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Rev. méd. Chile ; 151(2): 160-169, feb. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1522078


BACKGROUND: Self-compassion is understood as a mental framework when facing difficulties in life or personal insufficiency. It arises in response to the negative aspects of self-esteem. It is assessed using the 26 item and six factor Self-Compassion Scale (SCS) in the United States and Spain but not in Chile. AIM: To validate the 12-item version (SCS-12) of the self-compassion scale. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A back translation process of the original SCS-12 scale was carried out and then it was reviewed by 6 experts. The scale was applied to a sample of 359 medical students and 795 physicians. For internal validity, confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) were performed for one, two, three, and six factors. For external validity, bivariate correlations were made with variables about mental health, burnout, symptoms of depression and anxiety. Finally, a path analysis was carried out to study the relationship between the six factors and mental health. RESULTS: The CFA for the six-factor model presents the best fit for both groups of respondents (χ2 = 216.17, df = 80, p < .01; comparative fit index (CF)I = .96; Tucker-Lewis index (TL)I = .94; Root Mean Square Error of Approximation (RMSEA) = .05 [.04, .06]; Standarized Root Mean-Square(SRMR) = .04 and χ2 = 85.97, df = 39, p < .01; CFI = .97; TLI = .95; RMSEA = .06 [.04, .07]; SRMR = .04). The external validity was adequate. CONCLUSIONS: The 12-item version of the linguistically adapted Self-Compassion Scale instrument applied to medical students and physicians in Chile, had adequate internal validity and psychometric properties.

Humans , Self-Compassion , Psychometrics , Chile , Surveys and Questionnaires , Reproducibility of Results
Psicol. reflex. crit ; 36: 32, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1529280


Abstract Objective The study investigated the effects of a short video app guided loving-kindness meditation (LKM) on college students' mindfulness, self-compassion, positive psychological capital, and suicide ideation. The purpose of the study is to investigate the intervention effect of LKM training on suicidal ideation among college students with the help of the short video application and to provide an empirical basis for the exploration of early suicide intervention strategies for college students. Methods We recruited 80 college students from a university in China. The final 74 eligible participants were divided into two groups: app use group (n = 37) and the control group (n = 37). The app group accepted an 8-week app use interference, while the control group underwent no interference. We measured four major variable factors (mindfulness, self-compassion, positive psychological capital, and suicide ideation) before and after the app use intervention. Results In the app group, self-compassion and positive psychological capital were significantly higher, and suicide ideation was significantly lower than the control group. In the control group, there were no noticeable differences in any of the four variables between the pre-test and post-test. Conclusions Our findings demonstrate that the short video app guided LKM may help to improve self-compassion, and positive psychological capital, and reduce suicide ideation. The finding of the short video app-guided LKM's effect extends our understanding of the integrative effects of positive psychology and digital media on the reduction of suicide ideation.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Students , Meditation/methods , Suicidal Ideation , Mindfulness , Self-Compassion , Universities , Internet-Based Intervention , Psychology, Positive , Suicide Prevention/methods
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e248738, 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1431135


A recuperação de vítimas de queimaduras é longa e dolorosa e afeta diversas esferas da vida do paciente. A resiliência, que se refere à capacidade humana de enfrentar e se adaptar a eventos adversos, exerce grande importância no processo de recuperação da queimadura. Logo, este trabalho objetiva avaliar a capacidade de resiliência de pacientes queimados, no momento da admissão e da alta hospitalar, em um hospital de emergência e urgência de Goiânia. Trata-se de um estudo descritivo, quantitativo e transversal que utiliza a Escala de Resiliência de Connor-Davidson (CD-RISC) como instrumento de mensuração. Na admissão hospitalar, a média da resiliência foi de 71,35, tendo sido observada uma relação significativa entre o fator Amparo da escala CD-RISC e a presença do(a) companheiro(a). O escore de resiliência encontrado nesta pesquisa é consistente com outros achados da literatura científica internacional e nacional referente à expressão da resiliência em vítimas de queimaduras e outros adoecimentos. A relação entre o fator Amparo e a presença de um(a) companheiro(a) enfatiza a importância da rede de apoio familiar na reabilitação do paciente queimado.(AU)

The recovery of burned patients is long and painful and impacts on different areas of people's lives. Resilience, which refers to the human capacity to face and adapt to adverse events, plays a major role in the process of recovery from burns. Therefore, the present study aims to assess the resilience of burned patients, on admission and hospital discharge, in an emergency and urgency hospital in Goiânia. This is a descriptive, quantitative and cross-sectional study that uses the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD RISC) as a measuring instrument. At hospital admission, the mean resilience was 71.35, with a significant association between the Support factor on the CD RISC scale and the presence of a partner. The resilience score found in the present study is consistent with other findings in the international and national scientific literature regarding the expression of resilience in victims of burns and other illnesses. The relationship between the Support factor and the presence of a partner emphasizes the importance of the family support network in the rehabilitation of the burned patient.(AU)

La recuperación de los pacientes quemados es larga y dolorosa e impacta en diferentes esferas de la vida de las personas. La resiliencia, que se refiere a la capacidad humana para enfrentar y adaptarse a eventos adversos, juega un papel importante en el proceso de recuperación de las quemaduras. Por tanto, el presente estudio tiene como objetivo evaluar la resiliencia de los pacientes quemados, en el momento del ingreso y el alta, en un hospital de emergencia y urgencia en Goiânia. Se trata de un estudio descriptivo, cuantitativo y transversal que utiliza la Escala de Resiliencia Connor-Davidson (CD RISC) como instrumento de medida. Al ingreso hospitalario, la resiliencia media fue de 71,35, con associación significativa entre el factor Amparo de la escala CD RISC y la presencia de pareja. El puntaje de resiliencia encontrado en el presente estudio es consistente con otros hallazgos en la literatura científica nacional e internacional sobre la expresión de resiliencia en víctimas de quemaduras y otras enfermedades. La relación entre el factor Amparo y la presencia de pareja enfatiza la importancia de la red de apoyo familiar en la rehabilitación del paciente quemado.(AU)

Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Social Support , Burns , Resilience, Psychological , Anxiety Disorders , Pain , Preceptorship , Prejudice , Psychological Phenomena , Psychology , Recovery Room , Rehabilitation Centers , Safety , Self Concept , Skin , Social Perception , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic , Suicide , General Surgery , Surgery, Plastic , Tissues , Baths , Wounds and Injuries , Behavior , Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms , Technical Cooperation , Unified Health System , Body Image , Traumatology , Burn Units , Burns, Chemical , Burns, Electric , Accidents, Home , Accidents, Occupational , Accidents, Traffic , Explosive Wastes , Inflammable Wastes , Mental Health , Morbidity , Cicatrix , Nursing , Panic Disorder , Employment, Supported , Statistics, Nonparametric , Human Body , Intuition , Wit and Humor , Hydrogels , Counseling , Critical Care , Disaster Vulnerability , Personal Autonomy , Death , Stress Disorders, Traumatic, Acute , Depression , Discrimination, Psychological , Education , Empathy , Humanization of Assistance , User Embracement , Ethics , Breakthrough Pain , Activation, Metabolic , Physical Appearance, Body , Trauma and Stressor Related Disorders , Psychological Trauma , Accidental Injuries , Psychological Distress , Social Comparison , Functional Status , Self-Compassion , Accident Prevention , Health Services Accessibility , Helping Behavior , Homicide , Amputation, Traumatic , Hospitalization , Individuality , Intensive Care Units , Interpersonal Relations , Life Change Events , Mental Disorders , Negativism , Nursing Assistants , Nursing Care
Memorandum ; 39: 1-26, 20220127.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1410553


O objetivo deste estudo foi refletir as possíveis interlocuções entre autoeficácia, mindfulnesse autocompaixão em Psicologia Positivana educação superior. Neste trabalho, a discussão se deu da seguinte forma: (i) autoeficácia de Albert Bandura à Psicologia Positiva; (ii) mindfulnessem Psicologia Positiva: da tradição à ciência do bem-estar; (iii) autocompaixão em Psicologia Positiva: sob a ótica de Kristin Neff; (iv) possíveisinterlocuções entre autoeficácia, mindfulnesse autocompaixão em Psicologia Positivana educação superior; e (v) considerações finais. Nos estudos encontrados para inclusão nesta revisão narrativa, foram relatados que autoeficácia, mindfulnesse autocompaixão, sob o olhar da Psicologia Positiva, são fatores protetivos diante do adoecimento psicológico e promotores de um melhor desempenho acadêmico em estudantes universitários. Com isso, entende-se que são construtos imprescindíveis para o gerenciamento e enfrentamento das dificuldades acadêmicas que favorecem o bom ajustamento psicológico em alunos no ensino superior.

The purpose of this study was to reflect on the possible interconnections amongself-efficacy, mindfulness, and self-compassion in positive psychology in higher education. In this paper, the discussion was as follows: (i) self-efficacy from Albert Bandura to positive psychology; (ii) mindfulness in positive psychology: from tradition to the science of well-being; (iii) self-compassion in positive psychology: from Kristin Neff's perspective; (iv) possible interconnections amongself-efficacy, mindfulness, and self-compassion in positive psychology in higher education; and (v) final considerations. In the studies found for inclusion in this narrative review, it was reported that self-efficacy, mindfulness, and self-compassion, from a positive psychology perspective, are protective factors against psychological illness and promoters of better academic performance in college students. Thus, it is understood that these constructs are essential for the management and coping with academic difficulties that favor good psychological adjustment in students in higher education.

Psychology, Positive , Universities , Self Efficacy , Mindfulness , Self-Compassion
Psico (Porto Alegre) ; 53(1): 37365, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1415093


Apesar das repetidas relações entre autocompaixão e saúde mental e a relevância dos esquemas iniciais desadaptativos (EID's) para compreensão do funcionamento da personalidade, ainda é internacionalmente escasso o número de estudos que relacionam tais construtos. O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar as relações entre os componentes da autocompaixão e os EID's. A amostra foi composta por 328 estudantes universitários, com idade média de 25,39 (DP=6,99). Como instrumentos, foram utilizados a Escala de Autocompaixão de Neff (SCS) e o Questionário de Esquemas de Young (YSQ-S3). Os resultados mostraram correlações negativas e significativas entre os EID's e os componentes da autocompaixão, sugerindo que quanto maior a intensidade do esquema, menores os níveis de autocompaixão. Compreender a forma como as características individuais se relacionam com os componentes da autocompaixão pode nortear o desenvolvimento de intervenções mais apuradas para a promoção dos benefícios da autocompaixão.

Despite the repeated relationships between self-compassion and mental health and the relevance of the early maladaptive schemas (EMS) to understand personality, the number of studies relating these constructs is still internationally scarce. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between the components of self-compassion and EMS. The sample consisted of 209 university students (medium age of 25.55; SD = 6.96). Measures used were Self-Compassion Scale (SCS) and Young Schema Questionnaire (YSQ-S3). The results showed negative and significant correlations between the EMS and the components of self-compassion, suggesting that the greater the intensity of the schema, the lower the levels of self-compassion. Understanding how individual characteristics relate to the components of self-compassion can guide the development of more refined interventions to promote the benefits of self-compassion.

A pesar de las repetidas relaciones entre autocompasión y salud mental y la relevancia de los esquemas desadaptativos tempranos (EDTs) para comprender el funcionamiento de la personalidad, el número de estudios que relacionan estos constructos aún es internacionalmente escaso. El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar las relaciones entre los componentes de la autocompasión y los EDTs. Respondieron medidas de autocompasión e de EDTs 328 estudiantes universitarios (edad media: 25,39). Se realizaron análisis descriptivos y correlacionales de Pearson (p <0.05). Los resultados mostraron correlaciones negativas y significativas entre los EDTs y los componentes de la autocompasión, lo que sugiere que cuanto mayor es la intensidad del esquema, menores son los niveles de autocompasión. Comprender cómo se relacionan las características individuales con los componentes de la autocompasión puede guiar el desarrollo de intervenciones más refinadas para promover los beneficios de la autocompasión.

Humans , Male , Female , Self-Compassion , Personality , Cognitive Behavioral Therapy , Mental Health
Philippine Journal of Nursing ; : 22-31, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960815


@#COVID-19 pandemic gives a new meaning to self-compassion thinking. Nurses in various fields or settings (e.g., hospital, CoViD19 isolation facility, community) provide care to patients and families who may be suffering and traumatized from the ongoing disease outbreak. Thus, it is necessary to illuminate the concept of self-compassion to respond to the holistic needs of the nurses who are at risk of developing compassion fatigue and burnout. This paper aims to examine the concept of self-compassion as it relates to nursing using simplified Rodgers' (2010) evolutionary concept analysis. Rodger's evolutionary concept analysis is an inductive method of analysis wherein concepts are viewed to develop over time and are highly influenced by the context in which they are used. The data source was a search of literature published from 2010-2020 on CINAHL, Google Scholar, and Health Source: Nursing/Academic Edition. The sifting process is utilized to ensure a comprehensive electronic database search. This evolutionary concept analysis found four attributes of self-compassion in nursing: mindful attention, self-mastery, selfkindness, and shared humanity. Regarding the antecedents of self-compassion, it is necessary to experience suffering, an event, or a traumatic encounter. Consequently, these may result in compassionate care, positive well-being, and quality nursing care. In the nursing context, compassion toward self has been seen to subtle. During the continually evolving Covid-19 pandemic, nurses must be empowered to continuously envisage self-compassion in their daily practice. Frequent practice of compassion towards self can potentially appreciate this way of being in the nursing discipline and the patients, families, or communities for which nurses compassionately care for and serve.

Self-Compassion , Nursing , COVID-19