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1.
J. Health NPEPS ; 6(2): 1-15, dez. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1337842

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective:to analyze the epidemiological data of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), and the access to health of black people in Brazil during the pandemic, comparing them with previous years. Method:epidemiological, descriptive, and quantitative study of SARS cases in black patients, reported in the information system on epidemiological surveillance of influenzaof the Ministry of Health, between 2017 and 2020. Results:it was observed that, in 2020, there was an increase in the prevalence of SARS cases in blacks, in addition to a significant increase in lethality when compared to the general population. Furthermore, it was found that mortality was significantly higher in individuals with SARS who required ventilatory support. Conclusion:skin color is a determinant of several social and health vulnerabilities in Brazil and worldwide, having a direct impact on theincreased morbidity and mortality of the black population during the pandemic.


RESUMEN Objetivo:analizar los datos epidemiológicos del Síndrome Respiratorio Agudo Severo (SRAS) y el acceso a la salud de los negros en Brasil durante la pandemia, comparándolos con años anteriores. Método:estudio epidemiológico, descriptivo y cuantitativo de casos de SRAS en pacientes de raza negra, reportados en el sistema de información de vigilancia epidemiológica de Influenza del Ministerio de Salud, entre 2017 y 2020. Resultados:se observó que, en En 2020, hubo un aumento en la prevalencia de casos de SARS en negros, además de un aumento significativo en la letalidad en comparación con la población general. Además, se encontró que la mortalidad fue significativamente mayor en las personas con SARS que requirieron soporte ventilatorio. Conclusión:color de la piel es un determinante de varias vulnerabilidades sociales y de salud en Brasil y en todo el mundo, teniendo un impacto directo en el aumento de la morbilidad y mortalidad de la población negra durante la pandemia.


RESUMO Objetivo: analisar os dados epidemiológicos da síndrome respiratória aguda grave (SRAG) e o acesso à saúde de pessoas negras no Brasil durante a pandemia, comparando-os com os anos anteriores.Método: estudo epidemiológico, descritivo e quantitativo de casos de SRAG em pacientes negros, notificados no sistema de informação em vigilância epidemiológica da influenza do Ministério da Saúde, entre 2017 e 2020. Resultados: observou-se que, em 2020, houve um aumento da prevalência dos casos de SRAG em negros, além de um aumento significativo da letalidade quando comparada à população em geral. Além disso, verificou-se que a mortalidade foi significativamente maior em indivíduos com SRAG que necessitaram de suporte ventilatório. Conclusão: a cor da pele é um determinante de diversas vulnerabilidades sociais e de saúde no Brasil e no mundo, tendo impacto direto no aumento da morbimortalidade da população negra durante a pandemia.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome , Social Determinants of Health , Healthcare Disparities , Racism
2.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(3): e800, July-Sept. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1280189

ABSTRACT

In which country did the first epidemic caused by the avian flu virus, known as severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) emerged.


¿En qué país surgió la primera epidemia causada por el virus de la gripe aviar, conocida como síndrome respiratorio agudo severo (SARS)


Subject(s)
Humans , Viruses , Epidemics , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome , Influenza in Birds
3.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 28(4): 366-373, jul.-ago. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1351934

ABSTRACT

Resumen La COVID-19 es una enfermedad infecciosa causada por el coronavirus del síndrome respiratorio agudo severo 2 (SARS-CoV-2) que tiene importantes manifestaciones sobre el sistema cardiovascular y respiratorio. Esta enfermedad, descrita en los primeros días de diciembre de 2019 en la ciudad de Wuhan, capital de la provincia de Hubei, en China, tuvo una rápida expansión mundial y fue declarada por la Organización Mundial de la Salud como pandemia el 11 de marzo de 2020. Tiene diferentes presentaciones clínicas, como neumonía, hipoxemia, falla renal, falla multisistémica, compromiso endotelial que lleva a lesiones trombóticas venosas y arteriales, y problemas cardiacos como insuficiencia cardiaca, miocarditis, arritmias e infarto de miocardio de los tipos 1 y 2. La mayoría de las personas presentan una enfermedad leve o no complicada (80%), y otras (20%) pueden desarrollar un cuadro grave con neumonía, síndrome de dificultad respiratoria, choque cardiogénico, trombosis y tormenta de citocinas (el 15% se manejan con oxigenoterapia y el 5% ameritan tratamiento en la unidad de cuidados intensivos). La mortalidad está relacionada con la edad y con la comorbilidad (hipertensión arterial, diabetes mellitus, enfermedades respiratorias, enfermedades cardiacas en general, enfermedades renales y obesidad). El objetivo de esta revisión narrativa es describir las alteraciones metabólicas y la relación de la diabetes mellitus, la obesidad, el síndrome metabólico y la dislipidemia con la morbilidad y la mortalidad vinculadas a la COVID-19.


Abstract COVID-19 is an infectious disease caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and that has important manifestations on the cardiovascular system and respiratory. This disease described in the first days of December 2019 in the city of Wuhan, capital of the province of Hubei, China, with a rapid global expansion and declared by the World Health Organization as a pandemic on March 11, 2020, has different clinical presentations such as pneumonia, hypoxemia, kidney failure, multisystem failure, endothelial involvement leading to venous and arterial thrombotic lesions, and heart problems such as heart failure, myocarditis, arrhythmias, and type 1 and 2 myocardial infarction. Most people have a mild or uncomplicated disease (80%), and others (20%) may develop a severe case with pneumonia, respiratory distress syndrome, cardiogenic shock, thrombosis, and cytokine storm (15% are managed with oxygen therapy and 5% merit treatment in the intensive care unit). Mortality is related to age and comorbidity (high blood pressure, diabetes mellitus, respiratory diseases, heart diseases in general, kidney diseases, and obesity). The objective of this narrative review is to describe the metabolic alterations and the relationship between diabetes mellitus, obesity, metabolic syndrome, and dyslipidemia with the morbidity and mortality associated with COVID-19 infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Respiratory System , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome , COVID-19 , Disease , Diabetes Mellitus , Dyslipidemias , Obesity
4.
Rev. Eugenio Espejo ; 15(3): 90-104, 20210830.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1337969

ABSTRACT

Hasta diciembre del 2019, seis tipos de coronavirus ya estaban identificados como generadores de enfermedad en humanos, destacándose dos brotes epidemiológicos anteriores: SARS-CoV en 2002 y MERS-CoV en 2012. El nuevo agente infeccioso que causó la pandemia de 2019 se denominó SARS-CoV-2, el que se manifiesta como un síndrome respiratorio agudo severo (CO-VID-19). Al respecto, el 30 de enero del 2020, la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) decretó la emergencia sanitaria. El propósito de esta revisión fue analizar el contexto epidemio-lógico alrededor del SARS-CoV-2, mediante una búsqueda bibliográfica en las bases de datos científicas como: PubMed Central, LILACS y Google académico. Se concluyó que el SARS-CoV-2 es altamente transmisible, con una tasa de letalidad en Ecuador del 8,59%.


Six types of coronaviruses were already identified as generators of disease in humans as of 2019, with two previous epidemiological outbreaks standing out: SARS-CoV in 2002 and MERS-CoV in 2012. The new infectious agent that caused the 2019 pandemic was called SARS -CoV-2, which manifests as a severe acute respiratory syndrome (COVID-19). In this regard, on January 30, 2020, the World Health Organization decreed the health emergency. The purpose of this review was to analyze the epidemiological context around SARS-CoV-2 through a bibliographic review in scientific databases such as: PubMed Central, LILACS and Google Scholar. It was concluded that SARS-CoV-2 is highly transmissible, with a fatality rate in Ecuador of 8.59%.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Virology , Epidemiology , COVID-19 , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
5.
Notas enferm. (Córdoba) ; 20(37): 5-14, jun. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1283101

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el Síndrome Respiratorio Agudo Severo Coronavirus 2 es el agente causal de la COVID-19, una enfermedad emergente pandémica que requiere cuidados de enfermería basados en el proceso de enfermería desde el autocuidado. Objetivo: Aplicar el proceso de enfermería desde la perspectiva teórica del autocuidado a un adulto mayor con diagnóstico de diabetes tipo 2 hospitalizado por complicaciones de la COVID-19. Métodos: estudio de caso con Proceso de Enfermería a adulto mayor con COVID-19, para valoración se utilizó una cédula basada en conceptos de la Teoría General del Déficit de autocuidado de Orem, escala de ansiedad de Halminton y escala de riesgo de caídas, para la deducción diagnóstica, resultados e intervenciones se utilizó la taxonomía NANDA 2018-2020, clasificación de Resultados NOC, guías de práctica clínica y la clasificación de intervenciones NIC, respectivamente. Resultados: se identificaron 8 diagnósticos de enfermería, de los cuales, 4 son reales, 3 de riesgo, 1 de promoción a la salud. Se elaboraron 8 planes de cuidados con enfoque de educación para la salud e intervenciones con criterios de resultados del NOc e intervenciones de enfermería basadas en NIC y 4 Guías de práctica clínica sobre las respuestas humanas prioritarias; deterioro del intercambio de gases, diarrea, ansiedad y riesgo de glicemia inestable. Conclusiones: el Proceso de Enfermería vinculado con la teoría de Dorothea Orem permitió mejorar las prácticas de autocuidado y por consiguiente el autocontrol de la enfermedad respiratoria y metabólica en el adulto mayor[AU]


introduction: the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 is the causal agent of COVID-19, an emerging pandemic disease that requires nursing care based on the nursing process from self-care. Objective: to apply the nursing process from the theoretical perspective of self-care to an older adult diagnosed with type 2 diabetes hospitalized for complications of COVID-19. Methods: case study with the Nursing Process of an elderly person with COVID-19, for assessment a card based on concepts of the General Theory of Deficit of Orem's self-care deficit, Halminton anxiety scale and risk of falls scale was used. For the diagnostic deduction, results and interventions, the 2018-2020NANDA taxonomy, NOC Results classification, clinical practice guidelines and the NIC intervention classification were used, respectively. Results: Eight nursing diagnoses were identified, of which 4 are real, 3 of risk, 1 of health promotion. 8 care plans were developed with a focus on health education and interventions with NOCresults criteria and NIC-based nursing interventions and 4 clinical practice guidelines on priority human responses; impaired gas exchange, diarrhea, anxiety and risk of unstable blood glucose. Conclusions: the Nursing Process linked to Dorothea Orem's theory allowed to improve self-care practices and consequently the self-control of respiratory and metabolic disease in the elderly[AU]


a Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave Coronavírus 2 é o agente causal da COVID-19, uma doença pandêmica emergente que requer cuidados de enfermagem baseados no processo de enfermagem a partir do autocuidado. Objetivo: aplicar o processo de enfermagem na perspectiva teórica do autocuidado a um idoso com diagnóstico de diabetes tipo 2 internado por complicações do COVID-19. Métodos: estudo de caso com o Processo de Enfermagem de uma pessoa idosa com COVID-19, para avaliação de uma ficha baseada nos conceitos da Teoria Geral do Déficit do Déficit de Autocuidado de Orem, Escala de Ansiedade Halminton e Escala de Risco de Quedas. Dedução diagnóstica, resultados e intervenções, a taxonomia NANDA2018-2020, classificação de resultados NOC, diretrizes de prática clínica e a classificação de intervenção NIC foram usados, respectivamente. Resultados: foram identificados 8 diagnósticos de enfermagem, sendo 4 reais, 3 de risco, 1 de promoção da saúde. 8 planos de cuidados foram desenvolvidos com foco em educação em saúde e intervenções com critérios de resultados NIC e intervenções de enfermagem baseadas em NIC e 4 diretrizes de prática clínica em respostas humanas prioritárias; alteração das trocas gasosas, diarreia, ansiedade e risco de glicose sanguínea instável. Conclusões: o Processo de Enfermagem atrelado à teoria de Dorothea Orem permitiu aprimorar as práticas de autocuidado e consequentemente o autocontrole das doenças respiratórias e metabólicas em idosos[AU]


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anxiety , Self Care , Nursing Diagnosis , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , COVID-19 , Nursing Care , Nursing Process , Case Reports
6.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 93(2): e1448,
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280381

ABSTRACT

A finales del año 2019 se diagnosticó en la ciudad de Wuhan, China, una neumonía severa causada por un agente zoonótico de nueva estructura, al cual se denominó SARS-CoV-2, causante de la COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019). Por tratarse de una enfermedad capaz de ocasionar un síndrome respiratorio agudo grave de evolución fatal y amplia diseminación, la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) declaró el brote de este nuevo padecimiento en enero de 2020 y, al expandirse por todo el mundo es declarada como pandemia en el mes de marzo del mismo año(AU)


Subject(s)
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome , Diagnosis , Physical Distancing , COVID-19
8.
Rev. cuba. med. trop ; 73(1): e592, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280330

ABSTRACT

Introducción: A finales del 2019, un nuevo coronavirus provocó una epidemia de enfermedad respiratoria aguda en Wuhan, China. La Organización Mundial de la Salud nombró a esta enfermedad coronavirus disease 2019, el 11 de marzo de 2020 la declaró como pandemia, y se diagnosticaban los tres primeros casos de COVID-19 en Cuba. Objetivo: Describir el comportamiento de 20 casos positivos a SARS CoV-2 en una unidad de cuidados intensivos. Métodos: Estudio observacional, descriptivo, de cohorte y prospectivo, aplicado entre marzo y julio del 2020, en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos del Hospital Clínico-Quirúrgico Dr. Salvador Allende, La Habana, Cuba. La población estuvo conformada por la totalidad de pacientes ingresados positivos a SARS CoV-2 (n= 20). Resultados: La edad promedio fue de 64,35 ± 15,21 años. El sexo masculino sobresalió. La estadía media fue 10,05 ± 5,5 días. El APACHE II medio fue de 16,6 ± 8,9. Los síntomas predominantes fueron la fiebre (55 por ciento), la tos (25 por ciento) y la disnea (20 por ciento). Conclusiones: La mortalidad en pacientes con COVID-19 se asoció con la edad, con el aumento de la estadía en Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos, elevados puntajes APACHE II, disminución de los valores de eritrosedimentación y del recuento linfocitario. La hipertensión fue el antecedente patológico más recurrente(AU)


Introduction: At the end of 2019 a new coronavirus caused an epidemic of acute respiratory disease in Wuhan, China. The World Health Organization called this condition "coronavirus disease 2019" and declared it pandemic on 11 March 2020. On that same date the first three COVID-19 cases were diagnosed in Cuba. Objective: Describe the behavior of 20 SARS-CoV-2 positive cases in an intensive care unit. Methods: An observational descriptive prospective cohort study was conducted from March to July 2020 at the Intensive Care Unit of Dr Salvador Allende Clinical Surgical Hospital in Havana, Cuba. The study population was all the patients admitted for positive SARS-CoV-2 (n= 20). Results: Mean age was 64.35 ± 15.21 years. Male sex prevailed. Mean hospital stay was 10.05 ± 5.5 days. Mean APACHE II was 16.6 ± 8.9. The prevailing symptoms were fever (55 percent), coughing (25 percent) and dyspnea (20 percent). Conclusions: Mortality of COVID-19 patients was associated to age, a longer stay in the intensive care unit, high APACHE II scores, reduced erythrosedimentation values and lymphocyte count. Hypertension was the most common pathological antecedent(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Respiration, Artificial/methods , APACHE , Intensive Care Units/standards , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome/prevention & control , COVID-19/complications
9.
Vive (El Alto) ; 4(10): 107-127, abr. 2021. tab.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292924

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: las múltiples y desconocidas características del coronavirus 2019-nCoV causante del síndrome respiratorio agudo y de millones de muertes en todo el mundo impulsó al desarrollo rápido de técnicas y kits de diagnóstico de laboratorio basados en la amplificación de secuencias virales o en la determinación de anticuerpos en sangre, sin embargo, tras su aplicación se generaron desacuerdos entre el resultado con la verdadera positividad o negatividad de la enfermedad. OBJETIVO: a través de la siguiente revisión se busca caracterizar y valorar el uso de las técnicas moleculares y serológicas, en función de factores como la sensibilidad y especificidad, tipo de espécimen y blanco de detección. METODOLOGIA: se emplearon las bases de datos Scopus y Web of Since obteniéndose 136 artículos de los cuales 25 cumplieron los criterios de inclusión como el desarrollo, validación clínica y estandarización de la técnica, así como nuevas metodologías propuestas. RESULTADOS: 17 elementos corresponden al diagnóstico de SARS-CoV-2 por técnicas moleculares y 8 por técnicas serológicas. El mayor número de publicaciones halladas provienen de China (5) y Estados Unidos (4), países de Europa (8) y Asia (6) mientras que, en América Latina se encontraron publicaciones procedentes de Brasil (1) y Ecuador (1). CONCLUSION: en relación a lo expuesto los ensayos moleculares destacan en su alta sensibilidad y especificidad y son usadas en cualquier etapa de la enfermedad. Las pruebas serológicas por su parte se recomiendan como complemento a las pruebas moleculares así como para monitoreo de la enfermedad en lugar de único marcador diagnóstico. (AU)


INTRODUCTION: the multiple and unknown characteristics of coronavirus 2019-nCoV causing acute respiratory syndrome and millions of deaths worldwide prompted the rapid development of laboratory diagnostic techniques and kits based on the amplification of viral sequences or the determination of antibodies in blood, however, after their application disagreements were generated between the result with the true positivity or negativity of the disease. OBJECTIVE: the following review seeks to characterize and evaluate the use of molecular and serological techniques, according to factors such as sensitivity and specificity, type of specimen and detection target. METHODOLOGY: the Scopus and Web of Since databases were used, obtaining 136 articles of which 25 met the inclusion criteria such as development, clinical validation and standardization of the technique, as well as new proposed methodologies. RESULTS: 17 items correspond to the diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2 by molecular techniques and 8 by serological techniques. The greatest number of publications found came from China (5) and the United States (4), European countries (8) and Asia (6) while, in Latin America, publications were found from Brazil (1) and Ecuador (1). CONCLUSIONS: in relation to the above, molecular assays stand out for their high sensitivity and specificity and are used at any stage of the disease. Serological tests are recommended as a complement to molecular tests as well as for disease monitoring instead of being the only diagnostic marker.(AU)


INTRODUÇÃO: as características múltiplas e desconhecidas do coronavírus 2019-nCoV, causando síndrome respiratória aguda e milhões de mortes em todo o mundo, levaram ao rápido desenvolvimento de técnicas e kits de diagnóstico laboratorial baseados na amplificação de sequências virais ou na determinação de anticorpos no sangue, porém, após sua aplicação foram geradas discordâncias entre o resultado com a verdadeira positividade ou negatividade da doença. OBJETIVO: a revisão a seguir visa caracterizar e avaliar o uso de técnicas moleculares e serológicas, dependendo de fatores como sensibilidade e especificidade, tipo de espécime e alvo de detecção. METODOLOGÍA: scopus e Web of Since foram utilizados, obtendo 136 artigos dos quais 25 preenchiam os critérios de inclusão, como desenvolvimento, validação clínica e padronização da técnica, assim como novas metodologias propostas. RESULTADOS: 17 itens correspondem ao diagnóstico do SARS-CoV-2 por técnicas moleculares e 8 por técnicas serológicas. O maior número de publicações encontradas veio da China (5) e dos Estados Unidos (4), países europeus (8) e da Ásia (6) enquanto, na América Latina, foram encontradas publicações do Brasil (1) e do Equador (1). CONCLUSÕES: em relação ao acima exposto, os ensaios moleculares se destacam por sua alta sensibilidade e especificidade e são utilizados em qualquer estágio da doença. Os testes serológicos são recomendados como um complemento aos testes moleculares, bem como para o monitoramento de doenças, em vez de serem o único marcador de diagnóstico.(AU)


Subject(s)
SARS-CoV-2 , Serologic Tests , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
10.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 93(1): e1335, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251748

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La COVID-19, enfermedad causada por Coronavirus SARS-CoV 2, ha devenido en pandemia en 185 países. Cuba la ha enfrentado sin informar fallecidos en edad pediátrica Objetivo: Examinar aspectos clínicos, epidemiológicos y cardiovasculares en menores de 18 años en período de convalecencia por COVID 19. Métodos: estudio descriptivo transversal en 36 pacientes diagnosticados de marzo a mayo de 2020 en Villa Clara, Cuba y evaluados posterior al alta clínica y epidemiológica en consulta de cardiología del Hospital Universitario "José Luis Miranda". La muestra no probabilística, se conformó por los que asistieron a consulta. Se estudiaron variables: edad, sexo, peso, talla, antecedentes patológicos y epidemiológicos, período de hospitalización, examen físico, exámenes complementarios iniciales y en la convalecencia. Se utilizaron técnicas de estadística descriptiva. Resultados: Predominaron edades mayores de 10 años (60,0 por ciento), sexo femenino (55,5 por ciento), estado nutricional óptimo sin enfermedad crónica previa. En Santa Clara y Camajuaní se presentaron eventos de transmisión local con mayores tasas de incidencia. La mayoría de los niños se encontraban asintomáticos, detectados por historia epidemiológica de contactos, de confirmados y sospechosos (89,0 por ciento). Las alteraciones en fases iniciales de convalecencia fueron miocarditis y pericarditis (13,8 por ciento). Conclusiones: En este estudio se detectaron complicaciones cardiovasculares secundarias a infección viral por coronavirus SARS COV 2, con criterios epidemiológicos, clínicos, electrocardiográficos, radiológicos de tórax y ecocardiográficos(AU)


Introduction: COVID-19 is caused by SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus and it has become a pandemic in 185 countries. Cuba has faced this pandemic without having any deaths in the pediatric ages. Objective: Examine clinical, epidemiological and cardiovascular aspects in patients under 18 years' old who are convalescents of COVID-19. Methods: Descriptive cross-sectional study in 36 patients diagnosed with COVID-19 from March to May, 2020 in Villa Clara province, Cuba; whom were attended after the clinical and epidemiological discharge in the Cardiology consultation of "José Luis Miranda" University Hospital in July, 2020.The non-probabilistic sample was formed with the patients that went to the consultation. The variables studied were: age, sex, weight, size, personal and epidemiological pathologic background, period of hospitalization, physical exam, initial and during recovery's complementary tests. The results were expressed in absolute and relative values. Results: There was a predominance of patients older than 10 years (60.0 percent), female sex (55.5 percent), optimal nutritional state and no chronic diseases. Santa Clara and Camajuaní presented events of local transmission and showed higher incidence rates. Most of the patients there were asymptomatic, and were detected mainly due to the epidemiological record of confirmed and suspicious cases (89.0 percent). Complications in the initial phases of convalescents were myocarditis and pericarditis (13.8 percent). Conclusions: There were detected cardiovascular complications as a consequence of the viral infection by SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus, with epidemiological, clinical, electrocardiographic, thorax radiology and echocardiographic criteria(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Referral and Consultation , Cardiology , Coronavirus , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
11.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 139(1): 65-71, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156964

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has instilled fear and stress among healthcare workers. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess work stress and associated factors among healthcare workers during the COVID-19 outbreak and to evaluate whether prior experience of treating severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) had a positive or negative influence on healthcare workers' stress levels during the COVID-19 pandemic. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional survey in a tertiary hospital in Kaohsiung City, in southern Taiwan. METHODS: The survey was conducted using an online self-administered questionnaire to measure the stress levels among healthcare workers from March 20 to April 20, 2020. The stress scales were divided into four subscales: worry of social isolation; discomfort caused by the protective equipment; difficulties and anxiety regarding infection control; and workload of caring for patients. RESULTS: The total stress scores were significantly higher among healthcare workers who were aged 41 or above, female, married, parents and nurses. Those with experience of treating SARS reported having significantly higher stress scores on the subscale measuring the discomfort caused by protective equipment and the workload of caring for patients. During the COVID-19 outbreak, frontline healthcare workers with experience of treating SARS indicated having higher stress levels regarding the workload of caring for patients than did non-frontline healthcare workers with no experience of treating SARS. CONCLUSIONS: Work experience from dealing with the 2003 SARS virus may have had a negative psychological impact on healthcare workers amidst the COVID-19 outbreak.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Health Personnel/psychology , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome/psychology , Pandemics , COVID-19/psychology , Anxiety/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Workload , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome/epidemiology , Occupational Stress/epidemiology , COVID-19/epidemiology
12.
San Salvador; MINSAL; feb. 16, 2021. 25 p. ilus.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1150934

ABSTRACT

El presente manual pretender bridar los pasos a seguir para realizar una vigilancia activa de todos los eventos supuestamente atribuidos a la vacuna e inmunización que puede ocurrir con la aplicación de la vacuna contra el SARS-CoV-2 y que no se detecten por medio de la notificación espontanea , desarrollando una investigación con su respectivo análisis en un numero especifico de pacientes a quienes se le administren la vacuna, a fin de identificar componentes clínicos y farmaco-epidemiologicos que permitan conocer eventos serios no conocidos o nuevas señales


This manual aims to provide the steps to follow to carry out an active surveillance of all the events supposedly attributed to the vaccine and immunization that can occur with the application of the vaccine against SARS-CoV-2 and that are not detected by means of the spontaneous notification, developing an investigation with its respective analysis in a specific number of patients to whom the vaccine is administered, in order to identify clinical and pharmaco-epidemiological components that allow knowing serious events not known or new signs


Subject(s)
Immunization , Coronavirus Infections , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome , Manuals as Topic , National Health Systems
13.
ABCS health sci ; 46: e021306, 09 fev. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1343364

ABSTRACT

Coronaviruses (CoVs) belong to the family Coronaviridae, which are enveloped and have a single-stranded RNA genome. The new coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) is the seventh known coronavirus that can infect humans and cause serious illness, such as acute respiratory syndrome. The coronaviruses already identified have contributed to the understanding of the clinical manifestations caused by SARSCoV-2, as well as their associations with the immune system. The aim of the present study was to carry out a narrative review of the literature on the host's immune response to infection by the new coronavirus. The review contains basic and summarized information on the main mechanisms involved in the immune response to SARS-CoV-2. The characteristics of the infection were considered according to the following: from the initial contact with the host through binding to angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE-2); the recognition of the pathogen by innate immunity cells; its containment mechanisms, including the production of effector cytokines and chemokines important in the development of the inflammatory process; and the participation of the complement system until the activation of the adaptive immune response. The probable occurrence of a host dysfunctional immune response and the escape mechanisms of the virus were also addressed. Despite numerous studies on the pathogenesis of SARS-CoV-2 infection, knowledge about the host's immune response in COVID-19 is not fully understood. The present work established the relationship between the new coronavirus and the immune system, but further studies are needed for all the mechanisms of the process to be elucidated.


Os coronavírus (CoVs) pertencem à família Coronaviridae, são envelopados com genoma de RNA (Ácido Ribonucleico) de fita simples e de sentido positivo. O novo coronavírus (SARS-CoV-2) é o sétimo coronavírus conhecido com capacidade de infectar seres humanos e pode provocar doença grave, como a síndrome respiratória aguda. Os coronavírus já identificados contribuíram para o entendimento das manifestações clínicas causadas pelo SARS-CoV-2, bem como suas correlações com o sistema imune. O presente trabalho teve o propósito de realizar uma revisão narrativa de literatura sobre a resposta imune do hospedeiro à infecção pelo novo coronavírus. A revisão contém informações básicas e resumidas dos principais mecanismos envolvidos na resposta imune ao SARS-CoV-2. Foram consideradas as características da infecção desde o contato inicial com o hospedeiro, por meio da ligação da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina 2 (ECA2), o reconhecimento do patógeno pelas células da imunidade inata, seus mecanismos de contenção, incluindo a produção de citocinas efetoras e quimiocinas importantes no desenvolvimento do processo inflamatório, a participação do sistema complemento até a ativação da resposta imune adaptativa. Foram abordados também a provável ocorrência de uma resposta imune disfuncional do hospedeiro e os mecanismos de escape do vírus. Apesar dos inúmeros trabalhos sobre a patogenia da infecção pelo SARS-CoV-2, o conhecimento sobre a resposta imune do hospedeiro na COVID-19 não está totalmente esclarecido. O presente trabalho estabeleceu as relações do novo coronavírus com o sistema imunológico, entretanto, mais estudos ainda são necessários para que todos os mecanismos do processo sejam elucidados.


Subject(s)
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/immunology , Immunity
14.
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 4(1): 31-39, ene, 22, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1146454

ABSTRACT

La disponibilidad de la secuencia de SARS-CoV-2 desde enero de 2020, permitió la implementación de ensayos de reacción en cadena de la polimerasa con transcripción inversa en tiempo real para la detección de este virus. Diversos tipos de muestra, reactivos y condiciones han sido estandarizados en diferentes países para utilizar este ensayo como prueba confirmativa de pacientes con COVID-19, siguiendo las indicaciones establecidas por la OMS en virtud de su alta sensibilidad y especificidad. Las condiciones generales para obtener resultados confiables de su aplicación implican detalles como la obtención de ácidos nucleicos en cantidad y pureza adecuadas de muestras que indiquen inequívocamente la presencia del virus en el paciente, incluso en etapas tempranas de la infección. El presente artículo presenta técnicas y procedimientos empleados por diferentes protocolos disponibles para la detección de SARS-CoV-2 mediante ensayos RT-PCR, efectuando comparaciones de parámetros de desempeño que permiten reconocer estrategias que pueden ser utilizadas en la mejora de este tipo de pruebas diagnósticas


The availability of the SARS-CoV-2 sequence since January 2020, allowed the implementation of real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction assays for the detection of this virus. Various types of samples, reagents and conditions have been standardized in different countries to use this assay as a confirmatory test for patients with COVID-19, following the indications established by the WHO due to its high sensitivity and specificity. The general conditions for obtaining reliable results from its application involve details such as obtaining nucleic acids in adequate quantity and purity from samples that unequivocally indicate the presence of the virus in the patient, even in the early stages of infection. This article presents techniques and procedures used by different protocols available for the detection of SARS-CoV-2 by means of RT-PCR tests, making comparisons of performance parameters that allow to recognize strategies that can be used in the improvement of this type of diagnostic tests


Subject(s)
Viruses , Coronavirus Infections , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
15.
San Salvador; MINSAL; ene.8, 2021. 69 p. ilus, graf.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1145837

ABSTRACT

Los presentes lineamientos establecen las disposiciones tecnicas al personal de Salud del Sistema Nacional Integrado de Salud, para realizacion de las acciones a ejecutar, en los procesos de conservacion, transporte y la aplicacion de la vacunacion de la poblacion contra el SARS-Cov-2.


These guidelines establish the technical provisions for the Health personnel of the National Integrated Health System, to carry out the actions to be carried out, in the processes of conservation, transport and the application of vaccination of the population against SARS-Cov-2


Subject(s)
Vaccination , Coronavirus Infections , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
16.
Rev. baiana saúde pública ; 45(Especial 1): 218-233, 20210101.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1178389

ABSTRACT

Identificada inicialmente em Wuhan, na China, a Covid-19 causada pelo novo coronavírus da síndrome respiratória (SARS-CoV-2) provocou um alerta global. Diante desse cenário emergencial, o Brasil, assim como outros países, tem vivenciando grandes mudanças nas ações e serviços em saúde. Na Bahia, a velocidade de disseminação da doença ocasionou um aumento significativo na notificação de casos e óbitos, promovendo uma restruturação no processo de trabalho da vigilância epidemiológica estadual para atuar de forma oportuna na captação, investigação e classificação de casos, e publicação e recomendações de medidas sanitárias. Este trabalho objetiva descrever o processo de trabalho na vigilância epidemiológica de óbitos por Covid-19 no estado da Bahia. Trata-se de um relato de experiência do processo de trabalho de análise dos óbitos por Covid-19 no período de março a dezembro de 2020. A trajetória metodológica foi estruturada em análise documental, relatórios de investigação, ferramentas de notificação do Ministério da Saúde e outros sistemas oficiais, como o Formulário Eletrônico do SUS ­ FormSUS, produzido pela Diretoria de Vigilância Epidemiológica para identificar os óbitos por Covid-19 nos hospitais da Bahia em tempo hábil, facilitando o processo de captação, investigação, análise e publicação de informação de mortalidade. Observou-se que a estruturação de um processo organizado e aplicado ao fluxo de trabalho possibilitou a qualificação e a fidedignidade das informações dos óbitos por Covid-19, garantindo mudanças incrementais no âmbito da vigilância e segurança das informações publicadas, essenciais para o planejamento das ações de prevenção e controle.


Initially identified in Wuhan, China, Covid-19 caused by the respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) has triggered a global alert. Faced with this emergency scenario, Brazil, like other countries, has been experiencing major changes in health actions and services. In the state of Bahia, the rapid spread of the disease increased significantly the notification of cases and deaths, promoting a restructuring in the work process of state epidemiological surveillance to act in a timely manner in capturing, investigating and classifying cases, publishing and recommending sanitary measures. This paper aims at describing the work process in the epidemiological surveillance of deaths by Covid-19 in the state of Bahia. This is an experience report of Covid-19 death analysis work process, from March to December 2020. The methodological trajectory was structured in document analysis, investigation reports, notification tools from the Ministry of Health and others official systems, and the SUS FormSUS Electronic Form, produced by the Epidemiological Surveillance Directorate (Divep) to identify deaths by Covid-19 by hospitals in Bahia in a timely manner, facilitating the process of capturing, investigating, analyzing and publishing information of mortality. It was observed that the structuring of an organized process and application to the workflow enabled the qualification and reliability of death information by Covid-19, ensuring incremental changes in the scope of surveillance and security in the published information, essential for planning prevention and control actions.


Inicialmente identificado en Wuhan, China, el covid-19 causante del síndrome respiratorio agudo grave (SARS-CoV-2) ha desencadenado una alerta global. Ante este escenario de emergencia, Brasil, al igual que otros países, ha venido experimentando importantes cambios en las acciones y servicios de salud. En Bahía, la velocidad de propagación de la enfermedad provocó un aumento significativo en la notificación de casos y defunciones, promoviendo una reestructuración en el proceso de trabajo de la vigilancia epidemiológica estadual para actuar de manera oportuna en la recopilación, investigación, clasificación de casos, publicación y recomendación de medidas preventivas. Este artículo tiene como objetivo describir el proceso de trabajo en la vigilancia epidemiológica de las muertes por covid-19 en el estado de Bahía. Es un informe de experiencia del proceso de trabajo de análisis de muertes por covid-19, de marzo a diciembre de 2020. La trayectoria metodológica se estructuró en análisis de documentos, informes de investigación, herramientas de notificación del Ministerio de Salud y otros sistemas oficiales, así como el Formulario Electrónico SUS FormSUS, elaborado por la Dirección de Vigilancia Epidemiológica (Divep) para identificar las muertes por covid-19 en los hospitales de Bahía de manera oportuna, lo que facilita el proceso de recopilación, investigación, análisis y publicación de información sobre mortalidad. Se observó que la estructuración de un proceso organizado y aplicado al flujo de trabajo permitió la calificación y confiabilidad de la información de muertes por covid-19, asegurando cambios incrementales en el alcance de la vigilancia y seguridad de la información publicada, fundamental para planificar la prevención y el control.


Subject(s)
Mortality , Coronavirus , Death , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome , Pandemics
17.
Rev. baiana saúde pública ; 45(Especial 1): 140-157, 20210101.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1178370

ABSTRACT

Apesar de incipientes, estudos têm contribuído com orientações a respeito de procedimentos para o afastamento de trabalhadores expostos direta ou indiretamente ao SARS-CoV-2, com sintomas de Síndrome Gripal ou de Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave ou que testaram positivo para Covid-19. Ainda há lacunas sobre as condutas necessárias para avaliação do retorno ao trabalho que extrapolem a abordagem clínica. Este estudo visa orientar a tomada de decisão, o planejamento e a adoção de medidas eficazes de proteção à saúde dos trabalhadores que retornam ao ambiente de trabalho após adoecimento por Covid-19. Realizou-se revisão da produção técnico-científica sobre Covid-19, afastamento e retorno ao trabalho e sistematização em documento orientador sobre o tema. Propõe-se elementos essenciais para a avaliação de retorno ao trabalho após adoecimento por Covid-19 mediante desenvolvimento de ações sincrônicas nas dimensões indivíduo, ambiente de trabalho e atores sociais. Tais ações consideram desde a real situação de saúde do(a) trabalhador(a) até as condições do ambiente de trabalho para o qual o(a) trabalhador(a) irá retornar, mediadas pelos atores envolvidos. A decisão sobre o tempo de afastamento do trabalho pautada apenas em critérios clínicos tende a ser restritiva e insuficiente frente à complexidade do processo de adoecimento por Covid-19, devendo-se incorporar aspectos psicossociais e adequações nos locais de trabalho.


Although incipient, studies have contributed with guidance regarding procedures for the removal of workers exposed directly or indirectly to SARS-CoV-2; with symptoms of Flu Syndrome or Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome; and/or tested positive for Covid-19. There is still a gap on the necessary conducts for returning to work that go beyond the clinical approach. This study aims at guiding decision-making, planning and adoption of effective measures to protect the health of workers that return to the work environment after falling ill by Covid-19. A review of the technical-scientific production on Covid-19, removal and return to work was conducted, and systematized in a guiding document on the subject. Essential elements are proposed for the assessment of return to work after illness by Covid-19 by the development of synchronous actions in the individual, work environment and social actor dimensions. Such actions consider the real health situation of the worker and the conditions of the work environment to which the worker will return, mediated by the actors involved. The decision on the time away from work based only on clinical criteria tends to be restrictive and insufficient considering the complexity of the illness process by Covid-19, and psychosocial aspects and adaptations in the workplace should be incorporated.


Aunque incipientes, los estudios han contribuido con la orientación sobre los procedimientos del alejamiento de trabajadores expuestos directa o indirectamente al SARS-CoV-2; con síntomas de síndrome de gripe o síndrome respiratorio agudo severo, o que dieron positivo para Covid-19. Aún existen lagunas en las conductas necesarias para la reinserción al trabajo que van más allá del abordaje clínico. Este estudio tiene como objetivo orientar la toma de decisiones, la planificación y la adopción de medidas efectivas de prevención a la salud de los trabajadores que regresan al entorno laboral después de enfermarse por Covid-19. Se realizó una revisión de la producción técnico-científica sobre Covid-19, alejamiento y vuelta al trabajo y una sistematización en un documento guía sobre el tema. Se proponen elementos esenciales para evaluar la reinserción al trabajo después de la enfermedad por Covid-19 mediante el desarrollo de acciones sincrónicas en las dimensiones individual, de ambiente laboral y de actores sociales. Tales acciones contemplan desde la situación real de salud del trabajador hasta las condiciones del entorno laboral al que retornará el trabajador, mediadas por los actores involucrados. La decisión sobre el tiempo de baja laboral basada únicamente en criterios clínicos tiende a ser restrictiva e insuficiente ante la complejidad del proceso de enfermedad por Covid-19, debiendo incorporarse aspectos psicosociales y adaptaciones en el ámbito laboral.


Subject(s)
Working Environment , Occupational Health , Coronavirus Infections , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome , Influenza, Human , Pandemics , Return to Work
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877745

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#We evaluated the impact of public health measures on paediatric emergency department attendances during the COVID-19 and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) outbreaks in Singapore.@*METHODS@#Between 1 January 2020 and 31 July 2020, we retrospectively reviewed paediatric emergency department attendances and admissions in a tertiary paediatric hospital in Singapore before and after a national lockdown to combat the spread of COVID-19 in Singapore. Hospital attendances and admissions were compared with data from a corresponding period in 2019 (1 January 2019 to 31 July 2019), as well as during and after the SARS outbreak (1 January 2003 to 31 December 2004).@*RESULTS@#Compared with a corresponding non-outbreak period, emergency department attendances decreased in line with nationwide public health measures during the COVID-19 and SARS outbreaks (2020 and 2003 respectively), before increasing gradually following lifting of restrictions, albeit not to recorded levels before these outbreaks. During the COVID-19 outbreak, mean daily attendances decreased by 40%, from 458 per day in January-July 2019, to 274 per day in January-July 2020. The absolute number of hospital inpatient admissions decreased by 37% from January-July 2019 (19,629) to January-July 2020 (12,304). The proportion of emergency department attendances requiring admission remained similar: 20% in January-July 2019 and 21% in January-July 2020.@*CONCLUSION@#Nationwide public health measures in Singapore have had an impact on paediatric emergency department attendances and hospital inpatient admissions. Data from this study could inform planning and resource allocation for emergency departments in Singapore and internationally.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , COVID-19/prevention & control , Child , Child, Preschool , Disease Outbreaks , Emergency Service, Hospital/trends , Facilities and Services Utilization/trends , Female , Health Policy , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Patient Acceptance of Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Patient Admission/trends , Pediatrics , Retrospective Studies , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome/epidemiology , Singapore/epidemiology
19.
Epidemiol. serv. saúde ; 30(1): e2020750, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1142937

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Descrever o perfil clínico-epidemiológico dos casos suspeitos de COVID-19 internados em hospital federal do Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil, e identificar fatores associados ao óbito. Métodos: Estudo seccional, utilizando dados da vigilância epidemiológica local até a Semana Epidemiológica 27 de 2020. Empregou-se regressão logística. Resultados: Foram incluídos 376 casos internados suspeitos de COVID-19, dos quais 52,9% eram mulheres, 57,4% tinham 50 anos ou mais de idade e 80,1% exibiam comorbidades. Foram confirmados para COVID-19 195 casos (51,9%), cuja letalidade (37,9%) foi maior, comparada à dos descartados (24,2%). Na análise ajustada, associaram-se ao óbito, nos casos confirmados, ter 50 a 69 (OR=11,65 - IC95% 1,69;80,33) e 70 ou mais anos (OR=8,43 - IC95% 1,22;58,14), apresentar neoplasia (OR=4,34 - IC95% 1,28;14,76) e usar suporte ventilatório invasivo (OR=70,20 - IC95% 19,09;258,19). Conclusão: Houve elevada prevalência de comorbidades e letalidade; os principais fatores associados ao óbito foram idade, presença de neoplasia e suporte ventilatório invasivo.


Objetivo: Describir el perfil clínico-epidemiológico de casos sospechosos de COVID-19 ingresados en hospital federal de Río de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil, y factores asociados al óbito. Métodos: Estudio transversal utilizando datos de la vigilancia epidemiológica local de casos sospechosos hospitalizados hasta la Semana Epidemiológica 27 de 2020 y regresión logística. Resultados: Se incluyeron 376 casos, de los cuales 52,9% era de mujeres, 57,4% tenía 50 años o más, 80,1% tenía comorbilidades. Se confirmó para COVID-19 un 51,9% . Los casos confirmados tuvieron una mayor letalidad (37,9%) que los descartados (24,2%). La mortalidad ajustada en los confirmados fue mayor en los grupos de edad de 50 a 69 años (OR=11,65 - IC95% 1,69; 80,33), 70 años o más (OR=8,43 - IC95% 1,22;58,14), con neoplasia (OR=4,34 - IC95% 1,28;14,76) y uso de soporte ventilatorio invasivo (OR=70,20 - IC95% 19,09;258,19). Conclusión: La mayor mortalidad se asoció con personas de edad avanzada, con neoplasias y uso de soporte ventilatorio invasivo.


Objective: To describe the clinical and epidemiological profile of suspected COVID-19 cases admitted to a federal hospital in Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil, and to identify factors associated with death. Methods:This was a cross-sectional study using local epidemiological surveillance data as at epidemiological week 27 of 2020 and logistic regression. Results: 376 hospitalized suspected COVID-19 cases were included; 52.9% were female, 57.4% were 50 years old or over and 80.1% had comorbidities. 195 (51.9%) COVID-19 cases were confirmed and their lethality was higher (37.9%) than among discarded cases (24.2%). In the adjusted analysis, death among confirmed cases was associated with being in the 50-69 age group (OR=11.65 - 95%CI 1.69;80.33), being aged 70 or over (OR=8.43 - 95%CI 1.22;58.14), presence of neoplasms (OR=4.34 - 95%CI 1.28;14.76) and use of invasive ventilatory support (OR=70.20 - 95%CI 19.09;258.19). Conclusion: High prevalence of comorbidities and lethality was found; the main factors associated with death were being older, neoplasms and invasive ventilatory support.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Coronavirus Infections/mortality , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome/epidemiology , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Brazil/epidemiology , Comorbidity , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hospital Mortality , Pandemics
20.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 37(supl.1): e1367, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1351995

ABSTRACT

Introducción: En diciembre 2019 emergió una nueva enfermedad, la COVID-19, hasta ser declarada por la Organización Mundial de la Salud como pandemia. Internacionalmente se han publicado artículos y guías útiles para la protección del personal y guías de actuación en los Servicios de Medicina Nuclear para la práctica de exploraciones o tratamientos a pacientes positivos al SARS CoV-2 o altamente sospechosos. Objetivo: Analizar las experiencias y recomendaciones para los Servicios de Medicina Nuclear de diferentes grupos de trabajo ante los retos que plantea mantener la asistencia médica en tiempos de COVID-19 e identificar cuáles son las que podrían aplicarse en Cuba. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica, en español e inglés, de publicaciones en el transcurso de este año. Se utilizaron los motores de búsqueda de Google, Google Académico y Pubmed. Se recolectó y organizó toda la información de las recomendaciones y guías para el trabajo de los Servicios de Medicina Nuclear en la etapa pandémica de la COVID-19 y los hallazgos encontrados en estudios de medicina nuclear en pacientes asintomáticos, que muestran imágenes morfológicas y funcionales características de la neumonía causada por COVID-19. Análisis y síntesis de la información: Se analizaron las diferentes medidas que han propuesto grupos de trabajo en Asia, Europa y América del Norte, se identificaron las más relevantes y se evidenció que son también las que coinciden en casi todas las recomendaciones. Conclusiones: Se propone qué medidas generales podrían adoptarse en los Servicios de Medicina Nuclear cubanos en el contexto de la pandemia de COVID-19(AU)


Introduction: In December 2019, a new disease emerged, COVID-19, until it was declared by the World Health Organization as a pandemic. Articles and useful guides have been published internationally for the protection of personnel and guidelines for action in the Nuclear Medicine Services for the practice of examinations or treatments for patients who are positive for SARS CoV-2 or highly suspicious. Objective: To analyze the experiences and recommendations for the Nuclear Medicine Services of different working groups in the face of the challenges posed by maintaining medical care in times of COVID-19 and to identify which ones could be applied in our country. Methods: A bibliographic review was carried out, in Spanish and English, of publications in the course of this year. The search engines Google, Google Scholar and Pubmed were used. All the information on the recommendations and guidelines for the work of the Nuclear Medicine Services in the pandemic stage of COVID-19 and the findings found in nuclear medicine studies in asymptomatic patients, showing morphological and functional images characteristic of the pneumonia caused by COVID-19, was collected and organized. Analysis and synthesis of the information: The different measures proposed by working groups in Asia, Europe and North America were analyzed, the most relevant were identified and it was shown that they are also the ones that coincide in almost all the recommendations. Conclusions: It is proposed what general measures could be adopted in Cuban Nuclear Medicine Services in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , World Health Organization , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome , Pandemics , COVID-19 , Medical Assistance , Nuclear Medicine/methods , Cuba , Occupational Groups
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