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Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 86(4) (Nro Esp - ACARO Asociación Argentina para el Estudio de la Cadera y Rodilla): 545-552, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353956


Una contusión tangencial sobre determinadas regiones del cuerpo puede provocar una colección subcutánea serosa límpida o translúcida que aparece súbita o lentamente, conocida como hematoma disecante de Morel-Lavallée. La localización en la cadera es muy frecuente, pero es infrecuente en la rodilla. A la lesión de Morel-Lavallée también se la llama seudoquiste, quiste postraumático de tejidos blandos o extravasación de Morel-Lavallée. Presentamos a un paciente de 49 años, con una lesión traumática y un hematoma seroso de Morel-Lavallée que se produce por la fricción entre el tejido celular subcutáneo y la fascia durante la lesión traumática. Dada su localización infrecuente, se decidió comunicar este caso, ya que se han publicado solo un par de pacientes con este cuadro. Nivel de Evidencia: IV

A tangential contusion on certain regions of the body can lead to a clear or translucent serous subcutaneous collection that appears suddenly or slowly, known as Morel-Lavallée dissecting hematoma. It is frequently located in the hip and infrequently in the knee. The Morel-Lavallée lesion can be called pseudocyst, soft tissue posttraumatic cyst, or Morel-Lavallée extravasation. We present the case of a 49-year-old patient with a serous Morel-Lavallée lesion, caused by friction between the subcutaneous cellular tissue and the fascia during a traumatic injury. Given its infrequent location, it was decided to report this case, since few cases of patients with this condition have been published in the literature. Level of Evidence: IV

Middle Aged , Soft Tissue Injuries , Seroma , Knee Injuries
Rev. méd. Chile ; 148(8)ago. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389290


Breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL) is a rare type of non-Hodgkin T-cell lymphoma, recently defined in the 2016 World Health Organization (WHO) classification of lymphoid neoplasms. It occurs more commonly when textured implants are used and appears clinically as a late seroma. Cytologically, these lesions are composed of large atypical cells with pleomorphic nucleus and an immunophenotype positive for T cell markers and CD30, and negative for ALK1. We report a 56-years-old woman with breast implants who developed a periprosthetic seroma three years after surgery. A fine needle aspiration of the lesion was carried out. Cytology and the immunocytochemical study revealed cells compatible with BIA-ALCL. The flow cytometric study was negative. Excisional biopsy of the capsule was performed, observing that the neoplastic cells were confined to the inner surface of the capsule. Imaging studies did not find evidence of disseminated disease. The present case demonstrates the importance of the study of any late periprosthetic effusion, which can be performed using fine needle aspiration.

Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Breast Neoplasms , Lymphoma, Large-Cell, Anaplastic , Breast Implants , Breast Implantation , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Lymphoma, Large-Cell, Anaplastic/surgery , Lymphoma, Large-Cell, Anaplastic/diagnosis , Lymphoma, Large-Cell, Anaplastic/etiology , Breast Implants/adverse effects , Breast Implantation/adverse effects , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Seroma/etiology
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(3): 215-219, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137185


Abstract Background: Increasing number of patients are being operated because of breast cancer. Seroma is the most common problem that occurs after surgery that increases morbidity. For postoperative pain management, Thoracic Paravertebral Block (TPVB) has long been considered the gold standard technique. With performing TPVB, sympathetic nerves are also blocked. Objective: With this study, we aimed to search the effect of TPVB on seroma reduction in patients who undergo mastectomy and axillary node dissection surgery. Methods: Forty ASA I-II female patients aged 18-65, who were scheduled to go under elective unilateral mastectomy and axillary lymph node resection were included to the study. Patients were randomized into two groups as TPVB and Control group. Ultrasound guided TPVB with 20 mL 0.25% bupivacaine was performed at T1 level preoperatively to the TPVB group patients. All patients were provided with i.v. patient-controlled analgesia device. Seroma formation amounts, morphine consumptions and Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) scores for pain were recorded 24th hour postoperatively. Results and conclusions: Mean seroma formation at postoperative 24th hour was 112.5 ± 53.3 mL in the control group and 74.5 ± 47.4 mL in the TPVB group (p = 0.022). NRS scores were similar between two groups (p = 0.367) at postoperative 24th hour but mean morphine consumption at postoperative 24th hour was 5.6 ± 4 mg in the TPBV group, and 16.6 ± 6.9 mg in the control group (p < 0.001). TPVB reduces the amount of seroma formation while providing effective analgesia in patients who undergo mastectomy and axillary lymph node removal surgery.

Resumo Introdução: Observa-se aumento do número de pacientes submetidos à cirurgia por neoplasia mamária. Seroma é a mais frequente complicação pós-operatória que aumenta a morbidade. Há muito tempo, considera-se o Bloqueio Paravertebral Torácico (BPVT) a técnica padrão-ouro para o controle da dor pós-operatória. O BPVT provoca, igualmente, o bloqueio da inervação simpática. Objetivo: Identificar o efeito do BPVT na redução de seroma em pacientes que realizaram mastectomia e dissecção dos linfonodos axilares. Método: Foram incluídas no estudo 40 pacientes do sexo feminino ASA I-II, entre 18 e 65 anos de idade, submetidas a mastectomia eletiva unilateral com ressecção de linfonodos axilares. As pacientes foram randomizadas em grupo BPVT e grupo controle. As pacientes do grupo BPVT foram submetidas ao BPVT guiado por ultrassom no nível de T1 e 20 mL de bupivacaína 0,25% foram administrados antes da cirurgia. Bomba de infusão IV ACP foi prescrita para todas as pacientes. Na 24ª hora pós-operatória foram registradas a quantidade de produção de seroma, o consumo de morfina e a avaliação da dor pela escala de avaliação numérica (NRS - do inglês Numeric Rating Scale). Resultados: A quantidade média de seroma na 24ª hora pós-operatória foi 112,5 ± 53,3 mL no grupo controle e 74,5 ± 47,4 mL no grupo BPVT (p = 0,022). Na 24ª hora pós-operatória a pontuação NRS foi semelhante nos dois grupos (p = 0,367), porém o consumo médio de morfina foi 5,6 ± 4 mg no grupo BPVT e 16,6 ± 6,9 mg no grupo controle (p < 0,001). Conclusões: O BPVT reduz a quantidade de seroma enquanto proporciona analgesia efetiva em pacientes que se submetem a mastectomia e remoção dos linfonodos axilares.

Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Seroma/prevention & control , Mastectomy , Nerve Block/methods , Spinal Nerves , Double-Blind Method , Prospective Studies , Lymph Node Excision , Middle Aged
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811125


BACKGROUND: The number of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (herein, lupus) undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is increasing. There is disagreement about the effect of lupus on perioperative complication rates. We hypothesized that lupus would be associated with higher complication rates in patients who undergo elective primary THA or TKA.METHODS: Records of more than 6.2 million patients from the National Inpatient Sample who underwent elective primary THA or TKA from 2000 to 2009 were reviewed. Patients with lupus (n = 38,644) were compared with those without lupus (n = 6,173,826). Major complications were death, pulmonary embolism, myocardial infarction, stroke, pneumonia, and acute renal failure. Minor complications were wound infection, seroma, deep vein thrombosis, hip dislocation, wound dehiscence, and hematoma. Patient age, sex, duration of hospital stay, and number of Elixhauser comorbidities were assessed for both groups. Multivariate logistic regression models using comorbidities, age, and sex as covariates were used to assess the association of lupus with major and minor perioperative complications. The alpha level was set to 0.001.RESULTS: Among patients who underwent THA, those with lupus were younger (mean age, 56 vs. 65 years), were more likely to be women (87% vs. 56%), had longer hospital stays (mean, 4.0 vs. 3.8 days), and had more comorbidities (mean, 2.5 vs. 1.4) than those without lupus (all p < 0.001). In patients with THA, lupus was independently associated with major complications (odds ratio [OR], 1.4; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.1 to 1.7) and minor complications (OR, 1.2; 95% CI, 1.0 to 1.5). Similarly, among patients who underwent TKA, those with lupus were younger (mean, 62 vs. 67 years), were more likely to be women (93% vs. 64%), had longer hospital stays (mean, 3.8 vs. 3.7 days), and had more comorbidities (mean, 2.8 vs. 1.7) than those without lupus (all p < 0.001). However, in TKA patients, lupus was not associated with greater odds of major complications (OR, 1.2; 95% CI, 0.9 to 1.4) or minor complications (OR, 1.1; 95% CI, 0.9 to 1.3).CONCLUSIONS: Lupus is an independent risk factor for major and minor perioperative complications in elective primary THA but not TKA.

Female , Humans , Acute Kidney Injury , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Comorbidity , Hematoma , Hip Dislocation , Hip , Inpatients , Knee , Length of Stay , Logistic Models , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Myocardial Infarction , Pneumonia , Pulmonary Embolism , Risk Factors , Seroma , Stroke , Venous Thrombosis , Wound Infection , Wounds and Injuries
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(4): 452-457, oct.-dec. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047899


Introdução: Abdominoplastia é um procedimento não apenas com características estéticas, mas também de reconstrução estrutural da parede abdominal. O objetivo do trabalho é mostrar a experiência dos autores em abdominoplastias, enfocando nos resultados estéticos da cicatriz e a evolução destes pacientes, aplicando as técnicas de ressecção em bloco do Professor Ronaldo Pontes (RP). Métodos: O estudo foi uma série retrospectiva de casos de 124 pacientes, entre março de 2014 a março de 2017, submetidos à abdominoplastia em bloco pela técnica RP. Resultados: Na nossa casuística, demonstrou-se uma mínima incidência de complicações encontradas com a técnica em Bloco RP, em comparação às encontradas na literatura, e, também, demonstrou um número pífio de casos de alterações na cicatrização. Conclusão: A técnica descrita e suas variantes atendem a necessidade de diversos tipos de casos e garantem cirurgias seguras e eficazes, com resultados muito satisfatórios, sendo uma técnica reprodutível.

Introduction: Abdominoplasty involves not only aesthetic characteristics but abdominal wall structural reconstruction. This study aimed to illustrate the authors' experience with abdominoplasty, focusing on the scar's aesthetic results and the evolution of application of the block resection technique of Professor Ronaldo Pontes (RP). Methods: The study included a series of retrospective cases of 124 patients treated between March 2014 and March 2017 who underwent RP block abdominoplasty. Results: In our studies, a minimal incidence of complications and a small number of healing alterations were noted with the RP block technique compared to those found in the literature. Conclusion: A técnica descrita e suas variantes atendem a necessidade de diversos tipos de casos e garantem cirurgias seguras e eficazes, com resultados muito satisfatórios, sendo uma técnica reprodutível.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , History, 21st Century , Postoperative Complications , Cicatrix, Hypertrophic , Seroma , Esthetics , Abdominoplasty , Hematoma , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Cicatrix, Hypertrophic/surgery , Cicatrix, Hypertrophic/complications , Seroma/surgery , Abdominoplasty/adverse effects , Abdominoplasty/methods , Hematoma/surgery
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(4): 546-551, oct.-dec. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047923


Introdução: A abdominoplastia é um procedimento para a melhoria do contorno corporal e a técnica tem sido aprimorada pela associação da dissecção limitada do retalho cutâneo e pontos de adesão no mesmo ato operatório, evitando-se a formação de seroma pós-abdominoplastia, complicação que incomoda tanto o paciente quanto o cirurgião. Portanto, o objetivo é avaliar se o uso de pontos de adesão está associado a menor incidência de seroma após abdominoplastia quando comparado ao uso de drenos. Métodos: Revisão sistemática da literatura com metanálise, envolvendo as seguintes bases de dados: Science Direct, Scielo, Pubmed, Lilacs, CINAHL e Scopus. Para analisar os dados foi utilizado o programa Stata 12.0 e a estatística I² proposta por Higgins, com intervalo de confiança de 95% para o risco relativo para seroma, segundo o tipo de intervenção (dreno, ponto de adesão, dreno com ponto de adesão). Sendo registrado no PROSPERO sob o número CRD42019120399. Resultados: Cinco estudos preencheram os critérios de inclusão e foram incluídos na metanálise. Ao comparar o uso de dreno de sucção com pontos de adesão, os pontos de adesão mostraram um fator de proteção na prevenção do seroma (RR: 0,13; IC 95%: 0,02-0,66). Conclusão: Os achados sugerem que o uso de pontos de adesão em abdominoplastia em detrimento do uso de drenos pode ser uma técnica eficaz para prevenção da formação de seromas.

Introduction: Abdominoplasty, which aims to improve body contour, has been upgraded by its association with limited dissection of the cutaneous flap and quilting sutures in the same surgery to avoid the formation of postabdominoplasty seroma, a complication that troubles both patient and surgeon. Therefore, this study aimed to assess whether the use of quilting sutures is associated with a lower incidence of seroma after abdominoplasty than the use of drains. Methods: A systematic review of the literature and a meta-analysis were performed of the Science Direct, Scielo, Pubmed, Lilacs, CINAHL, and Scopus databases. The data analysis was performed using the Stata 12.0 program and the I² statistic proposed by Higgins, with a 95% confidence interval for the relative risk for seroma by intervention type (drain, quilting sutures, drain with quilting sutures). The study was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42019120399). Results: Five studies met the inclusion criteria and were included in the meta-analysis. Quilting sutures showed a protective effect (versus use of drain with quilting sutures) in the prevention of seroma (relative risk, 0.13; 95% confidence interval, 0.02­0.66). Conclusion: These findings suggest that the use of quilting sutures instead of drains in abdominoplasty can effectively prevent seroma formation.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , History, 21st Century , Suction , Surgery, Plastic , Drainage , Meta-Analysis as Topic , Seroma , Abdomen , Abdominoplasty , Suction/methods , Suction/statistics & numerical data , Surgery, Plastic/methods , Surgery, Plastic/statistics & numerical data , Drainage/methods , Drainage/statistics & numerical data , Seroma/surgery , Seroma/therapy , Abdominoplasty/methods , Abdominoplasty/statistics & numerical data , Abdomen/surgery
Rev. argent. cir. plást ; 25(2): 54-67, apr-jun.2019. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1152220


Introducción. El linfedema de miembro superior postratamiento del cáncer de mama es una afección progresiva y crónica que compromete a una gran cantidad de pacientes causando efectos físicos, psicológicos y sociales. El linfedema secundario se da en un 20-40% de los casos luego de la cirugía del cáncer de mama con vaciamiento y radioterapia. Este es un problema desafiante. El tratamiento conservador ha demostrado no ser suficientemente exitoso por lo que su tratamiento quirúrgico es una buena opción. La transferencia microquirúrgica de nódulo linfático vascularizado (TNLV) brindó una nueva esperanza para este grupo de pacientes. Material y métodos. En el periodo comprendido entre marzo 2016 y agosto 2018 se analizaron 16 pacientes con una edad promedio de 50,25. Se realizó tratamiento quirúrgico basándose en la transferencia de nódulo linfático vascularizado (TNLV) de la ingle a la axila por medio de una anastomosis microquirúrgica de la arteria circunfleja ilíaca superficial en pacientes que presentaron linfedema secundario al tratamiento del cáncer de mama. Se realizó simultáneamente a la cirugía reconstructiva de la mama con colgajo libre DIEP y también en un segundo tiempo quirúrgico. Tiempo quirúrgico de 4,3 horas y una estadía en internación de 2,3 días. Resultados. La vitalidad de los colgajos fue 100%. Como morbilidad, se presentaron cuatro casos de seroma, una infección y una dehiscencia en la zona dadora. Con un seguimiento promedio de 10,43 meses y una reducción significativa de volumen del miembro afectado del 27.47% en comparación con el preoperatorio. La incidencia de celulitis descendió. La linfografía posoperatoria indicó una mejoría en el drenaje linfático del miembro afectado. Conclusiones. La transferencia linfática vascularizada al miembro afectado en conjunto con la cirugía reconstructiva mamaria DIEP es un procedimiento seguro y eficaz en el tratamiento del linfedema de miembro superior en pacientes mastectomizadas con vaciamiento ganglionar y radioterapia.

Purpose: Upper limb lymphedema post breast cancer treatment is a progressive and chronic condition that involves a large number of patients causing psychological, physical and social effects. The incidence of secondary lymphedema is about 20-40% before breast cancer treatment. This is a challenging problem. The conservative treatment has shown not to be successful enough so the surgery is a really good option. The vascularized lymph node transfer (VLNT) offers some hope to this group of patients. The purpose of the investigation is to demonstrate that te VLNT is an efficacious approach to treating postmastectomy upper limb lymphedema. Methods: From March 2016 to August 2018 were analyzed sixteen patients with a mean age of 50.25 years. They all have secondary lymphedema. They underwent surgical treatment based on vascularized lymph node transfer from the groin to the axially area or elbow as a recipent site. The deep inferior epigastric perforator flap was made at the same time, as a stacked flap. In only six cases, the VLNT was made on a second surgical time. The serrato's vessels were used as a recipient vessels in the axilary area and a radial artery branch and the cephalic vein were used in the elbow. Results: The flaps vitality was 100%. There were four seroma cases, one infection and one dehiscence. At a mean follow up of 10.43, the mean circumference reduction rate of the lymphedematous limb was about 27.47% between the preoperative and the postoperative groups. The postoperative lymphoscintigrapy showed a little improvement. The follow up of the vitality of the nodes was made by a lymphatic contrast tomography, and it showed all nodes survived. Conclusions: The vascularized lymph node transfer and the DIEP flap were confirmed as an effective and safe treatment to the secondary lymphedema in this type of patients, and it really improves postmastectomy upper limb lymphedema

Humans , Anastomosis, Surgical , Retrospective Studies , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Seroma , Free Tissue Flaps , Breast Cancer Lymphedema/diagnosis , Iliac Artery , Lymph Nodes , Lymphedema/diagnosis
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(1): 15-22, jan.-mar. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-994537


Introdução: Abdominoplastia é um dos procedimentos cirúrgicos estéticos mais realizados. Seroma é a complicação local mais comum associada com abdominoplastia, com uma incidência média de 10%. A maior incidência de seroma pós-operatório (PO) ocorre no décimo primeiro dia PO. Ecografia abdominal é o método de escolha para o diagnóstico de seroma após abdominoplastia. Novas técnicas surgiram ao longo dos anos na tentativa de trazer melhores resultados estéticos com menos complicações, como lipoabdominoplastia descrita por Saldanha. Porém, estudos anatômicos recentes questionam a necessidade da manutenção da fáscia de Scarpa descrita na técnica de lipoabdominoplastia, descrevendo que em torno de 90% do sistema linfático abdominal está no plano subdérmico e 10% em um sistema linfático profundo justa-aponeurose abdominal. O objetivo é comparar a incidência de seroma na lipoabdominoplastia sem preservação da fáscia de Scarpa com a abdominoplastia clássica. Métodos: Coorte prospectiva, cega na qual serão analisados 40 pacientes consecutivos que realizaram abdominoplastia sem lipoaspiração associada (n = 20) ou lipoabdominoplastia (n = 20) no Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre entre abril de 2016 e maio de 2017. Todos foram submetidos à ecografia de parede abdominal no 10o dia PO. Resultados: A incidência de seroma foi de 5% (n = 1) no grupo de abdominoplastia clássica e de 10% (n = 2) no grupo de lipoabdominoplastia, sem diferença estatística. Conclusão: Estes resultados, neste grupo de pacientes, mostram que não houve diferença estatística entre os dois grupos.

Introduction: Abdominoplasty is among the most commonly performed surgical procedures. Seroma is the most common local complication associated with abdominoplasty, with an average incidence of 10%. The highest incidence of postoperative (PO) seroma occurs on the eleventh postoperative day (POD). Abdominal ultrasound is the method of choice for diagnosing seroma after abdominoplasty. New techniques have emerged aiming to improve aesthetic results with fewer complications, such as lipoabdominoplasty described by Saldanha. However, recent anatomical studies have questioned the need for Scarpa fascia preservation recommended in the lipoabdominoplasty technique, describing that around 90% of the abdominal lymphatic system is in the subdermal plane, while the other 10% is in a deep lymphatic system near the abdominal aponeurosis. The objective is to compare the incidence of seroma in lipoabdominoplasty without Scarpa fascia preservation to that in classic abdominoplasty. Methods: Prospective blinded cohort in which 40 consecutive patients who underwent abdominoplasty without associated liposuction (n = 20) or lipoabdominoplasty (n = 20) at the Hospital de Clínicas of Porto Alegre between April 2016 and May 2017 were analyzed. All patients underwent abdominal wall ultrasonography on the tenth POD. Results: The incidence of seroma was 5% (n = 1) in the classic abdominoplasty group and 10% (n = 2) in the lipoabdominoplasty group, with no statistical difference. Conclusion: These results showed no statistically significant intergroup difference in seroma development.

Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Lipectomy/adverse effects , Lipectomy/methods , Ultrasonography/adverse effects , Ultrasonography/methods , Seroma/surgery , Seroma/complications , Abdominoplasty/adverse effects , Abdominoplasty/methods , Body Contouring/adverse effects , Body Contouring/methods , Lipodystrophy/complications , Lipodystrophy/metabolism
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719628


PURPOSE: Chronic testicular pain remains an important challenge for urologists. At present there are many treatment modalities available for chronic orchialgia. Some patients remain in pain despite a conservative treatment. Microsurgical denervation of spermatic cord appears to be successful in relieving pain in patients who fail conservative management. We assessed the long-term efficacy, complications and patient perceptions of microsurgical denervation of the spermatic cord in the treatment of chronic orchialgia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study was conducted from January 2007 to January 2016 which included men with testicular pain of >3 months duration, failure of conservative management, persistent of pain for >3 months after treating the underlying cause. Total 48 patients with 62 testicular units (14 bilateral) showed the response to spermatic cord block and underwent Microsurgical Denervation of Spermatic Cord. RESULTS: Out of 62 testicular units (14 bilateral) which were operated, complete 2 years follow-up data were available for 38 testicular units. Out of these 38 units, 31 units (81.57%) had complete pain relief, 4 units (10.52%) had partial pain, and 3 units (7.89%) were non-responders. Complications were superficial wound infection in 3 units (4.83%), hydrocele in 2 units (3.22%), subcutaneous seroma in 2 units (3.22%), and an incisional hematoma in 1unit (1.61%) out of 62 operated testicular units. CONCLUSIONS: Idiopathic chronic orchialgia remains a difficult condition to manage. If surgery is considered, microsurgical denervation of spermatic cord should be considered as a first surgical approach to get rid of pain and sparing the testicle.

Humans , Male , Chronic Pain , Denervation , Follow-Up Studies , Hematoma , Pain Management , Prospective Studies , Scrotum , Seroma , Spermatic Cord , Testis , Wound Infection
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739378


Robotic surgery facilitates surgical procedures by employing flexible arms with multiple degrees of freedom and providing high-quality 3-dimensional imaging. Robot-assisted nipplesparing mastectomy with immediate reconstruction is currently performed to avoid breast scars. Four patients with invasive ductal carcinoma underwent robot-assisted nipple-sparing mastectomy and immediate robot-assisted expander insertion. Through a 6-cm incision along the anterior axillary line, sentinel lymph node biopsy and nipple-sparing mastectomy were performed by oncologic surgeons. The pectoralis major muscle was elevated, an acellular dermal matrix (ADM) sling was created with robotic assistance, and an expander was inserted into the subpectoral, sub-ADM pocket. No patients had major complications such as hematoma, seroma, infection, capsular contracture, or nipple-areolar necrosis. The mean operation time for expander insertion was 1 hour and 20 minutes, and it became shorter with more experience. The first patient completed 2-stage prosthetic reconstruction and was highly satisfied with the unnoticeable scar and symmetric reconstruction. We describe several cases of immediate robot-assisted prosthetic breast reconstruction. This procedure is a feasible surgical option for patients who want to conceal surgical scars.

Female , Humans , Acellular Dermis , Arm , Breast Implants , Breast , Carcinoma, Ductal , Cicatrix , Contracture , Freedom , Hematoma , Mammaplasty , Mastectomy , Necrosis , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy , Seroma , Surgeons , Tissue Expansion Devices
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786694


PURPOSE: The outcomes of endovascular aneurysmal repair (EVAR) for infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) in the Middle East have rarely been reported. We analyzed the outcomes of EVAR in a Jordanian population.MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of the medical records of patients with infrarenal AAA who were treated with elective EVAR between January 2004 and January 2017 at a single center in Jordan. Patient characteristics, anatomical characteristics, procedural details, and early and late postoperative outcomes were analyzed.RESULTS: A total of 288 patients (mean age, 70 years; 77.8% males) underwent EVAR for infrarenal AAA (median aneurysm size, 64 mm). Bifurcated endografts were used in 265 patients, and aorto-uni-iliac devices were used in 22 patients. Successful endograft deployment was achieved in all patients with no open conversion. Early complications included localized groin hematoma in 15, femoral artery dissection in 4, wound infection in 3, and seroma in 3 patients. With a mean follow-up of 60 months, 50 endoleaks were detected, including 9 type I, 38 type II, and 3 type III. Seven patients had unilateral graft limb occlusion. The 30-day mortality was 1.7%, and long-term mortality was 7.0%, mostly due to non-AAA-related causes.CONCLUSION: EVAR was safely performed in Jordanian patients with minimal complications. However, long-term surveillance is important due to the risk of endoleaks and consequent intervention.

Humans , Aneurysm , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal , Blood Vessel Prosthesis , Endoleak , Extremities , Femoral Artery , Follow-Up Studies , Groin , Hematoma , Jordan , Medical Records , Middle East , Mortality , Retrospective Studies , Seroma , Transplants , Wound Infection
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762860


BACKGROUND: Incisional hernia is a common complication following visceral organ transplantation. Transplant patients are at increased risk of primary and recurrent hernias due to chronic immune suppression and large incisions. We conducted a retrospective review of patients with a history of liver or kidney transplantation who underwent hernia repair to analyze outcomes and hernia recurrence. METHODS: This is a single center, retrospective review of 19 patients who received kidney and/or liver transplantation prior to presenting with an incisional hernia from 2011 to 2017. All hernias were repaired with open component separation technique (CST) with biologic mesh underlay. RESULTS: The mean age of patients was 61.0±8.3 years old, with a mean body mass index of 28.4±4.8 kg/m², 15 males (78.9%), and four females (21.1%). There were seven kidney, 11 liver, and one combined liver and kidney transplant patients. The most common comorbidities were hypertension (16 patients, 84.2%), diabetes (9 patients, 47.4%), and tobacco use (8 patients, 42.1%). Complications occurred in six patients (31.6%) including hematoma (1/19), abscess (1/19), seroma (2/19), and hernia recurrence (3/19) at mean follow-up of 28.7±22.8 months. With the exception of two patients with incomplete follow-up, all patients healed at a median time of 27 days. CONCLUSIONS: This small, retrospective series of complex open CST in transplant patients shows acceptable rates of long-term hernia recurrence and healing. By using a multidisciplinary approach for abdominal wall reconstruction, we believe that modified open CST with biologic mesh is a safe and effective technique in the transplant population with complex abdominal hernias.

Female , Humans , Male , Abdominal Wall , Abscess , Body Mass Index , Comorbidity , Follow-Up Studies , Hematoma , Hernia , Hernia, Abdominal , Herniorrhaphy , Hypertension , Immunosuppression Therapy , Incisional Hernia , Kidney Transplantation , Kidney , Liver Transplantation , Liver , Organ Transplantation , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Seroma , Surgical Mesh , Tobacco Use , Transplants
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762858


The Goldilocks technique for breast reconstruction utilizes redundant mastectomy flap tissue to construct a breast mound. This technique is suitable for women who decline, or are poor candidates for, traditional postmastectomy reconstruction. Moreover, this technique can be applied in secondary operations after the failure of initial reconstruction efforts. A 74-year-old patient underwent the Goldilocks procedure after reconstruction failure with an implant and acellular dermal matrix. At her 6-month follow-up, the cosmetic outcome of the procedure was satisfactory, and no complications were noted. Therefore, the Goldilocks procedure is a safe alternative to reconstruct breast mounds following reconstruction failure, especially in obese patients.

Aged , Female , Humans , Acellular Dermis , Breast Implants , Breast , Follow-Up Studies , Mammaplasty , Mastectomy , Methods , Seroma
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762827


BACKGROUND: The efficacy of Limberg flap reconstruction for pilonidal sinus with acute abscess remains unclear. This study aimed to compare outcomes after Limberg flap reconstruction for pilonidal sinus disease with and without acute abscess. A secondary objective was to perform a review of the literature on the topic. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted of all patients who underwent excision and Limberg flap reconstruction for pilonidal sinus from 2009 to 2018. Patient demographics, wound characteristics, and complication rates were reviewed and analyzed. RESULTS: Group 1 comprised 19 patients who underwent Limberg flap reconstruction for pilonidal sinus disease without acute abscess and group 2 comprised four patients who underwent reconstruction for pilonidal sinus disease with acute abscess. The average defect size after excision was larger in group 2 than group 1 (107.7±60.3 cm² vs. 61.4±33.8 cm², respectively). There were no recurrences, seromas or cases of flap necrosis postoperatively. There was only one revision surgery needed for evacuation of a postoperative hematoma in group 1. There were comparable rates of partial wound dehiscence treated by local wound care, hematoma, need for revision surgery and minor infection between group 1 and group 2. CONCLUSIONS: Limberg flap reconstruction for pilonidal sinus in the setting of acute abscess is a viable option with outcomes comparable to that for disease without acute abscess. This practice will avoid the pain and cost associated with a prolonged local wound care regimen involved in drainage of the abscess prior to flap reconstruction.

Humans , Abscess , Demography , Drainage , Hematoma , Necrosis , Pilonidal Sinus , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Seroma , Surgical Flaps , Wounds and Injuries
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762769


BACKGROUND: Cryptotia is a congenital anomaly in which the upper part of the retroauricular sulcus is absent and buried underneath the temporal skin. Various surgical techniques have been reported for the correction of cryptotia following Kubo’s V-Y plasty in 1933. Conventional methods using a local skin flap, skin grafting, tissue expansion, Z-plasty, and any of these combined approaches can result in skin deficiency of the upper auricle. The aim of this study was to develop a new method that improves cosmetic results and has fewer complications. METHODS: This study involved four patients in whom five cryptotia deformities were corrected using V-Y plasty and Z-plasty. After elevation of the flap, acellular dermal matrix (ADM; MegaDerm) that was over 5 mm in thickness was applied to the cephalo-auricular angle and positioned to enhance the projection of the ear. Lastly, the flap was transposed to complete the repair. RESULTS: Between January 2014 and February 2018, cryptotia correction with ADM graft was performed in four patients. None of the patients developed a recurrence of cryptotia, and there were no postoperative complications such as wound infection, seroma formation, and dehiscence. In addition, the procedures resulted in a favorable cosmetic appearance. CONCLUSION: Based on these findings, i.e., no recurrence and a favorable cosmetic result, when using an ADM graft, it is suggested that this technique could be an alternative method of cryptotia correction. It could also lessen donor-site morbidity when compared to autologous cartilage grafting and be more cost-effective than using cartilage from a cadaver.

Humans , Acellular Dermis , Cadaver , Cartilage , Congenital Abnormalities , Ear , Ear Cartilage , Methods , Postoperative Complications , Recurrence , Seroma , Skin , Skin Transplantation , Tissue Expansion , Transplants , Wound Infection
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762743


BACKGROUND: Lipomas are common benign soft tissue tumors composed of mature white adipocytes, with histological features including a well-circumscribed and lobular mass covered with a thin fibrous capsule. However, lipomas that are poorly demarcated from the surrounding fat are often encountered during surgery despite a postoperative histological diagnosis. We investigated the complications associated with different types of lipomas. METHODS: This retrospective study included 119 patients who underwent lipoma excision and computed tomography (CT) imaging at our clinic between January 2011 and August 2018. We classified the lipomas as encapsulated or nonencapsulated according to the histology, CT findings, and clinical criteria. Nonencapsulated lipomas were defined as relatively heterogeneous without a distinct capsule, whereas encapsulated lipomas were homogeneous with a distinct capsule. The analyzed complications included delayed wound healing, which can cause prominent scarring, hematoma or seroma, and recurrence. RESULTS: Encapsulated and nonencapsulated lipomas were diagnosed in 89 (74.8%) and 30 (25.2%) patients, respectively. Encapsulated lipomas occurred most commonly on the head, whereas nonencapsulated lipomas occurred most commonly on the neck and trunk (P=0.000, P=0.002, and P=0.031, respectively). The Fisher exact test showed a significantly higher incidence of delayed wound healing for nonencapsulated than encapsulated lipomas (P=0.014). CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative classification of lipomas using CT imaging is important for predicting the incidence of postoperative complications. Direct excision is adequate for removing encapsulated lipomas. However, nonencapsulated lipomas might require alternative methods, such as ultrasonic liposuction, to prevent postoperative complications. Our results will help reduce the incidence of scarring by providing guidance on surgical methods.

Humans , Adipocytes, White , Cicatrix , Classification , Diagnosis , Head , Hematoma , Incidence , Lipectomy , Lipoma , Neck , Postoperative Complications , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Seroma , Ultrasonics , Wound Healing
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762724


In recent years, there has been a notable increase in the rate of refractory donor site seroma, defined as seroma that persists for at least 3 months postoperatively, as the number of breast reconstructions using a latissimus dorsi (LD) musculocutaneous flap has increased. Various factors have been proposed to be related, including smoking, obesity, flap mass, and body weight, and several studies have been conducted to explore treatment methods. Typically, surgical treatment, such as capsulectomy, has been considered for refractory seroma, but in this case report, we describe positive outcomes achieved by using Abnobaviscum to treat three female patients who developed a donor site seroma at least 3 months after breast reconstruction using an LD flap.

Female , Humans , Body Weight , Breast , Mammaplasty , Myocutaneous Flap , Obesity , Seroma , Smoke , Smoking , Superficial Back Muscles , Tissue Donors
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788056


PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of quilting suture extent on the latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap (LDMCF) donor site and the necessity of drainage.METHODS: Clinical data of 136 breast cancer patients, who underwent breast reconstruction using LDMCF between May 2014 and December 2015, were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were divided into three groups. Group A: quilting sutures were performed on half of the LDMCF donor site and a closed suction drain was inserted. Group B: quilting sutures were performed for the entire LDMCF donor site and a closed suction drain was inserted. Group C: quilting sutures were performed for the entire LDMCF donor site and no drain was inserted. The duration of drainage, total drainage, length of hospital stay, number of postoperative aspirations for seroma removal, and total aspirated volume were compared.RESULTS: In the comparison of groups A and B, group B showed better results including the total amount of drained seroma, drain maintenance period, number of aspirations for seroma removal after drainage tube removal, total aspirated seroma, and hospitalization period with statistical significance (P<0.05). In the comparison of groups B and C, group C without drain showed no difference in all other variables except mean total drained seroma volume. Therefore, group C was superior to group A and there was no difference compared to group B with drain, even though the drain was not inserted.CONCLUSION: Total quilting suture at LDMCF donor site can reduce seroma formation and eliminate the need for a drain tube.

Female , Humans , Aspirations, Psychological , Breast Neoplasms , Drainage , Hospitalization , Length of Stay , Mammaplasty , Myocutaneous Flap , Retrospective Studies , Seroma , Suction , Superficial Back Muscles , Sutures , Tissue Donors
Bol. méd. postgrado ; 34(2): 30-33, Jul-Dic. 2018.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1120813


Con el objetivo de describir las complicaciones postoperatorias en pacientes sometidos a tiroidectomía sin drenaje que asistieron al Servicio de Cirugía General del Hospital Central Universitario Dr. Antonio María Pineda durante el lapso enero 2017-enero 2018, se realizó un estudio descriptivo transversal evaluando 142 historias donde los pacientes se caracterizaron por un promedio de edad de 50,23 ± 12,71 años, con predominio del sexo femenino (88%) y estado nutricional normal (58,45%). Los diagnósticos preoperatorios fueron carcinoma papilar variedad convencional (49,3%) y nódulo coloide (28,87%) mientras que los resultados histopatológicos fueron hiperplasia nodular (32,39%) y carcinoma papilar bien diferenciado (44,37%). Se registraron complicaciones postoperatorias en 48,59% pacientes siendo las más frecuentes la hipocalcemia transitoria (84,06%) y hematoma sofocante (2,90%) en las primeras 24 horas y seroma en la primera semana (16,42%); no hubo registro de complicaciones al mes. De acuerdo con las evidencias, la tiroidectomía realizada sin drenaje ha demostrado ser segura y no aumenta las complicaciones postoperatorias a las 24 horas, a la semana, ni al mes de la intervención(AU)

In order to describe the postoperative complications in patients undergoing undrained thyroidectomy who attended the Servicio de Cirugía General of the Hospital Central Universitario Dr. Antonio María Pineda during the period January 2017-January 2018, a cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted through the review of 142 medical charts; patients has an average age of 50.23 ± 12.71 years with predominance of the female sex (88.03%) and normal nutritional status (58.45%). The preoperative diagnoses were conventional papillary carcinoma (49.30%) and colloid nodule (28.87%); the histopathological results were nodular hyperplasia (32.39%) and well differentiated papillary carcinoma (44.37%). 48.59% of patients showed postoperative complications being transient hypocalcemia (84.06%) and suffocating hematoma (2.90%) the most common in the first 24 hours and seroma in the first week (16.42%); there were no reported complications one month after surgery. According to the evidence, thyroidectomy performed without drainage is safe and does not increase postoperative complications at 24 hours, a week, or a month after surgery(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Postoperative Complications , Thyroidectomy , Postoperative Hemorrhage , Thyroid Gland/surgery , Seroma , Hypocalcemia