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1.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 46: 38-49, jul. 2020. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223238

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Quizalofop-p-ethyl (QPE), a unitary R configuration aromatic oxyphenoxypropionic acid ester (AOPP) herbicide, was widely used and had led to detrimental environmental effects. For finding the QPEdegrading bacteria and promoting the biodegradation of QPE, a series of studies were carried out. RESULTS: A QPE-degrading bacterial strain YC-XJ1 was isolated from desert soil and identified as Methylobacterium populi, which could degrade QPE with methanol by cometabolism. Ninety-seven percent of QPE (50 mg/L) could be degraded within 72 h under optimum biodegradation condition of 35°C and pH 8.0. The maximum degradation rate of QPE was 1.4 mg/L/h, and the strain YC-XJ1 exhibited some certain salinity tolerance. Two novel metabolites, 2-hydroxy-6-chloroquinoxaline and quinoxaline, were found by high-performance liquid chromatography/mass spectroscopy analysis. The metabolic pathway of QPE was predicted. The catalytic efficiency of strain YC-XJ1 toward different AOPPs herbicides in descending order was as follows: haloxyfop-pmethyl ≈ diclofop-methyl ≈ fluazifop-p-butyl N clodinafop-propargyl N cyhalofop-butyl N quizalofop-p-ethyl N fenoxaprop-p-ethyl N propaquizafop N quizalofop-p-tefuryl. The genome of strain YC-XJ1 was sequenced using a combination of PacBio RS II and Illumina platforms. According to the annotation result, one α/ß hydrolase gene was selected and named qpeh1, for which QPE-degrading function has obtained validation. Based on the phylogenetic analysis and multiple sequence alignment with other QPE-degrading esterases reported previously, the QPEH1 was clustered with esterase family V. CONCLUSION: M. populi YC-XJ1 could degrade QPE with a novel pathway, and the qpeh1 gene was identified as one of QPE-degrading esterase gene.


Subject(s)
Propionates/metabolism , Quinoxalines/metabolism , Methylobacterium/metabolism , Soil Microbiology , Biodegradation, Environmental , Methylobacterium/enzymology , Methylobacterium/genetics , Sequence Analysis, Protein , Esterases/analysis , Esterases/metabolism , Herbicides , Hydrolases/analysis , Hydrolases/metabolism , Hydrolysis
2.
J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis ; 26: e20190041, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1056676

ABSTRACT

Here, we described the presence of a neurotoxin with phospholipase A2 activity isolated from Micrurus lemniscatus venom (Mlx-8) with affinity for muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (mAChRs). Methods: The purification, molecular mass determination, partial amino acid sequencing, phospholipase A2 activity determination, inhibition of the binding of the selective muscarinic ligand [3H]QNB and inhibition of the total [3H]inositol phosphate accumulation in rat hippocampus of the Mlx-8 were determined. Results: Thirty-one fractions were collected from HPLC chromatography, and the Mlx-8 toxin was used in this work. The molecular mass of Mlx-8 is 13.628 Da. Edman degradation yielded the following sequence: NLYQFKNMIQCTNTRSWL-DFADYG-CYCGRGGSGT. The Mlx-8 had phospholipase A2 enzymatic activity. The pKi values were determined for Mlx-8 toxin and the M1 selective muscarinic antagonist pirenzepine in hippocampus membranes via [3H]QNB competition binding assays. The pKi values obtained from the analysis of Mlx-8 and pirenzepine displacement curves were 7.32 ± 0.15, n = 4 and 5.84 ± 0.18, n = 4, respectively. These results indicate that Mlx-8 has affinity for mAChRs. There was no effect on the inhibition ability of the [3H]QNB binding in hippocampus membranes when 1 µM Mlx-8 was incubated with 200 µM DEDA, an inhibitor of phospholipase A2. This suggests that the inhibition of the phospholipase A2 activity of the venom did not alter its ability to bind to displace [3H]QNB binding. In addition, the Mlx-8 toxin caused a blockade of 43.31 ± 8.86%, n = 3 and 97.42 ± 2.02%, n = 3 for 0.1 and 1 µM Mlx-8, respectively, on the total [3H]inositol phosphate content induced by 10 µM carbachol. This suggests that Mlx-8 inhibits the intracellular signaling pathway linked to activation of mAChRs in hippocampus. Conclusion: The results of the present work show, for the first time, that muscarinic receptors are also affected by the Mlx-8 toxin, a muscarinic ligand with phospholipase A2 characteristics, obtained from the venom of the Elapidae snake Micrurus lemniscatus, since this toxin was able to compete with muscarinic ligand [3H]QNB in hippocampus of rats. In addition, Mlx-8 also blocked the accumulation of total [3H]inositol phosphate induced by muscarinic agonist carbachol. Thus, Mlx-8 may be a new pharmacological tool for examining muscarinic cholinergic function.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Snakes , Elapid Venoms/adverse effects , Phospholipases A2 , Inositol Phosphates , Acetylcholine , Receptors, Muscarinic/analysis , Sequence Analysis, Protein
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775260

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the mechanism of congenital paramyotonia caused by human skeletal muscle voltage-gated sodium channel hNav1.4 mutant I1363T.@*METHODS@#The conservation of the mutant site were detecled by using amino acid sequence alignment; the C-terminal mCherry fusion hNav1.4 was constructed, and the expression and distribution of wild type and hNav1.4 mutant I1363T were determined by confocal microscopy; the steady-state activation, fast inactivation and window current of wild type and hNav1.4 mutant I1363T were examined by whole-cell patch clamp.@*RESULTS@#Alignment of the amino acid sequences revealed that Ile1363 is highly conserved in human sodium channels. There was no significant difference in expression level and distribution between wild type and I1363T. Although no significant differences were observed between I1363T mutant and wild type in the activation upon channel gating, the of voltage-dependence of fast inactivation of I1363T mutant[(-59.01±0.26) mV] shifted 9 mV towards depolarization as compared with wild type[(-68.03±0.34) mV], and the slope factor of voltage-dependence curve increased to (5.24±0.23) mV, compared with (4.55±0.21) mV of the wild type. Moreover, I1363T showed the larger window current than that of the wild type.@*CONCLUSIONS@#I1363T causes the defect in fast inactivation of hNav1.4, which may increase the excitability of muscle cells and be responsible for myotonia. The increased window current of I1363T may result in an increase of inward Na+ current, could subsequently inactivate the channels and lead to loss of excitability and paralysis.


Subject(s)
Gene Expression Profiling , Humans , Ion Channel Gating , Genetics , Muscle, Skeletal , Mutation , Genetics , Sequence Analysis, Protein
4.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(5): e6213, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889085

ABSTRACT

Dermatophagoides farinae (Der f), one of the main species of house dust mites, produces more than 30 allergens. A recently identified allergen belonging to the alpha-tubulin protein family, Der f 33, has not been characterized in detail. In this study, we used bioinformatics tools to construct the secondary and tertiary structures and predict the B and T cell epitopes of Der f 33. First, protein attribution, protein patterns, and physicochemical properties were predicted. Then, a reasonable tertiary structure was constructed by homology modeling. In addition, six B cell epitopes (amino acid positions 34-45, 63-67, 103-108, 224-230, 308-316, and 365-377) and four T cell epitopes (positions 178-186, 241-249, 335-343, and 402-410) were predicted. These results established a theoretical basis for further studies and eventual epitope-based vaccine design against Der f 33.


Subject(s)
Animals , Tubulin/chemistry , Allergens/chemistry , Epitopes, T-Lymphocyte/chemistry , Epitopes, B-Lymphocyte/chemistry , Dermatophagoides farinae/chemistry , Antigens, Dermatophagoides/chemistry , Tubulin/genetics , Tubulin/immunology , Allergens/genetics , Allergens/immunology , Molecular Structure , Protein Structure, Tertiary , Epitope Mapping , Epitopes, T-Lymphocyte/genetics , Epitopes, B-Lymphocyte/genetics , Computational Biology , Sequence Analysis, Protein , Dermatophagoides farinae/genetics , Dermatophagoides farinae/immunology , Antigens, Dermatophagoides/genetics , Antigens, Dermatophagoides/immunology
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758798

ABSTRACT

Brucella abortus is a bacterium that causes brucellosis and is the causative agent of worldwide zoonoses. Pathogenesis of the B. abortus infection is complicated, and several researchers have attempted to elucidate the infection mechanism of B. abortus. While several proteins have been revealed as pathogenic factors by previous researchers, the underlying mechanism of B. abortus infection is unresolved. In this study, we identified proteins showing different expression levels in B. abortus mutants with different biological characteristics that were generated by random insertion of a transposon. Five mutants were selected based on biological characteristics, in particular, their growth features. Total proteins of mutant and wild-type B. abortus were purified and subjected to two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. Thirty protein spots of each mutant with expression increases or decreases were selected; those with a change of more than 2-fold were compared with the wild-type. Selected spots underwent liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry for peptide analysis. DnaK and ClpB, involved in protein aggregation, increased. SecA and GAPDH, associated with energy metabolism, decreased in some mutants with a growth rate slower than that of the wild-type. Mutants with slower growth showed a decrease in energy metabolism-related proteins, while mutants with faster growth showed an increase in pathogenicity-related proteins.


Subject(s)
Brucella abortus , Brucella , Brucellosis , Chromatography, Liquid , Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional , Energy Metabolism , Population Characteristics , Sequence Analysis, Protein , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Zoonoses
6.
J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis ; 24: 36, 2018. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-976026

ABSTRACT

Animal poisons and venoms are sources of biomolecules naturally selected. Rhinella schneideri toads are widespread in the whole Brazilian territory and they have poison glands and mucous gland. Recently, protein from toads' secretion has gaining attention. Frog skin is widely known to present great number of host defense peptides and we hypothesize toads present them as well. In this study, we used a RNA-seq analysis from R. schneideri skin and biochemical tests with the gland secretion to unravel its protein molecules. Methods: Total RNA from the toad skin was extracted using TRizol reagent, sequenced in duplicate using Illumina Hiseq2500 in paired end analysis. The raw reads were trimmed and de novo assembled using Trinity. The resulting sequences were submitted to functional annotation against non-redundant NCBI database and Database of Anuran Defense Peptide. Furthermore, we performed caseinolytic activity test to assess the presence of serine and metalloproteases in skin secretion and it was fractionated by fast liquid protein chromatography using a reverse-phase column. The fractions were partially sequenced by Edman's degradation. Results: We were able to identify several classes of antimicrobial peptides, such as buforins, peroniins and brevinins, as well as PLA2, lectins and galectins, combining protein sequencing and RNA-seq analysis for the first time. In addition, we could isolate a PLA2 from the skin secretion and infer the presence of serine proteases in cutaneous secretion. Conclusions: We identified novel toxins and proteins from R. schneideri mucous glands. Besides, this is a pioneer study that presented the in depth characterization of protein molecules richness from this toad secretion. The results obtained herein showed evidence of novel AMP and enzymes that need to be further explored.(AU)


Subject(s)
Anura/physiology , Poisons , Metalloproteases , Serine Proteases , Bodily Secretions , Sequence Analysis, Protein
7.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 112(4): 299-308, Apr. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-841780

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND Malaria persists as a major public health problem. Atovaquone is a drug that inhibits the respiratory chain of Plasmodium falciparum, but with serious limitations like known resistance, low bioavailability and high plasma protein binding. OBJECTIVES The aim of this work was to perform molecular modelling studies of 2-hydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinones analogues of atovaquone on the Qo site of P. falciparum cytochrome bc1 complex (Pfbc1) to suggest structural modifications that could improve their antimalarial activity. METHODS We have built the homology model of the cytochrome b (CYB) and Rieske iron-sulfur protein (ISP) subunits from Pfbc1 and performed the molecular docking of 41 2-hydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinones with known in vitro antimalarial activity and predicted to act on this target. FINDINGS Results suggest that large hydrophobic R2 substituents may be important for filling the deep hydrophobic Qo site pocket. Moreover, our analysis indicates that the H-donor 2-hydroxyl group may not be crucial for efficient binding and inhibition of Pfbc1 by these atovaquone analogues. The C1 carbonyl group (H-acceptor) is more frequently involved in the important hydrogen bonding interaction with His152 of the Rieske ISP subunit. MAIN CONCLUSIONS Additional interactions involving residues such as Ile258 and residues required for efficient catalysis (e.g., Glu261) could be explored in drug design to avoid development of drug resistance by the parasite.


Subject(s)
Plasmodium falciparum/drug effects , Electron Transport Complex III/chemistry , Antimalarials/pharmacology , Antimalarials/chemistry , Naphthoquinones/chemistry , Sequence Analysis, Protein
8.
Biol. Res ; 49: 1-12, 2016. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950870

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The olfactomedin-like domain (OLFML) is present in at least four families of proteins, including OLFML2A and OLFML2B, which are expressed in adult rat retina cells. However, no expression of their orthologous has ever been reported in human and baboon. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of OLFML2A and OLFML2B in ocular tissues of baboons (Papio hamadryas) and humans, as a key to elucidate OLFML function in eye physiology. METHODS: OLFML2A and OLFML2B cDNA detection in ocular tissues of these species was performed by RT-PCR. The amplicons were cloned and sequenced, phylogenetically analyzed and their proteins products were confirmed by immunofluorescence assays. RESULTS: OLFML2A and OLFML2B transcripts were found in human cornea, lens and retina and in baboon cornea, lens, iris and retina. The baboon OLFML2A and OLFML2B ORF sequences have 96% similarity with their human's orthologous. OLFML2A and OLFML2B evolution fits the hypothesis of purifying selection. Phylogenetic analysis shows clear orthology in OLFML2A genes, while OLFML2B orthology is not clear. CONCLUSIONS: Expression of OLFML2A and OLFML2B in human and baboon ocular tissues, including their high similarity, make the baboon a powerful model to deduce the physiological and/or metabolic function of these proteins in the eye.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Glycoproteins/metabolism , Extracellular Matrix Proteins/metabolism , Eye/metabolism , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , Papio , Reference Values , Glycoproteins/analysis , Glycoproteins/genetics , Extracellular Matrix Proteins/analysis , Extracellular Matrix Proteins/genetics , Fluorescent Antibody Technique/methods , Evolution, Molecular , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sequence Analysis, Protein , Reverse Transcription , Eye/chemistry , DNA Barcoding, Taxonomic , Membrane Proteins/analysis , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Ocular Physiological Phenomena
9.
Biol. Res ; 49: 1-9, 2016. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950841

ABSTRACT

The use of transgenic models for the study of neurodegenerative diseases has made valuable contributions to the field. However, some important limitations, including protein overexpression and general systemic compensation for the missing genes, has caused researchers to seek natural models that show the main biomarkers of neurodegenerative diseases during aging. Here we review some of these models-most of them rodents, focusing especially on the genetic variations in biomarkers for Alzheimer diseases, in order to explain their relationships with variants associated with the occurrence of the disease in humans.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Guinea Pigs , Mice , Rats , Genetic Variation , Disease Models, Animal , Alzheimer Disease/genetics , Aging/genetics , Animals, Genetically Modified , Sequence Analysis, Protein , DNA Barcoding, Taxonomic
10.
Biol. Res ; 48: 1-8, 2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950799

ABSTRACT

The current state of the art in medical genetics is to identify and classify the functional (deleterious) or non-functional (neutral) single amino acid substitutions (SAPs), also known as non-synonymous SNPs (nsSNPs). The primary goal is to elucidate the mechanisms through which functional SAPs exert their effects, and ultimately interrogating this information for association with complex phenotypes. This work focuses on coagulation factors involved in the coagulation cascade pathway which plays a vital role in the maintenance of homeostasis in the human system. We developed an integrated coagulation variation database, CoagVDb, which makes use of the biological information from various public databases such as NCBI, OMIM, UniProt, PDB and SAPs (rsIDs/variant). CoagVDb enriched with computational prediction scores classify SAPs as either deleterious or tolerated. Also, various other properties are incorporated such as amino acid composition, secondary structure elements, solvent accessibility, ordered/disordered regions, conservation, and the presence of disulfide bonds. This specialized database provides integration of various prediction scores from different computational methods along with gene, protein, and disease information. We hope our database will act as a useful reference resource for hematologists to reveal protein structure-function relationship and disease genotype-phenotype correlation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Coagulation Factors/genetics , Computational Biology , Amino Acid Substitution/genetics , Sequence Analysis, Protein , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Phenotype , Databases, Factual , Genotype
11.
J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis ; 21: 28, 31/03/2015. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-954764

ABSTRACT

Background Snake venoms are complex mixtures of inorganic and organic components, mainly proteins and peptides. Standardization of methods for isolating bioactive molecules from snake venoms is extremely difficult due to the complex and highly variable composition of venoms, which can be influenced by factors such as age and geographic location of the specimen. Therefore, this study aimed to standardize a simple purification methodology for obtaining a P-I class metalloprotease (MP) and an acidic phospholipase A2 (PLA 2 ) from Bothrops atroxvenom, and biochemically characterize these molecules to enable future functional studies.Methods To obtain the toxins of interest, a method has been standardized using consecutive isolation steps. The purity level of the molecules was confirmed by RP-HPLC and SDS-PAGE. The enzymes were characterized by determining their molecular masses, isoelectric points, specific functional activity and partial amino acid sequencing.Results The metalloprotease presented molecular mass of 22.9 kDa and pI 7.4, with hemorrhagic and fibrin(ogen)olytic activities, and its partial amino acid sequence revealed high similarity with other P-I class metalloproteases. These results suggest that the isolated metalloprotease is Batroxase, a P-I metalloprotease previously described by our research group. The phospholipase A 2 showed molecular mass of 13.7 kDa and pI 6.5, with high phospholipase activity and similarity to other acidic PLA2 s from snake venoms. These data suggest that the acidic PLA2 is a novel enzyme from B. atrox venom, being denominated BatroxPLA 2 .Conclusions The present study successfully standardized a simple methodology to isolate the metalloprotease Batroxase and the acidic PLA 2 BatroxPLA2 from the venom of B. atrox, consisting mainly of classical chromatographic processes. These two enzymes will be used in future studies to evaluate their effects on the complement system and the inflammatory process, in addition to the thrombolytic potential of the metalloprotease.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Snake Venoms , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Bothrops , Metalloproteases , Phospholipases A2 , Sequence Analysis, Protein
12.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1720-1727, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337463

ABSTRACT

Saussurea medusa is a rare traditional Chinese medicinal herb, of which luteolin is the niain active medicinal compound for cancer prevention and treatment. A full-length FNSII gene, namely SmFNSII (GenBank Accession No. KF170286), was obtained from green cell line of Saussurea medusa by RT-PCR and RACE-PCR. Sequence analysis indicated that SmFNSII is 1 710 bp in full length, containing a 34 bp 5'-untranslated region (5'-UTR), a 125 bp 3'-UTR, and a 1 551 bp open reading frame (ORF) encoding 516 amino acid residues. Amino acid sequence analysis indicated that SmFNSII belonged to subfamily CYP93B of plant cytochrome P450. Sequence alignment and phylogenetic analysis revealed that amino acid sequences of SmFNSII shared 87% homology with the protein in Hieracium pilosella. Quantitative real-time PCR analysis indicated that SmFNSII expression is the highest in red cell line and the lowest in white cell line, corresponding to quantitative analysis of luteolin concentration. pET-SmFNSII, a prokaryotic expression recombinant plasmid, was constructed and transferred into Escherichia coli, and the expressed protein band was the same size with predicted protein. Saussurea medusa cultivars with high anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer activities and health care function would be cultivated through filtering cell lines and plants with high expression level of FNSII gene and luteolin accumulation.


Subject(s)
5' Untranslated Regions , Amino Acid Sequence , Cell Line , Cloning, Molecular , Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System , Genetics , Open Reading Frames , Phylogeny , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Recombination, Genetic , Saussurea , Genetics , Sequence Alignment , Sequence Analysis, Protein
13.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 438-441, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-294687

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the experimental methods that the phage peptide library technology screening human osteoblast specificity polypeptide, which will provide the basis of the experiment of the Ti surface biolization modification.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Human calvarial osteoblasts were used as the target cells for whole-cell biopanning from a 12-mer peptide phage-display library. Cell eluent and cell lysis buffer were cultivate and count respectively after washing. Then the target cells were analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and immunofluorescence detection to authenticate the positive phage clones by human gingival fibroblast as the absorber cells. The positive phage clones were deduced by DNA sequencing.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After four rounds of screening, twenty-two positive phage clones were found out from randomly selected phage monoclonals, whose single-strand DNA were extracted and sequenced. Amino acid sequence of the highest frequency peptide was MGWSWWPETWPM.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The specific peptide against human osteoblasts can be obtained from a phage-display peptide library for use as a new research approach and experimental basis of the biolization modification of the titanium surface.</p>


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Base Sequence , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Humans , Osteoblasts , Peptide Library , Peptides , Genetics , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Sequence Analysis, Protein , Titanium
14.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 109(7): 935-939, 11/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-728810

ABSTRACT

Streptococcus pyogenes is responsible for a variety of infectious diseases and immunological complications. In this study, 91 isolates of S. pyogenes recovered from oropharynx secretions were submitted to antimicrobial susceptibility testing, emm typing and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) analysis. All isolates were susceptible to ceftriaxone, levofloxacin, penicillin G and vancomycin. Resistance to erythromycin and clindamycin was 15.4%, which is higher than previous reports from this area, while 20.9% of the isolates were not susceptible to tetracycline. The macrolide resistance phenotypes were cMLSB (10) and iMLSB (4). The ermB gene was predominant, followed by the ermA gene. Thirty-two emm types and subtypes were found, but five (emm1, emm4, emm12, emm22, emm81) were detected in 48% of the isolates. Three new emm subtypes were identified (emm1.74, emm58.14, emm76.7). There was a strong association between emm type and PFGE clustering. A variety of PFGE profiles as well as emm types were found among tetracycline and erythromycin-resistant isolates, demonstrating that antimicrobial resistant strains do not result from the expansion of one or a few clones. This study provides epidemiological data that contribute to the development of suitable strategies for the prevention and treatment of such infections in a poorly studied area.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Genetic Variation/genetics , Penicillin Resistance/genetics , Streptococcal Infections/epidemiology , Streptococcus pyogenes/drug effects , Streptococcus pyogenes/genetics , Vancomycin Resistance/genetics , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Bacterial Typing Techniques , Brazil/epidemiology , Erythromycin/pharmacology , Genotype , Macrolides/pharmacology , Oropharynx , Phenotype , Sequence Analysis, Protein/methods , Streptococcal Infections/prevention & control , Streptococcus pyogenes/classification
15.
Arq. bras. endocrinol. metab ; 58(8): 828-832, 11/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-729793

ABSTRACT

Objective Dyshormonogenetic congenital hypothyroidism (CH) was reported to be associated with a mutation in the sodium iodide symporter (NIS) gene. The present study was undertaken in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of China, to determine the nature and frequency of NIS gene mutations among patients with CH due to dyshormonogenesis. Subjects and methods: Blood samples were collected from 105 dyshormonogenetic CH patients in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China, and genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood leukocytes. All exons of the NIS gene together with their exon-intron boundaries were screened by next-generation sequencing. Results Two silent variations (T221T and T557T) and one missense variation (M435L), as well as two polymorphisms (rs200587561 and rs117626343) were found. Conclusions Our results indicate that the NIS mutation rate is very low in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China, and it is necessary to study mutations of other genes that have major effects on thyroid dyshormonogenesis and have not as yet been studied in this population. .


Objetivo O hipotireoidismo congênito disormonogenético (CH) foi relatado como associado a uma mutação no gene simportador sódio/iodeto (NIS). O presente estudo foi feito na região autônoma de Guangxi Zhuang na China para se determinar a natureza e a frequência das mutações no gene NIS entre pacientes com CH causado por disormonogênese. Sujeitos e métodos: Amostras de sangue foram coletadas de 105 pacientes com CH disormonogenéticos e o DNA genômico foi extraído de leucócitos do sangue periférico. Todos os éxons do gene NIS, junto com seus limites éxon-íntron, foram analisados por sequenciamento de nova geração. Resultados Foram encontradas duas variações silenciosas (T221T e T557T) e uma variação missense (M435L), assim como dois polimorfismos (rs200587561 e rs117626343). Conclusões Nossos resultados indicam que a taxa de mutação em NIS é muito baixa na região de Guangxi Zhuang. É necessário estudar mutações de outros genes que tenham efeitos maiores na disormonogênese da tiroide e que ainda não tenham sido estudados nesta população. .


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Congenital Hypothyroidism/genetics , Gene Frequency/genetics , Mutation , Symporters/genetics , China , Cohort Studies , DNA , Exons/genetics , Neonatal Screening , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Polymorphism, Genetic/genetics , Sequence Analysis, Protein/methods , Symporters/chemistry
16.
Arch. méd. Camaguey ; 18(4): 401-414, jul.-ago. 2014. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: lil-717174

ABSTRACT

FUNDAMENTO: una de las vías fundamentales para garantizar la calidad en los laboratorios clínicos es mediante el uso del suero control o controlador. El alto costo de estos productos en el mercado nacional es una problemática hoy en día. OBJETIVO: evaluar la estabilidad de un suero bovino adulto para proteínas totales como controlador bioquímico en los laboratorios clínicos. MÉTODO: se realizó un estudio cuasiexperimental, mediante muestreo probabilístico durante tres años (enero de 2010-diciembre de 2012). Se evaluó la estabilidad a tiempo real del suero enriquecido con proteínas totales durante 12 meses a dos temperaturas (refrigeración y congelación). El estudio quedó diseñado para tres lotes por mes y tres determinaciones por lote, para un número total de muestra del estudio (N=63). RESULTADOS: se obtuvo un suero control líquido para proteínas totales. La concentración de proteínas totales, en el producto obtenido en condiciones de refrigeración y congelación se mantuvieron estables por un tiempo de 12 meses. El producto obtenido al compararse con el suero control de la firma OLYMPUS, mostró fluctuaciones similares con respecto a la concentración de proteínas totales. CONCLUSIONES: se logró un material de referencia como controlador estable por un período de 12 meses.


BACKGROUND: one of the main ways to guarantee the quality in clinical labs is by using a control serum or controller. A problem we face is the lack of these products in the domestic market due to their high cost. OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the stability of an adult bovine serum for total proteins as a biochemical controller in clinical labs. METHOD: a quasiexperiment was conducted during three years (January 2010- December 2012) through a probabilistic sampling. The stability in real time of the serum enriched with total proteins was evaluated during 12 months under two temperatures (refrigeration and freezing). The study was designed for three batches per month and three determinations per batch, for a total number of sample of the study (N=63). RESULTS: a liquid control serum for total proteins was obtained. The concentration of total proteins in the product obtained under refrigeration and freezing conditions kept stable for 12 months. The obtained product, when compared to the control serum from the company OLYMPUS, showed similar fluctuations regarding the concentration of total proteins. CONCLUSIONS: a reference material was obtained as a stable controller for a period of 12 months..


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality Control , Reference Standards , Sequence Analysis, Protein , Serum/chemistry , Epidemiology, Experimental
17.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 109(1): 38-50, 02/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-703647

ABSTRACT

Transcripts similar to those that encode the nonstructural (NS) proteins NS3 and NS5 from flaviviruses were found in a salivary gland (SG) complementary DNA (cDNA) library from the cattle tick Rhipicephalus microplus. Tick extracts were cultured with cells to enable the isolation of viruses capable of replicating in cultured invertebrate and vertebrate cells. Deep sequencing of the viral RNA isolated from culture supernatants provided the complete coding sequences for the NS3 and NS5 proteins and their molecular characterisation confirmed similarity with the NS3 and NS5 sequences from other flaviviruses. Despite this similarity, phylogenetic analyses revealed that this potentially novel virus may be a highly divergent member of the genus Flavivirus. Interestingly, we detected the divergent NS3 and NS5 sequences in ticks collected from several dairy farms widely distributed throughout three regions of Brazil. This is the first report of flavivirus-like transcripts in R. microplus ticks. This novel virus is a potential arbovirus because it replicated in arthropod and mammalian cells; furthermore, it was detected in a cDNA library from tick SGs and therefore may be present in tick saliva. It is important to determine whether and by what means this potential virus is transmissible and to monitor the virus as a potential emerging tick-borne zoonotic pathogen.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Flavivirus/chemistry , RNA, Viral/isolation & purification , Rhipicephalus/virology , Viral Nonstructural Proteins/chemistry , Brazil , Conserved Sequence/genetics , Flavivirus/classification , Flavivirus/isolation & purification , Gene Library , Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions , Phylogeny , Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA Helicases/chemistry , Sequence Alignment/statistics & numerical data , Sequence Analysis, Protein/methods , Serine Endopeptidases/chemistry , Tissue Extracts/analysis , Transcriptome/genetics
18.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1473-1480, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345577

ABSTRACT

Here we discuss whether N terminal sequencing is appropriate as one of the conventional control methods for monoclonal antibody products. We determined the N terminal sequences of two monoclonal antibody products targeting two antigens separately with both Edman degradation and mass peptide spectrometry. We also identified the characteristic peptide fragments with mass spectrometry. Furthermore, we analyzed their heterogeneity with ion exchange chromatography, capillary zone electrophoresis and Imaged Capillary Isoelectric Focusing. Edman degradation method showed that the N terminal 15 amino acids of heavy and light chains of the two monoclonal antibodies were identical. Peptide mass spectrometry demonstrated that T1 peptide fragments of heavy and light chains of the two antibodies were also the same. But in contrast, peptide mapping and the three analytical methods for heterogeneity analysis could effectively identify and differentiate the two antibodies. The N terminal sequences of two monoclonal antibodies are identical because the number of framework sequences of humanized or human monoclonal antibodies is relatively limited, so whether N terminal sequencing analysis could be regulated as one of the practical control methods should be carefully discussed. Our work also proves that the above analytical methods could combinatorially applied to the identification of monoclonal antibody products, and are more objective compared to N terminal sequencing.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Chromatography, Ion Exchange , Humans , Isoelectric Focusing , Mass Spectrometry , Peptide Mapping , Peptides , Sequence Analysis, Protein , Methods
19.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 65(5): 1500-1508, out. 2013. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-689770

ABSTRACT

Most studies in nutrition for the South American catfish (surubim) were limited to the initial phase of development. However, it is clear that performance and nutrient utilization can change during the life stages of a fish. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the performance and nutrient utilization in juveniles of surubim fed diets varying in protein and energy levels. Two experiments were performed to test different levels of energy and protein in formulated diets. In the first experiment, surubim juveniles (89.2±4.8g) were fed five diets containing different levels of energy (18.0, 18.8, 19.6, 20.5, 21.3 MJ/kg). In the second experiment, juveniles (170.03±3.35g) were fed five diets containing different levels of protein (360, 400, 440, 480 and 520g/kg). The most favorable energy level for weight gain was 20.3 MJ/kg. The increasing energy levels provided a rise in fat and decrease in protein whole-body composition. The protein amount was between 360 to 400g/kg (383g/kg), which was adequate for performance and nutrient assimilation in surubim juveniles.


A maior parte dos estudos a respeito dos aspectos nutricionais do surubim está limitada às primeiras fases de desenvolvimento. Entretanto, é claro que o desempenho e a utilização dos nutrientes podem mudar durante os diferentes estágios de desenvolvimento destes animais. Assim sendo, este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o desempenho e a utilização de nutrientes em juvenis de surubim alimentados com dietas contendo níveis variáveis de energia e proteína. Dois experimentos foram realizados para testar os diferentes níveis de proteína e energia. No primeiro experimento, juvenis de surubim (89,2±4,8g) foram alimentados com cinco dietas contendo níveis diferentes de energia (18.0, 18.8, 19.6, 20.5, 21.3MJ/kg). No segundo experimento, os juvenis (170,03±3,35g) foram alimentados com dietas contendo cinco níveis de proteína (360, 400, 440, 480 e 520g/kg). O melhor nível de energia para ganho de peso foi 20,3 MJ/kg. O aumento dos níveis de energia levou a um incremento nos níveis de lipídeo e diminuição da proteína corporal. Níveis de proteína entre 360 a 400g/kg foram os mais adequados para o desempenho e utilização dos nutrientes em juvenis grandes de surubim.


Subject(s)
Animals , Sequence Analysis, Protein/veterinary , Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena/physiology , Fishes/anatomy & histology , Fishes/classification , Fishes/genetics
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-92900

ABSTRACT

The glycoprotein 3 (GP3) of type II porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus has the characteristic domains of a membrane protein. However, this protein has been reported to be retained in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) rather than transported to the plasma membrane of the cell. In this study, we performed confocal laser scanning microscopy analysis of variants of GP3 and foundthat the signal sequence of the GP3 led to confinement of GP3 in the ER, while the functional ortransmembrane domain did not affect its localization. Based on these results, we concludedthat the signal sequence of GP3 contains the ER retention signal, which might play an important role in assembly of viral proteins.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Line , Cell Membrane/metabolism , Cricetinae , Endoplasmic Reticulum/metabolism , Microscopy, Confocal/veterinary , Plasmids/genetics , Porcine respiratory and reproductive syndrome virus/genetics , Protein Sorting Signals , Sequence Analysis, Protein/veterinary , Viral Envelope Proteins/chemistry
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