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1.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e053, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132666

ABSTRACT

Abstract The objective was to evaluate the compressive strength (CS), diametral tensile strength (DTS), flexural strength (FS), and Knoop microhardness (KH) of different conventional restorative glass-ionomer cements (GICs) and to correlate these mechanical properties (MP) with the stabilization time (ST) of their chemical bonds. Eighteen GICs were tested: Bioglass [B], Chemfil Rock [CR], Equia Forte [EF], Gold Label 2 [GL2], Gold Label 9 [GL9], Glass Ionomer Cement II [GI], Ionglass [IG], Ion Z[ IZ], Ionomaster [IM], Ionofil Plus [IP], Ionostar Plus [IS], Ketac Molar Easymix [KM], Magic Glass [MG], Maxxion R [Ma], Riva Self Cure [R], Vidrion R [V], Vitro Fil [VF] and Vitro Molar [VM]. The mechanical strength tests were performed in a universal testing machine. KH readings were done with a diamond indenter. STs were examined by Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Data were analyzed with ANOVA and Tukey test (p<0.05). The Spearman rank test was used to evaluate the dependence between the MPs and ST results. The highest MP values were EF, GL2, GL9, GI and KM and the lowest for MG, MA, B, VF and IM. The longest ST was for GL2 and the shortest was for B. ST correlated positively with MP. GICs with longer chemical bonds ST are generally stronger and the ST value obtained from FTIR was useful in predicting the strength of GICs tested.


Subject(s)
Self-Curing of Dental Resins/methods , Glass Ionomer Cements/chemistry , Reference Values , Tensile Strength , Time Factors , Materials Testing , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared , Compressive Strength , Flexural Strength , Hardness Tests
2.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e083, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019613

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study evaluated the influence of activation modes, on Diametral Tensile Strength (DTS) of dual cured resin cements subjected to a Mechanical Fatigue test (MF). Four dual-cured resin cements (RelyX UNICEM [U], RelyX ARC [A], ENFORCE [E] and Nexus 2 [N]) were activated by three different curing modes as follows: Self-Curing (SC), Dual Cure activation with photoactivation executed directly (DC) and Dual Cure activation with Photoactivation Through Porcelain (DCTP). After 24 hours, half of the sample was subjected to 30.000 fatigue cycles at 1 Hz frequency and 12 N load. Then, all specimens were subjected to DTS test in Instron Universal Testing Machine and data were analyzed by three-way ANOVA and Tukey's Test (5%). The results of DTS test means (MPa) and standard deviation, for each cement factor activated by SC, DC and DCTP was respectively: U (28.12 ± 5.29; 37.44 ± 6.49 and 40.10 ± 4.39), A (49.68 ± 8.42; 55.12 ± 5.16 and 63.43 ± 6.92), E (49.12 ± 3.89; 56.42 ± 8.88 and 56.96 ± 6.45) and N (61.89 ± 11.21; 59.26 ± 9.47 and 62.56 ± 10.93). Turkey's test indicated that DC is related to the highest DTS values; Nexus 2 DTS remained the same independently of activation mode and that the Porcelain disk interposition enhanced DTS only for RelyX ARC the ANOVA statistical test indicated that MF didn't alter the DTS values for all experimental groups. MF results clinical implication is that all cements tested exhibited, in an immediate loading, good cross linked bonds quality.


Subject(s)
Polyethylene Glycols/chemistry , Polymethacrylic Acids/chemistry , Ceramics/chemistry , Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate/chemistry , Resin Cements/chemistry , Reference Values , Tensile Strength , Materials Testing , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Self-Curing of Dental Resins/methods , Light-Curing of Dental Adhesives/methods
3.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180420, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1012513

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: This in vitro study aimed to compare the efficacy of irrigants using various irrigation activation methods to the push-out bond strengths of fiber post to root canal luted with self-adhesive resin cement (SARC). Methodology: Forty-eight decoronated human canines were used. The specimens were divided into four groups corresponding with the post-space irrigation process and were treated as follows: distilled water (DW) (Control) group received 15 mL of DW; sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl)+ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) group was treated with 5 mL of 5.25% NaOCl, 5 mL of 17% EDTA, and 5 mL of DW; passive ultrasonic irrigation (PUI) group was treated with 5 mL of 5.25% NaOCl, 5 mL of 17% EDTA, and 5 mL of DW, and each irrigant was agitated with an ultrasonic file; and laser activated irrigation (LAI) group was treated with 5 mL of 5.25% NaOCl, 5 mL of 17% EDTA, and 5 mL of DW, and each irrigant was irradiated with Nd: YAG laser. Fiber posts were luted with SARC, and a push-out test was performed. Data was analyzed using one-way analysis of variance and Tukey HSD test. Results: The bond strength values for the groups obtained were as follows: Control (10.04 MPa), NaOCl+EDTA (11.07 MPa), PUI (11.85 MPa), and LAI (11.63 MPa). No statistically significant differences were found among all experimental groups (p>0.05). The coronal (12.66 MPa) and middle (11.63 MPa) root regions indicated a significantly higher bond strength compared with the apical (9.16 MPa) region (p<0.05). Conclusions: Irrigant activation methods did not increase the bond strength of fiber post to canal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Irrigants/radiation effects , Root Canal Irrigants/chemistry , Ultrasonic Therapy/methods , Post and Core Technique , Lasers, Solid-State , Self-Curing of Dental Resins/methods , Reference Values , Sodium Hypochlorite/radiation effects , Sodium Hypochlorite/chemistry , Surface Properties , Materials Testing , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Edetic Acid/radiation effects , Edetic Acid/chemistry , Root Canal Preparation/methods , Dental Restoration Failure , Dental Pulp Cavity/drug effects , Dental Pulp Cavity/radiation effects , Dentin/drug effects , Dentin/radiation effects
4.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 55(1): 59-72, ene.-mar. 2018. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-960401

ABSTRACT

Introduction: the clinical success of a restoration is strongly associated with the quality and durability of the ceramic-cement resin interface. In order to obtain an adequate union between these materials of different nature surface treatments are used and achieve mechanical retention or chemical interaction. Objectives: to check if any method promotes a true chemical bond between lithium disilicate ceramics and resin cement. As well as determineif there is any treatment that reports bonding values comparable to hydrofluoric acid and silane (gold standard). Methods: a systematic literature review was developed based on the PRISMA strategy, where the databases were searched: Science Direct, Pubmed (MEDLINE), EMBASE, Springer Journal, SciELO with MeSH and free terms from 2005 to November 2016 for articles in English and Spanish on surface treatments for lithium disilicate. Results: from 58 publications selected a sample of 21 articles. Two articles reported high risk of bias. Conclusions: hydrofluoric acid and silane continue to be the method with the highest and most reliable adhesion values in the literature. Universal adhesives are an alternative to promote chemical adhesion additional to the silane. Diamond burs, Nd: YAG and Er: YAG laser are not recommended as surface treatments(AU)


Introducción: el éxito clínico de una restauración se asocia fuertemente a la calidad y duración de la interface cerámica-cemento resinoso. Para que exista una adecuada unión entre estos materiales de distinta naturaleza se emplean tratamientos de superficie para lograr una buena retención mecánica o interacción química. Objetivos: revisar si algún método promueve una verdadera adhesión química entre la cerámica de disilicato de litio y el cemento resinoso, así como determinar si existe algún tratamiento que reporte valores de unión comparables al ácido fluorhídrico y silano (patrón de oro). Métodos: se desarrolló una revisión sistemática de literatura basada en la estrategia PRISMA, donde se buscó en las bases de datos: Science Direct, Pubmed (MEDLINE), EMBASE, Springer Journal, SciELO con términos MeSH y libres desde el 2005 a noviembre de 2016 para artículos en inglés y español sobre tratamientos de superficie para disilicato de litio. Resultados: de 58 publicaciones, se seleccionó una muestra de 21 artículos. Dos artículos reportaron riesgo de sesgo alto. Conclusiones: el ácido fluorhídrico y silano continúan siendo el método con los valores de adhesión más altos y confiables de la literatura. Los adhesivos universales son una alternativa para promover adhesión química adicional al silano. Fresas diamantadas, laser Nd: YAG y Er:YAG no se recomienda como tratamientos de superficie(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Review Literature as Topic , Ceramics/adverse effects , Databases, Bibliographic/statistics & numerical data , Self-Curing of Dental Resins/methods , Hydrofluoric Acid/adverse effects
5.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e58, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952156

ABSTRACT

Abstract The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of different surface treatments and polymerization protocols on the bond strength of brackets to enamel, and the degree of conversion of the bonding agents. 120 bovine crowns were embedded in acrylic resin blocks and sanded. Next, the blocks were randomly assigned into 12 groups. Metal brackets were bonded to enamel according to the "surface treatment" factor (A: Phosphoric Acid; ATxt: Phosphoric Acid + Transbond XT Primer®; Tse: Transbond Plus Self Etching Primer®; and SBU: Scotchbond Universal®) and "polymerization" factor (R20: Radii-Cal®/20 seconds; V20: Valo Cordless®/20 seconds; and V3: Valo Cordless®/3 seconds). All samples were stored for 6 months (water, 37ºC) and then subjected to a shear bond strength test (SBS). Bond failures were classified according to the Adhesive Remnant Index (ARI) and analyzed with the Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests (5%). Using the same factors, 120 resin discs were made to assess the degree of conversion (DC) of the monomer. Data from the SBS (MPa) and DC (%) were analyzed by analysis of variance (2 factors) and Tukey's test (5%). For the SBS, the factors "polymerization" (R20 = 8.1B; V20 = 13.2A; V3 = 5.2C, p = 0.0001) and "surface treatment" (A = 3.1C; ATxt = 13.6A; Tse = 12.3A; SBU = 6.3B, p = 0.0001) were statistically significant among groups. The highest adhesion value were found for the ATxt/V20 group (22.2A) and the lowest value for the A/R20 group (1.2E). Regarding ARI, score 2 was the most prevalent in groups A, ATxt, V20 and V3, while score 4 was the most prevalent in the Tse, SBU and R20 groups, with no significant difference between them (p = 1.0). Regarding DC, the factors "polymerization" (R20 = 66.6A; V20 = 58.4B; V3 = 45.1C, p = 0.0001) and "surface treatment" (A = 52B, ATxt = 59.7A, Tse = 51.4B, SBU = 63.8A, p = 0.0001) were statistically significant. Tse was more sensitive to the variations in polymerization protocols than the other surface treatments. Treatment A did not present suitable bond strength or degree of conversion.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Orthodontic Brackets , Resin Cements/chemistry , Dental Enamel/drug effects , Self-Curing of Dental Resins/methods , Light-Curing of Dental Adhesives/methods , Polymerization/drug effects , Phosphoric Acids/chemistry , Reference Values , Time Factors , Acid Etching, Dental/methods , Materials Testing , Random Allocation , Adhesiveness/drug effects , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Dental Enamel/chemistry , Shear Strength , Phase Transition , Curing Lights, Dental
6.
J. appl. oral sci ; 25(1): 2-9, Jan.-Feb. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-841167

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives To evaluate the influence of two curing techniques on the degree of conversion (DC) of resin cements and on bond strength (BS) of fiber posts in different regions of root dentin. Material and Methods Twenty single-rooted premolars were endodontically treated, and the post spaces were prepared. The roots were randomly divided into two groups (n=10), according to the activation mode of the resin cement RelyX™ U200 (3M ESPE Saint Paul, MN, USA): conventional (continuous activation mode) and soft-start activation mode (Ramp). The posts (WhitePost DC/FGM) were cemented according to the manufacturer’s recommendations and, after one week, the roots were cross-sectioned into six discs each of 1-mm thickness, and the cervical, medium, and apical thirds of the root canals were identified. The DC was evaluated under micro-Raman spectroscopy and the BS was evaluated by the push-out test. The data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey’s test (α=0.05). Results Neither the activation mode nor the root regions affected the DC of the resin cement. Higher BS was achieved in the soft-start group (p=0.036); lower BS was observed in the apical third compared to the other root regions (p<0.001). Irrespective of the activation mode and root region, the mixed failure mode was the most prevalent. Conclusion The BS of fiber posts to root canals can be improved by soft-started polymerization. The DC was not affected by the curing mode.


Subject(s)
Humans , Post and Core Technique , Resin Cements/chemistry , Dental Pulp Cavity/drug effects , Self-Curing of Dental Resins/methods , Root Canal Therapy/methods , Spectrum Analysis, Raman , Materials Testing , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Tooth, Nonvital , Dental Restoration Failure , Shear Strength , Dental Stress Analysis , Dentin/drug effects , Curing Lights, Dental , Photochemical Processes
7.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 31: e22, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839506

ABSTRACT

Abstract Resin cements are often used for single crown cementation due to their physical properties. Self-adhesive resin cements gained widespread due to their simplified technique compared to regular resin cement. However, there is lacking clinical evidence about the long-term behavior of this material. The aim of this prospective clinical trial was to assess the survival rates of metal-ceramic crowns cemented with self-adhesive resin cement up to six years. One hundred and twenty-nine subjects received 152 metal-ceramic crowns. The cementation procedures were standardized and performed by previously trained operators. The crowns were assessed as to primary outcome (debonding) and FDI criteria. Statistical analysis was performed using Kaplan-Meier statistics and descriptive analysis. Three failures occurred (debonding), resulting in a 97.6% survival rate. FDI criteria assessment resulted in scores 1 and 2 (acceptable clinical evaluation) for all surviving crowns. The use of self-adhesive resin cement is a feasible alternative for metal-ceramic crowns cementation, achieving high and adequate survival rates.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate/therapeutic use , Ceramics/therapeutic use , Polyethylene Glycols/therapeutic use , Polymethacrylic Acids/therapeutic use , Resin Cements/therapeutic use , Self-Curing of Dental Resins/methods , Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate/chemistry , Ceramics/chemistry , Crowns , Dental Restoration Failure , Follow-Up Studies , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Polyethylene Glycols/chemistry , Polymethacrylic Acids/chemistry , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Resin Cements/chemistry , Statistics, Nonparametric , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
8.
Bauru; s.n; 2017. 143 p. tab, ilus, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-880165

ABSTRACT

A adição de corantes fluorescentes a adesivos odontológicos possibilita a investigação da distribuição espacial desses materiais na interface dente-restauração, utilizando-se a microscopia confocal de varredura a laser (MCVL). A literatura indica falta de padronização na aplicação de agentes fluorescentes com tal finalidade. Esse estudo sistematizou estratégias para a adição de rodamina B (RB) e fluoresceína sódica (FS) a um sistema adesivo convencional de três passos, Adper Scotchbond Multi-Purpose (MP), e um autocondicionante de dois passos, Clearfil SE Bond (SE), considerados "padrão-ouro" na Odontologia. Os objetivos principais foram (a) determinar a menor faixa de concentrações de RB e FS necessária para produzir imagens satisfatórias da interface dentina-adesivo e (b) avaliar o efeito da adição desses corantes sobre algumas propriedades das resinas. Os adesivos foram marcados com RB ou FS em concentrações decrescentes (0,5, 0,1, 0,02 e 0,004 mg/mL) por meio de um método de dispersão semidireto. O comportamento fotofísico/ fluorescente dos adesivos marcados foi investigado por espectroscopia de fotoluminescência e MCVL. Paralelamente, avaliaram-se os adesivos quanto ao grau de conversão (GC) e ao ângulo de contato (AC). Tanto os resultados de GC como os de AC foram submetidos à análise de variância com dois fatores (adesivo e tratamento) com α = 0,05, seguida de teste post-hoc de Tukey. Os máximos comprimentos de onda de emissão e de excitação da RB e da FS foram influenciados pelo meio polimérico e pela concentração de corante de modo geral. A MCVL preliminar de amostras de adesivo polimerizado, realizada sob condições experimentais padronizadas, mostrou que o comportamento fluorescente da RB em MP e SE foi muito semelhante na mesma concentração de corante, mas o mesmo não pôde ser dito do comportamento da FS, que foi notavelmente inferior no adesivo autocondicionante, SE, na concentração mais alta. Em dentina, os adesivos preparados com RB nas concentrações-alvo de 0,1 e 0,02 mg/mL apresentaram fluorescência ótima; já aqueles preparados com 0,004 mg/mL produziram fraco sinal. Adesivos preparados com FS a 0,5 mg/mL apresentaram ótima fluorescência na interface de adesão, enquanto que concentração menor desse corante não produziu sinal suficiente. Padrões morfológicos aparentemente atípicos foram observados na interface de adesão, quando da associação do adesivo SE com o corante FS. A adição de RB e FS nas quatro concentrações indicadas aos adesivos MP e SE não afetou o GC nem o AC em comparação com os grupos de controle correspondentes. Em suma, a RB mostra-se um corante mais versátil que a FS na avaliação morfológica das interfaces dentina-MP e dentina-SE via MCVL. A menor faixa de concentrações de RB nos adesivos MP e SE, na qual é possível produzir imagens satisfatórias das interfaces, situa-se entre 0,1­0,02 mg/mL. Já o corante FS deve ser adicionado a esses adesivos a pelo menos 0,5 mg/mL para produzir níveis de fluorescência satisfatórios na interface de adesão. A não ocorrência de efeitos deletérios sobre a polimerização e a molhabilidade das resinas estabelece uma margem de segurança para a incorporação desses agentes fluorescentes (em concentração ≤ 0,5 mg/mL) nesses sistemas monoméricos.(AU)


The addition of fluorescent dyes to dental adhesives makes it possible to investigate the spatial distribution of such resin-based materials in the tooth-restoration interface, using confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). Literature indicates a lack of standardization on the application of fluorescent agents for this purpose. This work presents strategies for adding rhodamine B (RB) and fluorescein sodium salt (FS) to a three-step etch-and-rinse adhesive system, Adper Scotchbond Multi-Purpose (MP), and a two-step self-etching one, Clearfil SE Bond (SE), both regarded as "gold standard" in restorative dentistry. The main objectives were (a) to determine the lowest range of RB and FS concentrations required to produce suitable images of the dentin-adhesive interface via CLSM and (b) to investigate potential effects of addition of these dyes on some resin properties. The adhesives were labeled with RB or FS at decreasing concentrations (0.5, 0.1, 0.02 and 0.004 mg/mL) by means of a semi-direct dispersion method. The photophysical/fluorescent behavior of the labeled resins was investigated by photoluminescence spectroscopy and by CLSM. The adhesives were also investigated with regards to the degree of conversion (DC) and contact angle (CA). A two-way ANOVA of "adhesive" and "treatment" was conducted on DC and CA separately, followed by Tukey's test. The maximum emission and excitation wavelengths of RB and FS were influenced by the host polymer and the dye concentration in general. The preliminary CLSM of cured adhesive samples, performed with standardized settings, showed that the fluorescent behavior of RB in MP and SE was very similar in the same dye concentration, unlike the behavior of FS, which was lower in the self-etching adhesive for the highest dye concentration. In dentin, the adhesives prepared with RB at the target concentrations of 0.1 and 0.02 mg/mL presented optimal fluorescence; those with 0.004 mg/mL produced poor signal. Adhesives prepared with FS at 0.5 mg/mL presented optimal fluorescence at the bonding interface, whereas lower concentrations of FS did not produce sufficient signal. Atypical morphological features were observed at the bonding interface, when adhesive SE was used with FS. The addition of RB and FS at the four decreasing concentrations to adhesives MP and SE did not affect DC or CA compared to the corresponding controls. In short, RB is more versatile than FS for the morphological characterization of dentin-MP and dentin-SE interfaces via MCVL. The lowest range of RB concentrations in adhesives MP and SE that can produce suitable images of the bonding interface lies between 0.1­0.02 mg/mL. The dye FS should be added to these adhesives at 0.5 mg/mL at least to produce satisfactory fluorescence levels at the bonding interface. Since negative effects on polymerization and wettability of the resins were not observed, the use of RB and FS (in concentration ≤ 0.5 mg/mL) together with MP and SE should be reliable in terms of resin properties.(AU)


Subject(s)
Fluorescein/chemistry , Fluorescent Dyes/chemistry , Resin Cements/chemistry , Rhodamines/chemistry , Analysis of Variance , Ethanol/chemistry , Microscopy, Confocal , Reference Values , Reproducibility of Results , Self-Curing of Dental Resins/methods , Spectrometry, Fluorescence , Spectrophotometry, Infrared
9.
Bauru; s.n; 2016. 120 p. tab, ilus, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-881807

ABSTRACT

O objetivo desse estudo foi realizar a caracterização do cimento resinoso autoadesivo RelyX U200 aditivado de nanotubos de dióxido de titânio (nt-TiO2) em diferentes concentrações (0,3, 0,6, e 0,9% em peso) quanto às suas propriedades físico-químicas, mecânicas e biológica. Duas condições de polimerização foram analisadas: autopolimerizável (grupos: AC, A03, A06 e A09) e dual (grupos: DC, D03, D06 e D09). Para análise do grau de conversão foi utilizada a espectroscopia de infravermelho com transformada de Fourier com registro do espectro nos tempos de 3, 6, 9, 12 e 15 minutos. Os picos das bandas de comprimento de onda de 1638 cm-1 e de 1608 cm-1 foram identificados para cálculo do grau de conversão. Os dados foram submetidos à ANOVA de medidas repetidas seguido de comparações múltiplas de Tukey (=0,05). A análise de sorção e solubilidade foi realizada por meio da confecção de discos de cimento resinoso (10 mm ø × 2 mm) (n=8) monitorados quanto à sua massa depois de ciclos de hidratação/desidratação. A resistência à flexão em 3 pontos e módulo de elasticidade foram mensurados por meio de barras (2 × 2 × 25 mm) de cimento resinoso (n=10) levadas à máquina universal de ensaios. Para análise de Dureza Knoop utilizou-se microdurômetro com carga de 50g /10 segundos. Nos discos de cimento resinoso de 10 mm ø × 2 mm foram realizadas 5 endentações equidistantes 0,5mm e medidas em aumento de 50×. Para resistência de união ao cisalhamento, sobre discos de zircônia sinterizados foi aplicado o cimento resinoso (n=10) nas dimensões de 3 mm ø × 2 mm. Por meio de dispositivo foram levados à máquina universal de ensaios. Os dados encontrados de sorção e solubilidade e de cada propriedade mecânica foram submetidos aos testes ANOVA a dois critérios e de comparações múltiplas de Tukey (=0,05). Exceto para resistência ao cisalhamento que se utilizou o teste de comparação de Fischer (=0,05). Para viabilidade celular (n=8) foi realizado teste de MTT apenas na condição dual. Os grupos estudados foram: DC, D03, D06, D09, CP (controle positivo), CN (controle negativo). Após 24, 48 e 72 horas os níveis de absorbâncias foram analisados por meio de espectrofotometria no leitor de ELISA. Os dados foram submetidos aos testes ANOVA a dois critérios e de comparações múltiplas de Tukey (=0,05). Os resultados mostraram que a adição de nt-TiO2, independente da concentração, aumentou os valores de grau de conversão do cimento resinoso para a condição autopolimerizável e dual em todos os tempos estudados. Já para sorção e solubilidade não houve influência nos resultados da concentração de nanotubos inseridos e da condição de polimerização. Para resistência flexural, a adição de nt-TiO2 nas concentrações de 0,3% (A03) e 0,9% (A09) resultou em dados similares ao controle na condição dual (DC). O valor médio de módulo de elasticidade aumentou com a adição de 0,9% (A09), similar a todos os grupos da condição dual, em que adição de nt-TiO2 não influenciou os resultados. A adição de 0,6% (A06 e D06) e 0,9% (A09 e D09) de nt-TiO2 ao cimento aumentou os valores de dureza quando comparado aos grupos controle (AC e DC). Para resistência de união ao cisalhamento, a concentração de 0,3% de nt-TiO2 (A03 e D03) aumentou os valores quando comparado aos grupos A06, D06, A09 e D09 porém sem diferença para os grupos controle (AC e DC). Para viabilidade celular no período de 24h, os grupos D03, D06 e D09 obtiveram resultado similar ao grupo CP, já o grupo DC apresentou valores de absorbância inferiores ao CP, usado como parâmetro de comparação. Em 48 e 72h, todos os grupos experimentais não demonstraram diferença significativa em comparação ao grupo CP. O grupo CN apresentou diferença para os demais em todos dos tempos estudados. A adição de nt-TiO2 ao cimento resinoso autoadesivo representa uma estratégia promissora para potencializar suas propriedades físico-químicas e mecânicas sem prejuízo das propriedades biológicas.(AU)


The aim of this study was to characterize the self-adhesive resin cement RelyX U200 additive, titanium dioxide nanotubes (nt-TiO2), at different concentrations (0.3%, 0.6%, and 0.9% by weight) and to determine their physicochemical, mechanical and biological properties. Two polymerization conditions were analyzed: self-curing (groups AC, A03, A06 and A09) and dual-curing (groups DC, D03, D06 and D09). To analyze the conversion degree, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy was used, and the spectrum was recorded at 3, 6, 9, 12 and 15 minutes. The peaks of the wavelength bands, 1638 cm-1 and 1608 cm-1, were identified to calculate the degree of conversion. The data were subjected to a repeated-measures ANOVA followed by a Tukey multiple-comparison test (=0.05). The sorption and solubility analysis was performed by making resin-cement discs (10 mm ø × 2 mm) (n=8) and monitoring their masses after the hydration/dehydration cycles. The 3-point flexural strength and the modulus of elasticity of resin-cement bars (2 × 2 × 25 mm) (n=10) were measured using a universal testing machine. The Knoop microhardness was analyzed with a load of 50 g and a time of 10 seconds. On each resin cement disc, 5 equidistant indentations of 0.5 mm were made, and the measures were increased by 50×. To test bonding shear strength, resin cement was applied to sintered zirconia discs (3 mm ø × 2 mm) (n=10). The bonded discs were then taken to the universal testing machine. Their sorption, solubility and each mechanical property were submitted to a two-way ANOVA and a Tukey multiple-comparison test (=0.05). The shear strength was submitted to a Fischer comparison test (=0.05). To test cell viability (n=8), a MTT assay was performed using only the dual-curing condition. The studied groups were: DC, D03, D06, D09, CP (positive control) and CN (negative control). After 24, 48 and 72 hours, the absorbance levels were analyzed using an ELISA spectrophotometry reader. The data were submitted to a two-way ANOVA and a Tukey multiple-comparison test (=0.05). The results showed that the addition of nt-TiO2, regardless of concentration, increased the conversion degree values for the self-curing resin cement and for the dual-curing at all times studied. The sorption and solubility were not influenced by the concentration of the nanotubes or the polymerization condition. Regarding flexural strength, the addition of the nt-TiO2 in concentrations of either 0.3% (A03) or 0.9% (A09) resulted in data similar to those in the dual-curing control (DC) condition. The average modulus of elasticity increased with the addition of 0.9% nt-TiO2 (A09), and as with all the groups in the dual-curing condition, the addition of nt-TiO2 did not affect the results. The addition of either 0.6% (A06 and D06) or 0.9% (A09 and D09) of nt-TiO2 cement increased hardness values relative to the control groups (AC and DC). The group with a 0.3% concentration of nt-TiO2 (A03 and D03) showed higher bonding shear strength values than several of the groups with higher concentrations (A06, D06 and D09), but the A09 group had no difference relative to either control group (AC or DC). For cell viability in the 24-h period, the D03 D06 and D09 groups achieved a result similar to that of the CP group with significant difference to the DC group that had lower absorbance values. At the benchmarks of 48 and 72 h, and only the CN group showed a significant difference compared to others. The addition of nt-TiO2 is a promising strategy for improving the physical-chemical and mechanical properties without prejudice the biological properties.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Nanotubes/chemistry , Polymerization , Resin Cements/chemistry , Self-Curing of Dental Resins/methods , Titanium/chemistry , Cell Survival/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Fibroblasts/drug effects , Hardness Tests , Materials Testing , Chemical Phenomena , Reproducibility of Results , Resin Cements/pharmacology , Shear Strength , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared , Time Factors , Titanium/pharmacology
10.
J. appl. oral sci ; 23(4): 358-368, July-Aug. 2015. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-759366

ABSTRACT

AbstractResin-based cements have been frequently employed in clinical practice to lute indirect restorations. However, there are numerous factors that may compromise the clinical performance of those cements. The aim of this literature review is to present and discuss some of the clinical factors that may affect the performance of current resin-based luting systems. Resin cements may have three different curing mechanisms: chemical curing, photo curing or a combination of both. Chemically cured systems are recommended to be used under opaque or thick restorations, due to the reduced access of the light. Photo-cured cements are mainly indicated for translucent veneers, due to the possibility of light transmission through the restoration. Dual-cured are more versatile systems and, theoretically, can be used in either situation, since the presence of both curing mechanisms might guarantee a high degree of conversion (DC) under every condition. However, it has been demonstrated that clinical procedures and characteristics of the materials may have many different implications in the DC of currently available resin cements, affecting their mechanical properties, bond strength to the substrate and the esthetic results of the restoration. Factors such as curing mechanism, choice of adhesive system, indirect restorative material and light-curing device may affect the degree of conversion of the cement and, therefore, have an effect on the clinical performance of resin-based cements. Specific measures are to be taken to ensure a higher DC of the luting system to be used.


Subject(s)
Humans , Curing Lights, Dental , Dental Bonding/methods , Resin Cements/chemistry , Dental Bonding/instrumentation , Hardness , Photochemical Processes , Self-Curing of Dental Resins/methods , Time Factors
11.
Bauru; s.n; 2015. 91 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-794234

ABSTRACT

O objetivo desta pesquisa foi avaliar a transmitância de diferentes tipos e cores de cerâmicas e seus efeitos no grau de conversão (GC) de dois tipos de cimentos resinosos com modo de polimerização dual. Foram confeccionadas 60 pastilhas com a cerâmica IPS e.max (Ivoclar Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtenstein) e divididas em 3 grupos: LT, MO e Z, com 20 pastilhas cada um. Nos grupos LT e MO, as pastilhas foram confeccionadas com a cerâmica de dissilicato de lítio de baixa translucidez (LT - low transluscency) e de média opacidade (MO - medium opacity), respectivamente. No grupo Z, as pastilhas foram confeccionadas em zircônia. Cada grupo foi subdividido em 5 subgrupos (n=4), de acordo com a cor da cerâmica: A2; A3,5; B2; C2; D3. No grupo LT, as pastilhas foram prensadas nas cores anteriormente citadas e, nos grupos MO e Z, as pastilhas foram, inicialmente, confeccionadas para simular infraestruturas e, posteriormente, receberem aplicação de cerâmica de revestimento IPS e.max Ceram (Ivoclar Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtenstein) nas mesmas cores. O espectrofotômetro UV 1800 Shimadzu foi utilizado para medir a transmitância de cada espécime de cerâmica (2,0 mm de espessura). Para medir o GC, espécimes dos cimentos resinosos Variolink II (Ivoclar Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtenstein) e Rely X U200 (3M ESPE, St. Paul, MN, USA), com espessura de 100 μm, foram fotopolimerizados sob os discos de cerâmica por 40 s. Espécimes dos cimentos fotoativados sem a interposição da cerâmica foram usados como grupo controle. A polimerização dos cimentos foi avaliada através da espectrometria no infravermelho com transformada de Fourier (FTIR) empregando o método de reflexão atenuada total (ATR) imediatamente após a fotopolimerização. Os resultados foram submetidos aos testes ANOVA a 1 critério e Teste de Tukey (α=5%). Os valores de transmitância foram inferiores a 1%, sendo que as do grupo LT apresentaram, em geral, os maiores valores de transmitância, seguidos dos grupos MO e Z. O GC do cimento...


The aim of the present study was to evaluate the transmittance of different ceramic types and shades and their effects on the degree of conversion (DC) of two dual-cure resin cements. Sixty discs were fabricated with IPS e.max ceramic (Ivoclar Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtenstein) and divided into three groups (n= 20 in each group): LT, MO and Z. For LT and MO groups discs were fabricated with low translucency (LT) and medium opacity (MO) lithium disilicate ceramic, respectively. Discs from Z group were manufactured of zirconia. Each group was divided into five subgroups (n = 4), according to the ceramic shade: A2; A3,5; B2; C2; D3. In the LT group, specimens were heat-pressed in shades cited above and in the MO and Z groups, the discs were initially fabricated as core materials and then veneered with veneer ceramic (IPS e.max Ceram, Ivoclar Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtenstein) in the same shades. A spectrophotometer UV-1800 Shimadzu was used to determine the transmittance percentage of each ceramic specimen (2.0-mm-thick). For DC measurements, the resin cements (Variolink II - Ivoclar Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtenstein and Rely X U200 - 3M ESPE, St. Paul, MN, USA) specimens (thickness: 100 μm) were photocured under the ceramic discs (2.0-mm-thick) for 40 s. Specimens photocured without the ceramics discs were used as control group. ATR/FTIR spectrometry was used to evaluated the extent of polymerization for all cement specimens immediately after photocuring. The results were submitted to one-way ANOVA and Tukey test (α=5%). The transmittance percentage was less than 1% and the LT group had the highest transmittance values, followed by MO and Z groups. The %DC of Variolink II cement was not influenced by the ceramic disc interposition. For Rely X U200 cement, the interposition of some ceramics types/shades (LT A3,5, MO A2, MO A3,5 and Z A3,5) significantly decreased the %DC compared to control group. It was concluded that the transmittance values and %DC...


Subject(s)
Humans , Self-Curing of Dental Resins/methods , Color , Ceramics/chemistry , Resin Cements/chemistry , Light-Curing of Dental Adhesives/methods , Analysis of Variance , Materials Testing , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared
12.
Bauru; s.n; 2015. 91 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-867436

ABSTRACT

O objetivo desta pesquisa foi avaliar a transmitância de diferentes tipos e cores de cerâmicas e seus efeitos no grau de conversão (GC) de dois tipos de cimentos resinosos com modo de polimerização dual. Foram confeccionadas 60 pastilhas com a cerâmica IPS e.max (Ivoclar Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtenstein) e divididas em 3 grupos: LT, MO e Z, com 20 pastilhas cada um. Nos grupos LT e MO, as pastilhas foram confeccionadas com a cerâmica de dissilicato de lítio de baixa translucidez (LT - low transluscency) e de média opacidade (MO - medium opacity), respectivamente. No grupo Z, as pastilhas foram confeccionadas em zircônia. Cada grupo foi subdividido em 5 subgrupos (n=4), de acordo com a cor da cerâmica: A2; A3,5; B2; C2; D3. No grupo LT, as pastilhas foram prensadas nas cores anteriormente citadas e, nos grupos MO e Z, as pastilhas foram, inicialmente, confeccionadas para simular infraestruturas e, posteriormente, receberem aplicação de cerâmica de revestimento IPS e.max Ceram (Ivoclar Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtenstein) nas mesmas cores. O espectrofotômetro UV 1800 Shimadzu foi utilizado para medir a transmitância de cada espécime de cerâmica (2,0 mm de espessura). Para medir o GC, espécimes dos cimentos resinosos Variolink II (Ivoclar Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtenstein) e Rely X U200 (3M ESPE, St. Paul, MN, USA), com espessura de 100 μm, foram fotopolimerizados sob os discos de cerâmica por 40 s. Espécimes dos cimentos fotoativados sem a interposição da cerâmica foram usados como grupo controle. A polimerização dos cimentos foi avaliada através da espectrometria no infravermelho com transformada de Fourier (FTIR) empregando o método de reflexão atenuada total (ATR) imediatamente após a fotopolimerização. Os resultados foram submetidos aos testes ANOVA a 1 critério e Teste de Tukey (α=5%). Os valores de transmitância foram inferiores a 1%, sendo que as do grupo LT apresentaram, em geral, os maiores valores de transmitância, seguidos dos grupos MO e Z. O GC do cimento...


The aim of the present study was to evaluate the transmittance of different ceramic types and shades and their effects on the degree of conversion (DC) of two dual-cure resin cements. Sixty discs were fabricated with IPS e.max ceramic (Ivoclar Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtenstein) and divided into three groups (n= 20 in each group): LT, MO and Z. For LT and MO groups discs were fabricated with low translucency (LT) and medium opacity (MO) lithium disilicate ceramic, respectively. Discs from Z group were manufactured of zirconia. Each group was divided into five subgroups (n = 4), according to the ceramic shade: A2; A3,5; B2; C2; D3. In the LT group, specimens were heat-pressed in shades cited above and in the MO and Z groups, the discs were initially fabricated as core materials and then veneered with veneer ceramic (IPS e.max Ceram, Ivoclar Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtenstein) in the same shades. A spectrophotometer UV-1800 Shimadzu was used to determine the transmittance percentage of each ceramic specimen (2.0-mm-thick). For DC measurements, the resin cements (Variolink II - Ivoclar Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtenstein and Rely X U200 - 3M ESPE, St. Paul, MN, USA) specimens (thickness: 100 μm) were photocured under the ceramic discs (2.0-mm-thick) for 40 s. Specimens photocured without the ceramics discs were used as control group. ATR/FTIR spectrometry was used to evaluated the extent of polymerization for all cement specimens immediately after photocuring. The results were submitted to one-way ANOVA and Tukey test (α=5%). The transmittance percentage was less than 1% and the LT group had the highest transmittance values, followed by MO and Z groups. The %DC of Variolink II cement was not influenced by the ceramic disc interposition. For Rely X U200 cement, the interposition of some ceramics types/shades (LT A3,5, MO A2, MO A3,5 and Z A3,5) significantly decreased the %DC compared to control group. It was concluded that the transmittance values and %DC...


Subject(s)
Self-Curing of Dental Resins/methods , Color , Ceramics/chemistry , Resin Cements/chemistry , Light-Curing of Dental Adhesives/methods , Analysis of Variance , Materials Testing , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared
13.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 19(4): 66-70, Jul-Aug/2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-725418

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the in vitro cytotoxicity of acrylic resins of different colors over time. METHODS: Specimens were divided into 4 groups (n = 6) according to the color of the acrylic resin (Orto Class, Clássico, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil): Group 1: clear acrylic resin; group 2: pink acrylic resin; group 3: blue acrylic resin and group 4: green acrylic resin. All specimens were fabricated according to the mass manipulation technique and submitted to mechanical polishing protocol. The control was performed with an amalgam specimen (C+), a glass specimen (C-) and cell control (CC). Specimens were immersed in Minimum Eagle's Medium (MEM) and incubated for 24 h at 37o C. The extracts from the experimental material were filtered and mixed with L929 fibroblast. Cytotoxicity was evaluated at 4 different times, 24, 48, 72 and 168 h. After contact, cells were incubated for 24 h and added to 100 µ of 0.01% neutral red dye. The cells were incubated for 3 h for pigment incorporation and fixed. Cells viability was determined by a spectroscopic (BioTek, Winooski, Vermont, USA) with a 492-nm wavelength λ=492 nm). RESULTS: There were no statistical differences between the experimental groups and the CC and C- groups. CONCLUSION: Clear, pink, blue and green self-curing acrylic resins fabricated by means of the mass manipulation technique and mechanically polished are not cytotoxic. Neither the pigment added to the self-curing acrylic resin nor the factor of time influenced the cytotoxicity of the material. .


OBJETIVO: avaliar, in vitro, a citotoxicidade de resinas acrílicas autopolimerizáveis, de diferentes cores, ao longo do tempo. MÉTODOS: os corpos de prova foram divididos em quatro grupos (n = 3), de acordo com a cor da resina acrílica utilizada (Orto Class, Clássico, São Paulo/SP), sendo: grupo 1, acrílica incolor; grupo 2, acrílica rosa; grupo 3, acrílica azul; e, grupo 4, acrílico verde. Todos os corpos de prova foram confeccionados pela técnica de massa e polidos mecanicamente. Um corpo de prova de amálgama, um de vidro e célula constituíram o controle positivo (C+), controle negativo (C-), e controle de célula (CC), respectivamente. Em seguida, esses foram imersos em meio mínimo essencial de Eagle (MEM) por 24h, quando se removeu o sobrenadante e colocou-os em contato com fibroblastos L929. Avaliou-se a citotoxicidade em quatro períodos: 24, 48, 72 e 168h. Após o contato com o meio, as células foram incubadas por 24h e adicionou-se 100µ do corante vermelho neutro a 0,01%. Posteriormente, as células foram incubadas por 3h, para incorporação do corante, e fixadas. A contagem das células viáveis foi realizada em espectrofotômetro (BioTek, Winooski, EUA), com um comprimento de onda de 492nm (λ = 492nm). RESULTADOS: não houve diferença estatística entre os grupos experimentais e os grupos CC e C-. CONCLUSÇÕES: as resinas acrílicas autopolimerizáveis incolor, rosa, azul e verde, manipuladas pela técnica de massa e polidas mecanicamente não são citotóxicas. O corante utilizado em resinas autopolimerizáveis e tempo não influenciam na citotoxocidade do material. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Acrylic Resins/toxicity , Coloring Agents/toxicity , Dental Materials/toxicity , Cell Culture Techniques , Cell Line , Color , Cell Survival/drug effects , Dental Amalgam/toxicity , Dental Polishing/methods , Fibroblasts/drug effects , Glass/chemistry , Indicators and Reagents , Materials Testing , Neutral Red , Polymerization , Spectrum Analysis , Surface Properties , Self-Curing of Dental Resins/methods , Temperature , Time Factors
14.
Braz. oral res ; 26(2): 170-176, Mar.-Apr. 2012. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-622913

ABSTRACT

This study evaluated the effects of resin luting agents (LA) polymerized using increased temperature on the in vitro microtensile bond strength (mTBS) of indirect restorations to dentin. The occlusal dentin surfaces of 40 human third molars were exposed and flattened. The teeth were assigned to 8 groups (n = 5) according to the LA temperature (25°C o r 50°C), curing mode (dual- or self-curing mode), and product (Excite DSC/Variolink II [VII] and XP Bond/Calibra [Cal]). The bonding agents were applied to the dentin surfaces according to manufacturers' instructions. For preheated groups, the LAs were heated to 50°C, subsequently mixed on a heated stirrer surface, and applied to the previously heated pre-polymerized resin discs (2 mm thickness, TPH-Spectrum). The discs were bonded to the dentin surfaces, and the LAs were either exposed to a curing light according to manufacturers' instructions or allowed to self-cure. Specimens were stored in relative humidity at 37°C for 7 days. Specimens were mesio-distally and bucco-lingually sectioned to obtain multiple bonded beams with a 1-mm² cross-sectional area for mTBS testing. Data (MPa) were analyzed by 2-way ANOVA and Tukey's post hoc test (a = 5%) for each product. Specimen failure patterns were analyzed using a scanning electron microscope. VII groups showed higher mTBS at 50°C than at 25°C regardless of curing mode (p = 0.05). Cal groups showed similar mTBS at 25°C and 50°C in all activation modes. The use of some dual-polymerizing LAs at 50°C may improve the mTBS of indirect restorations to dentin.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dentin-Bonding Agents/chemistry , Dentin/drug effects , Resin Cements/chemistry , Self-Curing of Dental Resins/methods , Analysis of Variance , Dental Restoration Failure , Dentin/chemistry , Hot Temperature , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Polymerization , Resin Cements/radiation effects , Surface Properties , Tensile Strength , Time Factors
15.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-141243

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the effect of delayed light polymerization of a dual-cured composite base material on the marginal adaptation of class II composite restoration. Materials and Methods: 35 extracted human molar teeth were used to prepare class II mesio-occlusal or disto-occlusal slot preparations with gingival margins at the CEJ. The teeth were restored using an open-sandwich technique with a 2mm base increment of dual-cured composite, and divided into 5 groups based on the mode of the polymerization of the dual-cured composite base: Group A - self-cured after placement (5 mins), Group B - light-cured immediately after placement, Group C - light-cured 30 seconds after placement, Group D - light-cured 60 seconds after placement, Group E - light-cured 120 seconds after placement. Then a top layer of a light-cured composite resin is placed to complete the restoration. The teeth were thermocycled and immersed in 1% aqueous solution of methylene blue for 24 hours. Sectioning of the teeth and scoring under stereomicroscope was done. Data will be statistically evaluated using the kruskal wallis 1-way ANOVA. Results: Statistical analysis using kruskal wallis 1-way ANOVA showed that the dual-cured composite light polymerized 1 minute after placement exhibited the least microleakage. Conclusion: Delayed light polymerization of the dual-cured composite base reduced the microleakage in class II open-sandwich restorations.


Subject(s)
Coloring Agents/diagnosis , Composite Resins/chemistry , Composite Resins/radiation effects , Dental Bonding/methods , Dental Cavity Preparation/classification , Dental Leakage/classification , Dental Marginal Adaptation , Dental Materials/chemistry , Dental Materials/radiation effects , Dental Restoration, Permanent/classification , Dental Restoration, Permanent/methods , Dentin-Bonding Agents/chemistry , Humans , Humidity , Light-Curing of Dental Adhesives/methods , Materials Testing , Methylene Blue/diagnosis , Polymerization , Self-Curing of Dental Resins/methods , Temperature , Time Factors , Tooth Cervix/pathology
16.
Bauru; s.n; 2012. 137 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-673684

ABSTRACT

É crescente a aplicação dos cimentos à base de resina em próteses em cerâmica por exibirem propriedades estéticas e biomecânicas superiores aos cimentos convencionais. O presente estudo teve por objetivo avaliar o grau de conversão (GC) de quatro cimentos resinosos, sendo um com modo de polimerização físico (ChoiceTM 2/Bisco Inc), 2 com modo de polimerização dual (DuolinkTM/ Bisco Inc; VariolinkII®/Ivoclar-Vivadent) e um cimento com modo de polimerização químico (C&BTM/Bisco Inc), empregados na cimentação de coroas confeccionadas em cerâmica. Foram utilizados 42 pré-molares humanos que foram preparados para receber coroas totais confeccionadas com 2 sistemas cerâmicos: cerâmica de dissilicato de lítio (IPS e.MaxPress/Ivoclar-Vivadent®) e cerâmica de óxido de Zircônia estabilizada por Itrio (IPS e.maxZirCAD/Ivoclar-Vivadent®) para confecção dos copings, tendo uma cerâmica a base de fluorapatita como cobertura (IPS e.maxZirPresss/Ivoclar-Vivadent). Para a cimentação os dentes/coroas/cimento foram subdivididos aleatoriamente e, a foto ativação dos cimentos dual e físico, foi realizada com dois protocolos: foto-ativação nas faces vestibular, oclusal e lingual, com o tempo de exposição de 20s sequencialmente e foto-ativação somente por oclusal pelo tempo de 60s. O cimento químico foi mantido sem aturdimento por 15 minutos. Após a cimentação, os espécimes foram armazenados em água deionizada em estufa com temperatura de ±36oC e seccionados transversalmente após 7 dias em 3 regiões: cervical, no centro da coroa e 2mm aquém da face oclusal. O grau de conversão foi determinado pela técnica da espectroscopia Micro-Raman ao longo da linha de cimento nas face vestibular, mesial, lingual e distal...


There is a growing application of resin-based cements in ceramic prostheses for displaying aesthetic and biomechanical properties superior to conventional cements. The present study aimed to evaluate the degree conversion (DC) of four resin cements, one with physical curing mode (ChoiceTM 2/Bisco Inc), two dualcuring mode (DuolinkTM / Bisco Inc; VariolinkII® / Ivoclar-Vivadent) and one chemical curing mode (C&BTM / Bisco Inc) employed in the cementation of crowns made of ceramic. We used 42 human premolars were prepared to receive full crowns made with two ceramic systems: lithium disilicate ceramic (IPS eMaxPress/Ivoclar- Vivadent®) and Yttrium oxide stabilized zirconia (IPS e.maxZirCAD / Ivoclar - Vivadent®) for the fabrication of copings, with a ceramic veneer as fluorapatite based (IPS e.maxZirPresss / Ivoclar-Vivadent). For cementation, teeth/crowns/cement were randomly divided, and the photo activation of dual cements and physical, was performed with two protocols: photo-activation in the buccal, occlusal and lingual, with an exposure time of 20s in each face and photo-activation only by occlusal for 60s. The cement chemical was maintained for 15 minutes without stunning. After cementation, specimens were stored in deionized water in an oven at a temperature of 37°C and sectioned after 7 days in three regions : cervical, in the center of the crown and 2 mm below the occlusal surface. The degree of conversion was determined along the cement line in the buccal, mesial, lingual and distal by micro- Raman spectroscopy...


Subject(s)
Humans , Self-Curing of Dental Resins/methods , Ceramics/chemistry , Resin Cements/chemistry , Light-Curing of Dental Adhesives/methods , Spectrum Analysis, Raman , Analysis of Variance , Crowns , Materials Testing , Reproducibility of Results , Time Factors
17.
Bauru; s.n; 2012. 137 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-866212

ABSTRACT

É crescente a aplicação dos cimentos à base de resina em próteses em cerâmica por exibirem propriedades estéticas e biomecânicas superiores aos cimentos convencionais. O presente estudo teve por objetivo avaliar o grau de conversão (GC) de quatro cimentos resinosos, sendo um com modo de polimerização físico (ChoiceTM 2/Bisco Inc), 2 com modo de polimerização dual (DuolinkTM/ Bisco Inc; VariolinkII®/Ivoclar-Vivadent) e um cimento com modo de polimerização químico (C&BTM/Bisco Inc), empregados na cimentação de coroas confeccionadas em cerâmica. Foram utilizados 42 pré-molares humanos que foram preparados para receber coroas totais confeccionadas com 2 sistemas cerâmicos: cerâmica de dissilicato de lítio (IPS e.MaxPress/Ivoclar-Vivadent®) e cerâmica de óxido de Zircônia estabilizada por Itrio (IPS e.maxZirCAD/Ivoclar-Vivadent®) para confecção dos copings, tendo uma cerâmica a base de fluorapatita como cobertura (IPS e.maxZirPresss/Ivoclar-Vivadent). Para a cimentação os dentes/coroas/cimento foram subdivididos aleatoriamente e, a foto ativação dos cimentos dual e físico, foi realizada com dois protocolos: foto-ativação nas faces vestibular, oclusal e lingual, com o tempo de exposição de 20s sequencialmente e foto-ativação somente por oclusal pelo tempo de 60s. O cimento químico foi mantido sem aturdimento por 15 minutos. Após a cimentação, os espécimes foram armazenados em água deionizada em estufa com temperatura de ±36oC e seccionados transversalmente após 7 dias em 3 regiões: cervical, no centro da coroa e 2mm aquém da face oclusal. O grau de conversão foi determinado pela técnica da espectroscopia Micro-Raman ao longo da linha de cimento nas face vestibular, mesial, lingual e distal...


There is a growing application of resin-based cements in ceramic prostheses for displaying aesthetic and biomechanical properties superior to conventional cements. The present study aimed to evaluate the degree conversion (DC) of four resin cements, one with physical curing mode (ChoiceTM 2/Bisco Inc), two dualcuring mode (DuolinkTM / Bisco Inc; VariolinkII® / Ivoclar-Vivadent) and one chemical curing mode (C&BTM / Bisco Inc) employed in the cementation of crowns made of ceramic. We used 42 human premolars were prepared to receive full crowns made with two ceramic systems: lithium disilicate ceramic (IPS eMaxPress/Ivoclar- Vivadent®) and Yttrium oxide stabilized zirconia (IPS e.maxZirCAD / Ivoclar - Vivadent®) for the fabrication of copings, with a ceramic veneer as fluorapatite based (IPS e.maxZirPresss / Ivoclar-Vivadent). For cementation, teeth/crowns/cement were randomly divided, and the photo activation of dual cements and physical, was performed with two protocols: photo-activation in the buccal, occlusal and lingual, with an exposure time of 20s in each face and photo-activation only by occlusal for 60s. The cement chemical was maintained for 15 minutes without stunning. After cementation, specimens were stored in deionized water in an oven at a temperature of 37°C and sectioned after 7 days in three regions : cervical, in the center of the crown and 2 mm below the occlusal surface. The degree of conversion was determined along the cement line in the buccal, mesial, lingual and distal by micro- Raman spectroscopy...


Subject(s)
Humans , Self-Curing of Dental Resins/methods , Ceramics/chemistry , Resin Cements/chemistry , Light-Curing of Dental Adhesives/methods , Spectrum Analysis, Raman , Analysis of Variance , Crowns , Materials Testing , Reproducibility of Results , Time Factors
18.
Braz. oral res ; 25(2): 174-179, Mar.-Apr. 2011. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-583853

ABSTRACT

This study evaluated the degree of conversion (DC) and ultimate tensile strength (UTS) of dual-cured resin cements heated to 50º C prior to and during polymerization. Disc- and hourglass-shaped specimens of Rely X ARC (RX) and Variolink II (VII) were obtained using addition silicon molds. The products were manipulated at 25º C or 50º C and were subjected to 3 curing conditions: light-activation through a glass slide or through a pre-cured 2-mm thick resin composite disc, or they were allowed to self-cure (SC). All specimens were dark-stored dry for 15 days. For DC analysis, the resin cements were placed into the mold located on the center of a horizontal diamond on the attenuated total reflectance element in the optical bench of a Fourier Transformed Infrared spectrometer. Infrared spectra (n = 6) were collected between 1680 and 1500 cm-1, and DC was calculated by standard methods using changes in ratios of aliphatic-to-aromatic C=C absorption peaks from uncured and cured states. For UTS test, specimens (n = 10) were tested in tension in a universal testing machine (crosshead speed of 1 mm/min) until failure. DC and UTS data were submitted to 2-way ANOVA, followed by Tukey's test (α= 5 percent). Both products showed higher DC at 50º C than at 25º C in all curing conditions. No significant difference in UTS was noted between most light-activated groups at 25º C and those at 50º C. VII SC groups showed higher UTS at 50º C than at 25º C (p < 0.05). Increased temperature led to higher DC, but its effects on resin cement UTS depended on the curing condition.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hot Temperature , Polymerization , Resin Cements/chemistry , Self-Curing of Dental Resins/methods , Tensile Strength , Analysis of Variance , Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate/chemistry , Curing Lights, Dental , Materials Testing , Polyethylene Glycols/chemistry , Polymethacrylic Acids/chemistry , Resin Cements/radiation effects , Surface Properties , Time Factors
19.
J. appl. oral sci ; 19(1): 22-27, Jan.-Feb. 2011. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-578743

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the effects of light exposure through simulated indirect ceramic restorations (SICR) on hardness (KHN) of dual-cured resin cements (RCs), immediately after light-activation and 24 h later. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Three dual-cured RCs were evaluated: Eco-Link (Ivoclar Vivadent), Rely X ARC (3M ESPE), and Panavia F (Kuraray Medical Inc.). The RCs were manipulated in accordance to the manufacturers' instructions and were placed into cylindrical acrylic matrixes (1-mm-thick and 4-mm diameter). The RC light-activation (Optilux 501; Demetron Kerr) was performed through a glass slide for 120 s (control group), or through 2-mm or 4-mm thick SICRs (IPS Empress II; Ivoclar Vivadent). The specimens were submitted to KHN analysis immediately and 24 h after light-activation. The data obtained at the 2 evaluation intervals were submitted to 2-way ANOVA repeated measures and post-hoc Tukey's test (pre-set alpha of 5 percent). RESULTS: Lower KHN was observed when light-activation was performed through SICRs for Eco-Link at all evaluation intervals and for Rely X ARC 24 h later. For Panavia F, no significant difference in KHN was observed between control and experimental groups, regardless of evaluation interval. Most groups exhibited higher KHN after 24 h than immediately after light-activation, with the exception of Rely X ARC light-activated through SICR, as no significant difference in KHN was found between evaluation intervals. CONCLUSIONS: Light overexposure did not compensate for light intensity attenuation due to the presence of SICR when Rely X and Eco-Link were used. Although hardness of such RCs increased over a 24-h interval, the RCs subjected to light overexposure did not reach the hardness values exhibited after direct light exposure.


Subject(s)
Ceramics/radiation effects , Light-Curing of Dental Adhesives/methods , Resin Cements/radiation effects , Self-Curing of Dental Resins/methods , Analysis of Variance , Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate/chemistry , Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate/radiation effects , Ceramics/chemistry , Hardness Tests , Materials Testing , Polyethylene Glycols/chemistry , Polyethylene Glycols/radiation effects , Polymerization/radiation effects , Polymethacrylic Acids/chemistry , Polymethacrylic Acids/radiation effects , Resin Cements/chemistry , Surface Properties/radiation effects , Time Factors
20.
Bauru; s.n; 2011. 96 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-865791

ABSTRACT

Este estudo avaliou a resistência de união de cimentos resinosos à zircônia tetragonal parcialmente estabilizada com ítrio (NobelProceraTM Zircônia) submetida a tratamentos superficiais mecânicos e químicos. Os cimentos utilizados foram o cimento resinoso auto-condicionante de polimerização química Multilink (Ivoclar Vivadent) associado ao Metal/Zirconia Primer (Ivoclar Vivadent) e o cimento resinoso auto-adesivo de polimerização química e dual RelyX U100 (3M-ESPE) associado ao adesivo Adper Single Bond Plus 2 (3M-ESPE). Utilizando 40 cilindros de zircônia (diâmetro de 3,5 mm) foram realizados 120 ensaios (n=40 para cada cimento). Para cada cimento os cilindros foram divididos em 4 grupos (n=10) em função do tratamento superficial avaliado: 1- sem tratamento; 2- agente de união (primer ou adesivo); 3- jateamento com oxido de alumínio 50µm; 4- associação do jateamento e o agente de união. A aplicação do cimento resinoso foi realizada utilizando uma matriz de teflon com orifício central de 3,5mm de diâmetro por 3,0mm de profundidade. Após a aplicação de cada cimento nas 4 condições de superficie, os espécimes foram armazenados em água deionizada a 37ºC durante 24h e submetidos ao teste de resistência ao cisalhamento. Os resultados foram analisados com ANOVA a dois critérios e teste de Tukey (p<0,05). Sem tratamento superficial o RelyX U100 químico (5,52 Mpa) e dual (6,53 Mpa) tiveram melhor comportamento que o cimento Multilink (0,76). A associação do jateamento e o agente de união melhorou os valores de resistência de união para o cimento Multilink (7,68 Mpa) e para o cimento RelyX U100 dual (10,26 Mpa), sendo este último superior a todos os outros grupos. A associação do Adper Single Bond Plus 2 e o RelyX U100 sem jateamento, deve ser evitado.


The aim of this study was to evaluate the shear bond strength of resin cements to the yttria stabilized tetragonal zirconia (NobelProceraTM Zirconia) subjected to mechanical and chemical surface treatments. The cements used were: a self-etching resin cement with chemical polymerization Multilink (Ivoclar - Vivadent) associated to the Metal / Zirconia Primer (Ivoclar - Vivadent) and self-adhesive resin cement with chemical and dual polymerization RelyX U100 (3M-ESPE) associated to the adhesive Single Bond Plus Adper 2 (3M-ESPE). Using 40 cylinders of zirconia (3.5 mm diameter) were performed 120 trials (n = 40 for each cement). For each cement, cylinders were divided into four groups (n = 10) based on the surface treatment rated: 1 - untreated, 2 - bonding agent (primer or adhesive) 3 air abrasion with 50µm aluminum oxide, 4 - combination of air abrasion and bonding agent. The application of resin cement was performed using a teflon matrix with a central hole 3.5 mm in diameter and 3.0 mm deep. After application of each cement in the four surface conditions, the specimens were stored in deionized water at 37 ° C for 24 hours and tested for shear bond strength. Results were analyzed with an ANOVA Two Criteria and Tukey's test (p <0.05). Without surface treatment, chemical RelyX U100 (5.52 MPa) and dual (6.53 MPa) had better behavior than Multilink Cement (0.76). The combination of air abrasion and bonding agent improved the bond strength values for Multilink (7.68 MPa) and for RelyX U100 dual (10.26 MPa), this one superior to all other groups. The association of Adper Single Bond 2 and RelyX U100 Plus without air abrasion, should be contraindicated.


Subject(s)
Resin Cements/chemistry , Zirconium/chemistry , Air Abrasion, Dental , Analysis of Variance , Self-Curing of Dental Resins/methods , Materials Testing , Aluminum Oxide/chemistry , Shear Strength
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