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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936078


Gastric cancer is one of the most common gastrointestinal malignancies, and the incidence and mortality of gastric cancer remain high in China. In recent years, with the rapid popularization of laparoscopic technology, fluorescent laparoscopic technology is increasingly getting mature, providing a new method for accurate clinical tracing of lymph nodes and prediction of tumor metastasis lymph nodes. A large number of scientific research experiments and clinical trials have shown that, laparoscopic lymph node diagnosis technology based on the fluorescent indocyanine green (ICG) can significantly improve the efficiency of lymphadenectomy and prediction accuracy of lymph node metastasis, and can reveal a more accurate scope of lymphadenectomy in gastric cancer for surgeons, so as to avoid excessive adenectomy as well as iatrogenic injuries on patients. Although the status of the technology in gastric cancer surgery mentioned above continues improving, the overall operation process details of ICG fluorescence imaging, standardized fluorescence detecting equipment, and postoperative pathological examination process still need to be further optimized.

Coloring Agents , Gastrectomy , Humans , Indocyanine Green , Laparoscopy , Lymph Node Excision/methods , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy/methods , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 410-415, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935229


Objective: To explore the independent risk factors of internal mammary lymph nodes (IMN) metastasis and the risk assessment method of IMN metastasis preoperatively in breast cancer patients with negative IMN in imaging examination, and guide the radiotherapy of IMN in patients with different risk stratification of IMN metastasis. Methods: The clinical and pathological data of 301 breast cancer patients who underwent internal mammary sentinel node biopsy(IM-SLNB) and/or IMN dissection in Shandong Cancer Hospital with negative IMN on CT and/or MRI from January 2010 to October 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. The independent risk factors were analyzed by univariate and multivariate logistic regression, and the independent risk factors of IMN metastasis were used to risk stratification. Results: Among the 301 patients, 43 patients had IMN metastasis, and the rate of IMN metastasis was 14.3%. Univariate analysis showed that vascular tumor thrombus, progesterone receptor (PR) expression, T stage and N stage were associated with IMN metastasis. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that tumor located in medial quadrant, positive PR and axillary lymph node metastasis were independent risk factors for IMN metastasis. The risk of IMN metastasis was assessed according to the independent risk factors of the patients: low-risk group is including 0 risk factor, medium-risk group is including 1 risk factor, and high-risk group is including 2-3 risk factors. According to this evaluation criteria, 301 patients with breast cancer were divided into low-risk group (with 0 risk factors), medium-risk group (with 1 risk factor) and high-risk group (with 2-3 risk factors). The IMN metastasis rates were 0 (0/34), 4.3% (6/140) and 29.1% (37/127), respectively. Conclusions: The risk stratification of IMN metastasis according to three independent risk factors of IMN metastasis including tumor located in medial quadrant, positive PR and axillary lymph node metastasis in breast cancer patients can guide the radiotherapy of IMN in newly diagnosed breast cancer patients. For N1 patients, radiotherapy of IMN is strongly recommended when the primary tumor is located in the medial quadrant and/or PR positive.

Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Female , Humans , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis/pathology , Neoplasms, Second Primary/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy/methods
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 377-381, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935224


Cervical cancer is the most common gynecological malignant carcinoma in Chinese women, which seriously threatens women's health. Lymph node metastasis is the most important factor affecting the prognosis and adjuvant treatment of patients with early cervical cancer. Conventional systematic lymphadenectomy has always been a reliable method to detect lymph node metastasis. However, this procedure may affect the quality of life of patients because of high risks of complications. Recently, sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) has been researched aiming to assess the status of pelvic lymph node metastasis intraoperatively, avoid unnecessary lymphadenectomy and achieve the goal of individualized diagnosis and treatment. Exploring efficient tracing methods and pathological ultra-staging is the key to the clinical application of SLNB for cervical cancer, and understanding the latest relevant clinical research progress will help SLNB to be applied in the clinic as soon as possible to benefit patients with cervical cancer.

