Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 113
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877622

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the curative effect on diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) between acupuncture for regulating @*METHODS@#A total of 231 patients with IBS-D were randomized into an acupuncture group (154 cases) and a western medication group (77 cases) at the ratio of 2 to 1. In the acupuncture group, acupuncture was applied to acupoint regimen for regulating @*RESULTS@#After treatment and in follow-up, the total scores of IBS-SSS in the patients of the two groups were all reduced as compared with those before treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture for regulating


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Diarrhea/therapy , Humans , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/therapy , Quality of Life , Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins/genetics , Spleen , Treatment Outcome
2.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e007, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132744

ABSTRACT

Abstract: The aim of this study was to evaluate patient perception of surgical discomfort in third molar surgery and the association with clinical variables and polymorphisms associated with the FKBP5, SLC6A4, and COMT genes. This cross-sectional observational study was carried out on 196 participants aged between 18 and 64 years at the Federal University of Paraná in 11 months. The intensity of surgical discomfort was assessed using the QCirDental questionnaire. Data on surgical and individual procedures were also cataloged. The oral health related quality of life was assessed by the Oral Health Impact Profile questionnaire (OHIP-14). The DNA sample was obtained from cells of the oral mucosa. Five markers of the FKBP5, SLC6A4, and COMT genes were genotyped. The data were submitted to statistical analysis with a significance level of 5%. Women reported greater intensity of discomfort associated with third molar surgery compared to men (p = 0.001). In the recessive model, the AA genotype of the rs3800373 marker was associated with greater surgical discomfort (p = 0.026). Therefore, women and individuals of the AA genotype for the rs3800373 marker in the FKBP5 gene reported greater surgical discomfort associated with third molar surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Quality of Life , Molar, Third/surgery , Perception , Tooth Extraction , Cross-Sectional Studies , Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763575

ABSTRACT

Although the majority of patients with schizophrenia are not actually violent, an increased tendency toward violent behaviors is known to be associated with schizophrenia. There are several factors to consider when identifying the subgroup of patients with schizophrenia who may commit violent or aggressive acts. Comorbidity with substance abuse is the most important clinical indicator of increased aggressive behaviors and crime rates in patients with schizophrenia. Genetic studies have proposed that polymorphisms in the promoter region of the serotonin transporter gene and in the catechol-O-methyltransferase gene are related to aggression. Neuroimaging studies have suggested that fronto-limbic dysfunction may be related to aggression or violence. By identifying specific risk factors, a more efficient treatment plan to prevent violent behavior in schizophrenia will be possible. Management of comorbid substance use disorder may help prevent violent events and overall aggression. Currently, clozapine may be the only effective antipsychotic medication to repress aggressive behavior. With the current medical field moving toward tailored medicine, it is important to identify vulnerable schizophrenia populations and provide efficient treatment.


Subject(s)
Aggression , Antipsychotic Agents , Catechol O-Methyltransferase , Clozapine , Comorbidity , Crime , Humans , Neuroimaging , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Risk Factors , Schizophrenia , Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins , Substance-Related Disorders , Violence
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763537

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate whether maternal negative affectivity (MNA) moderates the effect of genetic polymorphism of SLC6A4 on behavior problems in children. METHODS: Study participants comprised 143 preschoolers and their mothers from South Korea. The Childhood Behavior Checklist and Emotionality, Activity, and Sociability adult scale were used to measure child behavior and maternal affectivity. DNA from saliva was genotyped to determine serotonin transporter polymorphism. RESULTS: MNA appeared to exert effects in externalizing (b=5.78, p<0.001) and internalizing problems (b=6.09, p< 0.001). Interaction between SLCA4 polymorphism and MNA showed effects on externalizing (b=−7.62, p<0.01) and internalizing problems (b=−9.77, p<0.01). Children with two short alleles showed considerable differences in both externalizing and internalizing problems according to MNA; however, children with one short allele or none showed relatively few differences in behavior problems due to maternal affectivity. CONCLUSION: The effect of SLC6A4 polymorphism on child behavior seemed to be moderated by MNA. In addition, the impact of MNA was found to vary based on a child’s genetic risk. High MNA may trigger the risk allele while low MNA causes the risk allele to illicit less behavior problems. Children with two short variants of the SLC6A4 gene may benefit from intervention that modulates MNA.


Subject(s)
Adult , Alleles , Checklist , Child , Child Behavior , DNA , Gene-Environment Interaction , Humans , Korea , Maternal Behavior , Mothers , Polymorphism, Genetic , Saliva , Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins
5.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1056864

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To determine the relationship between the Serotonin transporter SLC6A4 (5-HTTLPR) gene polymorphism in cheilitis angularis patients. Material and Methods: We conducted a descriptive analysis of 100 DNA samples extracted from the blood serum of 50 patients with cheilitis angularis and 50 patients without cheilitis angularis. Analysis of the Serotonin transporter SLC6A4 (5-HTTLPR) gene polymorphism was observed by carrying out PCR method followed by electrophoresis for the analysis, without the usage of restriction enzyme. The Chi-square test was used for statistical analysis Results: In the cheilitis angularis group there were 24 samples with SS genotype, 23 samples with LS genotype, and 3 samples with LL genotype. Whereas in the non-cheilitis angularis group, there were 5 samples with SS genotype, 18 samples with LS genotype, and 27 samples with LL genotype. In the cheilitis angularis group found 71 S alleles and 29 L alleles, and in the non-cheilitis angularis group 28 S alleles and 72 L alleles were found. A statistically significant difference was found between the groups (p<0.001) Conclusion: There were significant differences in the distribution of the Serotonin transporter SLC6A4 (5-HTTLPR) gene polymorphism between patients with and without cheilitis angularis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Polymorphism, Genetic , Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins , Genotyping Techniques/instrumentation , Genes , Chi-Square Distribution , Cheilitis , Epidemiology, Experimental , Statistical Analysis , Statistics, Nonparametric , Indonesia
6.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 38(1): 5-10, mar. 2018. tab.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1023455

ABSTRACT

The dysfunction in the serotoninergic neurotransmission has been classically associated with major depressive disorder (MDD); however, other pathways and processes seem to have a role in this illness, such as neurogenesis and related molecules: the Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) and the Apolipoprotein E (APOE). There are many reports that indicate an association between certain polymorphism in these genes and MDD. The aim of our study was to analyze the possible association between MDD and polymorphisms in HTR2A (5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2A), BDNF and APOE genes in a sample of the Argentinean population previously studied for 2 polymorphisms in SLC6A4 (Solute Carrier Family 6 Member 4) gene. Five polymorphisms were studied (rs6311 and rs6313 in HTR2A; rs429358 and rs7412 in APOE, and rs6265 in BDNF) in 95 MDD patients and 107 non-related controls. No statistically significant differences were observed between groups when analyzing the association with a single marker using logistic regression; however, when a possible combinatory effect of the polymorphisms (including previously studied polymorphisms in SLC6A4 gene) was analyzed using a dominant model for the risk alleles, the genotypes L/S_10/12_G/A (OR=3.57(95%CI=1.43-8.93); p=0.004, adjusted p-value=0.01) in SLC6A4 and BDNF genes and L/S_10/12_T/C_3/3_G/A in SLC6A4, HTR2A, APOE and BDNF genes (OR=5.99(95%CI=1.66-21.56); p=0.002, adjusted p-value=0.07), were more prevalent in patients than in controls (20%vs.6% and 15%vs.3%, respectively). Even though it is necessary to replicate these findings in a larger population, our results suggest a possible interaction between molecules involved in neurogenesis (BDNF and APOE), serotoninergic neurotransmission (SLC6A4 and HTR2A) and the pathogenesis of MDD. (AU)


La disfunción en la neurotransmisión serotoninérgica ha sido clásicamente asociada con el trastorno depresivo mayor (TDM); sin embargo, otras vías y procesos parecerían tener un rol en esta enfermedad, como la neurogénesis y moléculas asociadas: el factor neurotrófico derivado del cerebro (BDNF) y la apoliproteína E (APOE). Existen reportes en los que se establecen asociaciones entre polimorfismos en estos genes y el TDM. El objetivo de nuestro trabajo fue analizar la posible asociación entre el TDM y polimorfismos en los genes HTR2A (receptor 5-hidroxitriptamina 2A), BDNF y APOE en una muestra de la población argentina previamente estudiada para 2 polimorfismos en el gen SLC6A4 (transportador soluble familia 6 miembro 4). Se estudiaron 5 polimorfismos (rs6311 y rs6313 en HTR2A; rs429358 y rs7412 en APOE; rs6265 en BDNF) en 95 pacientes con TDM y 107 controles no relacionados. No se observaron diferencias significativas entre grupos al analizar la asociación por regresión logística con un único marcador; cuando se analizó el posible efecto combinatorio de polimorfismos (incluyendo los previamente estudiados para el gen SCL6A4) usando un modelo dominante para los alelos de riesgo, los genotipos L/S_10/12_G/A (OR=3,57(95%CI=1,43-8,93); p=0,004, valor-p-ajustado=0,01) en SLC6A4 y BDNF y L/S_10/12_T/C_3/3_G/A en SLC6A4, HTR2A, APOE y BDNF (OR=5,99(95%CI=1,66-21,56); p=0,002, valor-p-ajustado=0,07), fueron más prevalentes en pacientes que controles (20%vs.6% y 15%vs.3% respectivamente). Si bien es necesario replicar estos hallazgos en una población más grande, nuestros resultados sugieren una posible interacción entre moléculas involucradas en la neurogénesis (BDNF y APOE), la neurotransmisión serotoninérgica (SLC6A4 y HTR2A) y la patogenia de la depresión mayor. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Apolipoproteins E/deficiency , Polymorphism, Genetic , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor/deficiency , Receptors, Serotonin, 5-HT2/deficiency , Depressive Disorder, Major/genetics , Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins/deficiency , Apolipoproteins E/genetics , Argentina/epidemiology , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor/genetics , Receptors, Serotonin, 5-HT2/genetics , Depressive Disorder, Major/pathology , Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins/genetics
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758771

ABSTRACT

Degenerative mitral valve disease (DMVD) is the most commonly acquired cardiac disease in dogs. This study evaluated the relationship between genetic variations in the serotonin transporter (SERT) gene of Maltese dogs and DMVD. Genomic DNA was extracted from blood samples collected from 20 client-owned DMVD Maltese dogs and 10 healthy control dogs, and each exon of the SERT gene was amplified via polymerase chain reaction. The resulting genetic sequences were aligned and analyzed for variations by comparing with reference sequences; the predicted secondary structures of these variations were modeled and cross-verified by applying computational methods. Genetic variations, including five nonsynonymous genetic variations, were detected in five exons. Protein structure and function of the five nonsynonymous genetic variations were predicted. Three of the five polymorphisms were predicted to be probable causes of damage to protein function and confirmed by protein structure model verification. This study identified six polymorphisms of the SERT gene in Maltese dogs with DMVD, suggesting an association between the SERT gene and canine DMVD. This is the first study of SERT mutation in Maltese dogs with DMVD and is considered a pilot study into clinical genetic examination for early DMVD diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Diagnosis , DNA , Dogs , Exons , Genetic Variation , Heart Diseases , Mitral Valve , Pilot Projects , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins , Serotonin
8.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-725229

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Psychological resilience is the ability to cope with stress. The genetic background behind psychological resilience is not much known. The serotonin transporter and dopamine transporter are implicated in stress related psychology and emotional processing. The aim of this study is to investigate a possible genetic role of functional polymorphisms of serotonin and dopamine transporters for psychological resilience. METHODS: A total of 951 healthy adult subjects were included. Psychological resilience was measured using Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC). Genotyping was performed for serotonin transporter gene (SERT) promoter variable number tandem repeat (VNTR) and dopamine transporter gene (DAT1) 3'-untranslated region (UTR) VNTR. Genetic association analysis was conducted between genotypes and the CD-RISC score. RESULTS: No genetic association was observed for SERT promoter VNTR or DAT1 3'-UTR VNTR with CD-RISC score. No genetic interaction between SERT promoter VNTR and DAT1 3'-UTR VNTR with CD-RISC score was detected. CONCLUSIONS: Either serotonin or dopamine transporter did not seem to play a significant role for psychological resilience in this sample.


Subject(s)
Adult , Dopamine Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins , Dopamine , Genetic Background , Genotype , Humans , Psychology , Resilience, Psychological , Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins , Serotonin , Tandem Repeat Sequences
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691311

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To examine the association between the genotype (LL, LS and SS) of serotonin transporter promoter gene polymorphism(5-HTTLPR) and clinicopathological factors, and to investigate the effect of 5-HTTLPR on the prognosis of colorectal cancer patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Data of peripheral blood samples of 161 colorectal cancer patients at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University from October 2009 to January 2014 were collected retrospectively. The genotyping of 5-HTTLPR was determined by PCR and agarose gel electrophoresis. Coincidence Chi-square test was used to examine the 5-HTTLPR genotype with Hardy-Weinberg law. Chi-square test and Cox multifactor model were used to analyze the association of 5-HTTLPR genotype with clinicopathology and prognosis. All the patients were informed and agreed to participate in the study. This study was approved by the Hospital Ethics Committee (2015056).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of 161 colorectal cancer patients, 89 were male and 72 were female; the median age was 64 (25-85) years; 86 (53.5%) cases were colon cancer and 75 (46.5%) were rectal cancer. Genotype was LL in 12 cases, LS in 59 cases and SS in 90 cases, which complied with the law of Hardy-Weinberg genetic balance (χ²=0.288, P=0.592). Univariate analysis showed that 5-HTTLPR gene polymorphism was only associated with lymph node metastasis [lymph node metastasis rate: LL and LS genotype 21.1% (15/71);SS genotype 40.0% (36/90), χ²= 6.532, P=0.011]. The 3-year and 5-year overall survival rates of whole patients were 71% and 63% respectively. Multivariate analysis revealed that the SS genotype was an independent risk factor affecting the overall survival of colorectal cancer patients(HR=1.933, 95%CI:1.090-3.428, P=0.024).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Among genotypes of 5-HTTLPR gene, colorectal cancer patients with SS genotype have higher risk of lymph node metastasis and poorer prognosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Colorectal Neoplasms , Genetics , Pathology , Female , Genotype , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Polymorphism, Genetic , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins , Genetics
10.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 268-271, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689765

ABSTRACT

Premature ejaculation (PE), as one of the most common male sexual dysfunctions, has a serious negative impact on the sexual satisfaction of the patients and their sexual partners. Lifelong PE is a most common type and a current focus of research as well. The etiology and pathogenesis of this disease are not yet clear and genetic factors are considered to be closely related to lifelong PE. Studies show that the 5-hydroxytryptamine transporter (5-HTT) gene plays an important role in the development and progression of lifelong premature ejaculation and the 5-HTT-linked polymorphic region (5-HTTLPR) has attracted much attention in recent years. This article presents an overview on the correlation between 5-HTTLPR and lifelong PE.


Subject(s)
Adult , Ejaculation , Humans , Male , Polymorphism, Genetic , Premature Ejaculation , Genetics , Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins , Genetics
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740755

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) were reported to be responsible for intestinal permeability in diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) rats in our previous study. However, whether and how miRNAs regulate visceral hypersensitivity in IBS-D remains largely unknown. METHODS: We established the IBS-D rat model and evaluated it using the nociceptive visceral hypersensitivity test, myeloperoxidase activity assay, restraint stress-induced defecation, and electromyographic (EMG) activity. The distal colon was subjected to miRNA microarray analysis followed by isolation and culture of colonic epithelial cells (CECs). Bioinformatic analysis and further experiments, including dual luciferase assays, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, western blot, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, were used to detect the expression of miRNAs and how it regulates visceral hypersensitivity in IBS-D rats. RESULTS: The IBS-D rat model was successfully established. A total of 24 miRNAs were differentially expressed in the distal colon of IBS-D rats; 9 were upregulated and 15 were downregulated. Among them, the most significant upregulation was miR-200a, accompanied by downregulation of cannabinoid receptor 1 (CNR1) and serotonin transporter (SERT). MiR-200a mimic markedly inhibited the expression of CNR1/SERT. Bioinformatic analysis and luciferase assay confirmed that CNR1/SERT are direct targets of miR-200a. Rescue experiments that overexpressed CNR1/SERT significantly abolished the inhibitory effect of miR-200a on the IBS-D rats CECs. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that miR-200a could induce visceral hyperalgesia by targeting the downregulation of CNR1 and SERT, aggravating or leading to the development and progression of IBS-D. MiR-200a may be a regulator of visceral hypersensitivity, which provides potential targets for the treatment of IBS-D.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blotting, Western , Colon , Computational Biology , Defecation , Diarrhea , Down-Regulation , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Epithelial Cells , Hyperalgesia , Hypersensitivity , Irritable Bowel Syndrome , Luciferases , Microarray Analysis , MicroRNAs , Models, Animal , Permeability , Peroxidase , Rats , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Receptors, Cannabinoid , Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins , Serotonin , Up-Regulation
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740467

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Use of antidepressant medications has been linked to detrimental impacts on bone mineral density and osteoporosis; however, the cellular basis behind these observations remains poorly understood. The effect does not appear to be homogeneous across the whole class of drugs and may be linked to affinity for the serotonin transporter system. In this study, we hypothesized that antidepressants have a class- and dose-dependent effect on mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) differentiation, which may affect bone metabolism. METHODS: Human MSCs (hMSCs) were committed to differentiate when either adipogenic or osteogenic media was added, supplemented with five increasing concentrations of amitriptyline (0.001–10 µM), venlafaxine (0.01–25 µM), or fluoxetine (0.001–10 µM). Alizarin red staining (mineralization), alkaline phosphatase (osteoblastogenesis), and oil red O (adipogenesis) assays were performed at timed intervals. In addition, cell viability was assessed using a MTT. RESULTS: We found that fluoxetine had a significant inhibitory effect on mineralization. Furthermore, adipogenic differentiation of hMSC was affected by the addition of amitriptyline, venlafaxine, and fluoxetine to the media. Finally, none of the tested medications significantly affected cell survival. CONCLUSIONS: This study showed a divergent effect of three antidepressants on hMSC differentiation, which appears to be independent of class and dose. As fluoxetine and amitriptyline, but not venlafaxine, affected both osteoblastogenesis and adipogenesis, this inhibitory effect could be associated to the high affinity of fluoxetine to the serotonin transporter system.


Subject(s)
Adipogenesis , Alkaline Phosphatase , Amitriptyline , Antidepressive Agents , Bone Density , Cell Survival , Fluoxetine , Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Metabolism , Miners , Osteoblasts , Osteoporosis , Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins , Venlafaxine Hydrochloride
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-58956

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: In this study, we investigated the determinants of remission and discontinuation of paroxetine pharmacotherapy in outpatients with panic disorder (PD). METHODS: Subjects were 79 outpatients diagnosed with PD who took 10–40 mg/day of paroxetine for 12 months. The candidate therapeutic determinants included the serotonin transporter gene-linked polymorphic region and the −1019C/G promoter polymorphism of the serotonin receptor 1A as genetic factors, educational background and marital status as environmental factors, and early improvement (EI) at 2 weeks as a clinical factor were assessed. The Clinical Global Impression scale was used to assess the therapeutic effects of the pharmacotherapy. RESULTS: Cox proportional hazards regression was performed to investigate the significant predictive factors of remission and discontinuation. EI was only a significant predictive factor of remission. EI was a significant predictive factor of remission (hazard ratio [HR], 2.709; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.177–6.235). Otherwise, EI and marital status were significant predictive factors of the discontinuation. EI (HR, 0.266; 95% CI, 0.115–0.617) and being married (HR, 0.437; 95% CI, 0.204–0.939) were considered to reduce the risk of treatment discontinuation. In married subjects, EI was a significant predictive factor of the discontinuation (HR, 0.160; 95% CI, 0.045–0.565). However, in unmarried subjects, EI was not a significantly predictive factor for the discontinuation. CONCLUSION: EI achievement appears to be a determinant of PD remission in paroxetine treatment. In married PD patients, EI achievement also appears to reduce a risk of discontinuation of paroxetine treatment.


Subject(s)
Drug Therapy , Humans , Marital Status , Marriage , Outpatients , Panic Disorder , Panic , Paroxetine , Patient Dropouts , Remission Induction , Serotonin , Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins , Single Person , Therapeutic Uses , Treatment Outcome
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-71425

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Family and twin studies have suggested genetic liability for panic disorder (PD) and therefore we sought to determine the role of noradrenergic and serotonergic candidate genes for susceptibility for PD in a Japanese population. METHODS: In this age- and gender-matched case-control study involving 119 PD patients and 119 healthy controls, we examined the genotype distributions and allele frequencies of the serotonin transporter gene linked polymorphic region (5-HTTLPR), −1019C/G (rs6295) promoter polymorphism of the serotonin receptor 1A (5-HT1A), and catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene polymorphism (rs4680) and their association with PD. RESULTS: No significant differences were evident in the allele frequencies or genotype distributions of the COMT (rs4680), 5-HTTLPR polymorphisms or the −1019C/G (rs6295) promoter polymorphism of 5-HT1A between PD patients and controls. Although there were no significant associations of these polymorphisms with in subgroups of PD patients differentiated by gender or in subgroup comorbid with agoraphobia (AP), significant difference was observed in genotype distributions of the −1019C/G (rs6295) promoter polymorphism of 5-HT1A between PD patients without AP and controls (p=0.047). CONCLUSION: In this association study, the 1019C/G (rs6295) promoter polymorphism of the 5-HT1A receptor G/G genotype was associated with PD without AP in a Japanese population.


Subject(s)
Agoraphobia , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Case-Control Studies , Catechol O-Methyltransferase , Gene Frequency , Genotype , Humans , Panic Disorder , Panic , Polymorphism, Genetic , Receptor, Serotonin, 5-HT1A , Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins , Serotonin
15.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 157-160, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-108171

ABSTRACT

Genes related to serotonin are associated with responses to treatment for depression. We examined associations between the serotonin transporter (5-HTT) and serotonin 2a receptor (5-HTR2a) genes and responses to treatment for depressive disorders in acute coronary syndrome (ACS). A total of 255 patients who met the DSM-IV major or minor depressive disorder and recently developed ACS were randomly assigned to the escitalopram (n=127) or placebo (n=128) group in this 24-week double-blind trial (ClinicalTrial.gov identifier: NCT00419471). Remission was defined as a Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAMD) score < or =7. Assays were performed for the 5-HTTLPR, STin2 VNTR, 5-HTR2a 102T/C, and 5-HTR2a 1438A/G genotypes. Escitalopram was superior to placebo for treating depressive disorder with ACS but there were no significant associations between serotonergic genes and treatment responses even when considering ACS severity. The effect of escitalopram was independent of 5-HTT and 5-HTR2a polymorphisms.


Subject(s)
Acute Coronary Syndrome , Citalopram , Depression , Depressive Disorder , Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders , Genotype , Humans , Receptor, Serotonin, 5-HT2A , Serotonin , Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279896

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the association between anxiety-depression and 5-HTTLPR gene polymorphism in school-aged twins.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 147 pairs of twins (47 pairs of monozygotic twins, 100 pairs of dizygotic twins) aged 8-12 years from Baotou and Hohhot were selected as respondents. The Achenbach Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) was used to calculate the scores of anxiety-depression factors in school-aged twins. The DNA was extracted from oral epithelial cells, and polymerase chain reaction was applied for 5-HTTLPR genotyping. The generalized estimating equation (GEE) was used to analyze the effect of 5-HTTLPR polymorphism and family environment on anxiety-depression in school-aged twins.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The children with LS and SS genotypes had significantly higher scores of anxiety-depression factors than those with LL genotype (χ2=3.938, P<0.05). The interaction of 5-HTTLPR genotype with family cohesion and family rearing patterns had a significant impact on the scores of anxiety-depression factors in twins (χ2=6.129 and 7.665, both P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>5-HTTLPR genotype is significantly correlated with the scores of anxiety-depression factors in school-aged twins. In the family with high cohesion and an autocratic family rearing pattern, S allele may increase the possibility of anxiety-depression in twin children.</p>


Subject(s)
Anxiety , Genetics , Child , Depression , Genetics , Female , Genotype , Humans , Male , Polymorphism, Genetic , Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins , Genetics , Twins , Genetics
17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2913-2919, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230853

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Our previous studies have demonstrated that the levels of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and 5-HT 2A receptor (5-HT2AR) in serum and platelet were associated with depression and myocardial infarction (MI), and pretreatment with ginseng fruit saponins (GFS) before MI and depression had an effect on the 5-HT system. In this study, the effects of GFS on the 5-HT system in the Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats with MI, depression, and MI + depression were evaluated.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of eighty SD rats were allocated to four groups: MI, depression, MI + depression, and control groups (n = 20 in each group). Each group included two subgroups (n = 10 in each subgroup): Saline treatment subgroup and GFS treatment subgroup. The levels of 5-HT, 5-HT2AR, and serotonin transporter (SERT) were quantified in serum, platelet lysate, and brain tissue through the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method, respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with those in the saline treatment subgroups, the levels of 5-HT in serum and platelet lysate statistically significantly increased in the GFS treatment subgroups of MI, depression, and MI + depression groups (serum: all P = 0.000; platelet lysate: P = 0.002, 0.000, 0.000, respectively). However, the 5-HT levels in brain homogenate significantly decreased in the GFS treatment subgroups compared with those in the saline treatment subgroups in MI and depression groups (P = 0.025 and 0.044 respectively), and no significant difference was observed between saline and GFS treatment subgroups in MI + depression group (P = 0.663). Compared with that in GFS treatment subgroup of control group, the 5-HT2AR levels in the platelet lysate significantly decreased in GFS treatment subgroups of MI, depression, and MI + depression groups (all P = 0.000). Compared to those in the saline treatment subgroups, the serum SERT levels significantly decreased in the GFS treatment subgroups in MI, depression, and MI + depression groups (P = 0.009, 0.038, and P = 0.001, respectively), while the SERT levels of platelet lysate significantly decreased in GFS treatment subgroup of MI group (P = 0.000), significantly increased in GFS treatment subgroup of depression group (P = 0.019), and slightly changed in GFS treatment subgroup of MI + depression group (P = 0.219). No significant changes for SERT levels in brain homogenate could be found between the saline and GFS treatment subgroups in MI, depression, and MI + depression groups (P = 0.421, 0.076 and P = 0.642).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>This study indicated that GFS might inhibit the reuptake of 5-HT from serum to platelet according to decreased 5-HT2AR in platelet and SERT in serum and platelet. The change of 5-HT in serum after GFS treatment was inconsistent with that in the brain. It seemed that GFS could not pass through the blood-brain barrier to affect the central serotonergic system.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood-Brain Barrier , Metabolism , Depression , Drug Therapy , Disease Models, Animal , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Myocardial Infarction , Drug Therapy , Panax , Chemistry , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptor, Serotonin, 5-HT2B , Metabolism , Saponins , Chemistry , Therapeutic Uses , Serotonin , Metabolism , Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins , Metabolism
18.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 232-238, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-61681

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study whether the effects of olanzapine on gastrointestinal motility is related to the serotonin antagonism and myosin light chain kinase. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups. Olanzapine gavage was performed for each treatment group during the course of 30 continuous days, while the same volume of saline was given to the rats in the control group. Defecation of the rats was observed on days 7 and 30 after olanzapine gavage. The effects of olanzapine on contraction of colonic smooth muscles were observed in ex vivo experiments. A Western blot was used to evaluate expression levels of the serotonin transporter (SERT) and MLCK in colon segments of the rats. RESULTS: ResultsaaCompared to the control group, 5-160 µM of olanzapine could inhibit dose-dependently the contraction of colonic smooth muscle ex vivo experiments. The maximum smooth muscle contraction effects of 5-HT and acetylcholine significantly decreased after treatment with 40-160 µM of olanzapine. Constipation was found in the olanzapine-treated rats on day 7 and have sustained day 30 after gavage. Expression of MLCK in olanzapine-treated rats was significantly decreased, whereas the expression of SERT significantly increased on the day 7, then significantly decreased on the day 30 after olanzapine gavage. CONCLUSION: SERT and MLCK may involve in the inhibition of colonic contraction induced by olanzapine.


Subject(s)
Acetylcholine , Animals , Antipsychotic Agents , Blotting, Western , Colon , Constipation , Defecation , Gastrointestinal Motility , Humans , Male , Muscle, Smooth , Myosin Light Chains , Myosin-Light-Chain Kinase , Myosins , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins , Serotonin
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-11693

ABSTRACT

There is growing evidence of poor health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients with panic disorder (PD). However, little is known about the factors affecting HRQOL in patients with PD. The authors examined whether 5-HTTLPR tri-allelic approach and Cathechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) Val(158)Met polymorphism can predict HRQOL in patients with PD controlling for sociodemographic factors and disorder-related symptom levels. The sample consisted of 179 patients with PD consecutively recruited from an outpatient clinic and age- and gender ratio-matched 110 healthy controls. The SF-36 was used to assess multiple domains of HRQOL. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis was performed to determine the independent effect of the 5-HTTLPR and COMT Val(158)Met on the SF-36 in panic patients. Patients with PD showed lowered HRQOL in all sub-domains of the SF-36 compared to healthy controls. The 5-HTTLPR independently and additively accounted for 2.2% of variation (6.7% of inherited variance) of perceived general health and the COMT Val(158)Met independently and additively accounted for 1.5% of variation (5.0% of inherited variance) of role limitation due to emotional problems in patient group. The present study suggests that specific genetic polymorphisms are associated with certain domains of HRQOL and provides a new insight on exploring the factors that predict HRQOL in patients with PD.


Subject(s)
Adult , Age Factors , Alleles , Case-Control Studies , Catechol O-Methyltransferase/genetics , Female , Genotype , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Panic Disorder/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Quality of Life , Regression Analysis , Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins/genetics , Sex Factors
20.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2016. 188 p. tab, graf, ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-846610

ABSTRACT

O metabolismo do triptofano (Trp) se dá pela via das quinureninas (QUIN), pela via serotoninérgica (SER) e pela via das aminas traço. A primeira gera QUIN e uma variedade de outros metabólitos secundários. Quando conduzida pela enzima indolamina 2,3 dioxigenase (IDO) contribui para os fenômenos de tolerância e imune escape de células tumorais; e quando conduzida pela triptofano 2,3 dioxigenase (TDO) no fígado, participa na síntese da niacina e NAD. A via SER leva à formação do neurotransmissor serotonina (SER), que pode gerar o hormônio melatonina (MEL), respectivamente e outros metabólitos biologicamente ativos. Outra via menos estudada, a via das aminas traço, produz produtos neuroativos. Dada a abrangência e importância das rotas metabólicas do Trp, nós desenvolvemos e validamos uma metodologia bioanalítica robusta, seletiva e sensível por cromatografia líquida de alta eficiência (HPLC), acoplado espectrometria de massas (MS) para a determinação simultânea do Trp e seus 15 metabólitos. Para tanto, escolhemos para a avaliação das três vias, linhagens de glioma humano. A escolha por este tipo celular deveu-se ao grande interesse de estudos de metabolismo de Trp em células tumorais, no qual células de glioma tem sido modelo. Nos ensaios com as células de glioma acompanhamos os efeitos de um indutor e inibidores da primeira etapa de metabolização do Trp pela via das quinureninas, ou seja, IFN-γ (indutor da IDO), 1-metiltriptofano (1-MT; inibidor competitivo da IDO) e 680C91 (inibidor seletivo da TDO). Pudemos observar o impacto que a indução ou a inibição do primeiro passo teve sobre os metabólitos subsequentes e as diferenças no metabolismo das duas linhagens estudadas, A172 e T98G. A linhagem T98G só tem atividade de IDO, enquanto que a A172 tem tanto atividade IDO quanto TDO. A indução por IFN-γ mostrou que essa citocina não só atua na formação da via QUIN, mas possui um impacto modesto nas demais rotas. Observamos também que a inibição do 1-MT mostrou seu impacto nos metabólitos invdividualmente, do que a simples relação Trp-QUIN. Contudo, nosso resultados nos permitiu mostrar pela primeira vez a descrição completa dessas vias, em especial nessas linhagens celulares, podendo supor estratégias terapêuticas nessas rotas que estão relacionadas a progressão ou não tumoral


The tryptophan metabolism (Trp) takes place by means of kynurenine (QUIN), by the serotonin pathway (SER) and by the pathway of trace amines synthesis. The first generates QUIN and a variety of other secondary metabolites. When driven by the enzyme indoleamine 2,3 dioxygenase (IDO) contributes to the phenomena of tolerance and immune escape of tumor cells; and when conducted by tryptophan 2,3 -dioxygenase (TDO) in the liver, participates in the niacin synthesis NAD. The SER pathway leads to the serotonin neurotransmitter (SER) formation, which can generate the hormone melatonin (MEL), respectively and other biologically active metabolites. Another less studied amines trace synthesis pathway produces neuroactive products. Given the scope and importance of Trp metabolic pathways,we developed and validated a robust, sensitive and selective bioanalytical method by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled mass spectrometry (MS) for simultaneous determination of TRP and its 16 metabolites. Therefore, we chose to evaluate the three routes, glioma cell lines. The initial choice of this type of cell was due to the great interest in Trp metabolism studies in tumor cells, which glioma cells has been a model. In assays with glioma cells, we followed the effects of an inductor and inhibitors of the first stage of Trp metabolism, via the kynurenine pathway, or IFN -γ (IDO inducer) 1- methyltryptophane (1- MT; competitive IDO inhibitor) and 680C91 (selective TDO inhibitor). We could observe the first step induction or inhibition impact had over the further metabolites and the metabolism differences between the two studied strains, A172 and T98G. The T98G glioma cell has only IDO activity, while the A172 has both IDO and TDO activity as well. The IFN-γ indution showed that this cytokine not only acts in the formation of QUIN route, but has a modest impact on the others routes. Inhibition of IDO showed that the competitive inhibitor has activity in itself than a simple Trp-QUIN relationship. However, our results allow us to show the first time the complete description of these pathways, in particular, in these cell lines that can assume therapeutic strategies in these routes that are related or not with tumor progression


Subject(s)
Analytical Methods/analysis , Cell Line , Glioma/complications , Metabolic Diseases/prevention & control , Tryptophan , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Indoleamine-Pyrrole 2,3,-Dioxygenase , Melatonin , Neurotransmitter Agents , Serotonergic Neurons , Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins , Tryptophan
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL