Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 356
Rev. méd. Chile ; 150(2): 266-270, feb. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389636


Sepsis is one of the leading causes of death in critically ill patients with COVID-19 and blood purification therapies have a role to immunomodulate the excessive inflammatory response and improve clinical results. One of the devices designed for these therapies is the oXiris® filter, allowing to perform renal replacement therapy combined with selective adsorption of endotoxins and cytokines. We report a 55-year-old male with COVID who developed a septic shock secondary to a sepsis caused by Pseudomona aeruginosa, refractory to the usual management. A veno-venous continuous hemofiltration was started using the oXiris® filter for 48 hours. Subsequently, there was an improvement in clinical perfusion parameters and a reduction in inflammatory markers. The patient was discharged from the intensive care one month later.

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Shock, Septic/complications , Shock, Septic/therapy , Sepsis/complications , COVID-19/complications , Cytokines , Endotoxins
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939818


Sepsis is a condition of severe organ failure caused by the maladaptive response of the host to an infection. It is a severe complication affecting critically ill patients, which can progress to severe sepsis, septic shock, and ultimately death. As a vital part of the human innate immune system, neutrophils are essential in resisting pathogen invasion, infection, and immune surveillance. Neutrophil-produced reactive oxygen species (ROS) play a pivotal role in organ dysfunction related to sepsis. In recent years, ROS have received a lot of attention as a major cause of sepsis, which can progress to severe sepsis and septic shock. This paper reviews the existing knowledge on the production mechanism of neutrophil ROS in human organ function impairment because of sepsis.

Critical Illness , Humans , Neutrophils , Reactive Oxygen Species , Sepsis/complications , Shock, Septic
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939662


OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the risk factors for necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in very preterm infants and establish a nomogram model for predicting the risk of NEC.@*METHODS@#A total of 752 very preterm infants who were hospitalized from January 2015 to December 2021 were enrolled as subjects, among whom 654 were born in 2015-2020 (development set) and 98 were born in 2021 (validation set). According to the presence or absence of NEC, the development set was divided into two groups: NEC (n=77) and non-NEC (n=577). A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the independent risk factors for NEC in very preterm infants. R software was used to plot the nomogram model. The nomogram model was then validated by the data of the validation set. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, the Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test, and the calibration curve were used to evaluate the performance of the nomogram model, and the clinical decision curve was used to assess the clinical practicability of the model.@*RESULTS@#The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that neonatal asphyxia, sepsis, shock, hypoalbuminemia, severe anemia, and formula feeding were independent risk factors for NEC in very preterm infants (P<0.05). The ROC curve of the development set had an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.833 (95%CI: 0.715-0.952), and the ROC curve of the validation set had an AUC of 0.826 (95%CI: 0.797-0.862), suggesting that the nomogram model had a good discriminatory ability. The calibration curve analysis and the Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test showed good accuracy and consistency between the predicted value of the model and the actual value.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Neonatal asphyxia, sepsis, shock, hypoalbuminemia, severe anemia, and formula feeding are independent risk factors for NEC in very preterm infant. The nomogram model based on the multivariate logistic regression analysis provides a quantitative, simple, and intuitive tool for early assessment of the development of NEC in very preterm infants in clinical practice.

Asphyxia/complications , Child , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/etiology , Female , Fetal Growth Retardation , Humans , Hypoalbuminemia , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Newborn, Diseases , Infant, Premature , Infant, Premature, Diseases/etiology , Nomograms , Sepsis/complications
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939638


OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the incidence and mortality of gastrointestinal dysfunction in children with sepsis, the application of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) in monitoring mesenteric regional tissue oxygen saturation (rSO2), and the association between rSO2 and gastrointestinal dysfunction.@*METHODS@#In this prospective study, 79 children with sepsis in the pediatric intensive care unit (sepsis group) and 40 children who underwent physical examination in the Department of Child Healthcare (healthy control group) from January to December, 2021 were enrolled as subjects. The related medical data were collected, including general information on admission and at discharge, treatment during hospitalization, and laboratory examination results. NIRS was used to measure mesenteric rSO2. Clinical characteristics were compared between the patients with and without gastrointestinal dysfunction.@*RESULTS@#For the 79 children with sepsis, the incidence rate of gastrointestinal dysfunction was 49% (39/79), and the mortality rate of the children with gastrointestinal dysfunction was 26% (10/39). The children with gastrointestinal dysfunction had a longer duration of mechanical ventilation and a higher 28-day mortality rate (P<0.05). The children with gastrointestinal dysfunction had a significantly lower median rSO2 (64%) than the children without gastrointestinal dysfunction (72%) and the healthy control group (78%) (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#There are high incidence and mortality rates of gastrointestinal dysfunction in children with sepsis, and the reduction in rSO2 may be associated with the development of gastrointestinal dysfunction.

Child , Gastrointestinal Diseases/etiology , Humans , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric , Oxygen , Prospective Studies , Sepsis/complications , Spectroscopy, Near-Infrared/methods
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940998


OBJECTIVE@#To explore the amino acid metabolomics characteristics of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) in mice with sepsis induced by the cecal ligation and puncture (CLP).@*METHODS@#The sepsis mouse model was prepared by CLP, and the mice were randomly divided into a sham operation group (sham group, n = 10) and a CLP model group (n = 10). On the 7th day after the operation, 5 mice were randomly selected from the surviving mice in each group, and the bone marrow MDSCs of the mice were isolated. Bone marrow MDSCs were separated to measure the oxygen consumption rate (OCR) by using Agilent Seahorse XF technology and to detect the contents of intracellular amino acids and oligopeptides through ultra-performance liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) technology. Different metabolites and potential biomarkers were analyzed by univariate statistical analysis and multivariate statistical analysis. The major metabolic pathways were enriched using the small molecular pathway database (SMPDB).@*RESULTS@#The proportion of MDSCs in the bone marrow of CLP group mice (75.53% ± 6.02%) was significantly greater than that of the sham group (43.15%± 7.42%, t = 7.582, P < 0.001), and the basal respiratory rate [(50.03±1.20) pmol/min], maximum respiration rate [(78.07±2.57) pmol/min] and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) production [(25.30±1.21) pmol/min] of MDSCs in the bone marrow of CLP group mice were significantly greater than the basal respiration rate [(34.53±0.96) pmol/min, (t = 17.41, P < 0.001)], maximum respiration rate [(42.57±1.87) pmol/min, (t = 19.33, P < 0.001)], and ATP production [(12.63±0.96) pmol/min, (t = 14.18, P < 0.001)] of sham group. Leucine, threonine, glycine, etc. were potential biomarkers of septic MDSCs (all P < 0.05). The increased amino acids were mainly enriched in metabolic pathways, such as malate-aspartate shuttle, ammonia recovery, alanine metabolism, glutathione metabolism, phenylalanine and tyrosine metabolism, urea cycle, glycine and serine metabolism, β-alanine metabolism, glutamate metabolism, arginine and proline metabolism.@*CONCLUSION@#The enhanced mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation, malate-aspartate shuttle and alanine metabolism in MDSCs of CLP mice may provide raw materials for mitochondrial aerobic respiration, thereby promoting the immunosuppressive function of MDSCs. Blocking the above metabolic pathways may reduce the risk of secondary infection in sepsis and improve the prognosis.

Adenosine Triphosphate/metabolism , Alanine/metabolism , Animals , Aspartic Acid/metabolism , Biomarkers/metabolism , Chromatography, Liquid , Glycine/metabolism , Malates/metabolism , Mice , Myeloid-Derived Suppressor Cells/metabolism , Sepsis/complications , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 65(6): 846-851, Nov.-Dec. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1349999


SUMMARY Acute suppurative thyroiditis (AST) is a rare but potentially life-threatening thyroid disease with a high mortality if left untreated. Thus, differentiation from other thyroid disorders is highly important in clinical practice. A 22-year-old male patient was admitted to a tertiary care hospital with cervical pain, palpitations, thyrotoxicosis, and an inhomogeneously enlarged right thyroid lobe. In view of the clinical findings, subacute thyroiditis (SAT) was suspected and treatment with glucocorticoids was started. After initial amelioration, the patient developed cervical erythema, fever, and recurrent pain. A CT scan showed extensive phlegmonous inflammation and abscess formation, suggestive of AST. We started immediate empiric antibiotic therapy and performed surgical drainage of the abscess formations. Subsequently, the patient developed hypoxic respiratory failure, leading to ICU admission and intermittent need for non-invasive ventilation. Blood and abscess cultures were positive for Streptococcus anginosus. If left untreated, AST represents a potentially life-threatening disease. Thus, in clinically doubtful cases, liberal further assessment by means of cervical CT scans or fine needle aspiration biopsy are strongly advised.

Humans , Male , Adult , Young Adult , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn , Thyroiditis, Suppurative/complications , Thyroiditis, Suppurative/diagnostic imaging , Thyrotoxicosis , Sepsis/complications , Streptococcus anginosus
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(4): e353-e356, agosto 2021. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1281861


La bibliografía no incluye frecuentemente alteraciones en el ritmo cardíaco de los pacientes que reciben corticoesteroides; se desconoce su mecanismo exacto. En este artículo, presentamos el caso de un paciente con bradicardia sinusal asociada con una dosis de estrés de corticoesteroides. Se ingresó a un niño de 9 años con antecedentes de panhipopituitarismo con gastroenteritis y neumonía y presentó choque septicémico el día de la hospitalización. El tratamiento con líquidos intravenosos, dosis de estrés de hidrocortisona y antibióticos permitió la recuperación. Sin embargo, luego se documentó bradicardia sinusal con una frecuencia cardíaca de 45 latidos por minuto. Esta se resolvió después de reducir gradualmente la hidrocortisona. La bradicardia sinusal inducida por corticoesteroides es un efecto adverso que suele resolverse tras interrumpir el tratamiento. Se debe considerar el monitoreo hemodinámico en estos casos. Este es el primer informe de bradicardia sinusal posterior al uso de hidrocortisona en niños con insuficiencia suprarrenal

The literature does not commonly describe cardiac rhythm disturbances, including bradycardia, in patients who are receiving corticosteroids, and the exact mechanism of such disturbances remains unknown. Herein, we present a case of sinus bradycardia associated with stress-dose corticosteroid therapy. A nine-year-old boy with a history of panhypopituitarism was admitted with gastroenteritis and pneumonia and developed septic shock on the day of admission. Management using intravenous fluids, stress doses of hydrocortisone, and antibiotics resulted in full recovery. However, within 24 hours following treatment, sinus bradycardia was documented, with a heart rate of 45 beats per minute (BPM). The bradycardia resolved after the dose of hydrocortisone was decreased gradually. Corticosteroidinduced sinus bradycardia is an adverse effect that usually resolves after corticosteroid treatment is discontinued. During stress-dose corticosteroid therapy, hemodynamic monitoring should be considered. To our knowledge, this is the first report of sinus bradycardia following the use of hydrocortisone in children who have adrenal insufficiency.

Humans , Male , Child , Sinoatrial Node , Bradycardia/chemically induced , Hydrocortisone/adverse effects , Adrenal Insufficiency/drug therapy , Sepsis/drug therapy , Bradycardia/diagnosis , Bradycardia/drug therapy , Hydrocortisone/administration & dosage , Adrenal Insufficiency/complications , Sepsis/complications
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(2): 261-264, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251106


Abstract Pseudoaneurysm of the ascending aorta (PAA) is a hazardous and potentially fatal cardiovascular disease. This condition is caused by the rupture of at least one layer of the vessel and contained by the remaining vascular layers or the surrounding mediastinal structures. We presented the surgical treatment of a patient with sepsis and large PAA and brachiocephalic trunk, which was compressing the brachiocephalic trunk leading to syncope.

Humans , Aneurysm, False/surgery , Aneurysm, False/diagnostic imaging , Sepsis/complications , Aorta/surgery , Brachiocephalic Trunk/surgery , Brachiocephalic Trunk/diagnostic imaging
Clin. biomed. res ; 41(1): 75-83, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1255309


A sepse é uma disfunção orgânica aguda secundária à infecção e suas taxas de mortalidade hospitalar vêm reduzindo em muitos países nos últimos anos. Esta redução da mortalidade resulta em um maior número de pacientes que recebem alta hospitalar, porém frequentemente os sobreviventes experimentam novas incapacidades (físicas, cognitivas e psicológicas) e piora das condições crônicas de saúde em longo-prazo. Além disso, sua evolução pós-alta hospitalar cursa com elevado risco de morte e frequentes reinternações nos primeiros meses pós-hospitalização, bem como elevado uso de recursos de saúde. Esta revisão tem como objetivo descrever a morbimortalidade em longo prazo dos pacientes sobreviventes de sepse, seus efeitos sobre o sistema de saúde e as possíveis ações voltadas a minimizar as sequelas desta síndrome que acomete aproximadamente 1/3 dos pacientes admitidos em unidades de tratamento intensivo. (AU)

Sepsis is an acute organ dysfunction secondary to infection and its hospital mortality rates have been decreasing in many countries in recent years. This reduction in mortality results in a greater number of patients being discharged from the hospital, but survivors often experience new disabilities (physical, cognitive and psychological) and worsening chronic long-term health conditions. In addition, the post-discharge evolution leads to a high risk of death and frequent readmissions in the first months after hospitalization, as well as a high use of health resources. This review aims to describe the long-term morbidity and mortality of survivors of sepsis, its effects on the health system and the possible actions aimed at minimizing the sequelae of this syndrome that affects approximately 1/3 of patients admitted to intensive care units. (AU)

Patient Discharge , Sepsis/mortality , Intensive Care Units , Patient Readmission , Sepsis/complications
Acta cir. bras ; 36(1): e360107, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152691


ABSTRACT Purpose The present study explored the potential therapeutic role of oleuropein in sepsis-induced heart injury along with the role of GSK-3β/NF-kB signaling pathway. Methods Sepsis-induced myocardial injury was induced by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) in rats. The cardiac injury was assessed by measuring the levels of cTnI and creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB). Sepsis-induced inflammation was assessed by measuring interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-10 and HMGB1 levels. The different doses of oleuropein (5, 10, and 20 mg/kg) were given prior to CLP. Oleuropein (20 mg/kg) was administered after 6 hof CLP. The expressions of GSK-3β, p-GSK-3β (Ser9) and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) were measured in heart homogenates. Results Cecal ligation and puncture was associated with myocardial injury, an increase in IL-6, a decrease in IL-10 and an increase in HMGB1. Moreover, it decreased the ratio of p-GSK-3β/GSK-3β and increased the expression of p-NF-kB. Pretreatment with oleuropein attenuated CLP-induced myocardial injury and systemic inflammation in a dose-dependent manner. Administration of oleuropein after the onset of CLP also attenuated cardiac injury and inflammation. It also restored CLP-induced changes in the HMGB1 levels, the ratio of p-GSK-3β/GSK-3β and expression of p- NF-kB. Conclusions Oleuropein attenuates sepsis-induced systemic inflammation and myocardial injury by inhibiting NF-kB and GSK-3β signaling.

Animals , Rats , Sepsis/complications , Sepsis/drug therapy , Heart Injuries/drug therapy , NF-kappa B , Iridoids , Iridoid Glucosides , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta
Acta cir. bras ; 36(8): e360802, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339011


ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate the influence of atractylenolide (Atr) III on sepsis-induced lung damage. Methods: We constructed a mouse sepsis model through cecal ligation and puncture. These mice were allocated to the normal, sepsis, sepsis + Atr III-L (2 mg/kg), as well as Atr III-H (8 mg/kg) group. Lung injury and pulmonary fibrosis were accessed via hematoxylin-eosin (HE) and Masson's staining. We used terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) and flow cytometry for detecting sepsis-induced lung cell apoptosis. The contents of the inflammatory cytokines in lung tissue were measured via enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results: Atr III-H did not only reduce sepsis-induced lung injury and apoptosis level, but also curbed the secretion of inflammatory factors. Atr III-H substantially ameliorated lung function and raised Bcl-2 expression. Atr III-H eased the pulmonary fibrosis damage and Bax, caspase-3, Vanin-1 (VNN1), as well as Forkhead Box Protein O1 (FoxO1) expression. Conclusions: Atr III alleviates sepsis-mediated lung injury via inhibition of FoxO1 and VNN1 protein.

Animals , Mice , Sesquiterpenes/pharmacology , Sepsis/complications , Sepsis/drug therapy , Lung Injury , Forkhead Box Protein O1/antagonists & inhibitors , Amidohydrolases/antagonists & inhibitors , Apoptosis , GPI-Linked Proteins/antagonists & inhibitors , Lactones
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 33(6): 673-685, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143116


Abstract Background Heart failure is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in children. Objective To determine the clinical characteristics of children with acute heart failure syndrome in the emergency ward of River state university teaching hospital, Nigeria and identify factors associated with poor outcomes. Methods This was an 18month retrospective review of the acute heart failure register. Poor outcome measures were defined as the persistence of heart failure after 4 days on admission or death. Results Ninety-two (4.1%) of 2,244 children admitted were in heart failure, Non-cardiac disorders [bronchopneumonia 32(36%), sepsis 21(24%), severe malaria 10(11%), sickle cell anaemia 8(9%) and tuberculosis 3(3%)] contributed to 74(83%) while congenital heart disease(CHD) was 15(17%). Seventy-four (83%) were discharged, 10(11%) died and 4(5%) left against medical advice. The median time to resolution of heart failure was significantly 24 hours longer for malnourished children than those with normal-nutritional status, 72Vs48hrs, log rank:0.001. Those with modified Ross score of >7 and sepsis were more likely to die, OR,8.8(95% CI,1.2 to 72.5,p = 0.02) and 3.9(95% CI,1.01 to 15.2;p =0.04). Age <2yrs(OR,3.1,CI,1.2 to 8.5,p = 0.02), and CHD (OR 3.6,95% CI,1.1 to 12,P=0.02) were associated with a higher likelihood of having a poor outcome. Each unit increase in weight for age Z score of 1, decreased the odds of having a poor outcome, OR,0.77 (95% CI,0.63 to 0.95)p=0.016. Conclusion Heart failure in our setting is predominantly caused by non-cardiac disorders. Modified Ross score of >7 and sepsis are risk factors for mortality in children with heart failure. Int J Cardiovasc Sci. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0

Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Malnutrition/complications , Heart Failure/complications , Heart Failure/mortality , Retrospective Studies , Sepsis/complications , Sepsis/mortality , Emergency Service, Hospital , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Heart Failure/epidemiology , Nigeria
Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci. (Online) ; 57(2): e167299, mai. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1122175


The hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis function may be impaired in patients with critical illnesses, especially cases of sepsis, named critical illness-related corticosteroid insufficiency (CIRCI). This study examined the function of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis in normal dogs (n = 10) and dogs with critical diseases (n = 16), through determinations of endogenous ACTH (adrenocorticotropic hormone), basal cortisol and cortisol after stimulation in low doses of synthetic ACTH (1.0µg/kg/IV). The stimulation test with ACTH dose tested was verified as effective for evaluation of adrenal function in healthy and sick dogs. Ill dogs differed from healthy dogs by presenting higher basal cortisol values. Eight sick dogs presented a decrease in endogenous ACTH, basal cortisol, or Δ-cortisol. No significant differences were found between the control groups and critically ill dogs for the values of endogenous ACTH, cortisol after stimulation or Δ-cortisol. We concluded that the stimulation test with low-dose ACTH was effective for evaluation of adrenal function, as well as the fact that a considerable portion of critically ill dogs studied here, especially with sepsis, had evidence of inadequate corticosteroid response to stress.(AU)

A função do eixo hipotálamo-hipófise-adrenal pode estar comprometida em pacientes com doenças críticas, em especial casos de sepse, sendo nomeada de Insuficiência Corticosteroide Relacionada à Doença Crítica (ICRDC). O presente trabalho analisou a função do eixo hipotálamo-hipófise-adrenal em cães normais (n=10) e cães portadores de doenças críticas (n=16), por meio de determinações de ACTH (hormônio adrenocorticotrófico) endógeno, de cortisol basal e de cortisol após estímulo com baixa dose de ACTH sintético (1,0µg/kg/IV). Constatou-se que o teste de estimulação com ACTH na dose testada se mostrou eficaz para avaliação da função adrenal em cães sadios e doentes. Os cães doentes diferiram dos sadios ao apresentar valores maiores de cortisol basal. Oito cães doentes apresentaram diminuição do ACTH endógeno, do cortisol basal ou do Δ-cortisol. Não foram encontradas diferenças significativas entre os grupos Controle e Criticamente enfermos para os valores de ACTH endógeno, cortisol após estimulação ou Δ-cortisol. Concluiu-se que o teste de estimulação com baixa dose de ACTH mostrou-se eficaz para avaliação da função adrenal, assim como, uma parcela considerável da população de cães críticos aqui estudados, em especial com sepse, apresentaram evidências de resposta corticosteroide inadequada frente ao estresse.(AU)

Animals , Dogs , Cosyntropin/administration & dosage , Adrenocorticotropic Hormone , Sepsis/complications , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Hypothalamo-Hypophyseal System/physiopathology , Catastrophic Illness
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 19(1): 63-75, ene.-feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1099146


Introducción: La sepsis fue definida como una disfunción orgánica potencialmente mortal causada por una respuesta desregulada del huésped a la infección. Objetivo: Identificar factores pronósticos de mortalidad en pacientes con 65 años o más ingresados con sepsis en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos del Hospital Aleida Fernández Chardiet entre 2012-2017. Material y Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, analítico y retrospectivo. La población objeto de estudio fue de 129 pacientes con 65 años o más que ingresaron con sepsis. Resultados: Ingresaron 316 pacientes con sepsis; 187 con ˂ 65 años y 129 tenían ≥65 años. Los valores de media del APACHE II fue muy superior en los pacientes que no lograron sobrevivir (16,1; p˂0,01); al igual que el SOFA (6,3±2,4; IC 95 por cvi 5,8-6,8; p˂0,01). La curva ROC mostró un área bajo la curva para el APACHE II es de 0,834 (IC 95 por ciento 0,761-0,907) y para el SOFA es de 0,941 (IC 95 por ciento 0,903-0,980). El 77,6% de los pacientes que murieron presentaban un shock séptico (OR=47,5; IC 95 por ciento 13,2-170,5; p˂0,01); y un síndrome de disfunción múltiple de órganos, 67,1 por ciento (OR=47,8; IC 95 por ciento 9,6-189,5; p˂0,01). Las variables significativamente asociadas a la mortalidad fueron el APACHE II≥15 puntos (OR ajustado 10,7; IC 95 por ciento 2,8-40,4) y el SOFA ≥5 puntos (OR ajustado 43,9; IC 95 por ciento 2,3-826,8). La calibración del modelo fue adecuada (X2=5,7; p=0,336). Conclusiones: Los factores pronósticos que se relacionaron con la mortalidad en los ancianos fueron el APACHE II≥ 15 puntos y el SOFA ≥5 puntos(AU)

Introduction: Sepsis is defined as a life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by an unregulated host response to infection. Objective: To identify prognostic factors for mortality in patients 65 years old or older admitted with sepsis to the Intensive Care Unit of Aleida Fernandez Chardiet Teaching General Hospital between 2012 and 2017. Material and Methods: An observational analytical retrospective study was conducted. The study population was 129 elderly patients who were diagnosed with sepsis. Results: A total of 316 patients were admitted with sepsis; 187 of them were under 65 years old and 129 were 65 years old or older. The average APACHE II scores were much higher in those patients who could not survive (161; p˂0, 01); SOFA scores were (6, 3±2,4; 95 percent CI 5,8-6,8; p˂0,01). The ROC curve showed an area under the curve for APACHE II which was found to be 0,834 (95 percent CI 0,761-0,907) and for SOFA it was 0,941 (95 percent CI 0,903-0,980). On the other hand, 77,6 percent of patients died with septic shock (OR=47,5; 95 percent CI 13,2-170,5; p˂0,01) and a multiple-organ dysfunction syndrome, which was observed in 67,1 percent of them (OR=47,8; 95 percent CI 9,6-189,5; p˂0,01). According to multivariate logistic regression model, the variables significantly associated to mortality were APACHE II score ≥15 points (adjusted OR 10, 7; 95 percent CI 2, 8-40, 4) and SOFA ≥5 points (adjusted OR 43, 9; 95 percent CI 2, 3-826, 8). The model calibration was adequate (X2=5,7; p=0,336). Conclusions: The prognostic factors for mortality in elderly patients admitted with sepsis in the service were as follows: APACHE II score ≥ 15 points and SOFA score ≥5 points (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Sepsis/complications , Intensive Care Units , Prognosis , Health of the Elderly , Retrospective Studies , Sepsis/mortality
Rev. bras. enferm ; 73(4): e20190031, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1101523


ABSTRACT Objectives: to know the nursing interventions in the identification, prevention and control of sepsis in critical patients. Methods: integrative review of the literature, with two parallel researches using different MesH terms, using the EBSCO database and Google Scholar. Nine studies were included in the sample. Results: nursing interventions are centered on the creation/implementation of protocols for the early recognition of sepsis, the training of teams to ensure a safe and effective approach and the adoption of measures for infection prevention and control as a way to prevent sepsis. Final Considerations: the evidence shows that nurses are fundamental in the early identification, control and prevention of sepsis, preventing disease progression and contributing to decreased morbidity and mortality.

RESUMEN Objetivos: conocer las intervenciones de enfermería en la identificación, prevención y control de la sepsis en el paciente crítico. Métodos: se trata de una revisión integradora de literatura, llevada a cabo mediante dos investigaciones paralelas con diferentes descriptores Me SH, recurriendo a la base de datos EBSCO y motor de búsqueda Google Académico. Se obtuvieron 9 estudios que forman parte de la muestra. Resultados: las intervenciones de enfermería están enfocadas en la creación/implantación de protocolos para el reconocimiento precoz de la sepsis, para la formación de equipos que garanticen un abordaje seguro y eficiente y para la adopción de medidas preventivas y de control de la infección para impedir la sepsis. Consideraciones Finales: las evidencias demostraron que el enfermero es fundamental en la identificación temprana, en el control y prevención de la sepsis, para evitar la progresión de la enfermedad y contribuir en la disminución de la morbilidad y de la mortalidad.

RESUMO Objetivos: conhecer as intervenções de enfermagem na identificação, prevenção e controle da sepse no paciente crítico. Métodos: revisão integrativa da literatura, realizadas duas pesquisas paralelas com diferentes descritores MesH, recorrendo à base de dados EBSCO e ao motor de busca Google Acadêmico. Obtiveram-se 9 estudos que integram a amostra. Resultados: as intervenções de enfermagem centram-se na criação/implementação de protocolos que auxiliem o reconhecimento precoce da sepse, na formação das equipes para garantir uma abordagem segura e eficaz e na adoção de medidas que promovam a prevenção e o controle de infeção como forma de prevenir a sepse. Considerações Finais: as evidências demonstraram que o enfermeiro é fundamental na identificação precoce, controle e prevenção da sepse, evitando a progressão da doença e contribuindo para a diminuição da morbilidade e mortalidade.

Humans , Sepsis/nursing , Nurse's Role , Empathy , Sepsis/complications
J. bras. nefrol ; 41(4): 462-471, Out.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056610


Abstract Acute kidney injury (AKI) has an incidence rate of 5-6% among intensive care unit (ICU) patients and sepsis is the most frequent etiology. Aims: To assess patients in the ICU that developed AKI, AKI on chronic kidney disease (CKD), and/or sepsis, and identify the risk factors and outcomes of these diseases. Methods: A prospective observational cohort quantitative study that included patients who stayed in the ICU > 48 hours and had not been on dialysis previously was carried out. Results: 302 patients were included and divided into: no sepsis and no AKI (nsnAKI), sepsis alone (S), septic AKI (sAKI), non-septic AKI (nsAKI), septic AKI on CKD (sAKI/CKD), and non-septic AKI on CKD (nsAKI/CKD). It was observed that 94% of the patients developed some degree of AKI. Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) stage 3 was predominant in the septic groups (p = 0.018). Nephrologist follow-up in the non-septic patients was only 23% vs. 54% in the septic groups (p < 0.001). Dialysis was performed in 8% of the non-septic and 37% of the septic groups (p < 0.001). Mechanical ventilation (MV) requirement was higher in the septic groups (p < 0.001). Mortality was 38 and 39% in the sAKI and sAKI/CKD groups vs 16% and 0% in the nsAKI and nsAKI/CKD groups, respectively (p < 0.001). Conclusions: Patients with sAKI and sAKI/CKD had worse prognosis than those with nsAKI and nsAKI/CKD. The nephrologist was not contacted in a large number of AKI cases, except for KDIGO stage 3, which directly influenced mortality rates. The urine output was considerably impaired, ICU stay was longer, use of MV and mortality were higher when kidney injury was combined with sepsis.

Resumo A Lesão Renal Aguda (LRA), cuja etiologia mais frequente é sepse, tem incidência de 5-6% na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva (UTI). Objetivo: Avaliar pacientes que permaneceram mais de 48 horas na UTI e desenvolveram LRA ou Doença Renal Crônica agudizada (DRCag) e/ou sepse; identificar fatores associados e causas que possam afetar a evolução desses pacientes. Método: Estudo prospectivo, observacional, coorte e quantitativo dos pacientes em UTI entre maio a dezembro de 2013 com sepse e LRA. Excluídos pacientes < 48 horas e/ou dialíticos prévios. Resultados: Dos 1156 pacientes admitidos, 302 foram incluídos e divididos em grupos: sem sepse e sem LRA (SSSLRA), apenas sepse (S), LRA séptica (LRAs), LRA não séptica (LRAns), DRCag séptica (DRCags), DRCag não séptica (DRCagns). Foi verificado que 94% apresentaram algum grau de lesão renal; Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) 3 foi predominante nos grupos sépticos (p = 0.018); o nefrologista foi chamado apenas em 23% dos pacientes não sépticos vs. 54% dos sépticos (p < 0.001); houve necessidade de diálise em 8% dos não sépticos vs. 37% dos sépticos (p < 0.001); necessidade de Ventilação Mecânica (VM) em 61% da LRAns versus 90% na LRAs (p < 0.001). A mortalidade foi 38% e 39% na LRAs e DRCags vs. 16% e 0% na LRAns e DRCagns, respectivamente (p < 0.001). Conclusão: LRAs e DRCags têm pior prognóstico que a não séptica. O nefrologista ainda não é solicitado em grande parte dos casos com influência direta na mortalidade (p < 0.001), o débito urinário é consideravelmente prejudicado; o tempo de permanência na UTI, necessidade de VM e mortalidade são maiores quando há associação da sepse e LRA.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Sepsis/complications , Acute Kidney Injury/microbiology , Acute Kidney Injury/mortality , Intensive Care Units/statistics & numerical data , Respiration, Artificial/mortality , Brazil/epidemiology , Incidence , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Mortality/trends , Renal Dialysis/methods , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/complications , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Acute Kidney Injury/epidemiology , Length of Stay , Nephrology/statistics & numerical data
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 31(3): 368-378, jul.-set. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042582


RESUMO A sepse persiste como importante sobrecarga à saúde pública nos Estados Unidos e em todo o mundo. Com o crescente uso de tecnologias laboratoriais, tem se renovado o interesse na utilização de biomarcadores na sepse, para auxiliar em um processo mais preciso e direcionado para tomadas de decisão. Os peptídeos natriuréticos vem sendo cada vez mais reconhecidos por seu papel que vai além da insuficiência cardíaca. Estes peptídeos estão comumente elevados em pacientes críticos que apresentam condições de disfunção cardiopulmonar e podem ter papel na identificação de pacientes com sepse e choque séptico. São poucos os dados disponíveis em relação ao papel destes biomarcadores no diagnóstico, no controle, nos desfechos e no prognóstico de pacientes sépticos. Esta revisão procura descrever o papel dos peptídeos natriuréticos na ressuscitação volêmica, no diagnóstico de disfunção ventricular, nos desfechos e no prognóstico de pacientes com sepse. Tem sido observado que o peptídeo natriurético tipo B (BNP) e o fragmento N-terminal do peptídeo natriurético tipo B (NT-proBNP) se associam com disfunção ventricular sistólica e diastólica, tanto esquerda quanto direita, em pacientes com cardiomiopatia séptica. O BNP e o NT-proBNP podem predizer a responsividade a volume, e as tendências de medidas seriadas destes peptídeos podem ser importantes na ressuscitação volêmica. A despeito da sugestão de correlação com mortalidade, o papel do BNP nos desfechos de mortalidade e prognóstico, durante a sepse, ainda necessita melhor avaliação.

ABSTRACT Sepsis continues to be a leading public health burden in the United States and worldwide. With the increasing use of advanced laboratory technology, there is a renewed interest in the use of biomarkers in sepsis to aid in more precise and targeted decision-making. Natriuretic peptides have been increasingly recognized to play a role outside of heart failure. They are commonly elevated among critically ill patients in the setting of cardiopulmonary dysfunction and may play a role in identifying patients with sepsis and septic shock. There are limited data on the role of these biomarkers in the diagnosis, management, outcomes and prognosis of septic patients. This review seeks to describe the role of natriuretic peptides in fluid resuscitation, diagnosis of ventricular dysfunction and outcomes and the prognosis of patients with sepsis. B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and N-terminal pro-BNP (NT-proBNP) have been noted to be associated with left ventricular systolic and diastolic and right ventricular dysfunction in patients with septic cardiomyopathy. BNP/NT-proBNP may predict fluid responsiveness, and trends of these peptides may play a role in fluid resuscitation. Despite suggestions of a correlation with mortality, the role of BNP in mortality outcomes and prognosis during sepsis needs further evaluation.

Humans , Peptide Fragments/physiology , Sepsis/complications , Sepsis/etiology , Sepsis/mortality , Sepsis/therapy , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain/physiology , Prognosis , Shock, Septic/complications , Shock, Septic/etiology , Shock, Septic/mortality , Shock, Septic/therapy , Treatment Outcome , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/etiology , Fluid Therapy
Autops. Case Rep ; 9(2): e2018070, Abr.-Jun. 2019. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-994653


Esophageal infection by Candida spp. is a common opportunistic entity in immunocompromised hosts; however, systemic fungal dissemination due to perforation or transmural necrosis, also known as necrotizing Candida esophagitis (NCE), is rare. We report the case of a 61-year-old male patient with diagnosed ankylosing spondylitis, severe arteriosclerosis, and vasculitis under immunosuppressive therapy who presented NCE with fungal and bacterial septicemia diagnosed at autopsy. Necrotizing esophagitis is a rare manifestation of Candida infection, which may be a final complication in severely ill patients. Unfortunately, it may be underdiagnosed, and we call attention to this devastating complication in patients with leukocytoclastic cutaneous vasculitis and ankylosing spondylitis.

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Esophagitis/pathology , Candidiasis, Invasive/pathology , Mycoses/pathology , Necrosis , Autopsy , Spondylitis, Ankylosing/complications , Fatal Outcome , Vasculitis, Leukocytoclastic, Cutaneous/complications , Sepsis/complications
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(2): 145-152, Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1004326


ABSTRACT Background: Mean platelet volume (MPV) is a risk factor for cardiovascular and inflammatory diseases. Aim: To evaluate the association between high MPV and 90-day mortality after an episode of venous thromboembolism (VTE). Material and Methods: Retrospective cohort of 594 patients with a median age of 73 years (58% women) with a first episode VTE, included in an institutional Thromboembolic Disease registry between 2014 and 2015. MPV values were obtained from the automated blood cell count measured at the moment of VTE diagnosis. Volumes ≥ 11 fL were classified as high. All patients were followed for 90 days to assess survival. Results: The main comorbidities were cancer in 221 patients (37%), sepsis in 172 (29%) and coronary artery disease in 107 (18%). Median MPV was 8 fl (8-9), brain natriuretic peptide 2,000 pg/ml (1,025-3,900) and troponin 40 pg/ml (19.5-75). Overall mortality was 20% (121/594) during the 90 days of follow-up. Thirty three deaths occurred within 7 days and 43 within the first month. The loss of patients from follow-up was 5% (28/594) at 90 days. Mortality among patients with high MP was 36% (23/63). The crude mortality hazard ratio (HR) for high MPV was 2.2 (95% confidence intervals (CI) 1.4-3.5). When adjusted for sepsis, oncological disease, heart disease, kidney failure and surgery, the mortality HR of high MPV was 2.4 (CI95% 1.5-3.9) in the VTE group, 2.3 (CI95% 1.5-4.4) in the deep venous thrombosis group, and 2.9 (CI95% 1.6 −5.6) in the pulmonary embolism group. Conclusions: High MPV is an independent risk factor for mortality following an episode of VTE.

Antecedentes: El volumen plaquetario medio (VPM) es un factor de riesgo de complicaciones cardiovasculares y enfermedades inflamatorias. Objetivo: Evaluar la asociación entre VPM alto y la mortalidad a los 90 días después de un episodio de tromboembolismo venoso (ETV). Material y Métodos: Cohorte retrospectiva de 594 pacientes adultos con una edad media de 73 años (58% mujeres) con un primer episodio de ETV incluidos en un registro de enfermedad tromboembólica institucional entre 2014 y 2015. Se obtuvieron valores de VPM desde el hemograma tomado en el momento del diagnóstico de ETV y un volumen ≥ 11 fL fue clasificado como alto. Todos los pacientes fueron seguidos durante 90 días para determinar sobrevida. Resultados: Las comorbilidades fueron cáncer en 221 pacientes (37%), sepsis en 172 (29%) y enfermedad coronaria en 107 (18%). La mediana de VPM fue 8 fl (89), el péptido natriurético cerebral fue de 2.000 pg/ml (1.025-3.900) y la troponina fue de 40 pg/ml (19,5-75). La mortalidad global a 90 días fue 20% (121/594). Treinta y tres muertes ocurrieron dentro de los 7 días y 43 en el primer mes. La pérdida de seguimiento de pacientes fue de 5% (28/594) a los 90 días. La mortalidad en el grupo con VPM alto fue 36% (23/63). La razón de riesgo (HR) cruda de la mortalidad para un VPM alto fue de 2,2 (intervalos de confianza (IC) de 95% 1,4-3,5). Cuando se ajustó por sepsis, enfermedad oncológica, enfermedad cardíaca, insuficiencia renal y cirugía, la HR de muerte para un VPM alto fue de 2,4 (IC95% 1,5-3,9) en el grupo de ETV; 2,3 (IC95% 1,5-4,4) en el grupo de trombosis venosa profunda; y 2,9 (CI95% 1,6 −5,6) en el grupo de embolia pulmonar. Conclusiones: Un VPM alto es un factor de riesgo independiente de mortalidad después de un episodio de ETV.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Venous Thromboembolism/mortality , Mean Platelet Volume , Peptide Fragments/blood , Prognosis , Pulmonary Embolism/mortality , Pulmonary Embolism/blood , Troponin/blood , Blood Platelets , Survival Analysis , Acute Disease , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Follow-Up Studies , Sepsis/complications , Risk Assessment , Venous Thrombosis/mortality , Venous Thrombosis/blood , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain/blood , Venous Thromboembolism/complications , Venous Thromboembolism/blood , Neoplasms/complications