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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877622


OBJECTIVE@#To compare the curative effect on diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) between acupuncture for regulating @*METHODS@#A total of 231 patients with IBS-D were randomized into an acupuncture group (154 cases) and a western medication group (77 cases) at the ratio of 2 to 1. In the acupuncture group, acupuncture was applied to acupoint regimen for regulating @*RESULTS@#After treatment and in follow-up, the total scores of IBS-SSS in the patients of the two groups were all reduced as compared with those before treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture for regulating

Acupuncture Therapy , Diarrhea/therapy , Humans , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/therapy , Quality of Life , Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins/genetics , Spleen , Treatment Outcome
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 38(1): 5-10, mar. 2018. tab.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1023455


The dysfunction in the serotoninergic neurotransmission has been classically associated with major depressive disorder (MDD); however, other pathways and processes seem to have a role in this illness, such as neurogenesis and related molecules: the Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) and the Apolipoprotein E (APOE). There are many reports that indicate an association between certain polymorphism in these genes and MDD. The aim of our study was to analyze the possible association between MDD and polymorphisms in HTR2A (5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2A), BDNF and APOE genes in a sample of the Argentinean population previously studied for 2 polymorphisms in SLC6A4 (Solute Carrier Family 6 Member 4) gene. Five polymorphisms were studied (rs6311 and rs6313 in HTR2A; rs429358 and rs7412 in APOE, and rs6265 in BDNF) in 95 MDD patients and 107 non-related controls. No statistically significant differences were observed between groups when analyzing the association with a single marker using logistic regression; however, when a possible combinatory effect of the polymorphisms (including previously studied polymorphisms in SLC6A4 gene) was analyzed using a dominant model for the risk alleles, the genotypes L/S_10/12_G/A (OR=3.57(95%CI=1.43-8.93); p=0.004, adjusted p-value=0.01) in SLC6A4 and BDNF genes and L/S_10/12_T/C_3/3_G/A in SLC6A4, HTR2A, APOE and BDNF genes (OR=5.99(95%CI=1.66-21.56); p=0.002, adjusted p-value=0.07), were more prevalent in patients than in controls (20%vs.6% and 15%vs.3%, respectively). Even though it is necessary to replicate these findings in a larger population, our results suggest a possible interaction between molecules involved in neurogenesis (BDNF and APOE), serotoninergic neurotransmission (SLC6A4 and HTR2A) and the pathogenesis of MDD. (AU)

La disfunción en la neurotransmisión serotoninérgica ha sido clásicamente asociada con el trastorno depresivo mayor (TDM); sin embargo, otras vías y procesos parecerían tener un rol en esta enfermedad, como la neurogénesis y moléculas asociadas: el factor neurotrófico derivado del cerebro (BDNF) y la apoliproteína E (APOE). Existen reportes en los que se establecen asociaciones entre polimorfismos en estos genes y el TDM. El objetivo de nuestro trabajo fue analizar la posible asociación entre el TDM y polimorfismos en los genes HTR2A (receptor 5-hidroxitriptamina 2A), BDNF y APOE en una muestra de la población argentina previamente estudiada para 2 polimorfismos en el gen SLC6A4 (transportador soluble familia 6 miembro 4). Se estudiaron 5 polimorfismos (rs6311 y rs6313 en HTR2A; rs429358 y rs7412 en APOE; rs6265 en BDNF) en 95 pacientes con TDM y 107 controles no relacionados. No se observaron diferencias significativas entre grupos al analizar la asociación por regresión logística con un único marcador; cuando se analizó el posible efecto combinatorio de polimorfismos (incluyendo los previamente estudiados para el gen SCL6A4) usando un modelo dominante para los alelos de riesgo, los genotipos L/S_10/12_G/A (OR=3,57(95%CI=1,43-8,93); p=0,004, valor-p-ajustado=0,01) en SLC6A4 y BDNF y L/S_10/12_T/C_3/3_G/A en SLC6A4, HTR2A, APOE y BDNF (OR=5,99(95%CI=1,66-21,56); p=0,002, valor-p-ajustado=0,07), fueron más prevalentes en pacientes que controles (20%vs.6% y 15%vs.3% respectivamente). Si bien es necesario replicar estos hallazgos en una población más grande, nuestros resultados sugieren una posible interacción entre moléculas involucradas en la neurogénesis (BDNF y APOE), la neurotransmisión serotoninérgica (SLC6A4 y HTR2A) y la patogenia de la depresión mayor. (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Apolipoproteins E/deficiency , Polymorphism, Genetic , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor/deficiency , Receptors, Serotonin, 5-HT2/deficiency , Depressive Disorder, Major/genetics , Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins/deficiency , Apolipoproteins E/genetics , Argentina/epidemiology , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor/genetics , Receptors, Serotonin, 5-HT2/genetics , Depressive Disorder, Major/pathology , Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins/genetics
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-11693


There is growing evidence of poor health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients with panic disorder (PD). However, little is known about the factors affecting HRQOL in patients with PD. The authors examined whether 5-HTTLPR tri-allelic approach and Cathechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) Val(158)Met polymorphism can predict HRQOL in patients with PD controlling for sociodemographic factors and disorder-related symptom levels. The sample consisted of 179 patients with PD consecutively recruited from an outpatient clinic and age- and gender ratio-matched 110 healthy controls. The SF-36 was used to assess multiple domains of HRQOL. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis was performed to determine the independent effect of the 5-HTTLPR and COMT Val(158)Met on the SF-36 in panic patients. Patients with PD showed lowered HRQOL in all sub-domains of the SF-36 compared to healthy controls. The 5-HTTLPR independently and additively accounted for 2.2% of variation (6.7% of inherited variance) of perceived general health and the COMT Val(158)Met independently and additively accounted for 1.5% of variation (5.0% of inherited variance) of role limitation due to emotional problems in patient group. The present study suggests that specific genetic polymorphisms are associated with certain domains of HRQOL and provides a new insight on exploring the factors that predict HRQOL in patients with PD.

Adult , Age Factors , Alleles , Case-Control Studies , Catechol O-Methyltransferase/genetics , Female , Genotype , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Panic Disorder/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Quality of Life , Regression Analysis , Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins/genetics , Sex Factors
Rev. méd. Chile ; 143(10): 1252-1259, oct. 2015. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-771708


Background: Serotonin plays a central role regulating mood and on the development of depressive disorders. Aim: To study whether 5HTTLPR functional polymorphisms in the serotonin transporter gene or the Monoamine oxidase A gene (uMAOA) were risk markers for depression. Material and Methods: The Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) was applied to 1,062 consultants in primary health care centers aged between 18 and 75 years to establish the diagnosis of depression. A sample of saliva was obtained for DNA extraction and genetic analyses. Results: No association between the presence of depressive disorders and 5HTTLPR (ss) or uMAOA (3/3) risk genotypes was found. Psychological abuse and the presence of two or more life events were found to be predictors of depression in the studied sample. Conclusions: In this study, 5HTTLPR and uMAOA polymorphisms were not risk factors for depression. However, psychological abuse and the presence of two or more life events were risk factors for depressive disorders.

Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Depression/genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Monoamine Oxidase/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic/genetics , Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins/genetics , Biomarkers , Depression/psychology , Genotype , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Socioeconomic Factors , Stress, Psychological/complications
Rev. bras. psiquiatr ; 36(4): 277-284, Oct-Dec/2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-730596


Objective: To ascertain whether genetic variations in the serotonin transporter gene (5-HTTLPR 44-bp insertion/deletion polymorphism) influence an increase in depressive and anxiety symptoms in children and adolescents exposed to high levels of violence. Methods: Saliva samples were collected from a group of children who were working on the streets and from their siblings who did not work on the streets. DNA was extracted from the saliva samples and analyzed for 5-HTTLPR polymorphism genotypes. Results: One hundred and seventy-seven children between the ages of 7 and 14 years were analyzed (114 child workers and 63 siblings). Data on socioeconomic conditions, mental symptoms, and presence and severity of maltreatment and urban violence were collected using a sociodemographic inventory and clinical instruments. There was no positive correlation between the 5-HTTLPR polymorphism and presence of mental symptoms in our sample, although the children were exposed to high levels of abuse, neglect, and urban violence. Conclusions: Despite previous studies that associated adult psychiatric disorders with the 5-HTTLPR polymorphism and a history of childhood maltreatment, no such association was found in this sample of children at risk. .

Adolescent , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Anxiety Disorders/genetics , Child Abuse/psychology , Depressive Disorder/genetics , Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins/genetics , Anxiety Disorders/psychology , Brazil , Depressive Disorder/psychology , Genetic Association Studies , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Life Change Events , Polymorphism, Genetic , Risk Factors , Saliva , Socioeconomic Factors , Surveys and Questionnaires , Urban Population
Clinics ; 69(11): 710-713, 11/2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-731109


OBJECTIVES: Serotonin plays a central role in ejaculation and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors have been successfully used to treat premature ejaculation. Here, we evaluated the relationship between a polymorphism in the serotonin transporter gene-linked polymorphic region (5-HTTLPR) and the response of patients with premature ejaculation to SSRI medication. METHODS: Sixty-nine premature ejaculation patients were treated with 20 mg/d paroxetine for three months. The Intravaginal Ejaculatory Latency Time and International Index of Erectile Function scores were compared with baseline values. The patients were scored as having responded to therapy when a 2-fold or greater increase was observed in Intravaginal Ejaculatory Latency Time compared with baseline values after three months. Three genotypes of 5-HTTLPR were studied: LL, LS and SS. The appropriateness of the allele frequencies in 5-HTTLPR were analyzed according to Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium using the χ2-test. RESULTS: The short (S) allele of 5-HTTLPR was significantly more frequent in responders than in nonresponders (p<0.05). Out of the 69 total PE patients, 41 patients (59%) responded to therapy. There was no significant difference in the International Index of Erectile Function score at the end of therapy between the responder and nonresponder groups. The frequencies of the L allele and S allele were 20% and 39%, respectively, in the responder group (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: We conclude that premature ejaculation patients with the SS genotype respond well to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor therapy. Further studies with large patient groups are necessary to confirm this conclusion. .

Adult , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Polymorphism, Genetic , Paroxetine/therapeutic use , Premature Ejaculation/drug therapy , Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins/genetics , Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Gene Frequency , Genetic Association Studies , Genotype , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Premature Ejaculation/genetics , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 32(4): 585-601, oct.-dic. 2012. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-669106


Introducción. El espectro autista constituye un grupo de trastornos graves del neurodesarrollo, con un fuerte componente genético. Se ha sugerido un papel importante del sistema serotoninérgico en el desarrollo de este grupo de trastornos, con base en los estudios de respuesta a medicamentos y la hiperserotoninemia, característica común en el autismo. Se han implicado múltiples moléculas en el metabolismo y la neurotransmisión de la serotonina; sin embargo, los resultados de los estudios han tenido poca congruencia entre diferentes poblaciones. Objetivos. Evaluar la relación entre el autismo y el polimorfismo de nucleótido simple (Single Nucleotide Polymorphism, SNP) en los genes SLC6A4, HTR2A e ITGB3, en una muestra de la población antioqueña. Materiales y métodos. Se genotipificaron 42 núcleos familiares con autismo para 10 variantes en los genes SLC6A4, ITGB3 y HTR2A. Se evaluó la asociación utilizando la prueba de desequilibrio en la transmisión. Se exploró el impacto de la interacción entre estos genes y el autismo, utilizando la reducción multidimensional. Resultados. Se encontró asociación de las variantes rs4583306 (OR=2,6, p=0,004) y rs2066713 (OR=2,2 p=0,03), en el gen SLC6A4, y asociación de combinaciones genotípicas entre los genes SLC6A4 y HTR2A y el riesgo de autismo (p=0,0001). Conclusiones. Se encontró asociación significativa con variantes en el gen transportador de serotonina con el autismo, al igual que interacción entre variantes en los genes HTR2A con SLC6A4. Estos resultados concuerdan con los de estudios previos en otras poblaciones y son pruebas a favor del papel del sistema serotoninérgico en la etiología del espectro autista.

Introduction. Autism spectrum disorders are severe neurodevelopmental disorders with a strong genetic component. The potential role of the serotoninergic system in the development of autistic disorder has been based on the observation of hyperserotoninemia in autistic subjects and the results of drug treatment studies. Multiple molecules involved in serotonin metabolism and neurotransmission have been studied; however, replication studies have been inconsistent. This may be partially related to the marked genetic heterogeneity of autism in different populations. Objectives. The relationship between autism and single nucleotide polymorphisms of SLC6A4, HTR2A and ITGB3 genes was evaluated in an urban population of northwestern Colombia. Materials and methods. In Antioquia, Colombia, 42 families with history of autism were screened for 10 SNPs in SLC6A4, HTR2A and ITGB3 genes and evaluated for associations with the transmission disequilibrium test. The interactions among these genes and autism was assessed with multidimensional reduction methods. Results. A significant main effect was seen among the SLC6A4 gene variants rs4583306 (OR=2.6, p=0.004) and rs2066713 (OR=2.2, p=0.03). No main effect of the ITGB3 or HTR2A variants was found, however, in the interaction effects, the SLC6A4 and HTR2A genes demonstrated significant evidence of association with autism (p<0.001). Conclusion. Significant association of markers were discovered within the SLC6A4 gene and the combination of SLC6A4 and HTR2A (S-A) genes to autism. These results were consistent with previous studies conducted in other populations and provide further evidence for the implication of the serotoninergic system in the etiology of autistic disorders.

Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Child Development Disorders, Pervasive/genetics , Epistasis, Genetic , /genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , /genetics , Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins/genetics , Child Development Disorders, Pervasive/epidemiology , Colombia/epidemiology , Gene Frequency , Genetic Association Studies , Genotype , Linkage Disequilibrium , Symptom Assessment , Serotonin/physiology
Braz. dent. j ; 23(1): 68-71, 2012. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-618008


Considerable evidence indicates that serotonergic mechanisms, particularly the serotonin transporter, are involved in alcoholism and tobacco use and are influenced by polymorphism of the promoter region of 5HTT (5-HTTLPR). As alcohol and tobacco consumption have been implicated in the pathogenesis of oral cancer, the purpose of this study was to investigate 5-HTTLPR polymorphism in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) compared with a control group in a sample of Brazilian patients. One hundred and three patients affected by OSCC and 103 volunteers without OSCC were genotyped for 5-HTTLPR. Both groups were matched for age, sex and tobacco use. The chi-squared test was used for statistical analysis (α=0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in 5-HTTLPR genotypes between case and control group (p= 0.408). In conclusion, the present investigation demonstrated that serotonin transporter polymorphisms are not implicated in the OSSC development.

Consideráveis evidências indicam que mecanismos serotoninérgicos, particularmente o transportador de serotonina, estão envolvidos no alcoolismo e no uso de fumo e são influenciados pelo polimorfismo da região promotora do 5HTT (5-HTTLPR). Como o consumo de álcool e fumo está implicado na patogênese do câncer, o objetivo deste estudo foi investigar o polimorfismo 5-HTTLPR em pacientes com carcinoma bucal de células escamosas (CBCE) comparado com um grupo controle em uma amostra de pacientes brasileiros. Cento e três pacientes afetados por CBCE e 103 voluntários sem história de CBCE foram genotipados para 5-HTTLPR. Ambos os grupos foram pareados pela idade, gênero e uso de fumo. O teste do qui-quadrado foi usado para análise estatística. Não houve diferença estatística entre os genótipos dos grupos caso e controle (p= 0,408). Concluindo, a presente investigação demonstrou que os polimorfismos do transportador de serotonina não estão implicados no desenvolvimento do CBCE.

Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Alcoholism/genetics , Mouth Neoplasms/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins/genetics , Smoking/genetics , Brazil , Case-Control Studies , Chi-Square Distribution , Genotype , Mouth Neoplasms/etiology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Promoter Regions, Genetic
Rev. méd. Chile ; 139(10): 1261-1268, oct. 2011. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-612192


Background: Restrained eaters (RE) are a group of individuals who constantly restrict their eating. However, they usually alternate restriction with periods of overeating. Aim: To evaluate the possible association of CRF-BP and SLC6A4 gene polymorphisms with chronic alimentary restriction. Material and Methods: The Spanish version of the Revised Restraint Scale was applied to 132 women aged 18 to 25 years. They were divided in a group classified as restrained eaters (RE) and a group of unrestrained eaters. The 5-HTTLPR and CRF-BPs11 polymorphisms of the SLC6A4 and CRF-BP genes were evaluated by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP), respectively. Results: There was a significant association between the s/s homozygous genotype for the 5-HTTLPR polymorphism of SLC6A4 gene and RE condition (p = 0.033). However, this association was not observed for the CRF-BPs11 polymorphism. Conclusions: The presence of s/s genotype is associated with the RE condition, being the presence of a s allele, a risk factor for this condition.

Adolescent , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Carrier Proteins/genetics , Feeding and Eating Disorders/genetics , Gene Frequency/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic/genetics , Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins/genetics , Case-Control Studies , Feeding and Eating Disorders/psychology , Risk Factors
Rev. bras. psiquiatr ; 33(3): 261-267, Sept. 2011. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-609082


OBJECTIVE: A large body of evidence suggests that several aspects of face processing are impaired in autism and that this impairment might be hereditary. This study was aimed at assessing facial emotion recognition in parents of children with autism and its associations with a functional polymorphism of the serotonin transporter (5HTTLPR). METHOD: We evaluated 40 parents of children with autism and 41 healthy controls. All participants were administered the Penn Emotion Recognition Test (ER40) and were genotyped for 5HTTLPR. RESULTS: Our study showed that parents of children with autism performed worse in the facial emotion recognition test than controls. Analyses of error patterns showed that parents of children with autism over-attributed neutral to emotional faces. We found evidence that 5HTTLPR polymorphism did not influence the performance in the Penn Emotion Recognition Test, but that it may determine different error patterns. CONCLUSION: Facial emotion recognition deficits are more common in first-degree relatives of autistic patients than in the general population, suggesting that facial emotion recognition is a candidate endophenotype for autism.

OBJETIVO: Diversos estudos sugerem que o processamento de emoções faciais está prejudicado em portadores de autismo e que tal prejuízo possa ser hereditário. Nós estudamos o reconhecimento de emoções faciais em parentes de primeiro grau de portadores de autismo e suas associações com o polimorfismo funcional de transportador de serotonina (5HTTLPR). MÉTODO: Foram avaliados 40 parentes de primeiro grau de portadores de autismo e 41 controles saudáveis. Todos os participantes foram submetidos ao Teste de Reconhecimento de Emoções (ER40) da Bateria Neuropsicológica Computadorizada da Universidade da Pensilvânia (PENNCNP) e genotipados para o 5HTTLPR. RESULTADOS: Os parentes de primeiro grau de portadores de autismo apresentaram pior reconhecimento de emoções faciais comparados aos controles. A análise do padrão de erros mostrou que eles tendiam a reconhecer faces demonstrando emoções como neutras. O genótipo para o 5HTTLPR não influenciou a acurácia no Teste de Reconhecimento de Emoções, mas os homozigotos para o alelo L apresentaram padrão de erros diferente. Nossos resultados sugerem que prejuízos no reconhecimento de emoções faciais possam ser encontrados em maiores taxas em parentes de primeiro grau de autistas do que na população em geral. CONCLUSÃO: Nossos resultados sugerem que o reconhecimento de emoções faciais seja um candidato a endofenótipo no estudo do autismo.

Child , Female , Humans , Male , Autistic Disorder/genetics , Emotions/physiology , Facial Expression , Family/psychology , Polymorphism, Genetic/genetics , Recognition, Psychology/physiology , Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins/genetics , Autistic Disorder/diagnosis , Autistic Disorder/psychology , Genotype , Neuropsychological Tests , Parents , Pedigree , Phenotype , Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors/therapeutic use
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 69(2b): 283-287, 2011. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-588084


In the present paper, we investigated the 5HTTLPR and STin2 polymorphisms in the promoter region of the serotonin transporter gene (SLC6A4), the G861C polymorphism (rs6296) of the serotonin receptor 1D beta (HTR1B), the T102C (rs6113) and C516T (rs6305) polymorphisms of the serotonin receptor gene subtype 2A (HTR2A), the DAT UTR, DAT intron 8 and DAT intron 14 of the dopamine transporter gene (SLC6A3), the Val-158-Met (rs4680) polymorphism of the COMT and the silent mutation G1287A (rs5569) in the norepinephrine transporter gene (SLC6A2). We genotyped 41 obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) outpatients, classified as good-responders (n=27) and poor-responders (n=14) to treatment with clomipramine according to the Yale Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (YBOCS). Patients who achieved a reduction in symptoms of 40 percent or more in YBOCS after 14 weeks of treatment were considered good-responders. Genotypes and alleles distribution of the investigated polymorphisms were compared between both groups. We did not find association between the studied polymorphisms and clomipramine response in our sample.

No presente estudo, investigaram-se os polimorfismos 5HTTLPR e STin2 da região promotora do gene transportador de serotonina (SLC6A4), o G861C (rs6296) do receptor de serotonina 1D beta (HTR1B), os polimorfismos T102C (rs6113) e C516T (rs6305) do gene do receptor da serotonina subtipo 2A (HTR2A), os polimorfismos UTR, intron 8 e intron 14 do gene transportador de dopamina (SLC6A3), o Val-158-Met (rs4680) da COMT e a mutação G1287A (rs5569) do gene do transportador de norepinefrina (SLC6A2). Foram genotipados 41 pacientes com transtorno obsessivo-compulsivo (TOC), classificados como bons-respondedores (n=27) e maus-respondedores (n=14) ao tratamento com clomipramina, por meio do uso da Escala de Sintomas Obsessivos-Compulsivos Yale Brown (YBOCS). Foram considerados bons-respondedores os pacientes que tiveram redução nos sintomas em 40 por cento ou mais na YBOCS, após 14 semanas de tratamento. A distribuição dos genótipos e alelos estudados foi comparada entre os dois grupos. Não foi encontrada associação entre estes polimorfismos investigados e a resposta à clomipramina na amostra estudada.

Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Antidepressive Agents, Tricyclic/therapeutic use , Clomipramine/therapeutic use , Dopamine Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins/genetics , Norepinephrine Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins/genetics , Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder/genetics , Receptors, Serotonin/genetics , Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins/genetics , Gene Frequency , Genotype , Mutation , Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder/drug therapy , Polymorphism, Genetic
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-135647


Background and Objectives: Serotonin transporter polymorphisms, 5-HTTVNTR and 5-HTTLPR, have been found to be associated with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and particularly with neurotic characteristics. In the present study we looked for an association between OCD and these polymorphisms in OCD patients and controls of south Indian origin. Methods: 5-HTTVNTR and 5-HTTLPR/rs25531 were genotyped in 93 OCD patients and 92 healthy controls. The allelic distribution and genotype frequency in cases and controls were compared using chi square test. In order to test for the effects of genotype on heterogeneity of the illness, linear regression analysis was undertaken for co-morbid depression status and YBOCS score (severity index). Results: There was no significant association with the 5-HTTVNTR or the 5-HTTLPR polymorphism. No significant association of OCD with the 5-HTTLPR genotype was found even on inclusion of the rs25531 locus, which is part of the transcription factor binding site as reported in earlier studies. However, severity of the illness showed a modest association with the dominant model. Interpretation & conclusions: Our data show that genetic variation in the SLC6A4 gene regulatory region may not have a significant effect on OCD in the present population. Further replication in a large and independent cohort with an equal number of female subjects would help to ascertain if the absence of association in this cohort is due to the nullifying effect of the larger proportion of male subjects in our sample population. The marginal effect of the 5-HTTLPR (A/G) genotype obtained on linear regression with disease severity is suggestive of a potential role for this locus in the disease process.

Adult , Cohort Studies , Female , Gene Frequency , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Genotype , Humans , India , Linear Models , Male , Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder/genetics , Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder/physiopathology , Polymorphism, Genetic/genetics , Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins/genetics , Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins/metabolism , Sex Ratio
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-61704


Clinical course of depression is variable. The serotonin transporter gene is one of the most studied genes for depression. We examined the association of serotonin transporter gene polymorphisms with chronicity and recurrent tendency of depression in Korean subjects. This cross-sectional study involved 252 patients with major depression. Patients were genotyped for s/l polymorphisms in 5-HTT promoter region (5-HTTLPR), s/l variation in second intron of the 5-HTT gene (5-HTT VNTR intron2). Chronicity was associated with 5-HTTLPR. Patients with l/l had higher rate of chronicity than the other patients (l/l vs s/l or s/s; odds ratio, 4.45; 95% confidence interval, 1.59-12.46; P=0.005; logistic regression analysis). Recurrent tendency was not associated with 5-HTTLPR. Chronicity and recurrent tendency were not associated with 5-HTT VNTR intron2. These results suggest that chronic depression is associated with 5-HTTLPR.

Aged , Chronic Disease , Cross-Sectional Studies , Depression/genetics , Female , Genotype , Humans , Introns , Male , Middle Aged , Odds Ratio , Polymorphism, Genetic , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Recurrence , Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins/genetics
Rev. bras. psiquiatr ; 31(supl.2): S77-S85, out. 2009. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-532736


OBJETIVOS: Estudar os fatores de risco relacionados ao desenvolvimento do comportamento agressivo. MÉTODO: Foi realizada uma busca em duas bases de dados eletrônicas, Medline e SciElo, por estudos retrospectivos, longitudinais e de revisão que avaliaram fatores de risco para o desenvolvimento do comportamento agressivo. RESULTADOS: Foram selecionados 11 estudos longitudinais (8 prospectivos e 3 de casos-controle) e um transversal que avaliaram os fatores de risco biológicos e socioambientais relacionados ao comportamento agressivo. Cinco estudos avaliaram a expressão gênica, cinco a exposição ao tabaco, ao álcool e a cocaína no período pré-natal, um avaliou as implicações da desnutrição precoce no desenvolvimento do comportamento agressivo e um avaliou o impacto dos maus tratos na infância. CONCLUSÃO: os principais fatores biológicos encontrados foram: genéticos (baixa expressão do gene monoaminaoxidase e do gene transportador de serotonina, variações nos genes transportador e receptor de dopamina), exposição a substâncias durante o desenvolvimento intrauterino (tabaco, álcool e cocaína) e nutricionais (desnutrição infantil). os principais fatores socioambientais encontrados foram: maus tratos na infância, pobreza, criminalidade e comportamento antissocial na infância, sendo que o maior nível de evidência esteve relacionado à negligência precoce. A interação entre fatores biológicos e ambientais pode ser catalisada por um ambiente hostil aumentando os riscos para o desenvolvimento de comportamentos agressivos.

OBJECTIVES: To study the risk factors related to the development of aggressive behavior. METHOD: A search was carried out in two electronic databases, Medline and SciElo by retrospective studies, longitudinal and review that assessed risk factors for the development of aggressive behavior. RESULTS: There were selected 11 longitudinal studies (8 prospective and 3 case-control studies) and a cross sectional study that evaluated the risk factors and socio-biological related to aggressive behavior. Five studies have evaluated gene expression, five evaluated exposure to tobacco, alcohol and cocaine in the prenatal period, one evaluated the effect of early malnutrition on the development of aggressive behavior and one assessed the impact of child maltreatment. CONCLUSION: The main biological factors were: genetic (low expression of the monoamine oxidase gene and serotonin transporter gene, variations in transporter and dopamine receptor genes), exposure to substances during intrauterine development (tobacco, alcohol and cocaine) and nutrition (malnutrition). The main environmental factors were: child abuse, poverty, crime and antisocial behavior in childhood, while the highest level of evidence was related to early neglect. The interaction between biological and environmental factors can be catalyzed by a hostile environment, increasing the risk for the development of aggressive behavior.

Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Aggression/psychology , Antisocial Personality Disorder/etiology , Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects , Social Environment , Antisocial Personality Disorder/genetics , Antisocial Personality Disorder/psychology , Dopamine Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins/genetics , Epidemiologic Studies , Malnutrition/complications , Monoamine Oxidase/genetics , Risk Factors , Receptors, Dopamine/genetics , Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins/genetics
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-226390


There have been numerous studies on the association between 5-HTTLPR (polymorphisms in the promoter region of the serotonin transporter gene) and anxietyrelated personality traits, with conflicting results. In this study, we administered Korean version of the Temperament and Character Inventory (K-TCI) to a sample of 158 Korean college students and genotyped for the 5-HTTLPR in order to compare the TCI dimensional scores including harm avoidance according to the 5-HTTLPR genotype and sex. We could not find the association between 5-HTTLPR and harm avoidance and other TCI measures. Considering known allele frequencies differences of 5-HTTLPR among different ethnic groups, further cross-cultural studies with a larger sample would be needed.

Temperament , Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins/genetics , Personality , Male , Humans , Harm Reduction , Genotype , Female , Exploratory Behavior , Adult