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1.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 257-260, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927369

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on laparoscope postoperative shivering in patients undergoing general anesthesia and explore its effect mechanism.@*METHODS@#A total of 80 patients with elective laparoscopic resection of intestinal tumor under general anesthesia were randomly divided into an EA group and a tramadol group, 40 cases in each group. Thirty min prior to the end of the operation, in the EA group, EA was exerted at Neimadian and Zusanli (ST 36), with disperse-dense wave, 2 Hz/100 Hz in frequency, 1 mA in intensity, and lasting 30 min. In the tramadol group, tramadol hydrochloride injection was dropped intravenously, 1 mg/kg. The conditions of shivering, dizziness, nausea, vomiting and agitation were observed in the post-anesthesia care unit (PACU). Heart rate (HR), systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were observed before treatment (T0), at the moment of extubation (T1), in 3 min of extubation (T2) and 1 h after operation (T3). Using ELISA, at T0 and T3, the expression levels of interleukin 6 (IL-6) and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) in plasma were detected separately. Choking and agitation were recorded during extubation.@*RESULTS@#① In the EA group, the incidence of shivering, dizziness, nausea, vomiting and agitation in the PACU was lower than that in the tramadol group (P<0.05). ②Compared with T0, HR, SBP and DBP were increased at T1 and T2 in the tramadol group (P<0.05). HR, SBP and DBP in the EA group were lower than the tramadol group at T1 and T2 (P<0.05). ③Compared with T0, the expression levels of IL-6 and 5-HT in plasma were increased at T3 in the tramadol group (P<0.05). The expression levels of IL-6 and 5-HT in the EA group were lower than the tramadol group at T3 (P<0.05). ④The incidence of choking and agitation during exudation in the EA group was lower than that in the tramadol group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Electroacupuncture can reduce the incidence of laparoscopic postoperative shivering under general anesthesia. The potential mechanism mays related to the modulation of the expression levels of IL-6 and 5-HT caused by surgical trauma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anesthesia, General/adverse effects , Electroacupuncture , Laparoscopes , Postoperative Period , Shivering
2.
Clinics ; 75: e1639, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1101083

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol recommends prevention of intraoperative hypothermia. However, the beneficial effect of maintaining normothermia after radical cystectomy has not been evaluated. This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of fluid warming nursing in elderly patients undergoing Da Vinci robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical cystectomy. METHODS: A total of 108 patients with bladder cancer scheduled to undergo DaVinci robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical cystectomy were recruited and randomly divided into the control group (n=55), which received a warming blanket (43°C) during the intraoperative period and the warming group (n=53), in which all intraoperative fluids were administered via a fluid warmer (41°C). The surgical data, body temperature, coagulation function indexes, and postoperative complications were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: Compared to the control group, the warming group had significantly less intraoperative transfusion (p=0.028) and shorter hospitalization days (p<0.05). During the entire intraoperative period (from 1 to 6h), body temperature was significantly higher in the warming group than in the control group. There were significant differences in preoperative fibrinogen level, white blood cell count, total bilirubin level, intraoperative lactose level, postoperative thrombin time (TT), and platelet count between the control and warming groups. Multivariate linear regression analysis demonstrated that TT was the only significant factor, suggesting that the warming group had a lower TT than the control group. CONCLUSION: Fluid warming nursing can effectively reduce transfusion requirement and hospitalization days, maintain intraoperative normothermia, and promote postoperative coagulation function in elderly patients undergoing Da Vinci robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical cystectomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Body Temperature/physiology , Cystectomy/methods , Laparoscopy , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Intraoperative Care/methods , Intraoperative Complications/prevention & control , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Shivering/physiology , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/surgery , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/pathology , Intraoperative Period
3.
Anesthesia and Pain Medicine ; : 112-116, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719393