Female , Humans , Lymph Node Excision/methods , Lymph Nodes/surgery , Lymphatic Metastasis/pathology , Neoplasm Staging , Quality of Life , Sentinel Lymph Node/surgery , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy/methods , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/surgery
Dermatol. argent ; 27(3): 86-96, jul.- sep. 2021. il, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1370948


La biopsia selectiva del ganglio centinela (BSGC) se ha desarrollado de tal manera que reemplazó a la linfadenectomía electiva en el tratamiento del melanoma cutáneo (MC). Numerosos estudios demostraron que el estado del ganglio centinela es un factor pronóstico independiente en relación con la supervivencia global y la supervivencia libre de enfermedad de los pacientes con melanoma. El objetivo del presente trabajo fue realizar una revisión bibliográfica para comprender la utilidad y las indicaciones de la BSGC en pacientes con MC a partir de la evidencia actual publicada.

Sentinel lymph biopsy (SLNB) has been developed in such a way that is has replaced elective lymphadenectomy in the treatment of cutaneous melanoma (CM). Numerous studies have shwn that sentinel node status is an independent prognostic factor in relation to overall survival and disease-free survival of patients with CM. The purpose of this article is to carry out a literature review to understand the usefulness and indications of SLNB in patients with CM based on the current evidence.

Humans , Male , Female , Skin Neoplasms , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy/methods , Sentinel Lymph Node/pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis , Melanoma/pathology
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(6): 662-666, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155769


Abstract Background: Anaphylaxis is a constant perioperative concern due to the exposure to several agents capable of inducing hypersensitivity reactions. Patent blue V (PBV), also known as Sulfan Blue, a synthetic dye used in sentinel node research in breast surgery, is responsible for 0.6% of reported anaphylactic conditions. We present a case of a 49-year-old female patient who underwent left breast tumorectomy with sentinel lymph node staging using PBV and experienced an anaphylactic reaction. Methods: We conducted a literature search through PubMed for case reports, case series, review and systematic reviews since 2005 with the keywords "anaphylaxis" and "patent blue". We then included articles found in these publications' reference sections. Results: We found 12 relevant publications regarding this topic. The main findings are summarized, with information regarding the clinical presentation, management, and investigation protocol. Hypotension is the most common clinical manifestation. The presentation is usually delayed when compared with anaphylaxis from other agents and cutaneous manifestations are occasionally absent. Patients may have had previous exposure to the dye, used also as a food, clothes and drug colorant. Conclusion: The diagnosis of anaphylaxis in patients under sedation or general anesthesia may be difficult due to particularities of the perioperative context. According to the published literature, the presentation of the reaction is similar in most cases and a heightened clinical sense is key to address the situation appropriately. Finding the agent responsible for the allergic reaction is of paramount importance to prevent future episodes.

Resumo Introdução: A anafilaxia pode ocorrer durante o período perioperatório devido à exposição a diversos agentes capazes de induzir reações de hipersensibilidade. O corante sintético Azul Patente V (APV), também conhecido como Sulfan Blue, é usado na pesquisa de linfonodo sentinela em cirurgia de mama, e é responsável por 0,6% dos eventos anafiláticos relatados. Descrevemos o caso de uma paciente de 49 anos de idade submetida à tumorectomia de mama esquerda com estadiamento de linfonodo sentinela, em que se empregou o APV e que apresentou reação anafilática. Método: Por meio do PubMed, pesquisamos publicações que documentavam relatos de casos, séries de casos, revisões e revisões sistemáticas desde 2005, usando as palavras-chave "anaphylaxis" e "patent blue". Em seguida, incluímos artigos encontrados na lista de referências dessas publicações. Resultados: Encontramos 12 publicações relevantes sobre o tópico. Os principais achados estão resumidos, com informações do quadro clínico, tratamento e protocolo de investigação. A hipotensão foi a manifestação clínica mais frequente. De forma geral, o quadro clínico tem início tardio quando comparado à anafilaxia por outros agentes e, ocasionalmente, as manifestações cutâneas estão ausentes. Os pacientes podem ter tido exposição prévia ao APV, que também é usado como corante de alimentos, roupas e medicamentos. Conclusão: O diagnóstico de anafilaxia em pacientes sob sedação ou anestesia geral pode ser difícil devido às peculiaridades do contexto perioperatório. Segundo a literatura publicada, a apresentação da reação é semelhante na maioria dos casos e um discernimento clínico aguçado é fundamental para enfrentar o evento adequadamente. Encontrar o agente responsável pela reação alérgica é essencial para a prevenção de futuros episódios.

