Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 417
Filter
2.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(10): 765-774, Oct. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357065

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To investigate depression and sexual function among pregnant and nonpregnant women throughout the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods A total of 188 women, 96 pregnant and 92 non-pregnant were included. The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the Arizona Sexual Experience Scale (ASEX) were applied to the participants after obtaining sociodemographic data. Results The depression scores of pregnant and non-pregnant women were similar (p = 0.846). We found that the depression scores were significantly higher among the group of participants who have lower economic status (p = 0.046). Moreover, the depression score was significantly higher among women who lost their income during the pandemic (p = 0.027). The score on the ASEX was significantly higher, and sexual dysfunction was more prevalent among women who have lower levels of schooling and income (p < 0.05). Likewise, the ASEX scores were significantly higher (p = 0.019) among the group who experienced greater income loss throughout the pandemic. Upon comparing the pregnant and non-pregnant groups, we detected that sexual dysfunction had a significantly higher rate among pregnant women (p < 0.001). Conclusion In times of global crisis, such as the current pandemic, low-income families have an increased risk of experiencing depression and sexual dysfunction. When we compared pregnant women with non-pregnant women, depression scores were similar, but pregnant women were at a 6.2 times higher risk of developing sexual dysfunction.


Resumo Objetivo Investigar a depressão e as funções sexuais de mulheres grávidas e não grávidas durante a pandemia de Covid-19. Métodos Um total de 188 mulheres, 96 grávidas e 92 não grávidas, foram incluídas. O Inventário de Depressão de Beck (Beck Depression Inventory, BDI, em inglês) e a Escala de Experiências Sexuais do Arizona (Arizona Sexual Experience Scale, ASEX, em inglês) foram aplicados aos participantes após a obtenção dos dados sociodemográficos. Resultados As pontuações de depressão de mulheres grávidas e não grávidas foram semelhantes (p = 0,846). Verificou-se que as pontuações de depressão foram significativamente maiores no grupo de participantes de menor nível econômico (p = 0,046). Além disso, a pontuação de depressão foi significativamente maior em mulheres que perderam sua renda durante a pandemia (p = 0,027). A pontuação na ASEX foi significativamente maior, e a disfunção sexual foi mais prevalente em pessoas com menores escolaridade e nível de renda (p < 0,05). Da mesma forma, as pontuações na ASEX foram significativamente mais altas (p = 0,019) no grupo que experimentou maior perda de renda durante a pandemia. Ao comparar os grupos de gestantes e não gestantes, detectou-se que a disfunção sexual apresentava índice significativamente Conclusão Em tempos de crise global, como a atual pandemia, famílias de baixa renda têm um risco maior de sofrer depressão e disfunção sexual. Quando comparamos mulheres grávidas e mulheres não grávidas, as pontuações de depressão foram semelhantes, mas as mulheres grávidas apresentaram um risco 6,2 vezes maior de desenvolver disfunção sexual.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological/epidemiology , Pregnant Women/psychology , Depression/epidemiology , Pandemics , COVID-19/psychology , COVID-19/epidemiology , Sexual Behavior , Turkey/epidemiology , Unemployment/psychology , Cross-Sectional Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Economic Factors , Middle Aged
3.
Rev. colomb. obstet. ginecol ; 72(2): 193-201, Apr.-June 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1289316

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Realizar una reflexión sobre la relación etiológica recíproca entre la disfunción sexual femenina y la drogodependencia, y sus implicaciones prácticas e investigativas. Materiales y métodos: Se presenta una descripción de los efectos y las consecuencias a corto y a largo plazo del uso de drogas en mujeres y se analiza si el uso de drogas es la causa de la disfunción sexual o si, por el contrario, la disfunción sexual conduce al uso de drogas. Asimismo, se discute la necesidad de ahondar en la investigación que relaciona estas dos variables y sus implicaciones clínicas. Conclusión: El consumo de drogas afecta la función sexual femenina, por lo que es pertinente un diagnóstico inicial y la rehabilitación sexual tras el uso crónico de sustancias psicoactivas; asimismo, se hace indispensable implementar medidas profilácticas para disminuir el uso de drogas en la actividad sexual y sus consecuencias asociadas, y ampliar la investigación de esta área del conocimiento médico y psicológico.


Abstract Objective: To reflect on the reciprocal etiologic relationship between female sexual dysfunction and drug abuse, and its implications for practice and research. Materials and Methods: A description of the effects and short-term and long-term consequences of drug use in women is presented together with an analysis of whether drug use is the cause of sexual dysfunction or on the contrary, if sexual dysfunction leads to drug abuse. The need to conduct further research into the relationship between these two variables and their clinical implications is also discussed. Conclusion: Drug use affects female sexual function, hence the importance of initial diagnosis and sexual rehabilitation following chronic use of psychoactive substances; Implementing prophylactic measures in order to reduce drug use during sexual activity and its associated consequences; and expanding research in this area of medical and psychological knowledge.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological , Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological , Substance-Related Disorders , Sexual Health
6.
Rev. colomb. psiquiatr ; 50(1): 34-38, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1251630

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: El conocimiento de la frecuencia de comportamientos zoofílicos en la población general es escaso. Objetivo: Revisar casos, series de casos y estudios de prevalencia de zoofilia en adultos de la población general. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión en las bases de datos de MEDLINE, a través de PubMed, Scopus y la Biblioteca Virtual en Salud de publicaciones desde enero de 2000 hasta diciembre de 2017. Resultados: Se revisaron 13 trabajos (10 informes de casos, 2 series de casos y 1 estudio transversal). Entre los casos se describió a 12 pacientes; las series de casos sumaron a 1.556 personas y el estudio transversal incluyó a 1.015 participantes e informó de una prevalencia de comportamientos zoofílicos del 2%. Conclusiones: Es escasa la información sobre la prevalencia de comportamientos zoofílicos en la población general. Es probable que internet permita investigar mejor estos comportamientos en los próximos años.


ABSTRACT Background: Information about the frequency of zoophilic behaviour in the general population is scarce. Objective: To review cases, case series and prevalence studies of zoophilia in adults in the general population. Methods: A review of publications was carried out in MEDLINE via PubMed, Scopus and the Biblioteca Virtual en Salud [Virtual Health Library] ranging from January 2000 to December 2017. Results: Thirteen papers were reviewed (ten case reports, two case series and one cross-sectional study). Twelve patients were described, the case series totalled 1,556 people and the cross-sectional study included 1,015 participants and reported a prevalence of zoophilic behaviour of 2%. Conclusions: Information on the prevalence of zoophilic behaviour in the general population is limited. The Internet will probably be a valuable tool for further investigating these behaviours in coming years.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological , Libraries, Digital , Population , Volition , Cross-Sectional Studies , MEDLINE , Internet , PubMed , Methods
7.
Rev. colomb. obstet. ginecol ; 72(1): 33-42, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251611

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: definir la incidencia de deseo sexual hipoactivo (DSH) en mujeres que planifican con el implante subdérmico de levonorgestrel (LNG) después de 12 meses, y conocer otros efectos adversos. Materiales y métodos: estudio de cohorte, cuyas participantes fueron mujeres mayores de 18 años sin hijos ni embarazos previos y con pareja estable, a quienes se les había insertado el implante de LNG al menos tres meses previos en una clínica privada de carácter universitario en Armenia (Quindío), Colombia, entre 2014 y 2019. Se excluyeron mujeres con antecedentes de disfunción sexual, infecciones de transmisión sexual en los últimos 6 meses, peso mayor a 89 Kg y dificultades para el seguimiento. El muestreo fue consecutivo. Se describieron las características de la población estudiada, se estimó la incidencia acumulada de DSH y efectos adversos relacionados con el implante subdérmico de LNG Resultados: participaron 238 mujeres cuya edad media fue de 24,69 (DE ± 5,82) años. Se determinó una incidencia de deseo sexual hipoactivo del 18,82%. El 60,25% de las mujeres fueron diagnosticadas con DHS en los primeros 6 meses de seguimiento. Los efectos adversos se hicieron presentes desde los primeros 3 meses de la inserción del implante, el sangrado irregular (62,34%) fue el más frecuente, seguido de la amenorrea (38,91%) y el aumento de peso (33,89%). Conclusiones: es importante que los médicos y las usuarias se informen sobre la presencia del trastorno de deseo sexual hipoactivo y los efectos adversos que pueden surgir con el uso del implante subdérmico de levonorgestrel. Las futuras investigaciones deben confirmar estos hallazgos, así como su eventual base fisiológica.


ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the incidence of low libido in women using the levonorgestrel (LNG) sub-dermal implant for contraception after 12 months and to identify other adverse effects. Materials and methods: Cohort study that included women over the age of 18, with no children or prior gestations and in a stable relationship, with an LNG implant inserted at least three months before in a private teaching hospital in Armenia (Quindío), Colombia, between 2014 and 2019. Women with a history of sexual dysfunction, sexually transmitted infections in the past six months, weighing more than 89 kg and difficult to follow were excluded. Consecutive sampling was used. The characteristics of the study population were described, the cumulative incidence of low libido and the adverse effects related to the LNG sub-dermal implant after 12 months of follow-up were estimated. The tool used was the Female Sexual Dysfunction Index (FSFI). Descriptive statistics were applied. Results: The participants were 238 women with a mean age of 24.69 (SD ± 5.82) years. An 18.82% incidence of low libido was found. In 60.25% of the women were diagnosed with low libido in the first 6 months of follow-up. Adverse effects manifested as early as 3 months after the insertion of the implant, the most frequent being irregular bleeding (62.34%), followed by amenorrhea (38.91%) and weight gain (33.89%). Conclusions: It is important for practitioners and users to become aware of the presence of low libido disorder and the adverse events that may occur with the use of the levonorgestrel subdermal implant. Future research is required to confirm these findings and the underlying physiological cause.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological , Levonorgestrel , Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological , Risk Factors , Cohort Studies , Contraception , Family Planning Services
8.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 8(1): 1-10, mar. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151569

ABSTRACT

La sexualidad es un aspecto importante en la calidad de vida de la mujer, sin embargo, los estudios sobre sexualidad dedicados a las mujeres de 60 años y más son escasos. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la prevalencia de la disfunción sexual femenina y sus dominios en mujeres de 60 años y más, e identificar la asociación entre enfermedades asociadas y consumo de medicamentos con la disfunción sexual. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal, en mujeres de 60 años y más, de La Habana, Cuba. Participaron 112 mujeres a las cuales se les aplicaron dos encuestas: el Índice de Función Sexual Femenino (IFSF) y otra que recogía antecedentes médicos y sociales. El 66,1% de las mujeres presentó algún grado de disfunción sexual, la prevalencia aumentaba con la edad. Los dominios más afectados fueron el deseo, la excitación y la lubricación. Se identificó una fuerte asociación entre la enfermedad de Parkinson, la depresión y la artrosis con la aparición de disfunción sexual en la población estudiada, así como el uso de antidepresivos, hipoglicemiantes orales y diuréticos. La disfunción sexual estuvo presente en el 100% de las mujeres octogenarias. Todas las mujeres con enfermedad de Parkinson presentaron disfunción sexual.


Sexuality is an important aspect in women's quality of life, however, sexuality studies dedicated to women age 60 and older are scarce. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of female sexual dysfunction and its domains in women age 60 and older, and to identify the association between diseases and drug use with sexual dysfunction. A descriptive and cross-cutting study was conducted, in women 60 years and older, in Havana, Cuba. Two surveys participated in 112 women: The Female Sexual Function Index (IFSF) and another who collected a medical and social history. 66.1% of women had some degree of sexual dysfunction, the prevalence increased with age. The domains most affected were desire, excitement, and lubrication. A strong association between Parkinson's disease, depression and osteoarthritis was identified with the onset of sexual dysfunction in the studied population, as well as the use of antidepressants, oral hypoglycemics and diuretics. Sexual dysfunction was present in 100% of octogenary women. All women with Parkinson's disease had sexual dysfunction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological , Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological/epidemiology , Sexuality/psychology , Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological , Parkinson Disease/complications , Quality of Life , Prevalence , Surveys and Questionnaires , Age Distribution , Cuba/epidemiology , Depression/complications
9.
Evid. actual. práct. ambul ; 24(3): e002106, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1348697

ABSTRACT

A partir del caso de una paciente con trastorno por deseo sexual hipoactivo durante su climaterio y a través del resumen de los resultados de dos revisiones sistemáticas, los autores de este artículo revisan la evidencia sobre la suplementación con andrógenos para el tratamiento de esta condición clínica. Concluyen que su uso sería relativamente seguro a corto plazo, aunque su eficacia no alcanzaría la relevancia clínica y no contamos aún con mayor información sobre la seguridad en el largo plazo. Los autores destacan además que el abordaje de las pacientes con este problema de salud debería ser realizado en forma integral, incluyendo opciones terapéuticas no farmacológicas e informando sobre las incertidumbres todavía presentes. (AU)


Based on the case of a patient with hypoactive sexual desire disorder during her climacteric period and through the summary of the results of two systematic reviews, the authors of this article review the evidence supporting androgen supplementation for the treatment of this clinical condition. They conclude that its use would be relatively safe in the short term, although its efficacy would not reach clinical relevance and no further information on long-term safety is available. The authors also highlight that patients with this health problem should be approached comprehensively, including non-pharmacological therapeutic options and providing information on the uncertainties still present. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Testosterone/therapeutic use , Climacteric , Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological/drug therapy , Androgens/therapeutic use , Menopause , Off-Label Use , Systematic Reviews as Topic
10.
Rev. med. Risaralda ; 26(2): 123-129, jul.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1150019

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Establecer la prevalencia del déficit de vitamina D en hombres y mujeres con deseo sexual hipoactivo. Materiales y métodos: Estudio de corte transversal en el período 2011- 2017 en Armenia, Colombia en una muestra de 107 participantes. Se incluyeron hombres y mujeres con diagnóstico en la consulta externa, de una clínica privada de carácter universitario de referencia, de deseo sexual hipoactivo (DSH). Se les realizó cuantificación de 25-hidroxivitamina D [25(OH)D] (calcidiol) y se consideró que en la historia clínica tuvieran diligenciados los cuestionarios: Decreased Sexual Desire Screener (DSDS) o Prueba del Deseo Sexual Inhibido (PDSI), en las mujeres , y el cuestionario Sexual desire inventory (SDI) en los hombres. Muestreo no probabilístico por conveniencia. Se aplicó estadística descriptiva. Los resultados se exponen de manera agrupada para el total de la población. Resultados: La prevalencia del déficit de vitamina D fue del 63.55 % (34.57 % en hombres y 28.97 % en mujeres). Los niveles de vitamina D fueron inferiores en los hombres respecto a las mujeres, (34.57 vs. 41.36; p<0.001), con mayor porcentaje de deficiencia (21.49 vs. 14.95 % p<0.007) y de insuficiencia (16.82 vs. 10.28 %, p<0.001). Conclusiones: Es considerablemente alta la prevalencia (63.55 %) del déficit de vitamina D, en hombres y mujeres con deseo sexual hipoactivo. Se hace necesaria la cuantificación de sus niveles a fin de establecer la suplencia como parte del tratamiento.


Abstract Objective: To establish the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in men and women with hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD). Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted between 2011 and 2017, in Armenia, Colombia to a group of 107 participants (men and women) that were diagnosed with hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) in the outpatient department of a private University Referral Clinic. The participants underwent quantification of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25 (OH) D] (calcidiol) and it was confirmed if the medical records of the participants had completed some specific questionnaires. The Decreased Sexual Desire Screener (DSDS) or Test of Inhibited Sexual Desire (ISD) was required for women and the Sexual desire inventory (SDI) was required for men. Non-probability sampling for convenience was implemented, descriptive statistics were applied, and the results are presented in a general way for the total population Results: The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency was 63.55% in total, 34.57% in men and 28.97% in women. Vitamin D levels were lower in men than in women (34.57 vs. 41.36, p <0.001), with a higher percentage of deficiency (21.49 vs. 14.95% p <0.007) and of insufficiency (16.82 vs. 10.28%, p <0.001). Conclusion: The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency is considerably high in men and women with hypoactive sexual desire. It is necessary to quantify their vitamin D levels in order to establish the substitution as part of the treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Vitamin D Deficiency , Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological , Outpatients , Referral and Consultation , Therapeutics , Vitamin D , Calcifediol , Equipment and Supplies
11.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 42(6): 333-339, June 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137845

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Sexual function is a multidimensional phenomenon that is affected by many biological and psychological factors. Cognitive-behavioral sex therapies are among themost common nonpharmacological approaches to psychosexual problems. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effectiveness of psychoeducational and cognitive-behavioral counseling on female sexual dysfunction. Methods The present study was a clinical trial with intervention and control groups. The study population consisted of women referring to the general clinic of a governmental hospital in Iran. After completing the demographic questionnaire and Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), those who obtained the cutoff score ≤ 28 were contacted and invited to participate in the study. Convenience sampling method was used and 35 subjects were randomly allocated for each group. Eight counseling sessions were held for the intervention group (two/week/1.5 hour). Post-test was taken from both groups after 1 month, and the results were statistically analyzed by PASW Statistics for Windows, Version 18 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA). Results The total mean scores of FSFI and the subscales of sexual desire, arousal, orgasm, and satisfaction were significantly higher in the intervention group than in the control group after the intervention. In addition, postintervention pain mean scores in the intervention group were significantly lower than in the control group (p < 0.05). Conclusion The results of the present study indicate that psychoeducational cognitive- behavioral counseling is effective in improving female sexual function. It is recommended to compare the effects of psychoeducational cognitive-behavioral counseling on sexual dysfunctions of couples and with a larger sample size in future research.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Sexual Behavior , Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological/psychology , Counseling , Surveys and Questionnaires , Women's Health , Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological/therapy , Iran
13.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 40(1): 34-38, mar. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1102292

ABSTRACT

Las mujeres han sido tratadas por décadas con testosterona intentando aliviar una gran variedad de síntomas con riesgos y beneficios inciertos. En la mayoría de los países, la testosterona se prescribe "off-label", de modo que las mujeres están utilizando compuestos y dosis ideadas para tratamientos en hombres. En este sentido, varias sociedades médicas de distintos continentes adoptaron recientemente por consenso una toma de posición sobre los beneficios y potenciales riesgos de la terapia con testosterona en la mujer, explorar las áreas de incertidumbre e identificar prácticas de prescripción con potencial de causar daño. Las recomendaciones con respecto a los beneficios y riesgos de la terapia con testosterona se basan en los resultados de ensayos clínicos controlados con placebo de al menos 12 semanas de duración. A continuación se comentan las recomendaciones. (AU)


There are currently no clear established indications for testosterone replacement therapy for women. Nonetheless, clinicians have been treating women with testosterone to alleviate a variety of symptoms for decades with uncertainty regarding its benefits and risks. In most countries, testosterone therapy is prescribed off-label, which means that women are using testosterone formulations or compounds approved for men with a modified dose for women. Due to these issues, there was a need for a global Consensus Position Statement on testosterone therapy for women based on the available evidence from placebo randomized controlled trials (RCTs). This Position Statement was developed to inform health care professionals about the benefits and potential risks of testosterone therapy intended for women. The aim of the Consensus was to provide clear guidance as to which women might benefit from testosterone therapy; to identify symptoms, signs, and certain conditions for which the evidence does not support the prescription of testosterone; to explore areas of uncertainty, and to identify any prescribing practices that have the potential to cause harm. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Testosterone/therapeutic use , Postmenopause/drug effects , Appetite Depressants/adverse effects , Phenytoin/adverse effects , Placebos/administration & dosage , Psychotropic Drugs/adverse effects , Tamoxifen/adverse effects , Testosterone/administration & dosage , Testosterone/analysis , Testosterone/adverse effects , Testosterone/pharmacology , Cardiovascular Agents/adverse effects , Indomethacin/adverse effects , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone/adverse effects , Postmenopause/physiology , Controlled Clinical Trials as Topic , Cholinergic Antagonists/adverse effects , Contraceptives, Oral/adverse effects , Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological/etiology , Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological/therapy , Danazol/adverse effects , Consensus , Aromatase Inhibitors/adverse effects , Off-Label Use , Factor Xa Inhibitors/adverse effects , Amphetamines/adverse effects , Histamine Antagonists/adverse effects , Androgen Antagonists/adverse effects , Androgens/physiology , Ketoconazole/adverse effects , Narcotics/adverse effects
14.
Rev. Pesqui. Fisioter ; 10(1): 93-102, Fev. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223458

ABSTRACT

A disfunção do desejo sexual feminino é prevalente e impacta negativamente sobre a função sexual e a qualidade de vida, mas não existem escalas funcionais que levem em conta função e disfunção. OBJETIVO: construir e validar uma escala curta para avaliação funcional do desejo sexual feminino. MÉTODO: Correlação dos resultados de função do desejo sexual avaliado pelo Índice de Função Sexual Feminina (FSFI) e a nova escala funcional, em uma amostra via internet da população feminina brasileira em geral por meio do teste T de Student e o coeficiente de Spearman. Curva ROC fomentou a análise de corroboração entre os dados do domínio disfunção do desejo do FSFI com a nova escala de avaliação funcional. RESULTADOS: Metade das mulheres da amostra apresentou disfunção sexual pelo FSFI, sendo que um terço apresentou disfunção do desejo sexual. Houve boa correlação entre os resultados da nova escala e do domínio desejo sexual do FSFI, bem como boa sensibilidade e especificidade do modelo pela curva ROC. CONCLUSÃO: a nova escala curta de avaliação funcional do desejo sexual feminino com base na Classificação Internacional de Funcionalidade, Incapacidade e Saúde pode ser uma ferramenta útil na avaliação da função do desejo sexual feminino.


Female sexual desire dysfunction is prevalent and negatively impacts sexual function and quality of life, but there are no functional scales that take into account function and dysfunction. OBJECTIVE: To construct and validate a short scale for functional evaluation of female sexual desire. METHOD: Correlation of sexual desire function results assessed by the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) and the new functional scale in an internet sample of the Brazilian female population in general through the Student's t test and the Spearman coefficient. ROC curve fostered corroborating analysis between data from the FSFI desire dysfunction domain with the new functional assessment scale. RESULTS: Half of the women in the sample had sexual dysfunction by FSFI, and one third had sexual desire dysfunction. There was a good correlation between the results of the new scale and the FSFI sexual desire domain, as well as good sensitivity and specificity of the model by the ROC curve. CONCLUSION: The new short functional rating scale for female sexual desire based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health may be a useful tool in assessing the function of female sexual desire.


Subject(s)
Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological , Women , Validation Study
15.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 42(1): 26-34, Jan. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092625

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To assess the construct and criterion validity of the Postmenopause Sexuality Questionnaire (PMSQ). Methods The present methodological questionnaire validation study included postmenopausal women. The construct validity was tested by factor analysis and the criterion validity was performed using the correlation between the PMSQ and the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI). The ROC curve was used to verify sensitivity, specificity and to determine the cutoff point of the PMSQ. Results A total of 181 women with amean age of 56.4 ± 5.7 years old were evaluated. The exploratory factor analysis showed that the PMSQ presented Kaiser test = 0.88 and χ2 = 3293.7 (p < 0.001), commonalities ≥ 0.5, and extraction of 9 factors with eigenvalue ≥ 1; explaining 66.3% of the total variance. The PMSQ presented factor loadings between 0.4 and 0.8. A strong correlation between the 2 questionnaires (r = 0.79; p = 0.000) was shown. The cutoff point of the PMSQ was ≤ 55.5, assuming 87.9% sensitivity and 78.9% specificity (p < 0.001). Conclusion Since the PMSQ showed a strong correlation with the FSFI questionnaire, it presented good psychometric properties to assess the sexuality in postmenopausal women. Based on these results, the PMSQ could be widely tested as a specific instrument to examine the sexual function in postmenopausal women. Future studies, designed to examine the PMSQ instrument in different populations, are needed.


Resumo Objetivos Validar o construto e o critério do Questionário para Avaliação da Sexualidade Feminina após a Menopausa (QSFM). Métodos Estudo metodológico de validação de questionário incluiu mulheres na pósmenopausa. A validade de construto foi testada pormeio da análise fatorial e a validade de critério foi realizada por meio da correlação entre o QSFM e o Índice de Função Sexual Feminina (FSFI). A Curva ROC foi utilizada para verificar sensibilidade, especificidade e determinar o ponto de corte do QSFM. Resultados Foram avaliadas 181 mulheres, com idade média de 56,4 ± 5,7 anos. A análise fatorial exploratória mostrou que o QSFM apresentou teste de Kaiser = 0,88 e χ2 = 3293,7 (p < 0,001), comunalidades ≥ 0,5 com extração de nove fatores com autovalor ≥ 1; explicando 66,3% da variância total. O QSFM apresentou cargas fatoriais entre 0,4 e 0,8. Uma forte correlação entre os dois questionários (r = 0,79; p = 0,000) foi demonstrada. O ponto de corte do QSFM foi ≤ 55,5, assumindo sensibilidade de 87,9% e especificidade de 78,9% (p < 0,001). Conclusão Como o QSFM demonstrou uma forte concordância com o questionário FSFI, ele apresentou boas propriedades psicométricas para avaliar a sexualidade em mulheres na pós-menopausa. Com base nesses resultados, o QSFM pode ser amplamente utilizado como um instrumento específico para examinar a função sexual em mulheres na pós-menopausa. Estudos futuros são necessários para examinar o instrumento QSFM em diferentes populações.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Psychometrics , Postmenopause , Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological/psychology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Reproducibility of Results , Middle Aged
16.
Arch. med ; 20(1): 71-85, 2020-01-18.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1053232

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: evaluar la eficacia y seguridad de dos terapias hormonales sustitutivas, combinadas con testosterona, en el tratamiento del trastorno del deseo sexual hipoactivo en mujeres en climaterio. Materiales y métodos: ensayo clínico, aleatorizado, controlado, no enmascarado. Se incluyeron mujeres mayores o igual a 40 años y menores de 60 años, con útero, con actividad sexual en las últimas seis semanas, aquejadas por síntomas vasomotores, cuyo motivo de co sulta consistió en bajo deseo sexual. Se utilizó como instrumento el cuestionario Índice de Función Sexual Femenina (IFSF). Se asignaron dos grupos aleatorizados: grupo «A¼ (51 recibieron estrógenos conjugados de equinos y edroxiprogesterona más testosterona) y grupo «B¼ (54 tibolona más testosterona). El estudio fue realizado entre julio de 2015 y diciembre de 2016, en Armenia, Quindío, Colombia. Resultados: se analizó una población de 105 mujeres. La media de edad fue de 55,8 (DS±9,38) años. En la población total, al inicio del estudio, la mediana fue de 3 encuentros sexuales por mes. Al final la mediana fue de 5 encuentros sexuales por mes, (grupo «A¼ 4 encuentros y grupo «B¼ 7 encuentros, p=0,0036). Al finalizar la investigación se observó que las mujeres del grupo «B¼, mostraron puntuaciones promedias significativamente más altas en el IFSF (28,56 DS±4,63 puntos), al compararlas con las mujeres del grupo «A¼ (27,57 DS±4,32) (p<0,0001). Conclusiones: la terapia con tibolona asociada a testosterona es una opción de tratamiento efectiva en el trastorno del deseo sexual hipoactivo en mujeres en climaterio..(AU)


Objective: to evaluate the efficacy and safety of two hormone replacement therapies, combined with testosterone, in the treatment of hypoactive sexual desire disorder in women in climacteric. Materials and methods: clinical trial, randomized, controlled, not masked. Women over 40 years old and under 60 years old, with a uterus, with sexual activity in the last six weeks, suffering from vasomotor symptoms, whose reason for consultation consisted of low sexual desire were included. The Female Sexual Function Index questionnaire was used as an instrument. Two randomized groups were assigned: group "A" (51 received conjugated estrogens from equines and medroxyprogesterone plus testosterone) and group "B" (54 tibolone plus testosterone). The study was conducted between July 2015 and December 2016, in Armenia, Quindío, Colombia. Results: a population of 105 women was analyzed. The average age was 55,8 (SD ± 9,38) years. In the total population, at the beginning of the study, the median was 3 sexual encounters per month. In the end, the median was 5 sexual encounters per month, (group «A¼ 4 meetings and group «B¼ 7 meetings, p = 0,0036). At the end of the investigation, it was observed that the women of the «B¼ group showed significantly higher average scores in the IFSF (28,56 SD ± 4,63 points), compared with values in the women of the «A¼ group (27,57 DS ± 4,32) (p<0,0001). Conclusions: testosterone-associated tibolone therapy is an effective treatment option in hypoactive sexual desire disorder in women in climacteric..(AU)


Subject(s)
Female , Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological , Hormone Replacement Therapy
17.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 23: e200048, 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1101572

ABSTRACT

RESUMO: Introdução: Não foram encontrados estudos que avaliam associação entre violência por parceiro íntimo (VPI) anterior ao parto e dificuldades na esfera da sexualidade no período pós-parto. O presente estudo avalia se existe essa associação. Método: Estudo transversal com 700 mulheres que realizaram o pré-natal em Unidade Básica de Saúde (UBS), em São Paulo, entre 2006 e 2007. As dificuldades sexuais (DS) foram avaliadas por meio de questionário elaborado pelos autores e a VPI foi investigada por questionário estruturado elaborado pela Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS). Já a depressão pós-parto (DPP) foi avaliada por meio do Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20) e foi considerada variável mediadora. Para calcular os coeficientes de associação das vias diretas e indiretas foi utilizada a análise estrutural (path analysis). Resultados: As prevalências de DS, a VPI e a DPP foram, respectivamente, 30, 42,8 e 27,8%. A violência ocorrida antes do parto não mostrou associação direta - ED = 0,072 (-0,06 - 0,20; p = 0,060) - nem indireta - EI: 0,045 (-0,06 - 0,20; p = 0,123) - em relação ao desfecho estudado. Conclusão: Futuras investigações sobre a relação entre as três variáveis estudadas são recomendadas. Estudos longitudinais que incluam outros mediadores podem trazer melhor entendimento da cadeia causal e elucidação das variáveis que influenciam as questões da sexualidade no pós-parto.


ABSTRACT: Introduction: No studies were found that evaluate the association between intimate partner violence (IPV) before childbirth and sexual issues in the postpartum period. Method: A cross-sectional study with 700 women who received prenatal care in a basic health unit in São Paulo, between 2006 and 2007. Sexual issues were assessed through a questionnaire created by the authors, and intimate partner violence was evaluated using a structured questionnaire developed by the WHO. Postpartum depression was evaluated using the SRQ-20 instrument, with a cut-off point of 7/8 considered to be the mediating variable. A path analysis was performed to determine the different pathways: the direct association between outcome and exposure, and the indirect pathways through the mediator. Results: The prevalence of sexual issues, intimate partner violence and postpartum depression were 30; 42.8; 27.8%, respectively. Violence occurring exclusively before childbirth did not show a direct association (ED = 0.072 (-0.06 - 0.20, p = 0.060)) or indirect (EI: 0.045 (-0.06 - 0.20, p = 0.123)), with sexual issues. Conclusion: Longitudinal studies that include other mediators may provide a better understanding of the causal chain and elucidate variables that influence postpartum sexuality issues.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Sexual Behavior/psychology , Depression, Postpartum/psychology , Postpartum Period/psychology , Intimate Partner Violence/psychology , Socioeconomic Factors , Time Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological , Self Report
18.
Rev. Fac. Cienc. Méd. Univ. Cuenca ; 38(1): 53-63, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1100686

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: determinar la prevalencia y caracterizar la disfunción sexual masculina en el personal docente y administrativo de la Unidad Académica de Salud y Bienestar de la Universidad Católica de Cuenca en el 2019. Metodología: estudio cuantitativo, observacional y transversal. Se encuestaron a 114 varones que cumplieron los criterios de inclusión. El análisis se realizó mediante estadística descriptiva, para variables cuantitativas se empleó media y desviación estándar y para las cualitativas frecuencias y porcentajes. Resultados: la prevalencia de disfunciones sexuales masculinas fue de 75.4%. Un 60.5% tuvieron edades entre 20 a 39 años, 60.5% estaban casados, 87.2% religión católica, 67.4% eran docentes. Según trastornos del deseo, el 27.9% presentó hiperactividad masculina, el 18.6% fobia y un 9.3% hipoactividad; según los trastornos de excitación, el 53.5% presentó disfunción eréctil, siendo un 93.5% leve. El trastorno orgásmico y la dispareunia masculina se presentó en el 30.2% y el 29.1% respectivamente. Conclusiones: la prevalencia de disfunciones sexuales fue elevada en comparación con la bibliografía consultada


Objective: to determine the prevalence and characterize male sexual dysfunction in the teaching and administrative staff of the Academic Unit of Health and Welfare of the Catholic University of Cuenca in 2019. Methodology: It is a quantitative, observational and cross-sectional study. A total of 114 men who met the inclusion criteria were surveyed. The analysis was performed using descriptive statistics; mean and standard deviation were used for quantitative variables, and frequencies and percentages for the qualitative variables. Results: the prevalence of male sexual dysfunctions was 75.4%. The 60.5% were between 20 and 39 years old, 60.5% were married, 87.2% were Catholic, and 67.4% were teachers. According to desire disorders, 27.9% presented male hyperactivity, 18.6% phobia and 9.3% hypoactivity; according to arousal disorders, 53.5% presented erectile dysfunction, 93.5% being mild. Orgasmic disorder and male dyspareunia occurred in 30.2% and 29.1% respectively. Conclusions: the prevalence of sexual dysfunctions was high compared to the literature consulted


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological/diagnosis , Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological/psychology , Sociological Factors , Erectile Dysfunction/complications , Premature Ejaculation/classification
19.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1114646

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las disfunciones sexuales producidas por el cáncer de mama y sus diversas formas de tratamiento se encuentran presentes hasta en el 60 % de las pacientes. En la actualidad la sexualidad sigue siendo un tema eludido, a menudo los médicos omiten tratarlo aduciendo falta de tiempo, conocimiento y experiencia para abordarlo. Objetivos: Evaluar la sexualidad de las pacientes sobrevivientes de cáncer de mama, indagar sobre el grado de interés en recibir ayuda para resolver las disfunciones sexuales vinculas al diagnóstico y al tratamiento de la enfermedad y el nivel de satisfacción con la atención recibida. Materiales y métodos: Se incluyeron pacientes diagnosticadas de cáncer de mama precoz asistidas en la Unidad de Mastología del Servicio de Oncología del Hospital de Clínicas. Se contó con la aprobación del Comité de Ética del Hospital de Clínicas. El cuestionario seleccionado es el utilizado en la Clínica de Oncología Médica de la Universidad de Chicago. Se incluyeron 128 pacientes, la mayoría eran mayores de 50 años y tenían pareja, 98 pacientes (76,5 %) estuvieron sexualmente activas en los últimos 12 meses y 85 (86,7 %) tuvieron problemas sexuales. Resultados: La mayoría (67 pacientes, 68,3 %) respondió que la sexualidad era importante en su vida, 85 (86,6 %) se mostró interesada en recibir atención para tratar sus problemas sexuales y 72 (73,4 %) considera probable abordar los mismas con un médico. Sin embargo, tan sólo 29 (29,6 %) había solicitado ayuda médica para tratarlos, y la mayoría quedó insatisfecha con la atención recibida. El 80,6 % (79) estaría dispuesta a participar de un programa dirigido a confrontar los problemas sexuales. Conclusiones: Nuestros resultados revelan la necesidad de atención de los problemas sexuales de las pacientes diagnosticadas y tratadas por cáncer de mama. Los futuros estudios deberán enfocarse en desarrollar y evaluar el éxito de las intervenciones específicas en el tratamiento de la disfunción sexual en estas pacientes y, lo que es más importante aún, diseñar estrategias para su prevención.


Introduction: Sexual dysfunction from breast cancer and its various therapies is present in up to 60 % of the breast cancer patients. Sexuality remains a neglected issue; doctors often ignore it, claiming they lack the time, knowledge or expertise required to address it. Objectives: To evaluate the sexuality of breast cancer survivors', inquire about the degree of interest in receiving help to resolve sexual dysfunctions related to the diagnosis and treatment of the disease and the level of satisfaction with the care received. Materials and methods: The subjects enrolled had an early breast cancer and were treated at the Mastology Unit of the Cancer Department of the Hospital de Clínicas. The study was approved by the hospital's Ethics Committee. The selected questionnaire is the one used at the University of Chicago Medical Oncology Clinic. Most of the 128 patients included were over 50 years old and had a sexual partner, 98 patients (76.5 %) had been sexually active within the last 12 months and 85 (86.7 %) reported having sexual problems. Results: Most patients (67/128, 68.3 %) responded that sexuality was important in their lives; 85 (86.6 %) were interested in receiving support to treat their sexual difficulties, and 72 (73.4 %) saw the feasibility of addressing them with a doctor. However, only 29 (29.6%) had sought medical help for that purpose, and most were unhappy with the care received. Seventy-nine patients (80.6 %) would be willing to participate in a program aimed at confronting their sexual problems. Conclusions: Our results reveal the need to address the sexual problems of patients diagnosed with and treated for breast cancer as part of their medical care. Future studies should focus on developing and evaluating the success of specific interventions in the management of these patients' sexual dysfunction and ―even more importantly― designing strategies for its prevention.


Introdução: A disfunção sexual produzida pelo CM e suas diversas formas de tratamento está presente em até 60 % das pacientes. Atualmente, a sexualidade continua sendo uma questão evitada, e muitas vezes os médicos não abordam o assunto alegando falta de tempo, conhecimento e experiência para tratá-lo. Objetivos: Avaliar a saúde sexual das pacientes sobreviventes ao CM e o grau de interesse em receber ajuda médica para abordar e tratar seus problemas sexuais. Material e métodos: Foram incluídas pacientes diagnosticadas com CM precoce, atendidas na Unidade de Mastologia do Serviço de Oncologia do Hospital de Clínicas, com a aprovação do Comitê de Ética do Hospital de Clínicas. O questionário selecionado é o utilizado na Clínica de Oncologia Médica da Universidade de Chicago. Resultados: Foram incluídas 128 pacientes, a maioria tinha parceiro e idade acima de 50 anos, 98 pacientes (76,5 %) se mantiveram sexualmente ativas nos últimos 12 meses e 85 (86,7 %) tiveram problemas sexuais. A maioria (67 pacientes; 68,3 %) respondeu que a sexualidade era importante na sua vida, 85 (86,6 %) mostraram interesse em receber atendimento para tratar suas dificuldades sexuais, e 72 (73,4 %) consideraram provável falar sobre essas dificuldades com um médico. No entanto, apenas 29 (29,6 %) tinham procurado ajuda médica para tratá-las, e a maioria delas ficaram insatisfeitas com o atendimento recebido. 80,6 % (79) estariam dispostas a participar de um programa voltado a confrontar os problemas sexuais. Conclusões: Nossos resultados revelam a necessidade de atendimento médico na saúde sexual das pacientes diagnosticadas e tratadas por CM. Os futuros estudos deverão estar focados em desenvolver e avaliar o sucesso das intervenções específicas no tratamento da disfunção sexual nessas pacientes e, o que é ainda mais importante, em desenhar estratégias para sua prevenção.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological/etiology , Breast Neoplasms/complications , Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological/etiology , Medical Care/statistics & numerical data , Sexual Health/statistics & numerical data , Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological/psychology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Patient Satisfaction , Survivors , Age Distribution
20.
In. Briozzo Colombo, Leonel; Grenno Troitiño, Analía Alondra; Tarigo Galo, Josefina; Gallino Font, María Verónica; Viroga Espino, Stephanie; Greif Waldman, Diego; Firpo, María Noel; Gómez, Fernanda; Ben Carli, Sebastián Nicolás; Quevedo, Carolina; Citrín, Estela; Fiol Lepera, Verónica Juana; Nozar Cabrera, María Fernanda. Integrando los derechos sexuales y reproductivos en la clínica desde el compromiso profesional de conciencia: derechos sexuales en la práctica clínica. Montevideo, Udelar, 2020. p.345-387, graf, tab.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1343280
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL