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Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e191093, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1383999


Abstract In recent years, improvements have been made, through biotechnological processes, in the production and development of peptides capable of increasing collagen and elastin synthesis for anti-aging skin care. However, proteins have many limitations due to their structural, chemical and physical fragility to external aggressions, which may cause conformational changes, leading to loss of biological activity. Therefore, it is important to create delivery systems that protect these biomolecules from damage, allowing them to reach their target. This work aimed to develop a system able to carry bovine serum albumin (BSA), used as a model of a protein, and to incorporate this system in a semisolid formulation suitable for skin application. A microemulgel based on a solid-in-oil-in-water (S/O/W) microemulsion was prepared. Firstly, the association efficiency (AE) of lyophilized BSA-sucrose ester complex and the size of S/O nanodispersion were assessed; then, the characterization and stability evaluation of the final semisolid formulation through evaluation of pH, texture and rheological behavior were performed. The average value of AE was 54.74% ± 2.17. It was possible to develop an S/O/W microemulsion, which allowed the subsequent development of an S/O/W microemulgel that assured suitable pH, texture and rheological characteristics for skin application.

Serum Albumin, Bovine , Proteins/adverse effects , Collagen , Peptides/agonists , Skin/drug effects , Biological Products , Aging , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Arq. Inst. Biol ; 88: e01052018, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1349026


Ammonium quaternary compounds are widely used in poultry and swine production as disinfectants in the control of pathogens. They act on gram-positive bacteria, gram-negative bacteria, enveloped fungi and viruses. However, in some conditions of pH and presence of organic matter can be inactivated. This study evaluated the action of ammonium quaternary compounds at 1:1,000 and 1:2,000 dilutions against Salmonella enterica serovarTyphimurium and Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis in the presence of three different organic matter simulators, fetal bovine serum, skim milk and whole milk concentration of 1, 3, 5, and 7% and at pH 6 and 9, with 15 min of contact. It was possible to verify that the organic matter simulators adjusted in the same conditions of contact time and percentage, in the in vitro tests, presented different results and the fetal bovine serum did not inactivate the disinfectant. However, the best result against S. Typhimurium and S. Enteritidis was obtained at pH 6 at the dilution of 1:1,000 in all organic matter simulators.

Salmonella enteritidis , Containment of Biohazards , Salmonella enterica , Organic Matter , Quaternary Ammonium Compounds , Swine , Birds , In Vitro Techniques , Serum Albumin, Bovine , Milk , Disinfectants , Gram-Negative Bacteria , Gram-Positive Bacteria
NOVA publ. cient ; 18(34): 47-56, jul.-dic. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1149456


Resumen Introducción. Los fibroblastos gingivales (FGs) son células del tejido conjuntivo gingival que han tomado en los últimos años una relevancia promisoria por su probable utilización en la terapia celular, dadas sus capacidades de multipotencialidad y de autorrenovación. Objetivo. Conocer y describir el impacto de la ausencia en la suplementación de Suero Fetal Bovino (SFB) en la supervivencia de fibroblastos gingivales en cultivos. Materiales y métodos. Fibroblastos gingivales fueron aislados de tejido gingival de pacientes sanos y cultivados en medios de cultivos DMEM (Dulbecco's Modified of Eagle Medium) en ausencia y suplementados con 0.2% de SFB a 37°C en una atmósfera húmeda con 5% de CO2. Se llevó a cabo una evaluación morfológica, de supervivencia y proliferación de los FGs, así como la identificación mediante la técnica de inmunofluorescencia de marcadores del citoesqueleto celular como la actina y mitocondrias. Resultados. Los FGs cultivados en ausencia y con suplementación de 0.2% de SFB evidenciaron una forma fusiforme, con núcleos ovalados y numerosas prolongaciones citoplasmáticas durante el tiempo de cultivo. Un leve aumento en la proliferación de FGs fue observado en aquellas células en contacto con el medio DMEM+0.2% de SFB comparadas con el medio donde estuvo ausente la suplementación. El inmunomarcaje de la actina y las mitocondrias dejó en evidencia que la ausencia y suplementación a 0.2% de SFB no afectó su localización en los FGs evaluados. Conclusión. Los fibroblastos gingivales sobreviven y proliferan en ausencia de SFB, conservando sus características morfológicas celulares.

Abstract Introduction. Gingival fibroblasts (GF) are cells of gingival connective tissue that have taken promising relevance in recent years due to their probable use in cell therapy, given their multipotencial and self-renewal capabilities. Objective. To know and to describe the impact of the absence of Fetal Bovine Serum (FBS supplementation on the survival of gingival fibroblasts in cultures. Materials and methods. Gingival fibroblasts were isolated from gingival tissue of healthy patients and cultured in DMEM (Dulbecco's Modified of Eagle Medium) culture media in absence and supplemented with 0.2% FBS at 37 ° C in a humid atmosphere with 5% CO2. A morphological evaluation, survival and proliferation of GF were carried out, as well as the identification by the immunofluorescence technique of cellular cytoskeleton markers such as actin and mitochondria. Results. The GF grown in the absence and with supplementation of 0.2% FBS showed a fusiform shape, with oval nuclei and numerous cytoplasmic extensions during the culture time. A slight increase in the proliferation of GF was observed in those cells in contact with the DMEM medium +0.2% FBS compared to the medium where the supplementation was absent. Immunostaining of actin and mitochondria showed that the absence and supplementation to 0.2% of FBS did not affect its location in the evaluated. Conclusion. Gingival fibroblasts survive and proliferate in the absence of FBS, preserving their cellular morphological characteristics.

Humans , Connective Tissue Cells , Serum Albumin, Bovine , Fibroblasts , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy
Rev. MVZ Córdoba ; 25(2): 41-48, mayo-ago. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340772


RESUMEN Objetivo. Describir la influencia del Suero Fetal Bovino (SFB) en la supervivencia, crecimiento y expresión de organelas celulares en las células epiteliales dentales de rata. Materiales y métodos. Cultivos de células epiteliales dentales de rata fueron llevados a cabo a 37°C en una atmosfera húmeda, en ausencia y a una concentración de 10% de SFB. Una evaluación morfológica fue realizada durante la proliferación y confluencia de las células en cultivo. Dobles marcajes por inmunofluorencia fueron efectuados haciendo uso de anticuerpos anti-actina, anti-TOMM20 y anti-LAMP1. Resultados. Se evidenciaron células epiteliales dentales circulares u ovoides con núcleos voluminosos durante la proliferación y confluencias de manera similar en las células cultivas en presencia y ausencia de SFB. La carencia de SFB impactó negativamente la proliferación de las células epiteliales. No fueron observadas alteraciones en la localización de los inmunomarcajes anti-actina, anti-TOMM20 y anti-LAMP1 en las dos condiciones de cultivos experimentales. Conclusiones. La supresión del SFB en el cultivo de células epiteliales dentales de rata disminuyó la supervivencia, proliferación y sugiere no tener un impacto sobre las organelas evaluadas.

ABSTRACT Objective. Describe the influence of Fetal bovine serum (FBS) on the survival, growth and expression of cellular organelles in rat dental epithelial cells. Material and methods. Cell cultures of rat dental epithelial cells were carried out at 37°C in a humid atmosphere, in the absence and at a concentration of 10% FBS. Morphological evaluation was performed during the proliferation and confluence of cell in culture. Double immunofluorescence labels were made using anti-Actin, anti-TOMM20A, and anti-LAMP1 antibodies. Results. Circular or ovoid dental epithelial cells with bulky nuclei were evidenced during proliferation and confluences in a similar manner in culturing cells in the presence and absence of FBS. The lack of FBS negatively impacts the proliferation of epithelial cells. No alterations were observed in the localization of the anti-actin, anti-TOMM20 and anti-LAMP1 immunomarkers in both conditions of experimental cultures. Conclusion. FBS suppression in rat dental epithelial cells decreased survival, proliferation and suggests not having an impact on the organelles evaluated.

Animals , Cattle , Serum Albumin, Bovine , Cattle , Dental Enamel , Epithelial Cells
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 56: e18748, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285513


Conventional drug formulations are incapable of adequate delivery of proteins and peptides for therapeutic purposes. As these molecules have very short biological half-life, multiple dosing is required to achieve the desirable therapeutic effects. Microspheres are able to encapsulate proteins and peptide in the polymeric matrix while protecting them from enzymatic degradation. In this study Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) matrix type microspheres were fabricated using Polylactide-co-glycolide (PLGA) by double emulsion solvent evaporation method. The effects of variables such as homogenizer speed, molecular weight of polymer and the effect of pH of the water phases, were investigated against factors such as drug loading, encapsulation efficiency, morphology, size, drug distribution and release profile of the microspheres. Results, suggested that an increase in homogenization speed leads to a decrease in microsphere size. The increase in homogenization speed also caused a significant effect on the release profile only when higher molecular weight of polymer had been used.. The pH change of the internal aqueous phase led to modification of surface morphology of spheres to a porous structure that significantly increased the total amount of released protein. Integrity of protein structure was intact as shown by SDS-PAGE. According to the results, it can be concluded that we achieved a reproducible method regarding controlled protein delivery for different sizes of particles.

In Vitro Techniques/methods , Pharmaceutical Preparations/analysis , Proteins , Microspheres , Serum Albumin, Bovine/administration & dosage , Efficiency/classification , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel/instrumentation , Emulsions
Rev. bras. parasitol. vet ; 29(2): e002220, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138085


Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the effects of Trichostrongylus colubriformis infection on the hemato-biochemical parameters, feed digestibility, and nitrogen balance in Santa Inês lambs. Eighteen three-month-old Santa Ines castrated male lambs (16.9 ± 1.43 kg of body weight) were randomly distributed in two experimental treatments: infected with T. colubriformis (I, n = 9) and uninfected (U, n = 9). The I group received a total of 45,000 L3 larvae of T. colubriformis (5,000 infective larvae, three times per week, for three weeks). During the experimental period, blood, feed digestibility, and nitrogen balance were evaluated. The I lambs showed a reduction in erythrocytes, hemoglobin, hematocrit, mean corpuscular volume, and total proteins, as well as an increase in platelets and eosinophils compared to those in the U group (p < 0.05). With the exception of total protein content, these values were within the normal range for the species. Furthermore, lower dry matter and organic matter digestibility were observed in the I lambs (p = 0.08). The present findings highlight that T. colubriformis infection has the potential to impair some hemato-biochemical parameters as well as feed digestibility in lambs, which could affect their productivity.

Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar os efeitos da infecção por Trichostrongylus colubriformis nos parâmetros hemato-bioquímicos, digestibilidade aparente dos nutrientes e balanço de nitrogênio de cordeiros Santa Inês. Dezoito cordeiros Santa Inês, de três meses de idade e castrados (16,9 ± 1,43 kg de peso corporal), foram distribuídos aleatoriamente em dois tratamentos experimentais: infectados com T. colubriformis (I, n = 9) e não infectados (U, n = 9). O grupo I recebeu um total de 45.000 larvas L3 de T. colubriformis (5.000 larvas infectantes, três vezes por semana, durante três semanas). Durante o período experimental, foram avaliadas as variáveis sanguíneas, digestibilidade e balanço de nitrogênio. Os cordeiros I apresentaram redução de eritrócitos, hemoglobina, hematócrito, volume corpuscular médio e proteínas totais, além de aumento de plaquetas e eosinófilos, quando comparados ao grupo U (p< 0,05). Contudo, exceto para proteínas totais, os valores estavam dentro do intervalo normal para a espécie. Além disso, a digestibilidade da matéria seca e da matéria orgânica foi menor no grupo I de cordeiros (p = 0,08). Os presentes achados destacam que a infecção por T. colubriformis teve potencial para prejudicar alguns parâmetros hemato-bioquímicos, bem como a digestibilidade aparente da dieta, o que poderia afetar a produtividade dos cordeiros.

Animals , Male , Trichostrongylosis/parasitology , Trichostrongylus/parasitology , Sheep/parasitology , Blood Proteins/analysis , Digestive System/parasitology , Nitrogen/analysis , Sheep Diseases/parasitology , Trichostrongylosis/urine , Trichostrongylosis/blood , Trichostrongylosis/veterinary , Blood Cell Count/veterinary , Hemoglobins/analysis , Serum Albumin, Bovine/analysis , Serum Globulins/analysis , 3-Hydroxybutyric Acid/blood , Disease Models, Animal , Erythrocyte Indices/veterinary , Feces/parasitology , Feces/chemistry , Nitrogen/urine
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 56: e18092, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142491


We synthesized a series of compounds bearing pharmacologically important 1,3,4-oxadiazole and piperidine moieties. Spectral data analysis by 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR, IR and EI-MS was used to elucidate the structures of the synthesized molecules. Docking studies explained the different types of interaction of the compounds with amino acids, while bovine serum albumin (BSA) binding interactions showed their pharmacological effectiveness. Antibacterial screening of these compounds demonstrated moderate to strong activity against Salmonella typhi and Bacillus subtilis but only weak to moderate activity against the other three bacterial strains tested. Seven compounds were the most active members as acetyl cholinesterase inhibitors. All the compounds presented displayed strong inhibitory activity against urease. Compounds 7l, 7m, 7n, 7o, 7p, 7r, 7u, 7v, 7x and 7v were highly active, with respective IC50 values of 2.14±0.003, 0.63±0.001, 2.17±0.006, 1.13±0.003, 1.21±0.005, 6.28±0.003, 2.39±0.005, 2.15±0.002, 2.26±0.003 and 2.14±0.002 µM, compared to thiourea, used as the reference standard (IC50 = 21.25±0.15 µM). These new urease inhibitors could replace existing drugs after their evaluation in comprehensive in vivo studies.

Computer Simulation/classification , Salmonella typhi/classification , Sulfonamides/adverse effects , Thiourea , Bacillus subtilis/classification , Urease , Serum Albumin, Bovine , Pharmaceutical Preparations/administration & dosage , Cholinesterase Inhibitors/pharmacology , Inhibitory Concentration 50 , Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Data Analysis , Amino Acids/antagonists & inhibitors
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773226


Small molecules with physiological or pharmacological activities need to interact with biological macromolecules in order to function in the body. As the protein with the highest proportion of plasma protein,serum albumin is the main protein binding to various endogenous or exogenous small molecules. Serum albumin interacts with small molecules in a reversible non-covalent manner and transports small molecules to target sites. Bovine serum albumin( BSA) is an ideal target protein for drug research because of its low cost and high homology with human serum albumin. The research on the interaction between drugs and BSA has become a hotspot in the fields of pharmacy,medicine,biology and chemistry. In this research,molecular docking method was used to study the interaction between three small ginsenosides with high pharmacological value( Rg_1,Rb_1,Ro) and bovine serum albumin( BSA),and the binding mode information of three ginsenosides interacting with BSA was obtained. The results of molecular docking showed that ginsenosides and amino acid residues in the active pocket of proteins could be combined by hydrophobic action,hydrogen bonding and electrostatic action. The interaction between small ginsenosides and bovine serum albumin is not the only form,and their interaction has many forms of force. The interaction between these molecules and various weak forces is the key factor for the stability of the complex. The results of this study can provide the structural information of computer simulation for the determination of the interaction patterns between active components and proteins of ginseng.

Animals , Cattle , Binding Sites , Computer Simulation , Ginsenosides , Chemistry , Molecular Docking Simulation , Protein Binding , Serum Albumin, Bovine , Chemistry , Spectrometry, Fluorescence , Thermodynamics
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760351


This study was performed to examine the effects of various macromolecules in in vitro growth (IVG) media on the growth, maturation, and parthenogenesis (PA) of pig oocytes derived from small antral follicles (SAF). Immature oocytes were cultured for two days in IVG medium supplemented with 10% (v/v) fetal bovine serum (FBS), 10% (v/v) pig follicular fluid (PFF), 0.4% (w/v) bovine serum albumin (BSA), or 0.1% (w/v) polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and then maintained for 44 h for maturation. After IVG, the mean diameters of the SAF treated with FBS, PVA, and no IVG-MAF (113.0–114.8 µm) were significantly larger than that of no IVG-SAF (111.8 µm). The proportion of metaphase II oocytes was higher in PFF (73.6%) than in BSA (43.5%) and PVA (53.7%) but similar to that in the FBS treatment (61.5%). FBS and PFF increased cumulus expansion significantly compared to PVA and BSA while the intraoocyte glutathione content was not influenced by the macromolecules. Blastocyst formation of PA oocytes treated with FBS (51.8%), PFF (50.4%), and PVA (45.2%) was significantly higher than that of the BSA-treated oocytes (20.6%). These results show that the PFF and FBS treatments during IVG improved the growth, maturation, and embryonic development of SAF.

Female , Pregnancy , Blastocyst , Embryonic Development , Follicular Fluid , Glutathione , In Vitro Techniques , Metaphase , Oocytes , Parthenogenesis , Polyvinyl Alcohol , Serum Albumin, Bovine
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 54(2): e17295, 2018. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951945


ABSTRACT The aim of the present study was to characterize biotin-decorated docetaxel-loaded bovine serum albumin nanoparticles (DTX-BIO-BSA-NPs) and evaluate their antiproliferative activity in vitro. The particle size of prepared DTX-BIO-BSA-NPs was found to be always lower than 200 nm, with sizes of 166.9, 160.3, 159.0, 176.1 and 184.8 nm and the zeta potential was -29.51, -28.54, -36.54, -36.08 and -27.56 mV after redissolution with water for 0, 1, 2, 4 and 8 hours, respectively. The polydispersity index (PDI) was stable in the range of 0.170 - 0.178. In the in vitro drug-release study, the DTX-BIO-BSA-NPs targeted a human breast cancer cell line MCF-7 effectively. The x-ray diffraction spectrum and DSC curve of DTX-BIO-BSA-NPs suggested that docetaxel was in an amorphous or disordered crystalline phase in DTX-BIO-BSA-NPs. In vitro cytotoxicity results showed that DTX-BIO-BSA-NPs inhibits proliferation of MCF-7, SGC7901, LS-174T and A549 cells in a concentration-dependent manner after exposure to DTX-BIO-BSA-NPs for 48 hours. Taken together, these results indicate that DTX-BIO-BSA-NPs may have potential as an alternative delivery system for parenteral administration of docetaxel.

Biotin , Serum Albumin, Bovine/analysis , Particle Size , In Vitro Techniques/instrumentation , Calorimetry, Differential Scanning/methods , Neoplasms/drug therapy
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 45(4): 219-226, July-Aug. 2016. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-795230


Introdução: A habilidade da Candida spp. em produzir enzimas proteolíticas, tais como fosfolipase e proteinases, tem um papel importante na patogenicidade destas leveduras. Objetivo: Determinar as espécies causadoras das infecções orais por Candida spp., além de investigar a atividade in vitro das fosfolipases e proteinases em isolados clínicos do gênero Candida, provenientes de pacientes com candidíase oral. Material e método: Isolados de Candida spp., pertencentes à Coleção de Cultivos Fúngicos do Laboratório de Microbiologia e Patologia Oral do Departamento de Odontologia da Faculdade da Serra Gaúcha, foram analisados. Produção de fosfolipases foi analisada utilizando-se Ágar gema de ovo. Liberação de proteinases foi medida utilizando-se extrato de levedura adicionado à albumina bovina. Resultado: Um total de 35 isolados clínicos do gênero Candida foi testado. C. albicans foi a espécie predominante (77%). Os demais isolados identificados foram: C. parapsilosis (20%) e C. tropicalis (2%). Ao comparar a atividade de fosfolipase do grupo C. albicans com o grupo Candida não-albicans, foi encontrada diferença significativa (P=0,04). Não foi encontrada diferença significativa entre a C. albicans e a C. não-albicans, para a produção de proteinase. A liberação de proteinase foi significativamente maior quando comparada à produção de fosfolipase para o gênero Candida (P=0,04). Diferença estatisticamente significativa foi encontrada quando a atividade de fosfolipase e proteinase da C. albicans foi comparada à atividade das espécies de C. não-albicans (P=0,02). Conclusão: Diferentes quantificações de fosfolipase extracelular e atividade de proteinase têm sido atribuídas aos isolados clínicos de C. albicans quando comparados a outras espécies de Candida.

Introduction: The ability of the genus Candida to produce secretory enzimes such as proteinase and phospholipases to play an important role in the patogenicity of these yeasts. Objective: To determine the Candida species isolates from oral cavity infections and to investigate in vitro phospholipase and protease activities in clinically important of the genus Candida isolated in oral candidiasis patients. Material and method: Candida species isolated of the Fungal Culture Collection of Oral Microbiology and Pathology Testing Service Laboratory of the Dentistry Departament of Faculdade da Serra Gaúcha were evaluated. The phospholipases detection was assayed using the egg yolk agar plate method. Determination of protease production was performed in agar plates containing bovine serum albumine and yeasts extract. Result: A total of 35 isolates of the genus Candida were tested. C. albicans was the species predominant (77% of isolates), followed by C. parapsilosis (20%) and C. tropicalis (2%). When compared the phospholipase activity of the C. albicans group with the non-albicans Candida species types group was observed significant difference among of this groups (P=0.04). No statiscally significant difference between the C.albicans and non-albicans Candida species types when was compared to proteinase production. Proteinase production was higher and statiscally significant when compared to phospholipase activity in the genus Candida isolates (P=0.04). Statiscally significant differences were found between phosphoplipases and proteases activity for C. albicans when compared to non-albicans Candida species types (P=0.02). Conclusion: Differences in the secretion rates of phospholipase extracellular and proteases activity have been attributed to clinical strains of C. albicans when compared to others Candida species types.

Peptide Hydrolases , Phospholipases , In Vitro Techniques , Candida , Candida albicans , Candidiasis, Oral , Serum Albumin, Bovine , Virulence Factors , Enzymes , Yeasts , Infections , Mouth
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 49(8): e5281, 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-787384


Adjuvants are essential to boost the immune response to inoculated antigen and play a central role in vaccine development. In this study, we investigated the efficacy of several adjuvants in the production of anti-bovine serum albumin (BSA) antibodies in silver catfish. Two hundred and seventy juvenile silver catfish (60–80 g) of both sexes were intraperitoneally vaccinated with BSA (200 µg/fish) alone or mixed to the following adjuvants: Freund’s complete adjuvant (FCA), Freund’s incomplete adjuvant (FIA), aluminum hydroxide (AlOH), Montanide, four types of cytosine-phosphate-guanine (CpG) oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs) and three concentrations of β-glucan, and the immune enhancing property was evaluated by measuring anti-BSA antibodies in blood samples at biweekly intervals. Our results demonstrated that CpGs ODNs and β-glucan were as effective as classical adjuvants (FCA, FIA, AlOH and Montanide) in promoting anti-BSA antibodies and that the kinetics of antibody production induced by all adjuvants used in our study had a similar trend to that observed in other fish species, with a peak at 28 days post-vaccination. These results may be useful for the selection of adjuvants for vaccine formulation intended for silver catfish and for the development of vaccine and vaccination strategies to other fish species.

Animals , Male , Female , Cattle , Adjuvants, Immunologic/pharmacology , Antibody Formation/immunology , Catfishes/immunology , Vaccination/veterinary , Aluminum Hydroxide/immunology , beta-Glucans/immunology , Freund's Adjuvant/immunology , Lipids/immunology , Oligodeoxyribonucleotides/immunology , Serum Albumin, Bovine/immunology
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 148-153, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259426


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) on biomodification of demineralized dentine substrate, in its permeability, hydrophobicity, and inhibition ability to collagen enzymatic degradation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The dentine substrates were treated with simulated pulpal pressure created by mixtures of 0.02%, 0.1% EGCG/bovine serum albumin (BSA) in acidic environment (pH4.4) for 48 h. A fluid-transport model was used to measure the fluid permeability through demineralized dentine substrate. Positive replicas of dentine substrate were fabricated before and after being subjected to acidic environment for scanning electron microscope (SEM) examination. The blank group contained no EGCG and the positive group were treated with Gluma desensitizer. Static contact angle measurements on demineralized dentin and 0.1% EGCG primed dentin were performed by contact angle analyzer. The priming time were 60 s, 120 s, 0.5 h, 1 h. Dentine specimens bonded with Adper single bond 2 were subjected to 100 mg/L collagenase and observed under SEM. Resin-bonded specimens (with 0.02%, 0.1%, 0.5% EGCG priming, or without EGCG priming) were created for micro-tensile bond strength evaluation (MTBS). Resin-bonded specimens after thermol cycling were created for MTBS evaluation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The fluid permeability in the blank control group increased ([151.3±22.3]%), the fluid permeability in 0.1% EGCG/BSA group decreased ([23.7±6.3]%). Compared to the blank control group, the contact angle of 120 s, 0.5 h, 1 h groups increased by 31.0%, 53.5%, 57.8% in deep dentin and 37.4%, 59.3%, 62.4% in shallow dentin. The SEM examination showed that 0.1% and 0.5% EGCG priming for 120 s significantly increased dentin collagen's resistance to collagenase. The immediate MTBS of 0.1% and 0.5% EGCG groups were (29.4±4.8) and (19.8± 4.9) MPa. After thermol cycling, the MTBS of 0.1% and 0.5% EGCG groups were (19.9±5.1) and (15.3± 6.3) MPa.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Under acidic environment (pH4.4), the 0.1% EGCG can reduce dentine permeability under acidic environment. The 0.1% EGCG can increase hydrophobicity of dentin substrate, and strengthen dentin substrate's resistance to collagenase hydrolysis, thus increased the resin-dentin bonding durability.</p>

Acid Etching, Dental , Catechin , Pharmacology , Collagen , Chemistry , Collagenases , Pharmacology , Composite Resins , Dental Bonding , Dental Cements , Dental Pulp , Dentin , Chemistry , Dentin Permeability , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Glutaral , Pharmacology , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Hydrolysis , Methacrylates , Pharmacology , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Pressure , Resin Cements , Serum Albumin, Bovine , Pharmacology , Tensile Strength , Time Factors
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-65948


PURPOSE: Diabetic complications are a major concern to manage progression of diabetes. Production of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) due to high blood glucose is one of the mechanisms leading to diabetic complications. Multiple pharmacologic AGE inhibitory agents are currently under development, but clinical applications are still limited due to safety issues. Thus, it is necessary to identify a safe anti-glycation agent. It is known that burdock roots have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-cancer activities. The objective of the present study was to investigate the inhibitory role of burdock roots on the formation of high glucose-induced glycation of bovine serum albumin (BSA). METHODS: In this study, glycation of BSA by glucose, galactose, or fructose at 37℃ for 3 weeks was assessed based on levels of α-dicarbonyl compounds (early-stage glycation products), fructosamine (intermediate products of glycation), and fluorescent AGEs (late-stage glycation products). In order to compare the inhibitory actions of burdock root extract in AGE formation, aminoguanidine (AG), a pharmacological AGE inhibitor, was used as a positive control. RESULTS: BSA glycation by glucose, fructose, and galatose was dose- and time-dependently produced. Burdock root extract at a concentration of 4 mg/mL almost completely inhibited glucose-induced BSA glycation. The results demonstrate that burdock root extract inhibited AGE formation with an IC₅₀ value of 1.534 mg/mL, and inhibitory activity was found to be more effective than the standard anti-glycation agent aminoguanidine. This study identified a novel function of burdock root as a potential anti-glycation agent. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that burdock root could be beneficial for preventing diabetic complications.

Arctium , Blood Glucose , Diabetes Complications , Fructosamine , Fructose , Galactose , Glucose , Hyperglycemia , Serum Albumin, Bovine
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 30(2): 159-163, Mar-Apr/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-748942


Abstract Introduction: Intravascular coronary stenting has been used in the treatment of coronary artery disease (CAD), with a major limitation of in-stent restenosis (ISR). The 316 stainless steel has been widely used for coronary stents. In this study, we developed a novel coating method to reduce ISR by simultaneously coating vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and anti-CD34 antibody on 316L stainless steel. Methods: Round 316L stainless steel sheets in the D-H group were polymerized with compounds generated from condensation reaction of dopamine and heparin using N-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)-N'-ethylcarbodiimide (EDC) and N-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS). Sixteen sheets from the D-H group were further immersed into 1ug/ml VEGF165 and 3mg/ml heparin sodium one after another for 10 times, and named as the D-(H-V)10 group. Eight sheets from the D-(H-V)10 group were coated with anti-CD34 antibody and termed as the D-(H-V)10-A group. Immunofluorescence assay and ELISA were used to evaluate whether the 316L stainless steel disks were successfully coated with VEGF and anti-CD34 antibody. Results: The results of immunofluorescence assay and ELISA showed that VEGF could be detected in the D-(H-V)10 and D-(H-V)10-A group, suggesting the steel sheets were successfully covered with VEGF. Anti-CD34 antibody could only be observed in the D-(H-V)10-A group, which was the only group coated with CD34 antibody. Both results suggested that the 316L stainless steel sheets were successfully coated with VEGF and anti-CD34 antibody. Conclusion: Our study developed a method to simultaneously coat VEGF and anti-CD34 antibody to stainless metal steel. This research serves as a fundamental role for a novel coating strategy. .

Resumo Introdução: O stent coronário intravascular tem sido utilizado no tratamento de doença arterial coronária, com uma maior limitação de restenose intra-stent (RIS). O aço inoxidável 316 tem sido amplamente utilizado para stents. Neste estudo, foi desenvolvido um novo método de revestimento para reduzir a RIS para revestir simultaneamente o fator de crescimento endotelial vascular (VEGF) e anti-CD34 em aço inoxidável 316L. Métodos: Placas de aço inoxidável 316L redondas no grupo DH foram polimerizadas com compostos gerados a partir da reacção de condensação de dopamina e heparina utilizando N- (3-dimetilaminopropil) -N'-etilcarbodiimida (EDC) e N-hidroxissuccinimida (NHS). Dezesseis folhas a partir do grupo DH foram ainda imersas em 1 ug/ml de VEGF 165 e 3 mg/ml de heparina sódica, um após outro por 10 vezes, sendo denominado como o grupo D-(HV)10. Oito folhas de D-(HV)10 foram revestidas com anticorpo anti-CD34 e denominado como grupo D-(HV)10-A. Testes de imunofluorescência e ELISA foram usados para avaliar se os discos de aço inoxidável 316L foram revestidos com sucesso com VEGF e anticorpo anti-CD34. Resultados: Os resultados dos testes de imunofluorescência e ELISA mostraram que o VEGF pôde ser detectado nos grupos D-(HV)10 e D-(HV)10-A, evidenciando que as chapas de aço foram cobertas com VEGF com sucesso. O anticorpo anti-CD34 podia apenas ser observado no grupo D-(HV)10-A, o único grupo revestido com anticorpo CD34. Ambos os resultados sugerem que as chapas de aço inoxidável 316L foram revestidas com sucesso com VEGF e anticorpo anti-CD34. Conclusão: Nosso estudo desenvolveu um método para revestir simultaneamente VEGF e anti-CD34 de aço inoxidável. Esta pesquisa tem um papel fundamental para a nova estratégia de revestimento. .

Humans , /chemistry , /immunology , Coated Materials, Biocompatible/chemistry , Drug-Eluting Stents , Stainless Steel/chemistry , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/chemistry , Coronary Restenosis/prevention & control , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Ethyldimethylaminopropyl Carbodiimide/chemistry , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Materials Testing , Reproducibility of Results , Serum Albumin, Bovine , Time Factors
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 110(1): 114-124, 03/02/2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-741621


This paper presents, from the perspective of technological development and production, the results of an investigation examining 61 clinical studies with vaccines conducted in Brazil between 1938-2013, with the participation of the Oswaldo Cruz Institute (IOC) and the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (Fiocruz). These studies have been identified and reviewed according to criteria, such as the kind of vaccine (viral, bacterial, parasitic), their rationale, design and methodological strategies. The results indicate that IOC and Fiocruz have accumulated along this time significant knowledge and experience for the performance of studies in all clinical phases and are prepared for the development of new vaccines products and processes. We recommend national policy strategies to overcome existing regulatory and financing constraints.

Animals , Animal Feed/adverse effects , Dietary Proteins/chemistry , Models, Biological , Proanthocyanidins/chemistry , Rumen/metabolism , Brassica rapa/chemistry , Chemical Precipitation , Dietary Proteins/metabolism , Fermentation , Fabaceae/adverse effects , Fabaceae/chemistry , Fruit/adverse effects , Fruit/chemistry , Molecular Structure , Molecular Weight , Osmolar Concentration , Plant Proteins/chemistry , Plant Proteins/metabolism , Proanthocyanidins/adverse effects , Proanthocyanidins/metabolism , Ruminants , Ribulose-Bisphosphate Carboxylase/chemistry , Ribulose-Bisphosphate Carboxylase/metabolism , Rumen/microbiology , Solubility , Stereoisomerism , Serum Albumin, Bovine/chemistry , Serum Albumin, Bovine/metabolism
Salud pública Méx ; 57(1): 38-49, ene.-feb. 2015. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-736460


Objetivo. Comparar la salud, uso de servicios sanitarios y necesidad insatisfecha de atención médica (NIAM) entre inmigrantes y nativos del sureste español. Material y métodos. Estudio transversal de dos muestras representativas de población: inmigrante (n=1150) y nativa (n=1303; Encuesta Nacional de Salud). Se creó una única base de datos con ponderación específica para cada muestra y se estimaron razones de prevalencia (RP) mediante regresión multivariante. Resultados. Marroquíes, ecuatorianos y europeos del este (EE) declararon peor salud que los nativos (RPs [IC95%]: 2.45 [1.91-3.15]; 1.51 [1.28-1.79] y 1.44 [1.08-1.93], respectivamente). Los inmigrantes hicieron mayor uso de las urgencias (excepto EE) y consumieron menos fármacos. Los marroquíes mostraron la mayor diferencia en la frecuencia de NIAM (RP [IC95%]: 12.20 [5.25-28.37]), principalmente por razones laborales (46%). Conclusiones. La salud y el uso de servicios sanitarios difirieron significativamente entre inmigrantes y nativos. Destaca la NIAM alta en marroquíes por causa laboral.

Objective. To compare the self-perceived health, use of health services and unmet need for health care (UNHC) among immigrants and native populations of Southeast Spain. Materials and methods. Cross-sectional study of two representative samples of 1150 immigrants, and 1303 native participants from the National Health Survey. A single database was created with specific weights for each sample, and prevalence ratios (PR) were estimated by multivariate regression. Results. Moroccans, Ecuadorians and Eastern Europeans (EE) reported poorer health than the native population (PRs [CI95%]: 2.45 [1.91-3.15]; 1.51 [1.28-1.79] and 1.44 [1.08-1.93], respectively). Immigrants made greater use of emergencies that natives (except for EE) and had lower use of medication. Moroccan showed the greatest difference in the frequency of UNHC (PR [CI95%]:12.20 [5.25 - 28.37]), mainly because of working limitations (46%). Conclusions. The health status and use of health services among immigrants differ significantly from those of natives. Results highlight the higher frequency of UNHC among immigrants, especially high in Moroccans.

Animals , Humans , Cysteine Endopeptidases/isolation & purification , Taenia solium/enzymology , Chromatography, Gel , Chromatography, Ion Exchange , Collagen/metabolism , Cysteine Endopeptidases/chemistry , Cysteine Endopeptidases/metabolism , Cysteine Proteinase Inhibitors/pharmacology , Immunoglobulin G/metabolism , Iodoacetic Acid/pharmacology , Leucine/analogs & derivatives , Leucine/pharmacology , Serum Albumin, Bovine/metabolism
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246109


The method of monoclonal antibody-based immunoassay has a great importance in the study of quality control of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and detection of trace components in vivo animals. Synthesis of small molecule artificial antigen is the prerequisite for the establishment of this method. In present study, catalpol-BSA was synthesized by sodium periodate oxidation method. Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time-of-flight mass spectrometry ( MALDI-TOF-MS) and molecular exclusion chromatography showed that catalpol was successfully conjugated with BSA. The mice could specifically produce anti-catalpol antibodies with titer up to 1:8000. The artificial antigen of catalpol was successfully synthesized.

Animals , Male , Mice , Antibodies , Allergy and Immunology , Antigens , Chemistry , Allergy and Immunology , Immunoassay , Iridoid Glucosides , Chemistry , Allergy and Immunology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Serum Albumin, Bovine , Chemistry , Allergy and Immunology
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-359589


The aim of this study was to establish an assessment method for determining α-Gal (α-1, 3-galactosyle) epitopes contained in animal tissue or animal tissue-derived biological materials with ELISA inhibition assay. Firstly, a 96 well plate was coated with Gal α-1, 3-Gal/bovine serum albumin (BSA) as a solid phase antigen and meanwhile, the anti-α-Gal M86 was used to react with α-Gal antigens which contained in the test materials. Then, the residual antibodies (M86) in the supernatant of M86-Gal reaction mixture were measured using ELISA inhibition assay by the α-Gal coating plate. The inhibition curve of the ELISA inhibition assay, the R2 = 0.999, was well established. Checking using both α-Gal positive materials (rat liver tissues) and α-Gal negative materials (human placenta tissues) showed a good sensitivity and specificity. Based on the presently established method, the α-Gal expression profile of rat tissues, decellular animal tissue-derived biological materials and porcine dermal before and after decellular treatment were determined. The M86 ELISA inhibition assay method, which can quantitatively determine the α-Gal antigens contained in animal tissues or animal tissue-derived biomaterials, was refined. This M86 specific antibody based-ELISA inhibition assay established in the present study has good sensitivity and specificity, and could be a useful method for determining remnant α-1, 3Gal antigens in animal tissue-derived biomaterials.

Animals , Humans , Rats , Antibodies , Biocompatible Materials , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Methods , Epitopes , Sensitivity and Specificity , Serum Albumin, Bovine , Trisaccharides
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 613-620, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257092


In this paper, the new carbon nanotube modified glassy carbon electrode (F-CNTs/GCE) was prepared to establish a new method for studying the molecular interaction mechanism between baicalin metal complexes (BMC) and bovine serum album (BSA), and the principle of this method was discussed deeply. Under the physiological condition, the thermodynamics and kinetics properties of interaction between BMC and BSA were studied by cyclic voltammetry (CV) to inference their molecular effective mechanism. The results show that the presence of F-CNTs can accelerate the electron transfer, and better response signal was showed in the BMC/BMC-BSA system. The detection of interaction of BMC-BSA used new method show that BMC-BSA generates stable thermodynamically non-covalent compounds, and the obtained average binding sites of BMC-BSA were 1.7; the number of electron transfer in BMC/BMC-BSA reaction process was 2, and non electroactive supramolecular compounds of BMC-BSA were generated by this interacting reaction. The relevant research work provides a new way to study the molecular mechanism for the interaction of drugs with protein, and with a certain reference value for discussion on the non covalent interactions.

Animals , Cattle , Coordination Complexes , Chemistry , Electrodes , Flavonoids , Chemistry , Kinetics , Nanotubes, Carbon , Serum Albumin, Bovine , Chemistry , Thermodynamics