Humans , Female , Rosaniline Dyes/adverse effects , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Coloring Agents/adverse effects , Anaphylaxis/chemically induced , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy/methods , Hypotension/etiology , Anaphylaxis/complications , Anaphylaxis/diagnosis , Middle Aged
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(1): 47-51, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-983750


Abstract: Background: Sentinel lymph node biopsy in thin invasive primary cutaneous melanoma (up to 1mm thick) is a controversial subject. The presence of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes could be a factor to be considered in the decision to perform this procedure. Objective: To evaluate the association between the presence of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes and lymph node metastases caused by thin primary cutaneous melanoma. Methods: Cross-sectional study with 137 records of thin invasive primary cutaneous melanoma submitted to sentinel lymph node biopsy from 2003 to 2015. The clinical variables considered were age, sex and topography of the lesion. The histopathological variables assessed were: tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes, melanoma subtype, Breslow thickness, Clark levels, number of mitoses per mm2, ulceration, regression and satellitosis. Univariate analyzes and logistic regression tests were performed as well the odds ratio and statistical relevance was considered when p <0.05. Results: Among the 137 cases of thin primary cutaneous melanoma submitted to sentinel lymph node biopsy, 10 (7.3%) had metastatic involvement. Ulceration on histopathology was positively associated with the presence of metastatic lymph node, with odds ratio =12.8 (2.77-59.4 95% CI, p=0.001). The presence of moderate/marked tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes was shown to be a protective factor for the presence of metastatic lymph node, with OR=0.20 (0.05-0.72 95% CI, p=0.014). The other variables - clinical and histopathological - were not associated with the outcome. Study limitations: The relatively small number of positive sentinel lymph node biopsy may explain such an expressive association of ulceration with metastatization. Conclusions: In patients with thin invasive primary cutaneous melanoma, few or absent tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes, as well as ulceration, represent independent risk factors for lymph node metastasis.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Lymphocytes, Tumor-Infiltrating/pathology , Sentinel Lymph Node/pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis/pathology , Melanoma/pathology , Logistic Models , Cross-Sectional Studies , Multivariate Analysis , Risk Factors , ROC Curve , Sex Distribution , Statistics, Nonparametric , Risk Assessment , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy/methods
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 62(3): 296-302, May-June 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950063


ABSTRACT Objectives: The objectives of this study were to evaluate the following: 1) the accuracy of sentinel lymph node mapping (SLNM) in detecting metastasis in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), and 2) if SLNM could modify the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) staging of previous cN0 PTC patients. Subjects and methods: Forty SLNM were performed prospectively in 38 consecutive cN0 PTC patients, with total thyroidectomy and elective compartment neck dissection (CND). The results of SLNM were compared with CND pathological findings to verify the accuracy of sentinel SLNM. Results: The mean patients' follow-up was 36 months. A total of 133 SLN were found at levels VI, II, III and IV. The SLN was identified in 95% of the patients with one false negative, 95% sensitivity, a 94% negative predictive value and 97% accuracy. The SLNM upstaging from cN0 to pN+ was 49%, and to stages III and IVa, it was 21%. Conclusions: For this series of cN0 PTC patients: 1) SLNM accuracy was 97%, and 2) SLNM upstaging from cN0 to pN+ was 49%, whereas to stages III and IVa, it was 21%.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Thyroid Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Papillary/secondary , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy/methods , Sentinel Lymph Node/pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis/diagnosis , Predictive Value of Tests , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Sensitivity and Specificity , Neoplasm Staging
Clinics ; 73: e363, 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952807


OBJECTIVES: To compare imprint cytology and paraffin section histology for sentinel lymph node detection in women with breast cancer treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy. METHOD: A cross-sectional study and report of the sentinel lymph node statuses of 64 patients with breast cancer who underwent intraoperative imprint cytology and neoadjuvant chemotherapy in a referral cancer institute in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, between 2014 and 2016. RESULTS: The mean age was 51 years. The most common histological type was invasive ductal carcinoma (93.75%), and the most common differentiation grade was 2 (62.5%). Overall, 153 lymph nodes were identified, with a mean of 2.39/case. Thirty-four lymph nodes tested positive for malignancy by imprint cytology, and 55 tested positive by histology. Of the 55 positive lymph nodes, 41 (74.5%) involved macrometastases, and 14 (25.5%) involved micrometastases. There were 21 false negatives with imprint cytology, namely, 7 for macrometastases and 14 for micrometastases, resulting in a rate of 17.6%. The sensitivity of imprint cytology was 61.8%, with a specificity and positive predictive value of 100%, a negative predictive value of 82.4% and an accuracy of 86.3%. The method presented null sensitivity for the identification of micrometastases. CONCLUSIONS: The false-negative rate with imprint cytology was associated with the number of sentinel lymph nodes obtained. The rate found for complete response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy was comparable to the rates reported in the literature. The accuracy of imprint cytology was good, and its specificity was excellent for sentinel lymph node detection; however, the method was unable to detect lymph node micrometastases.

Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast/pathology , Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast/drug therapy , Neoadjuvant Therapy/methods , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy/methods , Sentinel Lymph Node/pathology , Reference Values , Breast Neoplasms/diagnosis , Immunohistochemistry , Cross-Sectional Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Sensitivity and Specificity , Paraffin Embedding/methods , Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast/diagnosis , False Negative Reactions , Neoplasm Micrometastasis , Neoplasm Grading , Intraoperative Period , Lymphatic Metastasis , Neoplasm Staging
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 39(1): 35-39, Jan. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-843902


ABSTRACT Robotic surgeries for cervical cancer have several advantages compared with lapa-rotomic or laparoscopic surgeries. Robotic single-site surgery has many advantages compared with the multiport approach, but its safety and feasibility are not established in radical oncologic surgeries. We report a case of a Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage IB1 cervical carcinoma whose radical hysterectomy, sentinel lymph node mapping, and lymph node dissection were entirely performed by robotic single-site approach. The patient recovered very well, and was discharged from the hospital within 24 hours.

RESUMO A cirurgia robótica para carcinoma do colo do útero apresenta vantagens quando comparada com cirurgias laparotômicas ou laparoscópicas. A cirurgia robótica de portal único tem muitas vantagens quando comparada com cirurgias de múltiplos acessos, porém a segurança e a viabilidade deste procedimento ainda não estão estabelecidas para cirurgias oncológicas radicais. Apresentamos um caso de carcinoma de colo do útero, tratado por histerectomia radical, identificação e biópsia de linfonodo sentinela e linfadenectomia pélvica realizada totalmente por cirurgia robótica de acesso único. A paciente recuperou-se bem e recebeu alta no primeiro dia pós-operatório.

Humans , Female , Adult , Hysterectomy/methods , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/pathology , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/surgery , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy/methods
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-115239


OBJECTIVE: To identify suitable diagnostic tools and evaluate the efficacy of sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy for inguinal lymph node metastasis in vulvar cancer. METHODS: Data from 41 patients with vulvar cancer were evaluated retrospectively, including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measurements, SLN biopsy status, groin lymph node metastasis, and prognosis. RESULTS: SLN biopsy was conducted in 12 patients who had stage I to III disease. Groin lymphadenectomy was omitted in five of the nine patients with negative SLNs. All SLN-negative patients who did not undergo groin lymphadenectomy showed no evidence of disease after treatment. On MRI, the long and short diameters of the inguinal node were significantly longer in metastasis-positive cases, compared with negative cases, in 25 patients whose nodes were evaluated pathologically (long diameter, 12.8 mm vs. 8.8 mm, p=0.025; short diameter, 9.2 mm vs. 6.7 mm, p=0.041). The threshold of >10.0 mm for the long axis gave a sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of 87.5%, 70.6%, 58.3%, and 92.3%, respectively, using a binary classification test. Decision tree analysis revealed a sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of 87.5%, 70.6%, and 76.0%, respectively, with the threshold of >10.0 mm for the long axis on MRI. The criteria of >10.0 mm for the long axis on MRI predicted an advanced stage and poorer prognosis using a validation set of 15 cases (p=0.028). CONCLUSION: Minimally invasive surgery after preoperative evaluation on MRI and SLN biopsy is a feasible strategy for patients with vulvar cancer.

Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Groin , Humans , Lymph Node Excision , Lymphatic Metastasis/pathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Sentinel Lymph Node/pathology , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy/methods , Vulvar Neoplasms/pathology
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 49(8): e5341, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-787390


Lymph node metastases are an independent prognosis factor in gastric carcinoma (GC) patients. Radical lymphadenectomy can improve survival but it can also increase surgical morbidity. As a principle, sentinel node (SN) navigation surgery can avoid unnecessary lymphadenectomy without compromising prognosis. In this pilot study, 24 patients with untreated GC were initially screened for SN navigation surgery, of which 12 were eligible. Five patients had T2 tumors, 5 had T3 tumors and 2 had T1 tumors. In 33% of cases, tumor diameter was greater than 5.0 cm. Three hundred and eighty-seven lymph nodes were excised with a median of 32.3 per patient. The SN navigation surgery was feasible in all patients, with a median of 4.5 SNs per patient. The detection success rate was 100%. All the SNs were located in N1 and N2 nodal level. In 70.9% of cases, the SNs were located at lymphatic chains 6 and 7. The SN sensitivity for nodal staging was 91.6%, with 8.3% of false negative. In 4 patients who were initially staged as N0, the SNs were submitted to multisection analyses and immunohistochemistry, confirming the N0 stage, without micrometastases. In one case initially staged as negative for nodal metastases based on SN analyses, metastases in lymph nodes other than SN were found, resulting in a 20% skip metastases incidence. This surgery is a reproducible procedure with 100% detection rate of SN. Tumor size, GC location and obesity were factors that imposed some limitations regarding SN identification. Results from nodal multisection histology and immunohistochemistry analysis did not change initial nodal staging.

Humans , Rosaniline Dyes/administration & dosage , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Carcinoma/surgery , Technetium/administration & dosage , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy/methods , Carcinoma/pathology , Pilot Projects , Coloring Agents/administration & dosage , Neoplasm Grading , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Lymph Nodes/diagnostic imaging , Lymphatic Metastasis
Acta cir. bras ; 30(11): 785-790, Nov. 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-767598


PURPOSE: To assess the safety and potential equivalence of the use of hemosiderin compared to the Technetium-99 in sentinel lymph node biopsy in human breast cancer. METHODS: Non-random sample of 14 volunteer women diagnosed with breast cancer with primary tumors (T1/T2) and clinically tumor-free axilla were submitted to the identification of sentinel lymph node using hemosiderin obtained from autologous blood injected in the periareolar region 24h before surgery on an outpatient basis. Patients received preoperative subareolar intradermal injection of Technetium-99 in the immediate preoperative period. Patients were submitted to sentinel lymph node biopsy, with incision in the axillary fold guided by Gamma-Probe, dissection by planes until the identification of the point of maximum uptake of Technetium-99, identifying the marked nodes and their colors. All surgical specimens were sent for pathological and immunohistochemical study. RESULTS: The results showed no evidence of side effects and/or allergic and non-allergic reactions in patients submitted to SLNB with hemosiderin. The SLN identification rate per patient was 100%. SLNB identification rate per patient with hemosiderin was the same as that of Technetium, with a concordance rate of 100% between the methods. CONCLUSION: Hemosiderin is a safe dye that is equivalent to Technetium in breast sentinel lymph node biopsy.

Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma/pathology , Hemosiderin , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy/methods , Technetium , Carcinoma/secondary , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Neoplasm Grading , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Rosaniline Dyes , Tumor Burden
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-123443


Endometrial cancer is the most common gynecologic malignancy in the developed countries. Although the high incidence of this occurrence no consensus, about the role of retroperitoneal staging, still exists. Growing evidence support the safety and efficacy of sentinel lymph node mapping. This technique is emerging as a new standard for endometrial cancer staging procedures. In the present paper, we discuss the role of sentinel lymph node mapping in endometrial cancer, highlighting the most controversies features.

Endometrial Neoplasms/pathology , Female , Humans , Hysteroscopy/methods , Injections, Intralesional , Lymph Node Excision/methods , Lymphatic Metastasis , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy/methods
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 36(3): 118-123, 03/2014. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-707158


OBJETIVO: Avaliar a viabilidade e acurácia diagnóstica da ultrassonografia pré-operatória combinada com biopsia por agulha fina (US-PAAF) e do exame clínico da axila em pacientes com câncer de mama. MÉTODOS: Neste estudo prospectivo 171 axilas de pacientes com câncer de mama foram avaliadas pelo exame clínico e ultrassonografia (US) com e sem biopsia por agulha fina (PAAF). Os linfonodos com espessura cortical maior que 2,3 mm na ultrassonografia foram considerados suspeitos e submetidos a US-PAAF. RESULTADOS: A análise de regressão logística não mostrou correlação estatisticamente significativa entre exame clínico e axilas positivas no exame patológico. Em relação à avaliação axilar com US, o risco de achados anatomopatológicos positivos aumentou 12,6 vezes, valor Kappa de Cohen foi de 0,12 para exame clínico, 0,48 para US e 0,80 para US-PAAF. A acurácia foi de 61,4% para o exame clínico, 73,1% para os US e 90,1% para US-PAAF. Análise Receiver Operating Chracteristics (ROC) mostrou que uma espessura de 2,75 mm cortical correspondeu à mais elevada sensibilidade e especificidade na predição metástase axilar (82,7 e 82,2%, respectivamente). CONCLUSÕES: A US combinada com aspiração por agulha fina é mais precisa que o exame clínico na avaliação do status axilar no pré-operatório em mulheres com câncer de mama. Aquelas que são US-PAAF positivo podem ser direcionadas para esvaziamento linfonodal axilar imediatamente, e somente aqueles que são US-PAAF negativos devem ser considerados para biópsia de linfonodo sentinela. .

PURPOSE: To assess the feasibility and diagnostic accuracy of preoperative ultrasound combined with ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (US-FNA) cytology and clinical examination of axillary lymph node in patients with breast cancer. METHODS: In this prospective study, 171 axillae of patients with breast cancer were evaluated by clinical examination and ultrasonography (US) with and without fine needle aspiration (FNA). Lymph nodes with maximum ultrasonographic cortical thickness > 2.3 mm were considered suspicious and submitted to US-FNA. RESULTS: Logistic regression analysis showed no statistically significant correlation between clinical examination and pathologically positive axillae. However, in axillae considered suspicious by ultrasonography, the risk of positive anatomopathological findings increased 12.6-fold. Cohen's Kappa value was 0.12 for clinical examination, 0.48 for US, and 0.80 for US-FNA. Accuracy was 61.4% for clinical examination, 73.1% for US and 90.1% for US-FA. Receiver Operating Characteristics (ROC) analysis demonstrated that a cortical thickness of 2.75 mm corresponded to the highest sensitivity and specificity in predicting axillary metastasis (82.7 and 82.2%, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Ultrasonography combined with fine-needle aspiration is more accurate than clinical examination in assessing preoperative axillary status in women with breast cancer. Those who are US-FNA positive can be directed towards axillary lymph node dissection straight away, and only those who are US-FNA negative should be considered for sentinel lymph node biopsy. .

Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Breast Neoplasms , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Axilla , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Feasibility Studies , Image-Guided Biopsy , Lymphatic Metastasis/pathology , Predictive Value of Tests , Prospective Studies , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy/methods
Gut and Liver ; : 229-236, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-31106


Minimally invasive surgery, which has been extensively used to treat gastric adenocarcinoma, is now regarded as one of the standard treatments for early gastric cancer, and its suitability for advanced gastric cancer is being investigated. The use of cutting-edge techniques for minimally invasive surgery enables surgeons to deliver various treatment options to minimize a patient's distress and to maintain oncologic safety. Ongoing multicenter prospective studies aim to validate the efficacy of these surgical techniques and to expand the indications of minimally invasive surgery for the treatment of gastric cancer. In this review, we summarize the current status and issues regarding minimally invasive surgery for the treatment of gastric cancer.

Gastrectomy/methods , Humans , Laparoscopy/methods , Multicenter Studies as Topic , Patient Selection , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Republic of Korea , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy/methods , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery
Acta cir. bras ; 29(supl.1): 57-61, 2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-720396


PURPOSE: To simulate a lymph node metastasis in an animal model using activated carbon, assess their identification in frozen section analysis and compare with histopathological examination in paraffin. METHODS: Thirty two adult female rats were used. They received the carbon injection on its hind legs. Half of the rats was sacrificed on day one, and the other half after 21 days. Thus, 64 lymph nodes were dissected and split longitudinally. One half of the lymph node was sent immediately to frozen section analysis. The other half was fixed in 10% formaldehyde to be cut in paraffin. Slides were divided into quadrants and classified by the presence of carbon in these four quadrants_ They were also classified by the carbon staining intensity. RESULTS: Comparing the slides obtained in the first day and 21 days, there was a tendency of carbon to spread over time, but without statistical significance. The intensity did not alter over time. CONCLUSION: There was no concordance between the two methods of pathological analysis, however the actived carbon was seen in all lymph nodes. .

Animals , Female , Rats , Frozen Sections/methods , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Paraffin Embedding/methods , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy/methods , Charcoal , Disease Models, Animal , Lymphatic Metastasis/pathology , Melanoma/pathology , Melanoma/secondary , Reference Standards , Reproducibility of Results , Time Factors
Dermatol. argent ; 20(2): 106-112, 2014. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-784790


Antecedentes: El melanoma (MM) afecta principalmente a personas de raza blanca,con predominio del sexo masculino; la edad promedio de diagnóstico es de 53 años. El factor pronóstico más importante es el índice de Breslow, ya que existe una fuerte correlación entre el grado de invasión tumoral y la sobrevida del paciente. La biopsia de ganglio centinela (GC) persigue la identificación de metástasis ganglionares subclínicas yestá demostrado que existe una mayor positividad en pacientes con nivel de Breslow superior a 1 mm Objetivos: Identificar la prevalencia de ganglio centinela positivo en pacientes conmelanoma en nuestra Institución. Determinar si existe correlación entre el nivel de Breslow y el subtipo histológico, con ganglio centinela positivo. Determinar factores epidemiológicos y clínicos (edad, sexo, subtipo histológico). Material y métodos: Estudio observacional, retrospectivo, descriptivo y transversal.Resultados: En 10 años, se diagnosticaron 264 casos nuevos de melanoma, de los cuáles a 73 se les realizó estudio de ganglio centinela con resultado positivo. En 12 casos. De éstos, 1 paciente correspondió a un Breslow menor a 1 mm, 9 pacientes entre 1 - 4 mm,y 2 pacientes tuvieron Breslow mayor a 4 mm. Del subtipo histológico y la positividad del ganglio centinela, 7 casos (58%) correspondieron a melanomas nodulares (MN) y 5(42%) fueron melanomas extensivos superficiales (MES). Conclusión: La prevalencia de ganglio centinela positivo en nuestro trabajo, fue menoren comparación con los otros estudios. La correlación entre el ganglio centinela positivo y el espesor de Breslow mostró ser significativo y los subtipos histológicos nodulares tienenmayor positividad de ganglio centinela, con respecto a otros...

Humans , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy/methods , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy , Melanoma/diagnosis , Biopsy , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures
Rev. chil. cir ; 65(2): 115-120, abr. 2013. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-671272


Introduction: The sentinel lymph node (SN) biopsy has become the standard technique for staging the axillary involvement in breast cancer. The intraoperative diagnosis of lymph node metastatic involvement can immediately decide the need for axillary dissection. The main objective of this study was to determine the accuracy of intraoperative frozen section in the investigation of metastases in the SN, in patients with breast cancer, between 1999 and 2011. Materials and Methods: A retrospective study of patients operated for invasive breast cancer, in which the SN was studied with intraoperative frozen section. Results: 503 patients biopsy was performed with intraoperative frozen section. One hundred fifty-four (30.6 percent) patients had metastases in the SN, of these 103 (66.9 percent) were detected on frozen section. No significant difference in the ability to detect metastases for tumors up to 2 cm and tumors more than 2 cm was observed (p = 0.86). The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of frozen section for detection of metastases in the SN was 66.9 percent, 99.7 percent, 99 percent and 87 percent, respectively. Conclusions: The accuracy of intraoperative biopsy for detection of metastases in the SN in our center is comparable to that described in the literature, being effective only for the investigation of macrometastases (MA). Given the low frequency of metastases in the SN in tumors up to 2 cm, associated with a relatively high number of micro (MI) and submicrometastasis (SM) and false negatives, it seems that in these tumors intraoperative biopsy is unnecessary.

Introducción: La biopsia del linfonodo centinela (LC) se ha convertido en la técnica estándar para estadificar el compromiso axilar en el cáncer de mama. El diagnóstico intraoperatorio del compromiso metas-tásico del linfonodo permite decidir en forma inmediata la necesidad de disección axilar. El objetivo general de este estudio fue determinar el rendimiento de la biopsia intraoperatoria por congelación en la pesquisa de metástasis en el LC, en pacientes con cáncer de mama, entre 1999 y 2011. Material y Métodos: Estudio retrospectivo de las pacientes operadas por cáncer de mama invasor, en que se realizó biopsia del LC, con estudio intraoperatorio por congelación. Resultados: 503 pacientes con biopsia del LC con estudio intrao-peratorio. Ciento cincuenta y cuatro (30,6 por ciento) pacientes tuvieron metástasis en el LC, de estos 103 (66,9 por ciento) fueron detectadas en la biopsia rápida. No hubo diferencias significativas en la capacidad de detección para los tumores de hasta 2 cm y los tumores mayores de 2 cm (p = 0,86). La sensibilidad, especificidad, valor predictivo positivo (VPP) y valor predictivo negativo (VPN) de la biopsia intraoperatoria para la detección de metástasis en el LC fue de 66,9 por ciento, 99,7 por ciento, 99 por ciento y 87 por ciento, respectivamente. Conclusiones: El rendimiento obtenido es comparable al descrito en la literatura, siendo efectiva sólo para la pesquisa de macrometástasis (MA). Dada la baja frecuencia de metástasis en el LC en tumores de hasta 2 cm, asociado a un número relativamente alto de micro (MI) y submicrometástasis (SM) y de falsos negativos, nos parece que, en estos casos, la utilización de la biopsia intraoperatoria del LC es innecesaria.

Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy/methods , Frozen Sections , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Intraoperative Period , Lymphatic Metastasis/pathology , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity