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Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(4): 791-798, Jul.-Aug. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285265


The Nelore breed is the second largest bovine breed in the world and has actively participated in the expansion of new Brazilian agricultural frontiers. In this context, the purpose of this study was to determine the hematological and biochemical reference intervals of healthy Nelore matrices raised under an extensive regime without supplementation along southwest of Piauí state. Blood samples were collected from fifty-five multiparous female of the Nelore breed. Biochemical and hematological parameters were analyzed using a parametric statistical method with 95% CI of reference limits. The average values of red blood cells, hemoglobin as well as hematimetric indices showed reference ranges similar to reference standards. The hematocrit as well as granulocytes and agranulocytes presented alterations typical of animals raised in environments with higher temperatures. Mineral, enzymatic, protein and metabolic profiles were similar to other bovine breeds but with a narrower range of values. However, lower mean values were observed for levels of ionized calcium, total protein and urea. Nelore females present slightly different biochemical and hematological profiles from other breeds, which might result from the environmental and nutritional management applied and the natural deficiency of nitrogen, phosphorus and calcium in the region's pastures.(AU)

Nelore é a segunda maior raça bovina do mundo e tem participado ativamente da expansão das novas fronteiras agrícolas brasileiras. Nesse contexto, o objetivo do presente estudo foi determinar os intervalos de referência hematológicos e bioquímicos de matrizes Nelore criadas em regime extensivo sem suplementação, ao longo do sudoeste do estado do Piauí. Amostras de sangue foram coletadas de 55 fêmeas multíparas da raça Nelore. Os parâmetros bioquímicos e hematológicos foram analisados por método estatístico paramétrico com IC 95% para os limites de referência. Os valores médios de hemácias, hemoglobina e índices hematimétricos apresentaram intervalos de referência semelhantes aos padrões de referência. Tanto o hematócrito quanto os granulócitos e os agranulócitos apresentaram alterações típicas de animais criados em ambientes com temperaturas mais elevadas. Os perfis mineral, enzimático, proteico e metabólico foram semelhantes aos de outras raças bovinas, mas com uma faixa de valores mais estreita. No entanto, valores médios mais baixos foram observados para os níveis de cálcio ionizado, proteína total e ureia. Fêmeas Nelore apresentam perfis bioquímicos e hematológicos ligeiramente diferentes de outras raças, o que pode resultar dos manejos ambiental e nutricional aplicados e da deficiência natural de nitrogênio, fósforo e cálcio nas pastagens da região.(AU)

Animals , Female , Cattle , Blood Cell Count/veterinary , Blood Urea Nitrogen , Blood Proteins/analysis , Calcium/blood , Granulocytes , Hematocrit/veterinary , Reference Values , Brazil , Serum , Agranulocytosis/veterinary
Rev. argent. radiol ; 85(2): 41-45, abr. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1288198


Resumen La pancreatitis aguda es una patología inflamatoria del páncreas que se caracteriza por dolor abdominal y elevación de los niveles séricos de amilasa. Desde el punto de vista imagenológico, se la estudia con tomografía computada (TC), siendo esa la modalidad de elección para evaluar la extensión y la localización de las complicaciones. Según la gravedad, el tiempo de evolución y la extensión, hay distintos tipos de complicaciones y una variedad de hallazgos en TC.

Abstract Acute pancreatitis is an inflammatory pathology of the pancreas characterized by abdominal pain and elevated levels of serum amylase. In radiology, it is studied with computed tomography (CT), which is the preferred method to evaluate the extent and location of complications. Depending on the severity, time of evolution, and extent, there are different types of complications and a variety of findings on the CT scan.

Pancreas , Pancreatitis , Tomography , Pathology , Radiology , Time , Abdominal Pain , Lifting , Serum , Selection of the Waste Treatment Site , Gravitation , Amylases , Methods
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878319


Objective@#Epidemiological studies reveal that exposure to fine particulate matter (aerodynamic diameter ≤ 2.5 μm, PM @*Methods@#EVs were isolated from the serum of healthy subjects, quantified @*Results@#PM @*Conclusions@#EVs treatment promotes cell survival and attenuates PM

A549 Cells , Air Pollutants/toxicity , Apoptosis/drug effects , Cell Survival/drug effects , Extracellular Vesicles , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Particulate Matter/toxicity , Protective Agents/pharmacology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Serum
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 49: Pub. 1815, 2021. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1363861


Measuring metabolic parameters in the blood has been an indispensable tool for assessing the productive and health status of dairy cows for more than 100 years. The values of laboratory parameters depend on various preanalytical, analytical and postanalytical factors. The most important preanalytical factors are sample transport time and temperature, hemolysis, anticoagulant type, and sample volume. Preanalytical factors can lead to reduced stability of the analyte in the sample, which changes their concentration. Loss of stability changes the time of storage and manipulation of the sample, which determines the criteria for its acceptance or rejection. The two stability indicators are stability limit and maximum permissible instability. A stability limit (SL) is defined as the period of time in which a property variation does not exceed a maximum permissible instability (MPI). The aim of this study was to determine the SL and MPI for each analyte in the blood serum of cows and to determine whether SL differs in the function of the presence of preanalytical errors in the blood sample. Three hundred samples of dairy cow origin in different periods of lactation participated in this research. They were classified into 6 groups of 50 samples: according to the time from sampling to processing in the laboratory (0-4 h, 4-8 h and over 8 h; all transported on dry ice, protected from environmental factors, without preanalytical errors) and according to the presence of preanalytical errors (group with hemolysis, a group transported at ambient temperature and a group with a small sample volume). Each sample was aliquoted in two portions. One portion was left at +4°C and tested once a day for 6 days of sample storage, and the second portion, placed at -20°C, was tested once a month for 6 months. The MPI had a value ranging from 1.51 to 8.4. Metabolic profile analytes with lower MPI values (1.51-3.22) were albumin (ALB), total protein (TPROT), UREA, glucose (GLU), calcium (Ca), and phosphorus (P). Higher MPI values (5.1-8.4) were found for nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA), beta-hydroxybutirate (BHB), cholesterol (CHOL), triglycerides (TGC), total bilirubin (TBIL) and aspartat aminotransferase (AST). For most parameters, we can conclude that their PD% changed faster in storage conditions at +4°C compared to the regime of -20°C. The largest number of biochemical analytes in bovine blood serum shows preserved stability in the first 6 days at +4°C or 6 months at -20°C if transported to the laboratory within 8 h after sampling in ideal conditions and without the action of preanalytical errors. Prolonged transport under ideal conditions or the existence of preanalytical errors such as transport at room temperature, hemolysis or small sample volume shorten the stability of the ALB, NEFA, GLU, UREA and P. Concentration of all analytes decreases during the stability test except for UREA, NEFA, BHB and for CHOL and TGC in some groups. Variations in parameters such as BHB, NEFA, TBIL, AST, and Ca have shown potential clinical significance. At storage conditions at +4°C, clinically significant variations at at least one measurement point were found for AST (7.5% of samples), BHB (6.1% of samples), NEFA (9.9% of samples) and for TBIL (in 7% of samples). This study can help define acceptable delay times and storage conditions for bovine blood samples, which is of great importance because in working with farm animals it is often not possible to take samples in a short time and deliver them to the laboratory, and samples are often burdened with certain preanalytical errors with limited possibilities of re-sampling.(AU)

Animals , Female , Cattle , Blood Preservation/veterinary , Blood Specimen Collection/veterinary , Serum , Reference Parameters , Indicators and Reagents
Infectio ; 24(3,supl.1): 17-25, oct.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1143094


Abstract COVID-19, the new pandemic is associated to SARS-CoV-2 virus infection. Social distancing and the testing have been the principal measures that have shown to be effective for the reduction of critical cases. Although the gold standard for diagnosis of COVID-19 is the RT-PCR, rapid serological tests could also be used for prevalence studies, and for epidemiological monitoring. In order to characterize the humoral immune response, we analyzed eight immunochromatographic test and one ELISA test, as a verification or secondary validation analysis used positive and negative control serum samples. Sera from negative and positive individuals [asymptomatic or symptomatic individuals, outpatient or inpatientor (intensive care unit)] were analyzed, and the following results were found: of all these rapid tests, only 4 exhibit clear banding patterns for IgG and two of these also showed results for IgM (only in a few symptomatic patients). Instead, with an ELISA test a preferential recognition was observed for symptomatic patients who were critically ill, whereas in asymptomatic individuals it did not show more than 25% of positivity. Understanding and validating molecular and serological tests are an essential component for the design of public health measures to response to the pandemic.

Resumen COVID-19 la nueva pandemia está asociada con la infección por el virus SARS-CoV-2. La distancia social y el análisis masivo de muestras son las principales medidas que se han mostrado efectivas para la reducción de los casos críticos. Aunque el estándar de oro para el diagnóstico de COVID-19 es la RT-PCR, las pruebas serológicas rápidas podrían también ser usadas en estudios de prevalencia, así como en la vigilancia epidemiológica. Con el fin de caracterizar la respuesta inmune humoral, analizamos ocho pruebas inmunocromatográficas y una prueba de ELISA, en un proceso de verificación de desempeño o validación secundaria, usando sueros control positivos y negativos. Los sueros de pacientes positivos y negativos [individuos asintomáticos o sintomáticos, pacientes ambulatorios u hospitalizados (en cuidados intensivos)] fueron analizados, encontrando los siguientes resultados: de todas las pruebas rápidas examinadas solamente 4 mostraron un claro patrón de bandas para IgG, de éstas, dos de ellas también mostraron resultados para IgM (solamente en pocos pacientes sintomáticos). En cambio, con la prueba de ELISA un reconocimiento preferencial fue observado en pacientes sintomáticos con enfermedad crítica, mientras que los individuos asintomáticos no mostraron más de un 25 % de positividad. Comprender y validar las pruebas serológicas son componentes esenciales en el diseño de las medidas de políticas públicas como respuesta a esta pandemia.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Diagnosis , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Cross-Sectional Studies , Serum , Epidemiological Monitoring , Physical Distancing
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 9(5): 400-404, oct. 31, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1179031


Introduction: Vitamin D deficiency is a global health problem that can be a risk factor for a broad range of diseases such as some autoimmune diseases. Due to the autoimmune base of lichen planus, it seems that a reduction of the serum level of vitamin D is related to lichen planus. In this study, we investigate the relation between serum level of vitamin D and oral lichen planus patients (OLP). Material and Methods: In this case-control study, 35 patients with OLP (including 15 men and 20 women) and 70 healthy volunteers (including 35 men and 35 women), aged between 30-60 years old, referred to Qazvin University of Medical Sciences were investigated. None of these volunteers had systemic diseases. Vitamin D levels were measured with ELFA (Enzyme Linked Fluorescent Assay) and the data was analyzed using the chi-squared test and t-test. Results: The mean serum level of vitamin D in the control group was 23.7±9ng/ml and in the case group was 18.12±8/7ng/ml. The results show that the serum level of vitamin D in patients with OLP is significantly less than in the control group (p<0.05). Conclusion: According to the results, the serum level of vitamin D in patients with OLP was significantly lower than that of healthy people.

Introducción: La deficiencia de vitamina D es un problema de salud global que puede ser un factor de riesgo para una amplia gama de enfermedades, como algunas enfermedades autoinmunes. Debido a la base autoinmune del liquen plano, parece que una reducción del nivel sérico de vitamina D está relacionada con el liquen plano. En este estudio, investigamos la relación entre el nivel sérico de vitamina D y los pacientes con liquen plano oral (LPO). Material y Métodos: En este estudio de casos y controles, 35 pacientes con LPO (incluidos 15 hombres y 20 mujeres) y 70 voluntarios sanos (incluidos 35 hombres y 35 mujeres), con edades comprendidas entre 30 y 60 años, remitieron a la Universidad de Medicina de Qazvin. Se investigaron las ciencias. Ninguno de estos voluntarios padecía enfermedades sistémicas. Los niveles de vitamina D se midieron con ELFA (ensayo fluorescente ligado a enzimas) y los datos se analizaron utilizando la prueba de chi-cuadrado y la prueba t. Resultados: El nivel sérico medio de vitamina D en el grupo de control fue de 23,7 ± 9 ng / ml y en el grupo de casos fue de 18,12 ± 8/7 ng / ml. Los resultados muestran que el nivel sérico de vitamina D en pacientes con OLP es significativamente menor que en el grupo de control (p<0.05). Conclusión: De acuerdo con los resultados, el nivel sérico de vitamina D en pacientes con LPO fue significativamente menor que en personas sanas.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Lichen Planus, Oral/etiology , Autoimmune Diseases/etiology , Case-Control Studies , Chi-Square Distribution , Epidemiology, Experimental , Serum
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 45: 38-45, May 15, 2020. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1177420


BACKGROUND: Taraxacum species (commonly known as dandelion) used as herbal medicine have been reported to exhibit an antiproliferative effect on hepatoma cells and antitumor activity in non-small-cell lung cancer cells. Although several investigations have demonstrated the safety of Taraxacum officinale, the safety of tissue-cultured plants of T. formosanum has not been assessed so far. Therefore, the present study examines the safety of the water extract of the entire plant of tissue cultured T. formosanum based on acute and subacute toxicity tests in rats, as well as the Ames tests. RESULTS: No death or toxicity symptoms were observed in the acute and subacute tests. The results of the acute test revealed that the LD50 (50% of lethal dose) value of the T. formosanum water extract for rats exceeded 5 g/kg bw. No abnormal changes in the body weight, weekly food consumption, organ weight, or hematological, biochemical, and morphological parameters were observed in the subacute toxicity test. Thus, the no observed adverse effect level (NOAEL) of T. formosanum water extract was estimated to be higher than 2.0 g/kg. Finally, the results of the Ames test revealed that T. formosanum water extract was not genotoxic at any tested concentration to any of five Salmonella strains. CONCLUSIONS: The water extract of tissue-cultured T. formosanum was non-toxic to rats in acute and subacute tests and exhibited no genotoxicity to five Salmonella strains.

Animals , Rats , Plant Extracts/toxicity , Taraxacum/toxicity , Tissue Culture Techniques/methods , Safety , Flavonoids/analysis , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Urinalysis , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Phenol/analysis , Acute Toxicity , Herbal Medicine , Taraxacum/chemistry , Serum , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Toxicity Tests, Subacute , Mutagenicity Tests
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 9(2): 86-92, abr. 30, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151843


Introduction: Lichen planus is one of the most common oral mucosal lesions. Transforming growth factor-ß (TGF- ß) has a marked effect on epithelial­mesenchymal transition and immune cells function. Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) is a key regulator of vasculogenesis and angiogenesis. Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) mediates T-lymphocyte homing and apoptosis of epithelial cells. Objetive: The present study was conducted in order to compare the expression of serum and salivary TGF- ß, VEGF, TNF-α between OLP patients and control individuals to investigate if saliva can be used as an alternative to serum for diagnostic purposes and for monitoring disease. Materials and Methods: 23 OLP patients and 23 control individuals were included to evaluate serum and salivary TGF-ß, VEGF, TNF-α using ELISA kits. Five milliliters of venous blood was collected and unstimulated saliva was collected by the spitting method. Results: Serum and salivary levels of TGF- ß, VEGF, TNF-α are higher in OLP patients compared to normal controls. Mean difference is higher in saliva than serum. Moreover, there was a significant difference in serum and salivary VEGF and TNF-α between symptomatic and asymptomatic groups. Conclusions: Saliva can be a used as a substitute for serum to evaluate levels of the assessed biomarkers.

Introducción: El liquen plano oral es una de las lesiones de la mucosa oral más comunes. El factor de crecimiento transformante ß (TGF-ß) tiene un efecto marcado sobre la transición epitelial-mesenquimal y la función de las células inmunes. El factor de crecimiento endotelial vascular (VEGF) es un regulador clave de la vasculogénesis y la angiogénesis. El factor de necrosis tumoral α (TNF-α) media la localización de los linfocitos T y la apoptosis de las células epiteliales. Objetivo: El presente estudio se realizó con el fin de comparar la expresión en suero y saliva de TGF-ß, VEGF, TNF-α entre pacientes con OLP y personas de control para investigar si la saliva se puede utilizar como alternativa al suero para fines de diagnóstico y monitoreo de la enfermedad. Material y Métodos: Se incluyeron 23 pacientes con OLP y 23 individuos control para evaluar los niéveles en suero y en saliva de TGF- ß, VEGF, TNF-α utilizando kits ELISA. Se recogieron cinco mililitros de sangre venosa y se recogió saliva no estimulada por el método de escupir. Resultado: Los niveles séricos y salivales de TGF-ß, VEGF, TNF-α son más altos en pacientes con OLP en comparación con los controles normales. La diferencia media es mayor en saliva que en suero. Además, hubo una diferencia significativa de VEGF y TNF-α en suero y saliva entre los grupos sintomáticos y asintomáticos. Conclusion: La saliva puede usarse como un sustituto del suero para evaluar los niveles de los biomarcadores estudiados

Humans , Male , Female , Saliva/metabolism , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Lichen Planus, Oral/diagnosis , Serum/metabolism , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Egypt , Mouth Mucosa , Necrosis
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1957-1961, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879999


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of immunoglobulin G (IgG) and its subclasses in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) and lymphoma (LYM) and its correlation with blood cell parameters.@*METHODS@#129 patients with multiple myeloma and 113 patients with lymphoma diagnosed treated in Sichuan people's Hospital from January to December 2019 were selected and the total IgG and subclass IgG1, IgG2, IgG3 and IgG4, and some parameters of peripheral blood routine in patients were retrospective analyzed. Independent sample t test or nonparametric Mann Whitney U test were used for comparison between the groups. The relationship between IgG subclass and blood cell parameters was analyzed by correlation analysis. For the bivariate normal distribution data, Pearson correlation coefficient was calculated. For bivariate non normal distribution data, the Spearman correlation coefficient was calculated.@*RESULTS@#IgG1 and IgG2 were significantly higher in patients with multiple myeloma than in patients with lymphoma (P=0.001, 0.000, respectively), but IgG3 and IgG4 were significantly lower than in patients with lymphoma (P=0.000, 0.000, respectively), and there was no significant difference for total serum IgG between the two groups (P=0.717). The results showed that the IgG4 content of male patients with multiple myeloma and lymphoma was significantly higher than that of female patients (Z=-3.191, P=0.001); the age, M%, E% of the MM patients were significantly higher than those of the patients with lymphoma (P=0.000, 0.005, 0.019), but WBC, RBC, Hb were significantly lower than those of the patients with lymphoma (P=0.013, 0.000, respectively). The results of Spearman correlation analysis showed that RBC and Hb were decreased with the increasing of IgG and IgG1 in the MM patients(r=0.254, -0.272, -0.248 and -0.289, P=0.004, 0.002, 0.005 and 0.001). With the increasing of IgG4 in the serum of patients with lymphoma, RBC and Hb showed the trendy of decreased (r=-0.240 and, -0.251, respectively, P=0.010, 0.007).@*CONCLUSION@#The detection of IgG subclass and the correlation between IgG subclass and blood cell parameters are great value in the diagnosis and pathogenesis of multiple myeloma and lymphoma.

Blood Cells , Female , Humans , Immunoglobulin G , Lymphoma , Male , Multiple Myeloma , Patients , Retrospective Studies , Serum
São Paulo; s.n; 2020. 101 p. ilus, map.
Thesis in Portuguese | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP, SESSP-CTDPROD, SES-SP, SESSP-TESESESSP, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1146100


Os vírus linfotrópicos de células T humanas dos tipos um e dois (HTLV-1 e HTLV-2) são endêmicos no Brasil. A triagem para HTLV-1/2 é obrigatória em bancos de sangue no país desde 1993, e a partir de 2014 é recomendada ao menos uma vez no acompanhamento de pacientes com HIV/aids, mas não em outras populações consideradas de risco para adquirir/transmitir esta infecção, como por exemplo, gestantes e pacientes com hepatites virais dos tipos B e C. Como o número de indivíduos em risco para adquirir/transmitir os HTLV a serem testados anualmente no Brasil é alto, qualquer estratégia que reduza o custo da triagem sorológica é necessária e bem vinda. O presente estudo avaliou o desempenho e o custo-minimização do uso de pool de soros na triagem sorológica de infecção por HTLV-1/2. Oitenta e uma amostras de soro sabidamente positivas para HTLV-1/2 foram retestadas utilizando dois ensaios imunoenzimáticos na triagem (EIA Murex HTLV I+II, Diasorin, e GOLD ELISA HTLV-1/2, REM) e dois testes confirmatórios [Western blot (WB), HTLV BLOT 2.4, MP Biomedicals e imunoensaio de linha (LIA), INNO-LIA HTLV I/II Score, Fujirebio], e separadas de acordo com os valores de DO/cut-off em: fortemente reagentes (DO/cut-off >12), e moderadamente reagentes (DO/cut-off >2,0 a 12,0). Posteriormente, estas amostras foram diluídas na razão dois em bolsa de plasma negativa para marcadores de banco de sangue até a perda de reatividade, e em seguida diluídas em diferentes pools de soros positivos e negativos para HIV, HBV e HCV, com vistas a determinar, respectivamente, a maior diluição de soro sem perda de sensibilidade e garantir a especificidade da reação. Subsequentemente, amostras com volume suficiente para ensaios de validação de métodos de diagnóstico segundo os parâmetros estabelecidos pelo Instituto Adolfo Lutz (P-SG-0022) foram selecionadas e testadas quanto à estratégia de pool de soros; 40 pools foram utilizados nos testes de acurácia e sete pools nos de precisão. Para o cálculo de redução de custo (custo-minimização), 2.000 amostras de soro/plasma de pacientes com hepatites virais B e C, e 625 amostras de plasma de pacientes com HIV/aids que haviam sido testadas individualmente e cujos resultados haviam sido publicados foram avaliadas em pool. Os resultados obtidos mostraram que o kit Murex foi mais sensível podendo ser diluído na razão 1:5 sem perda de sensibilidade e especificidade diagnóstica, com resultados de exatidão, precisão, sensibilidade, especificidade, valor preditivo positivo e negativo de 100% (coeficiente de correlação Kappa = 1). Em populações de risco, o uso da estratégia de pool de soros mostrou a mesma sensibilidade da análise individual, e uma redução de custo de 70,4% no grupo HBV, 60,7% no grupo HCV e 73,6% no grupo HIV/aids; estando o custo-minimização relacionado à prevalência da infecção nas populações de estudo: 1,9% (HBV), 4,0% (HCV), e 1,1% (HIV/aids). Concluindo, os resultados obtidos permitem sugerir a introdução da triagem sorológica para HTLV-1/2 utilizando pool de cinco soros e o kit Murex em inquéritos epidemiológicos, no acompanhamento de pacientes com outras infecções virais e possivelmente em gestantes no pré-natal.

Virus Diseases , Serum , Hepatitis , Infections
Rev. cientif. cienc. med ; 23(2): 129-135, 2020. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1349175


Las infecciones causadas por Pseudomona aeruginosa y cepas BLEE junto con la resistencia bacteriana, producto del uso exagerado e inapropiado de los antibióticos, han favorecido al aumento importante de microorganismos resistentes a múltiples fármacos por lo que se ha convertido en un problema importante de salud de difícil manejo. OBJETIVO: conocer la presencia de Pseudomona aeruginosa y cepas BLEE junto con su resistencia en la Sala de Maternidad y Neonatología del Hospital Solomon Klein el año 2019. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: estudio de tipo descriptivo y transversal, se incluyó porta-sueros, agarrador de las camas, bandeja del material de curación, llave de los sueros, mangueras de los sueros e incubadoras para tomar muestras de estos. RESULTADOS: se tomaron 25 muestras de la sala de maternidad y neonatología de las que 3 (12%) resultaron positivos a Pseudomona aeruginosa en superficies de porta sueros, agarrador de camilla y bandeja de material de curación del servicio de Enfermería de la Sala de Maternidad. En las 21 (84%) muestras restantes prevaleció la presencia de la enterobacteria Hafnia alvei, en el análisis de resistencia resultaron sensibles a Cefotaxima descartando la existencia de cepas BLEE en el hospital. DISCUSIÓN: las infecciones asociadas a servicios de salud ocurren principalmente durante el ingreso y estancia hospitalaria y es por eso que la vigilancia de estos patrones facilita conocer los mecanismos de acción predominantes de los servicios, lo cual, es muy importante al momento de tomar decisiones terapéuticas. (AU)

Infections caused by Pseudomona aeruginosa and BLEE strains together with the bacterial resistance due to exaggerated and incorrect use of antibiotics have favored the increase in the importance of microorganisms resistant to multiple drugs, which has become an important health problem for difficult handling OBJECTIVE: to know the presence of Pseudomona aeruginosa and BLEE strains together with their resistance in the Maternity and Neonatology Room of the Solomon Klein Hospital in 2019. MATERIALS AND METHODS: descriptive study and cross-sectional type include serum-holder, grabber the beds, tray of the healing material, key of the sera, hoses of the sera and incubators to take samples of these. RESULTS: we took 25 samples from the maternity and neonatology ward of which 3 (12%) were positive for Pseudomona aeruginosa on serum carrier surfaces, stretcher gripper and Cure Material Tray of the Nursing Service of the Maternity ward. In the 21 (84%) remaining samples, the presence of Hafnia alvei enterobacteria prevailed, in the resistance analysis they were sensitive to Cefotaxime, ruling out the existence of BLEE strains in the hospital. DISCUSSION: infections associated with health services occur mainly during hospital admission and hospital stay and that is why monitoring these patterns makes it easier to know the predominant mechanisms of action of the services, which is very important at the moment.of making therapeutic decisions.(AU)

Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Cross-Sectional Studies , Serum , Health Services , Neonatology , Nursing Services
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 28: e3290, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1126966


Objective: to analyze variations in body temperature and in plasma nitrate and lactate concentrations in rats submitted to the experimental sepsis model. Method: a total of 40 rats divided equally into five groups. The induction of endotoxemia was performed with intravenous administration of lipopolysaccharide, 0.5 mg/Kg, 1.5 mg/Kg, 3.0 mg/Kg, and 10 mg/Kg, respectively. The control group received 0.5 mL of saline solution. The experiment lasted six hours, with evaluations performed at 0 (baseline data), 2nd, 4th, and 6thhours. Results: The animals that received doses up to 3.0 mg/kg showed a significant increase in body temperature compared to the group with 10 mg/kg, which showed a decrease in these values. The increase in plasma nitrate and lactate concentrations in the groups with lipopolysaccharide was significantly higher than in the group that received the saline solution and was correlated with the increase in body temperature. Conclusion: the variations in body temperature observed in this study showed the dose-dependent effect of lipopolysaccharide and were correlated with the increase in the concentrations of nitrate and plasma lactate biomarkers. The implications of this study are the importance of monitoring body temperature, together with the assessment of these pathophysiological markers, which suggest worsening in the prognosis of sepsis.

Objetivo: analisar as variações na temperatura corporal e nas concentrações de nitrato e lactato plasmáticos em ratos submetidos ao modelo de sepse experimental. Método: foram utilizados 40 ratos divididos igualmente em cinco grupos. A indução da endotoxemia foi realizada com administração endovenosa de lipopolissacarídeo, respectivamente 0,5 mg/Kg, 1,5 mg/Kg, 3,0 mg/Kg e 10 mg/Kg. O grupo controle recebeu 0,5 mL de solução salina. O experimento teve duração de seis horas, com avaliações realizadas na 0 (dados basais), 2a, 4a e 6a hora. Resultados: os animais que receberam doses de até 3,0 mg/Kg apresentaram aumento significativo na temperatura corporal em relação ao grupo com 10 mg/Kg, que apresentou diminuição nesses valores. O aumento nas concentrações de nitrato e lactato plasmáticos nos grupos com lipopolissacarídeo foi significativamente superior ao grupo que recebeu salina e esteve correlacionado com o aumento na temperatura corporal. Conclusão: as variações na temperatura corporal observadas neste estudo mostraram efeito dose dependentes de lipopolissacarídeo e estiveram correlacionadas com o aumento nas concentrações dos biomarcadores nitrato e lactato plasmáticos. O estudo traz como implicações, a importância no monitoramento da temperatura corporal, em conjunto com a avaliação destes marcadores fisiopatológicos, os quais sugerem agravamento no prognóstico da sepse.

Objetivo: analizar las variaciones de la temperatura corporal y de las concentraciones de nitrato y lactato en plasma en ratones sometidos a un modelo de sepsis experimental. Método: se utilizaron 40 ratones divididos en cinco grupos iguales. La inducción de la endotoxemia se realizó mediante administración intravenosa de 0,5 mg/Kg, 1,5 mg/Kg, 3,0 mg/Kg y 10 mg/Kg de lipopolisacárido, respectivamente. El grupo de control recibió 0,5 mL de solución salina. El experimento duró seis horas, con evaluaciones realizadas a la hora 0 (datos de referencia) y a la 2a, 4a y 6ahora. Resultados: los animales que recibieron dosis de hasta 3,0 mg/kg presentaron un aumento significativo de la temperatura corporal, en comparación con el grupo al que se le administró 10 mg/kg, que presentó una disminución de dichos valores. En los grupos a los que se les administró lipopolisacárido, el aumento en las concentraciones de nitrato y lactato en plasma fue significativamente mayor que en el grupo al que se le administró la solución salina y estuvo correlacionado con el aumento de la temperatura corporal. Conclusión: las variaciones de la temperatura corporal observadas en este estudio mostraron que los efectos dependieron de la dosis de lipopolisacárido, y estuvieron correlacionadas con el aumento en la concentración de biomarcadores, como el nitrato y lactato en plasma. El estudio reveló la importancia del control de la temperatura corporal, junto con la evaluación de estos marcadores fisiopatológicos, que sugieren un empeoramiento en el pronóstico de la sepsis.

Animals , Body Temperature , Biomarkers , Sepsis , Endotoxemia , Lactic Acid , Models, Animal , Serum , Administration, Intravenous , Nitric Oxide
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(3): 782-790, May-June 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1011331


IIn the last few years, an increasing number of debilitated Magellanic penguins (Spheniscus magellanicus) has been rescued and taken to rehabilitation centers on Brazil's southern coast to be clinically treated and evaluated for re-introduction. This work aims to compare the viability of heparinized plasma with the viability of serum for biochemistry analyses under rehabilitation conditions. Blood sampled from 31 physically healthy rescued penguins was processed into serum/plasma-paired samples and analyzed for 12 biochemical parameters: alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), cholesterol (CHOL), creatine kinase (CK), gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT), glucose, (GLU) lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), total proteins (TP), triglycerides (TG), urea (UR), and uric acid (UA).The results showed that six paired samples presented visual signs of hemolysis (visual hemolytic score≥1), four of which occurred exclusively in the serum counterpart. Significant differences (P≤ 0.5) between sample types were found for CHOL (3%), GLU (6%) and TG (52%). Only TG was considered clinically relevant (>10%). All mean/median results fell within the available reference intervals by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (Penguin, 2014). In conclusion, we verified that heparinized plasma is a viable sample for the clinical biochemistry of rescued Magellanic penguins as it yields compatible results with serum, while providing practical benefits. The adoption of this practice favors a faster bird recovery, by minimizing blood sampling volume, and optimizes material resources, allowing use of the same collector tube as for hematology.(AU)

Nos últimos anos, um número crescente de pinguins-de-magalhães (Spheniscus magellanicus) debilitados vem sendo resgatado e encaminhado aos centros de reabilitação do litoral sul do Brasil para cuidados clínicos e posterior avaliação de reintrodução. Este trabalho teve como objetivo comparar a viabilidade do plasma heparinizado com a do soro para análises bioquímicas, em condições de reabilitação. Amostras de sangue de 31 pinguins de resgate fisicamente saudáveis foram processadas em amostras pareadas de soro e plasma heparinizado, e 12 parâmetros bioquímicos foram analisados: alanina aminotransferase (ALT), fosfatase alcalina (ALP), aspartato aminotransferase (AST), colesterol (CHOL), creatina quinase (CK), gamaglutamil transpeptidase (GGT), glicose (GLU), lactato desidrogenase (LDH), proteínas totais (TP), triglicérides (TG), ureia (UR) e ácido úrico (UA). Os resultados mostraram que seis amostras pareadas apresentaram sinais visuais de hemólise (escore hemolítico visual≥1), das quais quatro ocorreram exclusivamente no soro. Observaram-se diferenças significativas (P≤0,5) entre os tipos de amostra em CHOL (3%), GLU (6%) e TG (52%), sendo apenas TG considerado clinicamente relevante (>10%). Todos os resultados de médias e medianas situaram-se dentro dos intervalos de referência disponíveis fornecidos pela Associação de Zoológicos e Aquários (AZA). Como conclusão, verificou-se que o plasma heparinizado é uma amostra viável para a bioquímica clínica de pinguins-de-magalhães de resgate, produzindo resultados compatíveis com os do soro. Além disso, a adoção dessa prática favorece uma recuperação mais rápida dos animais, ao diminuir o volume de sangue amostrado, e otimiza os recursos materiais, ao permitir o aproveitamento do mesmo tubo de colheita de hematologia.(AU)

Animals , Blood Chemical Analysis/veterinary , Blood Specimen Collection/veterinary , Spheniscidae/blood , Plasma , Rescue Work , Serum
Rev. nefrol. diál. traspl ; 39(2): 93-100, jun. 2019. ilus.; gráf.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352684


Introducción: Las interferencias en el proteinograma electroforético por electroforesis capilar incluyen la aparición de picos con concentraciones y movilidades electroforéticas, que podrían simular la presencia de un componente monoclonal. Objetivos: Ante la aparición de un pico adicional con movilidad intera2-ß por electroforesis capilar (Minicap®-Sebia), el objetivo fue identificar el interferente y evaluar su relación con la funcionalidad renal. Material y métodos: Se estudiaron muestras de suero que presentaron dicha interferencia en un período de un año mediante proteinograma en soporte sólido, electroinmunofijación e inmunoelectroforesis. Se adicionó in vitro el probable interferente para confirmar su movilidad electroforética. Se evaluó el impacto de la corrección de la interferencia con la herramienta "eliminación de artefactos" (Phoresis®-Sebia) y la correlación de la concentración del pico a línea de base del interferente con la estimación de la tasa de filtrado glomerular (CKD- EPI). Resultados: La integración a la línea de base de los picos fue de 0,07-0,36 g/dL. No se observaron particularidades al realizar los estudios complementarios. Se evidenció, en todos los casos, la administración de iopamidol como medio de contraste, confirmándose su movilidad electroforética por su adición in vitro. Mediante la herramienta "eliminación de artefactos" se recuperaron los niveles basales de las fracciones. Se demostró la existencia de una correlación entre la concentración del pico a línea de base del interferente y la estimación de la tasa de filtración glomerular por CKD-EPI (r=-0.534, p<0.0001). Conclusiones: Se identificó al interferente como Iopamidol y se demostró su relación con la disminución de la tasa de filtración glomerular

Introduction: Interferences in the electrophoretic proteinogram by capillary electrophoresis include the appearance of peaks with concentrations and electrophoretic mobilities, which could simulate the presence of a monoclonal component. Objectives: In the light of an additional peak with interα2-ß mobility by capillary electrophoresis (MINICAP®-Sebia), the aim was to identify the interferent and evaluate its connection to renal functionality. Methods: Serum samples that presented this interference over a period of one year were studied by proteinogram on solid support, electroimmunofixation and immunoelectrophoresis. The probable interferent was added in vitro to confirm its electrophoretic mobility. The impact of the interference correction with the "artifact removal" tool (Phoresis®-Sebia) and the correlation of the baseline peak concentration of the interferent with the estimation of the glomerular filtration rate (CKD-EPI) were evaluated. Results: The integration to the baseline of the peaks was 0.07-0.36 g/dL. No particularities were observed when performing the complementary studies. In all cases, the administration of Iopamidol as a contrast medium was demonstrated, confirming its electrophoretic mobility due to its in vitro addition. Using the "artifact removal" tool, the basal levels of the fractions were recovered. The existence of a correlation between the concentration of the baseline peak of the interferent and the estimation of the glomerular filtration rate by CKD-EPI was shown (r=-0.534, p <0.0001). Conclusions: The interferent was identified as Iopamidol and its connection to the decrease in the glomerular filtration rate was demonstrated

Humans , Iopamidol , Blood Proteins , Electrophoresis, Capillary , Contrast Media , Immunoelectrophoresis , Serum/drug effects , Glomerular Filtration Barrier
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773652


The aim of this paper was to investigate the molecular mechanism of Calculus Bovis Sativus( CBS) in alleviating lipid accumulation in vitro by serum pharmacology. The CBS-containing serum of mice was obtained by serum pharmacology method to evaluate its effect on the proliferation of LO2 hepatocytes. The lipid reducing effects of CBS-containing serum through Nrf2 was evaluated by fructose-induced LO2 hepatocyte steatosis model,nuclear factor erythroid 2 related factor 2( Nrf2) agonist oltipraz combined intervention,cell oil red O staining and intracellular triglyceride( TG) content. The effects of CBS-containing serum on lipid peroxidation and hepatocytes apoptosis were evaluated by reactive oxygen species( ROS) and apoptosis assay,respectively. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction( PCR) was used to detect the relative expression of lipid synthesis-related genes and apoptosis-related genes.RESULTS:: showed that CBS drug-containing serum had no significant effect on LO2 hepatocyte proliferation. As compared with the model group,CBS-containing serum could effectively reduce the formation of lipid droplets in fructose-induced LO2 hepatocytes,significantly reduce intracellular TG and ROS levels,and significantly reduce hepatocyte apoptosis rate( P < 0. 05). As compared with the model group,carbohydrate responsive element binding protein( ChREBP),sterol regulatory element binding protein-1 c( SREBP-1 c),fatty acid synthase( FAS),acetyl-CoA carboxylase 1( ACC1),stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1( SCD1),Bax and caspase-3 mRNA levels were significantly reduced in CBS drug-containing serum treatment group( P<0. 05). All of the above effects could be reversed by oltipraz.In conclusion,CBS-containing serum can significantly inhibit the fructose-induced LO2 liver fat deposition,and the mechanism may be related to reducing intracellular ROS level through the Nrf2 pathway and improving intracellular peroxidation state to reduce apoptosis.

Animals , Apoptosis , Cattle , Cells, Cultured , Fatty Liver , Fructose , Gallstones , Chemistry , Hepatocytes , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Lipid Metabolism , Lipid Peroxidation , Liver , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Mice , Reactive Oxygen Species , Metabolism , Serum , Chemistry , Sterol Regulatory Element Binding Protein 1 , Metabolism , Triglycerides
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 17(3): eRC4714, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011993


ABSTRACT Ligneous conjunctivitis is a rare form of chronic and recurrent bilateral conjunctivitis, in which thick membranes develop on the tarsal conjunctiva and on other mucosae. We report the case of a 55-year old female patient with bilateral ligneous conjunctivitis who was successfully treated with 50% heterologous serum. There was no recurrence or side effects after one-year follow-up. We suggest the use of 50% heterologous serum should be further studied to better determine its efficacy as a treatment option for ligneous conjunctivitis.

RESUMO A conjuntivite lenhosa é uma forma rara de conjuntivite bilateral crônica e recorrente, na qual há formação de membranas espessas na conjuntiva tarsal e em outras mucosas. Relatamos o caso de uma paciente de 55 anos com conjuntivite lenhosa bilateral, que obteve sucesso no tratamento com soro heterólogo em concentração de 50%. Não houve recorrência após um ano de seguimento e nem efeitos colaterais ao tratamento. Dessa forma, o uso de soro heterólogo a 50% poderia ser mais estudado para melhor avaliação de sua eficácia como opção de tratamento para a conjuntivite lenhosa.

Humans , Female , Plasminogen/deficiency , Serum , Plasminogen/therapeutic use , Skin Diseases, Genetic/pathology , Treatment Outcome , Conjunctivitis/pathology , Middle Aged
Niger. j. surg. (Online) ; 25(1): 1-8, 2019. ilus
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1267522


The present study analyzed the clinical significance of duration of intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) associated with increased serum lactate in critically ill patients with severe sepsis. Materials and Methods: Our study was an observational, prospective study carried out in the Surgical Intensive Care Unit (ICU) at J.L.N Medical College, Ajmer, Rajasthan, India. In our study, we included a total of 100 patients and intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) was measured through intravesical route at the time of admission and after 6, 12, 24, 48, and 72 h via a urinary catheter filled with 25 ml of saline. Duration of ICU and hospital stay, need for ventilator support, initiation of enteral feeding, serum lactate level at time of admission and after 48 h, and 30-day mortality were noted asoutcomes.Results:In our study, an overall incidence of IAH was 60%. Patients with cardiovascular surgery and renal and pulmonary dysfunction were 93.3%, 55%, and 60%, respectively, at the time of admission and 65%, 10%, and 10%, respectively, after 72 h of admission in the surgical ICU. Nonsurvivors had statistically significant higher IAP and serum lactate levels than survivors. Patients with longer duration of IAH had longer ICU and hospital stay, longer duration of vasopressors and ventilator support, and delayed enteral feeding.Conclusion:There is a strong relationship "risk accumulation" between duration of IAH associated with increased serum lactate and organdysfunction. The duration of IAH was an independent predictor of 30-day mortality. Early recognition and prompt intervention for IAH and severe sepsis are essential to improve the patient outcomes

Intra-Abdominal Hypertension , Lactates , Sepsis , Serum
Nigerian Medical Practitioner ; 76(1-3): 8-12, 2019.
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1267983


Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disorder, the commonest endocrine disease with increasing prevalence worldwide. Studies on electrolytes derangement in complicated diabetes abound but there are few in uncomplicated diabetes. To determine, compare and correlate serum electrolytes and Cortisol levels in a cohort of uncomplicated type 2 diabetics. A cross sectional study of sixty (60) type 2 diabetes patients of 5-10 years duration without complications and 50 healthy non-diabetic controls that were recruited from the diabetes and general out-patient clinics of a tertiary care facility over 3 months. Using a study questionnaire, information on age, anthropometry, fasting blood Glucose, serum electrolytes and Cortisol were obtained and analyzed following standard procedures. The mean 2 age (years) of diabetics was 49.58 ( ± 11.2) and controls 47.00 ( ± 12.1) and their BMI (Kg/m )[26.47 ( ± 3.97) vs 25.77 ( ± 4.85) respectively were not significantly different (p=0.524; p=0.407). The Waist-hipratio (WHR) was significantly higher in diabetics [0.933 ± 0.004 vs 0.905 ± 0.83) p=0.024]. The mean values of studied parameters among the diabetics and controls respectively are as follows: fasting blood glucose (FBG) [138.4 ± 78.7 vs 82.5 ± 73.7 mg/dl]; serum electrolytes: Sodium 139.0 ± 8.4 vs 142 ± 4.2mg/dl], Potassium [5.2 ± 1.4 vs 4.1 ± 0.53mg/dl] and Chloride [99.3 ± 6.8 vs 104.5 ± 5.0 mg/dl] with significant differences in each (p=0.000, 0.011, 0.000, 0.000 respectively). The mean serum Cortisol was not statistically different [125.5 ± 43.2 vs 121.5 ± 61.3 ng/mL (p=0.693)]. There was no correlation between the various serum electrolytes and Cortisol levels. Electrolytes imbalance in uncomplicated diabetes are present, with higher potassium and lower sodium than in controls with no accompanying change in Hypothalamus-Pituitary-Adrenal activity as measured by serum Cortisol level. This derangement in electrolyte level may be attributed to hyperglycaemia, osmotic diuresis and dietary habit

Anthropometry , Electrolytes , Serum