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1.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 39: e39008, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1415876

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to address the subjective oral health measures of caregivers of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and Down syndrome. This cross-sectional study included 15 caregivers of individuals with ASD (n = 7) and Down syndrome (n = 8). Sociodemographic data, sense of coherence (SOC) (SOC-13 scale), social support (Social Support Scale [MOS-SSS]), oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) (OHIP-14), and self-rated oral health assessed on a 5-point Likert scale were collected. A descriptive analysis was performed in addition to correlation analyses (Spearman correlation coefficient). Most primary caregivers were parents of the individual (86.6%). The age of the caregivers ranged between 40 and 59 years (60%). Most caregivers have had 9 to 11 years of education (53.3%). Monthly family income was less than USD 186,28 for ASD caregivers (57.2%) and between USD 327,56 and USD 931,40 for Down syndrome caregivers (50%). Of the caregivers, 33.3% reported good oral health and 33.3% reported neither good nor bad. The average SOC score, social support and OHRQoL was 48.9, 69.3 and 10.9, respectively. The higher the family income, the better the OHRQoL (rs = -0.62, p = 0.014). SOC was correlated with the score of the emotional support domain (rs = 0.54, p = 0.039). It was concluded that caregivers had a strong SOC and high perceived support. Moreover, caregivers did not report a high impact on OHRQoL A better understanding of the caregivers' protective and coping factors in caring for individuals with disabilities may better promote their quality of life.


Subject(s)
Quality of Life , Social Support , Oral Health , Caregivers , Sense of Coherence
2.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e230302, Jan.-Dec. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1513884

ABSTRACT

Aim The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between the sense of coherence (SOC) of parents/guardians and the use of dental services by children who are 12 years old. Methods This is a cross-sectional study conducted in the eastern zone of the city of Manaus, with 358 children enrolled in the 7th grade in the municipal public school system. Data collection was performed through self-administered questionnaires sent to parents/guardians, which contained questions about socioeconomic conditions, use of dental services by children and Antonovsky's SOC-13 scale. Data were examined by descriptive and bivariate analysis, using the Chi-square test, with a 5% significance level. Results Of the 358 children, 58.4% were female; in addition, 75.4% of the parents/guardians self-reported to be brown and 39.9% of them had a family income of ½ to 1 minimum wage. SOC was categorized as strong SOC and weak SOC by the median. The association between strong or weak SOC and the use of dental services in terms of frequency (p= 0.839) and reason for last visit (p= 0.384), was not significant. Conclusion It was concluded that SOC of parents/guardians and utilization of dental services by children were not associated.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Child Health , Surveys and Questionnaires , Dental Health Services , Sense of Coherence
3.
Belo Horizonte; s.n; 2023. 120 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1511440

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o impacto dos fatores psicossociais familiares relacionados à saúde bucal de crianças/adolescentes com Transtorno do Espectro Autista (TEA) comparados com a percepção de pais/cuidadores de crianças/adolescentes sem TEA. Para avaliação da percepção do impacto de condições bucais na qualidade de vida relacionada a saúde bucal (QVRSB), 80 crianças/adolescentes com TEA e 80 sem TEA foram examinadas. Os pais/cuidadores responderam a versão curta do Parental-Caregiver Perceptions Questionnaire (P-CPQ). A avaliação da influência dos fatores comportamentais na experiência de cárie dentária foi avaliada em 80 mães de crianças/adolescentes com TEA comparada com 76 mães de crianças/adolescentes sem TEA por meio dos questionários Senso de Coerência e Lócus de Controle (LOC). Informações sociodemográficas das famílias foram coletadas por meio de um questionário estruturado autorrespondido pelos responsáveis. Um único examinador avaliou os seguintes indicadores clínicos: cárie dentária (CPO-D/ceo-d), consequências clínicas da cárie dentária não tratada (PUFA/pufa), presença de placa visível (IPV), sangramento à sondagem periodontal (ISS), má oclusão e traumatismos dentoalveolares (TD). O teste Wilcoxon comparou os domínios e o escore total do P- CPQ entre indivíduos com e sem TEA. O teste qui-quadrado de Pearson foi empregado para avaliar a associação entre o escore total do P-CPQ com os dados sociodemográficos, de saúde e com os indicadores clínicos. As variáveis que apresentaram um nível de significância (p<0,20) na análise bivariada foram incorporadas no modelo final da regressão de Poisson (IC 95%, p<0,05). Para a análise dos fatores comportamentais, os testes Qui-quadrado de Pearson, Teste-t de Student e Teste de Mann-Whitney foram realizados para avaliar as diferenças de experiência de cárie e variáveis independentes em ambos os grupos. As variáveis que apresentaram nível de significância (p<0,20) no modelo não-ajustado da Regressão Logística foram incorporadas no modelo final da regressão (IC 95%, p<0,05). Não foram encontradas diferenças estatisticamente significativas em relação à percepção de pais/cuidadores das crianças/adolescentes com TEA sobre as repercussões das condições bucais na qualidade de vida de seus filhos quando comparados à percepção dos pais/cuidadores dos indivíduos sem TEA (p=0,721). O modelo ajustado de crianças com TEA encontrou que crianças que já haviam realizado visita prévia ao dentista têm 3,682 (IC 95% = 1,007 ­ 13,462) vezes mais chance de apresentar experiência de cárie dentária que crianças que nunca foram ao dentista. Enquanto crianças com presença de placa visível têm 3,426 (IC 95% = 1,089 ­ 10,783) vezes mais chance de apresentar experiência de cárie dentária quando comparadas a crianças que não possuem placa visível. A presença de placa visível e a atribuição do acaso ao LOC materno foram determinantes para maior prevalência de experiência de cárie dentária em crianças/adolescentes sem TEA. O grupo com TEA apresentou os mesmos fatores, entretanto a visita prévia ao dentista também foi determinante. A experiência de cárie dentária ainda foi associada à percepção da ocorrência de repercussões negativas na qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde bucal das crianças/adolescentes com TEA.


The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of family psychosocial factors related to the oral health of children/adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) compared with the perception of parents/caregivers of children/adolescents without ASD. To assess the perception of the impact of oral conditions on oral health- related quality of life (QHRSB), 80 children/adolescents with ASD and 80 without ASD were examined. Parents/caregivers answered the short version of the Parental- Caregiver Perceptions Questionnaire (P-CPQ). The evaluation of the influence of behavioral factors on the experience of dental caries was evaluated in 80 mothers of children/adolescents with ASD compared with 76 mothers of children/adolescents without ASD using the Sense of Coherence and Locus of Control (LOC) questionnaires. Socio-demographic information of the families was collected through a structured questionnaire self-reported by the guardians. A single examiner evaluated the following clinical indicators: dental caries (DMFT/dmft), clinical consequences of untreated dental caries (PUFA/pufa), presence of visible plaque (IPV), bleeding on periodontal probing (ISS), malocclusion and dentoalveolar trauma (TD). The Wilcoxon test compared the domains and the total score of the P-CPQ between individuals with and without ASD. Pearson's chi-square test was used to assess the association between the total P-CPQ score and sociodemographic and health data and clinical indicators. Variables that showed a significance level (p<0.20) in the bivariate analysis were incorporated into the final Poisson regression model (95% CI, p<0.05). For the analysis of behavioral factors, Pearson's chi-square test, Student's t-test and Mann-Whitney test were performed to assess differences in caries experience and independent variables in both groups. The variables that showed a significance level (p<0.20) in the unadjusted logistic regression model were incorporated into the final regression model (95% CI, p<0.05). No statistically significant differences were found in relation to the perception of parents/caregivers of children/adolescents with ASD about the repercussions of oral conditions on their children's quality of life when compared to the perception of parents/caregivers of individuals without ASD (p=0.721). The adjusted model of children with ASD found that children who had already made a previous visit to the dentist are 3.682 (95% CI = 1.007 ­ 13.462) times more likely to experience dental caries than children who had never been to the dentist. While children with visible plaque are 3.426 (95% CI = 1.089 ­ 10.783) times more likely to experience dental caries when compared to children who do not have visible plaque. The presence of visible plaque and the attribution of chance to maternal LOC were determinants for a higher prevalence of dental caries in children/adolescents without ASD. The group with ASD presented the same factors, however the previous visit to the dentist was also decisive. The experience of dental caries was also associated with the perception of the occurrence of negative repercussions on the quality of life related to the oral health of children/adolescents with ASD.


Subject(s)
Quality of Life , Dental Caries , Sense of Coherence , Autism Spectrum Disorder , Internal-External Control
4.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e254483, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1440795

ABSTRACT

Compreender as estratégias de resolução de conflitos utilizadas por adolescentes na relação com seus pais é fundamental para entender como ocorre seu desenvolvimento saudável. Este artigo investigou a resolução de conflitos de adolescentes em situações de confronto entre o seu domínio pessoal e o controle parental. 36 adolescentes com idades entre 15 e 17 anos, divididos igualmente conforme o sexo, responderam a uma entrevista semiestruturada, que continha quatro situações de conflito hipotéticas. Os dados foram submetidos à análise de conteúdo semântica e a testes não paramétricos. Os resultados foram categorizados em sete estratégias: Assunção de culpa, Submissão, Mentira, Hostilidade, Diálogo/Explicação, Negociação e Outra. A forma predominante de resolução utilizada foi o Diálogo/Explicação, considerada como uma forma recorrente de defender o domínio pessoal. Foram encontradas diferenças em relação ao sexo dos participantes e à situação hipotética. Por fim, os resultados são discutidos em termos de grau de autonomia e tipo de defesa do domínio pessoal.(AU)


Understanding the conflict resolution strategies used by adolescents in their relationship with their parents is fundamental to understanding how their healthy development occurs. This article investigated the resolution of conflicts by adolescents in confrontation situations between their personal domain and parental control. A total of 36 adolescents, aged 15 to 17 years, divided equally according to sex, answered a semi-structured interview that contained four hypothetical conflict situations. Data were subjected to semantic content analysis and non-parametric tests. The results were categorized into seven strategies: Assumption of Guilt, Submission, Lie, Hostility, Dialogue/Explanation, Negotiation, and Other. The predominant form of resolution used was Dialogue/Explanation, considered a recurrent form of defense of the personal domain. Differences were found depending on the participants' gender and the hypothetical situation. Finally, the results are discussed regarding the degree of autonomy and type of defense of the personal domain.(AU)


Enterarse de las estrategias de resolución de conflictos que los adolescentes utilizan en la relación con sus padres es fundamental para comprender cómo ocurre el desarrollo saludable de los adolescentes. A partir de una entrevista semiestructurada, presentamos cuatro situaciones hipotéticas de conflicto que fueron analizadas y respondidas por 36 adolescentes de entre 15 y 17 años, divididos según el género. Los datos se sometieron a un análisis de contenido semántico y a pruebas no paramétricas. Los resultados se categorizaron en siete estrategias de resolución de conflictos: Asunción de culpa, Sumisión, Mentira, Hostilidad, Diálogo/Explicación, Negociación y Otros. La forma de resolución más utilizada fue Diálogo/Explicación, y esta categoría fue una forma de defensa del dominio personal. Asimismo, se encontraron diferencias en función del género de los participantes y conforme la situación hipotética. Los resultados se discuten en términos de grado de autonomía y tipo de defensa del dominio personal.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adolescent , Negotiating , Family Conflict , Anxiety , Orientation , Parent-Child Relations , Personal Satisfaction , Personality , Personality Development , Primary Health Care , Psychology , Psychology, Social , Psychosexual Development , Psychotherapy , Public Policy , Quality of Life , Role , Sex , Authoritarianism , Social Behavior Disorders , Social Change , Social Dominance , Social Environment , Socialization , Stereotyping , Stress, Psychological , Avoidance Learning , Taboo , Temperament , Temperance , Violence , Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms , Career Choice , Attitude , Child Advocacy , Child Welfare , Choice Behavior , Mental Health , Puberty , Adolescent Behavior , Parenting , Intergenerational Relations , Codependency, Psychological , Interview , Communication , Comprehensive Health Care , Privacy , Adult , Sexuality , Conduct Disorder , Feedback, Psychological , Disclosure , Dangerous Behavior , Principle-Based Ethics , Decision Making , Harm Reduction , Moral Development , Dissent and Disputes , Trust , Friends , Adolescent Development , Sexual Development , Dominance-Subordination , Education , Educational Status , Ego , Emotions , Escape Reaction , Fear , Emotional Intelligence , Sense of Coherence , Forgiveness , Protective Factors , Social Norms , Emotional Adjustment , Underage Drinking , Peer Influence , Conservative Treatment , Perfectionism , Cell Phone Use , Incivility , Self-Management , Ethnocentrism , Freedom , Frustration , Psychological Distress , Social Integration , Empowerment , Transtheoretical Model , Disinformation , Social Cohesion , Citizenship , Gestalt Therapy , Family Support , Psychological Well-Being , Guilt , Happiness , Hormones , Hostility , Human Development , Human Rights , Identity Crisis , Individuation , Juvenile Delinquency , Anger , Leisure Activities , Life Change Events , Loneliness , Love , Deception , Morals , Narcissism , Object Attachment
5.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1448799

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To associate caregivers' sense of coherence (SOC) and untreated caries with oral health status in children covered by a dental public health system. Material and Methods: A convenience sample of caregivers/children in Angra dos Reis, Brazil, was surveyed. Caregivers' SOC was evaluated using the 13-question version questionnaire. For both caregivers/children, sociodemographic information was acquired and caries experience was evaluated by DMFT/dmft and PUFA/pufa index. Statistical associations between children's untreated carious teeth and interest variables from the caregivers were evaluated by binary logistic regression assessed by generalized linear modeling. Results: A total of 233 pairs of caregivers-children were included. Children's untreated permanent and primary carious teeth represented 34.8% and 62.2% of the caries experience, respectively and at least one PUFA/pufa scored tooth was detected in 22.7% of them. Caregivers' DMFT was 13.5±7.0, while 33.6% scored on PUFA. A total of 62.1% of them presented untreated carious lesions. Results from the univariate model, correlating children's untreated caries and caregivers' attributes showed a statistical significance for SOC values (p<0.015), untreated decayed teeth (p<0.035), self-perception of oral health (p<0.022) and oral impact on daily performance (p<0.010). The multivariate logistic first model kept the statistical significance only for the caregiver's untreated decayed teeth. Conclusion: Caregivers' SOC and untreated carious teeth could be used as indicators of dental treatment needs in their offspring.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Oral Health/education , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Sense of Coherence , Health Policy , Mother-Child Relations/psychology , Social Perception , Chi-Square Distribution , Logistic Models , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Statistics, Nonparametric
6.
Pensar Prát. (Online) ; 25Fev. 2022. Ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1424825

ABSTRACT

O estudo teve por objetivo investigar as concepções de alguns professores de Educação Física (EF) acerca do conceito e do tema saúde nas aulas de EF escolar. A pesquisa qualitativa e de campo foi desenvolvida no Município de Lábrea/AM com utilização de entrevista remota semiestruturada com sete professores. O conceito de saúde mencionado é o da Organização Mundial da Saúde. Porém, ambiguamente, as narrativas operam com uma visão restrita/negativa e comportamental da relação entre práticas corporais, atividade física e saúde. Conclui-se que há a necessidade de fortalecer a formação inicial e continuada dos professores de EF para tratarem de perspectivas mais amplas do tema da saúde, a fim de fomentar práticas pedagógicas coerentes e inovadoras que promovam saúde para a comunidade escolar (AU).


This study aimed to investigate the conceptions of some Physical Education (P.E.) teachers on the concept and the theme of health in PE classes at school. We developed a qualitative field research in the city Lábrea/AM. We collected data through se-mi-structured interviews conducted online with seven teachers. The concept of health mentioned is the one of the World Health Organization. However, ambiguously, the narrative operates with a behavioral and restricted/negative view regarding corporal prac-tices, physical activity, and health. We conclude that there is a need to strengthen pre- and in-service training of P.E. teachers to deve-lop broader perspectives of health, so as to promote coherent and innovative pedagogical practices that can promote health in the school community (AU).


nvestiga las concepciones de algunos profesores de Educación Física (EF) sobre el concepto y el tema de la salud en las clases de EF. Se realizó una investigación cualitativa y de campo en el Municipio de Lábrea/AM, con entrevistas semiestructuradas a distancia con siete docentes. El concepto de salud mencionado es el de la Organización Mundial de la Salud. Sin embargo, las narra-tivas operan con una visión restringida/negativa y conductual de la relación entre prácticas corporales, actividad física y salud. Se concluye que existe la necesidad de fortalecer la formación inicial y continua de los docentes para tratar con perspectivas ampliadasel tema de la salud, a fin de propiciar prácticas pedagógicas cohe-rentes e innovadoras que promuevan la salud de la comunidad escolar (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Physical Education and Training , Health , Faculty/education , Sense of Coherence , Health Promotion , Schools , Exercise
7.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 56: 67, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1390011

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To investigate the influence of protective psychosocial factors on the incidence of dental pain in the last six months among 12-year-old children living in Manaus (AM). METHODS A prospective school-based cohort study was conducted with 210 12-year-old students enrolled in public schools in the eastern zone of Manaus (AM). Students were followed up for two years. Validated questionnaires were used to assess sociodemographic characteristics, protective psychosocial factors, including sense of coherence, social support, and self-esteem at baseline and after two years. Calibrated examiners clinically assessed dental caries and gingival bleeding. Multivariate multilevel Poisson regression was used to estimate the relative risk (RR) and 95% confidence interval (95%CI) between the changes on psychosocial factors scores and incidence of dental pain, adjusted for psychosocial factors scores at baseline, dental health insurance, frequency of tooth brushing, and dental caries. RESULTS Mean scores for sense of coherence and social support reduced significantly from baseline to 2-year follow-up. The incidence of dental pain along the two-year follow-up was 28.6%. The risk of dental pain was 14% higher for every 10 points in the mean reduction of sense of coherence score (RR = 1.14; 95%CI: 1.02-1.20), and 6% higher for every 10 points of the mean reduction in social support score (RR = 1.06; 95%CI: 1.01-1.11). Change on self-esteem was not associated with risk of dental pain. CONCLUSION Change on sense of coherence and social support over the two-year period influenced the incidence of dental pain among children, suggesting that protective psychosocial factors, health behaviours, dental health insurance, and clinical oral condition have an important role in the incidence of dental pain.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Investigar a influência de fatores psicossociais protetores sobre a incidência de dor dentária nos últimos seis meses em crianças de 12 anos residentes em Manaus (AM). MÉTODOS Um estudo de coorte prospectivo de base escolar foi realizado com 210 alunos de 12 anos, matriculados em escolas públicas da zona leste de Manaus (AM) que foram acompanhados por dois anos. Questionários validados foram usados para avaliar características sociodemográficas, fatores psicossociais protetores, incluindo senso de coerência, apoio social e autoestima na linha de base e após dois anos. Examinadores calibrados avaliaram clinicamente cárie dentária e sangramento gengival. Regressão de Poisson multinível multivariada foi usada para estimar o risco relativo (RR) e o intervalo de confiança de 95% (IC95%) entre a variação dos escores dos fatores psicossociais e a incidência de dor dentária, ajustada para os escores dos fatores psicossociais na linha de base, plano de saúde odontológico, frequência de escovação dentária e cárie dentária. RESULTADOS As médias dos escores do senso de coerência e do apoio social reduziram significativamente entre linha de base e seguimento de dois anos. A incidência de dor dentária no seguimento de dois anos foi 28,6%. O risco de dor dentária foi 14% maior para cada 10 pontos na redução média do escore do senso de coerência (RR = 1,14; IC95% 1,02-1,20), e 6% maior para cada 10 pontos na redução média do escore do apoio social (RR = 1,06; IC95% 1,01-1,11). A mudança na autoestima não foi associada ao risco de dor dentária. CONCLUSÃO A variação do senso de coerência e do apoio social no período de dois anos influenciou a incidência de dor dentária em crianças, sugerindo que fatores psicossociais protetores, comportamentos em saúde, plano odontológico e a condição clínica bucal desempenham um papel importante na incidência da dor dentária.


Subject(s)
Toothache/epidemiology , Child , Health Education , Longitudinal Studies , Sense of Coherence , Psychosocial Support Systems
8.
Saúde Soc ; 31(3): e220036pt, 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1410100

ABSTRACT

Resumo O cuidado em saúde bucal com enfoque na integralidade em saúde de crianças em vulnerabilidade social auxilia a desenvolver indivíduos com uma maior consciência de si. Uma das suas dependências está no potencial modelador das ações, atitudes e intenções dos sujeitos em relação à saúde ou doenças bucais e seus modos de cuidar circulantes na sociedade. O objetivo central foi analisar as representações sociais do cuidado em saúde bucal de crianças em vulnerabilidade. Realizou-se uma pesquisa qualitativa e exploratória, cuja amostra foram 26 crianças entre cinco e 12 anos, numa unidade de atenção primária em saúde de Fortaleza, CE, entre maio e julho de 2021. Foi aplicada a técnica do desenho-estória com tema e realizada análise interpretativa das informações, utilizando elementos da teoria salutogênica e revisão narrativa, evocados através de representações sociais, por meio de análise temática do conteúdo. As crianças retratam a prática da escovação dentária enquanto hábito rotinizado ou coercitivo, como cuidado oral. Práticas de autocuidado oral, expressando ludicidade, associando a assistência odontológica e elencando variedade de elementos para a atividade foram pontuais. Nas representações da boca, o significado é atrelado aos dentes e aos lábios, desejos e idealizações para com eles, experiência de cárie e da perda do dente decíduo.


Abstract Oral health care focused on comprehensive health for vulnerable children helps to develop better self- aware individuals, relying on the shaping potential of the subjects' actions, attitudes and intentions regarding oral health or diseases and their ways of caring in place. This study sought to analyze the social representations of oral health care for vulnerable children. A qualitative and exploratory research was conducted with 26 children between five and 12 years of age, in a primary health care unit in Fortaleza, between May and July 2021. Data were collected by means of thematic drawing-story and investigated by interpretive and content analysis, using elements from salutogenic theory and narrative review evoked by social representations. Children portray toothbrushing as a routine or coercive habit, such as oral care. Oral self-care practices associated with playfulness, dental care and a variety of elements for the activity were punctual. In representations concerning the mouth, meaning is tied to the teeth and lips, related desires and ideals, the experience of caries and loss of primary tooth.


Subject(s)
Child Care , Oral Health , Dental Care , Sense of Coherence , Social Vulnerability
9.
Movimento (Porto Alegre) ; 28: e28039, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1406059

ABSTRACT

O estudo buscou identificar e analisar o trabalho de profissionais de Educação Física com adultos e idosos na promoção da saúde, para além da prevenção de doenças. Baseada na teoria da salutogênese, a pesquisa utilizou o método qualitativo da teoria fundamentada nos dados proposto por Charmaz (2009) e o método de trabalho de campo condensado (STENHOUSE, 1978) em quatro programas públicos de promoção da saúde. Participaram do estudo quatro profissionais de Educação Física, três coordenadoras de centros de saúde e 34 adultos e idosos. Os dados foram produzidos através de entrevistas e observação não participante. A análise indutiva dos dados identificou quatro práticas representativas do trabalho dos profissionais: um olhar para as pessoas, relações de cuidado, desenvolvimento de recursos de saúde e a valorização do protagonismo comunitário. Em conclusão, os modos de trabalho dos profissionais de Educação Física demonstraram um caráter salutogênico, sugerindo possibilidades de superação do modelo biomédico. (AU)


El estudio buscó identificar y analizar el trabajo de profesionales de Educación Física con adultos y ancianos en la promoción de la salud, más allá de la prevención de enfermedades. Basada en la teoría de la salutogénesis, la investigación utilizó el método cualitativo de la teoría fundamentada en datos propuesto por Charmaz (2009) y el método de trabajo de campo condensado (STENHOUSE, 1978) en cuatro programas públicos de promoción de la salud. En el estudio participaron cuatro profesionales de Educación Física, tres coordinadoras de centros de salud y 34 adultos y ancianos. Los datos se obtuvieron a través de entrevistas y observación no participante. El análisis inductivo de los datos identificó cuatro prácticas representativas del trabajo de los profesionales: mirada hacia las personas, relaciones de cuidado, desarrollo de recursos de salud y la apreciación del protagonismo comunitario. En conclusión, los métodos de trabajo de los profesionales de la Educación Física demostraron un carácter salutogénico, sugiriendo posibilidades de superación del modelo biomédico. (AU)


The study sought to identify and analyse the work of Physical Education professionals with adults and elderly people in health promotion, beyond disease prevention. Based on the theory of salutogenesis, the research project employed the qualitative method of grounded theory proposed by Charmaz (2009) and condensed fieldwork (STENHOUSE, 1978) in four public health promotion programs. Participants included four Physical Education professionals, three health centre coordinators and 34 adults and elderly people. Data were produced through interviews and non-participant observation. Inductive analysis of data identified four practices that are representative of the professionals' work: seeing people as subjects, caring relationships, development of health resources, and encouraging community protagonism. In conclusion, the ways of working of the Physical Education professionals demonstrated a salutogenic character, suggesting possibilities for overcoming the dominance of the biomedical model. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Physical Education and Training , Exercise , Public Health , Sense of Coherence , Health Promotion , Empathy , Disease Prevention
10.
Arq. odontol ; 58: 32-39, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1400408

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:Avaliar a relação do SOC com índice Ceo-d e o SOC com as condições socioeconômicas familiares com a cárie dentária em pré-escolares (3-5 anos) do município de Manaus, capital do Estado do Amazonas. Métodos: O estudo contou com uma amostra de 89 pais e 89 crianças. Para avaliação da cárie dentária foi utilizado o índice ceo-d; o índice significativo de cárie (SiC Index) foi utilizado para avaliar a desigualdade de cárie na amostra do estudo; para avaliar o SOC materno foi utilizado o questionário (versão curta); e para avaliar as condições socioeconômicas foram utilizadas as questões do Levantamento Nacional SB Brasil 2010. Resultados: Houve uma média do ceo-d de 1,50 com maior ocorrência de cárie dentária nos participantes do gênero masculino, assim como índice SiC que se apresentou maior no gênero masculino em média 4,38. A média do senso de coerência materno foi maior entre as crianças de 5 anos de idade com um valor de 39,33 em média e no que tange às condições socioeconômicas, observaram-se que a maior parte dos participantes, 42,33 em média vive com uma renda familiar de R$1.501 a R$2.500 reais, e uma amostra considerável de 35,40 em média sobrevive com uma renda familiar de R$ 250 reais. Conclusão: Não houve uma correlação significativa entre as condições socioeconômicas e o SOC materno com o índice ceo-d.


Aim: To evaluate the relationship between SOC with the Ceo-d index and SOC with family socioeconomic conditions with dental caries in preschoolers (3-5 years) in the municipality of Manaus, capital of the State of Amazonas, Brazil. Methods: This study included a sample of 89 parents and 89 children. To evaluate dental caries, the ceo-d index was used; the significant caries index (SiC Index) was used to evaluate the inequality of caries in the study sample; to evaluate the maternal SOC, the questionnaire (short version) was applied; and to evaluate the socioeconomic conditions, the SB Brazil 2010: National Research on Oral Health was used. Results: An average ceo-d of 1.50 was found, with a higher occurrence of dental caries in male participants, as well as an SiC index that proved to be higher in males, on average by 4.38 fold. The average sense of maternal coherence was higher among 5-year-old children, with a value of 39.33 on average. As regards socioeconomic conditions, it was observed that most participants, 42.33 on average, live with a monthly family income of R$1,501 to R$2,500 reais, and a considerable sample of 35.40 on average survives on a monthly family income of R$250 reais. Conclusion: No significant correlation was found between socioeconomic conditions and maternal SOC with the ceo-d index.


Subject(s)
Social Class , Child, Preschool , Dental Caries , Sense of Coherence
11.
Odontol. Clín.-Cient ; 20(3)jul.-set. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1372000

ABSTRACT

O presente trabalho teve como objetivo compreender a relação entre o Senso de Coerência (SOC) dos responsáveis e a experiência de cárie dentária dos escolares de 5 a 10 anos da Escola de Educação Básica da Universidade Federal da Paraíba (EEBAS/UFPB). Participaram do estudo 120 crianças e responsáveis. Os exames clínicos foram realizados na própria escola, após assinatura do Termo de Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido (TCLE) pelos responsáveis. Os responsáveis responderam o SOC-13. Os dados obtidos foram submetidos à análise estatística descritiva e inferencial. Foi encontrado que os valores de ceo-d e CPO-d variaram 0 a 8, com 76,2% de valor para o componente cariado. Não houve associação estatisticamente significante entre o SOC dos responsáveis e a experiência de cárie dos alunos. Também não foi encontrada relação entre o SOC e ceo-d, idade, sexo e série escolar. No entanto, o SOC parece ter uma influência significativa no comportamento e impactar em aspectos socioeconômicos... (AU)


This study aimed to comprehend the relationship between parental Sense of Coherence (SOC) and dental caries experience in children aged 5-10 years at the Basic School of Federal University of Paraiba. The sample was composed of 120 children and their parents. Clinical examinations were performed at the school, after signing the Term of Free and Informed Consent (TFIC) by the parents. The parental SOC was measured using the 13-item version (SOC-13). The data obtained were submitted to descriptive and inferential statistical analyses. The values of dmft and DMFT ranged from 0 to 8, with a predominance of the decayed component (76.2%). There was no statistically significant association between parental SOC and dental caries experience in the students. In addition, parental SOC was not significantly associated with dmft, age, gender, or school grade. Nonetheless, the SOC seems to have a significant influence on behavior and impact on socio-economic aspects... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Socioeconomic Factors , Child , Dental Health Surveys , Oral Health , Dental Care for Children , Dental Caries , Sense of Coherence
12.
Rev. bras. promoç. saúde (Impr.) ; 34: 1-12, 17/02/2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292269

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Evaluar la asociación entre sentido de coherencia y control glucémico en adultos con Diabetes Mellitus tipo 2. Métodos: Estudio de tipo transversal desarrollado durante el año 2018 en el cual fueron encuestados 220 diabéticos de tres unidades de Salud de la Secretaría de Salud del Estado de Jalisco en Ciudad Guzmán, México. Se les aplicó el instrumento SOC-13 para sentido de coherencia y el control glucémico se evaluó por medio del nivel de hemoglobina glucosilada que se obtuvo del expediente médico. Los datos se analizaron por medio del análisis de regresión logística. Resultados: Se obtuvieron resultados con un total de 220 participantes en un rango de edad entre 23 y 69 años de los que el 67% presentó control glucémico inadecuado y el 33% control glucémico adecuado; de los encuestados con control glucémico inadecuado el 24% refirió puntuaciones bajas de sentido de coherencia, mientras que el 96% de quienes tienen control glucémico adecuado obtuvo puntuaciones medio/alta de sentido de coherencia. Los análisis de regresión logística arrojan que el sentido de coherencia se asocia significativamente con el control glucémico (OR = 7.2; 95% C.I: 2.0-24.7; p = 0.002) después de ajustar los análisis por diversas variables confusoras como sexo, apego al plan alimenticio, actividad física, ausencia de complicaciones y ausencia de tabaquismo. Conclusión: Los diabéticos con puntuaciones medio/altas de sentido de coherencia tienen hasta 7 veces más probabilidad de tener control glucémico adecuado que diabéticos con puntuaciones bajas de sentido de coherencia independientemente de variables intervinientes.


Objetivo: Avaliar a associação entre senso de coerência e controle glicêmico em adultos com diabetes mellitus tipo 2. Métodos: Estudo transversal desenvolvido durante 2018, com 220 diabéticos de três unidades de saúde da Secretaria de Saúde do Estado de Jalisco na cidade de Guzmán, México. Aplicou-se o instrumento SOC-13 para senso de coerência, e avaliou-se o controle glicêmico por meio do nível de hemoglobina glicosada obtido nos prontuários. Assim, obtiveram-se os dados por análise de regressão logística. Resultados: Os 220 participantes tinham faixa etária de 23 a 69 anos, dos quais 148 (67%) apresentavam controle glicêmico inadequado e 72 (33%) controle glicêmico adequado; 24% dos pesquisados com controle glicêmico inadequado relataram escores baixos para senso de coerência, enquanto 96% daqueles com controle glicêmico adequado obtiveram escores médios/ altos para senso de coerência. As análises de regressão logística mostram que o senso de coerência está significativamente associado ao controle glicêmico (OR=7,2; IC 95%: 2,0-24,7; p=0,002) após ajustar as análises para variáveis de confusão, como sexo, adesão ao plano alimentar, atividade física, ausência de complicações e ausência de tabagismo. Conclusão: Diabéticos, com escores médios/altos de senso de coerência, têm até 7 vezes mais chances de apresentar controle glicêmico adequado do que diabéticos com baixos escores de senso de coerência, independentemente das variáveis intervenientes.


Objective: To evaluate the association between a sense of coherence and glycemic control in adults with type 2 Mellitus Diabetes. Methods: Cross-sectional study, developed during 2018, 220 diabetics from three health units of the Secretaria de Salud del Estado de Jalisco in Ciudad Guzmán, Mexico, the SOC-13 instrument was applied for a sense of coherence, glycemic control was evaluated through the level of glycosylated hemoglobin obtained from the medical record, the data was analyzed through logistic regression analysis. Results: Results were obtained with a total of 220 participants in an age range of 23 to 69 years of which 67% presented inadequate glycemic control and 33% adequate glycemic control; 24% of those surveyed with inadequate glycemic control reported low scores for a sense of coherence, while 96% of those with adequate glycemic control obtained medium/high scores for a sense of coherence. The logistic regression analyzes show that the sense of coherence is significantly associated with glycemic control (OR=7.2; 95% CI: 2.0-24.7; p=0.002) after adjusting the analyzes for various confounding variables such as sex, adherence to eating plan, physical activity, absence of complications and absence of smoking. Conclusion: Diabetics with medium/high scores of coherence sense are up to 7 times more likely to have adequate glycemic control than diabetics with low scores of coherence sense regardless of intervening variables.


Subject(s)
Glycated Hemoglobin , Sense of Coherence , Health Promotion , Metabolism
13.
Texto & contexto enferm ; 29: e20180376, Jan.-Dec. 2020. graf
Article in English | BDENF, LILACS | ID: biblio-1059136

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to identify and synthesize evidence that relates the salutogenic theory proposed by Antonovsky with cardiovascular disease in adults. Methods: we conducted a scoping review as proposed by Arksey and O'Malley. Bibliographic databases were searched for original research articles about salutogenesis and cardiovascular health. The search yielded 29 studies that met the previously defined inclusion criteria. The results were evaluated and summarized in the form of a narrative. Results: the findings of the studies pointed to a correlation among a strong sense of coherence, high quality of life and a greater likelihood of adopting healthy behaviors. Furthermore, the articles showed that social support improves perceived health and well-being of adults with cardiovascular disease. Conclusions: as a central concept of the salutogenic theory, a sense of coherence represents a topic of interest for nursing professionals. Through their interventions, nurses can strengthen and improve people's skills in the quest for and maintenance of their own health.


RESUMO Objetivo: identificar e sintetizar as evidências que relacionam a teoria salutogênica proposta pelo Antonosvsky com doenças cardiovasculares em adultos. Métodos: realizou-se uma revisão exploratória da literatura de acordo com a proposta de Arksey e O'Malley e identificou-se artigos de pesquisa originais sobre a salutogênese e a saúde cardiovascular por meio de bases de dados bibliográficas. Desses, 29 cumpriram com os critérios de inclusão previamente definidos. Os resultados foram avaliados e sintetizados em uma narrativa. Resultados: os resultados demonstram uma correlação entre um forte sentido de coerência, melhor qualidade de vida e maior tendência de adotar condutas saudáveis, além de evidenciarem que o apoio social melhora a percepção de saúde e o bem-estar de adultos com doenças cardiovasculares. Conclusões: o sentido de coerência como conceito central da teoria salutogênica representa um tema de interesse para profissionais de enfermagem. Por meio de intervenções, estes podem fortalecer e melhorar as capacidades das pessoas na busca e manutenção de sua própria saúde.


RESUMEN Objetivo: identificar y sintetizar la evidencia que relaciona la teoría salutogénica propuesta por Antonovsky con enfermedad cardiovascular en personas adultas. Métodos: se llevó a cabo un scoping review según lo propuesto por Arksey y O'Malley, se identificaron artículos de investigación originales sobre salutogénesis y salud cardiovascular a través de bases de datos bibliográficas, de los cuales 29 cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión definidos previamente. Los resultados fueron evaluados y sintetizados en una narrativa. Resultados: los hallazgos demuestran relación entre un fuerte sentido de coherencia, con una alta calidad de vida y mayor tendencia a adoptar conductas saludables, además evidencian que el apoyo social mejora la percepción de la salud y el bienestar de las personas adultas con enfermedad cardiovascular. Conclusiones: el sentido de coherencia como concepto central de la teoría salutogénica representa un tema de interés para los profesionales de enfermería quienes, a través de intervenciones, podrán fortalecer y mejorar las capacidades de las personas para la búsqueda y mantenimiento de su propia salud.


Subject(s)
Cardiovascular Diseases , Sense of Coherence , Quality of Life , Health , Review , Adult , Healthy Lifestyle
14.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet. (Impr.) ; 25(10): 3955-3967, Out. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1132998

ABSTRACT

Resumen El objetivo fue sintetizar las mejores evidencias científicas sobre el efecto del sentido de coherencia en el desarrollo de la enfermedad, tratamiento e indicadores biomédicos de control metabólico y desarrollo de complicaciones de personas en riesgo de desarrollar diabetes y en diabéticos. El método utilizado fue la revisión sistemática. Búsqueda y selección por dos revisores independientes en las bases de datos Scopus, Web of Science, PubMed, Ebsco, Science Direct y manuales, disponibles hasta 2017, en español e inglés, en población con edad superior a 18 años. De un total de 154 estudios, 20 artículos fueron incluidos en la revisión sistemática. Más de la mitad de los estudios utilizaron la versión SOC-13 para la verificación del sentido de coherencia y el indicador de control metabólico más frecuente fue la hemoglobina glucosilada. Además, 14, de los 20 estudios, encontraron una relación estadísticamente significativa entre el sentido de coherencia y la diabetes. Se concluye que el sentido de coherencia tiene una fuerte correlación con la diabetes en las diferentes fases de la enfermedad y está relacionado con la reducción del riesgo para el desarrollo de la enfermedad, la reducción de los valores de hemoglobina glucosilada y la aparición de complicaciones de la diabetes mellitus.


Abstract The aim was to synthesize the best scientific evidence on the effect of sense of coherence in disease development, treatment, and biomedical metabolic control indicators, as well as the complications involved for people at risk of developing diabetes and for diabetics. The systematic review method was implemented. Search and selection efforts of two independent reviewers on Scopus, Web of Science, PubMed, Ebsco, Science Direct, and manuals databases, available until 2017, in Spanish and English, of the population aged 18 and over. From a total of 154 studies, 20 articles were included in the systematic review. Over half of the studies used the SOC-13 version to verify the sense of coherence and the most frequent indicator of metabolic control was glycated hemoglobin. In addition to this, 14 of the 20 studies found a statistically significant relationship between sense of coherence and diabetes. It is concluded that the sense of coherence has a strong correlation with diabetes in the different phases of the disease and is related to the reduction of risk for the development of the disease, a reduction of glycated hemoglobin values, and the appearance of diabetes mellitus-related complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Sense of Coherence , Glycated Hemoglobin
15.
Aval. psicol ; 19(3): 298-309, jul.-set. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | INDEXPSI, LILACS | ID: biblio-1131875

ABSTRACT

El sentido de coherencia se conforma por tres factores: comprensibilidad, manejabilidad y significatividad. En la investigación se analizó su estructura factorial a partir de la escala SOC-29 y su relación con de apego. Se plantearon tres hipótesis para valorar la confiabilidad, validez convergente y estructura factorial. La muestra estuvo compuesta por 445 participantes. El análisis estadístico se basó en técnicas descriptivas, alfa de Cronbach, correlación de Pearson y análisis factorial confirmatorio. Los resultados obtenidos aportan evidencias en favor de las hipótesis, con una consistencia interna de α=.82, una correlación significativa de apego r=.27 a .83 y un ajuste aceptable del modelo x²=1275.88, CFI=.85, RMSEA=.07 [.06-.07], SRMR=.04. Terminado el estudio, se ha destacado la importancia del cambio lingüístico realizado para adaptar la escala al contexto ecuatoriano; se mencionan dos limitaciones importantes referentes a su aplicación como autorrelato y la localización geográfica, a considerar para trabajos posteriores. (AU)


O senso de coerência é formado por três fatores: compreensibilidade, gerenciabilidade e significância. Na pesquisa, sua estrutura fatorial foi analisada por ser avaliada com a escala SOC-29 e sua relação com o apego. Três hipóteses foram propostas para avaliar confiabilidade, validade convergente e estrutura fatorial. A amostra foi composta por 445 participantes. A análise estatística foi baseada em técnicas descritivas, alfa de Cronbach, correlação de Pearson e análise fatorial confirmatória. Os resultados fornecem evidência para as hipóteses com uma consistência interna de α = 0,82, uma correlação significativa r = 0,27 a 0,83 e ajuste aceitável do modelo x² = 1275.88, CFI = 0,85, RMSEA = 0,07 [0,06-0,07], SRMR = 0,04. O artigo está terminado, enfatizando a importância da mudança linguística feita para adaptar a escala ao contexto equatoriano. Duas limitações importantes são mencionadas em relação à sua aplicação como autorrelato e localização geográfica, a serem levadas em conta para o trabalho subsequente. (AU)


The Sense of Coherence is formed by three factors: comprehensibility, manageability and meaningfulness. In this study, its factorial structure was analyzed through assessment with the SOC-29 scale and its relationship with attachment. Three hypotheses were proposed to assess the reliability, convergent validity and factorial structure, using a sample of 445 participants. Statistical analysis was based on descriptive techniques, Cronbach's alpha, Pearson's correlation and confirmatory factor analysis. The results obtained provide evidence in favor of the hypotheses, with an internal consistency of α=.82, a significant correlation with attachment r=.27 to .83 and an acceptable fit of the model x²=1275.88, CFI=.85, RMSEA=.07 [.06-.07], SRMR=.04. The study highlights the importance of the linguistic changes made to adapt the scale to the Ecuadorian context. Two important limitations are mentioned regarding its application as a self-report and the geographical location, which need to be taken into consideration in subsequent studies. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Sense of Coherence , Object Attachment , Factor Analysis, Statistical
16.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet. (Impr.) ; 25(4): 1491-1498, abr. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089537

ABSTRACT

Abstract This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the association between the Sense of Coherence and impact of oral health on the quality of life. Was conducted with a sample of 720 individuals of both sexes, between the ages of 50 and 74 years, selected through multistage proportional random sampling. The data collection instruments used were: short version of the Sense of Coherence Scale (SOC-13), Oral Impacts on Daily Performances (OIDP) questionnaire, oral clinical examination and questionnaire containing socio demographic and use of dental services information. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were performed through Poisson regression adjusted for robust variance, with level of significance p < 0.05. Oral impacts were reported by 416 participants (57.8%). In the adjusted model, those with strong SOC were more likely of not having any impact when compared with individuals with weak SOC (PR=1.30). Need for dental prosthesis was also associated with the outcome, individuals who did not require prosthesis had less impact (PR=1.50). The findings showed that SOC is associated with OIDP, supporting the hypothesis that individuals with strong SOC present a lower impact of oral health on the quality of life, suggesting that SOC is a determinant that can provide protection against that impact.


Resumo Este estudo transversal objetivou investigar a associação entre Senso de Coerência (SOC) e o impacto da saúde bucal na qualidade de vida. Foi realizado com uma amostra de 720 indivíduos de ambos os sexos, com idade entre 50 e 74 anos, selecionados por amostragem aleatória proporcional em múltiplos estágios. Os instrumentos de coleta de dados foram: versão curta da Sense of Coherence Scale, questionário Oral Impact on Daily Performance (OIDP), exame clínico bucal e questionário sociodemográfico e de uso de serviços odontológicos. As análises bivariadas e multivariadas foram realizadas por regressão de Poisson ajustada para variância robusta, com nível de significância p < 0,05. O impacto da saúde bucal foi relatado por 416 participantes (57,8%). No modelo ajustado, aqueles com SOC forte foram mais propensos a não ter nenhum impacto, comparados aos indivíduos com SOC fraco (PR=1,30). A necessidade de prótese dentária também foi associada ao desfecho e os indivíduos que não necessitavam prótese tiveram menor impacto (PR=1,50). Os resultados mostraram que o SOC está associado ao OIDP, apoiando a hipótese de que os indivíduos com SOC forte apresentam menor impacto da saúde bucal na qualidade de vida, sugerindo que o SOC é um determinante que pode proporcionar proteção contra esse impacto.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Quality of Life/psychology , Oral Health , Sense of Coherence , Brazil , Poisson Distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies , Analysis of Variance , Dental Prosthesis/psychology , Middle Aged
17.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 54: 07, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058897

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE This study evaluated the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of older adults participating or not in Seniors Centers (SC). METHODS Two independent samples were compared: older adults who participate in SC (n = 124) and older adults who visited Primary Healthcare Centers (PHC) and do not participate in SC (n = 164). The data collected consisted of sociodemographic (sex, age, educational level, marital status, family income) and psychosocial characteristics—Sense of Coherence (SOC), anxiety and depression using HADS, happiness—, and oral clinical evaluation—use and need of dental prosthesis and decayed (D), missing (M), or filled (F) teeth. The resulting OHRQoL was evaluated using the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14). The Mann-Whitney test was used to assess the associations between the independent variables and the OHIP-14. Poisson regression models were also used in the analyses (α=0.05). RESULTS In the PHC, of the 270 individuals invited to participate in the study, 164 (60.7%) were interviewed and clinically examined; while in the SC, of the 166 individuals invited to participate in the study, 124 (74.7%) were interviewed and clinically examined. After adjustments for sociodemographic, psychosocial and clinical factors, we found that the impact on OHRQoL was 2.8 times higher (95%CI 2.0-4.2) for older adults who did not participate in SC. CONCLUSION Older adults who participated in SC showed better perception on OHRQoL, independently of sociodemographic, psychosocial and clinical factors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Quality of Life/psychology , Oral Health/statistics & numerical data , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Poisson Distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Tooth Loss/psychology , Tooth Loss/epidemiology , Dental Prosthesis/psychology , Dental Prosthesis/statistics & numerical data , Sense of Coherence , Senior Centers , Health Services Accessibility , Middle Aged
18.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056167

ABSTRACT

El artículo presenta una estrategia de intervención sobre la violencia intrafamiliar a partir de una resignificación conceptual de la noción de violencia y el planteamiento de su función y sentido. La violencia se entiende como una fuerza de carácter simbólico inherente al sistema familiar, que cumple la función de mantener, modificar o sustituir los vínculos, teniendo como efecto su reorganización. El sentido es abordado bajo las acepciones de significación, propósito y orientación que constituyen el carácter discursivo bajo el cual se manifiesta la violencia. La intervención tiene como base un modelo analítico que privilegia la palabra de los sujetos. Mediante el análisis, ellos comprenderán de qué manera su historia familiar, los lugares y funciones de sus integrantes, el modo de desempeñarlos y sus expectativas sobre aquellos, favorecen la expresión de la violencia como un modo de hacer frente a la falla propia de todo sistema familiar.


The article presents a strategy for interventions on family violence, starting from a conceptual resignification of the notion of violence and a proposition regarding its function and meaning. Violence is conceived as a force of symbolic nature that is inherent to the family system and has the function of maintaining, modifying or substituting the bonds, thus resulting in their reorganization. Its sense is approached under the connotations of meaning, purpose, and orientation, that constitute the discursive nature which violence entails given its symbolic quality. The intervention is supported in an analytical model that privileges the subjects' words. Through the analysis, subjects will understand how their family history, the places and functions of its members, the way these are carried out, and their expectations about them, favor the expression of violence as a means of facing the failure of every familiar system.


Subject(s)
Domestic Violence , Sense of Coherence
19.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e009, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055527

ABSTRACT

Abstract The sense of coherence (SOC) is a measure of global orientation regarding the ability of individuals to cope with stressful situations. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association between SOC and quality of life (QoL) and clinical and sociodemographic characteristics among survivors of oral, oropharynx, hypopharynx, or larynx cancer. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 90 cancer patients in follow up at the Santa Maria University Hospital in southern Brazil who had completed conformal 3D radiotherapy at least three months earlier. QoL was assessed using the University of Washington Quality of Life (UW-QOL) questionnaire and SOC was measured using the Brazilian version of the SOC-13 questionnaire. Data on socio-demographic characteristics and the disease were obtained from patients' charts. Oral clinical conditions were also evaluated. Associations between exploratory variables and mean UW-QOL scores were evaluated through Poisson regression and the results were presented as rate ratios (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). The mean overall UW-QOL score was 67.90 (± 18.71). Moderate and high SOC scores were associated with higher mean UW-QOL scores, that is, individuals with a stronger SOC demonstrated better QoL, (p < 0.05). Regarding the clinical variables, individuals with advanced stage cancer and those with hyposalivation and trismus had poorer QoL (p < 0.05). Patients with a greater SOC reported a better quality of life. Our findings show the importance of focusing on psychosocial factors, which can alleviate the impact caused by the disease and improve the QoL of these patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Quality of Life/psychology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/psychology , Sense of Coherence , Head and Neck Neoplasms/psychology , Reference Values , Socioeconomic Factors , Trismus/psychology , Xerostomia/psychology , Severity of Illness Index , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Regression Analysis , Statistics, Nonparametric , Head and Neck Neoplasms/pathology , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging
20.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e009, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089388

ABSTRACT

Abstract The sense of coherence (SOC) is a measure of global orientation regarding the ability of individuals to cope with stressful situations. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association between SOC and quality of life (QoL) and clinical and sociodemographic characteristics among survivors of oral, oropharynx, hypopharynx, or larynx cancer. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 90 cancer patients in follow up at the Santa Maria University Hospital in southern Brazil who had completed conformal 3D radiotherapy at least three months earlier. QoL was assessed using the University of Washington Quality of Life (UW-QOL) questionnaire and SOC was measured using the Brazilian version of the SOC-13 questionnaire. Data on socio-demographic characteristics and the disease were obtained from patients' charts. Oral clinical conditions were also evaluated. Associations between exploratory variables and mean UW-QOL scores were evaluated through Poisson regression and the results were presented as rate ratios (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). The mean overall UW-QOL score was 67.90 (± 18.71). Moderate and high SOC scores were associated with higher mean UW-QOL scores, that is, individuals with a stronger SOC demonstrated better QoL, (p < 0.05). Regarding the clinical variables, individuals with advanced stage cancer and those with hyposalivation and trismus had poorer QoL (p < 0.05). Patients with a greater SOC reported a better quality of life. Our findings show the importance of focusing on psychosocial factors, which can alleviate the impact caused by the disease and improve the QoL of these patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Quality of Life/psychology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/psychology , Sense of Coherence , Head and Neck Neoplasms/psychology , Reference Values , Socioeconomic Factors , Trismus/psychology , Xerostomia/psychology , Severity of Illness Index , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Regression Analysis , Statistics, Nonparametric , Head and Neck Neoplasms/pathology , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging
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