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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 81(3): 516-525, July-Sept. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153413

ABSTRACT

Abstract Serine protease inhibitors (serpins), a superfamily of protease inhibitors, are known to be involved in several physiological processes, such as development, metamorphosis, and innate immunity. In our study, a full-length serpin cDNA, designated Haserpin1, was isolated from the cotton bollworm Helicoverpa armigera. The cDNA sequence of Haserpin1 is 1176 nt long, with an open reading frame encoding 391 amino acids; there is one exon and no intron. The predicted molecular weight of Haserpin1 is 43.53 kDa, with an isoelectric point of 4.98. InterProScan was employed for Haserpin1 functional characterization, which revealed that Haserpin1 contains highly conserved signature motifs, including a reactive center loop (RCL) with a hinge region (E341-N350), the serpin signature, (F367-F375) and a predicted P1-P1′ cleavage site (L357-S358), which are useful for identifying serpins. Transcripts of Haserpin1 were constitutively expressed in the fat body, suggesting that it is the major site for serpin synthesis. During the developmental stages, a fluctuation in the expression level of Haserpin1 was observed, with low expression detected at the 5th-instar larval stage. In contrast, relatively high expression was detected at the prepupal stage, suggesting that Haserpin1 might play a critical role at the H. armigera wandering stage. Although the detailed function of this serpin (Haserpin1) needs to be elucidated, our study provides a perspective for the functional investigation of serine protease inhibitor genes.


Resumo Sabe-se que os inibidores de serina protease (serpinas), uma superfamília de inibidores de protease, estão envolvidos em vários processos fisiológicos, como desenvolvimento, metamorfose e imunidade inata. Neste estudo, um cDNA de serpina de comprimento total, denominado Haserpin1, foi isolado da lagarta Helicoverpa armigera na cultura de algodão. A sequência de ADNc de Haserpin1 tem 1.176 nt de comprimento, com uma grelha de leitura aberta que codifica 391 aminoácidos; existe um éxon, mas nenhum íntron. O peso molecular previsto de Haserpin1 é de 43,53 kDa, com um ponto isoelétrico de 4,98. O InterProScan foi empregado para a caracterização funcional do Haserpin1, que revelou que o Haserpin1 contém motivos de assinatura altamente conservados, incluindo um loop central reativo (RCL) com uma região de dobradiça (E341-N350), a assinatura da serpina (F367-F375) e um local de clivagem previsto de P1-P1' (L357-S358), que são úteis para identificar serpinas. As transcrições de Haserpin1 foram expressas constitutivamente no corpo gordo, sugerindo que é o principal local para a síntese de serpinas. Durante os estágios de desenvolvimento, observou-se uma flutuação no nível de expressão de Haserpin1, com baixa expressão detectada no estágio larval do 5º ínstar. Por outro lado, detectou-se uma expressão relativamente alta no estágio pré-pupal, sugerindo que o Haserpin1 pode desempenhar um papel crítico no estágio errante de H. armigera. Embora a função detalhada dessa serpina (Haserpin1) precise ser elucidada, este estudo fornece uma perspectiva para a investigação funcional dos genes inibidores da serina protease.


Subject(s)
Animals , Serpins/genetics , Lepidoptera/genetics , Moths/genetics , Serine Proteinase Inhibitors/genetics , Amino Acid Sequence , Larva/genetics
2.
J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis ; 27: e20200188, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1279408

ABSTRACT

Accidents caused by the bites of brown spiders (Loxosceles) generate a clinical condition that often includes a threatening necrotic skin lesion near the bite site along with a remarkable inflammatory response. Systemic disorders such as hemolysis, thrombocytopenia, and acute renal failure may occur, but are much less frequent than the local damage. It is already known that phospholipases D, highly expressed toxins in Loxosceles venom, can induce most of these injuries. However, this spider venom has a great range of toxins that probably act synergistically to enhance toxicity. The other protein classes remain poorly explored due to the difficulty in obtaining sufficient amounts of them for a thorough investigation. They include astacins (metalloproteases), serine proteases, knottins, translationally controlled tumor proteins (TCTP), hyaluronidases, allergens and serpins. It has already been shown that some of them, according to their characteristics, may participate to some extent in the development of loxoscelism. In addition, all of these toxins present potential application in several areas. The present review article summarizes information regarding some functional aspects of the protein classes listed above, discusses the directions that could be taken to materialize a comprehensive investigation on each of these toxins as well as highlights the importance of exploring the full venom repertoire.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Spider Venoms/toxicity , Spiders , Serpins , Serine Proteases , Bites and Stings
3.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 829-837, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922136

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The anti-tumor effect of pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) has been widely confirmed. However, the anti-tumor effect of its peptides is rarely reported. This study aims to investigate the effects of PEDF and its peptides on the apoptosis and migration of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).@*METHODS@#In this study, A549 cells and H1299 cells were selected as the research object, and the cells were divided into normal group, PEDF treatment group, 34 peptide treatment group, 44 peptide treatment group and 34+44 peptide treatment group by administering different drugs at the same concentration to the cells. The proliferation activity of cells in each group was detected by CCK-8 method; the migration ability of cells was detected by scratch test; the expression levels of apoptosis related proteins such as protein kinase 3 (RIP3) and cleaved-caspase-3 were detected by Western blot; the expression levels of epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers in each group, such as cadherin (E-cadherin) and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) were detected by Western blot; the apoptosis rate of each group was detected by flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#The results of CCK-8 showed that PEDF and its peptides could inhibit cell proliferation, and the inhibitory effect of 34+44 peptide was the strongest (P<0.05); Observation under the microscope found that PEDF and its peptides can inhibit the proliferation and mesenchymal transformation of A549 cells and H1299 cells, and the inhibitory effect of the 34+44 peptide group is the most obvious; Western blot indicated that compared with other groups, the expressions of cleaved-caspase-3 and RIP3 in 34+44 peptide group were significantly higher (P<0.05), and the expressions of EMT protein E-cadherin were higher, the expression of α-SMA decreased (P<0.05); The results of flow cytometry showed that the apoptosis rate of 34+44 peptide group was significantly higher than those of other groups (P<0.05); The scratch test showed that compared with all the other groups, the healing rate of 34+44 peptide group was the lowest (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#34+44 combination peptide can better promote the apoptosis of NSCLC, inhibit the migration of NSCLC, and thereby inhibit the growth of NSCLC.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cadherins/genetics , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/genetics , Caspase 3 , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Eye Proteins , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Nerve Growth Factors , Peptides/pharmacology , Serpins , Sincalide
4.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 82(4): 275-282, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019420

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To compare the intravitreal concentrations of cellular mediators involved in neurodegeneration, inflammation, and angiogenesis in patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy and other vitreoretinal diseases. Methods: A multiplex bead immunoassay was used to measure vitreous levels of pigment epithelium-derived factor, serum amyloid P, C-reactive protein, complement C4, alpha-1 antitrypsin, vascular endothelial growth factor, platelet-derived growth factor-AA, platelet-derived growth factor-BB, interleukin-6, interleukin-8, interleukin-10, tumor necrosis factor alpha and beta in patients undergoing 23-gauge vitrectomy for proliferative diabetic retinopathy and other diagnoses (control group). Results: We evaluated 55 patients, of whom 24 had proliferative diabetic retinopathy and 31 had other diagnoses including vitreous hemorrhage, retinal detachment, macular hole, and epiretinal membrane. Patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy demonstrated increased levels of serum amyloid P (85.49 vs. 31.38 ng/mL); C-reactive protein (59.89 vs. 41.75 ng/mL), vascular endothelial growth factor (2,330.11 vs. 554.25 pg/mL; p<0.001), platelet-derived growth factor A (127.32 vs. 39.11 pg/mL), platelet-derived growth factor B (29.37 vs. 7.12 pg/mL), interleukin-6 (69.37 vs. 33.58 pg/mL), interleukin-8 (175.25 vs. 59.71 pg/mL), and interleukin-10 (3.70 vs. 1.88 pg/mL); all p<0.004 when compared with the control group. Levels of pigment epithelium-derived factor (30.06 vs. 27.48 ng/mL; p=0.295), complement C4 (570.78 vs. 366.24 ng/mL; p=0.069), and alpha-1-antitrypsin (359.27 vs. 522.44 ng/mL; p=0.264) were not significantly different between the groups. Intravitreal levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha and tumor necrosis factor-beta were undetectable. Serum Amyloid P, C-reactive protein, platelet-derived growth factor A, platelet-derived growth factor B, interleukin-6, and interleukin-8 were correlated positively with vascular endothelial growth factor. Conclusions: Cellular mediators involved in neurodegeneration and inflammation demonstrated increased levels in the vitreous humor of patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy and may be part of the pathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy.


RESUMO Objetivo: Comparar as concentrações intravítreas de mediadores celulares envolvidos na neurodegeneração, inflamação e angiogênese em pacientes com retinopatia diabética proliferativa e outras doenças vítreo-retinianas. Métodos: Um ensaio imunomagnético foi utilizado para medir os níveis vítreos do fator derivado do epitélio pigmentar, amilóide P sérico, proteína-C-reativa, complemento C4, e alfa-1-antitripsina, fator de crescimento do endotélio vascular, fator de crescimento derivado das plaquetas AA, fator de crescimento derivado das plaquetas BB, interleucina-6, interleucina-8, interleucina-10, fator de necrose tumoral alfa e beta em pacientes submetidos à vitrectomia 23-gauge para retinopatia diabética proliferativa ou outros diagnósticos (grupo controle). Resultados: Foram avaliados 55 pacientes, dos quais 24 tinham retinopatia diabética proliferativa e 31 tinham outros diagnósticos, incluindo hemorragia vítrea, descolamento de retina, buraco macular e membrana epirretiniana. Pacientes com retinopatia diabética proliferativa demonstraram níveis aumentados de amilóide P sérico (85,49 vs 31,38 ng/mL), proteína-C-reativa (59,89 vs 41,75 ng/mL), fator de crescimento do endotélio vascular (2.330,11 vs 554,25 pg/mL, p<0.001), fator de crescimento derivado das plaquetas-A: (127,32 vs 39,11 pg/mL), fator de crescimento derivado das plaquetas-B (29,37 vs 7,12 pg/mL), interleucina-6 (69,37 vs 33,58 pg/mL), interleucina-8 (175,25 vs 59,71 pg/mL) e interleucina-10 (3,70 vs 1,88 pg/mL), todos com p<0,004 quando comparados ao grupo controle. Níveis de fator derivado do epitélio pigmentar (30,06 vs 27,48 ng/mL; p=0,295), complemento C4 (570,78 vs 366,24 ng/mL; p=0,069), alfa-1 antitripsina (359,27 vs 522,44 ng/mL; p=0,264) não foram significativamente diferente entre os grupos. Níveis intravítreos de fator de necrose tumoral alfa e fator de necrose tumoral beta foram indetectáveis. O amilóide P sérico, a proteína C-reativa, o fator de crescimento derivado das plaquetas A e B, a interleucina-6 e a interleucina-8 correlacionaram-se positivamente com o fator de crescimento do endotélio vascular. Conclusões: Os medidores celulares envolvidos na neurodegeneração e inflamação demonstraram níveis aumentados no humor vítreo de pacientes com retinopatia diabética proliferativa e podem ser parte da patogênese da retinopatia diabética.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Retinal Degeneration/pathology , Vitreous Body/pathology , Inflammation Mediators/analysis , Diabetic Retinopathy/pathology , Reference Values , Vitrectomy , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor/analysis , Serum Amyloid P-Component/analysis , Serpins/analysis , Cross-Sectional Studies , Interleukins/analysis , Statistics, Nonparametric , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/analysis , Diabetic Retinopathy/surgery , Eye Proteins/analysis , Nerve Growth Factors/analysis
5.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 61(6): 567-574, Dec. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887608

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective Adipokines are mediators of body composition and are involved in obesity complications. This study aimed to assess the association of circulating omentin-1, vaspin, and RBP-4 with body composition indices and metabolic health status (MHS) in different phenotypes of body size. Subjects and methods A total of 350 subjects were included in the current cross-sectional study. Body composition was measured using a body composition analyzer, and serum concentrations of omentin-1, vaspin, and RBP-4 were assessed by ELISA kits. Results Circulating omentin-1 was significantly (OR = 1.81, 95% CI: 1.00-1.91, P = 0.01) and marginally (OR = 1.63, 95%CI: 1.00-1.75, P = 0.06) associated with MHS in the overweight and obese subjects, respectively. But no association was seen between omentin-1 and MHS in normal-weight subjects. Serum levels of vaspin and RBP-4 were not correlated with MHS. Furthermore, a significant positive correlation was observed between circulating omentin-1 and body mass index (BMI) as well as fat percentage (P = 0.02) in the MHS group. Serum vaspin concentrations were not related to body composition components in both groups. In addition, in the MHS group, circulating RBP-4 was positively correlated with fat percentage and fat mass (FM) (p < 0.0001) and was negatively correlated with fat-free mass (FFM) and total body water (TBW) (p < 0.0001). In contrast, in the metabolically unhealthy group, RBP-4 was negatively correlated with fat percentage, FM, and BMI (p < 0.0001) and was positively correlated with FFM and TBW (p < 0.0001). Conclusions This study showed that circulating levels of omentin-1 are useful predictors of metabolic health status in overweight and obese people.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Body Composition , Serpins/blood , Cytokines/blood , Body Size , Retinol-Binding Proteins, Plasma/analysis , Lectins/blood , Obesity/metabolism , Phenotype , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , GPI-Linked Proteins/blood , Obesity/blood
6.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 49(7): e5231, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951693

ABSTRACT

Vaspin is a novel adipocytokine associated with glucose tolerance and chronic inflammation. Some studies reveal that vaspin may be involved in cardiovascular diseases. Our objective was to investigate the relationship between serum vaspin levels and endothelial function in patients with ankylosing spondylitis. One hundred and twenty patients with newly diagnosed ankylosing spondylitis and 100 healthy subjects were studied. Serum vaspin levels were measured with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. High resolution ultrasound was used to measure brachial artery diameter at rest, after reactive hyperemia (flow-mediated dilation, FMD) and after sublingual glyceryltrinitrate. Serum vaspin level in patients was 1.92±1.03 ng/mL, which was significantly lower than that in healthy subjects (2.88±0.81 ng/mL). By dividing the distribution of serum vaspin levels into quartiles, FMD levels increased gradually with the increase of serum vaspin levels in patients (P<0.01). Univariate analysis showed a correlation between vaspin and FMD (r=0.73, P=0.003), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (r=-0.45, P=0.033), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (r=0.63, P=0.025), fasting blood glucose (r=-0.79, P=0.006), triglycerides (TG) (r=-0.68, P=0.036), systolic blood pressure (r=-0.35, P=0.021), C-reactive protein (r=-0.67, P=0.011), homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) (r=-0.77, P=0.023) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (r=-0.88, P=0.039) in patients. Multivariate analysis indicated that serum vaspin levels were independently associated with FMD, HOMA-IR and TG in patients. Our study found that serum vaspin levels were decreased in patients with ankylosing spondylitis and were associated with FMD levels. Vaspin may serve as an independent marker for detecting early stage atherosclerosis in patients with ankylosing spondylitis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Spondylitis, Ankylosing/physiopathology , Spondylitis, Ankylosing/blood , Endothelium, Vascular/physiopathology , Serpins/blood , Reference Values , Triglycerides/blood , Blood Glucose/analysis , Brachial Artery/pathology , Brachial Artery/diagnostic imaging , Insulin Resistance , Biomarkers/blood , Case-Control Studies , Linear Models , Cholesterol/blood , Risk Factors , Analysis of Variance
7.
São Paulo; s.n; 2016. 129 p. ilust, tabelas.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, Inca | ID: biblio-1178137

ABSTRACT

O carcinoma de pênis (CaPe) corresponde a uma doença maligna mutilante do homem. É mais frequente em regiões economicamente desprivilegiadas, como o Norte/Nordeste do Brasil, onde frequentemente é diagnosticado como doença mais avançada. Assim, novos marcadores diagnósticos, prognósticos e preditivos de tratamentos terapêuticos ainda são necessários. Abordagens proteômicas, incluindo o MALDI Imaging, podem contribuir neste sentido. Esta técnica emergente de espectrometria de massas permite a visualização da distribuição espacial de centenas de dados moleculares diretamente da superfície de uma secção tecidual, adquiridos por razão massa/carga (m/z). Neste contexto, nosso principal propósito foi integrar dados de proteômica clássica (gel 2D e Cromatografia Líquida acoplada à Espectrometria de Massas) e de MALDI Imaging, para obter padrões diferenciais de proteínas associados com amostras de Carcinoma Epidermoide Peniano usual (relacionado ou não ao HPV) e espécimes normais, a fim de buscar possíveis biomarcadores da doença. Um total de 45 amostras de CaPe, congeladas, foram inicialmente genotipadas para a presença do HPV. Destas, 60% foram positivas para variantes virais de alto risco. A proteômica clássica (N=24) evidenciou níveis diferenciais de 35 proteínas entre amostras de CaPe e controles, e 29 entre CaPe HPV positivo versus negativo (P<0,05; ANOVA). Redes de interações demonstraram que estes perfis proteicos interagiam com clusters de proteínas relacionadas com a carcinogênese e progressão tumoral. Entre eles, se destacaram aqueles formados por proteínas antioxidantes e de adesão celular, presentes em níveis elevados em tumores HPV negativos. A partir dos interactomas, quatro alvos proteicos foram selecionados para a análise in situ por imageamento: Calreticulina, 14-3-3 sigma, Serpina B5 e Glutationa-s-transferase. A aquisição de dados do MALDI Imaging foi conduzida após a digestão in situ pela tripsina, usando uma resolução de 200 µm e faixa de 700-3500 m/z para peptídeos (N=31). Os dados de identificação do gel 2D foram então integrados aos do imageamento. A identidade proteica dos filtros foi confirmada, in silico, por meio da presença de peptídeos teóricos co-localizados com o peptídeo experimental alvo nas secções de CaPe. Não houve associação significativa entre os parâmetros clinicopatológicos e as intensidades de sinal dos alvos (P>0,05, U de Mann-Whitney). Análises não supervisionadas, realizadas a partir dos dados do MALDI Imaging, evidenciaram mapas de segmentação que coindiciram com as regiões tumorais e margens adjacentes livres de neoplasia. Entre os principais valores de m/z diferenciadores estava o pico 1413 ± 2,5 Da, abundante nas regiões tumorais, e correlacionado ao peptídeo experimental m/z 1410,86 referente à proteína Calreticulina (CRT), o. Análises estatísticas (PCA e Curva ROC) indicaram este valor de m/z como potencial biomarcador da doença. Por conseguinte, a CRT foi selecionada para a etapa de validação por imunoistoquímica em tecidos parafinados de CaPe (N=158). Níveis elevados de imunoreatividade da CRT foram associados com piores tempo de sobrevida global (Razão de Risco 2,3; IC-1,46-3,96; P<0,001) e câncer específica (Razão de Risco 4,37; IC-1,66-11,51; P=0,002) nos casos de CaPe. A presença de metástase em linfonodos foi considerado um fator prognóstico independente para o risco de morte pelo câncer (Razão de Risco ­ 14,18; CI-3,29-61,12; P <0,001). A imunoreatividade da CRT também foi capaz de predizer a presença de metástase em linfonodos (Chance de Risco: 1,006; IC- 1,0001-1,0012; p=0,044). Estes dados, em conjunto, sugerem que a CRT pode ser um potencial biomarcador prognóstico do CaPe. A estratégia de integração da proteômica clássica com o MALDI Imaging, mostrou-se uma ferramenta útil na busca de novos biomarcadores para o CaPe. Além disto, o trabalho adicionou uma visão analítica à histopatologia clássica, o que deverá inserir as técnicas utilizadas neste projeto em estudos de Anatomia Patológica, tanto em nossa instituição, quanto no contexto global.


Penile cancer (PeCa) corresponds to a mutilating malignant disease in men. It is more frequent in underprivileged socioeconomic regions (e.g., Noth, North-East of Brazil), where it is frequently diagnosed in advanced stages. Thus, new markers are still needed for early diagnosis, prognosis and prediction of therapy. Proteomic approaches, including MALDI Imaging, could assist in this effort. This emerging spatially resolved mass spectrometric technique can obtain topographical distribution of hundreds of molecules directly from the tissue section surface, mensured by mass/charge ratio (m/z). In this context, our mainly propose was to integrate classic proteomic data (2D gel and Liquid Chromatograph coupled with Mass Spectrometry) with MALDI Imaging to obtain diferential patterns of protein associated with Usual Squamous Cell Penile Carcinoma (HPV related or not) and normal specimens, to look for possible biomarkers of the disease. A total of 45 fresh-frozen PeCa samples were initially searched for HPV genotype, 60% of which were positive for high-risk HPV. Classic proteomics (N=24) demonstrated diferential levels of 35 proteins comparing PeCa and control samples, and 29 comparing HPV-positive versus HPV-negative PeCa samples (P<0.05; ANOVA). Protein networks showed that these protein profiles interact with clusters of proteins related with tumorigenesis and tumor progression processes. Among them, antioxidant and cell adhesion proteins play a critical role in HPV negative penile tumors. Based on interactome data, four protein targets were selected for in situ analyses by imaging: Calreticulin, 14-3-3 protein sigma, Serpin B5 and Glutatione-s-transferase. MALDI Imaging data acquisition of peptides was conducted after in situ trypsin digestion using a lateral resolution of 200 µm, covering the range 700- 3500 m/z (N=31). After that, 2D gel based proteomic data was integrated with Imaging data. The filter protein identities were confirmed in silico by the co-localization of theoretical triptic peptides with the experimental peptides in PeCa sections. There was no significant association between the clinical and pathological parameters and the target signal intensities (P>0.05; U de Mann-Whitney). An unsupervised clustering analysis based on MALDI Imaging data reveled segmentation maps that coincide with histological annotation for tumor and adjacent non-neoplasic regions. Among the mainly differentiating m/z values there was 1413 ± 2.5 Da. This peak was especially co-localized with tumoral regions and correlated with Calreticulin (CRT) experimental peptide (m/z 1410,86). Statistical analysis (PCA and ROC Curves) indicated this m/z value as a potencial biomarker of the disease. For this reason, CRT was selected for validation by immunohistochemistry performed on paraffin-embedded PeCa tissues (N=158). As result, CRT hiperexpression in PeCa tissue increased the risk of unfavorable overall survival (Relative Risk ­ 2.3; CI-1.46-3.96; P<0.001) and cancer specific survival (Relative Risk ­ 4.37; CI-1.66-11.51; P=0.002) in these patients. Lymph node metastasis represented an independent prognostic risk factor for death related to cancer in our patients (Relative risk ­ 14.18; CI-3.29-61.12; P <0.001). CRT immunoreactivity was also capable to predict the presence of lymph node metastases (Risk Chance ­ 1,006; CI-1.0001-1.00123; P =0.044). Taken together, our results sugest that CRT may represent a prognostic biomarker of PeCa. The strategy of integrated classic proteomic and MALDI Imaging revealed as usefull tool to search for news biomarkers of the disease. Futhermore, this work added an analytical perspective to the classical histopathology, allowing to include the techniques used in this project in future morphological studies, both in our institution and in the global context.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Penile Neoplasms/chemistry , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/chemistry , Proteins/analysis , Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization , Papillomaviridae/isolation & purification , Papillomaviridae/genetics , Penile Neoplasms/virology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/virology , Biomarkers, Tumor , Serpins/analysis , Survival Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Calreticulin/analysis , Proteomics , 14-3-3 Proteins/analysis , Genotyping Techniques , Glutathione Transferase/analysis
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-331095

ABSTRACT

The effects of the balance changes of pigment epithelium growth factor (PEDF) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in whole-body and retinal tissue on rats with oxygen-induced retinopathy were investigated. Forty-eight neonatal SD rats at the age of 7 days were randomly divided into 4 groups. The neonatal rats in experimental groups were exposed to 75% to 80% oxygen for 5 days and then to normal air, and those in control groups were kept feeding in normal air. At the age of 17 and 22 days, all the neonatal rats received retina angiography with FITC-dextran and the pathological changes of retinal vessels and perfusion were observed. HE staining of the tissue section and the number counting of endothelial cells extending beyond the inner limiting membrane were performed to evaluate the endothelial proliferation. Immunohistochemistry was applied to detect the expression of PEDF and VEGF in retinal tissue, and ELISA to detect their expression in serum. A hypoxic-ischemic proliferation of retina and more endothelial cells extending beyond the inner limiting membrane were found in the neonatal rats in both experimental groups of 17-day old and 22-day old as compared with those in control group with the difference being statistically significant (P<0.01). VEGF staining of the rats in the 17-day old experimental group was significantly stronger, with an increasing positive rate, than that of the rats in the 17-day old control group (P<0.01). PEDF staining of the rats of 22 days old was weaker than that of the rats of 17 days old in the experimental groups (P<0.01). There was no significant difference in serum VEGF concentration among all groups (P>0.05). The serum PEDF concentration in the rats of 17 days old in experimental group was decreased significantly as compared with that in the rats of 17 days old in control group (P<0.01), and in experimental groups, the serum PEDF concentration of the rats of 22 days old was increased as compared with that of the rats of 17 days old (P<0.01). In conclusion, the obviously decreased serum PEDF concentration and the abnormal enhanced expression of VEGF density in local retinal tissue broke down the balance of PEDF/VEGF in whole-body or local tissues, which might play an important role in retinal vascular proliferation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Eye Proteins , Blood , Metabolism , Nerve Growth Factors , Blood , Metabolism , Oxygen , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Retina , Metabolism , Retinal Diseases , Metabolism , Serpins , Blood , Metabolism , Time and Motion Studies , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Blood , Metabolism
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-333692

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the association of serum pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) level and polymorphisms in PEDF gene promoter region -358G→A with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) of Han Nationality in Fujian Province.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 282 T2DM patients with NAFLD (DM1 group) and 170 age- and gender-matched T2DM patients without NAFLD (DM2 group) were examined for PEDF gene SNP-358G→A polymorphisms using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). Serum pigment epithelium-derived factor(PEDF) level, fasting plasma glucose (FPG), fasting insulin (FINS) and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) were also measured.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The patients in DM1 group showed a significantly higher mean level of serum PEDF than those in DM2 group (P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis revealed that PEDF level was an independent risk factor for NAFLD in T2DM. The frequencies of PEDF gene -358G→A genotypes (GG, GA, and AA) and alleles (G/A) differed significanly between DM1 and DM2 groups (P<0.05). In terms of PEDF gene SNP -358G→A alleles, the GA genotype carriers had a 2.032 times higher risk of developing NAFLD compared with the GG genotype carriers, and the risk increased to 2.068 times in the carriers of the A allele (GA and AA genotypes; P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Serum PEDF level is an independent risk factor of NAFLD in T2DM. Elevated serum PEDF level is a protective factor against insulin resistance. In T2DM patients, PEDF gene promoter region -358G→A polymorphism is associated with NAFLD, and the A allele contributes to an increased risk of NAFLD.</p>


Subject(s)
Alleles , Case-Control Studies , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Genetics , Ethnic Groups , Eye Proteins , Genetics , Genotype , Humans , Insulin Resistance , Nerve Growth Factors , Genetics , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease , Genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Risk Factors , Serpins , Genetics
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-747908

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the expression of Maspin and Ki67 in EN-NK/TCL and the significance.@*METHOD@#The expressions of Maspin and Ki67 were detected by immunohistochemistry in 34 cases of EN-NK/TCL and 11 cases of chronic sinusitis.@*RESULT@#Maspin was low expressed in EN-NK/TCL, Ki67 was highly expressed in EN-NK/TCL. Negative correlation was found between the expression of Maspin and Ki67 in EN-NK/TCL.@*CONCLUSION@#The combined examination of Maspin and Ki67 has important significance in the diagnosis in EN-NK/ TCL.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor , Metabolism , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Ki-67 Antigen , Metabolism , Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell , Metabolism , Serpins , Metabolism
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815336

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To examine the expression of Maspin in the bladder carcinoma, and to explore the relationship among Maspin expression, clinical pathology and lymph node metastasis.
@*METHODS@#The expression of Maspin in 72 bladder cancer tissues and 12 normal bladder tissues were detected by immunohistochemistry. Preoperative pelvic CT images and postoperative pathological results of lymph node metastasis in 72 bladder cancer patients were analyzed retrospectively. The sensibility, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value were calculated, and the advantage for diagnosis of lymph node metastasis was compared between Maspin examination and CT scan.
@*RESULTS@#1) The expression of Maspin in 72 bladder cancer tissues was significantly lower than that in the normal bladder tissues (P<0.05); 2) The expression of Maspin was obviously decreased with the progress in clinical stage, pathlogical grade and lymph node metastasis, with significant difference (all P<0.05); 3) There were 27 patients diagnosed as pelvic lymph node metastasis by CT scan, and the positive rate was 37.5% (27/72); there were 22 patients diagnosed as pelvic lymph node metastasis by pathological results, and the positive rate was 30.5% (22/72). The pathological diagnose for pelvic lymph node metastasis was the gold standard. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value for CT was 45.5%, 73.3%, 37.0%, and 66.7%, respectively; the sensibility, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value was 81.8%, 50%, 41.8% and 86.2% in the diagnosis of lymph node metastasis for the 72 bladder cancer cases by Maspin examination; the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive was 90.9%, 78.0%, 64.5% and 95.0% in the diagnose of lymph node metastasis by Maspin examination combined with CT scan.
@*CONCLUSION@#The expression of Maspin in bladder cancer is significantly lower than that in normal bladder cancer, and a statistically significant correlation is also observed between Maspin expression and lymph node metastasis. Maspin maybe a valuable biomarker in diagnose of bladder cancer with lymph node metastasis. Maspin examination combined with CT scan has more advantage in the evaluation of bladder cancer with lymph node metastasis than Maspin or CT alone.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor , Metabolism , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Lymph Nodes , Pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis , Diagnosis , Neoplasm Staging , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Serpins , Metabolism , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology
12.
Biol. Res ; 48: 1-8, 2015. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950806

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Previous reports have described a decrease in retinal temperature and clinical improvement of wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD) after vitrectomy. We hypothesized that the retinal temperature decrease after vitrectomy plays a part in the suppression of wet AMD development. To test this hypothesis, we evaluated the temperature dependence of the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A) and in vitro angiogen-esis in retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). RESULTS: We cultured ARPE-19 cells at 37, 35, 33 and 31°C and measured the expression of VEGF-A, VEGF-A splicing variants, and pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF). We performed an in vitro tube formation assay. The dehydrogenase activity was also evaluated at each temperature. Expression of VEGF-A significantly decreased with decreased temperature while PEDF expression did not. VEGF165 expression and in vitro angiogenesis also were temperature dependent. The dehydrogenase activity significantly decreased as the culture temperature decreased. CONCLUSIONS: RPE cultured under hypothermia that decreased cellular metabolism also had decreased VEGF-A and sustained PEDF expression, creating an anti-angiogenic environment. This mechanism may be associated with a beneficial effect after vitrectomy in patients with wet AMD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Serpins/metabolism , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism , Eye Proteins/metabolism , Retinal Pigment Epithelium/metabolism , Hypothermia , Nerve Growth Factors/metabolism , Time Factors , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Cell Line , Neovascularization, Physiologic
13.
Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences. 2015; 10 (3): 327-332
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-171864

ABSTRACT

The present study aimed to explore the relationship of circulating vaspin levels with insulin sensitivity and anthropometric factors. This study was conducted with 65 newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus [T2DM] patients with age-matched 65 healthy controls. Serum glucose was measured using glucose-oxidase method, lipid profiles by enzymatic end-point methods, and fasting insulin and vaspin levels were assessed with ELISA techniques. Homeostasis model assessment for insulin sensitivity [HOMA%S] and insulin secretory capacity [HOMA%B] were estimated from the fasting glucose and insulin levels using HOMA-CIGMA software. Fasting serum insulin [micro U/ml] was higher in the diabetic group than controls [16.0 +/- 7.9 vs. 10.9 +/- 3.3, respectively, p=0.0001]. The mean [ +/- SD] HOMA%S of the diabetics was significantly lower than that of the controls [48 +/- 31 vs. 76 +/- 55, respectively, p = 0.001]. The HOMA%B of the T2DM group was nearly 50% of that of the controls [71 +/- 40 vs. 131 +/- 46, respectively, p = 0.001]. The T2DM group exhibited significantly lower serum vaspin [ng/ml] levels than the controls [0.62 +/- 0.26 vs. 0.83 +/- 0.28, respectively, p = 0.001]. Vaspin levels were negatively correlated with waist circumference [r = 0.17, p = 0.043] and positively correlated with HOMA%S [r = 0.243, p = 0.007] among all of the participants. The association of serum vaspin with diabetes remained highly significant [p = 0.008] in binary logistic regression analysis performed after adjusting for the effects of confounders. Serum vaspin level is positively associated with insulin sensitivity and negatively correlated with serum glucose, BMI and waist-height ratio


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Serpins/blood , Insulin Resistance , Homeostasis , Anthropometry
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-123442

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: All patients with stage IB1 cervical cancer do not need to undergo parametrectomy. Some low-risk criteria for parametrial involvement (PI) have been proposed based on pathological findings. The aim of this study was to determine pretreatment risk factors for PI in stage IB1 cervical cancer. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 115 patients with stage IB1 cervical cancer who underwent radical hysterectomy or radical trachelectomy. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed and serum concentrations of squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCC-Ag) and cancer antigen 125 (CA-125) were determined in all patients before initial treatment. The following pretreatment factors were investigated: histological variant, maximum tumor diameter, tumor volume (volume index), pelvic lymph node enlargement, and serum tumor markers. Logistic regression analysis was used to select the independent risk factors for PI. RESULTS: Eighteen of the 115 patients (15.7%) were pathologically diagnosed with PI. Multivariate analysis confirmed the following independent risk factors for PI: MRI-based tumor diameter > or =25 mm (odds ratio [OR], 9.9; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.1 to 48.1), MRI-based volume index > or =5,000 mm3 (OR, 13.3; 95% CI, 1.4 to 125.0), and positive serum tumor markers SCC-Ag > or =1.5 ng/mL or CA-125 > or =35 U/mL (OR, 5.7; 95% CI, 1.3 to 25.1). Of 53 patients with no risk factors for PI, none had PI. CONCLUSION: Less radical surgery may become one of the treatment options for stage IB1 cervical cancer patients with MRI-based tumor diameter <25 mm, MRI-based volume index <5,000 mm3, and negativity for SCC-Ag and CA-125.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Antigens, Neoplasm/metabolism , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism , Female , Humans , Hysterectomy/methods , Lymphatic Metastasis , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging , Observer Variation , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Serpins/metabolism , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/metabolism , Young Adult
15.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-154584

ABSTRACT

Context: Maspin is a novel serine protease inhibitor (serpin) with multifaceted tumor‑suppressive activities. It was originally identified in normal human breast myoepithelial cells and shows variable expression in different types of cancer cells. Maspin displays anti‑metastatic properties in mammary and prostate cancer. Its expression is maintained during ovarian, lung and pancreatic carcinogenesis, indicating that Maspin regulated metastatic potential is tissue specific. Thus, it is possible that Maspin participates in salivary gland tumor biology as well. In this study, expression pattern of maspin in benign and malignant salivary gland tumors is analyzed, to understand the biological behavior of salivary gland tumors with respect to maspin expression. Aims and Objectives: The aim of this study was to demonstrate, record, and correlate the expression pattern of maspin in benign and malignant salivary gland tumors. Settings and Design: A retrospective study of maspin expression in 30 diagnosed cases of benign and malignant salivary gland tumors retrieved from archives of our department. Materials and Methods: Anti‑maspin antibody and horseradish peroxidase detection system. Statistical Analysis: Descriptive statistical analysis and Chi‑square/Fisher Exact test. Results: Intense expression with P < 0.001 is associated with benign tumors, nuclear staining with P < 0.001 is significantly associated with benign tumors and cytoplasmic staining with P = 0.020 is associated with malignant tumors. Conclusion: Intensity of expression is more in benign tumors when compared with malignant tumors. The benign tumors showed both nuclear and cytoplasmic expression. Some malignant tumors did express maspin, but mainly in the cytoplasm.


Subject(s)
Immunohistochemistry/methods , Mammary Glands, Human/cytology , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/cytology , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/immunology , Serpins/metabolism
16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 993-999, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-299178

ABSTRACT

Human tissue kallikrein-binding protein (Kallistatin, KAL), a secretory protein that participates in the regulation of multiple signaling pathways by binding to the extracellular receptor, however, at present has not been reported about the intracellular activity, and whether it has the similar biological activity with extracellular activity. Here we constructed no signal peptide KAL (NSK) into the adeno-associated virus vector to explore the intracellular activity of KAL. Both the endothelial cell and lung cancer cells could express KAL, but not secreted after rAAV2-NSK transfection. The proliferation and migration of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were inhibited, but the apoptosis rate was not affected. The proliferation rates, mobility and tubule formation of all the three tested lung cancer cells, such as NCI-H446, NCI-H460 and A549, were inhibited to different extents. This cellular study not only confirmed the intracellular activity, but also suggested it may serve as a kind of "balance factor" in multi-targeted controlling, which may provide a new train of thoughts to explain the regulatory contradiction in PI3K-Akt signaling pathways by KAL.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Dependovirus , Genetic Vectors , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Metabolism , Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Metabolism , Serpins , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Transfection
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-331155

ABSTRACT

A variety of biomarkers have been identified in recent prospective and retrospective reports as being potentially predictive of venous thromboembolis (VTE), particularly idiopathic deep venous thrombosis (IDVT). This study identified a serum tumor biomarker for early screening of IDVT. A total of 128 IDVT patients (54 females and 74 males; average age: 50.9±17.4 years) were included. Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), ferritin, β2-microglobulin, cancer antigen (CA) 125, CA 15-3, CA 19-9, squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCC), alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), prostate specific antigen (PSA), free PSA (f-PSA), and beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-HCG) in patients with IDVT were detected. Malignancies were histo- or cytopathologically confirmed. Of the 128 IDVT patients, 16 (12.5%) were found to have malignancies. Serum CEA, CA 125, CA 15-3, and CA 19-9 were found to be helpful for detecting malignancies in IDVT patients. Our study revealed a positive association between these markers and tumors in IDVT patients. On the other hand, SCC and AFP were not sensitive enough to be markers for detecting tumors in patients with IDVT. No significant differences were found in positive rates of ferritin and β2-microglobulin between tumor and non-tumor groups, and no significant difference exists in serum levels of ferritin and β2-microglobulin between the two groups. Carbohydrate antigens, CA 15-3 in particular, may be useful for differential diagnosis and prediction of malignancies in patients with IDVT.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antigens, Neoplasm , Blood , Antigens, Tumor-Associated, Carbohydrate , Blood , Biomarkers, Tumor , Blood , CA-125 Antigen , Blood , CA-19-9 Antigen , Blood , Carcinoembryonic Antigen , Blood , Chorionic Gonadotropin, beta Subunit, Human , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Mucin-1 , Blood , Neoplasms , Blood , Diagnosis , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Blood , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Serpins , Blood , Venous Thrombosis , Blood , Young Adult , alpha-Fetoproteins , Metabolism
18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1438-1444, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-322251

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The common pathological characteristics of corneal injury include inflammatory factors activation, vascular endothelial cells or inflammatory cells infiltration into lesions, corneal edema, corneal neovascularization (CNV), and scar formation. PEDF-34 is the functional fragment of pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) that has anti-angiogenic and anti-inflammatory properties and contains an N-terminal 34-amino acid peptide. This study was to investigate the anti-inflammatory effects of PEDF-34 on H2O2-induced corneal injury in vitro.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>After cultured in H2O2 (0.1 mmol/L) for 2 hours, human corneal fibroblasts (HCFs) and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were treated with PEDF-34-nanoparticles (NPs) at different concentrations (0.1, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0 µg/ml) or 2.0 µg/ml control-NPs for 24 hours. The viable cells were quantified using the MTT assay. Western blotting or ELISA analysis was performed for measuring the human vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) expression of both HCFs and HUVECs. VEGF and nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) mRNA levels of HCFs were semi-quantified by RT-PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The survival rates of HCFs or HUVECs stimulated by H2O2 did not decrease significantly (P > 0.05) compared to those in the normal conditions. As compared to control-NP group, PEDF-34-NPs had dose-dependent inhibitive effect on HUVECs with the MTT assay, but not HCFs. Western blotting analysis showed that the VEGF and ICAM-1 levels in the HCFs and HUVECs stimulated by H2O2 were significantly higher than those in the normal conditions, which were decreased dramatically in those treated with PEDF-34-NPs. RT-PCR analysis revealed that the VEGF mRNA and NF-κB mRNA levels increased in H2O2-stimulated HCFs, while both of them decreased in PEDF-34-NP groups dose dependently.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>PEDF-34-NPs may play an important role in regulating the NF-κB pathway, inhibiting inflammatory activity. PEDF-34-NPs may be a potential new drug for treating corneal injury in the future.</p>


Subject(s)
Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Cells, Cultured , Corneal Injuries , Metabolism , Eye Proteins , Chemistry , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Metabolism , Humans , Hydrogen Peroxide , Pharmacology , Nerve Growth Factors , Chemistry , Peptides , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Serpins , Chemistry
19.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 489-495, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-297466

ABSTRACT

Pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) is a multifunctional protein with anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and antithrombotic properties and plays a protective role against atherosclerosis (AS). The purpose of the present study is to explore the effects of oxidized low density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) on the expression of PEDF in cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). HUVECs were cultured and incubated with ox-LDL at different concentrations (6.25, 12.5, 25, 50, 100 and 150 mg/L) for 24 h. Apoptosis of endothelial cells were assayed by morphological staining and flow cytometry. The intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels were measured by flow cytometry. Cell viability was assayed by MTT assay. PEDF protein and mRNA expressions in HUVECs were analyzed by Western blot and quantitative real-time PCR, respectively. The results showed that ox-LDL significantly induced apoptosis, reduced cell viability, increased intracellular ROS levels and decreased the PEDF expression in HUVECs in a concentration-dependent manner. Ox-LDL at 50 mg/L obviously decreased the PEDF protein expression compared with control group (P < 0.05), whereas 25 mg/L ox-LDL already markedly reduced the PEDF mRNA expression (P < 0.05). In conclusion, the results suggest that ox-LDL down-regulates the PEDF expression through an increased ox-LDL-induced intracellular production of ROS.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cells, Cultured , Down-Regulation , Eye Proteins , Metabolism , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Cell Biology , Humans , Lipoproteins, LDL , Pharmacology , Nerve Growth Factors , Metabolism , Reactive Oxygen Species , Metabolism , Serpins , Metabolism
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-356939

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the correlation between adipocytokines levels and metabolic syndrome (MS) in patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty-eight patients with newly diagnosed T2DM, including 51 cases with MS and 17 without MS, were examined for blood pressure (BP), fasting blood glucose (FBG), fasting insulin (FINS), insulin resistance index (IRI), waist to hip ratio (W/H), body mass index (BMI), and serum adipocytokine levels (IL-6, vaspin, and adiponectin).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The diabetic patients with MS had higher BMI, HbA1c, FBG, FINS, IRI, TG, TC, and SBP than those without MS. Serum IL-6 level was higher but adiponectin level was lower in patients with MS than in those without MS. There was no significant difference in vaspin level between the two groups. Adiponectin level was positively correlated with TG (r=-0.30, P=0.02) and inversely with BMI (r=-0.47, P=0.39) and HOMA-IR (r=-0.30, P=0.03); vaspin level was positively correlated with HOMA-IR (r=0.347, P=0.02) and inversely with HDL-L (r=-0.45, P=0.01); IL-6 level was positively correlated with LDL-L (r=0.18, P=0.25) and inversely with HDL-L (r=-0.45, P=0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Adiponectin and IL-6 levels are closely related to MS, but the relationship between vaspin and MS needs further investigation.</p>


Subject(s)
Adipokines , Blood , Adiponectin , Blood , Adipose Tissue , Metabolism , Adult , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Blood , Female , Humans , Interleukin-6 , Blood , Male , Metabolic Syndrome , Middle Aged , Serpins , Blood
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