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Hypothermia below 36℃ is a common problem during arthroscopic shoulder surgery. Geriatric patients are more vulnerable to perioperative hypothermia. The present study compared postoperative hypothermia between geriatric and young adult patients receiving arthroscopic shoulder surgery. METHODS: Data were collected retrospectively from a geriatric group (aged 65 or more, n = 29), and a control group (aged 19–64, n = 33) using the anesthesia records of patients who had undergone arthroscopic shoulder surgery. The primary outcome measure was the incidence of hypothermia upon arrival in the postanesthesia care unit (PACU). The secondary outcome measure was the decrease in body temperature from admission into the operating room to admission into the PACU. RESULTS: The incidence of hypothermia was 93.1% and 54.5% in the geriatric and control groups, respectively, demonstrating a significant difference between the groups (P < 0.001). Comparison between body temperature revealed a decrease of 1.5 ± 0.6℃ and 1.0 ± 0.4℃ in the geriatric and control groups, respectively, showing a significant difference between the groups (P < 0.001). The degree of hypothermia was significantly different between the groups (P = 0.027). No shivering was observed in either of the two groups, but the incidence of thermal discomfort was higher in the geriatric group than in the control group (P = 0.021). CONCLUSIONS: In geriatric patients undergoing arthroscopic shoulder surgery, both the incidence of postoperative hypothermia and the associated temperature drop are more prominent than those in young adult patients. Additional warming methods will be needed to prevent postoperative hypothermia in geriatric patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Young Adult , Anesthesia , Arthroscopy , Body Temperature , Hypothermia , Incidence , Operating Rooms , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Retrospective Studies , Shivering , Shoulder
4.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 68(1): 42-48, Jan.-Feb. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-897799

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Shivering, a common intraoperative problem under spinal anesthesia increases the oxygen consumption considerably and is uncomfortable and distressing to the patient, anesthesiologist as well as surgeon. The present study was designed to explore the effectiveness of tramadol, clonidine and dexmedetomidine in the treatment of post spinal anesthesia shivering and to look for their adverse effects. Methods This prospective, randomized, double blinded control study was done on 90 patients who developed shivering under spinal anesthesia. They were randomly allocated into three groups with Group T receiving tramadol 1 mg.kg-1, Group C getting clonidine 1 mcg.kg-1 and Group D patients receiving dexmedetomidine 0.5 mcg.kg-1. The time taken to control shivering, recurrence rate, hemodynamic variables, sedation score and adverse effects were observed. Results Dexmedetomidine was faster in the control of shivering in 5.7 ± 0.79 minutes (min) whereas tramadol took 6.76 ± 0.93 min and clonidine was slower with 9.43 ± 0.93 min. The recurrence rate was much lower in the dexmedetomidine group with 3.3% than for clonidine (10%) and tramadol (23.3%) group. The sedation achieved with dexmedetomidine was better than clonidine and tramadol. The tramadol group had more cases of vomiting (four) and dexmedetomidine group had six cases of hypotension and two cases of bradycardia. Two of the clonidine patients encountered bradycardia and hypotension. Conclusion Dexmedetomidine is better than tramadol and clonidine in the control of shivering because of its faster onset and less recurrence rate. Though complications are encountered in the dexmedetomidine group, they are treatable.


Resumo Introdução O tremor, problema comum no período intraoperatório sob raquianestesia, aumenta consideravelmente o consumo de oxigênio, além de ser desconfortável e angustiante para o paciente, o anestesiologista e o cirurgião. O presente estudo foi concebido para explorar a eficácia de tramadol, clonidina e dexmedetomidina no tratamento de tremores pós-raquianestesia e observar seus efeitos adversos. Métodos Este estudo prospectivo, randômico, controlado e duplo-cego foi feito com 90 pacientes que desenvolveram tremores sob raquianestesia. Os pacientes foram randomicamente alocados em três grupos para receber 1 mg.kg-1 de tramadol (Grupo T), 1 mcg.kg-1 de clonidina (Grupo C) e 0,5 mcg.kg-1 de dexmedetomidina (Grupo D). O tempo necessário para controlar os tremores, a taxa de recorrência, as variáveis hemodinâmicas, os níveis de sedação e os efeitos adversos foram registrados. Resultados Dexmedetomidina foi mais rápida para controlar os tremores, com tempo de 5,7 ± 0,79 minutos (min); o tempo de tramadol foi de 6,76 ± 0,93 min; clonidina foi mais lenta, com tempo de 9,43 ± 0,93 min. A taxa de recorrência foi muito menor no grupo dexmedetomidina (3,3%) do que nos grupos clonidina (10%) e tramadol (23,3%). A sedação obtida com dexmedetomidina foi melhor do que a obtida com clonidina e tramadol. O grupo tramadol teve mais casos de vômito (quatro); o grupo dexmedetomidina teve seis casos de hipotensão e dois casos de bradicardia. Dois pacientes do grupo clonidina apresentaram bradicardia e hipotensão. Conclusão Dexmedetomidina foi melhor do que tramadol e clonidina para o controle de tremores devido ao seu início de ação mais rápido e à taxa de recorrência mais baixa. Embora complicações tenham sido observadas no grupo dexmedetomidina, elas foram tratáveis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Shivering/drug effects , Tramadol/therapeutic use , Clonidine/therapeutic use , Dexmedetomidine/therapeutic use , Hypnotics and Sedatives/therapeutic use , Intraoperative Complications/drug therapy , Anesthesia, Spinal/adverse effects , Narcotics/therapeutic use , Double-Blind Method , Prospective Studies
5.
Anesthesia and Pain Medicine ; : 447-453, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717871

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: At least 30 minutes of pre-warming has been recommended for the prevention of redistribution hypothermia. However, it has been reported that less than 30 minutes of pre-warming is also effective. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of 10 minutes of pre-warming to prevent inadvertent perioperative hypothermia. Results were compared with 30 minutes of pre-warming. METHODS: In this prospective randomized study, 59 patients scheduled for elective surgery less than 120 minutes under general anesthesia were divided into 2 groups: the first group was pre-warmed for 10 minutes (n = 30), the second group for 30 minutes (n = 29). The patients were pre-warmed for 10 or 30 minutes in the pre-anesthetic area using a forced-air warmer. When the patients' body temperatures decreased below 36℃, we warmed them with a forced-air warmer intraoperatively and postoperatively. Body temperatures were recorded during perioperative periods. Shivering and thermal comfort were evaluated in the pre-anesthetic area and post-anesthesia care unit. RESULTS: The incidence of intraoperative and postoperative hypothermia were not significantly different (P > 0.05). However, the temperatures were higher in the 30 minute group from the post-warming time to 90 minutes after anesthetic induction (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Ten minutes of pre-warming has the same effectiveness as 30 minutes of pre-warming for preventing inadvertent perioperative hypothermia. It is a preferable choice for the patients scheduled for surgery less than 120 minutes under general anesthesia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anesthesia, General , Body Temperature , Hypothermia , Incidence , Perioperative Period , Prospective Studies , Shivering
6.
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamental Nursing ; : 167-180, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-650563

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to synthesize the best available evidence for active warming interventions during cesarean section. METHODS: A database search was done for randomized controlled trials utilizing active warming interventions. Maternal temperature, shivering and neonatal temperature were evaluated as outcome variables. Data were analyzed using Cochrane Review Manager software Version 5.3. RESULTS: Thirteen studies including 1306 patients were reviewed. The degree of lowering of maternal temperature decreased in the warmed fluids (MD 0.51; p=.004) and warming mattress interventions (MD 0.22; p<.001) compared with control groups. Incidence of shivering was also lower in the active warming group (OR 0.55; p=.003). There was no statistically significant difference in maternal temperature with a forced air warming intervention (MD 0.64; p=.15) or in neonatal temperature (MD 0.12; p=.26). CONCLUSION: Findings show that with warmed fluids and warming mattresses applied during cesarean sections maternal temperature decline was reduced and also the incidence of shivering declined, but no significant effect was observed for forced air warming interventions. These findings provide a basis for developing a warming guideline for women having a cesarean section and will help to improve the quality of care for cesarean section patients.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Beds , Cesarean Section , Hypothermia , Incidence , Shivering
7.
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology ; : 412-419, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-36825

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The conversion of epidural labor analgesia (ELA) to epidural surgical anesthesia (ESA) for intrapartum cesarean section (CS) often fails, resulting in intraoperative pain. Spinal anesthesia (SA) can provide a denser sensory block than ESA. The purpose of this prospective, non-blinded, parallel-arm, randomized trial was to compare the rate of pain-free surgery between ESA and SA following ELA for intrapartum CS. METHODS: Both groups received continuous epidural infusions for labor pain at a rate of 10 ml/h. In the ESA group (n = 163), ESA was performed with 17 ml of 2% lidocaine mixed with 100 µg fentanyl, 1 : 200,000 epinephrine, and 2 mEq bicarbonate. In the SA group (n = 160), SA was induced with 10 mg of 0.5% hyperbaric bupivacaine and 15 µg fentanyl. We investigated the failure rate of achieving pain-free surgery and the incidence of complications between the two groups. RESULTS: The failure rate of achieving pain-free surgery was higher in the ESA group than the SA group (15.3% vs. 2.5%, P < 0.001). There was no statistical difference between the two groups in the rate of conversion to general anesthesia; however, the rate of analgesic requirement was higher in the ESA group than in the SA group (12.9% vs. 1.3%, P < 0.001). The incidence of high block, nausea, vomiting, hypotension, and shivering and Apgar scores were comparable between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: SA after ELA can lower the failure rate of pain-free surgery during intrapartum CS compared to ESA after ELA.


Subject(s)
Female , Pregnancy , Analgesia , Anesthesia , Anesthesia, Epidural , Anesthesia, General , Anesthesia, Spinal , Bupivacaine , Cesarean Section , Epinephrine , Fentanyl , Hypotension , Incidence , Labor Pain , Lidocaine , Nausea , Prospective Studies , Shivering , Vomiting
8.
Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing ; : 456-466, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-155099

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study was designed to determine the effects of pre-warming on core body temperature (CBT) and hemodynamics from the induction of spinal anesthesia until 30 min postoperatively in surgical patients who undergo total hip replacement under spinal anesthesia. Our goal was to assess postoperative shivering and inflammatory response. METHODS: Sixty-two surgical patients were recruited by informed notice. Data for this study were collected at a 1,300-bed university hospital in Incheon, South Korea from January 15 through November 15, 2013. Data on CBT, systemic blood pressure (SBP), and heart rate were measured from arrival in the pre-anesthesia room to 3 hours after the induction of spinal anesthesia. Shivering was measured for 30 minutes post-operatively. C-reactive protein (CRP) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) were measured pre-operatively, and 1 and 2 days postoperatively. The 62 patients were randomly allocated to an experimental group (EG), which underwent pre-warming for 30 minutes, or a control group (CG), which did not undergo pre-warming. RESULTS: Analysis of CBT from induction of spinal anesthesia to 3 hours after induction revealed significant interaction between group and time (F=3.85, p=.008). In addition, the incidence of shivering in the EG was lower than that in the CG (χ²=6.15, p=.013). However, analyses of SBP, heart rate, CRP, and ESR did not reveal significant interaction between time and group. CONCLUSION: Pre-warming for 30 minutes is effective in increasing CBT 2 and 3 hours after induction of spinal anesthesia. In addition, pre-warming is effective in decreasing post-operative shivering.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Anesthesia, Spinal , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Blood Pressure , Blood Sedimentation , Body Temperature Regulation , Body Temperature , C-Reactive Protein , Heart Rate , Heart , Hemodynamics , Hypothermia , Incidence , Inflammation , Korea , Shivering
9.
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology ; : 619-625, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-95774

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Intraoperative hypothermia is common in patients undergoing general anesthesia during arthroscopic hip surgery. In the present study, we assessed the effect of heating and humidifying the airway with a heated wire humidification circuit (HHC) to attenuate the decrease of core temperature and prevent hypothermia in patients undergoing arthroscopic hip surgery under general anesthesia. METHODS: Fifty-six patients scheduled for arthroscopic hip surgery were randomly assigned to either a control group using a breathing circuit connected with a heat and moisture exchanger (HME) (n = 28) or an HHC group using a heated wire humidification circuit (n = 28). The decrease in core temperature was measured from anesthetic induction and every 15 minutes thereafter using an esophageal stethoscope. RESULTS: Decrease in core temperature from anesthetic induction to 120 minutes after induction was lower in the HHC group (–0.60 ± 0.27℃) compared to the control group (–0.86 ± 0.29℃) (P = 0.001). However, there was no statistically significant difference in the incidence of intraoperative hypothermia or the incidence of shivering in the postanesthetic care unit. CONCLUSIONS: The use of HHC may be considered as a method to attenuate intraoperative decrease in core temperature during arthroscopic hip surgery performed under general anesthesia and exceeding 2 hours in duration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anesthesia, General , Arthroscopy , Body Temperature , Heating , Hip , Hot Temperature , Hypothermia , Incidence , Methods , Respiration , Shivering , Stethoscopes
10.
Journal of the Korean Society of Emergency Medicine ; : 387-390, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-56982

ABSTRACT

We presented a patient with cerebral decompression sickness, who showed predominant vasogenic edema on a 3.0 Tesla (3T) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings, including diffusion-weighted image (DWI) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) mapping. Within minutes of surfacing, he developed paresis of the right lower limb. During transport, he began shivering, followed by severe spasm that eventually progressed to a tonic-clonic seizure. Emergent hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) was performed with U.S. Navy treatment table 6A after a treatment of seizure activity. Brain MRI was performed after hyperbaric oxygen therapy to detect any cerebral lesions, which showed subcortical hyperintensity signal changes in the left fronto-parietal region on the ADC map. Overlying cortical hyperintensity on DWI sequences and cortical hypointensity on the ADC map were simultaneously observed. Moreover, these findings disappeared in a followup MRI with complete resolution of symptoms. These findings indicate that vasogenic edema can cause cerebral decompression sickness (DCS) and that 3T MRI with DWI and ADC mapping may be useful for diagnosing cerebral DCS. In addition, these findings suggest that DW-MRI may also be useful in predicting the prognosis of cerebral DCS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Brain , Brain Edema , Decompression Sickness , Decompression , Diffusion , Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Edema , Follow-Up Studies , Hyperbaric Oxygenation , Lower Extremity , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Paresis , Prognosis , Seizures , Shivering , Spasm
11.
Korean Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care ; : 131-135, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-66976

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Oral naloxone is combined with oxycodone to alleviate or prevent opioid-induced constipation in cancer pain patients. However, there is still concern that oral naloxone may precipitate opioid withdrawal symptoms in patients on opioids. We retrospectively investigated clinical characteristics of cancer patients who experienced opioid withdrawal symptoms. METHODS: We reviewed medical records of all patients who were prescribed with oral oxycodone/naloxone at a tertiary cancer center from January 1, 2012 through December 31, 2016. Eligible patients were screened based on demographics, opioid and naloxone dosages, clinical manifestation and pain intensity. RESULTS: Among a total of 1,641 patients, 10 patients were selected. Seven patients were male, and the average age was 68.1 years. The median dose of naloxone that induced withdrawal symptoms was 20 mg. Most common withdrawal symptom was shivering (seven patients) followed by cold sweating (five), and muscle twitching (five). Other symptoms included restlessness, fever, dizziness, and yawning. Pain was exacerbated from the median intensity of numeric rating scale (NRS) 3 to NRS 6. CONCLUSION: Opioid withdrawal symptoms may occur when switching to oral oxycodone/naloxone for cancer patients who have been treated with other strong opioids. A prospective, multicenter study on this issue should be conducted in future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Analgesics, Opioid , Constipation , Demography , Dizziness , Fever , Medical Records , Naloxone , Oxycodone , Prospective Studies , Psychomotor Agitation , Retrospective Studies , Shivering , Substance Withdrawal Syndrome , Sweat , Sweating , Yawning
12.
Anesthesia and Pain Medicine ; : 388-393, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-136421

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Hypothermia (< 36°C) is common during arthroscopic shoulder surgery. It is known that 30 to 60 minutes of prewarming can prevent perioperative hypothermia by decreasing body heat redistribution. However, the effect of short-term prewarming (less than 30 minutes) on body temperature in such surgery has not been reported yet. Therefore, the aim of this prospective study was to investigate the effect of short-term prewarming for less than 30 minutes using forced-air warming device on body temperature during interscalene brachial plexus block (ISBPB) procedure in arthroscopic shoulder surgery before general anesthesia. METHODS: We randomly assigned patients scheduled for arthroscopic shoulder surgery to receive either cotton blanket (not pre-warmed, group C, n = 26) or forced-air warming device (pre-warmed, group F, n = 26). Temperature was recorded every 15 minutes from entering the operating room until leaving post-anesthetic care unit (PACU). Shivering and thermal comfort scale were evaluated during their stay in the PACU. RESULTS: There were significant differences in body temperature between group C and group F from 30 minutes after induction of general anesthesia to 30 minutes after arrival in the PACU (P < 0.05). The median duration of prewarming in group F was 14 min (range: 9-23 min). There was no significant difference in thermal comfort scale or shivering between the two groups in PACU. CONCLUSIONS: Our results showed that short-term prewarming using a forced-air warming device during ISBPB in arthroscopic shoulder surgery had beneficial effect on perioperative hypothermia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anesthesia, General , Body Temperature , Brachial Plexus Block , Hot Temperature , Hypothermia , Operating Rooms , Prospective Studies , Shivering , Shoulder
13.
Anesthesia and Pain Medicine ; : 388-393, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-136420

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Hypothermia (< 36°C) is common during arthroscopic shoulder surgery. It is known that 30 to 60 minutes of prewarming can prevent perioperative hypothermia by decreasing body heat redistribution. However, the effect of short-term prewarming (less than 30 minutes) on body temperature in such surgery has not been reported yet. Therefore, the aim of this prospective study was to investigate the effect of short-term prewarming for less than 30 minutes using forced-air warming device on body temperature during interscalene brachial plexus block (ISBPB) procedure in arthroscopic shoulder surgery before general anesthesia. METHODS: We randomly assigned patients scheduled for arthroscopic shoulder surgery to receive either cotton blanket (not pre-warmed, group C, n = 26) or forced-air warming device (pre-warmed, group F, n = 26). Temperature was recorded every 15 minutes from entering the operating room until leaving post-anesthetic care unit (PACU). Shivering and thermal comfort scale were evaluated during their stay in the PACU. RESULTS: There were significant differences in body temperature between group C and group F from 30 minutes after induction of general anesthesia to 30 minutes after arrival in the PACU (P < 0.05). The median duration of prewarming in group F was 14 min (range: 9-23 min). There was no significant difference in thermal comfort scale or shivering between the two groups in PACU. CONCLUSIONS: Our results showed that short-term prewarming using a forced-air warming device during ISBPB in arthroscopic shoulder surgery had beneficial effect on perioperative hypothermia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anesthesia, General , Body Temperature , Brachial Plexus Block , Hot Temperature , Hypothermia , Operating Rooms , Prospective Studies , Shivering , Shoulder
14.
Anest. analg. reanim ; 29(1): 2-2, ago. 2016. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-793034

ABSTRACT

Los temblores son una complicación frecuente, desagradable y que pueden relacionarse a un aumento de la morbilidad del período postoperatorio. El propósito de este estudio fue determinar la frecuencia de presentación de temblores en el postoperatorio inmediato. Pacientes y métodos: Se estudiaron 119 pacientes adultos, operados de coordinación una vez que ingresaron a la Sala de Recuperación Postanestésica (SRPA). Se consignó la presencia y severidad (grado I a IV) de temblores al ingreso y luego cada 15 minutos. Se trataron mediante medidas de recalentamiento externo, ondansetrón y meperidina, de manera escalonada cada 15 minutos. Resultados: hubo 24 (21.2 %) pacientes con temblores postoperatorios, 17/24 (71%) asociados a hipotermia. En 8 (33,3%) pacientes el temblor fue grado I, en 2 (8,3%) fueron grado II, y en 14 (58,3%) fueron grado III. En todos los casos cedieron con el tratamiento pautado y no más allá de los 45 minutos. Conclusiones: Los temblores fueron una complicación frecuente en la SRPA, asociados a hipotermia en la mayor parte de los casos, pero de duración limitada, y fácilmente tratables.


Trembling are frequent, unpleasant complication and can relate to increased morbidity postoperative period. The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of occurrence of earthquakes in the immediate postoperative period. Patients and Methods: 119 adult patients operated coordination once entered the recovery room (PACU) were studied. the presence and severity (grade I to IV) of tremors at admission and then every 15 minutes was recorded. They were treated by external measures, ondansetron and meperidine overheating, staggered every 15 minutes. Avaliação da incidência de tremores na sala de recuperação posanestesica.


Tremores é uma complicação freqüente, desagradável e que pode relacionar-se a um aumento da morbilidade do período posoperatorio. O propósito deste estudo foi determinar a freqüência de manifestação de tremores no posoperatorio imediato. Pacientes e métodos: Estudaram-se 119 pacientes adultos, de cirurgias eletivas que chegaram à Sala de Recuperação Posanestesica (SRPA). Registraram-se a presença e severidade (grado I a IV) de tremores ao ingresso e cada 15 minutos. O tratamento foi: medidas de aquecimento externo, ondansetron e meperidina de maneira alternativa cada 15 minutos. Resultados. Teve 24 (21.2%) de pacientes com tremores posoperatorio, 17/24 (71%) associados à hipotermia. Em 8 (33,3%) pacientes o tremor foi grado I, em 2 (8,3%) foi grado II, em 14 (58,3%) grado III. Todos os casos acalmaram com o tratamento pautado nos primeiros 45 minutos. Conclusões. Os tremores foram uma complicação freqüente em SRPA, associado à hipotermia na maioria dos casos, com duração limitada e de fácil tratamento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Postoperative Period , Shivering , Surgical Procedures, Operative/adverse effects , Tremor/etiology , Tremor/epidemiology , Tremor , Tremor/therapy , Ondansetron/therapeutic use , Rewarming , Observational Study , Meperidine/therapeutic use
15.
Journal of Stroke ; : 337-343, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-9524

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The use of decompressive hemicraniectomy (DHC) for the treatment of malignant cerebral edema can decrease mortality rates. However, this benefit is not sufficient to justify its use in elderly patients. We investigated the effects of therapeutic hypothermia (TH) on safety, feasibility, and functional outcomes in elderly patients with malignant middle cerebral artery (MCA) infarcts. METHODS: Elderly patients 60 years of age and older with infarcts affecting more than two-thirds of the MCA territory were included. Patients who could not receive DHC were treated with TH. Hypothermia was started within 72 hours of symptom onset and was maintained for a minimum of 72 hours with a target temperature of 33°C. Modified Rankin Scale (mRS) scores at 3 months following treatment and complications of TH were used as functional outcomes. RESULTS: Eleven patients with a median age of 76 years and a median National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score of 18 were treated with TH. The median time from symptom onset to initiation of TH was 30.3±23.0 hours and TH was maintained for a median of 76.7±57.1 hours. Shivering (100%) and electrolyte imbalance (82%) were frequent complications. Two patients died (18%). The mean mRS score 3 months following treatment was 4.9±0.8. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that extended use of hypothermia is safe and feasible for elderly patients with large hemispheric infarctions. Hypothermia may be considered as a therapeutic alternative to DHC in elderly individuals. Further studies are required to validate our findings.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Brain Edema , Cerebral Infarction , Hypothermia , Hypothermia, Induced , Infarction , Middle Cerebral Artery , Mortality , Shivering , Stroke
16.
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology ; : 579-586, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-80022

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Shivering during spinal anesthesia is a frequent complication and is induced by the core-to-peripheral redistribution of heat. Nefopam has minimal side effects and prevents shivering by reducing the shivering threshold. Electroacupuncture is known to prevent shivering by preserving the core body temperature. We compared the efficacies of electroacupuncture and nefopam for the prevention of shivering during spinal anesthesia. METHODS: Ninety patients scheduled for elective urological surgery under spinal anesthesia were enrolled in the study. Patients were randomly divided into the control group (Group C, n = 30), the electroacupuncture group (Group A, n = 30), and the nefopam group (Group N, n = 30). Groups C and A received 100 ml of isotonic saline intravenously for 30 minutes before spinal anesthesia, while Group N received nefopam (0.15 mg/kg) mixed in 100 ml of isotonic saline. Group A received 30 minutes of electroacupuncture before receiving anesthesia. Shivering scores, mean arterial pressure, heart rate, body temperature and side effects were recorded before, and at 5, 15, 30, and 60 minutes after spinal anesthesia. RESULTS: The incidence of postanesthetic shivering was significantly lower in Group N (10 of 30) and Group A (4 of 30) compared with that in Group C (18 of 30)(P < 0.017). Body temperature was higher in Group N and Group A than in Group C (P < 0.05). Hemodynamic parameters were not different among the groups. CONCLUSIONS: By maintaining body temperature during spinal anesthesia, electroacupuncture is as effective as nefopam in preventing postanesthetic shivering.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anesthesia , Anesthesia, Spinal , Arterial Pressure , Body Temperature , Electroacupuncture , Heart Rate , Hemodynamics , Hot Temperature , Incidence , Nefopam , Shivering
17.
Anesthesia and Pain Medicine ; : 404-409, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-81725

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Perioperative hypothermia, defined as a core temperature under 36℃, increases the risk of cardiac complication, bleeding and infection. This study aimed to compare the hypothermia-preventing effects of a warming blanket (Ready-heat®) and one-layer cotton blanket in patients undergoing transurethral resection of the bladder (TURBT) under general anesthesia. METHODS: Patients undergoing TURBT under general anesthesia were allocated to the warming blanket (N = 23) or one-layer cotton blanket (N = 23) groups. Ten minutes before induction of anesthesia, warming blanket or one-layer cotton blanket was applied according to the assigned group. Tympanic temperature was measured just before induction of anesthesia. Esophageal temperature and tympanic temperature were measured from 20 min after induction of anesthesia at 10-min intervals. Tympanic temperature was measured at 10-min intervals over a 30-min period in the post-anesthesia care unit (PACU). In addition, the incidence and intensity of shivering and thermal comfort were also measured. RESULTS: The core temperature during general anesthesia showed no significant intergroup difference. The warming blanket group showed a lower incidence of hypothermia at 1 h after induction of anesthesia. Tympanic temperature, the incidence and intensity of shivering, and thermal comfort in the PACU showed no significant intergroup differences. CONCLUSIONS: Application of the warming blanket or one-layer cotton blanket for 10 min before induction of anesthesia showed no hypothermia-preventing effects. However, at one hour after induction of anesthesia, warming blanket application reduced the incidence of hypothermia to a greater degree than one-layer cotton blanket.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anesthesia , Anesthesia, General , Hemorrhage , Hypothermia , Incidence , Perioperative Period , Shivering , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms , Urinary Bladder
18.
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamental Nursing ; : 287-296, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-657074

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of forced air warming on intraoperative and postoperative body temperature, postoperative shivering and pain in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS: A quasi-experimental design with nonequivalent control group was utilized. Fifty eight patients scheduled for laparoscopic cholecystectomy were recruited and assigned to the experimental group (n=29) or control group (n=29). For the experimental group, forced air warming was applied from right after induction and up to one hour after surgery. Body temperature, shivering score and pain score were measured in both groups at 15 minute intervals. Data were collected from September, 2013 to April, 2014. Data were analyzed using t-test, Bonferroni test and repeated measures ANOVA. RESULTS: The experimental group showed higher body temperature than the control group during surgery. After surgery the experimental group showed higher body temperature, lower shivering and less pain compared to the control group. CONCLUSION: Results show that forced air warming is effective in enhancing body temperature and reducing shivering and pain. Therefore, forced air warming is recommended as an operative nursing intervention.


Subject(s)
Humans , Body Temperature , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Nursing , Shivering
19.
Anesthesia and Pain Medicine ; : 271-277, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-149868

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Patients anesthetized by extension of epidural analgesia during labor frequently experience intraoperative visceral pain during cesarean section. Visceral pain is known to be related to anxiety. We evaluated pain and preoperative anxiety using the numeric rating scale (NRS-11), and examined the relationship of anxiety with failure of extension of epidural analgesia due to intraoperative pain. METHODS: Patients received continuous epidural infusion at a rate of 10 ml/h for labor pain. Two percent lidocaine mixed with 100 microg fentanyl, 1:200,000 epinephrine, and 2 mEq bicarbonate was injected through the epidural catheter for cesarean section. Failure of epidural anesthesia was defined as the need for conversion to general anesthesia or supplementation with opioids, sedatives, or inhalants after epidural anesthesia for cesarean section. We investigated the relationship of preoperative factors including preoperative anxiety with failure of epidural anesthesia. RESULTS: Heavier weight of parturients, more cervical dilatation at the time of epidural analgesia administration, higher pain NRS score after epidural analgesia, higher pain NRS score before epidural analgesia for cesarean section, and lower rate of iv pethidine due to shivering were associated with a higher failure rate of epidural anesthesia. The failure rate of epidural anesthesia was comparable between the high anxiety group (NRS > 4) and the low anxiety group (NRS < or = 4). CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative anxiety evaluated by NRS may not be associated with failure of extension of epidural analgesia due to visceral pain during intrapartum cesarean section.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Analgesia, Epidural , Analgesics, Opioid , Anesthesia, Epidural , Anesthesia, General , Anxiety , Catheters , Cesarean Section , Epinephrine , Fentanyl , Hypnotics and Sedatives , Labor Pain , Labor Stage, First , Lidocaine , Meperidine , Shivering , Visceral Pain
20.
The Korean Journal of Pain ; : 39-44, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-209570

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), postanesthetic shivering and pain are common postoperative patient complaints that can result in adverse physical and psychological outcomes. Some antiemetics are reported to be effective in the management of postoperative pain and shivering, as well as PONV. We evaluated the efficacy of dexamethasone added to ramosetron on PONV, shivering and pain after thyroid surgery. METHODS: One hundred and eight patients scheduled for thyroid surgery were randomly allocated to three different groups: the control group (group C, n = 36), the ramosetron group (group R, n = 36), or the ramosetron plus dexamethasone group (group RD, n = 36). The patients were treated intravenously with 1 and 2 ml of 0.9% NaCl (group C); or 2 ml of 0.15 mg/ml ramosetron plus 1 ml of 0.9% NaCl (group R); or 2 ml of 0.15 mg/ml ramosetron plus 1 ml of 5 mg/ml dexamethasone (group RD) immediately after anesthesia. RESULTS: Incidence of nausea and the need for rescue antiemetics, verbal rating scale (VRS) 1 hour pain value, ketorolac consumption, and incidence of shivering were significantly lower in group R and group RD, than in group C (P < 0.05). Moreover, these parameters were significantly lower in group RD than in group R (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Combination of ramosetron and dexamethasone significantly reduced not only the incidence of nausea and need for rescue antiemetics, but also the VRS 1 hour pain value, ketorolac consumption, and the incidence of shivering compared to ramosetron alone in patients undergoing thyroid surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anesthesia , Antiemetics , Dexamethasone , Incidence , Ketorolac , Nausea , Pain, Postoperative , Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting , Shivering , Thyroid Gland , Vomiting
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