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Braz. j. microbiol ; 49(2): 414-421, Apr.-June 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889234


Abstract Agricultural crops suffer many diseases, including fungal and bacterial infections, causing significant yield losses. The identification and characterisation of pathogenesis-related protein genes, such as chitinases, can lead to reduction in pathogen growth, thereby increasing tolerance against fungal pathogens. In the present study, the chitinase I gene was isolated from the genomic DNA of Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) cultivar, Haider-93. The isolated DNA was used as template for the amplification of the ∼935 bp full-length chitinase I gene. Based on the sequence of the amplified gene fragment, class I barley chitinase shares 93% amino acid sequence homology with class II wheat chitinase. Interestingly, barley class I chitinase and class II chitinase do not share sequence homology. Furthermore, the amplified fragment was expressed in Escherichia coli Rosetta strain under the control of T7 promoter in pET 30a vector. Recombinant chitinase protein of 35 kDa exhibited highest expression at 0.5 mM concentration of IPTG. Expressed recombinant protein of 35 kDa was purified to homogeneity with affinity chromatography. Following purification, a Western blot assay for recombinant chitinase protein measuring 35 kDa was developed with His-tag specific antibodies. The purified recombinant chitinase protein was demonstrated to inhibit significantly the important phytopathogenic fungi Alternaria solani, Fusarium spp, Rhizoctonia solani and Verticillium dahliae compared to the control at concentrations of 80 µg and 200 µg.

Antifungal Agents/pharmacology , Chitinases/pharmacology , Hordeum/enzymology , Recombinant Proteins/metabolism , Antifungal Agents/chemistry , Antifungal Agents/isolation & purification , Blotting, Western , Chitinases/chemistry , Chitinases/genetics , Chitinases/isolation & purification , Chromatography, Affinity , Escherichia coli/genetics , Escherichia coli/metabolism , Gene Expression , Hordeum/genetics , Molecular Weight , Recombinant Proteins/chemistry , Recombinant Proteins/genetics , Recombinant Proteins/isolation & purification , Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 16(1): 5-9, jul 14, 2017. fig
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348194


Introduction: vitiligo is a multifactorial acquired depigmenting disorder, characterized by a spontaneous loss of functional melanocytes from the epidermis. Vitiligo and Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) often occur in association and seem to be characterized by an autoimmune process. The vitiligo associated with HT suggests genetic homologies between them. Objective: to identify protein sequence homology between melanocyte protein (Pmel) and thyroid peroxidase (TPO), using bioinformatics tools, to propose an initial mechanism which could explain the production of cross-reacting autoantibodies to melanocyte and TPO. Methods: we performed a comparison between Pmel and TPO amino acids (AA) sequences, available on the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) database by BLAST (Basic Local Alignment Search Tool) in order to find local homology regions between the AA sequences. Results: the homology sequence between the Pmel and TPO ranged from 21.0 % (19 identical residues out of 90 AA in the sequence) to 55.0% (6 identical residues out of 11 AA in the sequence). The identical alignments presented relatively high E values due to presence of short alignment. Conclusion: bioinformatics data suggest a possible pathological link between Pmel and TPO. Sequence homology between Pmel and TPO may present a molecular mimicry suggesting the possibility of antigen crossover between Pmel and TPO that might represent an immunological basis for vitiligo associated with HT.

Introdução: o vitiligo é uma doença de despimentação adquirida multifatorial, caracterizada por uma perda espontânea de melanócitos funcionais da epiderme. Vitiligo e tiroidite de Hashimoto (TH) ocorrem frequentemente em associação e parecem ser caracterizados por um processo autoimune. O vitiligo associado à TH sugere homologias genéticas entre eles. Objetivo: identificar homologia das sequências de proteína entre a proteína do melanócito (Pmel) e peroxidase da tiróide (TPO), usando ferramentas de bioinformática, para propor um mecanismo inicial que poderia explicar a produção de autoanticorpos de reação cruzada entre o melanócito e a TPO. Metodologia: foi realizada uma comparação entre a sequência de aminoácidos (AA) da Pmel e da TPO, disponível no banco de dados Basic Local Alignment Search Tool (BLAST) do National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), a fim de encontrar regiões de homologia locais entre as sequências de AA. Resultados: a sequência de homologia entre a Pmel e a TPO variou de 21,0% (19 resíduos idênticos na sequência de cada 90 AA na sequência) a 55,0% (6 resíduos idênticos na sequência de 11 AA). Os alinhamentos idênticos apresentaram valores relativamente altos (E) devido à presença de alinhamentos curtos. Conclusão: os dados de Bioinformática sugerem uma possível ligação patológica entre Pmel e a TPO. A sequência de homologia entre Pmel e a TPO pode apresentar um mimetismo molecular sugerindo a possibilidade de cruzamento entre antígeno da Pmel e da TPO que pode representar uma base imunológica para a associação entre o vitiligo e a TH.

Humans , Vitiligo , Amino Acid Sequence , Sequence Homology, Amino Acid , Computational Biology , Hashimoto Disease , Comparative Study , Peroxidase , Database
Protein & Cell ; (12): 590-600, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756983


Entero virus 71 (EV71) causes hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) and occasionally leads to severe neurological complications and even death. Scavenger receptor class B member 2 (SCARB2) is a functional receptor for EV71, that mediates viral attachment, internalization, and uncoating. However, the exact binding site of EV71 on SCARB2 is unknown. In this study, we generated a monoclonal antibody (mAb) that binds to human but not mouse SCARB2. It is named JL2, and it can effectively inhibit EV71 infection of target cells. Using a set of chimeras of human and mouse SCARB2, we identified that the region containing residues 77-113 of human SCARB2 contributes significantly to JL2 binding. The structure of the SCARB2-JL2 complex revealed that JL2 binds to the apical region of SCARB2 involving α-helices 2, 5, and 14. Our results provide new insights into the potential binding sites for EV71 on SCARB2 and the molecular mechanism of EV71 entry.

Amino Acid Sequence , Animals , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Binding Sites , Cell Line , Crystallography, X-Ray , Enterovirus A, Human , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Fibroblasts , Virology , Gene Expression , HEK293 Cells , Humans , Immunoglobulin Fab Fragments , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Lysosome-Associated Membrane Glycoproteins , Chemistry , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Mice , Models, Molecular , Protein Binding , Protein Conformation, alpha-Helical , Protein Conformation, beta-Strand , Protein Interaction Domains and Motifs , Receptors, Scavenger , Chemistry , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Receptors, Virus , Chemistry , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Recombinant Fusion Proteins , Chemistry , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Sequence Alignment , Sequence Homology, Amino Acid , Sf9 Cells , Spodoptera , Thermodynamics
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345336


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To detect potential mutation in a Chinese family affected with succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase deficiency.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Genomic DNA was extracted from the peripheral blood samples of the proband, her family members and 100 healthy controls. All exons and flanking intronic regions of the ALDH5A1 gene were amplified by PCR and subjected to direct sequencing.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The proband was found to have compound heterozygous mutations of the ALDH5A1 gene, namely c.398_399delAA (p.N134X) and c.638G>T (p.R213L), for which her parents were both heterozygous carriers. The same mutations were not found among the 100 healthy controls.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The novel mutations of the ALDH5A1 gene probably underlie the pathogenesis of the disease in the infant, which also enriched the mutation spectrum of the ALDH5A1 gene.</p>

Amino Acid Metabolism, Inborn Errors , Ethnology , Genetics , Amino Acid Sequence , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Genetics , Base Sequence , China , DNA Mutational Analysis , Methods , Developmental Disabilities , Ethnology , Genetics , Exons , Genetics , Family Health , Female , Heterozygote , Humans , Infant , Introns , Genetics , Male , Mutation , Sequence Homology, Amino Acid , Succinate-Semialdehyde Dehydrogenase , Genetics
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345330


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the mutations of SLC22A5 gene in patients with systemic primary carnitine deficiency (CDSP).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>High liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC/MS/MS) was applied to screen congenital genetic metabolic disease and eight patients with CDSP were diagnosed among 77 511 samples. The SLC22A5 gene mutation was detected using massarray technology and sanger sequencing. Using SIFT and PolyPhen-2 to predict the function of protein for novel variations.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Total detection rate of gene mutation is 100% in the eight patients with CDSP. Seven patients had compound heterozygous mutations and one patient had homozygous mutations. Six different mutations were identified, including one nonsense mutation [c.760C>T(p.R254X)] and five missense mutations[c.51C>G(p.F17L), c.250T>A(p.Y84N), c.1195C>T(p.R399W), c.1196G>A(p.R399Q), c.1400C>G(p.S467C)]. The c.250T>A(p.Y84N) was a novel variation, the novel variation was predicted to have affected protein structure and function. The c.760C>T (p.R254X)was the most frequently seen mutation, which was followed by the c.1400C>G(p.S467C).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>This study confirmed the diagnosis of eight patients with CDSP on the gene level. Six mutations were found in the SLC22A5 gene, including one novel mutation which expanded the mutational spectrum of the SLC22A5 gene.</p>

Adult , Amino Acid Sequence , Base Sequence , Cardiomyopathies , Diagnosis , Genetics , Metabolism , Carnitine , Genetics , Metabolism , DNA Mutational Analysis , Methods , Female , Gene Frequency , Genotype , Humans , Hyperammonemia , Diagnosis , Genetics , Metabolism , Infant, Newborn , Male , Muscular Diseases , Diagnosis , Genetics , Metabolism , Mutation , Organic Cation Transport Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Reproducibility of Results , Sensitivity and Specificity , Sequence Homology, Amino Acid , Solute Carrier Family 22 Member 5 , Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization
Arq. gastroenterol ; 53(3): 185-191, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-787358


ABSTRACT Background - Exposure to viral antigens that share amino acid sequence similar with self- antigens might trigger autoimmune diseases in genetically predisposed individuals, and the molecular mimicry theory suggests that epitope mimicry between the virus and human proteins can activate autoimmune disease. Objective - The purpose of this study is to explore the possible sequence similarity between the amino acid sequences of thyroid self-protein and hepatitis C virus proteins, using databanks of proteins and immunogenic peptides, to explain autoimmune thyroid disease. Methods - Were performed the comparisons between the amino acid sequence of the hepatitis C virus polyprotein and thyroid self-protein human, available in the database of National Center for Biotechnology Information on Basic Local Alignment Search Tool. Results - The sequence similarity was related each hepatitis C virus genotype to each thyroid antigen. The similarities between the thyroid and the viral peptides ranged from 21.0 % (31 identical residues out of 147 amino acid in the sequence) to 71.0% (5 identical residues out of 7 amino acid in the sequence). Conclusion - Bioinformatics data, suggest a possible pathogenic link between hepatitis C virus and autoimmune thyroid disease. Through of molecular mimicry is observed that sequences similarities between viral polyproteins and self-proteins thyroid could be a mechanism of induction of crossover immune response to self-antigens, with a breakdown of self-tolerance, resulting in autoimmune thyroid disease.

RESUMO Contexto - A exposição a antígenos virais que compartilham sequência de aminoácidos semelhantes a auto-antígenos pode provocar doenças auto-imunes em indivíduos predispostos geneticamente, e a teoria do mimetismo molecular sugere que o mimetismo entre epítopos de vírus e proteínas humanas pode ativar doenças auto-imunes. Objetivo - O objetivo deste estudo foi explorar a possível semelhança entre as sequências de aminoácidos de auto-proteinas da tireóide e proteínas do vírus da hepatite C, utilizando bancos de dados de proteínas e peptídeos imunogênicos, para explicar a doença auto-imune da tireóide. Métodos - Foram realizadas comparações entre as sequências de aminoácidos de poliproteínas do vírus da hepatite C e auto-proteinas da tireóide humana, disponível na base de dados do National Center for Biotechnology Information no Basic Local Alignment Search Tool. Resultados - A semelhança de sequências foi relacionada para cada genótipo de vírus da hepatite C e proteínas da tireóide. As semelhanças entre proteínas da tireóide e os peptídeos virais variaram de 21,0% (31 resíduos idênticos da sequência de 147 aminoácidos) a 71,0% (cinco resíduos idênticos da sequência de 7 aminoácidos). Conclusão - Dados de bioinformática sugerem uma possível ligação entre vírus da hepatite C e doença auto-imune da tireóide. Através de mimetismo molecular observa-se que as semelhanças entre as sequências de poliproteínas virais e auto-proteínas da tireóide pode ser um mecanismo de indução de resposta imune resultando em doença auto-imune da tireóide.

Humans , Autoantigens/genetics , Viral Proteins/genetics , Thyroiditis, Autoimmune/immunology , Sequence Homology, Amino Acid , Hepacivirus/genetics , Polyproteins/genetics , Thyroiditis, Autoimmune/virology , Hepacivirus/immunology , Molecular Mimicry/genetics , Genotyping Techniques , Epitopes/genetics
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 62-69, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-296216


We wished to ascertain the prevalence as well as the genetic and antigenic variation of infectious bronchitis viruses (IBVs) circulating in the Guangxi Province of China in recent years. The S1 gene of 15 IBV field isolates during 2012-2013 underwent analyses in terms of the similarity of amino-acid sequences, creation of phylogenetic trees, recombination, and serologic identification. Similarities in amino-acid sequences among the 15 isolates of the S1 gene were 54.3%-99.6%, and 43.3%-99.3% among 15 isolates and reference strains. Compared with the vaccine strain H120, except for GX-YL130025, the other 14 isolates showed a lower similarity of amino-acid sequences of the S1 gene (65.1-81.4%). Phylogenetic analyses of the S1 gene suggested that 15 IBV isolates were classified into eight genotypes, with the predominant genotype being new-type II. Recombination analyses demonstrated that the S1 gene of the GX-NN130048 isolate originated from recombination events between vaccine strain 4/91 and a LX4-like isolate. Serotyping results suggested that seven serotypes prevailed during 2012-2013 in Guangxi Province, and that only one isolate was consistent with the vaccine strain H120 in serotype (which has been used widely in recent years). The serotype of recombinant isolate GX-NN130048 was different from those of its parent strains. These results suggested that not only the genotype, but also the serotype of IBV field isolates in Guangxi Province had distinct variations, and that increasing numbers of genotypes and serotypes are in circulation. We showed that recombination events can lead to the emergence of new serotypes. Our study provides new evidence for understanding of the molecular mechanisms of IBV variations, and the development of new vaccines against IBVs.

Animals , Antibodies, Viral , Blood , Chickens , China , Coronavirus Infections , Blood , Virology , Genetic Variation , Genotype , Infectious bronchitis virus , Classification , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Molecular Sequence Data , Phylogeny , Poultry Diseases , Blood , Virology , Sequence Homology, Amino Acid , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus , Chemistry , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology
Protein & Cell ; (12): 792-803, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-757369


MRG proteins are conserved during evolution in fungi, flies, mammals and plants, and they can exhibit diversified functions. The animal MRGs were found to form various complexes to activate gene expression. Plant MRG1/2 and MRG702 were reported to be involved in the regulation of flowering time via binding to H3K36me3-marked flowering genes. Herein, we determined the crystal structure of MRG701 chromodomain (MRG701). MRG701 forms a novel dimerization fold both in crystal and in solution. Moreover, we found that the dimerization of MRG chromodomains is conserved in green plants. Our findings may provide new insights into the mechanism of MRGs in regulation of gene expression in green plants.

Amino Acid Sequence , Arabidopsis , Genetics , Metabolism , Arabidopsis Proteins , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Binding Sites , Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Cloning, Molecular , Crystallography, X-Ray , Escherichia coli , Genetics , Metabolism , Gene Expression , Histones , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Models, Molecular , Oryza , Genetics , Metabolism , Peptides , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Protein Binding , Protein Interaction Domains and Motifs , Protein Isoforms , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Protein Multimerization , Protein Structure, Secondary , Recombinant Proteins , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Sequence Alignment , Sequence Homology, Amino Acid , Viridiplantae , Genetics , Metabolism
Asia Pacific Allergy ; (4): 129-132, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-750056


Lipid transfer proteins can be an important cause of allergy given their stability and high degree of protein sequence homology. We describe the case of a child who developed two separate episodes of anaphylaxis after consuming apple seed and grape, with evidence that nonspecific lipid transfer proteins may have been responsible for these reactions. Lipid transfer protein allergy should be considered when anaphylaxis is inconsistent, such as in patients who can tolerate fruit pulp but react to fresh whole fruit juices.

Anaphylaxis , Child , Fruit , Fruit and Vegetable Juices , Humans , Hypersensitivity , Sequence Homology, Amino Acid , Vitis
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345394


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the clinical manifestations and mutation of MYH9 gene in a large Chinese family affected with MYH9-related thrombocytopenia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>After informed consent was obtained; clinical examination and history investigation was performed on 29 members of the family. DNA was extracted using a standard method, then exons 1 to 40 and their corresponding exon-intron junctions of the MYH9 gene were amplified with PCR and subjected to Sanger sequencing. The results were compared to reference sequence from the University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC) to screen the mutation. PCR and Sanger sequencing was performed on genome DNA of all family members to confirm the identified mutation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The clinical manifestations of family members were prominently heterogeneous. Four affected members showed hearing loss or deafness, two affected members showed nephritis or kidney failure, and other affected members was only characterized by mild bleeding or with no obvious symptoms. A heterozygous missense mutation c.4270G>A (p.Aspl841Asn) in exon 30 of the MYH9 gene was identified in all affected members from this family, which also co-segregated with the phenotype.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>A missense mutation c.4270G>A (p.Aspl841Asn) within the exon 30 of the MYH9 gene was identified to be associated with MYH9-related thrombocytopenia in a Chinese family.</p>

Amino Acid Sequence , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Genetics , China , DNA Mutational Analysis , Exons , Genetics , Family Health , Female , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Ethnology , Genetics , Heterozygote , Humans , Male , Molecular Motor Proteins , Genetics , Mutation, Missense , Myosin Heavy Chains , Genetics , Pedigree , Sequence Homology, Amino Acid , Thrombocytopenia , Ethnology , Genetics
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345392


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To identify the pathogenic mutation underlying piebaldism in a Chinese family.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A three-generation family showing an autosomal dominant transmission of piebaldism was recruited. Potential mutations of the KIT and SNAI2 genes were detected by PCR-amplification of the exons and exon-intron boundaries and direct sequencing.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A heterozygous missense mutation, c.2585T>C, was identified in exon 18 of the KIT gene. The mutation, together with a c.2586G>C polymorphism, has led to substitution of Leucine by Proline at amino acid residue 862 (p.Leu862Pro) of the mast/stem cell growth factor receptor KIT. The same mutation was detected in all affected family members but not in dbSNP142, the 1000 Genomes draft database, or the Human Gene Mutation Database. No mutation of the SNAI2 gene was found.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The c.2585T>C (p.Leu862Pro) mutation in the KIT gene probably underlies the piebaldism phenotype in this family.</p>

Amino Acid Sequence , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Genetics , Base Sequence , China , DNA Mutational Analysis , Methods , Exons , Genetics , Family Health , Female , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Ethnology , Genetics , Heterozygote , Humans , Infant , Introns , Genetics , Male , Mutation, Missense , Pedigree , Phenotype , Piebaldism , Ethnology , Genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit , Genetics , Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345388


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To identify potential mutation of COL1A1 gene in an ethnic Han Chinese family from Henan affected with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Peripheral blood samples were collected from all 11 members of the family and 50 healthy adults for the extraction of genomic DNA. All exons and introns of the COL1A1 gene were amplified by polymerase chain reaction and subjected to direct sequencing. Mutations found in the proband were analyzed through comparison with other members of the family, 50 healthy individuals and sequence from the GenBank.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Fifteen sequence variants were discovered, which included 1 missense mutation, 1 synonymous mutation and 13 intronic mutations. All of the 4 patients from the family were detected as having carried a novel heterozygous missense mutation (c.4193T>G, p.I1398S) in exon 50 of the COL1A1 gene. The father of the proband has carried the same mutation but had a normal phenotype. The same mutation was not found in other healthy members of the family.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The OI type of this family may have been autosomal dominant with incomplete penetrance or autosomal recessive associated with COL1A1 gene mutations.</p>

Adolescent , Amino Acid Sequence , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Genetics , Base Sequence , China , Collagen Type I , Genetics , DNA Mutational Analysis , Family Health , Female , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Ethnology , Genetics , Heterozygote , Humans , Male , Mutation , Osteogenesis Imperfecta , Ethnology , Genetics , Pedigree , Penetrance , Sequence Homology, Amino Acid , Young Adult
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345387


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the molecular mechanism for a boy suspected with 3-methylcrotonyl-CoA carboxylase deficiency by neonatal screening.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>PCR and Sanger sequencing were used to identify potential mutations of MCCC1 and MCCC2 genes. SIFT and Polyphen-2 software was used to predict the effect of variant on the protein function and conservation of the variant across various species. Human Splicing Finder and Swiss-PdbViewer4.1.0 were applied to analyze the possible mechanism of the variant.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>For the proband, a compound heterozygous mutation was discovered in the MCCC1 gene, namely c.539G>T (p.G180V) and c.704_711del (p.A235Vfs*4), which were inherited from his father and mother, respectively. The two mutations have disrupted the protein conformation, which in turn may impact the function of MCC protein.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The compound heterozygous mutations of the MCCC1 gene may contribute to the 3-methylcrotonyl-CoA carboxylase deficiency manifested by the patient.</p>

Amino Acid Sequence , Base Sequence , Carbon-Carbon Ligases , Chemistry , Genetics , DNA Mutational Analysis , Heterozygote , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Models, Molecular , Mutation , Neonatal Screening , Methods , Protein Conformation , Sequence Homology, Amino Acid , Urea Cycle Disorders, Inborn , Diagnosis , Genetics
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345386


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze PKHD1 gene mutation in a family affected with autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral and cord blood samples obtained from the parents and the fetus. Potential mutations were identified using targeted exome sequencing and confirmed by Sanger sequencing. Pathogenicity of the mutation was analyzed using PolyPhen-2 and SIFT software.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compound heterozygous mutations of c.11314C>T (p.Arg3772*) and a novel missense c.889T>A (p.Cys297Ser) of the PKHD1 gene were identified in the fetus. The mother was found to have carried the c.11314C>T mutation, while the father was found to have carried the c.889T>A mutation. PolyPhen-2 and SIFT predicted that the c.889T>A mutation is probably damaging.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>A novel mutation in PKHD1 gene was detected in our ARPKD family. Compound heterozygous PKHD1 mutations were elucidated to be the molecular basis for the fetus affected with ARPKD, which has facilitated genetic counseling and implement of prenatal diagnosis for the family.</p>

Abortion, Eugenic , Adult , Amino Acid Sequence , Base Sequence , DNA Mutational Analysis , Family Health , Fatal Outcome , Female , Fetal Diseases , Diagnostic Imaging , Genetics , Fetus , Congenital Abnormalities , Metabolism , Humans , Male , Mutation , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Recessive , Diagnostic Imaging , Embryology , Genetics , Pregnancy , Receptors, Cell Surface , Genetics , Sequence Homology, Amino Acid , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Methods
Braz. j. microbiol ; 46(2): 565-570, Apr-Jun/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-749724


Partial nucleotide sequences of ORF72 (glycoprotein D, gD), ORF64 (infected cell protein 4, ICP4) and ORF30 (DNA polymerase) genes were compared with corresponding sequences of EHV-1 reference strains to characterize the molecular variability of Brazilian strains. Virus isolation assays were applied to 74 samples including visceral tissue, total blood, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and nasal swabs of specimens from a total of 64 animals. Only one CSF sample (Iso07/05 strain) was positive by virus isolation in cell culture. EHV-1 Iso07/05 neurologic strain and two abortion visceral tissues samples (Iso11/06 and Iso33/06) were PCR-positive for ORF33 (glycoprotein B, gB) gene of EHV-1. A sequence analysis of the ORF72, ORF64 and ORF30 genes from three EHV-1 archival strains (A3/97, A4/72, A9/92) and three clinical samples (Iso07/05, Iso11/06 and Iso33/06) suggested that among Brazilian EHV-1 strains, the amplified region of the gD gene sequence is highly conserved. Additionally, the analysis of ICP4 gene showed high nucleotide and amino acid identities when compared with genotype P strains, suggesting that the EHV-1 Brazilian strains belonged to the same group. All the EHV-1 Brazilian strains were classified as non-neuropathogenic variants (N752) based on the ORF30 analysis. These findings indicate a high conservation of the gD-, ICP4- and ORF30-encoding sequences. Different pathotypes of the EHV-1 strain might share identical genes with no specific markers, and tissue tropism is not completely dependent on the gD envelope, immediate-early ICP4 and DNA polymerase proteins.

Animals , Genetic Variation , Herpesviridae Infections/veterinary , Herpesvirus 1, Equid/classification , Herpesvirus 1, Equid/genetics , Horse Diseases/virology , Brazil , Cluster Analysis , Conserved Sequence , DNA, Viral/chemistry , DNA, Viral/genetics , Genotype , Horses , Herpesviridae Infections/virology , Molecular Sequence Data , Open Reading Frames , Phylogeny , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Sequence Homology, Amino Acid , Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 19(2): 116-120, Apr-Jun/2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-747152


Introduction Thyroid cancer incidence has increased in the previous 2 decades. Preoperative identification of lymph node metastasis is a suggested risk factor associated with recurrence following thyroidectomy. Objectives We aimed to evaluate the accuracy of preoperative radiologic investigations of nodal status in determining the postoperative risk of regional nodal recurrence in cases of well-differentiated thyroid cancer. Methods This is a case series. We retrospectively reviewed data, including preoperative ultrasonography and/or computed tomography results, on patients who underwent total thyroidectomy for thyroid cancer at our hospital between 2006 and 2012. Prognostic factors for predicting recurrence, including age, sex, tumor diameter, and nodal diameter, were evaluated. Results Total thyroidectomy was performed on 24 male and 74 female patients (median age, 43 years). The median follow-up time was 21 months. Sixty-eight patients had papillary thyroid cancer, and 30 had follicular cancer. Nodal recurrence was evident in 30% of patients, and 4% of patients died. Identification of lymph node involvement during preoperative radiologic investigations was strongly prognostic for recurrence: 35.3% of patients with positive preoperative ultrasonography findings and 62.5% of those with positive preoperative computed tomography findings had recurrence (p = 0.01). Conclusions Preoperative identification of lymph node metastasis on radiologic studies was correlated with an increased risk of regional nodal recurrence in well-differentiated thyroid cancer. Computed tomography was superior to ultrasonography in detecting metastatic nodal involvement preoperatively and is therefore recommended for preoperative assessment and postoperative follow-up. .

Animals , Humans , Hematopoiesis/genetics , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Zebrafish Proteins/physiology , Zebrafish/physiology , /physiology , Amino Acid Sequence , Animals, Genetically Modified , Conserved Sequence , Embryo, Nonmammalian , Molecular Sequence Data , Protein Structure, Tertiary/genetics , Sequence Homology, Amino Acid , Tandem Repeat Sequences , Transcriptome , Zebrafish Proteins/chemistry , Zebrafish/embryology , /chemistry
Braz. j. microbiol ; 46(1): 285-292, 05/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-748256


Aspergillus flavus was isolated from soil and exhibited laccase activity under both constitutive and copper induced conditions. Spiking the medium with 1 mM copper sulfate resulted in an increase in the activity which reached 51.84 U/mL, a distinctive protein band was detected at 60 kDa. The extracellular enzyme was purified 81 fold using gel filtration chromatography and resulted in two different laccase fractions L1 and L2, the latter had a higher enzymatic activity which reached 79.57 U/mL and specific activity of 64.17 U/μg protein. The analysis of the spectrum of the L2 fraction showed a shoulder at 330 nm which is characteristic for T2/T3 copper centers; both copper and zinc were detected suggesting that this is an unconventional white laccase. Primers of laccase gene were designed and synthesized to recover specific gene from A. flavus. Sequence analysis indicated putative laccase (Genbank ID: JF683612) at the amino acid level suggesting a close identity to laccases from other genera containing the copper binding site. Decolorization of textile waste water under different conditions showed possible application in bioremediation within a short period of time. The effect of copper on A. flavus was concentration dependent.

Aspergillus flavus/drug effects , Aspergillus flavus/enzymology , Copper/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic/drug effects , Laccase/biosynthesis , Transcriptional Activation/drug effects , Aspergillus flavus/genetics , Aspergillus flavus/isolation & purification , Chromatography, Gel , Culture Media/chemistry , DNA, Fungal/genetics , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Industrial Waste , Laccase/chemistry , Laccase/isolation & purification , Molecular Sequence Data , Molecular Weight , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Sequence Homology, Amino Acid , Soil Microbiology , Spectrum Analysis , Water Purification
Rev. bras. enferm ; 68(2): 311-319, Mar-Apr/2015. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: lil-752510


RESUMO Objetivo: descrever as contribuições da simulação clínica para aprendizagem de atributos cognitivos e procedimentais, por meio do debriefing, na perspectiva dos estudantes de enfermagem. Método: estudo descritivo exploratório. Participaram 20 estudantes de Graduação em Enfermagem de uma universidade do interior paulista. Na coleta de dados, realizada na etapa do debriefing, foi registrada a percepção do aluno sobre a simulação, aspectos positivos e o que poderia ser feito de forma diferente. Os relatos foram agrupados em categorias temáticas centrais, segundo referencial de análise de conteúdo de Bardin (2011), analisadas por meio de estatística descritiva. Resultados: identificada valorização da aprendizagem ativa, crítica e reflexiva (47,5%) em decorrência da aproximação à realidade assistencial (20,3%), manifestação dos sentimentos vivenciados durante a simulação (16,9%) e composição do cenário (15,3%). Conclusão: a simulação clínica seguida do debriefing favorece a compreensão da relação entre ação e resultados alcançados na aprendizagem. .

RESUMEN Objetivo: describir las contribuciones de simulación clínica para aprender atributos cognitivos y de procedimiento, a través de debriefing, desde la perspectiva de los estudiantes de enfermería. Método: estudio exploratorio descriptivo. 20 estudiantes participaron en el Pregrado en Enfermería de una universidad de São Paulo. Durante la recolección de datos, que se aplicó durante el debriefing, fue grabado en la percepción de los estudiantes de la simulación, los aspectos positivos y lo que podría hacerse de otra manera. Los informes de los estudiantes se agrupan de acuerdo a los temas centrales, según el referencial de análisis de contenido de Bardin (2011) y analizados mediante estadística descriptiva. Resultados: identificado la mejora de aprendizaje activo, crítico y reflexivo (47,5%) debido a la aproximación a la realidad en la atención de enfermería (20,3%), un resultado de la composición del escenario (16,9%), lo que favorece el desarrollo de sentimientos experimentados durante la simulación (15,3%). Conclusión: la simulación clínica seguida de debriefing favorece la comprensión de la relación entre la acción y los resultados obtenidos en el aprendizaje. .

ABSTRACT Objective: to describe the contributions of clinical simulation for learning cognitive and procedural attributes through debriefi ng, from the perspective of nursing students. Method: descriptive exploratory study. Twenty nursing undergraduate students from a university in the interior of the state of São Paulo participated in this study. Data collection was performed at the debriefi ng stage. Student’s perceptions about the simulation, positive aspects and what they could have done differently were registered. The students’ statements were grouped according to the central themes and the framework of Bardin’s content analysis (2011) and were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results: enhancement of active, critical and refl ective learning (47.5%) was identifi ed due to the closeness to reality in nursing care (20.3%), manifestation of feelings experienced during the simulation (15.3%) and composition of the scenario (15.3%). Conclusion: the clinical simulation followed by debriefi ng promotes the understanding of the link between action and achievements in learning. .

Arabidopsis Proteins/metabolism , Arabidopsis/growth & development , Arabidopsis/immunology , Immunity, Innate/immunology , Peptide Fragments/immunology , Plant Immunity/immunology , Receptors, Pattern Recognition/immunology , Amino Acid Sequence , Arabidopsis/genetics , Blotting, Western , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Molecular Sequence Data , Plant Roots/growth & development , Plant Roots/immunology , Plant Roots/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Receptors, Pattern Recognition/metabolism , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sequence Homology, Amino Acid , Signal Transduction
Salud colect ; 11(1): 35-48, ene.-mar. 2015.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-746683


El precio es una de las principales barreras de acceso a los medicamentos. Por ello es importante conocer cómo se forman los precios y qué factores determinan su cuantía y también qué formas de intervención y regulación son las más adecuadas teniendo en cuenta sus efectos, tanto sobre el acceso, como sobre la innovación, la producción local y otros posibles objetivos de la política de medicamentos. El análisis económico ha desarrollado un conjunto de modelos de mercado que permiten explicar el comportamiento de los precios, aunque los mercados reales divergen sustancialmente de los modelos teóricos. La regulación de precios está justificada por los llamados "fallos de mercado"; la regulación de precios basada en el costo de producción, la modalidad de control de precios más tradicional, ha caído en desuso a favor de los sistemas de precios de referencia internacionales y por la fijación del precio basada en el valor.

Price is one of the main barriers of access to medicines. It is therefore important to understand how prices are formed and what factors determine the amount, as well as what interventions and regulations are the most appropriate considering their effects on access, innovation, local production and other potential objectives of drug policy. Economic analysis has developed a set of market models that can explain the behavior of prices, although actual markets diverge substantially from the theoretical models. Price regulation is justified by the so-called "market failures." Price regulation based on the cost of production, the most traditional form of price control, has fallen into disuse in favor of systems of international reference pricing and value-based pricing.

Animals , /chemistry , /metabolism , Drosophila melanogaster/enzymology , Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic/physiology , Amino Acid Sequence , Catalytic Domain , Conserved Sequence , Evolution, Molecular , Molecular Sequence Data , Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 18(1): 208-219, Jan-Mar/2015. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-736434


INTRODUÇÃO: Apesar do consenso científico sobre os benefícios que a amamentação proporciona à mãe, à criança, à família e ao próprio meio ambiente, além da recomendação para que sua prática seja realizada de forma exclusiva nos seis primeiros meses de vida, essa conduta está longe de ser alcançada. OBJETIVO: Analisar os fatores associados à amamentação exclusiva (AME) por pelo menos seis meses, em contraponto ao desmame total até o segundo mês de vida no estado de Pernambuco. MÉTODO: Estudo caso-controle reunindo 124 casos (AME por pelo menos seis meses) pareados por idade e sexo com 248 controles (desmame total até o segundo mês). Casos e controles foram oriundos da III Pesquisa Estadual de Saúde e Nutrição. Foram selecionadas como variáveis de exposição: idade e escolaridade materna, renda familiar, zona de moradia, consultas pré-natais, tipo de parto e profissional que o assistiu e orientação sobre amamentação no pré-natal. Foi aplicada regressão logística nas variáveis que apresentaram um valor de p < 0,2 nas análises bivariadas, adotando para a inclusão no modelo final o nível de significância p < 0,05. RESULTADOS: Dos 8 agrupamentos de variáveis consideradas como possíveis preditoras do AME por pelo menos 6 meses, mantiveram-se como fatores associados a idade materna entre 20 - 35 anos, sendo a odds ratio (OR) 2,5 e o intervalo de confiança de 95% (IC95%) 1,4 - 4,5; e a escolaridade de 5 - 8 anos de estudo (OR 2,1; IC95% 1,2 - 3,6). CONCLUSÃO: O estudo mostra que ainda são necessárias mobilizações dos poderes públicos e estímulo às pesquisas em prol do sucesso do AME e da saúde materno-infantil. .

INTRODUCTION: Despite the scientific consensus on the benefits that breastfeeding provides for the mother, the baby, the family and the environment, and also the recommendation to breastfeed exclusively for six months, this practice is far from being achieved. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for at least six month, as opposed to weaning up to the second month of life in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil. METHODS: A case-control study of 124 cases (EBF for at least six months) matched for age and sex with 248 controls (weaning up to the second month of life). Cases and controls were drawn from the III State Health and Nutrition Survey. The exposure variables selected were maternal age and education, per capita income, housing zone, prenatal consultations, type of delivery, professional who assisted the delivery, and prenatal breastfeeding guidance. Logistic regression was applied to variables that showed a p-value < 0.2 in the bivariate analysis, and the variables with p-value < 0.05 were included in the final model. RESULTS: Of the eight groups of variables considered as possible predictors of EBF for at least six months, two remained as associated factors: maternal age between 20 - 35 years old, with odds ratio (OR) 2.5 and 95% confidence interval 95%CI 1.4 - 4.5; and maternal education of 5 - 8 years of schooling (OR 2.1; 95%CI 1.2 - 3.6). CONCLUSION: The study shows that mobilization of the public sector and stimulus to research is still needed for the success of EBF and for mother and child health. .

Animals , Epidermis/metabolism , beta-Keratins/metabolism , Amino Acid Sequence , Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional , Keratins/metabolism , Models, Anatomic , Models, Biological , Molecular Sequence Data , Protein Processing, Post-Translational , Protein Structure, Secondary , Protein Structure, Tertiary , Proteomics/methods , Reptiles , Sequence Homology, Amino Acid