato dos cuidadores. Porém há pobre concordância entre estes relatos, ressaltando que o uso do relato dos cuidadores deve ser cauteloso.


Objetivo: evaluar la calidad de vida (CV) de adolescentes con parálisis cerebral (PC) a partir del autorrelato y del relato del cuidador, y analizar la concordancia entre esos relatos. Método: estudio transversal, llevado a cabo con 101 adolescentes con PC y 101 cuidadores. Ambos contestaron el Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL), módulo 4.0 - Genérico (PedsQL 4.0) e módulo 3.0 - PC (PedsQL 3.0). La concordancia entre los relatos se analizó por el test de Mann-Whitney e por el coeficiente de correlación intra clase (ICC) (p<0.05). Resultados: en el autorrelato, los puntajes más bajos se dieron en salud física, actividades escolares y fatiga. En el relato de los cuidadores, los puntajes más bajos se dieron en salud física y actividades cotidianas. Las percepciones de los adolescentes y los cuidadores fueron divergentes en salud física, movimiento y equilibrio, actividades cotidianas y escolares, con un puntaje más bajo por parte de los cuidadores en todos esos rubros. La concordancia entre el autorrelato y el relato de los cuidadores fue pobre (ICC<0.44), y en ambos instrumentos el relato de los cuidadores fue menos optimista. Conclusión: la salud física es el dominio más perjudicado de la CV de los adolescentes con PC, tanto en el autorrelato como en el relato de los cuidadores. Sin embargo, la concordancia entre los dos relatos es deficiente, razón por la cual, el relato de los cuidadores debe realizarse con cautela.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Quality of Life , Cerebral Palsy , Caregivers , Fatigue , Self Report , Cross-Sectional Studies
7.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 37(4): 442-449, Oct.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1041363

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To describe the use of exergames, associated factors and to quantify the time attributed to the use of exergames within the time spent on video games in a sample of adolescents from Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study that evaluated frequency and weekly volume of physical activities using the Physical Activity Questionnaire for Adolescents. Weekly frequency and daily time of use of exergames and videogames were self-reported. Mann-Whitney and Kruskal Wallis tests were used to compare the time spent playing exergames, and Poisson regression was used to test the associations (p<0.05). Results: 495 adolescents were interviewed (51.3% girls), predominantly aged between 12 and 13 years (41.3%), under/normal weight (60.4%), medium socioeconomic status (39.8 %) and from public schools (69.3%). Most of the participants did not have video games in their bedroom (74.3%) and did not reach recommended levels of physical activity (55.5%). One in five adolescents used exergames (16.4%). Age (RP: 0.54; 95%CI 0.30-0.97, p=0.039) and having a console in the bedroom (RP: 1.89; 95%CI 1.27- 2.81, p=0.002) were associated with exergame use. Male sex (X_: 195.0; AIQ: 486.3; p=0.024) practice of leisure time physical activity (X_: 160.0; AIQ: 350.0; p=0.048) were associated with weekly volume of exergame use. Conclusions: Overall, less than two out of ten adolescents used exergames, and the use was higher among young adolescents and those who had a console in their bedrooms. Volume of use was higher among boys and those performing more than five hours of leisure time physical activity per week. In addition, a considerable part of the time devoted to the use of video games, was in fact, destined to the use of exergames.


RESUMO Objetivo: Descrever o uso de exergames, os fatores associados e quantificar o tempo atribuído ao uso de exergames dentro do tempo total de uso de videogames em uma amostra de adolescentes de Curitiba, Paraná. Métodos: Estudo com delineamento transversal no qual a frequência e o volume semanal de atividades físicas foram avaliados com o Questionário de Atividade Física para Adolescentes. A frequência semanal e o tempo diário de uso de exergames e de videogames foram autorreportados. Os testes U de Mann-Whitney e Kruskal-Wallis compararam o tempo de uso dos exergames; e a regressão de Poisson, as associações (p<0,05). Resultados: Foram entrevistados 495 adolescentes (51,3% meninas), predominantemente com idade entre 12 e 13 anos (41,3%), baixo peso/normal (60,4%), nível socioeconômico médio (39,8%) e de escolas públicas (69,3%). A maioria não possuía videogame no quarto (74,3%) e não cumpria a recomendação de atividade física (55,5%). Um em cada cinco adolescentes usava exergames (16,4%). A idade (razão de prevalência [RP] 0,54; intervalo de confiança de 95% [IC95%] 0,30-0,97; p=0,039) e a posse de videogames no quarto (RP 1,89; IC95% 1,27-2,81; p=0,002) foram associadas com o uso. Ainda, o sexo masculino (X_: 195,0; AIQ: 486,3; p=0,024) e a prática de atividade física no lazer (X_: 160,0; AIQ: 350,0; p=0,048) apresentaram associação com o volume semanal. Conclusões: Ao todo, menos de dois em cada dez adolescentes utilizam exergames, sendo a frequência maior entre os mais novos e que possuem consoles de jogos nos quartos. O volume de uso é maior entre os meninos e entre adolescentes que praticam mais do que cinco horas de atividades físicas de lazer na semana. Além disso, parte considerável do tempo destinado ao uso de videogames foi, na realidade, destinada ao uso de exergames.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Exercise , Adolescent Behavior , Video Games , Sedentary Behavior , Time Factors , Brazil , Health Behavior , Cross-Sectional Studies , Adolescent Health , Self Report
8.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 41(6): 530-534, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1055330

ABSTRACT

Objective: The current study aimed to examine the latent structure of a web-based, Brazilian Portuguese version of the Young Schema Questionnaire-Short Form (YSQ-SF). Method: The sample consisted of 15,557 adult participants - 4,702 men and 10,855 women - with age ranging from 18 to 60 years. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to test the a priori conceptual 15-factor model presumed to underlie the YSQ-SF item set. Results: Most items displayed high levels of reliability (factor loadings greater than 0.7) and low liability to random measurement error (residual variances below 0.02), indicating that the a priori YSQ-SF factor structure is adequate. Discussion: These findings offer empirical evidence supporting YSQ-SF construct validity and, consequently, its application in adults.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Personality Disorders/psychology , Adaptation, Psychological , Adjustment Disorders/psychology , Self Report/standards , Psychometrics , Brazil , Reproducibility of Results , Middle Aged
9.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 117(6): 592-597, dic. 2019. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BINACIS | ID: biblio-1046382

ABSTRACT

Objetivo. Evaluar reportes de errores de medicación en niños hospitalizados para determinar las frecuencias, causas y eventos adversos (EA). Métodos. Estudio prospectivo de reportes de errores de medicación de Terapia Neonatal (UCIN), Clínica Pediátrica (CP) y Terapia Pediátrica (UCIP). Se excluyeron reportes de pediatría ambulatoria y datos incompletos. Se evaluaron las variables relacionadas. Resultados. De 989 errores reportados en pediatría, los de medicación fueron 401 (41 %). De ellos, 353 (88 %) llegaron a los pacientes y 48 (12 %) fueron cuasierrores. El 42 % ocurrieron a la mañana; 24 %, tarde; 17 %, mañana y tarde, y 17 %, noche; diferencias no significativas (p = 0,18). El error más frecuente fue dosis equivocada, 118 (33,4 %). Los reportes de errores de prescripción fueron 160 (45 %); administración, 149 (42 %), y dispensación, 44 (2,5 %). Los errores de dosis fueron más frecuentes en la prescripción (p < 0,05). La UCIN reportó la mayor cantidad de errores, 179 (50 %); CP, 91 (25,5 %), y UCIP, 83 (24,5 %). Hubo un total de 91 EA reportados (22,5 %); la mayoría leves, 53 (58 %), y moderados, 31 (34 %). La UCIN reportó 53 EA (58 %); UCIP, 25 (27 %), y CP, 18 (19,7 %). No ocurrieron fallecimientos.Conclusión. La tasa de errores de medicación reportados en niños hospitalizados fue de 41 %. Los errores en las dosis de medicamentos fueron los más frecuentes. Hubo 91 EA; prevalecieron los leves (58 %); la UCIN reportó el mayor número (58 %).


Objective. To assess reports of medication errors in hospitalized children to establish their frequency, causes, and adverse events (AEs). Methods. Prospective study of medication errors reported at the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), Pediatric Clinic (PC), and Pediatric intensive Care Unit (PICU). Ambulatory Pediatrics reports and incomplete data were excluded. Related variables were evaluated. Results. Out of 989 errors reported in Department of Pediatrics, 401 (41 %) corresponded to medication errors. Of these, 353 (88 %) reached patients and 48 (12 %) were quasi-errors; 42 % occurred in the morning; 24 %, in the afternoon; 17 %, in the morning and afternoon, and 17 %, in the night; differences were not significant (p = 0.18). Dosing errors were the most common ones, 118 (33.4 %). In total, 160 reports (45 %) corresponded to prescription errors; 149 (42 %), to administration errors; and 44 (2.5 %), to dispensing errors. Dosing errors were more common in prescriptions (p < 0.05). The highest number of errors was reported at the NICU, 179 (50 %); compared to 91 (25.5 %) at the PC and 83 (24.5 %) at the PICU. A total of 91 AEs were reported (22.5 %); most were mild, 53 (58 %), or moderate, 31 (34 %). The NICU reported 53 AEs (58 %); the PICU, 25 (27 %); and the DCP, 18 (19.7 %). No deaths occurred.Conclusion. The rate of medication errors reported in hospitalized children was 41 %. Dosing errors were the most common ones. A total of 91 AEs were reported; most were mild (58 %); the highest number was reported at the NICU (58 %).


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Health Personnel , Hospitalization , Medication Errors/adverse effects , Medication Errors/statistics & numerical data , Pediatrics , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Self Report
10.
Arch. Clin. Psychiatry (Impr.) ; 46(6): 151-155, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1054917

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Cognitive impairment and frailty are important problems affecting the elderly population. Frail elderly present worse overall cognitive performance. Objective The aim of this study was to investigate general and domain-specific cognitive performance among non-frail, pre-frail, and frail elderly persons. Methods This is a cross-sectional study in which 267 elderly persons living in São Carlos, SP were divided into three groups according to the frailty criteria defined by Fried et al. Cognitive performance was evaluated with a battery of cognitive tests covering domains such as memory, attention, language, and executive functioning. A multinomial logistic regression analysis adjusted for age, gender, and education was performed to evaluate the association between performance in cognitive domains and levels of frailty. Results Frailty was significantly associated with lower scores on the global cognitive test (RRR = 0.86; IC 95% 0.78-0.96; p < 0.01), word list memory (RRR = 0.92; IC 95% 0.86-0.99; p = 0.02), and figure list recognition (RRR = 0.78; IC 95% 0.62-0.99; p = 0.04). Pre-frailty was associated with lower scores on the word list memory (RRR = 0.92; IC 95% 0.86-1.00; p = 0.04) and naming test (RRR = 0.82; IC 95% 0.69-0.99; p = 0.03). Discussion Frailty syndrome can influence general cognition and specific domains such as memory and language. Prospective studies will be fundamental to evaluate the causal relation between frailty and cognition.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Cognitive Dysfunction/epidemiology , Frailty/epidemiology , Logistic Models , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Frail Elderly , Cognition , Self Report , Cognitive Dysfunction/complications , Frailty/complications , Neuropsychological Tests
12.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 41(5): 403-410, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1039114

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate quality of life (QoL) and QoL predictors among caregivers of individuals in first-episode psychosis (FEP). Methods: This longitudinal study investigated predictors of QoL in caregivers of 80 individuals in FEP over a 1-year follow-up period, measured using a single component extracted from the 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36). Results: Mediation analysis demonstrated that, at 1 year, high scores in the Self-Report Questionnaire (SRQ-20) were associated with high scores on the negative sub-scale of the Experience of Caregiving Inventory (ECI), which was also associated with low scores in the Essential Quality of Life (Essential QoL) component extracted from the SEF-36. Clinically, the resulting association indicates that depression and anxiety symptoms in caregivers at baseline are predictors of their 1-year quality of life, based on self-assessment of the caregiving experience. Conclusion: Supporting an individual in FEP can have a negative impact on QoL. Maintaining caregivers' mental health and subjective evaluation of the caregiving experience must be primary goals of FEP services. Complementary studies of FEP caregivers' QoL can support the design of personalized interventions in the near future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Psychotic Disorders/psychology , Quality of Life/psychology , Caregivers/psychology , Anxiety/psychology , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Psychometrics , Reference Values , Socioeconomic Factors , Time Factors , Brazil , Follow-Up Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Depression/psychology , Self Report , Life Change Events , Middle Aged
13.
Psico USF ; 24(3): 463-474, jul.-set. 2019. tab, il
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1040773

ABSTRACT

This study evaluated indicators of needs and processes in a social skills program for unemployed people with physical disabilities. The needs assessment - measured via self-reporting instruments - indicated the importance of preparing participants for job interviews and improving some social skills related to work, which would serve as a basis for the definition of the program's objectives. The skills developed in the program were as follows: civility, feedback, communication, empathy, offering help, citizenship, assertiveness, dealing with criticism, problem solving, job interview performance, and expressing positive feelings. For the process evaluation, the program's sessions were filmed and analyzed using indicators such as task performance. This study showed the importance of planning a program that considers the characteristics of the participants and of continuously monitoring its application to ensure the suitability of the intervention and the achievement of its objectives. (AU)


Este estudo avaliou indicadores de necessidades e de processo em um programa de habilidades sociais para pessoas com deficiência física, desempregadas. A avaliação de necessidades, mensurada por meio de instrumentos de autorrelato, indicou a importância de preparar os participantes para entrevistas de emprego e de aprimorar algumas habilidades sociais relacionadas ao trabalho, servindo como base para a definição dos objetivos do programa. As habilidades desenvolvidas no programa foram: civilidade, feedback, comunicação, empatia, oferecer ajuda, cidadania, assertividade, lidar com críticas, resolução de problemas, desempenho em entrevista de emprego e expressão de sentimento positivo. Para a avaliação de processo, as sessões do programa foram filmadas e analisadas por meio de um registro que continha indicadores como desempenhos nas tarefas. Este estudo mostrou a importância de planejar um programa considerando as características dos participantes e monitorar continuamente sua aplicação para garantir a adequação da intervenção e o alcance de seus objetivos. (AU)


El presente estudio evaluó indicadores de necesidades y proceso en un programa de habilidades sociales para personas con discapacidad física y desempleadas. La evaluación de necesidades, medida por instrumentos de autoinforme, señaló la importancia de preparar los participantes para entrevistas de empleo y mejorar algunas habilidades sociales relacionadas con el trabajo, sirviendo como base para la definición de los objetivos del programa. Las habilidades desarrolladas en el programa fueron: civilidad, feedback, comunicación, empatía, ofrecer ayuda, ciudadanía, asertividad, lidiar con críticas, solución de problemas, desempeño en entrevistas de empleo y expresión de sentimiento positivo. Para evaluación de proceso, las sesiones del programa fueron filmadas y analizadas mediante un registro que contenía indicadores como el desempeño en las tareas. Este estudio mostró la importancia de planear un programa considerando las características de los participantes y controlando su aplicación para garantizar la adecuación de la intervención y el alcance de sus objetivos. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Disabled Persons/psychology , Employment/psychology , Social Skills , Self Report
14.
Trends psychiatry psychother. (Impr.) ; 41(3): 283-291, July-Sept. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1043532

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Intimate partner domestic violence against women causes physical and psychological harm to victims. The relevance of this topic is indisputable and there is a need to identify in greater detail how these women experience violence, since these factors have considerable clinical implications. Objective: To develop a Portuguese version of the Module for Assessment of Domestic Violence, adapted from Axis I of the Operationalized Psychodynamic Diagnosis (OPD-2), considering content validity and psychometric characteristics. Method: Cross-cultural adaptation was based on guidelines for the process of cross-cultural adaptation of self-report measures. OPD clinical interviews were recorded and transcribed. These interviews were analyzed by two independent judges trained in the OPD-2. Results: The sample comprised 56 women who had been victims of domestic violence, with a mean age of 30.07 years (standard deviation = 9.65). The adapted version has content validity and good psychometric characteristics. Evaluation of semantic equivalence took into account the psychodynamic references, using the same ideas as the original instrument. Interexaminer reliability between the judges was substantial (k = 0.63) and Cronbach's alpha for the new version indicates good reliability. Conclusion: The OPD-2 offers a psychodynamic diagnosis of the victim that complements traditional nosological diagnosis, particularly in the context of domestic violence with the adaptation of Axis I. Certain biases could have been detrimental to aspects of this study, but they were controlled. The study objective was achieved and the Module was successfully adapted to Brazilian Portuguese. The results are in line with those of the original study.


Resumo Introdução: A violência doméstica por parceiro íntimo contra as mulheres causa danos físicos e psicológicos às vítimas. A relevância deste tópico é indiscutível, e é necessário identificar em mais detalhe como essas mulheres sofrem violência, uma vez que esses fatores têm implicações clínicas consideráveis. Objetivo: Desenvolver uma versão em português do Módulo de Avaliação da Violência Doméstica, adaptado do Eixo I do Diagnóstico Psicodinâmico Operacionalizado (Operationalized Psychodynamic Diagnosis - OPD-2), considerando a validade de conteúdo e as características psicométricas. Método: A adaptação transcultural foi baseada nas diretrizes para o processo de adaptação transcultural de medidas de autorrelato. As entrevistas clínicas do OPD foram gravadas e transcritas. Essas entrevistas foram analisadas por dois juízes independentes treinados no OPD-2. Resultados: A amostra foi composta por 56 mulheres vítimas de violência doméstica, com idade média de 30,07 anos (desvio padrão = 9,65). A versão adaptada demonstrou validade de conteúdo e boas características psicométricas. A avaliação da equivalência semântica levou em consideração as referências psicodinâmicas, utilizando as mesmas ideias do instrumento original. A confiabilidade entre os juízes foi substancial (k = 0,63), e o alfa de Cronbach para a nova versão indica boa confiabilidade. Conclusão: O OPD-2 oferece um diagnóstico psicodinâmico da vítima que complementa o diagnóstico nosológico tradicional, particularmente no contexto de violência doméstica com a adaptação do Eixo I. Certos vieses poderiam ter sido prejudiciais aos aspectos deste estudo, mas foram controlados. O objetivo do estudo foi alcançado e o Módulo foi adaptado com sucesso para o português do Brasil. Os resultados estão alinhados com os do estudo original.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Domestic Violence/psychology , Intimate Partner Violence/psychology , Portugal , Psychometrics , Brazil , Sexual Partners/psychology , Cross-Cultural Comparison , Surveys and Questionnaires/standards , Self Report , Middle Aged
16.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 41(4): 310-315, July-Aug. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1011516

ABSTRACT

Objective: To describe self-reported experiences of gender incongruence related to discomfort and body changes to be more congruent to the desired gender, and to examine whether experiences of psychological distress related to gender identity were more strongly related to the experience of gender incongruence per se or to experiences of social rejection. Methods: This field study used a structured interview design in a purposive sample of transgender adults (aged >18 years or older) receiving health-care services in two main reference centers in Brazil. Results: A high proportion of participants (90.3%, n=93) reported experiencing psychological distress related to their gender identity and report having experienced social rejection related to their gender identity during the interview index period and that rejection by friends was the only significant predictor for psychological distress. Conclusions: Gender incongruence variables were not significant predictors of distress. This result supports the recent changes proposed by the Word Health Organization in ICD-11 to move transgender conditions from the Mental and Behavioral Disorders chapter to a new chapter on Sexual Disorders and Conditions Related to Sexual Health.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Stress, Psychological/etiology , Transgender Persons/psychology , Sexual Behavior/psychology , Transsexualism , Brazil , International Classification of Diseases , Qualitative Research , Self Report , Gender Identity , Middle Aged
17.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 117(3): 218-223, jun. 2019. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BINACIS | ID: biblio-1001192

ABSTRACT

Objetivo. Comparar valores medios de peso, talla e índice de masa corporal (IMC) según diferentes técnicas de medición y analizar las influencias del nivel socioeconómico y tipo de escuela. Métodos. Estudio transversal y descriptivo, con una muestra de 856 escolares mujeres de 15 a 18 años pertenecientes a escuelas secundarias de la ciudad de Catamarca. Se evaluó el peso y la estatura, y se solicitó el autoinforme de peso y estatura, junto con el test de siluetas de Stunkard. El nivel social se evaluó mediante la Family Affluence Scale. Se efectuaron pruebas t de Student para muestras pareadas e independientes para analizar las técnicas de medición del IMC y categorización por tipo de escuela, y análisis de la varianza unifactorial para el nivel económico. Se establecieron correlaciones de Pearson y regresiones lineales. Resultados. Se encontró una sobrestimación de la estatura (p < 0,001) con la técnica de autoinforme respecto a la antropométrica. Con respecto al IMC real, tanto las técnicas de autoinforme como de percepción por figuras presentaron diferencias significativas (p < 0,001). No se establecieron diferencias en las variables peso e IMC con el nivel económico de las estudiantes. Las estudiantes de escuelas privadas presentaron una mayor estatura (p = 0,004); estas diferencias también se observaron en la estatura autoinformada (p < 0,001). El 29,2 % de las estudiantes presentaron exceso de peso. Conclusión. Existen diferencias para la estimación del IMC entre las técnicas utilizadas, y hay una subestimación del IMC real.


Objective. To compare mean weight, height, and body mass index (BMI) values as per different measurement techniques and analyze the influence of socioeconomic level and school type. Methods. Cross-sectional, descriptive study in a sample of 856 schoolgirls aged 15-18 years attending secondary school in the city of Catamarca. Assessment included weight and height measurement, self-reported weight and height, and Stunkard's Figure Rating Scale. Socioeconomic level was assessed based on the Family Affluence Scale. Student's t tests were used for both independent and paired samples to analyze BMI measurement techniques and school type classification, and a one-way analysis of variance was used for the socioeconomic level. Pearson's correlation and linear regressions were established. Results. Height was overestimated (p < 0.001) when self-reported compared to the anthropometric measurement. In relation to actual BMI, the self-report and body figure perception techniques showed significant differences (p < 0.001). No differences were established in terms of weight and BMI by schoolgirls' socioeconomic level. Girls who attended private schools were taller (p = 0.004); such difference was also observed in self-reported height (p < 0.001). Excess weight was observed in 29.2% of schoolgirls. Conclusion. BMI estimations varied depending on the technique, and actual BMI was underestimated.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Social Class , Students , Body Mass Index , Anthropometry , Self Report
18.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 117(2): 73-80, abr. 2019. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BINACIS | ID: biblio-1001157

ABSTRACT

Objetivos. Los objetivos del estudio fueron los siguientes: a) construir un instrumento válido y confiable que evaluara, por autoinforme, los trastornos del sueño en adolescentes escolares chilenos y b) desarrollar valores percentílicos según la edad y el sexo. Metodología. Se efectuó un estudio de tipo descriptivo de corte transversal en 2310 adolescentes escolares de la Región del Maule, Chile. Se construyó el autoinforme de trastornos del sueño considerando cinco categorías (duración, alteraciones, problemas en la respiración, fatiga y uso de estimulantes). Se validó por medio del análisis factorial confirmatorio. La fiabilidad se evaluó por la consistencia interna. Se crearon percentiles a través del método LMS (L: asimetría, M: mediana y S: coeficiente de variación). Resultados. Las preguntas 3, 9 y 12 presentaron saturaciones inferiores a 0,40, y las demás preguntas reflejaron saturaciones superiores a 0,41. El valor de adecuación Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin fue 0,749 y la prueba de esfericidad de X2= 4790,09; el porcentaje de la varianza explicó el 62,1 %. El alfa de Cronbach mostró valores entre 0,71 y 0,76. Conclusión. El autoinforme desarrollado para medir los trastornos del sueño en los adolescentes puede ser aplicado de forma válida y confiable en programas de ciencias de la salud, de la educación y del deporte. Se sugiere el uso de percentiles para identificar los patrones normales y/o trastornos del sueño por edad y género.


Objectives. The objectives of this study included: a) to develop a valid and reliable self-reporting instrument to assess sleep disorders among Chilean adolescent students and b) to develop percentiles for age and sex. Methodology. This was a descriptive, crosssectional study in 2310 adolescent students conducted in the Maule Region, Chile. The sleep disorder self-report was developed considering five categories: duration, alterations, breathing problems, fatigue, and stimulant use. The instrument was validated using a confirmatory factor analysis. Reliability was assessed based on internal consistency. Percentiles were developed using the LMS method (L: lambda, asymmetry; M: mu, median; S: sigma, coefficient of variation). Results. Questions 3, 9, and 12 showed saturation values below 0.40, while the rest had saturation values above 0.41. The Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin measure of adequacy was 0.749 and the test of sphericity X2 was 4790.09; the percentage of variance accounted for 62.1%. Cronbach's alpha ranged between 0.71 and 0.76. Conclusion. The self-report developed to measure sleep disorders in adolescents is valid and reliable for its use in health, education, and sports science programs. Percentiles should be used to identify normal patterns and/or sleep disorders by sex and age.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Sleep , Surveys and Questionnaires , Adolescent , Validation Study , Self Report
19.
Rev. chil. enferm. respir ; 35(1): 22-32, mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1003643

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La apnea obstructiva del sueño (AOS) está asociada a alta morbi-mortalidad cardiovascular. Sujetos y métodos: Se seleccionaron 3.657 sujetos entre 30 y 74 años (x: 50,1 ±12,1 DS) de la Encuesta Nacional de Salud 2010. Se estimó el riesgo de AOS mediante una regla de predicción clínica (RPC) basada en las variables del Cuestionario STOP-Bang. Según puntaje se clasificaron en Riesgo BAJO (< 3), MEDIO (3-4) y ALTO (≥ 5) de AOS. El nivel de actividad física (NAF) fue clasificado en 3 niveles: Bajo, Moderado y Alto, según los resultados autorreportados con el cuestionario GPAQ. Para estudiar la asociación entre el riesgo de AOS y NAF con el RCV Alto/Muy Alto (≥ 10%, Framingham) construimos un modelo de regresión logística ajustado por sexo, edad, IMC, diabetes tipo 2, hipertensión arterial, colesterol total elevado, colesterol HDL bajo, triglicéridos elevados, nivel educacional, tabaquismo y horas de sueño autorreportadas. Resultados: 3.098 sujetos se clasificaron como riesgo de AOS: BAJO 1.683 (54,3%), MEDIO 1.116 (36%) y ALTO 299 (9,7%). El NAF fue evaluado en 3.570 sujetos, y clasificado como: Nivel Bajo 1.093 (30,6%), Moderado 705 (19,7%), y Alto 1.772 (49,6%). El RCV fue determinado en 3.613 sujetos, y 711 (19,7%) clasificaron como riesgo Alto /Muy Alto. El modelo de regresión muestra: riesgo MEDIO un OR = 1,75 (1,05-2,90; p = 0,03), riesgo ALTO un OR = 3,86 (1,85-8,06; p < 0,001). Para el NAF Bajo un OR = 1,14 (0,75-1,74; p = 0,525), NAF Moderado un OR = 1,18 (0,73-1,92; p = 0,501). Conclusión: El riesgo MEDIO y ALTO de AOS, pero no el NAF autorreportado, constituyen un factor de riesgo independiente para riesgo cardiovascular elevado.


Introduction: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with high cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Subjects and methods: 3,657 subjects between 30 and 74 years-old ( x ¯: 50.1 ± 12.1 SD) from 2010 Chilean National Health Survey were selected. Risk of OSA was estimated using a clinical prediction rule (CPR) based on the variables of the STOP-Bang Questionnaire. According to their score they were classified as LOW (< 3), MEDIUM (3-4) and HIGH (≥ 5) risk of OSA. Their physical activity level (PAL) was classified into 3 levels: Low, Moderate and High, according to the self-reported results with the GPAQ questionnaire. To study the association between the risk of OSA and PAL with High / Very High CVR (≥ 10%, Framingham) we constructed a logistic regression model adjusted for sex, age, BMI, type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, high total cholesterol, low HDL cholesterol, high triglycerides, educational level, smoking and self-reported sleep hours. Results: 3,098 subjects were classified as OSA risk: LOW 1.683 (54.3%), MEDIUM 1.116 (36%) and HIGH 299 (9.7%). The PAL was evaluated in 3,570 subjects and classified as: Low 1,093 (30.6%), Moderate 705 (19.7%), and High 1,772 (49.6%). The CVR was determined in 3,613 subjects, and 711 (19.7%) classified as High/Very High risk. The regression model shows: MEDIUM risk an OR = 1.75 (1.05 - 2.90, p = 0.03), HIGH risk an OR = 3.86 (1.85-8.06, p < 0.001). For the PAL Low an OR = 1.14 (0.75-1.74, p = 0.525), PAL Moderate an OR = 1.18 (0.73-1.92, p = 0.501). Conclusion: The MEDIUM and HIGH risk of OSA, but not the self-reported PAL, constitute an independent risk factor for high cardiovascular risk.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Exercise/physiology , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/complications , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Logistic Models , Chile/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Predictive Value of Tests , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , ROC Curve , Risk Assessment/methods , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/epidemiology , Self Report
20.
Trends psychiatry psychother. (Impr.) ; 41(1): 69-77, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1004838

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives To describe the process of translating and adapting the Relationship Scales Questionnaire (RSQ) from English into Brazilian Portuguese and to present the results of its test-retest reliability using the version developed for interview application. Methodology The process was based on the guidelines of the International Society for Pharmaeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR), which propose 10 steps for the translation and cross-cultural adaptation of self-administered instruments. The original authors of the RSQ have agreed to the translation. The interview version was applied to a sample of 43 healthy elders (≥60 years old) enrolled in a primary health care program in the city of Porto Alegre, state of Rio Grande do Sul, southern Brazil, and then reapplied. The scores of the two applications were compared using the paired sample t-test. Results Only 6 of the 30 items required the adaptation of words or expressions to maintain its conceptual and semantic equivalence. The self-administered form of the RSQ posed difficulties for elders due to visual deficiencies and lower education level, both common in this age group, demonstrating a need for the development of a version of the RSQ in a structured interview format. Only the measure for secure attachment presented significant differences after the application of the retest, indicating reliability of the version being proposed. Conclusion Translation of the RSQ is the first step towards the validation of an attachment evaluation instrument for use in the elderly population in Brazil, allowing for future studies on this topic.


Resumo Objetivos Descrever o processo de tradução e adaptação cultural do questionário Relationship Scales Questionnaire (RSQ) do inglês para o português do Brasil e apresentar os resultados de confiabilidade teste-reteste utilizando a versão desenvolvida para aplicação em entrevista. Metodologia O método utilizado teve como diretriz a proposta da International Society for Pharmaeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR), de 10 passos para a tradução e adaptação transcultural de instrumentos autoaplicáveis. Os autores originais do RSQ concordaram com a tradução. A versão para entrevista dirigida foi aplicada em uma amostra de 43 idosos saudáveis (≥60 anos) cadastrados em um programa de atenção primária à saúde na cidade de Porto Alegre, RS, sendo então reaplicada. As pontuações das duas aplicações foram comparadas usando o teste t de Student para amostras pareadas. Resultados Apenas 6 dos 30 itens precisaram de adaptação cultural de palavras ou expressões para manter sua equivalência conceitual e semântica. O formato autoaplicável do RSQ mostrou-se pouco adequado entre idosos, devido à presença comum de déficits visuais e baixa escolaridade, demonstrando a necessidade do desenvolvimento de uma versão do RSQ em formato de entrevista dirigida. Apenas a medida de apego seguro apresentou diferença significativa após a aplicação do reteste, indicando a confiabilidade da versão proposta. Conclusão A tradução do RSQ é o primeiro passo para a validação de um instrumento de avaliação de apego para a população idosa no Brasil, permitindo futuros estudos sobre o tema.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Psychometrics/standards , Self Report/standards , Interpersonal Relations , Object Attachment , Psychometrics/instrumentation , Psychometrics/methods , Translating , Brazil , Reproducibility of Results , Middle Aged
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